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The Prophet & Heraclius, The Roman Emperor Part 5

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Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

Episode Notes

The following topics are discussed in this lesson:
The fears of Heraclius
The letter of Rasul Allah Muhammad SAW sent to Heraclius
The Council of Nicaea
The foresight of Sayyiduna Umar RA

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Do you want to talk karate?

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When I was a bit?

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Me I

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didn't

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want to shed a

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lot more color should he want to shovel in the hood I saw some of the larger data and he wanna

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see it on

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my bag, laughing in a shape on a virgin

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in the law home of the equator who is Simona

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De

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Soto, Allah He was

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Allahu Salaam,

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late Dada Ibrahim

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Ibrahim

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machine, a law firm about a guide on

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Iraq.

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Listeners we gather once again for the

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reading and commentary of the famous hadith of heraclius from

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so far, this is a very This is the seventh Hadees from famous collection of

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elites very long.

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And over the past few weeks, we've covered most of the headings. So far, what we've learned is that

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after the Treaty of her they be in the sixth year of HR towards the end, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had began dispatching

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letters to various rulers

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surrounding Arabia. One of them was the

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preeminent superpower of the time, the Byzantine Roman Empire whose ruler was Heraclitus, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent this letter with the ship and again we have the law, one

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very famous companion.

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And he went and delivered this to

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Caracas, Caracas received the letter, he read it, and then he began making inquiries.

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Apart from the letter, in fact, before the letter heraclius had also received word from one of the from the kasana King,

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who was his vassal and Allah,

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Who, generally informing him about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he first learned about Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam through this as a Sun King. Then he received the letter upon which he began making extensive inquiries. As part of that inquiry. He

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demanded from his soldiers to turn Sham Insider, and try and locate any Arabs from Arabia. So they did so. And they came upon a wall Sofia, who was a leader of a trade caravan consisting of approximately 30 people, that traders they were in Gaza at the time a port city famous for trading Even then, so they will hold from Gaza to Jerusalem, where heraclius had come to pay homage and on pilgrimage there in the Royal Hall, who actually has summoned most of Yan and his companions. And the reason they were they were in Gaza is that according to Sophia, who is actually the narrator of this heavy

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they took advantage of the truce that had been agreed with the profits of the law legal system, and therefore without fear of being impeded or molested in any way. They would pass Medina and travel onwards to Sham for trade. So here actually is having summoned him.

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He held a huge reception,

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which was quite intimidating, for he was sitting with his crown on his throne, surrounded by his courtiers as patricians, the grating ground of the Byzantine Roman Empire at the time, and he may also have yarn and his companions sits before him, and then he interrogated him. In his interrogation. heraclius asked also

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10 questions.

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Each one of these questions was very incisive, very precise.

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And there was a background to this, you're actually is wasn't just

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a great politician, a great military leader, and the emperor of the greatest superpower at the time. But he was also a devout Christian. And he had knowledge of the Christian scriptures and of Christian history. And therefore he was familiar with Scripture, the message of the messengers, and their relationship with their vehicles. So it's 10 questions. We're all bent on profound knowledge of Scripture, and religious history, and the history of the messengers their message and their relationship with their peoples

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have having received the answer to all 10 of these questions, heraclius then proceeded to repeat each question with a boost of hands answer, and then provide his own analysis.

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And then having done so he concluded, that if all that you say is true, about this man, all 10 questions were about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his message and his relationship with his people.

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He then concluded that if all that you say about him, it's true. But in the whole cm liquor, mold they are having,

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meaning he shall soon come to rule and possess the land beneath these two feet.

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So this is more or less where we ended after that, your activists. He's called for the letter that he had received from the Prophet, some of the law and even some of them through the heat and caliber of the law one.

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Remember, he had already read it. And it was because of that letter. And because of the preliminary knowledge that he had of the Prophet, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam through his Masonic ally and kin, that he actually began making these inquiries. So he then called for that letter, and he read out the letter to his people have also found his group and to the whole court.

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Prior to this,

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very few people, even in the courts have knowledge of that letter. And I've also found had no knowledge whatsoever. In fact, this was the first he learned that Mohammed Omar Abdullah, since he wasn't Muslim at the time, that Mohammed Abdullah has actually sent a letter to heraclius. So this is where we left off, and let's continue from there.

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So here actually has said

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he will be less now than what

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he or she law gone

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with a continuous uninterrupted chain from me to them and Buhari Rahim Allah, He says, as part of the Hadees, for in Ghana to all of your actually a separate more sofian. So if what you say is true,

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for cmdlet, the law the akademija, hotter, so soon he shall possess

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these three feet of man, meaning the land beneath these feet of

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all the air them and the whole heart. And I knew that he was about to emerge, meaning just like

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the other people of scripture in the Middle East at the time,

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those in the know those with knowledge.

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They were anticipating the arrival of the final prophets of Allah. All the signs were pointed.

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Throughout Arabia and beyond,

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people were waiting for the arrival of the final messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there were many signs all converge.

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So even before his interrogation of piano, even before he learns about the Prophet, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam, even before he received his letter,

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through general signs and other

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indications, he was convinced that a profit is about to emerge.

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So he says, What's going to college, and I knew that he is about to emerge upon a woman, the woman, but he says, however, I didn't think that he would be one of you.

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Again, this was one of the reasons why men chose not to believe in the messenger, some of the love

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It was

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the Arabs,

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although admired for some of their qualities,

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and also feared in equal measure,

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because they were a warrior race.

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In general, the Arabs were looked down upon

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and held in contempt, both by the Persians and the Romans, the two superpowers at the time.

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And even in Arabia,

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the people of Scripture,

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the learned, the well versed, the literate, those who have knowledge of the Scripture, they were also aware that the prophets was about to emerge, but even they didn't think for a moment

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that he would emerge from amongst the Arabs. They consider the Arabs, beyond the pale, irredeemable, unable to be reformed.

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So,

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when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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did proclaim his prophethood

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Of course, many amongst his own people oppose them, or people of

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other groups refused to believe in him.

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hassle them in the enforcing membaca mata Bian Allahu Allah, as Allah says, In the Quran, out of spite and envy,

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even after the truth had become clear and manifest to them, so they accepted the songs, they believe that he wasn't a lie.

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They recognize the true signs surrounding the coming of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, as well as the signs in him,

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but merely out of spite and jealousy, that he he was one wants the Arabs and not from their group, not from their nation, they refused to believe in him. So here actually essays are saying that I never thought for a moment that this final prophet of Allah would emerge from lots of pagan Arabs.

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But then he says, follow me, Ireland and the closer LA. But if I need

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that I could safely reach that position to the bar, I would

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struggle

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I would venture is meet, I would take the risk of going to meet him. What does correctly is mean when he says if I knew that I could safely reach

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even before his interrogation of all Sophia.

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He was already inclined

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to accepting the message of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In fact, when he received the letter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his conscience told him that this is the true final messenger, and that he should believe in him. However

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heraclius did it.

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And he looked

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at himself,

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his throne, his crown, his people, his empire, and he wanted the best of both. So he wanted to save his soul

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and gain salvation in the Hereafter, and believe in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as he realized he should.

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But at the same time, he wants to preserve his kingdom, his throne, his crown,

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And he didn't want to upset his people. And for him, the best option was that he would believe in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, if only he could convince his people to join him. In that way, his position as his continued position as an emperor would be secure.

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And he would also save his soul and go along with his conscience. So he wanted the best of both worlds. So in a way, all this drama of summoning Abu Sufyan

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in the midst of his core tears in the midst of his scholars, and scribes, and patriarchs and politicians and leaders of the whole empire, and interrogating him in that manner, receiving the answers, analyzing the answers, and then summoning the letter of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and having it publicly read out. All of this was an attempt on his part, to win over the hearts and minds.

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of his core tears and his people of his nobleman in the hope that they would agree with his embracing Islam, and they would follow in his footsteps and joins me they would also accept the messenger. Still Alive it was.

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So this is why he did a lot of this.

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And he admits that I knew he was going to match, but I didn't think it was one of you. However, now that he has emerged from amongst you, if I know that I can safely region

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he feared

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rounds.

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To some degree, he feared that if I

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announced my

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conversion to Islam,

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I publicly accept this prophets of the Arabs as the final messenger of Allah, and I believe in Him, then

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not only will I lose my throne,

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but I may also lose my life.

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And that's why he said follow. If I knew that

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I could safely region that the just Chemin de la, I would venture to meet him. So he knew that going out to meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would be a risky venture in itself. It would require a struggle. That's why he said that the addition to the bar I would venture to meet

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will open to him the whole time, but the main he goes further, and says if I was by him, I would wash his feet. I commented on this last week thermadata abracadabra su de la his son Lala sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah de Vaca he married a la Vina Busan for the pharaoh who enter Iraq.

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He then called for the letter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam which he had sent with

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to the Great Leader of Muslims, the ruler of Basra.

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As I mentioned, this is posture, which was a trading city and a famous Roman city.

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directly on routes between Medina and Damascus, not too far from Damascus. So

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the rule of bustle Busan was the same as Assange King, which I spoke of earlier. So through him, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent this letter that hit will kill the lover and carried it to Boston. And then from there, he went with the idea of Manhattan or de la one, I didn't even have him on the line was a famous companion, but who wasn't a Muslim at the time, but he was a noble leader. So he joined the head of the alarm, and

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they hit the alarm and delivered the letter to heraclius, who received it and then read it and put it away. Then follow these events. Then he called for the lesser of a sort of law, some of the law it was written once again. And then he read it out for Cora. Then he read it for either a fee. So low there in was the following.

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Man,

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by the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

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This is the tradition of writing letters.

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On begin,

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this is the son of the MBA.

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As a law mentions in the Quran, when Salima alayhis salaam, sent a letter to the Queen of Sheba.

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When she received it,

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she announced to her core tears

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will appear in iya Kitab on getting what Norman saw a man

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that a noble letter has been delivered to.

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And it is from Selena.

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What in the hell and it is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Allah, Allah Yahweh, Sunni Muslim, very subsistence, a one line letter

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim by the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Allah

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do not rise above me.

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What to me muslimeen and come to me in submission. That was it. That was the only letter of Solomon

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so

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It's the son of the MBA who sat down and just as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did here.

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For him that one begins one's letter, one's correspondence with the name of

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So,

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Rahim by the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, Mohammed bin Abdullah who was

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from Mohammed, the servants of Allah and His messenger. In a hirak la Vina rule to iraklis the Great's one of Rome.

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This is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam writing to heraclius

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who's the emperor of the greatest superpower at the time?

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the Byzantine Roman Empire.

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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doesn't address him.

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In flattery, he doesn't flatter.

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He doesn't give him many titles, prefixes, and suffixes.

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He's simply he doesn't even call him king.

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In fact, he doesn't acknowledge his being an emperor,

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or a king. He simply says, Avi, Avi room, the great one.

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And most importantly, he begins the letter with himself, Mohammed Abdullah, who was from Mohammed, the servant of Allah and His messenger. Normally, when people would write letters, and letters will be delivered

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by ambassadors and the mysteries, then the writer would glorify himself and would also glorify the recipient and there would be full of titles.

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And the word rhymes with a regal now, we and one can read, one can select any letter from many of the moments of the past for most countries, and the language.

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Letter from such and such The Lord of the east and west, the son of the son

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and with a suitable laughs Allah will send them despite being who he was. He begins a letter with the words Mohammedan from Mohammed Abdullah, the servants

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who the servitude is the loftiest position a believer can aspire.

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V Loftus.

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Allah loves those who are his a birth who I serve.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah has amongst his name's Allah Jabbar, and with a cup

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The Mighty One.

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The enslaver A Jabbar one of the meanings of Al Jabbar is then slaver. And with the Kabir the proud.

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Allah has a right to be proud,

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a lot burps.

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Allah has a right to be proud.

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And we learn from many howdy that Kibriya

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are the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala meaning greatness and grandness and even pride, these are the attributes of law has religion, whoever

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she is.

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Whoever adopts arrogance is challenging Allah subhanho wa Taala in his attributes, and so for that Allah says I will fling him into the fire.

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So the relationship between Allah the creator and his creation, the whole of his creation is such that a lot expects a lot of demand

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that people serve Him, submit to Him frustrate to

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recognize his worth and greatness and recognize their own worthlessness.

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Whoever does this last panel without our lives

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the more a person humbles himself before Allah, the more last panel horadada elevates

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not only by him, but even in the eyes of his chosen set.

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And that's why even the Prophet Mohammed some of them are hiding or some of them

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Even at the most exclusive of times, when Allah has his origin selected who for certain things, a lot could have conferred upon him the greatest titles. For instance, when Allah invited him on that miraculous journey of Mirage, and then further on his song, where he was carried to the heavens, and there, the whole miraculous journey took place as we know it, on that great occasion, which was a miracle, and a thing of great honor for us all lots of love, and even with some of them. That's when he was

00:25:37--> 00:25:49

when he could have been given the greatest and the most honorific of titles. And yet, how does it large use to describe him on that occasion? Allah says, Superman Livia, sohrabi, the helium, minimalistic

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Elon Musk, diplexer

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Glorified be that Allah who carried his, his servants by

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on that great occasion, even though the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling through the heavens of the gibreel alayhis salam, and even going beyond the point where God

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gave up and said, I cannot proceed beyond this point. Even on that occasion, the greatest title conferred upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but last panelboard, Allah

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Subhana Allah The

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Glorified be that Allah who carried his servants by night, from emotional harm to emotional blocks.

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So that he may show him off some

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sort of Coca

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Cola

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whatever the agenda, whoever

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All Praise be to Allah

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who revealed to his servants the book.

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So in many places throughout the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is referred to as a llama farm Abdullah, he had the rule go to your community, he labored to describing how the people would attack him or were close to attacking him when he rose to deliver the message of alarm to call to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and to pray to Him.

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Again, Allah refers to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as an act. And there's no more telling verse than the verse about Eastern ammonium and even was said on that

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last panel with Allah say, he's not just that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but even

00:27:41--> 00:28:09

that individual, that prophets, who was made into a God who was worshiped and made one of the Holy Trinity, and consider the God in his own right, and one of the Trinity, even that individual, even that prophet of Allah, Isa the son of Miriam, and he was Salam. O Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah says lanius Thank you for the mercy what in your corner Abdullah what Amala

00:28:12--> 00:28:17

e waste. Showed me later Jamia law says

00:28:18--> 00:28:28

never in fact negative, not just will not, but length, never an emphatic negative lanius them given

00:28:30--> 00:28:38

the Messiah. So he doesn't even describe him as he saw the son of Miriam, he actually uses the word, the Messiah.

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Some that never will the Messiah

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stain from being an servant of

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one in America, and neither will the closest angels. Then Allah warns and whoever turns up his nose and descends from being a servant of Allah, and from his service and worship, and is arrogant, and Allah will soon amass all of them unto himself. So this is a very telling verse, that that prophets of Allah, not the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but that one prophets of Allah, who was hailed as a god and worshiped besides Allah, even he does not disdain or turn up his nose from being a slave and a servant of Allah.

00:29:32--> 00:29:37

So, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam uses the word Abdullah

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it's a title of

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and its humble submission. So Mohammed Abdullah, from Mohammed, the servant of Allah, the slave of Allah will slowly and His Messenger in our era to heraclius Avi min rule, the great one of our own, salaam

00:29:59--> 00:29:59

Hooda

00:30:00--> 00:30:10

Pease, beyond mum with follows the guidance. question here is what's the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam giving Salaam to heraclius.

00:30:12--> 00:30:16

Well, this is very similar or identical actually

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to

00:30:19--> 00:30:25

what the prophet Musa and how it all and even was Salam said to Pharaoh

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last panel horadada relates in the Quran that he commanded the Prophet Musa and how long he was saddam so approach Farah fact Dr.

00:30:42--> 00:30:44

So approaching and say to him

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in notice that we are the messengers of your Lord, for us and marinara bunnies that are either

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therefore setting with us, the children of Israel and do not punish them.

00:31:02--> 00:31:32

Very we have come to you with a son from your Lord was Salam O Allah, Allah Hoda and God peace is on one who follows the guidance. So in reality, this is no different to what what the prophet sallallahu wasallam says here to heraclius as salaam, Allah Buddha is no different to what Musa alayhis salaam and whom Allah His Salaam, said to Pharaoh. That's what's that.

00:31:34--> 00:32:19

That's peace be upon one who follows a guidance. This wasn't so much a greeting to heraclius or Pharaoh, as it was a message that true peace is on one who follows a guidance a mother As for what follows a mother it is a phrase, which is used as an introduction, in speech in Arabic in speech and in writing, which more or less marks the end of the introduction and the beginning of the real message. And a crude translation would be a bad As for what follows the introduction. So here it is so bad As for what follows for in the rule could be the IoT.

00:32:21--> 00:32:23

So very lean, I do call you.

00:32:25--> 00:32:28

I do invite you with the invitation of Islam

00:32:30--> 00:32:31

Muslim,

00:32:34--> 00:32:36

submits, and you shall we say

00:32:39--> 00:32:40

these two words.

00:32:41--> 00:32:44

And not only rhythmic in Arabic

00:32:50--> 00:32:51

means Submit.

00:32:54--> 00:32:57

And the slum means you shall be saved.

00:32:58--> 00:33:09

for submission here, this doesn't mean a political submission to the sort of law, some of the law or some of them rather it means a submission of faith I embrace become a Muslim.

00:33:12--> 00:33:17

So Aslan, submit, because the word Islam means submission.

00:33:19--> 00:33:24

So Aslan, submit, become a Muslim, Muslim, you shall be safe.

00:33:26--> 00:33:37

In just those two words, by saying Islam, you shall be saved Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam conveyed so much if only he announced.

00:33:38--> 00:33:41

He was fearful that he would lose his position.

00:33:43--> 00:33:44

But like many others,

00:33:46--> 00:33:53

towards the end of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his love for civil law, his Salatu was Salam did not forcibly convert anyone.

00:33:56--> 00:33:57

When he traveled the world,

00:33:59--> 00:34:03

even two three years later after this incident approximately two years later,

00:34:04--> 00:34:13

because this whole incident of all Sofia and with heraclius took place most likely at the beginning of the seventh year of hedgehog.

00:34:17--> 00:34:18

even two years later,

00:34:20--> 00:34:37

when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam travel north and then halted up the walk and then returned when he holds it up. He entered into many agreements with the surrounding tribes, some of them the entire tribe, along with the leaders remained Christian,

00:34:39--> 00:34:48

or the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered into an agreement with them but did not convert any of them. And he accepted their remaining on their religion.

00:34:50--> 00:34:51

And he agreed good terms.

00:34:53--> 00:34:59

And not only that, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even recognized the rule and the authority

00:35:00--> 00:35:06

Of these individual tribal chieftains and leaders, over their people, and over their reach.

00:35:08--> 00:35:21

Of course, they were to be subordinate to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam in Medina, but over their region, they remain safe and sound and secure in their positions of authority.

00:35:22--> 00:35:28

So for many of these tribes, even two years later, even after the conquest of Makkah,

00:35:29--> 00:35:49

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left them as they were, they saw no change in their fortune, none whatsoever. They were Christian before they remain Christian. They were rulers of their regions of their lands, they remain rulers of their lands, they were chieftains of their tribes, their position remained the same.

00:35:50--> 00:36:02

Of course, now they paid homage to the prophets of the law, and he was in Medina and recognize his authority, but de facto, as far as that everyday practical lives were concerned,

00:36:03--> 00:36:05

both politically and

00:36:07--> 00:36:09

religiously, they saw no change.

00:36:10--> 00:36:29

So Iraqis should have understood the words the slum you shall be safe in the sense that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would honor him just like he honored all the others, and that not only would he attain salvation in the Hereafter, but

00:36:31--> 00:36:37

what the loss of what he feared in the world would not, would not befall him.

00:36:38--> 00:36:47

And what was the wisdom in the Prophet sallallahu wasallam accepting them as they were, undoubtedly he did not convert anybody forcibly.

00:36:50--> 00:36:50

Last time

00:36:54--> 00:36:55

I took

00:36:56--> 00:36:59

a coup meaning that what will you

00:37:01--> 00:37:10

compel people until they become believers? Now, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his nature wasn't to do such and he never

00:37:14--> 00:37:40

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his wisdom in this, the having agreed terms with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and at least if they would decline to oppose the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for opposing the messenger meant inviting damnation. But as long as they didn't oppose the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, they would not invite the Wrath of Allah.

00:37:42--> 00:38:01

And they could remain following their own scripture. But the beauty of Islam, the effects of Rasulullah sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, his words and teachings, and his own spiritual power would soon extend and they would embrace Islam of their own record.

00:38:05--> 00:38:09

He did that with so many individuals, so many groups,

00:38:11--> 00:38:18

even with some of the pagans are sort of last a little while he was some of them, let them be, until they themselves came and embraced Islam.

00:38:20--> 00:38:41

So this was the wisdom had heraclius understood, he would have realized, in the simple word, Islam you shall be saved, that he would be saved in the earth, in the Hereafter, he would be saved in this way. And all the fears that he had of suffering losses, he would not have suffered those losses.

00:38:43--> 00:38:54

Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says asleep Islam, embrace Islam become a Muslim Destler you shall be safe, you take a law,

00:38:56--> 00:38:59

a law shall grant you your reward twice.

00:39:00--> 00:39:05

And the reason for this is that last panel with Anna decreed

00:39:06--> 00:39:20

that those who followed an earlier scripture from the People of the Book, the Jews and the Christians, or anyone who followed an earlier messenger of a loss panicle with that,

00:39:23--> 00:39:37

if he then he or she then embraced Islam, and follow the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam after having followed an earlier messenger and earlier scripture, Allah subhanho wa Adana would grant them a double reward.

00:39:40--> 00:40:00

And Mr. McCarty, he mentioned this in his own so he and so many others from Abu Musab Allah I'm the companion relates that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, there are three people who will grant a double reward and one of them is someone who believed in his project.

00:40:01--> 00:40:06

And then also believed in the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and embraced Islam.

00:40:07--> 00:40:08

And

00:40:11--> 00:40:16

a lot also mentioned as in the Quran, Allah Vina Athena who will look at that, I mean, ugly, he humbly he asked me,

00:40:17--> 00:40:25

What are you planning? On? nabee rabina inoculum publickey muslimeen, Allah.

00:40:29--> 00:40:33

Allah says those who have given the book, ie, any one of the earliest scriptures

00:40:35--> 00:40:40

from before, Hindi, you know, they do believe in the Quran.

00:40:42--> 00:40:43

And when it is recited to them,

00:40:44--> 00:40:47

they say, we have believed in it.

00:40:48--> 00:40:50

Indeed, it is a truth from our Lord.

00:40:51--> 00:40:54

Verily, We will Muslims even before this,

00:40:56--> 00:40:56

Allah,

00:40:59--> 00:41:04

Allah says, These are people who shall be given a double reward,

00:41:05--> 00:41:23

or who shall be given their reward twice in lieu of their patience and perseverance. Why they were faithful to the former scripture and messengers at a Muslim and now they are faithful to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Quran that Hebrew

00:41:24--> 00:41:35

so and what why does Allah give them a double reward? Because Allah says, Those who we have given the book humble men on from before they believe in it because they recognize it.

00:41:37--> 00:41:42

And that's why Allah says we're either semi real mountains or pseudo Torah, the phaedo Minute.

00:41:47--> 00:41:48

Masha

00:41:51--> 00:41:56

a group of Christians came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from Abyssinia.

00:41:58--> 00:42:03

These were the companions of negus and majestic he, the Abyssinian ruler.

00:42:04--> 00:42:09

They came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they were very devout Christians.

00:42:10--> 00:42:26

And when they met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he recited the Quran to them. Simply upon hearing the words of the Quran, recited by the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they began weeping immediately.

00:42:27--> 00:42:35

And instantly they embraced and believe. sola refers to that incidents by saying what either semi rural mountains in

00:42:37--> 00:42:38

the field woman at them or the man

00:42:40--> 00:42:44

that when they hear what has been revealed to the messenger,

00:42:45--> 00:42:51

you see their eyes flooding with tears, because of the truth that they have recognized.

00:42:53--> 00:43:01

So here are Suba, La Silla LaValle, who seldom says the same to heraclius, that if you believe Islam,

00:43:02--> 00:43:31

embrace Islam, you should be safe. And you take a la jolla Kamara Dane, Allah shall grant you your reward twice. Because you are a devout Christian. You are a Christian, you are one of Scripture. You have obeyed and followed and believed in an earlier messenger and earliest scripture. And by following me and embracing the Quran, Allah will give you a double reward.

00:43:33--> 00:43:35

However, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then won't

00:43:36--> 00:43:37

fit into one lane.

00:43:39--> 00:43:42

But if you turn away, for in Metallica, it's more

00:43:44--> 00:43:47

than upon you is the sin of the communists.

00:43:51--> 00:43:53

here actually is being a rude

00:43:58--> 00:44:00

he was very insecure.

00:44:03--> 00:44:14

If he had the confidence, he would have realized that he should have accepted the message of Islam embraced Islam publicly, and his people would follow him.

00:44:16--> 00:44:22

Rather, despite being such a mighty and powerful ruler, he lacked the confidence.

00:44:23--> 00:44:29

he lacked confidence. He feared his people he had just recently vanquish the society.

00:44:32--> 00:44:33

They have surrendered

00:44:34--> 00:44:35

on his terms.

00:44:37--> 00:44:47

He was recognized and hailed as the greatest living and most powerful emperor of the time by everyone, including his enemies and rivals.

00:44:50--> 00:45:00

militarily, he was brave as well. He actually fought on the battlefield and his valor was recognized. And yet despite all these achievements, he was instantly

00:45:00--> 00:45:09

And he lacked the confidence despite all of his military and political achievements. He feared his people if he embraced Islam,

00:45:10--> 00:45:23

rather, and compare his lack of confidence with the confidence of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the servant of Allah and His messenger to heraclius, the great one of Rome.

00:45:26--> 00:45:32

Verily, I invite you with the call of Islam, Islam, embrace and you shall be saved.

00:45:34--> 00:45:54

And Alas, will grant you your reward twice. But he warns and if you turn away, then upon you is a sin of the commoners. Because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew he knew his pee, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam knew heraclius and knew the people of heraclius better than heraclius knew himself or his own pee.

00:45:55--> 00:46:03

And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was telling him, that if you believe they will follow you, if you embrace they will embrace.

00:46:05--> 00:46:11

And this will be another reason for your increased reward. They usually enjoy the reward of those who follow

00:46:12--> 00:46:26

for you will have guided them to. But if you turn away, then you're turning away will lead them to turn away. And then you shall bear their sin on your shoulders too. Because these are the communists, the communists will follow you.

00:46:28--> 00:46:39

Because not only was heraclius, an emperor in the political and military sense, he was also regarded as the spiritual leader, the Holy Roman Emperor,

00:46:40--> 00:46:47

the head of the country, and the head of the church. So if he had embraced Islam, his people would surely have followed

00:46:50--> 00:47:01

because he wasn't a priest or a bishop. Rather, he was the emperor of individuals may have suffered another fate as some dead

00:47:02--> 00:47:50

but he was the Emperor and the ruler, they would have followed him if you refuse to believe the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam warned him, that you shall bear the sin of the communists. And you see you refer simply refers to farmers and farmers and the farmers. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't speaking specifically about farmers, but rather farmer It was a byword to indicate communists, so upon you shall be the sin of the communists. Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the following were and yeah, Lily kitabi, Toronto Illa Kadima in Benin, Albania, allow an animal that you live la la musica Viva La BAM Donna Bergen Alibaba mundo de la, for interval of

00:47:50--> 00:47:52

Ooh, Shadow, Muslim

00:47:54--> 00:47:55

or People of the Book

00:47:56--> 00:47:57

come

00:47:58--> 00:47:59

in are committing

00:48:00--> 00:48:04

to a word server in Bane an equal between us

00:48:06--> 00:48:12

and you that we should not worship anyone but Allah and we should not associate anything in partnership with him.

00:48:13--> 00:48:17

nor will we take each other as Lords besides Allah.

00:48:19--> 00:48:21

But if you turn away,

00:48:22--> 00:48:24

then you say

00:48:27--> 00:48:27

it should

00:48:30--> 00:48:37

then say that you bear witness. But even though you don't believe we anomalously mean that we are believers, we all Muslims.

00:48:41--> 00:48:45

This is a verse of the Quran, from sort of early in raw.

00:48:46--> 00:48:49

However, I'd like to mention something here

00:48:50--> 00:48:52

that this verse from sort of analytic

00:48:56--> 00:48:59

was actually revealed in the main theme of Hitler.

00:49:01--> 00:49:08

On the occasion of the delegation of Iran, coming to visit the prophets a lot right.

00:49:12--> 00:49:19

Now, john, is, and always was a famous city of Southern Arabia,

00:49:20--> 00:49:21

towards Yemen,

00:49:23--> 00:49:24

between Makkah and Yemen,

00:49:27--> 00:49:36

but it's to the south of the Arabian Peninsula. Now, john, even before the birth of Rasulullah, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam.

00:49:37--> 00:49:39

In fact, a century before

00:49:42--> 00:49:52

approximately a century before had become a major center of Christianity. It was a very large city, it was a trading city. And

00:49:54--> 00:50:00

there was a quite a large Metropolis and the surrounding region also came to be known as Niger and it was in a very

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

beautiful valley and the city and the valley we're both known as Machame.

00:50:04--> 00:50:19

Majora was full of churches and monasteries. And it was the center of Christianity in the whole of the Arabian Peninsula. In fact, people used to perform pilgrimage to Nigeria and it was regarded as a holy city.

00:50:20--> 00:50:26

The province Allahu Allahu wa sallam sent letters to them as well, just as he sent to heraclius and other people.

00:50:27--> 00:50:50

When they receive these lands, this latter form Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after the conquest of Makkah, in the ninth year of hijra, the people of Iran, that bishops and their leaders, since we're all devout Christians, quite learned Christians. They decided to send a delegation to the Prophet, some of the love it was in them consisting of

00:50:51--> 00:51:03

a large number of people, leaders and bishops and clergy. They arrived in Medina in the ninth year of hedra. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam received

00:51:05--> 00:51:06

he

00:51:07--> 00:51:08

invited them to Islam.

00:51:10--> 00:51:13

And they refused.

00:51:14--> 00:51:15

He even challenged them to

00:51:18--> 00:51:18

where

00:51:20--> 00:51:26

they will, each party would invite the curse of a lot upon themselves, if they were untrue.

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

And if they were false,

00:51:32--> 00:51:39

but they refuse they withdrew from such a challenge from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and that MOBA. Allah is actually mentioned in the Quran.

00:51:40--> 00:51:52

So it was on that occasion. That's when the delegation of neutron came to Medina in the ninth year of hijra that these verses have sort of earlier in round reveal

00:51:54--> 00:51:55

so this verse was revealed them

00:51:56--> 00:52:03

Well yeah, Lucky Tabitha Anna though either Kalimantan survive in Benin, Albania, that stay or People of the Book.

00:52:05--> 00:52:13

There are no inner Kalimantan come to a word server in Benin Albania comm which is equal between us

00:52:14--> 00:52:27

and the meaning of equal between us and you. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was inviting the people of the book, but mainly the Christians here because of the backdrop to the revelation of this verse.

00:52:28--> 00:52:30

That all people have the book

00:52:31--> 00:52:40

Come, come to a word, which is equal between as a new, so what is that word, which is equal between us a new,

00:52:41--> 00:52:53

that is explained. Later in the verse, the verse continues, and that this is the equal word, brother in law law, but we shall not worship anyone besides

00:52:54--> 00:52:55

what we can

00:52:57--> 00:53:00

and that we shall not associate anyone or anything in partnership with him.

00:53:01--> 00:53:17

Now why does the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say an equal word, because the essence of the earliest scriptures, the essence even of Christianity, was that worship is only for Allah, the Lord and the Creator.

00:53:20--> 00:53:24

And law attests to this and other verses of the program.

00:53:25--> 00:53:29

Or my other son nirman, Republican member of Southern Illinois he lay.

00:53:31--> 00:53:34

And we have never sent any messenger before you.

00:53:38--> 00:53:46

Except that we have revealed him and the hula, hula and a family room, that there is no god besides me, therefore, where she

00:53:49--> 00:53:50

worked at birth nafi

00:53:52--> 00:53:53

law which then he will

00:53:54--> 00:54:02

And verily we did send to every nation and messenger that worship Allah and avoid idolatry.

00:54:04--> 00:54:07

So this message was consistent

00:54:08--> 00:54:17

through all the scriptures, and with all the messengers and even was sent out to a Sadam, all of them call for the worship of Allah the one

00:54:19--> 00:54:22

and that's exactly what he said even what he had even said.

00:54:26--> 00:54:30

He did not call for anything else, but the worship of Allah subhanho wa.

00:54:31--> 00:54:34

In fact, when he saw the volume,

00:54:36--> 00:54:38

I spoke about being a slave in a certain

00:54:40--> 00:54:42

piece of an idiom, and he was Salam.

00:54:43--> 00:54:45

Although he preached and he taught

00:54:46--> 00:54:47

in adulthood,

00:54:49--> 00:54:59

and the Gospels as we know them are claimed to be from his preaching in adulthood. What Islam says is that he miraculous nice

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

folk in his mother's arms as a baby, as a child.

00:55:09--> 00:55:11

When the people accused his mother

00:55:12--> 00:55:13

of

00:55:15--> 00:55:21

bringing shame to her family and her people, having brought a child without being in wedlock,

00:55:25--> 00:55:27

she pointed to a piece of pneumonia

00:55:29--> 00:55:30

to her baby

00:55:33--> 00:55:40

and gave him a call the woman can often make this severe. So how can we speak to a child in the cradle?

00:55:41--> 00:55:54

He spoke up. And what were the first words that he saw the baby, the son of Maria Maria, who salam, Allah says all in the Abdullah, indeed, I am the servants of the law.

00:56:00--> 00:56:15

So east of new millennium, it was like all the messengers before him preach the same message that worship Allah. In fact, these were the first words that he ever uttered in his life in the Abdullah, very, I'm the servant of the law.

00:56:17--> 00:56:22

One question, how can this story is not mentioned in any of the Gospels?

00:56:24--> 00:56:31

Surely something like this would be mentioned in some of the Gospels? Well, the thing is, the, as I've mentioned before,

00:56:35--> 00:56:36

Constantine,

00:56:39--> 00:56:41

the founder of Byzantium,

00:56:44--> 00:56:46

the founder of Constantinople.

00:56:48--> 00:56:56

On the ancient city of resent him, he was the one who convened the Council of Nicea in feet and five, C.

00:56:58--> 00:56:59

And before that,

00:57:01--> 00:57:04

there were many scriptures and gospels available.

00:57:08--> 00:57:26

But because there was so much internal religious conflict, so many wildly different interpretations of the Scriptures, and in fact, many different beliefs about the Prophet Isa alayhis, salaam, his person is very being and his relationship with Allah.

00:57:29--> 00:57:30

He decided to

00:57:31--> 00:57:36

create a single church for his empire, that everybody would agree on

00:57:39--> 00:57:59

an orthodox, so he convened a council of Bishops, and leading clergy, and that was Council of Nicea. And they by force event Well, he, he, they agreed on a certain formula and a certain creed, that this is the creed that we shall follow. This will now become the official Christian doctrine.

00:58:01--> 00:58:03

Of all the Gospels.

00:58:04--> 00:58:05

They only selected these four

00:58:07--> 00:58:11

of Mark, Matthew, Luke and john, all the other gospels,

00:58:12--> 00:58:15

of Barnabas of Thomas.

00:58:16--> 00:58:24

Others were declared to be an orthodox and actually heretical, many of them were burnt, and

00:58:26--> 00:58:32

completely removed from public life and public knowledge. Many of them survived individually.

00:58:34--> 00:58:35

And

00:58:36--> 00:58:42

some of these are still preserved in various libraries under lock and key.

00:58:45--> 00:58:49

Because they are regarded as being an orthodox, and therefore heretical,

00:58:51--> 00:58:51

and apocryphal.

00:58:53--> 00:59:08

They are dismissed. But one of the arguments is that the whole arm has a number of stories about the Prophet Isa alayhis salam, which aren't mentioned anywhere in the Bible, or its related scriptures.

00:59:09--> 00:59:28

So as a result, these are considered later interventions by the Muslims, about the Prophet Isa alayhis salaam. One of those stories is this in the Abdullah, that peace of mind in his Salah alayhi wa sallam proclaimed in his childhood, in his infancy

00:59:29--> 01:00:00

in the cradle, that I am the servant of Allah and that he actually spoke. But and there are other stories too. The truth is, all of these stories are to be found in the other gospels, and some of them are now gradually being revealed, but bit by bit, slowly, as many of these gospels that are regarded regarded as being an orthodox and heretical, and that not included in the official Bible, as some of them are finding their way to light and to publication.

01:00:02--> 01:00:17

Many of the stories that hitherto were mocked and ridiculed in the Quran and the Hadith about East Asian was Salaam, are now being attested to by these gospels that predate the Koran by six centuries, or at least five centuries.

01:00:20--> 01:00:51

So this was the equal and common word between the Muslims, and the rest between the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, and the People of the Scripture as he was addressing them, that come to a word which is equal between us and that word is that we shall not worship anyone but Allah, every prophets of Allah, including Esau, the son of Miriam, and even more ceram said exactly the same, that we should not associate any part anyone or anything in partnership with Allah, and that is why Christianity is regarded as a monotheistic religion.

01:00:56--> 01:01:03

Christianity and Judaism are both regarded as monotheistic Abrahamic religions.

01:01:04--> 01:01:13

And the traditional Ibrahim alayhis salaam is monotheism. And Christianity is regarded as a monotheistic religion.

01:01:15--> 01:01:25

Because that's what it was in its essence and its origin, despite the belief of the divinity of Jesus and the divinity of Mary, and equals

01:01:27--> 01:01:34

what is definitely the Bible now abandoned abandonment doula and that we do not take one another as Lourdes besides Allah.

01:01:40--> 01:01:48

When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam once recited this verse at once, once when he mentioned this, that

01:01:50--> 01:01:53

taking loads besides Allah Alibaba mendola,

01:01:58--> 01:02:00

someone who was present

01:02:03--> 01:02:14

who had knowledge and experience of Christianity, said, O Messenger of Allah, they would not worship one another, and take one another as Gods besides Allah.

01:02:16--> 01:02:59

Yes, we accept that they worshipped Isa, the son of Miriam, and he was Salaam as a god besides Allah, but they wouldn't worship one another as God's besides Allah. So what's the meaning of this. And here, it's the same when I look at the variable in our bourbon, Alibaba mindu Mila, and that we will not take one of that as Lord besides Allah. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that they would take the word of their clergy and of their religious leaders as the ultimate truth, I'm just paraphrasing in that if they said something is hollow, they would take it as halaal. And if they said something is haram, they would take it as hell. So when they would accept the false

01:02:59--> 01:03:19

legislation, and the false verdicts of their religious leaders, as the truth besides Allah, and they would accept from them, knowing fully well themselves, that this is contrary to the spirits and the teachings of their religion, then they were guilty of associating these religious leaders as partners with the last round.

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Then, the first sentence for interval of who shall be anonymous, if you do not accept these terms, and if you turn away, then at least you bear witness. But though you may not follow these teachings, and what are the three teachings mentioned here, that we do not worship anyone that's Allah, to we don't associate anything or anyone in partnership with him. And number three, we do not take one another as lords of Gods besides Allah, if you do not accept these terms, that leaves bear witness that we as Muslims in non Muslim, that we are the ones who submit to these terms, and submit to a last panel more data on these terms. So that's the commentary of the verse. But as I said, the verse

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was revealed in the ninth year of hedra, after the delegation, or at the time of the delegation of Nadella this incident took place two years earlier.

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So how can the verse is mentioned here? Well, the simple explanation is, the verse was revealed two years later as an affirmation as a confirmation and a ratification of what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself said two years earlier in exactly the same way.

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At the time, this wasn't revealed as a verse that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam spoke of his own accord. And this isn't surprising in the least. And Barbara viola, agreed with the last panel with Anna in own in approximately 21 or 23 things

01:04:52--> 01:04:53

that are many things in which saving

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the alarm, gave a verdict or said something and then alarm

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subhanho wa Taala later revealed verses of the Koran or laws, ratifying what would have known above the law.

01:05:09--> 01:05:10

On one occasion,

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Allah revealed words that were exactly the same as above or the alarm

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event see his daughter

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hafsa. He learns that some of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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remonstrated with him and spoke to him in a manner that he disapproved of.

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The law was very stern.

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That was his character.

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He wants walked in, and

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was present.

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And there was a curtain. And behind the curtain, there was a large group of women.

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And they were

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speaking to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in loud voices, and there was a bit of dinan clamor

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and it must have been remonstrating with him. When he walked in, suddenly, they all fell silence from behind the curtain. So, the alarm stood there and said, Yeah, I do worthy and forsaken. Or enemies of your souls, Have you no shame, that when I enter, you fall silent. You raise your voices before the Messenger of Allah. So one of the women spoke up. The reason is oma, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his softer tongue and soft hearted and you are harsh of tongue and the heart of hearts.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had that miraculous ability to reconcile hearts to pacify everyone and to warm the hearts of even a wounded person. So he turns out a lot of the law has said Obama, never do you walk along the streets, except that shame upon adoption of the street.

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So Allah had made him he was there.

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So see them, the lover and he says, One day, I was at home.

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And

01:07:26--> 01:07:33

so long story, but he went see his daughter. And he entered the house and he said to his daughter, is it true

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that you speak back to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam

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Is it true that one of you

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gives him the cold shoulder for a whole day

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and refuses to speak to him?

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And then he said to his daughter, I want

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I saw boo interlocken these were his words to his daughter.

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Who Interlochen uh, you know, who as virgin hair American Muslim, may not incarnate into an avatar.

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But

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perhaps if he divorces all of you, his Lord shall replace you with wives who are better than you who are Muslim and submitting

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Muslim me not believing on it Earth humbling devout about repentant, Abba dad, while worshiping so he had who are fasting, the birth of God are both virgins and non virgins. He said that and then he left he went seal Muslim out of the alarm on her. And she scolded them as well and said, Oh, isn't it sufficient that you say whatever you say to others, but you now even have to come between the prophets and his wives.

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She was related to him.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala them actually reveal the words of anger of Barbara de la who verbatim as part of the poor earning sort of

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as a revelation to be recited to young women.

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in exactly the same way.

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I would want to be Barbara de la vamos a truly remarkable individual. truly remarkable

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in every sense of the word

01:09:43--> 01:09:44

luck

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in any case, so see them barbital the alarm I'm on occasions he had said things mainly.

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But he said this to his daughter, and allow reveal the same words as parts.

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diverse but as diverse as a foreigner. So if I would have barbital de la and could agree with his Lord, in so many things, and the law would reveal words of the poor and in ratification of his words, then is it surprising? That last panel with Allah would reveal words and ratification of what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I mentioned this because this is an objection that this story took place seven, in the seventh year of hijra, yet the verse wasn't revealed, till on the occasion of the delegation of najem, which didn't happen until the ninth of July. So how can this verse is inserted here, it's quite simple, he did not reset Well, he This was these were the

01:10:42--> 01:10:46

words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam himself not subverting the parameters it was them.

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And that's why it begins with a Hello kita and not boulia Hello kita as it's mentioned, in the Quran, in any case,

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we end here this is where so this was the end of the letter, simple is very short, following which apostrophe and continues with the rest of the Hadith inshallah, which we will continue with next week and hopefully complete.

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But let me just quickly read the letter out again, similar Rahim by the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful improvement in Abdullah who was a soldier he either hit up that avina room, from Mohammed, the servants of Allah and His messenger to heraclius, the great one of our own, saddam had Amitabha and Hooda. Peace be upon one who follows the guidance among us for what follows. for India, the rule can be the ayat in Islam for so verily, I do invite you with the invitation of Islam, Islam, embrace Islam, you shall be safe, you take a lot of pain, a lot of grant you your reward, twice, for interval late Friday, it will be seen but if you turn away, then upon you shall

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fall the sin of the commoners.

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We are afflicted and our people of the book there are no inner Kalimantan come to a web server in Benin Albania, which is equal between us and you alone. Lola, we should not worship anyone but Allah.

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What are unusually can be here, and that we shall not associate anyone or anything in partnership with him? Well, I attack the backbone are better than Alibaba mendola and that we should not take each other as Lords besides Allah for in the one low. But if you turn away or if they turn away, if they turn away for all the shadow Vietnam's moon, then say you bear witness that we are Muslims.

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Their last travel data enable us to understand the words of life as messengers and the love it was, some of them are still alive or some of them are alive that you are a soldier in the Vietnam humid, while making

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sure to alert you.

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