Fiqh us-Seerah – Ep.18
Channel: Munir Ahmed
Series: Munir Ahmed - Fiqh us-Seerah
File Size: 36.75MB
The Migration of the Prophet
When studying, study
move on to Lil polantis Allahu Allah Masha. Allah Allah illallah wa sallahu la sharika wash. St. Anna, Wahhabi Bana was swatara Mohamed El Paso La la la la la la la la he was a habit the human tabea Hola, yo Medina about
the Solomonic refer to La La tala young filler as you can see Tina Wyatt a couple minkner
la awali Hinata local y la Houma see Willa Holloway La quwata illa Billah e la de la creme nwsl oberhelman nerfed risk of Vasya What a hell of a La quwata illa de la la la de la creme for Kanata Allah phylloquinone and Hakeem in the lotto Malaika who sell lunarlon Yeah.
He was selling Buddhists Lima allama Muhammad Ali Mohammed
Ibrahim Allah Allah Ibrahima innaka. Hamid Majeed.
Praise be to Allah we praise Him, we seek His forgiveness, guidance and his mercy We ask Allah to accept our efforts and our deeds. We ask Him to forgive us and to guide us always. We ask Allah subhanaw taala to give us useful knowledge and understanding and to make our sustenance wide. And on him we depend alone and to him is our goal. We send peace some prayers as we've been commanded by Allah, on his final messenger and all the messengers and especially his final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
We left in the middle of the hedgerow in the last lesson. And the hijra is enormous lis significantly.
enormously secret as an example for us, and also to show us the level the level and test and trials faced by Sahaba
by the Maha jurien. And the answer actually, when we talk about his euro, of course, it's the migration of the Sahaba, from Mecca to Medina. So he just seems to indicate the migration as though it was heavily stacked in favor of the Sahaba migrating to an extent. But actually, what you get on the other side, as you'll see, is equally weighted like that. The Quran shows it as well.
And how Allah was pleased with both those parties. And to this day, why the titles of Mohamed el Mahajan been well answered as used the helpers and those who migrated in a similar level and their sacrifices, some of which I mentioned last time and some of the stories of those who migrated and what was at stake. But the significance of hater up cannot be
reduced as it were in our eyes because to the extent that's why our been a hot topic, and with other Sahaba they decided to start a jury calendar, the criminal history at time of the law firm of madmen cop Tom de la and and considering the death date of the prophet SAW some considering the birthday of the prophet SAW Islam they were part of the consideration. The one left because they were billing us, they were left because they decided Sahaba even though there were significant days, that the Hydra was what they were going to choose to start and therefore we call it the history calendar because of that, and the virtues of migration. I mentioned as I mentioned some areas in the Quran
last time, and Zarin asked me a good question at the end of the last session saying Was there anything specific that came to make the Hydra obligatory from the Quran? When I look at it, there's nothing specific from a chronic that come in Makkah making it obligatory for the Sahaba to to do the Hydra or or you can say as Babu the situation.
In a revelation that it came in, we have nothing authentic, clearly stating that we can see from how the hedra took place, in contrast to the his right to add a senior, where Rasulullah saw some get permission for Sahaba to migrate to Abba Sr. But it was not an obligation himself and many Sahaba stayed behind. For Medina, it seems it may have started off also as a permission as an many Sahaba. Some left very early, some left later. And the last to leave.
In that original was Rasulullah saw Salaam with Abu Bakar on the on the story which we started last time, but some Sahaba even migrated after that.
Perhaps they were in a difficult situation, or they were captured. And I gave you a story on one who
was captured initially and stayed there. And later when I would have been hooked on the law and sent him a chronic ayah. Yeah, he realized and felt guilty and got up and took a long one on the camera migrated. So that must have been a year or two after that. So the migration continued. So it seems it may have started as a permission by the solo bustle of life solo to migrate to Medina. And then that permission gradually changed one obligation from all on the base of our son we have it sort of indirectly. indirectly. And and that understanding is clear with majority of Alabama, that this was the case that the hatred for the Sahaba and for the for the Russell was obligatory and it was trying
to test for them as well to leave all their belongings etc to forsake their land, where they've been brought up, etc, etc. and all that stuff I mentioned to you last time, so great virtual reward was given on that line. And if the Quran came, it seems mostly Medina because even though
Akram and Amari, who I'm saying has, in his research, remember in the first lesson I mentioned that has done the setup from the beat, the life of the prophet SAW on most most authentic reports. Even he mentioned an ayah from Surah Toba
in which Allah subhanho wa Taala says
pull in Canada
if one was were to come wa*a to como una Katara to Nico Tara to Moo ha what ijarah Tatiana casada Misaki mu Tarragona
la camino lon you are assuming what he had in FISA de facto robbers who bet are robbers who had to love me Emory law Ola. Yeah, Bill Komal. First up in indicates that perhaps this was revealed to encourage and to push and drive the Sahaba from leaving McCann other places to go to the Hadrian in Medina, but it's not direct in regard. If you look at the ayah This is part of sort October.
So October, sooner. Toba is revealed very late on at the Hajj of Abu Bakar of Johann you're talking about around the ninth year, after hegira only a couple of years before the Prophet Solomon passed away less than a couple of years.
So this is part of Serato but it is not a monkey I so it can't be linked directly with it's telling the Sahaba No, but it has a general meaning actually the word he tries not even mentioned here, if you look
because Allah says,
say that if your father's and your children and your brothers and sisters and your partner's wives and husbands? Yes. And your tribes and your wealth,
riches that you have acquired and the Business and Commerce that you are in fear of losing or making a loss in and the places that you dwell in. They are more loving to you and more dear to you than Allah and His messenger.
Yeah, Allah and His messenger and striving it says what he heard in feasts of Ealing. Now Jihad here can have the wide meaning striving and it can include Hydra very doesn't say yeah, Hydra in the way of Allah doesn't specify the Hydra. So this area is taken a nice wide meaning is coming much later after the Hydra. In fact this ayah is revealed after he has been canceled.
When was it canceled? I told you last time
la hijikata la he's gotta battle fat
what's the *? But to Mecca when which is you talking about? Around seventh eighth year? Yeah.
Which will come clear later about the eighth year that Mecca is opened up
so the problem is are some the Hydra which was obligatory? That's another indication as they said if you sang in Buhari that the promises syrup is canceling the Hydra which must have been obligatory before that.
So I said there's no heat right now because there's no need to do a draft from Petra Medina. Yeah and Islamic spread so you can stay in your settlements in places. Yeah. So the promises from therefore he said law after battle
Illa Warlock in Jihad Rania, what is Lester confer tome fen fue. However, he said, however struggle and that can include warfare, if necessary against those who are attacking you. And Mia, your intention continues?
The good intention, the right intention, even though the Hydra and I thought I told you last time, what does he mean by that, that you'll never migrate for the sake of a lie anyway, of course, it doesn't mean that it means that particular Hydra, we may find ourselves as believers in situations that I mentioned last time in the lesson for I'm not going to go into it again, that we may need to migrate for the sake of Allah. Okay, for various reasons for the sake of Allah. And that is still continued. We can't say from now on Well, I can't do now doesn't mean that it meant that Pedro which was obligatory at the time, yeah. So if I saw the good intention continues, and if you are called
meaning by the government to come to arms when you're under attack, then come. Okay. So this is the Hanif that mentioned and of course, famously in regards to everything I mentioned it last time, but just for completion again, this hadith which is the most famous hadith of Rasulullah, saw Salaam because books on fecund or soul and books on Hadith, open with this Hadith, always in the molap megalomania.
Surely every deed is judged by its intention, the heads of intention in the malamala Binya were in the Malika limber in Manoa, a surely every person will have meaning reward for what they intended. For men cannot he's not the who illawarra suing for his villa la hora soli, whoever is his raw migration is for the sake of Allah messenger than their migration is for the sake of Allah His Messenger because the word hitrans mentally well man cannot he dropped the hula Tonia you see who how an alum Ratan Yun ki Hua 400 to a llama ha de la. Whoever does migration for the sake of some worldly gain or to marry a person then their hatred our migration is for that reason.
Some of the stuff I mentioned about this abuse but here to indicate you don't find this Hadith, specifically and only linked with the migration of Rasulullah Islam and the Sahaba because its meaning is much wider. Therefore the majority of Allah ma use deck in link with having a good intention about things that you do for the sake of Allah to please Him, isn't it? This is the most famous of these this used to to remind us of our good intentions, are they for the sake of Allah Allah for some worldly benefit? Because we may get the worldly benefit but nothing else. So this study is seems the professor some senate around the time of the hatred link with the Hydra brace
meaning is much wider.
Meaning is much wider, not linked with just the hatred.
So the Quranic ayah are coming in a general sense, and some of them came specifically about the Hydra mentioning the virtues of those who had already migrated. For example, if you look at Surah Baqarah
218, Allah Subhan Allah says, in Allah VENA ermine, who will levina Hajj Oui. Oui, c'est de la oola era Jonah una Motta law, one law who a fool Rafi am surely those who believe
they migrated. Latina hajimeru wa jal, Wagga doofus and they strove in the way of a law such as those Yes, who can write the hope for the mercy of a law with mentioning virtues and
award will level four is surely ALLAH is forgiving, Most Merciful. This area is not an indication this ayah didn't come.
This ayah is in Al Baqarah Surah Baqarah is a magne surah
it's a madness surah it was revealed in Medina, okay? So after the hijra, it is revealed. So we can't say that this is
for example, and I had to do with
telling them but certainly Anya because as I said to you, in Medina, Revelation continued, and perhaps that was, which was permitted initially became obligatory eventually for all believers to go to El Medina, the prophet city to bolster up and to benefit from that city, the likes of which was never there before, under the prophet SAW some leadership and spiritual and other leaders to go and benefit from the Sahaba to learn and to develop and to come close and to be there to support and to be helped
to have to be helped in regards to donia and ophira.
So much so that
it is reported also that those would migrate to a senior
those who migrated the first migration around the fifth year of prophethood. Yeah, for them, it became obligatory seems, and they were driven once the promises to establish Almudena after high bar which will come later after the Battle of highborn. When it is conquered, around that time, it became obligatory for the people from other senior also to migrate and they did and the profits are some gave them the glad tiding of reward of 200 the first which they did to avicennia and the second they did for the sake of Allah messenger Medina
they will give them the reward of two hundreds
and the likes of the encouragement for Hydra again mentioned in Surah Toba verse 100. where Allah says
was Serbia una una Mina mohair g Nina Well, sorry, well levena Cava whom bs near rhodiola one on all the long run wah
wah della whom Jana taggi. Rita
Pauly, D nappy.
Radical foes all the ins for those sabich boon. Those who lead the way, the ones who first made the sacrifices. They're not the same as those who come later, with SABIC. Well, those who lead the first of the immigrants, Manohar jurien, noticing he mentions one saw, as I said to you earlier, on equal footing and those who received them and help them while unsolved, and will Edina will that will lead into trouble those who followed them in the best possible manner. Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Allah. He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow they're in, they will abide forever, that is a supreme trial. So this is a kind of encouragement and
reward being promised again, Toba to isolate surah Madani surah talking about those who saw the Walloon what had already gone by mentioning the examples, mentioning them as as, as stars for you to follow this kind of sacrifice is what's going to give you a success. Look at these what they did before that's what the Quran saying here. Look at what they did. So if you follow this way, follow that kind of attitude and belief in Allah and willing to sacrifice Yeah, not for worldly gains, but for his pleasure, then you will end up like these with gardens underneath which rivers flow.
just I wanted to begin by reminding because it is such a significant thing. And we come back to the story of a solar loss last time if you remember
that we left them in a situation of the cave as soon as Abu Bakr Abdullah Abu Bakr used to come as I said to you last time to in the evening time. Yeah, bringing any provision and also news of what was going in Mecca cos in the early morning, he should leave by the time it was sunlight. He was already in Mecca, away from the Cave of Seoul, to the south of Mecca. So he's used he's coming back information. What definitely
Who they sending out giving information to Rasulullah saw Salaam that they put on the eggs of aboubaker. And him whether dead or alive, captured or killed 100 camels as a reward. So that's the kind of information he's bringing. And also, after three nights to say that things have sort of calm down, there's not so many people roaming around looking for you, except the very ardent ones were really after the reward. Yeah, the other thing I would add is gone now, three days in the scorching sun here and there and can't find him. So they've given up You see, that's what happens naturally, wouldn't it? So things settle down. But as I said to you, the sort of less less of a worker stayed
three nights in the cave of soul hiding away there. And also, I mentioned you already play for Hara, who was the shepherd, the same of abubaker used to bring the goats and sheep in the evening, and give the milk from that to the zoo. last lesson, and I will back up as well. And aside from that, now.
And I mentioned all the things to do with the weapon that pigeons and all this kind of thing there any details about what was going on in the cave and killing snakes on getting Bigtable bucket. And none of this is authentic. Much of it is exaggerated.
And coming from stories that people made up, because those are people who were, who were storytellers, and storytellers always like to embellish things and exaggerate things. So be careful of what you read in the detail of what people have made up, as I've told you throughout the Sierra lessons here. And these things are good. So I said to you that last time that they came so close looking for a solar Islam, the enemies to kill them, that our Baccarat
could see and set to the Messenger of Allah inauthentic report that he could see that feed era. So Allah can it's not a deep cave and a big kid. He said, era Salalah. If they but look down at their feet, they will see us.
And I mentioned this to you last time. Okay, so that's how close they came.
That's how close they came. Nothing about the web was and the pigeons were keeping them away. And as I said, last time, I imagine a massive wedge web covering the mouth of the cave, in the think, Oh my goodness, that's a strange thing, isn't it? Oh, go there. Look at that big web covering the mouth of the cave and never seen the web that big. Let's go and have a look. Yeah. And you have no idea of pigeons with a nest near the mouth, mouth of the cave because then abubaker won't see their feet right next to his mouth. The cave and see if they look down to see is because I'm far away from the pigeons. So the authentic is that came right to the mouth of a cane. The only thing that stopped
them looking down and seeing them was what Allah Allah decided to put possible if it was true story, but love doesn't even do that. And look at a conviction of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. And I mentioned this last time the truth of his prophethood that even though aboubaker believes and the best of believers
Yeah, but he's behaving like a human being not a prophet. Look at the prophet SAW Selim. absolute conviction that they're not going to find an arm.
So that's why he says to him, postcode, Yaba Buck
was Katya Baba,
is Nan Allahu Sani. So Homer,
the two and the third of them is Allah who's with us? And the Quran mentions it as well. So is absolutely convinced. Yeah, that's why the Quran says, as I mentioned last time, Sunny, his name is Houma is Houma. Phil hore is yaku sahibi. He lives in LA Nana, in Surah, October again, verse number 14. So this is being mentioned years later. So October is years later, a lot reminding what happened.
That this the the the second of the two
when they were both in the cave,
meaning the prophesize to him. And he said to his companion to buckle, what do we say? Do not fear left Asan. Surely allies with us? That's the conviction. Surely allies with us? That's the conviction of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam.
after the three nights
somebody called Abdullah to rake it.
Who was he?
He was mushrik.
He wasn't a believer. I've given you instances in Mecca and now as well, where the prophet SAW Salem, trusted disbelievers and disbelievers came
To the aid.
Did the officer trustees on unclonable pilot who died imagery? Did you trust him?
Of course he did.
He was given him he was his protector.
So being careful doesn't mean to say cannot be trusted is nonsense. There are many Muslims who believe that non Muslims we can't trust them. And this stems from this silly idea of you can't befriend people.
And people mix up friendship with Alliance and allegiance.
What was the Quran mentions, and even while our allegiance is in a state of war, you side with the enemy against the Muslims, that is copper, and Haram.
But that's not the same of in a peaceful time living in society. Are you going to do Dawa? If you're not going to befriend people now because we don't trust you guys. If they don't trust us, actually, with that kind of attitude, I'll tell you something. There are 100 odd imams. And I'm not missing a by name, but you should know my friend at the shambles. intellipaat. And he sat with many of them. majority of them have the view and they're also mums in the community that Christians and Jews however friendly they are
even in the workplace, and they are very friendly ones. I've got so many stories of friendly people who are actually less backstabbing than some of our own Muslims actually. Yeah, but the majority view amongst them was we cannot trust the disbelievers. This is alien to Islam. This is wrong.
And that's why given many stories, and here's another one, our mushrik Abdullah never rake it.
His other mushriks who he has an alliance with as well, from the grace of afar of Mecca are looking to kill this man, these two men, but he is an expert guide.
If we're not to trust this believer, the publicized said would have said can't take him as a guide. His mystery. He's going to hand this over to the dealer.
They've trusted him.
They trusted him. And he there's no evidence that he became a believer that trusted in as a display. And his trust was proven right? He didn't
he cleverly took them away to a route which the other Americans weren't gonna look at immediately. They were looking to travel north the North would be to come to a southern route instead. And he turned up as promised.
As promised and arranged after the three nights in the care he turned up with their two camels
to pick them up
yet not three weeks later.
Yeah, and not after handing them over to the and then he led them the way he was a guide to the way to element.
So very important story and this is authentic. This is not even the weak part of Syrah This is authenticated by the
authentic a hottie rake it was mentioned to this day because of the help that he gave in guiding rasulillah so it take them to the Seoul South instead I took him by the show the route by the way this the the seat the seat instead to Medina, rather than the normal route was to be looking.
So Rasulullah saw someone with a co worker and with the guide. Yeah. So they traveled together on this arduous journey.
It is not you know, man, Nestle was coming down from heaven everywhere and fruit and vegetables of showering down on them having a great time having a laugh and a joke on the way drinking milk.
It was an arduous journey. Okay. In the heat and how to travel. They were escaping. Escaping, being killed.
Yeah, so I will duck it again. And I hadn't mentioned it. But sometimes I notice in this journey more in a heartbeat than there is even in this era books never just skim over it and this land somewhere else often. So are these measurable. vaca, Dom's unsane that we traveled in the heat of the day was so hot one of the days until around the noon time was so hot. Suddenly a big rock gave us shade. And we stopped and the back of lead
an animal skin down for the sole assassin very tired and told the property started lay down and asleep the other sort of law
and the care of our bucket or the allow
things exemplary the love for him, sacrificed anything
and this is to indicate to us
kinda love and sacrifice because this is no ordinary person we're talking about. This is not just his friendship, this is the messenger of God, some of the law while he was alive,
and how not only he, but other Sahaba many times, as I mentioned to you would say, Man, mind, my father and mother be sacrificed for you, you're a solo law. That's a big thing to say. Maybe not so big in this society that we live in sacrifice some some time for pinos now bothered about parents. Now I'm talking about traditional society. Yeah, traditional society, the mother and father are everything. Yeah, everything else, you sacrifice yourself for your mother and father, of course. But now he's not saying May I be sacrificed for you, yada. So a lot more pressures. And that made my mother and father be sacrificed for us all along. This was the way how they used to speak. But he
showing it by his own example. And he's behavior. And we're back at odilo Anima Sadiq the the honest, trustworthy, truthful one. And he said, I'll go and get some milk. So a passer buys going, happens to be going by a shepherd. And we'll get some milk which is made from his hobbies. And he tries to cool it down with a bit of water, and then gives it to a soul. So some of the problems are some wakes up and says, Is it time to go yet? says yes, it is time. So let's go carry on the journey. along the way.
It's mentioned that they would meet overcast days we meet people and a fear of telling them who it was, I used to say to them, it is my guide.
Who's this? It's my guide, my guide, and guide, and he said, I meant my guide to Islam, therefore, it's my guide like the other guy. Yeah. So, he was using a language like that, to safeguard that identity being given and people coming up to after them.
And nevertheless, somebody did manage to reach them. And that person has gone down in history famous for doing it was Soraka Soraka, Emiliano.
Soraka, in the AMA, and also known as junction in the junction, in the AMA, Joshua Soraka, gives his own report and story, because later on, he becomes a believer. He became a believer Not till after phytolacca.
didn't become a believer, till after phytolacca. But so you see, the seeds of a man you'll see will enter now, but a man doesn't come you give opportunity to people.
Not saying you believe that when you chop his head off. That's not the way and it's many things. So Soraka says his own story, he said, I found out about the ransom that was being offered. So Soraka is very sneaky and very clever. Because he's after the material. So he wants to sneak away not with a crowd of people because you have to share it with everybody.
So he's he uses stealth, to make sure other family members cousins and Uncle others are not aware, a sneaks away alone with all these provisions and everything. So the others are not following where he's going as well, because he's been kicked off. He wants to haul 100 camels to himself. He says it.
So he's the one who's been tipped off and managed actually to locate personalizar. Awesome, and Abubakar
and he says in his story that as he's approaching, he draws lots First, the mushrik way, throwing arrows and see which direction they're following. He says, He says himself, the locks turned out bad actually, the old man wasn't good, but I just ignored it and carried on anyway. So as he's going towards the promises for them, he's a horse rider.
Well known, he is expert horse rider. So as he goes, as he gets near to the prophesies, suddenly, the horse stumbles and throws him. In some reports, you'll see it's very famous that his horse, his legs sink into the sand. There's nothing authentic about what's authentic in a heartbeat. And he no horse jumps and throws him off. So he falls flat on his face. Look, he hasn't broken or injured. And he thinks I'll throw my arrows again. See what it says. Funny, this mean thrown off my horse for no reason. And he says The Omen was bad again, but I decided to ignore and when again, off he goes again, as he's getting near to prophesize solemn. Yeah, he's thrown again, or jumps and throws him
So that's great. And in one report, he says I saw that one of them abubaker kept on looking
back. But the other one, the Messenger of God promised that he never looked back. But I saw him that he was saying something. So I think he was making up
the promise I was not afraid. But you see abubaker he's afraid for the Messenger of Allah subhana wa again. So he's so he's the Polish rocket, one of them kept on looking back and making comments. And he was the one who was saying yesterday, he's getting nearer.
So don't worry.
So as Raka as he gets closer, he stole a second time and make those the same thing. And then he gets up again and comes closer and as he gets very near his throat again. So he thinks he's decides something fishy going on here that I don't understand. This is not right. There is something protecting this man. He's come with sword fully armed and everything.
And he realizes that now he calls up to the Prophet saws over
here and he makes it clear I have no fear from it because they What do you want?
He says, No, no, I had planned to come and do whatever. But I've now changed my mind. I assure you, I offer I want I want assurances from you. I want assurances from you suparna love. Not they want assurances from him.
But she's also above the Buddha. Yeah, I want assurances from you sure, and sees that when you have victory that I will not be harmed.
Because I'm about to go back and I will throw them off your track. But I want assurances in writing here is mentioned that he was given a parchment on a leather skin or whatever it was in writing assurances that he will not be harmed.
You will not be harmed he took that with him.
Soraka but didn't embrace Islam, too many years later.
When I was given victory
some reports which are not authentic mentioned that the prophet SAW some prophesied that all Soraka I see the bangles of kisara in your hands
Okay, so we have nothing authentic. There are some reports that possibly which we could take that one day that did happen when Amr at the time of Ahmed bin haka was Khalifa that bangles from treasures when the Persian Empire was conquered, he came across treasure like that. So maybe people linked it with that, but shows that also the fact that he asked for assurances that something was about Rasulullah sallallahu his conviction about what was coming in the future, or what's coming in the future. So that's the story of sauraha adoption,
which is very famous story of the baba baba carried on continue on the journey. And on what on and one occasion, they stopped by a place
where somebody called Abu Malamud a map that was in some tents, on the way the settlements of people who just live in tents, and they wanted something to drink. And he said, Look, we only have this
sheep or goat here, but it's dry. It's not, it hasn't got any milk to offer you.
Bring it here, this is one of his miracles. So local authorities authenticate in deep and dirty he cleaned and touched the others and said some and he filled up and gave milk to them to drink and the family. And
I will not live.
Just make sure for the right name
And this story is mentioned the Muslim bazaar which is a collection of heavy
and it is good hustle report. And I will not but embraced Islam. Before that. He said when he saw that happening, he said Are you the one that they are chasing out? reports and you're the one that after from Mecca? I think you all said yes. And he embraced Islam in the hands of Rasulullah. He said,
shall I follow you? The prophet SAW Selim said no don't migrate yet to Medina until you find out that we've got the victory on your path.
So it shows you also the initially that everybody's not been obligated to go to Medina, which is another story because he told him not to yet and the obligation because
Comes clear later, especially when Medina becomes a stronghold,
stronghold and becomes sexual, peaceful, relatively peaceful situation.
And then it becomes more obligatory as time goes on. Because they don't know what they going to get immediately wanting to get back even though many many I told you that every household there was somebody who was with somebody that's full of believers
full of believers.
Now briefly before entry into Medina, I want to mention something about Medina and yesterday
This is North
Coast This is South mechas down here
we're looking at Medina surrounded by mountains and most besides with valleys in between and the main part of Medina.
This is a hub
which will come relevant later. Some mountains here. main part of the second level, Deena where the outcome has dropped is here is central Medina.
And this area is
On the south,
coming from Mecca, where the public saw some first lands and stays
here is the castle of Arab
Jewish leader and world warrior as his own castle and his own fortress, this is his fortress.
And then the tribes in the Africa on Medina settle in the most fertile parts of Medina here was
And then here, boo
I'm here was bundle.
Great, no all
women final color.
And most of the unsolved or the Alison hazard, the true tribes are settled in the valleys around. So
it is historically Yes, it has been there for centuries before the police are made. It seems actually perhaps the the the Jews from
sharm when the Romans etc persecuted them there and it migrated centuries ago. Perhaps we're the first ones to arrive here. Yeah. And it seems that's why they're taking the most fertile parts. And they have long established history. They brought all their cleverness in, in,
in not only knowledge and learning, but all the crafts and things in weaving and agriculture, and Business and Commerce. They're very clever. So they were well established. And it seems the Alison Cotter husband
came a few centuries before the province also came but later on, perhaps in the second third century AD
from Yemen area, their ancestry goes back to Yemen and that they migrated from there. They have some husbands and they were Arab tribes. Yeah. And they were.
They were idolaters in contrast to the people of the book,
they the real control of power because of commerce, etc. And because of constant feud between our son husbands, which was a trickery and cleverness it is well documented of the Jewish tribes to continues putting seeds of
discord between them because it gave them the upper hand and power always. When these law get together, it weakens them.
And also they had alliances the bunny coryza and Berlin he had an alliance with the aos and by no car had an alliance with the husband, with the husband
with the husbands.
So that is the sort of setup learning and analysis
edge is in the middle east on the schools of learning what belongs to the Jews.
So the Arabs used to send people for learning for writing literature, etc, to their schools. They were the teachers. But that also, even though mostly made them well aware of scriptures, I said to you before about prophets, and they were much more here in awareness about scripture and religion and Prophethood, because because of the Jews, in contrast to the people of Mecca, who were ignorant mushriks really weren't jarhead Muslims, they didn't even, you know. So that's something in the background, why it's easier, perhaps, for them to accept those kinds of things, because of the Jewish influence and the learnings they already had. And the idea of prophethood, and the idea of,
which was more familiar to them.
And of course, as I said to you in a few few lessons ago about the Battle of boss, which took place between our son husbands and the house, one, one that Yeah,
which was a very bloody battle. And many of the leaders allow some 100 were killed, the seniors left a lot of young people, which I mentioned you in the data battle. After all, I was familiar that young people abus said at the time, the uncle of the prophet SAW Selim, in one of those pledges the second one when he when he can't the second pledge, he said, these are all young people, I don't recognize them.
I said that was a factor. Also, having youth on your side is in being more able to change your ways than those who are set in their ways. Yeah, the second the waves of ignite so played a factor.
So baccala boo AF,
was there the person who was sort of amongst the nobles and senior still was somebody called under lightning obey. Even a saloon
Blue Lightning obey in this saloon was from coverage.
But when it came to the battle between husband and aos, he cleverly stayed neutral and stayed after the battle.
And before the promises are migrated to Medina,
I said to you before, it had already been decided, in harmony without some fuzzy words, that he was going to become like their king. Apple, let him obey Him. And
so he was on the verge of being crowned. Yeah. Not like a proper king of Abyssinia, but King as he's going to be the leader as it were. And he had, obviously deep connections with with these people. But the tribes, the Jewish tribes have been new and innovative, and new curricula, and undefined, opa and carbon, so we have links with those, and links with koresh.
He wasn't the only one he had links with the Christ as some of these have as well.
You see why that then leads to enmity and plotting and planning. This one garbled national ad links with the leaders of gracious well used to go back and forth. Now you'll see later
what happens. So anyway, that's
sort of geography and setup. Mostly, it is agriculture. Yeah, date palms is the business. They're not into the kind of goods trading of Mecca.
The people of Medina, they're more into definitely more agricultural farming, which the Mahajan in the metcons migrated. They're not familiar with that. They're familiar with trading in goods, yeah, changing goods etc, like in the markets of Mecca,
which is significant. So when they arrived here,
and also it is well known that there was a particular fever, which was prevalent in Medina, not in Mecca, it was well known for it. So people traveling from abroad, coming here would fall sick to this fever, which happened to the Sahaba as well, until they gradually traumatized and the prophet SAW some also made a special to Allah for Allah to move this fever from Medina to a place called Java. Java doesn't mean to say so know the settlement so the province has set a fever to go and make other people suffer. Joy first, a derelict place okay. When you first read it, you think Yeah, props are making what you just say go out of Medina why he sent it to Java and make other people suffer?
No, there's nobody staying there. Okay. It's not very made it. Go on some other people and make them suffer.
So this is authenticated data prophesized some because
the profits are solemn.
It is reported authentic Lisa I should
know when the Sahaba arrived in Medina was going ahead a bit before I come back to the promises are arriving that Abubakar Rajaraman her father, he says in Hades, my worker said it means a father, of course, and Bill are both fell ill.
So I went to visit them.
So all I must say this is authentically, this is showing that a Muslim woman can go home Go and ask after after those workers are part of there's no problem there. But the law is not related to a
Muslim woman is allowed to go and visit sick Muslim males as well. As she visited Bilaal and asked how you build up as the Hadith mentioning it, asking the father how you, as you said, When my father was ill a worker, you would hear him mentioned things about death and Arthur and his fever, how death was nearer he said to the to your shoelaces, and he mentioned some poetry, which is it authentically and Bilal she said when his fever you know, settle down and he was coming out a fever you would hearing lamenting, oh, When am I going to spend some nights in the valley of Mecca where it's grasses? The fragrance of the grasses was missing Mecca. So when this happens, he comes in say
to the prophet SAW lasagna what was going on? I probably saw some said meant a de la Oh Allah make us love Medina. Like our love for Mecca, remember is their home country as well. Like, even more so than the love for Mecca. And that's when he said Americans fever. Yeah, remove it from me. I sent it to Georgia. This is in the same copy of a solo.
Okay, so next time inshallah we'll be the arrival of the prophet SAW solo in Cuba, and then on to Medina, and what ensues and happen after that.
I called call early on, I was suffering