Fiqh us-Seerah 49 – Hajj of the Prophet ﷺ and the Final Sermon

share this pageShare Page
Munir Ahmed

Channel: Munir Ahmed

Series:

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:28--> 00:00:28

Okay humbly

00:00:30--> 00:00:33

selected was Salam ala

00:00:39--> 00:00:40

philarmonic bla

00:00:41--> 00:00:45

bla bla bla and you're feeling blue by the way you could feel unnecessary attina

00:00:47--> 00:01:16

salihu Elma nafi What is comerciais walidah workaway li him mercy, Allah how La quwata illa de la creme, Allah tala could Allah Hakeem in the lava like saluda Allenby yeah even Edina solu alayhi wa sallam with us Lima masala roboticle Muhammad Ali Mohammed kamasan later tala Ibrahim ali ali Ibrahim Majeed.

00:01:17--> 00:01:22

I'm about Praise be to Allah, we praise Him seek His forgiveness, guidance and his mercy.

00:01:23--> 00:01:29

We ask Allah to forgive us, forgive our sins to block out our sins and mistakes.

00:01:31--> 00:02:00

We ask Allah for useful beneficial knowledge and understanding and white sustenance. And we depend only on attilio Allah subhanho wa Taala. And to him is our goal. We send peace and prayers on his final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Last time we left at a juncture of the towards the end of the 10th. Sorry, the end of the ninth year of the procedure.

00:02:02--> 00:02:16

And this is the cold Angela boo buck. Because he led the delegation from Medina. What we have is not authentic report how many went but there's no harm in it because there's no

00:02:18--> 00:02:26

legal ruling based on it and what he says around 300 people went with Morocco. But certainly he performed a hedge in the ninth of July.

00:02:28--> 00:02:29

And

00:02:30--> 00:02:38

this hedge is famous because of obviously Iceland didn't go on research led by Abu Bakar. And

00:02:39--> 00:02:51

also, because the prophet SAW after Abu Bakar had left to go and perform the Hajj sent Ali, his cousin and his son in law don't allow and

00:02:52--> 00:03:01

with the ayat of Surah Al Bara for number nine. So the Toba is key.

00:03:03--> 00:03:04

And these

00:03:05--> 00:03:06

were to be

00:03:07--> 00:03:14

all ama an absolutely specific as to where it's approximate the first 30 on eighth of

00:03:16--> 00:03:16

October.

00:03:17--> 00:03:21

And these was supposed to be recited out aloud.

00:03:23--> 00:03:23

allowed

00:03:24--> 00:03:46

on the day of now have the day of sacrifice to own to those who are gathered. So it's a public announcement. And together with the recital of those verses of surah Toba the Messenger of Allah in uninstructed Alia on which is mentioned in a good Hadith reported in the Muslim Ummah that

00:03:49--> 00:03:54

Allah said that I've been all the dimension for things

00:03:56--> 00:04:09

College London boo boo he saw the unbanked he was sent with four things on top of the recycle of desires of what were they lie at full agenda Illa naps nap smoke meter,

00:04:11--> 00:04:11

but the

00:04:13--> 00:04:16

only the believing soul will enterprise

00:04:18--> 00:04:34

enterprise acceptable leaving person while I A to full beta or realen. And from now on, nobody will do the tawaf of Kava naked, which is what they used to do before. So from this day, it was stopped.

00:04:35--> 00:04:59

If you remember the year before the prophet SAW some after the reservoir of homeagain. And how was it a thought process and perform Oberon came back so in the eighth year, no Hydra was performed by the Messenger of Allah or any distinctive, leading Sahaba it possible that believers and disbelievers moshtix also did the Hajj at that time. From this year things change with our bucket of the lava

00:05:00--> 00:05:06

But the HUD job as soon as lasala exactly how it's meant to be done only becomes clear in the following year.

00:05:08--> 00:05:09

Yes, so

00:05:10--> 00:05:41

Obama was doing the Hajj whenever the prophet SAW some give instruction prophesies and actually shows it himself which has been well well documented till time eternity for believers the following year when he performs his Hajj Salallahu alaihe salam, but here instructions are given after this year. Yeah, they're in the middle of the Hajj is the day of the 10th day. In fact, it's already been done. But from this day onwards, nobody will do throw off of the Kaaba naked. And while I have Giovanna mushrik no mushrik

00:05:43--> 00:05:54

no mistake, we'll do Hajj from this year onwards. From this year on with woman Cana, Dana, who have been so vain honestly, like I had to who Illa

00:05:56--> 00:06:11

and whoever has a three, three, or a promise covenant with the Messenger of Allah for safety and security from the Muslims, of course, that that treaty will carry on till it's time span if it had a time span, and it will end then.

00:06:14--> 00:06:15

So that's what

00:06:17--> 00:06:18

Holly that Ilan,

00:06:19--> 00:06:23

brought there and announced to make public. Now

00:06:25--> 00:06:50

I'm not going to go into great detail, but I want to mention something about the ayah from Surah Toba because these are yet for some people. And this idea started as early as from some amongst the Fabien and this idea continued with some people throughout the ages, from that time, of the ayah. In these Ayat of the ciphers call it

00:06:51--> 00:06:54

D, the verse of the soul.

00:06:56--> 00:07:06

So some people took from these areas, including the idea that the relationship with disbelievers from that juncture onwards was one of you kill them.

00:07:08--> 00:07:15

Either they believe in Islam, or you kill them, it's constant more warfare. And this sent the same thing for the people of the book.

00:07:17--> 00:07:27

For the Jews and Christians, there must be fought wherever you find them, right? Either they submit and give jizya or you kill them, or of course, embrace Islam.

00:07:28--> 00:07:39

So and and these people, and they are dotted around, or sometimes prominent scholars continued with those ideas throughout the centuries to this day.

00:07:40--> 00:07:54

So if you wonder why we have some people with those ideas, which we call extremist and dangerous, they're in the annals of our history. And they come from a misunderstanding, misrepresenting representation of these areas.

00:07:55--> 00:08:03

Of these areas, it's linked especially with these, with these ideas, and especially iron number five, which they call the eye of the sword.

00:08:04--> 00:08:23

They removed much of the Quran so everywhere where it mentions about good behavior with non Muslims, having subtle returning a bad turn it fat bility action, returning a bad term with a good term, they said this is abrogated men so everywhere where it said have sovereign Yeah.

00:08:24--> 00:08:30

And you know what they are how they're harming you. They said this is abrogated now there's no silver kill them.

00:08:32--> 00:08:34

So it's very dangerous. This ayah

00:08:35--> 00:09:01

those who read it with this, these goggles on these shaded goggles, much of the crown you come across it's a monsoon, monsoon, monsoon abrogated, abrogated anything to do with mercy, forgiveness, kindness, love. Yeah, overlooking people who have been, you know, they said, abrogated now, there is no mercy, there is no love, there is no forgiveness, kill them,

00:09:03--> 00:09:04

you see are twisted, it becomes

00:09:06--> 00:09:12

an a, you know, this is important for us to realize that this is in our historical writings.

00:09:13--> 00:09:16

And it's a twisted version of these because

00:09:19--> 00:09:26

and I mentioned about fighting when we obviously covered jihad, and the fundamental thing to remember that

00:09:27--> 00:09:29

Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:09:30--> 00:10:00

has mentioned in the Quran, even about fighting that fighting isn't the purpose of this being or existence of human beings. So what else mattala actually allows fighting? Yeah, and in fact made it obligatory for defense, not just allowed, made it obligatory for defending otherwise you'd be just overrun. So there's no pacifism in Islam. No doubt about that. Yeah. pacifism there isn't in Islam. But uh,

00:10:00--> 00:10:41

Of course in a situation where you're under attack you also look at the pros and cons of surrendering and when this when we say there's no pacifism, it doesn't mean to say that the Islamic treasure rulership doesn't look at the pros and cons of gays only a handful of us massive armies are gonna run second slaughters and our women and children Yeah, shall we negotiate with them and make a peace treaty Is that allowed? Of course he says that's not called pacifism. But when you're able to take on in a defensive situation then fighting make becomes in situations obligatory for you to defend the trigger free defend against tyranny and oppression not just defending territory for no

00:10:41--> 00:11:15

reason. Yeah, from tyranny and oppression. So even in that situation Alaska citizens row Baccarat verse number 216, Hootie Ba La kumal Qatar wahoo poor hola como I said what a ser and tecra who Shay and workover hydrolock home what a ser to hit boo shade and World War shamballa home one La Jolla MOBA and to Latin level, that fighting has been made obligatory on you, in these situations, one of our core hola calm and you dislike it.

00:11:16--> 00:11:32

dislike it Sahaba believers, because it's the very nature, we dislike it because it means bloodshed and killing. So Allah recognizes that. But alas, trying to say in situations for defense, you have to

00:11:33--> 00:12:03

killing isn't allowed giving your life. But when the when the balance shifts the other way there is going to be killing of bloodshed, and you've got to stop it in defense, you may lose some life, but that has greater priority than instant. So simple. But it is a dislike thing. It is not a like thing. That's why one quarter will lakum you dislike it. But here Allah says, perhaps you dislike and test something and is good enough for you. What's the good

00:12:05--> 00:12:15

when they if you don't find there's going to be slaughter and tyranny and oppression. You have to fight to stop the slaughter. And some people may lose their life from you.

00:12:19--> 00:12:46

But it's actually good for you in the in, in the balance of things is better for you. And perhaps you love something and it is bad for you. law say, Allah knows, you do not know that perhaps you like love life on what to live, but actually, it's not good for you living under oppression and tyranny. And yeah, cruelty and killing others. That's the point in this regard. You know, also, fighting

00:12:48--> 00:12:50

in Islam is a bit like

00:12:54--> 00:13:06

medicine that the doctor prescribes all medicines including paracetamol, the simplest of them, if you look at the list of side effects, they're long. In fact, if everybody read the side effects of even paracetamol, they won't take it.

00:13:08--> 00:13:27

In small print, long list, everything has got side effects. So the negatives, but why do we take medicines and because the illness and its harm outweigh the possible side effects you're going to get from the medicine, is that right?

00:13:28--> 00:13:36

If it was the other way around, that the side effects were going to be greater than the illness? Well take a check in the vein.

00:13:38--> 00:13:45

And so is for fighting, right The idea is that fighting involves killing, but not

00:13:46--> 00:13:49

doing it will require will be a bigger

00:13:50--> 00:13:57

disadvantage and greater harm. So in that situation, then you are obligated to fast and obligate to fight

00:13:59--> 00:14:09

in that situation obligated. Now, if somebody comes along and says, Well, you know, for medicine, for example, they say well, I'll take the whole bottle at once.

00:14:10--> 00:14:12

Yeah, I'll get better straight away.

00:14:13--> 00:14:29

That easily like the people who say I want to get to gender I want to go and get killed straight away. Come on, in even if there's no fight, I'll go and cause a fight. Yeah. Everybody's an enemy fight straight to gender. Well, actually, what happens if you take all the medicine it was more likely to kill yourself.

00:14:30--> 00:14:34

Similar is in that case, it didn't come for that reason.

00:14:35--> 00:14:49

For you to take a shortcut to paradise, yet more likely, with that kind of mindset. Foolish mindset. Yeah, it is a shortcut to hellfire. Because of the harm that you caused, the greater harm you caused, when it's not necessary.

00:14:52--> 00:14:53

Unless one or the other

00:15:00--> 00:15:17

Also animation, this verse in Surah Baqarah verse one, Nigella swatara, Mexico a war Hawk a loogie servi lil Hill, Dena iupati Luna como el, to in Allahu Allah Yo, bullmore, Tabby.

00:15:18--> 00:15:21

So fight in the way of Allah, those who fight you.

00:15:23--> 00:15:32

Those who fight you What are taught to do and don't go beyond the limits don't trust dress. Yeah.

00:15:33--> 00:16:04

Don't Don't transgress even in warfare in fighting, surely Allah does not love those who are transgressors. They think oh, well, they've done this to me. Yeah, they've raped our women. I'm going to read that women even How many times do we hear Muslims talk like that? Yeah, that Subhanallah they do it in less than that forget warfare. They say they stole from India all our riches. So I'm going to go to a doll and get their money as well. Other people say that as well. I mean, firstly didn't steal from your pocket.

00:16:05--> 00:16:14

You can't use the ancestors claim. And then if they did wrong you say well, I'm gonna do it as well wrong back to them what kind of not that's not Islam. That's not Islam at all.

00:16:16--> 00:16:36

And Allah Sato says what Bharti loom had takuna fitna to ya akuna Dino in fact in in Tahoe Fela audirvana in Bali me. Find them until there is no fitna. Yeah, meaning there is no

00:16:37--> 00:17:15

mystery, even hostility, meaning the fitna is they call it causing warfare. They're causing the warfare and tyranny on you. So until there's no fifth night, in other words, they stop. Why akuna Dino Lila, and that Dean belongs to Allah. Some people even today, not in a minority set. This means until you make Islam prevail, doesn't mean that we are cooler people interpreted that way. And so those who interpret it that way, they say oh, it's an obligation for you to carry on fighting until you met Islamic State and the dollar be established.

00:17:16--> 00:17:56

Hence, Islamic State and Dola This is where some of them get it from the interpretation of this. Why akula Dino lilla so that then is for Allah in other words, leave things for Allah Deen. There is no compulsory religion. It's like would they be leave it in peaceful situation? It is in peaceful situation, then they have a choice whether to follow a law you do the one that is leaving Deen for Allah, not that you are with the sword on top of them and say, yeah, we're going to make this land Islamic State. No Prophet came to do that. No messenger came. In fact, there's messenger prophets who never even picked the sword Ibrahim al Islam and the armies the fight with

00:17:57--> 00:18:18

is an individual Newell Islam. armies do in fact, when he had a few followers, even some of his family didn't follow. Look at all the messengers, you don't see what the prophet SAW. So a situation arose that he was under attack and he was able to defend not that he went out to make an army ready to attack. He was thrown out from Mecca.

00:18:20--> 00:18:21

Some people say no, he left maccha

00:18:22--> 00:18:33

No, no chronic sickly. He makes it clear. I would not have left this is most loved places. maccha Yeah, unless your people throw me out. Because you people throw me out. They want to kill him.

00:18:34--> 00:18:43

So his situation some of us love all MPR came with their own security, thou shalt Islam. And so Amal Islam, they were kings because of a male kings by the people.

00:18:45--> 00:19:01

They were recognized who accepted us civilized Islam looking at his story, which Allah says that there is in this Israel lessons for those four people. Yeah. And what was he he actually established a brilliant economic system for the coffers for the corporate state.

00:19:02--> 00:19:14

As they call it, didn't he? He did. He did it for a corporate state or stock rollover not allowed to deal with corporate state. Well, he was a minister in it, he established it, it was a messenger of God. So what did he do it?

00:19:16--> 00:19:17

Never fine.

00:19:18--> 00:19:59

So you find it Oh, majority a situation that prophets a message in establish the Islamic State of anytime they came to do thou to call people to the worship of God, away from should and to behave good, to be kind to be just to make good for the environment for the animals and especially for human beings and their relationship with another another, whether its neighbors, whether it's in morality, that's what they came to teach. And that is where your corner Dino lilla find into house. So so even that verse says, finding the house if they stop Meaning, if they stop fighting you doing that tyranny on you fall out of the water, Illa Allah, Allah means then there is no house.

00:20:00--> 00:20:03

jilla t except for those who carry on doing the loan,

00:20:04--> 00:20:04

you stop.

00:20:06--> 00:20:07

Not because they've embraced Islam.

00:20:09--> 00:20:11

No, because they stopped their hostilities on you.

00:20:13--> 00:20:19

So these ideas are very important. And then even you see, in the situation of

00:20:20--> 00:21:03

surah Toba in the beginning area is dealing with bushwhacking, but it is dealing with the mushrikeen of the prophet SAW slums time who are in Mecca. It is very specific, it's not dealing for Muslims, all over the world. It wasn't dealing with the mushriks. In Africa, it wasn't dealing with a mushriks. In the Byzantium Empire, or the Persian Empire, or Indian Empire, there were Muslims all over the place, you didn't find because of this area, are these at the beginning of October, the prophets are sending armies everywhere, all over the place to kill all Muslims. Because if we understand that for most folks of all time, as these people do, who said there is no relationship

00:21:03--> 00:21:28

except for warfare? They have exaggerated in this this is dealing with the specifics of that time. Yeah. And the treaties at that time. Quran tells you yourself. Allah says para two min Allah He was suli illa la Vina our terminal mushrikeen This is a declaration declaration of disavow by Allah and His Messenger messenger at that time. Yeah.

00:21:30--> 00:21:33

To those who associate to do those who are mushriks.

00:21:35--> 00:21:39

Yeah. And with whom they made treaties,

00:21:40--> 00:21:51

treaties with who there's no treaty made with all Muslims all over the world. The treaty was with those who were living there. What was the treaty, the treaty has been an old under the treaty idea.

00:21:53--> 00:22:03

So the best opinion was this surah came in the eighth year after hidden but the prophet SAW sent it for general announcement in the ninth year at the Hajj.

00:22:05--> 00:22:08

So the treaty, even though it's been a node,

00:22:09--> 00:22:56

yeah, with the ACA with facto Mecca, etc. It's been made public and clear that that feature doesn't exist any info anymore for mushriks. Yeah, there's those who are continuing to fight in other words, the treaty has finished for see who fill out our data assure what level and accumulator Mozilla and Mozilla Mozilla carefully, then Allah saga says, you may go about freely in the land for four months, and no, no well that you will not be able to frustrate Allah and Allah will bring disgrace upon those who deny the truth. So this is the most snakes you can apply to the mushriks in Mecca. Specific for them. For them, they have to make choices. They have to make choices now. They couldn't

00:22:56--> 00:23:06

carry on as they were no treat is left from this stage on but they were given choices. The Quran gave them the choices. The choice wasn't only submit to Islam, otherwise we're gonna kill you.

00:23:07--> 00:23:12

That wasn't the only choice. And Allah swatara shows here in the Quran in these early ayah.

00:23:15--> 00:23:51

And here last month I mentioned in the next we're no Mina la hora suli he illa nursey yo Mahajan, Akbar, Allah hamari Oh, middle Mr. Kimura solo. This is a public announcement by Allah His messenger to all people on the day of the great Hajj, the pilgrimage. What What is Haji Akbar? It is how much actual asteroid Allah say is Amara. So this is to be a problem proclamation on the great hedge which hides our workers hides. This ayah is telling the messenger to proclaim this app that Hajj.

00:23:53--> 00:24:05

So it came before and the proclamation was made as a law saying it must be proclaimed that allies free from all obligation to those who are mushriks Yeah, and so is His Messenger

00:24:06--> 00:24:09

and went into a little farther move

00:24:10--> 00:24:21

into our hierarchical interval later on follow under Conway remote Zilla and carries on if you do Toba. In other words, if you submit an embrace Islam, then that will be best for you.

00:24:23--> 00:24:24

And

00:24:27--> 00:24:30

and the next area still gives an exception.

00:24:32--> 00:24:59

The general amnesty is finished but there's an exception lol Edina has to middle mushrikeen. So malum yangpu CompTIA wallaga hero la kumada for ottimo la him at a home in Abu Dhabi, him in the LA Taki exception for those who did a covenant with you from the Muslim King, where the New Covenant because they made another covenant with the messenger. Many people were given a

00:25:00--> 00:25:28

treaty of peace and release when photo maka was done at the Kaaba, I mentioned that to you, including Safari, Romania, real enemies of the Prophet sossaman Islam and a crema evening, Abidjan. They were amongst them and others who came during all embraced Islam. But they were given a treaty that they they were allowed. Well, the treaty was open or whatever it was up for a period of few years or a few months, that treaty was to last. So that's the second.

00:25:30--> 00:25:41

So not all mushrikeen is even there. We're talking about Muslims in a particular time, and space, which were the Muslims of Mecca, these is applied to not all was fixed to come.

00:25:42--> 00:26:21

And these are given exception from those mushriks even there, that those who made us new peace treaty with you, that you are to carry on with that treaty until it is until its end. And then Allah says this is number five, I have the sword fight Event Center for Ashura. laborum factor Lucia kena. I used to watch to moonwalk Hulu home walkthrough home wakulla home Kula Merson for interval akar musataha to Takata for Hulu Sevilla home in the law of order right now, you've taken out the exception. That's one exception from the Muslim king in Mecca. Not almost six to come.

00:26:23--> 00:26:57

Right so now those who got covenant of god those who had a covenant and they're still fighting they still they're the ones still causing trouble what's their situation? Now alasa declared with his messenger open publicly so they know clearly what's going to happen that you're carrying on with your satanic ways of causing trouble whether it's on the highways or whether it's making attacks to small group of Muslims know that when the sacred months have gone by then kill those people. wherever you find them as a soldier.

00:26:58--> 00:27:07

This is not a general idea of killing Muslims nowadays or any other time wherever you find them. He's talking about those most shrieks Yeah.

00:27:08--> 00:27:24

Yeah, call for a faculty Lucia kina Haifa which have to move home and seize them wherever he sees them and besieged them align wait for them. But if they repent and establish salah and pay the car, leave them alone for them. They had this choice

00:27:25--> 00:27:56

mushriks the treating mushriks who are the trouble causes, they have a choice of either now being killed if they found in that area, or the submitted become Muslims, and they have another choice even these trouble causing Muslims. Eric comes while in the middle muskiness Raka Giroux, Hata Yes, Malka, llama la. Suma ballyhoo Matt Mina Valley Kabir unknown como la la Mo, and if any of these mushriks

00:27:58--> 00:28:13

the ones who got treaty are going to be those is these Muslims who are still causing trouble. What are those Muslims? seek asylum? seek your asylum refuge? Yeah, grant them asylum.

00:28:15--> 00:28:23

Want your safety grant of asylum that he or she may hear the word of a law? So you're doing these are enemies

00:28:24--> 00:28:37

of that time? Yeah, then escort him or her to a safety for their people who do not know. So there they can be given asylum and safe passage away from muttrah.

00:28:38--> 00:28:39

Because they're not to be there anymore.

00:28:40--> 00:28:51

From that year on. That's very clear. So these are very specific to that time. And even then they are not making mass killing without exceptions.

00:28:53--> 00:29:21

Killing is one option. Embracing Islam. Killing is one option for those who are the perpetrators. Those who are what warfare. Yeah, of the Muslims in Mecca, and other embrace Islam or seeks a passage us West, we can't cause trouble anymore for Muslims. Yeah, and attract them, oh, oh, you make a treaty that you're not going to behave like that. But you're going to stay mostly when you carry on with that treaty.

00:29:22--> 00:29:59

And see, that's a totally different picture. Now. If you look at it properly, then the chronic picture is not like is painted by people. And so people just take item a five because some of our people and scholars did and therefore Of course, the atheist and the orientalist will go to town on it and they say oh, look, what's what's it saying here? Kill the wherever you find. Well put it in his context and its place. And he said that time for those moshtix with all the other possibilities, and that's how we need to understand that. I am number 29. Goes Alomar says specifically about the Christians and Jews.

00:30:00--> 00:30:03

specifically about Christians and Jews. And again

00:30:04--> 00:30:07

if you look at number 29

00:30:11--> 00:30:18

Some people use that and said from now on our relationship with Jews and Christians is from this ayah which is one of killing.

00:30:20--> 00:30:42

Because Allah Sato says kaki Lula de nada you mean una de la he will abilio mill. Allah you have the moon Amma or Rama la Malhotra Rama la hora solo wala Dino Nadine al Hakim ina la Vina ooh, tokita Hatha Yoga, jizya. hatha yoga poses yada,

00:30:44--> 00:30:44

yada.

00:30:46--> 00:30:46

For

00:30:48--> 00:31:08

those who do not believe in Allah on the last day, even though they were given the scriptures, from the people of the book, and who do not hold us unlawful, that which Allah His Messenger declared to be unlawful, who do not follow the true religion, fight against them until they pay tribute out of their hand and utterly subdued. And then he mentions how they don't,

00:31:09--> 00:31:29

and walks, what kind of things they're twisted even from their own religion. They don't even follow their own religion properly. And you can say that the Christians who are making attacks and crusades will be included from later time. They're not following their own religion properly. Because their religion came with peace as well.

00:31:30--> 00:32:03

So Allah saying they're not even following their religion their their rabbis and priests are making how long around what their feet? Like, if you look at it's still going on, isn't it? Christianity has come to a stage. Yes, some people, atheists, and some of our misled Muslim think that they're enlightened because they've changed their religion so much. And it's unrecognizable, because whatever they come with zero, all right, then we'll get into it. Yeah. As you can see, with some of the things that are going on in society, the church bends again, pressure comes on to its bends again, pressure comes on treatment. Again, it's been doing it for centuries that for some people

00:32:03--> 00:32:07

still object from Christianity and say, well, Christian is not recognizable anymore.

00:32:09--> 00:32:16

And that's the idea that they make. They make halau that which was Haram. They make haram that was allowed.

00:32:17--> 00:32:20

That's the idea. And he carried on it was being done done as well.

00:32:22--> 00:32:23

And here,

00:32:24--> 00:32:32

you didn't find because who were these Christians and it was applying to and remember it says here in the area

00:32:33--> 00:32:56

in the ayah. It also says Meena Lavina Otto Kitab Minh here is from those who were given the Scripture, from the Christians and Jews, not all Christians and Jews, and who were the from who were the main the part of the they were the ones who were causing attacks and warfare. So you find that this idea came after highborn

00:32:57--> 00:33:04

after hybl, and the Christians and the jhana already mentioned to you last time had done a treaty with the Prophet sighs of peace.

00:33:06--> 00:33:07

And the prophet SAW Selim

00:33:08--> 00:33:26

prophet Sasa after the Hajj of Abu Bakar, around that same period of time, sent the likes of Abu Musab al Sharif, while the Jebel Ali the Golan in the area towards the south of the Arabian Peninsula towards Yemen, where he said you are going to have people who are the people of the book

00:33:27--> 00:33:29

and they are gentle native people.

00:33:30--> 00:33:45

And he said to them yesterday rubella to Assyria, Bashir rubella to the pharaoh make things easy for them. Don't make things difficult for them. Yeah, give them glad tidings don't give them negative things, to make them run away from Islam.

00:33:46--> 00:33:59

That's not those words, the problems are some sent with them to Christians and Jews are not words of going to kill them, is it? Why did he follow if this was the verse of killing all Jews and Christians? Why did he send Sahaba saying things like that to them.

00:34:01--> 00:34:46

And then saying to the same Sahaba, like Alia, delana, like modern the jungle, call them, call them to the Shahada First, if they accept that, and the hearts are content with it, then tell them that five daily prayers have been made obligatory on them, when they have accepted that meaning when they begin to practice it and it's embedded, then tell them that that their duty of Zakah of giving her for that portion so that it can be destroyed before then take from them and distributed to their poll. This is so important in regards to even understanding soccer. Therefore, don't be non Muslims in this society as well. For those who become believers given soccer that distributed there, don't

00:34:46--> 00:34:51

bring it back here and don't take from the best of their goods for soccer.

00:34:52--> 00:35:00

This is in sight. So here this is mentioned. Yeah, because they probably saw some warned his companions before

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

Because if you do that kind of violent oppression in takings occur at go beyond your limits, remember that there is no screen between the two are all the one being wrong between them and God?

00:35:13--> 00:35:51

In other words, watch it, you'll be in serious trouble. So this is this is for Christians and Jews. Why is it that it wasn't killing, killing, killing? Because there was no warfare, they weren't causing war. This is that word. This is the, the, the the foundation is done. But where did the supply from the People of the Book applied from the Sham and the Byzantine where the attacks are coming from? Hence, the book, which has just happened before was to do with that, more tough was to do with that sending to the Christian areas, because they were on the borders and they were killing the mysteries and they were threatening to attack.

00:35:52--> 00:35:59

So for them who were attacking from the people who are given the Scripture, then there's a different approach taken,

00:36:00--> 00:36:09

which is a defensive approach again, in regards to safeguarding the life of people and safeguarding from oppression and tyranny.

00:36:12--> 00:36:20

If they were not declaring war prophesized, and then we'll be doing peace treaties with them, as he is done with Maduro, the Christians of natural and famous

00:36:21--> 00:36:29

they came the delegation last time I mentioned to you and he invited them to Islam, the leaders what they do, they said, No, we don't accept.

00:36:30--> 00:36:34

It is a soldier for this verse. Yeah, let's kill them.

00:36:37--> 00:36:51

And then some orlimar said that they pay jizya Allah Allah monster, he says, which is the best is that they didn't pages Yeah, they did some lamb tax because they wanted in their Treaty. Also, they wanted to protect some from the profits from muddy.

00:36:53--> 00:37:03

And there is no single evidence that there was that any Christian or Jew who was still resident in Medina, ever began after these verses two pages here.

00:37:04--> 00:37:11

It was left jizya actually is supposed to be on those who are fighting individuals from

00:37:12--> 00:37:37

the enemy, Christians and Jews. No women, no children, not those who are non combatants. None of them pages. Yeah. JCI is for those who come to fight you, and then you overcome them. And they're still going to embrace Islam, because they fought you they attack you. Now they have two pages here. And do they have to pay forever? Can the state say no, sorry, we don't need to you don't need to give to z? Of course they can. And indeed at times in history, you say it.

00:37:39--> 00:37:41

This is very important to understand.

00:37:42--> 00:37:43

Okay.

00:37:46--> 00:38:06

There's much more can be said but the ayat of surah Toba wanted a really interesting, and also why mentioning because how they've been twisted by people to make you aware, make you aware or be aware that people have twisted these and misrepresented their meaning misinterpreted.

00:38:07--> 00:38:13

And as I said, this was very specific to the time of a pseudo loss a loss of love

00:38:14--> 00:38:26

to the sort of loss of time and therefore it has to be understood and it can be applied in a similar context. Yeah, people who are attacking and causing warfare

00:38:27--> 00:38:46

to win a sonic society, similar kind of positions can be taken in that regard. It will be up to the state which is what seems the most beneficial AI best idea always is a peace treaty. Peace Treaty. You saw the process of do it for the day be a peace treaty, which is can even be not affair peace treaty.

00:38:48--> 00:38:55

Does the cyber objecting? Because it was in favor of the other the enemy, but it was peace nevertheless.

00:38:56--> 00:38:58

It shows you what Islam really wants.

00:38:59--> 00:39:03

That's what it came from. Islam came for.

00:39:04--> 00:39:10

To give human beings a good life in this world, a life of test, but not a life of

00:39:12--> 00:39:17

a killing it. And the guidance of Islam is to give a good moral life isn't it?

00:39:19--> 00:39:59

You don't say Swami guidance came to make us suffer doing that schofer is a historic guidance to came to do work so that you can do well in your business and out. Is that so brothers? Yes, it started guidance came so that you can have children and good families, isn't it? that's to do with this life again. Islamic guidance came so you can build nice house and have a nice garden and orchard and do good business. Yes. Islamic guidance can so your moral that you don't sleep around so you don't hurt people and you don't cause diseases and spread that kind of thing, isn't it? Good For who? Good for you again, summit guidance. can't look after the environment. It's time

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

guidance came to develop the technology and bridges and roads and hospitals to treat people yes. To have schools for teaching. Learning. Yeah reading writing, guidance came to encourage all this was all to do with still with this world.

00:40:16--> 00:40:23

Islamic guidance never came to neglect and throw all this on the rubbish hip he and you go into a mountain living with sheep

00:40:24--> 00:40:27

that is against Islamic guidance and say no.

00:40:29--> 00:40:50

We don't need any guidance. We just live in a cave. There's no guidance needed. And the guide has been come for heaven. The guidance came so you practice it in this world. Rob bertina with dounia Hasina Oh Lord, give us a Santa in this world. Practice in this world. And actually, you'll have something called contentment.

00:40:51--> 00:40:55

You know, last one out Allah and in the hereafter give you paradise upon Allah.

00:40:56--> 00:41:13

It is so important to understand, many missed this point for Muslims. They don't realize that the guidance of Islam is for human beings to practice in this world, to make it a better place for you and others to live in.

00:41:14--> 00:41:15

That's where it came from.

00:41:17--> 00:41:21

Not to call killing, raping and savagery and bloodshed.

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

It didn't come from that. No, where did it come from?

00:41:30--> 00:41:31

Okay.

00:41:32--> 00:41:36

So I will work inside the following year. So the prophet SAW Selim,

00:41:38--> 00:41:39

in the 10th year

00:41:43--> 00:41:51

comes himself to to perform his one and only hedge sub Allahu Allah.

00:41:53--> 00:42:01

And the prophet SAW Selim, it is famously mentioned, but there's no authentic chain to that 100,000 Sahaba was gathered on the

00:42:02--> 00:42:04

the day of arafa.

00:42:09--> 00:42:11

Some Allah mentioned

00:42:12--> 00:42:14

that there was actually 40,000.

00:42:16--> 00:42:33

But there was a large number of Sahaba that we know. Okay, and we it's not absolutely clear as to how many but there was a large number. Okay, so everybody could try. You could imagine if the prophet SAW was doing hudge Yeah. And the prophet SAW some nobody's seen how HUD should be done. This wasn't

00:42:35--> 00:43:16

even a worker. Hands wasn't like, coming now. This is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the Arabian Peninsula. All of it. Yeah, majority of it by far is Muslim. So you can imagine people came from all the areas together, and to see the sort of loss of Allahu alayhi salam performing the hajj. And as he as he said, famously purple, blue, unnamed and Africa come take your learn your ritual has right from me, and he's showing them he'll be on a camera, he's showing what to do, what where to go, how to do it, etc. So Sony sahaabah recording it. And other than watching and following Salalah on a solid performance hedge.

00:43:17--> 00:43:20

And the prophet SAW solemn.

00:43:22--> 00:43:25

This is the time when he's famous.

00:43:28--> 00:43:30

Did his famous farewell sermon.

00:43:32--> 00:43:59

Okay, but actually, if you see that the sermon is actually split, some people put it together from car making a long sermon, but we can find it unauthentic I have been, I mean, the main seminar date on Yeoman arafa, but he did other smaller sermons and especially he did one on the day of sacrifice on the 10th day as well as a reminder again, so it seems he's given a few reminders. Yeah, a main one on the day of arafa. And the prophet SAW some

00:44:01--> 00:44:03

sermon which you can get from a hadith

00:44:07--> 00:44:21

when something like this, there's in Sierra you find some places where you see he says, salallahu alaihe salam o people give me your air for I do not know what know what I'll be with you next year.

00:44:23--> 00:44:39

Yeah, and people start crying. Well, this is not authentic. This is not authentic for my family. Because why? Because we find that Surah anisul ivantage and US law he will fat is revealed in the final the Hajj of the prophet SAW

00:44:41--> 00:44:47

in the days of the shriek after the day of arafah while he's a minute, and when that is real

00:44:48--> 00:44:53

majority Sahaba don't even realize what that implicate implied that surah remember,

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

because even Ahmed bin hatanaka one when he was a me halifa goddess the Sahaba

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

Ronnie used to bring one young person special person who was a

00:45:06--> 00:45:08

tour de mano Quran

00:45:10--> 00:45:13

the translator interpreter of the Quran

00:45:15--> 00:45:15

his cousin

00:45:17--> 00:45:57

one of the of the loss of remote clues do one of the like the Ibis radi Allahu anhu. Yeah. And they used to say they were badly used amongst the Sahaba we used to come in as counsel, let's say, Why do you keep bringing this young kid? You know, where the seniors you know, you keep on bringing. So, my boss is reporting he said one day he said either Janice will lie Well, first, Ahmed says, tell me what you understand from this. So one spoke and other spoke some stayed quiet from the Sahaba and one said well, he's saying when victory comes you just repeat what they said basically. So except like never What do you say? He said this indicates the death the imminent death of the prophet SAW

00:45:57--> 00:45:59

that he was gonna die very soon after this.

00:46:00--> 00:46:14

So why do I say that he is showing you the Sahaba didn't know when he was revealed that's what it meant. If he says standing at RFR I don't know what I'm going to be with you next is all indicated already isn't it? They would have jumped to that conclusion already unknown.

00:46:16--> 00:46:35

So that's Yeah. So that surah is revealed then and applied was quite rightly said almost said almost said in response to the above that's what I understood from it as well as indicated that his mission was over there is in other words the death was very soon

00:46:36--> 00:46:41

Salallahu alaihe salam so prophesied Salaam say and I want to finish

00:46:42--> 00:47:01

from this so we can deal with the the final year the prophet SAW some For example, this is without publicized glimpse into the back home what Amala como la como haraam Surely your blood and your wealth yeah is upon you sacred is sacred amongst you calahorra Murphy young Macomb has

00:47:02--> 00:47:04

like the sacred of this day.

00:47:06--> 00:47:16

That they have a lot of like you see this sacred, you know, blood on your property are also sacred. Yeah, wafi sharika mhada like this month, which you see a sacred

00:47:17--> 00:47:28

in the similar way, that is sacred wafi political mhada like you see this land this harem this Mecca is sacred. In a similar way your blood and property is sacred.

00:47:31--> 00:47:37

However, Allah in the coolie Shay, in min am Raja helliya Takata May, surely

00:47:38--> 00:47:49

not all the affairs to do with the days of ignorance under my feet during the test. In other words, leave jelly I know the words. For example, He says sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:47:52--> 00:47:58

moto moto in what the man Alia Moldova, for example, the

00:48:00--> 00:48:01

the blood wars they were having

00:48:03--> 00:48:12

somebody killed and their tribal has said all of them have been abolished? Yeah. And I begin by abolishing the blood

00:48:13--> 00:48:47

the blood feud of Robbie idol, Horace, somebody from his family who'd been killed. So it's been abolished is canceled. Nobody can take that. So it always starts by his family. So nobody can say Oh, look, he's saying it for somebody else not so he begins with his own family. Same with river he said like river usury and abolish the Riba which is owed to abus my uncle the first revert ago that is abolished finished there's no more Mr.

00:48:49--> 00:48:56

Abbas is has been can In other words, he was charging us he was well known for doing money deals or bus or

00:48:58--> 00:49:08

canceled all these robot transactions. Of course you have the right to the capital money that you loan But not to worry about no usury. So he cancels again who his own family

00:49:11--> 00:49:16

Yeah, what about yahaya moto like he said the deal about the use of ignorance is abolished.

00:49:18--> 00:49:35

If taco Luffy Finley, sir, in a coma hospital Mohan Nabi amanatullah be fear Allah in regards to your wives because you have taken them by a trust from a loss of trust from Allah and you have your halaal relationship by the word of Allah with them.

00:49:37--> 00:49:52

What in what Allah Kuma Allah when Allah yo te Allah you know for shaquem ad and tetra una and upon them is a duty that they don't allow anybody on your bed that you dislike.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

Find founder and if they do that for people who know

00:50:00--> 00:50:07

via mobile version, yeah, then smack them with a smack which is not painful and not leaving any marks right.

00:50:09--> 00:50:59

So this I don't want to go this heavy, actually is an explanation of the ayah which came in sort of undeserved was 30 for the higher idea of smacking women is that how is to be understood? And then this is actually describing what my shoes is. Yeah, we're lucky to have one and the shoes are Honda. Yeah, why is all Honda one euro one? Film mythology? What do we move on? Those are the things that came in Surah Nisa, Allah somata saying those who do fer from them new shoes, what is the shoes some Alana said the shoes is that she's just becoming obstinate don't doing it you're told etc. Some even said Oh, you asked for a glass of water and she didn't get it. So you can go and do this. No

00:50:59--> 00:51:12

promises some describing what the shoes is. It's very close to adultery. It's not adultery. But in the shoes is obscene behavior allowing somebody else on your bed which you dislike.

00:51:16--> 00:51:29

So these are the problems are some in hospital. What that is describing what issues is in that serious situation. For the one who wants to save his marriage, save his marriage.

00:51:30--> 00:51:33

You could actually say I divorced you and the marriage.

00:51:34--> 00:51:51

So the Quran came with a gradation because the Quran didn't want that the man as was prevalent all over the world, including the Arab culture was to keep to hit the woman for the slightest of things. world over.

00:51:52--> 00:52:18

So Allah reduced it to new shoes, and the problems are described what the shoes was that serious offense. Then instead of hitting Allah said, No, no, don't go to hitting straightaway. Even in this serious situation. If you want to save your marriage, if you don't want to say you're married, of course, you have the right of divorce. But if you love the woman, and she's behaving sexually inappropriately with somebody else, yeah, then advisor, financial

00:52:20--> 00:53:04

advisor first, win her over, because you love her you want to keep your wife files on. If that doesn't work. If that doesn't work, you don't have to go to the next stage. It may work and you salvage every year it may not work, then either you divorce again, or try one euro Honda filma dodge a separating turning your back on the woman and staying in the bed not going to a separate bag, not having your intimate relationship with her and see if that works. And if that doesn't work, then again you can divorce you don't have to go to the next stage. It's not an obligation to go to the next stage is delaying the final stage that perhaps she might Yeah, because she still loves her with

00:53:04--> 00:53:17

a with a smack in those times as smack not beating as it's translated in many translations. Smack Elena Moberly means that doesn't cause any pain and certainly does not leave any mark.

00:53:19--> 00:53:34

So it's like a smack a gentle thing. Like it's famous on blending advice who said that, like a miswak does a tap like that. And be careful because if the cap women's skin bruises very easily, then you've gone beyond the limits and you can be taken to court.

00:53:36--> 00:53:52

So some of them are like in their shoe for example, said when it comes to the smack part, this is the right of the of the country, it can take the rights away from the men if it's necessary to give any punishment for sexually inappropriate behavior for the woman for the state to take control of that not for you.

00:53:53--> 00:53:56

Interesting interpretation really interesting.

00:53:58--> 00:54:07

So anyway, this this statement here why link is linked with the chronic AI without going into the full explanation of all that I just wanted to mention it briefly.

00:54:09--> 00:54:30

And I must monetize a while I hope not alikoum risco hanamaki sua tahuna Bill Maher Oh, and they're right upon you is to provide nourishment and food for them and clothing for them bill Morrow in the customary way so if you're rich more if you're less rich, a bit less if you're poor that according to your means. In other words, according to society and that's the meaning of Bill model.

00:54:31--> 00:54:51

What in the contract to FICO model and today Luba in Sandton I am leaving with you that will which avoid you from being misguided if you hold on to it. Yeah. In any some term Becky tabula. If you hold on to it, which is the book

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

if you hold on to the book of Allah, I'm leaving with you on where and Thomas mess alone and me and you will be

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

Asked about me for man to come alone. Some of

00:55:05--> 00:55:11

the gathering of Sahaba is saying, What will you say when you're asked about me on the day of judgment?

00:55:12--> 00:56:00

Call they said nest shadow under Kakadu baletta what a data on a softer we will declare and bear witness that you have passed the message that you've performed your task and you have given your advice to us sincerely, so Mahal because burries Ababa your fou ha Isla summer wine can be hi Ella nurse then the prophets Allah semester will love took his finger pointing to the sky and then to the Sahaba gathered in front of him saying, Allahu Masha, Allah home a shed, Allah home ash had or Allah be witness or lobby witness or lobby witness. In other words, as the Messenger of God after I've done my duty, these are my witnesses. I've done my duty Allah, he's doing that for his own Subhan

00:56:00--> 00:56:01

Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:56:03--> 00:56:05

Salallahu alaihe salam

00:56:07--> 00:56:24

he's worried for himself isn't his task. And his task is not to do with our brothers isn't? Look, he's worried from the Lord. People say all these religious people who came together and control people. What's he achieving out of? He's worried for himself. This is his truthfulness.

00:56:26--> 00:56:29

He's asking them Why don't I have I delivered the message?

00:56:30--> 00:56:38

Or people have I done my job? You say Have I done my job? Because if they say no you haven't is in serious trouble

00:56:39--> 00:56:44

from Allah so he's worried for that. This is his humility, this is his truthfulness is it not

00:56:45--> 00:56:49

being the Messenger of God sama Lavalle salah

00:56:51--> 00:56:51

and

00:56:52--> 00:56:53

to finish with

00:56:54--> 00:56:55

he did a similar

00:56:56--> 00:57:01

shorter football on the the

00:57:02--> 00:57:08

day of sacrifice, reminding them again some a lot while he was sallam.

00:57:11--> 00:57:14

And and then once we remind them

00:57:16--> 00:57:22

about the sanctity of the day and the sanctity of property and blood. And he says

00:57:24--> 00:58:05

after seeing in the demand curve, what Amala Kumar Lee from haraam coahoma to make him happy Shadi Kumar Rafi Bella de kumada Isla yo Miguel coonara bakoma till the day that you meet your Lord, Allah, Allah halibel Belen to have I given have I transmitted the message on Luna they said yes, all Salah lava live sola Aloma shed fell your bill leagoo shahidullah for Rupa mobile Oh am insomnia beautiful things someone said after saying Allah be witness he said let the one who is a witness pass this on to one who is not present.

00:58:06--> 00:58:16

That included those from that time and those who were to come and those who are not present or us are we not present sisters? Have they done that beauty?

00:58:18--> 00:58:22

Allahumma shed they have Yeah, a lot they have done that beauty because we got the message.

00:58:23--> 00:58:31

The Allahu anhu much marine. Yeah, so that means the Messenger of Allah did his duty because we got it from them to us.

00:58:33--> 00:58:44

And what did the prophet SAW said for Luca mobile, again, I'm in Sami, perhaps the one receiving the message will understand that better than the one who's transmitting it.

00:58:46--> 00:59:02

That's beautiful, that is of wisdom. And that I'll finish with because they were mahad, the theme, even from Sahaba, Tabby, and all along those who were heroes of the Hadith, but they didn't better understand it and the one perhaps who was receiving it would be a scholar.

00:59:04--> 00:59:20

It wasn't necessary that it went that the highest and most understanding was there and even weaker and weaker know the transmitter therefore transmit his or her teeth, were not always and most the time not known as Allah. But they were allama who also transmitted

00:59:21--> 00:59:26

the Allah malware dotted amongst them who received it with somebody who didn't fully understand the Hadith.

00:59:27--> 00:59:33

And that's the idea here. Perhaps the one receiving will understand more than the one whose transcript

00:59:34--> 00:59:38

from Allahu alayhi wa sallam Apollo poliana was a federal elecom in Nevada.