Tafseer Surah Rahman – Part 03
Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
File Size: 14.26MB
Tafseer of Surah Rahman delivered by Sheikh Sajid Umar at Masjid Humayra, in East London During the Keys to Success Lecture tour, December 2018
Episode Transcript ©
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Hello salat wa salam ala rasulillah Juana le or Sahih Omen wala Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh okay the plans to learn peace of salutations be upon the final messenger, just a third, a short third session will end soon inshallah, before the class also begins, so we've reached the point where now Allah subhanho wa Taala is describing for us Jenna and Allah says for the one who fears is standing in front of Allah, Allah will give him to paradises, and then Allah Subhana, who adds and we explained what the different
the books of the seal regarding what to Paradise is referred to then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes into the description. He says, though at a finance, he says that these two paradises,
they will have trees with branches that are out, there are outspread. Now
remember, the Sahaba receiving these if they were in the desert, so you have to appreciate what this means to them. Right? To see a tree that has branches that stretch out, you know, the most they were accustomed to a date palm trees, they palm trees don't have leaves that, that stretch out
as other trees that we know do. So that's how they're receiving these, I have no doubt for them, this will send them into a maze of imagination. And even for us, it's human nature, to
find solace and therapeutic moments in nature, from our nature, to be connected with nature and you go to the forest, you go to the park with his greenery, you feel
you feel revived, your spirit feels revived, your thoughts feel revived, and you experience a solace that you don't normally do in the city. Right? So here Allah subhanho wa Taala first brings our attention to the trees now we mustn't forget that when we speak about trees, when you speaking about shade, and shade is another
is another matter that mankind seeks. When you speak about trees, you speaking about fruits, because trees bear fruits. And remember we already know as a precursor, that a tree in this life in a tree in the next only share one thing in common that's the letters of the word. That's it. They only share shujaa is shujaa just the letters are shared, but the reality is totally different. Because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us the agenda has a tree which no eye has ever seen. No he has ever heard of no heart has ever dreamt of. Right? So if you close your eyes and dream of the most amazing thing Jenna has better that's the reality. So Allah brings our attention to
the trees agenda and then say so big Allah, Europe bukhoma to cut the band, which of the favors of your Lord, do you deny? Allah subhanho wa Taala. Ireland says,
fee him in any area.
Allah says in them are in an Amen, refers to two springs. So Allah is saying, We Hema in both of them. Amen are two springs. So there's four springs being mentioned here, two in one gender and two in the other agenda and Allah says they are flowing again. Think of an Arab in a waterless desert, being told of streams that are flowing not one but two, right? And even as we find peace when we near flowing rivers and flowing lakes, and it only brings about goodness, because you think about irrigation, you think about fresh water to drink. You think about cleanliness and purity and so on and so forth. This is the reality of water. Allah says fee marinara, tangerine, which of the favors
of your Lord Do you deny?
So, each paradise will have free flowing springs, which feed the trees agenda. So the irrigation is automated. Its automated irrigation right? And this means so it's the water of Jenna pleasing the trees of Jenna. So can you imagine the fruits of gentlemen
this is what this is the dumper. So then, after each he says though I have a layer of bukhoma to can be bonded he tells us about the rivers hobby he doesn't mention trees and rivers then say which of the favors of YOLO Do you deny now, after every mentioned he asks us
which of the favors of your Lord will you deny? Then?
Allah subhanho wa Taala says the Hema min couldn't leave ki hatin. So, Jan.
Ah, remember I said you think about the trees of gender then the eradication of gender. So how will the fruits be about Now tell us about the trees, a lot of these hanaway data that in both of them are ever in both of them are of every fruit, two kinds, every fruit that you find in Jannah sukanta love, you will find
two kinds of the truth Allahu Akbar right so there's no shortage and remember we said that two could just be a number, right? Two could just be a number. It is possible given the norm of the Arabic language and an alarm in the Quran, that the number is just to tell you a lot
that it could be two kinds three kinds four kinds five kinds Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us that in both of them in both of them are of every fruit two kinds, but I want to highlight this two could just be a number to be a Europe bukhoma can be banned which of the favors of your load Do you will you deny
now this is Sala a brings our attention to the infrastructure agenda. This means a lot to us then he takes us through the food agenda. This means a lot to us. What else do we like to do when we when we go on to chill out? We choose? We choose where we going destination right? So if you're going to be in the mountains don't we do that right which nowadays is hotel so what what amenities does the hotel have? after that? Let's check the restaurant. Let's check the restaurant out. Right? You check out the restaurant how's the buffet? What are they offering? What is going to be like when you when you're going on a holiday? You think of all these things then what else do you think about you think
about the amenities Do they have a pool? How big is the pool or the waterslide? Where is the gym? So Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us all this what's the next thing let's check the bedroom out how's the bedroom going to be received the bed Allah takes our attention to the the recliners agenda how the rest is going to be in general. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says with tequila Allah, Allah purush Boko Haram in His Word gentle gentle Tini Allah subhanho wa Taala says they are reclining or they will be sleeping and reclining on beds. And let's be honest when you go to hotels we check that though we say the linen of this hotel in the pillows of this hotel in fact hotels advertise this now
my talk to you about the linen used and the pillows used with its duck feathers or goose feathers or whether they are right because you you trying to understand how restful your sleep gonna be right they say they use this cover the stone on top of the mattress the sleeping foam so you even sink more into the mattress. They tell you all these things and and even in our own discussions I've discussed with people where they choose a particular brand or hotel because of you know that this is how the linen is going to be and the bedding is going to be so he Allah tells us that they'll be reclining on beds and the linings and linen of this bed will be made out of silk brocade.
Right, so so heilala indeed this Quran is from Allah because Allah knows us we know each other through experience, but Allah already knows us. So he's telling us what matters to us. Right? Then obviously there's more. Allah says, de la de Kuma to cut the band which of the pavers of your Lord, do you deny? Then Allah subhanho wa jal agenda teeny Dan, and the fruit of the two gardens will be hanging low. Because that's how gender is in China. The things will come to you. You don't go to it.
Generally is the rewards not the dounia they didn't use the effort. Or like I was telling some people yesterday unfortunately some people think they live in in general right now. They want everything to happen with no action. They want peace on earth, no action. They want projects they don't want to donate. Right? They want this they don't want it just want to dream. They think the engine
but in general, no, you don't go to anything it comes to
the trees will hand glow and come to you and you've got to pick.
It comes right to you. It's like having a butler and he brings everything to your mouth. Right? That's how Gemini is. So Allah tells us this because this is this message to us. We're Gentle, gentle attaining them and the fruits of the two gardens, the two genders then they are close for ba de la Europe bukhoma to cut the ban, then Allah takes us to the women of gender. There's no doubt is something which is Allah created us. He knows
us better than we know ourselves, you know how he knows how He created us.
So he brings our attention to the women of gender. This is not to belittle women as a creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala in any way, nor is it to bring sadness to the women of the dunya because the reality is the women of gender or reward, and the women of the dunya, the real deal who gets the rewards is the difference between the two women, right, and those women who are righteous, they will they will be from the, from the women of gender, but not in comparison to the corollary. Because remember, we said the whole inner reward,
they are a thing from the things of gender, but the women who are righteous and get to gender, they will be an inhabitant from the inhabitants of gender and there's a difference between a thing from the things of gender and an inhabitant from the inhabitants of gender. So no one should use modern day 21st century bias to read the Quran and develop your feelings with regards to what the Quran is saying we should be submitted to the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala and believers in him and calibrate our hearts and minds appropriately. Okay. So Allah is telling us about the women agenda because no doubt, Allah says women
are a means of peace or a means of solace and even in the dunya Allah tells us from the signs of Allah subhanho to Allah and Allah Allah can we've created for you your spouse's letus kulu Allah so you may derive peace from them, serenity from them sanctity from them.
note of this is that brings genuine and allows is this is a sign from the signs of Allah. So Allah tells us that if that is genuine as then in general, you will have agenda and that will be the woman agenda that Allah subhanho wa Taala has created for your losses. We hidden the costiera to park lemmya permit one nine soon qabalah Jan, in them are women limiting the glances the glances are only for you
as men, the possessive by nature, right? These are women who have only been created for you and the glances are only for you. And Allah says untouched before them by any man or gene. And the scholars, this ayah is used as evidence
in other sciences of Islam where they discuss the concept of gene and position and so on and so forth. I'm highlighting it but that's not our discussion for today.
Allah says for the year that you have to be Kumar to cut the band, which of the favors of your Lord Do you deny? Then Allah subhanho wa Taala after telling us now about the maidens and the restraint glances that they have, and that they are untouched. And before we move on to our best or the Allahu Allah says that,
or he describes the females of gender, as having shins that allow you to see the inside through the skin that's all pure, and crystal the skin is
or the skin of the women agenda. So the Sahaba here shared with us descriptions of what they learned from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And then Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us the reason for the reward. He says, hell just all 7011 is the reward for your tauheed anything but Jen, Allah says your tauheed is exam? And is there any reward for that Hassan except exam? Is there any reward for your excellence except excellence?
Is there any reward for your servitude in submission to the will of Allah except Jen? La ilaha illa Allah, this a bear that Allah doesn't need it. Our our righteousness does not raise his majesty. Our sin does not decrease His Majesty, but we worship Him and He gives us genda and he says, Is there any reward for your excellence besides excellence and what law he This is the meaning of Allah when we say Allah is carried.
Honestly, I think about this a lot of times, and I've been blessed with Cancer Institute to teach a course dedicated the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so I've had to go on my own journey with many names. And when you think of the term Kareem,
I don't think I mean, nothing can describe it better than helps us out external. And so that is your job to worship Allah, He doesn't need you. You need Him and He gives you agenda for worshiping Him. He gives you agenda for doing what you were supposed to do anyway. Whether there was a reward or not. There's no other God worthy of worship besides Allah. And he gives the agenda for doing that. That is, that is a law being carried. And in reality, indeed, it's current, because we know our mistakes in our guidance. And we also know our misguidance which means the reward is beyond our ability but Allah gives it to us because he's Rahim Allah
is Karim and Rahim. He showers His mercy upon us, he expands our reward. So it's worth of that limit.
sir. So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny? Then Allah says, amin dooney hemogenic.
Allah says, Don't means any lesser. Allah says, and lesser, then that those two genders that we've just described are two other agendas. And this is what I was talking about that even in this whole duality, there are a lot of things about gender it has about two paradises, then he tells about to paradise it tells about the higher one in the law. Now, there is no economy in general. There's no budget program in general. But Allah describes for us the agenda for a people and the agenda for those who did less for the lies Justin Elias told us they are those who supersede and they are those who are motivated. They are those who do
the bare minimum and they are those who oppress themselves they do good deeds and they do bad deeds or those who even just disbelief right? And we know about the companion who came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Bedouin man and said that I will only know our only do the minimum will I get generosity yes if you do if you do the minimum and you choose he goes I'll do the minimum and if sin is one of the highway we send them said if you choose what you say you will get
five solid nothing more and leave since you get gender only give zeca no SATA, you get gender or only pass the month of Ramadan no other days and I'll leave since you will get gender but can you get gender like the one who passed Ramadan in the sixth show while and Monday and and so on and so forth? The one who reads this for it and he reads it and then he reads the hetero and Masjid and he reads extra, the one who who goes for hygiene he goes for ombre and he does another hedge.
So Allah tells us about the agenda number like that agenda is also amazing.
But Allah tells us about the great agenda, so that we don't settle for amazing we settle for superminis.
Allah doesn't want us to have low ambitions. He wants us to have high ambitions. This is the nature of the Quran. The Quran urges us to think big, the Quran urges us to have greater goals, not low goals that are easy to achieve. The Quran urges us to have dreams that make us scared because those are the real dreams of
the dreams that make you scared not meaning skate in a positive way that you really feel that wow, I need to act and I need to work. I don't know if I manage but I'm gonna give it a shot. That's that's the nature. That's how the Quran nurtures us. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam nurtured us in the same way. You always told us thing big, even if you see the diorama coming, it's happening.
And you have a seedling in your hand planted and expect your reward with Alma Be brave.
Right? That is how it is in the niches as if we ponder over it is always pushing us to be brave, so is pushing us to do more. It's always teaching us to have high aspirations, high ambitions, greater goals, because we were a woman that was sent to give them not to take, we were sent to make a difference. We were sent to happen to things rather than things happening to us.
No doubt, it's gonna nurture us upon these paradigms. So Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us about this gem. And Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches it to us to give us an ability to compare and that's how I'm going to run through the remaining if I want to, I want to go to the remaining is comparing it Okay, to what I've just told you about the first gender first gender though I tear up then probably a layer of documents. You can see by we spoke about the trees, we spoke about the rivers, we spoke about the fruits, we spoke about the beds, and we've given these descriptions right. So Allah subhanho wa Taala. So as we've seen is number 46 to the end of the surah is where we find the
description of gender. So we have we have the the first class or the elite class, the upper class and then we have elite but any slightly less elite than the first elite. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Ayah number 46. We said Allah says but for him who he has the standing before his Lord, He will have two gardens in is 62 where we are at right now Allah says and below these two, they are two other they are two gardens gender.
Okay, but he Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't mention Thea here. He says well even harbor Makkah in the first one he said when he madhopur Nakamura, the janitor, whoever he is he is standing in front of it that's stuck, alright, he will get the upper. He doesn't say well, he went from a comma he didn't want me to imagine and below this gender, the under the two gardens. So you see already the difference that those people will have a different level in terms of the email, then these people who will get this gentleman then are
Most of the era, he sees an IRA number 48. He says, though it a plan remember the outstretched branches.
in Aisle number 64, he says mood harmattan he describes dark green trees.
And by the way, this is the shortest I in the Quran would have meta.
Just as a side note, it's an entire sentence would have method is an entire sentence. This is the shortest I in the Quran. When it's a complete sentence, Allah subhanho wa sallam would have met and this is in the lower level. So Allah gives it color. It's something you can describe, but though I have done
it, you can describe it. So when Allah talks about the trees of the agenda, it's beyond our ability to describe here it's also beyond our ability to describe but we know it's
right. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala he in einem, beaucoup de he says, in both of the paradises, there'll be these springs of flowing water.
In it number 66. Allah says, in them both will be two springs bubbling out now baccata.
Right. So he Allah tells us about he doesn't tell us about streams flowing, he tells us about water bubbling out of the ground. You can see the difference, right? But it's both amazing, no doubt. But if you had the choice, what would you want?
You want the blowing one isn't? It's human nature. Allah knows us. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in Ayah number 52 that in them both will be every kind of fruit in pairs. So Jan, we spoke about this, we spoke about how it's beyond our imagination to
you know, describe these fruits. And Allah told us how these fruits have types, two types, but two types of just the number many types. Right? Allah subhanho wa Taala and a number 68. In its in its equivalent in it, meaning the one that's in its comparison, Allah tells us in the lower agenda in them our fruits and dates and pomegranates
there's a list now here has fixed the beginning it is dates, roots, and very Allah tells us fruits, days pomegranates, I mean it's still amazing and beautiful. But can you see Subhanallah how eloquent this Quran is? And how in tune it is with our hearts and minds of the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala right.
So the fact that now it's it's finite. It the first one it was infinite, it wasn't numbered now here it's numbered, there's a difference. Then in number
54 Allah tells us about the reclining couches and the silk brocades and so on and so forth. In Item b 676 allowed to tell us about the recliners of the low agenda. Allah subhanho wa Taala says they will be reclining on green pine cushions right and
and decorated carpets he says he says what sorry right decorated carpets This is in the lower so the first gender the imagination is way open then the low agenda and low agenda there's a bit more detail being given.
Right so our our our imagination is slightly curved. Right?
But again, it's beautiful brothers and sisters in Islam. No, it's not here to I told you it's not this is not here to make up sad desires are here to push you to push you okay? Then. Allah subhanho wa Taala
tells us about the women of gender as we spoke about in it number 58 when he describes the women of gender alone, sorry in
Nam, Allah subhanho wa Taala describes them as rubies and pearls. We are like rubies and pearls. They purity will be like rubies and pearls. early on. Allah told us that they limit their gaze and they said they solely they're not touched by man or gin. Right?
The attention is only for you for you. In the corresponding ayah. Allah says he says the woman agenda they like rubies and pearls for what lies That's amazing. So right. But you can see the difference when you do the comparison. When in Ayah number 60 we know that Allah said Is there any reward for good Sam except good, which is Sam? And obviously Allah is not asking us a question to give an answer. This is Allah subhanho wa Taala making a statement and we have these type of questions even in the English language they call rhetorical questions.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Now, then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to mention additional descriptions of the women of the lower agenda. So in Ayah number 70 he says in gender they are women who are pure and beautiful hierarchy and he said, and then Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us an ayah number 72 they are guarded, intense. And then he says subhanho wa Taala in it number 74 that they are untouched by man or gene same like before, right? No doubt this is specific to agenda so anything specific agenda is untouched by man or gene. So the females have the highest agenda and the lower agenda share this description. But the point is, when it came to the females of the higher agenda, less description
was shared. females have the low agenda, a beautiful description was shared, but more and naturally, the imagination is curbed. Again, both generic all the gymnasts are beautiful, but Allah subhanho wa Taala is sharing with us the subtle differences so that we push ourselves and then Allah obviously often repeats for a year like Europe Docomo, to get the band which of the favors of your Lord do you
do you deny? Then Allah subhanho wa Taala
ends off by saying
about our customer because generally when we spoke about this at the beginning, that after all this stuff, our customer blesser This is the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah and Allah subhanho wa Taala the possessor of jealousy of majesty, and a crumb and honor and he is our craftsmen. Oui, oui, oui, oui oui, we say blessing is the name of our Lord. And that name was used at the beginning.
We also kind of were to grant us
the understanding of the Quran and the ability to practice upon the Quran and the teachings of the Quran. May Allah bless us to be motivated by the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala connect us with the Quran numerous times over the course the Quran to be a companion with us in the grade, and make us from the family of Al Quran of the day of pm and grant us the position of gender where the parameters of the Quran will be it's about being regular with the Quran. It's not just about being happy with the Quran, many people think that that gender is for the prefer. And for those who are regular with the Quran, the Quran doesn't leave them. They always with it, they have the daily
sitting with the Quran. They never end the day except that the given the Quran is happy. Like you give your parents they have like it gives you a children, it's happy. like to give you a job, it's happy. It's right, you give the Quran it's right. Not a side thing is by the way, where you sit and do nothing. And you think oh, let me read the Quran. And the days when you busy you go days without reading the Quran. No brothers and sisters in Islam. This is this is the timeless miracle, we need to have a relationship with it, where we read it, where we listen to it, where we memorize parts of it, where we practice the debate and ponder over it. Right? And as I've told you before, the basic
level of the debate is you after understanding the AI asking yourself to the meanings of this I exist in my life, how close Am I to be to the action matters of this AI? How far am I from the ideals that the a CT This is basically the double no one needs to be a specialist in Arabic language or this matter. When Allah says the dub booty operator the Bruno Quran, and he's mentioning it generally this implies every Muslim every human being do not ponder with the Quran, which means there's a common denominator that we all share with regards to the doctor of the Quran. And that is basically sitting down and pondering over your life. And that is that you just read and what is
and that's how you slowly but surely grow until your character becomes the character of the Quran. And your sign is the sign of the Quran. As we said, I lemon Cora, we also have a telegram has this to us that we have asked brothers and sisters in Islam, everything correct is from Allah alone and he's perfectly any mistakes are from myself and she upon and I praise Allah subhanho wa Taala for blessing me with the ability to share some insights into the surah and ask Allah to forgive me for
any weaknesses in explaining that which needed to be explained in any mistakes. And once again, ask Allah to make this a gathering forgiven upon his departure and a gathering that he has a good word and follows it and a gathering that will live the hours that we spent here, moments after we leave this place. I mean, yeah, but I mean there's a Kamala Harris Allah wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad why they said he was so happy he said
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