Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 8-16 Word-Analysis 8-10
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I would have let him in a shavon rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim
lesson number four pseudo Takara Ayah number eight to 16.
In total fact they have we learned about the three categories of people, the three groups of people.
The first one was a Medina and untidy and their detail. We studied that in Surah Baqarah. The motto clean those who have knowledge, those who act upon the Quran, those who are on the guidance, Buddha ekala, who don't never be him, what would that occur? Who will mostly human
the second group that we learned about was a lovely big
source of fat to help those people who earned a last panel data's anger
and their detail, we learned in Surat Al Baqarah. In the is in an arena cafaro. So our owner lay him under the home and lengthen their home life.
And who are these people? They're the disbelievers,
those people who are offered knowledge, but what do they do? They cover that knowledge, they cover that truth. They cover that reality with their disability.
And then there is the third group of people who are aboard lean, those who are misguided, those who are astray. And now inshallah we will study about this group of people.
Who are they,
those who do not have knowledge, those who lack knowledge,
those who are unaware of the reality, those who are unaware of the deen or they're unaware of themselves. And even if they are given knowledge, they do not understand they do not comprehend.
They do not benefit from the knowledge that they come across.
And even if they do have some armor, even if they do act upon something, they do it with insincerity, which is why their actions are not accepted, who are these people? Who are these people? The hypocrites. So, we see that there are three groups of people, one group is after believers, then there is a group of
the disbelievers the outright disbelievers. And the third group is after when African of the hypocrites
and if you look at how the last panel Tata has mentioned them, he has mentioned the purest group first the group that is the group that is pure, you mentioned them first.
Then you mentioned the group that is hobbies that which is impure, that which is bad, the disbelievers. And then he mentioned the but that which is most impure, and who are the those who are the hypocrites? And the following verses discuss who the hypocrites are.
Allah Subhana Allah says wamena nasty and from the people from mankind. Minor kulu Amanda Bella, there are some who say, we believe in Allah, wa billyoh mill acid, and also we believe in the last day, but Allah says warmer won't be moved meaning and they are not believers, they are not actually believers. Women are nasty from the
mean over here gives the meaning of part of it gives the meaning of some, just as we read earlier, one may Morocco, Nahum, Yun Pico, and from what We have provided them they spent, meaning some of what we have given them they spend out of it.
So similarly, woman and nasty and from the people, meaning there are some people who do this. Notice over here, that the third group of people, our last panel data does not describe them with a particular description.
The believers, a last panel, describe them with a description of the core,
the disbelievers what was the description given alladhina cafaro. But this third group, a loss of panel data does not describe them with Eman nor does he describe them with disbelief. Why? Because they are neither here, nor are they there.
They're not really believers. And they don't appear to be disbelievers either. A loss of penalty taala describes them in the Quran in certain mysap I am number 143 with Abdullah Bina venas elec La ilaha illa Allah either
the hypocrites they're wavering between them, belonging neither to the believers, nor do the disbelievers.
So Allah does not call them their believers or their disbelievers, but rather a loss pensado says wamena nasty and from
The people, there are some who do this minor coup. There are those who say
wamena nasty from the people. There are some who say I'm a nebula we have believed in Allah.
That's what the word a nurse, a nurse means, the people. And the word NES, we can say that it has been understood in different ways. First of all, it has been said that the word unece is from the roots setters, known wildstein.
It is derived from the root letters known, well seen. knows. And nose literally means to dangle, to swing back and forth, to move back and forth.
So why do you think people are called a nurse?
Because we're always moving back and forth. physically, spiritually, emotionally, mentally.
We're always moving back and forth.
Secondly, it is also said that the word unece is from the root letters known seen.
Known, seen. Yeah, from the word Miss yen.
And Miss Tian means what is this yummy, do forget forgetfulness, so who are unasked then?
For those who forget? human beings forget.
This is one of the weaknesses that human beings have. So therefore, never get too worried if you learn your lesson, if you memorize your lesson, but when it comes to reciting your lesson, you forget why, because you're a human being, and human beings tend to forget. So the first meaning is, that the word analysis from the letters known well seen, secondly, it is from the root letters known senior and thirdly It is also said that it's from the roof letters, Hamza known, seen or
observed, known, seen, owns and owns, means, to love, to have friendship,
to be familiar,
and human beings, what do they do, they tend to become familiar with each other.
They develop love and friendship with each other.
Human beings are different from the other creation in this way, that anywhere you will find two people although they've never met each other before many times you will find them talking to each other,
becoming familiar with each other inclining to each other. This is how human beings are.
So woman a nasty and from the people. Allah says, My yaku there are some who say, I'm a nebula we have believed in Allah. The word man means who
the word man means who. And the word man is used for singular, and it is also used for plural.
So over here, my Yoku am another are those who say, we have believed, so it is actually being used for sure. So from the people, there are some who say that we have believed and we have believed in who believe in Allah, what will young will hearing, and also we have believed in the last day, notice, Allah says yaku they say, they claim, meaning they only make this statement at their tongues.
This is a statement that is only on their knowledge.
This is not what their heart says. This is not what they show with their actions. They only verbally proclaim, say,
they only claim to be believers, because Allah says, warmer home be more meaning. And they're not at all believers. They're not actually believers. What was the definition of Eman that we studied? What is the meaning of a man to affirm something? First of all, at the tongue, then to believe it to be true where in the heart as well, and also to prove it through a person's actions as well.
These people they're only claiming to be believers. When it comes to their hearts. When it comes to their actions. They do something completely different. Which is why Allah says wha hoo removed meaning they're not at all believers. Now notice the word beam meaning this letter but this word Beth, over here, this back is that what does that mean? It is extra.
And remember, that any word that is extra that is that is in the Quran, it doesn't mean that it is useless. It doesn't mean that it is purposeless, okay. What it means by that word is what it means by an extra word is that it is not understood.
it is not going to be translated as you translate it otherwise, generally, the word B means what? With. But we do not translate B, as with over here. Why? Because B is that it is extra. So why is it there then? What's the reason? What's the purpose? Even for the letters Alif? Lam me we learned that Okay, fine, even if they don't have a meaning, the literal meaning they have a reason they have a significance, they have a purpose. So what is the purpose behind this beat? It is for the purpose of emphasis.
It is for the purpose of emphasis. So by the statement, Walmart, Home Depot, meaning, what does it mean? And they are not at all believers.
They are not at all believers. The statement could also simply be they are not believers. But there's no emphasis in that. When Allah says we're now home, meaning what does it mean? They're not at all believers. They only claim to be believers. They're liars. They're not greedy believers. So what is their problem?
What do they do?
Allah says, You heard your own law. They try to deceive Allah.
When levena Amano, and also those people who have believed? What does it mean by that? They try to deceive Allah. And the believers How? By claiming to be believers, by claiming to have
the word you heard the arena
is from the root letters. Ha, then I,
what are the letters? Ha, then, right? hada. Harder means to deceive someone? What does it mean to deceive someone basically, harder is to conceal the reality, to hide the reality
and keep the other person in darkness about it. Keep the other person unaware of the reality. How, for example, a person says something and he does something different.
He says something, but he actually means something different. He has something else in his heart. So in other words, harder is to reveal something other than what is in the person's heart.
What is the reality? You hide your own, they are deceiving. They're trying to deceive.
Or they're trying to deceive
Allah and the business. If you notice the word u haul, dear
We read another word in the same lesson, which is yet the owner which will come later on in the ayah. Woman, the owner, the translation is you heard the owner, they try to deceive the owner data see, what's the difference between the two you see that when you hide your owner, it has an aloof sound after half. So this form of the word, this form of the word, it basically gives us two meanings. It gives us two meanings.
The first meaning that it conveys is trying to do a particular action to attempt to do an action to attempt an action. And it also includes effort on the part of the one who is doing the action. So what does it mean by you have the owner it's not just they deceive. But what does it mean? They're trying to deceive, they're trying very hard to deceive, they put an effort to deceive. Secondly, this structure, this form of the word also gives us the meaning of a group together doing an action. So you have your own means all of them collectively, as a group, they try to deceive a lot. And so what does it mean? All of these people, they cooperate with each other together as a group, they
claim to be believers. And by this, they try to deceive a lot. And also the believers.
So you see the mean that the word you have your own opinion. First of all, they're trying secondly, all of them collectively. And you know the meaning of collectively. What does that show that our friends they influence? If we belong to a particular group, we will do exactly what they're doing. Right. So you have your own Allaha they're trying to deceive a loved one Latina Amano, what is their deceit? What is their deception? What is the leader that they reveal Islam? They pretend to be believers, whereas actually, they are not believing. So they show Islam on the surface, whereas in reality, in the heart, there is disbelief.
They show Islam on the surface. Whereas in reality in the heart, there is disbelief. You hide your own aloha when the deen
but the reality is a lot of panels are that tells us that women are the owner. And not they deceive Illa. And for some except themselves by this act of theirs, who are they receiving? Only themselves? But do they realize that? No, they don't want NIOSH alone? They don't even realize the word Yes, the owner, again is from the root hada. And yes, the owner, this form of the word conveys the meaning of doing the action, individually doing the action one on one, and it also conveys the feeling of being successful in doing the action.
You heard the owner? They're trying to deceive. Yes, the owner, they actually the CEO.
Who are they actually deceiving? and forcing? The word unfuck is the plural of the word nuts.
It is a plural of the word nuts. And it's from the root letters known fer See? no fat, see, and knifes means so so they only deceive themselves. What does it mean by they deceive themselves? What does it mean by that?
That the consequences of their trying to deceive a law and the messenger are against to themselves? Who is going to suffer is going to suffer? No? Are the believers going to suffer? No, who is going to suffer? They're going to suffer because they're not actually believers, and they're only claiming to be visible.
So they deceive only themselves how? As the evil consequences of their trickery will fall upon them.
Allah says one is around and they don't even perceive they don't even realize the word Yes, your own is from the root letters, sheen. I'm
what are the root letters she right.
And the word she Ruth means to realize, to know the reality, the word shelf is from the same root. And sharp is used for here. If you look at here, they're very fine,
very thin, very fine, compared to a string compared to a row
here is very fun. Social rule is to know to be aware of the fine detail of something, the fine details of something
to be aware of the subtle issues. Do not just be aware of something just on the surface, not just to have superficial knowledge, just the apparent knowledge, but to realize to know the reality of something.
Do you know the fine details of something? This is what your What is? So my issue. They don't even realize what do they not realize?
What don't they realize that they're actually deceiving themselves? They're actually harming themselves.
Now what is the background of these verses? You see, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he was in Mecca, he was there for how long? 13 years 13 years he was in Mecca.
And when he was delivering the message of Islam to the people, who was the main opponent
was the main opponent,
So in Makkah, there were two groups, the group of the believers and the group of the disbelievers in Makkah, if you became a Muslim, what did that mean?
You were going to be in trouble. You were only going to suffer, you were not going to be successful. Right? So the believers were very sincere believers.
And anyone who was not sincere, he would obviously be a disbeliever he would not become a Muslim.
Then the prophets that a lot of sudden migrated to Medina, what happened in Medina,
the Muslims, eventually they became successful, right? The Battle of budget What happened? The Muslims were victorious. So one after the other, Muslims were becoming victorious. So in Medina,
they were three groups.
There was a group of the believers.
There was a group of the disbelievers and there was a group of the hypocrites
who were these hypocrites, those people who accepted Islam, only to gain worldly benefits.
They accepted Islam, only to gain worldly benefits
because the Muslims were becoming successful.
So they wanted to become Muslim, to enjoy the benefits of being a Muslim.
To understand why they became Muslim, only to enjoy the benefits of being Muslim.
So their actual interests were were in Islam or in something else.
Something else they wanted to dunya they wanted the world.
So in trying to do that, they were only appearing to be believers and in that they were deceiving themselves, and they didn't even realize the reality, that they were actually harming themselves by this deception. What am I as the owner in the enforcer home? What am I?
What is their problem? Why do they do this? Allah says ficou became morato in their hearts is a disease fuchal to be him in their hearts, is what disease murghab what diseases they're in their hearts, the disease of hypocrisy, the disease of love of this dunya of this world. Now the word model is from the root letters, meme, Ra, but it is from the root letters, meme Ra.
And the word model means disease, illness, sickness.
It is said that model is any imbalance in the body? What is the model? Any imbalance in the body? For example, if a person's blood sugar levels are imbalanced, is he going to be fine? Or is he going to be sick? Sick? Similarly, if his blood pressure is not normal, what's going to happen is you're going to be fine or you're going to be sick.
Similarly, if the body temperature, if there's an imbalance in depth, what does that show? The person is sick? A person is ill.
So a model, an illness, a disease, a sickness, what is it in balance.
But the word model is not just an imbalance in the physical body.
It is not just about physical illnesses.
But it also includes spiritual intimacy,
mental illnesses, psychological illnesses,
so fearful of being immortal in their hearts is a disease. What is this disease? This disease? Is of hypocrisy, the disease of doubt. Doubt in who in what?
In the Messenger of Allah? In the Quran? Is this really the true Word of Allah? Is he really the Messenger of Allah? Is it really a true prophet?
There's embeded, there is no yaqeen there's no fate, there is no surety. Right? So we're gonna be in Morocco, in their hearts is a disease. And this disease also includes the disease of
Chihuahua, of desires, and chubu. Her of
Chihuahua desires and chubu had doubts.
Remember that there are two things. If they enter a person's heart, they begin to extinguish his fate. They begin to extinguish his image, what are their desires, and don'ts?
Now you see, desires are natural, aren't they. But if a person is always just pursuing his desires, every decision he makes is based on the fulfillment of his desires. Obviously, it's going to affect as a man, I don't want to pray, because I don't feel like
I don't want to do this because I don't feel like if we do everything, because we feel like it or we don't feel like it, what's going to happen? We won't have any principles. So Shahada is they enter a person's heart, what's going to happen, they're going to extinguish his faith. Similarly, doubts,
check, if they enter a person's heart, that is also going to extinguish his fate. Sophia kulu became model in their hearts is a disease. They have love for this life, they have love for this world. And they also have doubts about their religion. What happens unless has frazetta homologue model. So Allah increased them in their disease. You see the word fat over here?
This conveys the meaning of because
it gives meaning of cause
because they didn't cure their sickness,
because they didn't cure their model. As a result, what happened? Is that the Houma la model, Allah increase them in their disease. So what does fair mean? Because what is it connected with the previous verse in their hearts is a disease they did not cure the disease. As a result, their disease increased their sickness increased
the words that is from the root fetters, they
it is from the newsletters. They Yeah.
From the words the other, which means to increase, to multiply.
So that the home he increases for them in what? In Morocco, in disease in sickness in illness. What does it mean by that? You see, if there is an illness,
if a person is sick, and he doesn't cure that sickness, if he doesn't cure that in this, what's going to happen?
It's going to become worse, it's going to become worse, to the point that it will be incurable. It is impossible to cure. For example, if a person gets cancer, and if it's caught right at the beginning, and if it is treated right at the beginning, it is possible to cure it, isn't it? But if a person says, Oh, never mind, I have cancer, I'm just going to die. So, you know, doesn't matter.
I'll just suffer with it until I die, I have to die anyway, might as well, let me just suffer with it and know what's going to happen, what's going to happen
the cancer is going to spread and eventually he is going to die.
So, similarly, when there is a disease in the heart, for example, the disease of pursuing this the you know, the dunia is ultimate priority. His ultimate concern. Similarly, doubts about the dean doubts about Allah subhanaw taala doubts about their religion, doubts about the Quran. And if a person does not cure this disease, what's going to happen? It is only going to increase to the point that it's going to become incurable. It is not going to be possible to cure it. So Allah says, because that the Humala Hamada, so Allah increases them in their disease while at home and for them, are there been a Lehman for them is a painful punishment. Why? Why? What does the IRS say? Read the
IRA. What a home addabbo early on for them as a painful punishment. Why
be America New York the bone because they used to lie.
What a whole motherboard. We did the word up yesterday. It means punishment. Yesterday we render that one or leave punishment that is great. Now we read that one earlier punishment that is painful. And he was from the letters Hamza lamb mean?
What are the letters Hamza lamb, from the word Allah. And Allah means pain.
What does it mean pain?
And if you look at the word leave,
just as we read earlier Rashi
What does Rahim one who is Especially Merciful, one who shows mercy.
Again and again, our there been a lien a lien is similar to
do Rahim in sound, just as you have the word Eileen.
So a lien gives the meaning of that which will cause pain, again and again. That which will cause pain again and again. You see one strike is painful. But multiple strikes
are more painful, isn't if you're hurting somewhere. And if you're stuck over there, even by mistake, somebody doesn't realize that you're hurting over there and they hit you over there by mistake.
It's very painful. And imagine if they, you know, sometimes you you hit your toe and you hit it again and you hit it again. It's so painful repetition, it increases the pain, it increases the suffering and also if each blow is harder and severe and more strong than the previous, then also the pain increases. So one of them are the seven Aleem. Aleem gives a meaning of that which is extremely painful that which will cause them a lot of pain.
And also we think about it, if you get hurt, you only suffer the physical pain, isn't it? But if somebody hits you, you suffer the physical pain and also the emotional pain. It's humiliating. So for them is a painful punishment because it's not just going to be physical, but also going to be mental, psychological. A loss of panatela tells us in the Quran, that the hypocrites will have the worst punishment where
Allah tells us and sort of the Messiah is number 145. That the hypocrites they will be Fidel kill a Solomon and now they will be in the lowest depths of the hellfire.
Where will they be in the lowest depths of the Hellfire, utter humiliation, bringing in disgrace as well as a lot of
Why be mad can only be one because they used to lie. The word yet the boon is from the root
Guess then Beth,
it is from the root letters. Guess then Beth Kathy COVID means ally.
And calibre Yakubu means to live yet v Boone de la, what is the life?
What is a life? Think about it, what is a life?
A statement that is against the reality that is contrary to reality that is different from reality.
That is what it is. And notice over here can no yakkety boon can new, yet be born. When the word can, when it comes before a verb Yak The moon is a verb right familiar with it. When the word cannon comes before a verb, it gives the meaning of doing the action constantly, habitually.
Not just once or twice, but doing the action continuously doing the action habitually.
So be mechanically active doesn't mean they lied. But what does it mean? Because they used to have been actually lie. This was their habit. Lying was their habit.
They didn't just lie once they lied again and again. But the question is, what did they lie about? What was the lie?
You tell me? What was your life
their claim that they believe in?
in their hearts, they weren't believers, they only claimed to be believers. So for them as a painful punishment, why? Because they use tonight
there's a hadith in Sahih Muslim, in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he said that there are three signs of a hypocrite.
There are three signs of a hypocrite. First of all, when he speaks, he tells a lie.
When he speaks, he tells a lie. Secondly, when he makes a promise, he breaks it.
And thirdly, when he is trusted with something he betrays. He doesn't fulfill the trust. He doesn't fulfill the
what are the three signs of a hypocrite? When he speaks? He tells a lie. When he makes a promise, he breaks it and when he is trusted with something he betrays.
So from these verses, what do we learn
that a hypocrite lies
it is a sign of a hypocrite that he lies. What a homer Addabbo, alima be mecanoo.
And we really have to check ourselves because sometimes we lie.
When just in a joke,
just to make the other people laugh, we will live. Similarly just to get away from something we will live. We don't want to talk to somebody. And when they call, we tell our you know child or spouse for somebody to just say that we're busy or we're we're not home or we're in the shower in the washroom because we don't want to talk to them. That is also a lie. Because what is the definition of a lie? That which is contrary to reality, that which is not true. That which is not the case?
When a home or that when a Lehman be mecanoo yfp bouwen you see a small headache is very painful, isn't it?
Just the other day somebody was telling us about a relative of theirs, who was suffering from cancer.
And they were saying that they would be in so much pain that they would say, just shoot me.
They could not bear the thing.
They could not bear the pain
and nettle pain of this dunya we cannot bear
in the hereafter in Hellfire, one of whom are there any more extremely painful. Why? Because they used to lie. So this is sufficient for us to stop us from lying.
With regards to just live a little things, liberal issues, small things.
Islamic this hadith Prophet said a Muslim can be covered but he can't be alive because Li is not quality of believer and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to joke but he say I'm only telling the truth, but we lie in everything. When we are with kids, when everybody so these things, small things, we don't see them as big, but they are big in the sight of Allah. Because Allah says Allah when lamb makani actually born, so we have to watch our tongue when we are joking when we are just trying to get our ways. What kind of words are we saying? Because prophet of Allah never told the lie. So we should never tell a lie.
There's a hadith in Book of Mr. Malik that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was asked, Can a believer be a coward? Can he be a coward
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes, he can be. Then he was asked, Can a believer be stingy? Can he be a miser? Meaning he doesn't spend much. He is very tight fisted. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam replied, Yes. And finally, he was asked, Can a believer be a liar, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, No believer cannot be a liar.
If I was telling me once that she was listening to a lecture, and the brother said that you have two angels, one is writing a truth, or the good things that you do. And then on the left side, there's a writing, if you say, lies, or anything bad to it, you do. So when we make a sarcastic comment, or when we joke, there's no joke column. So it either goes in truth, or it goes in false. So whenever we're saying it, we have to be very careful, because there's no middle place to put that
was either a good deed, or a bad deed.
And what's the criteria, that which is true? And that which is false? So if it's a joke, if it's true,
it will go in one column. And if it's false, it's going to go in the other.
You see, let's discuss what kind of lies do we generally speak or what kind of lies around us?
Very common lies that when an older person, an older sibling, when a mother, when a father, when an older cousin, when they call the child, come here, I'll give you this, I'll take you there, I'll show you this. And when the child comes, they don't do it. When we say that, we're going to do something, and we don't actually do it, what else?
Sometimes we're telling a joke, or sometimes we're narrating something, we're telling a story, we're telling about what happened. And we add extra details which are not true. We exaggerate, just to impress others, just to amuse others, just to convince them just to make them agree with us.
If it's not true, it's a lie.
Many times we, you know, we say that, for example, for married women, they will put the name of their husband everywhere, my husband told me to do this, and a husband doesn't want me to do this.
But if there's an understanding between the husband and the wife, then that's a different case.
And if there's no understanding between them, with regards to certain matters, and a woman is just attribute in things to her husband, and that is incorrect, what else?
Sometimes we don't want to hurt the other person's feelings. And we say that which is untrue. But it doesn't mean that, you know, in our truthfulness, we are very rude and harsh. We can tell them, it's fine. However, you could do this to improve.
It's okay. But you could do this to improve.
So what are some other would even be mechanically, so what's the lesson for us?
Be careful about our speech, watch our
very true many times we lie just to get ourselves out of trouble.
Just to get ourselves out of a difficult situation. For example, if our group in charge asks us, did you memorize the lesson we say yes, of course we did.
Yeah, sometimes you get some work out of some people, what do we do? We tell them, please do it by this date, because I have to go or because you know, it's due, whereas it's not due until the week or so until another week or something.
deceiving, twisting the truth, that is also a lie. Sometimes we don't feel like doing something going somewhere doing some work, we say we're sick.
Very true. Sometimes people lie about their age. You see, if it's not true, it's a lie.
If you don't want to tell somebody about something, you can tell them. I don't feel comfortable sharing this information with you. Simple.
Yeah, sometimes to show off. You know, I bought this for this much money, whereas it was bought from $1 store or something,
sometimes to impress others. So we see that line is the quality of the hypocrites, and it's a very dangerous quality. It's a very dangerous characteristic.
Because this is from where a lot of problems begin, because we lie once and then we have to lie again and again to cover that life, to live that lie.
So lying leads to a lot of problems. This is why the Prophet said a lot of himself a believer cannot be a liar. He can be a coward. He can be scared.
He can be stingy, but he cannot be a liar.
Speak the truth, even if it's against herself.
That's business investigation.
Well, I mean, she may
be, he won't be me a woman.