Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Seerah 2015
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
A long evening he was he Rajan
Caballero Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
una sala da da sweetie Karim amerit for Aruba let him in a shape liners rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim furbish rattly. Slattery were Sidley MD. Rock that Emily Sani of Coco de Centro Java Today we will learn about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam cedula to Medina. Remember that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he was in Makkah in the 12th and the 13th here, the people of yesterday, they came to Makkah, and they made a pact with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam they gave him their pledge of allegiance, the first beta Aqaba, the first Pledge of Allegiance that took place at Aqaba, what was that about? It was a religious commitment. It was a promise with the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that they would believe in Allah, they would worship only him, and they will do whatever was required of them. It was more like a formal conversion. The following year, what happened when more of them came and what happened, it was a religious VEDA. And in addition to that, they also invited the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to come to them. So it was almost like a political commitment also, all right, it was not just a religious commitment, but also a political commitment that they would support the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and defend him and they will take him in accept him as one of their own. And even if they had to spend all of their wealth or their
lives in the production of the profits on a lot of them they will do that. Right. So what happened? This occurred in the hedger correct, because remember that that Muslims had come from your trip to Makkah and which one forehead right and when is hedge the hedge? So in the 13 years of hedging respect occurred, what's the next month after that hedger? moharram. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed the Muslims of Mecca to do hegira, to Medina to strip So what happened? Almost all of the Muslims who were able to go, who were able to do digital, what happened they all did hijra very soon after that. So within moharan, what happened? The Muslims migrated to Medina. Now, who was left in
Makkah, very few Muslims, especially the family of Abu Bakar, the family of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and a few other Muslims who were not able to do right. So what happened what month is after mohalla? The month of suffer? So in the month of suffer the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did hijra due yesterday. So after how many months of delay are within two months? All right. Now what happened in sulfa, 14th year of prophethood. Now, this is 14th year now, right? Because it's the New Year Mohan marks the beginning of the new year. What happened? The machine of Makkah, they were really upset with the fact that the Muslims were leaving, and they wanted to make a solid plan to
prevent the Prophet sallallahu Sallam from going anywhere and from spreading his cause. And a meeting took place in downtown Atlanta. And we know about that meeting What happened? It Police also participated and Abuja Hall is the one who suggested that one person from each plan should get up and together they should attack the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and what will happen everyone will share the the blood basically and the Banu Hashim will not be able to take revenge from all of the tribes and they will have to settle for blood money. So what happened while this was going on the council over there they decided they immediately picked up one person from their tribe from their
clan, and they sent them to the house of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam while this is going on. gibreel goes to the Prophet sallallahu says
and instruct him, you have to leave now. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam goes to the house of Abu Bakar of the long run, who and what happened over there, Abu Bakar of the low on who he cried tears of joy, and both of them aboubaker and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they left Makkah, immediately. So by the time the machine get to the house of the prophets on a lot of them, either he has already left, or he left after that, there are some traditions in which we learned that the machine had gathered around the house of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was inside, he left early, let alone and who at home. And what happened. The prophets of the lesson went out reciting an eye of the Quran
from the scene and he took a handful of dust and threw it towards the mushy cone. I mean, this is an incident that is mentioned in CR books. However, again, there is no evidence to that mean there's no center to that, but it is an acceptable tradition, or rather an incident which is why it is mentioned in many SEO books. So anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he left with Abu Bakar a little or knew how I should have the lower earner she describes this incident in detail and this is reported in Buhari. I showed the lower on her says that when the prophets of Allah Islam came to her house still double buckled we have to leave now. abubaker wept what happened. Abu Bakr said Yasuda
Allah, I have two camels with me, you should take one of mine, meaning together we will you know, use these camels and go to Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, I will accept it only with payment.
I'm not taking it for free, only with payment. And you will see this over and over again. That the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Even from the people who were closest to them, he wouldn't take things just for free. He wouldn't do that he wouldn't miss us. You know that that relationship that he had with the people, even Abu Bakar Abdullah and who his closest friend, his childhood friend, his best supporter, and also remember that at this point, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was kind of you can say, the marriage would I should have the lower Honor, I had already occurred or was about to I mean, it was in the process. All right. So there is also you know, a relationship over there but
still, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says that I will only accept with payment Abu Bakr Abdullah I knew he had to agree. How could he argue with Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam? What happened? I should have done he says, so we prepared the baggage quickly and put some journey food in a leather bag for them. And a snap, the daughter of a worker of the lower Anna, she got a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather back with it. And for that reason she was named that and Nicole Kane, the owner of the two belts. So you see why she tore it up because her leather belt, alright, she tore it up. And part of it. She used to tie up the bag in which was the food for the journey.
All right. And this just shows that they didn't waste any time. A smile on her didn't go around looking for a ribbon or string or something like that. She realized she had a waist belt. She took it, ripped it into do and took a piece of it and tied up the bag. And so what happened? The prophets Allah sent him a nibble bucket of the lower unwhole both of them, they left Makkah on foot. All right, the camels were still there, they left Makkah on foot. And they made their way to the cave of Seoul. All right. And they spent three nights and three days in that cave. Now, what we see over here is that so if you see this image here, this picture over here, my brother, you see where maka
is? Right? Where's Medina, north of Makkah. All right. Now in the next picture, the next image,
you see the typical customer route that the people took in order to travel from Makkah to Medina, is this white one? All right. That's the known route, that that's the typical one. All right. However, what happened? The prophets that a lot of them he went south from Makkah.
All right, do the Cave of South. And they spent three nights over there. Why do you think that is that? You see the green one is the route of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam took? It doesn't go straight towards Medina, where did he go first? Southdown? Why do you think they did that? Exactly. In order to trick the machine, right? Because what would they do it when they began their search for the prophets on a lot of them they would go to the typical route, but three days the prophets on a lot of them is hiding in the cave. They could not even imagine that the prophets or the laws and it would go that way. All right. So this is where the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and Abu Bakar on the
lower end who stayed for three nights and three days. And from after three nights in three days, they met a guide whom Abu Bakar on the lower end who had hired Alright, and this guide brought the two camels of Abu Bakar
Aloha to the cave after three days and three nights, all right. And then that guide took them to Medina through an unfamiliar path that was known only to you could say Bedouins, the people of Makkah, the people of the cities, they had no idea about this route. So, this path of the prophets, a lot of them took to Medina, this became famous as 30 kalido. And even today, it is known as for equal hijra, alright. Anyway,
in our hobbies we learn and this hadith is an is an activity that when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam was leaving my car with a robot, right, and remember, when they left, they left on foot. He said, he turned towards Makkah, he faced mark, and he said, How sweet of a land you are, and how dear you are to me. And if it were not that my people expelled me from you, I would not have lived in other than you. I mean, this shows to us that even though he draw was, you know, a big relief for the prophets on a lot of them in the sense that now he had, you know, he had a safer place, a place where he could do his work in a much productive way with so much freedom and
security. But still leaving Makkah was not easy. I mean, even for us, when we go to Morocco, is it easy to leave Morocco?
It's not, when you see people walking away from the home standing at the door, just staring at the Kaaba, right. You don't even want to take your eyes off the car, but you feel like walking backwards or something. Right? And as you're leaving, you keep turning around.
And for us, the attachment is the Carver right. But for the for the profits of a lot is that it was of course it was beta law. But in addition to that, it was his home. It was where he was born, where his wife was buried, where his uncle was buried, I mean, this was his home and leaving that was not easy. But we see that when a person leaves something for the sake of Allah, then what happens?
Allah subhanaw taala will definitely give him something that will satisfy him. Right? And that is how Medina became as inshallah we will learn about the virtues of Medina and how much the prophets a lot of them love Medina, the Sahaba said that whenever we were coming back from an expedition from a journey, and as we would reach closer to Medina, the first sight of Medina the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he would increase the speed of his camel of his right. You know, as if he was happy to see Medina and he would, you know, try to get to Medina as quickly as possible. So you leave something for the sake of Allah. Allah will not leave you empty handed, he will definitely fill you with
satisfaction. Anyway, I shall go over another Hadith continues. She says Abdullah, even Avi Becker, Who is he, the son of Abu Bakar, right. He was intelligent and a quick to understand youth. He used to stay with them overnight were in the cave. And he used to leave them before daybreak before he would leave so that in the morning he would be with declination so that the people of Morocco would think that Abdullah had been in Morocco he had spent the night in Morocco. And then he would spend the whole day in Makkah, being very careful listening to everything. All right, trying to find out if there's any news, any kind of information that he needs to convey to the Prophet sallallahu
sallam, and then again one night would fall, what would he do? He would go to the cave, and meet the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and Abu Bakar and give them any relevant information that they need it and he would also bring food to them at night. Right? So the son of abubaker is the one who brought food to them brought news to them in the night.
At the cave, the Hadith continues. I should at the lower end, he says Ahmed even for Hara Who was he the freed slave of Abu Bakar. And he's a free man. He's not a slave anymore. All right. He used to bring the sheep to them a little while after nightfall. So basically, when Abdullah would go, soon after him who would follow Ahmed bin for Hydra with a flock of sheep? All right. Why would he take the flock of sheep to the cave? For two reasons? What do you think those two reasons are?
Okay, first of all to get the milk. Yes.
Exactly. That our beloved would walk to the cave, right? So obviously, his footprints would be visible. All right. So when the sheep would go when the flock would go on the same path, then the footprints of Abdullah would be, you know, wiped off. All right. And this also happened for three nights. Now what happened while they were in the cave, in these three nights, the Quraysh obviously they realized the profits on lives and was gone. In fact, the night when they had intended to attack the profits on the longest run when they finally went in. Who did they find in the house? Or in the long run? Who, right? And why is it that the profits of a lot of them left earlier a little more
For two reasons. First of all, if there's somebody at home, the people outside, they can sense it. Yeah, somebody inside if the house was completely empty, they would know that something is going on. Right? Because the houses were different at that time, right? If somebody's inside with the movement, even with some kind of sound, you can tell somebody is inside. So anyway, for that reason, I need to learn who was inside. And secondly, remember that when you leave a place, especially when you're moving, that you have a lot of, you know, things or that you have to wrap up. Correct. And it is said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was like the most trusted man in Makkah, even though
the people rejected Him, they called him a liar. But still, they deposited their trust with him. His house was like the security deposit. So obviously, if the prophets Allah doesn't return those trusts, before he left, what would happen?
Everybody would find out, he's leaving, right? Or if he's wrapping up everything before he left, everybody would find out he's leaving, so he had to leave instantly, right without wrapping anything up. So he asked arlena, Lauren, who to handle all of those affairs, after he left. All right. Now what happened when she came when they go in? They don't see the profits or losses and who did they find our lead on the lower end? Of course, they are extremely angry. And what happens? They they search in and around Makkah, and they send people outside of Makkah, also and a bit bounty is set that whoever finds Muhammad Salallahu, Abu Bakar, dead or alive, will get the reward of their blood
money. And what's the blood money 100 camels per person? All right, so many people that came greedy, and what happened they started looking and inshallah we will learn about some people also who found the prophets of Allah. They also found a particular person who was you could say, like a very good investigator. All right. So from the house of Abu Bakar below or who he figured out that the prophets Allah allows him Abu Bakar didn't make their way directly to Medina. In fact, they went south, how did he figure that out? Allahu Allah. Right. But people who live in those, you know, a person who is familiar with his circumstances and everything, then you know, some people they are
intelligent enough, and they're clever enough, and they use certain things as clues, right to find solutions. So whether it was through the the dung of the camels or their footprints, Allahu Artem, how, but the people of Makkah, they followed this investigator, right all the way to the cave also.
All right, and when they reach the cave, what happens? It's reported in bloody Abu Bakar below one who said, I was in the company of the prophets of aloneness, and I'm in the cave.
I was with him in the cave. And on seeing the pagans, because they were right outside the cave, I said, Oh Allah, His Messenger sallallahu sallam, if one of them should lift up his foot, he will see us. Meaning if they move even a little bit, and notice their surroundings and see the opening of this game, they will see us we're done.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Melvin Naka with naini Allahu Allah from Houma, or Abu Bakar, what do you think of the two the third of whom is Allah?
Why are you afraid? And in the Quran, Allah mentions this incidence of Toba in Latin Zulu fukada nesara Hola. In Raja will Latina cafaro 30th naini in Houma, filha Avi akula sahibi law in Aloha, Marana. Do not grieve, Do not be sad, do not be scared because Indeed Allah is with us. What does this show to us? About the prophets, a lot of Salah
is the worker, his courage and his faith in Allah that there is no way our enemy can harm us. He's doing the best he can. Right. He's got all the planning done. Right? The route they adopted the fact that they stayed in the cave for three nights and three days. He's got all his planning done. And then his full faith is in Who? Allah subhanaw taala notices response is not no way they can ever see the cave, they can ever notice the opening. You know, we're we're hidden here. They're not clever enough. They're not intelligent, nothing like that. His faith, his trust is not on his plan. Rather, his faith is in whom? Allah subhanaw taala
and this is something that we need to learn that when we, you know, make a plan to do something, we completely rely on our plan.
Or we don't plan anything. Nothing at all. And we say Allah subhanaw taala will take care of everything.
Where's the walker?
It includes both of these things. It includes our planning, and also the fact that we should rely upon Allah subhanaw taala for that plan to actually work out. Right.
So anyway, the the machine, they reach the cave, but they don't look at the opening of the cave, they don't look inside the cave, they don't see abubaker they don't see the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Now, again, in many serial books, these stories are mentioned that the mouth of the cave, there was a spider that made a web and there were these pigeons. And
again, these stories are mentioned. But there's no senate behind those stories. And you see a lot of data he can help his servant.
However he wants, well, my Arlen would, you know, De La Ilaha. And the fact is that the scale of the opening of it in reality is so small. It's so obscure that perhaps the machine they never realized that somebody could be hiding inside. Right? Hello, Ireland, but Allah subhanaw taala protected His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. The Hadith of the lower earner continues. She said Allah messengers, a lot of sentiment Abu Bakar had hired a man from the tribe of Benny Adel from the family of Benny and even ID as an expert guide, and his name was Abdullah even like it all right, and he was
not a Muslim, he was still a Muslim.
He was still a mystic. However, abubaker allow Arnold the profits that allows him had hired him. All right, to be their guide on the journey to yesterday.
The profits of the largest animal worker had trusted him and gave him their two camels and took his promise to bring the camels to the cave of those in the morning after three nights. So what does it show that when Abu Bakar and the prophets Allah loves and left Makkah, they went on foot, the camels were with him with this guide of the loving relationship. And after three nights and three days What happened? This man he showed up at the cave, and this teaches is one thing that even though he was a Muslim, he had been hired by Abu Bakar on the lower end, all right. And he was true to his, you know, contract he respected his his deal with Abu Bakar for the long run, and the shows is that the
Arabs, regardless of how they were, they still had some noble qualities of truthfulness, of fulfilling their commitments. So I should have the lower honor she said it had been for Hayden the guide went along with them and the guide led them along the seashore. Why did even for hirako in order to erase the footprints, the traces It is said that Abuja Hill, he went to the house of Abubakar, a little barn, and he interrogated a smart little deal on her. And he even beat her up until she bled. He tried to get some information out of her, but she did not give him even a hint of their whereabouts. This is how strong and firm she was. And this also tells us about her. Her faith
in the last panel, Tara.
Now what happened?
Three nights in the cave, the morning of they leave with the guide on the camels, and then they make their way to yesterday.
And you see how they went south, and then towards Medina. All right, but from a different direction. They go towards the sea first. All right, and then they go north. Up in the journey to yesterday. In Addison Buhari, we learned that the messenger of a loss of a lot of freedom he felt thirsty on the journey, and he passed by a shepherd Abubakar on the lower end Who said I took a bowl and milked a little milk in it and brought it to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he drank till I was pleased.
The prophets of Allah sent him drank till I was pleased. Not he was pleased, I was pleased me I was happy that he has, he has had the milk.
Now what happened? There is a men a Sahabi by the name of Soraka, even Malik even dish, robiola horn who at that time, at the time of digital, he was not a Muslim. He said that when the prophet SAW a lot of them had left Makkah, the Quraysh they came to us declaring that they had assigned for the people who would kill or arrest the Messenger of Allah set of laws and a minimal bucket of reward equal to their blood money, and how much is that 100 camels? So Soraka said while I was sitting in one of the gatherings of my tribe, a man came to us and he said, also alcohol. I have just seen some people close to the seashore. And I'm telling you, it is Muhammad Sallallahu, Islam and abubaker. It
is them. So Come, let's go catch
So Rafa, he got a little greedy. He said, If I go with him, you know, I'll have to share the reward with him. So So I said to him, No, no, no, no, it's not them. I saw somebody else leaving. It's somebody else. It's not Abu Bakr and Mohammed Salah said, you know, there's no point going that way. So what happened the man he went away thinking also because right now what happened when so helpless is that everybody's, you know busy in their own worlds. He gets up quietly, and he goes, he tells his slave to prepare the horse for him takes his horse and his spear and his spear. This is a hadith and Bahati. Scirocco says that the spear was facing downwards. So basically, he's hiding it behind
his leg so that nobody even has a hint of what to drop his intention is, he sits on his horse quietly goes in and makes the horse gallop off the way. Because he wants to catch the profits of the laws, and it will buckle alone by himself. And he takes with him his arrows as well so that he could shoot at them from afar. So anyway, he said that when I reached close to them, what happened, my horse stumbled, and I fell down from it.
As seracote approached the prophets of the laws and look at what happened, his horse stumbled, and Soraka he fell down from his horse. Why? Another decent book, it tells us that the profits and losses alone when Soraka, even Malik was pursuing him, the profits and losses that are made against him. So what happened the four legs of his horse sank into the ground. And thus Soraka he fell from his horse.
But Soraka he said, I stood up and got hold of my quiver and took out the arrows, and drew lots. So basically, he's trying to do is too hard. All right, that should I pursue, or should I not, you know, my horse? This is, um, this is like bad luck. Right? Should I continue to pursue Muhammad Sallallahu? Or should I turn around and go? So he takes out his divining arrows, but, you know, basically, he's told no, don't continue with this. He says, I ignored it. And I back onto my horse and chased after the prophets of Allah sentiment book. And in order to try to get hold of them what happened again, the same thing, he fell from his horse. And this happened three times. Soraka says
that when I heard the recitation of the Quran, by Allah's Messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who did not look here or there, while Abu Bakar was doing it often. Suddenly, the four legs of my horse sank into the ground up to the knees, and I fell down from it. Now before we move on,
what do you notice about the prophets? A lot of them over here?
What is it doing on his journey?
He's reciting the Quran. And when is he reciting the Quran when he knows that somebody is running after him with arrows to kill him?
How come is sort of lost on a lot of time? And what is he doing? He's reciting the Quran. And he's not even looking here or there. And Abu Bakar although on who he's constantly looking around here, there, you know, he's worried he's anxious for the sort of loss of alanya Salah.
And this shows to us that no matter how difficult
or frightening a journey may be, how mentally or physically preoccupied we may be with something we should never leave the remembrance of Allah subhanaw taala
whether we are at home or we're traveling, whether we are being pursued or we are the ones pursuing whatever it may be, whatever situation we are in, keep the tongue busy with the vicar of Allah subhanaw taala because well, adicolor law he Aqua, it's the greatest and Allah be decree law, he tells me it to the vicar of a lot of the hearts mind, reassurance and contentment and satisfaction.
And of the vicar of Allah is also recitation of the Quran.
So anyway, what happened? Finally, in other Hadith in Bukhari, we learned Soraka he said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, invoke Allah to rescue me and I will not harm you.
Get me out of this, and I will not harm you. So the prophets on a lot is an MA da for him, and Soraka he was able to come closer to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he said to him, your people have assigned a reward equal to the blood money for your head.
And Soraka then told the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about the plans of the people of Makkah, that they had made concerning them. And then Soraka said, I offered some food and goods to the profits of the Lawson and abubaker but they refuse to take anything, and did not ask for anything. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Do not tell others
So Soraka he said that I knew that the matter of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was going to prevail. He's not a liar.
This is you know, he has divine assistance, he is going to be victorious. So Soraka You know, he, he felt concerned for himself. So he wanted to make sure that he had security in the future. So he said, I requested the prophets on a lot of them to write for me a statement of security, that I would be safe from him from the Muslims, that Muslims would not harm me. Whenever the Muslims would be victorious, they would spare me. So the Prophet said a lot of them ordered, I'm able
to write something for me on a parchment. And he did. And he gave that to me. And then the prophets, a lot of them went on his way. And this is reported in Bahati. Now, this
writing or this parchment, or whatever piece of leather, it was on which the man was written for Soraka Soraka kept it with him. All right. And when the problem is that a lot of them conquered MCI, and after that, her name also, after the Battle of her name, when Sue La Paz tribe, when his people were caught, Soraka took out the parchment, or that piece of leather, and he said he had to sue the loss of the licensee, you've given me a man. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam let him be Soraka embraced Islam. And imagine after Fatima what happened he did Hydra to Medina. So even though he got to spend only a few years with the Prophet satellizer in Medina, he did that. Right. Now, in another
tradition, we learned that when Soraka
you know when he was leaving, because at this time in the hijra Soraka did not embrace Islam. He did not become Muslim. But when he was leaving the prophets, a lot of them said to him also aka How will it be when you will wear the bracelets of kisara? Who's casela?
The King of the Persian Empire? So Soraka he says, kisara the son of Hormuz mean there's only one kisser I know, how is it possible that I would wear the bracelets of Allah?
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes.
And it so happened that a few years after the death of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the time of remodel the low or no, when Virgil was conquered, and all the jewels and everything was brought in, or model de la Arnaldo halifa, he put the bracelets of kisara on Soraka.
Anyway, and the prophets of Allah soon continued on his journey.
And, of course, the the route that was adopted was slightly different from the northern route. Right. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and Abu Bakar although I know of course, they ran out of their food supplies. All right. And we learned that on their way they met, they came across a tent, in the middle of the desert, in the middle of nowhere. All right, and they asked permission to enter the tent, and there was an old lady inside. And she granted them permission, a veteran lady, and her name was own morbid.
All right. The prophets that a lot is in another book, or they asked her if they could purchase any food from her. And she said she had none, and that her husband had gone.
So what happened the profits of a lot of them saw an old, weak, frail goat inside the tent. mean a goat that was really old and it's just good enough to be slaughtered, basically. Right. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked Omar but may I milk this goat? And Omar, but she said, this goat is very old. I mean, it's beyond that it cannot produce any milk. And and you know, there's only a certain time in which a goat can produce milk after giving birth, and this goat had no kids for her. It was very old. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam still insisted, so she said, Go ahead, give it a try. And she's smirking. She's laughing in her art. How is it even possible, but let him try.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he said some liquid Madara and he milked the goat and so much milk came from the goat that the woman was just in shock that How is this even possible? The prophets Alonso boubakeur, they both drank, and they also left some of the milk for this lady Omar. But now after some time when her husband returns, He's surprised also where did this milk come from? So she said,
a blessing man came and did such and such and such and such. So her husband said describe him to me and described as companions to me. So marva she described the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and you know, the the physical description of the prophets, a lot of them a lot of that is taken from this narration of Omar but all right, she said I saw a man who is handsome, have glowing countenance and have good proportions. Neither a lard stomach nor a small head.
He is smart of appearance with balanced features, deep black eyes and long eyelashes. His voice is not coarse. He has a long neck, a full rounded beard and thick eyebrows. When he is silent, he is stately and composed. And when he speaks his appearance is impressive. He is the most beautiful and striking man from a distance and the best and most beautiful from close up. He is well spoken clear in what he says, saying neither too much nor too little. His words flowing forth like a perfect string of pearls. He is neither too tall nor overly short, a stately man in the company of two other stately men, and he is the most prominent among them and the most well respected, he has companions
who surround him and how many people were with him. His two people, right, one guy who was a mushrik at that time and Abubakar at the lower end.
If he speaks, they listen to him. And if he commands the hastened to fulfill His commands, he is well served and attended, though he is neither stern nor argumentative. How much time did the prophets that allows him spend in that time, perhaps a few minutes.
But look at this description that Omar gives. And this shows to us how attractive the personality of the prophets of Allah is. And it was right that how every good quality of his was so noticeable.
So anyway, the husband of Omar, but he said, those are the people who are hunting. And did you know one of them? I mean, the man that you described, he claims to be a prophet. And when she heard that Omar, but knew that he was a prophet, but because only a prophet can be like that, right? So she was basically a Muslim from that time onwards. This Hadith is related by unhackme ilminster, terracotta barani. There's many narrations for this.
Now what happened? At at a certain point, what happened? The guide, who was the guide, or the lemonwood? Right, he left them. Now what happened? The prophets, a lot of them will buck at the lower end who they passed by a caravan.
Alright, and when you pass by a caravan in the middle of the desert, then you you know, you meet and you you have some conversation, to share news, something like that. Remember, musar Listen, I'm also long time before this incident. Right when he saw fire on the mountain, he said, perhaps I can get some news. Right. So what happened? They came across this caravan and one of the men in the cabin, he recognized abubaker. But he didn't recognize Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, they were not from the people of Makkah. All right. So he asked Abubakar, who is this man with you? And he said, he is my guide guiding me to the path. Right? Because he didn't want to say who exactly he was. Right?
Because if he did, of course, they would be in trouble. So he gave an answer. That was true. But that didn't give but also an answer that didn't provide all the information that was, you know that the people wanted? The prophets a lot is Allah. Finally he reached Cuba, whereas Cuba, outside of Medina outside of yesterday, and according to many historians, the prophets on a lot of them reached Koba on the 12th of April a well,
so he left Makkah
at the end of suffer. All right, and he reached Oba on the 12th of robiola with some say it was the fifth or the sixth, a low arland. But definitely, this journey from Mecca to Medina, was not done within three to four days, because at that time, on average, it would take three to four days to get from Mecca to Medina. All right, but for the prophets on a lot of them, the journey was much longer. Why was it longer because first of all, they stayed in the cave for three nights and three days. All right. And then secondly, obviously they had to go you know, they had to adopt a different route, perhaps stop for longer periods at certain places in order to be safe. So it took several days for
the prophets on a lot of them to reach for but there's a hadith in Bukhari, in which we learned that even as obeyed he said, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam he met a zubaid in a caravan of Muslim merchants who were returning from a sham. Alright, so on this journey of Hitler, the prophets a lot of them also met some Muslims who were returning from a sham. And amongst those Muslims was as a debate and as debate he gave to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and Abu Bakar the lower on who white clothes to wear. All right. And when the Muslims of Medina heard the news of the departure of the Messenger of Allah Salas and from Makkah towards Medina, every single
day, they would go outside Medina right in
order to receive the prophet SAW a lot of sentiment and they would go and wait for very long until the heat of the sun became unbearable. And then they would go back home hoping that the prophets Allah would soon arrive. Now this happened for several days each day they go out wait for the prophets, Allah Islam to come. Now one day after waiting for a long time they returned home and when they went to their houses a Jew because remember that in Medina, all right in Cobra and remember that Cobra Medina, ye trip all the tribes, you know, they lived here, all right, not in a in one place. I mean, their population was not concentrated in one place, but rather it was spread around.
All right. So a Jew, he climbed up the roof of one of the forts of his people to look for something and remember that the Jews they had forts, right and these forts are mentioned.
And he saw the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and a worker approaching, right, dressed in white clothes emerging from the desert mirage. Now that you when he saw the Prophet sallallahu Sallam coming Of course, he hadn't seen him before, but he knew that it could only be the prophets of Allah, Islam and Abu Bakar he could not help but shouting at the top of his voice, all you Arabs, here is your great man whom you have been waiting for.
According to others, he said, oh you Arabs here is your king, your great man, your king whom you have been waiting for. So what happened all the Muslims they rushed in order to receive the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, they went all the way to hover. And the prophet SAW the liner salam, he first stopped at Cuba and Cuba. It's a place near right outside Medina. Now it's kind of part of Medina because Medina has expanded so much. This is where the bunu been out for us to live to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam basically, he went to them first. Now what happened when he reached their houses,
the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he basically sat down or lay down in order to take some rest in Abu Bakar at the lower end, who he was standing, receiving the people, while the messenger but lots of lies and and was resting, some of the people of Baba or of Medina who had come. They thought that Abu Bakar Alomar and who was the prophets, a lot of Salah, because they had never seen the Prophet sallallahu sallam. All right. So they would rush to aboubaker and they would greet him and hug him and you know, show their respects to him. But when they saw that aboubaker you know, he was sharing the profits of a lot of them with his claws because the sunshine was directly coming on the profit
or loss and they realized, Oh, he's not the profit. The profit is the one who's sitting right.
Now what happened here in the houses have been would have been off. Cobra, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam stayed here for a couple of days.
All right, he stayed here for some days, according to one tradition, 10 nights, according to others 14 nights so he stayed there for quite some time.
Now, why, why did he stay there? According to some people, the prophet SAW the logs and stayed there. Why? Because he was waiting for his family to arrive. Because he wanted to enter yesterday with them.
All right. So he was waiting for our data below on who to bring his family. All right. And also Abubakar Otto and his family, right? I should have a loved one who also had to come right, as Matt had to come. So they were waiting for the families to arrive. And this is what we learned what happened that in Koba the profit or loss of him he began the construction of a Masjid. Right. That's the first Masjid Abubakar Alomar, who participated in the construction as well as earlier the alohomora
All right, they did not complete the construction. They started it and then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam proceeded to Medina. All right with his family, with our the Lord. Does that teach us anything about the prophets on a lot of them?
Okay, that one of the priorities of the prophets of Allah was clearly very bad, which is why the first thing he did in Koba, he built a Masjid. All right, what else does it show to us?
It shows his loyalty, his care for his family, that he didn't just leave them in Makkah and,
enter yesterday of himself, it's as if he's waiting for them to come. And then together, they enter into their new home. Right? I mean, clearly, you see, the beautiful character of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was not selfish at all.
Not at all in any way.
You know, people offer him food and goods. He says, No, he doesn't need them. Right. And when he needs something, he insists that he's going to pay for it.
Right, even if it's coming from his best friend, and now over here, he doesn't just leave his family rather he waits for them.
Now Anyway, when they were in Cuba, the mustard was built in a hadith which is in Bhagwati. We learned that a smart little deal or another daughter of a worker, she says, I conceived of the law even as obeyed at Makkah.
So when she was still in Makkah, she conceived of the weapons of bases, she was pregnant at that time.
And I was about to give birth, but I came to Medina.
So she made her hedra. How,
when she was pregnant,
and she said I, I stopped at Oba and gave birth at Cobra.
So Bill Evans of aid was born at Koba, then I brought the child to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and placed him on the lap of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he asked for a date tooted and put his saliva in the mouth of the child. So the first thing to enter his stomach was a saliva of Allah's Messenger sallallahu sallam.
And then he gave him a little bit of the date also. And of the lessons of aid was the first child to be born to the Muslims. All right, since the higit, or since Islam came into Medina into yathrib. Because it is said that the when the people of yesterday have embraced Islam, right, they did not have any children for quite some time. And this rumor has spread that the Jews had done magic on the people of the acip. So they weren't going to have any children but with the arrival of a smile, the learner, right she comes into Koba. She doesn't even reach Medina yet and she gives birth and are the legends of Vedas born.
Now what happened? The prophets Allah sent him he was imperva the masjid is being built. It's not fully built, but still he prayed Salah over there. Now what happened? He sent word to Bhanu. Najaf Bruna job, a clan of Medina of ye trip. All right. And Who were they? They were maternal relatives of the prophets on a lot of times grandfather of the mythology, because remember, we're up the look that it was born yesterday, right? So he sent word to them. And they came to Cuba. And they brought the Prophet sallallahu send them into yesterday. So the prophets have a lot of them doesn't enter yesterday, alone, who was with him? His closest friend of America, his relatives, including our
little dilemma and who, right and his distant relatives from yesterday also they come to Oba and they take him in, in a hadith and assadullah Warren who said that it is as if I could see them now the prophets of Allah said I'm on his camel and aboubaker riding behind him with the banana job all gathered around him,
all gathered around him, and they and they had with them their swords.
As if they're showing that we are going to protect him. So you see the entrance into yathrib was very, you could say like a grand entrance. It was a very noble entrance rather. It was when there is it was not with Zilla it was with a lot of honor. When the prophets have a lot of time entered yesterday, of course, you can imagine the happiness and the excitement of the people of yesterday, everybody is running out of their house to welcome the sort of loss of the lives of women, children, men, everyone is there. According to some people that the children the women they sang for our bedroom Elena, right. But first of all, again, it's just a story. There's no basis for this and
secondly, there's also an error in it because finia did what are the particular place that is mentioned in the in the song? It's not in the direction of Kobe? It's not from where the prophets of Allah Islam entered into Medina. It's actually on the other side.
So it doesn't even make sense logically. Alright, but anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam entered yesterday, now what happens? Everybody's begging him come to us, come to us come to us. It's a very difficult decision to make the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he says, let you know leave the camel, let it go wherever it goes. So the camel sits at a particular place. And that is the place where what happened the masjid was built and inshallah we will learn about that later. However, Abu Ghraib or the Allahu anhu who was Abu he was from buena Joe. So he was actually a relative of the Prophet some a lot of them you could say like the sixth cousin of the prophets a lot is, right. So the Prophet
sallallahu Sallam Therefore, he stayed with a boo boo below the low arnoux for six months. All right. And what happened? The camel, you know, it's rope. One of the other companions, he came and just grabbed it. So basically, he was implying that okay, you can stay with a Wii U but you're accountable. I'm taking care of it. So that's what happened. The Prophet said a lot of times stayed with a hube unsaddled
low or no for about six months and the place where his camp where the camel said that is a site where the masjid was constructed. And this site this piece of land it belonged to two orphans, Sahel and Suhail. And this is also mentioned in Bahari. All right, and these two orphans, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked them for the price of the land, and they said no way. In Hardison Buhari, they were also from buena jar, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Tell me the price of this walled garden of yours and they said no, by Allah, we ask for no payment except from Allah.
But the prophets, a lot of them said, No way. He refused to take it for free. They settled on some payment and the prophets Allah said and gave them the payment and then the masjid was built over there. And how the masjid was built, its description is also given in Bukhari that we will learn about inshallah, In our next lesson, but the beautiful thing over here that we see is that the profit or loss at his arrival, his his first priority is what to build the masjid. He enters with his family giving importance to those who deserve it, all right. And then we see that his first priority is to build the masjid.
The first mustard Which one is it? Both are considered to be the first mustard mustard Koba as well as the masjid and number one, and when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam entered Medina, several things happened. First of all, the name of yesterday was changed to Medina. Then we see the mustard was constructed. Then we see that more hot the Brotherhood that was established between the unsought animal hygiene that happened and then some alliances and backs were made with the different people off yesterday of Medina rather right and by the way, now that we should talk about when I whenever we will talk about Medina we will call it Medina because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that
they call it yesterday referring to the one African
they call it yesterday, whereas it is Medina Almudena. All right. So inshallah In our next lesson we will talk about
first of all, recap of the modern era. And secondly, what the prophet sallallahu Sallam did on his arrival at Medina insha Allah subhanho long will be handy ignition La ilaha illa Anta Mr. fuuka wanted to relate a Santa Monica hora de La Hoya barakato