Fiqh of Taharah #01
Channel: Navaid Aziz
File Size: 50.36MB
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu lillahi. Mohamad Hornstein who and istockphoto when I was with him in Cerulean fusina woman Satya Molina, Maria de la foto de la huamu further ha de la or shadow Wanda ilaha illallah wa Jalla wa shadow Anna Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira my blood, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
So this is the first class in the thick of the Hata that we will be covering in Sharla over two sessions, pick up the hottest, quite extensive, but a lot of it isn't as relevant to our current circumstance. So a lot of that will be eliminated. inshallah, I want to begin just with a short reminder about the importance of sincerity and the importance of seeking knowledge. Allah subhanho wa Taala in sortal dakara verse 282. He says, what the Kula who I limo comala that have Taqwa of Allah subhana wa tada and Allah subhana wa tada will teach you. You know, often when we think about learning the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We might not affiliate with it. The importance of
having taqwa that What does seeking knowledge have to do with being conscious of Allah subhana wa Tada. Whereas in reality, there's a very huge correlation between the two. That the more taqwa an individual has, the easier it will be for a will, the easier it will become for an individual to learn. The less taqwa an individual has, the more difficult it will be for them to learn. Now the greatest relationship that it has, the more sins a person commits, then the more difficult it becomes to seek knowledge. And that is why there's that famous story of a mama shafia Rahim Allah, where even though he did not commit a sin per se, by looking at the ankle of a woman,
unintentionally, he devised those verses of poetry, where he says shall coat with our key and so heavily for our suddenly illogical mousy? Well Connolly in a manner on one note, Allah Yahoo's assay, that he complained to one of his teachers that after he had seen the ankle of a woman, he said, I complained to Wilkie about a lapse in my memory. So he guided me to the following. He said that the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala, the knowledge is a light from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the light of Allah subhanaw taala is not given to someone that commits since light of Allah subhanho wa Taala will not be given to someone that commits sins. So you'll notice that if people
aren't pursuing the path to knowledge, one of the greatest hindrances on the path of knowledge is that Allah subhanho wa Taala seals their hearts with sins. And that is why they're not attracted to this path. So you'll notice a lot of the times you're telling people come to the Holocaust, come to the classes come to these events, learn the deen of Allah Subhana, WA Tada. They don't want to do it, a lot of the times it's their hearts that have been sealed with since. And that is why it's very important that along with seeking knowledge, one pursues the path of purification of one's heart and soul as well, because they go hand in hand, a heart that is not pure will not be able to absorb the
knowledge. And likewise, once knowledge is attained, and the heart becomes corrupt, that knowledge will be a proof against a person rather than a proof for them. Because a sealed heart will not act upon knowledge, a sealed heart will not act upon knowledge. So this is just a brief reminder that I want to share with myself and with you that let us purify our intentions that for the next two sessions, we will be covering the physical data. And then the next six sessions after that, we'll be doing the description of the prophets prayer of Salah in sha Allah. So it's a good opportunity that with every holochain particularly at the beginning of the series, that we purify our intentions,
make it purely for the sake of Allah subhana wa tada and we begin by asking Allah subhana wa tada to grant us knowledge which is beneficial to us knowledge that we can implement, and that Allah subhanho wa Taala purifies our hearts from an evil and corruption along
with that having being said, Let us give an introduction to the categories of rulings of filk. So everything that we study in firk, will come down to five categories will come down to five categories. And it's very important to understand the differences between these five categories, if you can understand the differences in these five categories, you will come to understand what will be a perfector of your whoodle versus that which will nullify your will though versus that which you can leave or that which you can do which is optional for you. So it's very important to understand these categories. So, category number one is that which is formed, that which is formed, when we say
something it is fourth, it means the individual that does it is rewarded. The individual that abandons it is sinful, the individual that does it is rewarded, the individual that abandons it is sinful. The clearest example of this making wudu for Salah making more dough for Salah number two, something that is mundu almost the hub something that is Mandoo or Mr. hub, these two terms are interchangeable. And what these two terms mean is that if an individual was
To do it, he is rewarded. If he was to leave it, he is not punished. If he used to do it, he is rewarded. If he was to leave it, then he is not punished. An example of this using the miswak, after although using the miswak, after, we'll do
number three, that which is mobile, that which is mobile, meaning that if a person was to do it, there is no reward for him. And if a person was to abandon it, then there is no punishment for him, there is no punishment for him. kinds in terms of bajada, when an example of this would be using the temperature of water that you'd select, if someone wants cold water, there's no extra reward in choosing cold water. If someone chooses hot water, there's no extra reward in choosing hot water. Now what if you're in a circumstance where you don't have a choice, then then that situation,
there are certain narrations that indicate that the one dividual that makes will do with cold water, he has an X amount of reward, that's only in the situation where you don't have a choice, right? It doesn't mean that you put your water on full blast, he's like all of this extra budget is coming your way. No, we're not meant to inflict extra pain on ourselves, when it can be avoided when it can't be avoided. Category number four, that which is macro that which is macro, meaning it is disliked. So if you were to do this, you are not sinful. Whereas if you were to avoid it, you will be rewarded. But this avoidance has to be within intention, it has to be with an intent to avoided
intentionally, if you just do it out of habit, you're not paying too much attention, and you end up avoiding it, there is no reward at that time. But if you avoid it with intention, you will be rewarded for it, you will be rewarded for it. So what is an example of something that is not growth? So as you'll come to see, what if you have two forms of water, one form of water that is crystal clear, it has no odor to it, it has no change in color, and nor is the taste or smell any different? versus you have another form of water, that you are doubtful that something might have gone into this in terms of impurity, but you're not 100%? Sure. So using that water that doesn't have any
characteristics change to it. Yet, you're doubtful that is it is there any impurity in it or not, some of the scholars considered using this water as bakudo using this water as macro, so that it will be an example of something that would be macro. And we'll take more examples of this as we go along. And then the last category we come to is something that is haram something that is haram, meaning if an individual was to do this, he is sinful. And if he was still leave it, he would be rewarded. If he was to do it. He is sinful. And if he was to do it, he is rewarded. Can someone think of an example in Shahada that would fit this criterion?
What is something at the heart of that would be hard on?
Okay, give me the exact opposite your answers right? But that's not what I'm looking for. That's very good. Don't shala Now please go ahead.
Such as? So for example, let's see how many abilities there is not a positive. So if you do that is
so if you do it with the intention of being rewarded for it, or doing with the intention of it being a part of will do Yes, that would be wrong, but I'll make things simpler for you making wudu with like orange juice. Okay. So in individuals, like you know what, I only have his own issues right now, it's a lot of time I'm being really lazy. You know, let me try to make will do with orange juice, even though you intentionally know you can't make will do except with water. So that again, we use orange juice instead, something like that would be wrong, right? There's something that's completely out on an individual that does this, he would be sinful for doing that act, he would be
sinful for doing that act. Now, let us come into the discussion of what does the flick of the hora actually encompass and it encompasses seven chapters. So either you guys are gonna have superduper memories, or you guys are gonna start taking notes from now inshallah, pull out your phones pull out whatever you need to take notes with insha Allah. So Tara encompasses seven things. Number one, the different kinds of water different kinds of water. Number two, the items that we use to put the water in items that we use to put the water in.
Number three items that are pure, or impure items that are pure or impure. So let's cover the three again, there are the different kinds of water, they are the utensils that we use to put the water in. And number three, they are the items that could be mixed with the water, or the pure or impure. Those are the first three, the next three, the chapter of woowoo. This is the purification that needs to be done.
For Salah, and for other acts of the bladder, the number five, it is to mom, that if you don't have water, then what do you do in that situation, you can still find a way to purify yourself. This is called tiamo. Number six is the hosel. And this is when an individual has a major impurity, either a sexual impurity for a woman, if she comes from her menstrual for her menstruation, or if a person accepts Islam, they're required to make or sell as well a with a difference of opinion on that. So that is when the gospel would be made. And then the seventh chapter is the chapter of menstruation, the chapter of menstruation. For our class, we will be discussing the different kinds of water,
we'll be discussing the types of purity and impurity, we will be discussing will do tiamo. And who said, we will not be covering the utensils, and we will not be covering the chapter of administration. In terms of the utensils, I didn't think it was that relevant, just because nowadays, no one walks around with water skins to like make wudu with and stuff, you have a water bottle, you have sinks, you have taps, you have water fountains outside, you have natural streams of water. So the concept of you know, storing water was not that relevant. So I eliminated that due to the shortage of time. As for the chapter of menstruation, just to give you insight into this, my
mother called him Allah. He said, it took me nine years to understand the chapter of menstruation. And he was asked, why is it only I only began to understood it after I got married after I got married. So we don't have nine years to spend on the chapter of the hora. So I was like, we have five hours, actually not even much less than that we have like four and a half hours, let's try to make the most of it. So what I would advise is for the chapter of menstruation, it is a very important chapter, it is a very detailed chapter, there's a lot of physical behind it. What can you do to learn this chapter, then Chicago is is having a class online, it's called the physical
administration. It's happening September 13, and 14th. Two days long, attend that if you'd like more details. And definitely, if you have a female in your life, or eventually will have a female in your life, you need to understand this topic. Because they will come to you with questions and you're like, they'll be like, what do I do in this situation? And you're like, Okay, let me send him an email. But you'll be like, in that situation, you won't be able to describe what's actually happening in detail. So it's good if you have your own background, your own understanding in it, that's September 13 and 14th in his logical progression class, you can look it up then you can look
it up then. So now, let us begin with the chapter of the different kinds of water chapter of the different kinds of water. Okay, why do we need to know the different kinds of water that are out there? Why do we need to know the different types of water that are out there? Number one, it is not possible to purify yourself unless you know the correct type of water to use, it is not possible to purify yourself unless you use the correct kind of water. Number two, Allah subhanho wa Taala has obligated the usage of water in cleaning oneself. Allah subhanho wa Taala has obligated the usage of water in cleaning oneself. Number three, there are different types of water some of them are
permissible to use some of them are not permissible to use, we will learn how to differentiate between them you will not you will learn how to differentiate between them.
Those are the three main predominant reasons. Now what are the three different types of water and where do these categorizations come from? So categorizations of water The first one is my own pour my own cohort. And what this means is water that can actually be used to purify something else, water that can actually be used to purify something else.
An example of this would be rainwater. An example of this would be water that is found in wells, an example of this water that comes out of springs, okay, this is all my own the whole. A second example of water is my own bar here, my own bar here, which is a substance that is predominantly water, but it's mixed with something else that is pure, a substance that is predominantly water, but is mixed with something else that is pure. Who can give me an example of this
COVID Coke, I like to use a better example but I was thinking like Kool Aid tank, most like juices that are available. It's like 95% water with like 5% other ingredients. So this would be considered my own fire but this would be considered my own bar here. Then the third type of water is my own Niger's, my own Niger's which is impure water, which is impure water. And then this will happen with one of two things happening, water will become impure with one of two things happening. Either there's physical impurity inside that water
So for example, inside of your toilet bowl after you've used it, there's physical impurity inside of it, even though the water around it still may remain white, there's physical impurity inside of it. Now, that is one way it will change. or number two, it is a liquid that is impure, that is mixed with this water that will make the water impure. So, for example, it is mixed with urine. Now, the water is completely changed in terms of its color in terms of its odor, in terms of its color properties, those have all changed, so, that would be considered my own, not just that will be considered my own Niger's. Now, just so that we understand the vast majority of the books of filk
use this categorization. To understand the different types of water, the vast majority of schools of folk, this is what they use. However, when you study Hadith, for when you study folk from a hadith perspective, and you ask the scholars of Hadith have categorizations of water, they will only give you two categorizations, they only give you two categorizations. The categorization is water and non water. That is the way the scholars of Hadith viewed it. Either you have water, which can be used to purify, or you don't have water at all, or you don't have water at all. Word is this difference of opinion come from? In all honesty, their intentions are exactly the same. They're using the exact
same reference points, but they just use different categorizations. So is it important to know both categorizations as student of knowledge, yes, you should know it. Should you be adamant, hey, it's two or three, though, the way we divide the categorizations of water is not too relevant, it's not too relevant. As long as you understand the major points as long as you understand major points. Now, we're going to discuss everything that the scholars have agreed upon in terms of the types of water before we get to what they've differed upon, before we get to what they've differed upon. And at the end of this section, then you can ask your questions about the categories of water. So the
first thing that the scholars are in agreement upon any water that descends from the sky, or comes out of the ground, is considered a mat on the hood is considered my own door. Okay? So any water that comes from the sky, or any water that comes out of the ground, is considered my own the hole. Okay. So now you end up going to Bermuda in Sharla. If you end up going to Where was it? Yes, it was Bermuda, you end up going to Bermuda, and you go swimming and the Atlantic Ocean, it's time for mclubbe Salah, you're outside in the ocean. And while you were swimming, you notice that the water was very, very salty. Okay? And you start to think to yourself, Hey, can I make widow with this
water or not? What is the answer to this?
based upon what? Because predominantly water? It is predominantly water? Okay, that's one answer to it. But we're looking for something else.
Salt is not now just so that's the second element to it.
You're jumping the gun don't get there yet. That's one element to it, that it is a big body of water and big bodies of water cannot become impure. But we're looking for something else. How would you tie it into this principle that we just studied, it's still considered water. Even though there's salt in it, it's got the characteristics of water a still has the characteristics of water. That is the conclusion that we come to Yes, it has the characteristics of water. But what we're looking for is that this is naturally sourced water. This is a combination of water from the ground and water from the sky. And we just said that water from the sky and water that comes out of the ground is by
consensus water that is pure second source of agreement second source of agreement. Water is still pure in its pure state. If things that alter the water are normally and naturally found in that water and are not normally separated for from it. What does that mean? What are things that we find in the water that are not normally separated from it? These will be things like moss, things like algae, things like salt. So anything that is found naturally in water, then this will this will not make the water impure. So for example, you go to one ocean, you find the water green and you're like why is this water green? Does it make the water impure? No, it doesn't. It's green because of the
algae that's in the water. It's still you know, permissible to use. And what's interesting is that even though the big body will look green, once you actually put the water in your hand it's actually clear water still it's actually clear water still so anything that is naturally found in bodies of water that are natural, then it will not make the water the water impure and is still permissible to use so things like salt things like algae, things like moss you know those will not make it and they're just now how about this? You're out playing football or soccer in the in the field and remember that these past couple of weeks we had like torrential rain came come down. So if you're on
There's like a ditch in the field. Water will pile up over there. But you're like, hey, this water is mixed with the dirt and it's sort of brown in color now, and it's time for Salah. Can we use that water to make will do know what you guys shaking your heads? Yes. Okay, so now using these two principles, tell me why we can or why we can't
I want to hear from YouTube specifically because you're both shaking your heads no weekend, the water key from the sky. Yes. And the mud that was in the ground wasn't in the rainwater, it wasn't in the rainwater, that means there is not naturally there in the water.
Okay, and how would you What do you think?
It was like, obviously, it was rainwater, but like when it was mixed with dirt, you can't use it for cleaning yourself, and you can't use it for cleaning yourself.
Dirt is also pure. So that's a counter argument. Muhammad, were you gonna say? Same thing that there's also pure for con.
Other things gonna happen in that area, like it was wonderful not meant to be great meaning feet and shoes might have stepped onto that area, which might have played into our area. So it was not natural. It was not meant for water in the first place. Fantastic. Fantastic. Maybe like an animal is around about.
Good, these are very good points that you have raised, and we can discuss them. So what is the general ruling on an object? So let's just say you come to a place, what is the default ruling of that place, you come to a soccer field, let's just say and we'll put the chapter of water aside for now. But let's just say making to moment that soccer field is the default ruling that soccer field is pure and clean, or the default wouldn't at a soccer field is impure, and ledges, and not pseudo. Fantastic. I'm glad everyone knows that the default dueling is pure. So whatever you find the default ruling is purity, until you can prove the impurity. So the burden of proof is proving that
something is impure, because the default dueling is something that is pure. Now, the second example I gave with the soccer field is actually quite is quite confusing, that this wasn't a natural body of water. And it wasn't naturally the water didn't naturally come down Brown, but however, the water came down, and it got mixed with the soil. Now, is it possible to separate the soil from that water? Once it's turned brown, how can you without getting like a pot and boiling the water, it's not possible to do that, right. So that's the second part of this condition over here is that you should not be able to separate the water from that naturally, meaning that you can't physically pull out
the soil from the water. Right. So in that situation, we're not talking about mud here, mud is a different substance, we're talking about water that has soil in it right? In that situation, it would be permissible to use up in until you have proof that external elements such as impurities of someone walking or dog coming in that area, and you know, excrete it or something like that, that's a different subject, but the default doing is that it would be allowed it would be allowed. So that's consensus number two, consensus number three water that water that has been altered by impurity with respect to taste, odor and color. So, these are the three things you need to know that
will change the characteristics of water, taste, odor, and color. So, if these three elements are changed in the water, with something that is impure, so meaning, the thing that has to be mixed with attached to be known to be something impure, then that water now becomes impure, then that water now becomes impure okay. So, you have an impure substance, that is mixed in with water, and one of these three elements changes either the taste or the odor or either the color if this happens, then that water is now impure to use as a general rule. However, if it is a large body of water, or if the water is flowing as if it is in a stream, then that water will not become impure, then that water
will not become impure. And this is the third consensus, this is the third consensus, okay.
consensus number four, water that is large in quantities cannot become impure, water that is in large quantities cannot be impure. How large is this body of water actually have to be in order for this to be applied to it? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam uses the term Quan Latin. Latin is a very interesting term like many other terms in the Arabic language, that when it was used in different dialects, it meant different many different quantities. And that is why depending on where the fic scholar was from, he understood different things from it, he understood different things from it. For our intents and purposes in this class, we will take the lowest number that is offered
Which is 200 liters of water, which is 200 liters of water, which in reality isn't much at all. No, the average bathtub can almost hold like 100 liters of water, right? So you can imagine a body of water that large wouldn't have itself it will take a lot and lot of impurity to make that body of water change in color change an odor or change in taste, or change in taste. Okay. So any body of water that is larger than that cannot become impure. And likewise, a stream of water cannot become impure. Yes. conditions, order, color and tastes, yes. Only one thing will change the water does all of them have to be there at the same time. No, only one of them. If even one of them changes, then
it's no longer considered pure water. But the key distinction is that it has to be mixed with something that is known to be an impurity. It has to be something that is going to be impurities. We were talking about, like the puddle example before the playground. Yeah, the last two weeks have been making a lot of rainfall, right? Yes. I'm coming for select. Yes. And there's water on the streets when cars go by really fast. Right? And they splash water on us? Yes. Yes. If the water is like, on my clothes, yes. Can I agree with those quotes? Yes, you can play with those quotes. Because again, the default ruling is you're in a state of purity until you can prove the impurity
that is the default ruling that is now I know internally, a lot of us will not be comfortable with that. Right? Like you go to the bathroom floor people have made with all over the place this is disgustingly what an inside you're like, you know this might be might have this cringing feeling Am I still clean or pure not the default dueling is that your Salah is valid until the impurity is proven to you until the apparent impurity is proven to you. A large body of water like a lake, or a swimming pool, not really running water. But as long as it's large. It's okay. Yes, exactly, exactly. The whole body of water would need to have its taste odor or color change. So for example,
the clearest example is you have this large body of water. You have this young kid he's urinating on the other side of the water. Does it be contaminate the whole lake? No, it doesn't. It doesn't contaminate the whole lake. Chlorine is obviously it's because it's a pure substance itself. Yes, exactly. Chlorine is not an issue at all. Chlorine is not an issue at all.
Okay, so that was consensus number four, correct. So if there's a large amount of water, and it is not defiled by impurities that do not alter one of the three qualities mentioned above, for example, if someone urinated in the lake, or if the color odor or taste has not changed, then you can still purify, purify yourself in it. However, if it is a small amount of water, then there is a difference of opinion regarding this, then there's a difference of opinion regarding this. So those are the consensus. Now we actually get to the differences of opinions. And this is where things are going to get very technical, you need to pay close attention to understand what's going on. So this is issue
number one, this the first issue of difference of opinion, a small amount of water mixed with impurity without change in its attributes. So a small amount of water with impurities in it without the change in its attributes, that is understand what we're talking about. Now. For example, if you have a bucket of water, had one drop of urine fall into it, you know, for certain it is urine, and you know, for certain that it fell inside, but the attributes of the water did not change. There's a difference of opinion regarding whether this water is pure or not. Does everyone understand the scenario? You have this bottle of water, someone's being really, really malicious. They take a drop
of urine, they drop it into the water. Now what happens to this water even though none of the attributes have changed, the color didn't change. The odor didn't change, the taste did not change. How do we know that is to change? We won't get into that. But we're presuming the taste didn't change Okay. Can this water be used for tahara or not? Can this water be used for the Hara or not? Okay.
Fantastic. Okay. So opinion number one. This is the opinion of Imam Shafi and Imam Ahmed, when we use these names, this is the opinion of the hub not actual the maps themselves, what we're talking about the month of, so the opinions of the Shafi myself and Dr. Hamad the method remember is that this water is now impure, you cannot use this water Okay, this water is impure and you cannot use this water. What is their proof for this? It is the Hadith found in Sohail Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when one of you wakes up from his sleep at night, he should not dip his hand into a vessel until he washes his hands three times first, for
indeed none of you know where his hand spent the night where his hand spent the night. Now what this headache means is that when an individual is asleep, his hand may have come across some fecal matter in his sleep depending on where his hands were, or perhaps some is some urine came on to his hand or perhaps some other you know, bodily fluids came into his hand, so you should not dip your hands dirty.
into the source of water water that you're making. And presumably it's like a basin of water that has still water in it, or a bucket of water that has still water in it. The pastor said them saying, wash your hands first. Now they're saying that how much in the jasha could you actually possibly have that could be mixed into this water that one system is telling you not to do to do that, right. So that is the understanding that they are coming from that is the understanding that they are coming from a second proof that they use for this. And there's another Hadith found in Bukhari and Muslim.
Allah one who narrates none of none amongst you should urinate in stagnant water, and then wash himself from it. None of us should urinate in stagnant water, then, yeah, wash himself from it, wash himself from it. Now, the general ruling and we'll we'll get to this and we need to separate between two issues. The ruling on urinating it's in a large body of still water. Versus is that what is that body of water still pure or not? Is that body of water still pure or not? So the general ruling of urinating and still water is that it should not be done. Even if it's a large body of water. Some of the scholars call it a haram some of the solid scholars said it's mcru. either of the two cases, it
shouldn't be done. Okay. But now will it make the water impure? The answer is no, it's a large body of water, the characteristics of the water aren't going to change. It's not going to be in pure, it's not going to be impure. But they're saying the fact that the processor is saying don't urinate in this water and then don't don't use it after is to indicate that they cared. the purity of the water would have changed, the purity of the water would have changed. So now what was the opinion number one and who held that opinion? Who's going to tell me? What was opinion number one? Yep.
Imam Shafi and who else? Fantastic. And what was the opinion if borders containing one drop of urine they cannot use it for
fantastic so even though the characteristics of the water have not changed, but you're certain that impurity came into it, then it is impermissible to use that water? That was the opinion of Mr. Muhammad and Mr. Musharraf are the mothers remember me the mother of a Vietnamese Shafi? Now we get to the second opinion, this is one of the opinions of the School of Imam Malik. This is the opinion of the Vahidi method. And this was also the opinion of Ibn Samia. This was also the opinion of event Samia. Okay, so you have one opinion of the Maliki method, the Vahidi method, and you have the opinion of Ibn taymiyyah. This opinion states, as long as the water has not changed in any of its
characteristics, than the water is still pure, and can be used to clean oneself and can be used to clean oneself. So it's the exact opposite this water is still pure and can be used. The proof for this is the hadith of andasibe nomadic where we're undisturbed nomadic narrated that a Bedouin man stood in the corner of a mosque and urinated there. The companions of the Prophet SAW Selim shouted in protest, but the Messenger of Allah wa sallam said, let him be when he finished, the Messenger of Allah ordered that a bucket of water should be brought and poured over it should be brought and poured over it. This Hadith is found in Bukhari and Muslim. Now someone do what they call a steam
bath extract. What is the operative understanding of this Hadith, how they're using this hadith to use it as a proof for their opinion. So a man urinates in the masjid, it's sand or soil. The pastor Sam says bring a bucket of water poured over it.
Water is enough to unify.
Perfect, that's exactly it. That water is a purifier right? water purifiers that we need to understand the categories of water. If water is a purifier, then in this situation a small amount of impurity will not make a purify impure will not make a purify impure, and that's what they're using as a proof. So the scholar said that if you have a bucket of water, which is small in amount, it purifies the small amount of Niger's. The area is pure and can be preyed upon since the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not tell the Sahaba to do more the process and didn't tell the companions to do more than that. Now, what's interesting about this hadith and we're just gonna on a small tangent
over here is the etiquette of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, and I cannot emphasize this enough. This man, he did not come with stinky breath, stinky clothes or a stinky odor. He did not come with, you know, his back exposed in real court or anything like that. This man came with the gravity of urinate in the masjid. Like I want you to understand this. urinating in the masjid with everyone in front of him. Not a care in the world is a guy want to go I have to go to the bathroom. This looks like a good spot. I'm going to go over here. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says let this man finish. Let him finish under
And that he didn't say someone could stop him right now didn't say go kick him out. He said, Let him finish. Why? Because if you don't let him finish, two possibilities that could that could take place. One is harmful to the man when he stops donating like an incident. It's, it's painful to the body. So that's causing him harm. Number two, there's a high chance that if you try to stop him while he's urinating, he's gonna turn around in your head on you. Right? So he's like, let him finish on top of that. Now some of the companies are jumping. They're like Dr. Silla, let us kill this man. How dare he, you know, desecrate the musty diverso sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, you know, let this man be just go and pour some water over it. He made a mistake. It's no big deal. This man's response. Now Allah have mercy on me and on you and no one else. Right? That is how he reacted to it. This shows us the the, the, the o'clock of the prophets of Salaam, that there's a time where you really need to get angry. And there's a time where it's like, Look, it's an honest mistake. This man does not know any better. He's a Bedouin man from the desert. He thinks there's nothing wrong with this. You're not going to educate him by getting him by getting angry at him this at this time, right? So very important lesson enough luck at that
time. Okay, so that was their first proof.
Their second proof is the hadith of Abu Seidel. hodari where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Allah Oh, hold on. Now you know, just to who shade that water is a is a purifier, and nothing can make it impure. Nothing can make it impure. This is an authentic hadith found in Ahmed Abu Dhabi wrote an essay and Timothy, this is an authentic hadith found in an essay attorney, the Abu Dhabi and Ahmed. Now, this hadith understood it in its proper context. This is
in the in the context of large bodies of water in the context of flowing water, in the context of water that is descending from the ground from the sky, or ascending from the ground, those types of water will not become impure, right. That's what the passage is referring to it. In a specific case, these scholars are using it to prove that it is unrestricted, that this is an unrestricted statement that the prophets of Salaam is saying that water will love itself will not become impure, that water within itself will not become impure. And this leads us to the discussion of the difference between the School of Hadith was the difference between a school of folk where they said that it's either
water or not water. And the school of fish said you can have purifying water, pure water or water that has impurity in it. So there's a lot of that discussion comes from this hadith over here. So this is the second Hadith that they are using. Opinion number three. Okay, opinion number three, which months Herbes do we have left? Which ones have we not talked about? The Hanafi madhhab? And what else?
And the second Maliki fantastic. So we have the Hanafi method, and the second Maliki opinion. So now the opinion of Malmo hanifa. He says, if the water is abundant, to the point that a person can stir one side of the water, and the ripples do not reach the other side, then this water is not notice. However, if the ripples do reach the other side, then this water is not just Okay, do you understand that? If you have a body of water, and you store it, if the ripples reached the other side, then the body of water is not notice. However, sorry, if the water the ripples do reach the other side, it is not just if they don't reach the other side, it is not not just someone explain this to me, where is
he coming from? It was like some deep thinking going on here. Go ahead.
When you mix, it
could mean that the wall whatever in London in water, could have made it to the other sides.
could have made it to the other side. For example, the bucket of water right
beside me of the euro went on to it, it could have hit the whole thing. Fantastic. And that's like, exactly, exactly. No, that's that's exactly what he said. He said, If the ripples can reach the that area of the water, that means that the jasic can reach that area as well, and therefore that whole area became contaminated. Is there a hadith to substantiate this? No, there isn't. But that is solid logic being used over there, that different point of an adjuster dropped over here. How do we know that it didn't reach the other side, he says simple. You just tried to create a ripple on one side if it reaches the other side, there's a high probability that an adjuster could have reached the
other side. So that was the opinion of Imam Abu hanifa that if it reaches the other side, it is impure. If it doesn't reach the other side, it is pure it is pure. Now we get to opinion number four, which is the other Maliki opinion which is the other Maliki opinion and this opinion states that the usage of such water is permissible, but it is mcru. The usage of such water is permissible, but it is mcru it is Makoto okay.
So those are the four opinions. Can I get someone to repeat those four opinions for me in Sharla?
Who's going to repeat the four opinions? Let's start off from this side. Just give me any one of the opinions you'd like.
If you have
this, okay, you want the parent, right. So Shafi anamod. Now, their opinion was that this small impurity would make it impure, the small impurity would make it impure. Fantastic. Let's get an opinion from this side. Give me one of the three remaining opinions anyone from this side?
As long as the owner hasn't changed, so it's Tell me whose opinion is this? The first one, the first one, yes.
Water hasn't changed.
Fantastic. So as long as the characteristics did not change, the water would still be pure. So we said, this is the opinion of Mr. Medic, one of the opinions of the Maliki method and who else
payment Samia, and the VA had he must have and the VA had, he must have. Now if someone from the center Give me one of the two remaining opinions.
A Mount Abu hanifa he said, like if the ripples of the water are going from one end to the other, yes, I probability that they just have to travel. So that's not permissible, right? If the records are not reaching, that is permissible. Fantastic. And then this section over here, what's the last opinion?
Fantastic. Now here's a point just as students have knowledge, teachers will always have to ask, okay, break this down. For me. The easiest thing to do is just remember the last thing he said. So this brother put himself in hot water, he went back to number one vows in years, he who he was the last thing he mentioned, I just mentioned the last one. That's just a tip, when you're in classes, just try to recall the last thing in the instructors said that's the easiest way out of that situation. Okay. So those are the four opinions when you have a small amount of water, and definitely the gesture and the gesture fell into it. Well, how do we understand that? Yes, go ahead.
Yes, the ripple does not reaches the other end of the water. Yes. You can any use water from any part of the lake? Let's say it's a lake or just the other side? No, you it's completely pure. You can use it from any side. You can use it from any side. Yes. And from the second molecule point of view, like you said, it can be used for its mcru. Yes, in the beginning, you say for crew is like, if you're using it, there is no punishment, but if you're avoiding it, there is a reward for Yes. So like, if you're following the second maleki muster, yes, then what are the rulings on that they wouldn't be be so rewarding. so in this situation, it's an acquittal under the pretense that you
have another source of water to use, if you have another source of water to use, you will get rewarded for going to that second source of water, even if you have to walk another 10 minutes to get it or so. However, if you don't have another source of water, then that ruling by default is permissible to use. Now, in this circumstance,
I just want you guys to have an understanding of these opinions have an understanding of these opinions, I don't want to
impose my opinion on anyone. However, the opinion that I feel most comfortable with is the second opinion is the second opinion that as long as the characteristics of water did not change, then that water is still considered pure. And that is by definition, while Allah subhanaw taala send down water with characteristics. As long as those characteristics are still there, the water is pure. If those characteristics aren't there, then that is no longer called water, it is called something else. And Allah subhanaw taala knows best, but I want you guys to continue following whatever you were genuinely following, whenever you're generally following, okay, now we get to issue number two
water that has already been used for purification. So for example, all of us go out camping, and we have one bucket of water, and I make a photo from it. And you know, someone else comes and needs to make a photo can they make will do from that still remaining water can they make will do from that still remaining water. So that's the masella we're discussing. That is the scenario we're discussing. So water that is already being used for purification, while in the process of purification has been defiled by something impure, which has changed its taste, smell or color is considered impure, okay. So for example, a person is using water in the bathtub to make wudu if some
impurity on his hand falls back into this tub, and changes his taste, smell or color, then that water itself is nudges. So now, in the scenario that you have impurity, then the rulings of impurity go back to it. But what if is just the rulings of when a person is making widow, it's presumed that they're not going to have any impurities on their hands when they're making Voodoo. Right. This goes back to the Hadith of the Prophet Salam that before you
Still water, you want to make sure your hands are pure. So, use a separate source of water to purify your hands before you use still water before you use still water. So now, let us talk about the issue where the scholars disagree. The scholars disagree on the issue of water that has been used, but has not been defiled by an impure substance that has not been used by the but has not been defiled by an impure substance. Okay, so this is the first opinion. This is the opinion of the Vahidi method. One of the narrations from Mr. Malik, one of the narrations from the mammoth Shafi, and one of the narrations from the mammoth, as you can tell, this is going to be a long discussion
over here. Okay. So, Vahidi my top opinion of Maliki my top opinion of Shafi mantap and opinion of the humbly madhhab, that it is still pure, and can be used to purify, regardless of how many people made will do or go sell without water, regardless of how many people made will do or wrestle with that water.
If you were to take a guess over here, what is the proof that they're going to use? What proof are they going to use over here? Some that they've used? We've used already? Yes, we've used Okay, so we know that the person is obviously you're jumping the gun, we don't get there just yet. For
example, yes, the water does not change does not have any, like order or
not nor make any changes in their fantastic use that. Now what is that understanding based upon which Hadith is that based upon? Do you remember any of the references
The Bedouin, man, that's good, but not directly related over here. The second he was the second heading we mentioned under that section.
That's, I guess, the non the understanding of the Hadeeth healios allow Oh, hold on la una de su se that water is pure and nothing makes it impure and nothing makes it impure. So just because something else comes into it, it will not make it impure. So this is the Hadith herbicide Audrey mentioned by Mr. McNamara without NSA and tirmidhi.
It's a body of water that is still that people use so it's not necessarily big. It could be a bucket it could be a bathtub like the we're not specifying that. We just want to understand the general principles over here. So another Hadith of the Prophet Salaam, water does not go into a state of Geneva water does not go into state of Genova, meaning that the water cannot be come general, the water cannot become job. Now, the strongest proof that the present is that our beingness arose after meeting with the province are seldom related to the Quraysh. When the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performed his widow, his companions rush to share the water that he had used, the
companions rush to share the water that he had used. And this is found in Bihari, and in Ahmed this hadith is found in Bukhari, and Ahmed and perhaps this is the strongest proof that they have for this
discussion over here, along with what the face was alluding to, but that's more under the section of was that the purpose of salah and I shall read the law, why not they used to make hosel from the same container of water they used to make also the same kind of container of water, there is some slight weakness in the narration, but it is still authentic, and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. So now we get to opinion number two, we get to opinion number two, this is an opinion of the humbling method and this is the preferred opinion in the Shafi method. This is the preferred opinion in the Shafi method, along with another opinion in the Maliki method, and an opinion from the mind
body from the Hanafi madhhab. Now, and opinion from the Hanafi madhhab. Now, now, you can imagine if I asked you guys to repeat the opinions in this one, unless you write the hagy notes, you guys are done for right. Okay. And that's why I encourage the students to take notes.
So, this states, the water becomes barrhead meaning that the water itself is clean, but cannot be used to purify others. So the water itself is still clean, but it cannot be used to purify others, okay. So, this water, if you will, it was the call on to your clothes, you don't have to wash those clothes, it is still pure. However, you cannot use this with this water demick will do with or to take whistle with it will not be permissible to do that. So this is the opinion and opinion the humbling method, the strongest opinion in the Shafi method and opinion from the Maliki method and opinion from the Hanafi madhhab. The proof that they used for this, the Hadith of the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam none amongst you should urinate in stagnant water and then wash himself from it. None of you should urinate in stagnant water and then wash himself from it. They believe that the pasta salad prevented them was because it would change the status of the water to diet. And so therefore he could you could not purify yourself with a tube
purify yourself with it, we get to opinion number three, which is another opinion from Eman, Ahmed. And now an opinion of Abu Yusuf. And who was Abu Yusuf? Who was Abu Yusuf?
One of the three main students of Imam Abu hanifa, one of the three main students of Imam, Abu hanifa, the Hanafi madhhab is very dependent on his opinions as well. And this opinion states that the water becomes nudges, that the water becomes nudges, every person is using it to purify himself, the water becomes nudges, if a person is using it to purify himself and in fact that extra condition of if a person is using it to purify himself, then this would not be valid this would not be valid. Now, how do we differentiate between this and actually that opinion is still coming up, that opinion is still coming up. So that is that the water becomes nudges. So now let's do a recap for the first
three opinions. Okay.
So opinion number one, we said this is the Vahidi must have an opinion for me my Malik an opinion from enamel Shafi an opinion from Mr. Muhammad, that it is still be it is still pure and can be used to purify, it is still pure and can be used to purify opinion number two is that the water is pure, but cannot be used to purify. There is another opinion in the humbling matter of the stronger opinion of the Shafi method and opinion from Imam Malik and he narration and an opinion and the Hanafi madhhab. Then we have opinion number three, which is an opinion from the humbling madhhab and the opinion of a student of a man who hanifa, which by default would mean that is is an opinion and
the Hanafi madhhab as well. So these are three opinions that are mentioned. Now, can we think of a fourth scenario over here? These are three scenarios that have been given what is the fourth possible scenario?
What would happen to this water? So we've said digests we've said thought ahead. And we've said it is still purify. It is still used as a purifying. Is there a fourth opinion here
might be Makoto. Okay. That could be an opinion that we've learned that from the previous statement from this previous discussion, that the medic is held that such water could be Makarov. How about another scenario? What else can we think of?
No, that doesn't work. It can something can't be nudges and used as a purifier, if somebody is registered can't be used as a purifier.
And the answer is that no, there is no fourth possibility when it comes to water itself. So either you have water which is the hot water which is tired or whatever it is now just what you can have other possibilities in is the rulings on those water right and that is where the issue of Nakuru comes in. However, from what we see, that issue of mcru did not come into play that issue of mcgroove did not come in to play. And Allah subhanaw taala knows best but the strongest proof and my personal inclination leads towards opinion number one opinion number one, that's why understanding opinion number three, that the water becomes not just by other people
using it. It's just because something is mentioned in the same sentence does not mean it has the same ruling. So for example, Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran in the same IRA do Hajj and Umrah for Allah hijras, obligatory and according to the majority, Amara is not obligatory. So just because two of them are tied together, it does not mean that they will take the same ruling. So when the Prophet Solomon says that do not urinate in stagnant water and then purify yourself with it, it does not necessitate that that water will become impure within of itself. However, even this hadith is outside the scope of our discussion because over here we're not talking about impurity This is a
clear impurity. We're just talking about people making Voodoo right which is the general presumption is you don't have an adjuster on you when you're making that is the general presumption. However, if you do end up finding the just saying that water then we've already discussed what to do the will do with it. We've already discussed what to do with it. Are we good with those two issues so far? Everyone's okay. Fantastic. Now we get to issue number three water that is left over by animals water that is left over by animals. So we'll take a five minute break and we'll start up in five minutes inshallah.