EP 2 – Surah Al Fatihah – Translation and Word Analysis
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 25.16MB
I have your just with you, those of you who don't have your Jews with you, you have a sheet that was provided absolutely fat to help with the word to word translation, you haven't worth the effort. I mean, think about it. If you can stand in prayer and understand what's being recited so that you can actually concentrate in your Solitaire.
It won't be difficult in Sharla there are many people who have done it. And even if it's difficult, isn't it worth it? Is it okay that you'll be coming over here? What are you doing? collecting a part of the Quran, taking a part of the Quran and as you take each part of the Quran, rejoice over me.
Allah, hairbrush man over him, this me with name, Allah He of Allah, a rush man, the Most Merciful, en Rahim, the always All Merciful.
Now you repeat after me, this puts out a lot of them said Verily, Allah has chosen people amongst mankind, chosen people select few, certain people who are very special to him.
They are the people of the Quran, they are the people of Allah and His chosen ones.
Who are the people of the Quran that you should feel very special about? Because when a person becomes of the people of the Quran, then who does it become of those people who were chosen by Allah? Those who are send me? Oh, right many,
the Most Merciful.
The always all world's
money, the Most Merciful, of Rahim, the always All Merciful. I repeat after teach it.
People study many things. People teach many things as well. But out of all people who is the best one, the one who learns.
know, who do
And that's something with one another, you should be doing that.
I share something with me too. Yes. What did you learn? I learned that the people who say that for anything that is very important. She should value this and she should be grateful for this. Should we be grateful for this opportunity? Yes. Because think about it. How many people are there in this world? Many people,
there's so many Muslims. But tell me how many Muslims know the Quran, one straight,
slit author, bath, and livina of those who
you blessed? Isn't that a huge favor. It's a huge blessing. This is why we should value this blessing, we should take the best out of this opportunity, we should thank Allah for laying him upon them, lady, other than alma wubi,
those who have this opportunity. At this point, yes, we should be happy, we should rejoice, we should be excited. But at the same time, we should also realize the seriousness of what we're about to study the Quran, the words of Allah, the One who knows us when we're alone, the one who sees us when we're in front of everybody, the one who knows what's going on over the words of the soldier, just so that you can better understand the words. Because I'm sure sort of the fact to have because you're familiar with it in our heads, the one who knows us inside out.
We're studying his book. And we should realize that this is something very serious. On the day of judgment, the Quran will either come pleading for you so that you can be successful, you can be granted, or it will come complaining about you. What does it mean by that? That for some people, they'll say, oh, Allah, enter him into agenda. Why? Because she read the book. She understood it she and him do. How do we translate this word?
All praise or the praise? Why is it translated as all praise or the praise? But the letters I'll do when they come before a word. And sometimes I'll also give the meaning of all in its entirety, all of it. So over here, and how much we should be excited about what we're doing. But at the same time, we should realize its seriousness, and only when we realize its seriousness. Can we do this work properly?
So is there a difference? elbow could be any book, but the book is like a specific book, isn't it? You're talking about a certain book. So this is what the letters
I'll do when they come before a word. And sometimes I'll also give the meaning of all in its entirety of it. So over here, and how do what does it mean? All praise? Over here? What does it mean? Oh, praise all of it. For who? I'll handle lillahi. Now lillahi This is also a combination of two words, Li and Allah. What does leave me one letter, but it means for it's one letter and what does it mean for so nilay for Allah? Al hamdu lillahi What does it mean?
All praise is for Allah meeting. He is worthy of it. He is deserving of it.
Rob, Rob, what is Rob mean, Lord?
And Lyle, I mean, the world's I mean, this is again a combination of two words mainly, if you remember l handle what do you have ln hand over here also you have ln Allah mean? Easy. Same concept being repeated. And handle the praise Allah Allah mean, the world's All right. Now you see this young man at the end? These letters Yeah. And noon at the end. They give the meaning of plural to a word. Just as an English language if you want to make a word plural. What do you do? You add an s, isn't it? So similarly, for certain words, what do we add in the Arabic language? Yeah, no. It doesn't mean that the unknown is the only thing you add at the end, in order to make a word plural,
but it's one of those letters. All right. So el amin together What does it mean the world's All right.
All right, man, the Entirely Merciful over Haim, the Especially Merciful. Now again, if you break up the words of Rahaman, what is this ln? Man, so the same rule is being applied over here. The Entirely Merciful? And then a Rahim al. And Rahim, the Especially Merciful
Maliki Yo, me, Dean Malik. What does it mean? Master Yomi. Dean of the Day of Recompense Maliki. Does it have an allotted beginning? does it know? So we translated as just master sovereign? Only one word? All right. There's no the there is no all or nothing, just sovereign Master?
Yo made Dean de Yomi. Again, it's not a Leo, what is it? Yo, this is why you translated as de and Ed dean of the Recompense. Again, Ed Dean, what do you see over here
and the so you translate LS well, and Dean as recompense Maliki oma Dean Master of the Day recommends
a year cannot will do what a year canister in a year cannot boo. What does it mean? You alone? We worship? What a year canister in and you alone? We ask for help. Now, if you break down these words a year, what does it mean?
know one thing that you can remember from here is the letter calf. Remember that in the Arabic language, many words are made up of just one letter.
many words are made up of just one letter. So we cannot ignore these letters. All right? For example,
how many letters is it?
Just one, right? But what this can mean? You just as Li What does that mean? For cat? Cat means you one letter only. And iya gives the meaning of only so he yakka only you. You understand? Now, boo, we worship. Now, who do we worship? Now? The word narubu. When you think of the word worship, what comes into your mind?
Everybody, Rebbe Are you familiar with the word Riba? What does it mean? worship, alright, so I embed that they give the meaning of worship, the noon is what we have to see. The noon over here gives the meaning of we.
So so far you have learned three letters, which are words in and of themselves. What are they? Li
What does leave me for cat what is coming
You and what does not mean? We saw Naruto we worship?
What a yakka. And only you know we learned the word iaca already?
What is new over here? What? And what in the Arabic language means and another letter that is a word in and of itself. What? And yakka? Only you necessary? No, we ask for help. Now you see over here, not our boo, what does that mean? Now, boo boo, we worship necessary and what does that mean? We asked for help. So now we'll do necessary both begin with noon. And in both of these words, what does the letter noon mean? We so you see how much repetition there is. You understand? There's so much repetition. So just because of the length of the lesson seven versus the entire sort of idea. Don't get worried because of that, because so many words are repeated again and again. So necessary,
we seek for help we ask for help.
In proper Mr. Hakim Guide us to the straight path, Idina guide us guide us. Now, we learnt earlier Naboo Nestor in what is known mean we and over here also he now guide us noon is there just you can relate with it alright. So, he Dena guide us
a free offer do the path of split off this is again L and L and slot
and the slot here so our slot data
and must have been the one that is straight again l Mr. P l meaning the and Mr. came one that is straight
Soraka levena and amta Allah him
back earlier what did we learn a frog that was the back here what do we see? just slid off. So how do we translate it just back. So Soraka and levena of those who
and levena of those who and
you favored. Now over here you see the n m
the letter also means you care means you and also means you there's a slight difference between the two inshallah you will learn later. But just for now, k means u and also means u and
u bestowed favor, I lay him upon them, I lay him as a combination of two words Allah and him.
Allah and him either means upon and him means
not he, it means them. All right, he means them. You could perhaps make a list of all of these words for yourself just so that memorizing the lesson later on, is easier for you a list of which words
words that are repeated very often, like Now, similarly, we're and Li and L and K. And so all of these words that are repeated so often you could perhaps make a list for yourself. And believe me if you do that, it will really help you memorize the lesson. inshallah, not just members but also understand better so I lay him upon them.
Right in Mongolia, I lay him one of Bali, very, not the path of Allah to believe in those who brought anger upon themselves when of bullying and or those who are astray. Let's break down these words. Very, it means other than Alma de la him, Alma boo, and not boobies, l and makuu. What is
the motto? Have you heard of the word of Allah?
What does it mean anger, some of those who earned anger.
I lay him it's being repeated again. Allah and
him I lay him once and not work comes again. What does one mean? And left means not. So whenever and not have been lean. The ones who are a straight, again, have been lean L. Amber lean l means the lean ones were astray. Now again, you see over here the word ends with the unknown, and what meaning does it give
Now, as you can see, I'm mentioning to you the plurals as well. I'm trying to make you see which word is plural. This means that you should write in your notes, the singers as well that are provided in class. All right, some words that are plural. I'll tell you their singular forms, and I expect you to write them down. Alright, so in your notes, what do you have to write down?
What's one thing that we have agreed upon the singular words, inshallah, I will tell you the senior words of this.
One more thing. You may see that on the top is the ayah. The words of the ayah. In the second row is
the word breakup. All right? And then the third row, what do you see? some letters? Isn't a top? Do you see some letters? Okay. These letters are known as the root letters.
What are the root letters?
When you think of the word root, what comes to your mind?
The base, the foundation, or tree,
where something comes from the origin of something. So in the Arabic language, remember that words are derived from root letters, meaning that the words they have a foundation and origin.
All right, a base. And these are typically three letters. Sometimes there are more, and very rarely less as well. But typically, how many letters are there? three letters. So these letters, they're like the foundation of the word. This is from where the word has been taken out.
All right. So the letters that you see, these are known as root letters. Now, for example, if you look at 111, you're blind I mean, I'll hand the main letters off this word, the letters from which this word has been derived, what are they have mean? And then
what are they have mean? And then.
So this also you are expected to remember,
you are expected to remember this as well. So first of all, what are you expected to remember and write down the singular words? Secondly, the root letters as well, for now, in sort of fact, they have they have been written for you. But from now on, from sort of tobacco onwards, what will happen is that during class, as I'm explaining, I will tell you that this word is from the root letters. So so and so what are you supposed to do? Write those letters down? All right? Why is it important to know the root letters? Why is it necessary? It's very, very important. I'll tell you why. The reason is that the Quran how many words does it have?
many words, isn't it. So if you're expected to memorize every single word on its own, it would become very, very difficult. But if you remember the root letters, for example, how you always know that how mean Tao gives the meaning of praise, wherever you see the letters, how mean they're coming together in any shape, or form, whether it's a model or any other shape or form, what will you know, it has the meaning of praise in it. Similarly, the word now go to the root left is our iron bear that if you know what I mean by that give the meaning of worship any other place, you find the letters that are coming together, what do you know that this word has the meaning of worship in it?
So these root letters, how do they help you, they help you recognize the word, they help you understand the word alright. And also remember that in Arabic language, these root letters from them comes a main word, which is known as Muslim. All right, in trouble, we can do all of these details later as well. But for now, whatever you understand, take it, you don't understand ignore it, okay. But those of you who are interested, write it down for yourselves, right. So, from the roots as you get a main word, which is known as a Muslim, right? And for a master, you get many other words as well. If you want to correctly understand the meaning of a word, then what you do you look at all
the related words as well.
You understand? You look at all the related words as well, when you look at all the related words and what happens is that a you have the correct understanding of the word and be you have a deeper understanding of the word.
Like for example, the word Rob, how is it translated
Lord sustainer All right. Now, if you look at the word rub, it comes from the root letters RA, that the
Okay, it comes from the root letters that you look at other words that come from the same root. What are they? For example,
Rob Bethel Bates, Rob Bethel bait means the back of the house and it's used for a woman, by, for example, a housewife. Why is this word used for her? Because what is her responsibility to manage the affairs of the house? Isn't it's not just the house, but the people of the house as well. Those of you who look after your houses, women, what's your responsibility, that you're supposed to be looking after your children, making sure they're eating? Well, making sure that their laundry is done making sure they're doing their homework, they're going to school, you have to make her there's grocery at home, whenever you run out of milk, you tell your husband, please go get milk, right? If
he happens to open the fridge and find no milk, he's gonna ask you Why didn't you tell me? Isn't it? So Robert will bait is who? The woman of the house the one who is responsible for taking care of managing the affairs of the house? Now, if you understand that a little bit, and now you look at the word of love, does it give you a better understanding of who love is? Does it the Buddha IRA mean Lord of the worlds? Who is he, the Sustainer, the provider, the creator, the caretaker of one of the worlds that he doesn't just create, but rather he creates and looks after as well. And then he nurtures as well. He causes to grow as well. So this is the benefit of knowing the root letters. You
understand? What are the two benefits that I've told you?
It helps you to identify the meaning of the word.
And secondly, it helps you better understand the word go deeper into the meaning. All right, because the Arabic language is a very rich language. It's a very meaningful language. Yesterday, we learned that our last panel Darla sent down to Quran in V San in Arabi. mubin Allah sent down the Quran in the clear Arabic language, he could have sent them the Quran and some other language as well. But why is it that Allah subhanaw taala chose the Arabic language because it is moving, it is clear.
It's very in depth, it has a lot of depth in it. Something that is said in Arabic cannot even be compared to something that is said in some other language. All right, and especially the Quran, it's very eloquent, the selection of words, the words that Allah subhanaw taala has chosen. Amazing. So to appreciate the miracle of the Quran to appreciate the beauty of the crown, it's necessary for us that we go deeper into the words in order to do that. The first step is to know the root letters. Okay, so don't think of these letters are just something No, give importance to these letters as well. Okay, so let's go over the root letters of the surah. I will tell you a little bit about the
meaning the related words and then inshallah we will continue with the seat.
Ready. Okay. Out of the villa human biology will begin with Bismillah R Rahman Rahim.
bismi This means a combination of B, and B meaning with and isn't meaning name.
The word isn't.
Means name. Have you heard of the word ism before?
Has anyone ever asked you must mukhi Matt is smoking? Meaning what is your name? So isn't it means name, and it's from the root letters.
See me? Well, remember that some words have multiple root letters as well. ism is one of them. It's derived from the root letter seen me? Well, it's right from the newsletters, well seen meme.
And I'll just tell you the meaning of the word seen. Meanwhile, Sumo means height.
What does it mean height from the same root is also the word summer and summer means sky.
Now, same thing that is high, something that is up above?
Do you see it immediately?
For example, if I'm sitting on the floor, would you be able to see me? Those of you who are at the back? Would you be able to see me? If I'm sitting on the floor?
No, not easily at all. But if I'm sitting on a chair, or if I'm standing up, is it easier for you to see me then? Yes. So something that is at an elevation that is high above? It's easy to recognize. Similarly, when someone has a name
are they easy to recognize? Yes. Because you can identify for example, if somebody tells you can you give me that thing?
You like watching like that? What is it called?
This thing, what is it called? Do you want the book? Do you want the chair? Do you want the table? Do you want the pen? What do you want? You understand? So this is what a name is. It gives you the ability to recognize something easily,
quickly. Just as when something is at a height, it's easy for you to see it quickly, easily, as opposed to if something is lower. So this may lay in the name of Allah of Rahman and Rahim, the Entirely Merciful and the Especially Merciful. Rahman and Rahim Vova, these names of Allah subhanaw taala, are derived from the roof letters law, I mean, what are the letters Rahami. And Rama means mercy.
What does Rama mean? mercy, do have compassion to show sympathy. To be kind toward someone
from the same route is also the word for him, which is used for the womb of the mother.
If you think about it, when a woman is pregnant with a child and the child is inside the womb, the womb completely covers and protects and nurtures the child who is inside,
isn't it protects, protects the child against the harmful things that could even be in the body of the woman
isn't the harmful things are in the body of the woman, sometimes the child is not affected by why because a child is secure in the womb.
Isn't that amazing? It completely protects, completely surrounds. And inside of it, the child grows gradually. There is where it's nutrition is, its food is everything comes from there. So now just imagine are at the mercy of a loss of penalty that also completely surrounds and envelops every single one of us. It's because of his mercy, that we are able to do what we're doing. It's because of his mercy, that we are alive, that we breathe, we eat, we drink, we can move.
We have the ability to make choices. So it's all out of the mercy of the last panel down now you understand the word Rama? Can you just translate that with the word mercy? You can't you have to go a little deep into the word. So Nana Rahim, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. And the handle Illa. Allah Allah mean unhemmed is from the ruthless. Her mean that unhemmed means praise. And I told you the specific meaning of the word hummed as well. What does it mean? to praise someone? That it's such praise that is done for the one who deserves the praise? And secondly, it's done out of love. And thirdly, it's done out of respect as well. So this is why it is sincere. This
is why it is true. It's not fake. It's not false. It's not a lie. All right, so al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa, the is from newsletters for the and I've given you the explanation of the root letters of the word love already as well. The way the enemy is from the root letters I inland mean, that's the root right lamb knee.
And from this root, we get the word of Allah means assign. It's also used for a flag as I explained to you yesterday.
And the word Allah Allah mean is the plural of the word, lamb.
It's the plural of the word, lamb. Lamb is singular and there are the mean is plural. You must be wondering, how do I write Adam?
You know, the simple thing is just remove the unknown. Write the word the exact same way. Just don't write ya know when at the end. All right. So a reminder for him. The Most Merciful, the always All Merciful, Malik el Medina, Master of the Day of Recompense. Maliki is from the root letters meme, lamb calf,
meme, lamb calf, from the word milk.
And Mike, have you heard of the word Malik?
What does Malik mean?
King. Isn't it mulk What is mulqueen?
kingship. So Malik is one who is the master one who is the owner, one who is the sovereign.
But there is one thing unique about the word Malik, which is that Malik is not just someone who has ownership of something. But Malik is someone who also has complete authority and control.
Have something as well. Usually people only have ownership. And they don't have authority and control. For example, there could be an owner of,
let's say, a store or something like that. But can he decide everything on his own? Can he do everything on his own? No, he has to have a manager isn't it's a manager decides what to do. And obviously, the owner has the right to interfere but not as much.
Similarly, sometimes people have authority, but do they have ownership? They don't have ownership.
So a loss of data, he has authority, and he also has ownership. Meraki, yo, Medina, yo mas from newsletters, yeah, well meme.
And yo means day. And remember that when we use the word yom, it doesn't just refer to the 24 hour period. But it refers to a day whose length could be different. Light, for example, in the dounia. In this earth, the day is how long 24 hours, but if you go to some other planet, how long would the day be? Different? More or less? Isn't it so?
A Dean a deist from the earth is dead? Yeah, noon, then a dino, which means to give Recompense.
So Dean Recompense. I told you that Yeah, noon gives a meaning of floral, isn't it? But you see over here that the word Dean ends with the unknown as well.
So is a plural? It's not why? I'll tell you why. The reason is that Yunnan when it's plural, it's added to the original spellings of the word.
Are you with me? Yeah, no one is added to the original spellings of the word for example, boy, you add s to it. So S is separate from the original spellings of the word, isn't it? So? It's not a part of Bo? Why do you get it? Similarly, the yanwen when it's added for plural, it doesn't have anything to do with the original spellings of the word. Over here we see Dean what's the root then? Yeah, noon, then yeah, noon are part of the original spellings of the word.
Do you understand? This is why Yeah, no, don't give the meaning of floral
All right. Yeah, no will always be added to the root letters. Over here Dahlia known are the root letters. You understand? If you don't, don't worry, this is gonna come many, many times, inshallah you will understand. Okay, so Maliki omit the ear canal, Boo. Boo is from a burden from Reba. Reba means worship. What? Yeah, kind of starting from the root fetters. I mean, well known. Again, the word ends with Yeah, no, but it doesn't mean plural here. Why? Because no one here is a part of the original spellings of the word. So necessary. We ask for help.
And it's from the reflectors in well known our own means help eat dinner guide as a D. Ed, is from the root letters have done? Yeah.
You might say I don't see that. Yeah. Do you see the Yeah, you don't see it?
Why you will learn eventually, inshallah. I'll keep that for later. Okay. I don't want to bombard you with too much information. All right. So have that Yeah.
Have you heard of the word Jaya. What is it I mean?
He Daya guidance, we ask Allah subhanaw taala for he Daya. So he Dena guide us He is from hedaya A Serato. From the routers solid rock
Not there but for the letter that you see in the word. And so that means that Mr. T Mr. Kamath from the letters off well mean.
off well mean again, you might say I don't see the well.
You don't see it? It's not there. But the original spellings of the word what are they off? Well, me. So Mr. King, Scirocco alladhina of those who are nom nom de is from the letters known imeem an answer what does it mean you blessed?
noon? I mean, when you hear these letters, does any word come to your mind?
nirma Very good. What is nirmohi blessing? So anantha you blessed? So is there a similarity between nerima and anantha? Yes, both of them come from the same root letters. Now you understand? You have the root letters no nine me and from them from the words nerima and also an anthem this
Why both have a similar meaning? So an under you blessed are lay him upon them. Why other than Alma boo, boo boos from newsletters, bah bah bah bah. And other means anger
have to be early him What a Berlin of Berlin is from the roof letters. But lamb lamb
from the word Berlin, have you heard of the word Milan misguidance to be Australia have you heard me? Yes, the lair who Fela mobile, mobile Allah
that the one whom Allah guides no one can send him astray no one can misguide him, so appalling those words treat me inshallah, we will do the detailed explanation of these if tomorrow
go over the word to our translation of the surah at home and inshallah tomorrow, I would like to listen to it from you.
Can you try to do that?
How will you do it? Just the way we did it in class, that you read the Arabic then you read the English, you read the Arabic you read the English, alright? Do it like that. Have your sister your friend, whoever tests you, if you know it or not, and inshallah we'll practice it more in class tomorrow.