How to become a Student of Knowledge
Channel: Musleh Khan
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Let's begin in sha Allah with the first introductory topic, which is the etiquettes of the student of knowledge, the etiquette some of the students have knowledge. Now, obviously, you all know that the student of knowledge must have certain qualities and manners that are more deserving to that person than others. You all as students have, you have certain qualities right now that you deserve more than other people, no matter how you look at it. In other words, you are special, you are chosen individuals and all those who might be watching this at home, or we might be watching this on the satellite, eventually insha Allah, I have this to say to you, you are chosen individuals, Allah
subhanho wa Taala invited you to be here. So this is something a quality that you have to understand that you've been picked out out of many, many people, many Muslims to be chosen to take on this responsibility. So that alone should give you some encouragement. And this is why many of the scholars of Islam, many of them, one of the methodologies that is consistent amongst all of them is that before they jumped right into in, they would jump into the etiquettes are very first. So this is the first point that I want to talk to you about is the etiquettes of the students of knowledge. Some of the scholars,
they would spend almost their entire life studying just etiquettes and this is the one of the most classic examples is the example of Imam a chef and his mother told him that if you're going to go to Medina and study with Imam Malik, then the first thing I want you to do is to Allah min Ahmed, he really made me go and learn from his etiquettes and his manners, see how he eats, see how he stands, see how he dresses, see how he walks? See how he communicates with everyone see how he talks to individuals. See how EMA medic disagrees with somebody? Does he just shout out and say no, I don't agree with you This is how long? Or does he have a certain etiquette and how he disagrees. Go and
observe Mr. Malik, before you take from his knowledge before you take from his or even. So the first thing that I want all of you to do is to observe the etiquettes of a student of knowledge. And that's the first thing that you want to do. And I put myself in this situation because since I'm the one sitting in front of you, and I'm going to explain all of this to you, you want to make sure that when you ever you choose a teacher, you choose a teacher, that from the exterior of that person, you see a club, you see etiquettes and inshallah I'm going to talk about this deeper in a moment. So the first thing is you want to make sure that you learn the etiquette of that individual before you take
from their knowledge. This also leads to a person who, who has a very, very keen observation in each and every move that they make. So you are very keen about your movements, you're very keen about how if you happen to meet somebody outside and they come and they tell you that a particular issue is halal, permissible. You have to be very keen on how you respond to that. You'll never find the scholars that if somebody comes to them and gives them this absurd ruling about an issue that they would snap at them. You'll never see the orlimar do this. But the first thing that Darla will do is that they will ask for evidence they would ask Okay, well, if you think that this is how I prove it
to me, if you think that this is how to improve it to me. So you have to be very keen about every footstep you take and every word that you utter. And so this brings us here to the first section if you'd like the way we're going to do this is we'll talk about the etiquettes of a student of knowledge meaning with themselves. And then the second category will be the etiquettes of a student of knowledge and their teacher. And these are etiquettes that are exclusive only to when you study Tafseer I will also introduce to you certain etiquettes that you should have when you study Tafseer alone, studying Tafseer is not the same as studying filk. It's not the same as studying Hadith. It's
not the same as studying also, studying Tafseer can actually be the most difficult science to study if you do it right. So these are some of the things that we're going to look at so let's start off with the first etiquette when it comes to yourself to your your you as a person you as a student of knowledge. Of course this is something that is the most important one which is the last the sincerity of an individual. So this is the first etiquette
so telling people how much you know or who you've studied from or thinking that you may be better than others or criticizing
people around you all of this goes against the etiquettes or the loss of a student of knowledge. This goes against it. And this is why scholars they say that a person who does this knowledge is actually punishing them. Because the more you learn, the more you're supposed to understand that the more sincere you're supposed to be. But if you keep gaining knowledge and you understand it, but it doesn't benefit you in any way, it doesn't change you it doesn't purify you, then that knowledge is a whole jetan Lake it ends up being something that will testify against you on jambul piano so what is it doing, it's punishing you now. So this is how we're in punishes you This is how the poor and
will punish us. So it is our duty that when you study you make sure that you have a class and it doesn't mean that I'm here just for the sake of Allah that's it and that is my class, but also your actions has to illustrate what what it is that you have in your heart. This is why your automotive diesel hot tub when he was memorizing sorbitol Baccarat, it took him nine years to do it. According to one narration it took him eight years to finish so little bacara when he was asked how come it took you so long to do this one Sora he said, it's because every time I read an A and A memorize it I stop and I ponder and I try to practice or implement that I in my life. So that's it almost a
decade of his lifetime, it was reserved to just one soldier alone. So that's the first thing that you want to have and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, do not seek knowledge. If you are going to argue to the ignorant or boast in front of the layman, do not seek knowledge, let top global or in the process, sell them he says do not seek knowledge. If you're going to do a couple of things, if you're going to argue to the ignorant, or you're going to boast in front of the average layman or the average person. So these are two things that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam specifies and he says, For men ferula, their leka fanout hoonah. Whoever does this, so whoever does
seek knowledge, but they seek to argue or to boast, then the prophesy Selim says phenomenal, now it's going to be the fire, it's going to be the fire, he continues to repeat this.
Let's move on to the second etiquette if you'd like. The second etiquette is to cleanse our hearts to cleanse our hearts. What do we mean by this generally speaking, and literally it means to not feel jealous in an evil way not to put down others not looking for a chance to say to somebody, look, you're wrong. Because what happens is that naturally, the first thing that people do, and this is more rampant amongst the youth and the younger students of knowledge than it is with the mature ones, is that the first thing that they do when they learn something is they say to themselves, it's time for me to build model for Nahanni bunco it's time for me to go and command good and forbid
evil. This is actually one of the middle or even the last things that you should do. Because the first thing is a lot as sillage tells us is knowledge is supposed to command you to do good and forbid you to do evil before does others. But unfortunately, especially as I mentioned, for the youth, this is why they go around and they get into arguments. This is why they get into disputes and confrontations with people. Because the first thing is that oh my gosh, I learned this from this shape. I read this from this book. So it's time for me to throw it out to that individual. And this of course goes against the wisdom of a student of knowledge which we will talk about shortly. So you
want to make sure that your heart is cleansed, that knowledge is being done just for you first before it is for others. Number three, when it comes to the etiquettes of a student of knowledge with him or herself, that they need to purify their body from sin purify their bodies from sin.
So this here of course means to have Taqwa and to stay away from evilness as much as possible.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam once said, that a person who seeks knowledge and commit sins is like a candle. The same time it's it is lit up, and it guides people, but simultaneously at the same time, it's burning itself out. So what happens to a student of knowledge that is constantly sitting Remember, this is not those if you'd like, natural setting that every single human being will do. We're talking about the student of knowledge that is careless of his actions, and so carelessly falls into sin that he or she can avoid with just a little bit of effort. This is the person that at the same time, they're learning knowledge. It's becoming of no use to them. It's not
Increasing them in their scales. It's not increasing them in their reward. So as a result, One the one hand, they're guiding people they have answers to give when they're asked these questions. But on the other hand, they're still the exact same person, they haven't elevated their themselves in the sight of a large, so a gem.
We all know the classic example of Imam, a chef here. And I've mentioned this before, so we don't need to go through this in detail. When Imam is Chef, he once went to his chef work here. And he complained to him that he was losing his memory. Now this whole thing has a introductory story behind it. One day event with Sheffield, he was walking to his teacher. And when he was walking, he walked through a path where he saw a marketplace. And in that marketplace, he saw a woman and that woman had her ankle exposed, not her feet, not her arm, nothing like that. It was just her ankle. So Mmm. Scheffer. Instinctively, just as he looked at that section, he turned away immediately. So just
a split second, he saw the ankle of a woman, when he went in front of his shaved his natural method of when he would read to his shift is that he would read from his memory. So he's sitting in front of his chef, and he's reading the book from his memory. But he's slipping every now and then he's making a mistake. So the chef asked him, you know, this is not like you to read to me like this, you're making mistakes. So that's when he says shackled to a lower key or in lieu so he has the file to shed any Illa Tolkien marassi. So that's when he complained to his chef and he said that I complained to him because I had a poor memory. So what the chef told him to do is to leave off sin.
What was his complaint? How much of the memory of Imam Shafi was he losing? According to some scholars, they said, that mm chef theory at that time when he was losing his memory, instead of looking at a page once and memorizing it, he had to look at it twice. And that that he complained about that, you know, swana law, I have to look at his paper twice, and I can't that's unacceptable. So this is the extent of his memory, because you all know there's many narrations in many of his book, even though resell it mentioned that his memory was so strong that sometimes he would take his hand and cover the page that he wasn't looking at. Because he was afraid that if he did look at it,
he would memorize the whole thing. So that's how we met with Chef he was and that is what abstaining from sin does to you. abstaining from sin increases your memory. abstaining from sin causes you to have a sharp mind causes you to have fluency in your explanation of fluency in your tongue. A person who abstains from sin is a person that will develop humbleness in their heart, so they're always going to feel humble of what Allah azza wa jal has taught them. They're always going to feel a sense of gratification in front of an individual, you find that some of the students have knowledge when they listen to a speaker, they may say to themselves, I already know what he's saying, or I've heard
this thing so many times, or this is nothing new to me. So what do they do, they sometimes will fall asleep in front of the speaker, or they would busy themselves with something else, or they just simply won't pay attention to that speaker. A student of knowledge that stays away from sin will humble themselves that they will respect the whole if that cared for in a secret and found more meaning they will respect the idea that perhaps if I listened to it again, I may take something out of this a person with this kind of attitude while law he every single time you hear a reminder and you hear it over and over again, you will get a new benefit over and over again. This is why a shift
moqtada Shanthi at haffi. level low to Harlem. For those of you who know,
what's it called federal body in the Hydras explanation of Buhari, as we mentioned, it's approximately 15 volumes or I think it's 81 of those two, and it's a large collection it is probably the most comprehensive explanation of Hadith in the world today. Chef will thought oshin at one day he walked in front of his class in front of his students and he said to them while law he I have read federal body more than 70 times seven zero.
And I mean the first question the students has is why why did you read it so many times? And the reason why is exactly what we're talking about. Repetition also brings about this humbleness and this is why shaped more thought. I mean, he's one of those individual very unique as a chef, very unique as a teacher, very uniqueness. etiquettes and a lot of this I will share with you as we continue. So you're going to be hearing shepell Qatar's name throughout our discussions in sha Allah. Number four guys, is to understand the students of knowledge must understand in his heart that he is learning
The religion from a from Allah subhanho wa Tada. He must understand that is a lot so Virgil teaching him, Allah azza wa jal is teaching him and this is of course based on a verse in Surah Al Baqarah. It's the verse that they call a a to Dane it is the area of debt. It's the longest area in the entire poor end. And at the end of the area, it ends up by saying what type of law where you are liberal common law, that if you fear Allah azza wa jal, Allah will teach you so telkwa equals or in. The more taqwa you have the more Allah will teach you, the more you continue to fear Allah whatever circumstance you're faced with, the more Allah azza wa jal will give you a very
so number, that's number four. Number five is the student of knowledge must have good studying habits, they must have good studying habits. So let me mention to you the methodology of the scholars of how to study because scholars, they always get this question, how is it that you've retained so much? Like how do you study every single day to get something from Tafseer? To get something from your soul from Hadith from Allah, or from the Arabic from something else on Fifth on all of these different sciences? How do you get a little bit of each every single thing, this is what scholars have said, divide your days into three parts. The morning is for HIV and memorization.
So that's when you're memorizing for and you're memorizing your headings, you're memorizing your poems, you're memorizing everything that you want. Number two is the second portion of your day. Now the second portion is generally between afterthought until McRib, this is the second portion of the day. This is the day that you designate to review, you review the things that you've memorized, and you review the things that you've done in other days. And then it is from after Makarov until the late evening and the late evening could be however late you wish for it to be. And that time is devoted to research, that's when you must learn new topics that you come up with new things that you
hear about, you want to go into all of your books and you research them. So that's usually designated for the late evening. And of course, during the nighttime, it's devoted to pm lane. Now this category categorization of the day, this is only for the students of Ireland. This is not something that you do with your other responsibilities you have outside of Islamic knowledge. This is just for the students of knowledge itself. Number six
is to choose proper companions, choose proper companions, the student of knowledge must also be amongst other students of knowledge. So the people that you're sitting with right now, these are your companions, when it comes to it. These are the people that you should be in contact with, these are the people that you should get to know these are the people that you should be interacting with. So when you leave the masjid, now, it's not a chance for you to just go back home and watch TV or go back home and do this or go back to the other companions that you know may be a distraction for you. Because that is what happens that causes a person to quit halfway. It's normally it happens because
of the people that they're surrounded with. If you are surrounded by committed individuals, you yourself will be committed as well.
Number seven is to try to study Islam, the earliest stage of your life, the earliest stage of your life. And this is why of course the the element they say that a young child is like inscribing onto a rock, the young child when they're learning, it's like engraving into a rock, whereas the old person or the elderly, it's like writing on water. This is a parable that's used in comparison to the memory of a child versus the memory of an elderly person. So this is for number seven, just a side point that I want you to add to your notes. The side point is there are certain foods that scholars have mentioned that they've said that have have had some effect on their memories. Number
one, and I'm really proud of this one is homeless Alhamdulillah so the chef Hello Daniel Rahim Allah was known to eat homeless and nothing else. Sometimes he would go through his entire day an entire week and all he would live off was just a small plate of homeless and apparently it goes back to the what's almost made from again, chickpeas. Yeah, chickpeas, right. So it apparently goes back to that. And I don't know, I don't really know what the secret is. But scholars have mentioned is other than that they've mentioned the black seed, that black seeds should be used in anything and everything that you consume.
Other scholars have mentioned dates, but more particularly the edge dates, as well as the auto updates. These are the two favorite dates of the month.
It's subtle alojar Lee he was seldom other scholars have said that occasionally It is good to include within your diet some some red meat, particularly lamb because lamb even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam favor that type of meat more than any other type of meeting. Other scholars have said generally speaking, this is just to summarize that point, generally speaking, a person should always eat healthy, so healthy they've even described this healthy meaning try to eat all the foods that are mentioned in the Quran. So alone, so a gentleman talks about honey talks about lemon or yogurt, talks about milk and that sort of thing. So try to, I wouldn't say restrict
your diet, but rather focus the majority of your diet on the foods that are mentioned in the poor. And in terms of the Sunnah. Some of the foods that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam loved to eat was parsley was grains, a lot of whole wheat, a lot of bread. As I mentioned to you, one of the favorite meats that he would eat was lamb, more particularly it would be the leg of the Lamb.
There were other narrations as well that he would eat other things. But when it came to the drink, as well, it was water. And it was also lemon. Lemon is obviously a yogurt type drink. Occasionally I see it, it is sold here, but it's something widely available in the Arab world, which is just a lemon drink.
But generally speaking, eating healthy, whatever is considered healthy, is a good way to maintain and preserve your memory and preserve their in that you learn. Number eight is, of course, to have patience. Number eight is to have patience. Basically, one statement is all you need for this section. No patience, equals no worrying period. No patience will never ever give you a limb. And this is as we mentioned earlier that a lot of students when they start off reading a book, and and I mean, maybe this maybe has even happened to some of us as well, you start off a nice book, and you're really excited about it the very beginning. But once you get after the first chapter, the
second chapter, you look at your bookshelf and one other book caught your eye. So you go and you pick up that book, and you start to save that one chapter two, and then you see March the third book, so you go to that, and then you start going into a series of different books but you've never completed one. So just be careful to have patience.
There is no end to it. This is why in the poor and the only Dora Allah orders the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to make his asked me for him out of the Sydney Rain Man keep asking me for knowledge. Number nine, this is the last one when it comes to the etiquettes of a student of knowledge with him or herself is take notes. Take notes. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us in an authentic hadith how you do learn. In other words, how you do it means to trap something. So a promise I sent him says Trapper Elmo, catch it and keep it to you. This is why some scholars they said Elmo, Sidon what key turbo who play doing that knowledge is low seeking knowledge
is just like hunting, but trapping that knowledge and keeping it with you. That's what writing is all about. So seeking knowledge and simply learning is just like the hunter who's just hunting for an animal. But the person who is writing knowledge is the person who has captured that animal and has tightened down and that animal is not going anywhere. That's the person who is writing an Imam
yBnL Josie or a Hema hula yBnL Josie was a famous scholar of Hadith not ignore piramal Josie, this is a different scholar by the name of Ebner Josie Rahim Allah He was a famous scholar of Hadith. He has many, many books, literally hundreds of books under his name, but he was known for a very important story. When Abner Josie died, the students came in they collected all the pencil shavings that he had. Now even though Josie was known to shape the pencil, and he would keep those shavings in a corner in his house, so when when he died, the students came and they collected all of the shavings of this pencil. And it's really interesting. So Hannah, like Darla mother whole life has
bottlecap when the students they collected this they found that there was no warm water to bathe or wash the body of Abner Josie. So what did they do? They took the pencil shavings, and they used it as firewood to boil some warm water and use that water to wash the body of Abner Josie. And then they buried him. Now all the funeral expenses if no Josie had no wealth to pay off his funeral expenses, so the students took the remainder of the pencil shape.
and sold it as firewood and paid off for his funeral expenses, the Suhana love or the mother lizer just bought, okay, everything. Even the pencil shavings are Baraka for them. You know, this is benefiting him even in the effort as well. But the whole point is, is that all of this is a result of it shows you how much he was writing. According to one narration, Josie wrote more than 1 million Hadeeth just out of repetition. This is not new Heidi's that he would discover this is just the headies that he already studied, he would just write them out out of repetition. They said that Mmm. Man wrote even much more than this in his lifetime. So taking notes. Now, let's go to the next
section, which is the etiquettes of a student of knowledge with their shape, or with their teacher,
with their shape, and with their teacher.
Now this all is based on a statement that Mohammed ibni serien, or Rahim Allah who died in the year 110, after the hero, Mohammed ethnicity and was a great scholar of Tafseer and Hadith. And he mentions that this knowledge that you seek is your religion. So make sure you are very well aware of who you take knowledge from. So make sure that you are well aware of who you take knowledge from. So the first point, when it comes to the etiquette of a student of knowledge with their shape, is that you choose a proper shape. You choose a proper teacher, don't just choose somebody that you know fits that role. But you choose somebody that you know is qualified to teach that everyone is
qualified to do this. Now, this is important here as my role in front of all of you. For those of you who probably don't know my background, as a student of knowledge, it's important that I mentioned this to you so you know, where you get your knowledge from. As most of you know, I've spent the last nine and a half years in my life at the University of Medina. And in it there I spent three years studying the Arabic language. And then I spent the remainder of my years. I first started off studying in the Faculty of Hadeeth sciences. That's where I went into initially. And after about two and a half years, I transferred over I actually wanted to go to the faculty of color
and but they didn't accept me. So I went to the faculty of arcada, and also a dean, and that's where I completed my studies. And during that time, I spent my time in school, doing the work that was in school, but I spent most of my time seeking knowledge outside of school. I had one particular *hole melara so Gil preserve me, I think he is just finishing his dissertation in the Ph. D program in Hadeeth sciences. His name was Dr. Mahmoud, Eben Avi backout. And he was actually a student from Africa. And he's doing his PhD PhD right now it had the the sciences. But he was one of the the teachers that sat with me and I read the entire Sahih Bahati to him. And he gave me an
explanation to this. And when the interest the interesting about the interesting about him was that he had also memorized Bahati as well. And he memorized it, and he wouldn't tell me that he did. But I figured it out. Because from Hadeeth, one all the way to the last Hadeeth, he never had a single paper in his hand. So every single day would come and I would read to him the head, he would just sit there and explain everything to me. So that's how you put together martial law. You know, he's probably memorized this entire book, but he had an edge. So in all the nine books of the main nine books of Hadith, including the Muslim, Imam Ahmed, which of course, as many of you know, has more
than 30,000 Hadith in it. Most of my time when it came to fit in Hadith and other studies was, I spent studying under Chef matado Shanti. In his public sessions, I was never a personal student to share more thought. But I sat in his public sessions that he would have in the autumn, usually Thursday night or Friday night, or sometimes the chef would wake up one day, he would send out a text to his students, and his students will spread it all over that he's coming to Medina, he's going to have a session after fudger. So we would just all cram up after fudger. And we would, we'd never know when the shake would finish. But usually, whenever he did, that, we were prepared to
bring our blankets and our pillows, because we would probably sit there for the entire day until our Asia. So this is what I happen to have done. I had about eight and a half years with him in those public sessions. And then in terms of the other things that I've studied, most of it was in the university itself, some of the shields that were there, I managed to get some personal time with them as well. If you want to know more about me, I don't want to just devote half of this time just talking about myself. If you want to know more about me, I'm more about my qualifications than there is a biography
calculator.org that you can see there for your for your reference. So that's the first thing that you want to do is you want to choose a proper shape. Number two, is that you want to respect your shape. You want to respect your shape.
Now this here, it means to respect not only the person that teaches you but respect all the scholars of Islam as well. What's the first problem that people have whenever they listen to a show? The first problem that many Muslims they have is that as soon as that shift makes a mistake, or he or she gives an opinion that is somewhat unusual from what they've been hearing, but that chair brings about solid evidences for that opinion. They say no, no, no, no, this person is off, this person's got problems, or this person doesn't know what they're talking about. So they write them off, they write him off and say, Hello, there's a big x beside his person and set them while they come, they
never take from him again, this is this is something that no student of knowledge has the right to do. Because that shave all the years that they go and spend time learning and sacrificing, leaving their families and every single thing that they've done, and they are not worthy of making that mistake or coming up with a strange opinion with evidences, nobody has the right to just completely write them off, what people do have the right is to question that one factor or question that one opinion and then you go from there, but the shift as a whole has to be respected no matter what this again is a way to increase your status increase your in the way to increase your income is to also
have respect for others as well other shoe youth and their opinions. Number three is you must have proper adab or etiquettes. Now this here, I mean that you must have proper etiquette when it comes to your appearance when it comes to the speech and your general manners generally how a person behaves. So when it comes to the appearance.
mm chef very often Imam Malik Rahim Allah Imam, Abu hanifa as well. These two emails were very well known for one thing, and they were very well known for their beautification in their appearance. Mmm Abu hanifa was known his students narrate this in his books of fatawa. Many, many times that we always used to see the chef bend down and wipe his sandals, anywhere he walks. wherever he goes, he keeps wiping his sandals wiping off the dust off his off of his sandals. Amen. Malik was known to wear a perfume so strong, that if you stood in a Masjid in the morning, in the afternoon time, somebody will walk in that same spot and know that Imam Malik was there because of the scent of his
perfume. So this is many, many, many hours later, they could still smell the aroma of Imam Mehdi magmatic was even took this a step further. Anytime somebody would come and visit him in his home and want to ask him questions about Hadeeth. He would tell them Okay, hold on, we'll stay in front of the stay in the front door, and just wait for me. In my medic, we'll go and take a shower, cut his nails, trim his moustache, put on his best clothing, just to come downstairs and meet his guests. And he says yes, how can I help you? So when he was asked, you know, the medic was asked, Why do you do this? So you met Malik responded and said, this is the responsibility that I have to
have one I carry the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is just profound. This is just some amazing things you read when you look at the biographies of some of these scholars and how seriously they were weathering them. Unfortunately, today, brothers and sisters, especially for myself, Alhamdulillah. all the countries that I've been in, there's very few places where I can say that when I look at a shape or a look at an instructor or look at this teacher, that just from the exterior of that person, they really uphold all the etiquettes of a shape or a teacher. A lot of them have their hair all over the place or the beers are just poking everywhere or the thobes or the
shirts, I have never seen an iron, you know the simple little things that really add a certain if you'd like perfection to the exterior of this individual. I shave, a student of law or a teacher must always be keen even in his or her appearance. They are always keen about how they look and how they smell. They always are keen about the things that they wear. If it looks proper, if it looks you know according to you know scholars and how they dress they're always trying to imitate other shoe as well. So one of the ways that you know you have a serious shaved, I shaved that really takes his knowledge seriously and really take
is understanding seriously is you just look at his exterior. And this will tell you this will paint a huge picture of the kind of person that he or she is
when it comes to number four, and this is something that I make wedge it for all of you, okay, so make sure that you write this down. This is why Egypt for me is that you must pray and make dua for your teacher. Okay, so this is what it for all of you, you must pray or make dark for me or you all fail. I am.
this is something that and the reason why brothers and sisters, this has mentioned here is that simply when you pray for an individual, then it naturally builds your love and appreciation for that person. Imagine if I know Ahmed, and I pray or Allah, I ask Allah forgive Ahmed, automatically naturally in my heart, the next time I see a hermit, I will see him in smiles, I will see I will welcome him I will I will think about him, he would become a very special person to me. So that's what Dora does. A Dora also brings hearts together. This is why there's so much emphasis in the Quran and the Sunnah to make dua for others. This is why the reward of a person who makes to offer
somebody else the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us that whatever Dora you make for an individual for your brother, Allah gives it back to you 10 times more. So if you ask Allah, Oh ALLAH forgive brother, so and so our sister so and so Allah will forgive you 10 times more. So I mean, I don't know what other incentive a person will ever need to include others in their door. Now, going back to the teacher, this is even more so for a teacher, because the greatest gift you can ever get from your teacher is the greatest gift your teacher can ever give you is the gift of Islamic knowledge. This is something that was encrypted in my mind, from all the shifts that I've studied
with all of them used to tell us the same thing they used to say, this is the greatest gift that I can give you. I can't give you anything in my life except what I've what I've been taught. And so I say the same thing to all of you, I cannot give you anything better than what I have studied in my years as a student of knowledge. Number five, and we just have about two more and then we will go into a brief introduction to Tafseer. Number five is patience concerning the faults or the mistakes of your shale patients concerning the faults or the mistakes of your shape.
So no matter how big the fault is, the shape will always have faults. As I do my Tafseer you might be listening to something and thinking to yourself, well, that's the first time I've ever heard that. Or I've never heard anybody else say it that way. Or it's going to sound strange to you. Your duty as students is to come up to me and say brother Muslim, this is how I understood it from you. Could you explain or I don't understand this point, your job is to make sure that you understand everything that I say so if I make a mistake, then at least I can bring out that mistake and say, you know Subhana Allah Allah forgive me, but it was a mistake, this is incorrect. And then
inshallah, that way I can also correct it in front of all of you as well.
Number six is
now by the way, just writing your notes all of this points are not things that I've made up. These are all based on a book entitled, Hillier to volleyball or in basically it is the beauty or the jewels of a student of knowledge, the jewels of a student of knowledge, and the author. His name is Bukhara. Abu Zaid or Rahim Allah Baqarah Abu Zaid Rahim Allah is one of the contemporary scholars. I believe he died two years ago in Riyadh. He has many, many books. And one of the unique things about Bukhara Abu Zeid. He was also part of the committee of senior scholars of Saudi Arabia that the council, one of the really unique things about bhaker Abu Zaid Rahim Allah is his Arabic language.
Some of his students described him that he would speak like a companion of the Prophet sallallahu. He was setting them like his classes were that difficult. And his classes were only restricted to Arab students. And even the Arab students had to study his words and study how to understand what his intentions were. And when you read his books, you see this. Anytime you read Becker, Abu Zeid book for the Arab students here, just have a dictionary beside you, because this the language is so eloquent and
So strong, it is literally very, very difficult. Even shake off a meme, took one of his books and explained it. So it just went from Arabic to Arabic again, and he explains it. So
all of these points they come from here. And so one of the points that he mentioned in his book is number six is to sit properly, sit properly as a student of knowledge. So this is basically a respect that you give physically to your teacher. So all the respect that we always hear about is something internal, but an external respect that you give to somebody is, you sit in a manner that you know where you least can give the impression that you're with that teacher 100%. And number seven, and this is the final one before, I don't know if we have Yeah, we have some time
that we will continue with the introduction to Tafseer. The final etiquette of a student of knowledge with their teacher is that they speak in a proper manner. So you address the teacher in a proper manner, proper tones and things like that.
This is why, according to some of the students of Shaykh Murthy mean and Chef basil Rahmatullahi, Allium, they used to give out their home phone number to their students. They used to give out their home phone number to the person who wanted to argue with them. So if a person stood up and said, I disagree with you, Chef, the chef would write down his home pharmacy or give me a call. And let's talk about it. What did the chef do here? The chef would try to control that emotion and said, Look, let's talk privately. This is why I'm a chef. He says I never ever respond to this person who publicly disagrees with me. I never respond to them. I ignore them completely. When they ask me,
Chef et Why do you do that? and Amanda sheffy. And these are his exact words. He says, I want to leave him so that he can live in his misery and stupidity. That's his exact words. I want to leave him to live in his misery and stupidity. So the person who publicly disagrees who stands up and does this is in and of itself, embarrassing them on self. And it clearly shows that this person is not ready for him.
So I hope that insha Allah what are the some of these points here were beneficial to you in terms of molding our hearts and preparing ourselves to accept knowledge by doing these things brothers and sisters in sha Allah will make it very easy for all of us to learn, to understand and to preserve knowledge in our hearts and in our actions. So the next topic in sha Allah.
By the way, we will conclude in about maybe 10 minutes Okay, so we will conclude on 820 and that's when we will pause and Shaolin prepare for the Sala. So let's just give a brief introduction to Tafseer. And in sha Allah in our next session on Tuesday, that is when we will officially begin with the first verse of sorbitol Fatiha So today, we want to talk about Tafseer tafsir
comes from the verb fissara fissara. Now these are three letters scholars, they have a difference of opinion of what exactly tafsir entails. To give you a general introduction Tafseer is to expose something, it's to expose something that was hidden. Now this naturally whenever you define TIF sealed, it's only natural that you would also add to it the word wheel and we want to also define the word wheel. So we have tafsir. Now, wheel comes from the word our Wallah, our means to turn to turn around or to give somebody your back. This is what a villa is. Now to look at these both or to relate them together as poor ethnic sciences. That's when you need to look at the Shetty our
definition of both of these terms. So let's go back to Tafseer. Now, so we just looked at it from a linguistic point of view. Now we're going to look at it from a *tier or an Islamic point of view. When it comes to Tafseer of scholars they give a general definition Tafseer is the discussion of the camp of the poor earn meaning you are discussing the various sciences of the Horan, the Hillel and the Haram of the Quran, the different structures of the ayat of the Quran and so on. So basically in a nutshell, you are studying the cam or the rulings of the poor and now the rulings of the Quran are many. And there is there are many books that are related to the rulings of the Quran. One of them in
English as many of you noticed, yes or call this introduction to the sciences of the Quran. So it has a list there of all the different sciences of the Quran. All of these things are related to the Tafseer of the Quran. So basically look at today
See here as you are exposing an exterior understanding of an area. So you basically lift and you look at the area itself and you try to extract whatever benefits and understanding from that area you can. So you understand the structure of the area, the context of that area, what surrounds that area, the position of that area, how does it begin? How does it end? Why does the area start off this way and not some other way? So that's all Tafseer.
When it comes to, we'll talk we'll and Islamic definition, there are approximately six opinions according to the scholars or what we'll have the poor areas. But in a nutshell, one of the most common opinions, and this is an opinion that I like, as well, Mr. Schaeffer uses this opinion as well, which is the test that we'll have the poor end is Tafseer so everything that TEF Sierra does, that is that wheel, but in addition to that, it is also to expose the hidden meanings of the poor and the hidden meanings of the Quran. Tafseer doesn't do that. The series is only restricted to the actual appearance and meaning of that portion and any supporting evidence as to it. Whereas Tafseer
sorry, we'll now is everything that Tafseer does, but in addition to that, it is the hidden meaning of the Quran. Now to understand that we know how it works, you need an example. So here's an example of we'll
a lot so Jill says in the poor and in Rebecca LaBelle mirror side, in Rebecca LaBelle mirror side. Now in this area here when you look at the Tafseer of the area. In Rebecca bill mirror sod, it means that Allah azza wa jal is aware of all of your actions, Allah is aware of all of your movements, everything that you do, that's the Tafseer of the area. But the wheel of the area is a lie. So a gem is aware of every mistake and sin that you commit.
So you see how it works. The fact that Allah azza wa jal is aware of every single action you do, that we the hidden meaning behind it is Allah azza wa jal is aware of every mistake that you do.
There are many, many other examples that you can look at, when it comes to the wheel.
Other examples work like this. If you take a particular area, for example, in soda to use of Allah azza wa jal says tilka to look at a bill moving so a lot, so it just starts off with Alif Lam RA, this is the book that is clear in meaning and wording. That's the Tafseer of the A, it's clear in its meaning and wording. Now what's the wheel of the area the wheel of the area is Allah azza wa jal describes the poor and and he says, tilaka He doesn't say has.
Now Allah uses tilka tilka is a dummy or a pronoun that is used for things that are buried things that are far away. So why would Allah describe the poor and that it's far away, but you have it in your hands, that we have the area is Allah is saying to you, that you have the Quran in your hands, but at the same time, you don't, you may think you have the Quran with you, but you're never really going to have the Quran. So I hope that that gives you a bit of an insight of how we works. Who is the one Sahaba that the prophecy seller may derive for to have to read of the Quran. Even at best, a bit about sort of the alohar in human prophecy, Selim never said Oh Allah give him Tafseer of the
Quran. It says, given that we'll so to summarize this discussion, every time we'll is Tafseer. But not every Tafseer is a tuck we'll Okay, so I hope we see that one of it is restricted to the external structure and understanding of an area, whereas the other is both. It's the hidden or the internal meaning, as well as the Tafseer or the external meaning, second category, so we've defined it. Now the second category and this is the one that we're going to conclude with insha Allah hotelera
second and final core category that I think is very, very important for you to understand is the shuttle are the conditions for a professor who is allowed to make or interpret the poor end, what does he or she must have in order to qualify to interpret the order and so this is the conditions of a move. So number one, when it comes to the conditions of amorphous center is that they must be very
prolific, very fluent in the Arabic language. So a person who doesn't know the Arabic language and just reads an English Tafseer This is a person that has no right to interpret the interpret the understanding, but what they do have the right to do is interpret the translation that they've read. So they can basically take a translation and said this is what it means. But if they don't understand Arabic, they can never do tough suit of the Quran. And I think that's something that's naturally understood. Number two is that the person in addition to knowing the Arabic language is that they should also be well versed in the grammatical sciences of the Arabic language, so that
only should they just know how to speak because I know you know, a lot of you may meet some some brothers or sisters who can speak Arabic very fluently, very well. But if you ask them well, what is some of them be or what is sought for what is this or whether you start ask them certain grammatical terms, they will say to you very clearly, look, I can speak Arabic, I can understand it, but I don't know the grammar. This clearly shows you that grammar is a science by itself. And I remember even in, but they're just missing that key ingredient, which is the grammar. So the person has to be well versed in the number three from the conditions of the manifester is that they must be well versed in
all the sciences of the poor end. So they know they must know what is a mahkum. What is motor Shelby, what is NASA unmanned, so what is the wheel and have seen of the poor and they must have a general idea of what each of the sciences of the poor end is talking about. Now, I've taught this course here before right here in this message, where we went through all the sciences of the poor and all the major topics. So I don't know if this is available here in the masjid or not, but you can see if it is, if not, then I refer you to chef Yes, or polities book the introduction to the sciences of the poor. And that will give you a very, very good background of each of the sciences
and what they talk about. Number four, from the fourth condition of the Morpheus setup,
is that the manifester must also have a good solid background of all the sciences of Islam. So they should know something about something about Hadith something about also something about FC a they must know, General, generally all of the sciences of Islam, they should know what they're talking about. So if somebody were to come up and ask them, What is the Bella or the eloquence of this area, they should know what Bella is talking about, and they should be able to respond. So they should have a background of knowledge of all the sciences of Islam.
Number six, or is this number five? Yeah, number five, is that the mu festival should
and must, I should say,
be very fluent in the recitation of the poor n and all of its rules and principles. So this here, then we'll first Sarah should be able to recite the core and fluently with all of its rules and principles, meaning it's Tajweed that mufas sera must be able to know and implement all the touch read rules of the poor end and implemented very well. Number six,
from the shuttle or the conditions of the manifester is that the manifester should also have a good strong background of the history of an Islam, the history of the religion. So this goes back to the biographies of all the prophets and the messengers and the sahabas. And all those who came in between they should have a good background. Why is history so important when you when you study or Tafseer of the Quran, because this way, as we will see, stories is part of interpreting the poor end. So sometimes we will not have a hadith or an or another verse to explain an area. So what are we going to rely on? We're going to rely on what the Arabs would have said about an area we're going
to rely about on a particular poem that the Arabs would have been using to understand a particular verse. Every single Tafseer of the Quran has poems in it, every single one of them, all the scholars who have written to have seen they have poems to add on to that still. Now are you allowed to use poems and rely on that as a Tafseer of the core and this is where we say no, I poem cannot explain an idea but it can be a support to understanding an idea. So that's why it's important for the manifester to also have a good background of the history of Islam and the history of some of these stories as well. Finally, the last one that I want to leave you with and inshallah we conclude with
that is, the manifester should also be somebody and
This is something that I find is important for our society. This is not something that I find is, is founded any books, but this is something based on my own experience that I give this to you. I don't even want to say that it's a condition for a manifester. But it's something an attribute that a manifester should have. And that is that person should be known by the community to be somebody that understands pour and they should have the reputation that yes, you know what you can ask brother so and so about that a soda, or you can ask him or her about that area, because they have Tafseer classes, they've done Tafseer of disorders before we know him in our society, in our community, to
be a person that understands por en. So this is something I find really, really makes it important, very relevant when you study for an you somebody that is already been familiar already been out in front of the public eye and doing this and just for all of you just so that you know, this is something that I do on a continuous basis of hamdulillah. I have gone through the Tafseer of solar the use of more than a dozen times. It's something that I also teach with the ALC Health Institute. I have also taught the Tafseer of soda tea as seen so little rock man, I am currently doing the entire tessuto of juice I'm at another Masjid and here is what I will be doing the Tafseer of Surah
Fatiha in terms of Tafseer of other suitors that I haven't presented yet, but I've already written them. I have written in my own notes and collected within my own notes a Tafseer of half the Quran. So I have gone from skeletal Baccarat and I've stopped in the last maybe year now I haven't continued but I have to see that I've written for myself just for my own benefit from so little Baccarat to just about the end of solid is raw. So that's what I have. So I have that already prepared. And those are the notes that I will be sharing with you in sha Allah Allah tala. Unfortunately, I had written them. So I got a you know, modernize them and put them on computer. So
that way I can present it and it'll be easier inshallah, for any of you who wish to have those notes with you. Occasionally I will try to, to set up PowerPoint slides as well, depending on what we're talking about, especially when we come to sort of the use of it's interesting because when we come to sort of use it for solitude and sort of newness, sort of regarded as well suited Ibrahim this particular sort of It's nice to see certain diagrams and maps of the warehouse use of Ali Salaam, how he traveled from Philistine to Egypt, and how Eunice la Salaam and who the alleys and all the travels that they've gone throughout the world, and the different areas that they settled in and how
many Muslims came and follow them, these are just kind of interesting for you to look at. So inshallah we will try to have those also prepared and make this as practical as we can. This is not always going to be the setup of how we're going to do this. Many times I will walk around many times, I will ask you to give me your own feedback, we're going to try to make this as engaging as we can, it is not just going to be me sitting here talking to you. Because if that's the case, then I need a lot of Tim Hortons. Okay, to keep my voice going. So having said that brothers and sisters, I hope that this introduction inshallah has been beneficial to you as it is for me, we ask Allah
subhanho wa Taala always in forever to give us the trophy and the success. Let's go through the journey of understanding the book of Allah azza wa jal, just think about how many Muslims have lived and died and lived for many years of their life and have never read the understanding of the entire poor and once. So this is a real treat not only for myself, but for all of you to go through the book of Allah azza wa jal and know what he he is saying to all of us. In addition to that, wherever I can, I will also bring in some biblical interpretations of some of the verses, anything that from the Old Testament and the New Testament that is supportive to a particular idea, I will bring that
as well just for your own information because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us not to refuse this book, but don't depend on it either. So just find a middle ground between the two. So there are certain areas where we can use some of the big biblical references and see how Subhana Allah how similar some of the verses are, and how some of the Old and New Testament support these verses as well. And this is also very good for all of us here living in the west to living in this society. This is something that you also need to do you need to study the Bible. You need to study the other scriptures and understand what the other surrounding religions are, because at the end of
the day, we are a minority, so we need to know what the majority is learning and what they understand. So this is completely important, just as important what we wish to do insha Allah, as we continue, I will share with you some of the other things that we will do. So having said that, we ask Allah azza wa jal protect us to forgive us. May Allah
La subhanho wa Taala rewards you all for being here. We were to offer your patience. And please encourage all of your families and your friends to continue to join us next week, Tuesday after mclubbe. We're after Darwin and in hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat, WA Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh