15 Tafsir Juz E Amma Surah Al Bayynah
Channel: Navaid Aziz
Series: Navaid Aziz - Tafsir of Juz Ama
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When I was with that you can show Dr. kusina woman say Dr. Medina, Miyagi da da da da da, da da da, da da da da, da da da da, da da da Mohammed Abu or pseudo civil law abiding you either and he was, he was seldom at the Sleeman cathar. I'm about my dear brothers and sisters.
I remember when I first started memorizing the Quran, as everyone else, we started memorizing the Quran from Jews ama, and into Samba, you know, it's relatively easy to sort of our short is pretty easy to memorize, there's a nice flow up and until I hit the sort of circle around with all the other sources, you know, less than a day we'd finished the suit i'd memorize it would sort of be enough, I think I must have spent like a week and then even then I couldn't perfect the suit up. And then even now, you'll notice that, you know, I'll restate all of this. I'm not, you know, pretty well, inshallah. But as far as when it comes to the brain as like a tsunami avoid, you know, unless
I'm like leaving
the Vayner just because of the fear I have of how difficult it is. Now, what's interesting about salt in Vienna, is that the difficulty is not even just in the in the flow of the surah. When you look into the books of the year, one of the premier scholars of the Sierra amendment are loose. He actually mentioned that. So convener from epsiode perspective is one of the most difficult to source to solve. And you'll notice why, first of all, in terms of where was the pseudo revealed? You have two narrations from a Filipina busca de la luna. One says that the pseudo was revealed in Makkah. Another one says that the surah was revealed in Medina. So that's one of the first problem lies that
how do you have two conflicting narrations from a buildup in a bus with the laquan? Toma? And which one do you give preference to? So the first thing we start to do is let's look at the chain of duration of the of the of the duration of
the one that says that it was revealed in Medina, it seems that there's some sort of weakness in it, so we can put that aside. But now, when you look at the context of the slot, the context of the sutras talking about the annual kita it's talking about the Jews and the Christians. And as we know that the vast majority of interaction in the Moroccan face was with the Quran, it was with the Muslim one, and not with the annual kita. So then, if the the narration amatola passed about it being from Africa is true, then how do you reconcile it with the general trend of the fear that the interaction with the disbelievers in terms of the applicator is minimized? So what do we do in this
situation? And that is where it becomes interesting, that is where the conflict actually starts. So that is the first point of contention. The second point of contention is that in the very first word, so in the very first verse, the word one fact kena, that I was using this verse is a very, very complex term, in terms of what it implies and how one is meant to understand it. So as you come to see that this is what we one of the more difficult students that we're going to be covering. And that is why last week when we were meant to cover the Sula, I told you look, we're gonna delayed for a week, I needed to perfect my own understanding of the surah before I can come and explain it to
you. So let's begin now be the Knights Allah. In terms of where was the sooner revealed wasn't revealed in Mecca or Medina hours? I know Tara knows best. But the opinion closer to the truth seems that it was revealed in Makkah. Now it is possible that it was in the latter stages of Mecca. And as we've seen in the previous cM halaqaat. A lot of times Allah subhanho wa Taala will reveal verses not because they're relevant right now, but rather because they're going to become relevant. So if you remember from certain ideas, when Allah subhanaw taala is talking about the horses that go into war. So as we know, the verses of writing weren't revealed until the time of Medina yet Allah
subhana wa tada revealed sorts of ideas in Mecca to foretell what was to come. And similarly over here, it seems that these verses were under revealed in the latter stages of Makkah, were interaction with the unknown Kitab had begun, or it is possible that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed this surah in the early stages of Makkah, but as a foretelling of what was yet to come. So now let's begin. Our panelists either begins this by saying, those who disbelieved from amongst the people of the Scriptures, and the people, the scripture over here that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to is just to, they are the Jews and the Christians. You will find some scholars that
include, you know, other groups amongst the Abu Kitab with the opinion of the majority is that there are only two nations that are a part of the educated when Allah subhana wa Taala refers to them in the Koran, and they are the Jews and the Christians. This is the general rule of thumb.
certain verses of the Quran when I was panatela refers to Andrew Kitab. It may refer to other groups. But the general case scenario is that it's only referring to the Jews and the Christians. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to mention, and the most unicorn, so the annual Kitab animals record, they're not going to leave their ways until a clear evidence comes to them. And this will reintroduce the first problem in terms of understanding this verse. What else are they saying over here, if you were to take it literally, is that if you were to bring the kids out a clear evidence and a clear proof, then they would leave what they are a point. But in reality, in reality, we know
otherwise, that the disbelievers they have been brought clear proofs yet not all of them will accept Islam. So is referring to a certain select group of disbelievers? Or is Allah subhanaw taala, referring to them in general, that's something we'll come to discuss later on within the inside. But now what I would like to discuss is what is the origin and the human being Allah subhanaw taala he tells us
that he is the one who created from amongst you, those who are most men, and those who are Catholic. So let's find out that he created from his creation, those that are believers and those that are disbelievers, so all of us on his creation will fall into one of these two categories. And there is no third category, either a person is a believer, or either a person is a disbeliever. So now my question arises, is that what is the original state and the human being as a person born as a Muslim? Or is it and he can he can become calculate later on? Or is he born as a Catholic? And then he becomes Muslim? Would anyone like to answer that question, though, as a person, so every child is
born as a Muslim, and then they choose to become capitalism? So how many people agree with this, that every person is born in a state of Islam? Excellent. Okay. Let's take a second opinion that how many people believe that a person is born in a state of disbelief, and then he chooses to accept Islam, and even have this opinion that a person is born in a state of Crawford is born in the state of disbelief, and it was accepted?
No one. Okay. Excellent, then how many people believe that there's a third opinion in this manner? You believe there's a third opinion explained?
Which is compatible to Islam, but it's not exactly it's Excellent.
Excellent, very good. So the third opinion, as the brother mentioned, is that it's neither of the two is not a born on upon Islam, nor is he born upon Cooper, but he is born on something called the fitrah. And this is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually mentioned that kulu mono did you do, that everyone that is born, is born upon the petal, and then his parents either make him a Christian or a Jew. Now, what's interesting over here is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu, wasallam, didn't say that his Christians became a Christian, a Jew, or a Muslim. Now, the reason why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam didn't mention Islam over here is one
of two reasons, because either Islam and the fitrah, are exactly the same. And this is the opinion raised is a opinion amongst the scholars that the fifth Allah and Islam are exactly the same. And that is why when you say that someone has accepted Islam, rather than calling him a convert, you refer to him as a revert, because he's gone back to its original state was convert would mean that he came to something new. So this is an opinion amongst the scholars. And in the opinion number two, is that there's a difference between Islam and the federal. And the preterite is just a natural disposition that almost kind of want to either created, which will lead a person to Islam, but it's
not Islam within of itself. And almost panatela knows best. This was the opinion out, even taymiyah developed by him. And it seems that this is the opinion that is closer to the truth, that a person who stays upon his splittable will naturally be guided towards a slump, and a person who preserves his or allows his fitrah to be perverted, then he will go away from Islam and will go on to be other things. So the origin of individuals that is not born upon Islam, nor is he about born upon cofa, but he's born in a state that accepting Islam will become very, very easy for him. Now, this is a second case scenario, that is when a person is born and that is his state at that time, but how
about when you meet an individual for the first time, how do you know if you should treat him as a Muslim or treat him as a disbeliever at that time, so what is the general case scenario? The general case scenario in this situation is that there is no general case scenario. And that will apply from case to case scenario to scenario and you judge upon what is apparent. So if you see elements of Islam upon an individual that you see them coming to the masjid, you see them praying, they initiate salaams with you, you see them wearing perhaps Muslim, you know, clothing and garden
is a sister with hijab, maybe a brother wearing a soul, maybe he's carrying, you know, the same pair of beads with him, whatever the point is wearing a poopy, whatever the case may be, if you see Islam upon him, then you treat him as a Muslim. And then even if you're wrong, you will be forgiven. And then the other case scenario is that if you don't know, and you don't see any signs of Islam, then that means you don't fit him as a Muslim until the signs of Islam are present. So you judge upon the appearance until further evidence comes to you. So a person you know, you don't see any signs of Islam upon them. And you just walk by them without even sometimes. And then you pull it to the side
and say, Look, by the looks of it, why don't you give me some tips, and you can say, Look, I'm sorry, I didn't know that you are Muslim. and in this situation, you know, there's no sin upon you as well, because you didn't know. and in this situation, two things need to happen. One, you need to start recognizing them as a Muslim, regardless of their physical appearance. And number two, it is important that a Muslim retains some sort of Islam in his physical appearance that he retains some sort of Islam in his physical appearance. Now, now that a person has come into a state of Islam, they've accepted Islam. What is something that can take him outside the fold of Islam what is
something that can take him outside of the for the listener, and the general term that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses for this in the Quran is Kufa so an act of copper will take in a person outside of the pool of Islam? Now, the first thing you need to understand is that not every act of Kufa will take a person outside the fall of Islam. clear evidence for this is that Allah subhanho wa Taala messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that see babble Muslim he Fisk wakita, who Kufa that to curse another Muslim is an act of transgression and an act of evil. And ninja fightin is an act of disbelief yet inserted, if you were to look at superfetch, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala
charges were in for a tiny minute, meaning that if two groups of believers were to fight one another, so you don't know what that is, still refers to both groups as believers. So what we need to understand is number one, that a person doing an act of Cooper will not necessarily make him a disbeliever. And that, you know, the proof needs to be established upon them, there should be no doubt, no misunderstandings, and again, this general concept of calling someone a disbeliever should be left to people of knowledge and particularly scholars. So this act of join tech sphere, or excommunicating individual should not be done by the link. Point number two. Now, what are those
acts that will take a person outside the fold of Islam, once they've accepted Islam, what will take them outside of the fold of Islam, and the scholars of al Qaeda have generally summarized it into five main ones, that it is these five general actions that will take a person outside Islam, the first of it is the cover of denial. So a person comes to know the truth. And then he denies it. This is the cover of denial. Can we think of an example from the syrup of someone who had to go for dinner that the truth came appearance to them, but they rejected it because they just completely denied it.
An example from the CEO what would be an example for this?
A Buddha has a Buddha had any one of you know, the major heads of the college, they knew this was the truth, but they continued to deny. Number two, it is the co founder of arrogance. So a person becomes arrogant. And it's not because they deny the truth. But it's because they're completely arrogant. They're like, you know, I am better than this. So what would be the obvious example for this one? The obvious example of corporate earnings go ahead and
excellent. So that would be one he said, another book kumala that I am your Lord, the Most type. This is one
example. But there's a more clear example of this. What is the more clear example? Not the ideal pizza? Good guests that we are talking about? The answer was not what the more clear and isn't as clear as the sun and the moon is excellent. You know, he said that I am better than other Why should I prostrate to him and almost no Tada. He describes exactly the distance as I was Tacuba, what kind of you know, calculating that he, you know, turned away he was arrogant unless he became from the disbelievers. So the second type of arrogance is the cover of arrogance. The third type of cover is the proffer of doubt. So of course, then, you know, he starts to doubt whether this is the truth or
not. And this is in matters of fundamentals, not in matters of fact, not in matters, you know, in secondary issues, but in fundamental issues, you know, does almost no doubt exist, was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually a prophet is the Quran, actually from Allah. These are fundamental core issues. This is the cover of dirt and unless I know it Allah He describes this in superficiality as well.
He describes in the movie known under Dena omnova. What a Sunni someone
that they are the ones that believed in Allah and the messenger sallallahu sallam, and he didn't have any doubt. So the believers are not meant to have any doubt. Then number four, the fourth type of gopher is the cover of a rod, that the individual says, You know what? I couldn't care less, you know, don't bother me with this. And this type of Cooper, you see quite a few examples. And particularly in our time, I think, you know, this is like the major case scenario where people are so engulfed in the dunya. They're so drownded in the chasing of this world, that they're like, you know, I can't be bothered with studying Islam or getting to know the truth is, and even the
fundamental question that, you know, everyone will ask, why was they created? They don't even bother asking themselves this question, because it's not significant enough for them. And thus, they turn away unless they turn away. And then the fifth and last type of cover that the scholars mentioned, is the cover of hypocrisy is the cover of hypocrisy, where a person you know, genuinely, he hates Islam from the inside, and he hates the believers, he hates Allah, He hates me for it as the messengers of Allah. Yet he still stays within the Muslim congregation. his reasoning behind this, perhaps maybe financial, perhaps, maybe to cause fitna and the Muslim community. And this would be
solved air from the hypocrites at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that they pretended to be Muslims, because there was power in Islam at that time, that as long as they pretended to be Muslims, no one could do any harm to them, because the Muslims were in the state of power at that time. So the fifth and last type of copper is the coupon of hypocrisy. Now, what we'll mention right after is directly related to this is that at the same level of effort, at the same level of comfort is shipped with a loss of time. And that is why it was noted that when he talks about shifting the time, he tells us that almost no one to Anna will not forgive that anyone should do shift with him.
But we'll forgive anything less than that. Though, the reason why I was handling Santa doesn't mention Cooper in this verse is because ship and cover are the exact same level that a person who falls into Cooper or a person falls into ship, they are equivalent, whereas Cooper is just a denial that they deny the rights to Allah subhanaw taala then shift means they take it to the next level, which is they give a right which is exclusive to Allah subhanho wa Taala to other than Allah subhana wa Tada. So modern day form of shift, which a lot of people may not recognize, is believing that, you know, ultimately, his salon was not created by Los Angeles. But rather, this was something that
he evolved into the concept of theory of evolution, believing that there was no creator that created Adam and Adam, it starts off as Cooper will and of itself. But then when you attribute the creation of Adam, the creation of human beings to other than I know that you attribute it to something like science, then this can be something that becomes an act of worship. So just because it wasn't mentioned in the classical books of theology, it doesn't mean that the types of copper will not evolve, in reality, they can evolve and they will continue to evolve the you know, the more the human mind gets perverted, the more than, you know, the crazier the types of corporate, we will see
in our times, unfortunately. So that is how a person leaves the fold of Islam. And that is what makes a person Catholic. And the reason why I gave this introduction is because I know that it uses this term quite a bit in the solar and you should know whom Allah subhana wa tada is speaking to. So let's move on to Allah. In this verse, He concludes the verse by saying the very first verse that had to obey you know, that until a clear evidence comes to them. But you know, in the Arabic language, it means something that makes the truth evident, meaning that after it is presented, then there's no doubt in the truth whatsoever. And this word is actually mentioned, and the Hadith of the
Prophet sallallahu wasallam, when he mentioned and beginner to Iman would die will have either mantra that presenting a proof is upon the one that makes a claim. So in Islam, whenever you make a claim, the burden of proof is not on the person defending but it is upon the person making the claim. So if I'm going to make a claim, I need proof, clear as the sun that will present my case, that is what albena is, it is a proof so clear that it cannot be denied. Now the question arises, almost no doubt it says that if this beginner was to come to the Muslim one and to come to the keytab, that they would accept Islam, they would accept the truth. So what is this way in other
Allah subhanaw taala is referring to he turns in the very next verse. He says you're assuming a lot you know so far motohiro that he is a messenger from Allah subhana wa tada that recites the pure
Scripture. Now interestingly enough, almost no one uses the term real soon as Nokia and Nokia in the Arabic language is something that's undefined. So you have something like you know, underwater cup which is the piece of paper. And then you have what are called stone, which is a piece of paper. So V is defined, and Nikita which is Monica Monica is defined and that means it's undefined. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala uses Nikita over here to define someone very, very specific. And that is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is to show that the coming of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is so apparent that even when I know Tara uses the undefined
term, it is understood that is referring to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. That is why you will see in the Quran that almost no to Allah, He even mentions that Praise be to Allah, the One that revealed the for call upon his sleep. So no one talks about the revelation of the Quran upon the slave, it could mean any slave, but it was understood that even though it is undefined, this particular slave, this particular messenger is referring to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam alone. The proof for this is the very fact that almost no other mentioned this prophet in the previous scriptures, now if you would actually look panela, in the previous scriptures, you will see
that there are clear evidences of the coming of the messenger of a loss of a loved one you select certain verses, and you don't get more explicit than this, looking in the Bible wouldn't have itself that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam is defined as that there was an incident where an angel came in squeezed a man and he said, I am unable to read. Now there's not a story of Accra. I'm actually reading a verse from Deuteronomy to you that almost no data describes it in such detail. And all this is referring to the revelation of God, that when the Messenger of Allah says Allah was squeezed, he said that I am unable to read number two, in Deuteronomy itself, that always tells the
people of Musashi salon, that there will come a person to you from your very tribe, they're sorry, there will come a person to you who is from the brother of your or a tribe of your brother from the tribe of your brother. Now, if you look at the lineage, where
they came from, is half an insula. And whereas the kurush their lineage comes from a smile at the center. So you will notice that question, generally when they refer to this verse, they'll say that refers to Isa Elisa, but when you look at the similarities between Musa and Mohammed, some of
them they're more similarities between Musa and Mohammed sallallahu Sallam than there are with Isa Lisa to take some of those differences in terms of the way they were born. Mohammed Salah wa Lucena musasa came from normal births is Elisa Lam came from a special birth in terms of marrying and having children most traditional one married, got married had children is Elisa Lam did not get married in terms of their deaths most
of them don't normal deaths establish that God is not dead, he was raised up to what was titled Donna in terms of the way the render states that Mohammed Salah Salem and Mr nice to them that not only was there a spiritual element to it, but there was a state of governing as well that they had a nation to lead is Elisa Lam did not have this and then there you know several other examples as well. So this was clearly see again, is referring to most of them and Mohammed salah
and then the very last thing you know will mention in terms of Mohammed Salah is going to be mentioned in the previous scriptures is that when you look at translation, when you look at translation, you'll notice that when you translate, you don't translate proper names. So for example, we'll have a name like Celine, Celine in the Arabic language, it means someone that is complete or someone that is unharmed. So when you say does not actually mean that Salim has entered, you're not going to translate this as the one who is without harm or illness has entered the room. You don't do that because the name is the proper name. And you'll notice that in the Bible, the term
Mohammed is actually mentioned yet the translation they translated it as the Comforter, they've translated as the Comforter, because that is what Mohammed in I believe this is evil now in what it actually means someone who brings comfort and this is actually mentioned in the Torah in its original language, then you will want to be in G then you move on to the MG. Those are all examples from the Torah model. You want to be in G Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam from the Quranic perspective that in the 27th Jews, Allah subhanho wa Taala he says that Melissa An example is people that I am a giver of glad tidings that there is a messenger
coming in vladdy is moving admit that there's a problem that is coming after me whose name she
shall be, and then you will you look for this again in the previous scriptures and you actually find a verse similar to it, you actually find a verse similar to it. And then for those of you who attended our previous halaqaat, if you study the Gospel of Barnabas, the Gospel of Barnabas is filled with Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam from beginning to end, you'll find, you know, six to 11 examples of where the name Mohammed is actually mentioned with his story itself. So that is the mentioning of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam in the previous scriptures. And this is what I know what Allah is referring to in this verse, that the billionaire that was meant to come to the people who
disbelieved and the annual keytab was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. And then not only that, but this man that was come he was to recite the noble scripture of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah. So Allah subhanho wa Taala. He goes on to say, yes, no superfan motto ha that he will recite. And notice that almost doesn't use the term read over here. He uses the term resect and then so far more pahala a pure scripture. Why does Allah subhana wa tada use the description pure over here? What is the significance behind it? The significance behind it being pure, is because of the way the previous scriptures were changed and distorted. So you'll notice that the Quran it talks about the
oneness of Allah subhana wa tada praising Allah subhanaw taala alone, worshiping Allah alone, staying away from disbelief, staying away from polytheism. When you look at the previous scriptures, and how they are now you'll notice that there's a great difference that starting off with the book of Genesis itself, the very first book, it describes as a wasp, and what Allah someone will just not know that he forgot what are the mighty synonymous, you look at the way they talk about the prophets and messengers, that you look at someone like no honey Salah, and he described him doing something very, very evil with his son, you look at the way they described it.
They described him as getting drunk. So all of these things are not befitting and they're impure. And that is what was noted in describing the Koran, he describes it as something pure, because there is no distortion in it. And it retains the original message that was what Allah came with, with all of its goodness in it. Moving on to the third verse,
almost, and what Allah He goes on to say, he had kootu bone kajima that in it, or writings that rectified individuals. Now understanding the term kutub over here, how do we understand khudobin this verse, the word cuatro is the plural of keetsa. And the word Kitab. As we all know, it refers to a book. But what is a book actually consists of it consists of writings. So over here, when the list is referring to Quito, is not referring to actual books, but it's referring to writings. So he describes the Koran as that which is written down as well. So it's not only that we just recited but it is also that which is written down. And that is why one of the rules of Islam that when you want
to hold the Koran and read it is that you make will do because it's not only the words that are blessing, but even that which the Quran is written on now becomes blessing as well. So that is why I was panatela describes it as kutub it is something that is written down. Then Allah subhanaw taala describes it as Kalima coin, Hema, over here it comes from the origin of the karma. So when you see something is most likely it is something that is straight. It is something that is rectified, meaning that the laws that the court on entails are those that are there to rectify all of mankind. And the scholars that have you know, studied it talked about in detail the objectives of Islamic
law, from them was enormous shot to be optimal law. He describes Islamic law with two simple terms. He says that all of Islamic law came for two purposes, number one, to promote and facilitate all good. This is number one, that all of Islamic law came to facilitate and promote all that is good. And it came to eradicate and eliminate all that is bad. So all of Islamic law is defined by these two things, so that anything that is good, and can be defined is good, and can be proven to be good. It is something that will be included as a part of Islam, and anything that is defined as evil and can be proven as evil. It is something that Islam is against. So now when he talks about scripture
itself, this is one of the ways that you judge the authority of Scripture, and is it truly from God Himself, is that the commandments that are given in it are meant to be in the best interest of the creation themselves. They're meant to be in the best interest of the creation themselves. And that is why when you look at Islamic law, in terms of its prohibition of gambling, its prohibition of alcohol. It is very, very evident that it comes in the best interest
of human beings, it comes in the best interest of human beings. Now, almost kind of autonomy goes on in the next verse and this is where things get really interesting. What else goes on to say, well, Martha, for Dina Alton Kitab, in London by the manager at toman Vienna, that the people of this scripture did not differ until they came until there came a clear evidence. So in the very first verse, Allah subhanaw taala says that they will not accept Islam until clear evidence comes to them. Now, in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala says that they only started to differ once the clear evidence came to them. Now why would the structure different when clear evidence comes? Generally
speaking, anyone that is logical, clear evidence comes to them? Why wouldn't they just accept it and move on with it? Unless it goes on to tell us in the very next verse? Well, not only is it up to the law firm,
that they were lacking sincerity. And this is the key integral part over here, that a person can be given the truth. But up until a person is sincere, the truth will make no difference in their lives. You could bring IRA after IRA, you could split the moon for them, you would split the seas, they could see angels themselves, but they're still going to deny the truth. Why? Because the concept of sincerity was not in their hearts. And that is what you see throughout the course, that almost no doubt I sent them so many miracles at the head of them, the Koran. And then on top of that, the coming of the messenger, on top of that all the other miracles in terms of the barrels. On top of
that the splitting of the moon, all of these miracles were given, yet you notice that they didn't accept Islam. Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala defines it over here, the importance of sincerity. And this is something that is very important to every seeker of the truth, that have sincerity, and Allah subhanaw taala will guide you. The first step to guidance is submitting to Allah subhanho wa Taala and being sincere. And once you have that, then I know that Allah will guide you to the straight path. And the easiest way to go astray is to become arrogant and to turn away. And these are that is why arrogance and our odd are the two heads of Kufa that these are the two main things
that lead people astray, that they either can't be bothered with the truth, or they become arrogant and they start to deny it. And that is why it is very important that not only as Muslims, but as human beings, we always retain the sincerity that will always be sincere in our search for the truth. No matter where it comes from. It may come from a young child, it may come from someone that is older, it may come from someone that doesn't know how to read and write, it may come from the person that is most knowledgeable as a Muslim, you will take the truth wherever it comes from. And this is part of the distinguishing characteristic that we should have witches sincerity for the sake
of Allah subhanho wa Taala that is point number one related to this verse. Point number two related to this verse. Is that almost kind of what Allah goes on to define in one verse, all of the fundamentals of Islam, well, not only indirectly Abdullah meclizine Allah Dena whatever way Okay, masala are you to soccer with daddy Kadena.
So let's anodyne he describes the fundamentals of Islam in three things over here, number one, to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala alone and this is the most integral part of our Deen that Islam is distinguished from every other religion in the fact that we are the only ones that will worship our Creator so that we will not worship anyone or anything else. Number two is your karma to Salah. So let's find out what Allah doesn't just mentioned Salah or Adel Salah, the performance of Salah, but he mentions a karma to Salah meaning the perfection of the prayer. So it's not just about pray, but it's about perfecting your prayer. And then number three is the giving of Sokka the giving of Sokka.
Now you'll notice that these three things, they have specific meanings and general meanings, the specific meanings are understood that they are to worship Allah alone to perform the prayer and to give charity but what is the general meaning behind these verses? The general meaning behind these verses? Is that know your relationship with you and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah is the Creator and sustainer and you are his slave and is served that is the general meaning. Then in terms of Salah, that the Salah is your key and your tool to establish your relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala without Salah you have the relationship with Allah subhana wa Tada. And then your relationship with
the creation now is that a kindness and that of generosity, and that is the general meaning behind the charity itself. This is not just for the sake of purifying your wealth, no, but it's rather to show generosity and to have generosity inside yourself and to show mercy and to implement mercy and to build mercy amongst yourselves. These are the general meanings behind these verses and Allah subhanaw taala calls it was adequate enough that if you want to look at any true religion, it will have to have these elements establishing a relationship with the creator
and establishing a relationship with the creation and the best and most fulfilling of manners. Then it was onwards Allah goes on in verse number six in the levena Capital Roman annual Quito musli kina fanatee Johanna Callie Dena fi hub hula ecohome shuttle budhia the very most those who disbelieve from the people of the book and from the polytheists are in the hellfire.
The term Jana over here,
does it? What is the agenda actually mean over here? The scores of Pepsi are different on the terms and that that is it an actual Arab term? Or is it something that was introduced into the Arabic language and almost no to Allah knows best? This is a valid difference of opinion. But what we understand from it is clear that the term Johanna is different is referring to not the Hellfire in general the Hellfire in general is enough, but it is referring to a specific part of the Hellfire there was an Watada is prepared for the disbelievers. Now in this very verse, Allah subhanaw taala. He mentioned over here called Idina Thea Khalid in the Arabic language, it means something that will
stay there for a prolonged period of time. Now you'll notice in the coming verse, When Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the people of Paradise, he doesn't just say Holly Dena philia, he doesn't say that they will remain there for an elongated period of time. But he goes on to say Haji Dena, Fie have abunda that they will stay in paradise forever. So now, what is the significance behind Allah subhanho wa Taala, leaving out aberdare in the for the disbelievers and for the Hellfire, and then mentioning it for the people of paradise. And as close as you mentioned to one is the general linguistic benefit is that Allah subhanho wa Taala wants to show the greatness of agenda
itself, the greatness agenda itself, that you'll notice that in this life, any good deed, anything that you enjoy, there's only so much of it that you can do, a person enjoys sleeping, he can only sleep so much to eat and sleep becomes burdensome a person enjoys eating, then a person can only eat so much until they get fed up of eating and every other act in your life.
That adversely can only do so much of these so they get fed up. Whereas engender a person will not lose that aspiration and that motivation, and that enjoyment and desire and pleasure. It remains there forever. And that is one of the most significant parts of gender is not only that, almost no data will give you whatever you want, it's the fact that you will continue to enjoy it forever. So this is like the linguistic aspect of it. Now we get to a theological aspect of it. The theological aspect of ABA.
Actually, we'll leave this to the experts. we're skipping something over here. So unless I know Tyler, let's go back, we'll discuss that in the next verse. So let's I know Tyler, he says in verse number six now that those people who disbelieve from the admin wiki tab and the master key Now over here, I must note that it says those that disbelieved from the Annunaki tab, and the master key, why did not say all of the key tab, and all of the machine key, because almost no other wants to show us two key things over here. Number one, is that there are groups from the apple kids tab that will go to Paradise. There are groups from the advocator, from the Jews and Christians that will go to
Paris. And those are the ones that believed in the prophets at their time, believed in the scriptures at their time, those that believed in Isa those that believed in Musa and they died in that state during the time of their profits, then these are considered believers, and they will go to parents, that is point number one. Point number two is that unless God is showing us over here, that even amongst the disbelieving people there are, you know, five minutes or or categories amongst them. So you'll notice in the Hadith, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says about COVID al Khufu milnerton wahida, the disbelievers all one nation. Now this is in a black
and white dichotomy, if you want to call it that. Then when you complete compare Islam and Kufa, there's only one Islam, and there's only one copper. So it's not been one nation and one body and copper is one body and one nation. But when you look at it from another perspective, is that other levels of disbelief? Are there good people amongst the disbelievers? And the answer to this is yes, that that is what I was and what Allah does not call animal Kitab the People of the Book and we should again, the same term in this room, to show us that there is a difference that Allah subhanho wa Taala has given preference to the admiral Kitab over the rest of the Muslim King, and the sense
that he sent them books he sent them prophets and even the Lord that they believe in the one Lord that they believe in is genuinely
The one load. And this is why you see that almost panel data out loud eating the meat of the indicator aloud, the mirroring of the women have advocated, but he did not allow this for the machine to show us that there was a preferred status, that even though the annual keytab or disbelievers, they have a preferred status with us, and that is why, throughout history, we have been, you know, living at peace with them, and there has been, you know, mutual cooperation with them, because they have this preferred status over the rest of the polytheists and disbelievers. That is point number two. So unless Allah has created categories amongst the disbelievers, and not
all of them are as bad as the rest of them in simple terms. So now in this verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala he goes on to mention that how does a person become the worst of creation? It has nothing to do with how terrible your manners may be. It has nothing to do with how foul and vulgar you are. What makes you the worst of creation, is the fact that you disbelieve in Allah subhanho wa Taala, after he has sent you clear evidence, this is what I notice is clearly when that he got home, Sharon Berea, that they are the worst of creation, that people the truth comes to them, and they refuse to accept it that makes them the worst of creation. Now in the very next verse, you'll see that just
because you accept the truth, it will not make you the best of creation either. So the opposite is not necessarily true. So we made a statement over here that what makes you the worst of creation, is that as soon as you reject the truth, while knowing it is the truth, this makes it the worst accretion. And the very next verse, the opposite is not 100% true that just because you accept Islam, it doesn't make you the best of creation, Allah subhana wa tada puts a prerequisite there as well. So now let's move on to the next verse. Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say, in the Medina Aminu, Mohammed was for the hot weather.
So let's find out and he mentioned over here that not only should people have imagined that not only is it that those of you that have imagined, but he did an AMA last time, they did righteous deeds. hula ecohome Pyromania, so that after person believes it has to be accompanied by righteous deeds to be considered from the rest of creation. So the individual he may have Islam with him, but up until he has good luck, and until he's praying five times a day, up until he's doing all of these righteous deeds, he will not be considered from the best of creation, that belief in one Lord is simply not enough. But rather it has to be followed by worshiping it has to be followed by showing
mercy to his creation, that is when an individual will become from the best of creation. nobodies conclude with the very last verse, Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, Joseph endora be here, Jenna to add an intensity, so much goes on to say that their compensation will be from their Lord. And this shows is a very significant point than a sign of a man is that when you see compensation, it is never from the creation, it is from the Creator Himself. It is from the ROM himself. That is why I was telling you mentioned just a moment. That very word your compensation is with Allah subhanho wa Taala alone, and that is one in this dunya you will do righteous deeds, you will expect people to
say thank you, because it's part of human nature. But unless God is telling you over here, that just because the creation does not recognize your act of goodness, then know that your word is that with Allah subhana wa Tada. He recognizes and sees all so don't be disheartened at that, because your award is with us.
And now what is the reward, gender identity? So they are guardians added? What does that mean by added in over here? If you go back to our discussion about gender, we were just talking about how in Paradise, the greatest one of the greatest blessings is not that almost gives you everything that you desire, but it's the fact that you will continue to enjoy it forever. And that is why I was
in circle camp at the very ending, how does he describe those that are given Jonathan for those of wounded healer, that they will not want to be taken away from it, because every individual that once he reaches paradise, he thinks that wow, you know, I'm in the best practice and no one has anything better. So let me stay here. So that is one of the blessings of paradise. And that is what I've done is referring to that they will never be you know, removed from it. Normally desire to be removed from it, tragedy mentality had and how below it or which rivers will flow. Now, the flowing of rivers is a very intrinsic point of Paradise, the Las Vegas when it happens, I truly understand its
meaning. But over here, the following will reverse reverse the two things that there are those open rivers that will be in paradise. And then there are those rivers that will flow beneath the houses themselves. And the
flowing up these rivers This is what becomes interesting is that there's no need for the creation of dams and no creation, no need for the creation of waterways, the water will move according to the desire of the individual that is there. So you want the water to start flowing through you stop flowing, you want the water to go a certain way, it will continue to go that way. Now in terms of the types of rivers, Allah subhanaw taala describes four of them clearly in the Quran. Can anyone tell me what are the four types of rivers that Allah subhanaw taala describes in paradise? Go ahead, Abraham
altos there is a specific one when we're talking about what is the fluid that's going to be running in these rivers? Do you know?
No, you want to take a guess?
What flows in the rivers of this world? Okay, honey, you I don't know. Rivers of honey, this one. We are one of the rivers in paradise will be on honey. What are the other three?
Right, alcohol that doesn't intoxicate and then one. So these are the four types of rivers that Allah subhanaw taala mentions in the Quran. They are
rows of honey rivers of milk, rivers of water, and rivers of alcohol. And in reality, any other liquid or desire any other liquid or substance that you desire. Allah subhanaw taala will give you as well as almost no data says in the verse The homebuyer shall only be happy when they never see that we will have each and every single thing that they desire, and we will still have more to give them. Then almost anatella goes on to say Holly Deena p hat. Now this leads us into our discussion why Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions aberdovey here for the believers and in Paradise, but almost I know that it doesn't mention it for the disbelievers and the hellfire. The reason why that is, is
because the scholars have said and opinion amongst the scholars is that the Hellfire will actually cease to exist at one time. So notice their argument over here is that in Paradise, this is the ultimate reward. And that is why you will remain there and forever. So you do 6070 years or whatever your life is of good deeds in dystonia, the head of which worship Allah alone, then Allah subhanaw taala gives you the eternity of Paradise, equivalent to the amount of sacrifice that you made in this dunya. Now on the counterpart, a person lives for whatever amount of years that he lived in this dunya and they just believed in Allah subhanho wa Taala. The punishment that is mentioned in
the Quran is that he will be in the Hellfire, either forever or for a very long time, the term called Idina is used. And this is where the discrepancy actually takes place. Is that will that help I see exist forever? Or will it only exist for a limited amount of time, and the scores of Akita they actually differ on this. And the reality is with almost no data alone, we just want to make sure that we don't end up in the scenario where we are from the inhabitants of the hellfire. So they use this verse to indicate that the Hellfire once everyone has been punished, and they received their due punishment, then after that time, the Hellfire will cease to exist. Now question may be
asked that in the previous halaqaat, we talked about the hadith of death, were in the year after death will be brought forward in the form of a sheep, and it will be slaughtered. And then an angel will announce that there is no more death after this day and the people of the Hellfire will remain there and they're in and the inhabitants of Paradise shall remain during How do you reconcile it with this? The scholars who said that the Hellfire will only exist for a limited amount of time. The way they interpreted this hadith is saying is that this hadith has nothing to do with the Hellfire itself. It's talking about death, that an individual that once he goes into the Hellfire, he will
not be able to say that no matter how much punishment he receives, he will continue to stay alive. And that as long as the helper is existence, the human being will stay into existence. So it's not talking about the Hellfire itself and therefore there is no contradiction. And therefore there is no contradiction and intricate matter of Akita like this, the safest thing to do is the knowledge of Thomas Watson, that we do not have clear, you know, evidence either ways the scholars have different leave it up to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Because at the end of the day, it doesn't affect us in the studio, it stays something which is very theoretical. So whatever it may be, that is just hope and
aim that we don't be from the inhabitants of the house, because that is more important than this intricate, theological discussion. Unless it goes on to conclude this or by saying about the oma and the whole world, that you can, even Hershey Allah, that almost kind of mentality is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is the human beings ultimate desire, that not only should they be pleased with Allah subhanho wa Taala
That is something that you can work on and you can achieve with the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala should be pleased with you as well. And that is why sincerity and the following of the center are of the utmost importance, because those are the only two things that have been guaranteed the pleasure of a lesson.
For any app that you do, do it with the utmost sincerity and do it in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, because those are the only things that have been guaranteed the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is the only way you can ensure that you will attain the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala because there is no pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala outside of those matters, then Allah subhanho wa Taala concludes that he can even hashish that that is for the one who has fear of his club who has fear of his master. So he must I know Charles is reminding us of our relationship with him and is emphasizing a particular emotion and that is
fear of Allah subhanaw taala and he almost I know tada when he mentions that that is for the one who has fear of a lesson and what's on it is you referring to the attaining of the pleasure Los Angeles Santa or a friend in the paradise itself, and in reality is referring to both than when the person has fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala and not the fear of the creation and or the person sees the love and pleasure of Allah subhana wa tada and not the love and pleasure of his creation. That is when
not only will be pleased with the people, but you'll give them eternal paradise as well. And we pray that Allah subhanaw taala makes us
they will conclude with that within it Tada.
He is ready. One last thing I want to mention.
The last thing I'll mention about certain vegana is that if you were to look at, you know the key themes in the swap, it comes down to two main things. Number one is the act of sincerity itself and its importance that Allah subhanho wa Taala he reminds us again, that this whole religion of Islam is summarized in the act of sincerity itself, worshiping Allah subhanaw taala law seeking of us kind of dialogue. And the second key theme in this in the sutra is how one should always be seeking and longing for the truth and should eliminate all impediments and hindrances that prevent an individual from achieving the truth. And as long as the person remains upon this, he will get guidance from his
Lord, you will attain the pleasure of his Lord. And Allah subhana wa tada knows best. A lot more cinematic. Mohammed, while he was off, he was set them up for 443 questions in nighttime. Go ahead.
Four Rivers in Paradise, right? Yes, what's the reason of having an alcoholic river would be different than Yes, it'll be very different. So the general concept in Islam is that anything that Allah Allah prohibits you from in this dunya He replaces it with something hideout in this dunya. But replace it with that specific thing and be accurate, if there is good in it. So let's see what he describes alcohol in the four iron, he mentioned that there is benefit in it, but the harm in it outweighs the good that is in it. So I was fine with Allah prevented the Muslims from drinking it in this dunya however, the one who refrains from drinking it in this dunya Allah subhanho wa Taala will
allow him to indulge in it in the hereafter. And it's not just bottles, Allah gives your own river go swimming later if you want.
Some of the scholars mentioned that there will be no intoxication with that alcohol, but the pleasure and enjoyment will still be there. And Allah subhana wa tada knows best. course number two,
you mentioned that
people are not going to Jenna after the Prophet, their prophet died. So is there any proof beside this verse he will explain here to make what I say like you say, the
the part of the pupil also go to gender. Those people are those times the Prophet was present. Right. And so just to make one thing clear, even if their prophet wasn't president, they remained upon the teachings of the Prophet. Right. So the prophet may have passed away a listener may have been reading stuff, but they remained upon the teachings of the Prophet as long as they remained upon the teachings of the prophets, then they're considered to be believers, and they will they will go to Paradise. But now once Mohammed Salah it sort of comes and came, it becomes integral upon the believer to accept him as a prophet and messenger as well. So of course, he can believe in most and
believe in Isa and believe in the pure teachings. But now once more, Mohammed said a lot of manual system has come if he doesn't believe in Mohammed Salah why Lucena this becomes an act of copper, right because Allah subhana wa tada tells us to believe in Mohammed salah and to believe in all of the prophets. So now that you don't believe in this, this is what makes the person that disbelieve
So during that time, before the party sort of came if they just believed in their own pocket that was perfect and sufficient. But now, after the coming of the prophet SAW Solomon after the coming of Revelation, not only do they have to believe in the previous scriptures and the previous prophets, but they have to believe in the Koran and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu so that as you profit is what they believe, but don't follow.
They follow their own religion, so they accept Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam as a prophet, and they accept the Quran as a scripture, yet they follow their other religion that is impossible that they accept the core idea follow another religion is also another clearly tells us in the Quran, in the DNA and the law in Islam when we are together in Islamic Deen and further jacoba than that the only religion with Allah subhanho wa Taala is Islam and oversees the religion other than Islam, it should not be accepted from him. So they denied this part of the Quran already. So that is what would make them disbelievers.
Third and last question, third and last question.
In the beginning,
not only category.
So in the core itself, genuinely speaking, when Allah subhanho wa Taala refers to African kita It is generally referring to only the Jews and the Christians. Now in certain verses, you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala, when he refers to the animal Kitab, he'll include this group called the Serbians in them as well. And that is where the difference of opinion that comes in that word is savvy is a group of Christians were they from the Jews, were they separate religion? Are they part of that world in order
to eliminate this discrepancy? We just say that the general case scenario is that when I was about kids out, it is about the Jews and the Christians. However, in specific verses, it is possible that all this panel data is including you know, other others amongst them. And that is why even you will see that
and the sooner the processor, when the processor refers to sometimes as the Rastafarians, you will see that treat them as the annual kita. So does that mean that they're a part of the African savannah or not. And that's a whole different realm. But sometimes it is possible that advocates that will encompass more than just the Jews and the Christians and the Los Alamos most of us I believe it's now the time for the advent of Asia. So we'll have the event for Asia. And next week the Holocaust will continue again after select a model and then probably from next week, we will change the timing after next week. So next time we still have to model it and then after next week,
we will change the timing to another time that means Allah subhanaw taala will become the additional stockbroker which will relate to that model fair. That was allamani production for Monday.