Channel: Omar Suleiman
The busy Muslim’s guide to navigating the rules of fasting in Ramadan.
May 8, 2016
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I want to call
you, man, you're watching me.
And now a man who literally needs no introduction, Nicole Marcella
to lie here, but I got to
keep the mic here. Okay. spinomenal Haman hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen whatever we want to learn a lot, I mean, without Atiba too much caffeine last Sunday was Southern Nevada carob, Dakota, silica, Mohammed and some lohani who
are only here to sell them to semen cathedra. So in this very short session, obviously, covering the fifth of Ramadan covering the fifth of fasting and the entire jurisprudence is very difficult. So I just want to remind everyone a couple of years ago, I believe it was two years ago, I taught an entire day of the foot of fasting here in ici and that entire course is on film flicks comm ILM fly x.com it's free of charge to access inshallah
It's pretty in depth, the first hour and a half on moon citing everyone's favorite topic, which you will inevitably be faced with. And we go into the nullifiers of fasting, the wisdoms and behind all of the different 50 reasons and things of that sort. And it's about a six hour class so if you want a thorough explanation of everything that you will need to know for Ramadan, please do make, make your way over there inshallah Tada, and it's free again to access it. And you can go through the detailed, detailed injunctions and the wisdoms behind them. Now, what I want to do in this next 30 minutes, is give you sort of a navigation system to navigate the physical phenomenon. Because the
fact of the matter is that most people will not find time to go and listen to a six hour lecture, or take notes. And most of us are issue oriented, we'll wait till an issue arises while we're fasting, and then we'll go and we'll try to find the answer to it. That's human instinct, and it's okay. So it's important for you to know the basics inshallah tada at least so that you know how to navigate and recognize that the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were of different levels, there were some Sahaba I mean, especially while Islam was still a work in progress in the sense that it was still developing, while the companions were around, and the rulings were becoming
more detailed and more technical and more defined and unrefined, and so on, so forth. So it was evolving, while the companions were around, which makes it far more complicated, nothing will change about the thick of fasting today, and, you know, to next year from two years ago, for us, it's a constant so that's the that's how blessed we are that hamdulillah we learn the physical fasting and the physical of Ramadan, at least the basics one time and shout lots out and then we don't have to worry about a changing ruling or a no a new ruling, or any sort of evolution within any of those rulings, but with the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, I mean many of them lived far
away from the messenger sallallahu wasallam. And they were issue oriented as well meaning they waited for an issue to arise and then they went and they found the answer, but at the same time, it's important to have a basic working knowledge so that when an issue is posed to you, sometimes you're able to work it out yourself and that's inshallah what I'm going to venture to to actually provide for you guys today in Salah are three or four, maybe five points and shall let's add a word literally you can tackle 90 to 95% of the physical Ramadan and fasting you know, of course you still have to go to a chef or to item to confirm that ruling but it'll help you understand it inshallah.
Tada, it'll put some reasoning to everything that's in progress there. One thing also to lay as a ground rule out of that Allahu the oma TL hotpot when the siano mistook Rouhani the Prophet sallallahu it was sent him says Allah has forgiven my Ummah for three things. So this is rule number one and fasting. And rule number one in all 50 rulings in hajj as well, by the way, a lot has forgiven my own mother for a hapa when this young woman Stoker, who are they? And hapa is that you make a mistake. You do something out of mistake, meaning out of ignorance, you didn't know better. So you thought that you were doing the right thing, but you ended up doing the wrong thing. Allah
subhanaw taala will not punish you for that, nor will he hold you accountable for that. Okay? Unless you repeatedly act upon the mistake once it becomes known to you as a mistake. All right, so that's the first category of things. How does that apply in Ramadan and in fasting? Okay, let's say that you thought that something was not another fire of your fast. Okay? You went to a doctor and you thought that something was not another fire of your faster you were in a situation where you thought that something was not another fire of your fast. It's important for you to try to clarify the ruling as soon as possible. But if you were in a situation where it was a quick decision, something
happened you didn't think about it, inshallah Tada, your fastest still still valid. Again, there are exceptions to every rule, but that's the first hop off. And this young, the one who forgets who can give me an example then this young, forgetfulness and normal been eating or drinking. You know what, I don't know the law of time. One time a man came to him and he told him, yeah, hold on. He said that I drink water. I forgot that I was fasting. And I drank some water. And as soon as I remembered I sought forgiveness from Allah was my fast, still valid? He said yes. He said, then Some time passed. And I picked up some dates and hmds.
He said it was out of forgetfulness. This is still counting. He said, Yeah, he said, done. There was some meat, he literally had the meat cooked and everything like that he ate a full meal three times in one day. And he told me the whole day and I like I really forgot that I was fasting each time and what he called the allowance. And he said, You're clearly not a person who is used to fasting. So once you get into the routine and solid, this isn't going to happen to you anymore. But the messenger sallallahu wasallam said to us, that if a person eats or drinks during the day of Ramadan out of forgetfulness, their fastest still valid, and that is a territory from Allah subhana wa Tada,
which is beautiful. I mean, if you think about that, the implications of that are that you know, a person could
ate or drank out of forgetfulness and the reward of that fasting is not taken away at all. And in fact the profit slice on put something positive on it that a lot wanted to give you some charity Allah subhanaw taala gave you a gift, or gave you a charity during the day of Ramadan. Of course, you have to keep yourself honest. There's a reason why a salmoni? Well as the last panel doesn't have the footsie fasting is for me, and I reward accordingly. Why? Because fasting requires a great deal of sincerity because when no one else is watching you, but Allah, you have to maintain that covenants. So you have to keep yourself honest, did you really forget or did you sort of forget and
so on so forth. So Haha, when this young one must look at who are they and that which is forced upon you. Okay. In China, for example, in certain areas of China, this might not apply to us here, where people have to go through a test some kind of law where they're the ogres are actually oppressed, and the government will make them eat or drink on a day of Ramadan to make sure they're not fasting.
Somehow, it's it's that they don't allow their citizens to faster they will force them to eat or drink. In that situation. If you do something out of compulsion, if you're a force, it does not invalidate anything. Right? So for that moment, a loss of hundreds added lifts the obligation from those people, and inshallah, tada, they resume and they fast and they continue because it was forced upon them. It was done out of compulsion. So that's the first ground rule of dealing with anything in Islam. Hedge as well, right? Someone comes up to you unhedged and says I accidentally, you know, I was combing my hair and a hair accidentally fell off, or, you know, I'm a nail biter. And I tried
to, you know, stop myself from biting my nails, but I bit my nails, you know? And does my fast, does my head still count and so on so forth? Or do I have to give them so all of these are things to keep in mind was merciful. Now, as for the nullifier, as for the nullifiers, of fasting,
which are the most common questions in regards to Ramadan, and this is, again, where issue oriented, we wait for something to happen. And then we quickly go online, and we Google, you know, does this break the fast and then we pick whatever website we want, right, that matches what we want to hear. And then we take that one, right, and you're going to opposing websites all the time on fifth. And that's deeply problematic, right? Obviously, a rule in Islam is that you need to be consistent, you can't go and pick and choose and simply look for the easiest opinion and everything. But there are things that are generally agreed upon in Islam as nullifiers of the fast, okay, and there is a
reasoning behind them. And there is a brilliant way that one of the scholars actually work through them, okay, and actually summarize them and encompasses through that over 90% of the nullifiers and fasting, if not 100%, depending on if the loss rate that exists. But basically, there are three things that nullify the first three things that obviously nullify the fast What are they?
Eating, mobile play dots, we'll see I'm talking about the nullifiers of fast you started fasting, what are three things that nullify the fast eating, drinking, and sexual relations with your spouse? Right? Those are things that absolutely nullify the fast. Okay? Now, when you talk about these three things, intimacy, food and drink, they nullify the past now, here's the thing, then you have the the the, the minor issues, and this is why you can't do away with the alcohol altogether. You can't do away with the scholars. What about kissing? What about hugging? What about touching, what point nullifies you know, what is considered major intimacy and things of that sort? Okay, so that's where
the SD laugh comes with. These are three, that the scholars that are clear, it's by consensus, are the are the major nullifiers of the fast and the spiritual sons, obviously, backbiting and lying and you know,
wasting your time and things that are sinful, and so on, so forth in the spiritual sense, or nullifiers. But in the physical sense, these are three things that nullify your focus. So I'm gonna tell you a story about a man by the name of an imam of the cassani and Hanafi Rahim Allah to Allah, and Allah, the Dean of cassani and Hanafi. This man is a 12th century Islamic scholar, great scholar of the Hanafi school of thought, and he has a very beautiful story. He's from kasan, which is which was known as posh on and it was part of the bajada the area around the father of modern day it was Becca, Stan, and this man grew up a scholar or he grew up a student of knowledge and he studied with
one of the greatest Hanafi scholars of his time. Medina summer pundi Rahim Allah to Allah, Allah you know, summer candy. This is a long tangent, but you'll enjoy it and Chatelet tada Dena summer Conde wrote a book called turtle football ha, which is sort of a treatise for jurisprudence within the Hanafi school. This man at the moment cassani did an explanation of that book. Okay. He did a son of the
book The son have that book was so impressive that he mama summer Andy married to him his daughter Fatima summer pandia, who's also one of the greatest scholars of the Hanafi school of thought she used to signature she used to issue fatwas herself. And she used to signature the facts was of her father, who wrote, she memorized and she used to teach and she used to signature she used to sign those fatawa and she was up she was considered to be a great woman of beauty of of m of knowledge. Everyone wanted to marry her. So he said, okay, he enjoyed he liked the setup so much that he took that shot of alcohol, the explanation of triplets in football, ha. And he gave his daughter Fatima,
a summer kondia in marriage to allow Dino cassani and the Maha was, the diary was actually this book. Okay, what is this book, but the name of the book is The dare, a Sunnah. CTLT a sutra. So it's basically an explanation of the coming together of the shugar. It puts together how rulings come together, but that Asana fee tell TV Shut up. So it's a beautiful book, it's about 10 volumes 1000s of pages long, and he goes into such detail with the rulings and he puts things in place, he orders things together and puts them in place, he gave what I think is the most brilliant explanation of the nullifiers of fasting. And this applies to all of them of that even though he's a Hanafi
scholar, it really applies to all of them, and that the reasoning, and then encompasses pretty much all of the nullifiers if he said if you take these three major nullifiers, fasting, I'm sorry, eating, drinking, and intimacy. And you categorize all of the nullifiers, or most of the nullifiers. Under those three, he said, what you find is the nullifiers of the fast either nullify, because they resemble those things in action, or they resemble them in results, either by means or by ends, either by accident or by results. An example, if a person took paper,
and they ate paper and swallowed it, is it nutritious? Do people eat paper? You know, for? I mean, obviously there are dire need. There's dire situations, but generally speaking, do you eat paper? Because it's appetizing and because you want to fill your stomach like are you sitting around on the day of fasting, looking around and looking at paper and saying paper? I can't wait until Mark kind of comes in so I can eat that paper. Right? And I'm not using any slang here or anything like that, right? I'm talking about literally eating paper, okay? No one does that. All right. But if you eat paper doesn't nullify the fast.
It does. Why does it nullify the fast because it resembles eating? Not in the results? Not in the ends, but in the means.
Okay, another example IVs taking a vaccination, or do they nullify the fast or do they not?
It depends. According to the vast majority of the scholars, if the IV if the vaccine is nutritious,
then it nullifies otherwise, it does not, if it's nutritious, it nullifies, otherwise it does not why because it resembles eating. Not by its means, but by its ends, by its result. So even though you didn't take that, you know, you didn't you didn't eat it, but it still provided you with nutrition, so it fulfilled the purpose of food. Okay? Likewise, for example, when you do will do, it's, it's soon obviously to sniff the water, you know, to take in the water into your nostrils deep into your nostrils except in Ramadan.
Right, except when you're fasting, because it can provide the results of drinking even though you're not sipping that water. Okay? So likewise, within intimacy, okay, things that would resemble, okay, the Act, which is forbidden during the day of fasting, and I'm talking about the major acts, so things that would that would resemble that would nullify the fast and things that would lead to the results of what that what that results in of what intimacy results in also would nullify that. Okay. So, there are many there that you know, you can look up the different fatawa and things of that sort. So kissing and touching all of that is different upon because they're very technical, nuanced
details, where you look to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. But when it comes to you know, either a either the admission of fluid which would which would lead to the nullify nullification of a fast because it resembles intimacy in its ends, even if it did not go through the means, right, even if it was not through the typical means of relationship between a husband and a wife that the major act of intercourse between a husband and wife, it's still nullifies because it ended up in the same results. If you guys understand the concept, basically what he's saying is what resembles in means or what resembles and ends those three things is going to nullify your fest.
Everything else for the most part is not going
to nullify your fast. So if you're approached with a situation for the most part where you find something that's presented to you, and you remember, you heard a Hadeeth or you remember, you heard something technical and you go, I don't know if that nullifies the fast or not, obviously, you have to go and find out, you have to learn about it. But at the same time, it's generally going to fall within these realms, okay? I that resembled nutrition or intimacy, in the means, or in the ends. You guys understand that concept? All right. So that's Rule number two. So when you're faced with something and the nuanced topics, are things like hey, dama, for example, right, does he Jama which
is taking out the blood doesn't nullify the fast or not, it's a difference of opinion. It's it is a difference a lot of scholars do indeed say yes, it is a difference of opinion. And the reason being the Hadeeth that's in controversy is very interesting. The Prophet slicin saw a person doing a dama to another person on the day of Ramadan and the prophets lie. Some says upload Hajin will imagine that both the one that was doing the hijama and the one that was having it done, have nullified their fast. Now here's the thing, a more detailed explanation of the Hadith, the Hadith in greater context is that they were backbiting while they were doing a Dharma
so some of the scholar said the profit slice augmented in the spiritual sense not in the physical sense because there's a D for the profit slice and got a dama done to him on the day of fasting. You see where the difference of opinion can come why you need focal hot why you need scholars why you have schools of thought, why you have difference of opinion. So on the profit slice I'm says upload 100 Why
would imagine that both the one doing the hegemon and the one that it was being done to have nullified their fast that he means that they nullified it spiritually because Allah is in no need of a person's leaving food and drink if they don't abandon backbiting and foul speech and so on so forth. Or is it that did the prophets lie some established a ruling that he dama nullifies the fast, which is what a great number of scholars have set. So that's where the nuanced topics are going to come. But just generally speaking, when you're going to be faced with an issue, it falls under one of those three categories. And that's going to be the premise that's going to be stuck within sort
of, within any authority scholar, which is laying the foundations of how to derive rulings and how to derive what is prohibited, what's permitted, and so on, so forth. So that's number two. Number three, there are rulings in Ramadan,
that you as a Muslim, as someone who is not in a position of authority, do not need to have an opinion on a law has relieved you of having to have an opinion on their areas of the law, and you don't need to have an opinion on them. Okay, for example, the issue of moon sighting. Now, I do recommend that you become knowledgeable of why this is such a contentious issue in Islam, why is there such an insistence on moon sighting and so on, so forth? And what does it mean? And that's why again, when I taught the class two years ago, I did about an hour and a half on moon sighting. And I saw some people were like, Oh, God, but it gives you a lot of background as to why it's why it's an
important part of the deen and so on so forth. However, what are the zones? Is it local is it is, you know, do we consider South America if someone if we if we hear of a confirmed sighting somewhere else in the world, if a country announces it, all of these are nuances, and this ruling of when to begin and and Ramadan is not to the individual Muslim, it's from a comma. So for Nia, which means the rulings that are determined by the authority and by the leadership. Now in this country, Now, obviously, we don't have a halifa. We don't have a salon, that we that we look to that just sets the straight for the entire month. And by the way, the scholars were so strict on uniformity in this
sense, that he might not remember him. Well, that's it, you can find them in his school, for example, that if a person saw the healer, and it was rejected by the authority, then he himself, though he may break his fast, and then he's fast, he's not even allowed to tell his wife, because this has been the leadership's the leadership's ruling here is what is binding and not necessarily that individual. So what do we do here in North America, for example, where we don't have a cell phone? We don't have, you know, Muslim government that we have a Muslim president, right. But we don't have a Muslim government. I'm being sarcastic. You guys. Some of you like Yeah, we do have a
We don't have a Muslim presence. Allah knows what but it doesn't appear to be. We'll find out in a year or so when he when he comes out. Right? Well, we don't have a Muslim rule. We don't have a Muslim government and so on so forth. Well, I'll give you an example how economists will plenty of fit in our modern day context. Okay, how the rulings of the authority when there's a marriage contract that takes place who takes the position of a salon
doesn't think the mom of the mothers would take that position in the absence of a sole plot when the when he is not able to be present or the when he is disqualified for whatever reason, the Imam of the masjid steps in the authority becomes the masjid and so on, so forth. And that's how we operate within other Muslims.
As well within other issues as well and rulings as well. Now is that the the way forward to do that, as opposed to establishing councils that oversee a large group of massages and so on so forth within a city? Probably not, but it's what we're doing with everything else right now. Right. Ideally, you want to have a citywide Council, a statewide Council, you want to have something that sort of sets, sets, things are right for everybody and establishes some sort of presence in the absence of a soul bond. We don't have a binding authority that exists in that capacity. So what that means is, you are perfectly fine. If you follow along with your messages, because the profit slice and obsess
leiomyoma to salmone your fast is the day that you fast and your filter, your breaking of the fastest and the day that you all break your fast. And your Altai, your day of sacrifice is the day that you all sacrifice, meaning to go along with your community is the safest and most valid approach to absolve yourself. Now again, learn the rulings learn why this is such a contentious issue learn.
So I need to pick it up.
You hear me now sisters? You didn't hear anything i said before this. Nothing? kind of sort of.
That's okay. I don't I don't have notes. I can hold the mic inshallah. So where was I
going with your message? It is a safe butts. And it's legislated. It's okay. Well, I It's okay. I'm good with this.
It's a safe bet. And it's legislated and it absolves you of that responsibility. However, again, learn learn that way. And I'll tell you what, don't waste your time arguing about it. Because you'll get yourself in quite a bit of trouble. Right, you'll go online and you'll make false analogies and say, well, we use this for Salah Why can't we use this for this and this and that. there these are, these are very ignorant arguments. And people need to learn about why the scholars have the opinions that they have our than not, we're not fools, I'll just put it that way. Our and I'm not we're brilliant human beings, and we still have brilliant amongst us today, these opinions exists for a
reason, do not dismiss the other opinion. But to be on the safe side, when it comes to an economical funding, you can go along with your meson shot lazzaretto whatnot. However, there's no blame on you for doing so you will not be held accountable, made in the 92 ad on the Day of Judgment, because you follow along your community with something because this ruling is not one that the individual Muslim has to determine. This is one that goes back to the authority. And we are obviously in a crisis of authority and numerous ways, right? And you can follow the authority that you feel comfortable with, that's fine, the authority that you would go to for those other massage, the authority that you
would go to for your marriage crisis or for for your filthy crisis, whatever it may be to resolve something else, that's fine your local community or an authority that you that that you have taken as an authority upon yourself a council or a massive Islamic center of some sort within your city, that's fine. But don't be divisive about it. Do your thing. Don't be divisive about it. You are not you are not obliged as a Muslim to come to these conclusions. Also, for example, in the massala, in the ruling of you know, total we ate versus 20 or 36 in the Maliki School of Law. So there are three, the majority opinion of the scholars, by far was obviously the 22 because that's how he has
28 guys, but what if the message is praise eight cars? What if I measured praise 36 Records, which is the Maliki opinion, okay, what do I do? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said dm is by two by two. And the prophets lie some established a reward for the person praying with the Imam until he finishes. So you're absolved. If you're a mom is going to pray. The most rewardable option always is to pray the entire night with the email. That's the most rewardable option. Okay, I don't know if anyone in DFW does over 30 but
but but the point is that it is always the best hassling to pray with the email. Now what if I pray to what if I prayed for what if I prayed six What if I prayed eight, it's assumed that in and of itself, so you won't be punished for for you know, for praying less than whatever the mom is praying. However, the most rewardable option always becomes praying what the mom has prayed. So if the mom is going to go until eight if the amount will go towards 20 if you want to stand up after the mom, if you want to pray 20 and the mom has prayed and you want to stand up and pray more, that's fine. It's beyond belief and the prophets lysozyme has established a definitive premise which
is that the the the doctors that to pray at night are two by two, so long as you're abiding by that premise. But in the 90 Tada, you're fine. You don't have to you don't have to go into the detailed arguments. And again, I know that it's a very contentious issue. I covered it in quite a bit of detail in that course and you know, the online and outlets out there, where he went through the different trends and how the scholars arrived at the opinions that they arrived in, that they arrived upon. Lastly when it comes to the US analogy, now this is not for the layman to do analogy right to make the most of a situation however, just to understand
reasoning, how the scholars derive the opinions that they that they did. And you can make your and you can sort of see how that navigation took place. For example, the muscle that the issue of a woman who is pregnant,
having to make up fasts. So we know that a breastfeeding woman or a woman that's pregnant is absolved from the from the obligation of fasting at that time, she can make up her fast later. However, does she have to make up those shots later? Or does she have to give Cydia in the process? The way that the scholars make that determination is they compare that person situation the woman that is pregnant? Is she closer to one who is temporarily sick or closer to one who is permanently sick?
It depends how often she's having children right?
Some of the scholars actually made that determination if it's a woman that has many children back to back to back to back then she resembles the one who is permanently ill. So it would be important it would be near impossible for her to make up all of those facets if she's someone you know, Mashallah I had an I have an aunt, I have an uncle, may Allah have mercy on him, his wife had 13 children and two in one year Mashallah. That's how Palestinians do it. We just outbursts,
the Israelis, that's our that's our resistance is this keep having kids, you know, so must outlaw 13 kids. So a woman in that situation is pretty much permanently in a way permanently disabled. And some scholars said, well, her while that her situation resembles one who's permanently ill, therefore, she's like the one who would get for the
fifth year and the place you would pay an expiation, as opposed to being obliged to make up the fast however, you know, for the most part, a pregnant woman is one who resembles one who's temporary unable temporarily unable to make up or fast, therefore, she's like the one who's Montana maryellen or Anna suffer third, determine aim, and then that person will make up the days later on. And they don't have to worry about 50 and so on, so forth. So that's how the scholar is generally dealt with the the constants that we have in our legislation, and then they drew these analogies based on those constants, or they found the themes or obviously, the first place you go is to the specific
incidents of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And how that was understood by the predecessors by the companions and the generations that came after them and the for the moms and so on, so forth. But the point is, is it starts with these constants, and once you sort of understand that, it's really not that complicated for you as a Muslim going into Ramadan, the religion, you know, the Sahaba did not used to have eight hours seminars, they didn't used to have Ramadan, A to Z conferences, some of them lived in the outskirts of Medina, they got the basics, they understood what they were supposed to do. And they went they went along with that and Charlottetown obviously,
never hurts, knowledge always empowers and it makes you appreciate and understand more of your situation, inshallah Tada, so there's no hardship and learning more. And again, I encourage you guys to learn more, inshallah, it'll give you a better appreciation of all of those deeds, but the way that you approach them a bomb from a fifth perspective from the jurisprudence perspective as you go on. Understanding that you need to make the intention to fast and short law, you need to avoid the nullifiers of the fast that the time of fasting starts at the time of fuzzier the time of fasting ends at the time of murder. Right and avoid the nullifiers simple if a nuanced issue comes up most
likely it's going to fall and under what emammal cassani Joakim have a lot to either establish this probably just thought of something you know where he mom and cassani is buried and held up in Aleppo. last panel, it's actually him and his wife Fatima. Some often do both of them great scholars in our tradition, may Allah have mercy on them are buried in hell up in Aleppo. So May Allah Subhana Allah make it easy for our brothers and sisters in Aleppo and a sham as a whole llama army. So inshallah Tada. I'll go ahead and I'll take questions or shift shift the table here, he's not here.
Questions. Okay, so I'll go ahead and take questions in Shaolin.
That's the best way I could do the fifth of Ramadan and 30 minutes. So yeah.
Great question. Does backbiting completely nullify the fast there is a situation that occurred in the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, where there were two women who felt
ill during the day of fasting, it's a headache than listening to them.
And so they sent to the Prophet slicin the message informing the prophets I send them that they were feeling this illness and this movement in their stomach even though they were not, even though they were fasting. So the messenger sallallahu Sallam said, put in front of them two bowls, and let them vomit. So they vomited and they both vomited human meat, flesh.
Allah made an example out of them the Prophet size, some said these two abandoned what was Helen and they consumed what was how long meaning in Ramadan, you abandon what is halal during the day.
in hopes of achieving a full abandonment of hell to make you more conscious, so put you in taqwa, in piety and fearfulness and just consciousness so that you're able to avoid the hot on things as well. But if you're only going to abandon the hell out, but indulge in the harm, then what's the point of your fast Lisa, the law he had at the privatized I'm sorry, Allah has no need of a person's fasting if they're not going to leave those types of evil spirits. Now, what does that mean, from a filthy sense from a technical sense, does that mean that if I backbite it, I should just go ahead and eat and drink for the rest of the day and say, you know, a while I backed by it, you know, it's not
going to work. No.
According to the great majority of the scholars, it's spiritually nullifies the fast but the obligation of fasting is still there. So it takes away the reward of the fasting. But the obligation of you to fast is still there, some of the scholars actually did believe that it physically nullifies your fasting as well. But that's a minority of their intimate, and even those scholars that believe that that they had to be made up, they did not say that you have the right to just eat and drink for the rest of the day. However, it's a give us a sense of purpose and a sense of, of greater, you know, vigilance to make sure that we especially don't fall into those things during the
day of Ramadan and compromise are fasting during the days of Ramadan. And that's why you know, emammal goes out to him Allah tala very beautifully. He said, there are three ways of fasting. He said, the fasting of the physical fasting is abandoning food, drink and intimacy. He said, A fasting of taqwa
a fasting of piety in God consciousness, is to abandon the sins of the tongue, that your body doesn't just fast in the physical sense, but your your limbs fast as well. So your eyes don't look at that which is prohibited, your eyes are in slam, your tongue is in fasting as well. It's stopping itself from backbiting and from saying evil things, your hand is in CRM from from from abusing, or from doing something that would be harmful, so your limbs are fasting as well. Then he said, there's the fasting of back son, and their son is an intact with a lot of Mecca to worship God as if you can see that you're worshiping a lot as if you can see him. And if you can't see him, then you know that
he sees you. And as I owe him a lot to address that, that fasting is when you are fasting from the thoughts of this world and occupying yourself with the thoughts of the hereafter. So you're achieving the first two, as well as the third, you're consuming yourself with the thoughts of the hereafter as opposed to the thoughts of this dunya. Because if you're thinking about the dunya too much, then you're going to get dragged into the the pitfalls of it. And you might end up backbiting or looking at things you shouldn't be looking at or so and so forth. And compromising your fast all together. So spiritually it it strips the reward just like insulin, you know, you there is the best
Hadees to correlate with this or to understand this better, is the Hadith of the Prophet slicin. I'm about a person drinking alcohol and their their prayer not being accepted for 40 days.
Does that mean that a person who drank alcohol should not pray for 40 days? No, if they don't pray for 40 days, we'll be punished for that. The obligation is still there, but the bulk of the reward has been stripped away for 40 days from a person who drink alcohol, may Allah protect us. Right? So the idea here is that we avoid the things that would that would take away Baraka that would take away the reward from everything that we do. And Allah knows best.
Does that fast have to be made up according to a small group of a small group of scholars however, generally speaking, what what the prophet slice tells us is that on the day of judgment when a law brings your mandatory prayers forward, and he sees deficiencies in it, Allah subhana wa tada asks if that person fasted any no effort if they fasted, any voluntary, I mean if they prayed any voluntary prayers, so with your prayer, you prayed the five times but there was a natural deficiency you have the sooner the sooner is to layer it. Right? Allah says bring them forward and Allah starts to patch up your fault with the suddenness, the prophets license have done a lot brings forth his fasting.
And when there's deficiency Allah says has He fasted some voluntary fasting the last starts to patch that up as well. And the profit slice themselves a lot does that with all of a person's actions, so all of the deeds follow in like manner? So generally speaking, fasting voluntary fasting is a means of covering up the deficiencies that we that we have naturally have in our fuddled fast and it's a means of protecting us in shuttling Same thing with charity. You don't just stop as a cow, you give more than a cotton Charlottetown and it patches up the deficiencies and so on so forth. alone. Yes.
So that's the thing the narration stops there. The question is that the Hadith of the of the Hajj and the message on the one who was doing the cutting and the one who was having it done to him and the prophets, I seldom said to them, that both the one who was doing it and the one that was having it done to him are both broken, they're fast, we don't have a clear cut answer as to how that was interpreted. And the scholars took that and that's where it became a in the realm of a difference of opinion. Generally speaking, obviously, you know, a person should not go do his job on the day of fasting, a person should not draw a large amount of blood on the day of fasting. So for example,
this is how it works. He Tama is a great area,
obviously, as a Muslim, you're not going to compromise your fast, so you'll stay away from the gray area. Right? What's like, hey, Dhamma is drawing a large amount of blood. So drawing a large amount of blood in accordance with that opinion would also nullify the fast. So it's better for a person to make that that faster. But a blood test, for example, where a small amount of blood is drawn doesn't resemble hazama. So it doesn't nullify the fast. Okay? Exactly. Yes, sister.
Okay, so if a person, you know, is trying to decide whether they can fast or cannot fast, they're sort of in that situation where they're, they're always there, they're kind of battling with themselves if this is something that's doable or not, should they give up just in case or not?
So generally speaking, if you have an obligatory fast and it goes past, you don't make it up before the next one Hold on, then you would pay for it as well as making that up. That's without excuse. If you haven't, excuse them, the video is not due. Now, what you're talking about is a person that intends to make up those days of fasting, if I'm understanding correctly, they intend to make up those days of fasting, but they don't know if they'll be able to, should they pay for the just in case if you've intended to make up those days of fasting, and you've embarked upon it in any way whatsoever, even if in a very small way, then you don't have to pay for the for them. Unless it's
becoming unreasonable. you're stretching out those days unreasonably like the one who's missing fast without an excuse, then you can pay for the A to be on the safe side, charity is not going to hurt any cause. Right?
Then, charity will never hurt but you don't you're not you're not obligated, charity will not hurt but you're not obligated. You understand? Because you do have an excuse. It's a large amount of days, and you're trying to make them up in Sharla.
Okay. Who had their hand up first? I'm sorry, I just have to be fair, so I just looked at Okay, go ahead. This one?
I'll take your question as well.
So the Hadith
the Hadith of the young man
who broke his fast
through being intimate with his spouse, and the profit slice, I'm told him too fast for 60 days. Now, if a person breaks their fast intentionally do they have to? Do they have to fast 60 days? Or do they have to fast one day? Number one? So the answer is one day with major Toba with a major repentance because it was a major sin to purposely not fast enable them along in the situation of that young man, that that that that, you know, broke his fast by, by being intimate with his spouse. Profits lies on first told him to free asleep. He said he could not do that the profit slice and I'm told him, Well, you know, can you fast for 60 days? Or am I mixing the two up?
I think the first one is 60 days, or is the first one that's freeing the slave the first 160 days and he said when the profit slice I'm told them can you fast 60 days without taking a break. He said he also love fasting is what got me in trouble in the first place. Meaning that was I couldn't hold myself while I was fasting for one day and Ramadan. And that's how I got myself into this. So the prophets lie Selim then told him to free a slave and he told him that he does not have that capability in the profit slice that I'm told him to feed 64 people and he said to the profit slice on that he's the first one that's in need of that food and of that drink. So the profit slice on
gave him two containers of dates, where he and his wife ate from and then he fed it to someone he distributed amongst the poor as well. Meaning there was some there was some mercy in accordance with the person's circumstance. In this situation, if a person was missing a day of fasting intentionally, they they felt you know, they were distant from a lot
Hundreds out of whatever it may be. They just need to make that day up but they need to accompany that with major toe but just really really sincerely repenting and immersing themselves in a sense of repentance. A lot of time. Last question, yeah.
Most of us would lie
yeah so so Ramadan is to make us more aware of our tongue of our lying and backbiting and so on so forth. It doesn't mean that outside of Ramadan party, do what you want. It means that inside of Ramadan it's a severe it's a training camp to really put yourself through you know,
a very, you know, harsh I don't want to use the word harsh what I'm really looking for is a very disciplined regimen to keep yourself away from those things. Right so that you can become aware throughout the year Ramadan is supposed to gauge you is supposed to put you in a mindset for the next 11 months. That's the point of Ramadan inshallah. So it doesn't mean that those crimes are or those sins are not bad outside of Ramadan. It means they're worse in Ramadan. Just like good deeds are better normal dawn, sins are worse than normal. That's the easiest way to explain that. Well, altana
busy moms already.
Okay. All right. Does that come along? Hayden, I'll take your question privately and sell medical
stuff. And I want to
put this back up here since not everybody is so blessed.