Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan centers his lecture around the 135th Ayah of Surah Al Nisa that deals with the subject of justice. One of the fruits that grow from the perfection of Iman is justice.
‘O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.”
Dealing with family can be really testing especially when we are shut down every time we speak up. Speaking the truth should not be a slave of seniority and stature. The truth is the truth no matter how bitter it is and how unpleasant it may be.
Justice in Islam, doing your best to avoid injustice, testifying for the love of Allah, sacrifice your feelings for what is right. These are acts that are hard to follow if one is attached incessantly to this dunya. Once we are sure that we want to be on the road to Akhirah and that the reward is Jannah, justice will be easy to handle . It helps us focus on what’s wrong and stand up for justice.
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Wabi Sabi sabi basically Emery Ratan Nakata, Mila sanef, Coco de I mean, your anatomy, today's ayah that I want to share with you in this photo is the 100 and 35th ayah. of salt and Nyssa. There are two ions that are very similar they deal with the same subject matter, they're very unique I attend local on one of them belongs to the fourth Solo Solo to NASA and the other one to the fifth solo solo aleida. My intention in Sharla is to try to cover this in this hotbar. And in another clip back cover, the next I goes to IR complement one another and they complete the subject of one another. For those of you that are interested in further study of the Quran, also, you should know that there
are lots of connections and lots of strong, strong bond between the fourth surah. And the fifth one, Elisa and Maya are very closely connected to one another in many ways. And this is just one of the ways in which they're connected to each other. In any case, these two is their subject matter if you wanted to give it a heading is justice. How does Allah talk about justice or fairness? And I want to start off by saying that when we when we hear this word justice, we usually think of a courtroom, or we think of a government that should do justice or justice happening at the level of a ruler or high level things, you know, or the police executing a matter and by way of justice. So we think of
justice in a political sense, we think of it in the judiciary sense, we think of it in a legal sense. These are the ideas that come into mind when you hear the word fairness or justice. But a lot as origin actually starts from a very different point of view. And so we're going to get to eventually judicial justice and governmental justice and all of that, but it starts somewhere else. So the IR begins, yeah, you had Latina amanu those of you who believed Guna, Cava, Mina, Bucharest, those of you who believed become those that stand up for justice. Now, that's an easy place to translate, but it's very loaded in the Arabic language first and foremost, by a lot beginning. Yeah,
you have Latina amanu, Allah has actually made it an interesting correlation between our Eman our faith, which is you can say it's a seed, it's inside and nobody can see it. But you know, when you plant the seed properly, and you let it cultivate and fruits come out of it, the plant comes out, the tree grows and fruits grow. One of the fruits that necessarily connects itself to a man in a law, a man in the unseen is actually justice, that our sense of being fair, our sense of being, you know, avoiding injustice, actually, which I'll get to in a second, that sense and that consciousness is actually directly related to our faith in Allah. And when someone's okay with being unfair, when
someone becomes completely okay with injustice, whether they do it themselves, or they watch somebody else do it and they just watch nothing, they don't bat an eye that actually is an indication that their mind is gone. Because this fruit could not have died unless the seed itself at the end of the day that plant that plant itself is gone. It's it there's nothing left inside. And so this connection between the two is a really powerful thing. Now in this is not just saying you should have a sense of justice or feel like you know, we have everybody has a conscience. So when you see something unfair happening, you say this is right, this is wrong. I feel bad that something
wrong is happening. This is taking it a lot of steps further by saying COVID Amina Guna, Amina Baptist as opposed to saying yeah, you have Latina Amano. oxido those of you who believe be fair, be fair, right? Allah says Qunu kawaman first of all become those meaning of transformation has to happen. When the word kanaya kuno is used in this way. The suggestion is that you this needs to become a part of your personality, not just something you feel not just something that you do once in a while, but that's actually becoming a part of your personal personality, your cone, actually, and what should you become? It's not even quite mean you see the expected word here is quite even
those who stand up for justice would be amenable kissed, okay? Like Allah describes himself in Switzerland Emraan got a mumble kiss shahidullah who and Allahu Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah acaba call him a mucus that caught him in here, it's a woman, it's called wamena. Because the word Kawan was called a symbol by Allah in the Arabic language suggests things that happen repeatedly, to the point where someone is identified with that act. For example, when someone bakes bread, they bake it once in a while, that's something else. But when they keep on making it and making it to the point where they're just called the baker, that's hubbas. That's hubbas. Someone who cuts you know,
or someone who, you know, a butcher, it's called a sauce because there's always cutting, there's just called The Witcher itself, versus someone who does something so much that that just becomes their label. They just becomes their identity. That's when this form file is used. And so when Allah says COVID, wamena, Bucharest, he's actually saying those who stand up for justice and stand up for justice and stand up for justice at every occasion. Nope, it's like that. This is all they do. That they're their identity as people who just stand up for what's right no matter what. Whoa Amina. Bill kissed
That'd be that has to become a part of our identity. The word also suggests that this is not just something that happens automatically. You've got to get up and do it yourself. You know the the any theory, like for example, if I say a color he ate in Arabic, but if I said calm I will actually like he he made the resolve to go eat, he's definitely gonna go eat. When you add the verb karma to something in the Arabic language, it means they have resolution, they're committed. This is not something they're wavering on. They're not, you know, something's happening and you're thinking maybe should I speak up? Or should I not speak up? I don't know. I'm not sure yet. I'm afraid of the
consequences. These people know, they actually just stand up and do it with complete resolve no regard for the consequences. So long as it's fair, so long as they're standing up for justice. There is no hesitation among these people. They're absolutely committed to saying or speaking up or doing the right thing. This is Amina because this is the expectation Allah has from us. In Surah Nisa, uno de la mina Bucharest, then it's the remarkable use of the word guest. Not only are we absolutely committed, but the word test is considered actually look at all of that in the Arabic language, which means it's a word that implies its opposite. Now, let me put that in Simple English for you.
This doesn't actually mean justice. What it actually means is doing your best to stay away from injustice as a big difference between those two, it's not saying do the right thing. It's actually saying do your best to stay away from the wrong thing. You know, when somebody you ask somebody, what does this mean for you and me practically, when you ask somebody, hey, so you think that's right, or you think you're doing a good job? Yeah, I think I'm doing a pretty good job. I'm okay. I'm not perfect, but I'm okay. Your thoughts are about what you're doing, right? You're concerned about what you're doing, right. But the is saying, concern yourself, even with the 1% that you might
be doing wrong, like focus on what might be wrong in this picture. You see human beings, they tend to rationalize for themselves before anybody else we rationalize for ourselves, we tell ourselves, well, I'm not that bad. I mean, yeah, I do this, this messed up. But I have this and this reason, and I do these other good things. So we focus on glossing the picture for ourselves. So we don't have to look at an honest look in the mirror. Or even if there's a situation going on, there's an injustice going on. You look at some parts of that situation that aren't as bad. And you say, well, that part's still good. And you don't have to focus on the parts that aren't fair, or the in
justices that are happening. Let's blind ourselves to that portion of the world. This doesn't let you do that. It actually makes you focus on what's wrong, and stand up and address what's wrong. Don't let it happen. complacently don't just sit by idly and let it happen. This is Guna Amina Bucharest, where are you going to get the guts to do it, though? It's not an easy thing to do to stand up. And to say the right thing, no matter what the circumstance, maybe it's your elders that are doing something wrong. Maybe it's your siblings that are doing something wrong and you're just tired of fighting with them. Maybe it's your spouse that's doing something wrong, wrong. Maybe it's
the extended family that's doing something wrong. Maybe it's your boss that's doing something wrong. There are people around us that have influence over us. They have authority over us in some cases, they have control over us in some cases, speaking out against them will get you in trouble. It'll hurt their feelings at the very least some some of us are sensitive about other people's feelings. If I say something, their feelings are going to be hurt. But now because of those feelings, we're holding ourselves back. And we're not going to say anything. Allah azza wa jal gives us a motivation here when he says Kournikova Mina bill Christie Shahada, Angela, you are doing this out of your your
desire to be, you know, testifiers you're testifying for the sake of Allah. You're testifying for the sake of Allah. Let's dig into what that means. A little bit. First of all, what you're saying what Allah is saying is there's a day coming for you and me, whether we like it or not, whether we feel we're ready for it or not. There's a day coming. It's called the day of justice you're within the day on which everybody will get what they deserve. That day is coming and there's no avoiding it. There were Cardone Larrabee, caca danfa malarkey, you are marching, whether you like it or not towards your master, and you're going to be meeting him, that is going to happen, it's unavoidable.
And on that day, we will be asked about whether or not we dealt with things fairly. Our sense of justice is going to be questioned on that day. And so when you and I are hesitating to stand up, or we're saying I don't have the courage to do it, do you have the courage to stand in front of a lion? Explain yourself why you didn't do it? I mean, you have to compare your fear of that day, and your fear of the situation you find yourselves in today. That's what I have to actually compare. I'm going to stand up because I can't stand the idea. I don't have the bravery to stand in front of a line and explain to him why I didn't stand up for the right thing. I can justify that for myself.
This is Shahada Allah. The other thing here is your love of Allah. Your love of Allah outweighs the love of all else. And your love of Allah gives you and me a love of fairness. And you're ready to sacrifice every love every hate every bias because of that love of Allah that's part of human
Shahada, Allah, if you internalize this opening statement of justice from Allah, then he says, follow Allah and Fujiko. You've got to stand up for the right thing and do the right thing, even if it means going against your own self, even if it means going against your own self. That's the hardest part before we talk about justice with anybody else. Before we talk about being fair with anybody else, Allah says, Are you even being a fair judge to your own self? Are you taking a good honest look in the mirror and saying, this is actually wrong? What I'm doing is wrong. Lying like this is wrong. Do you know taking this person's money in this way is wrong? Cheating this person in
this way is wrong. deceiving in this way is wrong? I am doing this and I need to question myself and ask myself now what happens is badil in San Juan, de basura. Welcome, Maria, human beings have a pretty good view of themselves. When nobody knows what we're up to, and what our motivations are better than ourselves. We know that a lot of people don't know that you on the outside, you can deceive anybody, you can even deceive your family members. You can live with the same person and with the same family members for years, and they will not know what's going on in your head only you know what goes on in your head and what motivates your actions. But human beings what they do for
themselves is when they do something wrong. shaitaan teaches them and they teach themselves eventually Mahavira tons and tons and tons of excuses. rationalizations, yeah, I messed up. But here's why. I'm doing this messed up thing. But you know, I have my reasons. And so you justify, you basically take yourself off the hook. On the one hand, there are reasons why people mess up. Sure. But if you become someone who constantly justifies any behavior, you do any behavior I do, well, I was really stressed out. That's why I did this. I was under a lot of pressure. That's why I did that. And you start telling yourself constantly that whatever you do is justified, there is no such
thing anymore, as you're doing something wrong. There's no such thing, because all of it was just it could you couldn't help it. There was no other way to go. What do you want me to do? I'm just human. If you start telling yourself that you've taken a seat back and accepted, that you are no longer in control of your actions, you are no longer in charge. It's all being done for you. You know, all and none of it, you can stand in front of a line and say, Well, you know, I had my reasons, for whatever, for whatever wrong that I did. And this, this can become really blinding for a human being on the one hand for another you sympathize for yourself, you really have to question yourself and
myself. Yes, there may be times we've messed up in the past. And I'm not talking about the times in the past, the mistakes we made, we have to repent to Allah without excuses without justifications. And that's a that's a really big part. I've talked to you previously about Toba. And what that means you have to let it let excuses go, let the explanation. Explanations go. That's the hardest thing to do for yourself and myself stand up and do the right thing. Even if it goes against what you really, really want to do. Sometimes we commit to wrongdoing, we commit to the injustice to ourselves, we commit to evil, we commit to something not not permitted by Allah, and we commit to it because it
feels too good. Or we're in love with it, or we can't let go. Or we just we were just holding on because it's we're too scared to let go of it. And here, this is where Allah azzawajal says, my love. And the fact that you're going to testify for me should give you the strength to stand up and do the right thing, even if it's going to hurt you. Even if it's going to hurt you yourself, when you come, I will validate then he adds even if it hurts both your parents stand up against both your parents. This is the same Quran that says don't even say off to your parents. Don't even let them see that you're frustrated. Follow them on no matter what unless they ask you to disobey Allah. This
is the same Quran that says worship on the line be the best to your parents. This is the same Quran that saying that if when it comes to standing up for the right thing, when it comes to standing up for justice, and even your parents are doing something wrong, stand up and say stand up and stand against it and say Nope, I'm not going to stand by you know, many of us come from, you know, traditional families where families everything. Family is everything. Which means if your family does something, you can't go against it. Even if it's right or wrong, we don't stand by what's right and wrong. You got to stick with the family. You know, your your family had a fight with some other
family and you know that you guys are wrong. And you're about to say something, hey, don't go against the family.
And you're just you back off. Okay, yeah, we got to stick with the family. The ultimate loyalty is not to a lie now. It's not to justice now. The ultimate loyalty now is to this blind love of family. You know, so many in justices happen just just in that name. Don't make the family look bad. Don't say anything. It's gonna bring a bad name toss a bad name to us. It's gonna embarrass us. You don't worry about the embarrassment a lot will give on Judgement Day. You're not worried about that. But the embarrassment of some people, you know, criticizing us for the wrong that we're doing ourselves. Let's first of all, do the wrong
Then let's cover it up also. This is the this is the sense of justice that we teach. And then remarkably some, you know, if parents are doing wrong, they also everybody makes excuses and justifies even if parents are doing wrong. And you try to correct respectfully, lovingly, you know, there's a way to correct parents. I mean, you don't hear this whole mindset. You know what, I'm going to tell mom how it is today? I'm gonna let her know because now I have Islamic justification for putting mama No, no, no, no.
are letting I'm gonna let my dad know today. I'm gonna be your dad's in the gym today and you're just kind of like, after tomorrow, we're gonna have a talk.
That's not what I'm saying. The etiquette, the manners, the demeanor, the patience, the love with which we address our parents, even when they are doing wrong, has to stay. You can't let that go. You can't raise your voice. You can't use foul language. You can't show frowns on your face. You've got to control all of that as an act of worship to Allah when you deal with your parents, even when you disagree with them, even when you disagree with them. Yeah. abati Khadija Annie mineralnye mala miotic My beloved father, Dad, I love you. I have knowledge that you don't have it by himself to his father who builds idols. Ibrahim, who hates idols, he hates idols in the hoonah of London aka
Filomena Innes, these idols have misguided so many people, this is the same ebrahimian went and smashed all the idols was ready to be thrown into a fire. That same Ibrahim, when he addresses his father who makes idols talks to him in a loving way and says, Dad, I just know something you don't and I love you. Yeah, but the hope is, yeah, Abby Aslan, that my father, he says, Yeah, Betty, even when you disagree over something as as grievous as shift, even then the love doesn't go. So what I'm saying that's part of our justice, even though we're gonna stand up for something, right, you're not going to lose your cool, you're not going to flip out, you're not going to use a way of speech,
that's inappropriate. I will validate while acrovyn even the closest relatives, you have to stand up and say the right thing. Well, I don't want to say anything, because you know, it's going to cause trouble in the family. Yeah, trouble needs to be caused in the family, when you have to say the right thing. That you that's, that's necessary. This is what a liar expects from you. Not one time, not on one occasion, over and over and over again, this needs to become the standard. Why is the new appreciate the beauty of the word Pawan because you know, if you get up and say the right thing every once in a while, then that's not the norm. That's the exception. That's the exception. And the
normal thing to do is stay quiet sweep things under the rug, don't say anything, Don't raise your voice, don't raise a concern. Just go along with everybody just go with the flow, that becomes normal. That means violation of a laws law becomes normal. That means violate be like disregarding our eemaan. violating our Eman becomes normal. We don't want that to become normal. We want to stand up for justice every time every time every time like Guam like hubbas like us every time so that becomes normal. So we're in the habit of doing it. That's not the exception. That's the rule. That's the rule. That's what we do every single time. And you know what, when you want to get in that habit
from the in the beginning, just like Allah created everything in nature, when you're not in the habit of doing something like if you're not in the habit of working out, the guys that haven't been working out for a few months, if you hit the gym ones, what's gonna happen to your muscles, they're gonna be sore, it's gonna hurt, when you're not in the habit of doing something, and then you do it, you're not in the habit of eating healthy. You're you're popping, you know, sodas, and chocolate and whatever else, and you have this heavy sugar diet, and then you decide to do the right thing with your diet, and you're going to have only water for a couple of days, you're going to have a little
bit of reaction, it's going to be painful. Letting Go and detoxing is a painful thing. Exercising something new is a painful thing. But eventually it makes you stronger, it makes you healthier. We are so afraid of that initial pain, we never get into that habit, you understand. This is what allows me to expect from us overcome that initial pain, be brave and face it, and then make that the new standard in your life. Now I will validate what could have been, but the ayah doesn't end there. He econia Alpha theorem, remarkable idea. He says even if he be the person you're doing justice towards, or the person you're judging, even if they're wealthy or they're poor. What does that have
to do with anything wealthy and poor. You see, if you're poor, then you have an opinion about wealthy people.
So if a wealthy person commits a crime, or they're being judged, or they're being accused, you're like, all these rich people are the same. They're all corrupt. They're all this, they're all that because you have this bad opinion of them because you don't belong among them. You belong among the poor, though the wealthy has an opinion of the poor. You know, these people just don't have the education. They don't have this. They don't have that. They all tend to have a lot of crime. They have their stereotypes of poor people. So when one of them is being judged, they already have
preconceived notions about how all of them are. And they pass judgment without even thinking this is an individual case. This is what we do across society across segments. We isn't it true that certain ethnicities are profiled certain economic classes are profiled certain religions are profiled, we just profile an entire group and we assume anybody belonging to that group, they're all the same. They're no different. And especially at law highlights wealthy and poor, because that's also important, you know, in some corrupt systems, and corrupt forms of government. If somebody's wealthy, obviously, they're influential. And if they're committed the same crime, then the judge is
going to go a little bit lenient.
And say, Well, you know, they're a taxpayer, and they have a lot of employees, and they're a pillar of this community. So we should go a little easier when it comes to justice with them. Same kind of crime committed by somebody poor, you go extra hard on them. Because there's no expensive lawyers, there's no lobby groups, there's nothing else there's no PR. There's no, there's no, you know, funding. There's no donations to the campaign. There's nothing else. So you just did get thrown under the bus. But the opposite also happens. The opposite happens, you know, somebody who's not very poor, commits a crime they steal. Imagine like some some millionaire kid stole from a grocery
store just for fun. The soul some candy from a grocery store, and some poor kids sold candy from the grocery store. Now they both committed the same crime now got in front of the judge. And they said, Well, this kid who's wealthy, he stole. And he stole because he was just having fun, his punishment should be harsher. And the other side, this young man, he stole because he's poor. And you know, what do you want him to do? He had a tough life. Right? And now the judges like, well, maybe I should judge them entirely differently. To an extent, yes, you have to consider background information. But at the end of it, if a law is broken, a law is broken. Justice is justice. fairness
is fairness. We don't have separate standards for different people. alonza which I didn't reveal separate standards. This is how I'm for most of you. But for the you I understand it's not that hard for you. It doesn't work that way. And your special case. So it's not that hard on it. No, no, no, no. What a law revealed is prohibited is prohibited across the board. What the punishment of that should be what the what the you know, the crime is the same, the punishment may vary. It's possible the punishment may vary. It may be because of some circumstance, like for example, I give you a bad example of food and food. There are exceptions, even the profit made exceptions are nice AutoSum,
you know, because in desperate times, people will come in such things. But in other cases, no, no, you have to you have to apply the same standard to all citizens to all people, the same thing has to happen in your family. If you have the sense of right and wrong towards one of your children, then the same standard has to apply to the other child. If you think what your uncle did is so wrong, then your dad's doing that, too. That's also wrong. It's equally wrong. It's not a different standard, because he's your dad, you understand. We have to be consistent in how we pass judgment on people. If you're saying so, so much or this person does a lot of backbiting does this does that the
other Oh, what did you just do? That same same standard applies on you. And so Allah and fusi como una carabin validating wa carabin econia, Akira and then towards the end for that for LA LA Hema. A lot takes precedence over both groups. Whatever your biases are towards someone or against someone, forget your biases put a lot there first. This is the second time The first time was Shahada, Linda, the second time now for level olavi Hema, in other words, ally is telling us that when it comes to our preconceived notions are a man has to get in the way your faith in Allah has to get in the way, I am not going to pass judgment on this person. Because before I do, I have to imagine allies
watching me pass judgment. Do I have all the information I need? Or do I just have my opinions from the past that are making me pass such judgment on someone for Allahu Allah Hema. And then as the final bits that keep us from being fair, find out that who Hawa and leeloo is such a heavy phrase by itself. I'm going to take two more minutes, maybe another one justice, I found out that the mural Hawa and tadeu don't follow empty feeling that keeps you from being fair. Don't follow anger don't follow bias. You go in front of people go in front of a divorce judge, you know, in divorce court, and the lady, the judges that lady and she just went through a divorce herself.
And when she sees the guy, she doesn't see the guy with his case, what does she see her ex husband I'm gonna slaughter him because I didn't get to slaughter mine.
Some she sees her case. And she'll even say, you know, I've had an experience like this. Well, no, this is not about your experience. This is about this experience. You can superimpose your biases onto her Same thing with a guy. A guy is a judge. And he's got a he's got trouble with his teenage son in his personal life, and some teenage kid has interest
he doesn't see that kid, he sees his own son. He says, I'm going to discipline you. I want to put you in your place because he's already got a bias coming from somewhere else. These are empty feelings, anger, love, you know, our desire. These are empty feelings. They come and go, they cannot be the standard for what's right and wrong. Don't just follow your feelings. Don't just follow me. I just want to do this because I want to that's it. Why do you want to do it? It's not fair. I know. It's not fair. But I don't care.
I know it's not fair. I don't care. No less as you don't get to say you don't care because your feelings are saying this way. fairness is fairness is there's no escape from it. For that to be an hour and 30 do commit yourself to fairness and learn to sacrifice your feelings for what's right. For what is right. That's a hard thing to do. Because the I don't care attitude is pretty strong. It's a really strong attitude. Once you really want something you don't want to hear anything to the contrary. So far, let me tell you what Intel will outwardly do. I'll probably give an entire football just on an Intel vitorino because I don't want to rush through it. So I'll conclude here
but at Villa tala barakallahu li walakum Felker Anil Hakeem monophonic er COVID iottie Hakeem
hamdu lillahi wa Salatu was Salam O Allah.
Allah Allah him Mohammed Nabina Muhammad Al Ameen. What are the early he was happy? For the LA Galaxy Tab? RO Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. In a la Mola. eketahuna soluna Allah nebbia you Hello Tina amanu sallu alayhi wa sallam Taslima Allahumma salli ala Muhammad Ali Muhammad
Ibrahim Ibrahim al al amin in naka homido Majeed Allahumma barik Allah Muhammad Ali Mohammed Ibrahim Ibrahim al al Ameen in the middle Majeed about the la rahima como la la Ilaha mobility with a son when he went on in fashion he will Mancha will adekola La Jolla la Motta stone Akuma Sala in la sala de cada mini Nikita makuta