Usooluth Tafsir – The Categories of Tafsir – Episode 2
Channel: Muiz Bukhary
Series: Muiz Bukhary - Usooluth Tafsir
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Episode Transcript ©
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salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen also leivo Salima shawfield ambia you will mursaleen now begin our Habibi now our kurata unit Mohammed Abdullah, Allah who Allah Allah He was happy after salado Adam with the slim Mr. Back.
We begin this episode by placing loss of Hannah with
the Lord of all worlds the exalted the Almighty, we asked him for his help. We asked him for ease during these turbulent times, we asked him for stability, we ask him for peace, we ask him for prosperity. And we ask him to send his choicest blessings and salutations upon our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his family members, his companions and all those who credit upon his path with utmost sincerity under the dear family.
My dear brothers and sisters, we're dealing with the pseudo Tafseer series. And this is Episode Two.
So in Episode One, we went into the definition of sunit FC. So we discussed that also with FC is a Moroccan law thing.
And we went on to break down that markup that compound into the two words seul and tafsir. And we discussed what as soon as we discussed with the series, if you missed that episode, I'll try to link it above you can click the link and access the episode in channel data.
So, we spoke about the definition of pseudo tafsir We also spoke about the difference between Tafseer and that we to Arabic terms. And both of these terms are mentioned in the Noble Quran. So, the previous episode, we discussed the difference between the two, we mentioned that the term that real so when you compare up see and will that will,
is a lot deeper in the Arabic language, it stems from
the root our Hamza wow lamb our
and it is understood as going to NP ha Ola via to go to the depths to go to the end objective when it comes to understanding the IR when it comes to interpreting the IR. And we clearly mentioned that this is not something that everyone is able to do. It's it's a lot deeper than Pepsi. Pepsi is making something clear, as we discussed in the previous episode, but the real is to go a lot deeper, a lot deeper.
And not everyone is able to do it.
Even at best, or the last one, he is a famous Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a very knowledgeable Companion of the prophets that allowed while he really was.
He was described if I'm not mistaken, it is our mother, I shadowed your loved one who says this in regards to him. She says that with regards to even at best, or the other one whom I it was almost as if he was looking into the world of the unseen from behind a city rocky
from behind a team curtain. It was almost as if he was looking at the world of the unseen, the animal of hype the world of the unseen through a very obviously he doesn't have unrestricted access, but due to his understanding of the Koran, and due to him, having learned from the messenger salallahu alayhi wasallam. It was almost as if he was looking at the world of the unseen through a very thin curtain.
And this understanding of his is clear in this narration that has been recorded in the book of Imam Ahmed Rahim Allah
you know, I'll know the last one. And the narration goes a long way to these words, he once asked the companions
with regards to
Surah Surah Nussle, where Allah says either Janice will lie he will fat.
So chapter 110 ayah number one, either nostril llahi will fit when the help of a lot comes and the victory. So he asked the companions now we have Senior Companions
In the gathering, in our midst, these companions, even at best are the Allahu anhu, who is, you know, in comparison, a young companion, he's with them as well. So, the loved one who he asks for the understanding of this ayah. And, you know, each companion put forth his understanding,
if an adversary of the last one, he says, because now you see, I mean, perhaps some of them said either journalist or law, that it's talking about the help of a large talking about the victory that was promised, and they were not to give their understandings of this particular idea, even the best of the allowing him out. On the other hand, he says, when this ayah was revealed,
it was an announcement, if you will, and to the messenger peace be upon him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that he is to pass away a lot, that he is to pass away.
This is an indication, this is an announcement, this ayah is an indication into the messenger that he is to pass away. So, look at the depth, the depth of the understanding of your Ambassador the alarm, this this,
this clear understanding and this was not something that everyone could do.
Not everyone could do it, this is this is understood as as we. So now coming back to kusuda tafsir. Why do we have this series in place? We have the series in place because
every book of the seed when you take a book of the seed, you have this as an introduction. So basically, the scholar compiling the book of tafsir would go into a times a brief discussion about facilite fcrn, a times a lengthy discussion with regards to who sort of FCL
who was the one who established this science known as a sort of seal. It was none other than our beloved messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Wiley.
It was Muhammad Sallallahu it really was the one who planted the tree of the sea. Salad Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The tree is a beautiful one.
And we are reaping we are benefiting from the fruits of this beautiful tree planted by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, during the time of the Sahaba in one light Allah Allah Jemaine, it needs to be understood that there were four important schools of Topsail four important institutions, modalities, schools, centers of knowledge, where knowledge was being imparted, where knowledge with regards to the Koran was being disseminated. There were four important ones in Mecca, even had Bess
Abdullah him and I had Bess or the one in Mecca. The one we were talking about or this way, in Medina, it was obey ebin cabanon sorry, or the LA one
in Kufa third location was Kufa Abdullah him animus rude rhodiola one
and the fourth location Sham we have a booth the booth data and I'm sorry are the allawah so I would though that was his cornea was his tech name.
We will discuss cornea and and lock up and the way the Arabs you know, used to call themselves and address themselves Kenya was the title of respect where you would address someone as father of so and so on Mother of so and so. Father of so and so, like for example, a book Dada Abu hurayrah
abou back are the law one and so on and so forth. And similarly with the females you would address Mother of so and so. Mother of so and so on with selama body allow now my aim under the law so you go on to you know mentioned them, call them with these titles. So I would or that or the last one and I'm sorry, that was his that was his tech name. His name was way MIT Eben Alam or the last one so in Sham It was a Buddhadharma one so let me repeat again in Makkah Abdullah bin Ambassador the last one. So in Makkah Abdullah bin at best in Medina obey Gibbon cabina and Sati in Kufa Abdullah but it was rude inshallah
Abdullah Al Ansari Ridwan Allahu Allah Allah, Hema divine. So these were the four important sentence four important schools of, of seap. Now as we proceed, we have also the TFC that's what we are discussing. And then we have a science called paluma Koran, who sued Pepsi or Lumo Quran lwml. Quran can be translated out loom is the plural of
sorrow loom can be translated as sciences and so on is understood as the Quran so sciences of the Quran was sort of tipsy. We discussed they are the fundamental principles of Tafseer of interpreting the Quran.
So sort of see and are aluminum Quran? Are they synonyms? So the understanding here media brothers and sisters is that omachron is a broad umbrella term,
under which Sulu tafsir is a major component. When you say our alumina caught on the sciences of the Quran, it refers to all the sciences that are connected to the Quran. So to see then the Quran, art, the recitations of the Quran, then you would have discussions with regards to a NASA well man, so, we will discuss as we progress in Sharla. The verses that abrogate and the ones that have been abrogated, then you have a little on the grammatical understanding of the Quran, then you have the literary devices that are found in in the Quran. Then you have our Luma surah sciences connected to for example, if you take a surah you would have different names that have been suited for the surah
you would have virtues connected to the sources and then even with regards to the ayat for example, what is the longest ayah in the Noble Quran? It is a to Dane.
Yeah, you will let me know either today in that particular area, with regards to the loftiest and the grandest of ayat in the Noble Quran, it is understood that it is ayatul kursi Allah Allah Allah What are you so this is this is all of this all of this knowledge is connected to a lumen Quran so as you can see, our lumen Quran is a broad umbrella term that covers all these fields, while still Salut FC is a major component connected or that comes under over. So no, they are not synonyms. or aluminum Quran is a broader term that is used to refer to all the sciences, whilst pseudo FC is one of the sciences connected to or that comes under a global Quran. Now we're going to be discussing
the methods of the seat. Now this is this is a very important section that needs to be covered very clearly. So in terms of the C, category number one, you have the tip c
and this is in order basically. So number one is where you have the Tafseer of the Quran, by the Quran Tafseer for animal called, that the seed of the forest and we've already understood we've already discussed what the seed means. So the seed is to explain the seed is to make something clear, it is to make something apparent, you understand, so that the seed of the Quran, it is the making clear of the Quran by the Quran itself.
for the reader of the Quran, the reader of the Quran will find that there are
places in the Quran, where times questions are asked,
in a manner to intrigue the reader. And the answer is also found in the Koran. If you take surah to Tarik, Allah subhana wa dalla, he says, What's
he was born in wama.
Rock amadori so Allah subhanho wa Taala he says with some antibiotic
Allah promises by the heaven what Tarik and by orthotic
i a number two Allah says wama are the rock methodic
and what will make you understand or what will make you perceive what authority is? So now you might be wondering, okay, so what is a tonic? How are we to understand but a thought it is. Right after that I am number three Allah Subhana Allah Himself
response to the question posed in Iran number two, Allah says, and Niger Messiah.
So what is authentic, authentic? It is the piercing star and Niger mythos tip. It is the piercing stamp. So as you can see, a question was posed, and then Allah Subhana Allah Himself goes on to clarify so the Quran is making the seer of the under speech of Allah Subhana Horta Allah is making the seer of the speech of Allah is a virgin.
So this is category number one. As for category number two, it is the Tafseer of the Quran by the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So now we have the Tafseer of the Quran where the Quran is expressed, the Quran is explained. It is made clear through the Sunnah where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went on to clarify, so he said a long winded way, clarifies he said a lot while you were using them educates the Sahaba and at the end of the day, you have to understand that this was entrusted unto the prophets of Allah it really was, the explaining of the Quran was entrusted unto the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and this is again established in the Quran
where Allah subhanho wa Taala he says,
What einzelner la vichara lead to big gnarly nasty man Jose de la him. One zelner la lake is the crop. So we have revealed a lake of the crop, the remind unto you or Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam so here it is understood that that Isaac is another name given to the Koran. So you have names for the Koran as we will discuss in sha Allah and of course on all four corners, we have names that have been suited upon the Quran. So advic is one of the names at 10 zeal. Okay, so
Avik is one of the names given to the Quran. So once Elena alayka the cross, we have Revie We have revealed the reminder, ie the Quran unto you, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Lee to obey Gina leanness, so that you may explain to the people, man was Illa Illa him with regards to what has been revealed unto them in another place. So the ayah that I read, just now that's in basically sort of Nan, which is the 16th chapter and number 44 in another place,
in sort of natural itself, but I am number 64. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, one more answer niacl keytab illallah to beigene, Allah Houma la vista foofy we have only revealed the Book so here again I have another name for the keytab the helical Kitab in here woman's an Alec Akita we have only revealed the Book
alayka upon you or Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Lee to buy in Allah humo Larry Stella foofy, in order that you clarify for them, the things about which they differ, instead of foofy about the things that they differ with regards to the four arms that you may clarify for them this.
So the Sahaba I did want to lay that an image of mine,
extremely fortunate, blessed said
to be amidst the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam to be around the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So they always turned to the prophets analysis. for clarification. Whenever they wanted clarification, they would go to him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he would clarify for example, if you take Silikal counsel, Allah subhana wa Taala he says in Argentina, Kolkata. So
Allah says, to indeed we have given you or Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam alkota so now what is elicos the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he goes on to clarify that this is in reference this is in reference to a river in Jenna which Allah Subhana Allah has given unto the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had this is in the book of Muslim Rahim Allah the prophets of Allah Islam clarifies this. So as you can see that term in the Quran, or that is in artina qualcosa. That particular ayah is being made tafsir by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so the seer or Annie be sooner.
So before moving on to the next category,
there's an important point that needs to be established at this juncture. That is with regards to the Tafseer of the Quran by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It needs to be at
understood that no other human interpretation can be given preference over the explanation put forth by the prophets and allow it really was selling. So the messengers, interpretation is given priority over all other human interpretation. So we go in order so basically the federal court anabella called on then the civil court and a bit sooner. And now we have category number three, the FSI report any bill sound so, now this is understood as whenever the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
could not find the seed of an idea or a passage in the Quran, where the Quran itself has made the seed of it or if they are not able to find it in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, then what they would do is they would use their own reasoning,
but not just out of their own pockets. This reasoning would be based on their knowledge
the landscape when the idea was revealed, because they were aware of the context. So with their knowledge of the contexts of the ayat, with their knowledge of the intricacies of the Arabic language in which the Koran has been revealed, the Sahaba in one lay dialect, Lima Jemaine would make the state of the foreign so you have great scholars like you're gonna get here, Rahim Allah, I'm sure most of you would have heard of that I've seen of him even Akira him Allah,
who is a famous student of shekel Islam in a time era him a whole lot. So the man when it gets to know him a whole lot, he writes in his book that when we are unable to find a cure for the Quran, in the Quran, or in the Sunnah of the Prophet said along our liberty, we sell them, we go to the opinions of the Sahaba guanylate Allah Allah Allah Jemaine, for, indeed for rarely, they knew the Quran better than anyone else do, due to their knowledge, the due to their precise knowledge of the circumstances in regards to the revelation of that passage or that ayah. And also with regards to the he goes on to establish this point by saying that it is also because of their complete and
accurate understanding of the Quran, because of the you know, accuracy with regards to the understanding of the Quran. And also because of the righteousness of the Sahaba did one of my tile Allah image mine, all of this put together
brings in category number three of Cyril for Annie, Bill atha, he threw the Sahaba Ridwan light Allah la magia mine.
category number four, you have been the Tafseer of the foreign through the language.
Now, with the passing of time,
you have certain words that
take on new meanings and this is the case with every language and some meanings
are no longer in usage. So, you have all of these things that develop into into a language. So because of this certain
vocabulary usages might might, you know, kind of become outdated. It's a natural process that happens like I said, with
every every language and with regards to this, you would see at times the understanding of the scholars
were now for example, if you take the ayah in Surah Nisa, Allah subhanho wa Taala he say is, our lamb must do more Nisa, Phil MTG Duma and for the Mr. Mousavi than tequila.
Now, the term here that needs to be highlighted is labs,
our lab Moscow. So lamsa is on an exaggerated scale if you will.
So, lumps generally speaking means to touch lomasa means to touch but he allama said it's almost like excessively touching. So figuratively it is understood as intimacy, sexual intimacy or the act of sexual intercourse.
So here now you have a difference of opinion. I mean, scholars, like I said, I mean, if you were to go with it literally then it means to touch by then if you were to go with it figuratively it means sexual intercourse. So therefore, remember Shafi
Rahim Allah and if I'm not mistaken in my Malik Rahim Allah, they were of the opinion that it meant to touch.
This particular Ayah was talking about touch.
But they had their own, you know, conditions along with it.
And on the other end of the spectrum you have Mr. Abu hanifa Rahim Allah
who ruled so we're talking about basically the the nullification of one's ablution. So mama Shafi mahalo is of the opinion that by merely the touching of the skin of the opposite gender
if they're from
vitae mahatmas they're not from them hire him as in the ones whom you are prohibited to get married to. So if it's basically someone outside of that, that that framework by merely skin touching on skin, it would nullify the ablution whilst on the other end of the spectrum, so it's like chalk and cheese. The opinion is basically Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah is of the opinion that the term their Lama said
does not mean touch. It means sexual intercourse. So he went with the figurative interpretation there. And when you go back to the sooner the prophets that along really, really well, you see reports that he said a lot while you were using them before, you know going on to leave the Salah. He is reported to have all been leaving his home, he is reported to have kissed his wife i'm not mistaken as I showed her the last one or makes mention of that notion where he kissed her and then went on to lead the prayer. So with this evidence in place and the understanding of the Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah goes on to opine, his view was mama Shafi Rahim Allah has his own evidences to
prove his opinion. So, basically, you know, without getting into the the data for the difference of opinion from a 50 standpoint, what I want to highlight here is that you have differences in understanding and making the tafsir of the ayah based on the lower based on the language. So, this is category Number Number four, the theater or any will lower the seat of the hall and by the language. And the last category that we have in place is the Tafseer of the Quran by opinion.
Now, here, we are, understand that opinions, so long as they are based on a
careful study, following the first four steps that Cyril for unblocker on the civil hold on a bit sooner, this sort of unable to sort of hold on a lava. So following the steps, this fifth category
can be considered a valid category, you have to understand that this category is accommodated as long as the steps are followed. And as long as this category does not clash with what we have from authentic sources, through the Sunnah of the prophets that allow us to send them through the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah. So, one cannot try I mean, because just because this category is in place, that sort of the foreign buyer opinion and we are also going to inshallah discuss the conditions of a will first sale.
So what or who is a professor, and professor is a person who makes them see it. So there are conditions that are in place that need to be fulfilled, I mean, not everyone can decide to make the state of the court under certain conditions that need to be fulfilled, for one to make the state of the foreign. Let me give you an example. I mean, not just anybody can grab a book of law, and start formulating legal opinions and verdicts and whatnot, right? I mean, you have a framework that's in place, you have judges, who will be able to perhaps read through
you know those writings and formulate opinions, you have lawyers were able to understand books of that nature. So, similarly, deducing laws and understanding the Quran making the Tafseer of the Quran is reserved for those who have knowledge with regards to the Quran and the Sunnah, the scholars the lemma, the people who have knowledge with regards to the Arabic language with regards to the Quran with regard to the teachings of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So, this category is category number five and as as I clearly mentioned earlier on,
it is not a
blanket or if you will, a free permission that is in place to you know, make the fear of the Quran based on one's whims and desires. No, you have to firstly fulfill the conditions of the Mufasa and then you need to follow the steps
That'd be just mentioned. I mean, you your opinion cannot clash with the state of the art below or on your opinion cannot clash with the depths of the whole under the pseudonym. And lastly and why I keep reiterating it is because it is of utmost importance that we understand, I mean this category should not be abused. So, and as long as the interpretations in our clash with the explanations that we have from our authentic sources, this category can be accommodated as well.
So, why this was very strongly stressed is because there are explanations out there that don't necessarily conform
to what has been reported to us through the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, for example,
with regards to the ayah, where Allah subhanho wa Taala talking about the story of Moses that was Salam ala Azerbaijanis, he says it habit enough around in hotaka, Allah commands Masato, Islam go to around in otava, for indeed he has transgressed.
Now, there are certain opinions put forth by certain individuals, that this idea was not
either they understand it as this ayah was not a commander to mozzarella to Islam, but rather for every single person reading the Quran, or it was applicable for most artists that was from and along with that it is also for every single person
to go to the heart
which oppresses so basically they understand the term around in this ayah as every heart that oppressors is considered a frown. So go to that heart, go to that heart as in, oh man, go to your heart, or human being go to your heart, because it is the frown that has transgressed. So go to your heart and address it.
So now this understanding my dear brothers and sisters, as you can see very clearly it was a command with a loss of heading without talking about the story of musculoskeletal Islam. And and it is very clear that this command was given to Moses that was left to go too far out there is no figurative interpretation required or understood from this ayah so this is where one needs to be careful. Again in the story of Moses that was around Allah describes the signs that were given to Moses that Islam and one particular sign or command that was issued to most allyssa to Salaam was was Lt. lt a sock. Now before the that stick almost is that Muslim transformed this into this huge serpent. He was
commanded to throw the staff the stick onto the ground what lt a sock.
So here now, despite us clearly being able to see that this actually took place with most Alice Lazarus Alam it is interpreted at times,
in a figurative way, that it was not really the stick that he was asked to throw, but rather he was asked to cast away all of his materialistic desires, and to Castaway all of his possessions. So at times certain interpretations.
You know, you don't see it. Through the teachings of the prophets lie Selim, you don't see it through the Tafseer of Abraham bustle, the long line Omar, Abdullah, Masato de la Hein, and these famous companions of the prophets, Allah, Allah Islam, and they were the ones like we mentioned earlier, who were well aware of the context of the landscape of the revelation of these ayat. And they did not going to make such interpretations. So one has to be extremely careful when navigating through the fasciae of the Quran. And when you when attempting to make Tafseer of the Quran.
Another example that I have in my notes is the iron sort of Rockman Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, Maharaja Alba rainy Hill Taka
there's a lot who has led he has led the two seas, he has led the two seas flow freely yelton and they meet.
Now there are some individuals who opine that
the two C's in reference to highly are the law one and faulty model the law one
and the meeting is basically their union their marriage, it will be a long line home getting married to Fatima or the Allahu Ana. And then they go on to say that the idea here flujo Min, Houma, lower margin, Allah says out of them come
pearls and corn from the seeds. They go on to interpret this as a reference to the grandsons of the prophets that allow them Hasson and Hussein are the Allahumma. So, as you can see, at times the interpretations are very far fetched and very,
very much away from what has been established through the son of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and through the explanations of the Sahaba with one light Allah Allah Jemaine, so, it is of utmost importance that we have all of this, I mean this understanding in place before we move forward.
So, with that, now we move on to the conditions for the professor.
What are the conditions that Professor a person who is making the FCA professor is in the scale of the dua? So professor, the one who makes them say what are the conditions that he or she needs to fulfill? So the conditions will inshallah be discussed in the next episode. So with that, we conclude today's episode I look forward to talking to you all soon. inshallah. Allah does Aquila Hara salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.