TAQLID – 01 – What Is Taqlid
Channel: Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
File Size: 50.25MB
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Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barakaatuh, you know, want to be, you know, for the Vietnam War on the new vertical serving,
especially brothers and elders, and
veteran students, salamati Kumar.
First of all, I would like to say that hamdulillah
it's very pleasing to see a group of youngsters,
gathering in a,
for a cause of Deen and especially for the sake of learning sacred knowledge of Islam.
As you know that in this day and age, there's a lot of
you could say,
bankruptcy with regards to knowledge, and the enemy of Islam of sacred knowledge.
And having and possessing this knowledge at this particular time, is at its lowest. And we see in our society,
especially in the, you know, the Asian society, which comes back, you know, from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. We see the majority of the people, even those people who are punctual with their 510 prayers, who come for fudger prayer for the harasser, mobile in Russia, etc.
But then having knowledge of Islam of the rules of sec, how to perform the rulings of sada about what to do about the cut about hygiene, and not just that the rules and regulations of business transaction is a businessman is doing trade, then he should learn the rules of trade before
There are many for a while and in the past predecessors
who have passed before, they used to stop and prevent people from going into the market unless they've learned the rules and regulations of business and trade. If a person wants to get married, then he must learn the rules and regulations of marriage, divorce, etc. The person is
supposed to praise Allah so that he must learn the rules of Salah if he's going for hydrogen, he must learn the rules and regulations of Hajj. So this is very important. And we see. I mean, this is something which I really feel strongly about that majority of the time, sometimes the mosques are full as well with people, but seldom very rarely you find people who have the knowledge of
God of Sharia, etc. Very, very, and this is general, generally in all EU law societies. Therefore, it's very, very important and then handling 100 in the present, in fact, is that the youngsters now have got this urge to learn about Islam.
It's not too long ago, in the last five, six years, there's this new type of phenomenon you could call it, where our youngsters, they use
the gadget not just to listen to or just to talk where you, you know, gain some advice and you'd have one or two stories, no 100 as a gather, they want to learn about the leader, they want to learn about, about about the massage record about hygiene, we have a lot of course data. And this is very pleasing and how they learn. It's going along in the West, in England, in America, etc. So the first thing is that I'm very pleased and therefore, when the brothers contacted me, I said straightaway that yes, for a gathering like this where people need to know especially the topic which we will be discussing today is one of the most important topics more than actually learning the soccer
anglicised because if you don't know where you stand and
with regards to sec, then to learn in the file itself will be of no avail. So it's very important.
So, as I mentioned that we have two topics, the second topic will be in Sharla just very briefly, I will talk about, but the first topic is very important,
as they put it the evolution of understanding the format,
which means both of them will be incorporated, which means that
what is the history of work, and why we have and why do we follow a particular method, what is the Hanafi madhhab Shafi Maliki henneberry excetera and I will form the four
I will specifically go into more detail with talking about the alphabet because I think the majority of the people are hanafy I don't know he has a majority. So I will more or less talk more about Imam, Abu hanifa, the Allahu anhu and his school and his the methodology of his school etc, but also touch upon the demand slightly.
before we go into the
actual evolution of
I mean, if I talk about this understanding the method and then following a particular school of thought within that you understand the evolution of will come within it.
So, the first thing which you need to remember here
the first thing that you need to remember here is
that, we as Muslims, and the main aim goal of a Muslim and his main responsibility is to obey only a loss of hundreds.
But because it is not possible to obey Allah subhanaw taala, except through the medium of his beloved messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Therefore, Allah orders that we obey the commandments of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and this is mention, as we all know, in many places of the Quran
When the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commands you to do something, then you must, you must obey it. And when he forbids you and prevents you from doing an act, then you must stop and abstain from that act. So, if I told you, it's the law, that's the main objective, the only the purpose of creation is worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala and the objective is to obey only Allah subhanaw taala but because in order to obey Allah, we have to go through the medium of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and as you know, that in the Quran, we have
inshallah, you will understand. So,
there are two types of texts in the
text of the Quran as well as text of the have eaten for us or etc. No details, which surah you have to read and the for the other masala surah are not mentioned in the Quran. Similarly, Zakat, Latina, Sahaja, gives the third now how much percentage of the cut? Who to give the card from what type of words you have to give the card? We don't know. This has all been mentioned in the Sunnah. Some are very clear, clear, no ambiguity. They're not contradicting one another apparently remember none of the texts follow Allah and His Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam which means Quran and Sunnah. The new source the text of the Quran and Sunnah. Now we have two types of muscles.
You have to
keep up with me Chava you might I might go into more detail but if you stay with me Sharla and you will
have Sunnah. Some are very clear, clear, no ambiguity. They're not contradicting one another apparently remember, none of the texts of the Quran and Sunnah ever contradict one another in reality, if there is any contradiction, then it's apparently to us by Allah subhanaw taala there's no contradiction. So apparently, there is no contradiction. And the absolutely clear an ambiguous absolute any person layperson if you know the Arabic Read the translation, you can understand the text. Allah says, Now, let Aqaba Zilla don't come even close to fornication. You don't need to reach too hard and you don't need to ask them very that was the meaning of don't even come close to
fornication. Everybody knows Allah say, for example,
that when I have to go in the Hadith, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, For example, then
don't become angry.
Now you know, you're not supposed to become angry. So there are a lot of texts of the Quran and Sunnah. Like the obligation of salah and obligation of the third and obligation of fasting and obligation of Hajj and all the other moral aspects, then you're not supposed to be angry and you know, when others don't cool one another with names which the other person does not like.
All of this and the stories of wisdom of hikma, in which there is more than enough data and advice and guidance, a lot of talks about the story of use of Alice saddam and the story of Musa alayhis salam, whether is moral guidance for us.
So these are the number one or the first category or the first type of text here. We don't need to ask anybody we don't there's no need, the cleaner will define it to to come up with means to follow somebody aneema in text such as z, there is no following of any one. You don't need to follow. Neither is there any need for HDR because it's very open and clear and efficient.
endeavour and you don't need to know all the various attacks etc.
the second type or the second category of new suits, which means the text of the Quran and Sunnah of Quran and Hadith
are such that they may be either and they may be ambiguous, not clear, not absolute. Also, apparently they may contradict one another
text in the Quran or Hadith.
Sometimes there are issues regarding which there is no clear text you won't find in the Quran either anywhere in the Hadith mentioning the ruling for this particular issue, not just in this day and age but even before the same age. There was no particular ruling mentioned. There's no verse of the Quran. Neither no heavy statement of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And
sometimes you have no suits and texts, but they are ambiguous they're not clear.
He's not for us. For the layperson. It's not clear. Sometimes you have two new suits, two types of texts, which are apparently members that apparently apparently they are contradicting one another. For example, what have you say of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that la salata, Illa decided
that there is no prayer for that person who does not read Surah 240 if you perform Salah, and if you don't refer to it, and Fatiha, your Salah is invalid you present valid it has though you have not prayed. And on the other hand, there's another Hadith mentioned in Sahih, Muslim, very authentic, clear heavy where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that in the majority Eman would you be? The Imam has been made so that you follow him by the chorus. And when he recites then you should remain quiet.
Apparently, there's two headings which contradict one another.
Either you can make the first Hadees as the main you main basis that you have to read sort of at the heart. And when he Besides, you remain quiet, you can say remain quiet when he recites the when you're performing by yourself. And if you're praying behind the amount, then you don't need to refer to the two possibilities. Which one will you choose?
Which one will you choose? Similarly, sometimes you have the contradictory, the two contradicting texts, you know which one came first and which one came afterwards? The same?
Which one came later the one which came later abrogated and canceled out the one which came before? in there as well. You can if you know this, then you can you can say okay, we act upon this because this one came later along in the canvas of the personal law and you send them and this was revealed later that sometimes you don't even know the history that rich had this was mentioned before and which one was mentioned later. So there are ambiguous orders. First of all, there's no textbook whatsoever? Or if there is then there could be it could be an ambiguous or if they're not ambiguous, they could be contradicting one another. And if they are contradicting they could be you know, then
which ones come first and which which ones come later. And sometimes you don't even know that. And many many GM rulings and injunction injunctions are no, there's two possibilities, two things what you can do.
The first possibility is that what do we do is that we look into the
all these different types of texts, a new source of hadith of Quran ourselves
from morning till night for approximately how many years 70 8090 years of our life without doing anything else without going to work without doing nothing all day long? Because we see how do you For example, there's over 300 compilations of Hadith. If you see two how do you how do you know there's another heading somewhere else contradicting this one if you exert all your endeavor and all your
knowledge, you have a new trial. So the first possibility here or the first method is that you derive an extract the rules yourself, which is known as the skin bath.
And the other possibility or the other method which you can what you can do is rely on people who came before you who are very close to the time of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they were close to the time of the Sahaba they were targeting. And they were in the early generations regarding which the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, NASA currently similar formula Do you know the best of the generations or the early generations my generation, the one after me and the one after me
and rely upon their knowledge, their piety, their wisdom and their understanding and rely upon the extreme level of scholarship and rely upon
1000s and 1000s of scholars throughout history, Mr. Hanif as you know, the Allahu anhu used to each Mashallah each issue used to have a committee a group of 14 top law scholars and is to debate the issue this look into all the text of the Quran and then into the Sunnah, and see which one, this two contradicting one another then they try to prefer one over the other. In light of all the other evidences
day or night as you know this would come the amount of money for the Allahu anhu
from failure to Zohar, he is to teach and study and be in extracting and deriving a roof over your head to answer the same thing can I say to another same thing. Another very sharp thing from Russia to Russia is to sit in the masjid with his students. And then one of the students says that I used when I went to see him, I thought after Isha will go home and go to sleep. But he went home and he came back after a few minutes, change his clothes, everything and he entered the masjid and he started a bed
all night long into hygiene in prayer in worship, in worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala until surgery and after surgery, sit down again. This was the nominee for the Allahu anhu
he used to only sleep about one and a half to two hours. But in the afternoon, they say just prior to that, which was by Lula which is soon enough.
So I will talk about inshallah about him further along in time is very short, analytical point of view, from the two possibilities,
apparent light from the two methods, which was the most safest. You mean we can make a mistake. You see, you can say that they made mistakes, they could have made mistakes also.
But there's a big difference between us and then those who are very close to the time of the Prophet was of the Saudi regime. And in the time where there were 1000s of Hydra soon and 1000s of fuqaha and 1000s of scholars, as you know about Kufa that Kufa was full of Allah and Muhammad, Hassan and fuqaha, and the scholars of Hadith, and cetera, et cetera.
So until they piety through millennia,
the best people in my generation and the ones coming after them and the ones coming after this is the testimony given by the messaging from us, and a lot of it was sort of himself.
So from these two methods are the solution we have two solutions. We choose the first solution rather than going to the Quran and Hadith he says, and making and trying to extract rules, as you know, but just by picking up a book of Hadith, you won't get nowhere. I mean, this as I said, 300 compilations of headings, and it doesn't mean that all these are just things Bukhari and Muslim Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim No.
We talk about that further along. Anyway, So hear me when we follow the Imam This is called
was it called duck lead.
Duck lead me means following a particular wish to hate following a man and the definition of a lead
which the fuqaha and the automa give an AMA will be folded in which led an AMA to decode the human mistake in reading the parliament who has the necessary qualifications of extracting and deriving the rules from the Quran and Sunnah is known as a mujtahid like cebuana mo hanifa Imam Shafi etc.
So following his opinion, means it motala that easily without asking for without demanding force and okay show me evidence by giving me this medicine all the time, you can make a decision at the beginning to find out which is the best doctor, you do investigation. Once you become sure of one doctor then you don't go every time that you know prescription so you don't want to accept this prescription until he told me Give me all your proofs in evidence. Even if it gives you or gives me You won't understand what he's talking about the doctor's prescription because we know that he's got evidence. If he did not have evidence we would never accept his opinion. The same thing is with the
fuqaha and Allah we're not accepting them we are really the obedience is of Allah and the Messenger of Allah Quran and Sunnah. There's nothing else besides Quran and Sunnah, Iijima and Thea which are the two others there is also a derived from Quran and Sunnah. Really, it's only Quran or Hadith nothing else. This is because of the misunderstanding of the people. And the way they portray face of the Earth today is following somebody nobody is not doing nobody is immune from nobody even the people who say that we don't follow you know an email they're following some other email. You have to there's no way you have to follow somebody. If they say I'm looking at a hadith How do you know
this hadith is sound is such and such in person said that we look in this book there is a sound. Why why relying upon his opinion for why didn't go and ask the Messenger of Allah instead of having to say he was on or not you can't you have to you see we live in a day.
Then we'll have a debate with you uncertain massada. And my condition is, my condition is that we don't want we don't want color mortgages we don't want to talk about we don't want proof or evidence from any human being only from Quran and Hadith. said, Okay, so what type of headings that we won't say IDs, which is sound, authenticated Heidi's, and I don't want no statement of the original no statement of any human being. And Okay, give me just before we start, can you just give me the definition of authentic IDs. So he said, he gave a definition, which is the five conditions. He said that but give me an additional sound as if only from Quran and Hadees. If you agree with that, I
will tell you not only come from what I
couldn't say anything inventory.
So this is even the definition of what is sound what is happened, you have to rely upon what people have said before you. There's nothing you can industrialize, every person is impacted, whether you do it trofimov hanifa, Imam Shafi nomadically, no matter the number, or you're doing it for somebody else. And to do it, as I will talk about if you follow these four commands, and why we have to follow this for humans anyway. So
please, and following a particular amount, means that you're following him without asking for proof. But that does not mean that he doesn't have a proof. We are only following him because he has proof. It is based on the Quran and Hadith.
If a person does not have any basis of the Quran and Hadith, we don't follow them. This is totally that's wrong. And it's obedience to them and which is of course wrong. Sometimes, some people say that it is wrong, it is you know, you taking your
your Imams, or your scholars as your, you know, your loads, etc. And the Quran has been condemned, and this is schilke, et cetera, which is totally wrong. Nobody on the Messenger of Allah is the node and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the best of creation. So
and you should remember that when we follow the Imams, they are not the law makers.
They're not the Sharia, we have two words here, Shara Shara, they're not sure they're not the lawmakers. They are the law interpreters to interpret the law to explain. Sure, I mean, they explain to us that this is what he's trying to say. When you go to court or something or when you go to a solicitor or a lawyer to explain the law to you. He's not breaking the law, the noise made by the government, he's just going to explain to you so they are just explaining to us they are making the laws.
So, this is the definition of a lead which is called the email in which there has been very inequality dealing.
And there are a lot of evidences of this of following
a particular person following which is lead many evidences in the Quran and has been mentioned a few inshallah, briefly, first and foremost, in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala mentioned
in Surah. To Lisa, you have Latina Emmylou plio la Warfield. rasuna Emily minko.
That Oh, you will believe for Muslims Oh, believe in a sea of love, obey Allah subhana wa tada obey the commands of Allah subhanaw taala. Well to receive and obey the messenger of Allah and Allah who will send them what would it actually mean? And then after that obey those people who are amongst you with authority, those people will have authority among law, the Minister and the government, the Islamic government, etc. and other commentators have stated many, many great allamah and muffle siru have stated that this means sooner for you. Which does not mean there's any contradiction it means both it will mean that as well it will mean means the people of authority from the low point of
view, the people governing you and as well as those people who have authority in religious matches, in a sense, both are meant clear verse of the Quran to view the people governing you and as well as those people who have authority in religious matches, in a sense, both are meant clear verse of the Quran, Allah says, obey Allah and obey the messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then obey these people of authority. Remember obeying Allah and the messenger it was seen as different than we obey or must monitor. So similarly the people of authority is different to them also.
Then last 100 fantasies for internet that I don't see Shane for who you know he wore a suit. Now people misunderstand this verse for the raise an objection to this verse because of the second Do you know why he wore a suit? Then return it to Allah and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu? Is this enough? Am I saying that if there's a problem, then you return it to only Allah and the Messenger of Allah Quran and Sunnah.
But if you look in the commentary of this verse, the majority of the allama Anima facilitate that this second address is given
And the people of authority. The internet is awesome. If you defer if you have a dispute if you don't understand something, this address is given to the people of authority, then those people are people of authority like Mr. hanifa Imam, Shafi nomadic, they have to return it to rule of law and the focus on long
term fishing. Those people are people of authority like uma hanifa Imam, Shafi nomadic, they have to return it to who Allah and the Prophet sallallahu internatia tomb fishing for those who don't know him or assume not the people who are under the people of authority that they go directly to the Quran sooner, no, we refer to them and then if they don't understand something, then they have to refer to the Quran and Sunnah. Of course, this is the first delille of the creed of following an email, which is in the Quran, a clear
this was regarding a particular incident which took place in the time of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
that the Manasa Boone of Medina the hypocrites.
What they used to do is that they used to
a lot of chaos amongst Muslims, by spreading rumors, and by spreading false information about war and about peace,
which normally people do when there's war excetera You know, when you have a lot of propaganda, you know, that the most propaganda takes place, and false information is when they should have they should have returned that if somebody came with a news or a rumor regarding peace, or regarding the wall, they should have returned it to who
they also used to become confused, and they used to pass on the rumors. So rather than with a news of such comes to them regarding safety of fear, the obese the spreadsheet
what to do, who knows what to do, who either sued, or many men who
had it had they not in a lawsuit, the Messenger of Allah go and ask him directly enter in and remain home and go to the people of authority, the main main, however, the main main companions of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam, the people who have got the knowledge and go and ask them, ask them, is it true or not?
The Anima Houdini is done between the human hands and those people who have the knowledge they would have really told them what is the truth.
This is a verse which does not explicitly talk about the following the Imam But as you know, in the Quran, this is a very
accepted principle of the field by the whole oma
a general principle of the field which state is able to Li only salability horses enough, that consideration is taken off consideration taken off
the Moon The moon is
a lovely very cautious about that you don't take the consideration of the incident or that particular event which took place behind the revelation of a particular event. It has a general view here as well.
Allah Subhana Allah said to the Sahaba that don't you go and you know, started start sending this message to other people in a relay and relating information but go to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and ask him or go to the people of knowledge from the Sahaba of the Allahu and COVID-19.
So that the people have knowledge of the capable, however, they can investigate whether this matter or this rumor is true or not, and then they will tell the other people. Another very important verse, the third proof, read, very important verse of the Quran, where Allah subhanaw taala says, Hello Ghana forum economists are continuing to lead a very well into comida Raja.
And Allah says that not such a habit of the alarm,
and the worry and the revelations revealed on the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
that not everybody should go into the for jihad.
One group should go for jihad, in the path of Allah subhana wa Tada. Another group should remain behind follow the number of equally forgotten men whom not each group
will also hunting with either another group should remain behind. Follow the number of equally forgotten men whom not each group
should one group should remain behind.
We have a soft coffee bean one so that they see the world cup has come. This is a clear layer top deep so that they become masters effect. They have deep understanding of
Have sherea then when those people who have come back from Jihad from war, then they will teach them. Why because you can't do everything not one person can do you can go, if you are going for jihad, then you can't extract rules and regulations of Quran and Sunnah because it means all your life, you can't do two things. It's just, it's a, it's a very complicated matter and it needs a lot of time, effort and understanding. So therefore, even if one of your loved one, he said one group go for jihad, the other one should remain behind. And they should understand the rules of Sharia. And then when they the other ones, come back, explain to them what do you do
so that they also refrain and they gain advice from them when you're married. And I remember the incident here also, that even the Sahaba despite despite the time of the Messenger of Allah, Allahu and Islam, despite them being Arabic, Arabs and learning knowing the nose, knowing the Arabic language, yet, it was not easy for them to pick up the Quran or Hadith and understand, you may be amazed by this is the incident regarding one of the companions of the Allahu anhu
I can't recall the name which Javi is but when the verse of the Quran which was revealed, that
had died in a heightened abdomen and heightened
like keep, keep a fast
keep your fast. Meaning that at night You don't have to, you can carry on eating for guru washable, eat and drink. This is a lot of our data is talking about, about the time of study and when you stop eating and you comment and begin your first thing he says he says
guru washable hetta Italian a lacuna hi open abdominal high open sweating and eat and drink carry on eating and drinking until
attire Isabella comas, hypo erbium, until the white thread does not distinguish itself from the black thread. This is the literary meaning translation of the Quran. Height means a thread
of your communication. So the message in the morning.
So this verse was revealed the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he recited this. One companion wants to have you went home, he took some thread, black thread, he put the white thread inside it, put it in his pillow and went to sleep. If after eating, drinking, then one of my first thought my comments my first he looked at it open his pillow and looked still there's still waiting for the thread to come out from the breakfast.
Afterwards, you sleeping again is checking us nothing's moved yet. And then after about 10 minutes checking so much. So that amount of pleasure happened and he went, he said nothing happened I haven't started
after he went to see the Messenger of Allah
and said that all Knights have been waiting to see that the thread, you know comes out the white thread comes out from the black thread. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he smiled. And he said to him, in the wizard, we saw that the color is that it seems that your bed is massive, you know, it's holes in your bed. It's huge. And you have the whole sky and everything in your you know, in your bedroom, are you sleeping in a canary, and then you extension that the meaning is that the meaning is when the lightness appears, distinguishes itself from the darkness, which is a federal study, it's true, don't withdraw drone, a drone appears and you stop eating and
drinking and sexual intercourse. And that's when the Fast Start.
This is a companion who was in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and who was Arabic born as an Arab. Therefore, just you know the Arabic language is not sufficient also, just like learning English is not sufficient to become a doctor. Similarly, Arabic is the language you learn. If a language is not Islamic knowledge, you see the Christians who are you know, you can get use of it. I've seen a Jew who's an Arab Jews, and Christians the word Arabic Of course, it's good, it's a it's a bad language. It's the number one agenda it's the language of the of the people agenda and the language of our beloved messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, of course, I'm sure
learn it, but it's not sufficient. It's your first step and then you go along. So this was a companion yet he did not understand the clear meaning of that particular verse of the Quran. So, he has well Allah says that a group of Sahaba should remain behind and they should learn they should be the fuqaha they should master the Quran and Hadith and then teach the other ones.
So this is another variant of the Quran, which is very clear and very famous. Another verse of the Quran also mentioned first
creating content now kalamoon
as the people of knowledge, music are those people who record of remembrance meaning the people who have knowledge, ask them if you do not know them, you ask them,
learn from each other further along anyway.
So, even here, I mean, this was revealed regarding the specific incident,
which took place, I don't want to go into the incident time short, but the same answer here. What's the answer? Now, this is a general guideline principle of foreign consideration is taken to the general principle and guidelines. And it's not just that specific incident which took place behind the revelation of the verse.
We come to the Hadith. Now that is from the hadith of following an Imam.
There's a hadith very famous Hadith.
mentioned in Surah, telemovie and Muslim, female Mohammed etc. Where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is narrated by Elisa inelia manga the Allahu anhu He states that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, he said in mula de Nabokov, he
said to the companions, that I do not know how long I will remain within you in Isla De nada kar
sakta do day in embody the Berkeley Mama, therefore, follow external follow those people who who are asked me those two who after we build as a me those two will after me meaning and this is not meaning isn't a headache he said those two and I mean which the process and a lot of them say that Abu Bakr and Omar are the
four follow the two who after me who aboubaker and honor for the love and humor, who is saying this messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you know authentic sound, heavy of cinema Timothy and Muslim and as well, which which in which you use the word, follow up data, this is the meaning which template has following following somebody in a religious sense, not following somebody in a legal sense, as you follow the immutable meaning no, laws use this, this world you can see that in many places of the Quran and Hadith where this word has been used in a sense where you are following somebody in villages matches, in fatwa in knowing the rules and injunctions of Quran and Sunnah.
When I can let you know how long for the Buddha who study Quran about the Prophet, that they are guided, therefore follow them.
Why do you follow the prophets? Because there's been a little more meaning and how do you know we follow the prophets because they're showing with the guidance of Allah and the Prophet Sen and of Allah subhanaw taala what the prophet
so I use the word of following the Prophet, the same from the same root word of Ikeda. Similarly, he also follow Abu Bakr and Omar, not because they will be the hanifa or the Hon mini bit follow them in religious matters.
Also, there's another other that I have
from the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
In one hand, you can say that in the low and middle element design, Allah subhanaw taala will not take knowledge away just like that he won't snatch knowledge away.
How will knowledge decrease and go away from from the world
will do the job that by taking away of the great parents or a man scholars, that's how knowledge will go away from this world. And then, before they are known, one of the signs of piano of the Day of Judgment is that when no
argument no scholars and fuqaha remain. Vanessa roussanne jehlen people will take people will take
unqualified people, people like me, as they, you know, people have guidance or people have scholarship. It has a nurse who's and Johanna, the people who are ignorant, have no knowledge people and make them as the Imams and
faststone for Sulu, Fausto.
And then they will ask them questions, and they will give answers without any knowledge or value value they will give you themselves and they will give it other people. This had he shows you in the book that a lot of it was me saying that you have to ask those people have knowledge. If it was wrong if it was all shared, and been asked to go and ask somebody follow an email or follow a particular scholar, then hiding saying that people you know will take unqualified people as needed. Meaning you have to take qualified people, people who have knowledge as you need it.
And also there are many hobbies, I don't want to go into all of them. Now here we are just to be understood from the general
principles of Quran and Hadith.
Many, many proofs of following scholars following him people of authority.
Now here we have two types of
two types of
companies two types of following.
known as debris removal, and the other one is known as the blue Sharpie label, which means general following.
Other one is the blue Sharpie, the following of a particular individual
following of a particular individual, and the time of the habit of your level and there are many, many examples with a clean and motor lock with a general following was common
within the habit of your loved one,
once the happy companion, remember in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam, they never need to ask anybody, we used to go on after messenger for more, but even then, there are cases and incidents where they used to ask if they could not approach the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who was false who because of the duty some other reason, they would ask another companion, who is more knowledgeable, they used to have certain companions who are known as the fuqaha these are the people of knowledge.
Not all of the habits were fuqaha. So they used to ask, so this please note the general following of a person was common and prevailing in the time of the Sahaba of the law 109.
Some of the images and some of the Aloma have written the books that they were approximately 100 or some of so Sahaba, who are known as the fuqaha, and people used to refer to them or the rest of the companions.
And Amara, the Allahu anhu, in the time when the particular light insulin passed away. These of course, refer to the major major Salah season,
the Allahu anhu, once he gave a hoot but he gave a sermon. And he said in that what was
I will talk about that in the second part of the crypto, but Omar the Allahu anhu, once he saw as a hobby companion, but harrowby Allahu anhu was around when he was performing camera.
And he was wearing her on the clothing of her arm, which was colored it had, you know, some type of color on it.
Because of which is an onlooker was to see him, he will regard that he has put some fragrance he has colored it with a color which has got fragrance in it. And as you know, and you're not supposed to wear any clothes with fragrance in whilst in the hub.
But he had this around, which had no fragrance, but when Amerigo hapa rhodiola and who we saw him is perhaps the Allahu anhu. He said to remove it. He said to him on some of the companions, he said that you you immerse your leaders. If people come from other cities and towns to perform hajj and they see you wearing this. They say look as a hobbyist Allah has worn a cloth has worn around, which is colored and let's start following you who said this summer?
This was a this was a possibility. And this was his This is the reason why he said that. He would have said that. No, it doesn't matter where it is they do it's their problem because they should have checked in their head. He didn't say that. They will look at you. So the Sahaba the people used to come from other places that they used to look at not just listen to the verbal statement of the Sahaba they used to the action of the father used to be evidence for them, they still look at as a hobby. And he's doing this they think and presume and assume that this is permissible. If they do something, they think that this is sooner because they know they must have taken this from the
Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
the played a Nutella which is general following of any man This was prevalent in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa similar and on top of the Allahu anhu disseminations talking about the hotma remember here moot law is generally used to go and ask one issue to once a happy one not allowed to another hobby, not one person is to follow everybody This was permissible at that time.
owner of your local animal once he gave the hot button he said that if anybody wants to ask anything relating to Quran then you should go to the big copper the Allahu Allah. Go and ask him
if anybody wants because he was the master in the science of Quran, if anybody wants to ask anything about inheritance, you should go to the admin service because it's understanding the rules and regulations of the universe and inheritance. If anybody wants to ask about
then he should go
And go to live in Java, the raw an African because he's a master in there. And if anybody wants any wealth then you should come to me who said that America because I'm the governor and you know me if you want any love or you need your your life you come to hardships come to me I will give you some money for cotton balls with some food or provision etc from the dental nurse, which is the you know the treasure the treasures of the Muslim community.
So, he said that go to them and ask them he didn't say if you want to know anything about me at all, pick up the hill behind because
it's a bit odd following an Imam when it's better African naxalbari because in the time of the Prophet Allah life is over here Bukhari and Muslim, rather the Quran which also by the Quran, which we have in a compiled form, it was not in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
this is general following of the EMA.
Now we have decreed and shaxi which is following a particular individual.
many incidents of this also happening the time of the Sahaba and their followers, the owner, the Allahu and release to go to one person and ask make one person as a leader, that's it.
You know, this person has good information, good understanding, all my asking will be from this person.
There are cases in the time of the Sahaba where they're lovable. I know, the people of Medina asked things Abraham does, it'll be a level
of a particular question regarding inheritance. You give them the answer. And they said no, he said that you we asked they'd been studied as if it was a mass inheritance. And we've asked him, and you've certainly which is contradicting which contradicts his opinion, we won't take your opinion. We only follow they've been Savage.
They said nanobody astina earlens. We don't care you give us such Well, you don't get nanoco disease, you're not going to leave the opinion of veteran service because we know him to be honest, in the sense. You can adversarial No one said no problem. You can take the Canadian say that's
why they can get the service opinion. Now. You can take his opinion, because he knew the rules of miraz of inheritance in depth in detail. You go and ask him. And you take his opinion, nowadays to only follow that bizarre because you're wrong.
This is the example of a sharpie, which is following one individual.
And also there are incidents, for example, Abu Musab Allahu anhu, a great companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Somehow there'll be a long line of some of this data in the rent and asked him about a particular question or issue.
And he said about it in this order, the Allahu Allahu cebuana Abdullah in this room, as long as this great scholar, have
an argument scholar have great knowledge. Don't ask me anything as long as he is amongst you who at the Rotman school, don't come and ask me you ask him refer to him in audio matters, because he's one of the great companions of the public for a long while he was telling about the rise in the throat, you know, one of the great companions.
And also another incident when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent us about their love and to Yemen. He sent him and he said, How will you judge he said, I will just be Kitab in the book of Allah subhanaw taala not only understanding the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent more hours being Jabba the Allahu anhu to Yemen, not just as a governor, a leader. Some of the companions there are some of the categories have stated who are from Yemen, that he came to us Adana more either the Jabari can came to us, mostly on Ricardian, he came to us as a judge and he came to us as a Mufti. why I'm saying this, because some people say that he was the only person who was sent and he was the
only point of reference for all the Muslims that are living in Yemen. Nobody has to ask these two to ask him all the questions they need to know they ask him
something that no, he was sent as a governor only which is wrong. The people are sometimes in statements they say a fan of audible Javelin muskie and record it and he was sent and he came to us as a mosquito is mostly is not a person who gives you sits in the you know 10 Downing Street, mostly the person will give you rules of geese following selected individuals and following one particular mob. Both of these methods were permissible in the title of this, how would you love one home? This was permissible in this time of the owning the early generation, this was permissible.
Now the next aspect is that what happened
That in the third and fourth century
all the aroma of the oma
unanimously agreed upon a particular method to be implemented.
Before understanding you need to understand
in the Quran and Sunnah as you know in Sharia following your own desire and following your own whim and obedience, don't follow your desire or you will be deviated
for 18 minutes Takada, ilaha illa. Allah is sent to the Messenger of Allah Haven't you seen that person who is made his own desire his nose, you follow your desire your desire become your Lord, you got your your, you know worshipping your desire, inheritors, well, you can't be a complete non believer, now you
have an image it to be, you can't be a complete believer until you don't make your desires according to what the prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam was sent, we then came down with the revelation. So this is totally prohibited. In early generations, the Muslims the level of taqwa piety, and you know, this is natural to happen because it's the Messenger of Allah Himself stated, according to millennia,
the best of generations, therefore, people narrate and act upon otherwise, and they would follow it. But what happened as the generations came down in the third and fourth century, now people started following their own desires. You find the roster in this amount, then you follow this email, you find the roster in this email as well then you take this email, the females opinion, they started trying to find
things which are easy Lhasa to act upon that.
Now, because of that, the allama made and gave an issue a fatwa.
Majority of the oma they gave this fatwa and they said, this was fun, all the collider and the principles of Quran and Sunnah you have principle in safe manner etymology will not be for logic, that if
something which is necessary is not achieved and acquired except for one means, then the means also becomes necessary.
If a thing is what you think is obligatory in Sharia, but there's five means of doing that, that you can do all five minutes and sizings, but in a particular generation, only one meaning remains. The next one, the idea or
the introduction to that particular obligatory act away from our desire is not to pick and choose and follow different humans whenever we want. Therefore, in the third and fourth century,
the majority of the oma demand whenever he has written about this in detail, even hydroquinone has written about this in detail and many of them they stated when we gave this fatwa that it is necessary that you choose one a mom, and you follow that when you
say, how can you make something larger, which is not, which was not working in the time of the Prophet salallahu animus and indeed, it was not virgin in the time of the Messenger of Allah. Now, that wasn't necessarily in the time of the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu. But because of this, that because it is going to lead you to deviate in his time.
There were seven methods of reciting the Quran, seven scripts, the way of writing Quran just will have he burnt all the copies of the Quran because he thought that people are new Muslims are coming from different different countries, non Arabs entering into Islam. So therefore, he banned and canceled all the other Quran. And he ordered them to be banned and gathered and join everybody on one script writing of the Quran and the tango for promotion. And this was not done. But he did it because in order not to, to people to be Miss to be confused and have no problems afterwards somebody saying that this is the way of reciting Quran somebody saying this is the way this
is just one example. There are many examples of this.
And therefore, many humans in the opinion of nevertheless, they are doing totally something which is haram and deviating who said this email me Tamia. He says you said Allah that sometimes some people take the opinion of one email when it's time to get married. And then when it's time to divorce, they take the opinion of another email. And then with regards to schufa, preemption, you know, preemption is somebody selling your house, your next door neighbor, you have a right to object and say first I have arrived then you sell it to me because if you have some noisy person next door neighbor, it's going to cause you problems. So this is a rice which has said that when your neighbor
is selling your house, you take the opinion of the novel gives you the right of inertia, when you want to sell your house to a friend and you don't want your neighbor to take another humans opinion, who says the neighbor does not have and there are these two opinions. One opinion in the shelf or in the 100 feet is that
According to the Hanafi, even the neighbor has a right of preemption equation, I'm sure you know only that person who has joint ownership in the house only has the right because if you are joint ownership with somebody, and you sell your house to somebody else can cause a problem, who your former partner was, but in heavy metal, even the next door neighbor has a right. You're setting you taking another opinion, this is nothing but deviation. So because of that, it was unanimously agreed upon that you have to so much so some onomah statement has been awarded in Allah is courage, Amina Islam, whoever takes because you see each mujtahid
each mystery has one or two opinions which go against the mainstream and asunder like one which they said that playing of chess and one which they said that if you want to go and marry, when you go and see the girls, you can see her in the news.
And 111 wish to hear that when they call it an older shot. It's coming out from the mainstream, of course, against the whole 99% majority of them each and their great great grandmother, they have one, somebody wants to take a book, you know, select all the you know, the separate opinions which they have that 111 this is what this man is trying to say. And then after they've been awarded in Allah if that person was to take that one opinion, which is against the mainstream German ruler, and the majority of the old man takes all those and collects them, then he will have a religion ready in front of him. And nobody has made his religion except his own desires and shaken. Nobody else it's
got nothing to do with Quran and Sunnah whatsoever. You can have a brand new religion can make it
so therefore, it was absolutely necessary that you follow one person and you don't move out from that one person's opinion. When he says afterwards and there's no time in the question answer we talk about if somebody asks about when you can take the opinion of another veteran
our question arises here
then why is it just 14 months? Why not? other demands? Why only for
mobile hanifa International sorry, Mr. Malik in an amicable humbler the Allahu Allah while waiting for
the answer to this is
if you just want to give an answer, without you know, really improve the I just
make somebody quiet? Why do you have just five minutes Why not?
Why do you write Why do you have to ice when a 340 had one more even better? See, there were many which they do. It was not only beautiful, there were these four imams there was people are closer to people like Sophia sorry, there are people like Abdullah Hebrew, Mubarak, you know, people like Sophia and even Ojeda there were Mr. Hayden the Sahaba you might think that these people are not even Salah
is true, there were great ways in which they were better than inaudible hanifa as you know, that we our belief is that a person who is not a hobby a companion cannot even come close to the soil, which is under the feet of as a hobby, because that one, you know, sight of looking at the message of a Muslim Ummah when he was Hello, somebody asked one of the month, then what do you say?
Between wow VOB Allahu anhu and disease.
Aziz was a Tabby and we are we are the Allahu anhu the companion but slightly, he's a companion I mean, of course we send them into my bed because the other people who refute him etc. So however, we hold them in high regard, all of them, we are not supposed to say not even slightest bit about them.
So, somebody asks, Who is better?
Are we out of their level and who who are married?
From the highest level of studying and more we are at a loss I know there are certain people who will suit him and etc.
I can't recall who they asked they asked one of the great humans.
He said that
memory Marie Abdulaziz cannot even come close to the soil which is below the feet of the animal on which sufferance. Margaret sitting,
can't even come close to that. He's so happy he saw the Buddha the Allahu anhu and the medical any Sahabi So why do we follow these four Why don't you follow
if there was a school of Saban Abu huraira de la hosted by all means I would be the first one to follow. If there was a school of editing domanick will be following him. There were wish to add in between Sahaba and W but it is impossible virtually impossible to follow anybody school besides these four schools, initially these a mas emammal OSA and people like that
High Schools, of course, but they did not live, it was not qualified, it was not standardized and there was no structure to it. This was the wisdom of our standard that I wanted, that the school of thought of these four demands,
were they had students, and they were gathered, and the students Miss kinja going to remove yourself, clean yourself all the way through inheritance, which includes everything, you can't find that in any other
school of thought. So, therefore, there's no way except that we follow these four. But if there was another mistake, by all means, it would have been permissible to follow that mistake also.
So, this is the answer to that another question, which comes here that if Okay, four of them, you follow, why and how can they all be on the right path?
You know, if one person thinks something and one has to be right one has to be wrong.
And we say that all of them are on the right path and all of them are right, by Allah subhanho data, we may be one who is correct, but for us, all of them are correct. And this is in the mentioned the Hadith that is emerged in a Father Father, who is runaway in
that era, then he has what he wanted rewards for exerting that endeavor and that
strength in deriving and extracting the rules,
differences that happen because as you know, the Quran and Hadees we have versus as I told you, the beginning mentioned that you know, you have apparently contradicting narration, sometimes in the way of interpreting
you can interpret in one way you can interpret it in another themselves and then after that all is used to come and perform Sonata with
somebody asked him that every time you go to the toilet and you come back and you press that operator, so he this person we never used to follow him and say no, I will pick up the headache no doesn't understand.
So I asked him he said I've got a hadith or say Buhari was a heavy minister, you might have a youth,
whoever goes to the toilet instead, Mara, which means you go to the toilet washroom, you believe yourself, clean yourself a new tip, which could mean he should resign to better perform better, which means he should use odd number of stones.
Instead, Mara is to use stones, because there are lots of them saying when you go to the toilet when new stones will come back and besides you throw in the towel, this is what happens if you if you don't follow the scholarship of the Iron Man on ama. So
difference of opinion happened because of different ways of interpreting the Hadith. And this happened to the Sahaba in the time that Allahu Allah was in in a famous incident, you know,
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent a group of Sahaba to a place called bonacasa and said to them, now, you suddenly had a console up and
And no, no none none of you should perform financial assets except in Baruch Corina
sahaabah will go into the company was in a row and he will send them was implying that your salad is not valid your prayer is not valid, unless you reach Menaka and perform your prayers and therefore when I say time is nearly ending, nobody has entered the time on it but we want prayer because he said don't play exception by an operator when you reach the tribal graver therefore we will perform here the other half group have this habit on your last visit. No he was trying to imply and say to us that make sure you hurry and reach by the time of asset but we haven't, we've been delayed. Therefore, the time we should make about we should pay our salary and then carry on and they perform
the service and they came back to the cinema after the journey. I mentioned some said we prayed since and we didn't pray said both of you. Both of y'all happens when you have a headache. clear how do you you can have 123 different types of interpretations and it's not a problem.
All of them are correct inshallah, on the right path.
time is very short and there's a lot of other things, all of them
correct inshallah, on the right path.
time is very short. And there's a lot of other things to mention also.
Here there's a very important aspect which we need to make the challenge and make it brief. There's three levels of techniques before
we get for the first level of lead of following and because of not understanding this a lot of objections arise against us because of not understanding.
The first level of lead on following of Imam is the level of a layperson or normal person which includes a person
Wouldn't have no knowledge whatsoever
or a person who knows Arabic language or a person who studied a bit of Quran and Sunnah and has become a scholar, you know, has studied those 567 years, just a routine study is graduated from a school, all of these people are included in the first category of caring for them, it is not appropriate, except it is not permissible, not allowed for the except to follow the remark. Even if they were to see a heartbeat which is going against, then Amanda's opinion they cannot, this might they cannot follow the Hadith and go against the opinion of the mother. This might sound a bit amazing that you haven't had it in front of you. And, you know, you can't go against the man's
opinion or the mother's opinion, which is true, because we don't know that the Imam he might have had another Hadith which was later which came after that,
you might have an interpretation of the Hadees, you might have other evidences which
which overcome this evidence.
So, a person who is in this first category,
for him, is not permissible, except to follow the image and the school of thought and the mud had nothing whatsoever Besides, if even if he sees, as you know, the man said that if you see a Saturday on a correct authentic hadith, then you know, smiting against the walls, or throw it against the wall. Sorry, if you see my authentic hadith and throw my opinion against the wall and practice the head is not any further learner stated his or her heading for humanity, if a hadith is authentic, and that is my opinion, that is my opinion, which does not it is not addressed to people like me and you which is not addressed to the first category of people. This is addressed to the second category
of the second level which they had, which is those people who have deep understanding. Remember, this is not not everyone which this can happen in this day.
Even in this day and age, the second level of the creed, they are they remain is the Hanafi that Mr. Mr. Hennessy, the Mr. The RM, the SCADA, he's a sharpie, he's a medic is handling. But he's on the second level, which means he has a thorough, thorough, thorough, deep understanding of the rules and regulations of his mother. He's mastered it is mastered the science of Hadith, he's mastered that a theorem the principles of the sphere and the principles of Hades are now unsurfaced everything deep understanding and he knows the muscle and the rules of relations of the other methods and schools of thought also, we can have them in this day and age, for that person his leader can do if they
genuinely if they look at a particular issue. And they understand that really here I am hanafy but in this Mashallah he studied in depth, he studied this must Allah has gone into the Quran and Hadith in depth in detail. And he really sees that. And this person after he's done about 3040 years of
not just that he's read the translation of Sahil Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, he's read all the six books and then Allen books and his 12 books and 15 books and all the Muslim effort and the Muslims.
As you know, that remember how he handled the law and oh, somebody asked him that when can you be called the supply? He said, Not until you know how many he said 300,000
something like that. 300 nothing, even though he was talking about the different chains of narrations, but it must be over 10,000 Heidi's you can't be a copy if you know until you know them off by heart of your memory.
So mom is more stronger than they can take their opinion. I know one or two tiny females that didn't have anything.
They they are pure hanafy straight hanafy. But in just the issue of raising the hands in prayer, he raised his hands in prayer.
Because he said he researched and investigated just the issue of love for your day, raising your hands in prayer for five years. Or even you came that My heart feels that raising the hands in prayer is slightly more stronger than not prayer. But nevertheless, I am full, complete anarchy.
You see, this is his own. He's a master of Hades, the master of Hades, he knows. And remember the difference of opinion between raising your hands in prayer not raising raising your hands is another important thing which you need to know is not what is permissible and non permissibility and permissibility know,
according to the Hanafi madhhab the main kind of method, it is perfectly okay for you to raise your hands in prayer. All of this is a synonym of halifa but it's preferable have been more better not to raise your hands in prayer. Your mama chefs are in states that it is perfectly okay not to raise your hands. But it's preferable more better to raise your hands in prayer. So the difference of opinion is really
With regards to preference, what is better run out of permissibility or non permissibility? You see, so that's why you need to understand also, this is the reason why you want to shop in the long run who, around me sahibi has recovered in respect of this person who is in his grace. This was the respective among sharper at any part of the law. When he went to pray next year, his grave there was another kid there. I mean, he wasn't praying to the grave, but he was praying for near the grave. And even today, we have a method that is called Jeremy will be hanifa. in Baghdad, the whole area is called avermedia is called lemmya because of the greatest amount, the whole whole area is known as
alchemy. And the magic is Jeremy hanifa john and unless he does not envy in the eye of God, we see this Imam nawawi where his grave is next to that is msgid jemimah in every
colony everywhere in Syria and Yemen, Jordan etc. So,
this is a second level of technique and the third level is of the third and fourth third is the main wish to hit demand who are not wish to hit absolute in themselves, but they are have slight level of wish they had like in the hand a finger we have a use of an Umar Mohammed, Allahu Allah, they differ. If you look at the hands of humans, and you see so many Messiah in the news, we're in Abu hanifa has differed from his two students. So they're from the third category of level where they differ extremely and immensely. The principles are one, but the understanding of the rules can be different they can have different opinions. And the fourth level of study is the Eman themselves.
Remember Abu hanifa
he was not safe and immune from Tobago so he had to follow somebody also.
The fourth level is the image of themselves. In America the Allahu anhu used to follow the AMA Dr. Medina, the practice of the people of Medina. Imam Shafi shastra used to take normally the code of grh in our head himself, nobody is immune from it even they have to follow somebody and the people before them, they follow somebody, and we will refer them follow somebody all the way to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu and even send them and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also adhere to the commands of Allah subhanaw taala. So there's only one being who doesn't have to be one, one being which is the last minute silence.
So these are the different levels of Togolese initiated