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Social Justice EP12
Channel: Omar Suleiman
Series: Omar Suleiman – Social Justice
File Size: 22.34MB
Hadith 12: Whoever Deceives Is Not One Of Us
Episode Transcript ©
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So who remembers when we spoke about last week?
Cheating with the scales? Okay, the idea of cheating with the scales. So continuing the discussion of social justice, we talked about the idea of cheating and the word was a Thief.
Thief is to cheat in many different ways cheating with the scales. And we said that the proper definition of thief is what? shortchanging, so shortchanging someone in business, or shortchanging someone in an interaction, it's too short change, okay. And we we talked about how to fief can, you know, really spend beyond this idea of cheating with the scales in business, so weighing something in a way that's fraudulent, but also shortchanging someone in an interaction or shortchanging in regards to the rights that someone has upon you, claiming your full rights from them, but not giving their full rights upon you. So we're going to move on to a very similar theme, but it is different.
But it does continue along the same lines of that discussion of what Topsfield is, and there are a lot of stories today, so I'm going to try to fit them all in and a lot of practical manifestations. So this, this narration is from above radar, while the Allahu anhu that the Messenger of God Salalah and he was Salam was walking through the Marketplace. And as he was walking through the Marketplace, Mandala Allah on a subroutine for arm he bawana subrata arm he came across a stable of food. So there was some sort of food corn, barley flour, dates, the things that you just pick out of the container and you buy so think of a fruit market that you go to you pick up the fruits, you check
them, or you put some wheat or some barley into a bag. So the Prophet sly Salaam Mandala, Anna subrata, and he walked across one of those containers. And the narration continues for at Hala Yaga who feed her. So he put his hand inside of it. And as he put his hand inside of it, I want you to imagine that he actually put his hand towards the bottom of it. And when he did that,
for now, that's a Soviet Rahul Bella. His hand became wet. Okay, so he said Maha they are Sahiba clam. He said, What is this owner? Who's selling this food? So what is it that's in here? What am I feeling at the bottom? So basically, he's feeling something rotting. Or he feels something at the bottom of that container. That's not like that, which is at the top of the container. So he said, you have a sort of like he said, O Messenger of God. He said, I saw that two summer that it rains and the food was was struck by the rain. So some of it became wet. So the prophets lie. Some says flr jantar, who folk paramiko aloneness. Why didn't you put the part that was wet on the top so that
people could see the part that was what they could see the part that was rotten. So basically, whatever it was, whether it was dates or barley or flour, he put the better part on top and he sort of hid the flawed part of it, he hid the rotten part of it in the bottom, hoping that when people would come and they take scoops of it, they wouldn't notice that they were taking a mixture of the good part of it and the bad part of it. So the prophets I said, Why didn't you leave the bad part on top qayyarah hana so that people could see what they were getting? And the men didn't respond? So the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, Men hatia, Elisa, Mini, in another narration, men,
the Russia, Felisa Mina, the prophets lie Selim in another narration said members I center for at least a minute, they all mean the same thing, but they do have slightly different implications to them. That simply intensify the meaning. The first one then has been Isa mini whoever deceives is not from me. Whoever deceives is not from me. Okay, meaning what is not from my followers? Does that mean if a person deceives that they leave the fold of Islam, but they stopped being Muslim?
I'm surprised that you guys are not answering this question faster. You guys are some serious tech feedings right? Now they don't stop being Muslim, okay? But they're not living up to the sin of the messengers of the lies and they're not living up to his example. So they're not staying true to what he taught. They're not behaving like the followers of the Prophet. Okay, so men, Russia, Felisa mean me, whoever deceives then he is not from me, the second one whoever disease he is not from us. So it has the same meaning basically, he's not truly from this oma, he's not truly from this nation or from this group of people. Because he's deceiving this group of people. Nonetheless, Shana, whoever
deceives us is not from us. And there's a profound meaning to that.
last statement to whoever deceives us is not from us. How can you claim to be truly part of a people and committed to their well being when you're cheating them at the same time? So how can you claim any sort of allegiance to those people? You know, Lisa, Minnie, he's not from me. He's not living up to my standards. My example lays a minute, you cannot claim to be one of us. If you're cheating us, you cannot claim to have a true allegiance if you're really just cheating us if you're using the position that you've been given to cheat us. This has numerous, numerous, numerous implications. And there are many, many, many different narrations along the same lines. So this Hadeeth is narrated,
and Bahati and Muslim, and many different narrations. Another handy This is a really interesting one, but the idea of cheating and diluting if you guys remember, we talked about the story of the girl that was that was poor in the lifetime of armor that was told to mix the milk with water to dilute the milk with water. Right, because everybody else would do that to make it look like it had more volume. So this is a really interesting idea. And this heavy is authentic. It's an assistant of the Sahih Muslim man, I've met any man banning considered authentic listening to this handy, that's actually a story. The prophets lie. Some said that there was once a man who used to sell wine. So
he's giving you this image, there was a man who used to sell wine. And when he would sell the wine, he would mix water into it to make it seem like it was more so he would dilute the percentage of the actual wine the actual hummock. And
he went on a ship with these people so he was someone that used to operate on a ship. He basically used to go out with the people he used to make wine for them and sell them the wine during the day and or during the night and depends when they used to like to drink but he used to sell them wine during the day and during the night. And the prophets lie Selim said that a monkey took his money. Can you imagine a kettle he actually used he actually said a monkey took the man's money at night. And he went on top of the deck and he started to throw the Durham's he started to throw his coins. And he said one coin in the ship the other coin in the sea. So the monkey was being used by Allah.
Basically, to purify this man's wealth, the monkey threw one into the ship, one into the ocean, one into the ship one into the ocean, one into the ocean, one into the ship one into the ocean, until he cut his money into half.
So hamdulillah it's actually an authentic hadith. It's very interesting. So even though the man was diluting wine, he was still cheating people. Meaning if people are going to buy alcohol, which they shouldn't be buying in the first place, even then there shouldn't be lush, even then there shouldn't be cheating. That doesn't mean you can sell alcohol if you sell that pure. Alright, there is a lesson a broader meaning in that, right? That means that don't dilute your products right. And it's very common, obviously with colognes with perfumes to dilute and to disguise products. Okay. So, there are many different manifestations and there are many stories. So I'll give you another one.
This is narrated by
a Baba Ronnie, that Jerry Robin Abdullah or the Allahu taala and that he freed a slave. And then he told that slave he asked that freed slave to go and buy a horse for him. So he went and he found this horse and he found the one who was selling the horse, and he bargained on behalf of God. So now he's not he's not asleep, he was freed he's, he was asked to do a favor and he did a favor.
He went and he bargained on behalf of jury with the guy that was selling the horse. And they agreed on a price of 300 Debenhams. So he brought the owner of the horse to jetty and Jerry looked at the horse and said, your horse is worth more than 300 denims. Would you sell it to me for 400?
Can you imagine this is the opposite of bargaining. Your horse is worth more than 300 denims. Can you sell it to me for 400? So the man said yes. Yeah. But Abdullah said to him, yes, of course. I mean, this is good for him, that he looked at the horse and he kept and as he examined, they said, Actually, this is worth more than 400 dead humps. He said, would you sell it to me for 500 dead humps? So the head the narration says God kept on increasing gets, every time he looked at it. And every time he examined it, he recognized that the product that the horse in this case was worth more than what it was being sold for. So he kept on increasing until he reached 800,000 homes and he
said, Listen, can I give you 800,000 homes for this horse? And the man said, of course, and the man was shocked. So Jerry about the Aloha tide and who said that baotou nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I, I gave my allegiance to the prophets lie some that I would be sincere to all of my brothers. So this was out of sincerity to this man, that he didn't recognize the price of that which he was selling to me. Maybe he wasn't experienced with it. And he said, I felt like I'd be cheating.
feeding him. Now, did you really have to do that? Technically? No, it would have been a completely halaal transaction if Jared would have bought the horse for 300. In fact, if he bargained them down to 250, or 200, but this shows you the piety of the companions of the messenger, right that he felt compelled to not cheat that man, and give him less than what it was worth. Okay.
And there are numerous stories, perhaps more than anyone else in history. Before I get to all of the practical lessons that we can take from this Howdy. Probably more than anyone in history, Imam Abu hanifa Rahim, Allah Tod. umount, mobile hanifa, who was not only the founder of the first of the four schools that we have today, of law, but he was also a wealthy merchant. And he was an amazing merchant, and he continued to be a merchant and sell clothes even after he became a scholar. And in fact, he used to buy his students clothes. And, you know, he, you know, he wanted to make sure that all the students look dignified. So they buy them all clothes, and he had that wealth. He had that
money. So he maintained his business, even after he became a scholar. So why don't you know the description remember, hanifa Rahim, Allah to Allah is that he was the most honest merchant in the marketplace, which is very interesting, because usually, honesty in the marketplace is not a good thing. That means you're going to lose a lot of money if you try to be honest, and everybody else is dishonest. And the thinking is that you're going to lose all of your money, you're going to lose everything. Right? Especially if you're talking about a soup in the traditional sense, okay, he's not going to be corrupt. He's gonna make sure he's fair. He's probably gonna lose a lot of money.
But what ended up happening was that because of a honey flow, so honest, everyone wanted to do business with him. And no one wanted to do business with anyone else. So he basically ran people out of business by being super honest. Okay. And there are numerous stories about him.
That remember honey for Rahim, Allah one says he was buying, he was purchasing
or someone came to him, I'm sorry to buy from him a garment. And, and as that that woman, I'm sorry, this is a different story. I'm mixing up two stories about hanifa wanting to buy a garments from a woman in a marketplace.
And he asked her, how much is it worth? She said, 100. He said, No one's worth more than 100. So she said, Okay, then 200? He said, No, I think it's worth more than 200. So he said 300 400 until it reached 500. Okay, because Abu hanifa also didn't want to cheat the woman. So sort of the same moral of, or the same ethic that we see in the story of God. We see in the story of member hanifa Rahim Allah, but the most famous story about him in regards to deception, particularly in the business sense in the economic sense. When Abu hanifa became a scholar, he got a business partner, and the name of the business partner was half even Abdullah has been under that man. So basically a walk and
he said, Listen, I'm going to focus on learning and teaching. You handle the business. And then you know, he basically became a silent investor. He was a partner, he invested, he continued to maintain the products, but Abu hanifa no longer could really maintain a presence in the marketplace. So you'd see him in the morning, you'd see him in the evening. And
Abu hanifa noticed in one of the clothes that he had, that there was a defect in the cloth. So he told half he said, Listen, if anyone comes to buy this cloth, make sure you show them the defect, meaning it's not that apparent, it's not that obvious. So make sure you show them the defect in the cloth in the garment before you sell it to them. So house forgot, when a customer came, sold the garment. Abu hanifa came back and he didn't see the garment. So he said, Well, what happened? Did you sell it? And he said, Yeah, he said, Did you tell the customer about the defect in the cloth? He said no, I forgot about hanifa said, How much did you sell it for? He said about 500. Durham's, so
hanifa, gave the entire day's profits in charity. And then he fired house. So he broke his partnership with house.
So this was and then and then he told his son how not to go in or he you know, he told the son to go and find that if you can find that customer so that we can inform them about the garment that was sold to them and was the defect.
And, you know, this was another honest one another story and there are many stories about Abu hanifa as a merchant, but one time he someone came into his store and saw a shirt on the rack basically, and asked for the shirt to be brought to him. So his son when he when he got the shirt off the rack, he went some Lola he was alone.
So he's based you know, like, if you can think of an employer if you can think of us a businessman, as they're selling their product, and they start praising the product in front of the customer. What are they doing
Making I mean, they're basically raising its price. All right, like, Oh, this, this shirt is one of our best. I always found that funny. Like when you go to a store and you know you show interest in something and the salesman is like this is such a and then as soon as you show a lack of interest, yeah, this one's not. So it's kind of old fashioned, not a style, but this one, and moves you over to the next one.
So Hamad, he said, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which is good to say, Salawat to send peace and blessings on the messenger sly salam, but he said it in a way that he was showing his appreciation for that garment.
So Abu hanifa Rahim Allah said Allah, his salatu salam ala carte muda. to who he said Lockard medacta, who he said, Indeed upon him his peace and blessings, but you've praised the garment. They are actually wrong. I'm not selling this garment.
Okay, because of the way that you praised it. I'm not going to take advantage of the customer now, because you made them think that it was something it's not. Okay. You raised its price by the way that you acted. Again. Helen haraam. This isn't about Hello haraam. This was principal that about honey for Rahim Allah held themselves to an extremely high standard. All of that is for inspiration. At a very practical level, what's considered injustice, what's considered wrong, an amount of enhancer Rahim Allah said it's to sell something deception in a sale is to sell something and to hide a defect that if the person knew of that defect, they would not want to buy it for the price
that they bought it for. I'm gonna say that again, if it has an offset, it's to sell a product and to hide a defect, that if the customer was aware of that defect, they would not want to pay the same amount that they paid for it, then it becomes worse. They actually that becomes a form of deception, and deception. Now, as we understand it, outside of the economic world, it spans many, many different spheres, just as we talked about last week to shortchange the profit slice. And I mentioned that every trader on the Day of Judgment would be holding a banner that said the word trader and it would and it would say on that banner that this is the betrayer or this is the one who
betrayed so and so. Okay, this is the one who betrayed so and so IANA. Okay. Liana is a form of deception. you deceive the person and you betrayed them. So this is the person who betrayed so and so. The prophets lie Selim mentioned in another Hadith and Bahati. He said, there are three he said that Allah has said there are three who I will oppose on the Day of Judgment, a man who gives his word and betrays that word, a man who, a man who
captures a free man and sells them into slavery, and consumes the money of that. And a man who hires someone benefits from his labor, but does not pay him his wages. So there are three people that he said Allah would oppose on the Day of Judgment, God will oppose on the Day of Judgment, a man who gives his word and betrays his word, there's deception in that a man who captures a free man sells them into slavery and then keeps the money for himself. Okay, not that capturing a man and selling him into slavery would be okay, even if you gave the money in the charity, just the element, the intensity of that deception, right? And then third, someone who hires a man benefits from his labor,
and then does not pay his wages. Okay, so all of that comes under the chapter of deception. What's the worst type of deception that can exist in Islam?
The worst type of deception had been Hydra Rahim Allah mentions as the absolute worst type of deception is deception done with religion,
deception done with religion, that can be at a very minor and you know, in a very basic sense, so when you're selling a product, and you say, well, law II, it is this and this, I swear by God, it's this and this, and it turns out to not be that, or, you know, you, you appear there. And believe it or not, this is actually a thing till now in some places, right. And you know, now most of most of the buying and selling takes place behind the computer, people don't even buy their groceries in person anymore. We're becoming very robotic, and everyone just orders everything. And so it's becoming increasingly less likely to show this but I'll show you how we can apply this classical
rule in a modern sense. So you know, one of the things that you find that he's not going to be rahimullah writing about really interesting he wrote about people that would appear religious in the marketplace, so people would want to do business with them.
Right so it's not it's not even like he's saying anything or she's saying anything, but that person just appears really, really religious. So it's like Mashallah, he just looks so trustworthy, or she just looks so you know, I really want to do business with that person because it just looks so trustworthy in
Religious and pious, right? And then quickly mesh that law becomes a stuff that a lot and a whole nother level it's a level and what did I do with myself? And who is this person right? So people that cheat like that. So what's the modern sense of that what like a false appearance of the person, not the product. A modern sense, for example, would be a seller on Amazon, boosting up their ratings or putting in fake reviews. That's a false appearance of the seller to them. So there are modern applications to this too, right? False appearance of the seller, not just the product, in order to make the product more desirable, also falls under a little bush falls under the concept of
deception. And then, outside of the basic sense with religion. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned this hadith from a writer and a Timothy, about the Allahu taala. And he said it is salatu salam.
Ye froofy aphorism, and that towards the end of time, you would see a person come out region.
region yft Luna dunya Dean, lb Sunil Ignasi ju Ruth and he said sallallahu wasallam and it's a long Hadith so I'm just I was thinking about whether read the whole thing, but I'll just read it here. You have the Luna dounia Dean, the translation of this would literally mean a person who swindles with the religion
or who who cheats people using the religion or means of dunya for means of World of the world for materialistic means, and another Hadith the Prophet sly sometimes said young Timmy Suna dunia be Amelie era that people would seek the material world with deeds that are meant to seek the hereafter. So swindling people or cheating people in the name of religion. Okay, so the worst type of deception is deception done in the name of religion. All right, then there's this. So there's this book that's actually called English, which means deception by Zaha shahidi and Zaha Hadid goes through all of these different manifestations. So just go through some of them and think about some
some applications that would work more in our society. So he says, if you think about cheating, and buying and selling, what that would look like, so he said, How could How does louche manifest itself or this manifests itself in buying and selling. He said, for example, imagine a fruit seller or someone putting a lot of paper under the product to make it to make the basket looked like there is more volume in it than it actually is. or putting the most attractive of the product on the top and hiding the facet part of it hiding the rotten part of it. In the bottom. He said, You know, he said imagine a person taking food oil. So this is actually one of the examples he gives taking food oil
and mixing it with perfume, and then putting it in glass bottles. And then selling it like it's perfume. So people mixing water or mixing some other substance. He said think of a trader that wraps their product with either a very light wrap or a very heavy wrapper thick wrapped so that it weighs a certain way, or set it so that it looks a certain way. Have you guys ever gone to buy food and the sandwich looked like it was this big, and then you unwrapped all the foil and it was like this skinny. So that could be a form of a wish to Alright, but the point is, is that the false appearance of the way that the rapper is, okay, so think about the way that that that products are, are wrapped
or think about a product that's from one country, but then the tag is replaced with another country, another country's tag on it to make it look more attractive. I'm pretty sure Donald Trump does that, like with all of his products, alright.
But we think about that replacing the tag or replacing the wrapper, replacing the packaging to make it look like something it's not. He said, Imagine a trader, someone that sells clothes and something happens to the cloth, and then they sew it up in a way without telling the person they're selling to that, that there was something that happened here and they had to sew it up and they were able to disguise that flaw. or
things that a person might wear a garment, they might buy something and wear it until it loses its value.
And then they would make it appear like it's new and they would tell a person they're selling it to that it's a new garment.
He mentioned the different colorings that could be put in some products he mentioned he even says what she says think about a person who has a store and they leave the lights at a certain radiance so that the products look a certain way and then once they get out of the store, they don't look that way right. Or Goldsmith's that makes gold with copper or someone that buys something secondhand so a refurb but sells it as if it's never been refurbished that's worse. Okay and says that it's new, like that's listing your product online, right? Goes everything should we should have a whole fifth of Amazon. I'm serious, like I was actually thinking about as I was preparing
How's it used to be like a hole of Amazon? Okay, what's the flip of online e trade buying and selling because there's so much of this stuff that's that modernly manifests itself in a different way. Or he said, think about a person who sells their car and then adjust the odometer. That's like a very common practice, right? Especially when you're buying from the Mashallah sellers. Okay. And instead of 100,000 miles, you bring it down to 80,000, you sell it as if it's 80,000, you put you put a different type of mileage, or you try to disguise that it's a salvage vehicle, clean title, all this type of stuff, and buying and selling cars that takes place, disguising these types of
things, or disguising an accidents, right. So painting it in a way that no one would be able to tell that it was hits. He says, think about a person.
He has a bunch of them. He says, think about a person that sells a product and says what law he is this. I swear by a lot. It's not knowing that he's lying about that product, he says, or think about a person. And this is really interesting, superficial bidding on a product. The prophets lie Selim actually forbid, it's called in Saudi I remember when I studied this in fiscal finance, I was like, This is so amazing. It's like the prophets like some solid coming. It's called a niche. noon, Jean sheen. I was like, What is the nudge is to actually induce a superficial bidding war on a product. So there's artificial inflation on the price. All right. So you know, let's the way that a nudge was
practiced, you guys are terrified. Good. All right, this is exactly what I want. So that you think about these things as you go into buying and selling. But think about it outside of the realm of buying and selling as well think about nudge in the traditional sense, what it meant was, I'm in my store, and I'm selling something and then I know that this customer is coming in. So I've got my friend who's in there. And my friend comes in and my friend starts acting like he's interested in the same product. So when I start bargaining, and I bet you they still do this in the stores around the huddle. I just I Well, I don't bet you literally right. But figuratively, all right. Think about
this, right? So someone else starts arguing for the same product. So it's like, No, I'll pay this much for it. And then you pay for it. But think about how this happens in the online world superficial or artificial inflation by portraying an interest in the product that's not actually there. So he talks about a nudge. And he talks about some how this is in some countries. And this was also an early practice, when you would sell an animal and you wanted to show that the animal had more meat on it, you'd actually put in don't do this, if you sell animals, please already, there's enough cruelty towards animals. But you know, make them eat salt, or taste salt, so that they become
very thirsty, and they drink a lot of water, and they would appear to be bloated. Or they would appear to have more meat on them than they actually do, and then sell it at a higher price. All of these practices like we've been very creative as humankind, cheating people, and deceiving people and putting on false appearances, whether it's with animals or with cars, or with clothes, right, and whether it's online or it's on site in the traditional sense, okay, we've we're very good at deception. And then it sort of helps you understand why the prophets lie, some of them forbade, you know, so many things that were false appearance, even as people, the false appearance of people, so
doing things to our bodies, or doing things to before we talk about plastic surgery, doing things to our bodies, doing things to ourselves that would give a false impression or a false appearance about who we really are. Often sadly, some forbade all of that because deception is a habit.
The person learns deception, then they will deceive in newer and more unique ways. All right, so you've learned to cheat in one way, then you'll say this works pretty well. It's convenient. It's a fast track, it's to earn something that's not really yours, you'll start to cheat in other realms of your life. So for example, cheating in affairs of marriage and regards in regards to marriage, deceiving the person that you want to marry or deceiving a potential spouse or deceiving your actual spouse. Okay, how can you deceive so the prophets lie some forbade, for example, concealing a sickness or concealing something that might affect a suitor might affect someone that you're going
to marry outside of the realm of spirituality?
Meaning what, I'm going to be very specific here, if I did things in my past that were forbidden, and I don't want people to know about them, and I repented to a loss of Hannah Montana and I've changed my life. I'm not obliged but I'm going to marry someone to tell them about every relationship I've had in the past and everything I've done in the past. Okay. However, if I had an illness or if I had something
Some something that I know would sway this person in the other way. For example, deception in hiding, doing that's
one of the things that people used to do, and they still do actually is hiding depths hiding financial troubles hiding, hiding some sort of physical, you know, issue, something that could sway the spouse or sway this potential spouse in the other direction and they come to find out about it. It's like, hey, you're stuck.
That's deception. It's a form of wish that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
forbade, okay? So, disguising things, disguising things, for the sake of trying to sway that person. And then once you get the commitment, it's done. All right, or it's very difficult than to back out. That's a form of English. Okay, so the prophets lie some talking about the importance of disclosing everything that you possibly can before a marriage. All right, that would that could potentially, you know, lead to bitterness or resentment later on, unless it's a spiritual or it's something that you stumbled with. In the past that doesn't have any present implications because Toba repentance does away with everything before. So I'm not obliged there to talk about those things. Before I get
married. One of the things that scholars talked about in English, they said that if the really if the guardian and marriage did not do the proper homework on the suitor for for their child, that's a fish to their child, it's a form of this to their child, you should have done your homework and actually studied that person and seeing their religious commitment seen, you know, ask the right questions, and done your part. It's this if a person praises someone for business or for marriage, and they hide things about them that they know could lead to major problems example, we talked about domestic violence.
If someone is in a violent, abusive marriage, they get out of that marriage. And then someone else comes and asks and says, Hey, what do you think I know you're well, actually, I don't know many people that would speak positively about that. But you know, of someone else that did that, you know, of someone else that abused their wife. And it was not public information. But you know about it for whatever reason. And someone comes to you and says, Hey, what do you think about this person? And you don't say anything, you're deceiving that person. That's why the profit slice and then when a person came to him when a woman came to him and said, What do you think about these two men for
marriage? The profits license said, we'll ask for more. Are we not more than me? Sophie on another one? Oh, yeah. He carries a stick on his shoulder. And the other one is cheap. So the problem is, like someone was dissuading them, he was dissuading her from these two suitors, because he said, Look, I'm not gonna lie to you. Think about the hypocrisy here. If this person was coming from my actual sister from my daughter, or someone that's actually related to me, I'm no way. But hey, you know what, it's just this person, I can afford to cover this. I can afford to disguise this or a fraud in business. So the scholars mentioned it's, it's deception if a person praises someone who's
fraudulent without exposing their fraud, okay, why because you're allowing other people to be consumed by their fraud. So fraudulent business, in all of its different manifestations, another form of English that the scholars talked about, they said, to praise someone to praise someone in a way that's not befitting to them as a means of putting them forth for a job or for a marriage or whatever it may be. You know, it's funny, but out of the allotted time, cubanelle had a brother and his brother and from the from the unsought, meaning his brother from Medina wasn't really his blood brother, but they were paired off. And this brother went to marry a family, you know, marry into a
family, and, and they didn't want to marry their daughter to him. So he said, I'm beloved brother, they said, Really? He said, Can you prove it? He said, Yeah, I'll go get him. So he went to battle the law. And when he said, stability, so listen, I'm gonna need you to come and talk to this family for me, because they I told him, I'm your brother.
And they're reconsidering me for marriage. But I said, Okay, fine, but if I come, I'm gonna tell you that I'm going to tell them the truth about you. I'm not gonna, I'm not gonna lie about you. I'm going to tell them what your shortcomings are. Because at the end of the day, this is a sacred bond that's about to be formed. They should know. Okay, so don't expect me to lie about you. Okay, so when he said, that's fine anyway, and but out of the allotted time, he went, and he said that we were slaves. So a lot freed us. Because bilad was from Ethiopia. He was a freed slave is from inhibition, as was his brother. He said, we were a people who were slaves and God freed us. We were
people who were humiliated, and God honored us and dignified us. He said, This here is my brother. And he basically said, Look, he's not that religious. He's basic. He's not that religious. And I can't say many things about him.
But if you want to marry him, then marry him knowing who he is and accepting him for who he is. And if you don't, then we'll walk away. And they said, No, no, he's your brother will take. So they may it's funny. So he married anyway, just by being present there, which showed you the position that without all the alone time he had, in society, lying about or deceiving a person lists within a marriage within a contract deceiving people about extramarital relationships, or the quote unquote second or third or fourth, or fifth or sixth or seventh wives, that all get called second wives that people are not aware of and don't know of hiding people from the public. All of these things, the
profit slice I mentioned that the marriage should be publicized. Why should the marriage be publicized so that everyone knows the hair coke of this person and the rights of these people can be guarded? So the hidden secrecy of extra marital affairs or even halaal nikka? Right, because the idea is that there's this there's an element of lishan Vol. So the prophets lie. Some said publicize it, right? That there have to be there have to be witnesses to this so that the rights of the people involved can be guarded and protected. Otherwise it's push deception, deception to the spouse deception to the other person deception to the public deception. I mean, there's so many different
elements of deception, cheating in naziha, in giving advice, or giving a fatwa, this is really interesting. So the prophets lie Selim said
that if anyone gives a legal decision, a legal opinion meaning a fatwa, in ignorance, the sin is upon him, then he bears the sin of it. So you give advice to someone because you don't want to say I don't know. When they asked you whether this is how I should do this or not, permissible, prohibited and you tell them something that's not true. And you do it in ignorance, you just you give a misguided fatwa. So the prophets lie Selim said the sin is upon him whether he did it right, whether he was right or wrong, you shouldn't be speaking in ignorance about the matters of the religion, you have to be careful with that. And so the man and Maddie who
narrates on this Hadith, if anyone advises his brother, knowing that guidance is truly in another direction, okay, meaning you purposely intentionally give wrong advice to your brother or to your sister, because of Russia, then verily he has deceived him, then that is a form of deception, they wish to give advice, the wrong advice intentionally to a person
to misguide them. All right, I'll tell you guys a story. And those of you that took behind the scenes, you heard the story it's actually it's it's it's funny, but then it's not so funny. maimunah Moran, he said that I saw a woman and I wanted to marry her. So I, I commented about that to a friend of mine. And he said, She's no good. She's, you know, I saw her kissing men before. So you shouldn't marry her because she's kissed demand. And you don't want to be you don't want to be involved with a woman like that. So mamoon says that I came the next day or a little bit later, and I saw that he was married to her. So I was like, What happened? He said, You know, I thought you
told me that you saw her kissing man. He said, Yeah, I saw her kiss her dad.
So he told the truth,
misguided him, so that he could win the girl's hand in marriage. So cheating with advice. That's a really mean one. All right. Teaching advice or misguiding a person or telling them something in your business field or in your trade that would misguide them so that they could fall and you could do better. Someone asks you for sincere and I'll see how for sincere advice and advice has to be sincere and you you tell them to do something that you know is detrimental to them because you don't want them to interfere with your own success. I've seen this in data
in in activism, someone asks you advice or someone else and they give them the wrong advice. Or they try to direct them in another direction because they don't want them to occupy their market share. They don't want them to come into their space. So let me tell you know, you'd be much better over here or you should do this and stuff or do that and stuff. It's not sincere advice. That's not who we are. As people we give the best and most loving advice to people that we possibly can. The Prophet slicin mentioned an authority, cheating their subjects or deceiving their subjects. So he said it his Salatu was Salam.
Mammon Weiland, YALI Arya 10 million Muslim in that there is no a ruler or authority that's giving given authority over the Muslims or over the people. They are moods were who are harsh and long, and he dies while he is deceiving those people so he's cheating those people in the heart of Roman law and he hid agenda except that God will prohibit paradise for him, forbid that person from entering paradise. So the rules
Or the authority that cheats their subjects or teach those that are in their care.
You know, and, again, expand this to to people that you have authority over, outside of the governing sense, all right, and you cheat those that you might have authority over, or you deceive them with something that you have, or that you don't have a bush in our exams or our tests. And I know that that's very hard, as I mentioned, but it's lush as well, in an exam, or when you are when you cheat on your tests, or you cheat on an application or you deceive, it's one thing, and this is actually something that they're not talking about. perceiving. So this is before the days of a CV or resume. Can I exaggerate about my virtues? When I apply for a position?
What do you guys think?
If the exaggeration is within acceptable balance, it can be permissible Meaning what? I'm a strong leader. Not I'm not talking about applying for a religious post or debt, I'm talking about just applying for a job and I have strong character building skills I have, I believe I have this if you really do believe that you have those skills, and you kind of put a little bit of, you know, sprinkle a little bit on top of it. As long as you're not lying or cheating with that description of yourself, then it's not impermissible, it becomes impermissible when it departs from the truth. And you might ask yourself, Well, how do we know it's a gray area? Exactly the gray area is governed by
tequila. It's governed by piety. So I should know that you know, when when use of it is Salam presented himself for the post of a minister in the government of Aziz in Egypt, the Pharaoh of his time, he said, A john Liana Hassan, and any half even Arlene, he praised some of his skill sets that he's had. He's a strong, capable leader, and he's knowledgeable about this particular craft and about this particular area, he didn't exaggerate or go too far, but he did what was acceptable. And this is where it goes back to bid matter of so if you're lying about a degree that you have to get a position or you're lying about some qualification that's not really there. Or you're lying about a
quality that you like, you know that you're not a patient person, you know that you're a person that's always losing their temper that always screams that always is angry, and you put, I'm a very patient and calm manner, because you think that that's what the employer is going to want to hear that can become deception. So don't outright lie about a character, a characteristic or quality, and especially don't lie about a qualification that you don't have. But instead, you present yourself in the most pleasant way, in a way that's acceptable to that norm, that's fine. It's okay to do that. It's not impermissible. You don't have to, you know, send in like, self defeating applications to
jobs out of taqwa. And say that I'm a horrible person, and I'm working on myself, and I'm trying to pray for them and lead. And it's like you're applying for a position at Target? Why are you talking about the MLM, right? All the you know, it's it's within acceptable bounds, don't lie or deceive the employer or that which you're applying for.
When you apply, finally, you know, what the scholar has mentioned here, and I think that this is very important is that the problem with deception is threefold. Number one, you're not paying attention to the one who watches you. So you're not you think that by deceiving the people, you've deceived the line away that you've gotten away with it. So it represents a lack of piety, a lack of God consciousness and awareness inside of you. As long as I can cheat that other party without ever being held accountable in this world, then I'm fine, I'm not gonna have any trouble losing sleep at night. And some people get away with it for their entire lives. Right? Or they seemingly get away
with it for their entire lives. 10 1520 years passed by and they've gotten away with it, okay, and they sleep fine, because they did not perceive or they did not take into consideration the sight of Allah upon them, that allows watching them to, right so it represents a significant, a significant weakness and faith and understanding that you're being watched not just by the people, but you're being watched by a lot as well. The second thing is the cheating to the person. So you're harming a person, whether you're selling them a defective product, or you're selling them yourself in a defective manner, a false appearance, but you're you're deceiving that person that you're selling to
or that you're dealing with by deception. The third thing is that you suffocate honesty.
You suffocate honesty, it becomes too impossible because not everyone's going to have the business of Abu hanifa or the Baraka and the blessings of Abu hanifa or God or some of these other glorious examples that we read about. You suffocate, honest competition. You suffocate, honestly
tradesmen in that trade, you suffocate people that try to try to do things in an honest way outside of the capacity of trade, you make it too difficult for people to be honest. So you create a culture of cheating. And that goes back to two heads ago. Okay? where it becomes the standard of the people and everybody cheats and says, well, they all cheat too. And you've got a cheat to get by. Okay, so you make it acceptable culture for the people to cheat, you give them an excuse to cheat because, hey, everybody else does it. And you can't get by in this unless you cheat, whether it's in the affairs of marriage, or it's in the affairs of business, or it's in the affairs of traders, whatever
it may be. You make it too hard for the honest competition. So those are the three problems with it. So again, men of Russia, Elisa, Mina, whoever cheats or deceives is not from amongst us. And by the way, notice that there the narration there is many of us Shana, whoever cheats us but the prophets lie. Some said whoever deceives meaning what it doesn't say whoever deceives the Muslims is not from us. You can't deceive people that aren't Muslim. And say that's okay. But then, you know, I'm not going to deceive other Muslims. Okay, men lash, whoever cheats deceives is not from amongst us, may Allah protect us from portraying of ourselves that which is not true, or cheating in our capacities,
or deceiving with appearances, or shortchanging anyone and creating a culture thereby of injustice, and May Allah protect us from that, and forgive us for our inevitable shortcomings, and guide us to best practices in our individual and community lives alone? I mean, I know I have a lot of questions. So questions.
Yes. Oh, it's only one questions.
So that is still deception, even if it's not monetary, if it's not financial, it's still deception, false portrayal for the sake of some sort of gain because gain is not always monetary.
Okay. And, you know, look, in this day and age, it's so easy to falsify, because people don't verify. It's so easy to falsify anything because people don't do verification of anything.
And sometimes people are not capable of verifying certain things. Right, so it goes far beyond just mine.