Channel: Navaid Aziz
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In the middle Hornstein one zero when I was a builder human Sheree and fusina woman CEO Dr. Medina, Medina who Fernando de la homeodomain. Who for the hidef was one that either a llama hula hula shikara was one no Mohammed Abu hora Solo Solo sallallahu alayhi wa early he was so happy he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira and that my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
Hamza It's nice to see all of you going after even though Jeanette will be doing Hadith number 27, which is unnoticeably semana de la Juan Juan in Ibiza la la hora de he was cinema con el Burro hostel Hola, well, Islam or haircalf enough sick will correct. Dr. de nos raha Muslim, or Anwar the same no matter dolla dolla Han who call it to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam afrikan Jeff that everyone Asian culture Nam called Steph to conduct an aroma man at La he enough's. What was my en la he called when a small Maha coffee enough's Ouattara that as a subtle when if Taka Natsu off took
type. So in this hadith the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam as reported by Noah signal Simon, he said righteousness is good character. And sin is that which wavers in your soul and what you dislike the people finding out about and likewise a second Hadith on the authority of Wabi Sabi no mapa de la jolla, Han who, who said, I came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said, You have come to ask about righteousness and sinfulness. I said, Yes. He said, consult your heart. righteousness is that which makes the soul field tranquil and the heart filled, tranquil and serene is that which makes the soul waver and the best and easy even if the people have given you
their verdict on it and continue to give you their verdict. So just some general commentary on this headings. The first heading we have is reported by Mr. Muslim mahalo tada and his authentic hadith. Whereas the second Hadith is reported in the Muslim, Ahmed, and it seems that there is some weakness in the Hadith. However, a mama No, Mama, he combines the two Heidi's together for two reasons. Number one is the similarity of their topics. They both talk about righteousness being what the Hartfield is comfortable with, and sin being what the heart feels uncomfortable with. But the second aspect, why a man No, he concluded the second version, even though there's a weakness in it is that
there is a particular benefit in the second wording, which we do not find in the first which we do not find in the first and that is what we're going to be studying today. Bismillah hittar Allah. So firstly, let's talk about the two narrators number one and number seven was among Noah signos. among both him and his father, they used to live outside of Medina and he used to come and visit the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam regularly. And now I suppose a man's father, he wanted his child to have good Serbia. So he actually told his son Nawaz to live in the masjid for one year to live in the masjid for one year. So there was a particular place in the mustard with the
Atlas sofa used to live the poor companions. This is where his father left in the loss of the sermon. And I look at this, you know, particular section and it amazes me some analog, because the father saw what it was like to live amongst the sofa, that the only way these people would eat was if someone came and gave them something to eat. And often it was the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but he wanted to know was to grow up as a scholar, and he knew that you know, becoming a scholar wasn't going to be easy. You have to go through difficulties, you have to go through hardships. And if he lived amongst us on the sofa, he would be around people of
righteousness, he would regularly be in the company of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he would be able to attain that and that is why he placed him in that situation, even though it was a difficult one and another signal samahang you know he goes on to become an individual that Mashallah was well versed in the deen after that one year period was over a noticeable summon. He moved away from Medina. He left Medina even though he had the ability to stay Can someone tell me why wouldn't know wants to know some and move away from Medina, even though he had the ability to stay? This is something we covered in the earlier Holocaust and amongst maybe the
first 10 had recovered. Why would someone leave Medina? Why did some of the companions choose not to live in Medina while the process seven was a life
to get more reward walking to the worship good? Well, that's not it. That is a good attempt. Go ahead.
To preach it's not very good guests, but that's not it. So I want you to think of it from the perspective of a student of knowledge, particularly what protect what pertaining to a student of knowledge would he lose out if he lived in Medina.
A lot of the know
Good guests though
Okay, the answer to this is the companions that lived in Medina. The pastor said them didn't allow them to ask questions posed to them did not allow the people living in Medina to ask questions regularly that is a better phrasing of it. Whereas It is only those people that lived outside of Medina that had open access to ask whatever question they wanted to the Prophet sallallahu it was set up and the position and feared that the companions that lived in Medina, if they asked too many too many questions, they're too many things would become obligatory upon them. And that is why he prevented them from asking questions, and then no wants to do some and did not want to be of those
people that was prevented from asking questions. So that is why he lived with his father outside of Medina. That is where he lived with his father outside of Medina. After the death of the province of Salaam, he eventually moved to Syria, and that is what he continued to teach until he passed away altogether. 17 Hadith have been reported from him 17 Hadith ever reported from him, the secondary or narrator? Why is that no matter but why beside Noah, but he accepted Islam, the ninth year of the hlr what happened in the ninth year of the hijra? What great event
for termica. So he accepted Islam in that year, and he was known for two good characteristics. One was his gentleness and his character. He had a very soft, easygoing character. And then number two, he was someone that would cry frequently in his salon. He was someone who would cry frequently in his salon, and 11 had it had been narrated from him. 11 Hadith had been narrated from him. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he starts off the Hadith by saying albero personal horlock that righteousness is good character righteousness is good character. Does this statement mean that the only element of righteousness is good character? And the answer to that is no. As
we've discussed in many Hadith in the past, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will use similar, I guess, equations in language to indicate its importance. So we see another demo Toba, that feeling regret that is repentance wouldn't have itself because it is the main element of repentance, and had you out of the main component of Hajj is alpha, because alpha is the main component, even though there is more to it than just that. And similarly, over here, when he says albero, personal holyoake it means the more the more the greatest component of righteousness is good conduct and character. Now find this portion of the Hadith to be very, very important. Because a lot
of times when you discuss righteousness in what do you often think of? You might think of someone who fasts a lot, someone who prays a lot, someone who perhaps gives a lot of sadaqa. This is generally what our perception is, but here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is teaching us that those are just the foundations of our faith, that our Islam is based upon praying five times a day, and giving ours a cut, and fasting in Ramadan, but the highest levels of righteousness will be attained through good character, the way we interact with one another. When someone makes you upset, how do you react to it? Do you get angry right away? Right? When it comes
time to help other people? Are you from the forefront that like to help other people? Or does someone have to beg and plead with you? Look, please come and help me I'm dying, you know, come and save me. And that's when you go online and help someone. So what is your situation when it comes to good character? And we've talked about the virtues of good character many, many times, but I just want to share two of these these with you that you know, if one was to contemplate them, it boggles the mind how important good character is. Number one is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the one who struggles to attain good character, he will attain the one who
fasts during the day, and prays during the night. Now, I want you to think about this physically, trying to past every single day and to pray every single night is going to be next to impossible your body will become fatigued. But here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaches us a way where we can reach that level is continued to struggle with your flock, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, the heaviest thing on the scale on normal kiama is going to be your good deeds, the heaviest thing on your scale on Yom Okayama is going to be your good deeds. And that's something to think about. Right? And this teaches us again, the importance of human
interaction in the religion, that our religion is not just based upon being monks and being celibate, but it's about you know, human interaction. And this brings perspective, when we say that Getting married is half of your deen you understand why that is the case? Because half of your deen is your relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala and the other half of your deen is the relationship with the people. And if you can't treat your wife properly, then you can't treat anyone else properly either. Right? If you can't be patient with your wife, you will not be able to be patient
with other people either. So this shows us the relevance and the importance of good luck. So this is the meaning of that Hadith. Now, this portion of the Hadith now the question arises, what exactly does the term bear actually mean? So there's one particular relationship where we hear the word better often which relationship is that in. And while he didn't fantastic the relationship with our parents, now, the relationship with one's parents, as we know, after the relationship with Allah Subhana, Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the most important relationship. And this is the word that Allah subhanho wa Taala used to define that relationship. Now the term beard
when it comes to our relationship with our parents, is to do that which is pleasing to them in a manner that is pleasing to them. That is what builds towards our parents means. So to give you an example, your parents asked you to take out the garbage, it is not better to just take out the garbage, while you're frowning and you're upset. And you're questioning why do I have to do this every single week when it stinks. But bear is to take out that garbage and to actually be happy that you can be in the service of your parents. That is what better actually is. And that is the type of relationship we want to attain with our parents. Now, this is one element of bill were one element
of bill is just having this good conduct, where not only is it sanctioned, this deed is sanctioned in the Quran and Sunnah. But you're doing it in the manner that is pleasing to the person that you're helping out. You open up the door for someone, you shouldn't just be frowning in their face, right? You should actually be happy. I was actually actually have some funny stories from just from today, where I was at a restaurant with my wife and kids. And we have like the 70 year old lady that's at the cash register. And at first we thought, you know, she was like an islamophobe that she just hated Muslims. And that's why she was just giving us bad service. Like, she wouldn't even talk
to us. We placed an order, she wouldn't acknowledge the order. She wouldn't say yes or no, she would just continue writing stuff down. So I didn't know is she taking the order or not? I didn't know what was happening. Till Eventually, she knows she just punched into the numbers. And you know, it just said, so I paid the amount. Then I watched her, you know, as customer by customers coming in, she's just giving every bad service. Like she did not like anyone, even when you know, there was some young kids that they left while we were eating. And then as she's walking by she's like, What is it with these kids always causing a mess? No, she was like, literally, if when you think about
grumpy, like old aged people. This is like the type of person you would think of like you would tell that you know, they haven't had enough how this you know, don't give them any hugs for either. Something like that. That's what was wrong. So doing it not only doing the good deed, but doing it in a manner that makes the other people happy and pleased. That is what bear is now, bear and his relationship to taqwa bear and his relationship to taqwa and certain meyda Allah subhanho wa Taala. He tells us what are our new berry what taqwa that you know, help one another in righteousness. And in taqwa, the scholars commentated particularly the larger he said better over here is the
interaction with the people duck over here is the relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in fact, these are two words that you will see often placed together. If you look inside verse 177, of circle back Allah, Allah subhana wa tada actually says, listen better one to one Lu hokum Qibla mashiki will mclubbe when our kingdom Rahman M and I believe he will human actually will matter he can see when kitabi when they're being watched. Manga Allah forbid
Masaki Sabine was in a pub welcome masala to act as a casual Muna via him in our huddle, wasabi NFL But sir, it was Dora Johan Albus Allah, he can lead in a Sadako Ola ecohome otaku, there it is not to bear it is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the east or the west in prayer. But bear is believing in Allah the last day the angels the books, the prophets, and giving one's wealth, in spite of love of it, to the kinsfolk to the orphans, to the poor, to the where wayfare to those who ask and to set slaves free. It also includes those who establish the prayer, give the cat and fulfill their covenant when they make it and those who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment.
And at the time of fighting, such other people have the truth and they are the price so much and what Allah concluded the verse by saying what we learn, he kept humble moutoku that they are the people of pious of piety and righteousness. So there's a close relationship over here that we see again, that the closer a person gets to Allah subhanho wa Taala the more his luck should improve. The closer a person gets to Allah subhanho wa Taala the more his luck should improve. And this is something I will claim Rahim Allah He comments on his
says how do you know which character is from the dean? How do you know what's good character is from the dean, he says that every time you attain this good character, then the more should increase you in your dean. So the characteristics is actually considered good than this good characteristic will actually increase you in your dean and not decrease you edit. And that's one of the ways of discovery. Discovering is something from good luck or not, is something from good luck or not.
So now, when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, Alberto has no luck. This is just to indicate that righteousness, the most important component of righteousness is good character. And it is not all a righteousness, it is not all a righteousness, because we saw in the verse where Allah subhanaw taala clearly says, that bill is to believe in the law to believe in the prophets to believe in the angels, and then do things upon that. So the foundation of righteousness is belief, and then it is followed up by good actions. And that is what righteousness is. So now the question comes up, what is Holyoke actually mean? How do we define Holyoke? What is the definition
of hollow, so one of the commentators who says, it is a situation of the soul that calls it to perform certain deeds, without any thought or pondering. So this is the first section of the definition. He says, that whole look, is that which naturally comes to you, right, it's not something you have to ponder or think about, it is something that should naturally come to you. This is what we call good character, that you shouldn't have to think about it, and then go and do it, but rather, whatever you are naturally ingrained with, then that is what good character is, then he says, this situation can be divided into one of two parts. The first part is that which is naturally
inside of a person from the time of time and the time of his creation. So there are certain characteristics that all of us will have, that we are born with, right? Certain people will just naturally be good at giving sadaqa certain people just naturally be good at performing the Salah, certain good people will just naturally be good at helping other people, right? We each have our natural given gifts and of luck, right? So this is one component of it. Then the second component is
so sorry that he goes on to explain that he says one part of it is that which is natural inside a person from the time of his creation, like the person who becomes angry at the slightest provocation mean that we're all created that we're provoked, we will become angry. Another part is that which is achieved through customary performance and practice, meaning that this part of it is that you know, there's something good out there. So you continue practicing it, till you become good at it, you can become practicing, you can continue practicing it till you become good at it. At first it might be with pondering and thought, but the person continues those acts until they be caught until they
become a part of his being and nature. So at first you will have to think about it, but then eventually it will become a part of your luck. There are two particular things that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentions that can be attained by luck. Sorry, by can be two elements of a clock that can be attained by practicing them, who knows what they are? as several.
As you for one year see you
though, so these are the two that the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam mentions, he says, man, man, sobre, la sub Sahara, Hola, that whoever tries to be patient than Allah subhanho wa Taala will grant him patience, meaning this is an indication that patients can be learned patience can be learned. And the second one is when he says in them an enema with Allah minimal Hello, better Hello, that knowledge comes by seeking it. and perseverance comes by trying to persevere, right. So if a person just gives up on the onset, he's never going to persevere. But if you continue trying to persevere, eventually you will persevere. Now this becomes a very interesting discussion, or in social science
is do human beings have the ability to change, right. And for the most part, I would say, 90% of us, while we have the ability to change, we will not change because that is just how strong the force of habit is. But the possibility is still there, because this is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaches us. Now when you look at this definition that we just mentioned, about what hook is, you'll notice that there are a couple of things that are missing here. Two key things that are missing over here. One is knowledge. And number two is intention. One is knowledge. And then two is intention. Over here, this person that gave this definition and it was able Miskelly that gave
this definition, he doesn't mention anything about intention. So does that mean that good character doesn't need intention? And the answer to that
Know that everything in Islam, any good deeds, it needs an intention. So whether it's smiling in the face of your brother, whether it's opening a door, whether it is being patient, all of it requires an intention that it needs to be for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala because of that intention is not there, then it will not be considered a good deed, it will not be considered a good deed. The number two knowledge is knowledge mandatory in order for there to be good character. And the answer to that is yes. When when we refer to knowledge over here, it's not just about, you know, knowledge that we find in the verses of the Quran and the Sunnah. Yes, these are extremely important. But
there are other ways of learning things as well. Right? Our parents will teach us good character, right? They will teach us to be you know, good to our parents, they're not going to quote verses of the Quran, or Hadith of the Prophet Salaam, they'll just tell us that look, you need to be good at your appearance, right? So there are other sources of knowledge as well. So this is the second element that particularly when it comes to a hillock, knowledge of interaction, perhaps is one of the most important elements of good luck that you'll be with certain people, they'll do something and then you will be like, you know, Mashallah, that's an amazing characteristic to have. And that's
when you learn that that is good luck. And likewise, you'll be with other people. And they'll just like turn you off right away, and you'll be like, that's a terrible characteristic to have. And that's something that you don't want. So human interaction is perhaps the most important component for the learning of good luck and keeping away from bad luck. But this needs to be done with intention and with knowledge needs to be done with intention and with knowledge. So now when we talk about good luck, who do we need to have good luck with? The scholars mentioned five categories that we need to have good luck with? Number one, good luck with Allah subhanho wa Taala Good luck with
Allah subhanho wa Taala. Number two, good luck with the people around us. Good luck with the people around us. Number three, good luck with ourselves Good luck with our selves. Number four, good luck with the rest of the creation. Good luck with the rest of the creation, meaning plants and animals. And then number five, good luck with our property. Good luck with our property. Good luck with our property. So now talking about good luck with Allah subhanho wa Taala. Here's something that you will hear all the time that you know, this person doesn't pray, but he has amazing luck. And a lot of times people don't realize that it's not impossible to have amazing luck. If the person has bad
luck with Allah subhanaw taala. That is an oxymoron. It's a contradiction that a person cannot have good luck with the people if he doesn't have good luck with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that's by that we mean that that good luck with the people is weightless if he doesn't have good luck with Allah subhanaw taala that is what we mean by that. So in order for our luck to have any weight at all, that good luck with Allah subhanho wa Taala needs to exist first. So the three key components of having good luck with Allah subhanho wa Taala. Number one, believing in everything that Allah subhanho wa Taala has sent down. So the belief in the angels belief in the Quran, belief in Jana and
Johanna, even though we don't see any of these things, having an unwavering faith about them having an unwavering faith about them.
Number two, one must try his best to fulfill the commands and stay away from hidden prohibitions, one must try their best to fulfill the commands and stay away from the prohibitions and stay away from the power prohibitions.
And then the third key characteristics of of good character with Allah subhanaw taala is being patient upon the decree of Allah subhanho wa Taala, being patient upon the degree of Decree of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Now, category number two, being patient, having good character with the people around us having good character with the people around us, what would you say is the most important characteristic to have when interacting with other people? What is the most important characteristic to have when interacting with other people
control your anger? That is good, but we're looking for something more general that's very specific. We want to look at something more general than that
I think something more specific than that. So somewhere between your two answers inshallah such forbearance explain that.
I'll accept that. I'll accept that amendment or no law, and the story is attributed to other than the management as well. They were asked, you know, what is it true that nine tenths
Good character is overlooking people's faults. Is it true that nine tenths of good character is overlooking people's faults, and remember my daughter in law, he and the others they said, but rather it is 10 tenths, meaning all of good character is the ability to look over people's faults. And meaning this is like the first level of human interaction is that you need to realize that all of us come with faults, all of us come with deficiencies. And if you can't overlook those faults and deficiencies, relationships aren't going to get anywhere. So if you're expecting a person, a perfect human being a perfect relationship, it's never going to come along. It starts with understanding
that all of us are human, all of us have deficiencies, all we're going to have shortcomings. And then you need to move on after that. A second good characteristic to have when interacting with people is not just being patient with them, but being able to forgive them being able to forgive them. And this is very, very difficult, particularly when someone that is close to you harms you, it is very, very difficult. And you see this during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when the if cap in the story of the slander of eyeshadow de la Juana, there was someone that Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu used to give sadaqa to and then he found out that this person didn't directly
slander, but he facilitated the slander against eyeshadow de la Juana. And then he stopped giving sadaqa to this person, and then unless Hannah was and he revealed the verse in Surah Norwood Allah subhanaw taala says for Leah for was alleged to have been a hula hula, that pardon and forgive, do not love that Allah subhanho wa Taala should pardon and forgive you as well. An important lesson being that when you forgive people, you will attain the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well. Number three, being in the being available in the times of need of people being available, and the times of needs of people. So you'll notice that you know, particularly with the guys, when it's
time to like chill, you know, let's have a barbecue Let's go play some video games, Mashallah everyone tags along, but then when it's time to move house, you know, guys, I need help moving my stuff into a new house is like everyone just disappears, no one's available. And every excuse out of the book will come out is like, you know, I have to help my parents, bro. Your parents live in another country. You know, I have to walk the dog out, you don't have a dog, you know, stuff like that. All that stuff will come out. People do not understand the importance of helping people. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, For me to take the hand of my brother to
help him in this time of need is more beloved to me than making a calf in the masjid for a month, making it the capital much the Naboo for one month is greater to to go and help you know the person in need. So when you're looking for great amounts of agility, helping out people in their time of need is an amazing way of attaining it. Now what is the goal in having good character and who should good character be with thee Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in soloqueue Scylla will have to stay in Hashanah to Alessia it when in fact ability here are some within the debate. nikka ouabain
amin so Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, The good deed and evil deed can never be equal, repel evil with a deed that is better than it. And if you do that, then verily he between whom you and he is enemity, he will become as though he was a close friend. So here Allah subhanaw taala he tells us that the people we should strive to show good luck to are those people that show animosity towards us. Those people that don't show us good character wishes try extra hard to show them good character. So every time that is done to us, we repel it with good we never pellet with evil. And then what is the end goal that even your worst arch nemesis, right? Like Spider Man and venom,
that's what we're talking about, that even your worst arch nemesis, he becomes as if he is a close friend. He becomes as if he is a close friend. And we saw the example of the prophet SAW Selim in this with the example of someone being ommaya that's the one by the way and the Fatah maka, you know, he's been protected because he is in the he's in the house of Abu sufian. So he comes to the Messenger of Allah says sentiment, the name has been given out, and he says, you know, oh, Mohammed give me like, No, please, no messenger of Allah. No, thank you. No. jazak Hello, could you just give me Allah subhanho wa Taala this messenger, so I sent him he gives them 100 cameras. And he's like,
wow, this is too good to be true. Like, I've been an enemy of Islam for so long, and I'm getting 100 camels? No, he's probably just doing this to just show off. Let me ask you another 100. He says, oh, Mohammed give me and He gives him another 100 camels. And he thinks to himself, is this really happening? That all I have to do is ask, you know, isn't that easy to become rich? He asks again, and he says, Oh Muhammad give me and he gave him another 100 camels. And then at that time, he tells me
In the narrator of the story, Satan will say one of the Imams of the tabbing. He says he went from becoming the most hated and detested of individuals by the Central Council. He went from becoming the most hated detested of individuals, to becoming the most beloved to becoming the most beloved. And this teaches us that with your enemies, they are the ones that you need to be nice to, and that animosity between you and will disappear with more righteousness and kindness that you show them. And this is something that you will see your enemies, they want you to do things to allow them to be bad, they want you to do things to allow them to be bad. And when you if you want to frustrate more,
show them kindness, show them mercy, show them, you know, forbearance, and that'll annoy them even more, till they can no longer be your enemy, they're forced to love you, they're forced to, you know, have good thoughts about you. And this is what Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us, then, category number three, is having good luck with yourself, having good luck with yourself. And this is on various levels. This is on a spiritual level, that when you know something is right, you pursue it when you know something is wrong, you should have stayed from it in a volume when the NFC we are pressed the very oppressors of our own souls, that when we know something is wrong, yet we
still pursue that harm. So we need to stay away from that harm. This is on a physical level, that we should be taking care of our bodies to the best of our ability, right? That whatever Allah has given us in our physical capabilities, were responsible for taking care of our bodies. And this is a shortcoming in ourselves if we're not doing that. So it is also on the physical level. Right? So this is the good luck towards one's body that you work hard in your strive heart. And you know the that I was telling you about my trip earlier today that you know yesterday there's a place in canmore a lake grace your grassy I'm not sure how it's pronounced. But as you start your track, it
says easy hike on the right. Difficult hike on the left. So I took this for face value. I was like you know what, with my wife and kids, let's go easy hike. Easy hike was a mission and a half. It's 1.6 kilometers on an incline on paved road. That's what it is. So the easy element is that is paved road. But literally without exaggeration, it's almost like a 45 degree incline. So for like 25 minutes on the gondola. How is this easy? I was meant to be easy.
So then on the way back, my wife's like, you know what, let's try the difficult way down. Now the difficult way down, it paid off just because I don't know for those of you that are on Facebook, I've been posting some of the pictures, the pictures that I've been posting on Facebook or from the difficult climb down. It says if you're like, you know visiting Genesis, I'm Allah it's mind boggling. Like there's this one picture where you have this crystal clear blue water and then you have the blue sky that's reflecting on it. So it's as if the sky you know came down to this river and you can't help but reflect you know, how was I know Charlie describes Jenna mentality and and
have that you know below it our mountains
are below the rivers that flow and you know, be on top of the mountain you thought of our
places great thrones that you're looking down from. Now, the difficult part on the way down why it was difficult to attract, was that even though the trick is easier, there's no like major inclines or declines is that there's no paved paths upon law, there's no paved path, you're walking through rocks, you're walking through mud, and actually, you know, ended up injuring my, my knee through it. panela that, you know, there's one point where I just continued sliding down, I couldn't stop to like jammed my leg into the into the ground, and, you know, just jerked forward.
But again, it was a valuable experience in the sense that, you know, it's very important to be in good physical shape, that you know, as soon as an embarrassing situation where you know, you're your wife is, you know, ahead of you in this track, or your kids
and they're like, Bob, why aren't you catching?
And then you come up with like, all sorts of excuses, like, Don't you see the white hair, you know, I'm getting old and stuff like that. But again, the body has right support us and you know, this is something that we need to try our best to fulfill inshallah. So everyone has a weakness and deficiencies, we need to work on those number four, with the rest of the creation, the good of luck with the rest of the creation, towards animals towards plants, right. We all know the famous Hadith of the prostitute that she was thirsty, she drank some water, she saw a dog that was thirsty, she gave that water to the dog. So last panel horchata forgive her and they showed us again the virtue
of would have loved even with the animals who live in our yard. He says that even the pig and the dog as impure as the final mozzarella has prohibited us from from harming them without reason. Allah subhanaw taala has prohibited us from harming them without reason. So as impure as they are, even those types of animals have rights upon us. So you know, just basic simple
Things that if you ever have the opportunity to feed some animals in across the the mesh, that we have that Park, where people are always feeding birds, it'd be great just go feed some birds, you get some idea out of that. But that's obviously if there aren't poor people in front of you, you know, feed the people first, before you feed the animals in Sharla.
With the rest of the creation in terms of the plants in the watering the plants, making sure they're getting the vitamins and the nutrients that they need, you know, not destroying them without just cause this is all part of good luck with the rest of the creation. And then the fifth and last category of good luck is with property, you know, and this is something that again, you know, we might fall short it, but something as simple as our books, and we should make sure that we we take good care of them, right, making sure that they're covered properly, making sure that we don't fold the pages excessively, the property that we have in terms of tables and chairs, you know, it's
amazing how this is the the house of Allah subhanaw taala. But there's always something going missing from the budget.
Just really, you know, protecting other people's property is you know, part of the flock. So those are the five categories of good luck that we want to have. So now the question arises, how does one attain Good luck? How does one attain Good luck, Jacob knows me know him Hola. He provides three things, he provides three things. Number one, he says studying of the Quran and the Sunnah. This teaches us the which are the characteristics that Allah likes, so we tried to attain them, which are the characteristics that Allah dislikes, so we try to abstain from them. Number two, he says, being in the company of good people being in the company, of good people, people of good character in
particular. Now, this is something where it is very interesting that, you know, finding people with good luck is very, very difficult, very, very difficult. In America, Rahim Allah. In here, when he was compiling a double Muhammad, he says that I looked for the people of knowledge. And I found that there were a few of them still around, I looked for the people of knowledge. And I found that a few of them were still around. But I looked for the people of good character, and found that they had all passed away and look for the people of good character, and found that they had all passed away now doesn't mean you know, literally, that they were all dead, but means that they were even fewer
than the people of knowledge that it is possible for a person to have knowledge, but not have good character. So it's very important that when a person is looking for a good character, you may not find one, you know, ideal individual that will teach you all of good luck. But each and every one of us has a good component of luck to offer. Now, I remember there was a student leadership in Montreal, she hopped off, man,
this man it was as if he never lifted his eyes off the ground. You know how we lower our gaze towards the opposite gender, this man just naturally lowered his gaze towards everything. And he would always have this you know, enormous smiles panel. So every time we think about the lowering of the gaze, I think about shaqab documented by him, that it was just amazing, you know how shy and modest he was even amongst the brothers panel. So you will find certain people like that, that you know, extract good character from them, and try to you know, instill it within of yourself. So, meaning that you have to be a searcher for good character with the people around you, but never
think that you'll find one person that you will obtain that good character from. Then the third thing that chicken female human Allah mentions is you should learn the bad consequences of bad character learn the bad consequences of bad character. So how bad character destroys friendships, how bad character destroys families that's in this dunya Allah subhanaw taala punishes bad character and the acula right so these things will prevent you from having bad character will have you prevent you from having bad character. epithelium Rahim Allah and we can add these two to shaker Murthy means list. He says look at the character of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
because he was the highest standard of good character were in the character Hello, hello, can I do that? Oh you Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are the highest standard of good character to study his o'clock study his interaction with other people. And then the sixth the The second thing that I will claim Rahim Allah mentions is just being conscious of Allah subhanho wa Taala. That Imagine if Allah is watching you, how, what type of character would you want to want Allah subhanaw taala to watch you with and that is like something that is very, very deep subpanel imagine the effect of being conscious of Allah has on a person's life. Right? When you realize that Allah
subhanho wa Taala is watching you, and the angels are writing down every single thing that you do. And you realize that you will be questioned on the day of judgment about your interactions. It definitely changes the way you act, it definitely changes the way that you act.
Then the part that is often given but shouldn't require reflection we can make this point number seven, if we want is making Doha for this making Doha for this, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
Send them a nice look into the mirror used to say a lahoma accent a healthy fashion Hello key that all you have perfected my appearance to perfect my good character as well perfect my good character as well. And in my Muslim and Allah he reports from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. To see if delirious and ella haluk they add us anyhow in the end was live I only see her now yesterday for at least a year in the end, that Allah guide me to the best of manners, no one can go to the best of manners except you and turn me away from evil manners, and no one can turn them away from me except except you. And it's reported in Sahih Muslim. Now when you look at this panel law, it shows
you that in life if you want to become like the best at something, the health of Allah subhanho wa Taala is always required. That is the Messenger of Allah system, he attained his good luck, not only through the therapy of Allah subhanho wa Taala that Allah guided him, but the fact that he worked hard at it, and he sought the help of Allah subhanho wa Taala working hard and seeking the help of Allah subhanho wa Taala that's like a combination where people will never lose. If you have this, you work hard and you seek help from Allah subhanho wa Taala you will never lose. Now we move on to the second and last part of the Hadith. And that is how does one know if he has good character? How
does one know if he has good character? Actually, we'll leave that for later on. This is more to the second part of the Hadith. And the messenger system says in the second part of the Hadith, and sin is that which wavers in your soul, and you dislike the people finding out. Sin is that which wavers in your soul, and which you dislike the people finding out about. So the word for sin that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam uses is Islam is Islam. And Islam is defined as an apt for which its purse former is deserving of blame and censure. So when a person performs Islam he is deserving of blame and censure from our previous Holocaust. Who remembers how many different
types of words Allah subhana wa, tada uses in the Koran? To show sin? How many different types of words are there?
That's the beginning of it. Yeah, so how many words are there altogether?
Don't give them all to me. I just need how many words that are.
You need to review the let me know when you get
there are 12 words mentioned in the Quran that Allah subhanho wa Taala does aka LaHood
uses to indicate sin in the Koran 12 words
from them are Islam are Fisk or Cooper shirk and the fact as buzzy
zol are the one. Well, the call will be very,
very severe may need and we're missing two of them. So altogether they're 12 ignore time rahimullah. Sorry.
What am I missing?
Yeah, I'll call this ideal mentioned already. Yeah. So anyways, we're not gonna count these right now, the point being that they're 12. Altogether, we've listed 10 of them. In the last little fan, Edna Kamala, he lists all 12 of them. So if them is one of those 12 ism is one of those 12 and is defined as the one who does them, then he's deserving of blame and censure. So doesn't mean he will be blamed, and you will be censured. But it just means that he's deserving of it, he is deserving of it. And if them can be just like
them. And happier, those are the other two, them the unhealthy are the other two that are missing, just like them. It can be major or minor, it can be major, or minor.
So now, we're given two characteristics how to recognize a sin. And that is that a person should internally feel discomfort about it, and that he doesn't want the people to find out about it. So the obvious thing over here is that when you feel discomfort on the inside, this requires that you have a pure heart. This requires that you have a pure heart. If a person's heart has been corrupted, he's not going to feel any discomfort whatsoever. You look at the way that certain people dress on the outside, and you will think Subhanallah that they should feel some modesty and some shyness, but their hearts have been corrupted to such a degree that they don't feel it anymore. And this goes
back to my restaurant story. So while we're at the restaurant,
the reason why we went to this restaurant is called LaBelle potat. Like the beautiful potato, and it's supposed to be like a Montreal based restaurant. So everywhere you everywhere in the restaurant, they're like Montreal paraphernalia, you know, like the Montreal Canadiens jersey, the Montreal Expos, you know, baseball team jersey, pictures of famous Montreal people. So I thought it'd be like nostalgic to go to this restaurant. But I found a table of the stars that I didn't expect.
You know, one of the reasons I left Montreal was because how immoral The city was becoming panela, you had like more strip clubs in Montreal than you did like libraries. Like that's how bad it is the final law. And while we're eating our food, three, you know, French cube records that you can tell their cube records because of the way they spoke French, they come in why one of them had his pants literally like dragging down. But that's normal, standard fashion, you know, in certain cultures. But the second one, and the second two guys, they had holes in the back of their pants, like this big. So you could see like, their underwear. And I was like, you know, they they like my kids, they
started laughing. And I'm like, What do you guys laughing and they point and they're like, that's Superman underwear. And I'm like, Oh, man.
You know, again, going back to this concept of shyness and modesty, that a person, you know, in order, like, this is why it's so important to seek forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala, to seek His guidance to purify our hearts, because you can reach a level of you can reach that state where you're showing off your underwear to people, and you're not going to feel any shyness. And that's, you know, something to feel depressed and sad about that when a person is reached that state. So that is the first disclaimer over here that when it says his stuff, the callback, or you know, my hack, if you select that you feel discomfort in your heart, that is only for the pure heart. So the
pure heart It will be able to guide you. In fact, the moment was ezeli and some of the other commentators, they said when the Messenger of Allah seldom gave this advice, it was exclusive to a noticeable Samhain. And to the second companion, that it was exclusive to these people, only shaman, the shaman and the manager. They said no, this is not the case. But as long as a person has a pure heart, then it is sufficient for them to consult their hearts and it will be okay. The second element they mentioned, is that what you do