Book of Fasting – Episode 01

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hamdulillah galantamine was Sharona and along with you sada hain shawano Mohammed Abdul hora sudo bajo la la la la alameen wa sallahu wa salam wa barik ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germaine, I'm about cinematic celebrity casual.

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As you know, last week, we began with the book of fasting from salable hearty, for those of you who do not have the book in front of you, I'd like you to use your phones. Right now go to sedona.com

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I don't know the Wi Fi for the message, you're gonna have to use your data and it's it's a small amount of data by the way.

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center.com

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Oh, sooner, Su and N h.com.

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Or see noon tomorrow. bootha.com, which you won't get there. Su mah.com. Okay, when you go to the front page of cigna.com, you'll see several books of Hadith that you can choose from. Correct. Who's there?

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Okay, choose I have ohare.

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Choose, I have McCarty.

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Siri doesn't know about some of that calm. So you don't say Siri please open from the.com just you have to actually manually punch in a few letters by

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Mashie your air.

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Okay, so then you'll go down to the 30th. Bab.

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She just will keep tabs excuse me, the 30th book down. And as you should see keytab a soul the book of fasting.

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So you don't know.

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My soul? You got it? Okay.

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The reason why is because I want you to be able to follow along, not just here. But to have something that you take with you. I mean, really, this is a real study, and you need to,

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you know, Subhanallah I mean, it was a time when it was very normal for Muslims to read the books of Hadith.

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And it seems like we've gotten away from that.

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I mean, not to mention the fact that many Muslims aren't even reading the Koran.

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A lot of what we're reading, but it seems like social media has totally, you know,

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made us shift the way that we view knowledge and so forth. So this is the whole point, as we discussed last week is to go back to the sources of Islam. Islam is built on the Quran. And the Sunnah of the Prophet it is Salatu was Salam in terms of sources, and its map in terms of interpretation. Because as you may know, it's all about consensus. consensus is how the consensus of the scholars

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about the meaning of a particular text or several texts, okay. And so this constitutes the soul, if you will, or the the, the main evidences of our religion, the Quran and Sunnah. And it's Matt. And that is why we wanted to take the time to go through keytab, a song from sailable heart, as we talked about it, there's many, many other benefits of going through the book of fasting from science to heart, right, so everybody has the book in front of them shala. Okay, now, what you'll see today is the same thing that you have in front of you is going to be on the screen, inshallah. I left the translation as it was, because there are many things that need to change, as you'll see that when we

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go along, but that's intentional, because this is what's available. And so we need to talk about as we go through these books, we need to talk about no that that's not translated correctly. Because that that's your source. After you leave this class, you're gonna go back and you're gonna look and say, oh, Bacardi, and you may forget. So the fact that we actually go through it, and we say, No, no, no, that's not the proper way to translate that. And in fact, there was an effort. I'm not sure how far they've gotten. But it was an effort to retranslate all of the books of the Sunnah, and go through a very academic rigorous academic process, because many of you may not know but the way that

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they were currently translated, there was a translator for the most part, there was one translator, and there was an editor and then it was going out for sale.

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It's a profitable industry.

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And because of that, and it's not to say people were they had bad intentions, but the reality is is Hey, you got to get this done at this particular time and was there actually multiple filters? Right? Because to actually translate a book of Hadith, you you have to be encyclopedic and knowledge. Because the prophesy centum came in he talked about everything.

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If you go back and you look at the books, the books that are under sale, Buhari, I mean, it's covering everything so you have to almost be a scholar of everything to be able to translate it because when you're translating what are you doing,

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what are you doing when you translate?

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You are actually interpreting Exactly. And you can only interpret if you have the tools to interpret Okay, just translating a word for word or something like that. You know, it reminds me and I think I told you all this before

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one time

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I was I was teaching a class on do I that shake Minh basil himolla Jada mentioned a good to make when you're modified. And from there was the drive there was a son of Alemany

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mineral Harlem he was driven, right, which is I seek refuge in You from that decrepit old age and from cowardice. But Harlem also in the Arabic language means pyramid, like the Iran in Egypt, the Egyptian pyramids, and jubelin is what?

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It's also cheese. So So I found seven websites that sell I seek refuge in You from pyramids and cheese.

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If you want to go for word for word translation that you have. So the idea of actually, you know, being able to go back to the explanation sample party has several explanations. And are you going to use the wording that allows for several interpretations, the way that it does in Arabic Are you want to choose a meaning that you want the English reader to understand? And now you perhaps chose a meaning that the prophecy sound did not intend

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and so forth. I mean, we talk a lot about that. So the point is that we want to go through this so that we can get a proper understanding of these Hadith. And on another note, these, these sittings, these gatherings in the house of Allah subhanaw taala are from the great blessings of lost parents out there because there's a las pantallas sent His Prophet Isaiah selected with Sudan

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with beneficial knowledge that leads to righteous actions. That's the deen of Islam. And as long as you are working towards that, getting that beneficial knowledge so that you can implement it in your life that you're doing the best thing that you could possibly do, who are the other Salah Sula, who be who there were Daniel hack, Leo, the hero who Allah de coeur de Vaca fibulae shahida, he is the one who sent His messenger with houda who that meaning element method, beneficial knowledge with Dino hack, and he which you could translate as the religion of truth here means righteous actions. He's the one that sent the profit with beneficial knowledge and righteous actions to make it supreme

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over all other ways of life. And Allah subhanaw taala is sufficient as a witness by

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photoshoot.

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Obviously, that was first thing an obligation before the second year he explained your answer.

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The question is understood

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was fasting an obligation before the second year?

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was fasting and obligation before the second half of the year explaining it as I'm not I don't want you to answer right now I just want you to understand the question, fellowship.

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At least three virtues of fasting as described in the ahaadeeth collected by

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one what is meant by the fitna that one encounters with his spouse will enable as we'll see the property salatu salam mentioned that fasting expatiates for this fitness so what is what is this fitness now? Explain the statement Allah has no need for him leaving off his food and drink.

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What does that mean?

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What does that mean?

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Getting the

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the essence of the first

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so if you are getting that so fast and the Lord does have any

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right

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I will get the inshallah faba

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A lot of the smell that emanates from the mouth of a fasting person comes out from the mouth of a fancy person, it is best not to clean your teeth. Is it? Is it? Is it best not to clean your teeth during the days of Ramadan? Right?

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Right. Go ahead and just keep your morning breath all day.

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By

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shower. All right, so we're gonna start with the again.

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Well, yeah, this is not so clear. So I'll have the law you have it in front of you.

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And I need to see

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it is is this is this the same translation that's in that's there.

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If you have a older translation, right?

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let another one that you have from this. This is from sony.com. I'm trying to match it up with various other translations of Bacardi

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along with numbers that are

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at 91. Okay, now at 91.

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So we're actually at the beginning of keytab. A song, we're at the very beginning of keytab a song and last week when we started, we didn't start at the beginning for a reason which we explained that All right, so now we're going to talk about keytab a song What a song by the way. What is a song fasting? What does that mean?

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to withhold Yes. to abstain, okay. pious fasting in Islam is what we talk about a song in Islam. Now from a linguistic perspective, what is a soul?

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Okay, refraining from food. Drink sexual intercourse.

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From fudger right from the from dawn until sunset.

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Just add one more thing and you'll be on point Chela.

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Okay, so, so let me just, I'll give you an example, if somebody wanted to eat, but just didn't have any food.

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And so the, the intention, very important part of fasting is very important part of fasting because in fact, when you're fasting, you're not actually doing anything, right. You're not there's no movements to fasting, there's no money that you have to spend, there's no you're not actually doing anything. And so that abstention has to be done with intention. Otherwise, it doesn't count as soul. All right, so this chapter or this book that we're dealing with decidable hardy is actually some handler if you if you go over you'll see how

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how hardy puts the the the the chapter in a very beautiful order because he starts out with the obligation and then he goes into the excellence in the virtue of fasting

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after that, he's going to deal with actually the rulings related to fasting itself

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he'll then go into things that deal with this so for

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then he's going to talk about things that break the fast and then he's going to talk about if Tom because it goes in that order, you there's support. So you start fasting and then there's move see that to CME are those things which break the fast and then there's if taught which is you actually intentionally breaking your fast and so on and so forth to the end and so he covers almost everything that is necessary, you know, for you to know as you prepare for Ramadan. So let's start with the first

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chapter.

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Right so this is actually part of the chapter heading even though it's not translated here and that is the

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this chapter deals with the obligation of fasting the month of Ramadan and the statement of Allah subhanho wa tada Oh, you believe fasting has been katiba cootie but identical, and so the that verb is similar and meaning to 40 bucks on a comb. So it means meaning what when you you know the word fun, right? What is a fun

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something that that you

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Must do that or last minute data has required you to do strictly. In other words, you don't have any wiggle room, you know with that. There are other things that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam may have commanded us to do, or loss fans out of may have commanded us to do. But not there's not a strict command. Okay, so he's telling you to do something. But you have the option not to do it's better for you to do it. And we call that what we don't call it magic. That's called what Mr. Hebb muster had. Okay, so here

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a lot. fantana says, Oh, you believe Oh, you who believe fasting has been prescribed for you, just as it has been prescribed for those who came before you? Who are those who came before you?

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Right, so most of the scholars of Tafseer say that this is either referring to the Jews, or the Christians or both of them together. And both the Jews and the Christians still fast until today.

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Yeah, and the practice fasting, I mean, throughout the Quran, you can see,

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you know, a shout out to a caller. And pointing their eye at the point to the fact that the prophets that came before the Prophet Muhammad, it is Salatu was Salam used to fast and used to give the cat. Now the difference is, and they would make heights, and Brian was the first one to, you know, bring bring the Hajj into the, you know, chain of the profits, or the lines of the profits. Now, the issue here, however, is that their fast was not the same as our fast. So our fast is a month, and a lot knows best how long they fast was, there's a lot of conjecture about that. But you know, today they're not fasting for a month

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are fastest from dawn until Margaret, sometimes they may fast like the Jews, for example, fast 24 hours, and it's from food, but they can drink water, for example.

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So there's different types of things. The Christians who observe a type of fasting for length, for example, will stay away, like they'll stay away from certain meat, but they can still eat fish, for example. And so people fast or their fastest of different ways are fast as Muslims is a bit different. But Allah subhanaw taala here is telling us that he has prescribed fasting for us, just as it was prescribed for the nations who came before us. And that's for a reason. What do you what do you think is are one of the benefits that we get from the fact that last minute data is telling us that it also has been prescribed for those before? It's not?

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If they did it, we can do it? Okay. Yes, I mean, it's along those lines, it's that

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it eases the burden, when you know that other people also have to do it or had to do it, which is why which is why when you fast the month of Ramadan, and all of the other Muslims around you are fasting in general you find it to be a lot easier than say fasting a random Monday

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out of the month and the rest of the Muslims may not be fasting with you. Right. So just the fact that it is done communally. It helps and so knowing that this was also prescribed for those who came before us and they they made it through that is also an indication that that it is not something that is difficult. And that Allah Subhana Allah says I don't Edina Macavity comme la la come tentacle that you will achieve or that you may achieve a tough one. So Allah subhanaw taala is clarify for us the obligation, I mean, excuse me, the objective of the fast which is to attain tough one. This is going to be a theme that you will see throughout the Hadith of the Prophet alayhi

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salaatu wa Salaam,

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Nancy.

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So what is this chapter dealing with?

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That the obligation of fasting that's important because when you read the Hadith, the Hadith might be very long, it might have a whole lot of things that are under the Hadith, but Buhari is mentioning this Hadith, specifically to prove what he gave us a chapter heading, which is the obligation of fasting. So we want to be able to find that in the Hadith. We want to be able to find that part that indicates that fasting is an obligation. Now, I

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really like

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that your book on the auto layout

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because I sort of lateral comes in, enter the power and the power into the tower actually, for the mother

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in law and she and her father, mother, father

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A car partner

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or supervisor was shot he and his son

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collar one lady across America lotto lotto

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lotto O'Shea and well I mean my former lover and a father of civil rights

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or definite agenda in sort of an innovative library you know he said a better way with unkempt hair came to a loss messengers

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false messengers so along with a sort of inform me What a lie is made compulsory for me as regards to the prayers you replied you have to offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a day and night unless you want to print them off in any extra bedroom further so so again if you look at the if you look at the Arabic here it says a salewa total humps in total as a

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result read what it says in English.

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In English, what do you say

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you have to offer perfectly the offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers uh huh

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unless you want to pray Okay, unless you want to pray the waffle

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in a day and night so I mean again there's there's a lot of addition there it's not necessarily wrong but but by him saying he offered them perfectly.

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Again, that's just not what it says in Arabic.

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Let's just say

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that's what you have right nice, man. Yeah, this one says you have to perform the five

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Yeah, okay.

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Okay, okay. That's where I was I was actually wondering where this translation is that what you're setting

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this is the old version here. Uh huh. Okay, perfect. All right, that's good to know.

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No.

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Further

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ask informing will allies make compulsory for me as regard fasting He replied, You have to pass during the whole month of Ramadan unless you want to pass in order to watch the veteran further ask Kelly how much is a cop allies enjoined on me? Thus, the last messenger informed him about all the rules of this not the veteran that being said

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one second, what did Martin Heinz say there?

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After the cat, he says

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you may follow the law even as a cat.

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Okay, tight mesh mesh fellowship sent by him was honored you I will neither perform any

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increase with allies and join me. Alas, messenger, said if he assumed the truth, he will succeed or he will be granted paradise. Okay, so we're gonna get back to that last line. Because it's an important

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it is important for us to understand that point, though it is not directly related to the chapter heading. The part that is related to the chapter heading is when the veteran comes to the Prophet is allowed to sit down and by the way,

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the campaign's used to love when the better ones would come to the Prophet satellite. It was summer, because the better one by nature is bold.

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And you expect from him to just kind of be course. Right? Where's the opposite of privacy? Somebody they had to have more

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decorum? You know, in dealing with the Prophet satellite, it was something they just couldn't overstep. So this man is coming to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he's telling Tell me what allow me wax if I don't want to know all this other, you know, all the other things that are going on, just tell me what I have to do. I don't want to know anything extra. Now, a companion guide the close companions of the Prophet Isaiah select with Sudan. They can't say that to the Prophet solo solo, right. It's just it just wouldn't, it wouldn't come off right. But when the better one does it is okay. So they actually Ennis about the Allahu Tana. And you know, he mentioned another Heidi we

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used to love when the better ones would come to the privacy center. Because then they they get to ask things that we don't get to, you know, that we don't get to ask. And it helps to clarify certain things. Right. So here

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he's asking about salon widow, what do I have to do? And approximately Sam said the five, axolotl humps the five daily prayers that's that's what's compulsory, unless you want to unless you want to add something.

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And so then he said, Well tell me what Allah subhana wa tada has made obligatory upon me as it relates to fasting. Notice again, though, that his relationship is directly to a loss of health.

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With a law obligated primary, I know that it's coming from your tongue. But I also recognize you as being the Messenger of Allah. And this is very important for us to recognize we think about this sooner as a whole, and we should never look at it sooner as being something that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam just wanted to shove down people's throats or some patriarchal type of religion and just, you know, props up men. This is from Allah subhana wa Tada. And so whatever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave us that we take in and whatever he told us to refrain from we stay away from Metallica, mono Sulu, Amanda Hackman, who Finto. So the point is, this, this better when he knows

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that whatever the promise I sent him is telling him it is only because he is a messenger of Allah. So he's saying, Tell me what I have to do as it relates to fasting. And so the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, Sha one Sha Ramadan, fasting the month of Ramadan, that is, what is an obligation upon you as it relates to fasting unless you want to, to watch it and, and you want to do something of your own, of your own accord, not not something that is, is, you know, an obligation of pain. And that's the part of the hobby here, that relates directly to our chapter heading, which is the obligation of fasting. So the only thing that we are obligated to fast is the month of Ramadan.

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Unless somebody does something that makes the fast obligatory upon themselves.

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So a person, for example, right, like, like expiating, for

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breaking the fast and Ramadan through sexual intercourse. If a person doesn't have a slave to give away and nobody does, then the next part is to do what you have to fast 60 consecutive days, and we'll get to that inshallah Tada. And there are other things, but the point is that the the or the base rule is that fast in the month of Ramadan is the only thing or the only fast that is an obligation upon us. Now, let's read that last line again.

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The man says to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam by him who has honored you, I will need to do anything extra.

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Nor will I decrease what Allah has enjoined upon me. Okay.

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So what is this man actually saying?

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He's going to do the bare minimum, but he's not going to fall short and the bare minimum.

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And that part is important. Because, and this is why the prophets like Selim said, if he is truthful,

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then he will be from the people of Jenna.

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If he is truthful, but that's the whole point.

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And it doesn't mean that if he is truthful in his intention, it means that if he actually does what he says he doesn't fall short in any of his obligations.

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Even though he does the bare minimum, he stole from the people of gender. Because there are three types of people who will be saved in the hereafter. And we've gone over this when we talked about the tree of faith from

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Saturday's work. One last round of dialysis to my oldest man keytab and lettino, stuffing them in a bed in Framingham, Dolly Malinowski, woman home aka toxic woman whom savvy can bill hierarchy be in the lab?

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Those we have given the book as inheritance to

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those whom we have exalted or chosen from our servants from amongst them any those who have taken the Koran who is who have received the Quran? Are those who are voluntary enough See, right, those who have oppressed themselves.

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Who are they? They are those people who fall short and their obligations, or they commit haram acts or some combination of the two.

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What Min homosassa did, the Mutasa does who,

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the one who takes that they you could translate it as the middle course. They're the ones who do what they are obligated to do, and they refrain from those things which are harder. And those people are from the people agenda.

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Like they're not going to be punished by Allah subhanaw taala that first group has subjected themselves to the punishment of a loss better than any, if Allah azza wa jal wants to he will hold them to account for what they've done. And if he wants to, he will forgive them right away and there'll be from the people of gender

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and then there is the sad

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Look, we'll highlight. And he's the one who races to do good. And those people are raised in levels. Even amongst them, there are levels amongst them. You remember we talked about, like, a person will be in gender, and it will be like he's seeing a star. And that's actually the distance of that other believer who has gone well beyond him in double jack. And so the idea is that the Muslim does not stop at

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that part right there, which is an obligation to him. That's his beginning point. That is, and this is why

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you don't hear this is not common from the campaign's that were close to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, they were striving to go well beyond what was obligated. And the reason why in the last minute Allah knows best is because when you set your goal is the bare minimum, most of the time what's gonna happen, you're gonna fall short of that goal. That's just the reality. And so you won't do everything that allows fans out of has made is an obligation for you. And you will wind up doing some things that are impermissible. And if you make Toba from those, then it's like you didn't do them. But the point is that, if this is the end, this is a last minute out his mercy. You don't have

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to do what is beyond. But you should try to and the reason why do you think it's important to know the obligations in Islam?

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Because we can look at this from another way to man, you know, this is something very beneficial for us. Why is it important to know obligations in Islam

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because there is nothing that you can do to draw closer to Allah subhanaw taala than what he has made obligatory for you. And it is those these that he loves the most and that are most beneficial for us.

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metta kawabe, layyah, Ab dgca in a hotbed la mmf taught up to LA, there is nothing that my servant can draw closer to me with, then that which I have made as an obligation for him. Yeah, she

00:32:13--> 00:32:15

understood that obligations,

00:32:17--> 00:32:22

obligations to develop them, and more than do all these obligations and other things.

00:32:27--> 00:33:09

The bottom line exactly the bottom line is that these everything that Allah Subhana Allah has commanded us to do, is beneficial for us in pursuit of virtue. And that's important to understand also, a lot of us talk about happiness, and don't realize that through virtue, through being virtuous, you will be happy, and that there is no happiness without virtue, so striving to be someone who is good, striving to be someone who does that which is pleasing to the Creator. That is what will develop you as an individual and will make you happy in this life before that happiness that you find in the hereafter.

00:33:11--> 00:33:11

Now,

00:33:13--> 00:33:24

we're still under the same chapter, which is the obligation of fasting the month of Ramadan nutshell, I don't even know what to call us.

00:33:25--> 00:33:26

So Ashura,

00:33:30--> 00:33:31

we cannot

00:33:35--> 00:33:36

call it

00:33:37--> 00:33:56

the prophecy louder. If so observe the past on the 10th of Muharram. Ashura, ordered the Muslims to pass on that date, when the passing of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of fashola was abandoned of the log and even if you're not used to fast on that day, unless it coincided with his routine passing by can see, there we go.

00:33:59--> 00:34:00

So

00:34:01--> 00:34:02

read your version

00:34:11--> 00:34:12

in order to observe

00:34:13--> 00:34:14

the past on that day.

00:34:20--> 00:34:28

That's how you translate it to fasting. See, today, here it doesn't it abandoned is a very,

00:34:29--> 00:35:00

like, definitive word in English. And so here it says if they stopped fasting Ashura, and in the explanation of this Hadith, the scholars mentioned that the prophecy Selim didn't leave off fasting it he leaves off commanding people to fasting. Right. So, again, that translation is a bit because what's going to happen is you're going to see other ahaadeeth we're not going to cover them but towards the end as a matter of fact, the second

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

The ninth

00:35:01--> 00:35:13

chapter under the book of fasting, which is the last chapter in the book deals with fasting, I shut off, and there's seven or eight Hadith, all of them encouraging us to fast Ashura.

00:35:14--> 00:35:58

So if you went with this one and you say it was abandoned, because that's what you understood in English, and then you go back and you read the other ahaadeeth you're gonna feel like there's contradiction, and there's no contradiction. What was left was the command to to fast Ashura, and that, you know, strict adherence, strict adherence to the fasting of Ashura. So here we see that the Prophet sallahu wa Salaam as an Omar, the low tide and who mentioned he used the fast Ashura, which is the 10th of Muharram and Muharram is the which month of the Yes, it's the first month on the Hijri calendar. Okay, so the 12th month when the hijiri calendar is called what

00:35:59--> 00:36:21

they'll hedger and that is when we have a bill of health. Yes, and hygiene is a lotta evil up has on the 10th of the ledger, one month later on the 10th of Muharram is when it is prescribed to fast Ashura and the problem solving is the fast that and he would command the Muslims too fast that

00:36:22--> 00:36:33

but what's the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed in the year two of the higit of the prophet Isaiah Salatu was saying the second year of the hegemon,

00:36:34--> 00:36:42

the fasting of Ramadan was prescribed and that is by consensus of the scholars okay. So we said the prophecy so fast that how many Ramadan

00:36:46--> 00:36:49

nine, nine starting in what?

00:36:50--> 00:36:52

Gregorian month?

00:37:00--> 00:37:02

Probably so fast it?

00:37:03--> 00:37:13

Nine Ramadan's. Right. The first of those Ramadan's was in the second year after the digital which was started in the end of February.

00:37:14--> 00:37:17

And the last of them was in the 10th year

00:37:18--> 00:37:21

of the hegira, which started at the end of November.

00:37:23--> 00:37:30

So the profit is so so Ramadan during the lifetime of the prophet Isaiah salatu salam was always in the winter months.

00:37:32--> 00:37:46

Which, which helps just when you read the Hadith just understand that okay, they were praying at night for how long and, you know, knowing how long the night was, and so on and so forth. It does it helps it helps you to understand certain aspects.

00:37:49--> 00:37:49

There we go.

00:37:51--> 00:37:52

Does that make sense, Ilana?

00:37:55--> 00:38:16

All right. So, when the fast in the month the fast martial law was abandoned again, that's not really a great way to to translate that and last minute Donna knows best about himself, can AB de la la asuma, Willa, you Africa sama, who he did not use too fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting. In other words,

00:38:17--> 00:38:28

if the 10th of Muharram happens to be on a Monday, and even Omar was fasting on Mondays, then he would fasted? If not, then he would not fast it and Allah Subhana Allah knows best.

00:38:29--> 00:38:33

There are several reasons why but that's beyond the scope of what we want to talk about right now.

00:38:37--> 00:38:40

Just do my show off because you need to

00:38:42--> 00:38:46

see me I can't put it up on one. We'll call those little bites a little louder.

00:38:48--> 00:38:48

But

00:38:51--> 00:39:00

I assure in the long run and narrated that the truck issues too fast on the day of actual law, in the pre Islamic period, and then a lots of possible or Muslims,

00:39:01--> 00:39:12

or Muslims too fast on it until the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed, whereupon the prophets of Allah said, Whoever wants to fast on Ashura may fast and he does not want to fast

00:39:14--> 00:39:15

doesn't have to

00:39:16--> 00:39:22

tie. So here the idea is that I should not be allowed to enter in her.

00:39:24--> 00:39:54

Her narration here cooperates with what inomata the low tide and who says that the prophecy solemn, ordered the Muslims too fast the day of Ashura and when the price I sent them command something, then the base rule here that we get is that it is an obligation so fasting was obligated before Ramadan or not before the obligation of fasting Ramadan and that, yes, but it was only one day it was only one day out the year namshi

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

Yes, he had.

00:40:04--> 00:40:06

Yeah. So

00:40:08--> 00:40:11

the scholars have mentioned that

00:40:12--> 00:40:52

when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked them It wasn't because he didn't know that I should always being fast. He wanted to know specifically why they were fasting. And they said that this is the day that Allah subhanaw taala saved Moosa and that Moosa himself sama who shocked that he would fast that day, you know, out of gratitude to Allah subhanaw taala. And so therefore they do and so the prophets like Selim said, we have a more we have more of a right to Moosa that you have to him, because you've abandoned his teachings, and we, we are continuing his teaching, so I lost my family knows best, but it seems like that was the prophecy, someone specifically asking them why they were

00:40:52--> 00:40:53

doing it.

00:40:54--> 00:40:56

And there's a lot of things that have been mentioned, because

00:40:58--> 00:41:07

some of the scholars mentioned that the Quraysh that they actually fasted the 10th of Muharram imitating Al Khattab

00:41:08--> 00:42:01

which was something that they, you know, used to want to do, which was to be like, the people of the book, because they saw them as penalize the, I mean, the whole concept of inferiority complex has been around for that long, but they saw some of the people of the book to actually be better and, and superior. So they would try to imitate them a certain things that they would do. The point here is that it was an obligation and then it did, and then it and then that was abrogated. Okay. And so here, we see that there are several rulings in Islam that have been abrogated, and it's important to know what is NASA and minzu or what texts have abrogated other texts in Islam and what is abrogation

00:42:06--> 00:42:11

Okay, so, it is the removal or the lifting or the revoking

00:42:13--> 00:42:40

the replacement of one ruling or one Yeah, one ruling with a ladder ruling and that's important to understand that the other one came later. If you don't know or we don't know when this ayah exactly was revealed or whatever length then then there's no way you can come and say that this one abrogated that one because you don't know which one was first or last. And so that that comes up several times

00:42:42--> 00:42:44

when we deal with the book of fasting

00:42:46--> 00:42:46

now

00:42:52--> 00:42:53

Could you

00:42:55--> 00:42:56

talk about

00:42:57--> 00:42:58

the

00:43:01--> 00:43:07

fasting? Yeah, it'll come in Sharla that that that's actually that that's gonna come to you the last

00:43:09--> 00:43:16

chapter the security of a song So so far the song superiority is not exactly

00:43:18--> 00:43:23

any further we're talking about the virtue we're talking about the excellence

00:43:24--> 00:43:34

when you compare something you say this thing is have been than that thing then yes, you can talk about superiority then but but here it's more like the virtue or the excellence nasze

00:43:38--> 00:43:40

small bites no longer some policy

00:43:41--> 00:43:42

for like your will is

00:43:44--> 00:43:50

part of the who Oh Chateau who put your foot in Nissan and in Nissan whether the fcba

00:43:51--> 00:43:56

five of the avoidable by Thailand and refund misc. You have to know

00:43:57--> 00:44:04

what to whom and editing a cod YZ what has to be actually I'm sadly have

00:44:06--> 00:44:06

already

00:44:09--> 00:44:45

said fasting as a shield or a screen or a shelter. So the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not be a foolishly and imputed impudently and if someone fights with him or abusing Sam, he should tell him twice. I'm fasting. The Prophet slowly added by him in whose hands My soul is the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of the law in the son of musk. A law says about the fasting person he has left his drink and desires for my sake, the fastest for me, so I will reward the fasting person for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied 10 times.

00:44:47--> 00:44:48

Okay,

00:44:49--> 00:44:54

this heading is actually going to come again so whatever we don't cover

00:44:55--> 00:45:00

at this particular juncture. We'll cover it the next part when this Hadeeth comes with a slightly

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

different wording here, the chapter is what?

00:45:08--> 00:45:20

Right the virtue of fasting so we're going to try to focus on the parts of this hadith that deal with the virtue of fasting. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that fasting is a shield,

00:45:21--> 00:45:22

a generic.

00:45:23--> 00:45:26

Okay? Is that a virtue or not?

00:45:27--> 00:45:31

Yes, and it's a shield, from what?

00:45:34--> 00:46:06

So it's a shield in this life, and it's a shield in the next life. It's a shield in this life, from sin and things that are displeasing to Allah, Allah in general, and it's a shield in the hereafter from the fire. Now, imagine a person literally with a shield, okay? Then battled is both times have bows and arrows and there's the shield. Okay? The Shield protects him, as long as the material that it is made from is, you know,

00:46:07--> 00:46:08

suitable, right.

00:46:10--> 00:46:33

And as long as the shield is solid, meaning that it doesn't have holes in it, as you'll see, there are certain things that happened during the fast that will put holes in your shield, and will make it make the fast not be as effective as it's supposed to be in terms of shielding you and protecting you from those things that are displeasing to Allah subhanaw taala. But fasting is a shield.

00:46:35--> 00:46:43

And that and that is one of the beautiful parts of fasting. In fact, the prophet alayhi salatu was Salam. Even though I don't think we're going to cover this Hadith,

00:46:44--> 00:46:59

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam talks specifically about fasting being a shield for young people who have the desire to get married, and who cannot do not have the means to get married.

00:47:00--> 00:47:07

The prophecy seldom said to them what finally can be sold for in the hula hoops?

00:47:11--> 00:47:19

To do what, to fast that person should observe fast and because it serves as a protection for him.

00:47:20--> 00:47:27

Because if they don't, and that person falls into a illicit relationship,

00:47:28--> 00:48:11

then there's our Prophet Isaiah Salatu was Salam said, layers zanny Hina yes me for a moment, that the one who commit Zina at the time of committing Zina is not a believer. And our faith is the most valuable thing that we have our man is valuable. Do we want to give that up for a few minutes of pleasure? Or, you know, whatever hours or whatever? A person that the point is? Is that something that we want to give up? Or do we need to shield ourselves instead of like, a soul journey, you know, you look at it, live the content to who, right perhaps will achieve Tuckwell you'll be

00:48:12--> 00:48:15

God fearing God conscious,

00:48:16--> 00:48:18

aware of the laws of Hamlet at all times.

00:48:20--> 00:48:32

Fasting does that because panela it breaks the severity of your desires, period. You know, as the day goes on,

00:48:33--> 00:48:38

your instincts kick in, and you're thinking about what

00:48:39--> 00:49:00

you're thinking more about the water that you'd like to drink, the food or anything else, because the most important thing, I mean, in turn in terms of you being able to survive physically, the most important thing is air. without air for a few minutes, at the most,

00:49:01--> 00:49:02

you'll be dead.

00:49:03--> 00:49:06

And then why water

00:49:07--> 00:49:24

and allows fantastic gives us that which we are in need of the most. So there's more air than there is water. And there's more water than there is food, but food is the next thing. Because you can't go that long without food you can go a long time without being married.

00:49:25--> 00:49:27

You can't go that long without food

00:49:28--> 00:49:33

without drink. Or some people haven't they can't go that long without Mary.

00:49:35--> 00:49:42

Well, the reality is you could if Allah Subhana Allah tested you with being a prisoner of war or something like that, and you just didn't have

00:49:44--> 00:50:00

didn't have that but without food physically, I'm saying physically, you'd be dead. So but the point is that what fasting is a shield? because it protects you. It protects you from whatever you you know, you may be craving and then the reality is is

00:50:00--> 00:50:25

that the more you train yourself, to leave off what you naturally crave, the easier it is to leave off things that you don't naturally crave that are hard for you in the first place. And so it becomes a lot easier for you. And that's one of the things about fasting is they it's tough to be Alinea Raja, they say, you know, you're actually nurturing your will, your willpower and that's a real thing.

00:50:27--> 00:50:30

So mo Jin, so the person was fasting

00:50:31--> 00:50:34

for Allah, what does it say in your

00:50:35--> 00:50:39

translation Salah for me for that off,

00:50:40--> 00:50:43

for lay off, man says what?

00:50:46--> 00:50:53

Okay, fasting is a shield. So the person observing fasting, what does it say? Check what you got.

00:51:00--> 00:51:02

See, okay, follow your foot.

00:51:04--> 00:51:09

Okay, so that is one, that is one valid translation.

00:51:10--> 00:51:13

But many of the scholars say that are referred here.

00:51:15--> 00:51:26

Or you're here, it means that a person should avoid all obscene language, avoid any evil speech.

00:51:27--> 00:51:33

And it does mean sexual intercourse. But it also can be anything that leads to that.

00:51:34--> 00:52:00

So it doesn't actually have to be the act of intimacy itself. So the point is that a person was fasting must avoid that while at edgehill. And here gehele is from or Yes, Hell is from Elijah hella, and not from jail, which is the opposite of knowledge. It's from Johanna, which means that a person acts imprudently, foolishly,

00:52:02--> 00:52:03

you know, without discretion.

00:52:05--> 00:52:17

And that's important, because when you're fasting, you just can't behave the way that you do when you don't fast and a Muslim anyway, should be striving towards

00:52:18--> 00:52:28

having a title having integrity. And in fact, I think that's probably one of the best ways to talk about what, ah, hell don't do anything that would harm your integrity.

00:52:29--> 00:52:39

Okay. So when you're fasting, you have to be extra cautious. And the reality is that a Muslim should always be behaving in a way that shows that he is a person of integrity.

00:52:40--> 00:53:02

But while fasting, it's it's emphasized, okay? When your child and if somebody tries to fight him, or insults him abuses him is that really good translation for Schatz, mo? Or insults him? He should say, I am fasting, I am fasting.

00:53:03--> 00:53:18

There's actually a chapter that's going to cover that. But the point is that what if somebody, if somebody does something that that is insulting to you, the normal reaction would be to do what? To come right back, whatever, he says, I'm gonna come back harder.

00:53:20--> 00:53:56

When you're fasting, you have to resist those urges the same way that you resist the urge to drink, and resist the urge to eat. When that when something happens to you, and you go into that fight or flight mode? No, you have to be able to step back and say, No, I'm fast. Okay, and we'll talk about what that means a little later in the process. Some of them say, by having whose hand my soul is, the smell that comes from the mouth of the fasting person is better in the sign of the law than the smell of musk. Notice here he says better in the sight of a love it is not better for the one who is next to you.

00:53:58--> 00:54:19

I'm not even trying to be facetious. So the reality is, is that some people actually avoid brushing their teeth or using a miss whack or something like this. That smell is going to come no matter what. Because it's, it comes out of the mouth, but it actually is

00:54:20--> 00:54:25

the origin of it is coming from from your stomach because it's there's nothing there.

00:54:26--> 00:54:39

And so even if you brush your teeth, they're still going to remain a certain smell there. Some people don't brush their teeth, they got all types of you know, stuff in your mouth. And that's not okay.

00:54:40--> 00:54:56

The process of use the miswak even when he was fast and so the the idea is that you should still do what you need to do to clean you know your mouth and you know, and brush your teeth. But that smell bad. You You should not

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

feel bad about that smell.

00:55:00--> 00:55:17

I guess that I guess that's the best way to say you shouldn't feel bad about to know that Subhanallah this smell that has come is the result of my worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala and he loves it more than the smell of Musk, the same way that the blood of a martyr.

00:55:18--> 00:55:45

it to us it's blood. But but but to but to a loss of Hamlet's Adda. It's it's pure, and the smell of it is better than musk. Right. But that's, that's not something that we experience. And so the the point is that, you know, we should do whatever we can to do to, you know, make sure that we're that we're clean, and we use a miss whack. But whatever smell remains, we don't feel bad about that.

00:55:51--> 00:56:28

So the using toothpaste while fasting is permissible, because the mouth is considered to not is not considered to be the inside of your body. Right? So the same way that you can make, and you must make will do while you're fasting. And you're putting water in your mouth is the same way that you can use to face but you should be very careful. Yeah. And to the best of your ability, you know, to get all of it out of your mouth. Whatever remains is negligent for the most part, and it's not something that you know, a person is going to be held accountable for.

00:56:30--> 00:56:32

Nobody's gonna eat it. Right.

00:56:36--> 00:56:42

Right. But testing the food is something that's done for me. It's not just done just because it's done for need

00:56:54--> 00:56:55

besides Ramadan

00:57:01--> 00:57:10

Yes, yes, absolutely. So, so the question, the question is, is it is it something is it good to fast or

00:57:11--> 00:57:27

on a day other than just even a Monday or Thursday whatever but just something you're struggling you you you have a personal struggle that you're going through that is what the process is so I'm saying that that's one of the best times for you to fast because that's going to serve as a protection for you but in the meantime

00:57:30--> 00:57:45

then he says losses while the Phasma he okay he has left his who drink and desires for my sake. Okay, and so this is why this is actually the scholars say this is the best definition of fasting

00:57:48--> 00:57:51

because the last panel Tyler said it he left his what

00:57:53--> 00:58:08

his drink was shall what who was shot water who his desires. Okay, and just as a side point, and you know, there's a higher fee as the the prophets I send them or as

00:58:10--> 00:58:12

I'm celebra mean, jack

00:58:14--> 00:59:00

lane, went to the Prophet I didn't select them and she asked him about wet dreams for women and she said look, there's no higher and the DEA is no shame when it comes to talking about things related to the dean because we have to understand you know, the rulings of Islam. When when the last time he says here he he left his what his who his drink and his shower. This is one of the proofs that the that I use to show that a person who masturbates in the daytime of Ramadan is broken is fast. And in general, I mean, the majority of the scholars anyway say is Han anyway, but definitely breaks the fast. If one does it during the daytime of Ramadan, by the fast is for me a last minute dialysis so

00:59:00--> 00:59:29

I will reward the fasting person for it. And the reward of good deeds is multiply 10 times is a lot that needs to be said about that statement. The Fast is for me, because all of the actions that we do as Muslims should be for Allah subhanaw taala so why did Allah subhanaw taala single out fasting? And why did he says that he will be the one that rewards for it. We'll talk about that when we get there. inshallah Tada. It's coming soon. It's coming soon. Yes.

00:59:37--> 00:59:48

zeebee last round of data says a cm only fasting is for me. Fasting is for me, and I will reward for it. So

00:59:49--> 00:59:59

because I'm looking at the time here, and we may not get to the to the last Hadeeth which is where this comes again. So I'll just explain it right now. And then we deal with it in detail.

01:00:00--> 01:00:11

Next time is shallow tag. So here's the here's the idea. And this is the interpretation of human data, and others from the early scholars of Hadith

01:00:12--> 01:00:13

is that

01:00:16--> 01:00:22

fasting is the least likely of all of the rituals of Islam

01:00:24--> 01:00:29

to be tainted with ostentatious or real.

01:00:30--> 01:00:38

Now, obviously, there are other forms of embedded that nobody else can see your hope of Allah subhanaw taala, who sees that,

01:00:39--> 01:00:49

your hope in Allah subhanho wa Taala, who sees that, your tawakkol and allows pensado, who sees that, like these, these great

01:00:50--> 01:00:53

acts of worship of the heart, nobody sees them.

01:00:55--> 01:01:21

But here, when a last minute Allah is talking about this, when he's talking about the deeds that are done for him, he's talking about those which are considered to be ritual deeds, like your fasting, excuse me, like your salad, like your cat, like your hij like you're fasting, right? These are all open things, except for the fact that fasting,

01:01:22--> 01:01:49

very abnormal, that there would be react and fasting because fasting, you're not actually doing anything, you are refraining from something. And so it's less likely that there's going to be react. And so this is why a lot of data says that this high detail could see the fast is for me, a CMO Lee

01:01:50--> 01:01:59

what enter z and I will reward for what does that mean he will reward for doesn't reward for all of the goodies that a person does.

01:02:04--> 01:02:05

Yeah, yeah.

01:02:08--> 01:02:44

Right. So there's different levels of reward. Right. And and this, there are other wordings of the Heidi to help to explain and that's why I wanted to wait till we got there. But the the wording that says it has to be actually and that he had a separate Emirati there, that a good deal will be rewarded tenfold up to 700 times. And that narration says in your soul, the in the Holy One Azimi, except for fasting because it's for me, I'm going to reward for me it go well beyond 700 times over.

01:02:45--> 01:03:21

In the last minutes it says in the Quran in the manual for sabi Runa Angela humby lady he said, that it is only those who exercise suffer, that restraint and forbearance that will be rewarded without account mean with without bound, limitless reward. And and Ramadan is called shadow a suburb. The same way is called the shower effect the month of fasting It is called the month of summer and fasting is called suburb because it It

01:03:22--> 01:03:31

encompasses the three forms of, of suburb, which is a suburb, Allah pietila to be

01:03:32--> 01:03:36

forbearance, steadfast and your worship of Allah subhana wa tada

01:03:37--> 01:03:49

a suburb sobra annual maaseiah to refrain from disobedience to Allah will suffer either up there to learn more Lima and to be patient with those

01:03:50--> 01:04:00

difficult aspects of the decree of Allah Subhana Allah when a person is fasting, they are exercising sobor and all three of those and all three of those areas.

01:04:03--> 01:04:03

No,

01:04:09--> 01:04:09

no,

01:04:10--> 01:04:15

no, there's no indication in this Hadith, that it is specific to Ramadan.

01:04:17--> 01:04:41

This this is the virtue of fasting, fasting itself and the heart he talks about the virtue of fasting and then he talks about the virtue of Rama that in other places and so would a parent what's apparent from this Heidi? Is that is fasting in general. Last minute Donna knows best. I think we have time at least to cover this Hadeeth and then we'll and then we'll stop here.

01:04:42--> 01:04:43

Also,

01:04:44--> 01:04:45

like

01:04:48--> 01:04:49

just just read it in English and show

01:04:52--> 01:04:59

the people but but believe affliction and just say fitna everywhere it says infliction, whereas the people who remember the narrative

01:05:00--> 01:05:23

One of the promises about fitness was a facade I heard the promises of always and I'm saying the fitting of a person and his property, family and neighbors is experienced by his prayers, fasting and giving and share. Stop there. read that again, please. I heard the prophets of the Lord saying the fitna of a person and his property family neighbor is expiated by his prayers fasting.

01:05:25--> 01:06:03

Okay, so this is the this is the reason why this hadith has been narrated. We're gonna read the rest inshallah, but I want to stop there. Oh my god, a lot of chatter. And he asked around who, who has heard a narration from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Men Yeah, for Hadith and who has who has memorized a narration of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam about pfitzner about fitna, okay, and they said, I have I heard the practice of the law when I heard the prophets of light it was him saying fits the total Rajamouli fee and Lee O'Malley he was already he

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took care of Pharaoh her a Salatu was cm or sadaqa. Okay. Now,

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the affliction look at what it says the affliction of a person in his property, family and neighbors is expiated by his prayers, what does expiation mean?

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to wipe out right to wipe out what though? What are we talking about? Since What? So the affliction of a person if I'm if I have problems or I'm tried by my property, that's a sin on my part.

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Okay, go ahead.

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Lead the tour, the tour a lot of bad

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things when dealing with those areas where you don't.

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Right which which, which means this translation really does not What does it say? What do you what do you

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It just says fitness.

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trial. And again, it's not bringing the point home. And any translation that like totally misses the mark like that, meaning that it just does not bring the point home yet you have to change it. There's no room for that. Right. So here what is what is fitna in general it is an empty bar. Okay. It means that you are tested with something, but fitna can also talk about the results of the test, which is what's happening here. In other words, you failed certain tests as it relates to your family, your wealth, and your neighbors. Also fitna, though and this is the part that's that is here. He met he ma so before and unhak the anything that

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diverts you from the deen from the truth is considered to be fitna. And so what is what is one way that a man is tried?

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by his wealth, he allows whatever his property is to divert him from the worship of Allah Tada.

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And so that becomes a fitna.

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Like, so a man with the horses. Exactly. I mean, there's

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multiple stories, many stories in the Quran and Sunnah that are indicative of that, and I'm sure that every one of us has a situation where we know where our own wealth of property has diverted us from doing something better and the worship of a lost parent died, or you know, his or her spouse you know, has you know, busy them in a way that kept them from one sec. They kept them from the worship of Allah subhana wa tada as they should have fit the two welcome fee Jerry he.

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How about one's neighbor? The scholars say that this is to look at your neighbor.

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Okay, who has less than you? And that you belittle him because he has less than you? Or you look at your neighbor who has more than you and you envy him because he has more than you see those people that are close. They become a fitna for you. We have this thing in America is called keeping up with the with the Joneses. Uh huh. Right, and that and that's what happens that is fixed the tawassul Fie, JT he the affliction that a person goes through the trial that a person faces as it relates to his neighbor. All right, so these are those things. And so the prophecy some says, Here, as long as these things are not you're not committing major sins.

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Which envy is a major sin, by the way. I mean, depending on how far you go with it.

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And many of the sins of the heart of major sins By the way, it's very important to recognize that a lot of times we think may

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Just sends, you know, we thinking about, you know, killing somebody or, or adultery or something like that and not recognizing that many of even though says they emanate from the heart, they start right there because something's not right inside. And so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says that these sins are expiated, by your fast by your prayers, by your fasting, and by giving in charity. Okay, the remainder of the Hadeeth go ahead and read a shift

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which will spread like the waves of the sea. Aha, so look, who they for who they for motherload Tana and who most likely knew what Omar meant,

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most likely knew, but for the benefit of everybody, because this last part that specifically dealing with Omar, and you'll see, well, the Aloha,

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but who they for one of the people in general to benefit and understand something about fitness as a whole and then we'll get specific for them

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who they will apply.

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So they have a process to model the allowance, an annual visit, there's a gate that is closed

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in front of those fitting that those those fits in that are going to hit the whole oma at some point, right?

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Will they be opened or broken? He replied, it will be broken the gate, that gate there is it just going to open up or is it going to be broken

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in the gate will not be closed.

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Once that gate opens in the fitness starts in the oma it's not going to be closed. It's a yomo piano and those who who believe that we're all just gonna get along one day.

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Rodney King was not a prophet. Now, we said

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would you ask today for whether Omar knew what that gate symbolize? He asked him replied he

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knew it was one knew it as one knows that there will be night before tomorrow morning. Okay, so what does that mean? Oh my god alongside that and who was the gate. He was the gate is that gate going to be broken is going to be broken means he's going to be killed. And when he is killed, the fitna will start, and that fitna will not stop until Yeoman piano.

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When they asked Mr. Bullock, who was one of the narrators of the Hadith, go ask today for whether Omar knew what you were talking about who they say he knew exactly where it was. He knew that he was the door. He knew that he was the gate, just like he knows that night is gonna come before tomorrow morning. So he didn't have any you know, there was no ambiguity there. Now

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that the prophet SAW Selim, tell him that

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in alayka

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what Shaheed sala

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de casa de casa de

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la Mr. Okay, so we're going to stop there. Let's just see, maybe we covered which questions we covered was fasting obligation for the second half of the year? Yes, it was explaining the answer. It was, it was an obligation of fast what one day and that was young, I should draw the 10th of Muharram name at least three virtues of fasting describing I had these collectible party come together, fasting as a as a shield, what else? It exfoliates since What else?

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Allah gives his own reward for beyond the 10 to 700 you know,

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multiplication of rewards, that is for other deeds, what is meant by the fitna that one encounters with his spouse wealth and neighbor.

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So it's the it's the shortcomings,

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it is the the diversions, you know that one is subjected to because of those of those things, the diversion from the worship of Allah subhana wa Tada. We'll have to cover the rest in the next class and a loss of habitat and those vessels a lot of subtle robotic, and then Amina Mohammed. Panic along

Book of Fasting - Episode 01
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