Seerah 16

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Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

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Episode Notes

Islam outside Makkah, first and second pledges of Aqabah

Episode Transcript

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A long evening he was he Rajan

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Meeny

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Meeny Nabi

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Assalamualaikum, warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu.

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Before we begin today's lesson, as you know inshallah we will be reaching the end of the meccan era very soon and what does that mean? Okay, so something will be coming up in Sharla Okay, not a test, but an assignment or a project, all right? And that will have two parts to it. First part is your reading log,

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okay, so you have to submit that, alright. And secondly, you will be given a project or an assignment, so make sure you have time for it. Okay. So if there's any if you have a big to do list from now make sure you clear that up so that inshallah when the project is given, you are able to give time to it. All right, inshallah. There's still a few weeks but I'm just preparing you from now. Okay, inshallah.

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Now mother who will slowly are allowed us to do Kareem and Navara Rhoda Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

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In our previous session, we learned about the incident of marriage, the Islam and mer lodge The Night Journey and the ascension, which was a miracle, as well as a gift for Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he returned from this journey with the again with certainty and also a lot of hope and confidence. Now we learned that with the death of herbal tonic, what happened the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he lost the protection that he had a Buddha gave him protection but very soon he withdrew it. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam went to a bar if hoping for a positive response, but what happened? That attempt also brought no positive result. Then what happened who gave him protection

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in mocha, mocha, Ambien ID, but remember that multiman it was a very old man. All right. And besides multiman are the offering the profits of the losses and protection was not a permanent solution. It was a temporary solution. Right? So the prophets on the longest Salaam needed a long term plan, right, he needed some security because of which he could do the work that he had been sent for. So what happened that after the night journey with renewed confidence, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he continued his Dawa with full effort and zeal. And in hajj season especially what happened the prophets on a lot of time, he focused on the Hajaj, the people who came from outside of Makkah, in

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order to do Hajj. So sometimes he would go with Abu Bakar aldelo angle, and meet individuals as well as hold tribes. And sometimes he would go himself, and he would go and speak to individuals, and sometimes groups of people, inviting them to Islam, and also seeking protection. Alright, so basically what he was seeking was, first of all, that people accept his message. And secondly, that someone would be willing to give him the support that he needed, the protection that he needed. All right. And we see that the prophets on a lot of them, he would say to the people, that who will take me so that I may preach the message of Allah because the Quraysh have stopped me from doing this.

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All right. So he didn't seek protection so that he could live a happy, comfortable life. All right. Why was he seeking protection? Why was he seeking support from people? What was the reason

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to spread the message of Islam? Because in Makkah, was able to do that freely? No, he wasn't someone so that even when he would go to speak to the judge who would follow him,

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right? He would do that to people and Abu lahab would come and you know, just

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Wash it all away, right by insulting the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in front of the people. So he needed a long term solution. Right? So this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was approaching various tribes as well as individuals, because now he needed to take the message beyond Makkah also, right, because in Makkah, he had been there for how many years now, as a prophet of Allah 10 years, right. And in 10 years, how many people had believed not many, majority of the people were firm, they were stubborn on their coffee. And the main reason behind that was their leaders. So the prophets on a lot of them knew that now he needed to look elsewhere, he needed to take the message

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outside of Makkah. And this teaches is a very important lesson. Right? That first of all, you make several attempts to do the work that you have been assigned to do. What do we do? We speak to someone once and we say, What am Allahu Allah? Could you be? Right? That's it, these people are not going to listen, before even talking. Actually, we make this assumption that nobody's going to listen to me. It's not going to work. How many years did the prophets have a lot of time spent in Makkah? 10. And then he started looking outside of Makkah. Alright, because he has 13 years, he stayed in Macau, but it was after 10 years that he started looking outside of Macau. All right.

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And then we see that after multiple attempts, after 10 years, he realized that this is not going anywhere. Now I have to come up with a different strategy. And this teaches us a very important lesson also, that if you if you have been trying to do something one way, and it has not been producing results, it's about time that you think what you need to do differently.

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So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he approached various tribes, and what happened all of them basically, they rejected the message, or they refuse to give protection to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and some of them their response was more harsh than others. And we see that certain tribes, initially they were willing to take in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as a member of their tribe, right, or rather give him protection that he needed. But they were more concerned about their personal benefit. So for instance, one group of people, they said that if we accept you, you have our support, and God gives you victory, then will you give us leadership or will you be the leader?

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So you understand, they wanted to use the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the cause of Islam to gain victory and dominance. They didn't want to accept the authority of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. All right, likewise, another group of people, they said that, you know, you have our support, however, we cannot give you our full support, because we have ties with so and so and so and so. And if we give you our full support, then what will happen, we will have to break up our ties with, you know, certain groups of people, and we don't want to do that. So they weren't fully in. Alright, either they were selfish, or they weren't fully in. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he did not

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receive any positive response from any particular group of people. But again, he did not give up he kept trying. And we see that were groups of people, they refused. There were some individuals at least, who believed in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So for example, we learned about this man by the name of suede Ben sommet. All right, so he had been sommet. He was a poet from yesterday, right yesterday, remember, this is a place that's going to be Medina. So yesterday, he was appointed from there, and he came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he had heard about him the Prophet sallallahu Sallam spoke to him, the prophet civilize and recited sort of look man to him.

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And so he had been been a summit. He was so impressed, he believed, and he returned to Medina. All right, as an individual believer, he returned to Medina, and very soon there was a fight, there was a battle in which he died.

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Likewise, we learn about a man by the name of he has been more when he was a young man from yesterday. He also believed in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he visited Makkah, but he also died soon after. Likewise, we learned about the fatty from the liefeld tribe, he accepted Islam to fail, even among those who from those tribes, he believed a man from Yemen limit as the he also believed. So we see that certain individuals they did believe so Islam was kind of spreading outside of Makkah. All right, but not in large numbers. Not many people were accepting, but at least there were some people who were accepting Islam. All right. Now what happened in the 11th, year of

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prophethood, so 10th year is the year of sorrow. All right, in the 11th year, what happened the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in Mina Alright, and he saw a group of people, six people, six men, and they were from yesterday, and when he saw them, they they didn't have a tent or anything. So visibly clearly they were poor. They weren't that well off. So the prophets on a lot of sentences.

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moneyaccount Who are you people? Meaning which tribe are you from? They said we are hustlers. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, You are neighbors of Jews from yesterday? And they said yes, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, may I speak to you? They said yes, so the prophets on a lot of them sat down with them. And he did basically our to them recited some Koran to them, and they believed, and these six men amongst them, were Raka bin Ahmed javin, bin arvilla, US admins, Murata, and these were people from yesterday, right? Will became the unsought. So these six people they believed. Now what happened? They went back home next year 12th, year of prophethood. They came again to Makkah,

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why to do Hajj. But these six men, they were not six now. They were 12. All right, and they came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in order to formally convert in order to formally accept his message. All right, so 11th year, how many were there? Six. Next year, how many double that number? All right, they met the Prophet sallallahu cinematic Mina, and they gave him buyer. What is Berra a promise a pledge of allegiance where you shake hands or you put your hand above the hand of the other person and you promise them that you will abide by certain conditions. Right? So they formally accepted Islam, they gave by our to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they and rather than a

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summit, he said, this is a hadith and Buhari that we gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we would not worship anything other than Allah, that we would not steal. We would not commit Zina, we would not kill a person who's killing Allah has made illegal, we would not rob each other. And if we would abide by all of this, and Allah subhanaw taala would give us paradise genda in return, and if we did not remain true to our promise, then there would be consequences punishment in this life, and the next. So these 12 people, they accepted Islam, and they made the bar with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Now you see 12 people is a big number. It might seem small to us, but at that time, 12

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Muslims, group of 12 Muslims was a huge deal. So what happened? Now they had accepted Islam, what did they need to learn? How to perform Salah, the Quran that was revealed so far, they needed to learn all of this. So they needed a teacher. They couldn't stay in Makkah because if they remained in Makkah, what would happen the Quran should become suspicious. Right? And besides, they had families back in Medina, they did not belong in Mecca, they had to go back home. So when they were going to Medina, the prophet said a lot of them sent a teacher with them, and who was that most even remained of the Allahu anhu? Remember most urban remake? The young man who believed? Right, who was

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from Makkah de Qureshi whose mother refused to eat and drink, right? And the people would say that we would smell most of the herbs are made before we would see him. What does that mean? That the fragrance he wore was so strong, so much and so unique, that we smelled him before we saw him.

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That before even he came before our eyes, we knew that he was on his way. Right? So this is how wealthy he was. But what happened when he became a Muslim?

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He lost everything. His family disowned him. Right? They completely abandoned him. And as a habit, they almost felt embarrassed looking at most urban mermaid even

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because his date, he became so weak physically, and also his claws overall, he looked so poor that it was they didn't have the confidence to even look at him. They felt hurt even looking at most urban Mermaid, but most women are made was one of those people who knew the Quran. So he was sent as a teacher, do Medina to teach the people Islam to teach the people the Quran. So what happened? Most are women are made. He was in Medina and Azhar the ravenswood, Allah is the one who hosted him. All right, because Musab went as a guest and he stayed with us at 11 00. And what happened? Many people converted to Islam. When Musab came to Medina,

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so much so that, that after a few weeks, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was informed about the number of Muslims in Medina, he instructed that they all perform Juma prayers together.

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So we'll start with an AMA was the first one to conduct salata Duma in a congregation, and you know how many people performed that Salah with him? 40 people. So imagine 40 people were now praying together in Medina. Was this possible in Morocco anywhere? No.

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If they tried to do that they would be beaten up. They would be killed.

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So what happened now that so many people were accepting Islam that there was no sub tribe of Medina, except that there was some Muslim one or two Muslims from that sub tribe? All right. And especially Islam spread rapidly in Medina, with the conversion of Osama bin Laden and salvadora. All right, save and hold. That is the one who, about when we learn when, once when he was reading called on at night, he saw,

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you know, this light or something, and his animal was his dad, but his, his horse became scared, and save before they became worried that the horse might step on his sleeping son. All right. So he told the profits on a lot of time about that. And he said that what descended was Sakina was the angels basically, that had come, right, so that was saved. And

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now we'll save and hold and southern rather than lower and who both were initially very angry at Musab activities, because since he had come, every now and then a person was accepting Islam. So they were upset that what's going on? So they both had a discussion and Hussein, he decided to go to Musab with a spear in his hand in order to threaten him that you better stop this, or we have the spear. We have this, you know, we have our weapons to deal with you. So we'll start with the lower and we're very calmly he said, Why don't you listen to me?

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Come let's have a talk. Listen to what I have to say if you agree with it well and good. If you don't, then I'll stop. Right. So what happened? We'll start the lower I knew he recited some code onto him, told him about the basic messages of Islam and saving Khalid he accepted. He said this makes a lot of sense. He accepted immediately. He went back to Southern Morocco, and he insisted that Saudi now should go and speak to Muslims. So what happened when he went to speak to Muslim Sadler and who also embraced Islam? Now these two people were not ordinary people. All right, they were like, not official leaders of Medina, but soon to become leaders of Medina. And when they

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converted, what happened their entire sub tribe of Hassan converted to Islam. So now there were at least 300 Muslims in year,

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three 300.

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Now there is a question over here. How come Islam spread so rapidly in

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within two years? And in Makkah, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is there, all right, year after year, and not many people were accepting Islam. What was the difference? What was the reason? Yes, very true. First of all, we see that this is Allah Sophia.

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Right? Allah guides whomsoever He wills, Allah guides, those who are worthy of that guidance. Allah guides those who are humble. If you just take a you know, a look at the people of Makkah, Abu lahab, Abuja Hell, even a metallic to some extent What do you see in them pride?

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Right prejudice.

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And such people they're prevented from guidance. The people I've met have yesterday, their pride had been broken. It had been destroyed, how inshallah you'll find out. But anyway, Allah subhanaw taala chosen he guided them. Some people are like that some lands are like that they're fertile. A little bit of hiatus, but a little bit of water is split and a lot comes out of them. So yesterday was like that fertile land. The people of yesterday were like those fertile people. And secondly, we see that yesterday was a place where Jews used to live and the al Qaeda and the Al Khattab they had this concept of monotheism, belief in the last Panther that alone, scripture Prophethood. And because of

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this, the people who lived in yesterday, they were familiar with monotheism with Prophethood. With what he scripture out of this, they were familiar with it, whereas the people of Macau, on the other hand, they had no concept of this. They made idols, their lives revolved around idolatry. And they had been on idolatry for many, many years. Who was the last prophet that had come amongst them? Perhaps it was, it's my place in it 1000s of years now, right, hundreds of years. And what scripture did they have no scripture, they were only human. Right? So for them, all of this was very strange. But for the people of yesterday, it was not very strange, because they lived right next to Jews. And

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you see the Jews, they would boast to them, that we are people of knowledge and you are ignorant once, right? So the people of yesterday, you know, they kind of felt inferior to the Jews, you could say, because the Jews were knowledgeable. They had divine scripture, and the people of yesterday, the Arabs, they did not. So now when they get an opportunity to believe in a prophet, to believe in similar concepts like monotheism, and all of that they willingly accept it.

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All right, then we see another reason which was that the Jews of Medina they used to boast to the Arabs, obviously the locals over there about the promised Prophet, the last prophet who would come to them. And you have read this and selected Bukhara, right, what is the ayah? Or can even call blue? He yes dusty hoonah Allah Liliana cafaro that the Jews used to yes dusty hohner Island Medina Guevara before they used to boast about victory or seek victory against the disbelievers were the disbelievers. The machete King, right the Arabs. So they knew the people of yesterday, they knew that a prophet is coming. Because the Jews have been talking about for so long, they've been

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boasting about him. Right? So when they met the prophets of Allah, and they heard about his teachings, right, his message they willingly accepted. It was exactly what they were waiting for. It was their turn, it was their chance to gain dominance over the hood. Right?

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Then we see that another reason why they accepted Islam so willingly, was that the state of the people of yesterday was very different from the state of the people of Makkah. Very different. We see that maka, their leadership, their authority was established. Right? each tribe had their leaders.

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All right. They had a doubt another word, they had a council of leaders, their authority was very well established. All right. But Medina yesterday, had undergone you can say many battles over the past few years. And in particular, the Battle of broth

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and this battle, what did it do this conflict, the Civil War, you can say? It basically destroyed it completely ruined the the leadership off yesterday, the tribal leadership was completely destroyed. There's a hadith in Bukhari in which I showed the lower earner she said that Allah cause the date of birth, meaning the Battle of birth, to take place before the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam was sent. So that when Allah messenger sallallahu Sallam reached Medina, those people had already been divided up. Because of this battle. What happened? Because of this constant, constant

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enmity between the people, they were divided amongst themselves, there was no leadership within them. And their chiefs had been killed or wounded. So all their elders, all the elders of yesterday, what happened in all of these battles,

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they were killed. So the Abu lahab Abu Jamal versions of Medina of yesterday, they were all killed.

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You understand? Why, because of this political strife that had been going on for many years,

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I should have done no one has said so Allah made that day proceed the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam so that the people of yesterday would embrace Islam. That's exactly what happened. The unity had been destroyed, their tribal leadership was also destroyed. And we see that all their senior members, their senior leaders, their elite, had been killed in these battles, their elders had been killed. And the only elder you can say that tribal elder that remained was who are Abdullah, even obey, who was of the love and obey

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the leader of the minority. Now you understand why he became the leader of the minority,

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because he was an elder amongst them.

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And he was the only one who did not want to accept the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but he was kind of forced to because if he didn't, he would look like the bad guy, because everyone was accepting the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So and also we see that because of the years of bloodshed, alright, and mutual conflict. Now the people wanted something else that would bring meaning and purpose to their lives because they knew that tribalism, racism, all this prejudice had brought them no benefit. It had brought them no good whatsoever.

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Right. They wanted to change. And and the people who remain now were young, all the elders were gone, young people and young people, what do they want? Change improvement? Right? They had seen the ugly side of paganism. They wanted something different. They knew that paganism shift, as well as prejudice their tribalism was bringing them no benefit.

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They knew that there was something else that would bring them benefit and what was that they found that to be? Islam. They found that to be the message that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had brought into the Alia in Milan I 103. We learned that a last parameter that addresses the inside of the people of Medina and he says what guru near Natalia Alico is quantum art

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And remember the blessing of Allah, the gift of Allah the favor of Allah upon you when you were enemies for Allah vainikolo become. And he brought your hearts together for us Barton veneer Mati Juana and you became by his favor brothers, because the tribes of Olson has an edge. They were the two main tribes in Medina in yesterday. All right. And these battles were constantly being fought between us and Hassan. So they were living in the same city, but fighting one another constantly. And they were sick of this fight. They wanted something else. They wanted to get over this. So when they found Islam because of this Islam, what happened? They became brothers, it brought them

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together, it united them. So the message of the prophets that a lot is that it was just perfect. It was the answer, it was a solution. This is also one of the reasons why they accepted so easily and willingly. Now what happened 12 years of digital, how many people came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? 12 All right. And they gave their pledge to the prophets on a lot of sudden Pledge of Allegiance. They promised the prophets a lot of things that they would refrain from shake, they would refrain from I mentioned all of these things to you, bottled Zener theft, so on and so forth. And this is known as a first pledge off October, October. You may have heard of Jamila acaba, right,

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when you go for Hajj, you're in Mena, you have to go throw the stones, right. So one of them is called gemorah acaba, right. So near that is where the people had met the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and this is known as a first pledge of Aqaba. Now, the following year,

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following year, in this one year, how many people have embraced Islam in Medina at least 300 we'll start we've been remade. in Medina, he's teaching the people now 13 year. What happens 75 Muslims come from Medina from yesterday.

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And they come with their relatives and those relatives are wishek so a huge group of people comes from yathrib to do Hajj. Amongst them are mushrikeen and amongst them are Muslims also how many Muslims 75

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and two of these were women. All right. Now when these people came to Makkah to do Hajj and this other Prophet sallallahu sallam, they decided that they were not going to leave the Prophet sallallahu Salman

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because they saw what he was going through. They knew that it was not right for them to leave the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Makkah, going about its mountains approaching individuals and tribes being rejected and harassed. So they decided that they were going to ask the prophets on a lot of stuff to come along with them. That yellow suit Allah you don't go to different tribes you come to us will protect you will be with you will be your supporters. So they sent word to the prophets on a lot of Salah. Alright, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam agreed to meet with them a secret meeting all right in the night. So what happened in the last days of Hydra before the pilgrims left the

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Prophet sallallahu Sallam he agreed to meet these people near Ababa in Minar. In the night, so what happened? When night fell, all the people went to sleep. All right, and the Muslims also the who had come from yet they also fell asleep. Now when the first part of the night was over, what happened secretly one by one, they got up and they left their tents. And they went to this place of Aqaba, where they met the Prophet sallallahu Sallam all 75 Muslims came men and women. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam also came. And with him was his uncle Ibis.

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The Allahu anhu Ambassador that I want to at this point was not a Muslim, he was still a mushrik. So why was he with the Prophet sallallahu? Because he was his uncle. He wasn't like Abu lahab. Right. He wasn't hostile to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but at the same time, he didn't believe in him. But he felt almost responsible to take care of his nephew. Right? And you see, when a person is falling short in their duty, they want to compensate in one way or another. Right. So our best should have been protecting the profits on a lot of stuff. But first of all, he wasn't. He didn't have as much authority as a Bula have had or as Abu Talib had. All right. So he couldn't really do

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much. And secondly, even though he couldn't do much, he didn't even try much. So he had this guilt in his heart. All right. So anyway, he came along with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And when the 75 Muslims were there, the prophets of Allah was their best. He spoke, he said, Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is with honor and respect among his people.

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Was he?

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Okay, he had honor. But did the people respect that honor? No. Did he have protection in Makkah? No. So why is our boss saying this

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Exactly to save his face, because it's embarrassing that your nephew is going to leave you and your tribe, and he's going to join some other people because you're not good enough to protect him. You're not there to save him. You're not helping him, you're not supporting you.

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So he says, he had lots of a lot of time is with honor and respect among his people. He has the protection that he needs. If you are sure that you can live up to your promises and protect him, then take him otherwise let him be.

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Let him be. So what happened from the people of yesterday barah been maroof. He said, we intend to keep true to our word. And we intend to give up our lives in protection of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. Therefore, he ignores our best, he says yellow suit, Allah sallallahu Sallam put up the conditions. Ask us what you want. Ask us, what do you want from us for you? And ask us what you want from us for our last panel data? In other words, what do we have to do in our duty to Allah? And what do we have to do in our duty to you? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he spoke, and as usual, he first recited the Quran. I mean, you see this over and over again, right, that when the prophets

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have a lot of them speaks to an individual or group of people. He always includes verses of the Quran in his message in his speech, and this is something that we should also do.

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We should also adopt that anytime we're talking about the about the message of Islam, make sure you incorporate verses from the Quran, because the verses of Allah, what are they the most powerful column? It's the most effective, the most powerful speech,

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you know, the ad convey the message more strongly.

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Right? So sometimes even a few verses are enough, instead of a long speech. So the prophets have a lot of time he recited some Koran, and he laid out the conditions before them. What were those conditions that the people of yesterday would have to abide by? That you worship your Lord and not associate anyone with him? Is that okay? This is our matter with Allah, what about you? What do we have to do with you? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, some are what are

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what does that mean?

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LISTEN and OBEY here and obey obedience.

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And rather than summit, he he narrated this later on, he said, for Euro city now what you see now that we promise to obey, to hear and obey, in ease and difficulty,

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to spend in prosperity and poverty, to command good to forbid evil, to serve a law, without the fear of any critic, and that we would protect the Prophet sallallahu sallam, as we protect our own.

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You understand? This was their duty to the prophets on a lot of sense, specifically what they were pledging allegiance to, that we will protect you as we protect our own children, as we protect our own people, our own relatives. So in other words, we take you as one of us, this is what the bar was about. Now what happened, the prophets that a lot of them laid out the conditions, one man from the people of yesterday, he said that he had a solo we have treaties with the yahood of Medina. And inshallah, we will learn about this. And I'm sure you you are already familiar with this, the various tribes of Jews that lived in Medina that also the hustlers they had treaties with them,

00:33:29--> 00:33:38

right? They had alliances with them, you could say. So they said that when we pledge allegiance to you, we are going to be cutting off our ties with them.

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Right? Because you can't have it both ways. If we accept you as one of us, and the Jews are not willing to take that, then of course, we are at war with them. Right? We are, we are not on friendly terms with them anymore. Our previous alliances are now broken. And that is what happened when when the prophets have a lot of sin. And when the alliances that hustlers had with the certain tribes of Jews, they were broken, right and the alliances that else had with the tribes of Jews, they were broken, and the profits of a lot of them made a treaty now, that was between who the Muslims and the Jews now it was not our house, and has Raj now it was who Muslims. So this man, he's saying that

00:34:21--> 00:34:34

when we pledge allegiance to you all our previous alliances, our backs, they're now being finished. When Allah grants you victory, will you go back to Makkah and leave us

00:34:36--> 00:34:59

the prophets a lot of them said ballot demo them while hadn't hadn't. No, I'm not leaving you. Because blood is blood meaning my blood is your blood. And my destruction is your destruction, meaning we are together. I am a view and you are of me. Once I come to you, I'm not leaving you. And that's exactly what the profits on a lot of them did. Many years later when he conquered Makkah, what happened?

00:35:00--> 00:35:30

After the conquest, he went back to yesterday with the unsolved, right. And the inside of that time they felt a little disheartened because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave so much war booty to other people, and he did not give any to the inside. And the inside felt a little left out. They felt hurt because of that. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam addressed them and he said, Would you not like that people return with their sheeps, and their cattle, and their, and their camels, and you return with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam?

00:35:31--> 00:35:40

And they said, of course, we want that you return with us, you come with us. So the prophets of Allah said was true to his word, when Allah gave him victory, he did not leave yet.

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So what happened? Now the people are, you know, waiting impatiently, they want to give the bare already, but you know, some one or the other speaks and then, you know, it's kind of delayed. Now what happens, as are the ovens urara, right, he takes the hand of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he says, he addressed his, the people of yesterday when he says, We have come here believing that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is the Messenger of Allah.

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taking him with us means that we are taking up enmity with the entire Arabia.

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Do you realize what you're doing? Your people will be killed, we will be struck with swords. If you are ready to bear this, then take the veil. And if you're not, then stop right now, perhaps Allah will pardon you. Meaning basically, he's preparing his people that do you realize what you're what they are, you're entering into. This is a very serious matter.

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Your life will be in danger, your property will be in danger, your families will be in danger, you will see a lot of hardship. Are you willing to take that up? Because don't turn your back afterwards, if you turn your back afterwards, that will not be acceptable. If you think you cannot bear it, then leave now. Stop now. So what happened? The people of yesterday, they were almost agitated. And they just you know, they said we're willing to take all of the sub we are willing to give up our lives and the set of the prophets on a lot of sunyata sort of law. What do we get in return? If we are true to our promise to our bear? The prophets have a lot of sunset agenda.

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This is what you get when he didn't promise them mentions Indonesia. He didn't promise them a lot of wealth and success. Indonesia. What did he promised them? Jenna in return? So what happened? The Vera happened? Right? And this is known as the Vera oktava. Right, the second pledge of Aqaba. And how many Muslims participated in this 75 amongst them were also to women, and obviously the women who did the bear with the profits and a lot of them they did not, you know, hold his hand, rather it was a verbal bear.

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Now what happened? The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he appointed 12 men amongst the people of yesterday as the leaders

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just as

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recently restart a salon. In the narration, we learn that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam appointed 12 men as leaders and he said you are responsible for your people, just like the hawala Yun were responsible for their people under a pseudonym and I am responsible over all the Muslims meaning I am the leader.

00:38:23--> 00:38:25

Where is this mentioned in the Quran? Excellent.

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All right, that's for them. Sorry, Simon. homolka for Allah, man, Ansari, Illa Allah tala How are you know onsala that when he saw his absence from his people, that people are not going to believe what happened? He said who is going to be my Ansari, my helper. So the Hawaii Yun said we are going to be your helpers. So the same thing happened over here. The problem is that a lot of times sense fulfill from the people of Makkah. right he knew that this is not going anywhere. So now what happened? He accepted the pledge of the people of yesterday. And he appointed 12 people as as Hawaii Yun, or you can say as leaders know about right above the rest of them.

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And this was the second pledge of Aqaba.

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Now we see that this pledge of Aqaba, what did it do? It changed the course of the prophets life sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you could very easily say that it was the most important pledge in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because what happened on this made a way out for him from Makkah. Right. In Morocco, what happened? He was putting in so much effort approaching individuals approaching tribes, but the results were not that great. Now what happened with this pledge? Imagine 300 Muslims are in Medina, India flip. Now even more people convert any ethnic and what happens? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam he told the Muslims in Macau

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

That you may do hedra

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leave Makkah and go elsewhere where you will be safe. So what happened? In a hadith we learn the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, this is a hadith in Bukhari that I saw in a dream that I was migrating from Makkah To a land where there were date palm trees.

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I thought that it might be the land of yamamah or hedges, and where are they in Yemen?

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The prophet SAW the loss and thought it was Yemen.

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But it turned out to be yesterday.

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In another Hadees, we learn, I shall deliver on her she said, this is also Hadith in Bukhari, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in Makkah, and he said to the Muslims, in a dream I have been shown your migration place, a land of dead palm trees, between two mountains, the two stony tracks. So what happened? Some people they migrated to yesterday. In fact, not some people, almost all the Muslims migrated to do it slowly and gradually, Abu Salah he was one of the first people to migrate to yesterday, right? Or the Lebanon Maktoum, he migrated. And all of the Muslims when they left Makkah for yesterday, they went secretly, why did they go secretly because they were afraid that the

00:41:15--> 00:41:34

police will stop them, they will prevent them, their families will come in and they will prevent them and that is what happened with the family of Abu Salah. Right, inshallah, you will learn that in the stories of the companions, the seal of the companions, right? So, Omar will do low on who was actually the only one who did hit it off publicly openly. You know what he did?

00:41:35--> 00:42:09

What you something that you can only expect from from another lower right? he packed his bags, he armed himself. He wore his armor, he got his arrows, right? He's dressed as a traveler, he goes to the Kaaba performs as the wife. And in the harem, he makes an announcement or people of Makkah, whoever wishes that his mother loses him tonight, or that his children become orphans, or that his wife should should become a widow, then know that I am doing hyjal and you can meet me outside mica in such and such Valley.

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So no one came in the way of armadillo or new and Norma Lauren who confidently he left Makkah. And he made his way to yesterday, in a group of Muslims, right together, they migrated to yet so slowly and gradually, all the Muslims they left for yesterday. And they found yesterday to be the most perfect place for their Eman for their safety for their security where they got the freedom to practice their faith. And we see that Abu Bakar of the lower on who also prepared to do digital.

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All right, but what happened when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam found out that Abu Bakar is planning to do his ra he went to him and he said, wait for some time, because I hope that I will be allowed to do his role also. So we'll back it up to the RN who said do you intend to expect this meeting? Is this something going to happen? And you you think that I should be with you? Let my father be sacrificed for you. Meaning he was overjoyed. So what happened? The prophet SAW the laws? And he said yes, or no or no, he did not do his little. Alright, he remained in Makkah. And what happened? He was secretly planning for the digital

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in the sense that he was preparing for that journey, how that he had these two camels that were the best camels, sheep, camels, and you would feed them the leaves off, I should have the logo on his head of a summer tree.

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And the leaves of this tree, how were they I should have done already said they fell on being struck by a stick for four months, meaning they will be on for four months they are on the tree and they would not come off easily. You would have to you know really beat them up with a stick and then you would get those leaves. So basically, they're not ordinary leaves. It's not ordinary food terrible. baccata Lauren, who is feeding those camels, he's giving him the best that can be found Why? So that these camels are healthy, they're in perfect shape for the journey for the digital. So he's preparing for it. What do we learn from this? Yes, Lenten. I will had that on fecal matter a boon

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you can never attain piety until you spend out of that which you love. in the way of Allah subhanaw taala you spend the best that you have you do the best that you can which I do filet How could you have the strive as you should strive? This was a striving of Abubakar, the best of his camels, he prepared the best food that he could find. He fed those camels so that they're strong to bear the difficulty of that journey.

00:44:40--> 00:44:49

Right. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam tells him wait, don't do it. Right. Avocado or who is not just sitting there waiting? What is he doing?

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Preparing?

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right he's making the most of the situation that he's in.

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Now what happened in south of the 14th year of prophethood

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So, just a quick recap. 10th year is the year off sorrow. What happens in the 11th year? Six people from yesterday? convert what happens in the 12th year 12 people come, the first pledge of Aqaba occurs, right happens. We'll start we've been remade goes to yesterday, the following year, which is a 13th year what happens 75 people come the pledge of Aqaba happens. And the Muslims of yesterday they return waiting now for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to come whenever Allah subhanaw taala would order him to leave Makkah. Right, because now basically, the people have yet to have said that you are one of us, we are of you, we will protect you, we will defend you. Right, we will support

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you, we are with you. So the prophets on a lot of them knew that sooner or later, I have to go to yesterday. But you see, he did not go

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until the command of a last panel.

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He told the Muslims to leave. But the problem is that a lot of them remain behind it is that that everyone? All of the Muslims who could do Hydra did Hydra. And the only ones that remained we're now aboubaker

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Rd. So hey, by Rumi and zaven there'll be a lot more.

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Besides them, everyone left and only the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and these few companions they remain. And of course, some people who could not do hydro, they were also in Macau. But they were not planning to draw because they could not it was beyond their capacity. They weren't Mr. darphin there were those who were oppressed in Macau, they did not have the means. Nor did they have that kind of freedom to leave Makkah and go to yesterday. What does this teach us about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam?

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You see as a leader, he's one of the last ones to leave monka not the first one.

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One of the last ones. Why?

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Exactly. Because if he left what would happen, all the Muslims in Makkah, they'd be finished. Right? As long as a prophet sallallahu Sallam was there in Mecca, the Quran, I mean, they felt threatened by the fact that Muslims were leaving, but at least they knew that Mohammed Salah Lawson was still in Makkah. Right. So by him staying in Mecca, the rest of the Muslims were kind of safe. Right? Now what happened 14th year of prophethood enters in. And in the month of suffering, what happens? The machine the Quraysh, their leaders, especially they gather in the network.

00:47:39--> 00:48:06

And why did they gather over here because they felt increasingly threatened with the Muslims leaving and finding security in Medina. And they knew that it was a matter of time that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam would also leave. And they knew that if the prophets have a lot of time goes to yesterday, and he has so much support over there. You know, his, his state is going to change completely now. You know, we're kind of controlling his situation and there he will he will be free.

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Here, you know, we have control over the people and there we have no control over the people. So if he gains power and authority over there, you know, his his matter is going to spread. It's going to gain dominance. So they wanted to stop the profits of the law in a second. So what happened their leaders they gathered in double Nadella they had a meeting and this is mentioned in sootel and File Number 30 where Les Brown tada says what IBM quote will be kalinina cafaro leaves be Touka aku to Luca. Luca, why am Karuna Wang Corolla Hola, hi Ron McLean, that remember when the disbelievers were plotting against you why leaves be Touka so that they could tie you up, they could restrain you,

00:48:51--> 00:49:27

they could lock you up, they could imprison you react to Luca or kill you. Or you hurry juca or expel you. Why am Corona they were plotting together they were planning one is giving one idea the other saying no this is not good. Why am karoun Why am Corolla and Allah was also planning Allahu hadal marketing and Allah is the best of planners. So what happened that the leaders of perish they gathered in that another one amongst them where it was a Buddha Hall and of course amongst them We also learned that at least came in the form of a man

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to make sure that something was decided that would prevent the prophets on a lot of them from leaving Makkah.

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Right one person suggested kill him. But no, we can't do that. He's Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam use Qureshi. After all, what is the world gonna say we killed one of our own. Right And besides and we'll have to give blood money. Some other said, expel him. No, but if you expel him, he'll go somewhere and he'll find supporters lock him up. No, we can't lock him up either. Right. So then what happened? Would you have said yes.

00:50:00--> 00:50:18

Why not? One person from each sub tribe of Polish? Right? One person is selected and together as a group, they attack the prophets of Allah Islam and kill him. So then what will happen? The Banu Hashim cannot take revenge how many people will they fight how many sub tribes will they fight?

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So they will have to take blood money

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and blood money, we have millions to give. So you understand, this is the plot that they made. And shavonne beliefs was there in the form of a man. He said this is good, on his own was suggested this, and the police said this is good. So this is what they decided in daru Nadella that they were going to together kill the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this plan came about and Allah hokum also came, I should have to lower in her says that one day while we were sitting in the house at noon, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to our house, and he would never come to our house at that time, because I've known time everybody's taking a nap. The streets are empty. It's so

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hard. You don't even go outside. So the prophets on a lot of them came with his head covered. Why do you think he came with his head covered?

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Because it was hot.

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It was hot. All right. You know, like, you go you go for a model or something. The men have covered their heads, right? And even, I mean, for example, in Saudi Arabia, many Arabs, what do they wear a head covering?

00:51:27--> 00:51:29

It's not just for sure. All right.

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What is it for? Mainly, it is to protect, you know, hear people wear hats, right when it's hot, or you have an umbrella. But as a part of their clothing, they have the scarf that they were in order to protect their heads from the heat of the sun. So anyway, the profits of a lot of system came about could have the lower end who said me my parents be sacrificed for you? What, what has happened because he realized that it was extreme necessity that brought the prophets on lots of them at this time. The Prophet said a lot of them came, he asked permission to enter into the house of ibaka lower and who allowed him to enter what noble character, he's going into his best friend's house.

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He's a prophet of Allah. And still he takes permission to enter Buckley's house. So anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told Abu Bakar tell everyone who is present with you to go away, meaning you want to have a private conversation with Abu Bakar. The lower in Baku said this is only your family. Right? It's just us. There is no stranger, no outsider here. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, I have been given permission to migrate. So we'll go to the lower end who said Shall I accompany you? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes, and on this abubaker a little more on who he wept, and I shall below and have said that I didn't know anyone could cry out of joy, until I saw

00:52:51--> 00:53:08

aboubaker cry that day. She said I didn't know what tears of happiness meant, until I saw aboubaker crying that the out of the sheer joy that he would be accompanying the prophets on a lot of them on the ledger and the fact that the Prophet sallallahu would finally leave McKenna and go to a safer place.

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And then an hamdulillah Abubakar on the lower end of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they did hedgerow together. Now what is the journey of hijra? How exactly did that occur? That is what we will learn about in our next session in childbirth. There is a way out right in the moral nursery. And also after the peak of difficulty. There certainly really is a panic along we'll be handling Illa Illa illa Anta Mr. heruka wanted to make a cinema alikum warahmatu Allahi wa barakato