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Usooluth Tafsir #05 – Remaining Categories of Tafsir
Channel: Muiz Bukhary
Series: Muiz Bukhary - Usooluth Tafsir
File Size: 21.25MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. bismillah hir Rahman Al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam. We begin by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala. We asked him the almighty the Lord of all words, the Exalted to send his choices of blessings and salutations upon our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam his family members, his companions and all those who tread upon his path with utmost sincerity until the day of the AMA, my dear brothers and sisters, I welcome you all to a brand new episode of the pseudo Tafseer series. Now, if you were to recall, it's been some time since I posted
an episode with regards to the sort of tafsir series but if you were to recall, the last discussion we had was the serial core animal core and so we were talking about the the categories of Tafseer.
We discussed that with regard to the categories of Tafseer you have to enable on the defeat of the Quran, by the Quran or through the Quran. Then you have the Scirocco animus una the Tafseer of the Quran through the Sunnah of the messenger salallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam, and that's basically what we're going to be discussing today. And then you have the zero Karani bill.
So this is basically the Tafseer of the Quran through the statements of the Sahaba Edwin Allah He that Allah Hema Jemaine and you have statements of the tabea own included as well which we will discuss hopefully I hope to try and cover that that particular segment today as well. Then you have the serial karate biloba, the Tafseer of the Quran through the language, and then you have the Scirocco, Anibal era, the Tafseer of the Quran by opinion. So as you can see these categories I in place in order, you can jump straight to the surgical animal era to sort of an by opinion, and when we say that zero per animal are all Tafseer of the Quran through opinion, what does that mean? Does
it mean that anybody can go into the Quran and opine whatever they want to opine? No, there are guidelines. There is this system that needs to be followed in terms of interpreting the Quran and that is what we hope to discuss in today's episode inshallah with that, so once we are done with this content that's in place it might, you know, we might be able to cover it in this episode, or it might spill on to one more episode and right after that, I hope to get into the the actual Tafseer of the Quran with the help of Allah subhanho wa Taala because at the end of the day, these episodes were introductory episodes for us to cover a little bit of content in regards to Salut FC are the
principles of SEO. So without any further ado, let's get into the Scirocco Annie Bissonnette. So that the fear of the Quran by the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
maker Subhana Hua dalla, he says in total karma
led to heidrich being here in Santa Clarita, Jolla being in LA
for either four or
some in LA
LA to Henrik be here Lisa Nikita jollibee Allah subhanho wa Taala commands our messenger sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam, O Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam move not your tongue with it led to Henrik mihaela sonica Lita jollibee, move not your tongue with it to his and with the recitation of the Quran.
In La nerja, ma Hua Khurana Allah says, indeed, it is upon us what jamara Hua Khurana the collection of the Quran, and the recitation of it, in other words, to make it possible for you to recite it. So the collection of it the preservation of it in your heart, you have to understand, it needs to be contextualized, so that you understand these ayat. So and I think I did mention this
in one of our previous episodes, at the beginning, when he was being revealed unto the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So you had this very powerful description. These were powerful moments, you have jabril Elisa to Islam coming to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. I had, and if I'm not mistaken, I even went on to describe there have been certain reports describing the demeanor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam during these junctures, you know, he would start to sell a lot while he really was and there's a lot of pressure on him as the ayat would come down.
You know, there have been reports of him being on top of an animal and the animal would sit down, you know and the UN I shall the law one who has described the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you know, he would he would, you know start to sweat because of the ayat, the ayah, the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala being revealed to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So, at the beginning, he said, a long while he went, he was slim as gibreel would read as jabril alysha to Islam would read the ayah would convey the ayah to the Prophet, the Prophet would repeat it hastily after the engine, because the Prophet wanted to capture it. So now, Allah commands the Prophet
Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you don't have to hasten, you don't have to rush in now. Elena Maha Khurana, it is indeed upon us to preserve it in your heart. And it is upon us to make it possible for you to recite it because right after that, the Prophet would recite it to the companions, and then the companions would memorize it from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And then Allah goes on to say for either Cora now who fought for Anna, so when we have recited it, ie to through jabril is that wassalam foot via Quran then follow its recitation, so, Matt in LA in Urbana, and then a lot goes on to say it is upon us by
making by an effect, in other words, clarifying it, it is upon us the clarification of desire is upon us.
So, my dear brothers and sisters, as you can see the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he was sent as the teacher as the educator,
So, he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would explain the ayah to the to the Sahaba had been like that highly image mine and you have to understand that this stuff see. Now basically, we discussed in the previous episode that of silica Anibal Quran, the Quran explains itself for example, was semi,
the rock amadori so you have sort of toric What is a Tarik Allah Himself goes on to say energy moussaka. So the Quran is making the state of itself. Now here it is that sort of onto the sun. Now when you have the sooner in place, explaining an idea, then
of the Sahaba or the scholars later on, will never be given preference over the Tafseer of the Quran by the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu.
So in order you have the pseudocode, any bit of code, and then have zero for any bit sooner. And then you have the next category and this is why it's vital. It's important to understand the structure, you cannot move things around there is this structure that's in place. So take for example, sort of terracotta, where Allah subhanho wa Taala he says in Teaneck, alcocer verily, I have a we have given you alkota in the inner qualcosa. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Now, obviously, you have to make difficile, what is alkota? Right What is alcocer so the profits are long, highly valued. So that means a hadith that has been recorded in the book of Imam Muslim Rahim
Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he makes interpretation of alcocer referring to a river in in Jenna, that Allah subhanho wa Taala has given him set along while evaluating him. So now when we have this interpretation in place with regards to alkota Today, you and I, we can't go into the Quran and start making our own interpretation of alcocer stating that you know, what alcocer is this and alcocer is that no, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has clearly made a subset of it, he has made it very clear to us as to what alcocer is. So you have to understand that the sooner This is based on guidance from Allah Subhana who attain the principle, one najimy either Our
Allah Subhana Allah that instead of the nedjma does He say with regard to the profits are long while you It isn't a 1 million decline in How're you know who he loves what you have? With regards to the dean the profits of the long run it very seldom does not speak out of his own desires, what he speaks in who he loves, what he knew how he speaks his divine revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this is the only reason it's a very important category when it comes to the state of the Quran. So you have to follow this order. Now you have the serial port animal as well. So, when the Sahaba read one of the Dalai Lama Jemaine could not find the Tafseer of a an eye or a passage in the
Quran, in the Quran itself, because if it were found in the Quran, it is the Koran or if they could not find it in the Sunnah, because if it were to be found, the sooner that needs to be said
For anybody sooner, then what would they do? If these two categories were not available, then they would use their own reasoning. Again,
their reasoning based on their knowledge of the context of the IR,
and based on their knowledge of the Arabic language, the intricacies of the Arabic language in which the Koran was revealed.
And who better
My dear brothers and sisters in Islam who better than the Sahaba with one light dial Allah management, who will be the Prophet sallallahu, it really wasn't they knew the exact context in which if it were revealed, as to whether an ayah was genuine, or as to whether it is specific as to whether it was revealed with regards to a specific case or as to whether it was revealed in a general sense. They were the ones the most informed. So using that knowledge they would go on to interpret now for example,
Allah subhana wa medalla he says in the number of an woman lemmya koombana anzahl Allah for Allah homolka Allah says that whoever does not judge by what Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed for Ole como El Capitan,
they are captured on
a bus for the long run homer, a famous Sahabi famous scholar of Tafseer the prophets Allah Islam is made to alpha him he says that this gopher here in this ayah is a form of Cough, Cough, cough, he says that it is a form of coffee less than the the real coffee.
So even I busted out the alarm line who knowing the context in which this ayah was revealed, okay, and also understanding the intricacies of the Arabic language and obviously knowing so many other sciences when it comes to faith and when it comes to the soul of Tafseer and so many other things given that he was a scholar, a morphus if you're an interpreter of the Quran, he makes tafsir here as such, so it's very important media brothers and sisters for us to understand all these categories will help us to navigate through the Tafseer of the Quran.
So, now, moving on to the next generation you have now the Tabby our own. So after the passing of the generation of the Sahaba in one light Allah Allah Jemaine that tab your own I mean, you know, so with every succeeding generation and due to the evolution of the language, they had to make the seed and if they were not now let's say that during the template of your own it they could not find it in the set of the core annville core category or animus una category silica Ronnie, DISA, Habibi, B Aquila, Sahaba, to the statements of the Sahaba. Now they had to make an interpretation and it would be categorized as step zero for Nb aquatopia in and generally these statements are brought under the
Sirocco Anibal. And during this particular generation, you had your Christians, your Jews embracing Islam, and you had stories from from a Jewish background and from a Christian background also being a brought in to some of the explanations of the Quran. And this is why, when you go through the books of Tafseer, you would come across a category highlighted and pointed out by the scholars of Tafseer, known as Islam really yet
is Thrall eally yet,
perhaps we will have a separate episode, it's not going to be too long, I mean, I can address it here itself, with regards to Israeli at specifically so these Israeli yet unknown as Israelite traditions. Now with regards to these Israel, India, we have guidance from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, that it is permitted for us to narrate these stories that are conveyed to us from a Jewish background or from a Christian background, but we have guidelines in place and and one very important one is that these stories should not contradict what we have from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And in general, you know, you're supposed to at the end
of the day,
it at times is difficult to trace these stories to a reliable source. So therefore, you take it with a pinch of salt. As in you will see these stories included in the books of Tafseer to help gain some context with regards to a passage or with regards to certain ad, but these stories cannot be taken as a form of proof to establish, you know, calm and rulings of the dean and we won't take it to the category of the sooner No, it'll be taken with a pinch of salt. It will be taken to you know, understand the context if you will, or to provide additional
Information okay. And again, lastly very importantly, they will only be accepted into even this particular category. So long as these stories do not contradict what we have from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Now, you have the next category known as the serial karate biloba that subset of the Quran by the language and you have to understand my dear brothers and sisters with the passage of time, as is the case with languages, words started to take on new meanings and all meanings were becoming lost foreign words started to enter into the language and you had you know, so many words that fell into disuse.
So, now, even with regards to some of the onic words, these words according to their literal and grammatical meanings, they started to differ.
So, during this period, you started to you know, you started to witness
the appearance of dictionaries written or compiled specifically to deal with Quranic vocabulary, the Quranic language, let me give you an example as examples bring about clarity, the word lamps the word lamps in the Arabic language, Ms. Lam Meem seen lamps, it literally means to touch, it literally means to touch lemercier lamps means to touch, but figuratively this word means sexual intercourse, intimacy, sexual intercourse. So now Allah subhanho wa Taala he says in the Nobel for an Allah mustermann Nyssa lmtd Duma and Fatima Musashi, then Toshiba.
So with regards to with regards to
ablution when talking about ablution and and the nullification of ablution
llamas Lamaze tamo Nyssa. So if you were to literally understand it, as I mentioned earlier on lamps means to touch. So if you were to touch women, okay, if men were to touch women and then the other way around,
if you were to Google literally then they will do is nullified and this is why Mr. McAfee Rahim Allah I mean, obviously, you have other evidences that are in place as well for them to arrive at this conclusion. But in my Michelle fairy, and Anima Malik urashima whole life i'm not mistaken, they held the opinion that it meant the touch of the hand. But again, like I mentioned, each of these imams had their own stipulations in regards to how it actually nullifies the the evolution. So on the other hand, Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah He was of the view that lamps here does not mean just touch lamps means in the ayah Allah Mr. Minister, sexual intercourse and he obviously supported this
view with with actions of the prophets that allow it when he was in a For example, we have the narration, if I'm not mistaken, I shall have the alarm one has she mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in leaving his home to lead the prayer, he kisses her and then goes to lead the prayer. There was no mention of him refreshing his ablution there.
So at this juncture, it is discussed and it is understood that the yardstick
with regards to what nullifies your ablution and what does not nullify your ablution is last.
But mama chef Rahim Allah, perhaps he felt that to be too ambiguous to go with with lust and and wanted to be on the safer side and he opined and ruled that regardless of whether the touch was with lust or not, if you were to touch a non Muharram someone you are allowed to marry including your wife, it basically nullifies your widow and there is a whole academic discussion which perhaps we can have another day when discussing this particular topic, but just to give you an understanding, coming back to the anime logo, it is because it comes under this particular category of silicone anime logo and and how this word lumps was interpreted in a different way by scholars. You have
varying views or varying interpretations in place here. The last category that is in place is the Scirocco Annie bill. Ra. So we have the Tafseer of the Quran by opinion
many many brothers and sisters it's important that this be understood very carefully and very clearly. Like I mentioned earlier on, you can't just waltz in and and start opining things disregarding the earlier categories disregarding the statements of the scholars disregarding you know, like I said earlier categories disregard into silicon a bit on the Silicon Valley bissonnet of Silicon Valley. A Sahaba. A dabbler in these categories need to be followed the profits that are long, wildly varied
selam is the poetry of said Hadith is in the book of Imam Ahmed Rahim Allah
elmyra orfila Anika throne. And he salesianum repeated thrice opinion based argument about the Quran is Cofer is disbelief. And then he said along Oliver Lipson, I'm in town to say from hours to ninho.
What you know of it, then you act upon it well, mirja Hill to mean who and what you are ignorant of it, I eat the Koran. So do Illa highly me refer it to the one who knows refer it to the people of knowledge, refer it to the scholars. And we've mentioned earlier on the conditions of a professor, you know, you need to fulfill certain conditions to be a professor. And when you talk about the LMR, when you talk about the scholars, they have spent years dedicated in the study of the Quran study of the Arabic language study of the other sciences that are related to the Tafseer of the Quran. So there's something that you are not aware of, by merely googling it up and watching a few videos you
can't arrive at, you know, Oh, you know what, this is the Silikal Anibal arrow and here here. These are my opinions in regards to this passage of the Quran or this idea of the Quran Subhana light is something that we have to be extremely careful about, may Allah Subhana Allah open those of beneficial knowledge for all of us and may He protect us from from you know, overstepping, I mean, so, having said
what is acceptable is that which adheres to this sequence, this order of sale or animal or under the sort of the Quran by the Quran, then the Scirocco, Anubis sooner that subset of the Quran by the sooner the prophets Allah Allah Islam, then the serum or any be acquired Sahaba will Athol will acquire be acquainted Sahaba the subset of the Quran through the statements of the Sahaba at one attalla image mine then the pseudocode anime lower that the suit of the Quran by the language and then finally finally of the local animal raw and that is the sort of the core unbiased opinion and and as long as it all of this is based on ensuring
that this sequence is followed. The guidelines are followed, it's very important that the structure be maintained and followed. So I hope that in this episode, we were able to cover all all of these areas of zero any medical and surgical any Bissonnette or any be acquired so how about the silicone? biloba silicone anabella inshallah tada I look forward to talking to you all in another video. It may lie dialer and we will be getting into the Tafseer of soon inshallah Allah.
Allah who had offered a valuable gift of your attention as well as the time was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh