Channel: Riyadul Haqq
The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 3/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 29th April 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)
After the Prophet and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.
This third lesson third lesson details our need to verify information that we receive. It was for this reason that verses were revealed as the Muslims were prepared to march against the Banu Mustaliq whom they thought had committed treason. Enquiring about matters, however, is not the responsibility of everyone. This talk will detail when and who should enquire information and what is the responsibility of everyone else.
It is dangerous that we repeat everything that we hear and this talk details the havoc that it can cause.
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah
when I was a bit
of cinnamon See, the dinner may
or may not
want to shut the one in la hora de la
sala la hota Anna de
he was so happy about
My bag of flour will be lurking in a sheep lineup regime.
Man over here in the law woman, you gotta hurry
up your living
lump sum add on from the Do you wanna add in some later Anna Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim Majeed
la from about a gallon of the water, Mohammed Kamara Ibrahim Ibrahim
Spectre listeners we gather for the third part of
our study of sorta
so far in the past two weeks we have completed five verses, in which last panel with the ANA
warns believers against advancing
before Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam trying to do them, surpass them, supersede them at paste them in any way.
A lot also reminds the believers
of the position of the messengers and the law it was similar
and the manner in which one should conduct oneself
even in speech, before the messengers of the law, while he was
this level of respect and reverence and courtesy displayed to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah have declared is no different
after his life on Earth, as it was during his life,
covered these issues, so far, the soraa moves on to a totally different topic. As you may recall, in the beginning, I explained that one of the unique features of sort of Java is that last panel with our other
teachers, the believers, many etiquettes
many rules of conduct personal, social, religious, and the
Society of Medina
was based on some of these rooms
and more, but a lot of the rules of sort of the genre were the principles of Medina and society.
And part of them was recognition of the position of Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the correct convert in respect of Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Another principle was
etiquettes of behavior and a treat
of one another. Not just alarm is messenger, some of the law it was some of them, but fellow Muslims fellow human beings,
no society can
thrive properly and successfully in the long term.
Unless These rules are established,
and the rule which we are about to discuss now, and then off, is
and yet to to so neglected,
lost Parenthood. Allah saves
This is the sixth verse.
Yeah, your levina Armand
been a bit in front of a urinal and deceiving Oman which are harder for those who
are believers. If a sinful person comes to you
with some need
for the baby, then ascertain the facts.
Inquire for the beginning inquiry
and placebo kombucha holla less you inflict
on the people in ignorance
for to speak who ultimately mean and then you become remorseful
of what you have done.
There are some narrations that suggest that during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he was informed
about a certain people's withholding of their Zika
he was told in the presence of the other companions that such and such a group of people
have with Helvetica and sought to harm me your messenger. Now, if I can mention the narration in some detail.
It's mentioned that a Willie aka
one of the companions,
he was sent by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
to Berlin was stuck
in order to collect this
had every intention of paying there's a car, but they were waiting for the collector to arrive himself on behalf of the messengers of the law
at a given time, when the collector had not arrived at that time, but still it
feared that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was displeased with them. And as a result had refused to send the collect. So blue stallion, the leaders themselves got together and as a band as a large group, they set forth
to come and meet the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself.
Fearing that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had deliberately not sent his collective, there was some delay.
And when he did not proper,
he learned that a large armed bands
of the balloons that had come out in his direction, he feared that they had become rebellious.
And we're intent on refusing to pay those occur. And we're actually seeking to harm him.
So he then came in and formed the messenger, some of the lahardee, who was some of his fears, and do remember,
he he never faced them directly. He was told of this. So he relied on a report that the study had come out in force. They were intent on not paying, there's a guy who also I'm harming him. So he hurriedly turned around and made his way to the messenger Salalah it was Sunday. And he informed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the presence of the companions of what he believed based on a report which he had received. So he gave the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a report based on a reports which he had heard.
So how about rhodiola?
With incense, because at the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam refusal to pay zerker withholding of the zurka was an act of rebellion.
They were part of the state
and they were under the protection of the state and their refusal to pay zakat to the province and the law and even
Send them was an act of rebellion, an act of defiance and a message that we no longer recognize your thoughts.
So this whole battle the alarm
relying on these reports were
of the opinion that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam should march against Muslims and to quell this rebellion
especially since they had come out
in force, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advised caution, prudence
as a result of which, not soon, not long thereafter, booster lip arrived in Medina.
And when they came the province of the law, it will send them question and said to them, did you intend
to kill my ambassador and Zika correct? Did you refuse to pay Zika? Will you intend some rebellion?
So the leaders of unauthentic plead with the messenger salallahu alayhi wa sallam and told him that they are the sort of law. We never saw your collector he never came to us we never even got to see him. And not only that, we have commands we had already come out to fearing ourselves that you and Allah are displeased with us and that you had with how old your collector and not centimeters
as a result of this clarification on the part of Burnham stehlik also as a result of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was prudence
and caution and patience and deliberation in this matter,
and as a result of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is declining to act on the opinion and the advice of the soldier. So how about all the law or even the arms should be taken up against women and their rebellion quashed?
bloodshed was avoided, and otherwise it would have great trouble would have would have been achieved. Now this was the backdrop to the revelation of this verse. last panel borderless Asia, you handed in Japan first.
Oh believers, if a sinful person comes to you with some news for Debian then inquire, verify, ascertain
and to see what our major
lest you inflict pain on a people in ignorance for to
demean and then you become regretful remorseful over what you have done.
So this was the backdrop to the revelation. Now, what are the verse? Now, a few things we need to note about this verse in relation to this incident. The Sahaba of the Lahore in his name was worried.
He was actually the son of the marine.
And as I've mentioned many times, it's remarkable, that during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam some of his greatest opponents, their family members, their wives, their sons, their daughters all embraced Islam.
And this was true for many of the latest habit of the alarm.
so fond of Norway,
or when he the moon leader, is still on holiday.
and many others, so the sun or the the leaders of the flourish, their children event eventually became Muslim also. Although he embraced Islam later, even during the time that he refused to embrace Islam, his own daughter Ramallah, of the alarm, who spoony was the band who then married the Prophet sallallahu Sallam herself. That is another example of delight and or even subtle. The leader of hypocrites in Medina. It's related that his wife as well as his son, famously everyone knows about his son Abdullah, the same name as his father Abdullah the son of Abdullah nor leaving us alone.
He was famously a Muslim but his sister and his mother.
other family members had also embraced Islam and were very sincere in their Islam
was another individual who was
who was killed in the early years. And he was one of those wrongs who harmed and hurt the messengers of Allah equals and repeatedly, he's the one who one occasion choke the prophets of Allah, Allah who wasn't in the hat. He's the same one.
Who went aboard Jehan said that who will go and collect the amniotic sac and the afterbirth of mushy camel, which has just recently given birth, and dump this filth on the back of Mohammed onesies and prostration in the home. So I will generally made that call. And I shall upon the bitterest and the most unfortunate of the peak, or the most wicked of the people rose as Abdullah was, although the Allah says in the head is the most wicked of the people rose and fetch that amniotic sac and the afterbirth. And once the province of the law legal system was in frustration, he came and dumped it on his noble back. And such was the weight of the filth, that it prevented the messenger sallallahu
alayhi wasallam from rising again. And who was that Ashkelon, the wickedest of the people it was none other than rock bottom.
So this individual is responsible for choking the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam throttling him for dumping filth on his noble back and mocking the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam yet remarkably, his daughter was
someone who embraced Islam, and not before the conquest of Makkah. She is the one who individually undertook that great journey from Makkah to Medina. And she was a young Virgin and married, leaving her father's home, she leaving her family home, her father was all that was already dead, but leaving the family home, she made her way to Medina, in order to embrace Islam and submit to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and she is
the first woman who the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tested as a quarter as per the procedure mentioned, in
her brother, at the time was not a Muslim, and will lead but he also embraced Islam in the eighth year of his life, and will either
now, this is a will either.
According to some durations, this whole incident was related to proper anyway. And what the verse says in Japan, first of all,
if a sinful person comes to you with some news, so does this mean that what he did was sinful, and the verses specifically referring to him? No, even though this was the backdrop to the revelation of the verse, the wording of the verse is more general. And the word fast it is not in reference to unbelievable.
And this is self evident for a number of reasons, because it will either Aqua did not learn, he received a report. And based on that report, he turned around and informed the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam have the same report, and the reason why he failed to go further and collect this occur.
If and there was no malicious, malicious intention on his part, there was no desire to mislead, he was not lying. He was genuine and sincere in what he believed to be true, and what he conveyed to the prophets of Allah.
there was any malice on his part, if there was any deception or lying or treachery or dishonesty on his part, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would surely have taken some action would have reprimanded him, at least I would have reviewed them. But there is no report of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam correcting him
because he simply reported back to the prophets of Allah it was sort of what he had been told.
And this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not reprimand him or rebuke him in any way. And not only that, nor did the Sahaba of the alarm hold this against him. Not only that, but after the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
bacara sandiacre de la Riva of Rasulullah sallallahu, Alayhi, wa sallam,
De La Miran momineen an even smaller affirm that the LA one after both of them. They all continue to trust and when he the Nakba, and appoint him to positions of all authority. So all of this shows that an HR leader was never regarded as being dishonest or untrustworthy in any way. Therefore, the word facet, sinful person in the verse does not refer to a leader.
So why is this? Why is the word mention facet? unexplained this when in a moment when I explain the wider meaning of the verse as it's applicable to us? Overall? That's how about the Allahumma being told? We the believers are being told that Yeah, you're living in animal Oh believers in
a minute. But if a sinful person comes to you with some news for the BU then ascertain the truth, verify the facts, make your inquiries.
Now, does this mean? Does this mean that we are only to inquire, make inquiries verify the facts ascertain the truth? If we believe the person to be sinful?
Who is reporting to us? No, it doesn't mean
so why does Allah mention the word faster?
A lot of it has to do with invulnerable elimin, Moroni rhetoric and Arabic eloquence. And I won't go into those details, but suffice to say
people who learn
and who provide false information are sinful individuals, those who are are malicious.
more often, it is sinful people, wicked people, unscrupulous,
malicious individuals who lie, who convey false reports, who provide false information in order to deceive and mislead, and in order to inflict harm on people directly or indirectly.
So this is most often the case but not always the case. When a person provides false information intentionally, and the person is dishonest and untrustworthy, untruthful, Elia and malicious and therefore see for and wicked.
However, at times, someone may inadvertently provide
though it's not their intention. So there is a clear difference between the two. But last panel with the other is warning as a bug.
And because most often, this kind of harmful, malicious, false, false information is normally provided by sinful wicked people. This is why it's mentioned here. So the clause, there's obviously a clause here, isn't there? The clause is if a sinful person comes to you with some news. So there's a clause it's qualified, that if sinful person comes to you, then verify the facts ascertain the truth.
In Arabic, this is known as a dumb, well, it's a clause. It's a conditional clause. But it's a clause, isn't it? If a person comes to you, in Arabic, this is known as Aiden.
I wish there are three, is the clause
coincidental or is it conditional?
Is the clause coincidental? Or is it conditional?
If it's conditional, that means only if a sinful person comes to you, should you verify the facts, ascertain the truth, make inquiries.
But if it's coincidental, then that means no in this context, although Allah mentions, if a single person comes to you, the clause if is not conditional, it's merely coincidental. Therefore, whether the person is sinful or not sinful, you should still verify the facts, you should still ascertain the truth. So, this is what I would like to say about the word Fassett sinful person. It doesn't refer to Halloween either.
But the alarm was a companion and so happy.
And nor is it conditional clause, that if a simple person comes to you only then should you verify the facts. Rather it's coincidental, it's mentioned because most often, this is the case a sinful person is the one who normally provides false information. But if even a sincere, blameless individual inadvertently and unwittingly provides false information, even then you have to verify the facts. You have to ascertain the truth, as happened in this case, and will either up battle the alarm when he told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the bundles are refusing to pay this occur and have come out in arms. And they were intent on attacking me.
He genuinely and sincerely believe that to be true because of the reports that he had received.
And his fear led him to believe that. So that's what he shared with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Sahaba of the alarm, took his report at face value, since they trusted him and believed him, just as he took the report that was given to him at face value. But he in no way was malicious or misleading in his reporting to the province of the law.
Having clarified that, the moral of this verse, the lesson we gain is for Debian ascertain the truth verify the facts. Now, this is vital.
News, alas, he's been about. And now that means news in Japan faster and better. But if a simple person comes to you with any news benefit with any SMS, that means any report that we receive any news that we receive, we must make inquiries, verify the facts and ascertain the truth.
Now, does this mean again another question, Does this mean that oh, we have to make inquiries about every single thing.
We have to verify the facts in every single report.
No, it doesn't mean that either. So how do we how do we draw a distinction?
Many of you will recall have evil if the story of the great lie. The Hadees from which we covered in many parts will relate to button will not be in shadow of the alarm her about her trial and ordeal when she was falsely accused of a great sin.
There were many lessons to be learned from that whole story which is also referenced in the holy book and sort of the more with the with the with the verses beginning with the section beginning with the verse in the Ludhiana journal, the gospel to mean that
that, indeed those who brought the great currenly, who brought this great line,
they were a party amongst you.
the section of sort of the more covers that whole topic, and we studied the whole US had eaten from the hippo body some time ago. So you may recall them that I spoke about this in some detail.
Coming back to this verse,
we receive news all the time, especially in this day and age.
And Muslims have been told by Allah who was a source of the law, or something, to be very careful to be mindful of what they hear what they receive, what they believe, and what they repeat, and pass on to us. In heavies later banner Muslims
and by others, from Abu huraira whoa de la, Sol, La Sol de la vie de or some of them says gaffer Bill McKibben and you have the typical NEMA semi. It's sufficient for a man to be a liar.
That he repeats everything that he hears.
A man doesn't have to be an intentional liar.
But it is sufficient for a man to end up lying and to become a liar. But he simply repeats whatever he thinks.
In a day, we hear 100 things.
10 of them might be truths.
20 of them might
20 of them might be exaggerations and 50 of them will be outright lies. If a person repeats every single one of them, he will end up
conveying repeating 50 lies 20 exaggerations, 20 misunderstandings, and only 10 treatments.
So for a man to be a liar, it's a sufficiently he repeats everything that he hears. This is a hadith or a sort of loss and the law highly.
We receive so much information, so much news, gossip, whispers, telephone calls, text messages, messages through social media, instant messaging,
people forwarding things, people forwarding things all the time.
Sometimes it's frivolous, sometimes it's meaningless. Sometimes it's trivial. Sometimes it's serious warnings, which nobody bothers checking. And if somebody did, they'd realize that this warning was actually issued seven years ago by some authority, and it's still being circulated right now.
And even before the advent of social media and instant messaging and communication in normal society,
what we would hear in person from people, that in itself was bad enough. And the last panel Data References This throughout the course, in more than one place. We hear things all the time.
And much of it is gossip,
innuendo insinuations, exaggerations,
Miss constructions, misconceptions and misunderstandings, and only part of it is true.
And we have to be very careful, especially when this affects other people's lives, livelihoods, their honor, their dignity. When it comes to rumors, gossip. People love salacious gossip and gossip, salacious gossip.
And yet it is so harmful, so detrimental.
In fact, many of the principles of journalism
opposed in the core.
Many of the basics of journalism are opposed in the some of the basics of journalism are actually advocated in the corner, but some of them are contradicted and frowned upon.
Not everything which is in the public, not everything which interests the public is in the public interest.
Just because something interests us
no matter who it may be in relation to
it's not in our interest to them.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches as in the annum so it is the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Hadees that we should disregard it because it doesn't concern us.
A perfect example.
Meaning Chateau de la
a private individual?
Was she just any normal person or she a public figure?
Without that she was a public figure. She was the most notable and prominent wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who was the lead of the people. He was a leader of the state. He was a leader of the people, the leader of Medina.
He was their messenger their Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, whose every word was every utterance, whose every judgment was held in esteem by the people was every teacher mattered to them was every utterance concern and it was of interest to them. And this was his most prominent, most notable wife.
His, her private life, had an impact on his private life. his private life had an impact on his public life.
And he was the Messenger of Allah Who was that guy, their mentor, their prophets, their leader, their spirituality,
their conduits and their meanings of
Communication with lost animal with Anna. So this was his wife in Chateau de la and her Her life was very public, when she was falsely accused of a great sin.
One could argue, by today's standards by our standards, that this should have concerned every individual in Medina.
when word spread, people spoke about
how the last panel with Donna respond, did Allah subhanho wa Taala say,
of course, the believers went to accept whatever was said of that.
But did the bill where the believers told that all believers, you shouldn't have just accepted what was being said?
Rather, you should have reserved judgment, you should have withheld judgment. And then you should have made inquiries you should have ascertained the truth, you should have verified the facts. Just as a last as here are believers if a sinful person comes to you, and as I said the clause, if a sinful person comes to you, is coincidental, rather than conditional. That means if anyone comes to you, with some news for the BU then ascertain the truth, verify the facts, make inquiries. According to this verse, the Sahaba of the Allahu aim should have withheld judgment, reserved judgment, and then made inquiries verify the facts ascertain the truth because this concern them many inherently
shadow the law was a public figure. She was the wife of the most public figure.
Is that what this? How about all the love? We're told to do? Now? A last panel with Anna sales in sort of more in that section, which deals with that whole incident? Lola? Is it Sameer?
Why wasn't that when you heard this about our a Chateau de la?
Why wasn't that than than me? No, no one was meant to be enforcing a law that believing men and believing women fought good of themselves.
All you have that is moving. And why didn't they say that this is a clear law. And then late. last panel data continues a few verses later. Well, Ola is a Samaritan law. And why wasn't it that when you hurt this IE this whole great lie about a Chateau de la bootham. Why wasn't it that you said
my a cooler than at an ethical dilemma we had.
Donna Navin it is not even lawful for us to discuss this. It is not even permissible for us to speak of this. Hallowed be Your name of Allah has doubled down on Alvin. This is a great allegation. This is a great killing.
That's what the Quran teaches, which is
that, even though she is a public figure, even though she is the wife of a public figure, she is the wife of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And even though such a major allegation has been made, about, of disloyalty of infidelity, which impacts on the life, on the character on the person, on the well being on the household, on the family, of your Noble Messenger and leaders alarm, it still,
lets alone you making inquiries about this, let alone you speaking of it, let alone you repeating it, let alone you trying to verify the facts and ascertain the truth relating to it. It wasn't even permissible for you to discuss, to repeat it. And not only that, it wasn't even permissible for you, let alone to speak of it, to even think about it. And if you were to think about it, the only thought you should have would have been about yourselves. That Lola is Samaritan why wasn't it that when you heard this? You said, Why wasn't that when you heard this, believing men and believing women thought good of themselves? And what does that mean believing men and believing women for good
of themselves, even before the revelation of the verse, the Sahaba of the alarm, more than one already demonstrated this. One of them was about you will insert either the alarm about a human I'm sorry, this was even before the revelation of the pairs of what you would insert either the alarm or in the first
Host of the messenger Salalah. It was one of them.
He was with his wife on what are you? What are the alarm? And what are you casually as happened said to him? Have you heard about Arusha?
and missed that? And she repeated the room.
So have you been inside either the alarm said to her, said to his wife, would you do this?
Would you ever be guilty of the allegation which has been raised against and shadow the alarm?
So she instantly remonstrated and took offense.
And she pleaded her innocence and demonstrated that How could such a thing be said of her by her own husband? So Oh boy, you will inside Eva Lila horns. One simple sentence is a lesson for the whole
he said to me, she she casually in a family setting like a wife, as a wife talking to her husband, she casually said, Oh, have you heard about OSHA? And what's being said? So will you will inside either the alarm looked at her and said, Would you do that? So she remonstrated and pleaded her innocence and was obviously taken aback and avoidable inside of the alarm simply said to her for minky so anxious, far better than
if you cannot believe such a thing to be true about yourself?
And how can you believe it to be true about when she is far, far better?
And this is why Allah says later. And it's also related that other Sahaba of the lava and who said the same? Imagine? These were those noble souls, whose hearts and minds was so molded in the way of Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now what law revealed as a lesson as a warning as an instruction for the whole of mankind later, the Sahaba of the law had already enacted it before the revelation of
more than once a happy. So this is the meaning of them in order to be emphasizing hate if you read the verse, it doesn't seem to make sense, apparently. Why wasn't that when you heard this? believing men and believing women did not think good of themselves? What's that supposed to mean? This is it. That whenever we hear some news about something
from from going out to investigate, and to research and to verify the facts.
People think that Oh, it's okay to repeat. No, it's not okay to repeat.
So then some people think we are better than the poor and tells us that we shouldn't repeat allegations and lies and false and calumny and gossip.
So we regard ourselves as being far better and greater than that. So they then climb to a higher level. And the higher level is, now the Koran doesn't run tells us we have to verify the facts, we have to ascertain the truth. We have to make inquiries. So people begin making inquiries, but they are wrong. The Koran does not even tell them that tells them to go even further. And say, it's not permissible for you to even make inquiries about this. In fact,
you shouldn't be speaking about it, let alone asking questions.
And in fact, let alone speak about it and discuss it. You shouldn't even be thinking about it. And if you do think about anything, think of yourselves. And if you think of yourselves, can you imagine such a thing to be true about yourself, your mother, your father, your dear and loved ones? If you cannot entertain such thoughts about yourself and your loved and Dale ones, then banish such thoughts about someone else? Think of yourselves first.
That's what the Quran tells us. So it's not permissible for us to repeat rumors, gossip, salacious gossip
and things that may in interest us far from it. It doesn't matter what it's related to a
person's private life.
last parameter with Allah tells us think good of yourselves banished that such thoughts and do not even make inquiries. So when do we make inquiries? When is this verse applicable? Allah Caesar someone comes to you with the means.
then verify the truth ascertain the facts, make your inquiry so when should we make inquiries. On the one hand that tells us it's not even permissible to discuss these things. So when should we make inquiries, as I explained them in my commentary of the Hadeeth, a body of money and shadow, the alarm has ordeal.
It's very clear that only this verse is applicable.
Only in those situations where
it directly affects a person and they have to make a judgment, they have to make a decision.
So before they make a decision, this is why it last as unperceivable, at the end of the verse, For Debian, ascertain the facts, verify the truth, lest you inflict harm on someone without realizing, and then you come to regret it afterwards. So this is only for those people who are in a position of authority, or who are directly connected, who have to make a judgment call, and who have to make a decision. For example,
I'll give you one example of a woman walking in shadow of the law, because it's very relevant, and then we can judge everything else accordingly.
In the case of a woman walking in a shadow of the law,
people will gossip.
allegations were being flung at rumors were being spread. This was news.
for everyone else, Allah subhanho wa Taala. His ruling was, it's not permissible for you to discuss it, to speak of it, to repeat it, to even think about it. The only people for him for him it was permissible to make any sort of inquiries for to try and verify the facts and ascertain the truth are those individuals that who were impacted and affected very, very directly, who have to make a decision?
And who are they?
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam being the husband, he had to decide
whether to keep or to release,
and her father and mother
abubaker, San Diego de la mamounia la, because this was an adult.
in many cases, it wouldn't even concern the brother
or the sister,
If, if the father is alive, and if the father as a father of the household is ultimately responsible for his daughter,
it's the father who has to make a decision as the head of the family
not the brother.
In the presence of the Father, the brother has no jurisdiction or authority over the sister.
Of course, I'm speaking of those situations where people recognize the authority of the Father, in our culture, in our religion in our Deen, this is how it is
we cherish our families we cherish the family humans.
The father is held in esteem
subordinates, as children,
we regard ourselves as inferior to our fathers to our parents. We are subordinate. They brought us into this world they cared for us. They looked after us, they provided for us.
We are their flesh and blood.
They showed love and care and affection to us. They protected us. They brought us up.
They have a great rights over us.
And as part of that rights, we must take their feelings into consideration their position and consideration.
Of course it doesn't mean they are infallible. It doesn't mean that they can do no wrong. It doesn't mean that there are instances where the parents are clearly in the wrong.
These are exceptions, but in general, in Islam, the father holds a great position.
And we understand that in our culture, if there is a dispute in America
Marriage in families. And normally in our culture, what tends to happen in Islamic culture. This is this culture isn't just about a culture specific to any region. This is a culture of Islam. This is Muslim culture, where the father will, in many ways be responsible for the daughter and the Son. And people will turn to the family. And the father is not disregard and the family is not disregarded in situations like this, the family comes into great play.
So in the presence of the Father, the Son, the brother of the sister, the brother of a brother has no jurisdiction no authority whatsoever. So in such cases, even the brother has no right to make inquiries and to delve in the matter if the father as a head of the family is handling the affair.
Since the Father has to make a decision has been has to make a decision
or in an alternative case of the wife has to make a decision.
If the husband is guilty of infidelity, or harmful behavior to the marriage, then it concerns a wife, the wife, by all means can make inquiries.
But for anyone else, that doesn't concern its harm. It's impermissible to delve in the matter, to even think about it, to let alone discuss it, let alone making inquiries. Another situation where this verse would be applicable is if someone is in a position of authority like an employer, if an employer receives some news about his employee,
he has to make a decision. So of course, they can investigate the matter and so on.
So only In such instances where a decision has to be made a judgment has to be made.
Someone has to decide, is it permissible? Is it applicable is this first applicable that a person goes ahead and makes inquiries before taking action.
Otherwise, if it doesn't concern a person, it's not permissible for them to delve into the mat.
And then there's a great danger that they will fall into great sin, either by repeating this calumny, this gossip, this lie or but either by way of lying against a person or harming a person.
So we should be extremely careful when it comes to news when it comes to reports. Now, we may not think much of this, this may pass over us until we are victims of such malicious gossip of such a use of lies or false that ourselves.
I remember many years ago, one occasion
there was an individual who was involved
in spreading slammed
I know this for a fact.
one, he was part of a group that was involved in spreading the slander about others. But it wasn't, it was done in a very casual way. It's not like they the group embarked on a campaign, it's just that they were a part of a group of people who are just extremely careless. They did not apply any Islamic principles to their understanding and their perception of other people and whatever they heard, they just repeated. And they,
as part of their behavior towards certain people, they just repeated every slander and malicious gossip about them.
And then, about two years later,
that same individual came to me weep
actually shedding tears as an adult man, as a man, as a male adult. He came he was weeping.
And he pleaded with me,
saying to me, why don't you speak about this topic
that people should not slander others, people should not repeat gossip.
And I actually said to him,
I said, I've been speaking on this topic for years, where have you been?
You only approach me now and I say this because I was actually one of the victims of a slump.
That's why I was a bit passionate. So I said to him, Where have you been?
And I said, Where have you been speaking about this for years.
So where have you been? So I said to him Have you only come to the realization now, when you become a victim of other people's gossip and slander, and then I reminded him of what he had said.
And he confessed, and he was remorseful.
But too little too late.
Because when we slander others or repeat slander,
it's no good just saying sorry.
Organic principles are very different to our common understanding, sorry, just doesn't cut it at
all. last panel with the essays in reverse, Elon levina, Tom Watson, will be no
except for those who repent that was slow,
and who reform and make good wellbeing and who clarify, these are the ones who to whom I turn in relenting, and in accepting their repentance, a person can't leave a trail of destruction in their wake, by lying, gossiping, rumor mongering, destroying people's lives, dignities honor, and then afterward say, I'm sorry.
Who's going to repair the damage? This is my true bill by him Islam have always said that. And inshallah we'll get around to it all, although I have touched upon it, but I will dedicate a few sessions just to this doba repentance has many R's.
Repentance has many are for repentance, to be genuine, for repentance to be true. for repentance, to be accepted by a loss parallel with that, they have, they have to be many R's. Repentance includes
resolve never to return to.
Repentance includes repair.
All of these R's and many more are included in the concept of repentance in Islam. You can't just save sorry, you have to repair the damage, you have to make good, you have to show genuine remorse and contrition. You have to reform yourself, you have to refrain from what you are accounting from. You have to resolve never to return them to repeat to that behavior never to repeat that behavior.
Repentance has to be genuine. And that's why Allah say use inlander Medina double except for those who repent. What who repair who make good will be anyone who clarify, if you have hidden and can see your vital information, you can't just say sorry, you have to reveal it in order to repair. If you have spread false hood, you can't just say sorry, you have to now come back the same falsehood that you were responsible for, with the same vigor with the same passion with the same energy
that you were guilty of before.
spread allegations against someone, if you wreck someone's dignity and
by spreading so many times,
then afterwards, you can't repair the damage by saying just sorry. And if you say okay, I will clarify. There's no point you clarifying by just telling your friend in secret that oh, I said this about him and it's not true. You have to repair the damage in proportion to the damage calls, your reparations and your repair must be in proportion to your wreck.
So we may not think much of this. This may pass over as Oh lying, gossiping, someone comes to you verify the truth ascertain the truth, don't discuss it. Only think good of yourselves. We may not think much of it until we become the victim of gossip or falsity of slang.
When a person does
trust me, we can only take a lesson from meaning out of the line. She felt so overwhelmed, so overwhelmed.
So suppressed, so helpless.
That when she was sitting there Her father was in front of her Her mother was in front of it and the messenger so lilavati
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked her a question.
She couldn't reply. She just turned to her father and mother and said to them, you reply to him, father and mother said what can we say to the Messenger of Allah, so on what meaning?
Chateau de la Mora and her imagine her plight, she said to them, that it seems as though your hearts
have contrived a belief for you. And that you will believe you have believed whatever is being said. So that if I say to you,
if I say to you what you already believe, then I am merely affirming what you suspect, and if I say something to you, otherwise, you will not believe me. She felt so helpless. So afterwards she then just repeated the verse of the Holy Quran, and she said, Will la hidden Nila agilan Fc wellock methylome illa Allah who Abu Yusuf, by Allah, I do not find any example to describe my plight and my relationship with you at this moment. My situation with you at this moment, I do not find any example to describe it, except what jacoba has said our meaning the father of use of said, What did the kugellager salaam say to his sons, for sovereign Jimmy, or lobster and seafood, patience is far
better. And I only seek a lot of help and assistance over what you say.
So she felt so helpless and who was standing before her, the best of creation, and then the best of creation after him. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam abubaker is in the flow the alarm, it took a loss of Hannah hall with that as revelation of the verses of the holy quarter urn to relieve her of her plan. That's what lying does. That's what allegations do. That's what calumny does. That's what what Dan does. That's what gossiping and rumor mongering does. And if it could happen to one woman in Charlotte de la hora and her Why are you Anna?
So you will hit us trust me will lie, it will hit us the day we become victims of such gossip and slammed and therefore let us do ourselves and others a favor by acting upon these principles of the holy quarter, which are all believers, when someone comes to you with any news, verify the facts, ascertain the truth, make your inquiries, lest you inflict harm upon someone without realizing and then you become remorseful over what you have done. And even these inquiries, even this verification of the truth, even this ascertaining of the fact is only applicable in those situations, where it impacts on you directly and you have to make a decision, you have to reach a judgment Otherwise, the
other versus applicable, which is Lola in some air balloon. Why wasn't that when you heard this than than what we normally mean out of it and for sitting here are believing men and believing women for good themselves and said this is a clear line and what Ola is Samaritan, why wasn't it when you heard this boom, you said my akuna Elena and mythical lemma Bihar there, it is not permissible for us to even speak on this subject, there cannot be your name of Allah.
Navin, this is a great cannon.
And there are other verses of the Holy Quran where Allah tells us again and again verify the facts ascertain the truth before you reach judgments before you make a decision.
In one verse with a minimum the overall healthy or that will be what ought to do Hitler or pseudo Allah or in a minimum learning Lavinia Istanbul min what Allah, Allah,
Allah tobacco shaytani la cadena Allah subhanho wa Taala says, speaking of the Society of Medina again,
what is our little mini Omnia will help you
affair comes to them when any matter comes to
relate some security or fear or there will be what do they do? They spread it, they broadcast it. Now I use the word broadcast because
in Arabic, or what's the verse of the Quran or there will be I mean, they spread it they announce it. Now in modern Arabic.
A radio is called mithya
it means a broadcasting
broadcasting services are known as that.
so that means broadcasting.
Now that's the verse of their own. That's the actual wording in the verse of their own. They broadcast of course this term broadcast wasn't
known then as we know it technically, but what does it mean broadcasting means to announce it publicly to tell everyone about it. Now people were doing that in Medina at the time in relation to anything whether it's to do with fear, whether it's to do with security, meaning any news that would
make people feel more secure any news which would make people feel more fearful, anything which changes people's sense of security, for the better or for the worse. And that's important. Still a last panel with the ANA C's speaker, speaking of the people of Medina at the time, what a minute, a minute I will healthier that will be when any meta reaches them related to security or fear. What do they do? They spread it they announce it they broadcast it, or that will be
what should they have won over on do
if they had referred the matter to the messenger, sallAllahu
wailer Emery Minh and to those of authority amongst them laulima, who Lavinia stone between
who would have investigated the matter would have come to know
when all our federal law here in Washington, and if it wasn't for the bounty of Allah
and His mercy on the back end will shape one in particular, you would have followed the devil except in little. That means that broadcasting spreading repeating everything that we hear is following the devil. It's following shavon because he achieves so many of his aims, lying false rumor mongering and gossip, slander, fear, insecurity, attack attacks on people's dignity, honor.
Islam has laid great emphasis on this Islam has given great
importance to people's honor and dignity.
Today, we think that look, you can't hit another person.
It's amazing if you if you slap another person, you're in trouble.
you punch another person, you're in trouble. gb hegewisch
reliables, prosecuted and convicted and
You can't lay a finger on another person. You can't thump another person, let alone shed You can't let alone kill them or shed their blood. You can't thump another person. You can't slap them. You can't smack them. You can't do anything.
and rightfully so. But why do we stop there? Why do we regard a person's skin
and their bones and their blood and their body as being sacred and inviolable? Why? Because it causes pain. Is that why? It leaves bruises? It leaves cuts and incisions is that one?
What about a person's heart? What about a person's mind? What about their dignity?
You may hit a person.
They may feel the pain for one or two days or a few days have a few more days with series.
But you attack a person's dignity. You win their mind and injure their heart and their psyche for the rest of their life.
But there's nothing against that.
And it's not just one person saying it to another.
Sometimes when there's a media scrub
the entire country, the entire readership and the listenership ganging up on one individual
making their life hell.
And as I gave the example of money in Chateau de la
I use that example to explain her plight. Imagine who she was where she was how she was. And even in the presence of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Alba Casa de familia la when she felt utterly helpless. The only person she could turn to is Allah. And indeed her words are normally what all all such people feel, which is helpless for Southern Janine will love them will stand to see what can I say the only thing I can say is patience is far better. And I think laws assistance and his assistance alone of what you say.
So as libel is concerned, libel is reserved for the rich.
Super souping junctions are reserved for the rich.
The rich can gang people even before they want to say something and after
Some say something, the rich can
gang them and not only gang members the compensation for the perceived damage. But for the rest of us.
Our skins may be safe.
Our bodies may be safe from bruises, but our hearts, our minds, our psyche,
our very inner court and being continued to suffer
from everyone else from each other from those who call themselves our friends.
And we think nothing happens, because we have failed to understand, let alone implement the teachings of our last panel with
prophets and the love and evil some of them
was performing the life around the garden
and said, looking at the garden, he said, Oh gather?
How pure are you?
How pure is your fragrance?
How great time and how great is your st.
But by that line, whose hands rest the soul of Mohammed Salah line equals
the sanctity of a Mothman of a believer is far greater with Allah than even the sanctity of the care.
And then he explained what that sanctity is.
the sanctity of the believer, the sanctity of his blood,
the sanctity of his property and wealth, the sanctity of his dignity,
and that only good should be thought of him. Imagine, part of the sanctity of a believer which is greater than even the sanctity of the garba is that we do not think.
So in Islam, it's not just the body which is sacred and inviolable person's dignity, their heart, their mind, these are inviolable and that means we should be extremely careful of what we think about another person, let alone say of them, let alone repeat.
I ended this Alex Chronicle with Anna says, Yeah, you had an injury a minute in front of a young until Siebel gone but you heard it in
the mean, are believers. If a sinful person comes to you with some news, then
lest you inflict harm on the people in ignorance, and then you become remorseful and Overwatch you have done? I pray that last round of with Anna enabled systems and male lawmakers amongst those who observe and respect the dignity of others and recognize the same entity of other people's dignity. And that we are lawmakers amongst those who concern ourselves with ourselves.
In the province of the law, legal system salesman who's listening in whatever format I am in, parts of the good Islam have a purse.
Part of a part of the person being a good Muslim, is his shunning that which doesn't concern him.
We should concern ourselves with ourselves.
Life is too short.
the Hereafter is eternal.
And that's what we need to prepare for.
Why should we wreck our asset because of someone else's.
And another perfect example of that verse where either john, and Romina Omnia will help each other in the
word spread in mud. It doesn't have to be about sin, it could be, it could be to do with anything.
word spread in Medina, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had divorced all of his wives, word spread.
came to the machine,
that in the masjid, he saw the Sahaba he saw not all of them, but he saw a number of so how about the law, sitting in the masjid, some of them weeping, with many of them with their heads in their bosoms.
All in great shock
and grief, because they had heard that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had divorced his wives, all of his work.
So the law
sought permission from other sort of laughs and the law while he was
Send them to and at first it was refused permission. So the doorman was sitting there. And one of the librarian came sought permission he was declined. He went, sat down, rose again after a while, came, sought permission. He was declined. He went back came back after a while he persisted. Eventually he was granted permission
One of the first things he said to the messengers on lahardee was fundamental messenger of Allah. Have you divorced your wives? Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, No, I haven't. So he came out. And he announced to the public know that the messenger sallallahu wasallam, has not divorced his wives. And then he said, Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah sees
when a matter comes to them,
relating to security or fear, they broadcast it. And if they had referred the matter to the messenger and the people of authority amongst them,
learning rahula Dini a stone between among those who would have excavated, investigated, the matter would have come to realize this truth.
So he said, I was the one who excavated The truth of the matter, because I made the necessary and relevant inquiries.
And why did he make the inquiry because it was a father in law.
And of course, is concerned. So how about all the alarm, because it grieves me hurt them. But even in that
room, or the alarm room did the right thing which is momentum as the profit some of them are highly.
So even it doesn't have to be related to sin or something salacious, or gossipy or something sinful, even normal things. We so casually repeat things.
And we end up lying about people.
Remember, my father related a very humorous story to us, even about marriage and divorce?
One of my father's friends was a scholar.
Well, I won't repeat this, but
even about simple things relating to marriage and divorce, word spreads.
a lot of people are even approached. I've heard you divorced. No, Who told you?
I've heard you're married. Now who told you
I heard you've got four wives. I wish
I had this. I heard that. Imagine that you were in a garage.
So Mr. de labarre did the right thing, which is
he went and made the necessary inquiries. And it concerned him directly because his daughter was one of the wives of the Prophet. Similarly, it wasn't
even about simple things doesn't have to be sinful. Even simple, normal everyday things we should be careful about what we say.
And we shouldn't be like those that are last season or there will be whenever something comes to them, they broadcast it. And as a property of the law it was said it's a sufficient for a person to be a liar that he repeats everything he says, I pray the lost data enables us to
be in a room with wider
that you learned Mr. Fuller, go on the tour.