The Clear Proof A Tafsir Of Surat Al Bayyinah
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
File Size: 32.84MB
This surah speaks about the relationship between the Muslims and the non Muslims after the advent of Islam. The people of the book were awaiting a clear proof in the form of the Prophet SW. However, despite all indications that they should have believed, upon the arrival of the Messenger SW they desisted and rejected the divine message.
When I was learning insurance,
Dr. Molina made the law firm
for her the
America wants to be a part of Virgin.
Allahu wa muscle.
Later Anna Ibrahim
Laughlin, Nevada gadda
da vida de Brahimi
prospective listeners once again, we gather for the monthly to see of the whole
having started from the
final sorta. And moving backwards, we've now reached
sort of number 98 which is sort of ambient
sort of obedience
is known by a few different names
sort of vague in a
sort of Berea
sort of Lavinia come and sort of blumea couldn't live in a cathedral. So these are all different names.
by which the sorta has identified the more famous names are
sort of verbena tuna and Sora lamea kolinda. vena cava.
It's the surah was revealed in the
early days of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam life in Medina after the hitcher, possibly towards the in the third or fourth year.
I'll quickly read the sort of translators and then inshallah we'll discuss some aspects of the sorta
you're going to intervene aka for woman
those who have disbelieved
of the people of the book
and the pagans
they will not to dismiss
the whole beginner until the clear proof came to them.
But saw them in a lie from
a messenger from Allah
recite to them
scrolls, he has been
there in our
Well my father Ladino tokita
tobyhanna and those who are given the book
did not differ
except after that the clear proof had come to them or my only role in learning the law
and they had not been instructed
save that they worship Allah metallocene a lot of Deen making pure the religion
as upright monotheists will your beams. The wheel was the kurta with early Kadena
and that they establish the prayer and gives us this
is the religion of the upright way in the levina gefallen live kidapawan shaky indeed those who have disbelieved on the people of the book and the pagans, phenology, the Maha Divina fee ha, they will be in the fire of jasminum
abidan there anything forever. We'll go home shoveling Berea
these they are the worst of creation in the levina arm and wind.
Indeed those who have believed and who've done good deeds, will hate on Berea these they are the best of creation as a member of the him, they're rewarded by their Lord. Janata, raglin. Our gardens have he
doesn't even have
flow beneath rivers cardinia v herba, they shall abide there in forever will be a lot one one of the one, Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with the law.
This is for one who fears his Lord.
Now, before we continue,
that was just a simple translation of the surah. Four we continue it's important to remember the background and the context of the revelation of these verses. They were revealed to the prophets the light equals them Sallam in Medina.
And in the earlier parts of his life in Medina,
and this surah reflected the condition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Muslims and their relationship with
others at that time.
So keeping that in mind,
let's have a closer look at the actual verses
Sora is a bit longer than most of the well it's the longest that we have come so far. So
I'll provide a summary towards the end but also just as an indication, the sort of speaks of
a division between the believers and believers at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
of various groups in Arabia, who were expecting and awaiting a messenger from Allah
and their condition, and that
all indications work,
that they would have believed and should have believed.
But eventually, when the prophets of Allah equals some of them came, they did not believe
surah also speaks on the nature of the revelations of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
and its connection and correlation with the scriptures of the past.
And then finally, sort of ends with a declaration from a law of the ultimate destiny,
and salvation or lack of salvation, of those who believe and do good deeds or those who refuse to believe and do not abide by the standards of ethics and morality as set down by law.
So, beginning from the first verse of the last season, Aamir Khan in Medina, Kufa Al Kitab, boo shaking Sakina Hata to
those who disbelieved of the People of the Book, and the patrons.
They will not want to dismiss
me for key means to break away to dismiss
the various factions that were in Arabia at the time
At the time of the coming off a sort of lump sum the lump sum them.
Many of the
Arabs were pagans were shocking polytheists they worship many idols many gods, although they recognized Allah as the supreme creator, and the highest deity, but along with belief in Allah, as the creator, the Supreme God, and the highest deity, they also believed in other lesser gods, whom they regarded as being equals to Allah, or conduits through which they would find a way to Allah, and they associated these other gods and idols with Allah.
So many of the Arabs were pagans polytheists mushrikeen, there was also
a sizeable Jewish presence in Arabia.
And this included both
the descendants of those Jews who had fled from Jerusalem from Palestine.
Following the roam and suppression
of the Jewish people, and the destruction of the temple.
The Jews disperse especially after at 70. And events in different directions, many of them traveled south and southeast, into Arabia and settled in different places.
There are many different places where they have settled.
And over the centuries,
these descendants of the original Jewish
adhere to their religion, but in language and culture, they became Arabs.
So, ethnically, they were Jews, religious, religiously, there were Jews. But in every other way, in terms of life, lifestyle, culture, and even language, they became apps. The other group of Jews to be found in Arabia was
the group of Jews who had actually who were ethnically Arab, also who had converted to Judaism.
And again, that was a sizable
portion of the population. In fact, most of
a great part of Yemen was actually Jewish, because approximately a century before there was very powerful him your Jewish kingdom, in the south of Arabia, and that was just a century before the coming of Islam. So there was a sizable Jewish presence in the south of Arabia and in various settlements scattered all over the Arabian Peninsula, in Medina, inhaber, in areas near the boardwalk,
in places such as Aladdin, Pura, etc.
And apart from the Jews, there was also a fair presence of Christian Arabs. Now, these were actually native Arabs who had embraced Christianity. Again, they were, they were present in Yemen.
so strangely, Yemen and southern Arabia had more Jews and Christians. Or one could say they were more influential and powerful, rather than the pagan Arabs in this in southern Arabia. And towards the north, northeast and the northwest of Arabia, again, there was a very powerful Christian precedence. So many of the pagans were sent were present in central Arabia. I mentioned this because the common perception of Arabia is that the whole of Arabia was just filled with pagan Arabs. And there was a very small my needs and negligible presence of Jews and Christians in Arabia, which is incorrect. In fact, most of many of the Northern northeast Northwestern tribes were predominantly
Christian, but then all of a sudden, the Bible doesn't live the bundle
and various banal daymak cetera.
There was a mixture there were Christians and predominant Christians, they're also pagans.
And I've mentioned before that towards the Northeast, the many of the tribes were allied with, towards the east. In the Northeast, many of the Arab tribes were allied with Persia. And even though they were allied with Persia, there was still a Christian
towards the north west and the North
You had the famously the bundle Hassan, these were the Pakistani Arabs, who were, again predominantly Christian, but they were allied with the Byzantine Roman Empire. That was the Constitution and the setup of Arabia at the time. So in the surah, Allah addresses these particular groups, the pagans, the people of the book, namely the Jews and the Christians. Now,
again, focusing on just these groups in Arabia, the pagans had no history of Scripture, per se, although they were descendants of the Prophet Ibrahim Ennis Marine, and he was both they believed ethnically as well as religiously, but their scriptures and the teachings of the Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam had been lost.
So they were a people without any belief or history in Scripture, in a revealed
religion, in any belief of a one god of life after death, etc. So they weren't the pagans weren't actually expecting or awaiting a messenger or a messiah or a prophets
or a leader to deliver.
But the Jews and the Christians
both had what people have the book, they had a history of revelation of Scripture, of belief in the messengers of belief in monotheism and the oneness of Allah, in life after death in general.
And especially the Jews, they have always predicted prophesized and taught preached, and we're waiting for the arrival of the Messiah.
And the final messenger and prophets, there are some who signs were, and whose description was to be found in their books, in their scriptures.
And the Christians also awaited the second coming of the Prophet Isa alayhis salaam, or again, a redeemer, a deliverer.
Unfortunately, the condition of Arabia, which was a microcosm of the world at the time, and which reflected the moral condition of the world at the time,
was pitiful. condition, Arabia was pitiful. And I've described this in various other talks about how the Arab states of the Arabs was, the state of the Arabia was state of the world was before the arrival of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They were in such a pitiful and poor condition, that it seemed as though there was no way of them being guided, of being delivered, or being removed from their condition, or of them changing their ways. Without the arrival of a major clears the coming of the final messenger of Allah. And this is exactly what the verse describes here. Let me get one in the Vienna Cathedral in Abu Dhabi one mushrikeen 114 to one Vienna,
those who have disbelieved of the People of the Book, and the pagans,
they will not ones to dismiss Luther King to break away, to break loose to come away from what to desist from what to break away from what their corrupts condition.
They weren't in a position to do so they were unable to do so. They will not want to be able to achieve this, that Thea home will be until the clear proof came.
And what was that clear?
The clear proof that would come to them and change them, change their condition, change their ways, delivered them redeemed. What was that clear proof?
It was none other than and Allah mentions in the next verse, or seen him in a law, a messenger of Allah, yet to suffer from Maha, who would recite purified scrolls to them.
We have a Yama there in our upright scriptures.
This is a description of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the message that he brought and its relationship with the teachings of the past. That great proof that clear proof that would come and save and redeem not only Arabia, but the whole world.
That one overwhelming overriding proof was none
than the Messenger of Allah, a messenger
here leaves it's indefinite a messenger of Allah. And that messenger of Allah was none other than the love the prophets and the love of it.
And he would come doing what you have to do so from Maha was reciting to them relating to them. purified scrolls, sort of means worlds parchments. And this is a reflection of the poor. It's interesting throughout the Quran, Allah describes the Quran as a book that
he speaks of it as sort of scrolls, parchments,
and various other similar descriptions. And yet, during the lifetime of the Prophet salallahu idea or some of them, and in fact till the end of his days, until he departed, the Koran was never found in the form of a bound book.
But this is in a way a prophecy of what would become
a banned book, parchments squat, of course, or arm was recorded in different ways. But it was never to be found in a single bound book from cover to cover.
And there's a reason for that there's a wisdom in it, which I've explained on other occasions, alarm wanted this harbottle the law
and the Omaha the prophets have a lot
to gain their religion and their teachings and their inspiration from the person and the example and the personality of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam more than just the words themselves. In fact, when he was in Makkah, the pagans demanded that he bring down a book for them between two covers when he emigrated to Medina.
Kitab implements the Dalai
Lama, the People of the Book demand the same, bring down a book for us
from the heavens, so the people of Makkah demanded a book bound by covers. The people of Medina demanded the book bound by covers, and despite the demands of both these cities, the principle in habitations of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the principal audiences of his message.
Allah resolutely refused to reveal a book bound by covers, he gave the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam an oral message, and that is a tradition of Islam.
So he came, a messenger will come from Allah soudal minim la yet through sort of the Hara, Allah says here, reciting purified scrolls, but he wouldn't actually recite from scrolls or from books or even from parchments or from a written record, he was unless
but this is what would become
fee have gotten
there in a in this
recital in this relating of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
In this book that he would recite from scrolls purifies Well,
there are upright scriptures. Now, what's the meaning of upright scriptures, obviously, good. Good, as many of you will know, is the plural of guitar, which means Bach, it just means box. But
a lady later, restriction of the word guitar to the common concepts of a Bach originally, guitar just meant anything written.
So a normal letter was called a guitar.
And it's referred to as such.
So anything that was written anything absolutely anything, even a few words would be called a guitar. A letter would be called a guitar or written notes.
A CIT would be called a coda.
A book would be called a guitar, a single page will be called a guitar.
And therefore the plural
in these purified scrolls are upright box. Now, many books in the corner.
it's simple each surah can be regarded as a
Bach, there's a more important meaning here. He had put up on Wikipedia and that's why I translated it as they're in our upright scriptures.
All the earliest scriptures given to the messengers of Allah alayhi wa Salatu was Salam. The Koran
contains the same message, the same lessons and the same wisdom.
So all the wisdom of the earliest scriptures given to the many different messengers,
that wisdom is to be found in one place in the
Koran is a reflection of the earliest scriptures. And what's the nature of the Scriptures by yemma? They are uprights.
They are upright. And indeed that was the teaching of all of the prophets of Allah alayhi wa Salatu was, in fact the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told to Claire, what am I going to
say, I am not an innovator of the messengers, meaning
I have not come with anything radically different or new
than what all of the former messengers and prophets of Allah.
In essence, our message is that is the same, our teachings are the same. Individual details with finer points of diets and hygiene and dress etc, may differ slightly, but in essence, the core message, the core teachings, the core ethics and morality, are all the same, they are universal. So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam never brought anything new. And this is why the arm is a reflection of the earliest scriptures. So the clear proof that would come and deliver the people of Arabia, and in fact, the whole world, from the pitiful plight and condition would be a messenger of Allah, who would recite purified scrolls to them, which contained a prat scriptures, and indeed, that song did
arrive that messenger did come the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Furthermore, I mentioned the people. Now who are the people of the book, principally the People of the Book were
Jews and the Christians, quite a history.
Surprisingly, though, later,
magnums and the Zoroastrians were all the Persians were also treated as people in the book.
Brandon says in the fourth verse, what about the fall under the hot water heater that you learn buried in a tomb and
this is a reflection of what actually happened.
When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did arrive when the clear proof came, what happened?
the people of the book did not believe. Now here the verse doesn't speak of the pagans, it says,
and the people of the book did not differ. It doesn't mention anything about the pagans in this author.
For the simple reason, as I indicated at the very beginning, that the pagans weren't awaiting a messenger.
They weren't expecting
a Messiah, a final Redeemer, a deliverer. They weren't. They had no history, and therefore they had no expectation. But the Jews and the Christians had
a whole history
of Scripture, of teachings of prophets, of epistles of messengers
of missionaries. They had a history of belief in monotheism in Allah, in the oneness of Allah, in gender in general in life after death, and they were all anxiously awaiting a final Redeemer messenger, a Messiah,
and especially the Jews.
The Jews were highly regarded by the pagans, since they had a history of writing and reading and scripture, the pagans were predominantly unlettered. But the Jews, regardless of whether they were ethnically Jewish, but later by culture and language had become Arab, or they were Arab converts to Judaism,
the elite amongst the Jews, not all of them, but the elite amongst the Jews had retained a history of reading and writing Hebrew Scriptures. So they were biolink
You all they had retained
Hebrew as a language of Scripture, and reading and writing and study just like Muslims all over the world, regardless of where they travel. The not all Muslims, but at least the learners and scholars amongst them. They retain whatever their local custom and local language, they retain the Arabic language, by way of study and preaching and teaching, and scholarship. So similarly, the Arab, the Jews, although they were Arabs, in every way in language and culture,
religiously, there were Jews. And therefore, they have still retained a history of writing, reading and scholarship, especially of the Jewish and Hebrew Scriptures. So the Arabs looked up to them, they regarded them highly for the learning. And on many occasions, the pagan arrows will actually refer to the Jews. And after the killing of the Prophet sallallahu, even some of them, some of the pagan Arabs would regularly refer to the Jews as we learn from the traditions about their interaction with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So they would ask them that, do you and in fact, before the arrival of the prophets of Allah, it was in them, the Jews
regularly tell the Arabs of the arrival of a final messenger.
And in their common disputes,
when the Jews were overwhelmed by the Arabs
on various occasions, they would remind them that today, the humane outnumbers, you may be numerically superior, and more powerful.
And you may have subjugated us, not entirely, they weren't oppressed, but in some of their battles, when the Arabs were superior, or sometimes in their common disputes, the Jews would constantly remind the Arabs, that a time will come, which is not far off, when the final messenger and the Messiah will arrive, and he will lead us and we will overwhelm you, we will subject age, and that's referred to in the corner in the Quran.
that they would seek victory is the home they would seek victory and deliverance through this through this final messenger, whom they were expecting, and who they see victory over over the those who disbelieved meaning the pagans. So the Jews were almost in a state of readiness and alertness for the arrival of the final messenger.
And that's mentioned in another verse of the Alinea of a sword and maybe me and Livia Donovan McDonald and Fedora will enjoy that those who follow the unlettered
messenger and prophets.
When they find recorded, and written and spoken of, in the Torah, and in the in G, in the Torah, and in the Gospel,
who was that none other than the prophets of Allah, Allah, he was sending them, his description, his speeches, his teachings, his ways, all of that was known to the scholars, and the leaders, and the religious amongst the Jews and the Christians, and especially the Jews in Arabia. And there was constant dialogue and discussion between the pagans and the Jews of Medina. Eventually, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did arrive, what happened and he emigrated to Medina.
The local tribes refuse to believe the local Jewish tribes with the exception of a few refused to believe him, they refuse to accept them as a final message.
And the speaks of this on many different occasions.
And this is what the verse refers to here.
In fact, in another verse, Allah azzawajal says, In the deen and sort of Emraan in Medina in the law in Islam.
Indeed, the religion by law, or in the view of a law, before law is Islam.
And those who were given the book did not differ except after knowledge came to them by the Unbeknown out of
spines on their part or out of transgression on their part, ie they knew the reality of the prophets the love it.
In fact, in another verse of the Quran, a foreigner who can a foreigner,
they know him ie the Prophet of Allah, as well as they know their own children.
They knew this description. They knew the reality of the prophets the love it who sent them, but apps have spines in
has the meaning the emphasis the human bagman, the V and a lot more. In another verse of the Quran, Allah says, speaking of them, that they refuse to believe and they rejected the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as a messenger has to them in that and foster him out of envy on their part, mean back them out to be in a normal Huck, even after the truth have become clear and manifest to them. So for political reasons, for personal reasons, out of envy, and in spite, and in rebellion, they rejected the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam despite knowing the truthfulness of his message.
I'm delighted Mr. lamoreaux the alarm and was a Jewish rabbi.
A number did believe without that. I'm delighted misalignment of the alarm is either an assignment of the alarm, and whose beautiful story I've related before. And the lightness that the alarm rang was a Jewish rabbi.
And what was his story?
He awaited the sun coming over sort of laughs a lot he was he closely observed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after his arrival in Medina.
And eventually he believed
and before he went
to the province of the love, it was declared as Islam.
And after he embraced, he told the Prophet some of the love it was sent me out sort of love.
My people did not know of my embracing your religion, even though he was a Jewish rabbi,
therefore, before you disclose it to them, or before they become aware of it, question them about me.
Ask them about so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, on one occasion spoke to them, and said to them, how is Abdullah Abdullah Salaam Maji?
What do you think of him? What's his position amongst you?
So the words are,
he is our Robin, the son of a rapper,
our Master, the son of our Master, the best amongst as the some of the best amongst us, because he came from a line of scholars and rabbis.
So the province of the love it was declared to them that well, he has embraced religion. So they said he is the worst amongst the son of the worst.
And then Abdullah in Sudan will be alone, okay, came. And he said, You're a sort of law. This is why I said to you, before you declared them that I have embraced your religion question them about me. And the reason for the questioning was that indeed, they did regard him as being their rabbis son of the son of a leading rabbi, there scholars son of a leading scholar, their master, son of one of their leaders, and the best amongst them, son of one of the best amongst them. And if that was the case,
they only declared him to be otherwise, when they learned that he had changed his religion and his ways and embrace the prophets, a lot of them another famous rabbit Well, not as famous as I'm delighted with saddam rhodiola. One, but the other Rabbi was at the heart of the alarm. And I've related his story on a number of occasions.
We don't have time to go into that now but refer to some of the earlier talks and I've given them a certain level in summary, in short, is even the swing the huddle the alarm was a rabbi. He says that before the arrival of the prophets, when I heard about the coming of the soul, the loss of the love it was seldom
am I observed him closely.
I found in him every time and every description mentioned in our scriptures.
and the two were
that never is anyone ignorant towards
Except that he
faces that ignorance and that incidence with forbearance and patience and wisdom
on the other side,
and the more someone is ignorant towards him, the more patient and forbearing hears, and the other side
is that he does not mean evil with evil, rather, he means evil with good.
So is that I saw every other sign in him except least, so I want to test.
So on one occasion, I
was observing him, and he came out of his house with a little the alarm.
And a rider from amongst the bedroom in came and said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in my region, there is a famine. And while there is shortage of food, and the people have just embraced, and they are, I fear that in that they may turn away from religion. So or messenger of Allah, is there any way that we can assist them? Do you have anything? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam turned to the alarm and said to him, that are there? Do we have any of the properties from such and such an orchard? So the alarm said no on messenger of Allah, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Then he asked about
this way, he said, Is there any properties or dates left from that origin? He said, No. So they the Messiah says, Then I realized that this is my opportunity. So I seize the opportunity, and I came forward. And I said, Oh, Mohammed,
I am willing to give you money. Now.
This is known as Southern layer seven, where basically you pay up front and expect the produce or the goods afterwards. So he said that I will give you money now I'll make the payments now. And at the sticks period, when the other time of the harvest, you can deliver the date to me, so from such and such an orchard. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I'll accept but not with the
money, not not from this specific orchard, but I will give you your dates. So they agreed. So even the song that took out the gold sovereigns and gave them to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam them, and they fixed the term by which prophets Allah loves and would deliver the dates to him. And the prophets of the love it was and then gave the money to the bedroom and said, make use of this and purchase foodstuff for these people. As Eden was saying, that says, I waited
till the end of the term, but not right till the end. Actually, a few days before the end of the term. I went to the province, the law, it was something
he was returning from a funeral.
And he had many of his companions around him. In front of everyone, even though the term had not come to an end. I walked up to him, and I actually grabbed him by the collar, and I twisted the collar and pushed him. And I said, Oh, Muhammad, Where's my money? Where's mine? debt, repay me.
And then he said, again, he added insult to injury by saying that, Mohammed, I know you all use tons of abdominal polyp your plan of abdominal pain in your own stories for defaulting on your payments. So pay me a lot of the alarm was standing there. So they don't know Selena says himself. And in fact, this story is also narrated by Abdullah Salam or the alarm. So he narrates the story himself, and I'm delighted saddam, the other Jewish rabbi relates the story of this rabbi. So he's got the alarm. I'm standing close by and when he saw when the companion saw what he was doing, they were enraged. And a lot of the alarm rang, shouted and said to him, if it wasn't for the Messenger of
Allah, I would split your skull into two. He said, Yeah, the will low enemy of Allah. If it wasn't for the Messenger of Allah, I would split your skull into two. So the province is aided in a song that says all the while no matter what I did, and despite the threats of the loved one, the province of the love it who seldom he did not react, the most he did, he was staring at the alarm. And then he smiled. And then they said oh, not something other than this. Both he and I need something other than this. What we require from
It is not this, but for you to say to me
repay his debts, and for you to say to him, ask for your due and your rights in the better man. This is what we both require from you something other than this Oh.
Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that you will,
you will receive your produce. So he sent he promised him and then he went to love I'll even send in terms of your lover and said, Go go to such and such place and repay him. I'm summarizing the story. Repeat him. And then he said, that give him 20 sar extra?
Why in compensation for you having terrified him.
So, your loved one who went and he delivered the goods to him, and then he gave him extra dates
when he delivered the extra dates to him 20 Syrah if I remember correctly, each slot is about 3.5 kilograms.
So they didn't assign massive What's this? So um, out of the 11% of the profits, the law, it was sort of instructed me to give you these extra dates
as compensation for me, having threatened you and terrified you.
they didn't assign accepted.
Then he said to your loved one, he said, Oh, do you know who I am? Now I'm going to be a loved one. Obviously, by science. He didn't know who he was. She said, No. She said, I am z. She said with z.
She said I am z.
So I'm going to be alarmist said he had heard. He didn't know him personally. We had heard of him. He said, they Musoma Robin. He said yes. So you said a person such as you have that standing learning and caliber? How could someone like you speak to the Messenger of Allah in that rude insolent manner. So as Eden was saying that the alarm said, Oh,
I had studied the scriptures, and the person of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I have found every description of him to be true, except for two, which I had not yet discovered. And he mentioned the two which is that the more ignorance that is shown to him, the more he responds with, for parents patience and wisdom, and that he does not repel or requite evil with evil. Rather, he repels and requires evil with good. So he said, I wanted to test him. And I have discovered that even these two signs are to be found in him. Or Omar, I declared that there is no god except Allah. And that proved them Abdullah is the prophets in the Messenger of Allah. Instead, Take me to him.
And he said, Oh, Omar, I also make you a witness that half of my wealth I give as charity to the poor amongst the Muslims.
So anyway, that is the story of Aiden, the song that had the alarm. He did not live for long because he actually then fought and participated in one of the battles with the messenger, sallallahu alayhi, wasallam. And he was martyred. But this is these are just the two stories of two rabbis, Abdullah, Abdullah, salaam, and zeta masala. There'll be a lot more in Houma. And there were others also. But these were the ones who acted on the teachings and the prophecies of their scripture.
Others as an Stapes, refused. And this is what this for this fifth verse refers to. Actually the fourth is, well, my follow up and levina autolock. He married the manager at one beginner, and those who were given the book did not differ, or did they did not disperse,
except after the clear proof had come to them. So the clear proof was the civil law, civil ally Lincoln was one of them. They saw him, they witnessed him, they observed him, they saw the descriptions of him being fulfilled, and yet, as the self states has ended and foster him in bagmati, Vienna lahoma
the art of spines, in transgression and rebellion, out of envy,
YY out of envy, why in transgression, why in rebellion, why inspired because
he was not of them. He was from the Arabs. And that's what clearly states and other verses
they refused and this is what the verse refers to. Then the verse eight Ramses will mount amiral early amor de la has been an effort we have been sought out the way it does occur with Attica, Dino Lima,
one mountain ami,
many Why should they refuse to believe in the profits of the line?
Even though they will never ensure even though they were not instructed or Command expense
that they believe in Allah, sorry, the worship la
metallocene a lot have been making pure for him the religion,
conifer as upright monotheists
and they were not instructed whatever commanded to do anything except establishes the law and gives aka
What does this verse mean? All it simply say it all it says is simply that there was no reason for those who were awaiting the arrival of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or expecting him and then we finally saw him Maxim received him received his message. There was no reason for them to disbelieve him or to reject him because he did not come with anything new or innovative.
It was not a departure from their own teachings. He came to rectify
the Jews were expecting him the Christians were expecting him
I'm going to last his fifth article in G doesn't look what I'm saying sort of stuff.
We've called it Isa no money you may have any saw either in needle saw the law illegal. Well sub the alum Albania de Amina Dora, Omar Bashir, I'm very soothing at the back.
And remember, when he saw the son of Mary, when he saw the son of money, and even when saddam said obon he,
indeed, I am LA's messenger.
I come to ratify and affirm
that the law
which is before me,
and I come as a giver, and a bearer of glad tidings
of a messenger to come after me whose name will be.
So both these groups expected
the arrival of the final messenger, they were awaiting his arrival, they had the signs, they had the scriptures, they had the prophecies. And when he came, there was no reason for them to disbelieve in him or to reject them, especially since he fulfilled all their prophecies. He fulfilled the requirements, the conditions, and the descriptions in the scriptures. And more so, since none of his teachings were contrary or a departure to what they had been instructed and commanded by Allah and His messengers in their earliest scriptures. And the essence of their scriptures was also the following, which is
why almirola they were never instructed except to leave the last worship law, muffle seen and have been making pure for him the religion to avoid paganism. polytheism associate associating other gods and making partners and equals other gods to Allah. This is the common teaching of all the religions
prefer to do so and to live as uprights. monotheists identify is a plural Hanif and Ibrahim alayhis salam, the prophets of Allah has been described as Hanif in the Koran. And before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the enlightened ones amongst the Arabs had also shunned idolatry and
their corrupt ways. And these, these were also known as the front of that there was a group of prefer, even before the declaration of Islam by the sort of law, some of the law it was some of them. So this was the teaching of all the messengers to their peoples, further than what answers they were never instructed except to worship law, making religion pure for him, as uprights monotheists and they will never instructed except to establish salah and to give us a god, of course, the details and the description and the manner of Salah of prayer, different in the different religions, but whatever the movements and the recitals, and the pastures and the details
of these individuals forms of prayer. In essence, it was
Prayer to have lots of water
and to give God to give.
These are the instructions of all the religions. But and then ends us first by saying, well, Daddy Kadena Lima. And this is the religion of the uprights way. For those of you who know Arabic, what this means is with alika Dino ami, a with Annika Dino militano pioneer. This is the religion of the upright way of the upright tradition. Then the Quran ends by saying,
what will happen? What will be the Abode? What is the organic declaration of the salvation or lack thereof, of the people in relation to the prophets on the line equals
those in Arabia at the time, who awaited the coming of the Messenger of Allah who witnesses arrival, and then still refuse to believe in?
What is their description? And what is the urn promising?
And those who did accept the prophets of Allah?
What is the poor and promising that remember, primarily, the verse speaks of those who were around the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at that time and his relationship with them. So I'm speaking of the same people, those who received Him and accepted him or those who rejected him and proposed him in the Ludhiana ghafar woman earlier, everyone was shaking, Indeed, those who disbelieved from the People of the Book from the pagans, phenology, and see how they are in the five of them, residing there and forever will go home shortly, but these they are the worst of creation.
It says here, the worst of creation,
very strong and harsh comments. But
Allah says elsewhere in the Koran What about the Quran? napanee.
Liberty, what about
what's up now, one minute labor.
Law says indeed we have all
the sons of art
and we have carried them on land on sea.
And we have bestowed and sustenance upon them,
of good impure things. And we have
given them privilege and preference and superiority over much of what we have created.
Some man, him,
regardless of their faith, of their belief, have been honored by by the very text and declaration of the
I've mentioned this before as well. That Allah has created beasts and animals, they are part of a lot of creation.
And a lot has created angels.
These are the best of the last creation.
The angels, Allah has created them in such a way
that they do not change. they undergo no transformation, no change, no fluctuation, they are as they are. There is no rise or fall. They are as they are.
Allahumma Amato, we want to know your rule law says they do not just obey Allah in His commandments to them. And they do as they are instructed by Allah. And the angels have been created from lines from
Allah has fused them with intelligence, with wisdom, high intelligence.
These are the angels. At the other end of the spectrum, a lot created the beasts
and the birds. Now these beasts
in a similar way, they have been well, they have been created from the dust of the air.
their origin is not celestial.
Ultimate, well, ultimately it says but the origin in essence is not celestial, its earthly.
They have been created from the dust of the earth.
And the animals and beasts are such that they haven't been fused with high intelligence. They have been created from law.
But in a similar way to the angels they undergo no change. Animals are as they are.
They are as they
peace will be beasts, animals will be animals. Angels are angels, the angels do not fall, and the animals do not rise. But in between laws created man. And in man we find both qualities. And both sets of properties,
like the angels or law has fused man with higher intelligence, with grace
with goodness and greatness,
but at the same time
a large creative man with a certain connection with the last panel with their apps like the angels have a connection with the law.
On the other hand,
at the same time,
humans also have many best deal, animalistic qualities.
The angels do not. animals eat, drink for survival, and they procreate and they rest. Angels do not rest. They're not they do not eat, they do not drink, they have no reason or cause or desire or inclination to any of these things or procreation.
They are very different, but man lies in between. He shares many qualities and characteristics with the angels.
But at the same time, he also shares many needs and requirements and characteristics of the beasts. Man has been infused with high intelligence, Grace and enlightenment.
But at the same time, he is bogged down and shackled by his bodily needs of food, drink, and rest, and at the same time, a need as well as an inclination and desire for procreation and all of these things. gluttony
so what does man do, man and like the angels and the bees, changes, undergoes transformation, fluctuate, man rises and falls, if man behaves, he can rise to the heights of the angels. If man misbehaves, he can see to the depth bestiality that's why the Oregon sees all that he could kill an atom bomb. They these people are like cattle IE a reference to animals, or been named the they are worse. Someone who has given knowledge and refuse to act on his knowledge of law says of him from a federal government that is, in particularly here, out of his example, His like, his like his likeness is that of a dog. If you attack the dog is still parents and lols its tongue, if you leave
the dog alone is four pounds and loads its tone. In another verse, a whole group of people who were given knowledge but failed and refused to act on it. Allah says have them come and
fall like a donkey carrying volumes and tongues on its back. So men can rise or fall. This is why, for 11 months of the year, we follow our desires, we fulfill the needs of our bodies of eating, drinking, and fulfilling our desires. So for one month, at least a lot imposes on us the fast and the fast, checks and addresses these very same things. The same things that shackle is in prisoners and keep us bogged down and prevent us from rising in the month of Ramadan. These are the very things that are curved and prevented. We can't eat, we can't drink and we can't fulfill our bodily desires in the hope that we divert attention away from the body to the spirits and hopefully rise
that is a month of spirituality that is a month of rising.
So men has the ability to rise or to fall.
And when man rises and behaves, he exhibits angelic qualities. So much so that a lot boasts of them to the angels, but these are my set.
And when man misbehaves, not only does ally describe him,
as an animal, or these people as animal, human beings describe each other as animals.
And when a human being behaves, we describe each other same thing as Angel.
So this we have to understand this verse in that context, by nature, every human being is
this is why the flesh of humans as
we have been instructed and commanded to behave in a certain way towards
each other, to honor man.
But in terms of morality in terms of spirituality, when a person rises, he can rise to the heights of the angels. When he falls, he can fall to the depths, the sunken depth of animals and beasts, it's in this context that Allah sees all
these they are the worst of creation.
the verse a Koran says, In the levina, Armand awami, was slightly hard indeed those who believe and who have done good deeds will widen Berea these they are the best of creation.
So much so that they won't think, far from sinking to the depth of the animals or even below, they rise to the hearts of the angels. And here there's a famous discussion of our angels better,
or humans better.
There are differing opinions amongst the scholars and the, and we have to remember one thing.
Ultimately, the angels are of a completely different species, if I can use a word, they're a different entity altogether. Human beings are different species, but still, the angels are ultimately from the creation of a.
So when the vertices are like,
these, they are the best of creation, ie those who believe and who do good deeds, are they better than the creation of the angels?
there are differences of opinion amongst the scholars. But there is one opinion which is
quite agreeable to
the majority of the scholars which encompasses the the best opinions of the scholars and is quite simply this, the house
the elites of the humans,
are better than the elites of the angels.
But usually, the the elite of the angels are better than the commoners of the macmini. So for instance, that Amir Ali masala they are the elites of the angels. They are greater than even the elites of the angels. So the elites are the humans, the prophets of Allahumma. Salaam are better than the elites, even of the angels.
But the elite of the angels, the famous great angels of Allah, they are better than the other.
Now, who actually fits into each group. It's not something for us to delve in. But
in general, yes, some humans, those of the mean and those who do good deeds can be better than the angels who is who isn't a lot I was best, just be him.
Last season D those who believe and worked in good deeds, they are the best these they are the best of creation has ended up being
their reward by their Lord, is what Jen now to add the gardens of eat the journeymen back
beneath which rivershore flow carlina fee her brother, their English will reside forever. The Allahu
Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah. Remember, I did say we have to understand this in the context of primarily, these verses repeat refer to the companions that are the alarm,
radical democracy, this reward is for one who fears his Lord. So simple belief is not sufficient, but along with belief there should be a shift in the fear of a loss.
Undoubtedly, there's much more that can be said about every part of the sorta, but this is a simple translation and summary placed in the context of the sort of sort of verbena I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala enables us to understand what's the longest and the man after he was studying to be in a humid while he was making name is
Misha Laila inland
lake before I end just wanted to mention the seed of the search that one could.
The lessons and the morals and the wisdoms of the poor from each word and verbs are boundless and limitless.
And indeed, one could spend
an inordinate amount of
Time even on just one single verse of the Quran.
The idea here is not to discuss everything but to provide a simple general summary and the apparent meaning of the verses in the hope that at least we are able to some degree understand and appreciate what we are reading, especially with the shorter sore lips towards the end of the arm when we hear them in recitation of Salah, or when we read them ourselves. I pray that Allah enables system to stand and act on them.
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