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O You Who Believe #19 ā€“ Fulfill Your Obligations

Nadim Bashir

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Channel: Nadim Bashir

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Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Bismillah R Rahman R Haman Hyundai likeable Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge mine I'm about to welcome to another segment of Oh you who believe where we contemplate and reflect on the idea that began with Yeah, you will at the nominal inshallah Starting today we are now going into suitable EDA and certain money that actually begins with Yeah, you will live in Amman No, so inshallah we'll be talking about is number one. However, because there are some many injunctions there are many Afghan related to it number one relate to the subject of time and food, we will not be going through all of

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them. However, we will be focusing only on the beginning portion of this idea. And I also want to take this opportunity to give you a brief background of what the sutra is about, because many of us we actually are aware of, you know, the very well known red suitors in our communities. For example, SOTL Baccarat, many of us have an idea about sotar, Allium, Ron, many of us we have a good understanding of South Africa have Surah Yaseen sotar wa so Rahman was soother ma EDA is one of those sutras actually that was perhaps the last reveal sutras one of the last reveal sutras. And not only that, but we find that there are many things that are very beautiful and very important,

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mentioned by Allah subhana wa Taala in the sutra, so let's begin with number one, which is that what is the connection between the beginning of subtle Maya and the ending a certain Nisa as I mentioned earlier, that every single surah the beginning of every single surah the way it has been put in order, it is connected to the surah B and the surah. Before and in, in particular it is connected to the ending of the surah before so what is ALLAH SubhanA wa Tala mentioned at the end of Soto Nisa, Allah mentioned the hood and then a surah and how they broke their covenant with Allah subhanho wa taala. As a result, there are many things that Allah subhanho wa Taala had initially made lawful for

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them, but because they disobeyed Allah subhanaw taala Allah made them prohibited for them. So when Allah talks about that they broke their covenant and they did not fulfill their their commitment to Allah subhanho wa Taala this is connected to the very beginning of sutra either where Allah says yeah, you're Latina, Amma No Oh forbid, Oh, good. Oh you people who believe fulfill your commitments fulfill your promises, fulfill your your obligations. So this is the very first connection that we have. The second connection that we see is that at the end of certain Nissa In fact, we even find in the beginning of sort of Nyssa Allah talks about Mayawati, Allah talks about inheritance laws, and

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how much will people receive in the family once a person passes away, at the end of the SUTA of Surah Surah Nisa, Allah again talks about money that will be given to family members. So in at the episode of Nyssa, Allah talks about fulfilling the rights of your family members and your relatives. And in the beginning of ceremony that ALLAH SubhanA wa talks about fulfilling the rights of the people of your community and how to establish a proper connection and a relationship with the people in your community. So that is also another beautiful connection that we find in from the beginning of the mighty that with the ending of certain nice out, we also find that Allah subhanho wa taala.

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At the end of certain Nisa, Allah says once again, that he made some certain things unlawful for them, even though they were previously lawful for them. And here in this surah, ALLAH SubhanA wa tells us that when it comes to time, rich food is lawful for you in which food is not lawful for you. And this is why if you just even stay the very first five yards, perhaps 45, is of certain, either majority of the aisle are referring to which animals are lawful, which animals are not lawful. And even when it comes to those animals that are lawful, how are they to be, how are they to be killed? How are they to be slaughtered? All of that is mentioned? And not only that, but who are

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we allowed to marry as Muslims? And who are we not allowed to marry a law that is mentioned in the beginning of settlement either? Now, the next question that many people ask is that, is there a connection or why is it called subtle reminder to begin with? Because many times when we say so that might be that does that mean that this entire surah is talking about a tablecloth or a you know, a table full of food? And the answer is no. In fact, the sweater is named Alma either is in reference to a story that is mentioned at the very end of this surah us

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worry related to insider use phenom and his harati Yuan and his harati are the people at that time they said to a Saudi Saddam that ask ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada to reveal upon us food and tablecloth and so forth. And we will eat from that. And at that time ie Saudi Assam he says on Allah that Allah subhanho wa Taala saying it name when Zeno ha Aleikum, I will reveal this tablecloth upon you that you are requesting however for me yet for ba domain comm for any live VEBO who are there but less why the Boo or harder Mira I mean, this is Allah subhanho Without telling them, I will give you what you're asking for but if you turn your backs if you are ungrateful, and you turn to Cofer after

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this, then I will punish you very severely. So as is as if the Allameh are saying that the reason why this is called Alma ADA is because just like Allah gave them something and he plays a certain expectation upon them. Likewise, Allah subhana wa Taala has given us this Islam and ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala wants he has certain expectations and his expectations from us is that we uphold the religion and we fulfill our obligation. This is why even in certain mighty that and I and number three Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Allah Yo Ma Kamal Tula come Dena come this is an idea that we have heard in every single village Jehovah, that this was the idea that was revealed to the Prophet salallahu

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alayhi wa sallam on the Day of Arafah, signifying that this is the completion of Dean so once again, as I mentioned earlier, sort of Matt EDA is perhaps one of the last suitors to be revealed by Allah subhanho wa taala. Now, the next thing is that what are the major themes of this Surah it is mentioned by Al Hakim he says that there was a story narrated by Jubail even in new pharaoh Jabez Ibnu fate he says that I came for Hajj to Mecca, and I met with Aisha Radi Allahu anha. And this is after the demise and the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So I came to prophesy. I came to I show the Allahu anha and she says that do you read? And have you memorize certain math either? I

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show the hola Juana our mother, she's asking this man that do you read and recite and memorize the surah? He said he gives the answer in the affirmative. And then I saw the alo on as she says, It is the last hoorah to be revealed. And whatever permissible matters that you find in this surah they are absolutely permissible. And whatever you find impermissible in this in the Surah, it is absolutely impermissible. Now the reason why you should have the Allah she's emphasizing upon this is because and I don't want to cane I don't want to, you know, try to create any kind of doubts. But there's a subject of Nassif and mensual in when you study or Lomo Quran, that throughout the years,

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there are some ideas that were abrogated. And we find that in the final, you know, where we find at the very end is Djibouti Italia Assam coming to the province Salem. twice in the last room of one of the Pavarotti, he sums life and he recited the entire Quran from cover to cover. And this is the Quran that we have with Jubilee or Islam recited to the Prophet SAW Salem. So, what Aisha is saying is that there is basically whatever you find the Surah it is absolutely mahkum there is no monsoon in this in this surah So, this is why it is a very powerful surah and if you study this surah there are many advices given by Allah subhanho wa Taala that begin with your Lolita Amanu and they are for

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the establishment of our deen and not only that to ensure that how we can maintain this covenant that we have made with Allah subhanho wa taala. Another thing that's very beautiful about this Deen about the surah is that if you have studied the objectives of Sharia, which is called the Mikasa the shutter em, we find that there are five objectives of the Shetty are number one is the preservation of self. Number two is the preservation of reason or intellect. Number three is the preservation of religion. Number four is the preservation of property. And the last one is the preservation of lineage. There are five objectives of Sharia. And interestingly, all the five objectives of Sharia

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have been covered in Surah tilma, either there are several verses of the Quran, the highlight each of these five objectives of Sharia. So this is why I would always recommend that if you can read certain Majda at the same time, I do want to make our listeners and our readers very cautious of the fact that there are a lot of gum a lot of rules related to the subject of FIP that is mentioned in the sutra. So if you really want to study it, you can just read the translation, but if you want to gain a better understanding, then please refer to your local imam or your local shoe and the oil amount. Now, just like the beginning of the surah is connected to the ending of the previous Surah

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we all

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So find that in every single Surah At the beginning of the Surah, and the ending is also connected. So the question is that how is the beginning of Surah Al Qaeda connected to the ending a certain man either pick up the Quran and read you will find the stories or the sum that has been mentioned. And then at the end we find all Allah who had Yom Yom fow saw the Athena said the poem that this is the day that those who were trustworthy they will benefit the most. The home Jana tune in FAO saw the thinness of the home that their trustworthiness has benefited them immensely on the day of judgment in the home Jana to integer demon data and how to Holly Lena fee her brother, Allah says that he

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will give them a paradise of eternal bliss. And then he says Radi Allahu I'm home what I'll do on that these are the people that Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah subhanho wa taala. Now, what is the connection? The connection is that imagine if there is, you know, imagine there's a agreement, you have created an agreement between yourself and someone else. There's a contract, imagine if that person lived up to the the information and the agreement of that contract? What will you say to that person, we will say that this person is a trustworthy man. Right? He will say that he's a trustworthy person, he's an honest person. So this is why Allah subhanaw taala very

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beautifully at the end of the surah. He talks about those who are trustworthy, and their trustworthiness and their honesty has benefited them, because why they upheld the covenant of Allah subhanho wa Taala they upheld the agreement between them. And Allah subhana wa taala, which is once again mentioned at the beginning of the surah Oh forbid or oath, fulfill your promises and fulfill your obligations. So this is why this is a very beautiful connection, if you see between the beginning and the ending of the surah. Now, let's get into the IRA, the IRA in itself, first of all, Allah subhanho wa taala. He begins by saying, Oh phobia owed now updated Minnesota the Allahu Anhu

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begins by saying that anytime Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, you're living in an AMA No, he says, because this is a man who came to a blood Massaro that he says, advise me give me some advice. Because when I go, I can share your advice with others. And he says that every time you read the Quran, and you come across, Oh, you who believe give your full attention to those ayat. And if you look, if you do the calculation, it comes out to be almost 89 to 90 times in the Quran, Allah says, Yeah, you are living in harmony with all over, you know, there's over a doubt, you know, more than 1000 verses of course we find the Quran. But there are only 989 aiyia to begin with. Yeah, you will

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live in ammo. That means that these are our yard that we have to give our full attention to. Now Allah begins the ayah by saying, Oh, fu the word awful, is it means it's an obligation that you have to fulfill a covenant that you have to fulfill and not just fulfill, but you go beyond the agreement, and you've do more than just the basic fulfillment of your responsibility. So for example, when Allah subhanho wa taala, like when we say that, when it comes to solid, I have to establish my solid i This is an agreement between us and Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, Allah does not benefit or harm by our salon, but this is our agreement as a Muslim, that I will praise Allah to

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Allah subhanho wa Taala every single day. So once again, what is our expectation from Allah? What is the expectation that you just don't only pray your five times daily prayers, but you do more than you're being asked to do? And when it comes to all of our Islamic affairs, we always were always taught that you always try to aim and you try to attempt for your son and that is beyond just the basic bare minimum. So, that is what Ofu means, in the Arabic language. And not only that, but if not bass and Magellan and others they say that this means that fulfill your obligations means that if you have a contract, if you have a contract with someone, make sure you fulfill the terms of that

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agreement and so forth. Now, the the reason why this sutra once again is revealed as many orlimar they say that certain Nisa was talking about an injustice, so many people were treated unjustly in society. So SOTL Nissa establishes those those rights. And now sort of EDA tells us to maintain and fulfill those rights and whatever Allah said, make sure you fulfill that and and to summarize, there are many there are many opinions of the word are queued here, because the word or code is a pearl of the word OKT. And ox means a contract like you know, when we say awkward Nikka the contract or the agreement of marriage. So the word record is the plural of the word act. And so the question is that

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what is this this record what is in reference to it, but I bet so you alone and he says that this is the covenant between us as being the slaves of Allah subhanho wa Taala to Allah subhana wa to Allah, because Allah says that when Allah created us, he asked us a lesson to be not become that Am I not your Lord and we said Bella Shahidullah

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Yes, indeed, and you be witnessed, and we are witness to this fact, the next opinion is given by other scholars such as urbanization, and say they've been summoned others that they say that this is in reference to the contracts that we have created between us and other people. Meaning that if I enter into a binding contract of business, or marriage or anything of that type, than making sure that we have to fulfill the terms of that agreement, and Imamura is for honey, he basically summarizes all these opinions. And he says that here, a load means that number one, fulfilling the obligations and our covenant with Allah subhanho wa taala. Once again, brothers and sisters, we are

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the seeds of Allah subhanho wa taala. And we have to remind ourselves, that we are the seeds of Allah, we're not this, we even though we here many times that we are the servants of Allah, but you have to understand, when you see a servant, that means a servant provides services. And any person who provides services, they are bound by time. So when you provide a service, for example, where you work at, you work from nine to five, for example, that is your service, you're giving the service to your company, and to your job or to your employer, but after five o'clock, you owe nothing back to him. So when we say servant, it means it could serve imply that there are some parts of the day that

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I will worship Allah subhanho wa taala, and I will do exactly what Allah wants from me. But at the same time, there are some other parts of the day that I don't, that's why we call ourselves a slave to Allah, because a slave is always a slave to his master. That means that no matter what situation I'm in, I'm always a slave to ALLAH SubhanA, Allah to Allah. And Allah was means wants me to do things a certain way. And I will do that exactly as he wishes. And the next thing that Imam Ali, as for honey mentioned, is the the vow or the promise, or the commitment that one enters when it comes to their own self mean that taking care of themselves looking after the emaan, and so forth. And

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then the third one is that he says that when you engage in contracts with others, so that's why he says that in light of this idea, you know, he says, strict adherence to all permissible provisions and conditions that are mutually agreed upon, is mandatory on all parties to observe and fulfill their conditions and food to fulfill their promises. And then he says, this covers all agreements, whether it's our agreement, as a as a citizen, as a law abiding citizen, we have an agreement between us and our community when we sign and when we become citizens. It says that you will look after, and you will serve this country in the sense that you will be a law abiding citizen, you will

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uphold the law and so forth. So that is an agreement, even though I mean, you hear many times people say, Well, you know, if you're living in a country that is, you know, that is not governed by Islamic laws, then at the end of the day, we have to, oh, you know, we owe our allegiance to Allah subhanho wa taala, that's absolutely fine. But at the same time, if you live in a certain country, they have you have a certain agreement with our country. And so that's why you have to uphold that when the Muslims went to Abyssinia, the province, I'm told them that you have to uphold the laws of that country in the land that you're living in. So that's why you know, we have to uphold those

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laws. And those agreements, all commitments, alliances, care, charters between us or any other groups. When we talk about contracts, whether it's marriage contracts, business contracts, partnership, contracts, leasing contracts, whatever it may be, we all have to fulfill all those covenants, and all those promises and all those commitments. So this is why this is a very powerful idea. It may be small, in terms of its word count, but it is very heavy and it's very loaded. Think about every single commitment. If you are a parent, if you are a child, if you are a business owner, if you are an employer, if you're an employee, if you are a relative, whatever you are in you owe

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certain people, there are commitments and there are certain responsibilities and obligations on you. Allah is saying that you as a believer, you have to fulfill all those obligations. So I ask Allah subhanaw taala to make us from amongst those who fulfill our obligations, because that is what we are going to be asked about on the Day of Judgment. Remember, Allah subhanho wa Taala will not ask us on the Day of Judgment, that who did not fulfill your who did not fulfill your rights. Today, many of us are always fighting about and we're always complaining about others, that how they violated our rights. Allah subhanaw taala will ask us simply because Allah knows if anyone did you

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wrong, Allah knows. But Allah will ask us, he'll put us on the stand and he will ask us that you had obligations towards other people. You remember the day when you missed you mistreated your employee. Remember the day when you cheated on your work? Do you remember that day when you cheated on your IRS? You know, tax forms. Today. There's so much healing that is going on. There's so many people are trying to get out of their obligations.

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In the commitments Allah is saying you have to take care of that. So inshallah we will conclude over here. The next idea inshallah will cover it's about solid also that begins with your living Amina, I ask Allah subhana wa Taala once again to make us amongst those who fulfill our obligations and our promises firstly to Allah subhanho wa Taala and next to everyone around us, um you know blah blah mean does that Kamala Hi assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

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Yes

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water he wants to label this nema.

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In Medina you know Allah wants to

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feed to Nia or laughing or auntie

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