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Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
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Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
How do Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim
Allah He will fight or nasarah dahulu nafi Benin he
is a bit behind the aura because in Canada
hungry la salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He was happy woman wala inshallah, in this final session on the surah what we're going to start with is some qualities of the phrase for some may be hungry a lot bigger just that part of it and some very powerful benefits that come from it. First understand the difference between hunger and thirst be basically the word Sabir comes from the word the speed, the speed is to declare a lost perfection to keep it simple in your minds. This be the purpose of it is to declare a lost perfection to declare him above and beyond any flaws. hummed in the Arabic language is two things is to declare Allah's great greatness. gratitude to Allah and
appreciation of Allah so Praise and Gratitude combined, when we praise and show thanks to Allah that's hummed. When we declare his perfection it is the speed so those two things now unless there's four subjects behind these, he combined to be with him and he combined them with the letter but be handy. So what is the meaning come out to be the first of them? I will Subhanallah will hamdulillah muda Jeevan Bhima Murakami Nigerian Army he aged Marlena Houma. It means say, Subhana Allah well, hamdulillah you know how you say in the phrase hallowed hamdulillah we say that we see the perfection of Allah and we say, the hand of Allah says in Serbia, we humbly declare the perfection
along with saying the hand of Allah, so say both of them together. This is used in Arabic, for example, a little bit 11 I drink water with milk What that means is I drank water and milk so they can use bat to do both. So that's one meaning of it, meaning say Subhan Allah with hamdulillah stanyan is Mohammed de la casa batter who if you do have a law, it actually already means that you've declared his perfection. In other words, the meaning would be declare a loss perfection that is to do hamdulillah In other words, doing hamdulillah means you're already declaring a loss perfection household. The End let us be there who don't feel harmed because this be declaring a loss
perfection is included in showing a lot of praise and gratitude. The Santa Ana he was shook Allahu la would what any atonement and z Han Anika is it's only you know, when you praise someone and you show him gratitude by praising Allah, and by thanking Him, we've already declared that he has no flaws and you only pray something that does someone or something that doesn't have flaws to begin with. So the second meaning becomes declared the perfection of Allah by means of doing his hand. That's the way you declare perfection of Allah because it's one in the same thing. Then the third is an takuna Hilda here latifi colic Valhalla be fun Lila, this is important again, that bar could be
in the meaning of by means of or actually because of, because of. So what he's saying then is that declare a loss perfection because all praise and gratitude belong to Allah. Because Allah is worthy of hummed, that should be enough reason for you says upon Allah subhanaw taala becomes the reason the reason for it becomes Alhamdulillah because that is a fact that's a reality, that Praise and Gratitude belong to Allah. And that should make you declare his perfection. And you akuna halen, a sub b hamedan. means it could be it could be an adverbial phrase. What that means simply is when you declare a last perfection, have an attitude of someone who appreciates the favors of Allah. So have
the attitude of someone who is appreciative when you say Subhana Allah, so be humble, be humble Arabic could be about the attitude of the one saying, so don't just say the words have the attitude of someone who truly appreciates Allah, and is grateful to him, and Tokunaga silica, we're gonna talk the sub be handled a bit. This is the final and most important, in my opinion, at least we're low on them, that the final meaning is the back could be that and what that simply means is in practical English, declare allows perfection, declare less perfection But in addition, perfect the way you do have the villa, so to speak. So be means to perfect, perfect the way in which you do so
better and better and better your Salah better and better and better your thicket of Allah. So that's the final implication of Serbia handy. And then finally, a lot big or big your master of course, the carrot referring to the messenger and the word Rob we've discussed discussed many times before, and Malik was saying we'll be we'll move on, we'll call him all these meanings, the one who's in charge and control the one who gives gifts. And the word Rob here is important, because you know when you are victorious, because the messenger has been given victory, but if anybody else is given victory, they think of themselves in charge. But he's being told immediately now that you have
victory who's in charge. You know, Rob, remember him power lines perfectly mentioned
Here, then in Canada, there's some benefits of the web and we'll tie the whole pseudo together in sha Allah.
Allah says the word Canada In Canada he didn't say in the hooter web, he says in Canada, but he mentioned it in the past tense, a rough translation will be it is only he that is no doubt hat. It is. It is he who has been Accepting of repentance he has been continually Accepting of repentance. Don't work is different from that in Arabic, the word means someone who comes back over and over and over again, meaning he turns back to you and accepts your Toba turns back again and accepts your Toba turns back again an exception but he mentions that of his added this attribute in the present but alludes to it in the past he has always been this way. So what's the benefit of alluding to it
in the past? Especially because when we think of doba we think of something that should happen in the future. Okay, except that though by in the past, but we're actually hoping he accepts the one I'm making now in the future. Right. So what's the benefit of mentioning in the past? The first is that I haven't you seen what I've done in the past as although my comment about this I Didn't you see I accepted the Toba have been nice enough to work with me. If I can accept there though, but then you are the Messenger of Allah Toba is far more acceptable. So I have been accepting of for bigger worse criminals and when they make Toba so your job is clearly acceptable. And by the way in
the context of the sooner people entered into the deen of Islam, right, they entered into the deen of Allah. What it does help una de de la. accepting Islam is a kind of Toba accepting Islam as Toba from sharika Stovall from go for the snowball from what you were injured from jania from darkness, and I have accepted all these people's Toba so I have been that way and in my doors are still open. So that's the benefit one benefit of Ghana. The other is it's a show of love to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he's being asked to make a stepfather The last thing by the way, I have already accepted your doba even before you may still fall I have already been Canada weapon
I've already had your tobuy accepted, you should still make a Stefan In other words, this is a gift given to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam the share of the poet says Lacan, oxen Allahu faema MOBA galvanic Epson FEMA Baka. In other words, Allah has already excelled in what already happened, then we can only expect the same from him in what remains in the future. Now we come to the last and probably in my opinion, the most important part of this Duff's of the sola, what ties the Sula together, how these, these two messages come together, the first message of the surah was the victory of Islam. The second message of the surah is this B and then is therefore specifically
directed to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, let's look at these connections bit by bit, I have seven things to share with you the first of them at this B, what he does B is a means of purification. The speed is purification. Now that the house of Allah has been purified of idols, now it is the time to purify the hearts as well. This is the perfect time to purify the hearts as well. So one is the purification happening on the outside the other is a call for purification of what is inside the FDA makes it very clear the FDA and the subject be handy for suburbia. In other words, because the things that have happened, the victories that have come, because of them, you
should make this be so the two have been connected. Now. I was thinking when victory comes the words I was expecting was fascicle be grateful, you know when something would happen to you thank Allah. But Allah said make this be declares come and do a stay for three things. And he said it specifically to His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And I told you before this commandment was given to the messenger before why both Lubbock hedayati and yaqeen right, enslave yourself to your master until conviction comes to you until death comes to you. The messenger specifically is being told to busy himself in these things, and comment to make make himself busy in these things,
so that he can continually make up for his oma. So for Sunday, Robic was the fair who was the fully automatic like when he o Matic so for yourself and for your alma, what's the meaning, make SFR for the believers ask a lot of forgive them. Then, you know, normally in any other scenario, I mentioned this in passing before in any other scenario, victory is the time of great arrogance. Victory is the time to say we did it, we did it we accomplished it or get time to give credit to yourself. People will come and congratulate you. In other words, victory is the time when eagles are at their highest and ally is teaching us just because you've destroyed idols on the outside. Don't forget there's a
worst idol inside your heart and that is arrogance. And this is the time when that idol can be born. So kill that idol by declaring the perfection of Allah and asking us to follow him if that thought even came into your head that we won, we got him. We're on top we're number one. If that attitude even came in, y'all get rid of it. Get rid of it because that those idols you can see this is a more dangerous idol. You can't even see it, but it's there. It's a form of shark. It is a form of sheer arrogance is a huge thing. You know, so this is this is the other ship that's being destroyed. If
The external means of shipping are being destroyed, make sure the internal means of ship are also destroyed. So how to LA he's been using the messenger as a teacher some 11 how to send them. Then
he The next thing is for either this is very beautiful, you know lowest LMS told his messenger slice on them at the ferrata fansub. But you know, Rebecca, for her father, for the a messenger has to have to convert to missions, he has two missions, he has to communicate with Allah, and he has to communicate with the people, he's got to do two things. And he wants to communicate, he communicates with ally that he communicates with the people which you would think he would rather do.
If you have the option between communicating with Allah as a messenger, communicating with a lot of communicating with the people, definitely, with a lot of his origin, actually, at the time of his party, at the time of death was a little less a little less than a lot more frequent. He called an ally as the highest friend, the greatest friend, you know, at the time of death, everybody's thinking, I'm gonna miss my friends. I'm leaving everybody behind. And he's thinking, no, I'm finally going to see my friend.
He's got a connection somewhere else. And you know, the way my teacher explained it to me, he compared it, he compared it to how you know, Allah azza wa jal, you know, the same scenario happened with Musa alayhis salam, he was supposed to speak to what he got to speak to Allah. But then Allah told him no, go talk to him.
Which will lead to it rather talk to Allah xojo clearly, but now, why do you have to go talk to the people because your mission is not done. The mission is not done, the messengers are on a mission. And that mission can be very tough, that people will insult them, humiliate them, call them names. And think about that we hear this all the time, but we don't think about it. You know, you, you and I, we come from respectable families, we're respectable people, you may have respectable jobs, you don't have you don't go in a place where people use foul language against you and curse you and your family. When you're respectable. And somebody says something inappropriate to you, man, it ruins
your whole day.
Like if somebody cursed you out in a parking lot, or something or called you a name, you would be stressed out the entire day. They didn't hit you with anything. They didn't injure you. But people have dignity. The most painful thing is an attack on one's dignity. And the most noble people you know, and I've seen people like that when they have somebody said something inappropriate at work to them. Slightly inappropriate, man, they don't want to eat lunch, they're all depressed. They're not talking what happened. I don't wanna talk about it, you know, they wish they shrivel up, they shrivel up, the more noble you are. And the more soft hearted you are, the more it hurts when
somebody uses foul language against you. Now, on the other hand, if you're not a dignified person, and you're around people who use filthy language all the time, and somebody causes you, and you come back out, you know, you know, it doesn't make any difference to you. Now, think about these messengers. These are the most noble of people. They're the most respectable people. They have the, you know, the cleanest tongues? And what kind of language do they get to hear from people against them? When they give this message, the kind of filthy language, the ridicule, the humiliation, the cursing, that they hear day in and day out, and then on top of that, it attacks against their
family, you know, constantly cut, you don't think it wears down on somebody's heart. You'd rather talk to them or talk to Allah.
But Allah says, No, go talk to them. homefinder go rise and warn them. You know, we just heard about new highs and I recited that on purpose. You know what happened with new hotness? I want to go and make down in Nicola de alto de la jolla, Bianca, Danny him. He did see him coming. You know what they will do?
I don't want to hear Get lost. And then when you would get close to them, they would act like they're disgusted. What Stella Sophia won't get away disgusting.
Imagine somebody else like that towards you. Oh, God.
Filthy, you know, they acted like that when new data is around.
And he actually and then he said, that's not even the worst part was talking about a stigmata. And they were extremely arrogant towards me. He can't even put it into words yet they're really arrogant towards me. You know, the little things he did tell us man, you can't even imagine somebody acting like that towards you. This is the conversation messengers have to engage in. And finally in this surah, Allah tells His Messenger Salallahu alaihe salam, your mission is done. You're finished. Now you get to do what you've been wanting to do all along. If you give if you give the messenger the option, he would be making a step far too allied handle alone. Does he have Allah all along? He
would you would only be connected to Allah. Allah gives him that license. Now you go. Now we find the good now it makes sense that the Sahaba say as soon as the surah is revealed, what's the messenger doing always does B he increases his Salah cymbala Harrison, he's constantly connected to Allah because now he's got the right to Allah has given him that license. He finds his joy in Salah. He finds his peace in Salah. He finds his peace and happiness in remembering Allah azza wa jal. This is one thing I wanted to bring to your attention.
And the second and more sensitive thing that I wanted to bring to your attention in this dose. Maybe I'll dedicate the next verse entirely to it, I don't know, but I'll at least introduce it now because we can't move to the next level until we get this point across. There are two extremes in the Muslim ummah.
In regards to the attitude, we have towards a little loss of Nevada he was,
on the one hand, on the one extreme, there are people who love him so much. They love him so much that they'll even do shirk in love of him. They will say things that should only be said about Allah, and then they'll say them out about the Messenger of Allah. And when you ask them, Why are you saying that? And they'll say out of love is one extreme. On the other extreme, however, there are Muslim people who claim to be Muslims who talk about a loss messenger that the way they just talk about any other historical figure Muslims. And they'll say very casual things about the messengers. Yeah, you know, the messenger size of them. Yeah, it's just the it's just, you know, not
that important or, yeah, he gave us the Koran but you know, we don't have to follow everything are casually talking about the Messenger of Allah, just like they're talking about anybody else. This is a high crime, by the way, because if you think it's a crime, there's also a high crime, there's a very serious matter. And the truth lies somewhere in between. and very few people have a balanced attitude in their relationship to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and I bring this up for a reason. In this surah Allah didn't just ask the messenger to make this be and to make hummed, he also asked him to make his default. And you and I know his default is made for what?
What is the format for, for sins, and Allah mentions himself as the web. Allah has always accepted Toba and Toba is done for what? What? somebody makes a mistake. They make the why and then it's too far. So then the question arises, what has the messenger done to them that warrants the need for it's their fault? I understand how can this be all the time, then? What is it that it warrants this default? And why is the lesson he's gonna accept, though, and by the way, the other solar effect? This is
what's the other solar foot in Nevada, aka Fatah. mobila. They're also Allah azzawajal said Leo's theologica. La Casa de Tomic. So Allah may cover for you whenever of mod I don't want to translate. I it scares me to translate whatever of your thumb, I won't even translate that you may have done and whatever may come in the future. I know common translation say sin. I don't like that word for the messenger slice on him. I'm scared to use that word for us, Ola. soltana. What does it mean, though, that Allah said he'll forgive the previous in the future. You know what, right? What What does that mean? And what does it mean that a low accept is too far, this is what we have to
Understand, first of all degrees, the way I want you to have an organized approach to understanding this problem. First of all understand degrees. You know, there are different levels of people. There are different levels of people. There is someone who comes here for salon every day. And they are here even before the other the hair before they are done at fudger their hair before the evaluation.
And one day they get late. One day they come and they join the first worker, or they joined the second record, they got late to join the second record, you think they feel good or feel bad.
Or very bad that day, man, I missed it. I missed best. And then next to them is another person. And this person hasn't been to the machine in six months, they live next door. But they haven't been here for six months. And they decide one day they're going to come to they also joined the second car. You think that guy feels good? It feels bad?
Man, this is it good today.
People are at different levels.
So for one he's thinking, you know, this is a Seattle alarm has an ad. You know,
the NES really the the what the righteous people think of as a sin.
The common person thinks it was a great accomplishment. This one is thinking I messed up a Sofitel La la la la quote and how did I miss it? And that was thinking man, may Allah reward me I did really good today. Right? But for him it says I'm from it's a sin, then by the way that shouldn't be translated sin then comes from the tail the Arabic word then of the tail of an animal, what the tail of an animal is that which is embarrassed is it them is something you do that embarrasses you. Now the same act is being done but one is embarrassed by it. The other one's proud of it. You understand what I'm saying? When the messenger or the his heart was set on his act that disappoints him is
still greater than the best thing we'll ever do.
There's difference in levels at our level, what will be our greatest deal in our life will still probably be at home for him. It will still he's still not high up. So he were down here. He's up there. He goes from up there to here and this is a dumb for him.
Now, don't call that a sin. That would be a grave mistake to call that
Listen, now, let me tell you what these lube are just so you and I understand. Let me give you an example.
I believe in omak tune comes to the messenger blind Sahabi cousin of the, you know, the wife of prophecy. So let me comes to him. Messenger of Allah says I was talking to somebody else. He's talking to a leader of courage.
And he starts interrupting the conversation.
He's blind, but he's not What?
He's not deaf. Does he hear a conversation is going on? Here's it. He's still interrupted. So who's being rude?
Who's not being appropriate? First and foremost, second of all, the messenger sallallahu alayhi. Salam didn't tell him stop. I'm talking to someone.
What did he do? Do you know what he did?
What did he do?
How bossa nova means in English, they translated is frowned. You know what it actually means is frowning is this? This is frowning. You know what ABA is? ABA says that the bulge on your forehead appears but nothing else on your face is showing frustration.
Just slight little bows on your forehead. The messenger is a little perplexed that he keeps interrupting the conversation. And he's just turned slightly. He's not this just turned slightly. Especially Oh, by the way, even if he turned is he blind? Is our glove line. Can you see it happen? So is he possibly offended?
No. The messenger either his Auto Salon did nothing wrong. Nothing wrong. He didn't offend us, Avi habas.
But Allah azza wa jal has set such a high standard for his messenger that even that unless additional,
what is not a sin at all, for any of us, it is not a sin at all. But for the messenger he has been placed on a much higher standard and we so he comes any Allah xojo comes on for that. And by the way, allows origin could have revealed the ayah he could have revealed the ayah before it happened.
Right? For similarly the who listen to him carefully know, Allah waited until he turned a little bit and then he revealed the ayah you know why? So we learned something you know, what we learn from this ayah we learn that the only one only one who can criticize the Messenger of Allah is who? Allah Himself. That's it. No one else can criticize the Messenger of Allah, which is why I get scared to use words like saying he can't use those kinds of words. What is he making is too far for? That's the question here. You know, some captives that butter,
some kafar get captured by the
automobile. What are the messengers? What should we do with them? On the real hip hop says we should kill all of them. I got a better idea. Get their family members who are Muslim to kill them. So we know where they stand
up, Chris comes and says no, actually, we should get them to teach us to read and write. And if they do that, we should set them free.
So you got two options.
You got the Roman option, you got the abubaker option. You take a wild guess which one did you take?
He took the abubaker option.
I mean, it's got strategic benefits to their hearts will be soft into Islam, so many benefits. Nothing wrong with the decision. Allah azza wa jal revealed the Mohammed saying you should have gone to Omar opinion.
Now loquitur revealed the ayah before.
Right, he could have revealed the AI before but he revealed it after now. Did the messenger disobeyed Allah Allah? No. Because he didn't do it after the ayah came, he did it. Before the iron before the ayah he made his decision based on the best knowledge that Allah has given him and the mercy that Allah had already put in his heart. A lot. Oh, the only one who could have known better the only one who could have heard those two opinions had no almost got the better opinion. The only one who could give that answer is
Allah and he did. And Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Similarly, and look at the love Allah shows His messengers license on them when it comes to him. The Manasa comes to him and says, I'm not going in the Battle of the book. I can't go. Because the women They're so pretty on the way they're religious, and the women are really pretty, and I'm a player, I can't help myself. So I can't go into battle.
I mean, of all the lame excuses you're going to come up with to not to go into battle.
Right? And if this guy's coming up with such a lame excuse, it makes complete sense. He's probably going to be a useless or even a liability on the battlefield anyway. So the smart thing to do is what?
Okay, you stay home.
And so the robot lives over just as often La Mancha. Allah has already forgiven you limousine de la.
Why did you give them permission?
Now that decision that allez messenger made, that was a strategic decision. It was a strategic decision. But it wasn't an act of disobedience. Even that decision was an act of worship. But now here's what I want you to remember from this conversation. The messenger feels bad that Allah corrected the messenger.
thinks of that as a sin. Is it actually a sin? No. But the messengers level is so high that in his highest standards, he thinks of it as a sin. So he feels the need to make his default. So Allah says, Do what your heart has been telling you all along, make yourself hot. And by the way, by the way, why? Why does he feel bad because you know, all of these decisions that the Prophet made, I call them strategic decisions. The purpose of them is eventually to get victory of this team that will give the victory already. He did. In other words, even if there was strategically a mistake, mohalla we don't even the word mistake I'm scared to use, but whatever decision wasn't the best. If
such such a decision was made, it might hurt the mission. So you know what Allah said? And he said enough attack nella Kapha tamina. We have given you the clear a clear victory you remember that from her davia What did he say after that? The elfin Allah Allahu Mata cada means Ambika wa whatever things you do that disappoint you, that you every strategic move you made that you didn't like, or that I corrected, that you did in the past, or you did in the future is covered for victory is guaranteed, while young, Soraka la luna salon Aziza that Allah will aid you with an authoritative aid, don't worry about and that's the story.
So this is the you know, the creme de la Zoo what walk through that you show honor to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is why it makes my heart heavy when somebody says, which translation do you recommend? I usually go to sort of fat and see what they translated. Because you can't just take them and just translate our you know, sin and move on. You can't do that. You can't do that. And a lion, this is what I told him. They can stay far because that's what you love doing, by the way, one of the most beloved deeds to allies. What is it Stefan, the sin or no sin is their father is beloved to Allah. That's why the messenger does it. That's why the messenger does and by
the way, this is the final thing I will share with you. In regards to this. The messengers mission, the messengers mission is to do what Allah tells him. That's his mission.
Ibrahim Alayhi Salam when he was building the Kaaba
before he even started building a large village and told him he gave him a graduation certificate in Nigeria locally. necie mama I'm making you a mom over all people.
And you have already I've already tested you. What is it? What if the label are hemara boo boo, Karima, Fatima hoonah. Fatah mahana. He completed passed all the tests. Ibrahim Ali Sam is guaranteed that he is passed all the tests and now he's commanded to build a house. And as they are building the house, he is married on Amazon. You know what they said?
They said what to Valena.
Part of their their hours except our Toba Toba from what they're putting every brick together. But maybe one brick didn't place where Allah wants it to be. And I'm afraid of that. So I make over to Allah.
They're putting a lot of house together and they're thinking maybe they made some mistakes. So that should require that over. What's the difference between the towbar of a prophet and adobo of a believer in a Muslim?
is a world there's a world of difference. world we make Toba for watching that movie, or going yelling at Hawaii for we make double for missing solid because we overslept. We make double for since they're called say, look, read the beginning of photons. But you know what we'll find you'll find when the messengers mentioned them is used, because that is what personally disappoints you. It's based on levels when the believers are mentioned. So he is used
for the believers a
lot. There's a difference in standards. Why difference in standards that is being made clear to us, and this is part of the COVID Allah has given his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this is the final thing I wanted to share with you a pre acknowledging that when the messenger makes this stuff out, that that in and of itself is not the same as your stepfather in mind. And even when the messenger feels like he did a sin, it's not actually as and he feels that way, because the standard is so high. He's that sensitive. He's that sensitive. So he's making God maybe something was missing in my salon, maybe something I could have done better, something I may have missed, maybe I didn't
realize he's constantly introspecting and this is the attitude of Abraham, are they so if you and I go to hug, we say man, how I met Hutch. Abraham I was building the car and saying, I don't know if I'm doing a good job. I make Toba
Valena. They're nervous. They want to learn to accept a taco bell Mina Ola, please accept from us we don't know if it's good enough but Please expect accepted from us. This is the attitude we're supposed to have in our actual very bad. Because these these messengers, especially our messenger sallallahu Sallam is asking Allah is the fart not of sins, in Acts that he does to obey Allah. Maybe they're not as good as I wanted them to be. And then he's asking Allah to make a list forgiveness for those suffering.
Allah, may Allah azza wa jal give us a real love and honor for the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam May Allah help us understand the Quran properly and live by it barakallahu li walakum Quranic Hakim when I finally we are combining it with Hakeem er Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh