Fiqh of Taharah #02
Channel: Navaid Aziz
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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. Allah, he was so happy about that we move on to issue number three, which is what if your utensil, or the vessel that you're using has been used by an animal? Or, actually, let's just leave that has been used by an animal. Okay? So for example, you have a tub of water that you have outside of your house, you live on a farm, and you have your sheep that come and Drink from this water, there's a shortage of water in the city you need to make will. And this is the only water you find what your sheep have been drinking from that water. Can we use that water to you to purify ourselves? Or not? Can we use that water to purify ourselves or not?
So that is the scenario that is being painted? Over here. Okay, so now we have opinion number one, which is the opinion of the Maliki method, which is the opinion of the medikamente method. So this is the main opinion, there's another opinions coming up. But this is the main one. And that is water left over by all animals is pure. And it does not matter what kind of animal it is. So this includes what a dog and a pig, right? Both all animals are included in this. So the water that is used by them is pure. This is the opinion of the main opinion of the Maliki method, opinion number two. And this is another narration of the Maliki method, which is all water left by animals is pure, with the
exception of pigs with the exception of pigs. So they didn't consider the dogs impure, but they considered the pigs
sorry, they consider the pigs impure. Okay, opinion number three, this is the chef, the myth of the chef he might have water left by all animals is purifying water, with the exception of the pig in the dog, the pig and the dog. Okay, this is a chef he might help now. Okay.
Opinion number four, this is the opinion of the humbling method, the opinion of the humbling method, and the ruling follows the ruling of their meat. So whatever the ruling of their meat is, then it will take the ruling of the water as well. So that animal is permissible to slaughter and eat, then you can use that water. If that animal is not permissible to slaughter and eat, then you cannot use that water then you cannot use that water. So now how is this opinion different from the Sufi method? Who can explain this to me? How is this opinion different from the Sufi method?
So Mr. Chef, he said is all animals, except for pigs and dogs, in my mind is saying that it is only the animals that you're allowed to sacrifice and eat.
For Kenya, Uganda first and it went down.
He just thought you had to be animals and like, hunt on other animals like
like carnivores, animals that we're not supposed to eat, but like they're thirsty, made. For instance, if you're in a jungle, fantastic. And a lion comes in drink from the water. Fantastic. Any other animals? Correct. So that is what is being referred to, is that a lot of people think that pigs and dogs are the only animals Muslims can't eat. But in fact, when you study the book of food, you will come to see that there's several categories of food of animals that we're not allowed to eat whatsoever. So number one are animals that have fangs and use those fangs to attack their prey. Generally, they're called carnivorous animals. The other person was very specific in this issue.
Number Two birds that have claws. The processor forbade from eating those number three animals that the prophet SAW Selim has commanded to kill, right, those animals, you're not allowed to sacrifice and eat them. Right. But isn't that contradicting to the concept of like a cat? Because we say a cat is a pure animal, right? If you have a podcast, right? She goes in matrix from the top back to water, right? using it for the right. Doesn't that contradict with the last
scenario? I'm sorry, I didn't understand why. Like, we can slaughter a cat and we can eat a cat. Right? But like, On what basis, though? On what basis on using that water? No, I understand that. But why do you think cats are not permissible to eat?
Because being a carnivore is fantastic. Okay. All right. So this is where we will differentiate between an animal that is domesticated versus an animal that is not domesticated. An animal that is domesticated no longer uses its fangs to attack. Correct. you're feeding the animal I mean, unless you buy like rats and give that to animal. I don't know if he will still do that or not. But nowadays, you just give them like cat food, right? Whereas the non domesticated animal, that's the animal is going to go out and attack and use its fangs to attack and that's where you will differentiate. Now this wouldn't change
ruling that just because you have a domesticated animal doesn't mean that you can now slaughter the cat. But that's how the scholars would differentiate between would it infect the water with impurity or not? And the question for the first ruling make for the first scenario, you said that it gets it's permissible to use the water even if a dog or a pig has drank from the water. Yes, but isn't it said that the dog's saliva isn't working. That's issue number four that we're coming to. So an issue number three, that's issue number four, the face, we're going to say? It's okay. For,
like monkey has two different views. Okay, fantastic. So now that I guess I should have explained this in the beginning.
When we talk about the different mazahub, you have the founder of the math hub, and he's like the one that established the principles of the math hub. Now the implementation of those principles that changed over time, some of the students came, other great scholars came, and they understood those principles in a different light, and introduced a new opinion into the mud hub. So that is why as a school evolves, there will be more opinions that come into play. So that is why I give that disclaimer that hey, when I mentioned these names, I'm not talking about the founder of the school, I'm talking about the school of thought altogether. So that is why one school of thought can have
So one, one only came from one side and the other will get the other within school within the school of thought Exactly. Now, this is how it's understood with
my magic Mr. Muhammad and Imam Abu hanifa Imam Shafi, he has a different understanding of this issue, because he actually went through two different schools, his school in Iraq and his school in Egypt. So, you have a shed the old Shafi opinion and new Shafi opinion, now that is a different subject. So when you find you know, Mr. Shafi is first opinion, I'm Shafi second opinion is actually very possible, the man himself had these two different opinions, because he went through a great transformation himself. But that's only a particular team. I'm a chef, the rest of them either have the opinion of the founders were generally one and consistent. Okay, so we're just talking about the
schools of thought over here. So that was opinion.
Number four, which was the humbling method that said, animals that you're allowed to slaughter and eat, their water is pure animals that you're not allowed to slaughter and eat, their water is not pure. Let's have a discussion on this word. Are we leaning towards this issue? And as a class, how do we feel?
So we're talking about if an animal touches a steel body of water that is relatively small, it's not very big. How do we feel about that body of water as a class
Shafi opinion? So everything except for pigs and dogs?
Yeah, by the drink swim, it is,
like chunky, I'm gonna be opinion, but eventually you will go back to the pursuing regardless.
So after that, he would go back to level and he does have a taste or level or smell in any way. Okay. I feel like it'll trickle down, just like
any other thoughts.
First opinion, because just because, oh, man, that's bold. Mashallah. Okay, go ahead. Take ours now, just by their nature. So the fact that they touch the water doesn't make them water doesn't change the purity of the water, because the water still has, it's still water. So it's still pure. Okay.
that's what it is. All right. It's not enough to change stuff, you still can't get water, that is the water. Right? So I think this is very important to understand the principles of fic. So that principle that you would even see something that
no, they considered pure, they considered a pure.
Yeah, they do.
Behind them first, that is a ruling behind the first and so even their second one, they only made the pig cut off, they didn't make that the dog cut off. Okay. So that was very important to understand the following.
understand the principles of fifth, when you learn, don't focus on the technicalities of who said what opinion, but understand the principles behind them. So the principle that you want to understand over here is that the default ruling on everything is that it is pure, until you prove the impurity, it is prayer, until you prove the impurity. So now, if you are going to say that x y and Zed animals saliva is impure, we need to bring a proof for that we can just make an empty claim without having an ayah from the Koran without having a hadith from the system without having you know a consensus amongst the companions or something of that nature. So that is why understanding
that principle, things are pure until they're proven to be impure is very relevant over here. So now, I think as general knowledge, we will all agree that it is known that the saliva of the dog is considered impure as a general knowledge. This is understood pig I mean, we have this you know, hate towards people.
It's like, spinal, our kids have a drawing or pink, you know, on their shirt, they're like that shirt is wrong, you can't do that. So that natural aversion is there, sometimes it gets a bit excessive. But even the default ruling of the pig is that it is impure. Like, literally, it's one of the the animals in the Quran that has been explicitly mentioned, time and time again, due to its impurity. So those two I can understand. But for everything else, to the best of my knowledge, we have not been told that their saliva is impure, or that they're in an inherited state of impurity. So I like what one was saying. And I like what farrakhan was saying that, number one, is that even
if an animal wants to drink from it, there has to be like a large amount of saliva washed back into this, right. And most of the times, it's going to be a small amount. And then going back to what farrakhan was saying. And then you need to look at, did the characteristics of the water change? Did the characteristics of the water change? And was the was it actual impurity or not? Was it actual impurity or not? That's why all of these issues, they're all tied in together, they're building up one upon another. So if we have now proven that the pig in the dog, their saliva is impure, then even if it is mixed into the water, until the characteristics change, that water is still going to
be pure, because we just covered that in the first two issues. Now, if it's an animal, that is saliva is pure. This goes back to issue number two, where pure substance that doesn't change the characteristics of the water, it remains upon this pure state, it remains upon its pure state. That is why looking at these various opinions, I want you to understand the opinions where they are coming from. But don't be fixated on the opinions themselves be fixated on the understanding, how do I understand this issue? So the way we understand this issue now is we need to pure a, we need to prove that the saliva of the animal that drank from this water is impure, if we're going to give it
a ruling, if it is not impure, then as long as the characteristics of the water are still there, it is still considered water and is pure to us, it is still considered water and is pure to us. Now scholars did go into a discussion of you know how to, to rebuke one another and dispute one another. But we're not going to get into that we're not going to get into that. So let's move into issue number four. Issue number four, is if a dog
uses one of your utensils, and its saliva gets onto it, so you have a dog, it drinks from your bucket and there's slobber all over the bucket, can you use that bucket or does it have to be washed does it have to be washed? What is this discussion revolving around? It is the Hadith found in Sahih Muslim, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the purification of the utensil belong to any of you after it is licked by a dog lies in washing it seven times using sand or soil for the first time using sand or soil for the first time, there are different versions of this hadith that talk about when the sand or soil should be used. The general understanding is that it has to be
washed seven times where one of them has to be with sand or with soil, one of them has to be with sand or soil. So that is where this discussion is coming up from that is where this discussion is coming up from. So now, we get to opinion number one, this is the shuffling method and the homily method.
You cannot use it until the dirt is used to clean the saliva, you cannot use it until the soil or the sand is used to clean the saliva. Okay, that's opinion number one, that is the Shafi and humbly opinion that you can only use it after the soil has been used to eliminate the saliva. Opinion number two is another group from amongst the Hannah Bella and some of the hanafis say that you can use whatever will purify it, whatever will purify it. So for example, you have a choice between using soil and you have a choice between using you know a brand name dishwashing detergent, do you have to use soil? Or can we use this dishwashing detergent that you know will do the job as well.
That's what they're saying over here that you can use the dishwashing detergent, whereas the first opinion only soil and sand only soil and sand.
And then opinion number three, this is the stronger opinion amongst the Shafi mud hub, whereas use dirt, but if you cannot find dirt then you can use anything else that will purify it. So dirt is preferred, but whatever you find to purify it after can be used whatever use whatever can be used to purify it besides dirt can be used, but only if you don't find the dirt on if you don't find the soil only if you don't find the soil. Now let's just briefly discussion discuss the issue of
have dogs themselves. So now we live in a society where dogs are everywhere. You know, if you walk in a park, it's almost, you know, unavoidable to get touched by them because they're running around everywhere. So now, if you get touched by a dog, there's no, we're not talking about the mouth. We're not talking about saliva. In this situation, is there any harm in you praying right after? The answer is no, that there is no harm in you praying right after, even if you know, there was like, one of his Heroes for was to get on to you. It doesn't make your clothes impure, is it something that you just take off in, you wipe away, and if you don't even notice it, it won't nullify your
Salah. So being touched by a dog doesn't break your odo doesn't make your clothes impure. Now, the saliva of the dog, this is where the difference of opinion lies. This is where the difference of opinion lies. The vast majority of scholars, they did hold it to be impure. So the humbly school the the Shafi school, the Hanafi school, they did hold it to be impure. And they said that it needs to be washed off, they need it needs to be washed off. Now, what's important to understand in this context, is that there was no concept of like a central character, there was no concept of dishwashing detergent, there was no concept of, you know, heavy like chemical induced soap, that are
like bleach your clothes and stuff like that. That is why they use soil and dirt as purifying because that is what used to purify the substances. So use that to kill off the bacteria. And then they would
wash it with water, and then they would wash it with water. Now that is what the letter of the law state law states use sand use soil. But is the emphasis of the law on the letter of the law? Or is it on the spirit of the law, that as long as it gets purified, it doesn't matter what you use to purify it. In this situation, Allah Subhana Allah knows best, the spirit of the law takes precedence over here, that whatever can be used to eliminate the saliva of the dog can be used, whether it's soap, whether it is you know, some sort of chemical, some sort of bleach, whatever you want to use, that is perfectly fine. Right? Water is a purifier, yes, you just use water will that be enough? In
this situation, though, the boss has told us to take an extra step had water been enough, you would have said wash it with water alone. But he said wash it seven times, and one of them with soil or scent. So that extra step needs to be taken that extra step needs to be taken. Now there is something interesting I was going to bring over here. So now
is hunting with dogs permissible? Can we use a dog to hunt for food?
What do you guys think?
Sorry. According to one Mother, I'm asking what you guys think, individually? What do you understand? Can you use a dog to hunt? Anyone feel? No, you can't use a dog to hunt?
No one. Okay, good. So now what I want us to think about is how do we reconcile the issue of washing the utensil that the dog has licked and using the animal that the dog has hunted for you. So that utensil we just said you have to wash it seven times one of them with sand or dirt? Then what do you do with the animal?
You cook it?
You don't you're not gonna eat it draw
the dishwashing soap.
dishwashing soap on it.
When the process of like slaughtering the animal already cleaned it up. Once you hunted the animal down, go down to slaughter date. All right, we have slaughtering done and processing that we would clean it up. So the slaughtering purifies the animal. That is correct. But it doesn't purify the issue of the saliva of the dog. And this is where we get into the issue of the spirit of the law. So what this brother said is is very accurate. inshallah none of us eat raw meat, right? You can't you don't eat raw meat. So you're going to wash the meat first. And then you cook it. So the the the remaining bacteria it gets cooked off, it gets cooked off, right. And this is where the spirit of
the law needs to be understood that the boss ism didn't save for the hunting dog, you need to wash that you need to put that animal in soil or sand first, and then wash it and then cook it. He didn't tell us to do that. Because the cooking part of it would kill the bacteria already. And that is where the understanding of the spirit of the law can come into play that you don't you're not required to purify your clothes with soil and sand and utensils with soil and sand. If you found something else that can do the job. So you say it's, it's allowed it's permissible to like hunt with a dog. But yes, since childhood I've been hearing that you should not keep dog as a pet because
angels don't come to that house. Is that correct? Correct. That is correct. What's the ruling on that? Fantastic so now when we actually discussed this, under the is comes under the chapter food and clothing interestingly enough, but there's three types of dogs that you are allowed to keep. So number one is the guard dog, the guard that's the dog that guards
The house for example, before we had alarm systems, you're afraid of a burglar, what do you do, you're allowed having a guard dog, that's perfectly fine. Number two is the hunting dog, that is the dog that you know will go out and hunt birds for you predominantly. And then number three is a dog that has another purpose to it that is justified by the Sharia. So now this seems very vague, but what the city is intending by it is the dog that is perhaps for a blind person, right? So he needs a dog to to walk with Him, or you're on a farm and the dog is able to do a job that you physically can't do. Right. So in that situation, you could use the dog. So the two first two are very clear
the guard dogs and hunting dogs, and the third, you look at the use and benefit of the dog. So in those three circumstances, it is permissible to keep the dog in the house. However, even in those circumstances, the scholars did recommend if you are able to build a shed for it outside of the house, that is more preferable for it. However, in the case that is not permissible, and it is permissible to keep it inside the house of Allah hota Ananda. Okay, so with that we've covered the first two sections of our discussions, we've covered the first two sections of the sections and now we get into the third section. And that third section is at what time is the event 848.
Okay, so let's just get into the introduction of this and then we'll conclude. The next section we're going to be discussing is purifying yourself from physical impurity purifying yourself from physical in purity. Now, there are two types of purifications from physical impurity that we need to understand. The first type is what we call beratan mineral Hadith, the hollow tone mineral hardness. And this is when an event takes place in the body, that will require purification an event takes place in the body that will require purification, this can be passing gas, this can be dedication, this can be urination, this can be the fluid that comes out of the private parts, this would be
called the hot button mineral headers, okay. So that is something happens in the body, then a physical purification is required. A second type of purification that is understood over here is the hotter tune, mineral hoboes taharah tune mineral hobas. And this is if you were to get impurity on your clothes itself. So for example, urine drops onto your clothes, okay? What happens in that situation? Or you're slaughtering an animal, and with one of the opinions that blood is impure, that blood comes onto your clothes? What do you do with that blood? So these are the two scenarios that we're looking at. So the hot button minute Hi, this is an event that happens in the body that
requires purification. The hollow terminal homebirth is an external impurity that gets onto you as an external, a pure impurity that gets onto an external impurity that gets onto you. Okay, now, a general understanding of this chapter is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told for tomorrow the Allahu Allah, purify yourself, may listen and then pray purify yourself, move, listen, and pray. So this shows that it is a physical purification process that is required a physical purification process that is required. So now starting from our next halaqa, what will actually go into our is what are the etiquettes of using the bathroom? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave us
very, you know, strict conditions on how to use the bathroom, we'll be
discussing those. What I want to conclude the Holocaust with is as Muslims, is this something that we should shy away from? Is it something that we should feel embarrassed about?
Not at all, and this is something that's very important to understand that our religion is the only religion that I know of, to the best of my knowledge, that is this strict on this purification process, right? We're very, very strict in terms of our purification process. And this is something that Muslims we should be proud of this is a source of is that cleanliness is such an important component of our faith that Allah wants us to be spiritually clean and physically clean at the same time. Now to conclude with a nice story, you know, the the people of the past they came in, they taunted some of the Sahaba they said that look, your core, your, your your, your way of life now is
so backwards, that he's even taught you, you know how to wash yourselves when you go to the bathroom. And eventually, the person that this happened to was salmonella, fasciola de la one. So now the fasciola doula I know he said, not only did he teach us not to, you know, face the Qibla Not only did he teach us to wash ourselves and clean ourselves, but he also taught us the following mean that what you're using to embarrass me with is actually a source of *er is a source of pride for me. And as Muslims, that's what we need to do that. Allah subhanho wa Taala has taught us
to purify ourselves and taught us to be noble, and this isn't something that we should be proud of. So we should never feel ashamed of having to make Voodoo in a bathroom or making more dough in a park or anything like that. Since when do we feel ashamed of, you know, washing or of being clean? No one's no one ever says, You know, I feel bad because I took too many showers. Right, people should feel bad when they don't take showers. Right. And I'll just give you conclude on one last funny story. So a couple of months back, I did something called a juice detox, where you buy particular sets of juice. And that's all you drink for three days. And this was just an experiment
to see how my body reacted to it. And you know, what, what effect it would have on my weight loss and weight gain situation, and so on and so forth. So I was doing a lot of research on this. And I came across this one guy in BC, who did something similar, but he did his detox with coconut water. So all he would drink is coconut water. So now day and night, this guy's drinking coconut water. The effect it's having on his bowels though, is he's having like, almost like diarrhea like symptoms, every time he's going to the bathroom because all he's drinking is coconut water. So he's like day three, you know, I've gone to the bathroom like eight times today. And I've been using toilet paper
so much that it's starting to burn that part of my body is I can't go to the bathroom anymore. And I was doing this like two years after this experience. I genuinely wanted to tell them, Hey, you know what, we'll make this easier. Use water. You don't have to use toilet paper. And this is like the simplicity and the beauty of our Deen that people don't know these simple concepts, they when they go to the bathroom, you don't have to just use toilet paper, you can use water. Not only is it you're more purifying, but it's a lot easier on your body as well. I don't know if you've ever been in a situation where you've had to use like toilet paper like two or three days in a row is a
terrifying experience. It burns your skin like gay causes rashes and stuff. So again, this is a part of the beauty for our D that we should be proud of. And that's the note I will conclude on desikan locker and for your attention subclinical omo behenic shadow night