EP 3 – Surah Al Fatihah – AYAT 1 to 3
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 23.20MB
Naboo Anna salado Sudha Karim and my word for the villa him in a ship on LG Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim. Rubbish Ronnie Sati were Sidley MD,
Dr. melissani of Coco Lee urban as in our Elma. Alright, so yesterday, we learned a little bit about sort of the Fatiha I told you about the importance of sort of the Fatiha
and how the surah is very unique. It's very different from the rest of the sutras of the Quran. That it's so important that Salah is incomplete without the recitation of this surah which shows how important this is. There is a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, from which we also learn about the importance of the surah. This Hadith is narrated in Sahih Muslim, we learned that even above the line who he directed that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, once he was sitting at the end of the bridge, he was there. Remember that the debrief, he would bring the revelation to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he would also teach him at the command of the last panel Dharma, the
matters of the religion. So while the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sitting with you believe he heard a noise from above, a huge noise from above from the sky. gibreel lifted his sight to the sky and said that this is a door in heaven being open, and it has never been opened before. A door in the heaven has been opened, which has never been opened before. And found the door an angel descended, and came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And that Angel he said to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam received the good news of two lights that you have been given, which have not been given to any other prophet before you
receive the good news of two lights, which are being given to you, and they have not been given to any other prophet before you. What are they Fatiha tokita, the opening of the book and the last Ayat of Surah Baqarah, two lights. One is which one sudo Fatiha, and the other is the last is of Silikal, Baccarat. And they're so special that they were only given to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the angel said you will not read a letter of them, but will gain its benefits.
When a person reads even one letter of sorts of Fatiha, he receives its benefit. The surah is very mobarak it's full of blessings. That how when a person recites it, then yes, there's a ledger for recitation of the Quran. But there's also special benefit as we learn from this Hadees which is reported in Sahih Muslim
no inshallah, we will do that the seed of the surah you know what the worth of seed means?
explanation. So it's the explanation of what
of the Quran.
So we're going to study that the theory of Surah Fatiha now, the meaning, the explanation of the surah. Many of us have a rough idea of what the surah means, don't we? I'm sure many of you also know the translation, if not the word toward at least somewhat understanding of what the surah means. Let's go a bit deeper. What do these words actually mean? What do these verses actually mean? How are we supposed to understand them? How are we supposed to relate with them and how are we supposed to implement them? So let's begin with Avila humanness. shavon illa jeem Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim lesson number one sudo to Fatiha I am number one to seven.
So the Fatiha has 25 words. And it has 113 kalama letters, or halluf.
This surah is Mr. Kimura.
What it means by a mucky surah is that it's a sutra that was revealed before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam migrated from Mecca to Medina.
sutras that are known as Maki What are they those which were revealed? Before the prophet SAW a lot of sentiment
and many sources madonie from Medina, which ones are the those that were revealed after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam migrated to Medina? McKee and Melanie don't represent the place. But what do they represent? The era the time period so from McKee don't think it was revealed in Makkah, and from Anthony don't think it was revealed in Medina.
This is fifth to be revealed in chronology
which I thought were the first ones.
And this is the fifth surah to be revealed. And it's the first surah that was revealed in its entirety
and Fatiha, what does Fatiha literally mean?
The opening, so this surah is called Al Fatiha. Why? Because it is the opening of the Quran. This is the surah from which the Quran begins when you open up the Quran, what do you find Surah Al Fatiha and Fatiha is from fatter and fatter is to open something and this is also known as Al Fatiha because the recitation of the Quran in Salah before you actually started reciting the Quran What do you have to recite Surah Fatiha so it's in a way opening off the Quran as well.
is a very unique surah it's a very special solar. How is it unique? How is it different? How is it special? That first of all, it's a major part of solar. How is it a major part of solar? You have to read it in every single locker. Whether you're performing the full solar or the Sunnah, or the knuffel, or the Witten, and you follow you're praying every single Raka What do you have to read Surah Fatiha if you don't read it is your Sadat complete it's not complete any other surah if you don't read it will your Salah be complete of course. But when it comes to sort of Fatiha, you have to read it. What is it?
That the surah is very very important.
And if you think about it, Sunnah is also very important after she had attained what is the most important pillar of Islam
sola sola is not complete without Surah Fatiha. This shows to us the importance of sort of the Fatiha and through the Fatiha is unique in another way as well. That this was also Rukia meaning if you recite it over a person who has said they're cured if I lost the panel's Allah wishes.
So this sutra is very unique. And this is the reason why the surah has many names as well. When something has many names, what does it show? It's very special.
For example, there could be a child and they have multiple names. One person calls them something other person calls them something, what does it show? Everybody loves them. So when something has many names, it shows how important it is. The Quran has many names. Allah subhanaw taala himself has many names. Similarly the pseudo pseudo Fatiha also has many names. There is the name omachron, the mother of Quran, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
wa omole kita was several masani will call and Arlene
that Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. So the Fatiha is omo Quran. Secondly, omole kita omachron mother of the Quran meaning mother the recitation and omole kita mother of the book. By the way, what does the word mother mean? In Arabic? Sometimes it gives the meaning of the source the foundation of something. This surah is the foundation of recitation. How is it So, in the Salah, you begin your recitation by reciting the surah. First, it's the mother of the book. It's the foundation of the book which book the Quran, how in what sense that this sort of covers many, many important themes. For example, it covers the heat, the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala, it covers about the
Day of Judgment. It includes the mention of the Day of Judgment, it includes the mention of different types of people. So if a person understands this hula, it's as though he has understood a major part of the Quran. Why? Because all of these major themes, where are they? They're all in this. So this is why the surah is also called omole keytab, the mother of the book, there are some other names of the sutra which are a Sunnah the prayer. Similarly, the surah is also called a Shiva, the cure, why is it called as Shiva, you read it, it could be a source of Shiva, it could be a source of cure for you if a las panatela wishes to give that to you. Similar to the sutra is also
called unhemmed. The praise because it begins with the praise of Allah. It's also called LSS, the foundation and it's also called Fatiha tokita opening of the book. So the sutra has many different names. And this shows to us the importance of the sutra and how important is the sooner we learn that abou Sorry, no more Allah. He said, I was praying in the masjid when the messenger sallallahu Sallam called me. So he was praying in the mosque of the prophet SAW
A lot of sanim called him, he didn't respond. Why?
He was praying. He wasn't Salah, when he finished the prayer, he went to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he said to him, I'm sorry I was praying for you called me. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him, did Allah subhanaw taala not say respond to Allah and the messenger when they call you? So why did you not respond to me?
You might be wondering, but if you're praying, you can't possibly break your soul. I remember that you was praying nephal Salah when you pray napoletano for the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam called him. They were supposed to respond to him. So anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him, should I teach you the greatest surah of the Quran?
I will teach you the surah before you leave the masjid. So when they were leaving the masjid, he asked the Prophet said a lot of them you had said to me that you're going to teach me the greatest suit of the Quran. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him, Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen are the seven with any of the events put on which I was given, meaning the greatest sort of Quran is with Surah Surah Fatiha
This is why it's so important that we know what it means. Just think about it. We recite it so many times every single day. Every time we pray, we recite the surah. So it's not important we know what it means.
Of course, it's important.
So let's begin the surah
are the villa human shaped lanova Jean Bismillahirrahmanirrahim?
Why did I say out of the lamina Shetland elegy? Is it necessary to say our initial biology and before we recite the Quran
if you think about it, what we're about to do is something that's very good. We think that Shabbat is associated with doing bad things right? And when it comes to good things one will automatically be for know when you're about to do something good. chiffon becomes even more active. You know what he's going to do? distract you. So what time is it by the way? Okay, only 20 minutes left good.
seminary, Chapin might put negative thoughts in your mind. Why do we have to study the Quran? It's not the most important thing on my list right now. Social plan becomes extremely active when a person is doing something good. This is why when reciting the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala commands us for either Ana foster a below him in a shape and regime.
Everybody say with me, rules will be laying him in a shade shavon illa Jean.
What does it mean to shave on it? What do you mean? It means I seek refuge in a lot from chiffon who is the cursed from shaitan who is a cursed chiffon who is far away how chiffon Acosta was a faraway. He's expelled from the mercy of Allah. He's expelled. He's far away from doing anything good.
Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem,
Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem, what does it mean?
That I begin with the name of Allah? Meaning I mentioned the name of Allah. That's what I begin with and who is Allah of Rahman. And Rahim be Entirely Merciful, and the Especially Merciful?
If you think about it, whenever we start something new,
what do we rely on? Our strength, our ability, our intellect, but Allah subhanaw taala tells us that when you begin this or when you begin something important, who should you rely on? Allah soprano? This is why it's necessary that we say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim before doing anything that is important. Anything that is useful, that is beneficial. What are we supposed to do? say Bismillah before actually starting that, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said any act that has not begun with Bismillah is devoid of blessing. It's not going to be blessed. It's not going to be successful. It's not going to be beneficial. Why? Because the name of a loss panaderia was not mentioned. So this is
why when we begin the recitation of the Quran, the reading of the Quran, we seek refuge with elegance, Shabbat and we also mentioned a loss of Pannell daughter's name, seeking His blessing seeking his assistance, seeking His mercy, his help Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen All praise is due to Allah. Why is all praise do to Allah because He is the Lord of the worlds
attempt. What has happened to me? Praise
but remember that he is not just any kind of praise.
It is praise That is true. That is sincere.
That the person who is being praised actually deserves
it is done out of love. It's done out over
Specht, this is a condition.
hound is not just any kind of phrase. In the Arabic language are many words used for praise, for example, Sena mud, the tongue does unique in the sense that it must be done with love. And it must be done with respect. These are two conditions. Because if it's not an out of love, if it's not an out of respect, is it sincere praise? No. For example, a person could be praising another just to get some benefit out of them. You want your child to be a property, you say, oh, you're such a good boy. You're such a good girl. I know you won't do this. Why are you praising them? So that they listen to you?
And you might think otherwise, that they're not always a good girl. But you say you're such a good girl. Why you want some benefit out of them. husband is praised that the person who is being praised actually deserves it's true. So I'll handle all praise, sincere praise, true praise, out of love, out of gratitude, out of respect, who deserves it, lay for Allah. doesn't mean we don't praise other people. Doesn't mean others don't deserve any praise. Is that what this means? No. You see a loss of final data because he's the most perfect one, for him is the most perfect praise. You understand? And people they're not perfect. So for them is also imperfect praise. So when we say Alhamdulillah
all praises for Allah, it doesn't mean that others don't deserve any praise. No, they do. However, it's according to how much they deserve.
You understand? So Alhamdulillah he why all praise for a lot because he is love Bill alameen, the Lord of the worlds
What does the word love mean?
the word love is used for the one who has three qualities,
First of all of Hulk, Hulk means to create. Secondly, of monk mulk is ownership. And thirdly after to be meaning of planning, sustaining, looking after managing the affairs.
So Rob, who is Rob, first of all, Holic, the creator, secondly, Malik, the owner, and thirdly, Moodle, the Sustainer.
So Allah, He is the love of what allowed me the world's alameen is from the word anonymous assign. It's also used for a flag. When you see a flag, it represents its country, its team, right? It's a sign. So similarly, I mean, what is it? It refers to the entire creation? olala mean applies to everything besides a loss of panel data? Because everything, every creature, what does it point to? The existence of its creator? The ability, the perfection, the knowledge, the wisdom, the power, of word of Allah subhanaw taala. So amin is what? The entire creation that put these words together, Rob Bell, Allah mean He is the Lord of what the world's the entire creation. At the beginning of the
i o we learned and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen all praise for Allah. Why is all praise for Allah? Why does he deserve it? Why is he worthy of it? Because first of all, he created the entire creation. He just make one cake and you're so proud about it everybody to praise you at the table. Doesn't it happen with us? Of course it does.
But Allah subhanaw taala He is the creator of everything. Every single human being every beautiful flower you've ever seen. Every beautiful cloud you've ever seen. Every beautiful sunrise and sunset you've ever seen. Every single tree and every single color and every single bird every single star, anything and everything who has made it a little sub panel, Darla, he is the hunnic. And on top of that he's also the medic. He's also the owner. Just imagine how wealthy he is. Imagine how funny he is. Imagine how powerful he is. Someone who is wealthy, someone who is powerful, don't we praise them? Yes, we do. Do we show any respect to them? Yes, we do. But Allah subhanaw taala he is the
Funny, he is the richest of all, because he is the medical Malky is the Malik of the entire heavens and the earth. This is why and handed in.
And not just the Malik, but he also takes care of looks after the entire creation as well. Just think about it. If there is a person who is managing a company, managing a factory, managing an office, what position does he get?
manager? And with that title with that position, aren't they honorable? Don't they deserve respect? Yes. But just think about it. There are so many managers out there, but how many times have they actually make mistakes? Many times? And how many times is it that the people who are working under them actually praise them? You know, to sincere praise? Hardly. Why? Because they're human beings, they're imperfect. But when it comes to Allah subhanaw taala. He is managing, looking after sustaining every single thing.
caribou is to cause something to grow to nurture it, like for example, a seed, look after take care of it, nurture it, make it grow until it reaches its stage of completion.
So Allah subhanaw taala. He doesn't just do this with people, that when a woman conceives Allah subhanaw taala is one who is making that child grow into such a beautiful child. And finally, when the child comes out, Allah Subhana, dada nurtures that child makes him grow so that he becomes an adult. No, not just one person, not just two people, not just you and I, but every single human being. And not just every single human being, every single plant and every single bird, every single creature who provides for it alone, has made a girl who has designed it, Allah.
This is why he deserves praise. This is why we're supposed to thank him.
This is why we're supposed to remember him. This is why we're supposed to worship Him. Because 111 you're appealing to me. All praise for Allah, Who is the Lord of the worlds?
If you think about
the master, the manager or someone who was of the topmost authority, what do you think about
our punishment? But how does the last panel data describe himself?
In Bismillah, also, what do we learn? He is a rock miner Rahim over here also, what do we learn? A lot, man Rahim. Allah subhanaw taala. He describes himself with his two Most Beautiful Names over here. And what are those names of recommend? The Most Merciful of Rahim, the always All Merciful. And if you think about it, why is it the two names that mean almost the same thing are mentioned in the same verse? Have you ever thought about that?
That why is merciful mentioned twice?
Have you ever thought about that you must have. The thing is that other men and other him he has to give the meaning of mercy, but they're different. Our man is the one who has a lot of mercy. It refers to his attribute of mercy.
And over him gives us the meaning of the one who shows mercy.
So a man is pointing towards his attribute. And a Rahim is pointing towards this action. He has the attribute of mercy. And he also shows mercy. That also gives the meaning of the one who is merciful to everyone.
And Rahim gives a meaning that He is merciful in especially to only certain people. What does that mean?
That He is merciful towards the entire creation? Those who believe in Him, those who don't believe in him. Have you learned about the story of Pharaoh?
Pharaoh was extremely arrogant. He completely rejected a loss of Panther marked at Masada Salaam, competed with him, challenged him, insulted him, insulted Allah subhanaw taala as well. But did Allah subhanaw taala disable him from ever taking a breath? Did Allah subhanaw taala take his kingdom away immediately?
No, unless apparently don't let him live.
And He punished him. After a while. There are so many people who completely reject a loss of God. But Allah subhanaw taala still shows mercy to them.
Similarly, their animals, how can they have affection for one another mercy for one another. You see a lion, if it sees a goat, it will kill the goat. But that same lioness will be very affectionate towards its child.
So, this mercy that Allah subhanaw taala chose to all of his creation in the general sense the word of Allah and chose and over him, what does that show that He is merciful in a very
Especially to certain people.
And this special Mercy is for
those who seek mercy. However, the seek has mercy by believing in Him by obeying Him by trying to do those things which will please Him. So, Al hamdu, lillahi, rabbil, alameen or Rahmani Raheem the Entirely Merciful be Especially Merciful. Now this is something very important that we must understand. right at the beginning of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala has attributes of a man of Rahim are both mentioned twice? What does that show that a person can never ever despair of the mercy of Allah, a person can never think I'm so evil, I can never be forgiven. I'm so bad. There's no hope for me. Some of you might be thinking where somebody else might say to you, that you're
studying the Quran after you've done all of that, like seriously. And you might wonder yourself, I'm not supposed to be a good person. I've done this, I've done that. No, Allah is very merciful. No person can ever ever despair of His mercy.
So al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
And at the same time, he is Malik here with Dean,
the Master of the Day of Judgment, and because he is the Master of the Day of Judgment, and He is the Lord of the worlds What do we do a year cannot do what he can a stirring. We seek your help, and we seek your assistance. We worship you alone. And we also seek your assistance. This is why Oh Allah, you guide us in a certain way.
You show us the right way. What is the right way? So often Medina Ananda lay in the bath of those people whom you that's continued with it, the Seal of Surah Fatiha.
Bismillahi Rahmani r Rahim. Al hamdu, lillahi, Rabbil aalameen. All praise for Allah, Who is the Lord of the worlds? Why is our praise for our last panel data? Why is he deserving of praise? Why should we praise him? Why should we honor him? Why should we thank him? Because He is the Lord of the worlds. And olana mean includes you and I? Does it not? It includes all of us. If He is the Lord of the worlds, what does it mean? He is my Lord and your Lord to if he is a Creator of the heavens and the earth, then what does it mean? He has also created me and also created you.
You know, sometimes I see that, you know, for example, you go to a party, you go to a wedding, and people are dressed up. And they're constantly admiring their hair, you can tell by the way they're, you know, constantly passing their fingers through, or they're constantly looking at the mirror, or constantly going to the washroom appreciating themselves, isn't it? Similarly, if somebody has beautiful hands constantly, they're looking at their nails. Constantly, they're admiring their fingers. Constantly. They're looking at the mirror, looking at their eyebrows, or their lips or their nose or whatever. If you think about it, you're so happy about your features, who gave them to
you? Who made them? Unless the panel
says should we not thank him? Should we not praise Him? We thank people, isn't it so? But we should thank Allah subhanaw taala even more, because everything we have, from our bodies, to our intellect, to our feelings, to our families, to the wealth that we have the food that we enjoy every pleasure that we have everything we benefit from who has given it to us, Allah soprano, tada, this is why and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen all praise for Allah Who is the Lord of the worlds
and sometimes when you go out and look at the beauty that Allah subhanaw taala has created the detail in every single creature. it's astounding. It's amazing.
I just had my baby a month ago. And even now when I look at her I'm fascinated. You know, I look at her hands and her nails, tiny nails just yesterday I was trying to trim her nails was very difficult. But I was amazed at you know the size of the nails but the perfection that Allah subhanaw taala has created them with
the toes, the eyes, every part of the body is so amazing. And then you wonder where was it created in the war, hidden in darkness in blood? Isn't that amazing? So who has made this who has done this? panel data? And he hasn't just done this with one person but for every single one of us. This is why and hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen all praise for Allah, the Lord of the worlds he deserves praise he deserves tanks. And we see that because unhampered in Nairobi alameen wa soprano tada deserves praise
In every situation that we're in, you might say that yes, when something's good, yeah, I want to say Alhamdulillah. But I don't like the way my hands are. I don't like the way my eyes are. I don't like doing my noses somebody might complain. Somebody might think like that. But the fact is, that a lot of deserves praise in every situation, whether you like it or you don't like it. Why? Because Allah, no matter what he has done, he has done it with perfection, and he has done it for a reason. There's some wisdom behind it. There's some benefit in it.
That perhaps we cannot see, perhaps is not clear to us, but it is there. So Allah subhanaw taala deserves praise in every situation. This is why we seek to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, whenever something good happened. Whenever he received a blessing, he would say Alhamdulillah venier Murthy et masala heard that Alhamdulillah All Praise to Allah, by his blessing, the good things are completed the good things are perfected, and 111 era muttahida Tim was slightly had. And whenever something not so good happened, then he would say Alhamdulillah he, Allah.
All Praise to Allah in every situation, in every circumstance that I could be in.
Because Allah deserves praise. I don't see the benefit. I might not be able to recognize it. But there's a reason why Allah soprano Tata has done what he has done.
So Alhamdulillah he, Allah only had. And you know what, this is so amazing that when you are going through a tough situation or difficult situation and you remember Alhamdulillah Allah, Allah, it gives you patience,
doesn't it? Think about it, try it. Just personal example. Yesterday, I was trying to put my baby to sleep and she was taking a very, very long time. And I was getting frustrated. Obviously, you can imagine anybody who's tired wants to sleep, a child is not allowing them to sleep. And at that time, I kept telling myself or hamdulillah Allah clearly has hungry luckily had that okay, if the child is not letting me sleep hamdulillah I have the blessing of a child. Isn't that a huge blessing. It's a huge blessing. So whenever a person is going through difficulty, and he acknowledges the fact that Allah deserves praise, even now that it makes him positive, then you don't just focus on the
negative things that are happening. But you focus on the good things that are happening. Because it's quite possible that if you get what you want, you might not be able to do something else. That's very important at the moment. So remember the statement, memorize the statement, can everybody say it with me? Alhamdulillah he
write it down and remember it remind one another as well. And 100 illa Allah couldn't be heard. So al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen All Praise to Allah, the Lord of the worlds Who is he?
Or Han? So all praise to Allah. Why? First of all, because he is the rockville army. Secondly, because he is our man and washi
we have a Lord, who is merciful, kind, generous, forgiving.
This is why be grateful.