A Brief Tafsir Of Ayat Al Kursi
Channel: Navaid Aziz
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In handy, Linda. Mojo, who is staying over one is still photo one out there he means Cerulean fusina woman sejati Anna Lena, Maria de la palma de La da
da da da da de la la la hora de la sharika. Wash Hassan no Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira. For the longest time it was either out of India in the shaytani r rajim.
Allahu la isla and in one find your local you. Whoa, sinner to wanna know the home. Wanna see one that's in
in the evening? Yeah, I know mama Dana ad Mama. Home. Wanna you? Wanna be Shane in need in the mash?
Was the ACO see you?
Wanna Yo, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, honey, y'all.
Oba is no cab, one of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He came up to the Prophet Mohammed Salah lohani was sitting down one day and he said Yasuda Allah guide me to the best ayah and the Quran. I know that sort of society has is the best surah in the Quran, which guide needs the best eye in the Quran. So the Prophet Mohammed Salah lohani was setting them he said this is will horsey is the best Arya and the Quran
is of course, he is the best iron copper iron. And if one analyzes the meanings, that is will of course see in coming accomplices and entails you will understand why I will foresee is the 200 and 55th verse of circle.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala starts off this noble and beautiful verse by saying that Allah, there is no deity except for him. The ever living the Sustainer of all existence, neither drowsiness overtakes him, nor sleep, To Him belongs to whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on Earth. Who is it that can intercede with him except by his permission, he knows what is presently before them, and what will be after them. And they encompass not a thing of his knowledge, except for that which He wills is called to see extends over the heavens and the earth and their preservation tires him not and he is the most high and the most great. As you can see that the theme of this ayah is Allah
subhanho wa Taala himself, that our knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala the vast majority of it comes from this ayah and thus the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam calls this the greatest Ayah now if you look at somebody stories that are affiliated with this ayah you will see also why it is so great. One of the stories is narrated by Oh babe no cab himself, the great companion of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that was known for his beautiful recitation, he was one of the companions that memorize the Quran during the time of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So there is no cab. He already had this level of prestigious
department, Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam, and this level of trust. So the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam put him in charge of Veysel nun, or the place where the Muslims would come keep their money, which was from Zakat, and the money which was given for charity and anything else. So we'll buy a new car one day when he was taking care of the basement and was keeping God forbid, during the night time an individual came. And he started to take something from this old man through the window. It was a mud house, and it had a small window. They didn't have like there was a cubicle rather, it was a cube that was there and it didn't have anything causing that except for a
curtain. There wasn't glass or anything like that. So you could easily reach in and take what you wanted. So this person he came and he reached through the window, and he was about to take something and wait no cab grabbed his hand and put them inside. So this individual slipped inside. So when he pulled this man inside, he noticed that you know his skin wasn't normal and his hand was as normal. He said you have the skin of an animal that is very furry, and your paws or your hand. Is that our job? Are you a man or a gin? And the man responded, I am a gin. So Oba is no Kardashian, what is it that is brought you here? Why are you coming to me? He said, I was told that this is where the
Muslims keep their wealth, and I am someone that is in need. So this is something that I wanted. So we'll wave no cap said I will not let you go. I will take you to a salon sallallahu wasallam and let him decide what to do with you. So this gym, he says
To obey vocab that I will teach you something that will protect you against my kind, meaning that will protect you against the gym. So we have no problem is very intrigued. As you know, the gym possession is something real people do get possessed by gyms, when they abandon practicing Islam and you know, they fall into sin, they can easily be possessed by James and the one when one increases in religiosity and practices more and increases in his email, This protects him more. So he says, I will teach you something which will protect you against my kind. And he says What is that? He says, research is on foresee everyday, and the house that you are in the gene will not enter it. So they
have no cows. He was true to his word, he liked this mango. And when his shift was over that night, the first thing he did was he ran into a civil law is the law when you sue them, he said you're still alive. A man came in, he tried to steal something. And I caught him during that act. And he said to me that if you let me go, I will teach you something that will protect you from the gym. And that was I suppose See, Is this true? We are a civil law department Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said sada can do that he spoke the truth, even though he is someone who frequently lies as the jinn and the shell team, they regularly like this. Also, Sam said that this time he spoke the
truth, even though they regularly lie. So this shows you another greatness or another virtue of this very idea that when one wants to protect himself from evil, he respects This is
a third interesting story, narrated by Abdullah bin Massoud, the great companion of Department of aloha to send them he said that one day, a man left his house late at night. And he met another individual who was from the gym. He was walking around and looking around. And he said, I send to the human being that I challenge you to a wrestling match. If you defeat me, I will teach you that which will protect your house from all evil. So this man says, you know, this is a good opportunity. I'm someone who can wrestle I can defend myself, I was trained with the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and his companions, I fought in budget I fought to not hide, you know, I can easily take
this guy out. So they started to wrestle, and the man actually won. So he the gym says to this man, that if you recite is also see, you will be protected, and your house will be protected from all evil. So absorbed in my soul, who is narrating the story, he was asked, Who was this man? Just out of curiosity? Does anyone know who this man was? from the audience?
No, not not at the same time, the human being who won who fought the the job of the gym and beat him
on the rajala Hotel. So the the students that were in Moscow is asked him, you know, who is this guy? You know, who is this man that actually defeated the gym? You know, the jinn are known to be very quick. They're known to be very strong. So who was it that defeated the gym? So I'm doing this oh said Who could it be other than amagno Satomura de la who can handle. So we see just from these few stories, these are some of the stories that and half of them and Kathy had mentioned in his first year, and you can look up this AI and you'll find many other interesting stories as well. These are just a few of them. So from the from the stories, we see the great virtue of advocacy,
such that it protects us and our families and our households from evil and the presence of jinn and say our theme likewise, there are other IDs that indicate that an individual who recites them during the day he will be under under Allah subhanaw taala supervision during the night and likewise an individual who sets them at night, he will be under a lot of supervision till the day.
Now, an interesting story narrated about the surah sorry, this is well not directly related to the iisl is that when this ayah was recited in front of the pocket in commercial Aloha, it was sent him he said that in this ayah is the Greatest Name of Allah subhanaw taala, the name that appears as Vyas, Allah subhanho wa Taala will not reject you that to do. So, now, if you look at the names, which are present in this ayah you see at the very beginning Allah is mentioned then alhaj and Alfa yom are mentioned. And then you see that at the ending of the surah that Allah subhanaw taala ends off by saying and a D and an AVI. So you have first names of Allah subhanaw taala that are
mentioned, and the scholars say and the differed amongst themselves, that which one is the Greatest Name of Allah into two opinions. The first opinion states that Allah is the Greatest Name of Allah subhanho wa Taala and what is the most frequently repeated name in the Quran? And this is due to the beautiful meaning that encompasses it encompasses a lot means the one that that is
worship, and likewise, since he is the one that is worshipped and the one that is deserving of our worship, and encompasses every other positive meaning as well. So this was one opinion. The other opinion states that alhaj and alpha yom combines together, they composed the Greatest Name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then he is asked by these two names together than almost the final to Allah will not reject the slaves. And this is why it is encouraged that when you make a draft, you don't just ask Allah subhana wa tada for what you want, but rather you praise Allah subhanho wa Taala in your door as well. She will say Oh Allah, you are an hi URL for you, you all are uncaring, Alma, Nan,
Allah for a rough man, and so on and so forth. You praise Allah subhanho wa Taala in this manner, and that is why it is a very good habit to get into that you mentioned the names and high and alpha you in your drawers, because at least you will would have accomplished one of the two opinions, either Allah or either I am for you in your job, and this increases the chances of your being accepted.
So again, getting back to the actual AI itself, Allah subhanho wa Taala starts off this ayah by saying, Allah who that Illa in LA who that there He is Allah, the one whom there is no other deity besides Him. So almost 100, which Allah makes something very clear over here, that our worship should be to him and him alone, as the deity is the one that is worshipped. And there is no other deity worthy of worship, besides Allah Subhan Allah to Allah. Then he goes on to explain why. So Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say that there is no deity worthy of worship except for him, who is alpha, and alpha young. And high is the ability. And also you is the one who is not in need of
anyone else. Call in in Arabic, is something that is standing standing on its own, it doesn't have a crutch, it doesn't have no separate legs, it doesn't have anything to support it, it is caught in Venus seemingly standing by itself. Now, when you change this morphologically and make it
it becomes that the one who people cannot survive without so for him is the one who doesn't have anything and is not in need of anything for you changes into the one that people cannot survive without meaning that he is their crutch, and that without Allah subhanaw taala they cannot survive. So he is the only one worthy of worship Why? Because he is the one that will never die. He is the one who existed before our creation, and he is the one who will exist after our deaths. Likewise, he is I will tell you, the one who is not in need of anything, but everything is in need of him. So this is why Allah subhanaw taala says he is the only one worthy of worship. Then he goes on to say
La tokoto who's in atonement, I know that slumber does not overtake him, nor sleep.
When you look at it from a human perspective, if you would appoint an individual who does not have slumber and he does not fall asleep, you consider this individuals very abnormal and very strange. You would say that he is deficient in his human characteristics, because all human sleep all humans become tired. Was Allah subhanho wa Taala when he does not fall asleep and summer does not overtake him, nor does the sniff overtake him. This is an attribute of perfection, she will see that something may be an attribute of deficiency in mankind. Yet when it comes to Allah subhanho wa Taala it is an attribute of perfection.
Now when we study the science of the fear, you will see that there are three or four sorry, four predominant ways that we make the sphere of the Quran or explanation of the Quran. We have explanation or interfere of the Quran by the Quran, meaning that there's something in the Quran that there isn't clear another Ayah will come to explain that ambiguity. This is way number one. Why number two is through the Sunnah of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will explain something to clarify a meaning in the Quran. Why number three, through the companions of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the
first three generations of Islam. And then way number four is what they call a list of IEDs or stories from the people before them. And we have one of these stories, which is very interesting. You will see that one of the prophets of Allah subhanaw taala, that is attributed deficiency, and is often mistreated is mousseline Salah, this was seen during his the time of his people, when they used to keep telling him, you know, tell the Lord that we're not satisfied with this food to get us another food. And then when Musa disappeared for 40 days, they started worshipping other than Allah subhanho wa Taala these types of things took place. And even in our time, certain writers, they
described the Masonic Salah as someone who's hot tempered, and someone who
Had a tongue which was stuck, because he started when he spoke. So these type of things were attributed to mu salesianum. And likewise, this story that we're attributing, again is oppression against Mu salesianum. They said that musala salaam, he wants to be angels. And he asked the angels or angels is it's true that Allah doesn't sleep, or does Allah sleep? Can you tell me if Allah sleeps, so unless I know what to Allah heard this when it's took place. So he says to the angels, keep Moosa up for three days and three nights, do not let him sleep, keep them awake, deprive them of sleep. So the angels did so. And then after those three days and three nights, they came to
Moosa, and he said, these are two parts, hold them in your hand, and make sure that you don't drop them. So hold them like this and make sure you don't drop them. So after having been awake for three days and three nights, the only humanly thing possible is that he's originally going to fall asleep, sleep is going to overcome him, and he will drop those two parts. And this is what eventually ended up happening, that while holding the two parts, he'd fall asleep and he'd wake up, he'd fall asleep, and you wake up until eventually you just fall fell asleep, and the two parts fell. So the angels came to me. And they said, that this is the example of the heavens and the earth. If Allah subhanaw
taala fell asleep, the two parts would have collided, and the heavens and the earth would have been destroyed, and half 1130 or he mentions the story. And he says that new stylish Salam is above and beyond this, that how can you attribute something like this demo Sally Salah that you would have the audacity to ask the angels does Allah subhanho wa Taala sleep or not. So this is one of the stories that I thought we would mention, just to show because of the fear that take place in the Koran, and how you can even have unauthentic stories related to the Quran and this being from them. So going back to the ayah, Allah subhanho wa Taala says that fusina don't wanna know that sleep nor slumber
overtakes Allah subhanho wa Taala, meaning that Allah subhana wa tada isn't like creation, or creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala, that is a life sleep at one point or another. And sometimes they're enthusiastic and energetic. And at other times, they're very tired and very lazy. Allah subhanho wa Taala is not like this at all. Whether Allah subhanho wa Taala is the all living a person who is alive and not a person, Allah subhana wa Jalla, the God that is alive at all times.
And then all of a sudden, what Allah goes on to say, what to whom XML, what you are mapping out, and everything that is in the heavens, and in the earth belongs to Allah subhanaw taala meaning that the dominion and the Kingdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala, no one has a share in them with Allah subhana wa sallam, and everything belongs to him. And this is directly related to the next part of this is when Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, and who is the one who will intercede with him except with His permission. Now, this concept of intercession is something very noble and interesting in our religion. In other religions, you always need an intercession to approach God, you will either have
to go through a prophet or through a sage or something else, you cannot approach God directly because you are sinful. Whereas in Islam, it is the exact opposite to approach a lot of Hannah which Allah will post Allah subhanho wa Taala directly and we do not put any intermediary or any intercessors between us. However, there will be times where we will be in need of intercession and Allah subhanaw taala will grant us intercession. So on the piano, on the day of judgment, when everyone is in a state of frenzy, and they will not know what they were a whatever they are going to heaven or hell, people will want that certainty that they are going to have him so they will say, Oh
Allah grant us the intercession of your Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, as he is the most beloved, beloved, so Allah subhanaw taala. So, likewise, the prophets and the angels as the righteous for mankind will be able to intercede on behalf of mankind. So people who are destined for the Hellfire will be able to go to Jenna. So intercession people who are in the ranks will be raised due to intercession, people who own the Hellfire, their punishments will be made less than due to intercession of the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, what are the conditions of intercession? One of the conditions is mentioned right over here, that it can only happen with the
permission of Allah subhanaw taala. Regardless of it is the permission of the Prophet Mohammed Salah lohani was seldom of any of the angels of any of the other creations. It cannot take place except by the permission of Allah subhanho wa Taala as Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one who controls all
intercession. Now what is the second condition? Allah subhana wa Allah says in Surah two najem will come in Melaka will come in moluccan sister now what Elijah Venetia to whom she is an embody, I don't know who the man Yeshua
that's how many angels there are in the heavens and in the skies, that your intercession will not benefit you, or grants you any good in any way, except after the permission of Allah to find out what the honor and the pleasure of Allah subhana wa Tada. So the second condition of intercession being accepted is that Allah subhanaw taala has to be pleased with two people. The first person is the person making the intercession. And the second one is the person who is being interceded for. So the person making the intercession he has to be a righteous and pious individual. And likewise, the second individual, he has to be a person who died upon Islam, that you will not be able to intercede
for anyone except that they died in the state of Islam. So this is what Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say that Who is the one who will intercede for in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala except with His permission, and the concept of intercession is from the creation of Allah subhanaw taala and from his dominion, and this shows his greatness, the No one can intercede in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala except with His permission, then Allah subhana wa Taala goes on to say that he knows what is in front of them, and what is behind them. Yeah, Namu Medina, a DM woman, that he knows what is in front of their hands, and he knows what is behind them. So this is the knowledge of Allah
subhanho wa Taala that he knows what precedes us. And he knows like what is that which will come forth. And likewise, when it comes to the knowledge of Allah subhana wa Jana, there is a tangent of it, that we cannot even understand that if something were not to take place, or if it were to take place in a different manner, only Allah subhanaw taala would know how it would take place. So this is a tangent where it gets very philosophical, but this encompasses a lot of these encompassed by lots of fun with others knowledge that if something were not replaced in this dunya Allah subhanho wa Taala would be the only one to know what that result would be. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes
on to say, what are your favorite one edition in enemy Illa de Masha and then as for you as recreation of Allah subhanho wa Taala they will not have any knowledge about Allah subhanaw taala or about his knowledge, except for what Allah subhana wa Taala desires for them to know. Before as of this year mentioned, two opinions over here that what is Allah subhanho wa Taala mean by what are you saying in English, that they will not encompass anything from his knowledge, knowledge, so your opinion number one is that this is knowledge pertaining to Allah subhanho wa Taala meaning that we know nothing about Allah subhanho wa Taala except that when she tells us, our minds cannot imagine
him, our you know, imagination cannot encompass this reality, and that we know nothing about Allah subhanho wa Taala except that when she tells us like this ayah that he is so high and ultra young, and that slumber and sleep do not overtake him selection of that. This is opinion number one. Opinion number two is the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala meaning that Allah subhanaw taala knows the future and the past. And we know nothing of these things in reality, and truthfully, except for Allah subhanho wa Taala allows us to know, so the signs of the day of judgment when they take place. This is by the permission of Allah subhanho wa Taala and only because he pleases And
likewise, stories of the prophets that preceded us. We only know them not because of documentation, but because Allah subhanaw taala told us about these stories in the Quran. So these are the two opinions pertaining to the knowledge of Allah subhana wa tada and what he means by whether you're a foreigner wishing him an enemy, Illa de Masha
and then Allah, Allah goes on to say, what's the accuracy of Sunnah what he was, that his core See, encompasses all of the heavens and the earth.
Even above roseola, Hassan and Houma he narrates as reported in Sahih al Bukhari, that the poor sea of Allah subhanaw taala is actually the footstool of a lot of kind of asylum. So when you say I it was cool to see, it is actually the ayah pertaining to the footstool of Allah subhanaw taala there is another opinion that is varied from even above, and that is that the core scene is the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala meaning that our knowledge encompasses each and everything. Now even though this opinion is true in its meaning. It is not the popular opinion narratives from a bit above me that corsi means knowledge but rather poor see over here means the footstool of almost kind of a
tiger. Now if you want to talk about greatness, look at the greatness of record
to level up to partner with the US Department of Commerce from a law Hollywood film said that if you were to compare the heavens and the earth, to the footstool of Allah subhanaw taala. It is as if you're taking a metal ring and throwing it into an open Xavi. You're taking a small metal ring and you throw it into an open Valley. The vast difference in the to the metal ring being immensely small, and the open Valley being very large and expensive.
Now if you want to see the greatness of the artists of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the artist is the actual Throne of Allah subhanho wa Taala what he rises upon, we know in history that the Kings used to have thrones upon which they sit upon Allah subhanho wa Taala has a throne, which he rises over in a way that is befitting His Majesty subhana wa Tada. So the greatness of this throne to the corsi we mentioned that the kursi is so great that it is the the heavens in the earth or a small ring in open Valley. And then department goes on to say that the artist of Allah subhanho wa Taala, is just as great in comparison to the currency as because he is to the heavens and your meaning that just
like that small rink, was so small compared to that open fields, then the kursi is just as small in comparison to the US of Allah subhanaw taala. So that is why the answer but lots of final words to Allah is the greatest of his creation. And that is why it requires so many angels to actually hold it up. Because it is something so great and so large, and we would not have this knowledge except by the way of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala, he goes on to say, and the preservation of the heavens and the earth, do not tie him when you do have to go home, that you preservation of the heavens and the earth, do not fire Allah subhanho wa Taala. Just imagine that we as individuals, we work one job a day, maximum two or three, and just how tired Are you at the end of the day, after having what eight or nine or 10 hours. Now let's find out what's the Allah controls the heavens and the earth and everything that is in them, yet he is not tired of this. Again, this is another example of the profession of Allah subhanho wa Taala that if you were to have an individual who never gets tired,
you would consider this abnormal and you will consider this a deficiency in terms of human characteristics, this will be something abnormal was when it comes to Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is an attribute of his magnificence and his greatness, that even though there's so much going on in the heavens and the earth, in terms of devising and setting of the sun and the moon, the waves that take place, the stones that are in the storage that are in the sky, and everything else, the photonic place that moves underneath the ground. This all happens by the will and permission of Allah subhana wa tada and almost to find out what Allah has a set system established for them. Now
imagine if you are the individual taking care of this, some of them will do their job losses basically some of them wouldn't do it properly, they will make mistakes. Yet when it comes to Allah subhanho wa Taala everything takes place perfectly, and everything is spot on in precision. So Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say and the preservation of the heavens and the earth. Do not fire him wahoo and Ollie you're loving and he is an ollie and loving and Annie is the one who is the Most High. Meaning that he is the highest we the border who say this a lot Alisha, he read in the first. The first Raka sub the his motto because Allah that glorify the name of your Lord who is an Allah
and Allah and Allah and he has similar meanings to come from the same roots of Allah which means to be high and to be elevated. Now the elevation of Allah subhanaw taala is of two types. When you say that Allah subhanaw taala is the Most High. This means that lots of animals Allah is high above his creation. Secondly, it means that Allah subhanho wa Taala is higher in terms of or higher and above or any deficiency or any negativity that is attributed to him. So the greatness or the value of Allah subhanaw taala encompasses these two meanings, a physical meaning that Allah subhana wa Taala is higher than his creation all of it and a symbolic meaning which means that Allah subhana wa tada
is greater and more high than anything that can be attributed to him as well. abeam it is another attribute of greatness another name of greatness, you will even find people named after this attribute named after loving is a very common name. And this is an attribute of greatness. And you will see that Allah subhanho wa Taala likes to repeat this concept of greatness of Allah subhanho wa Taala because it is a direct
indication of how perfect Allah subhanaw taala is, and why he is the only one worthy of worship. And just like Allah subhanaw taala started off this ayah with saying that there is no deity except Allah, and he is an alpha you he ends up by saying, and he is an ally. And so you will see, again, the
melody, for lack of a better word that takes place in this idea that almost finally started off by mentioning two names. And he ends off by mentioning tunings, that are the high end of the end of a living, and the one who is not in need of any one, and everything is in need of him. And likewise, the one who is I mean, that is the one that no matter what you attribute to him, he is always higher and better, and are we the one no matter how great you
you know, magnify him, he is always greater than that. This is how Allah subhanho wa Taala ends of this fire. This is just a quick summary of the Tafseer of ISO 14, you can see that it encompasses many lessons, and has many virtues to it. And I thought it would be a very good opportunity to educate myself and my brothers and sisters about this. Because just like we mentioned, that this is an eye on the Quran, the greatest ayah in the Quran. And this is something that we can use to protect ourselves from evil and from Satan. And this is something that each Muslim should recite after Salah as you probably can promise of Allah when he was seven, taught his companions to do, it
is very good to know the meanings of what you recite. And it is very good to know why this is known as the greatest I have the Quran because it encompasses knowledge about Allah subhanaw taala The one who we were created to worship the one whom without him, we will not be alive and would not exist, the one whom our very purpose of existence is to worship Him. So I thought this would be a good opportunity to understand a small portion of the Quran and we'll discuss this even further when we do our discharges ama in the following weeks. And with that we end off Rosana and in Sunderland alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ultramarine