Why Do Different Opinions Exist #2
Channel: Omer El-Hamdoon
File Size: 27.40MB
Episode Transcript ©
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My dear respected brothers and sisters.
Last week, we spoke about the nature of life.
And I spoke to about a very brief introduction about the whole concept of Tila. We spoke about how Allah subhanho wa Taala encourages the human kind to use their minds to use their intellect to interact with what Allah subhanho wa Taala wants from them. And we saw that as well in the practice of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. What I want to talk about a little bit today is considering
the vast scholarship in Islam,
what were the reasons there was
because sometimes today, some people will say,
we have the Quran
and we have the sooner the proper Salalah, semi that Heidi's, even the word sooner inshallah in a different time, we'll try to expand on the word sooner because that in itself needs more explanation. We have the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim. And unlike before, we have the Hadees all compiled. In fact, I have in my house, and maybe some of you also have this big book, this one book, which has all the Hadith narrated by the six imams of Hadith
Bukhari Muslim tirmidhi, MSI, Abu Dawood and IGNOU manager, so the Hadees there, and in fact you can with today with the advanced technology, you could be carrying in your mobile, not one library, but hundreds of libraries.
And they could be there at your fingertips. So people say well, you know that how do you feel there? The Quran is there, it's all clear. You know, so when they hear an Imam from the passing is the opinion of Imam someone. So what does that mean? Does anyone have a we don't need this because you have the Quran and the Sunnah, which is go back to the client as soon as it's and this is a misconception that I want to clear up because some people think, for example, that Abu hanifa didn't have access to a Sunnah
Abu hanifa didn't read the hadith of and Buhari and he definitely didn't read the Hadith in Bukhari because Imam Al Bukhari came after Abu hanifa so he's not gonna compile but Buhari, Rahim Allah, and indeed Muslim and other the Imams of narrators of the Hadees and compilers of the honeys.
They were compiling based on chains of narration. So the knowledge that they had compiled was through chains.
Al Bukhari would sometimes have three imams in his chain before him, and this is considered a very short chain, or what the LMS a senator and it is a very high chambers is very short, there's less likely to be you know, when you have a chain, the bigger the chain, the more likely it is going to break, somebody's going to be weak. So the smaller the chain, the better. So sometimes you'll have three sometimes it have seven and eight people in that chain. So at every level of that chain, there are people who have heard the Hadees before them, and have studied and have learned. So to think that people who come before Imam Bukhari didn't have access to the hadith of Imam Bukhari are right
in the sense that they didn't because Buhari is decorated in a different era, but they had access to the knowledge that was there because the knowledge was not necessarily just preserved in books, the knowledge was reserved, reserved in the hearts and the minds of people that are raters and the transmitters, and they heard and they narrated and so on. So I don't want to dwell on the reason why variola man had this differences of opinion.
their understanding of the Quran,
the understanding of the Quran, and what specific words mean within the Quranic text, that in itself caused a difference of opinion. Obviously, this is, as we shall see later, this is all coupled and strengthened or modified with other things so they wouldn't just rely on so when you look at the headings and the parameter Allah subhanaw taala says as one of the reasons which break will do.
Allah says Allah Mr. Nisa
Hola, Tunisia, the world land master.
Which means torch
or it's a little bit more active than touching because lemma sir lemma says the touch llamas is more of a, if you like a more active touching, there are a lot different. What does this wording mean in the Koran. So from one side
you will have a man a shaffir mo said here lemme semies touch. So just to touch a woman skin to skin will modify your model. If she is not if she is somebody who is potentially marriageable.
So unlike your mother, or your sister or your daughter or daughter, that doesn't break a little but anybody who potentially you might marry, touching skin to skin will break.
Mr. Manik added an extra thing. He said, Well, it's not just touching, but there must be something with the touching, there must be some sort of desire going on here.
Mr. Mohan infoway further to understand is this all within the understanding of the language, he said the word lamb is even though it means touching, but here, it is a connotation for meaning something bigger,
which is the actual intimate relation that a person has with his wife.
So you see automatically within the understanding of the parent,
there is that diversity in how to understand what Brexit was, remember, anything you touch, your wife doesn't break.
Whereas with the mouth, no ratio, because he's saying this word is linguistic to see and the examples like this are many.
Because the Quran
is words and the nature of words, they can either be literal, or they might be metaphoric. There might be a connotation, there might be something meaning even, I mean, Abu hanifa Rahim Allah again, like I said, is not something that he's just based on his own thinking because he also based it on the learning of his teachers and so on and so on. So even he will narrate a narration from ignore a bus
viola, Juan Manuel, buses in Aloha, Hawaii, you can Neely Masha Masha, Allah subhanho wa Taala
encourages this bashfulness or shyness and therefore he will use connotation. So rather than saying explicitly, he's using a word metaphorically for you to understand. So he used that to attain that opinion.
I'm not gonna dwell too much on that we have lots of examples, then. The second reason why it was
different was because of their
understanding of Heidi.
their understanding of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu.
What does the prophet SAW Selim mean, when he said this?
So for example,
when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said
lanica, hide lobby when there is no nikka
there is no marriage. There's no contract, except with a wedding except with the guardian. There must be a guardian.
Some people say what's it so clear, that means they have to have a windy if you don't have a windy the cast, but even then the connotations within how the language is used the aroma different into how this has the application. So some said here lenica, the law with the processing, no, no Nika, there is no kneecap. They said, this is the difference between the conditioning. So they said this either a condition of say, have a condition of making the effort correct, or whether it's a condition of command, making it perfect or better.
So even though the process of saying like this is what it's like the proper size and saying this is a it's a preferred thing, and not a necessary condition. But again, as I said before, they don't just use this Hadith, they will use other things, which again, understandings from the Quran and the verses and the Hydra to build up the the argument, if you like for this case, but potentially, the understanding of the wordings leads to that
basis for where there will be a difference of opinion. So, somebody will say, Oh, this is clear, no, it is not directly clear like you are expecting because there is
shopusa happen that is sharply cannot.
So the understanding of the wordings of the hidey hole
thirdly, the understanding of the implications of the words of the Prophet Salalah.
That also led to the differences about whether something is applicable and something which is enforceable if you like, or which is something which is just recommended.
So, for example, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said,
Monica Allah, Allah Hamel, Jesu falletto, whoever eats camel meat, let him make.
Yeah. So they said, Here is the prophet SAW Selim saying this as an order earlier, or is it recommended?
To see, outwardly somebody saw his belly at alpha is an order is a command.
the implications of how that was used and understanding an amount like Mmm, and now we will say that actually, the main hub of the portfolio was that they didn't make withdrawal from eating commonly. Because we'll elbow me Maharaja a semi motherhood, whoo, you make Google from things that exit you not from things that enter you. Okay, so these kind of understanding of the implications of the Hadees, or how it is used, and what is the prophesizing, I'm saying,
also led to the difference of opinion, the context in which the Hadith was said, or indeed, who narrated the Hadith
also had an implication on whether this, Heidi has the implicate that has the obligation or not, and that's also had, and we recently had the issue which we were discussing,
about witness when the for the first 10 days of the hedge Enter, and somebody wants to present that over here.
What is the what is the ruling of him taking from his hair or from his nails?
Is it haram to cut your nails on your hair when you want to do over here? Or is it mcru? Or is it MOBA is permissible? There's no real ruling, when they're intimate delved into this, they looked at even the context of more narrated this Hadith, and how was it narrated? And in what occasion? And who was the Prophet addressing? Was he addressing the people who are off to do Hajj? Or was he addressing a specific type of people? Or was it narrated by a person in a certain incident, like, in this case, almost element, and what did the other Sahaba say? And so all of that shows you that it's not just a question of just reading the headings and explaining because there's so much context
and this difference of opinion, was there at the time of the Sahaba.
But it was there at the time or later on at the tabbing. And it continued, because this is the nature of the humans is that their intellect, they can conclude certain things from the text. And it is the way that Allah subhanho wa Taala put it there to allow that if you like that diversity, because there are implications and all of that.
On top of all this, there are also different because they sometimes saw that the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim saying something
they looked at bigger scenarios related to that.
So for example, the hadith
of Abdullah bin Omar when interest of the Prophet said either Bella Bella
will attain Fela Madhava if water reaches the volume of to Kula, which is about 260 liters, if the water reaches the amount of two Cola, it will not become ledges, and if something falls into it, it does not change to become an address. Unless that Nigel says so much that it will change the reality of the water. So he narrates the Howdy.
But which again, seems quite clear as far as it but when our they questioned the volume here the usage of the volume pool attain. They said it's heavy, which is so widespread. Yeah, everybody needs use of water. And especially in a desert environment, people need water is such an important how do you how come? It's only narrated by Abdullah Hagen Omar, why don't why don't other Sahaba narrate this Hadees so then they start to question well, whether it was it was it this more specific, whether it was something wrong in the narration and so on. So you see even questioning how that narration of the Hadeeth was, allows for that difference and for that situation.
Not only the
But not because they were not broken from change, they learned through change. So they've changed meant that they would see what the alumni around them was practicing is something that was published by Mr. Malik, through his concept of MLM Medina, the work of the people of Medina, the practice of the people of Medina. So he even though he would see maybe, there were,
there was a certain hygienist that might say certain things. He looked at the scholars of Medina,
who were obviously the children and grandchildren of the Sahaba, who lived in Medina. And if their action and their practice was different to what the Hadith was saying, they would say, he would say, therefore, those people have understood the Hadith in a certain context. Otherwise, why aren't they practicing in that way, they are practicing this, because they are the Football Hall of Medina they have nothing.
So therefore, he said, might say that,
you will see that in his book, he might say that this, even though this hadith is narrated there, but the people that practice of the people of Medina is not like this, they practice something different, which shows that they have probably inherited something different or have learned something different.
So you can see my dear respected brothers and sisters,
that the trilemma they differed in terms of their presentation of the larger largest, just a few examples. I mean, the knowledge here, there's 1000s and probably hundreds of 1000s
of detailed issues which there are going to be issues and give different opinions. It's not just about booboo, one, salah and etc. It's all about all aspects of the different because they understood
their understanding was different, different and their power of deduction was different.
And and some of them had that ability to deduce things even by just looking at the heavies on arrays.
Once a man entered into Abu hanifa and he said,
I'll call the
Or he he lashed to people standing up in the masjid.
So blinded by hearing this sentence,
Abu hanifa said, the army has made six mistakes
just by hearing all these mistakes mistakes in the way that he has.
Not going to go into that because
email Shafi are one of the amounts of the Shafi method when they heard the Hadith, they read the Hadith
of the Prophet SAW Selim, who went to visit
the brother of anus in his house, and he had a small bird called, it was a small bird. And the prophet SAW Selim said, Yeah, I'm a mother, father.
Yeah, I'm a mother, father know
what happened to that bird, the proper size, this shafia he said, there is 70
there are 70 chapters here or 70 issues of knowledge, which can be deduced from this 70 lessons or issues to be deduced from this. So the power of deduction you see was very wide and people differ in the amount of knowledge that they can deduce. And even today, though, we have the knowledge at our fingertips, we are more ignorant, because we didn't acquire the knowledge in a way which allowed us to use our minds to sit with people and to to, to learn. So studying just from by looking at your mobile and reading a hadith here and there by reading your book, will not give you that power of knowledge when you have to travel months, to go and learn and to sit at the feet of the teachers and
the scholars and during through difficulties. And learning from them and seeing how they dealt with issues and practices and and how they dealt with matters freehand and how they because the Sahaba they didn't just hear from the Prophet slicin they saw his practice and so they learn ways of how he dealt with issues. They learn with him that a clap of which comes with any
of Santa hand of Hello, I'm sabar and him and all these things which come which cannot be just read from the books because no matter how much you read the book, you cannot gain that from the book
by closing the gaps
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My dear brothers and sisters
They differ in how they deduce the account. But because they were really not, their hearts were different.
They were together because they knew.
They knew that even though they had differences of opinion
that the other side or the other party or the person had a different opinion. They want people who are following their desires.
They want people who had studied years and years of knowledge.
They weren't going to people who are just going to make up the deen because there was no benefit for them. Yes, there was some people who used and this is a group of people that I have had is called karamea. These are people who, well, they were karamja were a group of them but there was different countries who made up a Hajji to serve their purposes. But these weren't really among these were people of misguidance people who use a Hadith, either to support their own convictions in terms of their arcada or they supported their own convictions, even in telling
is in terms of business beside somebody might make up a Hadeeth
excuse me, who is a greengrocer make up a Hadith of the Prophet said, you know, eat the obedience because it's very good for the heart. Because he has a he has a an interest in selling origins. So obviously people are worried that they're going to assign BMI. So this kind of these are the kind of people follow that. But the AMA, in general, they have that purity. And they understood that just because we differ in knowledge, it doesn't mean that we differ in hops.
And that's why they learn from each other, they studied with each other, they were ready to you know, to
definitely pray behind each other and
support each other, because
their goal was normal.
And there are many stories in this again Time is short, unfortunately,
to mention, because I mentioned one of them, which is when the Judge alamiri is one of the Hanafi judges. He passed by the masjid
of a file a Shafi he passed by his message, so when I first saw him in the crowd, you know, this is a he when he asked to make the akarma
and Shafi method the apartments made as a shortened version which is called the front law, it would allow the closer to LA to heaven, Washington, Muhammad Rasul Allah, Allah, Allah Allah has called different making each one one, the fall or the demise and to make it double, according to the Hanafi madhhab.
to local, local to local to local or federal lemon law should we learn to respect out of respect for that Imam who is the head but then also he introduced you set up the prayer in his Masjid.
So I am very happy when he led the prayer. And he recited that Fatiha, he recited Bismillahirrahmanirrahim out loud,
which is what the chef is do. So he practiced something that the Shabbat and this is just an example of how they respected each other and didn't have a problem of showing that respect and that guidance within there and even you will find that in the books of Scripture and the books of
so even though they might not consider something
like we spoke about touching the woman, even though they consider that doesn't break the wobble. They will say it is recommended to make wobble if you touch a woman recommended. The others will say no you must make over here they said recommend over the hanafis they say if you have a nosebleed
a large amount of blood then you have to make
and the shadow says no, you don't have to make Google but it is recommended to make although if you have a nosebleed so here they incorporated the opinions of each other into their knowledge so that everybody can understand. And this is something that we sure there were people who used differences as a means to
You know, there were people who Yes, they raised the banners of we are enough and we are Sharpies and but but any any slogan potentially can be used like this. When people don't have the purity in their hearts, they will use this even at the time of the Sahaba
when there was a potential conflict,
the Mahajan said where are the Mahajan and don'ts
and they were gonna fight each other in the name of unsalted Mahajan. Even though the label of unsilent is a noble navel which Allah made them and Mahajan
but they use the label or they were gonna use the label potentially for an argument and the prophet SAW Selim came out and he stopped. So labels can be used by people who don't recognize them negatively but that doesn't mean that that label is incorrect.
So I hope inshallah Allah by this very short overview of differences
we can appreciate one another and inshallah we can practice our Islam better and we can appreciate that diversity and we can learn more because learning is the key
along with filling our ham now if you know I find them but to Ballina, canto Rahim, Taco Bell midnight in the Kansas City