How Does the Hanafi School Work- Usul Al-Fiqh
Channel: Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
File Size: 45.28MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
especially brothers and sisters Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
Alhamdulillah. All praises for Allah subhanho wa taala. It's an honor and it's a blessing. It's a privilege to be here with you today.
At this auspicious gathering, dedicated to the greatest of Imams, and Imam, Abu Hanifa Norma and Ben Sabbath are the Allahu Anhu. May Allah be pleased with him. This great Imam regarding whom you must have heard one of the statements of another great Imam, Imam, Mohammed Idris, a chef. May Allah be pleased with him as well who said a nurse who a year loon abhi Hanifa to fulfill that humanity and mankind. The whole OMA is indebted is dependent upon Abu Hanifa. In fact, the whole of humanity. They are the children of Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah or the man who in fact, now sometimes some people actually make this whole use this statement maybe in a negative way that Imam Abu Hanifa people are
in need of Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah in fic, but maybe not in Quran, maybe not in Hadith. And this is why what I want to do in the few minutes that I have in front of me is talk about what is fake and what is the print, what are the principles of fake? What does having a good deep understanding of fake mean to us, and it's going to be quite detailed and I really need your attention.
Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Shafi said the whole OMA is indebted to Imam Abu Hanifa in fact, what is fake? Is it not Quran? Is it not sunnah fake is known as jurisprudence. Fake means to understand the literal meaning of fake actually, is alpha mood, understanding deep, the deep understanding and actually, if you look, the scholars when they've discussed the various sciences, they've looked at Hadith and Quran, when they talk about Hadith, they talk about the reliable Hadith and they talk about the rioter Hadith. There's two main categories of Hadith. When they talk about the revival Hadith, they talk about the narrating the reporting the transmitting of Hadith. So for example, you
have a Sahabi orator, a very oriental Hadith, who receives a hadith and then learns it memorizes the words protects and gods and preserves the actual words of the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi, wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, and then moves it further along, teaches it to the student, regardless of whether he understands that hadith or not, he doesn't sit there deriving rules from it. And there were many, many Hadith do like that. And even within the Sahaba Radi Allahu Allahu those that were dedicated to the reporting to the transmitting to the preserving to the writing, to the safeguarding of the words of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and relating it to the
continuous chain that's required to Hadith reporting of Hadith. On the other hand, we have another major science which is called DARIAH. There are literally means to understand and that has many different categories and one of the categories of DARIAH is fickle. Hadith, faircoin Hadith means to understand the Hadith, fake literally means, as I said, alpha mu to understand deeply to go deep into is the Quran, Giuliani, which means to extract the rules from the Hadith. So Feck means to understand the Quran and Sunnah. Understand the verses of the Quran, understand the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. When somebody is a fapy, that he is a jurist. He is a person
who receives the Hadith and then does not sit down and start relating a hadith. What does he do? He sits with the Hadith, he relates it further along, he will have students in front of him, he will teach, he'll say, Look, these are the exact words of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what they mean, Allahu Allah, I don't know you, it's up to you. Whereas a fapy, a jurist, he will not sit there teaching hundreds and 1000s of students the exact word because that's an easy job, actually, in relation to the actual fact. He will sit with his students and extract the rules, derived rules out from the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that's what you call Feck. And
that's going deep, and that's why the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this Felina there's virtuous for both relating transmitting a hadith this felida for that as well. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in a hadith he said, there's a hadith which is sorry, in the spirit of Imam Abu Dawood, and also in the Muslim the female Muhammad in the Sunnah of materiality, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, you know, 3030 Allahu Anhu relates that he said, not not Allah Who imra and semi Armina Hadith and for Hatfield, the hoobler Who, who you know who furrow Bahaman, if your pin laser be floppy him, that Allah subhanho wa taala, the messenger sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam is making a DUA, he says, Allah illuminate Allah illuminate the face of the person or the heart of the person who relate who hears something from me, and then relates it teach it teaches it to someone else. I heard this from the messenger Salallahu Alaihe Salam who I heard it from this person who heard it from the messenger SallAllahu annual said and then trans
Ms. Trans, transmitted it forward further along, relates it, Allah illuminate that person's face. This is a dua for the Hadith, the one who just preserves the text of the Hadith. And then the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said at times the one who is actually relating, he will relate it to someone who is more understanding of the text and this is why in another rewire there's another wording of this hadith the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Not Allah Who Imran semi Armina Hadith and Ferb Allah who commands me or who Allah illuminate the face of the one who hears from me a hadith and then relates it passes it on, exactly as he heard it for Aruba mobile
loving, oh, metering, and sometimes the one who he passes it on to the student as a hobby to a turbidity for example, or a turbidity to the follow the derby Derby, the one who he relates it to some type, o r is more understanding of the Hadith. That's why within the Sahaba the Companions Radi Allahu Anhu there were two types of companions of the messenger SallAllahu idealists and two jobs. While there were many different jobs. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave some people the job of reliable Hadith. Abu Huraira Radi Allahu Anhu the great Sahaba he was called MK therminal Hadith. He had many Hadith 5000 I think 708 5484 something over 5000 Hadith, but he wasn't sitting
there extracting rules. And if you see on the other hand, Abdullah Hebrew Abbas Abdullah whom was rude, they related less Hadith on the messenger sallallahu alayhi salam, that does not mean that they never received the Hadith the difference between a Mohammed this on a floppy is a more Hadith receives that hadith and passes passes them on further along he will write a book he will write a book so he'll Buhari he will write a book certainly Muslim sunnah TT media certainly bro Murgia surah in an essay FRP will not sit there. The therapy will also receive 1000s and 1000s of Hadith, just like the Muhaddith but the Muhaddith job is to teach the Hadith just pass it further along.
Whereas if it will not do that he'll sit down with the students and extract rules. So within the Sahaba Radi Allahu Anhu they were both jobs. Two types of companions. Some companions were dedicated, actually majority of the companions, they will move through in middle Hadith they were excessively reporting narrating transmitting the actual words of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. On the other hand, we had the focal Homina Sahaba the Juris Sahaba they moved here and minister harbor whose job description was to sit extract derive rules is the Frasure Merrilees thimbleful, Marathi and also there was some other job descriptions some Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu
they were made the commanders of you know, armies like Hollywood, it will read Abu Huraira was a hadith wrote narrate of the Hadith. And the Allahu minimis rule was a fapy. More or the Mujibur was a 40 Z Duplo 32 was a 40 and Khalid Abdul Malik was a commander. And likewise we see the same pattern within the tabby own. The followers of the Sahaba are the Allahu anhu, some who they were the narrators of Hadith some of them they were the move the folk AHA and then moved here. And that's why when we look in these books of Hadith Some people ask, why do we find the names of Abu Hanifa? The name of an Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Anhu for example, in the Saudi of the moment, Behati in
the narrator's of Hadith in Sahih, a former Muslim and the Sunnah nofima was Dinwiddie and elsewhere you don't find it. It's true, you're not going to find it, because that was not his job. You would find the names of people like in the salon of telemovie. Someone like he says her death was said they'd been Masada had definitely a pool table of Inside, you'll find people like I haven't finished scrubs. These are the students on the grand students of Abu Hanifa you'll find their names because they jump to something else. You won't find the lawyer's name in the books of the doctors. It doesn't mean that they don't know some of the things so the difference between a subpoena that will
have this was that the 14th he received 1000s of Hadith that will Hadith he received 1000s of Hadith as well. The more Hadees was sitting there and teaching the Hadith, the floppy wasn't teaching it and that's why his name wouldn't be there. Exactly the same example we find in the Sahara the Allahu Anhu as well. The Sahaba Radi Allahu Anhu Abu Huraira Radi Allahu Anhu over 5000 Hadith Segura Baqarah Cydia handful, a few 100 Few 100 Hadith that is amenable Coda or the Allahu Anhu knew about the sun no more than say you don't have a bucket of Cydia Karachi Allahu Anhu far from it, and will Becker was the first Khalifa but his job was something else. He was busy with the with the healer
for and looking after the affairs of the Muslims in light of what he understood from the messenger SallAllahu the it who were early, he was happy he was selling them. So this is something that we really need really need to understand brothers and sisters a fapy The job of FRP very important and that's why in earlier times that the the older mother actually they, what they did was they actually they showed to us or they explain to us a diff the difference between a floppy animal they said Alpha kaha who have a BA what they thought of saya de la the jurist, they're the doctors and then we'll have the tool of pharmacists.
You know the difference between a pharmacist and a doctor? A pharmacist, keeps stores medicines in his chemist. The doctor doesn't have any medicines. Does that mean the doctor does not know anything about the medicine? The doctor knows more about the medicine than the pharmacist. The pharmacist does not prescribe. Well, you're not supposed to in this day and age some pharmacists do. You know they become doctors. I don't know if that's legally okay or not, but they're not supposed to maybe in some small you know, things here and there. But generally the pharmacist, his job is to store you go to the pharmacy, and you'll see hundreds and 1000s of medicines. Likewise, you go to a Muhaddith
you'll find hundreds, hundreds and 1000s of what Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you go into the surgery. There's no medicines, maybe one or two emergency ones. You go to the Fati, do you have them by you know, do you know about the hadith of course, more than the pharmacist and this is exactly the difference between a pnml Hadith and this is why there's a story where Imam and Allah she was a great team once met Imam Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah what are the most you're sitting about honey Farah, the Allahu Anhu was sitting with him. A person came in Raja dunya Ooh, hoo ha and a man came to ask the question. So Mr. Roche, who was a kind of teacher of Imam Abu
Hanifa. He said, What do you say about this particular issue? Mother taco to figure out what's your opinion about this person's problem? So remember for Khalifa Rahimullah, the man who he said such and such, I gave the answer to him. I'm Irish looked at him and he said mean in America, where did you get this phone? Where's your TV? You know, like, where's your Delete brother? Where did you get this phone? So Imam, Amish Imam Abu Hanifa looked at him and looked at him. Oh my gosh. He said he pointed out to him and he said unto her, the tenor of the Saudi Han hon Herrera, the Allahu Allahu kala kala Rasulullah sallallahu anism, Kedah. You're the one who narrated to me from Abu Salah from
Abu Huraira or the Allahu Anhu that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said this will enter Hadith Turner and Obi Wan Elian Abdullah have numerous Radi Allahu Anhu on the corner Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam aka you're the one who reported to me or narrated to me from who from Ebola ill from Abdullah Abdul Massoud that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said this were under Hadith dinner and it'd be immediately seen and heard Eva Radi Allahu Carla Carla Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam Kola, nuts I believe you're the one who related to me from Abu Musa modulus from Khalifa the Allahu Anhu that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said this will enter her
destiny and yes either Kashi and Alison kala kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam because you're the one who reports to me from New Jersey the rakaposhi from under Supermatic the messenger sallallahu alayhi salam said this you know Barbara she was flabbergasted you looked at him said okay husband is okay you know, and then he said Ma had to coffee meet at Omaha Destiny beef he said I think what I heard when I transmitted to in over 100 days you're telling me back all of it in one go? And then he said Yeah, mashallah fuqaha OH group of folk AHA jurist and to have a BA you are the doctors why not? No soya dealer and we are the pharmacist and then he said well, I'm telling you
Harajuku has to be killer profane. And you oh man, Abu Hanifa you've taken both sides you actually even a a doctor as well as a pharmacist. This is Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Anhu he was extracting rules the same Hadith from Which Imam and Arma she was not able to derive the fakeout Imam Abu Hanifa was there taking the film out and it's it's a it's a science it's intelligent it's a unique talent that Allah only blesses some people with their is great you wouldn't be in a more Hadith as well. We shouldn't you know, disregard that as well. But this is something unique you need extreme amount of intelligence and some of the speakers will talk about that the intelligence of a Imam Abu Hanifa
Radi Allahu Anhu the job of a mahadi is to store the medicines not to prescribe the medicines the floppy His job is to tell you the rules extract the rules from those medicines from those a hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pick up the books of Hadith you know your mama Timothy, you must have heard of the Sunnah of Imam autonomy, the Rahim Allah have really famous books so none of your commentary. Imam Telemedia media was a student of Imam Abu Abdullah Mohammed Abu Ismail and Buhari Rahim Allah Allah Allah and Houma, his main student, from whom he took Hadith Imam attainments has a book Surah Telemedia actually the full name of that book is a germinal center. Al
Mustafa Anritsu Sula, he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will not refer to Mr. Looney will not Allah Hill, Amman. That's the full name of the book book. Likewise Imam Al Bukhari, his book in a memorable Hadees book. All of these people say further dissident Buhari has asked him the actual name of Sahil Buhari agenda almost Neto Sahana Mata Salman muda Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Sunni who are yami at the moment Telemedia Rahim Allah, the great Mohammed, who has a famous book called Al Jeremy, all that sort of in a certain manner, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when we refer to Sahiwal maluti. And in that book, he actually talks about it's not just a
hadith book, he brings Hadith and then he talks about whether a hadith is a husband or if this that and the other. And remember, Timothy actually tells you as well, but who has acted upon this Wilma, I live in Amman, who's acted upon this hadith. Now when you mama, tell me
He's talking about a hadith is this hadith sahih a lot or is that a problem? He might give the reference of Imam Al Bukhari but when it comes to fake environment Timothy he every chapter he says, this is the opinion of such and such person such and such person look at the list, the whole of sunnah Tirmidhi from a beginning till the end, you will never find the moment in which he says, Oh, this opinion whether you pray Salah like this or like that, so up is the opinion of Imam Muslim or timid instrument himself. Sorry, Muslim and Buhari and let's say a liberal merger. No, when he's giving references references to fake issues. He says this is the opinion of moronic chef Shafi.
Ahmed is how the people of Kufa meaning Abu Hanifa in his school, he mentioned Abu Hanifa Abdullah ennovata He gives reference to the fuqaha not not even remember Buhari, he doesn't say Oh, this is the opinion of remember Buhari because that's not his job. This is not his field. His field is something else, even though emammal Buhari was even though he had a good understanding of in terms in relation to the other mojado but still, even materially despite his own personal teacher. He says, this is the opinion this is the Hadith. This is the opinion of Imam Shafi Imam Malik Imam Muhammad Abu Hanifa is hardly the old folk Aha. So this was the jump between the folk AHA and the
MaHA detune. That Maha detune they used to relate Hadith and the folk AHA and that's why the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as I said, it said in the very famous Hadith wrote by mobile loving o RM in Sirmione. Sometimes the one who the hadith is transmitted to actually understands the Hadith mu, and this is what is to understand to derive the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Sahara for Imam Al Bukhari, he says, My UD de la who be higher on your behalf he did the one who Allah is good with the person with whom Allah intends good, you take Ophidian allah makes him a floppy Allah gives him a deep understanding of religion and in the Quran, Allah says Follow the
enough Rahman Khalifa at a minimum refer to later for Kofi did. What do you do Allah whom is Raja who lay him that?
That there should be a group of people who should dedicate that time to fit to understanding to deriving to extracting the laws the rules and injunctions from the Quran and Hadith so fake really means if someone says that this person is a puppy this person is a puppy means what it means is I'm a first year I had this own in one plus extra is deriving rules from the Quran and Sunnah he has methodologies in place. It doesn't mean he's a puppy so he doesn't know how to you can't be a puppy if you're not a Mohammed because what will you do Feck with you know, something else fake is only with with the Hadith you can't be a filthy unless you're a hadith when you say such and such person
is a 40. The meaning of that is already amo Hadith. Now he's a puppy, because he's received the Hadith. Now he's extracting rules. You can't be a copy with our Hadith because if there's no Hadith we're going to take the full card from from some other kind of book from the Bible is going to be from the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this is what he is. And these people they sat down, they extracted rules, not just Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Akbar Imam Malik Imam Shafi among all these great Imams Imam Abu Hanifa had a school set in place had principles methodologies, set in place, how they would derive and extract rules from the Quran and Sunnah, how
they would apply the fic and you know, the books have been written on this topic they used to spend days you know, this you spent Imam Abu Hanifa Allahu Allah had a committee of 14 major students his students Imam, Abu Yusuf Imam, Muhammad Abdul Hassan a che Bernie Imam, Zophar, Imam Hassan Zia, then many others, they would sit down, sometimes three days, 10 days 15 days, deliberating, discussing, debating researching one issue in light of the verses of the Quran and all the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, not just one Hadith, you find on page 632 of Sahara Bukhari, for example, all the Hadith and then sit down and look up everything the chain of
transmissions look at whether you know there's a contradiction with another Hadith or not, is there a contradiction with a particular verse of the Quran or not that I'm just gonna give you some examples how these people did that, you know, they say they, they placed principles down, they sat down principles, and this is what we call our internal cilia. And this is something it's quite detailed. I know a lot of people make in mind. I'm just going to try to make it as easy as possible. But just as an example, you know, I'm just giving you this as an example how fic works. It's not as easy as Brother You know, you come out and pick up a Hadith from Sahara Buhari. Yes, it's very easy,
you know, you can it's very easy to, you know, influence someone. Say for example, you, you you came out of the masjid and you read salatu salam Resha behind the Imam and you as Hanafi you did not read Surah Fatiha because Hanafis don't read Surah Fatiha behind the Imam. You stay calm and silent. You get a brother as I said Salaam Alaikum brother Aki Yes. How's it going? Hungry? That's good. Did you read Surah Fatiha behind the Imam?
No I didn't brother. It takes us say barrio brother look.
La sala de Lima la mia cara before the hotel Kitab there is no salah.
The one who does not read Surah Fatiha. fadhel kita, the beginning of the book meaning Surah Fatiha. Fatiha means the opening swallow the beginning Surah
your Salah is not valid, but I am Emma Hanafi mother, a Stafford Allah Brother, I am telling you Hadith. Do you follow Abu Hanifa the messengers of Allah Allah said, it's so easy, it doesn't make sense any person. I mean, who would you rather follow? Of course the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you wouldn't if you had a choice, the messenger SallAllahu Sallam or your mother or Hanifa there was no two opinions that the messenger sent Allah Islam his rank status is far above normal honey for him. Hola, Dr. Liu. He is the Almighty follower. Doesn't it make sense? It's very easy to be swayed to that type of argument if you don't appreciate the entirety of the Quranic advice and
the prophetic guidance, because it's not just this hadith. Now, you need to know in these broad principles we as general Muslims, brothers and sisters, we need to learn we should keep these actually go and studied some of these things. These are not talking about going very detailed, but some broad principles, we should keep them in mind. You know, the Hanafis they have and all the different schools of thought the chef is the mechanic is the hammer is enormous chef, he wrote a book called a reseller, they have these principles are done. Now for example, the one of the major principles and I'll give you two examples to three examples of that principle of the Hanafi school
is according to the school of Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Anhu. The major methodology or the principle is you give you have two types of texts you have what we call Qatari and we have been the cutter is a decisive absolute text. There is no doubt in that text, which means like the Quran the Quran is, you know, we know it's come through hundreds of groups of people or groups of people to us there's not not even one change. Everybody knows that it's absolutely established. Whereas Hadith I don't like that sub Hadith almost or whatever, which means that they are decisively proven, but some Hadith of the messenger is on Allah How do you send the call karma Allah He had solitary a hadith
they're trying they are sahih Hadith, of course, but they're not like the Quran in being proven. There's no 100% guarantee that this is totally proven like the Quran Quran we know even a letter has not changed. Now, we have got very decisive texts and we have money which are non decisive non absolute texts, the Hanafy methodology or the principle that that is the principle of the Hanafi school is that you learn from these two, which one would you give preference? If I asked you this question, from the decisive text or the undecisive text, which one would you give preference to the decisive text without a doubt? Okay, now, this is what the hell have you principle is that the
decisive text is given preference, and the non decisive text is actually understood. In light of the decisive text. You have to tamper with the non decisive text, but make sure you don't tamper even a bit with the decisive text. The decisive text gives given preference to that's the boss. Okay. You understand the non decisive text in light of the decisive text. Let me give you a few examples. Okay, this what I just said now, salata Ellerbee find the hidden kita of Hadith sahih al Bukhari harbor Wahid solitary narrated Hadith. It's a hadith on Saturday when an authenticated Hadith of the messenger SallAllahu listen that brother who picked up that so he the Buhari translation from his
pocket, the look la salata, elimin la mia, Cara Illa refer to Hatton kita, the one who does not recite Surah Fatiha, his prayer is not valid. Okay, that's a non decisive text. It's Hubbard why it's not like the Quran. Now the Hadith you say? That look,
this text goes against a particular verse of the Quran Allah says in the Quran for Raghu Murthy Yes, sir Amina Quran. Read this is just a mere recitation read what ever is easy from you for you to read in Salah for Koroma Tesaro mineral Quran surah was a myth. Okay, like their opinion would be that if you don't need to refer to how your Salah is invalid. The Hanafis they say reciting Surah Fatiha is not fun. Your Salah doesn't become invalid. Even if you don't recite to refer to her by yourself. It's worship. You will be sinful but your Salah is valid. The verse of the Quran which is a decisive text for Corrado ma dias. Surah Minal Quran, read whatever is easy for you to read. No, you know
condition of Surah Al Fatiha now. That's the major text, the decisive text that's our main text. We can't condition that text. We can't restrict it. We can't tamper with our text. We cannot say okay, because of the Hadith. This mother is Romans 13. I know the Quranic test text pneus, which is decisive. It's kept left as it is decisive. We really were really careful. And this actually is because of you know, Imam, Abu Hanifa the Allahu Anhu This is a side point. His he used to have this amazing connection with the Quran, a lot of his faith is impacted and influenced and affected by his strong bond and link and tie with the Quran and the verses of the Quran and you know, some of the
things which some of those because we mentioned that the his recitation of the Quran and how
which causes us to do so that's a Quranic text. Now, when we say reciting Surah Fatiha is not followed your Salah doesn't become invalid because the Quran says that read whatever. Yes there is a Hadith and because of that hadith we will say reciting Surah Fatiha is worship. And therefore, we've made sure to fire to her watch it because of the Hadith, and made reading anything from the Quran any three verses of the Quran, we've made that recitation to be fun and if you don't even read anything from the Quran, then your Salah becomes invalid. This is the approach of the of Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Taala anodal brother who took up your body you take on from other pocket Quran
Okay, c'est la sala de Lima, la Mia Khalifa, al Qaeda, you take on another No, no, don't don't do it. You know, I think we shouldn't be really debating. We need to understand these things ourselves. We've debating Nomura, who used to be known in Ireland in America the Allahu Anhu used to say debating an argument and fighting you know what that does? It takes away the light of element d from you. That's why debating I mean, I personally don't like debating someone who wants to understand hamdulillah they don't want to be noticed between them and Allah but we need to know where we stand. So it's very important you know, you might want to khalifa himself or the Allahu Allahu to people
came to him two people are brought in his modulus. One of them said you know, they're both him and said these two people are arguing one is saying Quran is created. The other one is saying Quran is not created, you know, our leader of the Sunnah Juma is that you don't say that Quran Akita is that we say Quran is not created. So Imam Khalifa led to Salou Khalifa, whom I don't read behind both of them. So his students said, Imam, we understand the one who said Quran is created is a PETA is wrong. So we shouldn't pray Salah behind him. He's a first supporter of material innovator. But the one who said Quran is not created that's a writer creator. Why should we pray behind him? He said,
because in no Homer, because both of them as dean, they both argument that they had an argument they called in regards to a matter of Deen, while Morocco and Nizza Ophidian a bidder and argumentation about a matter of deen is better in itself. Even if you're in the truth argumentation, please brothers, you know, this is not our job. We as Muslims, we don't do that. You know, it's so sad to sometimes to go and just go on YouTube. No, don't go on YouTube. But honestly, seriously, sometimes you go on YouTube, just pressing, you know Deobandi but Ellery will hobby Salafi Sufi, it's ridiculous, you know, people there with books, you know, they're like fighting and then they say
last night that we, you know, we've won and yet, like, you know, the other day, you know, and then they're putting Sahil Buhari you notice that way when there's a delivery here and the other person pulling it from him. Now that argument you're disrespecting this idea of a normal Buhari Rahim Allah at Yahoo. So our Karuna and our Rama they always never like to debate you put your position you teach your people we teach we know we need to understand and these points we need to really understand properly look at this example. Let's say you know the Utica the verse of the Quran for karuma the instrumental Quran there are many other examples. Another example of this principle is
that there's a hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam where what happened was the messengers of Allah Allah who said, I'm gonna sing a companion, a RRB, a villager, who had recently accepted Islam, right? He came to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And he performed his salah. He so before I go into the previous example, you know, you know the Hadith and then the Hadith, la sala de Lima Lilia Cara Illa refer to GitHub, there is no prayer for the one who does not recite Surah refer to her. We said our main text is a Quranic text, text read whatever. And this hadith we understand it in light, we tamper with this hadith. Now this hadith, there could be many meanings. There is no Salah for the one who does not resigned to the fact and also now what no Salah very no Surah sound no Salah complete, there could be one many meanings. So the Hanafis take a meaning that is this hadith that you've taken out of Sahil Bihari there is no
salah, meaning there is no complete Salah you don't get the full reward you left out of wajib just like many Hadith the messengers on Allahu alayhi wa sallam says love salata li Jerrell Masjid 11 Masjid, there is no prayer for the person leaving living close to a masjid except a masjid. Does that mean the one who prayed at home it says invalid? It's valid. Everybody agrees to that. The messenger Salallahu Alaihe Salam, c'est la vie. Malamala amanatullah. There is no Eman for the one who doesn't have trust in him. The one who is not trustworthy. Does that mean that your uncle who cheats once in a while is a kafir doesn't mean that he says there is no iman for the one who doesn't
have a minor now you may know how to combat tell your head buddy okay. Now you have been in FC, you can't be a movement there is no there is no movement if he does not love for for his fellow Muslim Brotherhood he loves for himself many of us will not will not even be Muslims. So there is an explanation behind all these Hadith of the messenger salAllahu alayhi salam and that's what Imam Abu Hanifa and his students and in school would do for three days and 10 days and 20 days and 40 days. Discussing deliberating another example the second one, a companion came to the messenger sal Allahu Allah He
B'Tselem and he was a newly somebody who knew to embrace Islam. And he said he performed a lot of the messengers he prayed performed it very quickly, hastily, very quick Roku, like many of us to record St. Jude quick, fast. The rest of us on Allah Who Allison said confessedly for inoculum to Sally repeat your prayer because you haven't prayed you have not paid your Prayer is not valid three times he's tried again he said repeat your prayer you haven't prayed he tried again he's a repeat your prayer because you haven't prayed? He said yeah Rasul Allah messenger of Allah I can do better than this. This is a Hadith as a higher body than into the messengers of Allah who explained to me
said look, if you want your prayer to be valid, then you have to, you know you have to deuce RUCO favorite Nundah rockin for you that's an integer Listen, when you do cool with tama, Nina with with calmness with composure, you know firmly and if you have to make sure your sujood and your Sajida and your frustration you're you've done it with calmness and composure. Now this hadith shows that if someone performs his Salah in a way where he does quick ruku and quick search that his Salah is invalid. That's the Hadith sahih al Bukhari the Hun if you say no if someone does fast Salah is not valid. Hadith
says know what's going on. It looks like there's a contradiction. Again the same principle. There's a there's a verse of the Quran. We again take another verse of the Quran. Yeah, you have arena armor. No cow was judo. Allah says that your Salah is valid by just doing ruku and by doing sujood anything that you can call Nucor, whether it's fast, whether it's quick, whether it's two seconds, whether it's five seconds, as long as you've done ruku your Salah is valid. That's the main decisive text. In light of that text we say ruku itself is fun. Sajida itself is fun. But yeah, the extra part the calmness composure, that's word because of the Hadith, and the stand the non decisive text,
the hoverwatch aid Hadith, in light of the decisive text of Allah Quran Al Karim and there are numerous examples. You know, when you slaughter a, an animal, there's a hadith of the messenger or a shot of the Allah who had her she said, that she said to the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa salam O Messenger of Allah, sometimes we bring meat and we don't know if people have recited desmi are on it or not. And you know, we don't know the message is on Allah Allah sent said Kulu and tomorrow he some more, and tomorrow he will cool just recited this meal and eat it it doesn't matter. Now from this hadith and some other Hadith, it seems that reciting Bismillah R Rahman Rahim when you're
slaughtering an animal is not a condition. Hadith. What is Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Anhu and his school say if someone does not recite Bismillah R Rahman Rahim or Bismillah Allahu Akbar, the Bihar haram the meat is haram
Hadith what's happening Imam Abu Hanifa take the Quran again. What could you remember them yes Chris Mala hiya Allah he were in the hula face, do not eat of the animal upon which the name of Allah has not been taken. It is sinful activity. It is haram. This is the verse of the Quran. Decisive text. The hadith is understood. Yes, the Hadith there's some meaning to it. Interpretation you interpret explain away the Hadith, in light of the decisive text of Al Quran Al Karim and there are numerous examples to this regard and there's no time so I'm gonna leave these examples, but there's quite a few things and then we move on
with regards to and then we have certain things you know, there are many examples and that's where you know, these these things like you know, you find a hadith and honey follow the allah and You school is saying something else. Someone went to someone. There's a great human, a man who went to Sofia liberal or you know, Sophia Lena, you might hear his name he was Imam, a great Hadith. Somebody went to him with a book of the student of Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Muhammad Abdul Hassan a che Bernie, which had all these rules that Imam Abu Hanifa said this and he said that he says he looked at it. He said,
he said, No, you're the only one that looks like this guy is fabricating rules. He's saying this and this guy's making this up. So the brother came back to normal harmony says to fiat liberal ordained as a great Imam who was a critical he said some really harsh words against you. He so he wrote a letter back explaining where he took these rules out from so the man who went back with the letter of Imam Muhammad Abdul Hasina che Bernie, the students of Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu and Houma. This is the explanation of Imam Muhammad regarding all those rules to fiat even arena he looked at it and then he put it on his head and he said at the sleeve Moodle focus on Allah 1015 He said
submitting to the fuqaha is safety in your religion, safety to the fuqaha sorry submitting to the fuqaha is Salama your religion is safe because they know what they're talking about. They know where they derive the rules from and then there are many examples you know in the Quran we have something armor armor is a command. Now I'ma Come on do this stand up, sit down the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam many times he said certain, you know gave certain commands he gave commands do
is now under the other might have actually looked into armor and they've given 15 Odd meanings of armor. Your armor is sometimes for obligation you know like in the Quran Allah says will op masala offer Salah you have to offer Salah Allah says when you have a business transactions taboo right it that armor is for recommendation. Sometimes it's for harsh warning. Allah says Foreman chef, a human woman chef illiac, for whoever wants to be a movement be a movement does that mean Allah is telling us to be a movement? No sorry Foreman chef and yet for and whoever wants to be a calf it'd be a calf It is Allah commanding us to be a curfew. Sometimes a dua Allah Houma is a fairly Oh ALLAH are we
commending Allah that's do are different types of Amma. Now when there's a hadith is a text there's a command in there what type of command is this? We won't see you know, the message is like for example, I have a student for example, it comes to me he's a very good student and comes to class every day and he studies Well, one day he got sick and he said you know, I need to go home and say okay, this is a very good price student he never Scotch class guys. Okay, okay.
There's another one who's Skyping nearly every other day and he's always making excuses and he came 10 times to me and I said no to him and the 11th time I got so angry I said okay go there's a difference between the first okay go in the second okay go now in the Hadith will be the first one being read another one being green. You know, it depends on when you use red ink will be in red ink will will fuse greening consuming green ink, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is commanding what do we know? How do we know? We can't hear him saying it which is reading it? What type of Allah? Is this the Hadith? is there's a command in it is it? Is it saying no not to go or not to do
it? Or is it to do it? Or is it recommendation in the Quran as well Allah says this, these are differences within the ozone and we have to understand these folk AHA and these orlimar of the various schools what they did, they looked at all these commands, and studied them understood them, they looked at them in light of all the other evidences, like sometimes like for example, Allahu Subhana. Allah Allah in the Quran says that you know, when you when when a woman when a woman when a wife is on her menstrual period, Allah says that yes, Lulu.
And for attenzione stuff in my head, whether Takara Munna Hatha Torah, when women are on the menstrual periods Don't get close to them don't have sexual relations with them. And then Allah says five, Tata hora, when they become pure, when they come on from the periods to Hoonah. Now you may be able to have sex, now, this sexual intercourse. Now, this to Hoonah command, if you take the literal meaning is that every time the wife is out of a period, you have to always have sexual relations, you have to and actually some people who took the literal meanings, Abraham's Allah He, he actually said yes, ALLAH is commanding every month, when a woman is asked for a period, you have to have
sexual relations, because Allah is saying when they are pure know, Allah is seen when they will appeal it was prohibited. Now you may have sexual relations. So these this is using Apple and this is using intellect and your your faith and your understanding of Deen. And, and there's many other examples, even within the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I actually did a whole course on this once, at a Software Institute, I think few years ago, we did a whole day course, where Chef was the head of Muhammad, Allah invited me and we had a really good day, one whole day course on the different aspects of the Hanafi madhhab. And also the effect. And and you
know, we need a whole day. I mean, in a small talk like this, I can't really give you all these examples. But what I want to leave you with is that you need to really appreciate and realize it's not as easy as picking up a book, and taking out a hadith and just looking at it and taking you know, making a rule, it's not as easy as that. Otherwise, people can make all sorts of rulings and come to all sorts of conclusions. And that's why those people who don't have those methodologies, what happens they all they differ amongst themselves, because they all you know, confused themselves. That's what happens because they don't have a methodology with Hadith of the messenger
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and I'm going to end with these just a few things now. Five more minutes. There are principles within the Hadith as well. That was Quran and Hadith. You know, within the Hadith as well there are principles will soon the Hanafis have principles. You have for example, a hadith called Musa now there's long discussion, I don't have the time, and it's not a time event to explain. It's a type of Hadith where this
relates directly from the the messenger sallallahu alayhi, wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa salam, there's someone missing in the middle, whether it's a hobby or Tabby, and it's a hobby, but it's a kind of, you know, Hadith where there's a missing link. Now, some folk AHA like the chef is they said, Look, we won't accept orders and Hadith the Hanafi say we will. Now this has an impact in the rulings. There's a particular issue when a person laughs loudly and prayer. We know our Salah breaks even though we do praise breaks in the height of humor that we read. You laugh loudly, some FOCA has said you don't have your Hulu does not break. Why? Because there's a hadith there is a Hadith in the time
of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ARB he left behind in the Salah. And as he said Allah and Islam upgraded Salam he looked back he said who was smiling who was laughing? And he said, Okay, go back do Your will do and repeat your prayer. That is a Hadith slightly weak, it's more sun, but the Hanafi six
Apted because according to them, they say morsel. A Thurber is relating directly from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In the middle, there's a missing link, which is most likely a Sahabi. And it's I have no problem. So because they accept that have had it and they have evidences, loads of evidence is why they accept that hadith, it has an impact in the difference of the ruling. There's another principle with Hadith what happens sometimes is that, for example,
you have a hadith covenant warhead, which only one person is narrating from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but it's something that everybody should have known.
It's something like, you know, one person only tells you that, you know, Gordon Brown is dead in the whole of England, nobody else knows. Right? So that type of Hadith now, sometimes Hadith via the Hanafis, they don't accept it. They say, Look, this hadith is only one person. There's something wrong had this hadith been well established and proven. At least some other people would have known about this hadith of the messenger, salallahu Alaihe Salam, and because of that, you have exactly you have what you have differences in the muscle as in the issues. There's one issue for example, that a person who touches his private parts, a man who touches his, his organ, does his will do
break or not, the Hanafi say no. Some others they would say it does because there's a there's a hadith now, that brother who will say we'll do breaks to take out the Hadith. He says, Look, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to me the evening merger and others have related hadith is a female Sahaba called Busara. VINT CERF one. Radi Allahu Allah she says the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Messiah that Cara who? Salah you suddenly have to walk back whoever touches his private pot he must not recite he must not perform Salah until he does not go and do clear Hadith
imam of Allah says no will do. There's a break. You don't have to do
anything. There's a hadith. Yes, there's a hadith. We've got another Hadith as well. This is a Hadith okay, we've got this hadith Don't worry, this is a Hadith. First of all, there's a problem with this hadith out of hundreds of 1000s of especially male Sahaba this has something to do with a man touching his main organ. One female Sahaba one woman was robbing Safwan out of Abu Bakr, Omar Osman Ali, Natalia Abdullah, numerous roodeplaat ibis and Zulu, Talbot and hundreds of Sahaba once habeus relating something which at least four or five people should have known. And she's she's relating, so there's a problem we will want to accept this hadith. And plus, we also have a hadith
there's another Hadith again, equally strong, the rest of us and Allahu alayhi wa sallam tells us how he could be an ally, who said Ya rasool Allah on Messenger of Allah, if, if I touch my private parts do I have to do voodoo does my will do break? He said, law, you don't have to have Buddha to Minca it's only a piece of flesh of your body. It's like touching your ear. It isn't Greek you will do this is another Hadith now you have this apparently contradicting Hadith, you look at one Hadith, and you can't make a judgement until you do not study the hundreds of 1000s of other Hadith another one principle of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
is for example, I will end with this last principle of Hadith these are just four or five principles I've given you example this last principle of Hadith.
Armando Ravi Salafi Huberty a Ravi a reporter a relator of hadith is acting in contrary to what he is reporting.
Yeah, you know, we will say this more or less on the shelf. He's saying one thing, but he's doing something else, okay. This is what 100 is, you know, Ravi is acting his he relates a hadith a Sahaba is relating their Hadith, but his personal action is against it. Now, imams, sherfield and some others, they say that not a problem, and how God Fiamma Nacala Hora we love uma for either who evidence is what in what he says and what he relates for the messenger SallAllahu wasallam not what he does from the shell takeaway and saying forget what he's doing. No problem. Imam Abu Hanifa say no, we have a principle here. We have a principle. If a Rawi a reporter, a narrator of hadith is
acting in contradiction to what he is reporting there's a problem what is the problem? Either he's acting in contradiction because he thinks that hadith is cancelled, abrogated the messenger SallAllahu Sallam changed the ruling which happened to many Hadith or his his, you know, if it's not as a hobby and if it's later on, then he is neglectful and someone neglectful of a hadith is not worthy of being taken Hadith from so the hadith is don't accept that kind of Hadith you'll find a hadith in Sahih al Bukhari Hadith in Sahih, authenticated, rigorously authenticated Hadith, but the Hanafis will say no, there's a problem here. Why is he acting in contradiction to what he is
reporting? Now because of this principle? Many issues, there's difference of opinion. One famous issue you know, raising your hands and pray a lot of these will Allah you know, raise your hands. Now for example, raising your hands there's a hadith interest Hey of Imam was in Baja sahih al Bukhari as well as the heat of Imam Muslim wear. Abdullah Hebrew aroma. The son of honorable Hatha Radi Allahu Anhu. He said the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would perform
Salah he would raise his hands had a woman keep at his shoulders the beginning and then somebody or Mithila VALIC and double quote when you will do ruku again raise his hands when it comes to me Allah human harmony that raised hands again, Sahil Bahasa he must have authentic the brother will pick up the duck. Sahil Buhari Brother, why didn't Why do you raise your hands and prayer?
Stuff it Allah again, you know, okay, this is sahih al Bukhari Sahih Muslim Abu Hanifa is any youngster would be you know in a difficult situation now the hierophant they look fine this is a Hadith no problem and by the way the Hanafis can do roughly a Dane as well as they don't say It's haram it's just preferable not to you can do it's not a problem. So there's a problem with the Hadith. This who's a report of this hadith. Who did I say reported this hadith Abdullah Hypno aroma. His student whose name I think was Mujahid, he says, was a Turnberry salejaw Khalifa idioma fall Aamir Khan, yada yada he left it at Puritan ruler. I used to pray my salah behind Abdullah and Roma.
He would never raise his hands except in the first step. This is the report now Armando Ravi Imam Shafi says Not a problem. Let's take what he said forget what he was doing. He probably didn't want to act upon it. But the How does He say no? If he's not acting funny, there's a problem with it. And then not just that we also have another delete doesn't mean that you know that said there's a problem so we're not gonna act upon it. There's a hadith as well. Okay. And there's a hadith in the Sunnah of Imam of Buddha within the Sunnah nothing momentarily in the Muslims of Imam Muhammad, Abdullah have numerous mudra the Allahu Anhu he said to his companions, and that will suddenly
become Shall I not show you salata, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the way the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam offered his prayer for Salah. Then he offered his prayer fellow Mira faria de la Murata. Wahida. And he never raised his hands except the first one when he started this. So there's a hadith as well, so it's not as easy as a lot of people think. And then these are principles of Hadith. And then you go into the third category Iijima, which is the Jamaat or Ummah, there are principles relating to that as well. And then the fourth category we have a lawyers which is legal reasoning, there's nothing wrong with that. This reasoning the messenger sallallahu alayhi
salam himself due to chaos, you know, taking a ruling from the Quran and Sunnah for something where there is not a clear text basing it on the Quran and Sunnah. And there are many examples of that of that. Like, for example, there's one Sahabi companion, who was a man came to the messenger Salallahu Alaihe Salam, this is absolutely fine and I'm ending with it. He came to the messenger Salallahu Alaihe Salam and he said Yara Salalah messenger of Allah I've been destroyed is what happened. He said, well, too early for Ramadan. On the day in the day of Ramadan in the month of Ramadan was I was fasting. I mistakenly had sexual relations with my wife. So he was really really scared. So the
message is that Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, so he said, you know, no problem, do a QA and make a good follow up. Okay? Now this is a Hadith create long Hadith, but this part, make a kadai make up and 60 days consecutive fasting as ghafar. Now this was a man in the Hadith, there's nowhere else any Hadith where there's any other mention of any other cafardo for other than this. Now, some people who take the literal meaning of the Hadith they'll say, one Hadith man, Guevara because of sexual relations. Therefore, if a woman has sexual relations, there's no Kufa. They've said that they've taken the literal meaning and then they say it's only for sexual relations. If somebody
during the day fasting Ramadan ate biryani and coke no kofod Onyeka why hadith is only about a man coming about sexual relations. Use your brain brother, you know this is equal pay us the Hanafi say no, this is you know, similar issue if if it's a woman, this particular instance it was a man but the same routing would apply to a woman as well. Even if a woman had sexual relations. She has Luca Farah, and the same ruling would apply to even eating and drinking if a man kept her fast in Ramadan and then he started eating and broke his fast intentionally deliberately on purpose then he has Luca far as well 60 days. So anyway, these are some principles I tried to get a few things in here and
there but hopefully, as long as as long as we appreciate her we realize that it's not as easy as picking up a book and just taking literal meanings out of it. Inshallah and with this, I hope we've benefited from this hola hola. That was Rula or Salallahu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa Sallim wa salam