Victory and Farewell A Ṭafsir of Surat l Naṣr

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Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

Episode Notes

The exegesis of this short Surah contains a brief biography of the Messenger of Allah Muhammad SAW, illustrating his life, victory of Makkah and his demise. We learn of the emergence of an orphan who in very difficult circumstances achieved and accomplished so much that even many non-Muslims have hailed him as the greatest, single most influential human being in the entire history of mankind.

Some of the amazing lessons learnt from this exegesis are that in victory or following any personal accomplishment one should not gloat or be proud, rather one should be humble and hymn the glory of Allah. We learn that the Messenger Muhammad SAW had the miraculous ability to induce love after hate. His beautiful character inspired and continue to inspire people worldwide, resulting in multitudes embracing the religion of Allah.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.

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Want to start the whole thing over he wanted to look at it when I was.

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Dr. Molina mean you have to hit

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a homerun you

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want to share the

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law I

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want to show that

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to

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some of the law

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exceeding the theme

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of ABA foldable learning in a sheet on every gene

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in the law on equitable use alone

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You know, somebody who has

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a lot of Muslim who muddy water

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later on a

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law firm about a cada Mohammed Mohammed

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Ibrahim

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Ibrahim in

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respect to listeners, as

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announced today, we've

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gathered for the CEO of sort of muscle.

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In the previous months, we've completed the CEO of the later three students of the Quran surah

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Tabitha Abdullah have sort of Allah had

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so forth sort of clouds with a Blue Falcon. So

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today,

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inshallah we will do

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the secret of sort of lust, which is sort of the larger muscle alive.

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Lots of hands on with Anna Caesar verger. And also the lucky one,

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what I didn't hold on a feet of water for some, because the pharaoh in the Hokkaido, Baba.

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When

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the help of Allah

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and conquest

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come,

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and you see the people entering into the religion of Allah

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in from

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then

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celebrate the praise of your Lord

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and seek His forgiveness.

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Verily here is most relenting.

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This surah

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is known by

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a few names, sort of either jet or muscle law, taken from the very first few words,

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it's also known as sort of openness, which means the sort of assistance

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It's also known as sort of

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victory or conquest. And it's also known as sort of the meaning the sort of farewell, all of these meanings or in some cases, the words are taken from the sort of itself, sort of the larger muscle laugh from the beginning words, sort of a must is another word from the surah sort of also, but here, a question may arise that there is already another famous more famous or

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one of the longer earliest, well, one of the longest,

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lists the sort of perfect,

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so,

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are both sort of call sort of fit. Well, that one is more famously known as sort of to flip, but this is what is also known by a number of orlimar sort of attack. And finally sort of odd meaning, sort of farewell, the word does not, or any of its related words does not appear in the surah. But because part of the meaning of the surah is bidding farewell to the prophets of Allah, it was seldom the sort of has also been known sort of, though their meaning sort of affair. Well, in any case, most famous name is sort of a must. And following that sort of

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this sort of was revealed

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towards the end of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his life, meaning

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in the late stage of his modern life, most likely, it's

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peers that this sort of was revealed after the property in the seventh year of Hitler. After the prophets and the love it was some of them returned from the campaign of haber.

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And when the surah was revealed to him,

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a number of things did change, both

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in the personality and the character of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam himself, as well as in the world around him.

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And the server heralded many great changes to come.

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So let's go through the sort of last panel with Anna says, either journalists or law

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Well,

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when the help of a law and conquest come

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in reality, this these words

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are prophecy and glad tidings to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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of imminent divine assistance on a huge scale

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and have a great victory and conquest to come for the prophets of Allah Almighty himself.

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And when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam heard these words, he actually when he first received the this revelation, he actually explained in Medina, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, the help of Allah, and victory have arrived.

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And then he also prophesies the embracing of Islam of many of the people of Yemen, on a large scale. So

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this surah is actually a glad tidings to the prophets and the love, I think, some of them and the prophecy, and what does it prophesize? What does it promise to the prophets of Allah it will send them divine systems on a huge scale, and victory and conquest,

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only part of which was the imminent conquest of the city of Mecca.

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Now in reality, to understand,

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the surah

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one has to understand and remind oneself of a number of key salient points of the CD ROM, the life of a sort of loss and the love it.

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If we cast a quick glance

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at his whole life,

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what will you see is one individual

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in very difficult circumstances,

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achieving and accomplishing something miraculous.

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imagined the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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was born into

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was born in the city of Makkah.

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But

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his father had already passed away. Before his birth.

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She was born an orphan.

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He then lost his mother at the age of six. Then he went to the care of his grandfather. He lost his grandfather after two years, he had no brothers or sisters.

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Then he went into the care of his uncuttable, barley,

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barley and had a number of children himself and despite being a nobleman of the Quraysh, he wasn't wealthy enough to look after everyone. And he just about managed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as a child did not wish to be a burden on him. And from the young and tender age of 10 or 12, he began herding sheep flocks of sheep, and working as a child shepherd

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and earning money for himself to feed himself to maintain himself and to actually assist his uncle. And then

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in the next few years, he did accompany his uncle on trading trips to Sham modern day Syria and Jordan,

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and Palestine, etc. And then, at the age of 25, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married million, Khadija huddled the alarm

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and then this took him till the age of 40. Now, in all of those years

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't assume any responsible position,

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the political state of Makkah such that even though he was one of the clan of the Quraysh, his particular clan the bundle hushan, the clan of his clan, the clan of his uncle, and will barley who was achieved have been Ohashi. It was one of the weaker clans politically, and in terms of wealth was one of the poorer clans, but it was one of the clans of the Irish. And so although they had honor and dignity as a clown, they did not have any.

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They did not have significant political power, or even a great wealth.

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And he had no brothers or sisters. He passed his father had passed away before his birth, his mother passed away at the age of six, at a very young age, he moved from house to house before finally settling in with his uncle.

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Even when he decided to get married, at the age of 25, he married a woman, 15 years his senior

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who had been married twice previously widowed twice, with children from both previous marriages.

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That was his life on the surface,

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looking at it from a non religious, non Islamic perspective, on the surface, nothing in his life, till that day

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would have shown

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the people of Macau

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or beyond, and the people of the world, that he would become what he did.

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And then he achieved what he did achieve. Of course, as far as his personal character was concerned, it was widely recognized in that he was a man of honesty and integrity, a man of truthfulness and trust. But in terms of power and influence, until that stage at least, was sort of laughs Allahu Allahu wa sallam had not displayed or demonstrated anything said or claimed anything, which was

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an ordinary, to the muck, and to the Munchkins, into the Pradesh, and then all of a sudden at the age of 40, plus all the laughs and the law legal, some of them came

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and said, I have received a revelation from Allah, and I'm a messenger.

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And then things changed.

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And if we look at the first few years of his

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life after profited from the age of 40, till 53

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in the first few years, very few people took him serious.

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And it was only when he started winning a number of followers, that people began taking him more seriously. And now.

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ridicule started, they began mocking him ridiculing him, accusing him of being a magician, a sorcerer.

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And then

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continuously as more and more people embrace Islam,

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this will last a lot more equals and the Muslims began facing severe persecution. Just mere five years into his prophethood when he was 45 years of age. In the fifth year of his prophethood Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam felt compelled to send away a number of his followers on their first emigration to Abyssinia so that they could believe in their faith and practice it safely.

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And those who are unable to travel. Unfortunately, they remain behind those who were, who did not have the power and the influence of their own clans and tribes were persecuted severely.

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In many cases, this led to ostracization isolation excommunication. For many it was even worse, physical torture and for a number, actual murder.

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And then as you move along from the age of 45, onwards,

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approximately in the 47th year of his prophethood the range now infuriate that the influence of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on his followers was such that more and more people were being attracted to his message and his faith. They now took off their gloves

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and they demanded the handle

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from his clan have been harsh when brutal harsh and refused the rest of the Quraysh plotted against them. And together they told the told them are harsh and that unless you handover

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Abdullah, we will excommunicate your whole clan. But it will darling his uncle

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accepted the excommunication and the isolation from the rest of the parish, but he did not entertain the possibility of handing over the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the whole of the law Hashem was excommunicated. Thus began the boycotts, and along with bundle Hashem, their fellow

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clam of the rage, the women were bullied.

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They were joined also in this excommunication. So it was brutal, harsh and brutal. And that just to cleanse out of the whole of

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this then led to the two and a half to three years later, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one he was in his 50th year of life and 10th year have profited while he passed away, or moving into the jungle, the lion had passed away. And now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was extremely vulnerable, because he no longer had the protection of

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his uncle. As I explained in the previous sort of him sort of the the lab of lab, one of his other uncle's, he assumed the chief position of the new harsh was a little harsh him came under the control and the influence of Abu lahab and he was hostile to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was extremely vulnerable. He then even went to live in the 50th year profited by now the boycotts had ended. But when he went to life in the hope of securing their protection, they rejected him they sent sent out the street surgeons after him, they pelted with stones until he bled, and was knocked down unconscious. When he returned to Makkah, he was only able to re enter the city of Makkah, after a pledge of protection from another one.

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And then each year

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thereafter, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would meet with some of the people of Medina in the first year six in the fifth second year

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12 and then only in the third

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in the third year after that, approximately 75 people of Medina and it was only then that he did hedger from Medina from Makoto macabre to Medina, if you mentioned, just look at his 13 years and

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he had to actually leave the city on the in the 15th year profited, seeking protection from the people of love, but they rejected him because he no longer had the protection of his own clan been or harsh him, of course, his own immediate family members and those Muslims who are with him from the no harsh they would they have pledged to protect them, but they were only individuals, not as a clan. The Klan officially was headed by a robot of Allah. So Abu lahab refused to help the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam In fact, he was one of his chief enemies. Imagine that was the position of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then when he did hedger to Medina from

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Makkah.

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When he arrived in Medina, the number of people who have joined him from Macau were only approximately seven. There were only 70 to 80 Mahajan from the city of Mecca. And the rest were unsolved from the city of Medina. But even in Medina, in the initial years, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not enjoy such power and influence in the initial beginning years. Then if you look at the whole history, in the second year of hijra,

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there was a battle of butter,

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the Munchkins was so confident of their victory, that they took singing girls and dancing girls along with them for the inevitable in their view for the inevitable party that would follow their victory over the Muslims and their crushing of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his followers. And if you recall, prior to that, in the city of Mecca, just before he left one of the catalysts of his departure from the city of Mecca, though it wasn't the cause was that the British finally fed up in their view of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They decided to end his story once and for all, by a collective act of murder.

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in which all the different clans have the operational participate, and therefore his blood, and the responsibility for that blooded murder will be distributed across a number of clans of Quraysh. And therefore they would not be collectively held responsible or be retaliated against. So they sought to imprison him, as mentions in a verse of the Koran, or to kill him.

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And this prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left the city, it was only a miraculous victory in the Battle of Baba.

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That led to the Grange returning defeated to Makkah, otherwise, they were quite confident that they were, they were assured victory. They even took along their merrymaking and partying, dancing girls with them.

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And then in the third year, there was a battle of word. Again, it was a very precarious situation because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't march against Makkah, the Moroccans marched against Medina in order to avenge their fallen in the Battle of brother a year earlier. And in the Battle of brother, there were just over 300 Muslims, and over 1000 or so of the orange. But in the Battle of offered the Quraysh brought together an army of 3000. And they marched not just to the region of Medina, but all the way to the city of Medina. And they can't at the base of Mount and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for the first time the city of Medina was now

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under threat to the extent that even the hypocrites and even the non Muslims agreed to taking part in the battle to defend the city.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was actually contemplating and discussing with the companions, what to do, should they remain in the center and heart of the city and defend it from within and therefore treated as a siege? Or should they actually go out of their local area and face the mannequins and open battle, the situation was so precarious, that the province of the law it was done was actually discussing with the companions want to do one of the two possibilities of even remaining within the city. And then

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eventually what it was decided to march what to fight them in open battle the prophets and the love it was something for them. But that sort of offered itself was not some outright victory for the Muslims.

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Muslims suffered greatly.

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And the British felt that although they have not scored a decisive victory, at least they had avenge their fallen in the Battle of butter, and then they returned.

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Then,

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within the city of Medina itself, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam experienced a number of threats, and then come the fifth year of Hydra.

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For the first time, the operation managed to gather an army of over 10 or approximately 12,000, approximately 10,000 of many of the different tribes that rage and various other tribes from around Medina, and they all marched against the Muslims against the city of Medina, they besieged the city. And for the first time, Medina was actually placed under siege, a prolonged siege.

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Allah describes the situation in the fifth year of hedra, at the time of the Battle of the trench, as it came to be known, in the following words,

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is Jurgen phobic one woman asked for them income, what is deserving of another global manager? What does the rule of law

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when it comes to the

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leader, that remember when they came, actually from above you and from beneath you, meaning from above, from the city of Medina, and below, from all directions against the city of Medina.

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And remember, when the eyes became fixated in horror, and France,

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and remember when the hearts leaped up to the throats in fear, and you began thinking all kinds of thoughts about Allah. Then on that occasion, the believers were tested, and they were shaken, a great shake. So that was just the in the fifth year of hijra

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to this point,

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the prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Muslims. Were always on the defense. Always, always under threat constantly.

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threats, persecuted, threatened,

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many of them tortured, some murdered, driven out of this compelled to emigrate either to Abba sr, or eventually to Medina.

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And then even after the hitch,

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to be fought against in the Battle of battle, to be fought against in the Battle of word, and then for the whole city to be laid siege to in the Battle of the trench in the fifth year of Hitler. It was only then, that once they had departed, after the Battle of the trench, it wasn't really a battle because no great fighting on a large scale took place.

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When the

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different factions of the enemy broke up, and they returned to their respective locations in Arabia, and then the operation returned to Makkah. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually turned around and told the companions that from this moment onwards, they will never large gangsters, we will always march against them.

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And it was then that the tide turned, and in the sixth year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam traveled to Makkah peacefully with the peaceful intention of performing.

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He'd seen a dream.

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And in that dream,

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Allah subhanho wa Taala told him that you will re enter the city of

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performing well, not for me.

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Mr. Holloman? insha Allah amin, we have been asked omaka serene a lot harpoon, but you will enter the city of Mecca and enter the sacred Masjid of Allah in Makkah, how

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shaving your heads and clipping short your hair, which was one of the rites of the pilgrimage, whether it was a great pilgrimage of Hajj or the lesser pilgrimage of Angola.

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in such a state, that you would be secure and fearless. Allah showed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam such a dream. And he informed the companions that love shown me a dream that we will return to Makkah. Now, before I continue, again, we need to understand what Makkah meant to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and to the noble companions. maka was their birthplace. It was their home city. It was a place where they for the Mahajan room, where

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they were born, where they had grown up, where they have their families, their homes, their possessions. It was home city, and along with the worldly attachments of belonging to one's birthplace, one's home, one's locality and neighborhood and one's home city, there was the added factor of a mystery around the house of Allah, the garba, which for them meant much more than it could have ever meant to the duration of the pagans. So when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did hedra, from Makkah to Medina,

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the sort of law and he said Earth was Salam himself was grieved. He was immensely In fact, on the way to Medina during the hitcher, he stopped at a place known as Jaffa. He just pause there, and he was longingly looking back towards Makkah, obviously was very far. But in the direction of NACA, he was longingly looking back in the direction of Mecca, praying to Allah to return him to his beloved city, from which he had to flee

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in dark, undercover.

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So our last panel with Anna revealed to him then in Jaffa, on the way to Medina,

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in the lobby for the illegal for Ana la tequila Ma, the indeed he who has

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appointed and revealed to you

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he will most assuredly return you to the Abode meaning to mark.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before he entered the city of Medina, he had already been given a promise by Allah that Allah would return him to the city of Mecca.

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And in Medina, the Mahajan they found the climates of Medina to be

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unpalatable and favorable. Many of them suffered fever. And the reason was that the there was a huge difference between the two climates, Makkah was arid and dry. Medina was very humid because of the oasis. And as a result, the Moroccans often contracted fever and a number of other

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illnesses and all meaning and shadow, the alarm and her famously relates that many of them had your room would become debilitated with illness, and in one house of work or the alarm and would be lying suffering from fever below or the alarm, would be lying suffering from fever, beloved, the alarm and would recite couplets of poetry, remembering, reminiscing, the times that he would have spent in the various areas of Makkah and its surroundings and vicinity, and lamenting their distance from Makkah, and constantly praying that Oh, when will we see this part of Makkah? When will we see this valley, these waters near Makkah, etc. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he noticed how

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grieved his closest companions, the Mahajan who were

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departing from Mecca, and having to take up residence as almost as refugees. in Medina, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed to Allah to banish the fever and the illness of Medina. And eventually Allah did so. That's another story in itself. But the Muslims weren't able to settle into Medina very easily. They constantly longed for a return to market and

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for many reasons, for religious reasons because of admission of harm, the Garda and because of the holy city, and for personal reasons, that was their birthplace, their home city. This was the city of their families.

00:31:31--> 00:32:01

So when in the 60s of hijra, the sort of loss and the love our legal system told them that I will I have seen a dream, a lot has promised me that you will return to Makkah and you will be able to enter a machine that haraam performing the rights of the pilgrimage. They were elated. And when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam announced that he was to go for Angra Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was joined by many of us have battled the alarm.

00:32:03--> 00:32:08

And they traveled in the state of to market a market

00:32:10--> 00:32:15

crash to cut it very short operation prevented them from entering.

00:32:16--> 00:32:21

In fact, the corporation marveled at the boldness of the profits of the law legal person them

00:32:22--> 00:33:07

and they prevented them from entering, they actually sent out a cavalry force under the command of highly liberal elite. So a contingent of cavalry came out from mugger and attempts to stop the Muslims from even coming close anywhere, but the province and the love it was send them along with the Sahaba of the law firm who were able to bypass the cavalry units until they actually came very close to the city of Mecca. There they camped out with a visa, and the British refused to allow them entry. We all know the story of Nazi within our family, a lot of articles sent, there were rumors of his being attacked and killed province de la la who send them to the pledge from this hub out of the

00:33:07--> 00:33:09

Allahu anhu. And

00:33:13--> 00:33:36

eventually, the British sent a few people as a delegation to negotiate with the province on the love Island or some of them. And then a treaty was concluded that was a treaty of RPB. And if we consider some of the key articles of the treaty, that would be 10 years of a cessation of hostilities for 10 years, no side would attack the other

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

all

00:33:39--> 00:33:47

no side would ally align themselves with anyone who would attack

00:33:48--> 00:33:59

any of the two parties. So there was a truce for a whole 10 years, they would not initiate any hostilities that would not enter into any hostility against each other.

00:34:00--> 00:34:49

And there were various other articles. Another key article of that treaty of that truce was that people were free the different clans and tribes, from the whole of Arabia, were free to enter into any political and military alliance with any of the two parties. So any tribe could enter into an alliance with the city of Makkah, any tribe could enter into an alliance with the city of Medina because Medina was now considered a city states. If you look at the the articles of the treaty, of course, overall, the art of the treaty was actually dis favorable to the Muslims, and strongly one sided and in favor of the British. And that's why the companions were quite dejected and despondent

00:34:49--> 00:35:00

even after the conclusion of the treaty. Anyway, the treaty was signed, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam what parts of the treaty was there would not be able

00:35:00--> 00:35:18

To enter the city of Mecca in the sixth hedger, but they would have to return the following year in the seventh year of hedger and perform a part of the mystery. So the operation was still successful in preventing them from entering the city of Mecca. In the sixth year of which

00:35:19--> 00:35:50

Muslims the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after the signing of the Treaty, returned to his tent, he told us about the Allahu anhu that we must break our we must end our harm here, and therefore shave your heads come out of the sacred states of harm and slaughter and sacrifice animals. But none of us have added the lover who moved many of them were in shock. That's what had happened. That now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had signed a treaty

00:35:51--> 00:36:00

with the Quraysh. And part of that treaty was so one sided parts of that treaty was in fact, the province of the law, it was sort of tolerated everything.

00:36:02--> 00:36:21

When signing the treaty, profits of the law, it was something dictated. This is a treaty between such and such operation, and Mohammed Abdullah, Mohammed Rasool Allah. So the delegation of the Quran objected, and said, strikeouts were sort of law.

00:36:23--> 00:36:51

Because if, if we recognized you as a messenger of Allah, you would have never opposed you. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had a sort of law removed, and it was simply a treaty between Mohammed the son of Abdullah and the British. In fact, again, it was so one sided once they were signing the treaty. Part of the treaty was that any anyone who embraced Islam from Africa

00:36:53--> 00:36:56

or from any one of its allied tribes,

00:36:57--> 00:37:02

if anyone embraced Islam from the Quraysh, from Morocco from any of the Allied tribes,

00:37:04--> 00:37:30

and they then secretly made their way to Medina, the Muslims were under an obligation wasn't an obligation by virtue of that treaty, to return them to Macau. But if anyone from Medina decided to leave Medina, or apostate and renounce their faith, and go to Macau or any one of the other tribes, then they were under no obligation to return to return them to Medina.

00:37:31--> 00:37:47

And the prophets of Allah alayhi wa sallam agreed to that as well, once that was being agreed, a number of Muslims who had embraced Islam from Makkah, but who had not yet done hedger, they arrived at the camp. And in front of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam.

00:37:48--> 00:37:49

They

00:37:50--> 00:37:56

met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Muslims to take them into their protection and to

00:37:57--> 00:37:59

take them with them to Medina.

00:38:00--> 00:38:47

And yet, the Quraysh because the treaty had been signed, they said, by virtue of the treaty, you must return these people as well. So how about the alarm? Those few from Makkah, they were on the floor in the dust, they will weeping begging the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu from Medina. We're watching them, and we've and they were begging the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to allow them to take them back. But because the treaty had been agreed, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had no choice but to honor that article, and in front of us, or how about the law. Those few Muslims were mcca, who actually shackled and chained and dragged back to Makoto makara. The Prophet

00:38:47--> 00:39:00

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam accepted so much, and therefore to the Sahaba. It appeared to be so one sided to the guns that they were dejected when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them break camp

00:39:01--> 00:39:14

and your state of alarm and slaughter your animals and shave your heads. How about all the alarm didn't move? They were shocked. They were in a total state of shock dejected despondent

00:39:16--> 00:39:18

prophets of Allah It was then returned to his tent.

00:39:20--> 00:39:53

Almost Salaam huddled the alarm and I was with him. He was sad. And she suggested to him that why don't you instead of telling them? Why don't you set an example yourself, quietly go out, shave your head and slaughter your animal and they will follow suit. Profits a lot earlier, some did exactly that came out. He shaved his normal head shaved. And while he sacrificed the animal, had his normal head shaved, and came out of the state of

00:39:54--> 00:40:00

when they saw him one by one slowly this harbottle the loved one who joined him, then as they were written

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

Turning, see the number of the alarm and who had raised objections a number of times. He came again to the province of the law it was some of them, but the province of the law it was from wouldn't speak to him. Then the next morning, the province and the love it was summoned Amaro de la Juan. And he said to him, last night's law revealed to me sort of and funny enough that Malika Felton will be now

00:40:27--> 00:40:31

that indeed, we have secured a great victory for

00:40:32--> 00:40:45

a clear victory for say, the nominal the alarm. So the art of sort of law, is this a victory? The Treaty of Arabia, profits in the law it was through said, yes, it says, a victory. Many of us have out of the law.

00:40:46--> 00:40:51

What then later say, to the later Muslims, that

00:40:54--> 00:41:17

you all treat the conquest of Makkah, as the great victory and conquest, whereas we, we have always considered the treaty or the via, to be the great victory and conquest, even though the conquest of Makkah, was a conquest. But we always treated the victory of the Treaty of Arabia as the great victory.

00:41:20--> 00:41:44

And this is why I've gone through this lengthy explanation. And that's the content of sort of enough of him will Vina the whole sorta the victory spoken about in that surah is the victory of the Treaty of Arabia. And the victory spoken about in this surah that was revealed a few months after the Treaty of Westphalia is the victory of Macedonia.

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

Both were victories.

00:41:48--> 00:42:14

And the conquests, in terms of the occupation of the city of Mecca, came after the revelation of this Sora. And that's what was prophesized in sort of the must. But the greatest victory, even in the view of the companions, was actually the Treaty of Westphalia. And indeed, this How about the Allah who couldn't understand it at the time, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told them Indeed, this is a victory, because a lot change.

00:42:15--> 00:42:20

After the victory after the Treaty of Arabia, there was a cessation of hostilities.

00:42:22--> 00:42:30

There was no further fighting between the Muslims and the people of Medina. After that follow the conquest of Haiti after haber Fennec

00:42:31--> 00:42:32

and then,

00:42:35--> 00:42:46

in that short period between the Treaty of Westphalia and the conquest of Makkah, in the eighth year of hijra, a lot happened in the following year, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam performed

00:42:49--> 00:42:56

the AMA, he was able to re enter the city of Mecca peacefully in the state of

00:42:57--> 00:43:00

fulfilling his dream, the dream that large showed him

00:43:01--> 00:43:02

then,

00:43:04--> 00:43:45

in that short period between the Treaty of for the Wii and the conquest of Makkah, many people embraced Islam. The Moroccans for the first time had an opportunity along with many of the allies, along with their allies, and many of the other neutral tribes of being able to judge the people of Makkah, and judge the people of Medina, without the specter of battle without the cloud of war, and many began embracing Islam. Many of the chief Muslims began embracing Islam, harder to believe there'll be a lot of laughs and others also embraced Islam in that period. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was able to send out ambassadors and

00:43:46--> 00:43:53

missionaries to various parts of the world to Abyssinia to one type of Sunni about to

00:43:55--> 00:44:00

Alexandria to Egypt, two wrongs, Byzantine wrong to Persia.

00:44:03--> 00:44:08

Many other tribes began embracing Islam, around Medina apart from some of the people of Mecca.

00:44:10--> 00:44:13

And to give you an example, in the

00:44:16--> 00:44:26

man, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam form went to Makkah in the sixth year of hijra, just before the Treaty of Arabia, how many so how about all the love and come with him?

00:44:28--> 00:44:30

They numbered in the hundreds.

00:44:33--> 00:44:44

According to one estimate, there were approximately 1400. According to another estimate, there are only 700 whether it's 700 or 1400, there were no more than 14 1500.

00:44:45--> 00:44:51

Yet Two years later, at the conquest of Makkah, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam returned to Makkah.

00:44:52--> 00:44:54

He had an army of 10 fasts.

00:44:56--> 00:44:59

So that brief period after the truce,

00:45:00--> 00:45:29

was in itself a period of victory. Now what actually led to the conquest of Makkah that Allah speaks about in here in the store. And when Allah says, Allah, when the help of Allah comes, this help is not just about a single instance of help at the time of the conquest of Makkah. But this is actually for that whole period, from the time of the Treaty of for the BIA all the way till the end of the Prophet some of the love and equal sometimes life. Now what actually led to the conquest of Makkah.

00:45:32--> 00:45:50

As part of the Treaty of for the via the operation, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has agreed that both parties were able to enter into alliances with any tribe. So those who wish to align themselves with the orange could do so those who wish to align themselves with the Muslims could do so.

00:45:52--> 00:45:54

That treaty rested as it was

00:45:56--> 00:45:59

some time later, not too long thereafter.

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

A huge tribe,

00:46:04--> 00:46:08

which live near Makkah, known as the hazhar,

00:46:09--> 00:46:17

the Hassan, decided to enter into an alliance with the prophet SAW lahardee. Some of them even though most of them were not Muslim,

00:46:19--> 00:46:23

only a few of them were Muslim, if that's most of them, it was a non Muslim tribe.

00:46:24--> 00:46:32

There was another very smaller tribe, much smaller, known as the blue buck, Ben Abdallah.

00:46:34--> 00:46:53

And this small tribe was allied to the brush. So you have the huge tribal cars are now entering into an alliance with the city state of Medina. And you have the Blue Book Club in abdomen arms under the smaller tribe that was already aligned with the brush in Makkah.

00:46:54--> 00:47:24

These two tribes, the blue book, urban abdomen, and smaller tribe, allied to the brush, and the blue cozaar, the huge tribe alive to Medina, they had a feud from before, as part of that feud. The Blue Ribbon, both tribes were non Muslim, both tribes were Muslim. So here you have a story of four tribes, the Quraysh well, three main tribes and fourth, another group, your first group, you have the group of Muslims in Medina.

00:47:25--> 00:47:29

The second party here was the rage of Makkah.

00:47:30--> 00:47:39

Then you have the tribal cozaar. And then you have the tribal Boubacar bin Abdullah, apart from the Muslims of Medina, all of the tribes are non Muslim.

00:47:40--> 00:47:44

So the Blue Book Club in the abdomen, ah,

00:47:45--> 00:47:59

with some assistance of the operation Mecca, they attacked the tribe of bizarre. It wasn't all out war, but it was an ambush of a small party on some members of the bazaar,

00:48:00--> 00:48:37

and they were killed. After this attack, the blue book have been abdomen art, they returned to their tribal location near Makkah, and some of them actually took refuge for protection in the city of Makkah itself. The Hazara wants to take revenge. But they knew this is how the tribal system of Arabia worked. The hoser despite being a larger tribe, couldn't just simply go out and attack and take revenge against the small, much, much smaller tribe of Booba. bin Abdullah, because

00:48:38--> 00:48:51

they were allies of the branch. So if I wanted to take revenge on the smaller tribal but on the back of an abdomen up, that would mean all out war with the crush. So the husar

00:48:52--> 00:49:11

appeal to that allies, the Muslims of Medina when they approached prophets in the love it was on them. And they said to him, that we have been attacked, some of our tribes have been killed in an ambush. Now we want as by virtue of our alliance, we want you to help us

00:49:13--> 00:49:29

regime now that the Muslims would get involved, and it shows the change of events. Imagine barely, six years, seven years before barely seven to eight years before

00:49:30--> 00:50:00

the crash. We're all powerful in Makkah. They had driven out the Muslims to Abba Sr. They had driven out the Muslims to Medina. They were now in a position because of the fear of the Quraysh Mohammed Omar Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling. This is eight years before was moving around visiting tribe after tribe after tribe to request their protection. No one was willing to give

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

Their protection to Mohammed the son of Abdullah on the line he was

00:50:05--> 00:50:12

when he went to the city of barf, just nearby, the city of barf actually drove this man.

00:50:13--> 00:50:39

That was barely seven and a half to eight years ago. Now, imagine the change of events, the people in the city of Makkah, conferred amongst themselves and they said, our allies the blue book have been abdomen arms have attacked an ally of the Muslims. Now we are fearful that forget the blue bucket of an abdomen or forget the holes are the ones we fear are the Muslims of Medina.

00:50:41--> 00:50:46

If they launch an attack against us, we will not be able to withstand. So what do we do?

00:50:48--> 00:51:05

All kinds of suggestions were made. Eventually they agreed that we should go to Medina and beg for the Treaty of Arabia to be renewed and extended and ratified and plead with the Muslims not to assist their allies of opposite.

00:51:06--> 00:51:09

So obviously if yarn came to Medina

00:51:10--> 00:51:27

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam paid him no attention. He went to work out of the Allahu anhu paid him no attention. Event tomahto the Allahu anhu paid him no attention, even when to his daughter, Rama Habiba the daughter of a loss of yarn, she paid him no attention.

00:51:30--> 00:51:31

In fact, the story is

00:51:32--> 00:51:33

he went to visit her

00:51:34--> 00:51:46

and he This is the first time he has seen his daughter, Ramallah. After she left Makkah and travel to Abba Sr. Did his daughter with her husband then husband obey the law.

00:51:49--> 00:52:07

Been jack jash, who died in avicennia. Then she married the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam In absence while she was there in Abyssinia. Now, she had arrived in Medina. So Abu Sufyan had not seen his daughter for approximately 15 years.

00:52:10--> 00:52:11

13 years.

00:52:16--> 00:52:29

So the province of the law approximately 15 years. So all Sophia went to visit his daughter when you met her. He went to sit down on some bedding, she quickly pulled the bedding from underneath him.

00:52:31--> 00:53:10

And he said to her, he was he was he was very eloquent. He said to her, my daughter, I don't understand. Have you pulled the bed in from beneath me? Because I am too good for the bedding or the bedding is too good for me. So she replied by saying no, I have pulled the bedding from beneath you, because it will father. This is the bedding of a sort of law some of the law while he was he then refused to stay in the house and all your turn round and sat was like a sabaki shotgun battle Islam. But after embracing Islam, some evil has touched you. And then he left this wall Sophia, the leader of

00:53:12--> 00:53:14

the leader in

00:53:15--> 00:53:50

the leader in the campaign of the trench, the leader till that day, he under whose command were armies who could almost be considered the underground king of Makkah. He now came to beg Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to ratify the treaty. He was given no audience by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Bible, the alarm or eventually even by his own daughter. And He then returned to Makkah with the news for the people of the age. That middle Abdullah is refusing to ratify the treaty.

00:53:52--> 00:53:54

Abuse of yam actually played a great part

00:53:55--> 00:54:02

in what happened next. He actually convinced many of the operation mugger to submit to the profits from the law.

00:54:04--> 00:54:05

And this is why

00:54:08--> 00:54:31

barely a few months later, the profits from two to three months later, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam having refused to ratify the treaty and with full authority of retaliating against Mecca, and assisting the Allied tribal cozaar he marched from Medina by the time the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam reached Mecca, there were 10,000 soldiers.

00:54:33--> 00:54:38

How did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam enter the city imagine a lot.

00:54:40--> 00:54:43

This is a city that persecuted him.

00:54:45--> 00:54:47

that drove him and his followers out

00:54:48--> 00:54:54

that unlawfully after driving them out came their homes, their possessions.

00:54:55--> 00:55:00

This is a city that man that tortured some of his family.

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

Lovers murdered many of them

00:55:03--> 00:55:48

without, without any provocation. This was a city that fought against him that raised other tribes and instigated them inside of them against him that laid siege to his city of Medina. This was a city that is headed a constant battle against a war for years on end. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is re entering the city, not as a refugee, not as someone who fled not in fear, but as an all outrights conquer. How does he enter the city of Mecca? What does he say? What does he do? He divided his army into four groups. They enter the city in four factions.

00:55:51--> 00:55:57

Some of the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu were intent on revenge, because they were

00:55:58--> 00:56:06

impassioned by what they have suffered and experience over all these years. And some of them made a few comments

00:56:07--> 00:56:49

such as today is the final battle. The great battle, when some of the bravest non Muslims came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said to him this is what some of your followers are saying. The sort of laughs and the love and evil send them said you made a play on the words. The words of the great battle were Malema that today is the day of Muhammad the great battle prophets and the lamb I leave with some Sallam said no today's not the day of great man hammer. Today is the day of mahama he changed the lamb to our meaning today is not the day of the great battle. Today is a day of mercy and compassion. He declared a general amnesty. Whoever takes refuge in the city in

00:56:49--> 00:57:19

her arm is safe. Wherever takes refuge in the grand House of all Sophia and is safe. Wherever takes refuge with any of the Muslims are safe. Wherever any of the Muslims give gives protection refuge to anyone. They are safe. Weather does not raise arms is safe. Whoever puts down his weapons is safe. It was a general amnesty. The only people who died after that in battle were those who actually fought against the Muslims. Despite the general amnesty of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:57:24--> 00:57:33

They approached how to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam enter the city of Makkah as a conqueror, Allahu Akbar. He entered, with his head

00:57:35--> 00:57:41

hung and bowed so low, that his noble head was almost touching the Horn of his saddle.

00:57:43--> 00:57:45

in humility, in submission,

00:57:46--> 00:57:47

a man stood

00:57:48--> 00:57:50

quaking before him.

00:57:52--> 00:57:56

And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pacified him, calmed him and told him

00:57:57--> 00:58:03

there is no need for you to fear me. I am but the son of a woman who used to eat dried me.

00:58:06--> 00:58:17

remembering his mother, they stood before him and they said, Oh, one of us one of the Federal grace, we are at your mercy and disposal. What will you do to us today?

00:58:18--> 00:58:36

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the three valet como yo, yo la Hola, como el Amin. Today I say to you, what Yusuf Alayhi Salaam said to his brothers. today. There is no reprimand against you. Allah will forgive you your sins.

00:58:37--> 00:58:57

And indeed, He is the Most Merciful of those who have shown this. There was a general amnesty, no bloodshed, the only fighting that took place. out of the four groups the four factions of the army, it was only the fraction of hard to believe which which experience a bit of fighting by a few people who resisted Otherwise, there was no fight.

00:58:59--> 00:59:14

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam declared a general amnesty. He left everything as it was even the keys of the garba Viola and tried to take the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded him to return the keys of the Kaaba to the family that was responsible for them.

00:59:16--> 00:59:36

And then the province of the love, I think, was the momentum to remain after the victory of her name to barf to lay the siege after, but if did not submit it, not not capitulate, they managed to withstand the siege, but then the province of the love it was left them went to Ghana, and from Ghana, who performed the final Angola.

00:59:37--> 00:59:43

Well, he performed the number of jarana and then he returned to Medina to Managua, then,

00:59:45--> 00:59:54

was the year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then was the year known as the year of deputations, or delegations.

00:59:55--> 01:00:00

One of the reasons why the conquest of Makkah was so important is

01:00:00--> 01:00:21

That many tribes of the of the whole of Arabia, they were watching this battle between the city state of Makkah and the city state of Medina and they were waiting. They did not challenge or oppose the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But nor were they inclined to him, and many of them are saying, he claims to be a prophet.

01:00:23--> 01:00:25

But we shall wait and see.

01:00:26--> 01:00:56

He is in a constant battle with the people of mocha. And mocha is a sacred city. A lot of this is what the Arabs were saying throughout Arabia, a lot defended the city of Mecca against the armies of haberdasher, Abyssinia, and against the armies of Abraham, in the famous incidents of the elephants, elephants and witches mentioned in sort of defeat, so maka was protected by Allah through divine protection.

01:00:57--> 01:01:42

So let's just wait and see if he is defeated by the Munchkins and he is an imposter. But if, despite the divine protection and Makkah By Allah, he is able to take more than he is a prophet. We shall follow Him, as many of them waited till the conquest of Makkah, and when Macau was conquered, the whole of Arabia began. Arriving at the doorstep of the prophets of the lie, they send them deputations from tribes, delegations, leaders, chieftains, they came to submit to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I mentioned about the city of barf, but if did not capitulate on that occasion, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. Despite laying siege to the city of five, and

01:01:42--> 01:02:12

having siege equipment at his disposal, and bombarding the walls of the city of life, he was unable to conquer the city. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam withdrew, and moved to Giovanna performed and then returned. But it wasn't a failure. Because what happened, the city of bife remained within their walls, but not too long thereafter, the chieftains came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at his doorstep in Medina, and they submitted the keys of the system.

01:02:13--> 01:02:42

That was part of the delegations. So the year none of the hidden of Hydra was known as a year of deputations. The year of delegations from all over Arabia, people embraced Islam, in droves in throngs, in huge groups, tribes submitted to the authority of the Muslims, even some tribes to the north who didn't embrace Islam, they like on the occasion of the walk, they still submitted to the authority of the Muslims.

01:02:44--> 01:02:45

This is

01:02:46--> 01:03:08

a summary of what sort of, sort of the must refers to when Allah says, when the victory of Allah when the help of Allah arrives, and when conquest comes, then what should the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam do? Let's look at that now a lot see that journalists will lie when, when the help of a law and when conquests come.

01:03:09--> 01:03:11

We're at the mercy of Corona Fie de la jolla.

01:03:13--> 01:03:26

And you see the people entering into the religion of a law of Washington, in troops in droves in throngs in arms, in hordes.

01:03:27--> 01:03:32

Then what should you do on messenger of Allah, for submit him that up because

01:03:33--> 01:03:37

then him the praise of your law, I

01:03:39--> 01:04:05

to express your gratitude was the fear and seek His forgiveness in the whole gamut of whether indeed he Allah is most relenting. Now, apparently, the words are just that be thankful to Allah and seek His forgiveness. But the meaning is much more profound, much deeper. The best way to understand this is by the following story related by mojari and by others, that delight my boss that the law says

01:04:06--> 01:04:14

I mean, what meaning above the law one would gather, the elders and the veterans of the battle have but

01:04:16--> 01:04:31

as his personal confidence, and as his counselors, so he had a group of counselors, and confidence. They were all made up of the chief senior Muslims, and the veterans of the Battle of button.

01:04:34--> 01:04:51

They were his most trusted companions, and along with these grand elders of the Sahaba I'm delighted my battle of the love anchorman says that, no matter the alarm would invite me also to sit with them. And I'm delighted my boss was very, extremely.

01:04:52--> 01:04:57

In fact, when the alarm would include him, he may still have been in his late teens.

01:04:58--> 01:04:59

So

01:05:00--> 01:05:16

I'm delighted my boss of the alarm, I'm gonna say some of the elders felt something that why does immutable meaning include I'm delighted my bass with the veterans of butter with a seniors. And one of them, some of them actually spoke up and said to

01:05:17--> 01:05:31

the alarm on Oh meter meaning we have sons his age, why do you include only him amongst the elders, and exclude all the other young men, of our families and of the community?

01:05:33--> 01:05:52

So one day, so you're the number of the Allahu anhu, say, Abdullah, Ambassador, the alarm essays, see that a lot of the alarm rang while Sam was present, he posed a question. And I only think that he did this in order to demonstrate something to the companions to the veterans. So he said to the whole group,

01:05:53--> 01:06:24

what do you remember? What do you know, of the meaning of the surah? Is our general civil law? What? What are the nursing of hold on a few the law of large until the end? So he began asking all of the companions, what do you say about this surah. So some of them remain silent. Others express the apparent meaning that the meaning of the story is, but when the help of a long victory and conquest awry, and him the praise of your Lord and seek His forgiveness.

01:06:26--> 01:06:35

So he asked a few of them, the others remain silent, then. So you're not going to be alone. And terms, Abdullah have not been said to him. Or Abdullah?

01:06:37--> 01:06:41

What do you say about the surah. So I'm delighted and I burst of the alarm has said

01:06:45--> 01:06:46

that journalists will lie.

01:06:47--> 01:06:50

When the help of a law and victory conquests arrive,

01:06:52--> 01:06:59

then a messenger of Allah, this is the son of your coming death.

01:07:01--> 01:07:04

This is a sign from Allah, that your death is

01:07:06--> 01:07:16

saved, alarm turn to the other companions, and said to them, I know about the surah only what Abdullah have not been,

01:07:17--> 01:07:28

which is that the deeper meaning of the surah is a message sort of sort of law, some of the law legal system, that will messenger of Allah, you are

01:07:29--> 01:07:34

a prophet of Allah and His Messenger, you are not a king,

01:07:35--> 01:08:23

you are not a mama, you are not aware lead a lot of century with a very specific purpose. So when you achieve what Allah has sent you to achieve, when the victory of Allah and his assistance arrive, when you have conquered when everything is laid at your feet, or messenger of Allah, this is not the time for you to remain behind and enjoy the fruits of your victory. Rather, your mission is accomplished. Now it is time for you to prepare yourself for the meeting of your Lord. And that's the meaning of for submit, we hang that up because the him the prayers of your Lord and seek His forgiveness. Not that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wouldn't praise lover for that, nor

01:08:23--> 01:08:47

that he wouldn't seek Allah's forgiveness before that, in fact, the prophets are moving in shadow, the law says gamma symbolizes the law and he was telling them you have got a lot harder than the Messenger of Allah would remember a lot at all times, at all times, without exception. So now what is he being told? He was already praising Allah, he was already

01:08:49--> 01:09:14

seeking Allah forgiveness. Rather, this meaning wasn't just understood by so you're gonna have to learn to be a lot. It was actually understood by the other so how about the alarm and the light and I burst of the alarm Nkrumah himself and the rates that when this surah was revealed, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam summoned his daughter, Father model the Allahu Allah. And he said to her,

01:09:15--> 01:09:31

oh, my beloved daughter, Allah has revealed to me that germs will live on forever, and I do not see except that this is a message to me from my lord of my imminent death. So far the model the alarm, began with

01:09:34--> 01:09:59

a man by law he lay relates us with Ethan is the light on the wall and others also. And in there, the story is that he shouted the alarm. I was actually watching and she saw fact the model the alarm, I'm whispering to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when you spoke to her first, all she could see is that Father model the Allah began weep

01:10:00--> 01:10:42

Then the prophets of Allah, Allah who sort of whispered something to her again. And Fatima, then began laughing. So what did he say to her? This was it. He said to her or my daughter, Allah has revealed to me the surah and this I do not see this, but as a message to me that my death is close to 10 and she began weeping. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whispered to her on my daughter, do not grieve, for from my whole family, you will be the first to meet. And that's exactly what happened. Indeed, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself me On another occasion, there were a number of how about the alarm and who seated the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited

01:10:42--> 01:11:10

the surah as soon after its revelation abass are the alarm. I'm the father of our beloved mad bus, because this wasn't immediately after its revelation. At a late stage, a boss of the law firm began weeping. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Why do you weep? Is that the sort of law that is the message of your upcoming death in the sword. On another occasion, the alarm heard the sword and wept, remember

01:11:12--> 01:11:50

the story of the weeping of Satan or the alarm and when he heard the sore, the story of a burst of the alarm when he weeping when he heard the Sora wasn't immediately after its revelation. It was later, at a later stage, when a burst of the alarm and heard the suit on one occasion he began weeping when we modeled the love and heard the surah. On a later occasion, he began weeping not at the time of its revelation. So both of these companions wept, and there were so why because it contained the message of the prophets in the law it sometimes death. Meaning shuttle the alarm on her late in the day is that

01:11:52--> 01:12:03

after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received this surah in Revelation, he would repeatedly say the word Subhana, Allah Han will be handed Allah homophily

01:12:04--> 01:12:10

ceramica la morbihan pick your glory, hallowed be your name.

01:12:12--> 01:12:23

And may you be praised or laugh Forgive me. So he would constantly say these words. So when he was asked, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Allah has told me

01:12:24--> 01:12:48

that there is a sign which one I see in my mind, I must praise Him and seek His forgiveness. And indeed, I have seen that sign. And that sign is the help of a lot and his conquest and victory. And since that sign has arrived, I am now excessively increasing my remembrance of Allah and my seeking of his forgiveness. Then he was cited in our journals for life.

01:12:49--> 01:13:14

And indeed, this this shows that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't a ruler of the world. He wasn't a monarch. He wasn't a conqueror in that sense of the word. He was a messenger of Allah. Because look at the way he forgave, shall compassion and mercy to his greatest enemies. And one thing which you will see about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam

01:13:16--> 01:13:18

is his miraculous ability

01:13:19--> 01:13:22

to induce love after Hey.

01:13:24--> 01:13:27

He cast love in the hearts of those who hated him the most.

01:13:29--> 01:13:33

The most abuse of young opposed.

01:13:35--> 01:13:46

When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam treated him the way he did. Abuse of yarn became a sincere belief, fighting on behalf of the Muslims even losing an eye in one of the battles.

01:13:47--> 01:13:48

A crema

01:13:51--> 01:14:13

was one of the people who was Nkrumah the son of double jab Ekrem, I was young, and Nkrumah was arrival of abuse of yarn for influence and power in Makkah. And in fact, by the time of the conquest of Makkah, Nkrumah was almost arrival leader of the operation in Makkah, because he was from the dominant clan of banal Muslim. He was a son of a double jab.

01:14:18--> 01:14:28

And he was a vital young aspiring individual. Nkrumah was so incensed by Muslim victory, that he refused to remain in Makkah and he fled.

01:14:29--> 01:14:38

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he vowed even after after the conquest of Makkah, to continue opposing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam crema,

01:14:40--> 01:14:49

was summoned by the prophets of Allah live, he was invited. He was he was promised protection that no harm will come to you. It could be the son of Abu Jamal.

01:14:51--> 01:14:59

How could he forget his father's enmity to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam How could he forget his father being killed in the battle?

01:15:00--> 01:15:27

Better. How could you forget how his father was decapitated in the Battle of brother? How could he forget all that his father and his family and his clan had gone through with the prophets of Allah, highly acclaimed arcane Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam showed him great love and compassion. After that. It Grima became such a sincere and staunch Muslim that he openly declared, he said

01:15:29--> 01:15:42

I risked my life for the goddesses of lard and Rosa, why would I now hold back in risking my life for the sake of Allah, and he died as a Shaheed in one of the battles.

01:15:43--> 01:16:27

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was able to arouse such love and loyalty that it was unbelievable. In his greatest enemies in all of his greatest enemies. of all, Sofia was his chief opponent, and his daughter was married to him. He even was his chief opponents from the tribe of NaVi in Medina. His daughter, Sophia Viola Anka came into his household as a sincere loving wife, the province of the love Island alayhi wa sallam was able, the famous story of one of the tribal leaders of Arabia, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he was captured, he was tied up in the machine.

01:16:28--> 01:16:36

And then after three days once tied up to the pillar and observing the comings and goings in the machine, the prophets Allah alayhi wa sallam

01:16:38--> 01:16:41

gave instructions for him to be released, he was released.

01:16:42--> 01:16:50

He went to the hospital, came back, and stood before the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And said

01:16:52--> 01:16:53

before this day,

01:16:58--> 01:17:02

the most occurs religion, in my view, was your religion.

01:17:03--> 01:17:48

The most occurs and detestable set detested city, in my view, was your city, and the most detested face in mankind, before this day was your face. But today, I openly declare, that of all the cities, yours as the most beloved city to me, of all the religions, yours is the most beloved religion to me, and of all the faces, yours is the most beloved face to me, a shadow law in the law, watershed moment little sort of law, and because it was achieved, and he then sent a message to the orange, that I am now a follower of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. There are many examples of the of what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam could arouse in his

01:17:48--> 01:18:12

followers of loyalty and love. And this is it love after hate was unbelievable. Many hated him. And yet, how did the Prophet sallallahu wasallam treatment, the whole of the whole city of Mecca hated him, persecuted him to kill him. How did he treat them? He was not a conqueror. He was a messenger of Allaah that's how we entered the city. And when

01:18:13--> 01:18:15

the whole of Arabian laters feeds

01:18:17--> 01:18:29

unlike any other conqueror or ruler, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam refused to enjoy the fruits of his victory. Imagine how did he spend his last two years in praise of law?

01:18:30--> 01:18:51

Many of you will have heard the opening shot of the law and how relates I have eaten relates to the record by Boko Haram Muslim, the after the revelation of the surah Elijah, Allahu Allah. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would increasingly say in his little gore and sujood of Salah subhanak Allahu Allah

01:18:52--> 01:18:55

Subhana lochmaben alghamdi Allah.

01:18:57--> 01:19:32

acting on these verses have he constantly praised law sources forgiveness, he would say I seek a large forgiveness more than seven two times a day in subsidies more than 100 times a day. But how did he live in these these two final years after his victory, the whole of Arabia near to sweet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not even extend his house. His house remained the same as the first day when he entered Medina, the prophet sulla well, his homes remained the same. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not build a palace. He did not extend his home.

01:19:34--> 01:19:59

He did not amass riches, he remains simple and humble as he did. Even when entering the city of Mugu, he entered burying his head so much so that his novel had almost touched the Horn of his saddle. When he died on mini shuttle the alert relates to us that the prophets of Allah leaves him when he died. He did not leave behind a single beaner a single dyrham a single goat as soon as

01:20:00--> 01:20:36

Campbell, all he had was some weapons and even some of those, his shield etc. Were mortgaged and pawned by a yahoodi of Medina in return for barley which he had purchased for his family. Imagine this uncrowned king and Ruler of Arabia. In his final days, he bought barley to give to his wives. And even the barley that was bought to give to his wives was bought on credit. And he wasn't credit. Without security, he had to give some of his possessions as security. And that's a state in which he died. The profits of the law

01:20:38--> 01:20:43

a shadow of the alarm has left behind nothing except two small plots of land, which he gave away.

01:20:44--> 01:20:45

Even that was given away.

01:20:47--> 01:21:26

That was the sort of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds him You are not a mess. You are not a conqueror, a monarch of this world, when the help of a London victory come, then prepare for the meeting of your Lord. And that's what these final two verses mean. Final this for some big camera because the pharaoh in the Hogan awaba him the praise of your Lord and seek His forgiveness. Verily he liked most relenting and remember the meaning of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam seeking forgiveness is not that he had sinned, for which he would seek forgiveness. Rather, the simplest way of explaining this is as an apple abrar carabin as a phrase in Arabic,

01:21:27--> 01:22:13

that's the good deeds of the pious ones, are actually considered the ill deeds of the ones who are closest meaning the closer a person is to Allah subhanho wa Taala. The greater the expectations, the greater the demand. Sometimes they may say or do something, which is not wrong and not a sin. But in view of their position. An example is so you're gonna move Sally Hassan, he was asked, Is there anyone more knowledgeable than you? And see you then and Sally has Salaam said to set his people? I am the most knowledgeable and there is no one more knowledgeable than me. And indeed, was that correct? factually, it wasn't? Well, technically Apparently, it wasn't incorrect. Because see you

01:22:13--> 01:22:52

then I'm also Ali Hassan was a prophet of Allah, the leading prophets of Allah. And the most knowledgeable person, the most learned person amongst community is the Messenger of Allah. But because of his position, Allah disapproved of him claiming to be the most knowledgeable amongst us people, even though it was true. So Allah has reprimanded him and told him that no means that there is someone even more knowledgeable than you in some aspects. And then he told him the whole story of salt or guff. So Allah actually chided him, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. on various occasions, he had two choices before him. Both were right, both were correct. None of them

01:22:52--> 01:23:37

were wrong, but one was better. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meant for the less preferred option. Allah subhana wa Tada. Soft, softly chided him softly reprimanded him and correct him. And after correcting him, chiding him, Allah still spoke words of comfort and solace to him immediately thereafter. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his position was unique, it was very different. He wasn't seeking forgiveness for the sake of sin. Rather, he received last forgiveness to elevate his rank even further. This is why Salatu janaza is performed over an innocent baby also, even though salado janazah in a way is one of seeking forgiveness, where there

01:23:37--> 01:23:52

is no forgiveness to be sought, then such seeking of forgiveness merely means the elevation of that person's rank and grade even higher and further. And this was the case with little sort of law, some of the law it was some of them, there's not much more that can be said.

01:23:54--> 01:24:38

I'll end with just mentioning that this is the instruction of Allah to everybody, not just the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. But one or two lessons that we can take from here is that assistance ultimately comes from Allah subhanho data, for fee enablement for anything ultimately comes from Allah. What a person achieves is not out of one's own greatness, but it's because of the bofi and the divine enablement of Allah and one should be grateful to Allah azza wa jal for that this was the method of all the messengers of Allah, and in victory in victory, don't mean victory in that sense, but in any personal accomplishment in any personal achievement, wants

01:24:38--> 01:24:59

you to gloat or be proud, rather, one should be extremely humble. And that's exactly what Allah has the vegetal tells the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam here, and this is what the original Salatu was Salam would do. It's a very beautiful example. So the man alayhis salam, he is regarded as being a great ruler. And a lot of those dimensions about him was

01:25:00--> 01:25:46

Listen, a manager motorhoming legitime will install a plane from us Island and Sony mom's army. Superman's army's what gathered for him of the gym of the men and even of the birds, and they will all amass them arranged. And then there's that famous story of the value of the amps and hear something man I listen I was marching with an army of gin, birds and beasts and humans, and they came across the value of the gin valley of the ants and the ant the queen and spoke to the rest. And the winds subservient to the commander saw a man carried the speech of the queen and to its colonies. And suddenly maladies salon not only heard that speech of the ants, but fell there, as he

01:25:46--> 01:25:51

said earlier, they were taught the language of the birds and the beasts what

01:25:53--> 01:26:39

they were taught the language of the birds and the Beast, certainly man either his Salaam heard the whispering and the conversation of the ants. And not only that son of man, alayhis salam, and stirred the whole message. What did he do? Imagine this is silly man alayhis salaam, with his armies of jinn, men, birds and beasts, the wind subservient to his command, understanding the speech of the birds and the beasts and even of the insects. That was his moment of pride and glory. What did he do about an SES for the system of Africa? He smiled, and then laughed. But then what did he say? We'll call and he said, are Bo zucchini and ash Coronet? mythicality and under LA,

01:26:40--> 01:26:40

dee

01:26:42--> 01:26:42

da was

01:26:44--> 01:26:52

about 18. He did not gloat. He wasn't proud. He wasn't boastful. Rather, he said, Oh, my Lord, grants me

01:26:54--> 01:26:54

the ability

01:26:56--> 01:27:05

to be grateful of your blessings which you have bestowed upon me and upon my father, and grants me the ability to do good,

01:27:06--> 01:27:07

which pleases you

01:27:10--> 01:27:17

and grant me the ability and what of healing and enter me in the group of the pious servants.

01:27:18--> 01:27:24

That was for the man alayhis salaam at his peak, use of alayhis salaam, what a beautiful story.

01:27:25--> 01:27:32

Eventually, see the my use of a histogram is on the throne of Egypt. His brothers come before him.

01:27:33--> 01:27:35

And Allah sees what a variable we had an

01:27:36--> 01:27:52

agenda. And he raised his father and mother to the throne, and the family, his brothers, who had deposed him sought to kill him, cast them into the well abandon him, and then eventually sold him. Those brothers fell into prostration before him.

01:27:54--> 01:28:00

He then turned to his father, and said, Oh, my father, this or that.

01:28:01--> 01:28:19

This is the interpretation and the full fulfillment of my dream. And then he recounted what Allah had done for him. And he said, Oh, my father, Allah has been kind to me, when he extracted me from prison, and then he mentioned some of the things and look at the story of

01:28:21--> 01:28:23

so you can I use alayhis salaam,

01:28:24--> 01:28:28

cast into a well abandoned envied by his own brothers.

01:28:30--> 01:28:41

They attempted to kill him at first abandoned him, sold him in slavery, bought to Egypt, sold into slavery, brought to the palace as a slave,

01:28:42--> 01:28:59

exposed to temptation, seduction and fitna thrown into prison, innocently on the charge of rape, attempted rape, languishing in prison, prison for so many years removed, gradually climbed up until now He is the Lord of Egypt.

01:29:00--> 01:29:23

What does he say this is his peak, his parents are on the throne beside him. His brothers are in prostration before him, the whole of Egypt with his riches is at his feet. What does he do? You study? What I'm saying is probably a 20 minute monologue. While I'm reading these facts that are similar to one another, believe me, I will ask

01:29:25--> 01:29:35

what helped me besides being, Oh my Lord, indeed, you have given me off the kingdom. And you have taught me the interpretation of dreams and things

01:29:36--> 01:30:00

originates out of the heavens and the earth. You are my master and Guardian, in this world and in the hereafter. Allah the author name muslimah take me in depth as a Muslim what happened he was slightly in and attach me to the PI Server. Use of alayhis salam at his peak so the man alayhis salaam at his peak, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at his peak. These were

01:30:00--> 01:30:19

are not conquerors. These were not monarchs. These were not Lords of the worldly ram realm. These were the messengers of law. And for them, especially for a sword or Lutz in the law, it was seldom when victory came alive did not tell him to enjoy the fruits of his victory on Earth. Rather, your mission is over.

01:30:20--> 01:30:33

Now the time has come to return to Allah. Thus, in his final days, he feebly stood up, feeble and weak. And he delivered the hotbar. And as part of that whatever he said,

01:30:35--> 01:30:50

Indeed, law has given a servant of his a choice between the world and the here, the world and his Lord, the world and what is with his Lord. So the servant chose what is with us, Lord

01:30:52--> 01:31:29

abubaker of the law and burst into tears. The narrator says, some of the others looked at a bucket of the alarm and said to him, said about him and thought to themselves, now how the shaky, what's wrong with this old man? Why does he weep? Allah gave a servant a choice between the dunya and the earth. So he chose that after Allah gave us the choice between the world and what is with his Lord, so he chose what is with his Lord, what is there to weep about that, but none better than Abubakar, the law, and for him stood that the abbot, the servant was none other than the messenger.

01:31:30--> 01:32:13

And he understood that what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam meant is that law given him a choice to continue to live in the world, or to return to Allah. And he chose that which has been the law and that his death was near, none understood better than abubaker Allah and Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was no conqueror or mama called Lord of the worldly realm. Rather, he was a Noble Messenger of Allah. And when his mission was accomplished, of spreading the deen to the Arabian canoes to the to the world, the time had come for him to depart and to be recalled and his Lord, and indeed here to depart, but after his departure, what happened?

01:32:15--> 01:32:18

Did all of his accomplishments come to norms now?

01:32:20--> 01:32:32

The result is what the world sees. The result is the Dean of Islam, as some of us would love some of the law legal system and his legacy in many ways. He wasn't just

01:32:34--> 01:32:37

a conqueror, there have been many conquerors Alexander was a conqueror.

01:32:38--> 01:32:50

Genghis Khan was a conqueror. And yet what do they do? genius calm, conquered. In fact, he conquered the his legacy was the largest

01:32:51--> 01:33:00

contiguous Empire, land Empire the world had ever seen. And yet, it shrunk. All that happened is that his descendants eventually embraced Islam.

01:33:02--> 01:33:31

Alexander was a conqueror, what happened upon him after his death, his generals began bitterly fighting amongst themselves, and his whole empire was carved into different factions, ruled by different generals from his own troops eventually disintegrated. But when it was Alexander, whether it was Genghis Khan, they only left behind a terrestrial Empire with a sort of lump sum the law it was suddenly this off

01:33:32--> 01:33:39

without brother without sister, born into that sleepy town of Macau,

01:33:40--> 01:33:53

without formal education as we know it. Macau was not a center of civilization, as we know it's more of education that hammered that young Mohammed Abdullah Saleh, it was some of them came to be

01:33:54--> 01:34:12

pursued a lot sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who achieved what he achieved. What was his legacy? Was it just one lamb terrestrial Empire? No Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the whole gave the world an empire of philosophy, or religion and ideology.

01:34:13--> 01:34:20

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the world a unified language. He gave the world what

01:34:21--> 01:34:34

he achieved so much that no one can compare in him, even looking at it from a secular, non religious perspective. And that's why he has been hailed by many non Muslims also, as a greatest human being.

01:34:35--> 01:34:42

As the greatest achiever, the single most influential person in the whole history of mankind without that,

01:34:44--> 01:34:48

and just as the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu were inspired

01:34:49--> 01:34:59

to love and loyalty by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his character and person, his character and person and his memory and his legacy continue to inspire love and loyalty.

01:35:00--> 01:35:05

Amongst millions and will continue to do so even after hates,

01:35:07--> 01:35:25

especially in this climate was so much being said about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what I would say not to worry, love after hate. But there were those in Makkah and in Arabia, who hates the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with a greater passion than any one man.

01:35:28--> 01:35:38

And yet, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one touch, one glance, a few moments of his company worked wonders,

01:35:39--> 01:35:42

and his legacy will continue to work wonders.

01:35:43--> 01:35:51

I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala enable us to understand these words either germicidal ly will fit when the help of Allah and conquest arrive.

01:35:54--> 01:36:20

What I've done what I hold on a feeding layer of water and you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in throngs, for submit handed off because the film then celebrates and him the praise of your Lord, and seek His forgiveness in the whole gamut. The Weber indeed he is very he is most relenting was a lot was something he would have sold in the Vietnam War or the he was in panic a lot.

01:36:22--> 01:36:22

And

01:36:25--> 01:37:04

this lecture was delivered by show of a use of rebel hug, and has been brought to you by alkota Productions. For additional lectures and products, please visit www.ak store.com. We can also be contacted by phone on double zero double 4121 double 713 triple seven, or by email via sales at aka store.com. produced under license by alkota Productions. All rights reserved for alkota Productions and the author. any unauthorized distribution, broadcasting or public performance of this recording will constitute a violation of copyright.