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Bukhari 022 Knowledge Hadith 59 62

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Taimiyyah Zubair

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Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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serial Kareem I'm about to be laying him in the shade line Illa Jean Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim, Allah shortly suddenly, were certainly under the water of Dr. Melissa melissani of koko de probenecid

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Allahumma salli wa sallim, ala nabina, Muhammad,

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this one never heard of him.

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Kita we are in the book of knowledge, what is a learn?

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The correct recognition is something to have a solid understanding of what something is to have the correct marhofer of something. And all of the verses of the Quran as well as the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, which tell us about the excellence, the virtue of knowledge, which kind of knowledge is that

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the knowledge of the religion. So this shows to us that there's two types of freedom one knowledge is that off the Dean of the shared era, the knowledge of the religion, and the other knowledge is that of the dunya of this world. And the knowledge of the dunya is further divided into many categories as well. One knowledge is that which is beneficial to people and other is that which is neither beneficial nor harmful. And another is that which is harmful, which is detrimental.

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And example of knowledge that is beneficial, like knowledge of medicine, healthcare, so on and so forth. knowledge that is harmful. For example,

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magic, or for example, if a person goes and studies philosophy to such an extent that completely damages his brain, and he cannot think properly, right? It makes him completely twisted in his understanding and his perception and the way that he in his outlook. So it's harmful, it is harmful for him, and knowledge that is neither beneficial nor harmful. An example of that knowledge that is a complete waste of time.

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Like for example, sports. One is that okay, this is a team, that's another team. Okay, this is the game that's going on. Okay. But then the way people obsess over, this is the player these are the games that he's played. And he's good at this particular thing in the game. And on based on that there are predictions that are made based on that, you know, the players, the sportsmen, their traded, their pay is based on that, I mean, and reviews, and so much is done. So much study is done on all of this. So all of this knowledge is what, it's not beneficial. It's not harmful, even it's a waste. It's a complete waste. So depending on what kind of knowledge the knowledge of the dunya is,

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is its ruling if it's beneficial, it's a means of attaining reward. If it's harmful, it's a means of attaining sin. And if it's neither useful nor harmful, then it's a waste of your life. And Allah subhanaw taala will question us about what we did in our lives. So this is why we should be careful about what information we are exposing ourselves to what we are learning and what we are transmitting. Now with regard to knowledge of the deen, we learned that it is extremely virtuous. And we see that the first chapter the first chapter, in this book, I remember how the writers Bab fugly in me, the excellence of knowledge, the virtue of knowledge, which knowledge of the Sharia

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meaning how rewarding it is how much Allah subhanaw taala likes it, how beneficial it is. And there are many texts of the Quran and Sunnah to tell us about the virtue of the knowledge of the dean after remember how he writes only two will call the lakita. young fella who Latina Emma Newman como La Nina otter, Alma de la jack, la habima Dharma Luna hobby workone. Here is the origin of visit near Elena, do statements from the Quran two verses, first of all, that Allah elevates the rank of those people who have Eman and those people who have eaten and secondly, that oh my lord, increase me and knowledge.

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If you look at the first verse that Allah subhanaw taala raises the status of those people who have a man and those people who have

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what does it show that a man is a source of the Raja is a source of hydrojet in the sight of Allah subhana wa Tada. However, what increases our agenda of a person even more is what are in knowledge. So, all people are a man, they have a high status in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala. But what will increase that status even further, what will raise it even further knowledge or even so it is a means of adding the Rajat upon Eman.

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And this is why we see that there are all those people who are very knowledgeable of the dean who will receive hoonah for him, and we're sincere to the people that they are very much honored by the people, even though they may be less than them in wealth and even worse.

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Release status. It's amazing that you may see a person who is not as wealthy, who is not even, you know, from a very prestigious family or anything like that, but still he is very much honored and respected by the people. So what is it that is bringing him all that respect? It is his, it is his knowledge. It raises a building that has no pillar, a building that has no pillar in with elevated so a person who has nothing else that can elevate his rank. If he has knowledge, he will be elevated, he will have a very high rank.

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And on the other hand, while jello, yeah, demo beta or z will shut off, and General Ignorance it demolishes the building of honor and rec meeting of a person has everything that brings him honor and rank of this dunya but he's ignorant all his honor, all his rank will go down the drain.

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So what is it that truly brings honor to a person knowledge and gender, it humiliates a person ignorance humiliates a person. And we see that in the ayah Allah subhanaw taala says when Latina Uttar ilma yo 411 Latina Amma Roman como La Nina, all those people who have been given knowledge, what does it show that this status, this in this is given by Allah soprano, meaning no person attains it by himself, no person can get it by himself. And we see that he is acquired, no person is born on him. Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran, Allah, Roger commune bitonio magical letterland monisha he brought you out of the wombs of your mothers and you knew nothing at all, you are

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completely ignorant. So every person is born ignorant. However, throughout his life, he learns and the more a person learns, the more high his status becomes.

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And we see that there is no limit to this because Allah says, Rob busy, the near Alma will call or visit near Alma. So the more knowledge a person gains, the higher his status will become. see over here, that throughout one's life, throughout one's life, a person must continue to learn because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was told or visit near him that pray, oh, my lord increased me in knowledge. Which means that a person can always increase in his knowledge. A person can never ever reach a point where he can say yes, now I know enough, where Yes, now I have reached the end of the journey. No, this journey is continuous. It continues until the time of death, which is why we see

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that there were scholars who even at their deathbed, they were asking questions. And when they were asked when they were inquired that, what why are you asking? How is it a benefit to you? And I said, I'd rather die while knowing it instead of being ignorant of it. And the more you know, the only thing to know is that you don't know, the more knowledge you gain, you realize how ignorant you are. This is why Rob designare Elma Oh, my lord increased me in knowledge. And the fact is that any person you come across anything you come across, there's always something that you can learn from them. Always. Because we're only their element, or the above everyone is one who knows more. So you

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might think that you know, everything, however, you come across a person who knows even one more thing, one thing that you don't know, and remember that Mozart is an M, and he was asked if there was anyone more knowledgeable than him. He said no. And Allah soprano Dada corrected him and he sent him to harder to learn. So

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this is the highest status of all machinery, that if you have it, it's a source of great literature. And secondly, you can never have enough of it. You can never ever have enough of it. And this realization keeps a person humble, and it keeps him going. And the woman the person thinks that I know enough, I know much. That's it, his journey will end he will not benefit anyone.

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The next chapter, the next vibe is the man so Eli Edelman whoever is asked about knowledge. Well, who am I alone? Well, he is Michelle Michelle from Shogun meaning one who is occupied one who is busy, we have learned this word children in fact he won in the Quran. So the one who is asked about knowledge while he is busy, busy in what fee Hadith he in his speech, so a person is talking Okay, he is occupied with his speech and another comes in, asks him something. So should he cut his speech short and answer him or should he wait? You remember how he writes for a Tamil hadiza? So he completes his speech, and then some then a Java SE Illa. Then he responds to the question, is it

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permissible or not? You

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Understand the chapter heading that a person is questioned about in while he is busy talking. So he completes his speech and then he answers the question, meaning he does not stop in the middle. He finishes what he was saying, and then he answers the question, what does this show that it is not necessary for the one who is being asked about something that he should answer immediately? Or that he should cut short his speech you should interrupt his speech? In order to answer the question, he is allowed to finish his speech and then if he intends to answer, he may do so. Because the person who is asked a question he has a choice, whether or not he wants to answer the question,

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in which case is he allowed to not give the answer?

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In which case is he allowed to not respond to the question to not give the answer? Okay, in the case where the answer to that question will cause fitna people will misunderstand or you know that they're asking for a particular reason to avoid. If, for example, you go to a gathering, you know that people have no interest in Islam, and somebody comes and asks you about rural rain. So if you start answering questions over there, people are going to get even more upset. So if you say that, you know, this is not a relevance over here, or if you ignore that comment or question and you move on, you're not concealing knowledge. Why? Because that information will cause fitness. So you are

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allowed to ignore that question. Any other situation?

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Okay, of course, when you're not sure about the answer, you don't know.

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Okay? Like, for example, over here, person is talking. He's giving a hope, but he's addressing the people. And all of a sudden a question he's interrupted in a question is asked to he's allowed to not give the answer. Okay, when it's not relevant.

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And we also see that if a person asks a question, not seeking or Ill not designing in, but just to check what you know, and who you are, then in that case, also you may decide not to answer the question. For example, we learn about the educator that when they would come to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they would ask him questions, not designing the truth, but just to see if he had an answer that they would like. So this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was told for injure, aka Falcon bainer, huh? Oh, are

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you have the choice? You may give the judgment or you may turn away You may answer or you may refuse. It's up to you. But generally, in normal situations, is it permissible for a person to not answer the question? No, because it is a form of manual or in concealing knowledge. And we know that concealing knowledge is prohibited in our religion. The money is right in there scholars, what were they told? What doctrine will help you conceal the truth meaning you should not conceal the truth.

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Similarly, in turtle Baccarat, we also learned about those people who have to move them under the law who conceal what Allah subhanaw taala has revealed for them as a great punishment learner, the curse of Allah. So it is a great crime to conceal knowledge. So generally, we're not allowed to refuse answering questions. However, if there's a genuine reason a person is allowed to do so. So the situation that is mentioned over here is that a person is talking. And he's asked a question, should he answer immediately or Can he defer? He may differ.

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He may differ. And what's the evidence of that? Remember how he writes the Hadees.

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And what is the Hadees that had the sun and Mohammed Abu synanon Bala had the sun appellation her warhead destiny Ibrahim of Normandy. Remember he is also taking the honey from who Ibrahim is one and a half dozen or more hammer w fillet hen color had destiny Abby, Allah had destiny Hillel ignore alien on an alternative Nia satin and Avi hooray errata Allah vaynerman Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of image listen bainer

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once.

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By no means once once upon a time while and be useful Allahu alayhi wa sallam while the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the image listen in a gathering. You had the zoo. He was narrating Aloma to the people, meaning he was addressing the people. He was addressing the people. So at that time, Jerry, who he came to Him, who came to him out of Albion, a Bedouin man, a Bedouin man came while the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was talking, and this man for Allah. So he said, matassa I too, was when is the hour? When is the day of judgment going to come? So imagine the Prophet sallallahu was giving a speech and all of a sudden a man comes and asks, When is the hour going to be? Perhaps the

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Prophet sallallahu Sallam was mentioning something about the day of judgment? Or even if he wasn't the man interrupted his speech, and he asked the question, so what happened? femoral da. So he continued, so he continued mobile, only hakuba or I will continue my journey.

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For hakuba for centuries, so flammable so he continued Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, you had this meaning he continued to speak, he did not stop. He did not pause. He continued talking for color. So he said who said Bara will call me some people who were sitting there? They said, semirara he heard my Allah what that man said, For carry her, but he disliked makalah what that man said. So because he disliked his question, this is why he ignored him and he did not answer the question. This is what some people thought. What Carla Boone and other set some other people they said, Ben rather lemmya smart, he did not hear. No, he did not hear the question. So people were confused.

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Some people were thinking or the profits of a lot of sounds like the question this is why he ignored him. Other people said or perhaps he did not hear him. So very normal reactions. I had that until either when Baba had Isa who he completed his speech until when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam completed his speech, Allah He said, Amina were a set elu the person who asked the question in a second. Now between ANSI is the word Allahu

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Allah who, if you look at it, it's between two lines, right? This is mortadella. Okay, this has been inserted over here by who? By the Ravi, by the narrator and the word Aurora who gives a meaning of a zoo, I think. So where are we the narrator? He said, I think this is what the prophet sort of autism said that he said, Where is the setting? Where is the person who asked Arnie sir, about the hour? Allah, the man, he said,

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Here I am Yasuda Allah or messenger of Allah. So that Mandy got up and said, here I am. I'm the one who asked about the hour. Allah the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said fair enough. So when we here at the yard, it is being wasted. What is being wasted Amana to the trust frontally to Sarah, then await the hour when the manna when the trust when the responsibility is being wasted than a wage the hour meaning that is a sign that the Day of Judgment is very close. Allah the man asked okay for how ihlara to her it's wasted meaning how is the amount supposed to be wasted? Allah the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said either when we see that, we see them we see the What does it mean? What does

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it mean? leader right. So when it is interested, what is interested Unruh the responsibility the affair Illa to Lady Lee, those who are not deserving of it lady other than Lee, deserving of it. So, when responsibility is entrusted to who those people who are not deserving of it, this is what the wastage of Amana. So, when this happens from Delhi to Sarah, then await the hour. So, this head is what does it show to us that if a person is asked about some alien, while he is talking, he may ignore the question for that time. And when he is done, then he may answer the question.

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This is the main reason as to why a man Buhari is narrating this Hadees over here, why, because the person is talking in the middle of questions are being asked, then a lot of time will get wasted. And especially it happens that one person asks a question the answer is given. And another he starts thinking about something else. So he asks this question and other asks his question, you know, you were talking about something else, and everybody's attention is gone somewhere else now. So it's best that the q&a session is kept separate from the time that instruction has been given. Why? Because a lot of time gets used up in

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any way we see in this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he did not stop his speech to answer that man's question. And he delayed he deferred the answer. And instead of telling the man about when the day of judgment was going to come to Prophet sallallahu Sallam told him about it sign, because when is the arrow going to be? We know that nobody knows about that except for who? Allah Subhana Allah. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not completely disappoint that man but rather he gave him some information from which he could benefit and that was the sign of the Day of Judgment.

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And what is the sign that when Amana is wasted, in Abuja, Amana? What does the word Amana mean?

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What is it used for a trust? Isn't it something that is given as a trust to another? Why is that he can keep it safe, he can look after it until it is handed over to somebody else or until it is returned.

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It is temporarily with someone to take care

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off, to manage it, to look after it. And then when the time comes to an end, he is supposed to hand it over to somebody else. This is why the word Amana is also used for responsibility, because a responsibility is also given to someone temporarily until it is handed over to somebody else. And while that responsibility has been given to the person, what is he supposed to do just enjoy the benefits? No, he's supposed to look after it. He's supposed to do whatever is required of him. And we learned that responsibility it is to be given to who those people who are deserving of it those people who are worthy of it those people who can actually give it its due. And in this Hadith, Amana

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means responsibility. What does it mean responsibility? Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran that in the La Jolla, Morocco and to Abdul MNF illa leha that Allah orders you to give the mnr to those people who are deserving of it, those people who are deserving of it. So the sign of the Day of Judgment is that when responsibilities are being given to those people who are not deserving of it, and notice the word, either, Waseda, Andrew

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over here is general, it includes every kind of responsibility major and minor. This includes responsibilities which are concerning, for example, to our team, teaching people or for example, without authority, any kind of responsibility, can you give me more examples?

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Okay, so for example, a woman is given the responsibility of looking after her children, her husband, but that woman, she doesn't even know how to cook or how to take care of children or how to you know, please the husband or anything like that, so she's not going to fulfill that responsibility properly. So, for example, some position such as looking after the property of other people or for example, managing the donations managing the affairs of for example, in Institute taking care of a library even right because you're responsible of looking after all of the books.

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If you think about it, any task that is given to a person to perform that is what an Amana on them. Whether it is that they have to stand somewhere and sell some items, or it is that they have to come and deliver something or they have to come and clean up after or prepare from before any kind of task, any kind of task whether it is Selena or Kabira, minor or major it has to do with the dean or the dounia. Any kind of task when it's given to someone to perform it is an Amana on them. As a student also we are responsible for certain things, every person is made responsible for something or the other, like we learned called no camera in Rocco lacamas olan annamaria t, so every single

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person is a shepherd. When this matter is given to those people who are not deserving of it, then that means that the Day of Judgment is near question. Why do you think Amana would be given to those who are not deserving of it? What's the reason behind that?

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It would happen for a reason, obviously. So what's the reason behind that?

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Those people who are deserving are nowhere to be seen.

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Those people who are deserving are nowhere to be seen, who are actually worthy of that position, are nowhere to be seen. What does that show that the standards have become very, very low, they will continue to lower as time goes by, before for any person to be known as a student of knowledge, or a reciter or someone who's transmitting knowledge, it was understood that they have to be a half. That was like a basic requirement. They have to be someone who has memorized the Quran, it was a normal thing. But now the standards have become so low. That memorization of the Quran itself is a big deal today.

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It's considered a big deal today. And before it wasn't a big deal at all, it was something that was normal. It was a prerequisite for anything you wanted to learn in the dean. The first thing is that you memorize upon before you study any classical texts or anything what was the first requirement? you memorize the Quran, but now that's not done. Why? Because the standards have become so low. And those people who do end up memorizing and they're not generally the most brightest students, the most brilliant students, they have been refused from some college or some something or the other. So which is why they say Okay, nevermind, let me just do this lack of resources, lack of resources. So,

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the first reason why why an Amana is given to those who are not deserving of it is due to lack of resources, lack of talent, lack of ability. That ignorance is more widespread ignorance

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is more widespread?

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Another reason is that those people who are worthy,

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who are qualified when they stay away, if they stay away, or someone has to come and fill up that position, and if you are the one who is most qualified for that position, and if you don't step forward, what's going to happen? Someone who was less qualified will come and take that position and as a result,

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believe it.

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So what does it show that if you're qualified for something, if you are able to do something, don't stay back, come forward. Because if you don't, it's as though you're committing a crime. You remember use of Edison, he gave the whole plan to the king, what to do. And then he also offered his services because he knew that he was capable of doing it.

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And if he didn't come forward, it would be given to somebody else who would not be able to manage the whole situation in the way that he did.

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Another reason why responsibility is given to those people who are not deserving of it

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is sometimes out of bias out of favoritism.

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that a person is for example, made a king or made a leader or made someone with positional authority, just because you like them just because they're your relative. And those people who are more deserving of it, they're not given that position, favoritism.

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Another reason is disregard for the commands of Allah subhanaw taala.

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disregard for the commands of Allah subhanaw taala, Allah subhanaw taala says to us, that give the Amana to those people who are deserving of it, but when a person does not care about that, then he will give it to those whom he likes or those who meet prefers, or for whatever reason. So there are many reasons why an Amana would be wasted. So when this starts to happen, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, fun totally to Sir, than a wage the hour, it is going to come very soon.

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That we see over here the patience of that Bedouin man as well, that when his question was ignored, he didn't get upset and he walked away. No, it is that there. It is out there. And perhaps he didn't even think that his question would be answered. But he waited. He remained over there. Because even if your question doesn't get answered at least or other things to learn, you know, sometimes it happens, you go to a class, it's huge. The instructor has many questions to answer. And if your question doesn't get answered, you get upset. But why are they ignoring my question? Don't get upset, benefit from the other questions that are being answered that there are masajid, where they

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don't find a person who has memorized the Quran to lead the people in Tel Aviv, in the month of Ramadan, even they cannot find a single person even. It's a sad state of affairs, but it is a reality.

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You don't find people.

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And so responsibility is given to those who are not deserving of it.

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So the question was irrelevant as well. This is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in a way ignored it or disregarded it or deferred answering it. Now, this lack of resources point, right? That's the reason behind why am I not there interest to do? Those? We're not deserving of it. What does that teach us that What should we do? What should we do?

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That we should fill up the gaps in whatever way that we can? Isn't it? And how will that be done? Just by wishes? No. It will happen when we increase in our knowledge, when we improve in our abilities so that we can serve the deen we can benefit people. Because if we choose to remain ignorant, or we say that, yes, you know, whatever I know is sufficient, denied. I don't think I need to go further in this, then we're causing the problem as well, we are part of the problem as well. We generally tend to just comment, oh, this is happening that is happening. But we don't think about the solutions. Think about the solutions.

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increase your knowledge, increase your talents, you know, get certified, do whatever, but fill up the gaps. Don't just sit there and comment that we should plan from now as well. You know, for example, if our children are young, don't just worry about their ABCs and their One, two threes, but also worry about the recitation of the Quran. And if your child is, you know, mentally very strong, and you see that ability in them, then encourage them to memorize the Quran. Every single one of us comes with different life experiences, different talents that we can benefit other people with. And we should definitely come forward. And wherever the need is, improve our ability so that we can

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excel. This is also one of the reasons why a man has given to those people who are not worthy of it, that we follow the policies or the rules too strictly and we're not open to any change or in some situations, thinking out of the box even right that we're too limited in our thinking. And as a result, we conform a lot but we don't produce quality, right? Like for example, if there is a student, okay, they don't have this particular prerequisite. That's it. Don't even consider them as a student in this just reject their application in the course that we

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I have the condition is that the student must have done grade nine, high grade nine and above. But there have been cases where students have come who have not done grade nine. And believe me, they have done much better than many of the students.

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It doesn't mean that they should not go and complete grade nine and grade and of course they will die that is a condition that we have set for them. However, just because you know, our rule is a great nine and above don't even consider anyone lesser No, consider that whatever responsibility whatever position you have, make sure you have someone to take that from you. When you're gone. If you have to go away suddenly

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I'm thinking that if we all do not take our responsibility seriously of raising our kids who could make a change in the society, then the day is not far away when God forbid we ourselves are going to be suffering because of so much of Allah that is around us. So we need to take it seriously educate them seriously and raise them in a manner that they can replace the people who are child

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Okay, let's continue.

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Bad Man LA Farah Salta who believe in me, man Rafa, the one who raised Soto who his voice biller in me with knowledge, meaning while teaching while imparting knowledge he raised his voice is it permissible or not in mumble hottie says it is and he gives the evidence. How does an abundant Romani adimec not fatherly, Carla had definite abou Araneta abbreviation on use of NEMA hc en Abdullah heavner amarin. Allah He said the Hon lefur and he remained behind from us who an abuse for the la hora de he was selama FISA flooding in a journey. Safar nahor we journeyed it together, meaning the people were all traveling together the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was also with them.

00:31:55--> 00:32:15

However, he was left behind the people kept going, he was on his way. Remember, whenever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would travel with the people, he would either go behind the people to make sure that nobody was left right or everything was being taken care of or he would send somebody else right to remain behind and check.

00:32:16--> 00:32:29

So the profits of autism in this incident he was behind the people so the Hala foreigner he doesn't mean that he stayed in Medina No It means that he was behind them while they were traveling. This is a multiple guards going together some are going to be different Some are going to be at the back

00:32:31--> 00:33:14

for a darkness so we iraq what is iraq me? We perceive meaning we attained or we got what good while in fact, our Hakata Salah to are hotness Allah to Allah. Can you remember this word from circle cough? What does it mean? Where did we learn this? Well a third here Connect meaning do not cause difficult for me, do not cause difficulty for me Do not make it difficult for me. Do not make it burdensome for me. It is when someone makes you tired, exhausted, makes the task very difficult for you. And over here, it gives a meaning of Hakata surrender that we almost caught the prayer meaning it was very difficult for us to catch the prayer

00:33:16--> 00:33:21

or Hakata Salatu meaning we were almost going to lose it almost going to miss it.

00:33:22--> 00:34:05

So in other words, we were late for the Salah. So imagine if a person is late for Salah How is he going to be doing we'll do one afternoon Otto and we were performing will do. So how did we perform we'll do quickly hurriedly in a rush. And in that rush fudger online so we made meaning we began doing numsa who we were wiping Allah or Juliana upon our feet. The feet are they're supposed to be washed or wiped over washed. But in that Hurry, what did they do? They were just wiping their feet with wet hands. Because if you take water and you pour it on your foot, it's gonna take some time but if you take a wet hand and just make sure quickly that your foot is simply wet. That's faster.

00:34:05--> 00:34:36

So they did that for john Lanham. So who Allah or Juliana, Fernanda, so he called out who called out the Prophet sallallahu Sallam b r la Sol de Bie Allah with highest soti his voice meaning in the loudest voice and he could he called out to us Waylon whoa destruction lil Erica for the heels Minh and now from the fire way Lola acaba, Mina now, model attaining twice or thrice meaning you said this two or three times.

00:34:37--> 00:34:59

So we see that the Sahaba they were getting late for their Salah, and in that rush, they wipe their feet, instead of washing them properly, instead of also they did miss. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he called out to them, and he raised his voice to teach all of them at once and also to warn them, why did he raise his voice so that everybody would hear?

00:35:00--> 00:35:29

Secondly, to warn them as well. And he also repeated what he said why loulan are called Women enough? What does this Hadees show to us that it is permissible for a person to raise his voice, if he is teaching, wherever, whenever he finds necessary, it doesn't mean that a person has to yell out the entire lecture or the entire hotel, but it means that it is permissible for him to raise his voice. Now, why is he writing this? What's the point?

00:35:30--> 00:36:10

Because in earlier times, when people would learn, they were learning in majelis, the teacher is talking or for example, the student is reading the book, the Hadees, everybody is listening. Now, there were no microphones at that time. So obviously, a person would have to speak in a very loud voice. But what have we been taught in the Quran? Well, I mean, so thick, isn't it. So, we have been taught to lower our voice do not speak in a very loud manner, but it shows that in a gathering of knowledge, wherever it is necessary, it is permissible for a person to raise his voice. This is not disobeying Allah subhanaw taala This is not being rude, because we consider raising of the voice to

00:36:10--> 00:36:15

be rude, but this is not rude, this is permissible, because there is a reason behind that.

00:36:16--> 00:36:31

Similarly, this also shows that the use of microphones and loudspeakers, it is absolutely permissible, it is not evident, okay. In fact, the sooner proves its permissibility.

00:36:32--> 00:36:38

And this Hadees also shows to us that the crowd repetition is also permissible for the purpose of warning

00:36:39--> 00:37:15

that we see people were traveling, and they were almost going to miss their Salah, everybody was in a rush, but the Prophet said a lot of Salamis responsibility was what to convey the religion completely to people to make sure that every mistake was corrected. So he did not ignore it. It was a situation where everybody was, you know, being impatient was rushing, but still, he warned them, he made it clear that no matter how, you know, little time you have you cannot compromise on performing your will do properly. And just had these shows to us that you cannot replace.

00:37:16--> 00:37:38

Also with must mean parts of the body that have to be washed, you have to wash them, you cannot just wipe them with wet hands. Because sometimes people if they have makeup on and they want to make sure that their mascara doesn't start leaking. What do they do, they just wipe wet hands over their eyes or around their eyes. This is not right. Wiping, cannot replace washing, must cannot replace.

00:37:41--> 00:37:54

And this also shows to us that is well we'll do meaning perfecting ones will do making sure that every part is washed or wiped whatever has to be done properly. This is a means of protecting oneself from the fire.

00:37:55--> 00:38:02

Because if a person does not perfect his will do what are the profits are provided to them. So Waylon are all women enough.

00:38:03--> 00:38:34

So this shows that perfecting the widow is a means of protecting oneself from the fire. It shows us importance of knowledge as well that when a person has knowledge, then he becomes careful about little things as well. Even washing his feet property, even that will bother you. And if a person does not have notice anything Oh, nevermind, it's okay. Then it doesn't make him careful that if we're doing something wrong, and somebody points out our mistake at that time, then don't get offended, because they're telling you for your good.

00:38:35--> 00:38:49

The way the Prophet sallallahu Sallam raised his voice. And he said in the loudest voice possible way to live call women and now twice, thrice. I mean, just imagine if somebody says that to you. We generally feel offended.

00:38:50--> 00:38:56

But this is not right, we should not feel offended because if they're warning us and they're telling us it is for our own good.

00:38:58--> 00:39:03

As long as you're pouring water on the foot, you have to pour you have to wash.

00:39:04--> 00:39:13

So for example, if it's difficult for a person to lift up their foot, okay, then you can go to a place where you can just, you know, pour water on your foot,

00:39:14--> 00:39:17

like the corner or just by the drain or in the shower

00:39:18--> 00:39:30

and plan ahead. And for your convenience wear socks from before. Also because they were leaving out their yields, but mainly what we see in this study says that they weren't numsa who they were wiping

00:39:31--> 00:39:39

the one performing widow doing anything, no matter how much of a rush you're in, do it right. Don't compromise.

00:39:40--> 00:40:00

But Gordon Moore had this he had the Santa Ana what amber Anna Columbo had this was him I had this the one who is narrating a Hades going over your head. This does not mean just any speech but in particular the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So when he says the saying of the mark

00:40:00--> 00:40:48

Had this had the Santa he narrated to us, Marana or he informed us What about Anna? And he informed us of water and burner mean the same thing. So, is it okay or not? Should the people use these terms or not? And is there any difference between these terms had doesn't have water on it and burner. Now, this chapter title Mr. Bahari has given to inform that there is no difference between the terms had definite of Barona amber Anna, and this was the case amongst the earlier muhaddith in the mohabbatein of earlier times, early generations. To them, the word had doesn't have Barona Ember and all of them meant the same thing. And in the Arabic language as well, we see that the word embed the

00:40:48--> 00:41:15

word is well the word these are used, giving the same meaning sometimes, for example, in the quote on the last panel, it says, Well, are you gonna be aka, Miss Lo, Hubby, yo, eating to hide this Oh, both are meant as informing. Now, later on the mohabbatein, they differentiated between these terms among Muslim. Okay, at his time, the people began differentiating between the terms,

00:41:16--> 00:41:19

but on a one on one, and so on and so forth.

00:41:20--> 00:41:39

But remember what he believed that all of these terms mean the same thing. Okay. And this is exactly what he's proving over here. The mohabbatein what occurred in the later ones they differentiated between the terms how they said that had the Hannah had the Santa is used for the one who heard from his teacher, meaning the teacher was narrating and the student was listening.

00:41:40--> 00:42:19

And Barona Amba. Anna, these terms were used for the purpose of ijazah for the one whose share heard him meaning the student was reading, and the teacher was listening. And he affirmed and this was with the purpose of giving each as to the student. So what's the difference between her definition of what Ana had done? The teacher is narrating student is listening, as Marana amber Anna, what are they that the student is reading? And the teacher is correcting, listening, affirming, so on and so forth. Okay, that's the difference, but initially, initially, it was understood as one and same.

00:42:20--> 00:42:26

Now, why is my mahadi mentioning this in particular in because this is the methodology of acquiring in

00:42:27--> 00:42:40

this lab in the next lab, as well remember how he dedicates them to the methodology of acquiring in how Hadees is learned and taught, how it is transmitted? The different ways

00:42:41--> 00:42:51

Have you heard about the hammer Hades, the acquiring of Hades, the eight ways you're not familiar? Okay. So some of them remember Heidi mentioned over here? Okay.

00:42:52--> 00:42:56

We'll call Eleanor who maybe you and her lady said to us,

00:42:57--> 00:43:14

us, human body, and it was home At home, it was Mr. Bahari. sclerotia. Teacher, he was most of the scholars of NACA. So he said, kana are in the new arena. It was near in the arena, who's in arena,

00:43:15--> 00:43:17

who was in arena, what was his first day

00:43:19--> 00:43:28

to PA. So if you open arena, according to him had dessiner about an hour that I know was a mirror to all of these terms are what were hidden. They were the same.

00:43:29--> 00:43:41

According to Marina, all of these terms had definite effect on Amber. And so mirror to all of these were the same meaning According to him, they could be used interchangeably. They meant the same thing.

00:43:42--> 00:43:52

What color and he said who said if no Mr. Rudin, even was rude that of the learn who he said had definite Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, well, who was Sadiq Khan must do?

00:43:54--> 00:44:41

Even was rude, he said, had death and he used the term had definite that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam narrated to us and who is the Messenger of Allah? Well, who Assad if any is the truthful almost look, the one who whose truthfulness is affirmed, okay, so sodic, in what he informed in what he taught in what he said, and must look in what was taken from him, meaning that people also affirm him. So who aside the whole must look? Now, even behind his mentioning, just the statements of the Sahaba or the seller for the web, just to show that they use these terms, this is not an innovation, they use these terms. This has been the traditional way this has been the

00:44:41--> 00:44:58

original way of transmitting knowledge by saying so and so narrated from us, because generally what do we say? If so, and so said this to you, this is hearsay. This is how people say, but in our Deen This is not hearsay because when you say had the Santa Ana Barona

00:45:00--> 00:45:42

Then you have learned you have received that knowledge and you're passing it on with responsibility. Well, Carla shaliach on Abdullah and she said on Abdullah Abdullah, meaning our beloved Miss Ruth, that's America nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Kalamata and Samira to he said the word Samaritan I heard the Prophet sallallahu Sallam saying, Can you imagine meaning? A word meaning he said something. So so far behind he has proven the terms had done and also similar to what color who they refer to and who they know the law or knew, he said, had death and Allah Sula, his lover and he was a llama, howdy, Zane detain several companions at this, even though it's rude. Are they fair? He

00:45:42--> 00:45:45

said, The Messenger of Allah sort of sort of narrative to us. How do you say to a hadith?

00:45:47--> 00:46:12

We'll call it a Bula. Aleta and a will earlier. He said I live near Avastin from even our verse on in Vegas Allahu alayhi wa sallam from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam FEMA in what Yahweh he narrates an OBE from his Lord, what do we see here? And I'm not gonna remember the term I'm gonna say even this is an original practice.

00:46:14--> 00:46:22

What color ns n anisette RNN Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a year we hear an OBE here

00:46:23--> 00:46:40

from the Messenger of Allah. He was narrating it from his Lord exalted The Mighty wirkkala, Abu huraira and Abu huraira said, an individual sort Allahu Allahu Salama from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam earwy he narrates it or not become as the Witcher

00:46:41--> 00:46:48

so all these terms had done a forerunner Sameer to as well as anona these are what

00:46:49--> 00:47:14

a part of our religion This is how knowledge was learned and this is how it was transmitted. This has been the authentic way of transmission of knowledge. And we see that this was the way of the self this was the way that every and this was the way of the Sahaba and this was even the way of who the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. He also narrated in the same way from who from Allah subhanaw taala and now I'm Buhari narrating a hadith which prove it even more clearly.

00:47:15--> 00:47:41

Have this an appetite to have dinner is Marylou Jefferson and Abdullah him Medina and I live near O'Meara, Allah, he said, Allah sallallahu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said in indeed, mina szegedi among the trees sheduled 10 is a tree layer scuttle. It does not fall, what does not fall What are

00:47:42--> 00:47:43

its leaves?

00:47:44--> 00:47:55

There is a tree whose leaves do not fall well in the hair, and indeed it mirtha lu is like an Muslim he like the Muslim

00:47:57--> 00:48:03

a tree whose leaves do not fall. And that tree is like a Muslim a believer.

00:48:04--> 00:48:12

Forehead de Sunni. So all of you tell me my here. What is it? Which tree is it?

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

for work on so the people fell meaning that people began thinking

00:48:19--> 00:49:05

fee szegedi about the trees which trees elbow Addy of the desert? mean the people started naming different trees which grow in the desert. Okay, trying to answer that question. Maybe it's the stream maybe it's that tree, color of the law, or the law said meaning of the life in the room what he said, Well, what car and it fell fie nuptse in my heart, meaning I thought in my heart, that under the hood, indeed that tree, it is enough for the day. However, faster he ate too, but I felt shy. So I did not answer all the people that started naming the different trees of the desert. I was shy, I did not say it was the data Scimitar Lu, then they said mean the Sahaba they said had this.

00:49:05--> 00:49:36

You tell us ma here what it is your rasulillah or messenger of Allah. Allah the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, here it is enough Allah the data. What do we see over here, that both the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as well as the companions, use the term had that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said had the Sunni, the Sahaba said had this now, both of them used the term had data.

00:49:37--> 00:49:43

And we see that in both instances the word had data what meaning does it give of a bar.

00:49:44--> 00:49:48

So two things are being proven over here. First of all, that the usage of these words is perfectly normal.

00:49:50--> 00:49:54

And secondly, that there is no difference between the words had definitely been on a burner

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

and this was when at the time of non Buhari before him after

00:50:00--> 00:50:20

For him, it changed. The people did started differ between these terms. But we see over here that had the Sunni or had this now it is being used in the meaning of Isabel. They didn't mean that oh prophets are lawless and you start narrating to us, what did they mean that you inform us? Right you tell us

00:50:21--> 00:50:34

but chapter 13, email me for what does not mean to throw to toss or withdraw who are throw him in the well feel everything to be remember

00:50:35--> 00:50:43

so bad for me the throwing by the Imam of what Allah Allah of a masala what is a masala

00:50:44--> 00:50:45

an issue

00:50:46--> 00:50:50

a question that needs an answer a problem that has to be solved.

00:50:51--> 00:51:14

So perhaps Eman will miss elata. Allah is heavy upon his companions, meaning the Imam, he does his or her altar question before Who? His companions? Why so that they can answer that? And why does he ask them Leah? Who so that he may test more in the home? What is with the Ministry of knowledge?

00:51:15--> 00:51:24

So the Imam asks a question from the people who are around him. Why? To know to find out how much they know.

00:51:25--> 00:51:30

So in other words, it is permissible for a teacher to ask questions from students.

00:51:31--> 00:51:32

What kind of questions

00:51:34--> 00:51:37

about even those matters that have not been explicitly taught?

00:51:39--> 00:52:03

Because the teacher is trying to judge over here that the man is trying to get over here? How much do these people know? How much do they know? Do they know about this? Are they familiar with this concept? Can you think about the answer to this? So why would anyone do that to check how much they know how much they understand? What's their background? And in general, also, we learn from this that it is beneficial to test students.

00:52:04--> 00:52:42

It is beneficial. Why? Because when students are questioned, they stay alert, right? When they're tested, they become more serious. They remain serious. They don't get bored and eventually give up. No, they remain serious. Even if they're tired, they keep writing, right? It forces them to study seriously. They remain as alert learners, isn't it? And if in a gathering, people are asked a question that is beneficial. A person might say I did not come here to answer questions I came here to learn. So why am I being asked you're being asked Why? To keep you interested to keep you curious?

00:52:44--> 00:53:24

So johari he proves this as well. Why Hades had done a Hollywood boom of London had this nestled a man had the center of the LA hypno dinner in neuro model and innovia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah, he said, in nomina szegedi shadow Ratan layers. Koto Baraka, we're in the hair, methanol, muslimeen. We just read this Hadith, I'm just going to say the Arabic had this onyeama here, Allah for worker anassa fish edited by the color of the LA folk arfi NFC and Nana Hola, semakau, Hadith Namah Hiya, rasulillah. Allah, he and Allah.

00:53:25--> 00:53:37

So this hadith shows to us that there is no harm if the email asks questions from the people who are around him. And we also learned that if you know the answer, then there's no harm in being happy about it.

00:53:38--> 00:54:14

Because we think that if you know the answer, then you should stay humble. And you should not say anything. And you should remain quiet. And if you get the right answer, then just, you know, be serious and just pretend that you're very, you're not affected by the praise or anything like that. No, there's no harm. If you know the answer. You can be excited about it. Okay, you can raise your hand, you can answer the question because the prophet SAW a lot of sun when he asked the Sahaba. Everybody started answering. But even our model did on him because he was very young, he felt shy. And because there were so many other people around him. That's why he was reluctant to give the

00:54:14--> 00:54:19

answer. But if you know the answer, there's no harm in giving the answer. There's no pride in that.

00:54:20--> 00:54:50

Because sometimes we think that, you know, if you're knowledgeable, you should become humble. And if you're humble, then you should not speak up ever. No, there's no harm in doing that. And besides knowing the answer to a question, okay, something that other people cannot figure out what you have figured out. This is a special gift of a loss of hangleton for which you should be grateful don't just say afterwards you know that question that was asked I knew exactly the answer. However, I didn't say don't just feel proud about it, but be grateful for the Allah you made me understand.

00:54:51--> 00:54:57

And we also see that in this hadith the Prophet sallallahu Sallam compared the believer to what I did palm tree

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

and the feature that is mentioned the day

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

Countries that its leaves do not fall. There are many other similarities. However, the one that is mentioned over here is that the tree, its leaves do not fall. What do the leaves represent?

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

will follow through have some

00:55:14--> 00:55:23

human actions, right? Do color hair color Hanan that the leaves do not fall, and they're on the tree throughout the year

00:55:24--> 00:55:38

that no matter what season, the tree is going through, the leaves are there. The cemetery no matter what season we're going through in our lives, certain actions should be a part of our diet consistent.

00:55:40--> 00:55:53

We give ourselves many excuses. I'm not doing this. Because of such and such reason. I'm not doing that because of that. And that reason, when this thing changes, when this thing goes away, when so until it leaves When this happens, when that happens, then I will do no,

00:55:54--> 00:55:56

you have to do it. Regardless.

00:55:57--> 00:56:30

The seeking of knowledge this should be continued throughout one's life, probably Sydney or ilma. Right no matter what the season is, that if there is a reason as to why you're not giving the answer, that's okay. But generally, if you are being asked and you are being asked, you should also come forward. Remember, we learned about Isa referring other people over yourself? If something is Mr. hub, then you go for it. You know the answer? It is Mr. hub to answer right. So raise your hand don't say Oh, other people will answer. No, raise your hand. Because when you will answer other people, they might get encouraged and motivated as well.

00:56:31--> 00:57:17

That this tree, it grows in the desert, right. And we know about the desert, extremely hot climate, harsh weather. But still, this tree grows over there. And the average lifespan of a dead farm is somewhere between 80 to 150 years, and sometimes even up to 300 years. So just imagine, for so long, until it's alive. It's giving, it's benefiting and it's giving. So similarly, visit near Alma until we're alive and whatever we learn, we responsible, come forward and do whatever you can with that knowledge. He was sure about the answer. But remember that he was younger. He was very young at that time, okay, and the rest of the companions were much, you know, older than him better than men in

00:57:17--> 00:57:38

knowledge. So this is why he felt shy. Just imagine you're a child and everybody's sitting and you would feel very strange speaking up in that much less but he learned his lesson, right? Just imagine great to have our there. He did not have the confidence to speak in that much less than someone who's younger than you can also know what you do not know. That's why I never ever be proud of the knowledge that you have.

00:57:39--> 00:58:02

Very true that asking questions from the students is a very effective way of teaching of making the students receptive of whatever is being taught because it makes them curious, it makes them more alert. And it makes them remember in the Quran also, so many times the last panel dialysis lm Tara, lm Tara, it's clear. However Allah says Alam Tara why because we become more interested.

00:58:03--> 00:58:34

But if you are being questioned you should answer because if you don't answer then the person who's teaching they gets worried it develops a healthy relationship between the student and the students and the teacher. Anyway, let's continue. by magic a filler enemy will call Li tala will Cora visit near Elmo, what has come concerning knowledge and the statement of velocity data will come up visit near ilma This has already been explained before in the Bab or follow while karatu will do our Ll mohltc. Meaning and what has come concerning era and

00:58:35--> 00:58:40

upon who had this, who is the one who was narrating the Hadees.

00:58:41--> 00:58:59

What I knew was sorry, you were Malecon and kurata isn't and hasn't adversely was Saudi so Fianna 31 Malik, Mr. Malik, all of them considered al Qaeda to be jazza to be valid meaning a valid way of transmitting knowledge.

00:59:00--> 00:59:03

What does it mean by this para? And what does it mean by alt?

00:59:04--> 00:59:09

Para recite ation. And alt presentation

00:59:11--> 00:59:20

and alt. They are when a student would read or present his knowledge wherever he has before his teacher.

00:59:21--> 00:59:37

The student reads the Hadees that he has the knowledge that he has the item that he has he recited or he presents it before the teacher. I don't know how easy and the teacher approves of it. If there's a correction that has to be made, he corrects it.

00:59:38--> 00:59:43

But in this way, the knowledge has been transmitted from the teacher to the student

00:59:44--> 00:59:59

because the student is getting whatever he has learned corrected by the teacher. So Kira and then we're had this has an adversity so piano soda and romantic all of them considered to be valid ways of, of transmitting knowledge.

01:00:00--> 01:00:03

Hamilton, Hades to Hamilton, Hades acquiring Hades.

01:00:04--> 01:00:18

There are many ways in which the Hadees were transmitted from the teachers to their students. There are many ways in which a student could go and acquire the knowledge of the Hadees. One way is off camera or the shapes

01:00:20--> 01:00:24

on the shape, which is when the student reads and the teacher listens to him.

01:00:25--> 01:00:27

And both Kara and they are the same.

01:00:29--> 01:00:36

Both Kara and Earl, which are mentioned over here, they're the same, it's the same thing out of this presentation, how do you present by reading by citation So, Kara

01:00:37--> 01:00:50

and when a student would gain like a certificate you can say or an approval or into jazza from his teacher in this way, then when he would narrate the Hadees he would use the words had done or had destiny

01:00:51--> 01:00:54

Okay, what words would he use his or her destiny?

01:00:56--> 01:00:59

Another way of transmitting the knowledge of Hades is of some are

01:01:00--> 01:01:10

some are, it's a proper term one is good Ah, another is some art what is smart listening, and this is listening to the shape to the shape is reading.

01:01:11--> 01:01:17

And the students are listening. And for that the term of botany of botany is used.

01:01:18--> 01:01:20

Another way is when Allah

01:01:22--> 01:01:27

Another way is when Allah which inshallah We will also learn about so I'm just making you familiar with these terms.

01:01:28--> 01:01:32

So Rama Hari, in this chapter in this Bab, what is he explaining?

01:01:33--> 01:01:36

The first one that I mentioned to you, which is an era

01:01:37--> 01:01:40

which is also known as out

01:01:41--> 01:01:45

it is also known as up. So this way,

01:01:47--> 01:01:51

was considered a valid way of transmitting knowledge of the Hadees. By who,

01:01:52--> 01:01:56

by who, these three scholars that remember how he has mentioned over here.

01:01:57--> 01:02:07

And now he mentioned their proofs that On what basis Did they say it was okay for the student to read, and the teacher to approve, and the student has the jaza?

01:02:08--> 01:02:39

You understand, because generally, we think that the teacher has to be teaching, instructing, reading, and the student is listening. But that's not the only way. And other ways that the student is reading whatever he knows, and the teacher is listening. And then he says, yes, you have read correctly, just like the Koran, when you are taking a jaza in the Quran, in no particular color, then how is it given that the student recites, isn't it? And if he has read correctly, up to the standards, then the teacher will say, Yes, I give you my data. However, the teacher did not recite who recited the student recite

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what algebra to whom fill karate, early me, what's that?

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What's the route had Jean Jean any other way from the same route? Her? What is her evidence argument proof? So why? And he took his evidence, meaning he proved it. borrow the home, some of them some of who the scholars that are mentioned above. They did their evidence for what Filppula itll alamy, for reading before the teacher gras on an island that the student is reading to the teacher. So what's the evidence of that? The evidence that they have taken is off behalf DC of the Hadees of women with Nisa, Nevada, who honor the Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Allah who Mr. AKA Allah, who this is a and Alo has Allah commanded you and know suddenly

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that we pray a Salah where the five prayers has Allah commanded you that we perform the prayers. Part of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said no. He said yes. You see over here, the prophets of Allah. Allah has commanded me that all of you should pray five times a day. He did not say this. The man asked has Allah commanded you that we should pray five times a day, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam only said, Yes, but he said yes, only two whatsoever said and as a result what happened? It was narrated as a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as if the prophets of Allah saddam had said it,

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isn't it but we know that he didn't actually say those words. But it was narrated as though he had said it.

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Allah He said for her to atone. So this para Island Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the prophets on the line of Santa Barbara Lima. Lima informed omo his people be delicate of that for adresu. So this is why they allowed it.

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So the ram when you heard when the profit sort of audits Elon responded to him by saying yes, Leon went back to his people. And he said, This is what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said

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Just imagine it.

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Whether he said I asked this question and he said, or he just simply said, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said such and such, in either case, he narrated it from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, because the prophets have approved it. So because of this narration, the scholars they have allowed it, meaning they have allowed this process of transmitting knowledge. In a gathering, the student is reading, and the teacher is listening to him, and he's correcting him. And at the end, the teacher says, yes, you have read fine, you have the right knowledge. This is correct. And the student says, So, and so teacher said this to me, so and so teacher taught us this, it is okay.

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You understand why? Because the teacher corrected it, he affirmed it. Let's continue. Why, American, and Mr. Malik, he took the evidence of what,

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of Kira to the teacher, from what Misaki by a sock, what is a sock, a sock is a Persian word that has been modified, meaning it has been made Arabic. And it means keytab, writing a document. And basically, it's used for a legal document that has a contract recorded in it,

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that has a contract that is recorded in it, such as, for example, a check, check that is made payable to someone, it has the person's name, their address, the money that has been given to who so on and so forth, everything is recorded, the date, the amount, the recipe and everything is recorded.

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So a sock is what such a legal document. Now imagine if such a legal document is written, and eventually there is some problem. So you take that legal document to the court. And that document is read. So for example, the person who made the payment he's asked, Did you pay such and such amount Did you write such as or did you sign on this? Do you agree to this? And he says, Yes. He doesn't say I wrote such and such I made a payment of such and such amount. No, he's asked, and he says, Yes,

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I can a court the witnesses are brought, they're asked, Did you see this happen? Did you do this? And they say, yes. So there Yes, is taken as a testimony. It is taken as a Shahada isn't it? So whereas they did not actually say the entire statement themselves, so Mr. Malik took the evidence of Corolla shave from what a suck, that you could call me it is read before people honor people for your balloon, so they say I had an apple on so and so testified before us. Okay, so and so testified.

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So, they are not saying, okay, they're not saying they just said yes. But on the basis of that, it's all considered a testimony. Well, Yoko Delica Curatola him and it is read that is read crottin as a recitation or lay him upon them while you grow and it is read Alan MacRae upon the one who is making to read for your cooler. So he says, Who are you the reader? ochrony folarin. So until made me read, so basically, this process is mentioned over here. What happens is that the person in the court he says, you know, he's asked, or that document is read, and he affirms it, he just says yes. So his affirmation is taken as a testimony, it's taken as an evidence, it's taken as a Shahada. So this is

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why it is permissible that the student reads before the teacher the teacher simply says Yes, okay. And it says the teacher said it. It says the teacher got that knowledge.

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Had the name Mohammed Abu Suleiman had done Mohammed Abu Hassan It was really you are open and it has any Allah He said meaning and hustle and bustle. He said, lab, sir, there is no harm bill karate, with recitation on an island upon Allah mean there is no harm if a student reads to the teacher.

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So we see over here that Mr. Mahoney has mentioned the evidences of these scholars as well. Who said that it is permissible if the student takes the knowledge in this way.

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Now Mohammed Abu Yusuf Al ferrybridge, you heard this No, Mohammed no is Mary.

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Mohammed no is Mary l Buhari. You Who is that?

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Mr. Bahari?

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Who is that? Muhammad even is married Buhari. Remember honey?

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That is himself? Are you sure? Okay. So his student is writing this.

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I had this narrow by the law hip nimasa and Sophia, Sophia Ernesto de Paula, he said either Korea when it is read or Ll mahad. dizzy upon them. I had this fella, sir. So there is no harm and Nicola that he says had death honey, he narrated to me.

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So Sophie and authority also had the same opinion

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Allah, he said was a mere two. And I heard about him and I will ask him Yoku, he said, I'm Malik from Malik was Sophia. And Sophia an okra to Allah, Allah me that reading to the teacher will karate who and his reading me the reading of the teacher. So I own they're the same.

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So what did Emma Malik and Sophia Saudi say? That if the student reads to the teacher, or the teacher reads to the student, both of them are so both of them are the same? What does it mean by this that both of them are the same meaning both of them are permitted, there are valid ways of the hammermill Hadees.

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It doesn't mean that both of them are the same level,

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it doesn't mean that both of them are the same level. Both of them are same in the sense that both are valid, both are acceptable.

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But one is definitely more superior to the other, what is more superior, that the teacher is reading? And the student is listening, that is more superior. That is much better.

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However, both are of equal value.

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And what's the evidence for that? The Hadith of the man, even Sal ANOVA, which is mentioned,

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why do you think it's being made such a big deal off, I mean, this is a tabular element, you would think the virtual knowledge, a dimension over here and here, all these technical issues are being mentioned.

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This is a way this is a methodology, right of transmitting knowledge of learning knowledge of acquiring knowledge. And both of them are completely valid. This is just like, you know, sometimes the students go and attend a lecture. And sometimes they're asked to go and write a paper or write an assignment. And the assignment who checks it, the teacher checks at the professor Jackson. So both ways are methods of learning. And this is why it's mentioned kuttabul in I think it is mentioned the story of sister who got adjusted from Russia in a particular recitation of the Quran. And she would read a portion of the Quran and he would read a portion of the Quran she would read

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and then he would read. So it was the teacher reading to the student in the student reading to the teacher. Both ways were adopted.

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cello will conclude over here this panicle long will be handicapped. They're sure they were led into the stuff on

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the library.