Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan gives an awesome lecture on some of the Ayats of the esteemed Surah Al Baqarah.
Allah SWT is describing the attributes of pure disbelievers in these Ayahs where He shows the reality of people who refused Muhammad ﷺ and his message. The Prophet ﷺ sincerely desired guidance for them and was worried about them and tried his best to decorate their lives with Islam. Allah SWT says to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ that it does not matter if Muhammad ﷺ had warned them or not, they would still have disbelieved in what you were sent with.Allah SWT tells the Prophet ﷺ to not feel sorry for the people who do not heed. It is not his fault and there will be no blame on him. It is their sheer bad luck that they didn’t pay attention.
Khatama Allahu means, ‘Allah has sealed.’ This Ayah means that Shaytan controlled them when they disobeyed the Prophet ﷺ. Therefore, Allah SWT sealed their hearts, their hearing, and their sight. They could neither see the guidance nor hear or comprehend it. Such was the unfortunate nature of their lives.
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there are inshallah, our intention today is to move on from iron number five onwards. But there are a couple of comments from the fourth ayah that I wanted to share with everyone that I think are very important. The first of them is about the sequence of the things Allah mentions. And that is, there are three pieces. Well, as you know, you may not be mountains into a lake, and those who believe in what was sent down to you, that's a reference to the Quran, well, mountain xlm in public and what was sent down much before you and that's a reference to the rotten engine, and the board, previous scripture will ask you that to whom you can own and then finally, the only next thing mentioned is
and in the afterlife, they have absolute conviction, there are actually three points not to that are very important to mention. If this was going chronologically, First came the earliest scripture, then came the final scripture, then comes the afterlife. So chronologically you would have had when levena, you know, NaVi mountain xlm, in public, or mountain de la alayka, will be lost at home, you know, that would be a chronological sequence. But Allah as the origin purposely broke the chronological sequence mentioned the last revolution first, earlier revolutions. So he goes back into history in Romans 11 public and then goes back to the future with will ask you about the home.
You can also you notice that he broke that sequence right. Now this serves an important function. There are this is something you have to keep an eye on when you study Quran, sometimes Allah will put in order, and everything is in order, except one thing is pulled out. So in this case, actually, Quran has been pulled out of sequence and Quran has been put first, otherwise, everything else is in order. But Koran has been taken from the middle actually, to the very beginning. And this suggests something, it suggests that even though let's say somebody in Medina used to be Jewish, or they used to be Christian, and then they became Muslim later on, obviously, their first image was not in the
Quran, their first Imam was in what it was in Toronto, it was an NGO, that's what they believe before the Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible, you know, the the new test the gospel, you know, given to Jesus, this is what they believed in, and then came along their belief in the Quran. Now, the thing is the thing you believe in first are your early exposure. It's kind of like glasses you're wearing and it it sets the tone for everything else you're exposed to. Right? So you see through that lens, for instance, those of you that are raised as Muslims, and you learn some things from your parents, consciously or subconsciously, those are a part of your Islam, and everything else.
You learn about Islam, you build on top of what you already kind of know you don't question it. Like most of you, if not any of you. You've never looked up why you pray three, or four Muslim. You just do it. Your parents taught you how to do that and you kept doing it and how would you you've never looked up? What's the delille for three Rakhine Muslim and why are we silent in the third record? You don't you don't look this up. It's just part of your religious consciousness and the tradition moves forward. Now the same thing with our books. These people who believed and are often in gene you would imagine that their religious affiliation their connection to Allah is first based on what
foundation Taurat energy and then comes the Quran. But Allah azza wa jal breaks even the subconscious sequence and says no, now you cannot look at your experience without art and in gene as primary, you must learn to rethink everything from what the Quran and instead of looking at the Koran in light of the Bible, you will look at the Bible in light of the Quran. So the Quran will actually come first, even though chronologically it's last. It'll now come first and it will determine what you will accept or reject from the previous scripture you understand. So it put the Koran in this what what what a lie is the origin himself, himself calls Mohammed and Allah He, a
guardian, a watcher over the other scripture, it watches over the other scripture. So you're gonna read, like if you study the Hebrew Bible now, I don't recommend that if you don't have background, but if you do study the Hebrew Bible, you'll notice you read a lot of things about Musa Moses or Abraham Ibrahim alayhis salam, or Isaac or even Jesus in the new test.
When you read things that you just cannot accept, you just can't accept them, they'll say things about those same profits that we love and believe in, and you will imagine they're talking, they must be talking about somebody else. Because the kinds of horrible things that have been said, for instance, about nuada insulin, you can't even imagine for a terrible human being, and they're casually said about them. So the amount of changes that have been made are so horrible, and there's so many on so many fronts. And the biggest of those changes I mentioned yesterday, the biggest of those changes is ASCII that is almost completely removed. One of the most fundamental pieces of our
faith, the afterlife, what is going to happen to a human being after they die is gone from the equation almost entirely, almost entirely. And so what does Allah say, now you will look at Koran, and in its light, you will accept or reject what you find in what was revealed before you. And then as a result, your conviction in the afterlife will become strong. Otherwise, if you rearrange the sequence, you know what happens? You What happens is, well, the old scripture, it didn't talk about the Day of Judgment so much, even actually, somebody emailed me yesterday, after listening to this lecture online and said, they asked a Jewish friend of theirs a very conservative Jewish friend, do
you believe in the afterlife? And they told him straightforward, actually, it's not a big deal in our religion, we just focus on making this world a better place. That's a flat out answer, and then get others emailed and said, we've asked our Jewish friends and even rabbis all the time, you know, do you believe in an afterlife? And the most common answer we get is we're not sure. That's the common answer, even today, among Orthodox Judaism, can you imagine? And so if you were to put that first and then come to the Quran, then you'll get the kinds of rhetoric that you find amongst a modern academics who say, well, the Quran must have invented this story about an afterlife, because
it's really not an emphasis of the Bible, because for orientalist and Western academics that study the Quran, to them, it's not one doesn't mean a lie. It's not revelation. It's a byproduct and plagiarized from the Bible, and the old, you know, the New Testament and the Old Testament, and bits and pieces of things. So they say, well, the creative thing in the Quran is this afterlife business. So we got to find some other references that can justify how the Quran came up with this stuff. But that's because they're looking at the Quran as secondary, and they're looking at all what came before it as primary, a lot of reverses that from the very beginning, your study of the Quran must
put Koran first and every other scripture second. And this actually determined something very powerful. We are not to look at the Bible, the Old Testament, the stories in the Torah and the stories in the Aegean, for example, and the rulings found in them, whatever is left of them, whatever's left of them it is by the way, still a value, it's still valuable. And it's still something of benefit for those who are going to study comparative religion, for example. And it's also important to understand like I was telling you in my first session, Mundo Quran came it was talking to rabbis, it was talking to priests, and those people have a certain mindset already. So
it's important to understand what was in their head when they called and spoke to them. You know, if I understand that you have a certain kind of background, then I will speak to you at your level, you understand, so long as that we just spoke to them knowing what they know in the past in the history. So it's important to compare how the Bible talks about the story of you know, one thing or David and Goliath for example, famous story in the Bible, later on in certain Bukhara, Allah will talk about it. So when we get to that we will actually compare how the Bible talks about it, and how the Quran corrected it. Not that the Quran we're going to learn details about the Quran from the Bible, but
rather the parts of the Bible will be proven true by the Quran, and some of the details that go along with the Quran verse were able to accept, okay, so this is actually the approach to the relationship between these two structures. That was an important thing to mention. The second thing to mention is the word up noon is very interesting. The word yukino. For those of you that are familiar with the serif is actually moseyed fee, it's a file icon up new economy, okay? And it actually means to be convinced, absolutely. It doesn't mean to be convinced Absolutely. But there is another alternative in Arabic which is yaquina. yaquina also means to be convinced absolutely you
can tell amor to occur to men who I made sure of it. So Allah azza wa jal doesn't say what will ask at home at noon, he says what will ask at home, you keynote and they the principal in Arabic is in the castle, I love the castle Manor. When you spell with more than meaning enhances. And when you put words in that particular spelling structure, you can, what that suggests is they have absolute complete and whole conviction in the era, their belief in the afterlife has now been completed. Because if our subject suggests something dumb, and so the idea here that bits and pieces about the afterlife were given before but now that you're looking at it through the lens of the Quran, all of
those gaps have been filled. What exactly is going to happen to human beings when they're raised? What exactly is going to happen to them? How are they going to be judged? On what basis are they going to be judged? What is going to happen? They you know, I used to study comparative religion and comparative philosophy and
College not because I was religiously interested because I thought it would be an easy A. So I used to study that stuff, fascinating stuff. And then, you know, the Christian theologians, one of the biggest problems they had was what is going to happen to all the people before Jesus because they believe, but you know, through Jesus, you go to heaven. Right? But then the Bible talks about good people before Jesus. So they're like, well, where are they gonna go? And they started asking that question. And the different philosophers in Christian history, attack that problem differently. They came up with all kinds of theories like purgatory, like the elevator is stuck between heaven and
hell for some people, and they're just gonna be theirs. They're about to go to heaven, like people like Abraham and Moses or whatever, they're about to go to heaven, but the elevator got stuck. I said, Well, sorry, you didn't go through Jesus. So hold on a second, let's let's consider this. And then Jesus is gonna have to come and they're gonna have to go through him. They have to make all this stuff up. Because they couldn't reconcile how the asset is going to work pre eSATA Islam, right. The same problem happened with the Jews a lot of Jewish philosophies about what's going to happen in the afterlife, no clarity. You know, the Muslims can have disagreements on lots of things.
Should we raise our hand before we go into the cooler? You know, should we pray eight or we are 23 we can have disagreements we should we have local moon sighting or global moon sighting. But you know, one thing we don't have disagreement about is what's going to happen on Judgement Day.
There's no disagreement about what hell looks like and what heaven looks like. There's no disagreements about this. It's absolutely clear, because it's so very fundamental. And for them, this is the stuff where all the confusion ones. This is where all the confusion was, I even read back in the day, certain Jewish philosophers and scholars who believed that heaven is basically when God kills all the non Jews, and the only one left or the Israelites and that's actually what else is there to heaven than that. And that will be heaven on earth, you know, and a lot of them didn't even believe in the resurrection. And some that do say it's not really that important. Right. So this,
this sequence clarifies that and the use of the word Econ, absolute complete conviction illustrates how important the subject is in the Quran. And this is again, even to this day, non Muslim scholars of the Quran, Western academics, this is one of the biggest problems we have with the Quran even now in their circles is the discourse on the afterlife. Why is the Quran so emphatic on the afterlife when neither the old nor the New Testament are nearly this emphatic on it? Now, a lot of Zoe's inventions Buddha Allah, who then oh, by the way, one last thing about the previous is so important. So, so important. There are interesting, in previous profits, or in previous scripture, this
happened also, there has always been people that claim to be a prophet, and they were not a prophet. They claim to be false prophet, and they don't say they're false. They say that they're a prophet, they get revelation, but they don't. And anybody who claims that ends up getting a cult following of their own also, right. And so even within the Christian tradition, and the Jewish tradition, that used to happen, and it still happens, like the Mormon Church, for example, right? The Book of Mormon, the guy believes that he receives revelation and he's a prophet after Jesus. And his book is also an agenda in addition to the Bible, right? So now, even in the Muslim tradition, you had even
right after the passing of the Prophet sallallahu, Ala Moana sadomasochism, and you had others who claim to be prophets, they started making ludicrous poetry and saying, This is our Koran. And they added to the religion or tried to add to the religion and they were obviously made a joke out of they were annihilated. But even to this day, there may be individuals, groups, philosophies that suggest that there are profits after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And I don't need to in this lecture series, I don't want to pick on groups and tell you which groups has what because that's, we're here to study Quran, not here, not interested in the creativity of other groups. But I
will tell you the way in which the Koran protected from that first generation onwards until the day of judgment, no room for any other messenger or any other revelation. How did the Quran do that? Allah says in the beginning, this Koran is guidance for who the people of taqwa and the second characteristic of the people of taqwa, they believe in what was sent to you, what is that? Koran and what was sent much before you, which is Taurus energy. If there was any room to believe anything else there would have been well, mountains 11 baddeck. And what is going to be sent or
what can be sent after you? There is no need for that the only thing to believe after this book is ohana. At home, you know, that's the only thing left. So when somebody says How can you prove there's no other prophet after a little love sallallahu Sallam open up the first page of Baccarat Dude, it's right there. All you have to believe is what was given to him and what was given before him but there's no mention of what is going to be given after it's done. End of story. You don't have to go anywhere else a lot. So to solve this what is considered to some people a very profound problem. So simply and so conclusively, because the only big thing left by the way, the coming of a
profit a small matter or a big matter. It's a huge matter
Jews used to wait for the final messenger, the Jesus, the followers of Jesus are waiting for the return of Christ. But for the Muslims, the only big matter left to believe in is the al Qaeda. That's the only major event left. And that's why between the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Day of Judgment, he would even describe them. He had a he would say, me and the hour are like these two fingers. Because those are the two big, you know, calls to faith left for humanity, believe in the last messenger and then the only major event left is the day of judgment. That's it, you know, which is look at this exact concept in Soto Rahman. Allah azzawajal describes Andaman
Koran. Yeah, he taught he taught the Quran and then the only thing left after that is when you know the the skies in the tree are gonna fall into such that which is some argue a description or Judgment Day, you know, a shampoo will come will be husband when there's more shadow, yes, Sudan You know, when and other places called undescribed. The trees are falling, the stars are falling, the you know, the the mountains are getting leveled. In other words, it's still going on and then the Day of Judgment. That's it, these two things are going to come in very quick succession in respect to human history. So this is these are two important considerations just coming out of that fourth
ayah. Now, we're not gonna be what a gift from a large soldier. If you don't look carefully, you might think this is a already redundant alert. He said it's guidance. It's already guidance for people of taqwa. He says those people are committed to guidance from their master like Allahu de Moura be him. Well, like a homophone and easy translation suggests, and those are the ultimately successful people, those people are the ultimately successful, beautiful things here that we need to understand. The first of them is why is the word hidden for grammar students, why is it Nikita? Why not alhuda neurobion Allah Allah hidden. This is actually like a chef mentioned, though absorbed to
philon the observed low observed after learning the observed origin, they use the Nikita as if to say they are committed to what is truly truly guidance. That is guidance like no other in our in Arabic language, when you put the knockout or attend mean, who then the double accents on a word, sometimes that's done for what's called a theme to make something grand. That is what you call guidance. In other words, looking at previous scripture, only in light of the final scripture, and having conviction in the afterlife, that is ultimate guidance from their master. What would I call homophone, and those are the ones that are going to attain final success. The word of law very
interesting word. from it, you get the word fella, fella has a farmer, but Africa also means tofu and Naja tobacco fineness. Amy? Well, hi, Fernando de Vaca. One of the other meanings of the word fella is lucky to remain, and mostly who are the ones who are going to allow themselves to remain. In other words, they're going to have eternal life, they're going to have a life that lasts forever, full of success and blessings. This word doesn't just mean successful. If you only want to talk about purely just success, you say fat easily. Koran uses that to like a human fat isn't that when you say mostly when you're referring to people who are successful, who will always remain
successful? It's also referring to I told you, the farmer because they say falletto out of Chicago.
It's the when you when you you know, dig into the earth to pull out the crop when the crop is ready. The idea is, a farmer works the entire year, he works hard on the soil, he puts the seed in, he puts the water on, he doesn't see any results most of the year. And finally the crop grows. And when it finally grows, in every society in the world, when it's harvest season, they have festivals, and they have parties and celebrations because unlike your job, your job you have a check every other week. Some people have a monthly checks, but a farmer doesn't have a weekly check, nobody weekly check when does a farmer get a check? once a year, once a season, once in a season, so that season
when they're about to pull the crop out of the land, that's the one time they're gonna get their paycheck that that at that occasion, they're actually called fella or muffler at that time. What is Allah suggesting by use of this word, he's not just suggesting permanent and eternal success. He's suggesting people will have to do a lot of work, and eventually they will reap what they sowed, they will eventually pull out what they did. In other words, the entire philosophy of Islam of the religion, the wisdom of the religion, that you will have to work hard to earn Allah's mercy and gender, it's not just a level granted to whoever he wants. On top of that you're going to have to
put your work in and it's only then that Eliza was in will let you see the fruit of your labor that's already captured in hula, aka homophone. Now, something that is, to me probably the most beautiful part of this. This is this the lesson that comes from this ayah I'd like to remind you that when Allah said that the book is guidance for the people of taqwa and 13 he mentioned two groups. One group was I'll repeat a Latina You may not believe what up Muna Salah
marzec now, that was the first group, the first group is they believe in what they can't see. They establish prayer and they spend basically, the second group was with Lavina. You may not be Valenzuela ilica on xiaomin public will ask you who you know, they, you know, they believe in what was sent to you what was sent before you and to have conviction in the afterlife. let me simplify that even further for you. The first group is anybody who has faith and does good deeds, what are the basic good deeds, praying and helping people. But Allah calls in other places, karma, karma to salah and he dies, aka, isn't it? It's just those two things, you have to believe in Allah and be
good. That's the first time basically. But the next is actually about people that are knowledgeable about the Scripture. They're knowledgeable about the Koran. They're knowledgeable of even about the revelation that came before them. Yes. So you have two groups of two different groups of people. One group of people, let's put it in our times. Now, there's a taxi driver, poor guy works like 19 hours a day to survive with his family, he has no time to study the religion, he never got a chance to learn the Arabic language or study Tajweed or fixes Maha bridge, or get any Java or study Hadith or nothing. He barely gets time he pulls over by a machine, he makes a lot goes back into his cabin,
you know, earns his money. That's what he does six days a week, seven days a week, the one day that he's got day off, he's basically in a coma, he's passed out, and his kids are running all over him. Right? That's his life. And then on the other hand, you have somebody who Allah has opened up the opportunity for maybe his family sponsored him or her, and they're studying Quran, they're studying Sharia, they're studying the deen. They're traveling from one land to another to learn, right, and then they're going to do a bachelor's degree from some Islamic University, then a masters and a PhD, they're becoming an alum on top of it, and on top of it, they're both believers. But you would think
for yourself, you know, the people who know more, and the people who are getting to do all this learning, they must be better people than the cab, the cab driver is lesser, and the item is better. And notice in the first is everybody, anybody who believes in the unseen, anybody who prays, anybody who spends, it's open to the general public. Yeah. And the next I, they believe in this revelation and the previous revelation, it's almost like an indication about people who are knowledgeable in Scripture. But then what Allah does in this ayah is he bunches all of them together and hands them a certificate of success. And he says, una caja, Allahu de Moura beam, the all of those are committed
to guidance from their master. No one of them should not think because of the position Allah has put them in. Because of the situation of lies, put them in, that they are any less in the sight of Allah, because this door to learning and the door to seek more knowledge and the door to become an island or whatever else. This is a door that doesn't just require that you open a book and read, Allah has to provide you know you for your your rent, and your food, and your expenses and your family, those things have to be taken care of. So you can free up and do this. You can't just do this and say, Allah will feed my family, you can't do that. And some people spend their lives just
earning enough so they can barely feed their family. That's all they do. And they are also valuable to Allah so long as they can hold on to their Yuan, so long as they can just believe in the established a prayer and then give if they can commit to those three things that is in and of itself valuable to Allah. And actually, for those who have gotten a chance to learn, those who allow open the door for whether they got to take one course or two courses nowadays in the in America, you get like weekend courses, people have the luxury of taking a weekend course to learn to swim, that's a luxury, you have the luxury of having a phone with high speed internet, and you can just log in and
watch a video whenever you feel like and you can choose the topic too, you don't have to go to your local machine and say, that's the halaqaat I guess that's what it is, though, you can pick the topic to now. And then you can pick the scholar you want to learn from and you can pause them and slow them down or rewind them or switch to some other topic whenever you feel like we are living in luxury on top of luxury when it comes to learning. But if Allah has opened the doors of learning for you, then understand one big responsibility that falls upon you your job it becomes to facilitate this learning for the people for whom Allah did not open that door. For the people that are super
busy. The people that don't have any time, you have to be the one that has to make that convenience for them. Instead of looking down on them. Look, they don't even attend to halaqaat they don't even learn. They don't even join the universities. They're too busy making money. No, no, no, no, no, your job is instead of waiting for them to come to you. You don't have to go to them. You have to facilitate for them. And that becomes a responsibility within your family within your community. For all of you that are learning the deen in whatever capacity that you have to become of service to the people around you. Now, you know I did mention without ego homophone these, these are the people
that earn eventual success. You will notice from the very beginning, Allah keeps on highlighting that people who believe
In the previous scripture and now finally the score on they have to have absolute conviction in the next life after a velocity was mentioned even a Muslim woman is in a Shara indication towards this this concept. As we go forward, you'll notice the subject is about to change these iaat that we just studied up to the fifth IRA, they were entirely focused on people who believe. Now there are going to be two IR whose focus is the people who don't believe people who are actually on the opposite end the worst of the disbelievers. And before I get into them, I want to share with you something about the beauty of the speech of Allah five IOD were dedicated to the believers and the first of them is
actually from Nakata, but subject wise what you can understand the second eye a third eye a fourth and fifth. So we started with in Vatican Kitab oologah fee hotel Mata Ki alladhina, up mana Salama marzec that's the third one. And the fourth one when the Xena you know, the mountain Zilla in a coma and see them in public or at home, you know, and then the last one of these would
be Himba humann muffler muffler on now notice something, the first of these iots began with guidance. How did it begin with guidance, the only Kalki tabula rasa fi hodan the last of these ayat ends with guidance. What does Allah say una Allah Hoda mera be him and the both of the I art in the middle both are about the man.
You Allah, Xena, you
will the Xena you know the mountains lie like so Huda and Hoda is in the beginning and the end guidance and guidance at the end and email and email in the middle. It's a perfect symmetry even within this within this small set of eyes is that again the perfection and symmetry of the column of Allah. But what I wanted to highlight is not just the beauty of that, but another dimension of it at least comparing the Buddha in the first or the second ayah and the Buddha in the fifth ayah. If you listen to the first I again just a rough translation. This book is guidance for who who then liberty and for the people of taqwa a question arises.
It's not for everybody. It's only for the people of the club. I thought it's guidance for everybody because way later on in the same surah when you get to the eye of Ramadan, Allah says Buddha leanness, he says guidance for who? All people. So now there seems to be a contradiction at face value. On the one hand, the Quran is saying this is guidance for the people of taqwa for the people who are conscious and careful. And on the other hand, it's saying it's guidance for all of humanity. How do you reconcile these two things? You know, I tell you one thing, this is actually a very important consideration in language. And this is why the Quran demands pondering, it demands
reflection, you can't just read it at a surface level, because a lot creates these questions in your mind as he speaks. And you have to reconcile them to understand his intent. So how long will tada look at it this way? The Quran is a message. Is it beneficial to all of humanity? Yes or no? Absolutely. But who are the people who are actually going to take the time to take the benefit
this, somebody goes to college to take a course, the professor says this book is beneficial for all of you.
It's going to benefit all of you. But then he adds, but in the end, it's only going to benefit the serious ones among you.
It has benefit for all of you, if you so choose to extract the benefit. It is within us an open invitation if you so choose. But align the end comments but the only ones who actually end up taking that benefit. benefiting from that guidance is the people of taqwa you understand. So it's like as though Allah is saying all of humanity has an opportunity to become attacking, all of them have a chance, you're by default, you are ness. But if you really want to get ahead, you should try and become from the Matatini along Miranda middle. Okay. Now we get to the IR on the opposite end of this, which is in the Latina cafo no doubt those who have disbelieved. The Quran is very sensitive
to context. It is an incredible, incredible study. They're one of the tragedies of the Quran is that we look at it in a shallow way. The phrase says, no doubt those who have disbelieved. And people assume that when a lie is mentioning, no doubt those who have disbelieved. He's referring to non Muslims. He's referring to those who are not Muslim. And what's he going to say about the non Muslims? He's going to say, so this is the state enough, it doesn't even matter for them. It's all the same as far as they're concerned. I'm Delta home lanterns, your home, whether you were to warn them meaning Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, if you even the messenger were to warn them or not warn
them or never warned them, whether you warned them or you never warned them. Now you may noon, they're not going to believe. So the bottom line of this ayah is those who are non Muslim, are just not going to believe they're their last cause.
Is that true?
Are there not non Muslims who come to Islam every single day? How is the law saying in the Latina cafaro, and after the state law, but the basic sentences in a Latina cafaro law, you know, those who disbelieved are not going to believe.
And if you and there's an in the in the beginning, there's no doubt about it. Those who disbelieved are not going to believe how was this I understood originally and even in its context, the first thing I'll read something from you from Pepsi, you see little little Gemma monometallic. Well, he released a lot before he so my inner hula is a little more admin. Hahaha.
You know, I'm Rosie, Kasha? Mukasey, so many people comment along the same lines. They say that Allah use the plural here, those who've disbelieved. And it seems as though it's talking about all of those who disbelieve, if you didn't pay attention, that's what it might seem. But there's absolutely no disagreement in all of our intellectual history, that this is not about all disbelievers. It's not about all who don't believe in Islam.
It's not least about it. And then he says, even gives an example he says, In the Nazi loony, don't use sometimes you say, people have hurt me. People have hurt me, are you saying, Well, people on the planet have hurt you, or some people? You mean some people, but you don't say that you just said people have hurt me, you know, or sometimes I'm frustrated. And I walk out of classes and students are stupid.
And I'm referring to all students on the face of the earth or a matter of frame to a particular class that has behaved misbehaving in a particular time. But even though I am at that time, I'm going to use general language you understand? And this is actually a way of expressing someone's frustration. A lot as though it has anger as manifests because he says, not just, you know, in the same fundamental manner of caffeine, a special group among the caffeine that I'm talking about. He says Allah, Vina cafaro he speaks about them in this angry tone, those that have demonstrated disbelief, that makes no difference. And so read this from immune cathedra from Allah in the
homeless, how will you Yahood and Ronnie Dune and levena wasa hula, hula Allah, Vietnam Yamuna omiana Moon, one opinion among even the Sahaba existed, that this is referring to the heads that the leaders of the Jewish community who were the worst in their opposition that Allah described later on that even though they know the truth, they rejected it anyway. Well, who are called know ambassadors of the Allahu taala. This is what the law even even Abbas, Professor of karate, along with Don Houma, says this is not all disbelievers. This, in his mind is actually leadership of the Jewish community. in Medina, that's what it's referring to. It's important to understand that because when
you just read translation of the Quran, the question comes in your mind Allah is basically written off every non Muslim is done. End of story. This is when you don't take the entire context of the book, the historical context and the textual context. Now understand the following. There are two groups that are that are very critical to distinguish. Those who have disbelieved are already in Makkah. Pradesh, they just believe so badly that they were even willing to kill the Prophet yes or no. And the loss of loss of them barely escapes, MCI makes it to Medina. So when the Koran says those people are a hopeless case, understandable. To an extent, I won't fill that blank yet, but to
an extent, that's understandable. The second group of this believers allies referring to in this ayah are people in Medina, who are actually like him to our boss of the longtown Lemma correctly, points out are from the Jewish community, they understand the message of the Quran, they've internalized it, they actually recognize even everything going on is saying like they would recognize their own children. And yet they have become the worst of the enemies. And they're even collaborating with the enemies of Islam in Makkah, they're working with them. They're also under the nakazato. And they have they've made up their mind. But these two kofod are different categories.
The father of Makkah, and Medina are two different categories. And it's really important to understand the difference. The kuffaar of Makkah, did they know about revelation before? No. So when they rejected revelation, when they rejected the era, when they rejected the man, then they rejected it based on ignorance and arrogance.
The co founder of Medina, did they know about revelation before? Yeah. And they didn't even spear their own books. They even did Cofer of the IRA in their own books. They didn't even cover of the prophets in their own books. How are they expected to spear sudo? Allah Salallahu alaihe salam? I mean, they already hate him on account of the fact that he's not even from their race. There's already a racism there that becomes manifest. But even before then, what did they do with their own books? Quran will comment Bukhara will comment on how they dealt with their own scripture. And so when Allah says in the levena cafaro, in this ayah, they've demonstrated cofre not just in front of
the Prophet they've demonstrated their disbelief, not just in the time of the Prophet placing them. They have been demonstrating disbelief from before they've already rejected
Much of this from before, so when it's confirmation comes, it's no surprise that it didn't even matter whether even you warned them or not, they're not going to believe they're set in their ways. And it really bothers them what they took so much effort to erase from their books, the aka, they took so much effort to erase it and cold iron keeps hitting them with it and hitting them with it, and hitting them with it until the point where insulting Bukhara later on what's he gonna say, you know, you're
each one of them wishes they could live 1000 years. Why? Well, Mao, who will be Moses? Has he been an Aryan you ama, he's not getting away from no fire. Even if he gets to live that long, I'll still get you into Iraq.
Because they're trying to avoid that subject. Allah hits them harder and harder with that subject. So it's, that's why it's important to note the language of this ayah Allah says, under whom, whether you warned them or not, the prophet doesn't just warn he gives good news he teaches. He preaches as the outer home of a shelter home alimta home there's so many verbs possible, but when you say warning, what is warning referring to, warning refers to punishment. Warning refers to consequences and the ultimate consequences for believers or when in the Oscar. And so this is it's just perfectly structured. The the language of these I are referring to those who have denied the Oscar, I am
reminded even a fluorite when he saw him, it's also called pseudo israa a machimura which from the beginning talks about the Jews and there a lot so it just says on the one hand, in the huddle Quran is de la te here, when you were showing me Nina Nina, Nina Medina Emiliano Salah hut and Allah homage and Kabira well analise in LA Muna bill activity at another Hamada when Allah when talking in the context of the Jews, even Allah then said, this Quran gives good news to those who do good deeds, but warns those that have you know, and tells those who don't believe in the afterlife that they'll have painful punishment. So that point will not be let go easily in this in this discourse,
though the meanings of Now let's go back to the mccanns for a second, a very important point for all Muslims to understand. I told you the Macan people, they were the first recipients of the Quran, they received two thirds of the Quran, the prophet spent a huge part of his life with them even before becoming a messenger or these other Salam. So these people you can say, had the best opportunity to accept the religion of Allah than any other nation on the face of this earth. And yet they still were willing to kill their own messenger and they thought was wrong. These are the worst of the worst of the worst of the criminals. So when Allah says those disbelievers they're hopeless
law, you know, and they're not going to believe it's understandable.
But you know, what baffles me? What shatters me completely is that when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went finally back all the way to Makkah.
After leaving Mecca, the first time he came back all the way to Makkah, was, you know, several years later, at the instance of Abia, this is about six, seven years later, he comes back to Macau all the way to make Hajj peacefully. And even then, they tried to attack him. They actually attempted assassination against the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they failed in that attempt. And now the Muslims are heated and then off man will be Allahu anhu after lots of negotiations goes inside Makkah to try to sort out things but he's held he's basically under house arrest. And the rumor is spread that among all the Allahu anhu has been killed when the Muslims came for Hajj peacefully, no
harm intended and now their Ambassador has also been killed after an attempt has been already made on the life of the prophets I send them now the Muslims are ready for war and the prophets I send them took an oath from them that they're going to fight
but then they were really ready to fight to avenge the death of of mango the Allahu anhu but then as one comes walking back into the camp, he's okay so the fire comes down but the reason I'm highlighting that to you is an ayah came down that turned my world upside down.
It turned my world upside down. They were about to walk into they were about to attack maka. Who is the people of Makkah, I've already told you the worst enemies of Islam, the ones who received most of the Quran, the ones who drove their messenger out, they deserve no opportunities. And they should be waged war against what does Allah say? While Ola is Yanomami noona when he saw Minato, lanta move home, and Tata Oh, man.
Allah says had it not been for believing men and believing women that you have never known
that you have never known that live in Makkah that you would have trampled all over him. So to sivakumar rotten behavior element and ugly stain what I've hit you without you even knowing you would have ended up killing believers. What is Allah saying in Makkah, the enemy
Have a son. Even within their families, somebody quietly became Muslim never told anybody
quietly praying five times without maybe even just with their eyes. They don't even they wouldn't dare to make such light in front of their family, but they believe in Allah, they've left chick, but they never told anybody. They never migrated with the Prophet size on them. They never joined rosov or anything else. But they became listen and ally calls that and there are many of them, and there are women of them. And they've never declared their Islam to anyone out of fear of being killed. So even the Muslims don't know that they're Muslims. Even they don't know that they're Muslims. And when the Muslims were about to attack Makkah, Allah says, By the way, one of the reasons I didn't
let that attack happen is because there are secret Muslims inside Marcus tell now that you will never know.
You will never know
lealtad Allahu filati he Manisha so look and enter into His mercy whoever he wants, why am I telling you all of this, even in a clear cut case like Makkah, where you can say that people have McCargo far, Allah will never guide them. They deserve punishment. You can write them off, even then, all the way by the end of the struggle of the Prophet size. And these are the last two, three years of the struggle. Even then Allah says there might be somebody who Allah will enter into His mercy. And there are those who might believe so the point of all of this is when you read and levena cafaro, those who have disbelieved in the Quran, it is context based and most of the time, it is referring
to very, very bad people. It is not referring to just any non Muslim. It's referring to the worst of them who have been the most stubborn, and they don't want to budge from their position, whether you warned them or not. They just don't want to hear who's being held responsible in this ayah. They are. They're being warned, and it didn't even matter if you want them or not. They are completely stubborn in their ways. Those are the people a lot calls and the vena cava. Allah The NACA for that is not a light term in the fire. That is not a loving term in the Quran, when Allah is that we shall call someone a coffin. He doesn't. This is the one of the worst words you can use for somebody.
There are people you know, in the first IR, they were the believers. I like to think of it as they are. That's the group of believers and potential believers, as believers and potential believers, people who have Taqwa and they haven't even come to be exposed to the Quran, yet, they are people who even they were Christians. They were Jews. They came to Islam later. And when they came to Islam, and they took their Shahada Quran records their testimony, you know what they said? They said in a condemning company Muslim mean, we were already Muslim before this.
Koran says before their Shahada, they were already What? Muslim because they were potentially Muslim. So Islam was always in their hearts. So when we see the word I live in a couple in the Quran, and we oversimplified and, you know, meaning to extend to all non Muslims in every context, that is a very serious problem. That's not even something that Sahaba were willing to do. Even the Sahaba said, this must mean the heads of the who, who are the most adamant adamant against the deen and things like that, we oversimplify this issue. And when you say over, simplify this issue, lots of problems happen. Like the first problem that happens is somebody becomes Muslim, and their
family's non Muslim. And he says, I worry about my family. And they're told, by the way, in the Latina, furusawa him
at home, now, you know, don't worry about a man, whether you give them that or not, they're not going to believe leave them alone. You know,
you can't love your mother anymore, because she's a Christian, you are doing them and had the law alone, you'll never find a group of people who love those who oppose a law. Your mother is a Christian, she opposes Allah, you shouldn't love your mother anymore. What kind of nonsense is this? What kind of poison are we giving people? Is this what are the teachers? This is this is such a disservice to the book of Allah. And to that history. These are the people But Abraham and Abraham doesn't love his father.
He doesn't love his father until the very end until a law tells him to leave. Until a law tells her to not make a stepfather anymore. No Halesowen doesn't love his son.
And for 950 years all the time, he doesn't love his family until the very, very end when a law had revealed to him. That's it now he's not your family. No. Lisa menelik. Why didn't I tell him that 100 years ago, 200 years ago, 500 years ago?
What kind of preaching is this, that you tell people that because you're a believer, you have to have hatred for non Muslims, even if they're in your family? Ridiculous. absolutely ridiculous. And, again, this is how is the Dean of a law going to spread to humanity. If anybody who accepts Islam cuts themselves off from those who have not yet found the faith, all humanity was given the gift of guidance. Adam alayhis salam was told when guidance comes to you from me, for your children, all of them, the Hindus, the Buddhists, the atheists, the Jews, the Christian, everybody, and their only connection to guidance is the Muslims.
And the Muslims are supposed to hate them.
Why is the pseudo la sallallahu alayhi salam standing when a Jewish funeral is walking by of a girl? He stands up
and he says it's a Jew. Why are you standing up?
And he says not a child of Adam.
It's not a child of honor to dignify humanity. When a loss has occurred karma bunny Adam we honored the children of Adam. Yes, the machete Koon was humiliated. Yes, the kuffaar are hated in the Quran. But not all ghafar. Not all kofa the worst of the enemies of this Deen those that have demonstrated hatred and poison against Islam, we stand tough against them, and even against them. The second they take Shahada for a cuando confident
in a split second, the guy who's used to hate looking at his face is your brother. Indeed. I was at the peace convention a couple of years ago. And that Swiss, you know, politician who used to spew poison against us, Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he took Shahada, the guy who was against the minarets in Switzerland, remember that? That guy took I met him I met the guy. He took Shahada and he brought his son to the conference and in the conferences and took Shahada for one confetti, these are the same person if you saw his YouTube video two, three years ago, the Muslims underneath May Allah curse him alone, throw him in hell, he's gonna burn he's gonna you know, that's what we're
saying. And what does Allah do? A lot takes that same person, that same Allah before Islam, and he turns them into a robot after Islam, right. That's what a lot is. We were twisted when it comes to this stuff. We're really twisted when it comes to this stuff. I have 15 minutes left I'll get to the next I'll quickly in sha Allah tala and that is haram Allahu Allah columbium. Allah has placed a seal on their hearts. The word kottayam is one of the two words in the Quran use for sale, and other users Baba, Baba Allahu Allah khudobin. Natasha and I have to say, when a river fills up to the brim, it can't take any more. And then like, for example, you have this bottle or Bottling Company,
the bottle fills up completely with liquid. If you fill any more, it'll pour out and then when they cook it up, there's no more room for anything that's called dubber to be completely filled with Martin Miller, or William Taylor, to fill up completely. But Hutton is not the same as that Hutton is used in a number of ways. Houghton is used for the seal on a ring, or a stamp. Cotton is used back in the old days before email, and before typing or anything else, people used to handwrite letters. And if it was classified, they would put it in an envelope, and then they would put thene you know, melted wax on top to seal it. That seal was actually also called cotton. You don't seal
the letter until the letter is completely done writing. Yes. So the idea behind how to use an EF l has often been seen as one of them. Actually, no, that's not what I wanted to read. First, I'll tell you the linguistic meanings first, a lot more Hakata who said Allen in the origin of the word is actually to put a lid on a container. Like you're boiling rice or something and it's done and you don't want it to go cold or something and you put a lid on it, it actually doesn't mean that it's filled. It just means that it's cooked. It's completed but it's not filled to the top. You don't need to do any more. Anything that he could have done. It's done already. Now you can just cover it.
That's the idea. You didn't need to write any more on the letter. You're done writing what you have to write and then you put the lid on top of my desk near to the attache Cartman for the analytical molder who a lot for what they have done for you. So maybe he majaz and figuratively Hutton is used when something is a done deal. There's no more work needed necessary. And that's when you put a hat on Allah says hatami Allahu Allah, Allah Subhan, Allah placed what is roughly called a seal on their hearts. We know what that means that their hearts have demonstrated, all the goodness that they could have exhibited, has been exhausted. They didn't exercise any of the good Allah put in their
hearts. There is nothing left to show. And so Allah decides there is no more reason for them to give them a chance anymore. Ally's place to seal on their hearts. By the way, I emphasized in the previous ayah they were stubborn. You remember that? Allah never seals anybody's heart until they exhibit stubbornness. Allah doesn't just randomly decide this one's hard to seal and that one's hard to seal a level don't throw in hell, whoever he wants, and throw in genda whoever he wants, no, no, no, no, no. People are actually responsible for what they do to their hearts and then eventually allows it to happen. You know,
one of one of the great teachers of Quran nowadays.
Muhammad Ali Baba Nabulsi, may Allah protect him and preserve him Syrian family, you know, on his in his lectures, he says something really cool. He says, you know, a car is supposed to run on gasoline, and you put cooking oil in there, and you put some, you know, salt in there, and then it doesn't run and then you say Allah didn't want it to run.
This car was made to run a certain way. If you don't operate it the right way, then yes, Allah didn't make it run. That's because you're stupid.
You're right at the end of the day Allah made, it's not run anymore, there is a lot more some people that's bottom. But he didn't just do that without some divine intervention lightning struck in the car stopped running, you made it stop running. You didn't get diabetes because Allah sent an angel injecting you with diabetes, you kept eating fish rolls all night boxes after boxes. You did this to yourself. When human beings suffer consequences in this world physical consequences, we understand that it is us that are to be held partially, you know, there are things beyond your control. But there are things harmful things that happened to you because of you. There are people who don't wash
their cholesterol, don't eat healthy, sit around and don't do any exercise and then have a heart attack and sand federal law, but the law, there's a law that allows testing, go take a walk, man, then you blame the Corolla? Where do you get the law from? The same principles that apply in the physical world. You don't take our current care of a car alone, we'll let it go back. You don't take care of your health alone will let you get sick. The same principles apply in the spiritual world. When you don't exercise the strength of your heart to accept a good message. When you don't try and remember a lot when you don't abide by Allah's law. When you keep on forgetting Allah, then Allah
will there will be consequences on your heart. At the end of the day, Allah will allow it to be sealed. If you want to show that behavior if you want to be irresponsible, then you don't get to blame Allah. Katana Allahu Allah pulumi him I would argue this is because these people were they made it a done deal on their own in the previous IRA.
That's why a law sealed sealed, they're fine. Have it your way, the terminal case. Then don't say Oh, Allah is gonna give Shiva you know, is the stage for diabetes and you're still eating chocolate cake in a global gift shop. No, you've basically sealed your deal. How can Allah Allah botnick you know?
You're done deal here close case because you don't want to hear it. But now just some things a little bit further about the idea of galoob
what is in the heart, in the Quran? What have we learned what emotions lie inside of the heart. The heart is the place of love. When a lot of places a seal on the heart, they're incapable of loving what they should. Things that deserve love, they hate. They're supposed to love the believer, they start hating the believer. They're supposed to love truth, they develop a hatred for the truth. They're supposed to love justice, they develop an hatred for justice. So panela when the heart is sealed, there's the heart includes mercy Allah. But when the hardest sealed Rama is gone. These people can say the most cruel things and do the most cruel things because the hardest sealed the
heart is the place of gratitude. Sugar comes from the heart. And when the hardest sealed, these people feel more gratitude. They feel no reason to think anyone and they feel entitled to everything. The heart is the place of fear. And when the heart is sealed, they feel no fear for any of the things they do. They have no fear of consequence. The heart is the place of hope.
These people are completely hopeless. They have no hopes in the accident, no hopes in the good of anybody else. They don't even hope better for themselves. They consider everything fatalistic, just do whatever you want to do, and however you do it, because life sucks anyway. That's their mentality. They're hopeless people because the heart is locked. The heart is the place of guilt. Because when you do something wrong, I'll put a fifth line the human being enough, so nawala you feel bad, but when the heart is sealed, you can do the most horrible things and still be proud of them. Again, Allahumma shaytani r Milan, that's when the hardest seal shaytaan beautifies their
deeds to them. The heart is a place of shame of
these people have no shame left. When the heart is dead, then it doesn't matter how lewd, how vile how vulgar these people are in their speech and their actions and their clothing. It won't matter to them, they'll actually take what a lot in the middle of the human being in the nature of the human being made ugly, and they'll make a beautiful for themselves. The art is a place for responsibility, a sense of responsibility, your responsibility to your neighbor, you feel obligation to your children, you feel obligation to your spouse, your parents, etc. When the heart is sealed, you feel no responsibility towards anybody else. The heart more Most importantly, I would argue, is the place
of dignity. Allow soldiers dignified people, you know, and the sense of dignity you get is in the heart like that the respect you feel for your teacher is in your heart. You know, the respect you feel for Islam for rasulillah salam is in your heart, the respect you should have for yourself is in your heart. But when the heart is sealed, then there's no sense of dignity left not for others and not even for yourself. When Allah says that he sealed their hearts This is no small problem. This is not just they're not going to believe everything good that comes from the heart is gone. Everything good the entire picture of the human being locked away, stolen from them. So Pamela, this is not
just talking about anybody who disbelieves this is talking about vile wretched people and now so pay attention to the the sequence Allah certainly. Kudos to him. He placed a seal on their hearts. And then he says what Allah summary him and under hearing the hearts were already sealed. So then the hearing it didn't even matter what they heard.
Because whatever they heard could never make its way to the heart. You know, there are people that when the hardest completely sealed, they hear something good, and it almost bothers them. Because it's trying to break through a seal.
So it has stopped, can we change the channel? Can we listen to something else? Can we change the subject, I can't hear this. And let's put in a seal on their ears. They could be in the best of gatherings. Everybody else around them is tears out of the love of Allah, out of the fear of Allah, out of hope and out of mercy. But they're the only ones that are like, what are we leaving?
What are we doing here? nothing moves, nothing moves inside the ear. Because the ear is directly connected to what the heart they put next to each other in the eye. See that? The hardest sealed? And then what's this What's so surprising that the ears been sealed. And then he says, Well, I'm sorry, him Alicia. And finally on their eyes, there's a cover.
That is to suggest they're blind.
A lot placed to cover over their eyes. You know, when somebody is blind, it doesn't matter if you put a cover on them or not. So Alan, I like him. When they refuse to see the truth, when they refuse to see guidance for what it is when they refuse to reflect on the world around them. The this beautiful eyes that Allah gave us. So we can see a lot of creation and reflect. When you when you fail to exercise that capability. Then Allah will let you see the world but he won't let you see the guidance in it.
All the things that are created around us he says fee I often enough italica I attend in it there is an eye of the tree has an eye in it, the sky has an eye in it, the bird has an eye in it. When the when the eye is covered. Then you'll see the bird and you'll see the sky and you'll see the tree you will never see what you won't see the eye or you won't see what it points to. You just you know, it's like you see the door you never see what's behind the door. It's just blocked from you. This is while outside the Himalaya shower. This by the way, some argue is actually a scene of Judgment Day. Some have argued that this ayah is describing that when they are raised on judgment day their
hardest sealed, their ears aren't working and their eyes are covered blind because other places in the Quran Allah also mentioned that they're raised blind, you know. and Cuba Sierra,
why did you raise me blind, I used to be able to see your complaint on Judgement Day. But the more the more dominant FML. The more dominant possibility is that in fact this is referring to in this world, they're in capability to accept guidance is depicted in this beautiful language. Now the last thing I want to share with you about this, as you'll notice that there are these three things the hearts are sealed, the ears are the hearing is sealed, and then the eyes are covered. But the hearing summary is the only thing mentioned in the singular.
Eyes or plural, hearts are plural. But hearing the singular, Sumerian, it's so beautiful, the depiction of the Quran. You know, all of you are, for instance, hopefully looking towards me,
each of you are sitting in a different place, all of you have a different point of view or know
everybody's have a slightly different angles, isn't it? Everybody has their own point of view. So it's not one view, it's multiple views. It's multiple views. Our hearts are all in the same state or different states. Their indifference kulu, absorbed and kulu. Because different points of view, and different states of the heart, some hearts very eager to listen, some hearts not eager to listen at all, some hearts paying attention, some not paying attention, it's all kinds of variations. But when it comes to hearing our ears experiencing exactly the same thing. Yeah, the ears, at least the sounds that go to all of us are the same sounds that are traveling, but are unified and what is
heard. And this is actually the power of the Quran, it will hit all the different people have different points of view, it'll hit all the people of different states of hearts, but the message itself is the same message. And the way it will impact them is going to be different. It's like the imagery of the rain, the rain is the same. But what it produces on the earth is so different.
It's the same water, but it produces different life. It's the same thing we all hear, but the way in which it inspires us, for every one of you that are sitting listening to us today, if you're pondering over these ions, there's something different about these ions that touched you than the person next to you. As you leave or as you as you're praying and you're thinking about the if you're going to be thinking about one, jewel, one treasure from these ions, and somebody else will be thinking about another treasure from the IOD even though you all heard the same thing, but what made their made its way into your hearts is different. What makes its way into my heart is different.
This is the powerful depiction of the Quran, so you know what I mean? And they have great enormous punishment waiting ahead of them. Allah does not love to punish people I'll conclude with this I know I'm over my time or I'm right on time inshallah. Allah does not love to punish people may follow Lacombe either because what's gonna get out of punishing you, you know, Allah created human beings so you can show them mercy. But the worst and the most wretched of people do deserve, do deserve great punishment, and the greatest of all punishments, by the way, is
Already in the air, when your heart is sealed there is no greater punishment. When your ears can benefit from Quran there is no greater punishment. And I would argue for the original people who heard these if they didn't just have the opportunity to cleanse their hearts and purify their ears, they got to see the profit slice along with their own eyes and they're still blind. Can you imagine of the of all the things you can see in this world? That they get to see also the loss of a limb and they still got Alicia over their eyes? What bigger tragedy can there be marzotto protect us from that tragedy. barakallahu li walakum for Anil Hakeem when a funny way er can be it was the king of
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