Ubadah ibn al-Samit (ra) – A Man Equal to a Thousand Men – The Firsts

Omar Suleiman

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Good. Santa Monica rahmatullah wa barakato

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as well as cemetery ministry apology Mr. manleigh Hema candelilla hero banana mean are one and what I mean when our people too much again, Muhammad Ali was telling him about a karateka silica Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa salam ala alihi wa sahbihi wa salam to Sleeman kathira. So tonight inshallah Tada we're going to continue with probably one of the most epic people that we will cover in the history of Islam. A man by the name of Roberto TOOBIN, Asana to the Allahu taala. And who, but before we talk about riguarda, just to situate him in sha Allah Tala and what we have been speaking about, we've been speaking about more or less the family of Anas ibn Malik Radi Allahu anhu, Hardy

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Marsudi allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and we started off with also name the mother. And I will tell her the stepfather and us and then we covered the aunts and the uncles. So we went to on haram Benjamin Han, the aunt, and of course we mentioned when we showed on the chart that all of you should have memorized by now. You know the relationship that the husband have on haram Vince Minahan the second husband isn't about it to Busan that well the LA hotel and home because haram Radi Allahu Anhu lost her husband and her son in the Battle of AFIT. They were both martyred in the battle, as well as her younger brother haram and then min Han, who was martyred in my owner so she lost

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everyone that was close to her and this is the man that would come forth to marry her. And so about double the law animal becomes the uncle in law of Anasazi Allahu Taala and for the brother in law of Amsterdam and of the Allahu anha and fits into this beautiful family tree that we are covering today in sha Allah Tala. Now there is one more person that's left in the family of NSL the Allahu Taala and one that is going to be al Bara ibn Malik are the Allahu Anhu who will cover next week and Charlotte's Anna and then we will pause for the month of July insha Allah Tana So we're going to cover it next week at the Bharat Malik and then we'll pause for the month of July. Obviously we have

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the hedger and then we'll go into inshallah Tada at that point would have covered 80 episodes, we'll move on into 81 inshallah in August so, before I get started, if I can remind everyone mashallah, we have a lot of young children here. They must have come with somebody, so they're all welcome. And we'd love to have them here, but please make sure they're not running around. It's dangerous because of the equipment and obviously can be distracting inshallah. So we have the Mommy and Me room and the daddy in the room. Please do make sure that your children, your younger children are with you, and shout Allah to Allah. And don't look around at them and act like they're not yours. Okay? I see

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somebody like I don't know who they are. You all know who your children are inshallah. Tada. So please keep your children with you. We don't want the camera falling on top of them.

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We'll have to have you sign liability forms otherwise, alright. So rather to have masama total, the Allahu anhu, who is irregardless of Masonic first and foremost, are about the techno summit even twice. His father is a summit. His mother is a woman by the name of Kurata, Lorraine kura, to the 18th and he was considered a leader from the sub tribe of Huzzah, Raj. We talked about these two tribes that came to the city of Yathrib and settled the city of yesterday, before Islam, and those two tribes that make up the unsought are OHSs and huzzah Raj. He is considered one of the leaders of the tribe of huzzah Raj. His father was one of the leaders of the tribe of and husbands and he

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passed away as well in the previous wars and battles that took place. So robanda assumes a leadership position right away. And so that's why we're going to find him amongst those early Muslims that were there in Mecca. And that met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Hyderabad is considered of the class of those leaders from the unsavoury who have covered we've covered us out of Andhra, we talked about Saturday mineral data, we talked about Saturday and

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we talked about those leaders that class of leaders he's considered amongst them and he is amongst the very first people from Medina to embrace Islam. If you remember, there were two br to the octopus. There are two pledges that were taken from the people of Medina to the Prophet slice Allah

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You had the first pledge with a smaller group of people, this tiny group of men, which is ironically called Baotou. Lisa, the pledge of women. I'll see if anyone knows why it was called that in a minute shall. So that's the first pledge. They actually saw 12 men that take this pledge with the profit slice of them. They go back to Medina with Musab Radi Allahu Anhu. Musab teaches people Islam, they spread Islam throughout Medina, then they come back to the Prophet SAW Salem, as a larger group the next year and Hajj over 70. And they take the full day out with the Prophets lie Selim, one year later. So he's from those people who actually takes both Beyonc with the profit

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slice alone. And something I didn't mention early on was that, you know, we talked about the turmoil that existed in yesterday that existed in the city, from brands from the war that just took place that killed off so many of the seniors. And that actually is what many historians say the reason why you had this small group of leaders that were in Mecca looking for some sort of guidance or inspiration, or way out of this madness that they were in. So it's actually very interesting. They didn't exactly know why they were there. Remember, there was an aura of mysticism and religion that surrounded Mecca. It wasn't till Hey, there wasn't monotheism. But this idea that Mecca was a place

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and Hajj was some sort of a religious pilgrimage where we can seek inspiration from the idols in the overall environment and we can come to some place of good so by others in that group of people who took that pledge, with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, why was it called they are to Nissa because the Arabs called a pledge that did not involve a military components obey, are they actually sir? That's what they used to call it. Okay, it did not require a military component at the time because obviously, the men were the ones that would fight in battle, right. So that's why they called the br Two neasa. The second one was the larger Bay on which was that they took in the profit

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slice and pledged to defend the profit slice as well. So rabada was present in both of those now riguarda or the Allahu Taala and who all of his siblings would become Muslim after him. His first wife, Jamila been to the Surah Surah became Muslim because of him so all of his siblings as well as wife became Muslim through him. And he had a son as well through his first wife, a lead gen Baba who went on to become one of his students and the narrator of Hadith as well. So all of his siblings become Muslim through him. His wife his child, embrace Islam as well. rubaga are the Allahu Anhu is described with being you know, a person of prominent qualities so I'm gonna actually read the

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description but we will come our lien will hammer Katha Shari Shaadi dual Haber, young Lorena ra e ra Tanwar, our atom. This is his description in Arabic. So who is he? He was a man from Yemen, very tall, he was exceedingly black. And this is going to come into play with a racist encounter a prominent a very famous racist encounter he has later on so he was exceedingly black. But he wasn't from Abyssinia. He was from the black Yemenis. So there were people from Yemen that were not from habitat. They were distinguished not being from Abyssinian, but being from Yemen. But he had exceedingly black skin. He had a prominent height,

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prominent features so they said everything about him was prominent, his forehead, his hair, his nose, his eyes, everything about him was prominent and was was was beautiful, exceedingly handsome. But at the same time, it's interesting because they said Yumna, Elena II hear all the time about our that when he walked into a room, whoever looked at him, was overtaken by both admiration and fear.

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Right. So he had an imposing presence when he walked into a room and that's part of his leadership, right? That he was a chief, everyone immediately yielded the room to him while the Allahu taala. And that's how imposing the appearance he had was praised for his beauty, praise for his eloquence, praise for his knowledge, praise for his wisdom, praised for the person he was he was praised as a person that would negotiate truces before Islam and after Islam, he was the person that would negotiate truces, and that everyone could come to the table through he accompanied the prophets lie some in every battle. So he is Bedri is from the people better which is of course a noble quality in

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and of itself. He's also one of those the prophets. I'm interested to write the revelation Kitab and ye, so he's one of those that wrote the Quran as it was revealed.

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He's also one of the few who funds and we'll talk about this someone who actually memorize the entirety of the Quran in the time of the Prophet slice Allah. Okay, so he memorized its entirety and we'll talk about how rare that was, at least from the prominent leaders of the unsought at the time of the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so let's kind of go through his life with the Prophets lie some through his eyes. So he narrates the pledge that he had with the Prophet sly Salam. And he was one of the original group and then he was one of the 12 Nakaba, one of the 12 leaders that were appointed from Medina from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So he narrates and Buhari of course has this narration is one of the first narrations so he had Buhari and narrowbodies doing assignments while the Allahu Anhu I can assure you the veteran well who had a Nakaba Leila till October that everybody to know summit and he was one of those who attended the Battle of better and he is one of those who

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was appointed as a leader on the night of an alphabet and Rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa salam ala carte. Well, Hola. Hola. Resava terminos harbi Biruni Allah Toshiko, Billahi che wella testico When it doesn't, when it's up to the data come one at a time to be both done and to have Taruna who been an ad come? What are Julie come while Tara Sue FEMA roof Thurman with an income for Andrew and Allah Rahman Al Sabah and daddy cache M Farooq peba for dunya for Hua Kapha Allah to Allah Who woman Asaba and daddy cache and for my Cetara hola for who eat for Hua in Allah insha Allah and who are insha Allah Who Fabiana who Allah Dalek, it's a long Hadith, its presence in multiple places. And so

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he had Buhari, he said that we took a pledge with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon 12 things. Number one that we would not join anything in worship alongside Allah subhanaw taala I don't want to make the parents uncomfortable please inshallah Tada if it's possible because I can look at

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if someone can help help her inshallah to Allah.

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You got it. All right, exactly.

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So he said, we took allegiance with the Prophets lie Selim over 12 Things

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are not over 12 things over six things. Number one, that we would not join in worship anyone besides Allah subhana wa Tada with Allah. So we worship Allah alone, that we would not steal, that we would not commit illegal or engage in any illegal sexual behavior, that we would not kill our children, that we would not accuse an innocent person, meaning we would do away with slander, and that we would not disobey in order to do a good deed. So this is really beautiful, because it shows you the moral foundation of Islam being given to people to take back to Medina. This is before Phil right before jurisprudence. And before the prayers become defined, and the laws become defined. This is

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your pledge, this is what I want you to go back to Medina with, you're not going to worship anyone besides Allah, you're not going to steal anymore. You're not going to commit Zina, you're not going to accuse people or gossip or slander, you are not going to, to be disobedience in order to do a good deed and you're not going to kill your children. Because imagine, because imagine that was of course, a prominent feature of those societies at the time, the prophets lie some said, Whoever does this will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever does any of the above, and is punished in this world for it, then that punishment will be an explanation for that sin. Meaning if you commit one of those

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things, those major sins, you'll you're punished for it in this life. And if you're punished for it in this life, then it's an expiation for you. And if you're not punished for it in this life, then it's up to Allah, Allah will either forgive you or Allah will hold you accountable, and are bothered by the Allah and who says so we took an allegiance with the Prophet saw some upon that. And this is in multiple chapters, but Kaithal Ubay or imamo NAS who did on Saturday, I took that one because what the better, I mean, they're like 20 chapters in the body that the shows up in the same Hadith gets repeated over and over and over again as the moral foundation of Islam as given from the

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Prophets lie some to these companions. And another narration he said about the Allahu Anhu by r&r Rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah seminary will Clara Phil Usili will ursery Well, man shortly while MACRA he, what Allah known as the Umrah Allah who were in a coma will help the heighth Hakuna learn a half Aloma to that said we pledge to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to hear and obey, in times of ease and in times of hardship, when we felt energetic and when we were tired, and that we would not content or we would not disobey whoever we were entrusted to. And we would stand firm upon the truth, and we would not fear the blame of the blamers we would

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do what was required from the truth and we would not fear the blame of the blamers. All right, so this is sort of a foundation that he has from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now move over to Medina when people from Mecca start to migrate and escape persecution and make their way to Medina.

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robanda is one of the main people who's in charge of setting up shelters. So I want you to think about this that as the news of the hijra, is coming forward that you're going to have all these people that are going to come from Mecca, and settle this very fragile city of yesterday, which is going to be Medina, then you started to have a situation where you needed like a temporary holding place. So robot that actually goes and sets up all these shelters, along with some group of the companions to host them as they make their way to Medina, in the first place. And then he starts to participate in facilitating the heads of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to Medina as well,

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the prophets I said, I'm also interested about that, with being the one to negotiate the truces with the Jewish tribes in Medina. So battle the Allahu Anhu was the narrator of those truces, and those treaties that were then taken with the Jewish tribes that existed in Medina, because the prophets lysozyme, entrusted him of all people to negotiate those tribes. The Prophet saw some also appointed him as a as a car collector. And he said, I remember the prophets lie Selim told me, he said, Yarrabah, a tequila Oba fear Allah, with regards to this wealth, this is the charity of people. And he said, do not use any of it for your personal needs. And remember, if you take any Dirham, any

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part of this charity, that it will testify against you on the Day of Judgment in Allah, Donald the Allahu anhu, he said that I began to tremble when I heard that from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And I never wanted to be appointed after that, as a leader over any two people are responsible for the wealth of anybody, meaning I wished from that hadith that shows you his level of piety I wish the prophets lies on will never appoint me for anything. And then I never be in charge of any two people. And then I never have to take care of money, which is why you find that Allah kept putting him in that place, every time or bother and his life does not want to be in a position.

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It gets forced on him, because he's a man of integrity and leadership and honor. His nobility is so prominent that people are like, no, it's you. It's you, it's you. And he constantly tries to push away these positions in these roles. And the people constantly thrust him towards it. One of the things that you know, one of the beautiful ways that he's written about, you know, the SIOP. They say that when it was in times of peace or battle, the Allahu Anhu was the most patient of teachers. He used to go and he used to teach a philosopher the Quran. So you had all these people that were homeless, temporarily homeless, some people brought them water, some people brought them food, or

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bottle, the Allahu Anhu would go around the mezzanine, sit with them, and he teach them the Quran is the most patient of teacher, he was the most wise when it came to negotiating truces. At night. He was an ascetic like no other like he was a worshipper, he was an avid he used to cry, he used to devote himself at night. And in battle, he was a lion that you did not want to be anywhere near. So he had this combination of qualities that was very rare to find in anybody and of course, becomes a rare quality in general, to find. And as we said, he's one of the HuFa now, I want you to think about this that, you know, as the Quran is coming down, obviously some people are memorizing here,

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some people are memorizing there. And over time, people are becoming a fourth. Right? But the Quran has been revealed throughout this period of 23 years. rabada is one of those people who immediately memorizes anything that comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he dedicates that to his memory. And so there were five of five from the from the unsolved five, who are far from the unsolved people who memorize the Quran from the unsolved that were most prominence. So these are the five okay, it's about the tableau Summit. It is more of a bingeable it is a Yuval Ansari, it is a Buddha is a murderer about a be a YouTube

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Buddha, a missing one

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over Ubuntu cab obey vocab. So again, five people who memorize the Quran from the Tsar, and will sort of the authorities of the Quran from the unsought Okay, so I said it was in regards to the summit Mirage bingeable, about a Yuval Ansari, a Buddha and obey Abdul Kalam. So these are the five who Gemma Al Quran that collected the Quran. In the time the prophets lie some from the unsought and sort of were the teachers of all of the Quran teachers amongst them. So that's a story, right? He's a worshiper. He's a warrior in battle. He's a negotiator. He's a leader.

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And when the prophets lie, some passes away, he becomes a judge under a bucket of Cydia called the Allahu taala. And a soldier, a military leader, constantly participates in battle after battle, and establish His cities. They also said that regard or the allowance and annual had a unique way of architecture, he could build things. So many of the famous masjids that were left behind were actually planned by Oba double the Allahu Taala animals. So they used to go back to him when it came to the construction of those massages. Now, as we said, he married on haram. Well, the Allahu anhu, after the Battle of it, right after the Battle of of it. And she praised him for the way that he

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would treat her son.

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That that that was from a previous marriage. So she praised his character, she praised his o'clock, she praised his qualities and his morals. And of course, that's also something the testimony of the wife towards this husband or God or the Allah Tada. And so he has a lot of beautiful traits. But I really, I rushed through the Sierra Park to get to, you know, some of the roles that he plays that after the prophets, like some passes away,

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and you might have noticed that the title of this lecture is a man by 1000 men, a man who was worth 1000 men. And that title was given to him by almondmilk Pablo the Allahu taala. And

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now, you remember, when we spoke about a model the law on an old model the Allahu Anhu is a man who is very difficult to impress.

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He is not easily impressed. If I'm gonna call Bob is impressed by you. That means that you have something exceptional about you. He's not easily impressed by people and so when all about appraises someone, you know, people really took that seriously. And the praise that he gave us, or vada was during his Khilafah there was a request for some reinforcements for some of the battles against the Romans and armor and a hubbub sent or bother and he said, Listen, I'm sending with you a man he gave her about that note, he said, Give this to January said, Look, this is a man be Alfie Raju, this man that's giving you the note are about to the summit. He's worth 1000 man.

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I'm sending him with you. And victory will always come on this man's hand. And that's exactly what happened. Blah, blah, blah, the Allahu Taala animal goes forth. And victory would come on his hand over and over and over again. He comes back from a battle. He sets up shop once again, a judge in the community, a Hakim, someone who's very wise, a teacher of Quran, and was consulting in some of the most pivotal moments in Islam. Then I'm going to topple the Allahu Anhu has sent a letter by the Emir of a sham. So the the

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what's the best word here the general who was in charge of of a sham at the time, greater Syria, and that was more valuable the law and also more Alia sends a letter to Mr. Pablo de la and says, Listen,

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you know, a lot of people have become Muslim in a very short time.

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Now, here's a question that's very important to answer. Did the Muslims used to force people to convert to Islam? Now, it's actually one of the prominent features of these battles is there was no forced conversion. So like the Persian Empire was defeated by the Muslims and Muslims remained a minority there for a very, very long time. No forced conversions. But the, you know, the comparison of Islam,

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to these other systems and empires and manifestations of religion worked with all sorts of things. And of course, the incentive to become Muslim living under Muslim rule all that can, you know, put together, people were becoming Muslim in rapid numbers, right, large groups of people are becoming Muslim.

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And so more Alia says, Look, we're, you know, we're in the midst of the Roman Empire, all these people are converting to Islam. And there aren't many companions here. There aren't many Sahaba here. And the point that he was making is he said these people need teachers. They need people to teach them the Quran. They need people to teach them halal and haram they need people to teach them the religion they need the source the freshman Islam they need the source. And of course the Sahaba didn't want to leave Medina they loved Medina. Okay, generally speaking, you want to set up shop and Medina understandably so. So I'm gonna make up a little the Allahu Anhu response and he says, Okay,

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fine, I'm gonna send you someone who's well versed in the Quran. So he calls for a gathering of five people. Who are these five, the five prominent on SAR who knew the Quran, he calls her Garda, Ebola, you may or may have no cab and Buddha. And he says, Listen, the people of a sham, greater Syria, they're asking for someone to teach them the Quran. They're asking for one of the companions who's especially, you know,

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grounded in the Quran that can teach us the Quran teach them the rulings teach them jurisprudence. And I need some, I need some of you to go do that. So he said to them, I will model the law and who said I need amongst you five, I need you to pick three of you to go. And basically, you know, greater Syria, of course, a sham means Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria in current day, right? When we say a sham, we mean that whole area, you know, so I need to send three of you there. And you can sort of map out amongst yourselves who's going to teach what region but choose amongst yourselves. And if you have to cast lots but just I need three of you to go to a sham, because you have a bunch

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of people embracing Islam there. So they said to model the law on home, they said there is no need for you to you know, to do any sort of selection process. I know saying hedge lottery is too soon right now, I don't want to do that to like hurt people's feelings, right? Like we don't have to do any of that stuff. There's no draw here. We'll figure it out amongst ourselves. They said it's very easy. They said as for ABA, human on Saudi, he's an old man. He's very elderly. It doesn't make sense to send him out to a sham right now in the midst of all of this. So about you bro. The Allahu Anhu can stay in Medina and of course, who was the host of the Prophet slice I'm in Medina, probably

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the person will talk about when we resumed in August in sha Allah to Allah the first Sahabi will cover beautiful man, elderly man and they said you can exclude him. They said as for obey of no cab obey is sick. Obey was very ill at the time he came down with some sort of disease. They didn't even know if he was going to make it. So they said, We don't want to send him there and then he dies on the way. It's not fair to him and it's not going to achieve the purpose. So basically, the other three rabada Morales and aboda They said we will go so amaro the Allahu Taala and who sent the three of them to take a sham to teach the people of a sham roba went to Palestine with his wife on haram.

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Okay, it will be Allahu Ana so robanda and his wife on haram go and they settle and Philistine and Palestine.

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And Allah will do Allahu Anhu is teaching the people in Palestine the people of Palestine are sending to Ramona ricotta glowing reviews, remember our model the Allahu Anhu was a tough

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assessor of leaders amuse so our model the Allahu Anhu would go directly to the people and ask them Are your Amir's treating you Okay, are you being dealt with justly? Are people teaching you right? Is there any confusion? What are they doing? And so they love that oh, God, little the lawn. And so there is a dilemma with herba, which was that he was a man of battle. But he's also a man who teaches, and sometimes those two things, you know, come into, you know, come into play where you have to make one one choice, you have to choose one over the other. So sometimes they come into conflict, do we send them out in battle? Or do we let them keep teaching the people and eventually

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Subhanallah Obaldia Allah and who became sort of a school of heft by himself, he produced all sorts of fall in Palestine, people memorize the Quran and Palestine. And I was thinking about the Subhan Allah, imagine how many people are who fall in Palestine, because of other, like, how many people he taught that then taught people that then taught people how many, you know, places that were established, because essentially, you know, have becomes a culture, right? How many places that were established as places where people learn the Quran and Palestine, that then went on to teach people that then went on to teach people and allow that all the law and who is credited as the first person

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who really created that culture and Philistine where people learn the Quran from him and then taught the Quran afterwards. And of course, when you memorize the Quran, and you have a sonnet, you have a chain, many of the people of Palestine will have a chain that goes back to Avada to the prophets of Allah Hardy, who was salam while the Allahu Tada and so an amazing accomplishment in and of itself.

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But about a little the Allahu Anhu was also a man of strong opinion.

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And he gets into a dispute with the jet with the governor. Okay, who's more Alia. So, Abaddon morale, we get into an argument a dispute about all the Allahu Taala and who says tomorrow are we able to Allah I know after that dispute, he says Listen, la casa Kino Kathy Otto. I'm not going to live in a place with you. I'm done with you. It got intense. People had these types of arguments. They're human beings. He said I'm done with you. I'm going back to Medina.

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So he gets into an argument with while we says you and I, we let's country Alden Whitehead. We can't live in the same place together.

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I'm going back to Medina.

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Amato, the Allahu Anhu suddenly sees a robot the pop up in Medina now again if you know Omar will the Allah I know in the way he didn't like, What didn't I send you over there? What are you doing over here? You know, like that's all modeled the law on who was a man of great justice, but he was also a man of order structure, not

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Not leaving the community vulnerable, what's going to happen? He could have become very severe. But instead he sees him and he says what happened? Why are you here? Why are you back in Medina? You're supposed to be in a some where I sent you. And he told them that Murali and I had an argument and I told them how you and I can't live in the same place. I've got to go you stay here I've got to go. So our model the Allahu Anhu said to him, it'll go back to your place but then listen to what he says it's so beautiful. He says caught bahala who Aragon Lisa V her Anta well I'm third look, may Allah disgrace the land that doesn't have a person like you you are a person like you like what good

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is there in a land so powerful Subhanallah it's hard to translate Allahu Allah and a Sofia until Allah emphatic what good is a place that doesn't have a person like you are those that are like you. And that shows you the way this the Sahaba the Companions understood, the blessing that comes to a place we will do the salah when when righteous people are present, and how a place becomes vulnerable, when they don't have righteous people amongst them. May Allah subhanaw taala make us amongst the righteous Allah Amin righteous people become sources of blessing in the land. righteous people become sources of answered do as answered supplications righteous people are a means of

00:31:22--> 00:32:04

protection on the land. So our model the law on who said, what, what good is there in a place that you are not in? Or someone that is like you, he told him go back. And he said, and I will not appoint any Emir over you. And this is the only person he ever does this for by the way, he said, As for you, no one's in charge of you. You're in charge of yourself. And to me, Ron and an ASIC, you're your own man, you're in charge of yourself. This is not like our model the law on hold right to say, you don't have to respond anybody. You're good. You do your thing. You know, I trust you. But I need you over there. And even sends a letter to mollycoddle the law. I know and says, I'm sending about

00:32:04--> 00:32:37

the back and I heard about your dispute. Listen, who Amido enough. See, he's a mirror of himself, leave him alone. He makes his own decisions. He's not accountable to you. He's accountable to Allah, he's accountable to himself, leave the man alone. I need him there will be Allahu Tada. I know. So he goes back. And the happy ending Is that him and what are we actually when a lot of battles together after this, after this dispute that they had, he plays a major role than in the expansion of Islam. Remember, this is where it's getting heated between the Roman Empire and the Muslims, the Byzantines and the Muslims. So

00:32:38--> 00:32:46

one of the most important expeditions here are one of the most important battles is the battle for Egypt for muscle.

00:32:47--> 00:32:48

Now,

00:32:49--> 00:33:37

we all know that I'm gonna bring us all the Allahu taala. And who is the man who led the overall right battle for Egypt against the Roman Empire. But of his main generals was about to Masamoto, the lava turned on. So rabada is one of the main people that is engaged in this battle with the Roman Empire, the Byzantines at the time for Egypt. And this is where you find one of the most epic conversations in the history of Islam, because it shows you the way that people's hearts and minds were changed through Islam. This was not a military force. This was a spiritual force. This was very different. Their concepts were shifted, things changed. So the Muslims

00:33:38--> 00:33:54

laid siege to the Babylon fortress in the year 641. And the ruler the last Cyprus, the last Cyrus at the time of Egypt, the last Cyrus was a man by the name of Admiral Copus. Now, Elmo countless literally translates to the Caucasian,

00:33:55--> 00:34:15

the Roman ruler of Egypt, okay, and we'll call this the Caucasian Roman ruler of Egypt, alas, Cyrus of Egypt. He's also the patriarch, so he's the head of the church. Simultaneously, the political ruler, the general over Egypt, under the Roman Empire, right. And this is really interesting.

00:34:16--> 00:34:30

Because before a battle takes place, you got the negotiations, right. Diplomacy first. So Animoca focus is in his fortress, he's really holed up. And he comes out to meet the Muslims.

00:34:32--> 00:34:35

When he comes out, he sees a robot or the Allahu Taala and

00:34:37--> 00:34:38

her brother was black.

00:34:40--> 00:34:41

This doesn't make sense to him.

00:34:43--> 00:34:54

So, you know, one narration even says, can you go? Who's actually you know, who's really in charge? Like, go talk to whoever's in charge and tell them I want to talk to him? Because that's their mindset. Right? You know, you can't be a leader.

00:34:55--> 00:34:57

But when he comes forward,

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

and we'll focus makes a ray

00:35:00--> 00:35:38

Sister remark against her brother I mean think about the position or about the has called the law I know amongst the Muslims at this point it's it's primal it's very It's ironic that the first Muslim commander right was was someone who was a little be a little tighter and hope against the Romans or some little the Allah Tala and who was described as also being exceedingly black. So you have an empire that's got all of its Roman Empire stuff. And now you have about an assignment. So brother comes forward. I don't know how Chris says it very Duany dolly can password McCarthy move Ira who you can eliminate take this black man away from me and put someone else forward to talk to me. I'm

00:35:38--> 00:35:48

not even gonna talk to him. I mean, talk about the disrespect, right? Like he didn't even talk to him. He talked to everybody else to the Muslims that were there behind the ABA, who's the leader.

00:35:49--> 00:36:01

And he said, take the take this black man away and go find someone else to talk to me. This is the head of the church. This is the head of the this political power, right? Like think about the difference in moral values here between the two.

00:36:03--> 00:36:45

And regardless of the allowance, I know, he's not moving. And they responded to him. They said they said in the handle of Valona Ruthian. We're in Elma who was a year donor. Well, how you gonna? So this man that you're just degraded? is the best of us. Right? Yeah. And where Elena, this is what they valued his opinion, his knowledge. And he is our leader. And he is the best of us. Not zero Jimmy and Isla Kohli, he we don't say anything except what he says we always return back to him like it's his word that dominates all of our work. So even if we were to speak, we're going to confirm everything with him because this is our leader. So a complete vote of confidence, not like you know,

00:36:46--> 00:37:10

we have to use wisdom here. He doesn't want to talk to our leader because our leaders black, let's go find one of the Sahaba whose wider complexion come talk to him about this and know like, this is not negotiable for us. This is our leader, and you have a problem, not us. And we'll hope this still does not address regarding signal sama directly. He's still talking to them.

00:37:12--> 00:37:53

And he says, what K farolito and Jacobina had the last word of knowledge. How could you allow for yourselves to let this black man be the best of you? How could you let him be the best of you. And he says, in a million biryani, Akona doing a company should be the least of you. You still degrading him right in front of him says this man should be the least of you, we should not be the best of you. And they responded. And they said once again, he is the best of us. He is our leader. He is our he is our commander. And they said well in the last war there will be other end. And so like this is just so beautiful like concepts they said and by the way, black and white to us are the same

00:37:55--> 00:38:28

for teaching him about Islam. Like I know you've been governing for all this time. And this is how you set up hierarchies but to us, black and white are the same. No one is superior except by Taqwa except by their piety. That's how you gain prominence and position amongst us Muslims is to piety. So no. colcrys is like, Who are these people? I don't understand you because this is not. This is not a worldview that I've dealt with like the Persians. Were just as backwards as the Romans. So it's like what are we doing here? So monocoque, this finally after arguing with them.

00:38:29--> 00:39:05

He says to her, rather, rather than just standing there, he says to Abba, he says, come forth, you know, cut them Yes. Well, they still call them a black one, come forth, a black man who says, but speak lowly because you scare me and I don't want you to speak harshly because then you're really going to scare me like so. Keep your voice down. Don't speak harshly towards me. Keep a little bit of a distance but say what you got to say like fine, these people don't want to talk to me how to find your their leader. I'll talk to you and gather all the allotted time. I know. He goes forth and he smiles and he says, Listen, if you're scared of me, my blackness he says in the female her left

00:39:05--> 00:39:10

woman, US hobby Alpha Rosalyn password, there are 1000 Black men behind me.

00:39:11--> 00:39:47

I'm not the only black one here. I want you to know, there are 1000 Black men behind me couldn't have a shot do so on the mini. Well, I've got a mandala. Every one of them is black as me and they'll scare you just as much as I do. These using his silliness. Disadvantage, right? Like fine, you got a problem with us. I'm telling you this army of few 1000 people back here, there are 1000 Black men here. And they're going to scare you too. So you better be afraid. I suggest you back down that and then and we'll focus not amused obviously. And he says to him, What do you want?

00:39:48--> 00:40:00

Like, I'm not even gonna engage you on this stuff. What do you want? And subhanAllah he responds. And he says, You may be afraid of me, but he

00:40:00--> 00:40:43

stead of Allah he, My youth is gone. And I'm old. As you can see your brother's an elderly man at this point, he's in his 60s, he says, but I would not be afraid of 100 of your best soldiers. I don't fear you. I don't fear even 100 of your best men. And if they all wanted to face me at once, I would take all 100 of them at once. And he said in my companions, US hobby. So my companions back there, my army, they all have the same courage that I'm saying to you. And he said, We are not fighting you for worldly gain or for wealth. None of us cares to have a single Dirham, from this world, a single gold coin of this world except to ward off hunger and to clothe ourselves with a

00:40:43--> 00:40:53

single garment. And anything beyond that is extra. And we're contented with what Allah subhanaw taala has given to us. Our pleasure is the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa taala.

00:40:54--> 00:41:03

So like, by the way, you can't bribe us if you're thinking, let me try to bribe you bring you in, give you something that's not going to work either.

00:41:04--> 00:41:07

And subhanAllah animal pocus.

00:41:08--> 00:41:50

He says to the people around them, he says hello, Samaritan Mithila Kalama Have you caught? Have you ever heard people talk like this? Have you heard what he said? He said look at the hip to Mandara we're in Coppola hula or Endymion number he said I was afraid of his look, I was afraid of his appearance. But he says hola who are Endymion manga, manga, the manga manga mandala he that looking that what he has said, is alarmingly much more than his appearance. Because these are people that are different from us. Their values are different from us. Their conviction is different from us. Their courage is different from us. And indeed Subhan Allah are about double the Allah hotel and who

00:41:50--> 00:42:11

led that battle, and led that army to victory, a very swift victory in fact, against animal Calpis the last Cyrus of Egypt in that time, and went on to develop Egypt in very beautiful ways. How many of you are mostly by the way? How many Egyptians we have in here? Okay, raise your hands. I'm gonna ask you a question.

00:42:12--> 00:42:17

A trivia question. I know some of you are Muslim, you're not raising your hand like I'm gonna say something that all right. All right.

00:42:18--> 00:42:20

What is the first capital of Egypt?

00:42:22--> 00:42:24

First capital city of Egypt.

00:42:26--> 00:42:29

I know some of you're not gonna like my answer. You're gonna come argue with me afterwards anyway, because I know how it goes.

00:42:32--> 00:42:33

But only Scandinavia.

00:42:34--> 00:42:37

I'll say is Alexandria. Anyone know what it is?

00:42:39--> 00:43:22

For start? Mashallah. Alright, you when Zach Allaha, the first capital of Egypt is actually full sloth and Roboto the law and who was the first one to develop that city. And he also built the first message it in muscle, which happens to now be known as Masjid Ramana Banaras. So he's actually the one who built the first measure than muscle to the first muscle in Egypt, which is known as measured armor in the US, while the Allah hotel and which is of course a very famous Masjid in Egypt. So rabada or the Allahu Anhu. This is another one of his contributions, right developing centrally much of the city of Egypt. And there are other massages that they say in a sham that are built by or by

00:43:22--> 00:44:04

little the low tide, I don't know. But generally speaking, he was known to be a person who could be an architect for massage and would build the massage in the places that he would go after Egypt comes Cyprus. Last week, we spoke about what happened in Cyprus, when revival of the lava and who was leading the naval expedition, the first naval expedition in Islam, against what was the Roman base in Cyprus, And subhanAllah and Haram are the Allahu taala. And how would his wife would die as soon as they got off of the ship, as was promised by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that she would be amongst that group and she was accepted as a Shahida. Over there in Cyprus.

00:44:06--> 00:44:30

And Aruba actually still led the campaign so there were two campaigns against the Roman base in Cyprus or battle the amount of time and who, despite losing his wife was still entrusted with going forth and leading those two campaigns against the Romans in Cyprus. And then he retired to Palestine he retired to Philistine once again. So Subhanallah as we get to sort of the end of him his life in this regard.

00:44:31--> 00:44:48

He didn't live much longer after his wife passed away, died only two or three years after um, how long will the Allah Tada and he passed away and he did not fight in any expeditions anymore after the Battle of Cyprus, Roberto de la hotel and home states and Philistine and Palestine

00:44:49--> 00:44:58

continues to teach the people the Quran continues to narrate some of the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim. He's a narrator of over 100 of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the narrations

00:45:00--> 00:45:15

And he also starts to smell some of the fitness some of the dissension the trials and tribulations that would lead to the assassination of Earth mammal the law. And this is now in the fleet off of Earth mammal the law of Thailand.

00:45:16--> 00:45:53

And he's one of the first people to recognize what's happening. But he doesn't live to actually see it come to fruition. But remember that you know fitna on the inside, is almost always instigated from the outside. So this undermining of Earth nominal, the Allahu taala, and hold this the slander of Earth, Mama, Delano, these things, he starts to hear some of that in Palestine, he's crushing it. And he's very weary of it. But he's not going to live to actually see the fitna come to reality in his life. But there are narrations of him stopping some of the young men that are starting to pass on some of the stuff about Earth. And I'm like, What are you talking about? What are you talking

00:45:53--> 00:46:21

about? So he starts to hear some of these overzealous youth that are saying very nasty things about this model. The Allah is correcting some of those things very early on. And he's wary of it. And he's telling us not all the law on what he's hearing in Philistine at the time. But then Subhanallah we find his death and I'd never heard this narration. Personally of his death until until this time, around when I was preparing for it. He's in Palestine and he does something very beautiful at the time of his death.

00:46:22--> 00:46:50

He became sick so he would die a natural death or battle the Allahu Taala and who it's narrated. Lemna how Lemna how the rot riguarda Alba, one regard or the law Teller and who came to the time of death, he said to he said to his family, a free Jew fee Rashi Ilsa Yanni de take my body out, take me out, roll me out, basically, in front of my house to the courtyard in my house. And he said,

00:46:51--> 00:47:23

go ahead and call tomorrow, Li mela Leah will help me what Giovanni? I want you to call every single person that I ever interacted with a subject servant, a soldier, a family member, a neighbor? Anybody please call them forward? Lemon? Kenny. Yes. Hello. Hola. Yeah, whoever used to enter upon me whoever I used to interact with, please call them over to the house for Gemma. Hola. So they all came around him and their leaders about to die.

00:47:24--> 00:47:31

And I want you to think about this little the little man who was laying down and he's talking and everyone has gathered around him to hear what he has to say outside of his home.

00:47:33--> 00:47:50

And he says in the Yomi had that aura who are here are young men yet here I am in a dunya what oh, what a Laila 10 minutes after he said this day of mine. I see it to be the last day of my life in this world and the first night of my night in the hereafter.

00:47:52--> 00:48:28

He says this is the last day I'm going to live in this earth. And I think it's the first night that I'm going to live in the hereafter and encountered the stages of the Hereafter. And he says to everyone were in the La de la isla who could fall out a mini Brd LBD, Sani che wa who were lucky enough to allow that to be a de la Sol Sol Jana Tiana farmer Harada decom che on Mon FC il la tasa, mini Flamini cobbler and Yak Raja NFC said, Listen, I might have said something to my hands, or my tongue might have slipped in regards to one of you.

00:48:29--> 00:48:44

In this world, I might have said something hurtful, I might have done something hurtful to one of you. I don't know who it is. But if I have done so, Allah is going to take your your justice, you're right on the day of judgment from me.

00:48:45--> 00:49:06

So whoever has anything to say anyone that I harmed with my tongue or with my hand or did something wrong to please bring it forward to me and take your pay back now before my soul leaves this world? Tala, this is the concern of this man. Despite all that he had done which shows you the piety of these people.

00:49:07--> 00:49:52

And not a single person comes forward. They all instead start to say to him words of praise Bill Quinto, Florida, what Quinton was a developer. You were like a father, you were a mentor, you were you were the best of us. We have nothing to say. And they said about this, you know, continuity, then we'll continue at Debian. When our colony Haldimand su uncut and you never said to anyone, any servants or anyone a bad word like we never heard anything from your mouth. That could be harmful. Think about that. By the way. If you're going to meet Allah Subhana Allah even if you have this pristine biography of accomplishment after accomplishment after accomplishment, the concern that he

00:49:52--> 00:49:58

has is, Have I slipped Did I say something to one of you? Did I hurt you? I want you to tell me

00:49:59--> 00:50:00

and no one

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

has anything to say? Sorry about that all the allow Tara and who

00:50:04--> 00:50:08

he says of afar to Lima CanAm indolic. So you forgive me for everything.

00:50:10--> 00:50:49

All of you forgive me for everything no one has anything to say. They said nothing caught Allah Who machete said Oh ALLAH bear witness and all that little the little Anna would die that day. Oh Allah bear witness that not a single person had one complaint against me. May Allah make that our state as well. Not a single person could claim that I heard them. That's a beautiful thing to aspire to. You might not be able to aspire to some of the other stuff that we're about to accomplish. But can you aspire to that that when I die not a single person could say that you harmed me with your tongue or you harm me with your hand in any way. And there's one more Hadith And subhanAllah the last hadith

00:50:49--> 00:51:29

of Avada is narrated on his deathbed, which is which is powerful in and of itself. Of the over 100 a hadith the last Hadith that would come from him would come on the day of his death. It's narrated by A salaam the hate a sunnah the hate well the love and hope for the students of Hadith. There are three Sunnah the haste there's one companion one maybe companion in one tab very so this is a companion of the Prophet SAW Selim and a companion of Roboto the Allahu Taala and I'm the Ramadhan or sailor a sunnah behave or the Allahu Anhu. He said, This is the last narration of Abba, he said the halter alayhi wa who often melt I entered upon a robot and he was just about to die. Like he was

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

just about to die.

00:51:31--> 00:51:33

Tired Tyler fabricates, so he said, I started to cry.

00:51:35--> 00:51:37

I started to cry. Now.

00:51:39--> 00:51:46

You would think that the one who's in distress is the one who's dying not the one who's visiting the one who's dying right? He said I started to cry.

00:51:47--> 00:52:27

So he said rabada said back to me Madeline Lena Tab key. Why are you crying? Stop crying. Carla for Wallahi letting us to hit to lash her Danyluk well to ensure fair to let us let us FANUC wala in his Totara Tula and Veranda and he said listen, if I'm if I die as a Shaheed, if I'm a martyr, then I will bear witness for you all and then I will intercede for you. And if I can intercede if Allah places me in the position of an intercessor on the Day of Judgment, I'll intercede for you this is a student, this is his companion. And he said, I will try to benefit you in any way meaning, you know, this isn't the end of our relationship. Don't worry. I'll see you on the Day of Judgment. I'll see

00:52:27--> 00:52:51

you on the other side. And if I'm in a good place, then I will be there for you. But then he says to him, and he says well Allah He man in Hadith and Samara, to whom and Rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah confy higher Illa had death to Kumu Illa Hadith Anwar healer. He said someone listened to me saying to us on our behalf, he said

00:52:52--> 00:53:03

every Hadith I learned from the Prophet sly salon that would be of benefit to you I shared with you I shared everything I heard from the Prophet slice on with you. He said that there is one more Hadith I want to share with you.

00:53:04--> 00:53:31

He said was Sofia had difficult Hadith to Kumu Eliana wakad Oh, hey, Toby enough. See, said I'm going to share this with you today. And I'm near my death my soul is about to leave my body. He said, I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say Samaritan Rasulullah Salallahu salam ala Kol and then Shahida and La ilaha illallah wa ana Muhammadan rasul Allah. Hello I'm Allahu Allah Hinata

00:53:32--> 00:54:08

I heard the prophets like some say, Whoever bears witness that there is no God but Allah, that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Allah will forbid the fire from that person. Allah has forbidden the fire from that person. So beautiful hadith is the last Hadith he narrated. He narrated it moments before he died. He's not the only narrator of this hadith by the way. My little the Allahu Anhu also narrated it but way late when he was about to die. Why? Because either Nia Turkey Oh, he didn't want people to become complacent. You might hear the Hadith and be like alright, we're good then. What else do we have to do? We just say Shahada.

00:54:09--> 00:54:38

But he doesn't want you to become complacent. You got to work line Allah Muhammad Rasul. Allah is the key of all goodness, and you got the teeth of the key right? You've got to work but this hadith is so hopeful, so beautiful. So he said I heard the prophets lie. Some say that whoever says the shahada Allah will not punish that person. How did on Allah Allah Hannah and he passed away moments after that a lot the Allahu Taala and who he passed away actually in Palestine and Philistine I don't know if brothers have the picture if you can put it up

00:54:41--> 00:54:49

is it showing or not showing? Showing? This is the grave of Allah little the Allahu Tada and who guess where it's up? Anyone recognize it?

00:54:51--> 00:54:53

Babel Rama next to Mozilla AXA.

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

So the grave about all the lower animals actually next to it's in the cemetery right next to Mr. OXA.

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

The Bible Rama cemetery li Subhanallah, amongst many companions, amongst many taboos in amongst many great men and women, before and after, and of course is also under occupation and has been desecrated before Allah subhanaw taala liberate that land Allah I mean, but it is a beautiful place. I've never been to it. I've never been allowed to go but I know some of the people who do get to go on these trips with Aqua shella Tada. You go to Babel Rama if you go to the cemetery, you find this grave of about a hottie a long time and how many of the Hadith that he narrated live with us today. His legacy lives with us today. And his descendants in Palestine still live, by the way. So they're

00:55:42--> 00:56:22

actually a famous family. Let nusseibeh which is the descendants of robotic massaman so they still live there until this day, so the descendants settled under Nevada. And till today, it's a well known family that has existed there for 1400 years with a powerful legacy of about double the Allahu Taala and who may Allah be pleased with him? And may Allah subhanaw taala join us with him and with the companions of the prophets lie Selim the family of the Prophet Simon with the prophets and the righteous ones and the highest level janitor for the DOS Allahumma Amin desert malachite and inshallah next week we'll talk about Bharat nomadic with a lot of Salah and then we'll break for the

00:56:22--> 00:56:24

hedge inshallah but I'll go ahead and I'll take some questions for now

00:56:27--> 00:56:28

yes

00:56:39--> 00:57:10

they practice it practice the whole Quran during say nose, I mean, my muzzle Allah I was alone. How old were all they when they when they like practice the whole thing? Okay, how old were the the fall most of the fall? Were actually young people. Most of them were young people. And of course, by the time prophesy son passed away there were hundreds of people that memorize the whole Quran. But there were people that were sort of recognized as the main memorizers. But most of them were young people. May Allah make you a half of the Quran? Say, I mean,

00:57:11--> 00:57:12

are you a half of the year?

00:57:13--> 00:57:16

You get in there and Shala. Right. You have the intention.

00:57:17--> 00:57:18

You want to

00:57:19--> 00:57:20

like tomorrow?

00:57:21--> 00:57:22

All right.

00:57:23--> 00:57:24

And he sisters?

00:57:26--> 00:57:26

Yeah.

00:57:29--> 00:57:55

So oh my god. Why was it called the pledge of women. So they called at that time in the Arabic terminology when they said they actually saw because the women were not typically fighting in battle. So if it wasn't a pledge that required a military component than they call it, they are to Nisa. Because it wasn't a military pledge. But if it was, it was a pledge that everyone could take. But if it was a military pledge, then it was understood that the men were going to put their lives on the line for that pledge. So it was Arabic terminology at the time.

00:57:59--> 00:57:59

The questions,

00:58:00--> 00:58:11

your question? No. All right. Questions. So now, question here. So during war negotiations with the Byzantines, and I guess other nations or

00:58:13--> 00:58:18

rivals that had different languages, what was the logistics around on the language barriers?

00:58:21--> 00:58:39

The language barrier? So what were the logistics around the language barrier? It's a good question. It's usually not spelled out. Obviously, translators were common. But especially in those regions, it was common for them to speak some of the same languages.

00:58:40--> 00:58:48

So the assumption that's made in most of these is is direct conversation. But of course, translators would be present at the time as well.

00:58:49--> 00:58:50

Good question, though. Something to look into.

00:58:53--> 00:58:54

Any other questions?

00:58:55--> 00:58:56

Sir?

00:58:59--> 00:59:06

What were the locations of the of the other places of the two office top?

00:59:07--> 00:59:25

What were the other glory the locations that were the other two companions? One? Good question. So they went to hemps and Damascus, hemps famous city in Syria, and Damascus, Damascus, which was a city which was the center and then you had Palestine, Jerusalem in particular. Thank you.

00:59:28--> 00:59:30

Any sisters?

00:59:34--> 00:59:36

No. Brothers last question.

00:59:39--> 00:59:47

Alright, so I'll see you all next week in sha Allah. It'll be the last one we'll talk about about the monocle the Allahu taala. And, second of all, Hayden said, I want to come back and talk