Channel: Muiz Bukhary
fasting during the month of Ramadan is an extremely important commandment set upon the Muslims. The Muslims who are not allowed to fast during the month of Ramadan are as follows number one, a Muslim woman on her menstrual cycle she is not allowed to fast. Number two, a Muslim woman on her post Natal bleeding period, she too is not allowed to fast to the month of Ramadan. Number three, a Muslim who is in a state of permanent illness such that fasting will cause greater harm to their health or even lead to that. And included in this particular category are the terminally ill, and the elderly. Moving on the Muslims who have a choice to fast or not fast are the following. Number
one, a traveler has the choice to fast or not fast. Number two, someone who is ill. But you might be wondering, we already mentioned those who are ill. We mentioned permanent illnesses. Here someone who is ill with a temporary illness ideally, to understand this particular category, someone who is ill, but his or her condition will not Burson by fasting can choose to fast or not fast. Number three, the breastfeeding mother or the pregnant woman who fears for either the health of her child or her own health, then she may choose to fast or not fast if she fears neither. And if fasting is not going to cause detriment towards her or her child, she must fast like all other Muslims, and if
she were to choose not too fast, then it would be considered as sinful. By the way if you would like to explore further details specifically in regards to the rules governing breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women, you may click the links above or you can even find the links in the description that will lead you to a short but detailed video on insha Allah. Now let's talk about the issue of three important matters connected to the month of Ramadan. Very important matters. Number one being a BA in the Arabic language which is translated as the making up of missed fasts number two alphedia in the Arabic language which is translated as a ransom that is paid out to ransom yourself or it can
also be translated as a substitution given to substitute for something. Number three Alka flour in the Arabic language, which is translated as expiation, something that you give out to expiate for something. Now all these three things come about through the breaking of a fast during the month of Ramadan, or choosing not to fast at all. But bear in mind, different scenarios of breaking a fast or not fasting lead to different results. At times, it might be that the breaking of a fast leads only to Kava, you would only have to make up the missed fast, or it may lead only to alphedia in the Arabic language where you only have to give out a ransom. At times, it could even lead to a
combination of the two making up enfidha or a combination of Alka fara. The other concept I mentioned earlier, where you'd have to give out an expiation and alcova that you have to make up the mist fast and give out a cafaro. So to shed further light on these three concepts and to discuss a few scenarios, I'd like to go into a little more detail. So issue number one alcohol ball
making up missed fasts, if a Muslim is present for the month of Ramadan, okay enters upon the month of Ramadan and either misses the fast through a valid reason or breaks their fast with no valid reason. Okay, if a if a Muslim breaks their fast rule valid reason as we will discuss valid reasons in a bit, then the Muslim is not accountable, it is not going to be sinful. But if a Muslim were to break his or her fast with no basis with no valid reason, then it is going to be considered a sin. But for both the first category not sinful second category sinful, the two of them have to make optimist faster, the faster de broke, they must make up the number of days missed after the month of
Ramadan is over. Now this could be for the one who missed Ramadan through traveling valid reason, a woman who missed fast due to menstrual bleeding, a valid reason a Muslim who breaks their fast by having intercourse with their spouse. Now this is not something that you're supposed to do. But by doing it, you end up breaking your fast and it is considered a sin or simply one who intentionally ate during Ramadan with no valid reason. Again, you're not supposed to be doing it. And because it's done without a valid reason it's going to be considered sinful. But yet, all the aforementioned cases have to make up alcohol. They have to make up the missed fasts. There is only one scenario
whereby a Muslim is not obliged to make up the days that they're missed in Ramadan, they don't have to offer Kava, and that is, for the terminally ill long term illnesses or the elderly the extremely aged, who will never have the ability to fast again because a terminally ill individual is not going to be able to make up fast because he or she is not going to be able to fast again in the future. Likewise the extremely aged they don't have the ability anymore to fast again. So, in their cases, they must only feed a poor person for every day that they have missed and this is known as alphedia in the Arabic language. So what is alphedia alphedia is translated like I mentioned earlier as
ransom and this ransom is to be paid, okay, by a terminally ill or older person or you have this is one scenario a terminally ill old person is obliged to feed a poor person for each day of Ramadan that they miss and due to their inability to fast afterwards they will not need to make up that day afterwards they only have to give out this PDF of feeding a poor person for each day of Ramadan that they have missed. The other scenario is that the person who missed some fast in Ramadan like I mentioned earlier, he has missed the fast in Ramadan and what did we say? He or she must make up the missed fasts and this needs to be done before the next Ramadan comes about okay before the next
Ramadan comes about the making of the misfires have to be done, if it is delayed without a valid reason, and if the next Ramadan comes about, they still have to make up these missed fasts and along with that, they will have to also pay a figure for each day that they had to make up. So let's say for example, if a Muslim traveled in Ramadan for 10 days valid reason and did not fast, he or she does not have to feel guilty. that individual is not accountable, it is not a sin upon them because like we mentioned they have a choice to either fast or not fast because they have a valid reason. So for 10 days in Ramadan, this individual travels and chooses not to fast. So once Ramadan is over, it
is expected of this individual to make up those 10 days as soon as possible and the only thing that is upon this individual is I'll Koba nothing else just alcova making up of the missed days and many of the scholars even gone to say that they cannot even fast voluntary fasts until these missed days have been completed. Okay, but let's say they do not fast these 10 and then the next Ramadan comes about so 2020 Ramadan, this individual travels 10 days. So he misses 10 fasts before the Ramadan of next year 2021 comes about this individual is supposed to make up the missed fast and he doesn't have to do it all in one go. You know, he can even choose to fast one day, in a month and within 10
months cover up the missed fasts. But let's say without a valid reason, if he does not cover up the 10, before the entering of the next Ramadan, then as the next Ramadan comes about he he has too fast the next Ramadan, and now that he has delayed it, he must make up the 10 days. And for each day, he must feed a poor person. So in total, he has too fast the 10 days that he missed, and because he delayed it and the other Ravana has come about now on top of fasting he must also give the idea of feeding a poor person per day so then he has to feed 10 poor people in total.
Now let's talk about the issue of Alka Farah.
And Kapha is translated as expiation and this is to be paid in only one instance. According to the school everyone Michelle fairy Anima Mohammed Rahim Allah and this is when a Muslim has sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan, as it is not permissible for spouses to indulge in sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan. So this is the only instance in which Kufa becomes applicable as for the school of Imam Shafi enema. Muhammad Rahim Allah. According to other schools, like the School of Imam, Abu hanifa and Mr. Malik, they also include the one who breaks his or her fast intentionally, for example, by eating or drinking. So they go on to say that this
individual also has to pay a co founder because he or she has broken their fast without a valid reason. So Imam Abu hanifa let me let me reiterate and explain things for you. Mama, Chef de Anima McDermid or hammer home Allah say that Guevara is only applicable upon the one who indulges in sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan, email Abu hanifa Anima Malik Muhammad Allah after your opinion, along with the one who indulges in sexual intercourse, the second individual that they bring into this category
is the one who breaks his or her fast without a valid reason they intentionally eat without a valid reason they do have to make up the fast so there is cabal upon them and Alka Faraj as well. So how is Alka Faraj paid Alka Faraj is paid by either freeing a slave which is not possible in today's context because the institution of slavery no longer exists or by fasting 60 consecutive days 60 consecutive days allow or feeding 60 poor people and this is derived from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So you either fast you have to fast 60 consecutive days, two months and remember consecutive. Now with Kabbalah you can break it up, you don't have to fast
all of it in one go, but cafaro according to Mr. Shafi, it is only applicable for the one who indulges in sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan, if that happens during Ramadan, then you have breached a very important commandment. So therefore, along with having broken the fast and being sinful, you have to make up for the fast and then you have to give out cafaro which is either fasting 60 consecutive days that is two months in total, or to feed 60 people not just one person, but a 60 poor people for each instance May Allah protect us. And you have to understand that
along with all of that they also have to make up the day of Ramadan that they broke as the cafaro does not cover the Kaaba. Now one more important thing. When does alpha beta alpha and alpha fara need to be baked? We get this question a lot as to whether the video can be advanced, okay, as to whether the Cabal can be advanced. So, the answer to this question is that it needs to be noted that the failure or a fara cannot be paid in advance nor can the Cabal be performed in advance until the individual offering it offering the failure offering the Cabal has either missed the fast or broken the obligatory fast therefore a terminally ill person cannot pay off his or her fast before Ramadan
has started even though they already know that they will not be able to fast the upcoming month of Ramadan nor the one who would be kept traveling during the month of Ramadan travel plans are already in place and this individual knows he or she is going to miss 10 days of Ramadan.
But what they cannot do is they cannot fast or make up for it before Ramadan starts all payments all makeups all video all cobar need to happen after the fast is either missed or broken. Now this can be done the day of the missed or broken fast or days after or once the month is over once Ramadan is over, and we will explore some of them have a time limit and some of them don't let me quickly run through them. Number one if a Muslim intentionally breaks their fast not through sexual intercourse but through eating or drinking then they are obliged to make up the fast as soon as possible after the month of Ramadan is over delaying it would be considered sinful and like I said if it spills
onto the other Ramadan then on top of making it up you will have to also give out a
Now so as mentioned earlier, some scholars do not stipulate a Kaffir to be paid okay.
Only if you delay it after the other other ama bond then a video is
you know, put upon you but there are certain scholars as we mentioned when discussing sexual intercourse Imam Abu hanifa Imam Malik Rahim Allah, they stipulate a cafaro this is not the video of delay, this is a cafaro for breaking the fast intentionally you have to immediately make it up and then the Kufa is also supposed to be given. Now the cafaro is considered a debt upon them to be paid before they pass away. There's no timeframe as for making it up that quickly make it up. But the cafaro is a debt upon them to be paid before they pass away. If it is delayed until they have passed away then it has to be taken out from their inheritance and settled that's number one. Number two,
if a Muslim breaks their fast due to a valid reason, such as travel or illness, then they have the entire year to make up their fast that's the only thing do upon them there is no cafaro there is no failure. But if they delay until the next Ramadan enters without a valid reason for doing so. Okay without a valid reason. For example, if the sickness continues, then that's a valid reason but without a valid reason if they delayed until the next Ramadan and does then now on top of fasting on top of their cabal of Vidya is added as well according to some scholars.
Now others state that you know, the only the cover is to be paid without a time limit Now as for those who stipulate the video again, this is
has no time limit now let's say like we mentioned the example
The modan comes a person travels 10 days is missed now, this individual has to make up the 10 days before the next Ramadan comes about. The next Ramadan comes about no valid reason this individual has not made up the 10 days. Now, according to certain scholars, the media is upon the individual. Now he has to make it up as soon as possible and give out the media but the media has no time limit again it is considered a debt upon his shoulders and it has to be paid as quick as possible. And if the person dies without having paid this video, then it is upon the inheritors to ensure that it is taken from their inheritance and settled. The next scenario, if a Muslim will never be able to fast
again, why, because of a terminal illness, like we mentioned are due to very old age. Now, only the fifth year is upon them again without a time limit. They don't have to make up the fast it is only the fifth year and like we mentioned they can either do it on a daily basis during the month of Ramadan, all at once after the month of Ramadan and has been America the last one who as he grew old, as presented narrations he was unable to fast and what he would do is he would wait to the end of Ramadan comes about he would prepare food for 30 people he would invite 30 poor people and feed them all in one go. So this too is possible you can wait till the end of the month of Ramadan and
give it out there is no time limit, but it is a debt. If the individual passes away without having paid it. Let's say a person passes away with a debt of three or four months of Ramadan where the media has not been paid out then it is upon the family it is upon the heirs to ensure that this debt is settled from the inheritance of that individual. Lastly, if a Muslim breaks they're fast due to having sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan cafaro is due upon them as we mentioned earlier and this cafaro there is no time limit it is obligatory upon them, they have to give it out it is a debt upon their shoulders to either fast two months consecutively or feed 60
people they have to ensure that it is given out as soon as possible. Okay, but if they delayed and if they pass away, then this payment should be taken out from their inheritance and settled. I hope I've shed as much light as possible on all these concepts and we conclude by saying Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. And if you found this video beneficial do share it with others so that others can benefit so that we can spread the message of the deeds that we can all share in on the reward. Drop a like and do subscribe to the channel as well and when hitting the subscribe button there's a little bell next to the subscribe button. Tap that as well as that you receive a little notification
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I look forward to talking to you soon. Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh