Ramadan 2016 – Surat al-Baqarah – Day 24
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 28.59MB
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delves into Ayat number 62 from Surah Al Baqarah that deals with the Banu Israelites killing the Prophets and the truth behind this.
Allah SWT stated that the earlier nations who were righteous and obedient received the rewards for their good deeds. This shall be the case, until the Day of Judgment. Therefore, whoever follows the Prophet ﷺ shall acquire eternal happiness.
By revealing this ayah, Allah SWT clarifies the misconception that a person will enter Jannah solely based on their beliefs or actions. The correct belief (belief in the Oneness of Allah SWT) followed with the righteous actions (done as per the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ) will lead us to Jannah. Just because we are Muslims, we are not given Jannah. We must perform righteous deeds as taught by the Prophet ﷺ. A person who does not believe in Allah SWT will have all his deeds rejected.
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Rubbish it sorry. We are silly Emily. Hello Dr. Melissa Nia only for hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Allah alayhi wa sahbihi h behind from Ahmedabad. Once again, everybody said I'm really lucky with a couple
of the things I spoke about yesterday, one thing that sticks out that I think some academics some scholars have also talked about and non Muslim scholars as well. And it comes across as almost an accusation of error in the Quran, is that a foreign accuses the Banu saw in the children of Israel, the yahood, in particular, of killing profits, and this is mentioned in one way or the other about nine times in the Quran. And if you study the Bible overall, it's made the claim is made that there's no reference to you know, the Israelites killing their profits disobeying Yes, disregarding Yes, almost stoning, yes, but killing them. This is a false accusation made by the Quran, etc. As a
matter of fact, there are references they are few and far between. I wanted to share some of them with you. There's also para biblical literature, other literature, especially Christian literature that cites quite a bit of this in the history of Islam. So for instance, in the book of Jeremiah, there's a prophet by the name of udia, son of Shama, and the literally the citation is when Joshua Bell was butchering the prophets of Yahweh when the Lord asks, now, this is another citation about a prophet Elijah. When the Lord asked him, what he's doing there, Elijah responds, I am full of jealousy for Yahweh a Sabbath because the Israelites have abandoned your covenant and have torn down
your altars, and put your profits to the sword. I am the only one left and now they want to kill me. So this is one of many citations. There's actually a pretty interesting paper on this, that I want to make reference to inshallah, Gabriel Reynolds has a paper on this non Muslim writer, as an expert in Quranic studies from a Western academic point of view, and he's written a paper called Quran and Jews as killers of prophets, you can look that up and shout out Allah and do some reading on your own. Just one more citation that offered his paper I'll read off to you guys. This is quoting the LEA bytes, and this is in the book of Nehemiah. But they grew disobedient talking about why they
grew disobedient rebelled against you, meaning God, and thrust your law behind their backs. This is actually a phrase used exactly in the Quran number two, who were avoiding him, they threw it behind their backs. And that's exactly the phrasing in the Bible as well. They slaughtered your prophets, who had reproved them to bring them back to you and committed monstrous impieties. So this idea of them killing the profits is not an invention of the Quran. This is certainly found in their literature as well. And it's it's again, far more graphic than what we have. Now we're coming to an ayah, which is the source of a lot of controversy in circle and certain circles. And this is
probably going to take me on its own a half hour to explain because it's just that important. But the first thing to note here is that when we come to an IRA, and it's unfortunately been, you know, surrounded by disagreement, this difference of opinion, even controversy, as I'm suggesting, then the the, you know, the the Hatim the Imam, the speaker or student like myself, we get caught up in the controversy and we start studying the ayah in light of defending it against the false claims, or what we don't think are verifiable claims made against that ayah. But we don't actually look at the ayah for what it is. So we spend a lot of time discussing what the ayah is not and how not to
understand it, and then to understand it against this misunderstanding, but rather not giving credit to the IRA for what it actually represents or what it's doing in in the surah and where it's placed. Right so this this becomes unfortunately a study of we're going to learn a lot of things about the IRA but not learn a lot of things, learned the idea itself. It's like a lot of people who talk about the importance of the Quran but not actually say anything from the Quran itself. You know, so you kind of circling
Around the subject. So the first thing I want to do actually, as I translate this idea for you, is to try to illustrate some of the benefits of this island where it's placed. Let's just talk about what it's doing here first and what we can extrapolate and then inshallah, we'll look at some of the possible misunderstandings that have resulted in again, again, quite a bit controversy in the oma inilah Xena Amanullah Xena hardware nassarawa sabihin. No doubt those who believed those who now this is difficult to translate, it could be translated those who returned those who came back and it could also be those who were Jewish. So this could be a verbiage of verbal use of the phrase yahood
in the past tense in the Latino or Latina huddle, so those who returned or those who are Jewish, we'll dive into that a little bit deeper for now. So far, two groups that we mentioned the Muslims and the Jews, right when the psara and the Christians, which is again, a unique Quranic phraseology, we'll get to that, too, was sabihin and the sabians, which is again, another interesting group that we're going to have to have a discussion about so far, four groups have been mentioned, without a doubt those who believed those who were Jewish, the Christians, and the sabians was sabihin men, Ahmed Abdullah, he will Yeoman actually what I mean lasallian whoever were to believe in Allah and
the Last Day and to do a good act righteously actually Sally honey here you can look at as a HUD, so they acted righteously. It's probably a bad translation here to say and did good deeds that would be Emmylou a folly hat. That's not their language here. It's amela Sally. And this would be a hard transition acted righteously. They did things in a way that was good for the home, I drove home and darabi him then they have their compensation, their fair compensation, that with their master with their Lord, like when I hope when I lay him well known, and there is no fear on them. I've explained that before. This is an echo from the time of Adam alayhis salaam that's already been mentioned, it
was yet again told why Ella, now it's coming up again. So when I hopefully soon, and they're not going to be the ones to grieve. Now what is this IRA doing their time and time again, you see Vanessa in leaning on the fact that they are chosen by Allah and Allah has given them Duff de la de la la Vina new football to Kumar la la mina gave you preference over all other nations, thinking that this label of being Muslim, which for them is the label of being Bunny and saw in that label is enough for them to be in a less favor, they can get away with pretty much anything. Because now they are chosen by Allah. Allah is highlighting a particular disease that certain people have that the
sticker that they have on them, the label that they have on them should be enough. And they don't have to prove themselves to a lion anyway, they're already from the saved group. And this is a disease that doesn't just hit them, who else can it hit? It hits us and by them as a matter of fact, a large contingent of any major world religion that has a major following actually tends to believe this. At least we're in the right one. We don't have to do much now that we're now we're in we got our entrance ticket already. I already said my Shahada. I'm already a Muslim. Everything else will be fine. What does this ayah do? It actually has it from a grammar point of view, it has to move
data. And what that means is it's it starts off a sentence. And then instead of ending that sentence starts it off over again. In the Latina Amanullah, Xena. huduma nassarawa sabihin moqtada.
starting again, when I'm Anna Villa, he will yeoville aka me lasagna Why? Why start the sentence over again. First, the ayah is about the labels, the religious labels, those who believed meaning the Muslims, those who are Jewish, those who are Christians, those who are savings, these are all the different labels people have in their religion. But Allah says the reality of it is far more important than these labels. The reality of it is any of you, any of you so what is the the essential heart of the matter? Whoever truly believed in Allah, who truly believed in Allah, and truly believed in the last day, and acted righteously, I want to see action and actual faith, I want
to see what's in the heart, and I want to see the action manifest and acted righteously for then those people have compensation, you're not just going to get compensation because you are a member of oneness law.
That's not how it works. That's not how it's ever worked. So never lean on that label. That was the point of this ayah. Now how is unfortunately has this I haven't looked at the way in which unfortunately, this happens. We looked at his look, Allah says, Do Muslims, Jews, Christians, and God knows who these people are the sabians all of these guys put together, whoever among them believed in or did three things. believe in Allah. And the last day, that's two things down and then acted righteously, that's your third thing. So there's only three things required of any person. They have to believe in God. They have to believe in the last day, and they have to act righteously.
It doesn't matter if they're Jewish, or Christian, or Muslim or sabian. They just have to do these three things. And if they can do these three things, then the is saying follow home modular home and obviously, they have their compensation with their master. There's a lot hopefully I'll let him follow him.
So don't there is no fear on them. They don't have to worry about it they have, there's no grief that they're gonna have to suffer. In other words, you don't have to believe in this profit. You don't have to believe in Mohammed salam, you could just do three things. believe in Allah believe in the last day and act righteously. You're good to go. And so why are we even preaching the message of Islam to anybody, we can just tell them. If you're Jewish, that's fine, just be a good Jew. And if you're a Christian, just be a good Christian. do good things, and your Islam says you're perfectly fine the way you are. That's the message of this ayah. First of all, that doesn't even make sense
from the context of the ayah. Why? Because from the very beginning, the first time he man was mentioned, while Amina Bhima and Zell to massage the Kalima outcome. What's the entire criticism of Israel? Is the criticism of the Israelites in the entire ayat that are coming before that they don't believe in Allah? No, most certainly they do believe in Allah.
Is there a criticism that they don't follow the prophets? Yeah, they don't follow revelation. Yeah, that's the problem. They don't believe in Revelation that they had. And actually they rejected the revelation that Allah has sent them. And by rejecting that revelation, Allah didn't say, well, it's okay at least you follow Torah. So you're good. As a matter of fact, the statement of allies while at akuna Avila, caffeine be rejecting the Quran makes you the first in line of those who've done cover. So for us to assume that here, it's not calling for them to accept the final revelation, they're fine the way they are is a major problem. But before we go into the previous context, and
what's coming ahead, it's important to understand the idea itself, there's a few things I wanted to share with you the law in the larger context, it's very clear, the entire conversation is about believing in the final revelation that you can't, like, Miss that reality that overshadows all of the sort of bunnies that we're studying. Okay. Then, of course, even the first thing that was told to them was live by the revelation, I've given you our full big, Goofy viaticum fulfill my promise made with you through revelation. So the idea of skipping revelation is absurd. But let's look at the IRA itself. Let's look carefully inside the IRA itself and explore what exactly is it that a lot
as always in the same? The first thing I want you to note here is, you know, the terminology used for all of these groups. It's very beautiful. And so first, we understand who these four groups are. First, Allah said in Allah, Vina amanu those who have believed a lot not qualified with anything else he didn't say believe in Allah or believe in the last day or believe in nothing just Alevtina armano in Allah Zina Amano. And so Allah is actually opening the invitation to all of humanity to be part of this group.
Every other group mentioned here after is actually specific to a either an ethnicity or a particular group. But when you say a Latina among those who have believed then it's this is an open ended invitation. Anybody can join in the second group that's mentioned I love this phrasing I told you when I when Allah says when Latina How do Why did you say well your hood when your hood because you could say in the Latina amanu while your hood when nesara wasabi? You could say it like that? He didn't say it like that. He actually said in a Latina I'm gonna well Athena, how do when you say how do it creates once again is the logic de la la two things at once. One thing it means is those who
returned and the other thing it means is those who are Jewish, if you say Eliyahu they only means one thing which is what the Jews, Allah azza wa jal is saying among the Jewish people, those who actually came back to a linemate Toba actually the word for how they are who do in the Quran even in Houdini, like the manner in NA Toba, like, you know we we make Toba to you we return back to you. Allah azza wa jal wanted to say two things at once one I'm talking about a group of the Jewish people to the group within them that actually came back to me. This echoes what's already been said, because the call made to them was fatawa la come in no hoo hoo, Rahim to elaborate he can come back
to your master come back to your Creator. He's the one who accepts when you come back to him, and no less has of those that were invited to come back to a lot and actually came back. So how a lot it's actually eemaan and Toba in inilah, Xena Amanullah, Xena. How do the two things here are eemaan and Toba? And this is something you find coupled in the Quran in other places 11 you know taba? What Amina Amina Avalon, Salah, you know, you have even Toba and the mind coupled with each other, the same thing here in the Latina amanu, while Latina hado. Then the interesting third piece of this equation is one nesara. And Asara. Interestingly, there's another word available, you could say
nasrani. You know, Saloni Yun or you could say mercy He Yun, that's the term common at the time for Christians. nesara was not the common term used for Christians. This is something the Koran basically invented for them, like their allies, calling them with a name that they didn't use for themselves. The the singular form
of NASA is actually nastran, or NASA, NASA or NASA, which is again is the Roger de la nasaan actually comes from NASA and me and NASA. And he is actually a variation of the Aramaic, it's the people you may have heard Jesus of Nazareth. Right. So the people of Nazareth were Nephi. Nene. And so allies First of all, making reference to the original followers of Islam here, not just any Christians, those from the salon, the original original Sahaba, of Isa, who the Quran calls the howdy Yun, who the same word occurs for men and sorry, in a law called How are you know, onsala that's phrasing is used to describe Allah is now talking about those not just to have human
whenever, and not just those who turn back to Allah. But those who consistently aided the prophets and their own missions who were by the side of the profits. And the prime example of that were those who were willing to even sacrifice themselves in their loyalty to a salary salon. And they've been given this honor by calling them nosara. Now the from the Arabic side of things, the word nesara originates from the word nostra. And no sly means to provide heavy aid or heavy help, what their meaning the assistance they provided to their messenger is no small thing. And by using the SM it's as though and this is actually it corresponds with what they had done. You know, because if Allah
said, when levena inilah, Xena armano, when levena hadoo, when levina nazzaro. If you set it like that, then it will actually be just any group who helped. But if you say nesara, again, two groups are included, the two things about them are being told at the same time, these are the original followers of Jesus, and at the same time, or they represent those same teachings at the same time, they were those who helped him, they were the onsala, both of those meanings are captured inside the beautiful word and assata. So just to say Christians is actually an oversimplification here, then you get to the most complicated of these four terms, which is a sabihin, I translated it as sabians
Not to be confused with the kingdom of Saba or Shiva. That's something else. Now the sabihin there's lots and lots of column about who the soybean are. There was no clarity among the allama because this was an obscure term used. And it's actually makes you wonder why Eliza would use this term. What the most we can tell is that this group is known at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. It seems like they're a scattered group, they're away from most people. They're not they don't interact. But a lot of our scholars of the past believe that these are a variation of the People of the Book, some believe they're a group of, you know, not so mainstream Christians that are
still found in some parts of southern Iraq. And they believe in the in the teachings of yahia alayhis. Salaam, john the baptist, that's who they follow. And they have a lot of obscure writings. I'm not so convinced of that position. But what I do find peculiar about this group, one of the one of the most interesting things about this group, is that Allah azza wa jal used the word Saba, from the word Saba other words have been for them. And Saba in Arabic means Harada mendini illa dienen, aha, Saba vimana, he left one religion and joined another one converts what you call converts nowadays, one of the words for that in old Arabic is hobby. This is actually why you find
Canada Arab to semi Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a sub Sahara German de decorational, Islam, you actually find record of the Quraysh calling our messenger sallallahu alayhi Salaam, sabi. Why? Because he left what they think is their religion. They think, well, he wasn't complaining, so he must have been part of religion, but he left that enjoined Islam. So he left the faith and joined Assam. And that's what makes him a sabi, right. And so that's the term perhaps suggesting a group of people who left some shared ways and decided they're going to cut themselves off what I like to think about this group. And again, there are other implications, some say these are lost followers
of Ibrahim alayhis, salaam, they, you know, because Ibrahim alayhi salam, you know, he had a smile on his arm. And then for 1000s of years, there are no profits, but some teachings of izmailovo, some must have survived, and those who are holding on to whatever they could and cut themselves off and converted out of the dominant religion of their tribes. Perhaps they were called sabi that could be implied from the use of the word. You know, what I'm inclined to think about these people are, it's actually a timeless phrase for all those who get disenfranchised and disenchanted with the religion or the worldview that they're born into, or they're raised in and they cut themselves off from it
seeking the truth.
And actually, this, in a sense, is what the prophets lysozyme was described as because he was disenfranchised from you know, the religion of his people, and he clearly cut himself off from it. And in a sense, he became slavit. Saba also referred some some say to, you know, people who study the stars who are who look at the stars all the time, so they
figured they worship stars. And here, it's important to note that this allegation that the sabians worshipped stars is a result of people not understanding a religion, when they look at it from a distance, I want to help you understand this concept. It's an important one. When I was in high school in 1836, in 1996, I took a global history class, right. And now Islam is very famous, it's on the news all the time. So I'm sure the textbooks have changed. When I was in global history class, in high school, I still remember in Forest Hills in New York City.
Our there was a world religions chapter. And there was a small column dedicated to Islam. And under Islam, Muslims worship the God of the moon. And that's why they follow the lunar calendar, because they actually believe that God lives on the moon.
And this is a little half paragraph about Muslims. And that's pretty much all it said. And I was like, I didn't know that about my religion.
I'm gonna go ask mom, what's going on here? Is this why, you know, maybe they know something we don't you know, they look at something from a distance. And they assume this is what what it must be. They see like, masajid with a crescent moon on top, like, Oh, these guys worship the moon. I see. I see. You see what I'm saying? And of course, why are you celebrating? What's this festival? You brought dates to my house and some obscure meat? You know, why did you bring this to my Oh, cuz it's a new moon. It's easy. Oh, these guys must worship the moon that these assumptions are made. Similarly, when you don't understand the religious practices of somebody else, you might make these
kinds of generalizations or assumptions. Like, I tell you people make these things. I mean, I've only experienced this as a Muslim. I used to work at a travel agency. Yes, I did.
But you know, and when I did, I used to take in the break, I used to pray. And my coworker asked me, What is it about that pillar that is so sacred?
Cuz you always go there? And you're like, praying, like, Is there some Is that something happened in your life near that pillar? Like, well, actually, I'm not praying to the pillar.
So that, you know, to avoid confusion, I used to put a chair there. So his next question was about the chair.
You make a big sale, when you're on that chair.
I got fired from that job, by the way, not because of that, I got fired, because I booked these tickets for $250. And the guy was so happy. He was so he was like, I've never seen cheap tickets like this before. I was like, You're welcome, sir. This is back when people used to call on the phone and order their plane tickets. They didn't there was a kayak or nothing, you know, this is back in the day. So I bought these tickets. I'm super happy I made my first sale. Then the guy shows up the day of and he's like, you idiot. And I'm like, What would I do? I booked his tickets to Moscow. And he wanted to go to Moscow, except I booked a ticket to Moscow, Ohio.
Let me try learning Arabic. Okay, anyway.
So in Alina Amanullah, Dena hadou and nassarawa. Sabine, and the MD sapiens, meaning those who convert out of their dominant faith tradition, like I, you know, there are people that are just liberal, progressive, they've believed nothing their entire life, they were born of agnostic parents in like, you know, in America, or Australia, or England or somewhere else. And in the middle of their life, they decide this is not for me, I need to find something that I can actually hold on to, you know, there are people that they become Saba, in a sense. And so you're going to find these kinds of people until the day of judgment. And so I feel that this is a man who had a maybe a
reference to a particular group, but the generality of the language and the fact that there was so much imagination involved from the early times, a lot of teachers, Allah gives us every word in the Quran for a timeless purpose. And to find out this obscure group in history may have some benefit, and we still haven't found them. But actually looking at the origin of the word and specifically how the Prophet was addressed. That's the most curious part of this, right? Because when they saw that he's not following their way. They called him a sabi. And that's a pretty telling indication of what this might be a reference to. But anyway, this is the first part of it these groups, in other words,
until the day of judgment, any of the people who follow these lines there are those who want to aid the truth like the nesara. Those who want to return back to a line Latina, how do those who find faith, those who leave their dominant tradition and culture and they want to convert out of it, these are basically truth seekers, all of these are truth seekers in any day and age. And that's actually what Allah wants the people who are seeking the truth. Then he puts three conditions like I said, to believe in Allah to believe in the last day when I'm gonna be law he will do me a favor. What I mean
lasallian and acted righteously. Now notice here, there's no two bars, it's ama biLlahi. While yo Mila Harry, the buyer is not there in between. and this is a sharp contrast from what you read earlier on in the Surah armineh biLlahi were billyoh mill as a de forma humby, meaning you saw two bars there, here, there's no bind between when you put to buzz, it means we believe in Allah. And of course, we also believe in the last day, you've separated those two things by mentioning in twice, but when you say we believe in Allah, or those who believe in Allah, and the last day, then you've combined these two as though they are logically connected to each other. They're one one, you know,
part and parcel of each other. What Allah is describing here, subhanahu wa taala is actually a necessary consequence of true faith in Allah. When you truly believe in Allah, you believe that he's fair, you cannot believe in Allah and believe that he's not feared, that's impossible, because that will take away from His perfection. And part of His perfection is that every injustice that happens in this world, because there is lots of injustice in this world, and it happens in your personal life. It happens among friends, it happens at the level of governments and entire peoples injustice is a dominant reality of this earth. How can you believe in a God who is perfect and absolutely
fair, and yet see all the unfairness around you? You cannot make sense of these two things, these two polar opposites unless you believe in some kind of machine that this God made that takes all the debit, and turns it into credit. He does all he takes all the wrong and makes it right again, and all the right that was unpaid for it gets paid for what is that machinery? Judgment Day? That's the last day without that machinery unfairness remains unfair. And people got away with it. Um, has he been laziness? Tara has a yard and yes, we Guna people who've done all kinds of crimes, they they think they just got ahead of us. They just escaped. They got too far away that they can't be caught
anymore. No. So Allah is now saying the true concept of Allah necessitates a belief in the final day. This was important to say too, but it was like a lie. I keep harping about it over and over, what did they erase from their book? to last? How can you have really mad and a lot left you remove the alcohol from it? What concept of affair God do you have left? Now? What concept of responsibility do you have left? So imagine Allah and the Last Day are laws of minimalism, they are necessary with each other, they go hand in hand. Now, once they go hand in hand, does that affect how you behave?
If you believe in Allah, and as a result, you believe in the last day, does that affect your behavior? So it's only logical that the next thing mentioned is what was me lasallian. And they acted righteously as if to say, and therefore they acted righteously. It's a logical consequence, all three of these faiths are logically connected to each of these items are logically connected to each other, you wouldn't be so far. Now this is the probably the most important part of this entire conversation.
There's a what you can call a difference in point of view.
I'm a teacher, I have students. From my point of view, this student did not work hard.
And the students I asked her, Hey, did you do your homework? No.
You're not working hard? No, no, I'm a hard worker.
his point of view very confident as What? He's a hard worker, me as a teacher, I look at his work. I know him for five years, I've been failing him for five years, he's in the same class.
I have a right to say that he's What? Not a hard worker. Now you have a different point of view, whose point of view is more valid?
Mine because I'm in a position of XP. I know better in this case. I know better in this case. Okay.
Somebody claims they believe in God.
Somebody claims they believe in God. And Allah says they don't believe.
Allah says they don't believe whose claim is valid.
I'll ask, how is it possible that somebody says they believe but Allah says they don't? Is that possible? Is that difference of point of view possible? Yeah, it is possible. Because to Allah, he's not just judging what comes out of your tongue.
He's actually passing judgment of what lies inside of your heart, deep inside of your heart, is far even beyond action or even your intentions, he sees the reality of it. This ayah when he says those who believe in Allah,
is he talking about those who believe in Allah from their own point of view or from his standards? This is from his point of view. When Allah azza wa jal says the karaka for Latina calu in de la salifu thalassa. Those who say Allah has is a third of three have disbelieved. That is not a statement of human there is a statement of Kufa, that's from a last point of view, that doesn't count as human. That does not count as human. So which nesara is he talking about? He's talking about the nesara who don't say Allah is a third of three. You understand? When you are among the you Who do you have the
Who said in Nala hockey don't wanna know apnea. Allies bankrupt were the ones that are rich that came out of their mouths, when those those Yahoo that said that and after saying that there's no but we still believe in God, God's own point of view is you could say whatever you want I don't consider that belief in Allah. In other words, belief in Allah is actually what he says belief in Allah is not from your point of view. Look in America, we are a religiously free society in a state like, you know, Arkansas, you have I was, I spent a lot of time in Little Rock before. And in Little Rock you have the most churches per square mile. And most denominations, most very denominations. Every one
of those churches has a belief in God.
But are they all different? Yeah, completely different points of view on who God is and what he means and what it means to make him happy. Their faith in God very soul soul so much alive saying here, not if you feel like you believe in Allah, but you actually believe in a lot as he wants you to believe. And by the way, Allah revealed some things about himself that we could never have known. There are Names of Allah, we could have known some names. He's a rough man. He's al Malik. Like there are some names a human being can think about and say he, God is merciful, he is fair, he is in control. You can know those names. There are certain things about Allah, you could never have known
unless he told you, right, he could only have told you and otherwise you would never ever have ever have known. So when Allah says those who truly believe and believe in Allah, of all of these groups, who believed in Allah as he wants to be believed in, not according to their own philosophy, but as Allah wants them to believe in it. Now take this a step further. Well, yo, mela had the last day. Are there different opinions on what the last day looks like? Do the Christians have a different view? The Jews have a different view if if a view at all the Muslims have a different view? Do Hindus have some concept? You know, description of it? Do the minds have, you know, a description of
what's going to happen at the end of the world? Yeah, you have a variety of views on how the world is going to come to an end. And what it all it's all going to mean at the end, isn't it? But our Eman is that for every single profit that Allah ever sent on this earth? Did he teach them different views of the last year the same exact view?
It's the same day. The same picture is being painted by Saleh Ali Salaam and know how la Salaam and Ibrahim Ali Robin sure la Salaam and Isa and Musa Mohammed Naima salatu salam, there is no different pictures of Judgement Day. According to us. It's one concept of the last day one concept. But if you look at the reality, from our point of view, the Jews today have a different concept of last day Christians have a different concept of last day sabians, who if they were will have their own concept of last day, Allah saying actually only of these people who maintained the belief in the last day as I revealed it, not from their own point of view, because what if they believe in some
strange version of it, that doesn't even count as the Marlena Yamanaka. This is not an open license to anybody who has some vague concept of God, or some vague concept of the afterlife, it's all good. Just make sure that you stop at a red light, then you can go to heaven.
That's not what this is. And the last part of it is probably the most important for me lasallian and acted righteously acted in a way that is righteous, this is a the whole nature of it is really important to understand. Allah is not just talking here about what you do. He's actually also talking about how you do it. That's what the hell does. It doesn't just explain what is done. It explains how it is done. So I want to pray to God. That's the act of prayer. But how you pray has to be good. How you pray has to be good. I want to help someone. It's not just the act of help, but how you conduct that help help. What is the mannerism with which you speak to someone saying Salaam to
someone is a good deed. But how you say Salaam can make a lot of difference.
It can make a big difference. It's not just the what that's important. It's also the the how Now the thing is somebody can have a concept of this is good. And this is good. And this is good.
But the way they're going to do it can only come from Revelation like every every other person can have their own idea of what is good.
every other person can have relative morality. They could I mean, there could be some person who yells at their mom and says it's okay. It's no problem. She's cool with it. No big deal. That's not how you can talk to your mom. Why not? Because the Quran revelation will come and say that taco llama often don't even say Oh,
don't even squeeze your eye. You know your eyebrows like this. Don't even do that before them. Don't even let them hear and Oh. It's not just what you do for your parents, even how you do it has been talked about. Even how you do it has been taught to you such as that you pray. It's even how you stand in prayer. These things can only have come from Revelation. In other words, it's not some vague, generic question.
concept of being good, but rather they acted righteously in the same God who introduced himself the same one who showed them their final destination. Also show them this is what it means to be good. And this is how you act righteously. When you find these people across history, then follow follow Maduro and Europeans and they have their compensation with their master. I do take a step further. Allahu taala alum what I'm convinced of I like to share, I'd like to share that in this ayah there's a promise from Allah azza wa jal to a large contingent of humanity, people in the world that have no idea what Islam is. And if they only know anything about Islam, it's something scary and tainted,
the images that they've seen, and the unfortunate representation of Islam that either non Muslims have made, or unfortunately, even Muslims have made that has polluted the picture of what this beautiful religion is. So they haven't found Islam because we didn't let them. The only reason they haven't found Islam is we didn't let them there are lots and lots of people of people in the world who are just really good people. They're really, really good people. And they will lie he like if you look at their character, their behavior, their their, you know, their dealings with people, they make Muslims feel bad,
and their honesty and their integrity, you know, and even their spirituality. But the other thing is they're looking they're seeking, they're seeking. They're trying to find the truth, and a lot so agenda has made a promise to all those that are good, that are seeking to find the truth that Allah will not let this pursuit go to waste. As a matter of fact, this pursuit itself
is a Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa jal, Dr. Bollen, Fada. He found you lost you can only get lost when you're looking at you know, you don't know where to look. He's looking and looking and then he guided you. Allah will not take those who are looking and seeking and trying to find the truth and let their effort go to waste. Those who sincerely came to Allah, you know, I even argue in silence Salaam. He delivered his message to when we saw him. And you know, he they most of them reject. And centuries later you have the story of the people of the cave, as horrible gaff that's mentioned in the crowd. These people did not see a prophet. They did not believe in Torah or
NGO. They didn't know any of it. All they knew is we can't worship idols as we can't, we can't do that. They have no other concept of Islam that landed Bindu de la Han lacuna is on shadow. That's it. That's all they had. And Allah azza wa jal, despite a sadness of having come,
despite him having come and them still not knowing about him, they're still heroes in our religion. They're still great in our religion, because Allah acknowledges those that are seeking even though we have it, we they haven't taken the Shahada. They haven't seen Islam yet. They haven't it hasn't come before them yet. So passing judgment on people who are in that journey is impossible for you and me. I am not saying you should look at other people and say this one's going to happen, this one's going to happen. That's none of our business anyway, we can't even say that about ourselves. What are we going to say that about anybody else? But for us to say that no, people who have not
taken the Shahada are definitely going to jahannam is also an overstatement. That is not what this Dean preaches. There's no evidence to that statement across the entire religious literature, that unless people take the Shahada, you know, and explicitly come to Islam. It does not answer the question of those who are never exposed. You know, it doesn't answer but these are do these ions have that room in them? But regardless, when they do find the truth, the truth has to be in line with the teachings of our Deen. It has to be in line with my Amina Bella. He will Yamazaki Amina saadian Fela home Andrew home and don't be him Allah, Allah Allah. Now just a final comment on this
ayah and that is that the IR before it and the IR after it both have to do with revelation.
The IR before and the eye after both have to do with revelation how the previous owner was Yuk furuno Biya Tila in Delica Vietnam Cano una via Tila they used to disbelieve in the Ayat of Allah what are the Ayat of Allah revelation in the next iru find ye the Havana mythical calm. What a final Sakamoto hoodoo patina combi quwata, when we raised the covenant, when we took the covenant from you, which I'll explain, and we raised the mountain of tour above, you, hold on to what we've given you with all the might you have hold on to what we've given you meaning hold on to the Torah, but hold on to the book of Allah, which is again, Revelation. In other words, the entire passage down to
the ayah, before and after, emphasizes faith in Revelation. So if the ayah in and of itself does not mention, whoever believed in Allah, and the last day and his revelations, it doesn't matter anymore, because now the entire subject is revelation. And speaking of which, it's not just revelation, you need to focus on these other things too. That's what this is highlighted. If you want to rip this ayah out of its context, and assume that the Quran in this ayah gave no value to Revelation. This is actually exactly the crime described in the Quran.
Let me know, Your Honor. I mean, those who took the Quran and tore it to pieces, you told you tear this piece out and say, Look, there's no mention of Revelation, what are you talking about? Read the ayah. Before, if you can't read the entire surah, because that's too much work for you, at least read the I have read the ayah. After even then you understand that it's not revelation that's being skipped. In any case, let's move forward. Now allow highlights, where it has not been takaku when we raised the Mount, or rather, when we took the meet up for me, mythique comes from the word what the cup, which means to tie something very tight, mid fall, this pattern actually suggests a devise a
means by which you were tightened up mythique is a contract or a promise by which you are held to account or you're tied to somebody. This is actually a very beautiful expression for revelation itself, or it is also called a rope. And a rope is something by which you tie in a sense of rope is also a metok. You know, in in its literal expression. So what is the heartland mitaka comb, what a foreigner folk tour, and we raised right above you up to the mountain of a tour. The biblical parable is as follows. On the morning of the third day, there was a there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.
Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain, Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because he the Lord descended on it and fire the smoke billowed up from from it like smoke from a furnace. And the whole mountain trembled violently, as the sound of the trumpet group grew louder and louder. Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him. So this is a conversation between Musa and Allah azzawajal they describe a lot descending, we don't accept that part, but rather, that the mountain was actually raised. Now some Bible scholars actually literally believed that it was raised. Others say that it was raised in the sense that they
were at the foot of the mountain. And the mountain kind of overlooked them, you know, if you're standing in front of at the bottom of a very tall building, like if you've ever been to New York City, and somebody wants to show you, by the way, you're right at the Empire State, seriously.
Oh, and then it feels like it's just falling over you the idea of a mountain hovering above you that it's kind of collapsing on top of you, then the Quran uses the word nataka is not eligible for Coca
Cola, which has, well just the word enough, actually, the the idea of nataka is to shake.
And so it's kind of the image of an earthquake, and an earthquake is happening. And there are boulders and rocks that are on the mountain that are falling. And these people are at the bottom. So they see these giant boulders rolling down, crashing on either side of them. And they're just kind of standing because they're not sure if they run that they're going to be, you know, smashed. So that's one image of what's happening here. The entire mountain is shaking, and rocks are falling. And this is how a lot of ways the tool above them. When he started dropping boulders of it, you know, on top of them as a chuck, others have taken a very literal meaning of it, which is possible
also. And there's no reason to reject it, like the expression in solara. Can I know Who woulda like it was a shadow hovering above them? Like it was literally like an umbrella hovering above them? Well, what do I know who out there will be him and they were convinced that it's going to drop right on top of them. Like literally the mountain of tourists hovering above these people. And as it's hovering above them, Hulu, Martina cumbuco hold on to what we have given you with all of my with great might.
What is referring to Taurat he's referring to what I've made halala and what I've made, hold on, hold on to these instructions with all your mind. Some of some I remember some emails from a long time ago. Why did the law have to raise a mountain over their heads and then tell them to take the book seriously. It's like somebody's telling you on gunpoint. Hey, take Koran Seriously? Okay, okay. Okay, I'll follow it. Yeah. I'll read it. You know, why is he holding a mountain above them? And they're like, Oh, no. And then Allah says, Take what I've given you seriously? Hold on to a restraint? Yes, we will. Yeah.
But that's how genuine is it? That's not genuine. Because at that point, you're only doing it because you're being held at gunpoint, or in this case, mountain point.
That's the only reason. And as soon as the mountains gone, you're gonna go back to your old ways, or that's not a genuine reason to abide by the law, the law. So why did I use this measure? To understand this question, when asked to carefully look at the relationship between ourselves and a law that is not one dimensional, it's complex. To put it in perspective, the relationship you have with your mom is not one kind of relationship. When she was when you were a child and she was taking care of you the relationship was different as you grew, the relationship became different when you were negotiating, getting married with her, the religion
kinship was different when she became a grandma, the relationship is different, that it's the same mom and you, but the relationship has gone through lots of changes. And it's not just progressive changes, there are different types different different sides to your mom that come out of different occasions. Okay? Sometimes her angry side is necessary. Sometimes our loving side is necessary, actually not much different with a landmass Allah, Allah. We have lots of dimensions with our relationship with Allah, we have a relationship of love with a law, we have a relationship of fear with a law, one of gratitude with a lot of loyalty with a loved one of humility, when Allah one of
sharing our joy with a love wanting to talk to a lot missing a lot. You know, we have we have more than fear, of course, it's part of the relationship. It's part it's a complex relationship, we have a relationship with a student from Allah, one seeking Allah's wisdom, you know, putting ourselves in a position of a learner, we have all these different kind of dimensions to our relationship with Allah, when something great happens in your life, then there's the sense of gratitude to Allah that overwhelms you. That's not the time of fear. It's the time of gratitude. You know, when you've messed up really badly, it's a time of embarrassment before Allah, maybe even fear of Allah. The
thing is Allah will manifest through his names right when you study the names of Allah which is what I'm which is talking about which name allies highlighting which part of the relationship is important here.
So when he's saying go for him, or as he's on Dante calm, you know, Korean Aziz when he's mentioning these names, it's actually highlighting what part of your relationship with ally is important at this stage. Blue Israel have this unfortunate one sided relationship with Allah He loves us no matter what.
No matter what we do, he's not gonna
What's he gonna do? Were the chosen ones. Who else is going to get
well the only ones
you know, that remind me of post office employees, sorry if there are any in the audience.
You know, you're already secure in your job and know where you're going to get fired. You already tenured. So you can take five hours to put a stamp on, it's okay.
And if you say could you hurry you need to calm down sir.
There is no reason for you to take your job seriously. Now, you know, this attitude of theirs. Allah azza wa jal flips the equation and says you as as much as you've taken advantage of the ullas attribute of love towards you favor towards you give towards you, you've completely ignored the relationship of fear towards him. That needs to be highlighted and the more drastic measure of law takes is an indication of how drastically far they've gone this is a Scared Straight program. So who lamattina cumbuco Now Allah has not done that with us so Pena what Allah Allah didn't do this this with this oma that's actually an indication that one inshallah we're not that bad.
Hopefully we're not that bad. Because when need be, Allah will do this. when need be. He will scare people straight with guru Murphy and remember what is in it, that Allah come that horn so that you may be protected, so you may be safe. Usually when you say taqwa safe of the displeasure of Allah, protect yourself be righteous be pious, but in this ayah so you may protect yourself from getting crushed, because I will crush you
the mountains hovering above them.
You better watch it. I basically Allah has had enough. Hoo hoo Martina from Boca, and you better remember what's in it. Now in these words, we are learning the relationship that a deteriorated believing nation has to have with their book. Let me say that phrase again. So it echoes in your head. What is the guidance for a deteriorated, believing nation so that they can be protected? Huma atina cumbuco was Kuru Murphy.
Hold on to what I have given you what we've granted you with great might, what is Allah given us
cry the way they were supposed to hold on to toe rot we are supposed to hold on to Quran and holding on to something with great might what in the world does that mean? Koran is never going to be a casual read for you and me. We're going to pour over every word and we're going to hold on to this guidance and we're going to try to understand it to the best of our ability and then see the world through it as though this is the only guide for our survival. I didn't share with you the concept of Sweden funny Phil Quran and Kareem artistic depiction in the Quran. One of the most beautiful images in the Quran is in the first part of dakara. I didn't share with you I'll share with you now this is
a good occasion to share it. When Allah says daddy Kalki tabula rasa fi 13 you can actually turn that into a picture that's actually a painting. Let me show you how. Imagine for
moment that you are on a journey. It's dark and dangerous, you're up on top of a cliff somewhere, one wrong step and what's gonna happen?
You're down, you're, you're, you're gone. Now in every step you take, you're being extra What?
You're being extra cautious, but you cannot be cautious unless you have some light, some light, and that there are some direction being offered to you. Somebody says, You can't even see for yourself, you're being told, turn left and take three steps.
Are you sure? Yeah, just take three steps. Don't take four. Because you get killed. Just take three, okay? The person whose directions you're going to follow, you can't have any doubts in it.
If you want to protect yourself, you're going to have to follow the guidance without any doubts. larae Buffy hotel was rockin the idea of holding onto guidance with all your mind and following it as closely as you possibly can. Because if you veer off the path, you're gonna, you know, if that was literally the crime calls in or Terada falling off a cliff. That's the image described of someone who loses guidance, literally falling off a cliff. You know, how about the descended. That's not the position we want to be at. So just looking to the book, have a love for counsel on every turn. And every occasion. That's the relationship the Israelites were asked for. And then they were
told what guru Murphy
and mentioned what is in it, it means two things, remember what's in it and also means mentioned? What's in it? Why is that important? In this halaqa right now people are watching live or they're gonna watch a recording. You guys are sitting in the machine I'm talking, we're in the environment, we're remembering what he says. But then when we leave here, and we're home, and we're in the middle of an argument, or we're about to make a transaction online, or we're about to go drive somewhere to see certain friends, that's the time to remember it.
Right now it's easy to remember the time to remember it is when you need it. This is just so it can be reinforced and all the other non mushy at times the non Ramadan times was guru Murphy, he make mention of what is in it and the beauty of artwork Unlimited, easy to memorize, you're suddenly more analytical. So just you reciting Quran with reflection when you're driving when you're walking around, when you're just you know, doing nothing just recite, just recite, and you will remember the teachings of a lion, they'll come into your life, they'll make their way into life in places you wouldn't expect them to come on. So that you may be you may be safe, so matter while later member
daedalic thereafter, you all turned back even after that had happened. This is actually one of the most amazing amazing things I read on this subject. I just I had no idea in the Hebrew language. When this story is mentioned, they say the way they described submit now Atlanta now we say submit underwater Now what does that mean?
We here we are we are not smart. 123 If you make them all right, we listen and we obey. This is how they say this in Hebrew. They say Nashville, Nashville, where I see a sheen or I seen
Nashville where I seen and are seen in Hebrew means to obey.
Quran says Carlos Amir Allah was a signer, which is close to the pronunciation to what Hebrew word are seen. But the thing is in in Hebrew, it means what
to obey. But as Sina in Arabic means to disobey.
So the Quran says, You people said we hear and we disobey. And the Bible is saying using the same exact phrasing we hear and we what
we hear we obey the Quran is actually giving the opposite translation or is it the Quran is saying you said we obey but what you actually meant and what you actually did, and how you actually move forward is you disobeyed
This is actually combining the Jewish account, the Hebrew Bible's account and the Quranic account in a remarkable way. I never understood how could the mountain be hovering above them and they say we hear and we disobey.
Because if they say that at that time, what's going to happen?
So obviously, they were going to say what we hear and we will see now which is for them. We obey but actually what they meant in their hearts was what was the one okay fine for now.
And the Quran captures that reality so beautifully. When Allah says later on in Bukhara, you you said, you know, we hear we disagree, disobey, but here we're learning the other dimension of the story. From there after you turned away. You didn't turn away immediately. You didn't disappear immediately. You did that. At least
later on. So how did they get out of trouble then just by saying we obey, but by meaning we disobey as a follower, no.
As a follower notice. So matter while later member, Alec then thereafter, you turned away even after having done that, even after the mountain hovered above you follow the formula, Dr. Les Kumara, to had it not been the favor of a law on you, and the loving mercy of a law on you. What is the loving mercy of a law on these people, the continuous sending of profits,
or on describes profit as a favor of Allah and a loving Mercy of Allah. profits are not messengers of destruction, profits are delivers of a loss favor and his loving mercy. And that's what makes me slightly special. And had they not had that, like going to middle ha city, you would have been from those that have lost? What and so I leave you with just commentary on what what does it mean to be of those that have lost this does not you you would have lost dunya and you would have lost aka what happened to all the other nations that used to have profits 1000s of years ago, and over time they keep their religion or lose it.
They lost. They lost it. Profits kept coming and kept renewing dot, their corrupt rabbis would make changes to it. And the prophets would come and keep fixing it and fixing it and fixing it. And had they not come in constantly fixed, they would have been the ultimate losers they would have lost their faith, they would have lost the revelation. Whatever remnants of revolution we have left today. Even that wouldn't have been there if profits didn't keep on coming one after the other after the other, like also losses and describes about them. This is the only way you would have saved yourself from you know you wouldn't have been from the loss. You know what this means for us? It
actually means the fact that Allah azza wa jal has given us a Koran that does not have to be preserved or re preserved by the coming of new prophets is that this ummah will never be hustling.
The Soma will never be losers. Because we always have the greatest treasure that can't even be valued. It's the book of a life beyond value. So we can they could have lost their book. We can't. We can forget our book. That's, that's for sure. A misinterpret our book. These people used to change the letters. You heard the funeral,
unknowability, they used to move the words and alter the words from their place. We can't do that with Koran. You could even try and do it and some people have just laugh at it. You know, we can even change the Quran if you wanted to. So what's the next best thing? Let's one let's not talk about it. Let's ignore it. Let's overlook it. Or worse yet, let's Miss interpreted on purpose. Let's present a meaning that we know is that the meaning just so we can make people happy. This is our attitude towards the Quran. Now we have more fear of a lot and we have loyalty to the word of Allah. The same word of Allah that says we're Kadima to law here earlier, the word of Allah is in the
supreme place. It's in the highest place, nothing comes above the word of Allah. But now today, you know, political pressure, social pressure, you know, we got to fit in what do you say about this issue or that issue? What does your Quran say about this? We think you guys are pretty barbaric. No, no, that's not what it says. You just, you know, let's just give them an interpretation that will make us look less barbaric. We're in enough trouble as it is, you know? Because otherwise they'll they might, you know, they might Trump the rest of us.
So let's just change the way we look at our world, then you're the ultimate losers, then then you're losers. You know, we have to we have to show an allegiance to this book. And when you do, that is the only time you're protected. Huma atina, cumbuco, word kuruma de la la quinta taco, and the one minute I have left, I'll share with you one of to me personally, one of the most powerful insights from this ayah that really, for me, transformed my life. And the way I think about the book of Allah azza wa jal it, I learned it from what Allah said to the Jews. And when he was telling them to hold on to their book,
when you hold on to the books here, tightly, that's not enough. That's not enough. With guru Murphy, then you have to remember what's in it, and you have to remind what's in it, you have to mention what's in it. What happens in the Muslim society is there are some people who hold on to the book with all of their mind, but they don't share it. They only share it in their own circle. They only have to if two people will come to a does that they're doing good enough. I'm not going to go to them. You want me to go to those people's houses? Don't they'll be those people don't even pray. Those women don't even wear hijab, those No, not one of those guys has a beard. You want me to go to
their house and talk to them about Koran, or reach them? No, no, no, they should come to the mustard. They should come to me. How are you going to fulfill what guru Murphy
mentioned what is in it? To mention what's in it the people who are holding on to it have to be ambassadors have to they have to reach every nook and cranny and share and share and share and keep mentioning what's in it. And that's how taco will come to the people that had no idea what taco was this foreign country
Transform people you think somebody's conservative, somebody's liberal, somebody's religious, somebody's progressive. These are in here a smart when he had lost my own son, my two new ha, these are these are names you came up with man. The hearts are the property of Allah. And when the heart listens to the word of Allah, the way the hardest transformed is beyond my control and beyond your control. Our job is just to share the Word of Allah without without, you know, judgment, without bias, without restriction and then what it does in the hearts of people that's between them and Allah. That's what and that's when you get duck when I look him in the taco, a taco duck was here.
So you will develop what is in your hearts if you do right by this book, you become ambassadors and shares of this book, you don't have to be a scholar to do so. If you know a little bit about the Quran, share it. If you learn something, something small about the Quran, share it, tell somebody about it. Now today, in today's time sharing something about the cross becomes so easy. You can just take a clip of a video and put it on a whatsapp group or like something or share something or text something or college becomes so easy now. You know, so we have an opportunity to just share not just talking about sharing online but even personally, to share something about the Quran that moved you.
By the way, nothing will nothing will affect other people. And yes, people are moved by what they watch online or what they see. You know, and I certainly am a big believer in that. That's why I'm online all the time. But like what you personally didn't say to someone my original call, what comes out of a heart goes into a heart. Don't underestimate the value of sharing the word of Allah even the smallest capacity What am I a willow I with anybody around you? May Allah azza wa jal make us carriers of this Koran and make us of those who hold on to this book the kuwa with all their might, and then mentioned and remind each other of what isn't it barakallahu li walakum we'll call it
Hakeem. When Finally we can build it out once again. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.