The Madinan Society – Part 2

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Riyadul Haqq

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Episode Notes

The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 2/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 15th April 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)

After the Prophet  and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.

This second lesson details the lapse that occurred between Abu Bakr and Umar in front of the Messenger of Allah. Their disagreement escalated into an argument which lead to verses of the Qur’an being revealed about their behaviour. These verses were not just exclusive to them, but they can be applied to anyone in the presence of the Prophet .

The lesson then continues by explaining the respect the Sahabah had before the Prophet and how observing respect to bearers of ilm (knowledge) and gatherings of ilm is not an act of servility, but rather an essential component to ensure the knowledge penetrates our hearts.

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

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so that money

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in wholeness the whole movie here

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when I was

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filming so you see the dinner we had a phenomenal dinner

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when the shuttle you know Lamar who will actually gonna win a shuttle with America who was

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still alive maharana who are on the heels

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about limits

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and referrals will come in a sheep one of rejean similar

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in the law her woman who is lunarlon Johan levina

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He recently Maudsley

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a lot Muslim Nana

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Mohammed

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Ibrahim Ibrahim

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achieved

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a lot about a garden God

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Mohammed

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Ibrahim Ibrahim in

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respect to listeners salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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We continue with the second part of the seed commentary of sort of

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lots Coronavirus essays.

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Yeah, you're living in London, Albania de la, Sol, Viva La, Los Amigos Valley

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are believers do not

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advance before the messenger.

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Before law is messengers of the law highly.

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And be wary of law.

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Indeed, a law is all hearing all knowing.

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Yeah, you have nothing in common law or federal as well. So hoping to be

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or believers do not raise your voices over the voice of the prophets in the love of God who was

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one of the juggler who will only care about the community back then and

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do not speak loudly to

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in the manner of speaking loudly to one another.

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Lest your deeds perish and come to law. Whilst you don't even realize

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this is where we stopped last week, we only more or less covered two verses.

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And

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I was about to begin the third verse in the Lithuania were born as well.

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In the rasulillah we

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we stopped

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now just to recap,

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sort of genre was mainly revealed in the nine feet of hedgehog in the year of delegations.

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On this particular occasion,

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a delegation of bluedomino came see the prophets in the love it who was singing them.

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And

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they approach the mustard. There were approximately

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just over 70 of them.

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And they came in a very large delegation. Very few of them are Muslim according some narrations. Only two of them were Muslim at the time.

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But the remaining

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members of the delegation were not mostly as a result and plus they were battling. As a result when they came. They were unrefined and aware of the manner in which they should approach the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they treated him at that time at least as merely a tribal lead.

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So in the manner of the Arabs and their traditional custom, the delegation came

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and then began shouting at the prophets in the love and equals send them to command

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as they would do with other tribal leaders, and they invited him to what we call a more fun

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fora amercia which means

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a poetry a deal of poetry, a deal of boasting.

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This is what the Arabs would do.

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So their whole approach wasn't out of the ordinary for the Arabs, for them, that was pretty normal.

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That's how they treated one another. That's how they viewed tribal elders as well, because the tribal chieftains, in fact, even amongst the clan, the

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individuals regarded their leaders and their chiefs, as first amongst equals,

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they would rarely treat them like monarchs. There wasn't that

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concept of

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civility, civility, and dutifulness.

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Before the leaders, they actually regarded the leaders as equals, but first of all, C equals

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the word would refrain from giving them titles and would call their tribal leaders by their first names or their Konya.

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So, and this is how they would treat one another when they met the tribal leaders would gather in huge delegations, there'd be bouts of poetry, neutral boasting

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competitions

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each will boast of their achievements, etc. So, the way they approach the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam wasn't abnormal, that's exactly how they behaved with one another. But undoubtedly, this was unbefitting the position of the messenger some of them are highly who were selling them.

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So this is their This is exactly what they did. And as far as the profits in the long run, he was someone was concerned. It was afternoon time he was resting.

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He was taking his siesta, they came and according some reports, they were they came inside the machine. And from inside the machine

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facing the Hydra, the chambers of the messenger some of them love and equals some of them, they loudly shouted out to him. Yeah, Mohammed oferuje Lee now Mohammed commands as we wish to deal with you in poetry, we wish to have a bout of boasting competition. And

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they also said, allow us to appoint our poets so that they can sing our praises and allow us to appoint one of our orators so they can again extol our virtues, and you do the same messengers and Lola it was someone was arresting, but again in his, in his bashfulness modesty, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came out and did not rebuke

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on their disturbance. But he came out, he met them, he entertained them, he engaged in dialogue and discussion with them.

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And of course, there was some arbitrary, so they appointed one of their poets, and they also appointed one of their relatives. And

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on behalf of the messenger, sallAllahu, Alayhi, wa sallam,

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fabric, tablet, basic machine, mouse and hazaragi it'll be a loved one, one of the unsolved companions, he had a very loud booming voice, so he spoke.

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Now, last panel with data reveal, these verses are sort of dried up on that occasion, rebuking see them I will look at a severe can see that it'll be a lot more easier for their raising their voices, before the messengers in the library, who was sending them even though they weren't addressing

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and this is why in the first verse, They are both commandments. One, do not raise your voices

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in the sorry, in the second verse, that are both commandments, do not raise your voices,

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even when speaking to one another, in the presence of the messengers of the law, it wasn't them. And the second commandment is, Do not raise your voices when speaking to him directly when addressing him. So whether one is speaking to him or not, in the presence of the mobile messenger sallallahu wasallam one has to adopt

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silence and respect.

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So our last panel with Anna warned will bark at us at the top of the library will be and at the same time, this is an instruction for the whole room. And then Allah comments on the behavior and the approach of these better.

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So

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last parable with Allah says of these better than

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who called out to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah says in the law venial Buena suerte en de la Sol de la, la, la, la la la, la, la La Maschera to Avi and then in the marina Yuna Luna coming wha

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you know, what?

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Roger la hillicon higher Allah, Allah.

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So Allah subhanho wa tada speaks about these Bedouin but before he speaks about them, he contrasts their behavior with the behavior of believers

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whose hearts a last panel who has tested for

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so before we actually speak about the better than allow me to say something about this verse.

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last panel with Anna says in the Lavine of Buena suerte, Indeed, those who lower their voices in the rasulillah by the Messenger of Allah, La, la venum tamela.

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These are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested and purified for taqwa.

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lahoma filetto Adra marilene for them is forgiveness and an immense reward.

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And we're gonna set the color the alarm,

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and Pablo de la.

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The Goethe learn their lesson.

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And they immediately realize that error.

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Now I'd like to answer a question here, which is that

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this was in the ninth year of HR

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many, many years after the revelation of the Quran, many years after their remaining in the company of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, many years after both became fathers in law to the prophets in the love it who was sending them.

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And in fact, this was very late into the life of the prophets of Allah it was,

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after so many years.

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How was it that even the line calm?

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And Abu Bakr Siddiq are the Allahumma

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argued with one another.

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And in the presence of the prophets of Allah, it was in them and they raise their voices. How did that happen?

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A couple of points I'd like to mention about that. First of all,

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last panel who

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made the Sahaba of the law firm, an example

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allow us the light employed them to introduce his Teach

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for the rest of them.

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If this habit of the alarm were left as angels,

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there wouldn't have been a less

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and the same would go for the messengers. aleikum wa Salatu was Salam.

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last panel over there and essays in response to the demand of the Quraysh the Quraysh wondered why Allah chose to send a human being as a message.

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Their constant objection was that why didn't a larger send an angel?

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So Allah subhanho wa Taala. His reply to that was, if we had made the messenger an angel,

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we would, we would still have sent them angel in the form of human being

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and then these people

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I wish

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they would have been just as confused about him as they are about the profits in the lab it was

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it was an angel he would still have had to come in the form of a man.

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And if you came in the form of a man, how would they differentiate between him and

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a normal human being as a messenger

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so the British demanded repeatedly a wanted a large us mama the son of AB de la silla la equal cinemas a messenger, why didn't a larger send an angel but this was a lot of wisdom. A lot has been sent to him.

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So that we could relate to him we could identify with him and in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam we have seen and witnessed many things.

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Did he have a perfect life as we imagined it to be? What as we assumed profits the love it was sent him suffered bereavement is suffered wounds injury, he suffered illness, he suffered the effects of the effects of poison has suffered the pangs of hunger.

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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went through marriage, and even a divorce. he divorced half side of the law and as the narration of a Buddha Odin in southern states, profits in love and ecosystem actually divorce. Women have saddled the lover in hand, but then he eventually took her back upon the guidance of a law.

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And at one stage he contemplated divorcing all of his wives, profits and the love and even some stuff and bereavement.

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He suffered disappointments, the messenger sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam was betrayed and he was abused. So his life he suffered poverty is life wasn't perfect, as we would imagine it to be, as we imagine a perfect life to be. And the wisdom in that is that we can relate to his life, we can identify with him.

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Those things which

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do not detract from the lofty position of a prophet, Allah subhanho wa Taala allowed those things to happen and to occur in his life, bereavement,

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difficulty in marriage, divorce, all of these things are.

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They may not be perfect and the best, but they don't detract from the position of profit.

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So our last panel with Anna allow these things to occur in Islam.

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so that we may identify with them remain, take a lesson from those things which are not befitting the position of a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah allow those things to happen and to occur in the lives of people around the messenger some of the law it was sent them again so that we can identify with them.

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Did this harbor the Allahu anhu sin

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even after becoming harbor the alarm, some of them did.

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But last panel, would Allah use their singing as an example of a momentary lapse of human nature

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and then immediately thereafter, allow us their realization, that refraining from further sin, and their most sincere

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and repentance again as a supreme example, for that matter.

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And they are Toba. Their repentance was such that as a messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned about one woman

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that her she repentance, such a repentance to Allah, that if her repentance was to be distributed amongst the people of Medina, it would suffice all of

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so

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the Sahaba of the alarm.

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At times Allah has the which are manifested through them and in their lives, in their conduct, in their speech in their behavior, things

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which

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are not perfect, but laughter which we'll use them as an example. So that we may relate to them, we may identify

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with them, and we can learn from.

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Because remember, they were human beings, if we look at it this way that we regard them as being perfect, then we see all these imperfections, our view of them will be diminished, we may lose respect.

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But if we regard them as normal human beings,

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very normal, with the same weaknesses with the same lapses, with the same challenges and difficulties as any normal human being faces, and then we regard them how they were with all their achievements with their greatness, then our view of them will not be diminished, in fact, can be enhanced. And that's how we should view the Sahaba of the law.

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Now, on this occasion, I will become the ruler of the library, despite being senior in age, and in position and in knowledge.

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It so happened, that they both suffered a momentary lapse

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as a result of which

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they became

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oblivious to the presence of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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And they both engaged in heated

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arguments. And in raised voices, it was a lapse on that

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it was an error on their part, and they recognized it as an error. But last quarter, Anna allowed this to happen again to show many things, one of them is this that ultimately,

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we have to

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continue working on ourselves.

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And we will always fall we will always stumble, we will,

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there is no concept of perfection, we will make mistakes, we will always make mistakes, minor major.

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That's human nature.

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And see them I will look at and see the number of the Allahumma. Despite their position, authority and knowledge, they suffered a lapse and they made a mistake.

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That was a human nature. The other point is they both argued,

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again, disagreements, conflicts, differing with one another. This is part of human nature.

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Islam

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recognizes human nature.

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It knows human fitrah

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and Islam has never sought to eradicate human nature.

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But what we have been taught is how to manage,

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overcome our weaknesses and manage our human nature. So when it comes to disagreement, we will disagree. We have to accept disagreement as a fact of life as a fact of human nature.

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I say this, because hopefully this will answer many questions. We have a very idyllic, idealistic, perfect view.

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utopian view of unity of oneness.

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Unity

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is not about unity of man.

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That's impossible.

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Nor is it about unity of hearts.

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It's about

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avoiding as much conflict as possible and where disagreements arise, managing

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managing them in the best way.

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We will disagree with one. Parents disagree, siblings disagree. Children disagree with their parents and vice versa.

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Then is it any surprise that scholars disagree with Mr. disagree, people of knowledge disagree.

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And it's not just about religious issues. people disagree. On very personal things. Sometimes we just don't hit it off with another person. Their behavior is annoying, irritating. That's how they are.

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I often console myself by not not necessarily console by just calm myself at times when I face provocative, irritating behavior. That that's how this person's brain is

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I was listening to a program today actually. And it was about reality.

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What is reality.

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And there were psychologists, neurologists contributing to the discussion. And one of the things which was repeatedly mentioned is that people's realities differ.

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So the external reality as it is, is what it says. But how we read that how we receive that how we interpret that difference from person to person. So some people, they can't help it, they actually see things totally differently to the way you and I see things.

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No wonder they become so passionate and angry and agitated, if we don't agree with them. So

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people are hardwired, you and I, we can't change years and years of nature and nurture.

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We can't change anybody else.

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The most we can do. And even that is a very difficult task is trying to change ourselves.

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So

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disagreements are a fact we have to accept that conflict is a fact we have to accept it. And not just disagreement about theological, religious, scholarly issues, but even in personality, even in character, even in likes and dislikes. Sometimes, like here, say that the loved

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one proposed a certain individual to be the leader of the delegation

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over

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the lover and suggested someone else now out of the a lot and didn't say to him, that I strongly disagree with you, because of this reason, and that reason, this reason and that reason, no, that would have been

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a constructive discussion,

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but rather, a worker of the lover and simply reacted by saying, the only reason you suggested someone else is to oppose me

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and see that the alarm I'm

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here react?

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And he said, No, I never. And both of them remained insistent on their

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claim. And they both ended up arguing and raising their voices in the presence of the messenger. Some of them were hiding them. So this wasn't religious. This wasn't theological. This wasn't evidence based. It wasn't a constructive discussion of any sort.

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Both Shane, the elders of the oma, who was an elder,

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who was more senior, who was more knowledgeable, more authority. These were the two tenants of the province and the law, it was suddenly the two greatest men in the room after him.

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And yet,

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despite their age, their seniority, their knowledge, their position, their location.

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They suffered that lapse,

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and

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the human nature got the better off.

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It could happen to anyone.

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That's one of the lessons, but the greater lesson is what to follow.

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As soon as they will wall as soon as they will remand. As soon as they came to realize

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both abubaker and Amaro de la

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repented, and the only repented but reformed themselves. And their reformation was absolute

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settlement so that will walk out of the Lahore inset to the province of the love it was cinema messenger of Allah till the day I die. I swear by Allah, I will never speak to you again, except as someone who whispers a secret

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and he abided by that. And a lot of the alarm were in despite having a loud booming voice. Abdullah resurveyed,

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not the alarm, relates that after that, after this incident, or more of the alarm run, will speak so softly to the Prophet some alarm, it will send them but the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to repeatedly ask him what he said.

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So

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this is one of the meanings of Allah equal Lavina tan Allahu Akbar. Allah has tested their hearts for

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taqwa. So Allah did test

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a lot did put them through a trial. That was a test and trial of the shade hain the two elders will look at a number of the Allah

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but Allah put them through that test for that was a test for a lot put them through that test Allah rinse them, Allah cleanse them all are reformed them. Allah purified their hearts the process

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and from that moment onwards their behavior before the messengers the law writing or send them as it always have been, except for that momentary lapse. Their behavior was impeccable

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as it was before.

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But this How about all the love, where people who

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behaved in front of the messengers on the line he was saying, they always did. This was a momentary lapse on the part of the show.

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And on this occasion,

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there's a very beautiful story of fabric did not base admission mass out of the library. He's the same one I spoke about earlier, he had a loud, booming voice. He was an orator. He was regarded as the orator of the unsolved he was on the husband's try.

00:31:19--> 00:31:40

So when this delegation came, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, appointed him in Russia mass, to address them, and to deliver a speech and he did. He was he was a natural orator, but he also had a very loud voice. Now these were the Sahaba of the alarm.

00:31:41--> 00:31:44

After that delegation his visit,

00:31:45--> 00:32:00

when Allah has the word will reveal these verses, that oh believers do not raise your voices therby Tableau basic notion mass, the same Sahabi are the alarm. He became so fearful

00:32:01--> 00:32:04

that Allah Subhana Allah Allah is referring to him

00:32:06--> 00:32:10

that it's related that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam found him missing.

00:32:11--> 00:32:23

Fabric did not base it on the law he was nowhere to be seen. Remember hardy African law in both men Muslim both relate this heavy that fabric did not base English and mass was nowhere to be seen.

00:32:24--> 00:32:27

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam inquired Why is that?

00:32:30--> 00:32:48

So one of us How about the lover him said Yasuda law I will go and find out so he went to his house. There he was given permission to enter. And he found fabric did not base admission Moses seated in the privacy of his home had bent weep.

00:32:50--> 00:32:56

So have you ever been in Lahore and said to him What's wrong with you? The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is looking for you.

00:32:58--> 00:33:01

He is missing and he's searching for you.

00:33:02--> 00:33:53

What makes you weep? So fabric or the alarm said that Allah subhanho wa Taala has just revealed the verses. Yeah, you're living in an Atlanta federal a smart urban folk assaulting a beat that all believers do not raise your voices over the voice of the messenger and do not speak to him loudly as you speak loudly to one. Less your deeds perish and you do not even realize. So he said, I am a loud voice person. I have a loud voice. I feel that law is referring to me that light speaking of me, that I am the one who has raised his voice over the voice of the messenger and who speaks loudly to him, and I fear that my deeds will perish. So he continued weeping this habit of the alarm went back

00:33:53--> 00:34:10

to the prophets and the law legal system and told him of the conversation. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, go back and tell Sabbath, that I give you the glad tidings that you are not one of these people. Rather, you are one of the men of god

00:34:12--> 00:34:19

so unassuming romantic or the a lot relates in another idea that the words of unmissable romantic or the love

00:34:21--> 00:34:27

that fabric base would walk amongst us, once we knew that he is one of the men of gender.

00:34:30--> 00:34:35

This is how the Sahaba of the love where they fear they fear the revelation of the

00:34:36--> 00:34:52

amendment or own spoke just as Abdullah who must rule there'll be a law very who says, whenever law says Oh, believe as you be the one who is being addressed, think that life is speaking to you. That's exactly what fab didn't know basic machine mastered.

00:34:55--> 00:34:58

He felt that alized speaking about me

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Now

00:35:12--> 00:35:16

fabric to blue base machine mass and even a working model the alarm

00:35:18--> 00:35:25

after this incident and prior to this, they maintain that impeccable other, an actor arm and

00:35:27--> 00:35:31

the etiquettes there was a man, that politeness

00:35:33--> 00:35:39

before that was SPECT before the messengers on the line it was. So how about the law or even we're renowned

00:35:45--> 00:35:51

through the faculty or the librarian who hadn't yet embraced Islam. When he went

00:35:53--> 00:35:55

on behalf of the courage

00:35:57--> 00:36:00

to visit the messenger subtle alarm rally, who was seldom when he was camped out with a bee.

00:36:03--> 00:36:21

There'll be a lot more and saw the behavior of this habit of the alarm or even towards a messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he came and reported it to the ER Ah, and he said, Oh Quraysh I have visited the Royal Courts of Castro,

00:36:23--> 00:36:24

of Caesar.

00:36:26--> 00:36:28

And he mentioned other royal courts.

00:36:29--> 00:36:34

But never have I seen a people with via their lead.

00:36:35--> 00:36:39

As I have seen the companions of Mohammed that revere him.

00:36:43--> 00:36:46

When he speaks, they falsify

00:36:47--> 00:37:25

when he does wobbu they jostle with each other to catch the droplets falling from his limbs when he performs the evolution. When he spits they catch this his spit in order to anoint their faces with it. We covered all of this in the hadith of Arabia in great detail. So this was in the sixth year of hedra, three years before the revelation of these verses. So this How about the alarm and their behavior before the messengers alarm it was someone was impeccable, even a little glass of the alarm, he was one of the leaders of the church, someone who opposed the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:37:29--> 00:37:30

all the way up to the

00:37:33--> 00:37:34

seventh eighth yo hedgehog.

00:37:36--> 00:37:40

And yet another blast or Leo lahori, himself saves,

00:37:42--> 00:37:51

that there was no one greater in my eyes, than the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he filled me with all

00:37:53--> 00:37:59

and this is someone who opposed him till very late stage, what he was one of the chieftains of the ratio opposed.

00:38:01--> 00:38:19

So I would say is there was no one greater than the messenger, some of the love, it was some in my eyes, he filled me with it all. And then he goes on to say, that if you were to ask me to describe him, I would not be able to describe him to you, because I would never look at him fully in the face.

00:38:21--> 00:38:27

And that was the last. So this How about the lava in that respect, that you can that

00:38:28--> 00:38:39

there are other their etiquettes their behavior, their discipline before the messenger, some of them are and he was one of them, was unique. It was undescribable impeccable.

00:38:40--> 00:38:50

And one of the qualities was this in the levina were born a swan in the rasulillah the indeed those who lower their voices before the messenger

00:38:52--> 00:38:56

these are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for the

00:38:57--> 00:39:02

llama Farah module, Navin for them is forgiveness. And

00:39:03--> 00:39:25

then last crona What are other contrasting the behavior of the believers? Now speaks about those Bedouin who came in a delegation and approach the messenger some of the law it was to them as they did, shouting out to him. So lots crownhill without us he's in the levina you're now gonna come in What are you, john Arthur thirumalai are

00:39:27--> 00:39:48

indeed those who call out to you from behind the chambers. That's what they did. The delegation of over 70 people came, and to the masjid face the homes of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam the the hotjar the noble chambers and shouted out all Mohammed commands has come out to us. We wish to speak to you

00:39:49--> 00:39:50

and he was resting.

00:39:52--> 00:39:57

So last preamble, without essays indeed those who call out to you from behind the chambers

00:39:59--> 00:39:59

at federal hula

00:40:01--> 00:40:05

Most of them have no sense they do not understand.

00:40:07--> 00:40:38

Now, as I said earlier on, for those betterman, that approach was not extraordinary. It wasn't out of the ordinary, that was their standard behavior. But last panel without essays, they have no sense meaning no understanding of how to behave, how to speak in the presence of a messenger of Allah. Remember, most of them had not embraced Islam, only a few of them. And as I said, according some narrations, only two of them are Muslim, not the others.

00:40:39--> 00:40:41

Later they did embrace

00:40:43--> 00:40:44

the last panel with the other.

00:40:47--> 00:40:53

Repeat. And not only did we beat them last Parenthood, Allah says this sort of

00:40:55--> 00:40:56

rash,

00:40:57--> 00:40:58

brash,

00:41:00--> 00:41:01

disrespectful,

00:41:03--> 00:41:25

insolent behavior, in the presence of the Messenger of Allah is a lack of foolishness is a lack of knowledge is a reflection of ignorance, and a glass of water and I simply say is a third layer below most of them do not have any sense. They do not understand they have no sense.

00:41:26--> 00:41:32

One unknown, sober, and had they waited patiently, had they been patient,

00:41:33--> 00:41:48

pay him until you came out to them, look on here and on this would have been far better for them. Or law for him and allies most forgiving, most mess, meaning the, that approach to the Messenger of Allah, what should they have been?

00:41:50--> 00:42:03

Rather than shouting out to you to come out at their convenience, they should have waited patiently until you had rested and until you came out to them,

00:42:05--> 00:42:06

they needed you.

00:42:07--> 00:42:19

So they should have waited patiently. And then have they waited patiently until you came out to them, then this would have been far better for and a lot is most forgiving, Most Merciful.

00:42:20--> 00:42:36

Again, a lot is teaching as other verb and etiquettes alized teaching is madness, discipline. And the oma has taken this discipline from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, allow me to expand on this.

00:42:38--> 00:42:39

All of this has connected.

00:42:41--> 00:42:44

Why do we respect the messenger, some of them love it.

00:42:48--> 00:43:01

It's because of who he is. And what he represents what he brought. He was a messenger of a lie, he represented a law. He was a carrier of the alarm of a law, the speech of the law.

00:43:02--> 00:43:22

For all this and for much, much more respected, we revere him revering the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is an obligation upon the believers. A lot of what Allah says in some naksha hidden overshadow one of the law. They took me Nabila, he wore a suit he was a zero otaku.

00:43:24--> 00:43:29

sila, Allah says, addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, indeed, we have sent you

00:43:31--> 00:43:45

as a witness Shahada, one more bashira as a bearer of glad tidings, one of these and as a warner, one, let me know so that you collectively all of you, so that you may believe in him.

00:43:46--> 00:44:01

So you may believe in Allah, and you may believe in His Messenger, they don't mean to be la who are Sunni, and what arzoo so that you may support and I support the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what what they do, and so that you may reveal

00:44:03--> 00:44:04

the

00:44:07--> 00:44:08

means giving him what

00:44:09--> 00:44:14

Waqar means all composure, self dignity.

00:44:16--> 00:44:23

So we give him that respect. We don't just like him, we don't just love him.

00:44:25--> 00:44:30

We love him. We respect we revere.

00:44:31--> 00:44:36

reverence is an obligation upon the believers by the command of Allah in the eye.

00:44:39--> 00:44:48

And that means we don't just respect him, respect his message, respect his words. And this is what the real Mr have always

00:44:49--> 00:44:50

in,

00:44:52--> 00:44:59

in knowledge, is ultimately what comes from Allah. What comes from is that a source in the law it was

00:45:01--> 00:45:02

And this is why we respect in

00:45:05--> 00:45:07

respect has always been part of

00:45:10--> 00:45:12

discipline has always been part of us.

00:45:14--> 00:45:19

And fortunately, it's one of those things, which is rapidly disappearing.

00:45:23--> 00:45:27

And we see respect as civility. It's not civility,

00:45:30--> 00:45:40

respect is an integral part of religion. And inshallah we'll speak about this in more detail on another occasion. But today

00:45:41--> 00:45:46

I'd like to share a few thoughts specifically about respect for in

00:45:47--> 00:45:48

respect for a layman

00:45:50--> 00:45:58

because they are the people of Illinois, they are the carriers of it. And how this has come down from the sort of last in the last Friday.

00:46:00--> 00:46:02

So forget the respect of automatic.

00:46:03--> 00:46:16

Going back to the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately after the Prophet sallallahu sallam, how did the Darby mean? The success is to this harbottle the law? How did they behave?

00:46:17--> 00:46:29

And how did the students of the derby NBA when it came to the words of Allah when it came to the words of His Messenger Salalah it was, when it came to the people who carried this.

00:46:32--> 00:46:34

Let me share a few accounts with you.

00:46:37--> 00:46:39

As I said last week,

00:46:40--> 00:46:49

when Allah says in the beginning verses are believers do not raise your voices over the voice of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that will a man have always believed

00:46:50--> 00:47:03

that this includes not raising our voices over the speech of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam even after he has departed from this word, that means he

00:47:04--> 00:47:06

will respect the heading

00:47:07--> 00:47:09

for that is a speech of the Messenger of Allah.

00:47:12--> 00:47:17

And I shared a few thoughts with you about Imam Malik Rahim Allah.

00:47:18--> 00:47:24

Imam Malik was one of the one of the scholars of Medina, one of the

00:47:26--> 00:47:36

one of the successes to the success of this habit of the alarm. He had never met any of us harbor. But most of his teachers were all students of this habit of the alarm

00:47:38--> 00:47:44

in America hula madness, as I said, he was a man of

00:47:45--> 00:47:49

great composure. He would never laugh, never.

00:47:51--> 00:47:51

Never.

00:47:54--> 00:47:55

And

00:47:57--> 00:47:59

it was rare that he ever learned.

00:48:00--> 00:48:05

There was one occasion when he did laugh loudly which is reported. And

00:48:06--> 00:48:07

it said that

00:48:14--> 00:48:20

he was approached by someone who said to him, that we have come across the people

00:48:22--> 00:48:23

who

00:48:25--> 00:48:27

take the name of Allah,

00:48:28--> 00:48:30

ie they do the vicar of Allah.

00:48:32--> 00:48:35

But they dance.

00:48:37--> 00:48:39

What what's doing it?

00:48:43--> 00:48:48

So Imam Malik Rahim, Allah actually laughed. And he said, I'm adjani

00:48:49--> 00:48:50

are they mad?

00:48:53--> 00:48:57

Now, we may not understand the words of these alama.

00:49:00--> 00:49:06

Like I said earlier on, it's almost like our perception of reality is different to that

00:49:07--> 00:49:09

will largely they were in another realm.

00:49:12--> 00:49:14

Mr. Malik says,

00:49:15--> 00:49:18

as I said, when he would teach, he would burn but

00:49:20--> 00:49:33

he Bay it dressed in the best clothes. He'd come in, sit down, and his students would be seated around him, he would rarely read Hadeeth himself. He would listen while the students read Hadeeth in front of them.

00:49:35--> 00:49:42

In fact, some of the scholars say that Mr. Manik It was very frugal in the speech, he wouldn't say much.

00:49:43--> 00:49:49

The most he would say is neram or LA yes or no people would ask him questions. It's a yes or no.

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

A man of great composure. And when he spoke about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whenever he mentioned the name of the messenger,

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

A lot of them, it said about my Malika mala, that he would lower his head. And a change would come over him every time he mentioned the name of the prophets of Allah Haile.

00:50:14--> 00:50:22

So his students would say to him, that they would feel that this is too much, they would feel sorry for him.

00:50:23--> 00:50:32

So they would say that his color would change. So they would say that, oh Imam, why do you? Why are you so affected?

00:50:34--> 00:50:55

When you mention the name of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Mr. Malik says, Are you surprised by the effects on me? He said, when we used to visit our teacher, Mr. Mohammed Abu Dhabi, one of the successes of the Sahaba, or the alarm. He says, whenever we would visit our teacher, Mr. Mohammed.

00:50:57--> 00:51:14

And whenever he would mention the name of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, immediately he would begin weeping merely upon the mention of his name, and he wouldn't stop until we would feel pity for him.

00:51:18--> 00:51:22

In fact, one of the family of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he mentions another thermae

00:51:23--> 00:51:45

Eman Jaffer Assad. Rahim Allah one of the family of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Mr. Malik says that he was he had a lot of humor in it was a very humorous person. Eman Jaffer Asahi. So he's very humorous. And people are like that some of us have out of the 11 who were humorous.

00:51:47--> 00:52:21

One of them is habit of the lover and he used to joke with the prophets of the law and he was in fact more than one there was one of them he used to make the prophets in the library it was them laugh. And this How about the lover of nicknamed him humor as a result donkey so remember how it relates to sort of the alarm. So he would make the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam laugh there were others who were very humorous or full of laughter as I say an Arabic full of him. So mmm Jaffa salad.

00:52:25--> 00:52:41

He was very humorous as well. But Mr. Malik says despite his Hema, whenever the name of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was mentioned, the same humorous Imam Jaffa saw that he would turn green and pay

00:52:43--> 00:52:45

out of respect.

00:52:47--> 00:53:09

At the mere mention of the name of Allah alayhi salatu was, and there were so many of the orlimar like that Mr. Malik mentioned, not one, not two, but so many of his teachers, who would be overcome by change and the mere mention of the name of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they would weep. So he used to tell his students that do you marvel at me?

00:53:10--> 00:53:13

What would you say about your mom who would have no money

00:53:14--> 00:53:16

but the respect they had?

00:53:18--> 00:53:21

Imam Malik also says about the same amount.

00:53:23--> 00:53:43

That whenever I felt the hardness of my heart, whenever I felt when my heart was becoming hard, I would go to visit my teacher mama didn't look at him. And just by seeing and remain in this company for a few short moments, I would come away with lessons for many, many days.

00:53:45--> 00:53:51

That's how they would address the hardness of their hearts by adopting the company of their teachers and never shy.

00:53:53--> 00:53:57

Why? Because they were colored in the color of the messenger. So

00:53:59--> 00:54:00

they,

00:54:01--> 00:54:27

they saw them as being the bearers of the Prophet knowledge as being the carriers and the treasures of the prophets that knowledge. They saw them as successes to the profits, and he was fabulous. That's why they respect and it wasn't just the derby. It was the ones who came before them. So how about it'll be a lot more even amongst themselves. This

00:54:28--> 00:54:33

there's what did the last a while in the summer we had Raja la Himmler, Ghana.

00:54:35--> 00:54:40

Had they remained patient until you came out to them this would have been far basketball.

00:54:41--> 00:54:58

This is how the Sahaba of the illawarra were with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And after his time, this is how the Sahaba were with regards to knowledge of the Prophet sallallahu it was something I'm delighted my boss of the cousin brother of the messenger Salaam, it was under who

00:55:01--> 00:55:06

who eventually became a great scholar in his own right. And the large numbers of the a lot

00:55:07--> 00:55:23

as a young child when he after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was passing away, when he began his journey of knowledge, he says that I would visit the homes of the Sahaba of the law in order to listen to listen, in order to hear

00:55:24--> 00:55:42

that I would go to visit them, and markedly profits of the law Friday who seldom was what was the time of the day, when the veteran came afternoon he was taking a siesta. So I'm delighted my boss of the alarm says I would go to meet some of the Sahaba of the alarm.

00:55:43--> 00:55:44

And and

00:55:45--> 00:55:47

I will find out that they were resting

00:55:48--> 00:55:56

in the afternoon taking the siesta. So in the heat of Arabia, he says, I would lie down

00:55:57--> 00:56:34

in the dust on the ground, outside their doors, with the wind blowing dust all around me. And I would wait there until they woke up and until they came out, then when they would see me, the same others have the alarm would say to him, that oh cousin, brother of the Messenger of Allah, why didn't you inform us? We would have come to you and he would say to them, no, I have come to you to learn. I'm the one who wants to learn. Therefore I have come to you and it was only fitting that I waited for you until you came at me.

00:56:35--> 00:56:47

In the sooner of the idea, that's what the verse says. When are in the home suburb or anything like Canada hi Rhonda had they had they been patient until you came out to them. This would have been far better.

00:56:48--> 00:56:58

Abdullah have not been out of the locker room I've mentioned this before. See them as even the fabric there'll be a lot more and one of the most intelligent of this harbottle the Allahu

00:57:00--> 00:57:05

zaidan the fabric or the LA Horan led set out to janaza Halverson.

00:57:06--> 00:57:07

And then after the

00:57:10--> 00:57:13

A mew was presented for him to ride away on

00:57:15--> 00:57:22

saving the fabric or the alarm or incline the mean and of all the people to rush forward

00:57:24--> 00:57:33

to serve him. It was none other than I'm delighted now bus of the a lot of de la la busca de La Hoya rushed forward

00:57:35--> 00:57:47

and he grabbed the foot of zaidan the fabric there'll be a lot more in with one hand and the stirrup with the other. And he began inserting the footers at the fabric there'll be a loved one into the stirrup

00:57:49--> 00:57:58

saving the fabric that'll be a lot more and he said, Oh cousin, brother of the Messenger of Allah, desist away with you. Why are you doing this?

00:57:59--> 00:58:06

So I'm delighted members of the a lot more in kumars words were This is how we have been commanded to respect our

00:58:10--> 00:58:24

society without without the alarm dismounted, grab the hand of Abdullah have not burst the alarm, kissed it, and said, and this is how we have been commanded to honor the family of the messenger. Some of the law it was

00:58:25--> 00:58:31

not all there, man. And these were the Sahaba of the law. If we regard respect as civilians

00:58:33--> 00:58:35

is this civilians

00:58:38--> 00:58:44

This is Jose demouth arbitrarily a law firm. And I'm delighted in our bus of the a lot more of my behave towards each other.

00:58:46--> 00:58:48

And only because of it, and why

00:58:50--> 00:58:52

not because of a degree or a qualification

00:58:54--> 00:58:56

because of what they carry.

00:58:57--> 00:59:08

They weren't respecting them so much as they were respecting the knowledge of the sort of loss and the law it was. That's how the Sahaba of the law were that's how their students were.

00:59:09--> 00:59:18

And that's how their students students were all the way until today. This is how the real Mr have always behaved they've learned not only

00:59:21--> 00:59:25

but also added in fact, you may have heard of the name of Imam Abdullah hidden Webb,

00:59:26--> 00:59:30

a very famous scholar of Medina, Imam Abdullah had nowhere.

00:59:32--> 00:59:45

The same amount I'm delighted to have was one of the most famous students of America. And you know what his words were. He said, we learned more from Mr. Malik than we than we did earlier.

00:59:47--> 00:59:48

We learned more

00:59:50--> 00:59:54

respect and discipline from Mr. Malik than we actually learned in

00:59:56--> 00:59:57

truth

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

That respect was always part and parcel of our religion always.

01:00:06--> 01:00:13

And it wasn't just this is how the animal would behave. There's a brilliant story about Imam, Abu Jaffa the how

01:00:15--> 01:00:23

how the rules are respected one of the in fact he came later so let me mention one or two accounts of earlier scholars speaking of heavy

01:00:24--> 01:00:27

How would all ama treats Hades

01:00:31--> 01:00:31

imagine

01:00:37--> 01:00:40

one of the most famous imams of fit of some

01:00:41--> 01:00:41

of it.

01:00:42--> 01:00:44

He died in two for one history.

01:00:46--> 01:00:49

After the hitch in my humble regime,

01:00:51--> 01:00:52

he was once ill.

01:00:54--> 01:00:57

And since he was ill, he was reclining against the wall.

01:01:00--> 01:01:05

And he was gathered with a few people. Someone began speaking about Ibrahim

01:01:08--> 01:01:15

Ibrahim Rahim Allah was a scholar and a saint. He was widely regarded as being a very saintly person.

01:01:19--> 01:01:20

So Imam,

01:01:22--> 01:01:26

Ramallah soon as he heard the name of Ibrahim

01:01:27--> 01:01:28

Ibrahim

01:01:30--> 01:01:31

wasn't a Sahabi

01:01:32--> 01:01:34

he was one of those who came late.

01:01:36--> 01:01:54

Yet mm hmm was ill and he was leaning against the wall, when he heard the name of it, but on him, he sat up this was a man with a hammer. And he said, it is not benefiting us that we recline and sit in such a manner when the names of the pious I mentioned.

01:01:56--> 01:02:00

And he said that not for a verse of the Quran, not for a hadith

01:02:02--> 01:02:03

but

01:02:04--> 01:02:09

only at the mention of the name of a pious person Allah and that was

01:02:12--> 01:02:15

some of these names may be unfamiliar to you, but

01:02:16--> 01:02:18

you may have heard of Imam Yahya

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Imam Al Capone Rahim Allah was one of the most famous scholars

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and before mentioned him

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of course you've heard of him. Yeah, even the marine.

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Everyone's heard of him. But he died in two foreign history. Mm hmm. These were his contemporaries. Mm hmm. SES of your mom. Yeah. Even the money that any Hadeeth with the hypno marine doesn't know is not

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that's how well he respected him for his knowledge. Mm. Yeah, even the money.

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And the moment it you've known Medina was another contemporary of Imam

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Imam

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who was an evening with et.

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Eman Buhari, says Mr. Sultan FC in the ad in ilaria.

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What Obama ladies, he says that, remember how he was very confident.

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But there's a difference between confidence and arrogance. He was very confident

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and self assured.

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As a result of which he never regarded it, he was respectful. He was very humble. But he never regarded himself as inferior in any way.

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And there was no self loathing or self doubt. She was never self doubt. The man was hardly a man of that genius and position. He says Mr. Sultan of searing the illa libnah medini I never regarded myself as small in front of anyone except Mr. Murray. Nobody

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so much.

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The position of Imam and even in Medina. So Mmm, yeah. Upon

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he.

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One of the essays that I would watch him Yeah.

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He would come to the masjid. He prayed is a sort of Salah, and after a sort of Salah, he would sit to leaning against a pillar.

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And then who would come in front of him? Imagine?

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Imagine it you've known medini Mm, yeah. blumarine and a whole group of other scholars have heavy and they would stand.

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They wouldn't sit they would stay around, and he'd recite heavy and they would all stand and listen and sometimes right the heavy while standing here

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He would never say to them sit down and out of sheer respect and reverence for him. They would never sit and they stand all the way from a certain Muslim Salah

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Can you imagine? A human madine humble? Yeah he blumarine

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these giants have heavy standing all the way from a salsa Latin Muslim, listening to Hades. Never once daring to sit down out of sheer respect for him. Yeah.

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That's how the ruler Mauer. This is how they respected one another.

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This is why

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I say that we should observe ethics in any gathering of

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only for the sake of the words of alarm the words of his messengers.

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And this is part of the meaning of Do not raise your voices over the voice of the messenger and wallow in the whole sobre.

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La hymn the canopy alone. If they had waited patiently until you came out to them, this would have been far better for them.

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There are many stories of respect and I mentioned about Malabo Jaffa the how he he came later his teach Well, he came much later he died in three to one hinchley but Imam Abu hanifa

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Imam Abu Yusuf Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, speaking of respect, listen to this.

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Remember what Allah used to say that I have never stretched my legs out towards the house of my teacher hammered not to be silly man, even though there were seven streets between my house and his house.

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This is the other one that we've always had. Now, some people say, Oh, this is this is medieval, this is old. spamela why deny

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the carriers and the bearers of the interim of Allah Han is a source of the law it will send them respect. Why deny the or Anam have eith respect, when we see respect and discipline being forced on everyone else?

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For everyone else,

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essentially imposed, its orchestrate.

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And there is a tradition of discipline and respect in most areas.

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Martial Arts

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I want to read the leaflets

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which invited people to come to

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martial arts to come to the dojo for martial arts lessons. And they have to pay as well, obviously. But there were all these prerequisites and conditions, that you must respect the master the sequel, you must do this, you must do that you must do this, you must do that. Unless it's Panama. See, even in traditional martial arts, there's discipline, there's respect it's actually enforce. No one sees that of civility. We have discipline and respect and dress codes and classrooms, in

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workplaces. In other areas. Islam has its own tradition of respect of others.

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And it's not just for them now. What about respect for elders? What about respectful parents? What about respect for seniors,

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it's all fast disappearing.

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It's a bad time to be a parent.

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It's a brilliant time to be a child.

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But the children will learn

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maybe their children will be worse.

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Islam has taught us other than in every field,

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even respecting animals.

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But that's another topic as far as is concerned that Allah had immense respect for one another, they have respect for knowledge they had respect for it.

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I'll end with this and shall continue with the remaining verses are sort of shut off from next week. And just to recap last Chronicle with Anna Caesar believers did not advance to not place yourselves before Allah and His messengers on the line.

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Be wary of Allah indeed. Allah is all hearing all knowing of

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believers do not raise your voices over the voice of the messenger and do not speak loudly to him in the manner of speaking loudly to one another. So your deeds perish and you don't even realize, indeed those who lower their voices before the Messenger of Allah, these are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for, for them as forgiveness and an immense reward. Verily those who call out to you from behind the chambers, most of them do not since and had they remained patient until you came out to them. This would have been far better for them.

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And of life's most forgiving, Most Merciful and with this was on the left was eliminated and he was suited to be unemployed. While he was sad to hear dreams Chronicle love and will lick the shadow and learn how

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to wake