Surah Summaries #09 At-Tawbah – Allah & His Messenger Comes Before Everything

Nadim Bashir

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The speaker discusses the history and importance of the Surah, including the importance of fear and the heat conditions during Tabuk time. They stress the need to not give preference to 8 things above 3 things and to avoid hesitantly following Prophet's instructions. The speaker also shares a story about Ka'aba Malik's lack of communication with his cousin and encourages listeners to be mindful of his actions.

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Continuing with our series,

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go through every single Surah in order inshallah.

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Today we are going through,

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Surah Tawba or Surah Surah Bara'ah.

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And last time we talked about that Surah

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Anfal. Surah Anfal was revealed after the Battle

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of Badr, which was the very first battle.

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And according to Maniur Lamah, Surah Tawba Surah

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Bara'ah

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was revealed after the last battle, which was

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the battle or the expedition

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of Tabuk.

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And this happened at the very end of

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the life of the prophet

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The of course, I talked about last time

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that why is there not a

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at the beginning of the surah I shared

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with you about a quote of Uthma Ibn

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Affan

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By in addition to that, one person asked,

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Ali

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the same question. That why is there no

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at the beginning of Surah Tawba, or Surah

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Bara'ah?

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To which Ali

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said,

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that in this Surah, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

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he expresses his anger

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upon the

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and

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the And when we talk about

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the idea of

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is rahma, compassion,

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mercy,

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and the ada of Allah, and the compassion

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of Allah do not go hand in hand.

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And hence, therefore,

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at the beginning of the surah, we don't

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find

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This surah in itself, brothers and sisters, is

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from beginning to end, talking about that how

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we as a Muslim community Because once again,

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this was one of the very last surahs

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to be revealed.

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Allah is informing us and telling us that

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what was the traits of the

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What were the traits of the

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What were the traits of the mushrikoon,

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in Makkah?

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And more extensively Allah

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talks about the and

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their characteristics.

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Why? So that we as a Muslim community,

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we make sure that in our own personal

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lives, in our communal lives, there's nothing that

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we are doing that is similar to the

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Now, in addition to that, Allah

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he makes very strong warnings

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when it comes to the Muslim community. He

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tells us that if you give preference to

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8 things above 3 things, then that is

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when the wrath of

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will come. Allah says,

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Allah is telling us that if we want

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to succeed as a community too, we have

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to make sure that when it comes to

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Allah and his prophet

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there is nothing in the world.

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There is absolutely nothing in this world. There

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is no relationship in this world. There is

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no money, no wealth that can come above

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Allah and his prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

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And the minute

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the Muslim Ummah puts their The love of

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their parents,

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the love of their brothers, their love of

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their of their,

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relatives, the love of their wealth above Allah

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and his

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then

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that is when we will see the wrath

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of Allah

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And this is not just an idea that

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Allah is sharing with us. But then Allah

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he shared with us stories

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in the same surah to help us understand

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the same concept.

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In the very next ayah, Allah talks about

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what? The battle of Hunayn. Where the Muslims,

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they put their number.

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They thought that because they had the numbers,

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now they don't need to be focused on

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Allah and his

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They thought that their numbers is gonna give

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them the victory, rather than Allah and his

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prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam are gonna give them

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that victory. And that is why in the

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beginning of Hunayn,

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they suffered a major

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setback.

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It was then later on that some people

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had already fled the scene, but the prophet

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sallallahu alaihi wasallam, he was able to regather,

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recoup everyone,

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and again

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give them a very strong pep talk, and

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then they were able to go and defeat

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the army, and defeat their opposition.

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But the battle of Hunain taught us a

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very important lesson, that if we put our

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numbers, if we think that our numbers are

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so great that we don't need Allah, and

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his prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam, Baru Khunain is

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a very perfect example.

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Then we also learn in the same surah,

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that when it comes to fear, when you

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have Allah on your side, you have nothing

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to worry about. When Rasulullah

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salallahu alaihi wasallam and Ubaka radhiallahu anhu, they're

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in the cave.

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Do not be afraid. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala,

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he tells us the story about 2 people,

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the Prophet and Ubaka radiAllahu anhu in the

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cave. And one of them said, Ubaka radhiallahu

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anhu said to the prophet sallallahu alaihiallahu alaihiallahu

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alaihiallahu alaihiallahu anhu that if they were to

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just look down, they will see us, and

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we will be caught. But Allah Subhanahu wa

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ta'ala inspired Rasul wa sallallahu alaihi wa sallam,

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and he informed Ubakar,

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Brothers and sisters, when we have Allah on

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our side, we have to put our

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in Allah that we have no one to

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be afraid of. And if there's only one

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that we have to be afraid of, it

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is Allah And this is what we learn

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also once again in the same surah. And

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the same surah, going back to those 8

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3 8 things, above 3 things. We learn

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in the battle of Tabuk, Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala. It was a time where the muslims

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were waiting

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to, you know, to harvest their crops. This

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was a one time of the year they

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used to make money. Not like you and

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I, we get a paycheck sometimes after 2

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weeks or after a month. But this was

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only one season

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annually

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where they would make money. And during that

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same time,

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they were forced to put the love of

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Allah,

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and the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam above

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the love of their dunya. And so the

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So that Allah

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informed them, you have to go for the

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battle of Tabuk. And no matter what, no

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matter how harsh

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these circumstances are, they were saying that it

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was extremely hot. Allah

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The heat conditions were severe.

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Allah is telling them, is reminding them, if

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you think this is severe,

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The fire at Jahannam, in terms of its

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heat, is even more intensified.

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This is nothing. This is the heat of

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this dunya. Compared to the akhirah, it is

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absolutely nothing.

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So then we also find that in the

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same expedition,

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there were 3 people who stayed behind.

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And because they stayed behind, not because that

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they have love for this duniya over the

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prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, but because of

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procrastination.

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Because

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of tomorrow I will go, tomorrow I will

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go. As we find in the story of

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Ka'b al Malik

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That he said that I will go, I

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will go. And tomorrow eventually never came for

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him. And the time came that Rasulullah

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alaihi wasallam, he came back to Madinah. And

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think about it, at that time the the

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Munafiqun

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were going, and they were lying to the

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prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam. They thought they're getting

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away. They're lying to the prophet

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And they told Ka'b, just lie to the

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prophet.

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He does not know. Just lie and you'll

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get away with it. But see here once

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again, a very valuable lesson. That when it

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comes to Allah and his prophet sallallahu alaihi

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wa sallam, we cannot disobey them. We cannot

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go against their commands. We have to follow

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what they have told us to do. And

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not only that, but we cannot try to

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even deceive Allah and and his Prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam. Ka'bim Malik is saying, I

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have decided that I will not deceive the

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Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. And that is

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why at the end of the surah, Allah

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said,

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Oh people, all believers,

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be with those who speak the truth. And

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not only that, but the story of Kaaba

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Malik is very long. I don't want to

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go into the whole story, but there is

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one point in that story that I want

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to share with you which is very important.

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In the story

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of

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try to understand,

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and try to put yourselves in the shoes

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of

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The entire

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community

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is revolving around Rasulullah

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If the prophet is happy with you, you're

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a happy man. If the prophet is upset

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with you, there's no way you can even

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survive in that community.

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Imagine coming to the masjid,

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and no one wants to talk to you.

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Imagine coming to the masjid, and no one

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wants to see you.

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This was the case with Ka'aba Malik

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Why? Because Allah had ordered the Muslims to

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boycott these three people

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for an for an extensive period of time.

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And during that time, Qabi Malik says, I

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would come inside the masjid.

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And I would sit down and pray.

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And while I'm praying, I'm looking from the

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corner of my eye, and I see Rasulullah

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salallahu alaihi wasallam looking at me.

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But when I look towards Rasulullah

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the prophet would turn his face turn his

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face away.

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He says that I would go to everyone

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else, and I would try to communicate,

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but no one would communicate with me.

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Think about the situation of Gabbi Malik

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He goes to his cousin, and he begins

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to ask him that, Do you really believe?

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Do you really believe that I would betray,

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that I don't like Allah and his prophet

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And his cousin did not respond to the

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question.

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Why? Because they were given strict orders by

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the prophet

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Because the orders ultimately came from Allah

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that no one is to communicate with them.

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The entire world is collapsing upon them. And

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not only that, but Ka'bim Malik says, that

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one day I was in the marketplace.

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Once again, put your shoe We put ourselves

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in the shoes of

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Imagine being betrayed by everyone. No one wants

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to talk to us. And if there's anyone

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who gives us any kind of hope, any

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kind of attention as human beings, we would

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take that attention.

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Qabi Malik

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is given a letter

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by a,

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another kingdom, by the king of another kingdom,

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telling Qabi Malik

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that your people,

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your Prophet has left you. They don't wanna

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talk to you. We have heard how you

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get treated in Madinah.

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Come to

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us, we will give your izzah.

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Come to us,

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we will give your izzah. Just like today

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there are so many kuffar who are telling

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Muslims, come to us, we will give you

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their izzah. And at that time, Qa'ab Malik

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says, that

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this was a very difficult decision, but I

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saw a a burning fire. I took that

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letter and I burnt it, and I I

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completely

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got that idea out of my mind that

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I would leave Allah and his prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam. And this was a very

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difficult time, but the point from the story

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is that no matter what the situation was,

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no matter if everyone felt If he felt

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like everyone was boycotting him, and it got

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to the point, brothers and sisters,

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that the prophet

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even told these three people that you are

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to stay away from your wife. Meaning not

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Imagine

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not having your spouse, not having your children,

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not having your community members, and more importantly,

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not having

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And you're going to the masjid every single

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day. But

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even with thin all these difficult circumstances,

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they never left Allah and his

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And

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they stuck with Allah and

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his And Allah

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forgave

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at

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the very end of the story. So the

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point is, from all these stories, whether it's

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Tabuk, whether it's Hunain, whether it's the story

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of Kaabi Malik and

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so forth, is that brothers and sisters,

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we should never ever

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We never ever leave Allah and his prophet

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shalallahu alaihi wa sallam.

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Never give preference to duniya

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above Allah, his prophet The

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minute we give preference to our relationships,

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above Allah, his prophet we

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are doomed. The minute we give preference to

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our wealth above Allah and his prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam, we are doomed. The minute

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we doubt Allah and his prophet sallallahu alaihi

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wa sallam, just like in the case of

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the cave, they never doubted. Rasul alaihi wa

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sallam never doubted. The minute we doubt Allah

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and his prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, we

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are doomed. So these are things that we

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learn from this story. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

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expresses His anger when it comes to the

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Quraysh, when it comes to the Alkitab,

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when it comes to the when it comes

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to the

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and on the other hand, Allah is telling

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us, the Muslim community, that all Muslims,

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be mindful about these kind of things. Be

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cognizant

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about these kind of things. And if you

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want to succeed,

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Allah and his prophet

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they come above everything. I ask Allah

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to grant us the tawfiq to put Allah

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above all of our matters.

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above all of our matters.