Channel: Riyadul Haqq
The first part of this tafsir mentions three nations which utilized the favors of Allah to beautify their surrounding yet failed to prevent the corruption of themselves. As a result the punishment of Allah was poured upon them.
Recounting these accounts of perished nations served as reassurance for Rasulullah SW and the Sahabah and a warning to the enemies of Allah.
In conclusion the relevance of these verses for todays age is explained.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
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want to share that with America who was Sol, Sol Allahu Allah.
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Allah Ibrahim Ali Baba.
Majeed Allahumma barik ala Muhammad
respect to listeners.
Once again, we gather for the monthly the seed of the Holy Grail.
We started from the
end of the quarter arm and moving backwards, we've now reached
today, which is sort of unfortunate.
It's the eighth or ninth sort of the quarter.
And it's longer than any of the other sorts we've done so far.
So inshallah, today we'll be
studying the common tree of sort of infection.
Sort of preferred is the eight to nine sort of, as I've just mentioned, it's a very early sort of, that was revealed to the province and the love it who was in the earlier days of his prophethood in muckety muck.
In fact, it's the 10th sort of to be revealed.
In order of revelation.
and sort of unfettered is taken from the very first word of the surah one
I've mentioned before, the famous story of wild trouble with the law, one
who would lead his people in prayer in Medina.
And one night, someone, one of the local
he arrived in the masjid to pray Salah, but while they were in the trouble of the alarm had lengthened his solar.
As a result of which this man this man separated himself and then the next day he went to complain sort of saga la sala and he was telling him all messenger of Allah that we are people of work and labor need. And moreover, the magician leads us in prayer, but he lengthens the Salah considerably because he started praying long silence. So Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam became quite angry, and he was summoned rather than just a little the alarm and said to him have done and DMR that
will you create fitness for the people or you want to create
confusion and trouble?
disruption and destruction, strife?
And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advised him to moderate his solar not to make it so long. And then he actually advised him as to which students he should recite and there were a number of them one lately they are share with
him syllable Haha, one of them is sort of been fetched. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said why don't you read well Fletcher so it's a surah which is commonly read in Salah we hear it's regularly being recited by the Imams of Salaam we recite to ourselves, especially in Asia. And
as a result of which most people also know its contents by heart. So here is an attempt to
Not just read the words but understand what the meaning and message is of the same sort of which we are accustomed to reading insula.
So let's begin
the last panel with Anna C's Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem will fetch
by the daybreak
one of the early mash
and the 10 months will shift he will work
and by the even and the odd
one lady there Yes. And by the night when it moves on
healthy there nickel customer lady, which is the oath in this
for one of intelligence.
And I'm thought okay for follow up book or beyond. Have you not seen
what your Lord did with
Iran or that is a mound of Iran.
pillars and let the mute lock Mithra halfhill Bella, those whose like, was not created in the lambs. What the more than the Vina job was a horrible word.
the rocks, who carved out the rocks in the valley, or around the lower third, and with Pharaoh,
the one of pegs and levina taco, Phil Villa, those who transgressed in the lands, federal vehicle facade,
so they spread much corruption they're in for sub ballet, or Boca Sol Plaza. So your load poured over them or your Lord poured on
the scourge of punishment. In Naropa, Caliban Mirsad, indeed your Lord is ever watchful.
That's the simple translation of approximately one third of the sword at the beginning of the solar. The solar confederal consists of 30 verses. And
this is the translation of the beginning section of the surah. I'll suffice with this because it's a long sword contains many different topics. And in terms of
this is one section. And then hopefully, inshallah, we will do the next section next week. And then the third and final section, the week thereafter.
Such means daybreak, Dawn, morning,
literally more literally daybreak. And Allah swears by this natural phenomenon. In the first verse of the surah.
Apply continue, I just like to
introduce as a summary, the overall content and the theme of the surah This is an early MIPCOM surah. So it reflects the mission of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in muckety muck Obama
and his interaction with the people of the Quraysh and their opposition to him and being a monk and Sora, who reflects the main contents and themes of the muck and sort of the muck and solvents. And as far as this sort of is concerned, in general at the beginning, the last panel Hall Adana, swears by a number of objects by a number of things.
We are in the evening.
By the mites when it moves and becomes darker
than last panel with the other speaks about three nations of the past.
The people around the moon and people affair
These three nations have been blessed with so much wealth, abundance of sustenance,
opulence, riches, a good life,
strength and math. And yet they abused all of these flavors of a last panel horadada. And not only that, but in the case of each of these nations
Look, the people are the people of the mood and the people of Pharaoh. they rebelled against their messengers, and the messengers repeatedly warned them.
And they mocked the messengers.
They accuse them of being mad.
And then eventually, having rejected their messages and even ignored
and having paid no heed to the warnings of these messengers, they all suffered a severe punishment from Allah subhanho wa. And all these nations. Ultimately, despite their strength, they perished. In the case of Pharaoh,
only his many Parish, but mainly he and his army.
And in the case of the moon, the entire nation has perished except for those who believed in the last panel data on what ultimately saved and removed.
Then, having spoken about the
destroyed and perish nations, a lot speaks about the nature of man.
His weakness of character, his instability, his ingratitude.
His awkward thinking
and attitude towards the last panel Hall, Donna,
as ungratefulness is delusion
and his fluctuation between extremes of elation
and absolute despair.
Then last week's about further characteristics of man, his misdeeds has misbehaviors
his relationship to wealth
and, as a result of increasing wealth and riches, his increasing transgression and his increasing miserliness and tight festiveness stinginess,
his inability to help and assist others spend on the orphans
his acquiring wealth unlawfully
unbounded is in moderate impact measureable love of wealth, and how that leads to transgression and corruption.
Then, finally, our last panel with Allah in the third section of the sutra,
moves on from this world, from the past, that the nations of the past to the weakness of the presence people, ultimately to the destiny of people in the Hereafter, and a lot of speaks of gentlemen, gentlemen. And then finally, the
destiny of good people,
of those who believe and do good deeds, and how their souls will become pleased and content with Allah and Allah will be content with them, they will be pleased and pleasing
with a lot and pleasing to Allah, and how they will be granted entry into the gardens of gentlemen and amongst the servants of Allah. So, this is the summary of the surah and all three sections are connected and every, all the verses are connected to each other. There is a beautiful link and a smooth link between each and the other.
One of the themes of the surah is that last panel Donna speaks about will fetch us the very beginning while Fletcher won he earned in Nash
by the daybreak and the 10 nights.
And with the words Daybreak the message in theme is the here is guidance from the last panel.
pay heed to this guidance except
and as always
result of which, just as mourning dispels darkness, just as daybreak, blink brings clarity after darkness and confusion, and it brings relief after the danger of the mountains
and after the darkness of the night similarly, through Alas, guidance alone will take you from darkness into light. If you accept His guidance, and pay heed to these words of our last panel Horta, Allah, Allah will bring you clarity after confusion, relief after grief and contentment after despair.
And eventually, as the words and you will be told, in the Hereafter, yeah, you have to have some movement in our soul, which is at peace, which is content, which is pleased with Allah and allies pleased with it.
returned to your Lord in such a state of pleasure, that you are pleased with Allah and content with Allah, Allah is pleased and content with you, you are at peace,
and amongst my servants and enter into my gardens, so this will be the ultimate result and the destiny of one who accepts the advice of the last panel with Allah and His guidance and acts on it.
This is the overall theme of the surah. So let's actually begin with the beginning words, Allah says well fetched by the daybreak,
which is more
in these few verses at the beginning, Allah swears by a number of things,
the daybreak the 10 nights,
by the even worship, well what and by the evening,
and by the Knights when it moves on, and finally settles in its darkness.
The law swears by these things. And then he says, hopefully Veronica muscleman Lily, which
N O, in this one of intelligence.
So one fudge by the daybreak, one a yard in ash, by the 10. Max
was very well what and by the
even and the odd. One lady, by the night it is when it moves I, at the beginning of the night, there's still some lines, the after effects of daylight, the afterglow, and Twilight, but as the Nance moves on, it becomes dark, eventually becomes extremely dark. This is the meaning of when it moves on when lately there is and by the Knights when it moves on.
Then Allah says, Is there an oath in this for those who possess intelligence? Now, before we try and speak on that particular verse of is there an oath in this for those who possess intelligence for one for one of intelligence? Let me actually explain what the morning the ARB the even more than 10 nights refer to. There are many explanations, but these are the simplest and hopefully the most reliable since they are mentioned. And in some narrations, one is generally just Daybreak the morning.
we also have silicon fetch, which is prayer, after dawn before sunrise, prayer at daybreak.
It's a very blessed time. And mourning
is both beautiful in its appearance, as a natural phenomenon,
as a natural phenomenon, and very tranquil, serene and calm, very soothing.
So even in natural terms, it's a very beautiful time, the morning, mornings and evenings are extremely beautiful. And we may not be able to appreciate them so much. But in warmer climates, where you have the heat of the day, the coolest periods where birds, animals and humans come out and like able to enjoy nature.
Smoltz sublimes in its most sublime state, in its most beautiful state, these timings are morning and evening. And the these are also the times, not only of the birds singing and chirping of animals coming out, and of the species of the Mall of the day coming out, and the species of the night retreating. And then in the evening, the species of the of the day retreating, and the species of the Knights coming emerging. Not only are these the times of exchange of animals and insects and birds, but these two are also the times of exchange for the angels.
So the angels of the
and the angels of the day descend at fetch, and vice versa in the evening. And this is referenced in the verse of the Holy Quran, where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, walk around and fetch in the Quran and Frederick Anima shoulder and the arm the recitation of the morning. Verily,
the recitation of the morning
is attested to is witnessed witness by who was sort of lot's of luck, while he was still in himself explains this in activities that the angels gather
in touch. During the summer, the angels gather. And the ones of the minds and the ones of the day than the ones of the march retreats, and the ones of the day remain. And then he actually says at the end of the day, you've got them in federal Gov my shoulder that recite if you wish, that Verily, the recitation of fetch is attested to is witnessed. I translate recitation, because as you may recall, I've explained before that the word order
means a recital.
Apart from being a man, a proper noun, referring to the book of the speech of Allah and the holy book, as we know it, originally, it means the recital, the recitation, and that's how it's to be interested in this verse to walk or an on federal and the recitation or the recital of the morning. Verily, the recital of the morning is witnessed and attended, ie by the angels. So morning is a very beautiful time. It's very tranquil, very serene, very peaceful and beautiful, as a natural phenomena. And then alongside that, we have the spiritual beauty of the morning, where the angels descend, the Quran and the recitation the recital of the morning is most sublime and beautiful. And
these two times of the day, the ends of the day, morning and evening are also the period during which Allah has encouraged the believers to remember him often. Yeah, your levina ama with God Allah the Quran cathedra was a bit of a sealer or believers remember law excessively, remember law often was a behold, and him his praise. Will Curatola see light in the morning and in the evening, in another verse was handed up because of the two rotations
and him the praise of your Lord, before the rising of the sun.
And before it's setting.
So and there are many of the verses throughout the program, which speak about the speed and the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala in the morning and the evening. In fact, in one of the Sunnah, prayers and the hours of the morning Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would say, though Allah, this is the arrival of your morning and the departure of your nights. So, morning is a beautiful time both naturally and religiously, both as a natural phenomenon and spiritually, for the mind for the heart for the spirits, it's a beautiful time. So Allah swears by fetch Daybreak morning, then in the next verse one a Charlie Nash. And by the by the 10 knots,
which can Knights are being referred to it's very simple these 10 nights refers refer to the 10 the first 10 nights of the 11th month of the year.
Sorry, the 12th month, but
these are the
blessed 10 days of the show.
In which fasting is prescribed, the deeds are prescribed. And then on the eighth of the ledger, we have Yama,
the first of the five or six days of Hajj.
And then on the ninth we have Yamato, which is a very blessed day. For us all lots of love. It was one of them, has encouraged fasting he would normally fast on the ninth of the picture, he has encouraged fasting, and one famous heavy throw sort of love to love it or send them says that whoever fasts on the day of alpha, Allah will forgive one year's past sins and one year's future sentence.
And then on the 10th of the picture, we have your map, the date of sacrifice and slaughter. And that is also the day of the EAD, one of the two days of festivity and celebration for the Muslims during the year. So these first 10 months are what are being referred to
the days follow the knives but not comes first. So for in the Islamic calendar, the day begins with Muslim Salah. And the whole 24 hour period begins with Muslims Salam ends with Muslim on the next day. So the night comes first followed by the day. So obviously even with nights we attach the days, so the 10 nights being referred to are the 10 nights and days of the lecture. And in the themes are the related by mahadi and many others as part of a longer have equal so lots of love, I think was William says mom in a young and the Lamaze sorry, you're the lucky few hidden them in how the young that there are no days IE throughout the year, in which good deeds are more beloved to Allah
subhanho wa Taala than these 10 days. This is why fasting is encouraged for all 10 days except for the day read, and other good deeds are encouraged and prescribed. So very blessed time. And towards the end of these 10 days, we have the great pilgrimage on the eighth ninth 10th and it continues on the 11th and the 12th. And for those who wish to extend it, then for the sixth day of Hajj on the 13th.
So the 10 Knights being swarmed by about by Allah are the 10 Knights of the ledger. So when Frederick when he early Nash, by Daybreak by the 10 Knights was chef he wasn't what
the even when what by the art
one of the simplest meanings of this is
what Scheffer by the even which is the
there are many meanings given to this phrase was chef, even he actually means pair. And well what means are something which is single. So rather than referring to all odds, ie 3579 it refers to the first art the first number
and what it really means a senior. So Scheffer means the pair and what means the singer. So,
one reference to this is what Scheffer and by the pet, by the even meaning by all pairs, and by the odd meaning the singer, and in the Hadeeth. of Sahil Hardy and others, pursuit of love, some of the love it seldom stays, that Allah is what meaning Allah His singular, not odd but singular.
So if Allah is singular, in that he has no equal, no parallel, no partner, no opposites.
And he is not paired with anyone or anything.
But everyone and everything besides the last panel who
is paired, every single thing of last creation comes in pairs.
And each has its opposite. Each has its rival, each has its
maybe not equal, but associates. So, according to one interpretation was suffering and by the even meaning by all pairs of a last creation, when what and by Allah Himself.
Another interpretation is
Was shuffling meaning by the even this refers to the 10th Night of the picture. And while what, by the odd, this refers to the ninth Night of the lecture, so although law has already spoken of the 10 nines, out of these 10 nights, two nights have been mentioned specifically, again,
the 10th Knights of the ledger with the words that even and the ninth Knights of the ledger, the Knights of
alpha, the Mac proceeding alpha. So, these are the 10 knights and then a repetition of the person of the old for nine and 10 with the words and the even referring to the 10th and the odd referring to the ninth then the last panel who would say is one lady either Yes, by the mics when it moves on IE not the beginning of the night where we still have Twilight's in the after effects of the day, and the afterglow, but rather
much later, and this is referred to elsewhere in the arm to for instance, some sort of lame will lately either Yasha
by the night when it covers in darkness.
in a number of other verses were last panel without our speaks of the night settling in its darkness.
Well, well lately either such as By the mid morning, when lately either soldier and but by the nights when it settles, when it becomes most dark and it settles in its darkness. So
again, why speak well, what's the significance of the nights when it's darkest? Again,
when a great portion of the nights has passed,
despite its dangers, if one can
be protected from the harms and the ills and the dangers of the mind, then,
after such protection, the night is also very peaceful. And law is referred to it's a second the time of tranquility and peace for people to rest.
And in the darkest hours of the night, religiously, again, it's a very beautiful time. This is a time when we have been encouraged to rise and Stan before our last panel with Allah in prayer in Belgium, and we're sort of laughs and alarm I leave us alone would do that. And this is why property legend is when a person sleeps, and then having slept rises and abandons the bed and stands before a lot of searching so well lately there's such a and by the by the Knights when it settles in its darkness here this is to a reference when lady there yesterday a lot says here and by the Knights when it moves on a becomes much later and settles in its darkness. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala
Allah says hopefully there anacapa someone live the hedge is there an oath in this for one of intelligence?
Although we've covered a number of students so far,
we've discussed many verses in which Allah swears by certain things
washroom cylinder ha ha Lux and will be hard they'll be better at what and the hidden behind the ballot one lately they all share with Dina was a totally seen lately either such as all of these sorts, which we've already covered.
Here last panel with Anna actually say is for the first time that we have come across healthy they're like I've got someone living hedged, meaning Allah asks a question.
Allah mentions the word bustling
by itself, healthy there like a custom only the agent. Is there an oath in this for one of intelligence.
So allow me to explain a bit about the oath and its significance in the court.
Normally when a purse swears no
one does so
if they require further support, and
so it's almost as though a person
Taking an oath is in a weaker position
and has to resort to something like an oath to prove their case.
To argue that argue there honestly
and to prove that arrest
So a person taking an oath swearing an oath is already in a slightly weak position.
Secondly, when a person swears enough,
they always do so
the object of their oath is often
Great, and grant
so when Haemon spezza knows he will say by law
and even for those who do not believe in a law or what not Muslim, even they will swear by something sacred grandon great.
So being in a weak position, the ones wearing them oath will do so with something much more with something much greater, grander and sacred.
Here, however, we find the last panel who was
swearing and taking an oath in the holy quarter and in many different places.
One A lot has the vigil is no weak position.
Law is not in a weak position.
To the contrary,
it is only Allah who has all minds and strength. Secondly,
a lot of swearing, in some places a lot of swears by himself.
But in most of the places throughout the program, were lost wares,
and tapes, and
he does by
phenomena in his creation.
So the Greater One of the greatest is swearing by something which is inferior, apparently.
So then what is the purpose of these oaths in the poor?
what purpose do they serve?
And how should we view them?
And I mentioned this because Allah has the original says hopefully that only the edge is there an oath in this for one of intelligence,
loss parama, who has no need, but these oaths are sworn by, in order to attract our attention to arrest and capture our attention to guiders and these oaths are connected with the objects of these oaths. So here la swears an oath and the objects of the oath are the night beyond the even the 10 nights. daybreak, there is a connection between these objects or laws,
and the complement
of the oath which comes later the message, these owls are swarmed by in order to create an emphasis to attract our attention, and to signify to magnify the message that's coming late.
And there is always a connection between the old and the ultimate compliment the subject of the
Furthermore, last panel hoarder Anna asks, Is there
an oath in this form of intelligence?
It's not an interrogative question.
One that requires an answer. It's more a rhetorical question.
So although it's it appears to be interrogative, the message is assertive.
A lot is not asking is is there and then we decide whether there is or not. Allah is saying there is. There is a great oath in this just as a last season another verse of the Quran, where he says for that sin will be more worth even more June. We're in the hall of the moon arriving.
Am I do swear
by the settings of the stars or the by the places of the stars,
surely a great oath, If only you knew.
So our failure to appreciate these oaths of the Holy Spirit
is a reflection of our lack of understanding sent intelligence or knowledge for lost travel without essays here in that verse, we're in the hall up with someone low Berlin Wall, Navin, and it surely is a great oath If only you knew. And here
although it's a question is rhetorical, healthy, they're like a custom Olivia hedger is there an elf in this for one of intelligence?
Of course there is. But we will not be able to appreciate these are the last panel data, or the message and the compliments of these oaths. If we do not exercise our intelligence if we do not pay attention, if we don't open up our minds to the message of a lion searcher.
The word is live the hedge for one of intelligence
means intelligence and the
origin of the word is quite interesting. One of the meanings that well
is related to hygiene and hygiene.
All these words which stem from the same
GM and la hija hedgerow means a stone
and hedger, hedger
and hedges are all related to the meaning of prevention.
Prevention and protection.
So what's the significance of prevention and protection in the word hedge, when it means sense or reason or intelligence, very simple.
Our minds, our brains, our senses, our intelligence should be search amends sense is called hedged in Arabic. Man's intelligence was called hedged in Arabic, which has a connotation of protection and prevention. Because
sense and intelligence, prevent a person from foolish acts from dangerous things from harmful thing, or that a person sent should do anyway.
And another word for intelligence in Arabic is more the more famous word is.
And it's been imported into many of the languages. So even in order to Persian and other languages. The meaning of sense, or intelligence or even brains is up.
This is an Arabic imports that comes from Arabic, again, what does that mean? Where does it come from? You may recall from my commentary of Sahil mahadi, just a few days ago on Friday, that
and I mentioned it before as well, that one of the meanings of accurate is compensation,
blood money, and refers to 100 camels. I won't go into detail about that. But I said how is that name derived blood money, blood rates, because when they would deliver the camels,
they would tie them up
outside the recipients home,
and then they will proceed to tell them that we brought the camels and we've tied them up, ie we've delivered them. So time became a byword for delivery.
And delivery was a byword for payment. So eventually
paint the payments of the blood rates and the money
was simply referred to as time.
So the original meaning of Apple is Akela Yaki, Lachlan, which means to tie up to buy.
And this meaning is also about this is why we call Apple Apple because Apple needs something which ties the person and binds them. Therefore protecting them from waywardness and one
So both the words apple and hedged means sense, reason and intelligence. And what they both demonstrate is that a person's sense and intelligence should bind them, prevent them from being loose, wandering aimlessly, and protect them and prevent them from harmful foolish detrimental thoughts, acts and behaviors and deeds.
So if we are of such poor intelligence, that we can't exercise our brains, our intelligence and our senses, to protect ourselves, or to bind us and make us more moderate, upright, and not loose and wayward, and haphazard, then how can that same important weak intelligence ultimately understand the oaths of the last panel?
So hopefully, that person will lay the hedge? Is there an oath
in this, for one of sense for one of intelligence,
the more upright a person becomes,
the greater the understanding of religion allowed to endow him with
and bestow on
just as a last season at the very beginning of the early flam meme, the radical tabula rasa, Buffy couldn't
fly me this book. There is no doubt there in
it is a guidance, but here at the beginning of the Quran, after sort of alpha, although it is the book is a guidance for the whole of mankind. It's a book of guidance for all peoples. It's a book of guidance for all nations for all times. Yet Allah doesn't say at the beginning of this book, there is no doubt there in the team, a guidance for all the worlds No, here at the beginning, Allah says hidden in the pain, a book of guidance for those of the
for the people of taqwa Why?
Because what the law we are the more common law
and be conscious of a law, fear law, and the law will teach you a law will give you knowledge.
The greater one's piety, the greater one's understanding.
The greater one's
upright nature, consciousness of a law and fear of a law, the greater ones intelligence and wisdom.
apparent intelligence doesn't always correlate with sense and wisdom.
We have psychopaths
who are often above average intentions.
Man has many different ages,
a physical age,
a mental age
and emotional age.
an age of sense and wisdom and the fall are hardly ever in synchrony.
So a person may be physically 20 years old.
As far as brain processes,
And as far as the mechanical functions of the brain are concerned,
a person may be physically 20 years old
and have a mental age of a 30 year old in that the person is actually an above average intelligence. They are precocious
that intelligence is beyond their years.
we are only speaking about the mechanical functions, the arithmetic, the processes of the brain, the functions of the brain.
We are not talking about emotional age or the age of sense and wisdom
for various reasons, maybe because of problems in China.
hurdle, upbringing or emotional, stunted, emotionally stunted growth,
this 20 year old may have the physique and the physical age of a 20 year old, the mental age of a 30 year old because they are above average intelligence,
but they actually may have the emotional age of a 10 year old.
their reactions, their choices, their behaviors,
their wants and desires,
that impulsive nature, that instability and fluctuations of behavior,
that capricious behavior,
in their attitudes in their behavior, in their choices in their wants and desires.
They do not act like a 20 year old or even a 30 year old,
but rather, their emotional needs. And the responses to those emotional needs are more like a 10 year old child.
And just as these three ages are all out of sync, the fourth age of sense and wisdom will also be out of sync.
Intelligence does not equate to sense and wisdom. We find all kinds of people who are extremely intelligent academically,
but who behave miserably
no sense no wisdom, they end up harming themselves and harming others. This is why we say
it may we may have the mechanical functions of the brain, but it does not bind the person despite their Apple they are loose
and hidden means intelligence
but that we're just talking about the function of the brain despite the hedgehog which is supposed to prevent and protect their choices their behaviors are harmful and destructive.
So these are different ages of people
hopefully you've got someone living rich
is there an oath in this for one of sense for one of intelligence of course there is then a last panel without I mentioned the nations of the past a lot size and um but I gave a final walk can be as hard and fee so that I gave a lot of what could be.
The words are exactly the same as the beginning of sort of the feed, Adam thought I gave a fan or a book, Have you not seen and the address was being addressed? Not all the people the addresses singular, to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah is addressing the Noble Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam individually, and then beyond him by virtue of the message the rest of creation, but the primary addresses to the prophets of the law, it was one of them, Allah essays and under okay for final book, Have you not seen what your Lord did
with who be honored with
aroma that in the mind of Iran
now, who around this phrase is merely a phrase of identification. And we're, we're an Arab nation who lived in the south of Arabia
in a region called path, which is mentioned in the court and the whole sort of, sort of path has been named after this word off and off refers to an area of sun genes in southern Arabia, between the country of Oman and
central Southern Arabia have run out.
in that region lived an Ancient Tribe and nation known as the people of God.
And they were nomads.
So they used to have, they were nomads, and they would travel throughout the region in the deserts.
And since they were nomads, Mr. pillars refers to tent poles.
However, the people of add themselves were a mighty warrior nation, and they weren't just
But physically as well, a lot has endowed them with immense strength.
Unbelievable strength. In fact, they were unmatched in their physical strength and abilities. And a lot of that was sent to them
a profit from themselves, the profit who the alayhis salam, and Allah mentioned that in other verses of the poor and what you learned in Hong Kong Buddha, and so
we sent one of their own their brother, meaning one of their own, who.
And he delivered the same message as the other messages. And he reminded them of a loss favours to them, and how these favors of a loss should not be employed in sin and in disobedience. But they should be used for the obedience of a law
otherwise would be an extreme act of ingratitude. So the prophet who that is and I'm told them as well.
But all my people
remember how a lot has made you the successes to the people have more, and it
was there that you feel hope
for Allah, Allah, and Allah increased you in strength, in physique
that will remember the gifts of Allah upon you. So the prophet who the alayhis salaam specifically mentioned that physical progress and strength and said to them that this is a gift of Allah, appreciate it, be grateful to Allah and use it in obedience rather than in sin and in transgression. And Allah mentioned here as well.
The Add in aroma that really reminded a Latina Mukul Mithra halfhill Bella, Have you not seen what your Lord did with ADD of Iran?
People have pillars, meaning temples, and let them you fluffiness lohar Philbin as a people who's like, was never created in the in the lands that were unique. Allah gave them immense physical strength and abilities. And they were mighty.
And they pride themselves on their progress on their strength. Someone saw that law mentions in another verse of the Quran for American for stettler, often
called shut down in Napa as
they were arrogant in the land without just calls.
And they said, who is mightier than as in strength? A lot of them continues, I want them euro and the law of the Holocaust Portia
what can we
do they not see that Laravel created them is mightier than them strength, and they would reject and deny our signs.
despite being a mighty nation,
when their prophets called to them, and delivered the message, they rejected Him, they ridiculed him, they mocked him, the cordon madmen.
the last panel that I mentioned, the next nation in the sector,
Have you not seen what your Lord did with Iran?
of Iran? Iran is the ancestor of
So actually, Iran was a common ancestor to the people of God, as well as the people of the moon.
But more so a lot by here, last panel, Allah mentions Iran in the context of the people of ad, so ad were the descendants of Iran. This is what law says, Have you not seen what your Lord did with the end of Iran? So Iran was their ancestor?
People have pillars meaning tentpoles because there were moments
the likes of which and the likes of witches referring to the people around in their physical strength and statues. Last Days, they're like was never created in the lands.
What the mood then a last season, and Have you not seen what your Lord did with the moon
levina job was sufferable
that full moon or the those people
who hollowed out
buildings and who carved out buildings, or who hollowed the rocks
in the valley, the people of the moon
lived in North Western Arabia,
in the region between the city of Medina and the north of Arabia, double
and this area was called hedger again, Allah mentions the people of the moon. Alternatively, with the name of us Hamelin hedge, the people of hedge. And when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed by hedge on his journey up north towards the wall, which wasn't originally his intended destination.
As I've explained in the commentary of the hadith of gamma nomadic, of the alarm rang from so he will return on the occasion of the campaign of the walk, for sort of La Silla evil, some of them passed by this region of hatred. And he told us harbottle, the alarm on him not to stop there. So he prevented them from watering their animals and refreshing themselves, and from re watering and refreshing in that region. Rather, he told them not to camp, they're not to stop, but to hasten through and we before last panel with Anna, and be fearful, less the same punishment of alarm before them, as it befell the people of them.
Because it was a curse place.
Again, the people of the mood where people have a mighty civilization.
They carved out great architecture in that region. And they were experts in irrigation in agriculture, in farming, in hewing outs and carving buildings from the rocks from rock faces, and
the beautiful architecture that we can see in Petra. In modern day Jordan.
Similar architecture is to be found in the region of hedger in northwest Arabia, the region occupied by the people of
the last panel who were there Allah sent
slowly alayhis salaam to the people of the Lord whaler from all that harm, sorry. And I've actually explained this in some detail. Recently, in the commentary of sort of the shrimps were towards the end, Allah mentions
a few details about the people of the moon, again,
when the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam was sent to them, the people of the moon were rich, cultivating culture. They had a great civilization. They were mighty in strength, extremely intelligence. They excelled in agriculture, in actually making the whole desert blossom.
They made the whole desert blossom and the people of the moon
in hedge, as well as their brethren up north in the of the Naga teens, in the region of Petra. Till this day, we marvel at their structures and up their engineering despite 1000s of years, many, many 1000s of years. We marvel at their engineering, their irrigation and watering systems in the middle of the desert, and how they're able to sustain
life, agriculture, farming, produce crops, and water irrigation in the middle of the desert. They made the desert bloom. It's a testimony to their intelligence, their creativity, and the greatness of their civilization. Despite all of that, they rejected the message of a last panel.
And when Law Center profit to them the profit side Hannah has Sadam, they did with him, what many others did with their messages. they mocked him they ridiculed him this spurned him, they rejected him.
And then eventually the persecuted hit him and as follows.
So, the Prophet sallallaahu salam warned them they paid no heed. Eventually, they perished. They were destroyed too. And many forms of punishment befell all of them. Then a last panel without I mentioned the third group in the section
will fit around the OTA
that Have you not seen in what your Lord did with Pharaoh?
The one of pegs
Oh, that is a German What did what it means packs. And the reference to pegs here is
was the ancient Egyptian civilization. They were mighty, they built the pyramids, these pyramids were pegs as well. So, this is a reference to the pyramids to
these huge structures protruding from the earth, like pegs pointing to the sky. Till this day, we marveled at the engineering and the architecture of the grand and great pyramids.
We are unable to fathom how they did it.
Especially in that period.
So it was a mighty civilization. Yet despite their engineering, despite their agriculture, despite their wealth, despite their intelligence, despite their military prowess.
What was common to all three nations, the people of Pharaoh, the people of the moon, the people of
Allah says later in the next verse, Allah Vina butthole, Philbin for a federal female facade, those meaning all of these double feel Beloved, who transgressed in the land, for a thermal vehicle facade,
that's the spread much corruption there.
And this is what happens.
last panel with their honor has given us a sense of intelligence and brains and gifts
and faculties and senses of understanding,
in order to appreciate a lot of worship Him, and to fulfill our test in life here on Earth,
to make meaningful our existence, to give purpose to our lives, and to give destiny and destination to our journey on Earth. We have not been created at random haphazardly, aimlessly without Moulton without purpose.
There is a vision that is a destiny that is a journey, that is a direction that is a purpose.
And all the tools that we have been given, of strength of intelligence,
of ability, of means and resources, both in US and around us.
in ourselves and in the earth. Allah has bestowed all of this honors to fulfill our purpose and our destiny,
which is what Mark had up to June so well in math, in general in the Amazon, I have not created Jim man,
except that they may serve me
by other means service. This is why the mean servant, a bar that doesn't just mean worship, in the sense of prayer, pilgrimage, and fasting, a bar that means service. That's why an ad is called a servant. And worship is merely part of that service, our whole life. Our whole being our whole existence,
is a service to Allah subhanho wa Taala every moment of our existence. This is our purpose. Everything that Allah has given us should be used and employed for this purpose. However, what was common to all these three nations they use, they exploited the gifts of Allah and abused them
and use them in sin.
Rather than utilizing them in his obedience, they use them in his disobedience.
They were wayward. They did not remain within the boundaries set by law, his origin. As a result of which, what happens.
These gifts ultimately lead to their destruction. They excelled in every way except in themselves. They made everything beautiful around them.
But their characters were not adorned or beautified.
They made everything good except them. They sorted out everything around them. They put everything in its place. They put everything to good use.
But they let themselves rot and become corrupt.
What did the last panel who was added
so you load poured sub domains pouring for sub bury him so you load poured on them? So
the school just punished
Allah punish them and destroy them.
We don't have time to go into the details on what actually befell them.
But the all three nations were destroyed.
And as far as the people of Pharaoh are concerned, he and his army perished and they were destroyed.
question here is,
and mental essays in Naropa, Columbia Miroslav and this is where we will end in Naropa credibility Assad. Indeed your Lord is forever watchful, Musab means
wherein one waits for the prey.
A place where a person lies and waits for the prey is known as Miroslav
Hemon, where he hides in order to launch an attack his place of secrecy, from where he observes and eventually launches a surprise attack that places an animal when its weights
in order to leave
that place is known as miticide. So in relation to the last panel, more data in vocabulary to solve a crude translation would be indeed your Lord lies in way
indeed your Lord is ever watchful.
So because Allah subhanho wa Taala did not ignore what these nations did. And that's why I'm sort of the Brahim Allah has original says, what are the law half in an AMA Yama Valley moon in your heroine Leominster Sophie Caleb spa and your Do not ever think Allah as being heedless or negligent or neglectful of what the sinful ones are doing? of what the wrongdoers are doing? No,
he is but your hero whom he is only delaying them and giving them rest bites. Leo until a day, the Chickasaw v Hill absorb in which the eyes will become fixed in horror.
The eyes will rise and become fixed and horror staring upwards. So a lot has the vigil is forever watchful. Allah is not heedless. A lion is not neglectful. He is not negligent. He is not aware in any way. Rather, Allah knows that he delays, Allah is fully aware. But Allah gives rest by
now here there is a question. What's the relevance of such stories? And what's the relevance of these three nations and their account in this context? Well, that is the lesson for us.
Let's speak first about the prophets of Allah, Allah who was
during his time because Allah addresses him directly. And this is a Muslim Torah. There are parallels.
Allah mentions the stories of the former prophets and even more so that was Salaam for guidance. And just as the law has urgencies in sort of hold wakulla nakazato a common amber Russell, the man of the b2b for which the fee how the heel balm or the crawling mean, Allah says, and we do relate to of each of these messengers of each of the tables, and the accounts of these messengers.
such stories, such accounts,
nothing bit too big for other, that's through them, we strengthen your heart
And verily has come to you
in these stories, the truth
and an admonition
and a reminder for the beliefs. So in stories of the former messengers Aleikum, WA Salatu was Salam and their accounts of their on the accounts of their people and their encounters and their interaction with them. That is inspiration. There is steadfastness that is strengthening that stability for our hearts, and that is wisdom.
And there is an admonition a remand and the true message of truth. Imagine if these stories could inspire and strengthen even the heart of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam
them, how rewarding, how inspiring and how strengthening
they will be for us, if only we were able to understand
and appreciate them for what they are. So
there were parallels in these accounts for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he received these verses, there was a message for him in Makkah for his followers, the companions, and there was a message, even for his enemies. And the message for all of these people was as follows.
That's all prophets alarm it was some of them do not grieve,
despite their opposition, and their persecution of you and your followers.
Allah subhanho wa Taala will cause you to triumph just as every messenger of Allah
and ultimately delivered his message.
And his message live down and last
are prophets of Allah, you will prevail usual, overcome,
despite the appearance of futility at the moment,
and the message to the followers, that will followers of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam This is
what you are facing is no different to all the followers of the messengers face. It's a tradition.
Whenever last sentence, a prophet to the nations, they mocked Him, they ridiculed him, they cursed him, they flung accusations at him, they call them a madman. That's what all of these prophets were told. And that's exactly what is happening with the messenger sallallahu wasallam. However, the patient, persevere, believe in the promise of Allah, believe in the message of His Messenger, and you shall try
you will prevail,
and Allah will vanquish your enemies. And the message for the enemies of the Messenger of Allah Almighty was the Makoto macabre. monoprice was the people of Makkah, Horace, who are you?
You are very and this is the this is the reason for mentioning these three nations, the Quraysh the Arabs in general, we're very familiar with the stories and the accounts and the ultimate consequence of the people of the people of the mood. And the people of Pharaoh sort of reminds them an alarm and it gives them a reference, though people have mucker Who are you? You are nothing in number, in strength,
in military minds, in your own physical strength, in your culture, your wealth and your civilization, you are in no way whatsoever a match to the glorious nations of the moon, and the glorious civilizations of Earth, the moon and Egypt. And yet, when they challenge and oppose the messengers of Allah, look what became of them. So what guarantee Do you have, but the same fates were not before you take heed?
And Allah destroy nations and civilizations that were far mightier than you far more cultured, far more advanced than you could ever hope to be? yet look what became.
So that was a message for the people of makaha at the time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his followers and companions, as well as the prophets of the love it who sometimes adversaries, what relevance to these verses have for us, now very rare.
We find ourselves again,
in a period in which there is great scientific learning, great technological advancement.
We've made everything around us beautiful.
We continue to let ourselves rocks.
we've sorted out everything.
But we've corrupted ourselves. And we continue to allow ourselves to fall into corruption.
We've beautified everything. Yes, we've kept our characters open.
just as the people are than the people of the mood and the people are Pharaoh. They built great structures, the huge pyramids
the people of the Morgan masters of engineering they hewed homes and buildings out of the rocks.
The people of Advil mindset and physical strength. We pride ourselves on our science and our technology, on our structures on our architecture. We've conquered everything around us. We've conquered the oceans, the land,
leaving read space.
And yet, we are unable to control our knifes.
We are unable to control ourselves, as I was saying earlier, we have for ages,
a physical age, a mental age, and emotional age and an age of sensing wisdom. And hardly are they rarely are they ever in synchrony. And we today as well, individually and collectively,
we find ourselves being highly intelligent,
academically intelligent, scientifically and technologically advanced. And yet,
individually and collectively, we behave like children.
All these things, arounds, retreats, US tours, we need to jump from one obsession to the next, carrying from nothing.
And we lose purpose, we lose sight of our purpose of our destiny. And we repeat the thoughts, the words and the behaviors of these same nations. The first of these nations was alarm mentions were the people of
the people of Iran said something The first of these three nations mentioned in the sutra is the people of
the people that have ad said something and they believed in that
many, many generations later, 1000s of years later, the people have believed fought
the same thing and acted on it. And we many generations later,
we think the same and we act on the same and you know what that is? The people that have had were the ones who said in here in La Jolla on adonia. Muto Wanaka
thing that is nothing
but the worldly life.
We die and we live
and we are not ones to be resurrected.
So the people have
denied resurrection, the people of Makkah denied resurrection and an afterlife. And we
either we explicitly deny resurrection, and we say the same that it is nothing but this worldly life. Make this your paradise or your hell.
And even if we extensively
supposedly profess belief in the hereafter
it's merely a profession of tongue indeed and inaction.
Do we live as though we believe in resurrection and life after death? Or do we live as though we actually believe in the motto in here in that layout on a dunya Animoto one idea that there is nothing but this worldly life we live in, we die.
And we are not honored to be resurrect.
We are repeating their thoughts and their beliefs and their behaviors.
And we individually and collectively are doing exactly the same. A lot scroll down and I said about all three nations. What did he say? Living in a battlefield, accidental vehicle facade, those who transgressed in the lands and spread much corruption they're in and this transgression comes, it rises.
This rising rises, because de Leon in Arabic means rising.
So transgression originally in Arabic means rising,
when a person rises above their station, and above their true status,
that is known as dorianne, transgression rising. So how did these people transgress? Why did they transgress? What led them to their transgression? Well, one of the things is the favors of last panel Adana, when they are abused, they lead to transgression. When these resources are diverted to sinful purposes, they lead to transgression. wealth, leads to transgression. If it's not controlled, if it's not spent wisely, the abundance and the moderates intemperate level of wealth leads to transgression. And I will speak more about this in the next session because of the middle section.
The surah deals with this. But this is what led them to transgress. And their transgression led them to spreading corruption, strife and discord all across the lands. And we individually and collectively today are doing exactly the same. Allah has gifted us with many favors Allah has bestowed us with last bestowed so much honors, Allah has endowed us with so much and yet what are we doing?
There is anarchy there is man.
Where is the peace? Where is the stability?
We may be prosperous in terms of wealth, where is the prosperity and the growth and the flourishing of our souls of our minds of our spirits.
So we these met these accounts are the former nations are very relevant, because we are simply following in their footsteps, just as the Munchkins of the other time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were following in their footsteps. And Allah has warned is Allah warm them and Allah warns us of the fate that befell them because of their transgression, their corruption and their behaviors and their failure to follow the message and to accept the messages of their messengers Allahu wa Salatu was finally our last panel what Allah tells us, he takes he pay attention in Arabic And in the middle saw, indeed your Lord is watchful. Allah is not unaware. Allah
is not neglectful in any way. Law knows everything. Allah knows everything about us.
In one verse, yeah, Adam will call in at the office so door will love the bill.
Allah knows the treachery
of the eyes.
And he knows that which the hearts can see.
Whether we express it, whether we can see him it alone knows our innermost thoughts, our deepest emotions, good and bad, rightful Oran for
Allah knows every single thing Allah knows the treachery of our eyes. Allah knows the betrayal of our hearts, alone I was I was sinful thoughts and emotions.
Allah will produce everything on the day of reckoning
Amata spodumene waratah illa Allah,
what are habitantes automatic fields automatic auto
will not be what I have is an inner beam. Now Lee flutters and falls to the ground except that he knows it.
And neither seed
in the darknesses
have the earth deep buried in the ground, there is no seed which is deep and buried in the ground, except that it is not hidden from Allah. What I mean what I have is, and neither is there anything which has dry, wet or dry, except that it is all in the clear book.
And look man alayhis salaam when advising his son, he told
Be mindful of a law Oh, my son.
be fearful of a law be conscious of a law. Be mindful of a law.
And then he told him Oh my son. Yeah, well Nina, in her in the cometh father had been hurt. Photography suffered in office smile work, they all feel old, yet to be one law in the law, hello tea from hubby or my child.
It's really it
is even to the measure
and to the waves of a mustard seed.
And then that mustard seed, that tiny minute miniscule thing is deep within a rock. Imagine a small seed imbedded within a boulder and a rock,
even if it's hidden there
or it could be anywhere in the heavens or the earth.
Or my son, yet they be Allah, Allah will produce it.
In the law of Ephraim Habib Indeed Allah subhanaw taala is all knowing. So allies watch rollovers individually and collectively, and Allah is watchful
and not just observant and more
But last panel is taken everything into accounts.
And on the day of reckoning on the day of judgments
of last panel data will produce everything.
And of that day Allah mentions in the forum, Yama tubeless sa
on the day, when all the secrets shall be revealed, there is none, he will have no strength them and not no one to assist. So, again, the message is very relevant. Be mindful,
pay heed, pay attention, Take heed and know that whether it's to do with individuals or nations collectively, ally is watchful.
Let me just quickly add a last parameter Allah will hold you to account and though you may not see the punishment now, a law
and differs but law does not dismiss. He may delay and defer, but he does not dismiss.
I'll quickly translate the verses so far we'll fudge
by the daybreak what a early mesh, by the 10. Knights will shift everyone
by the even by the art will lady that is by the Knights when it comes on.
Healthy vertical custom, only the hedge is there an old in this for one of intelligence.
Adam dollar gave for follow what
have you not seen what your Lord did with an aroma that came out of era
people have pillars.
And let me throw half in Bella.
Those whose like, was not created in the lands.
With the more than levina job was soft love in Word, and what your Lord did with the people of the moon. Those who hollowed out
who hollowed out and carved the rocks in the valley in the valley referring to the region where they remain where they lived without your edge.
And what your Lord did with Pharaoh, the one of pegs
and levena dolphin Bellard, those who transgressed in the lands for a thermal vehicle facade, so they spread much corruption they're in for some ballet mirrabooka so
so your load poured on them the scourge of punishment in Arabic Allah Bella Miroslav indeed your Lord is ever watchful, we should fear the punishment or last panel data and its accountability to me alliances which will enable us to understand these words of the holy book
or some of the law or some of the manner and the what I saw in the Vietnam hamadryad. He was
like a lot more behind the condition of alert learned. Welcome to
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