Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Bukhari
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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
I want to slowly run out of soda he'll get him another word for the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim from Australia slithery we're certainly Md weidler of data melissani of koko de probenecid nerima capillary bap magic filler le miracoli tala rakura visit near Alma. And also while Curatola alto and El mahad Dc. In this Bab mon Buhari is giving the evidence of one of the ways of the hammer Hades, what is the hammer Hadees it is the different ways of acquiring the knowledge of Hades. The different ways of acquiring knowledge are Hadith. And there are eight ways of the hammer Hadith which inshallah will tell you about later on. But over here and this Bob mamuka
is mentioning one way which is ultra well out. And both are the same ultra harleigh shave, it is also known as allowed, and what does it mean do when the student reads before the teacher and the teacher approves meaning he approves what he has read, if there are any corrections that have to be made, he does that. And the student gets the permission afterwards to narrate whatever that he read before the teacher. And then Mr. Bahari mentioned the different evidences and then evidence also from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So let's read the Hadith Hadith number 63 had the center of de la have new use of Allah had done a laser I'm sorry then who will macabre you? Who l
macabre you What does it mean by this? That sir EAD key was almak boori. mcmurry is one who digs graves. This was his profession. You will find this that many times the scholars of the past they're mentioned and along with their name, some sci fi like this, as mentioned, he was such and such he was such and such. So that's if what is it? It was their profession what they would do otherwise as well. What does it show to us? That the scholars of the past were Yes, they taught but at the same time, they also did other things. That those people who dug graves or who did other things, they even possess knowledge of the deen even they were more had they seen even they had knowledge and
they taught knowledge. So who will macabre you Angelica Abdullah have never been emelyn and no semirara nsfx no mullikin yaku he said baina man, no Jew loosen Mara nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I feel must God He said that by Nima while once national Jew loosen we were sitting do loose is the plural of jealous. So we were all sitting Marana be with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Where are we sitting for the masjid in the masjid? So while we were sitting there hello Roger on a man entered Allah geminin upon a camel. A man entered the masjid on a camel for an hour who filled must God for an alcohol so he made it meaning the camel rest in other words he made it stand
somewhere for an hour Whoa, fill mustard in the mustard so in the machete brought the camel and then he made the camel stand on the side or something and then some Morocco Allah who and then he died it. So he made the camel stand in one place and then he died it over there. So Mark Allah who Sumo call Allah whom Then he said to them due to those habits, the people who are sitting in the masjid, that ayoko Mohammedan. Which of you is Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He didn't say which of you is the messenger of Allah? Which of you is the Prophet of Allah. He said, which of you is Muhammad? One Nabina sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the prophets are allowed to send them. He was
more techie on he was reclining bainer between la hora nay him What does it mean by this binary Maharani meaning amongst them? load is you know, back. So people were all sitting facing one another. Some people have their backs to others, just like people are sitting in a gathering. People are sitting in small circles. So some people are facing each other other people have their backs to the others. So it was a very casual setting. So the profits are a lot of sudden we're sitting amongst the companions. So in other words, the man who walked in he couldn't tell who was the Messenger of Allah because he wasn't sitting on a separate, you know, Chair separate place, but he
was sitting amongst the Companions for conda. So he said the Sahaba said, Heather Roger, this man available, the one who is very fair, taking the one who is sitting reclining, this man is Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam for call Allah who so he said to him, who are what do you do the man the man
He said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Edna Abdulmutallab or son of Abdulmutallab, for Kala who Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam so the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said to him, but a job seeker but in fact, a job took a I have responded to you meaning here I am. I'm answering you for color or julu. So the man said, Linda BIA sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that in nissa iluka Indeed, I am going to question you, indeed, I'm going to ask you certain questions from OSHA didn't alayka so I will be very hard on you. Meaning I will be very hard in asking you questions. Famous allottee in the masala meaning in my asking you questions, fella digit
so do not find our lay yet against me, Phoenix sick in your heart, meaning do not have any bad feelings against me in your heart. You understand what he said? I'm going to ask you certain questions and I'm going to be very tough, I'm going to be very hard. So don't mind don't have any bad feelings against me in your heart. For Karla so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Son, ask about what botallack but what does that mean to appear right? So whatever is coming from you, meaning ask me questions, whatever you want for color. So he said, as a Luca, I asked you build bigger by your Lord will be and the Lord of man publica of those before you. I asked you by your
Lord and the Lord of those who came before you. Allahu Allah Celica Illa. Nurse equally him, Allah who has Allah, little Seneca has he sent you in and as to the people pulling him, all of them? Has Allah sent you to all people for color. So he said, Allah,
by Allah, yes. Allahumma literally means Oh Allah. But over here, it's being used in the meaning of by Allah. The word Allahumma is sometimes also used as a person. So Allah hamana meaning Yes, by Allah, I have been sent by Allah to all of mankind. Allah, he said, and should vocabulary. And should, I beseech you, I implore you, biLlahi By Allah, Allah who Mr. AKA has Allah commanded you. And no suddenly a Salah were to Hamza that we should pray the five prayers filio me when later in the day and the night has Allah commanded you that we should pray five prayers in the day in the night. Carla, the Prophet sallallaahu Selim replied Allahu Menachem, by Allah. Yes. Allah he said
unto Kabila, he, I beseech you by Allah, Allah who Mr. AKA has Allah commanded you, and assume ahead of Shahada that we fast in this month, which month, in the month of Ramadan, Mina center from the year meaning from the whole year, we have to fast in this month. Allah the Prophet sallallahu Sallam replied aluminum by Allah. Yes. Allah he said unto Kabila, he, I beseech you by Allah, Allah who America has a law commanded you and the hood that you take heavy, his solder powder, this charity, men own the inner from our rich ones, for duck Sima her, then you distribute it. Allah upon fukumura in our poor ones, has Allah commanded you to take this charity for more from the wealthy amongst us
and give it to the poor amongst us. What is he referring to? There's a cat for pollen abuse on Allahu alayhi wa sallam, Allahu Menachem by Allah. Yes, for Karla Raja Lou. So the man said unto I believe be magic, Debbie he, with what you have brought. I believe in what you have brought in what you have come with what arena and I am rasuluh messenger of Manoir law IE those who are behind me men call me of my people. In other words, I have been sent by my people assume over here is in its literal sense, okay. Not the technical meaning of the Messenger of Allah. So what I know Rasulullah wa even call me was anna and i am Lee Mahmoud Musa Alberta. My name is Lee man, even Starla and I am
a whole the brother of Benny Sarah dibny Bucklin. I am the brother of the Burnaby South even meaning he was telling you about which tribe became from Ottawa who Mustafa Ali, you know Abdullah hermie
Until a man on site within an ns in an interview sort of La hernial Salama we had. So anyway, there are many things that can be learned from this Hadees. First of all, the reason why mon Buhari has mentioned this hadith is to prove that if a person asks another about something, and the other response to him in the affirmative, he says to him, yes, this is fine. This is correct than the one who was asking, he can narrate what he asked. This is just like a student. If he recites something before his teacher, and the teacher approves what he read, then the student has the permission to narrate that as if he took it from the teacher, whereas the teacher is not the one who read
everything who read it, the student read it. Where do we learn this from in the Hadith, that Ramon even started over? He asked a number of questions, has Allah commanded you of such and such? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes to every question. And when leave I've been sorry, what went back to his people, he taught the people whatever that he had read before the Prophet sallallahu sallam, although these statements the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did not read before Him, who actually read them that mandate, but he passed it on as though he had taken it from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So, similarly, if a student takes something from his teacher in this manner, through the process of
kurata through the process of Route, this is an acceptable way, this is an acceptable way a student may transmit a hadith that he has received from his teacher through this method. So this is the reason why even Buhari is mentioning this Hadees in this map, and it was referenced earlier as well in the chapter heading, but there are many other lessons that we can learn this Hadees First of all, we see that this hadith proves to us that animals may be taken to the masjid, but obviously which animals the behind the behemoth al anon right the animals of livestock, which people eat of they use their milk, they use their flesh, and they use them even for writing purposes. So such animals may
be taken into the mustard even and they may even be kept in the mustard for the purpose of you can say barking. This is just like, when there's a habit where even after them for a very, very long time when people will go 400 euro, they will do the left they will do sorry, on their candles, even that is completely acceptable. Which shows to us that the urine the dedication of these animals is also pothead. Okay, it is clean, because it's understood that if a camel goes somewhere, you know, if he has to use bathroom, he will. So this shows that if you urinate and the machine is urine is fine, it is clean. Then it also shows to us that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam this hadith shows
that he said amongst the people in a very normal way, in a very casual setting as well, every setting, every gathering was not a very formal gathering, the formal gathering was which one, the gym well, beyond that, generally, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would have casual settings with the companions. And this is how they learned many things from him. And we also see that he was one of the people in the sense that he never made himself distinct from the rest of them in the manner that he dressed, or in the manner that he said, in the way that he behaved. Yes, his personality did shine through. However, he never did anything to make himself, you know, obviously different from
the rest of the people. And we know that people did request him, you know, to wear different kinds of clothes, just like the Roman kings and the Persian kings did. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not like that. And after in the whole effort, also, even they did not like that. Because as the man walked in, he had to ask, which of you is Mohammed, sort of, I guess. And then we also see that this man, he was extremely harsh in the way that he spoke, imagine he walked in, or you call Muhammad. And then he said, I'm going to ask you a number of questions. And I'm going to be very tough, but don't have any bad feelings against me. Well, of course, if you're going to ask that, you
know, in a harsh way, then a person is, you know, if he has bad feelings against you, that's understood, but look at the character of the Prophet sort of his patience, his tolerance, his forgiveness, his generosity, that the man was so rough and rude in the way that he addressed him in the way that he spoke to him. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not mind that at all. It did not prevent him from behaving in a good way. Because we're in the color Allah who are looking at what do we do typically, that we come down to the level of the other person, the way his flock is, we make our flock the same way. If he is addressing us in a harsh manner, we will address them in a harsh
manner. If he is talking in a very rough way, in a very crude way, we do the same thing. But this is not correct. This is not correct. Remember a flock it's hollow, right? It's a part of you. And if it's a part of you, then you don't have to adjust yourself depending on who's in front of you. Okay, it's your natural disposition. So a person who is naturally or he
has developed that of lack of being gentle in his speech, no matter what situation he is in, he will be like that. Whether or not other people are gentle with him. And it's very important that we understand the background of other people as well. I mean, this person, clearly he was a Bedouin, he was clearly a Bedouin, or he was clearly a person would come from another tribe, who was unfamiliar with the norms with the values with the, with the way that the Muslims addressed one another. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam may not expect that way from him. He didn't expect him to be courteous, he didn't expect him to be, you know, gentle in his feet. He accepted him the way he was.
He accepted him the way he was, and we need to do the same thing as well. We want that if a person has grown up in a village, that's, you know, whatever he seen on his life, we expect that if he's talking to us, you should talk to us in a very dignified manner you want because he hasn't received that upbringing. To him, it's normal to speak in that manner. So we can never benefit people. We can never tolerate people unless and until we accept them the way they are, and we understand their background. Otherwise, it's impossible. Then another very important thing that we see in this thesis, that the man he was asking the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that has Allah commanded you of
such and such, what does it show that the man was aware from before? He had heard from before, but he came all the way to ask the prophets of Allah said and why to verify, to verify that has Allah commanded you THAT WE HAVE to do such and such? You understand? So what does it show to us? that whatever we have heard as well, before implementing it, or before passing it on, we must verify, you know, check a book, check the reference, and then pass it on otherwise, just on mere hearsay or on mere assumption we should not pass on whatever that we have heard. The prophets that a lot of them does it aluminum, he said, Why you doubt me? Why are you asking? Allah is the one who sent me. And
you don't believe in my messenger ship? Fine. No. Allahumma now, that's exactly what the man wanted to hear, isn't it? Because he said, I received you by Allah. I asked you by your Lord and the Lord of those before you tell me if such and such is the case? And the prophet SAW the lesson? Yes. alumina? Yes. Yes, yes. Simple. So, some people, if you argue with them, it's gonna get you nowhere. Just say what they want to hear. Just say what they want to hear and move on. And don't mind these little things. Because we mind little things, we get irritated, we get angry. And then we forget, you know, the main discussion or the main focus.
Maybe this person has doubt in his heart. So it shows that it's not the matter of doubting this person already knew it, but sometime for the Illuminati. When you learn direct from your teacher, it gives you your pain and you know that my knowledge what I'm understanding is correct. So it is a hack of student if they want to ask question because many times I heard it, too, that it's been understood wrong if somebody is asking too many questions, asking too many unnecessary, irrelevant questions that we know dislike the people at the cow. We don't do. But questions that are relevant that have to do with the opinion that have to do with armor. There is no harm in asking such
questions. Okay, let's continue. Bad. My youth guru Phil Muna, Willa T. wakita. v l l Miller, l MI, LL Bolden chapter my youth curl, what is mentioned filmu. Now well, it concerning Manawa Allah, wa and meaning and what is mentioned concerning what he talebi writing, writing of who Lila ilmi the people of knowledge, meaning the scholars, they're writing off Baylor ilmi of knowledge, illegible then to the various cities, to the various cities. So two things are being mentioned over here. First of all, when Allah and secondly kita what is when I wanna, when I wanna is from pneumonia, Lam nallah? What does that mean to attain to attain, and manella is another way of the hammer Hadees.
One way is off, camera out. Another way is off Manila. And what is Manila? Manila is that when a student would attain something from his teacher, how something that was written, for example, the teacher had a book that he wrote himself, or he had a copy of, you know, the different Hadees that the teacher had learned from his teacher. So he has written all of them with himself. So he has a document he has a book, either his own right
Or a book that he has received from his teacher? Okay, so this book, what does the teacher do? He transmits it to the student, he gives it he passes it on to the student. And he says, This is my writing, or this is my book, okay, this is what I have learned from so and so teacher. Now you may narrate from me based on this book, you understand. One is that a student is sitting before the teacher, the teacher is reading, or he is instructing the student is listening, he's writing or he writes later, and then he says, had done. So and So, you understand, or the teacher is speaking to the students as Sameer unfolding, or that the student is reading. So he says, you know, avana, Amba,
Anna, so on and so forth. And other ways of Manila, when I want to is that the teacher gives the book to the students like the physical copy, and he says, This is my book, here, read it, and pass on the ahaadeeth based on this books on the student will pass on the Hadees that he has taken from the document, he will not say that and I will use other words, which I will tell you about later. So, you will not see Samir to know he will use some other words. So what is manana? The teacher handing over a book a document to the student. So when the student quotes, he doesn't say, I heard from my teacher, he will say, I am narrating based on what I received from my teacher. And why is it
that when Allah has been, you know, separated from other ways of the Hambledon Hadees, you might say the same thing the student has learned from the teacher, the thing is that a lot of importance was not given to written resources. At that time, written evidence was not given much importance at that time, if you had heard from the teacher that was given much more importance. So it was the separate between the two, that this the student actually learned from the teacher, this he just read from the teacher's book. The second thing that has been mentioned over here is what kitabi added early, maybe Ll Bolden writing kita kita is another way of the humble Hadees. That when a teacher would write
other him would write would write what the Hadees and then they would send it in the form of a document as the letter to a student or to someone in another city, and then they would pass on that knowledge based on that letter they had. So two things now whether this is face to face, hand to hand exchange, and kita is what writing a letter sending a document. Do you see the difference between the two? When our is hand to hand exchange cassava is that the teacher is writing to the student. Okay, he's sending a letter. So what's the evidence of this? Is this an authentic way? Is this an acceptable way of taking a hadith of taking knowledge and passing it on? Mr. Buhari says it
is. And this is why he mentioned all of the evidences. We'll call it an as soon and Anna said that NASA Horace Mann knew that Earth man really learn who he inscribed, he wrote Alamosa, however there must have, must have, meaning the Koran, and then forbartha be her and then he sent it meaning he sent the various copies of the must have to wear llf. To the far off areas. You remember the word efa? It comes into play. What happened at the time of the low or no, there were many people who were becoming Muslim, especially those were non Arabic. Right, they did not speak Arabic language. And when they recited the Quran, or when they heard the Quran, or when the different they you know, they
came across different a different crowd, people were mixing up they were not pronouncing correctly they were memorizing incorrectly. So there could, you know, a great fitna could have come up. So as a solution, what he did was that he had the most have written down in one lower the level of the Quraysh, the language of the corporation, the script of the Quran, she had written that, based on one half Remember, the Quran was revealed in several health. So he had it written on one half, and multiple copies were made of that must have, and those mazahub were sent to the various areas of the Muslim Empire. And that is what people learn. That is what they memorize. That is what was taught
and the rest of the most of the people had they were all destroyed, they were all burned out why, so that people would not be confused, which one is the right version, which one is the wrong version? So what happened at this time, are smiling only though I knew he had the most have written, written. And then he handed over those copies to the different leaders of the Muslim Empire. And he sent those copies to the various areas. And as a result, they were not. So what was the source of that? learning of the Quran? But what was the basis of that the most have that as man Well, the lower on who had sent so we see this, even the Sahaba did it. Well, now we'll get Abba. You understand? You
Why this is an evidence because this is how they passed on the Quran well Abdullah him near O'Meara we are here. We are having a very well Malecon delicate, isn't of the life of an aroma. Yeah, Heaven, sorry. And Mr. Malik, all of them considered this to be yeah is valid, acceptable. Why de Jabara boo. And he took evidence who bearable added Hijazi, some of the people of hijas filming our letter concerning when I went out what was the evidence that they took by be Hadith in Libya sallallahu alayhi wa sallam by the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu Sallam which Hadees Hadees aware in which cutover he wrote meaning the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had a letter sent to Li Amelie
to the leader, the commander of a steady year of a battle of an expedition Kitab and a letter we'll call it and he said, letter Kra who do not read it had that until who you reach mecanica work at such and such place? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam handed over the letter to him, and he said, don't read it until you reach that place, who was this or by the life and judge, and he was sent on a particular expedition, he was made the commander and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told him when you reach a nakhla, then you open up this letter, and then you read it. So we see two things over here. What do we see first of all, mu now Allah, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam handed over hand to
hand exchange of the letter. And then what happened afterwards, when obey the legend Joshi reached that point for llama Bella Delica. McCann, Cora who are alumnus he read it before the people with whom and he informed them BMD nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the command of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about the instruction that he had given them. So what do we see over here, that knowledge was transmitted information was transmitted even at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam how by hand in a written form a document being handed over to the other and he passed on or by the lab and Josh passed on whatever was in that letter to those people before him. So similarly,
if a student receives a document from the teacher, he may pass on that knowledge to others saying that he got that information from the document that he received from his teacher whenever similarly, if a person receives a letter from his teacher, and in that Hadith or written he may pass those on, meaning it's a valid way. Okay, this method of this kind of referencing This is correct it is valid. Now I'm glad you mentioned the Hadees had this nice Merida blog dilemma or had destiny Ibrahim Massara dinner on sila Hindi and English you have in an array the law him near Abdullah him the earth method numerous route and Abdullah have nervous about Rahu that he informed him that under
Rasulullah sallallahu early he was setting them at the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam Bertha, he sent beaky Tabby with his letter, or jhulan. And then he sent a man with his letter, what, who and he instructed him and he had the pharaoh who that he should deliver it, either to or we will train the leader, the chief of where oberheim refrain is a place you all are, I believe, familiar with further for who so then he sent him who there are Lima Berlin he sent that letter when he received it. So for the pharaoh who are Lima, Bahraini to who illa kisara to Kessler, who is kissa the Persian king
This is just like on the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent a letter to Heroku did he send it directly to Heroku? No, it was sent first to our Lima will straw. He received it and then he passed on that letter to Heroku.
So similarly, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent his letter to kisara, through our leaving behind.
So the letter was delivered to kisara.
Phelan makara. Who, then when he read it, who read it kisara when he read the letter of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam mazurka, who he destroyed it.
He destroyed it. mazurka Who are you familiar with this word?
Kula mama says up
for herself. So I think the narrator is saying this, that I think that a nominal Messiah, that eternal Messiah, he said, Who is the Messiah? Sorry, the Messiah. So even though Messiah he said Allah He said further I lay him meaning the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he prayed against them for their r la him Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the prophets Allah Allah said and prayed against them, what did he make against them? And you must Zaku Kala mazak that they would be completely destroyed, completely torn to pieces that just as he tore the letter of the prophets are a lot of centerpieces. The prophets have a lot of celebrate that their kingdom be torn to pieces as
well. And this indeed happened by the amount of elaborated either novella by the hokum of Allah
That this king this case law, his son is the one who killed him in order to take his position. And soon after, in the time of Ramadan who started whenever possible with our new he came and he conquered Persia. Their kingdom was torn into pieces just as they tore the letter of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So anyway, what do we see over here that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent a letter kita
kita a letter was sent, information was sent through a letter.
And that information was very important. Because the prophets Allah Lawson was calling that man and his people do the deen of Allah. There was Darwin in it the words of the Prophet sallallahu cenomanian. But when they did disregarded it, when they destroyed it, look at the consequences. So anyway, if a teacher sends something in writing to a student, then it is permissible for the student to pass on that knowledge that he has learned.
Had this now Mohammed Avenue Makati will have been a forerunner of the law calling upon a Sherpa to Anakata data on NSA BNY Mellon, Allah He said cateva Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Akita when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wrote a letter, O Radha, or he intended an October that he should write obviously, when the Prophet Solomon wrote a letter, this doesn't mean that he wrote it himself. But what does it mean that he dictated the letter and his scribe wrote it for him. So he wrote it or he intended to write it for Allah who said it was said to him that in the home indeed they who the people to whom you were sending the letter to law, your co owner keytab and they do not read any
letter in law except mcdorman. It should be sealed, meaning they will not give any importance to a letter unless and until it has the official stamp on it. If it has a stamp on it, then they will give importance to it. If it doesn't have a stamp on it. They will ignore it. For the hottie man so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam took a ring hot in a ring when fill button of silver.
And this ring knocks you who it's engravement was Mohammed aka sudama, meaning Muhammad Rasul Allah was engraved on it, how was it engraved on it, Muhammad at the bottom received in the middle and Allah at the top, so it was all engraved on a ring. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would use that as a stamp as a seal because they would take wax, and they would put it at the end of the scroll to seal it so that the scroll wouldn't open. And while the wax was still hot, they would put the they weren't you know, imprinted with the stamp or the seal, so that that mark would come. So whenever the Prophet said a lot of them would see the letter, sample letter, it would say, Muhammad Rasul
So anyway, this companion, and it's an Malik. He's saying that correct me, as if I undo I can see Allah By Allah, He to its whiteness fee in his hand, as if I can see the whiteness of that ring in his hand, because it was of silver. So it was extremely bright. Right, it was extremely bright. So he said, as if I can see its whiteness in his hand when he was narrating for call to the metadata. So I said to patata mancala naku who said Sherpa because Sherpa took this lady's from Canada. So he said that I said to Canada man, Karla noxubee, Muhammad Rasul Allah, Who said that it's nutch it's engravement wasn't Mohammed rasulillah. Allah, he said, anus meaning and this is the one who told me
that that green was engraved with the words Muhammad Rasul Allah.
So anyway, what do we see over here, that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, sent a letter, and that letter was sealed, it was stamped, it had like a signature on it. So similarly, teachers, what they would do is that they would write the Hadees that they knew they would send them to their students, but at the end, they would say Cata boo, so and so meaning they would sign it off with their name. So if it's signed off, that means it's an original document. And a student may transmit whatever he has read from that letter. He may narrate something good.
If he writes the book, and give it to the student that you can read, this is like my novella. Yeah. And then when it's also written, so it has nothing to say the thing is that at that time, especially at the beginning, there were so many students of knowledge, so many students of knowledge, and there were so many people that you could learn how these from, and it wasn't possible for everybody to go to different different teachers in the different areas of the Muslim Empire, and stay with a teacher for a very long time and learn from him and then go back and teach. So some students, they would, you know, go to a teacher study a little bit from him and the teacher would say, you know what, take
this book of mine, and go narrate from this. I trust you. I know your capability. Some other students because they were far off. They had gone off or they never got a chance to come to the teacher and meet him. They would just write a letter to
him that I am so and so I'm a student of so and so I have heard about you. And I've heard that you have all of these ahadith please write them to me so that I can narrate these ahaadeeth. So the teacher would say, Okay, I will give you these antibodies. It's also possible that the teacher had more than one book. This is just like if a teacher has multiple copies of the same book, you know, he gives one to one student and he gives another to another student, keeps one with himself. One book he learned from particular teacher, he says, Yeah, I have rollin writing, but I know it all. I've memorized it. You know, if I give it to you in writing, it'll save your time. So this way, when
I will and Kitagawa both are valid ways, they're both correct ways. Now, what do we see in this Hadith, that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he used a seal, a ring to seal to stamp his letter? What does it show that wearing a ring is permissible for who? For men, but it is of silver here. So we know that gold is not acceptable, but men are allowed to wear rings, as long as they're not a gold. So silver is permissible. And we see that even if it's extremely shiny, right, extremely beautiful, that's also permissible, even if it's for the purpose of Xena. Even if it's for the purpose of adornment, it is permissible, whether there is a need or no, it is permissible because it profits on
a lot of center war areas. And we also see that it is permissible to have the name of Allah engraved on a piece of jewelry, like the ring is what what's something that you wear on your finger, the name of Allah was engraved on it. Similarly, if a person is wearing a necklace, a pendant and on that the name of Allah is there, it is permissible to wear that however, we know the proper etiquette, that if you go to the bathroom, or if you you know, in a particular place where it's not appropriate to wear it, take it off before you go in, you understand, because many times it happens that, you know, some people have more respect to have on they said that no, that's it, don't even wear such
necklaces. Don't wear such rings. It is permissible because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wore that drink, and it had the name of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as well as Allah subhanaw taala written on it. Now, as I mentioned to you earlier that there are many different ways of the hemorrhoidal, Hadith, acquiring Hadees. And there are many other ways that a mahadi is not mentioned over here, he has mentioned for over here, directly and indirectly, Cara and, and some are as well, he's indicated, and as well as Mennella, and kita. And these ways were all adopted by the scholars by their students to acquire the knowledge of the Hadees. And they were considered valid. Why because
every person did not have the opportunity did not have the time to sit with a teacher and listen to everything from him. We know that for example, in Mambo hottie when he wrote his book, he taught his book to many people, 1000s and 1000s of people, but he could not listen to every student. As an adult, he could not listen to every student. Similarly, every student could not come to him and spend years with him and say that, okay, you give me a jazza to narrate this book from you, every student would not have that opportunity. Just imagine that there are 1000 students, how is it possible that every single one of them is given an agenda, if you think about it, for example, in
the Quran, some shoe, if they give a jaza to their student, it's a condition that the student has read the Quran memorized, and the student has to recite the entire Quran before the teacher. Now imagine if for every student, this is the only way of acquiring knowledge, acquiring the knowledge of Paradis it will be very difficult. So to make knowledge more accessible to people, all of these ways were adopted, yes, some ways are more superior to others.
This is just like a person says, I have read the book, for example, she has a copy of the Quran. I have read his book. And other says, You know what, I have studied this book, you know, when he was actually teaching this book. And I'm sure some of you have, that he had the book in front of him, and he was teaching the book, and I was there in that class. Is there a difference? There's a difference between just reading the book. And there's a difference in hearing the book from the one who wrote the book, a huge difference, isn't it? So tell me something does every student have the opportunity to sit before the teacher and study the book from him? Every student does not have that
opportunity. So just because the student has not done that doesn't mean he is prevented from passing on that knowledge. If he has a chance to do so. No, he should have that opportunity. If he has received that knowledge. And if it's a valid way, it's an acceptable way he should be able to pass it on. So what are the different ways of the humbler Hades First of all, the first way, the most superior way, and I'm telling you in order of preference as well. The first way is of summer, what is summer, reading by the teacher, reading by the teacher, and the students would listen because summer is to hear so the student acquired the Hadees through listening, how the teacher was reading,
student was listening. And this method this way, was the most common way in second century after hijra, and the teacher would read a hadith either from his memory
Or even from his book. And we see that even at the time of the Sahaba of the learn who they would read the Hadith to the tambourine, they will do in Latin meaning they will dictate they would read the books, they would read the Hadith, and the who are their students would be writing the Hadith. If a student acquires some hobbies through summer, which word will he use when he's narrating the Hardee's? He will use the words, Sameera to I heard or had dessiner or avana or amber Anna. All of these words were acceptable, Samir to have doesn't have Marana. And then
the second way of the Hamilton Hadees is
para Alessia reading to the teacher. And this is also known as out presentation. And this is when the student would read and which student would read because imagine the teacher is there, a lot of students are there, the teacher would select one student, the one who was most proficient amongst them, the one who was most intelligent, most fluent, most knowledgeable. So he would select that student. And he would give, for example, that book or that document to the student from before the go read it. Tomorrow in class, you have to read all of these studies. So the student would be selected from before there was an understanding the student would read, and the rest of the students
would be listening. And if the student would make any mistake, the teacher would correct if there was any explanation. The teacher would give that if there was anything that had to be added that had to be clarified, the teacher would do that. And if a student acquired that, how these in this way, what words would he use, he would say Bharani Fulani, known
as Bharani Fulani, or harana falana. But if the student is the one who actually read, who read before the teacher, and all the other students are also there. Now this student, the special student, okay, he's narrating the Hadith, he will say, Allah to Allah funa. And I read before so and so do Allah phoolan.
And listen to these retros to prepare for this class. It's by the shadow of Cebu Harbor, she has been with me. And there's a student of his who reads the ahaadeeth. Okay, he reads the Hadees. And then when he tells him to stop, and then he explains the Hadees. And then he tells him Okay, continue. And that student has been reading from the beginning. And a lot of how far he gets that opportunity. But every single class He is the one who is reading the Hardys. So whenever I listen to him, you know, I think about the majority of the past when you know, a teacher, a chef would be there present a student is reading. And the student would say later on to Allah furlan.
Special student. And obviously, he's not specialist because the teacher preferred and remember, we learned that even our vessel that I knew he would also give preference to one of his students. Why? Because he saw something special in him these ways, obviously, they're not used to them. This was before when the people would be narrating the Hadees. So because at that time, if you go to any much less, okay, and a person is teaching her this, you would find out where did you get this knowledge of these from? What's your chain? What's your Senate, so he would give the Senate. So sometimes he would say, Sameera to sometimes I would say to our level, and sometimes he would say a boron and
sometimes he would say barani. So there is a difference in the way that he acquired the Hadith. The way that it has given today is also different. Some scholars are very strict, some teachers and others are not that strict. And every teacher has their own standard. Some will say that you have to read all of it before me. So he will say that if he's asked how did you get your agenda, He will say to Allah Poulin,
you understand? So there are different ways of allowing the student to pass on the knowledge.
Then the third way is of ijazah.
What is the jazzy jazz This is not what we think of it as this is permission to transmit, meaning a student would be given the permission by the teacher, to transmit to narrate whatever he had learned from the teacher, this permission would be written and this permission could also be oral.
Okay. This permission could also be oral. Now think about it.
There is a gathering of 1000 students, 1000 students, there are some students who are sitting in the front other students are at the back. Those are the back. They heard the teacher when they're passing on what will they say Samir to or another student was reading so they will say about Ana, but the students were sitting in the front. The teacher says, You know what, I allow you to pass on this knowledge. So the student he will say when he's narrating the Hadees, he will say had destiny Fulani.
Jasmine are Bharani Fulani Jasmine. He gave me the special permission had definitely fallen on ijazah tan or barani funan ijazah. Or a student may also use the words, a jazza li Fulani on a jazz alley funan.
Then the fourth way is of manana. What does Manawa mean? It is translated as granting of books, granting of documents. So the teacher would give his book to the student or give his document to the student saying that this is my book, or this is my collection, and you may narrate from it, you may pass on all of the headings that are in it. So, the student would say, What words would you use if he ever quoted that if you ever use that as a reference that FEMA now well and he will address any that FEMA now well any in what was granted to me in what was transmitted to me, this is what I heard or this is what I read or this is what I will start and so on, what does it show that any person if
he ever spoke any Hadees, he would have to give the reference the reference that this is the Hadith I got it from so and so teacher and this is how I got it. This is how important it was. And unfortunately these days what is done, what is done, no references are provided. No references are given. Then we see. The next is key dabba dabba is correspondence that the teacher would send in writing to his student, allowing him to narrate. And he would write at the end of the letter, get approval, and he would write his name that's all interpreted to the student when he would narrate Hardee's based on that letter, he would say, cassava, Elijah Fulani, cassava, Elijah Fulani and so
and so teacher of mine wrote this Hadees to me, cassava in a fallen or he would say had definitely fallen on kita when so and so narrated to me in writing or equality for land on kita urban. Okay, so you would use the word keytab. And this is just like, you can say, distance learning that a student would be learning from a distance. He's not there at the institute no is at a distance he learned to whatever he learned by correspondence and then he passed it on. And we see that this happened even in the first century after
we learned that Mr. Malik, he was asked by Yahoo.
To write him a few Hadees that he had from even she observed it. So Mr. Malik, he wrote a few buddies that he learned from even Java z. And he sent them to your here even sir EAD and your heaven sorry, what did he do? He narrated those a hadith and what did he say that Qatar Valley Fulani,
Mr. Malik, he wrote this hadith to me. And this data, the evidence that I have, then another way is off Erlang was shaped Erlang was say what is Erlang? To make known? So announcement by the teacher, what does it mean by this? That the teacher would inform the students he would tell the students that I heard this hadith from so and so. Or I studied this book from so and so. And I have the permission to transmit the teacher is just telling the students that I got this knowledge of mine from so and so teacher from so and so teacher. He's just setting his students. So the students what do they do? They say, our teacher said this, and our teacher learned from so and so they didn't say
our teacher narrated to us but they will say something. And they will say that our teacher learned from so and so. So for example, the student would say, female or Alemany shaky female or Alemany shy you see that my shave, my teacher informed me that under Fulani had data that so and so narrated to him, okay, one is that the teacher is actually giving the chain he's giving the ijazah Okay, but the other is that the teacher is just telling the students I read from so and so I studied from so and so just to make it understandable for you might say, for example, that so as a scholar study from this university study from that scholar, now that's got an ever told you that you know, narrate his
knowledge for me, I'm teaching this to you transparent. No, you can say that so and so scholar learned from this university and he says this, you understand you have a reference, right? What's the reference? That University, that scholar, then Is this too hard? I'm just telling you all of these different ways. It's important to know, this is just the tip of the iceberg. Okay, there's a lot to learn. I'm just telling you the basic stuff, okay, just the names and what they mean. But I want you to appreciate all of these methods, all of these ways.
And the point is that we should appreciate how authentic This knowledge is how they never spoke unless they had a reference. Then we have mostly you will see here is request request of books. So for example, there was a teacher, he was extremely old, and he was afraid that he was gonna die anytime soon. So he was afraid that this knowledge that I have, how is it going to be passed on to the people. So his student who is very good, he trusts him, he gives him the book, he hands over his book to him, and he tells him that look, I am giving this to you pass it on. He doesn't say I give you a jazza. He doesn't read everything to him. He doesn't make him read. He just gives him the
book. And he says, Look, this is mostly up to you pass it on. So the student, if he would note anything from that book, he would say, FEMA, also in a year for learn. FEMA owes olsa, eladia, phoolan, bttb Kanaka. Then the final way is off, we gather, what is the data, discovery of books, discovery of books, we know that the scholars of the past they wrote many books, they even had their own documents, their own notebooks in which their own collections, and they didn't necessarily teach those books or, for example, those books got lost, or those books were not found by people initially, then eventually they were discovered. So for example, if a person discovers a book of a
particular shape, and he read something in that book, is he allowed to pass it on? Yes. So if he discovered he happened to come by that book, you would say, we're jet doofy, kitabi, Fulani, I found such and such in so and so's book, I found this in so and so's book. So these are all the different ways of the Hamilton Hades, the different ways in which the people would acquire the knowledge of the Hadees. And then they would use this as a reference when they will be passing on the knowledge. I have a question for you. If a person
by for example, these days, this is not done these days, as much or in fact anymore, it's not that common. Very few people have a jaza from their teacher, it has a width senate and agenda that is of a highest standard, it is done. But on a very small scale.
If your teacher has not giving you a jaza or if you didn't happen to be in a situation such as this, that you actually learn from a teacher you sat in his company, and you acquired knowledge from Are you not allowed to pass it on? What should you do? If you're passing on some information that you acquired? It doesn't fall in any of these ways, and it's not practiced anymore. So what should you do not pass on that knowledge? There has to be a balance remember the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Balu Arnie, Willow i.
So whatever we know, we have to convey, however, remember that this knowledge knowledge of the deen, what is it? Is it actually Dean knowledge when it's passed on, along with the knowledge Akita has passed on? Isn't it is passed on? So it's important that if you hear something from someone, you know where they're getting it from? Where did they get it from? What's their evidence? What's their source? Who's their teacher? What's their background? Are they deciding us? based on their own assumption based on their understanding? Or is there some basis for it, there has to be some basis for it. So we should know the basis or the foundation or you can see the evidence, the references of
people that we are learning from, what books they are using, which teachers they have learned from, what resources are they using, we should be familiar with them Why? So that we know that whatever we acquired is 100. Authentic, and we should be confident about it. So whenever you read a book, don't forget to read the references. Okay, sometimes we ignore that stuff, we generally do. Pay attention to that what is a reference, because it's quite possible, you read something very surprising in a book and you're like, Oh, my God, this cannot be authentic, ignore it. And when you read it, at the end, you find that it is indeed authentic, or vice versa, completely opposite. So you should know
about where your knowledge is coming from. But just because somebody does not have an agenda does not mean you completely disregard them. Because we find these two extremes and people, either they don't give any importance to each other, or they give importance to only jazza whatever, you know, pass it on, provided that it is authentic. I remember once my father told me that when they did their PhD, they went to visit different different scholars in different different countries, my parents, and they also went and visited Giovanni. He was extremely old at that point, but they made a point they went and visited them. And they asked him a number of questions. And they, you know,
told him about what they were learning and what they were doing. And he also advised them, he told him about different things. So it was a meeting that they had
And, you know, because of his encouragement because of his advice, Alhamdulillah they did many things. However, you know, they could have said, Oh, we never studied from him. We never sat in his company, he never gave us ijazah. So this is why we're never going to do this stuff, we're never going to teach. No, they just got the opportunity to meet him. He advised them, he answered their questions, he encouraged them, he guided them. And if that is all, you got Alhamdulillah pass on whatever you have learned. Because people have become very shady, very, like extreme in this matter. Some people have become extremely strict, and other people have become extremely lenient. So there
has to be a balance, just know where the knowledge is coming from. And it's a sad state, unfortunately. But this is the reality. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that when the standards will become lower than fidelity, Sara will see is like, given by the teacher to the student, before he dies, or before he goes on a journey. And he says, Look, I'm telling you pass this on, whenever it is that you would like to have this book, go ahead, take it. And it's understood that the student is going to pass it on. But we'll see is like, you know, this teacher gives a special instruction as well. Hold on to this knowledge, you know, study it, pass it on.
Does it mean it's like the key is this that one is so old or somebody is near that? Not necessarily. We'll see as often before during the difference is in Basia, the teachers explicitly saying, Take this for me pass it on. Remember, the word will see you What does it mean to give an important instruction? So he's giving that instruction with a lot of emphasis that he'll take it pass it on.
He's handing over the book in one hour he's handling.
That clear instruction may not be they're
asking for it and inverse. Yeah, that's what teacher is himself giving. That's also possible. Okay. Yes.
Not necessarily. It could be a document. It could be a book. It could be a collection, the length does not matter.
Yeah, like for example, it will see it becomes an Amana on the student to pass it on. Because the teacher instructed him take it and pass it on.
It's a panic a lot more behind the condition of La Ilaha. illa Anta the stockbroker wanted to relay a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.