Ramadan 2012 – Life of the Last Messenger – Day 19

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Mufti Menk

Channel: Mufti Menk

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Episode Notes

An in depth lesson within the Noble Qur’an,”Life of the Last Messenger (Muhammad PBUH)” by Mufti Ismail Musa Menk

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi

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Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam

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ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa

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ala Medina wa

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we praise Allah subhanho wa Taala we send complete blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless him and his entire household. And may Allah subhanahu wa taala bless all his companions, and may He bless every single one of us and grant us goodness and ease.

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Beloved brothers and sisters, we think Allah subhanho wa Taala, for giving us this opportunity together in one of his houses, for indeed with the cold spell that we are facing in this part of the world, Mashallah. And the snow that we've heard of in most of the country or parts of the country today will lie for every moment that we bear this it is indeed, a means of elevation of our status, and by the word of Allah, we should be grateful. There are others in other parts of the world, who have extremely long fasts and at the same time, they have the heat of summer on top of it, may Allah make it easy for them as well. And we ask Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to grant us all acceptance,

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every single category, may Allah subhanho wa Taala open our doors,

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Battle of offered, we had made mention of how the battle took a turn when the Muslims were sandwiched between the literal platoon of Harley devanahalli robiola one. At that time, he was not yet a Muslim, he was part of the Muslim army, and the army of Makkah on the other side, and they suffered great losses. And we had made mention of that in quite a bit of detail yesterday, a point that came to my mind, which I felt would have been of interest was, as I had said previously, regarding the Battle of Babel, every war, the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, vetted the people who took part in the war one by one, and he studied

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their cases, most of them, he would have known them, so it wouldn't require more than a split second. But some of the cases he would ask them questions, and thereafter send them back or allow them to join the army, from amongst them with two youngsters. They wanted to take part in the Battle of some relatively In fact, profitableness adage, and some relatively young do probably Allahumma to young people in their teenage at the time.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sending both of them back, but he was told that Rafi been headed for the long run, was very good at his arrows, he could aim very well. And he was really really good in his aiming, so the prophets of Allah Salam decided to take him with. And at this point, some are abrasion dubravka Allah and who saw that his friend was going and he was being chased back, he began to cry. And he says to his stepfather, that you know, this person meaning this person, the other companion is gone. And yet, if the two of us had to fight now, I would out wrestle him, if we had to wrestle, I would put him on the ground in a minute. So when this news got to

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Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, he called him back. He says, Okay, here's the two of you. Let's see who can wrestle Who? And do you know what Subhana Allah some of that imagine to be no time, put Rafi on the floor, Subhana Allah. And so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam allowed them both to take part in this battle of word Subhana Allah, look at how beautiful it was in front of him, he told him you can wrestle the two of you, whoever out wrestles, or if you out, wrestle Him, He will come as it is, he was already written from amongst those who was meant to go. So that was a very interesting story. Thereafter, the battle took place. And as we know, when the Muslims were sandwiched, they suffered

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great losses. And at the same time, the co founder of Quraysh, were shocked at the courage of the Muslims. They were some of the heroes of the battle have offered. And some of these heroes we have to make mention of say you the Shahada, who was Hamza Ibn Abdul muttalib Ravi Allahu anhu, although he had not been alive to witness the end of that battle, but he was one of the first who was actually martyred, and the killer, or the one who killed him was known as washi. This washi we will speak about him in a few minutes, but the others who are heroes talhah, ignore obey the law, the law and he personally stood around Rasulullah Salallahu Salam and took so many spears and arrows in

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order to defend Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and this is why in one narration, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, if we were to say whose day this was, we could comfortably say this was the day of Allah. Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala grant him Jenna are the Allahu and one in German.

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The other heroes of this particular war mosaddek Nora may not be alone.

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We spoke about him yesterday in a little bit of detail. And we made mention of how he held the flag up with one hand, when they had

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cut his hand off. He then held it with the other hand, and thereafter when they had slipped the other hand, he then held it close to his chest with the remainder of his hand. May Allah subhanho wa Taala. Grant us goodness he was on that day also Martin, another one was settled even upon Eve. And Abu Jana, certainly, if not, her name, was also a warrior who had really engaged in much in on that particular day, and then he lost his life. He was martyred. And as Abu Jana, he was a warrior of notes. He was a man who used to wear a red little rope on his head. He had a red band on his head, that he used to wear when he was very, very upset and when he was serious in war. And so this abou

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Jana, the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam lifted his own sword and said, Who will take the sword with its rights.

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And the people wanted it some of the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu wanted it. He did not give anyone but when Abu Jana requested it, he was granted that particular sword, and he asked what is its rights. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam informed him that you should make use of it right to the end. And very, very true. This man was seen not only by Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, but even by the other companions on that particular day, up and down. Subhana Allah, and he really defended Islam and the Muslims in a very big way until he himself was martyred. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, the way he is walking, the way he is walking through the lines of the enemy, you

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know, that haughtiness that he is walking with? Allah subhanho wa Taala does not like that haughtiness, except in this particular instance, in the instance of war, may Allah subhanho wa Taala, grant us goodness, and may He make us from those who understand.

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Also the angels took part in this particular battle as well. And remember, the there is a hadith of Saudi Arabia, Lahore and reported in Sahih al Bukhari, where he says that I remember seeing people in white whom I had not known, taking part in this battle. Later the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says that was jabril and myka in Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us protection, one might ask, why was the no decisive victory for the Muslims if the angels were also there? Very simple answer, because they did not follow instructions. They did not obey the messenger. they disobeyed the instruction of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And in our lives, let's remember one thing, wherever we have

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disobeyed Allah, and wherever we have disobeyed the Rasul of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We will then be suffering some form of a loss either in the near future or later on, unless we repent before it comes to us. Allah does us a favor. in a lot of instances, we are given some reprieve some time. You know, a person is transgressing, they go against the commands of Allah, Allah gives them some time. And after they are given, perhaps sometimes a few days, sometimes a few years, sometimes a longer time, and the person continues transgressing. One day when the rope is pulled, it is pulled completely. May Allah subhanho wa Taala not do that to us and may not punish us. But if we have

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repented before the punishment comes, perhaps it will be diverted by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah subhanho wa Taala wanted something to happen on that day, and that was a lesson for them. There was no other battle after this, where they had suffered this type of humiliation. Always after this, there was some form of victory Oh, Allah subhanho wa Taala had opened their doors even without a battle in some cases. But in this particular case, Allah subhanho wa Taala wanted to strengthen them to say you should obey instruction, and it is only through the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala that you will achieve success in this dunya in this world, as well as in the life

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after death. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam cried when he saw his uncle Hamza bin Abdullah Ali, what they had done was mutilated the bodies of a lot of those who were martyred on that day.

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And they brought with them their women in order to do that. So Hamza bin Abdul muttalib, say the Shahada, the leader of the martyrs, he wrote the Allahu anhu was mutilated by a woman known as Hindi been to Cuba because he was one of those who was killed by Hamza in the Battle of butter. This woman was not at all comfortable until she slipped his belly. Allahu Akbar, Allah says God has removed his liver and actually chewed on it. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us from this type of gruesome behavior and May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding the process

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said very clearly, Muslims do not mutilate you either mutilate your body whilst you're alive. And this is why permanent tattooing and so on is all prohibited in Islam, to pierce yourself in different places besides the ears and perhaps the nose. After that is not permissible in the Sharia. Allah subhanho wa Taala protects us from mutilating our own bodies, and may He make us understand what is mutilation in the first place. Because many people don't know this body is entrusted to us by Allah subhanho wa Taala. He's going to take it back and he's going to ask us how did we look after it and protect it? How can we say okay, I made a hole here and the whole

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day and the whole day and this may Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us and safeguard us. We've only spoken about something very light, but believe me the Sharia has deep laws, which would actually result if we follow them in our success in this world, as well as in the next mela make it easy for us. And this is why Sofia Binti Abdul muttalib, the sister of Hamza or the olana, she wanted to see the body of her own brother. Now there was a rule that was passed by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Don't let the women come and see the bodies have their own relatives. Why because those who are mutilated, they may go back with a very different image of this person, it is best that they go

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with the image they recall. And this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told them take Sophia back and do not let her look at her brother. It may hurt her heart emotionally and so on. And the picture that remains the image that remains in the mind will always be that of someone totally mutilated. But Sophia was one exception, she spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and said, Oh messenger, I will be a patient I will make dua, I will not be emotional and started screaming and yelling and so on. But I need to see my brother and so for her permission was granted. But we learned a lesson that sometimes when a death happens and it is not so good to the eye, it is

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definitely an Islamic ruling to stop some of the family members from looking at that particular face, if perhaps it is heavily injured or mutilated and sometimes perhaps in a few pieces, say after a car crash or so on May Allah protect us. Sometimes you have instances where the faces or the head is actually broken into pieces, may Allah safeguard us, it is not wrong for the allama to get up and family members to say look, the women folk you will not be allowed to view the face of this particular person. This is from the teaching of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, it is best for them to have the last good image within their minds, then to have an image which will remain forever and

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ever. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us all and grant us goodness. As for washi that men, he reports that when I killed Hamza rhodiola, one, immediately something struck me, I knew I was going to be a free men as per the promise of debatable motoring, who was my master. And at the same time, I felt enslaved by something else. I felt captured by something far greater than the enslaving that I was in. And he says to the degree that when I was free, I was back in Makkah, but I couldn't do anything I could not sleep in the night. I constantly thought of this deed that I had engaged in, and I became a drunkard. He says I became a drunkard so much so that I was neither fit for living

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nor for the dead. And they came a degree when a time when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam marched onto Makkah to karma with his army. He says I was too embarrassed. I left and I went to tarrif. And I spent some time there until after the victory of Makkah, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam sent for me and I came to Makkah to karma from pif.

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And he says, When I saw the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he asked me until washy, are you washing? Are you the killer of my uncle Hamza? And Hamza was the uncle and at the same time, he was a foster brother of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam.

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So he says yes, so although she became a Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam made one request to him. He says, Look, if you can stay away from me as far as possible, every time I see you, I remember my uncle Subhana Allah. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. This was one thing, and this is why washy he says I lived and I was so indebted to what had happened because I felt so bad. until after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I heard of Musa Lama al Qaeda, the liar who claimed the Prophet would Musa Lama, he says, and I made the dua to Allah, Allah. I'm joining the army who is going to see this man and attack him. And Allah make me from amongst those who can

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execute that liar. And indeed, Allah granted him that and this is when he felt a little bit at ease when he was used to execute Hussein.

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Al Qaeda, the liar who had claimed Prophethood when the Muslims had gone there to attack him with his army, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us protection. So this was why she then comes the burial of those who had died in the Battle of Odin. They were approximately 17 Muslims who had been martyred in the Battle of Oxford. Most of them were from the answer. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked, Who has memorized more Quran, the one who memorized more Quran was put into the grave list. And each grave had more than one person, some of them to some of them three, depending on what was available because they could not dig so many graves and this is why in the

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Sherry and the grave that you are buried in.

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We in Islam allow for burial in the same spot some time later. Because once the body has decomposed into the soil, it is now fit for re burial. In our parts of the world, this doesn't happen because I think in most cases, you purchase the little piece of land it becomes yours, but where the maqbara or where the graveyard is worth it is an endowment, you find that there is no harm in burying again and again in the same place, perhaps a year, two years, nine years 10 years later, as happens even in the graveyard of Madina. munawwara May Allah subhanahu wa taala grant us a deep understanding. So when they were burying, they found a lot of these poor people. Some of them were marked as in the

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path of Allah subhanho wa Taala after having fought and served Islam for a long time, such as Musab nomade, when he was brought to be buried, there was nothing to cover him the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam issued an instruction, all those who were martyred, there is no washing for them, no hosel for them, they should be buried in their clothing with the stains of blood, they will be resurrected on the day of tiama the color will be the color of blood and the smell will be the smell of mask. This is what Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had said, but most abnormal, when they covered his head, his feet when they covered his feet his head showed so they did not have enough to cover

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him. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam makes mention of something very, very interesting. He says this was one of the richest of the youngsters of Mecca. And today there is nothing to cover him and he has passed away in this condition may not mean in any job.

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Sakuma.

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cavanna

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Toby,

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Chevy de la from amongst the believers, they are those who have fulfilled their promise unto Allah subhanho wa Taala some of them have been martyred and the others are in waiting Allahu Akbar. Some of them have been martyred and the others have been waiting. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says Hamza memento bonobo most of memento. danada he took names of people these are the people who have been martyred, fulfilling their promise unto Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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So most abnormal, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says cover his head and as for his feet, you can use a bit of the the hip, a little bit of a branch that you can actually cover it with. And that is how he was buried. One narration in saddle mad makes mention of Hamza Abdulmutallab with a similar condition. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a deep understanding remember, what comes with us in the grave is our deeds,

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not our wealth, and not what we look like. But what comes into our graves our deeds. So let us do the best of deeds before it is too late and prepare for the day when we will pass away and meet Allah subhanho wa Taala their return.

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Hannah Binti, Josh,

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your loved one Ha.

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She was told that your brother has been martyred. Abdullah had been Josh has been murdered. So she made it to alpha him and she said May Allah grant us the patience. Then she was told your uncle has also been martyred. Hamza bin Abdul muttalib she made the dua for him. And she she was patient when she was told and your husband has also been martyred, Muslim abnormal. Then she yelled. She laid out a little bit of a scream then she also made the dua and so on. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam immediately said the husband is closer to the heart than the brothers and the uncles Subhana Allah. This is the heart of a woman. If we are true husbands, our wives become closer to us

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than they are to their own family members because we become the new family and their children become the new blood. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a deep understanding

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Look at Musab Mohamed, what a powerful man he was. He was such a gentleman such a Sahabi rhodiola and he was lost or martyred in the Battle of

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May Allah subhanho wa Taala. grant him gentlemen. Then there is a woman a famous woman. Her name is not mentioned but she is a woman from bernadina.

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They told her,

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your husband is martyred. Your brother is martyred and your father is Martin, all three of them. She said, what about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Masha Allah Rasulullah What about the Prophet?

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They said, No, he's fine. He's okay. She said no, where is he? I would like to look at him. I want to see him. And then they waited for a moment until he came through. When she saw him. She smiled and said could no mercy but him but the hyena. All difficulties after this are easy. If he's okay. Everything else is fine. So Pinilla this was the response of the Sahaba. Yet at the time, they were more concerned about Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam than their own family members. May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless them, and May Allah subhanahu Allah grant us goodness with us, we sometimes become more concerned about sinning then we are about our link with our own maker and our link with

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam May Allah subhanahu wa taala protect us this was not an issue of sinning if she had cried or if she had wept, or if something else had happened in terms of her tears and so on. It wouldn't have been bad. She was worried masala Rasulullah first question, leave all that tell me about the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. When they told her he is okay she said I want to see him as soon as she saw him, she says good no mercy but in

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all difficulties after this. They are easy they are light May Allah subhanahu wa Jalla grant us ease the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made dua for the families of those who were martyred on that particular day. And Allahu Akbar, the Sahaba of the Allah and whom who had remained behind, they ensured that they looked after the widows and the orphans and a lot of these widows who are married by the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu were left in order to look after them. So much so that even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam later on married and we will get to that may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding, they had to look after these women who were left behind, they had

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to look after the children who were left behind. And the best way to do so was to marry this widow, in order for the children to be looked after. And for the widow to have some male who will then look after her and be her guardian. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding.

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Now, what had happened is this was on the seventh day of chawan according to most of the narrations, and they had gone back to Madina munawwara they spent the night there. And they were they were waiting because the kuffaar had left they wanted to enter Medina, but Allah had made them go away, because they were worried that if we enter Medina, there are so many warriors in Medina who have not taken part in this battle, they might get up and they will attack us once again and we might suffer big losses. So what happened is, they had left after they left, they got to a certain place. And they decided they were still deciding about Sophia and was saying, let's go back. We want to go back

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and we want to attack Medina

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and so forth. And

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he says no, don't go. He was a very intelligent man. He says, you see at the moment, we can consider ourselves victorious. Why should we go and get a hiding? Why should we go back there and risk getting or suffering loss? So behind Allah so he said we're not going to go back. However, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was already instructed by Allah subhanho wa Taala seventh of Chahal, they came back. They had injuries, some of those injured was still in Medina and so on. He prepared an army the next day and he said we need to leave we need to go out so that these people don't come into Madina, munawwara if they come into Medina, we're going to have a problem. We're

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going to have to fight them here on our streets, meaning in our own suburbs, rather we go out so hombre

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is a place that they got to the following day, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the eighth of chawan went with only those companions who took part in the battle besides one or two who were granted permission to join them. And thereafter they went to hammer on acid and the mushriks had heard the news that these people have camped out there. And this was also a means of showing them that no matter what has happened, Allahu Akbar, we are still ready to defend ourselves. Allah subhanho wa Taala says, while I

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don't become Slack, in pursuit of these people continue pursuing them.

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Taku talamona for in Houma, la Mona Kamata, la mon whatever June Amina

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Hema Allah.

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Allah says, if you are suffering, pain and injuries, you should know that they are suffering pain and injuries. But the difference between you and them is you have hope in Allah. They don't have hope in anything.

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So Allah says go and pursue them. And these people went to hombre said they spent some time they and they came back to Medina to Nevada.

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Another verse that Allah subhanho wa Taala has made mention of which is very important. Also, teaching the Muslims how them their morale should be high at all times. Allah subhanho wa Taala says, full say to them, oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Hello Tara bassoon Urbina?

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Are you waiting for anything to happen with us besides the two points of goodness Nothing can happen to us besides goodness, we will either be martyred so we will get paradise or we will either be victorious so we will have victory here. So it's either victory here or victory there it's called a Dell has never been one of the two good things can happen to us we can never suffer a loss we are always in a win win situation. This is what the Quran says. Well not no not Allah boss will be come and ask for you. We are waiting. We are waiting for what you see back como la will be either happy meaning he will be a Dena Fatah bustle in Morocco.

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We are waiting for Allah to punish you. Either he punishes you, on his own or he punishes you with our hands which means if you are victorious, Allah will still get hold of you. And if we are victorious, Allah has punished you with our hands. So wait We are waiting with you so panela so they are in a lose lose situation if we can coin that term quickly. And we are in a win win situation. Mashallah. So this was a verse of the Quran that Allah subhanho wa Taala had revealed, boosting the morale of the believers, and it is an understanding for all of us. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness, the final lesson I want to draw, which I've already made mention of But once again, we

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need to say that two things that happened on that particular day resulted in the suffering of the Muslims one was a 10 hours or 10 hours what meaning debates and arguing amongst each other, just unity you know, arguing let's do this. No, let's do that. Because the Muslims on more than one occasion, they were arguing and debating Should we do this? Should we do that? Shouldn't we do this? Perhaps we should do this. We should do that. That resulted in loss. So with us if we just unite and if we disintegrate, and if we create petty issues between us voila, here we will suffer a loss. The Quran says one levena cafaro. Boom Olia, Oba, the kuffaar are protectors of one another. No matter

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who they are where they are. They will always stand up for one another. That's what the Quran says. In Latifah Lu Taku fitna

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cabbie, if you are not going to do exactly the same, there is going to be great facade corruption and great fitna on Earth. What is meant by exactly the same in the same way, the kuffar stand up for one another, no matter where they are, who they are, you as muslimeen need to stand up for one another, no matter where you are, who you are, solution. So Pamela, if we had to adopt just that one ayah today on the globe, the problems of the globe would be resolved instantly. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us unity and Allah subhanho wa Taala opened our doors part of the plot of shape one small item, I hate you, I don't talk to you you're not a Muslim, you actually a cafe stavroula those

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are the statements we hear these days, people calling other Muslims, non Muslims. Why don't we realize that that only serves the interests of the enemy, may Allah subhanahu wa taala protect us all and grant us ease and goodness. So that was the point. The second point we've already spoken about it never go against the instruction of Allah and His Rasool you cannot achieve happiness through the displeasure of the owner of happiness. You cannot achieve happiness through the displeasure of the owner of happiness. You cannot you cannot achieve sustenance or a happy home through the owner of sustenance and the owner of happiness in your home. The only way to get health

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and happiness and contentment and goodness and sustenance is through the one who owns it by obeying Him and by becoming closer to Him. May Allah subhanho wa Taala open our doors

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in the third year of hegira, the same year that this battle of offer took place. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam married the daughter of Omar Abdullah pobre the Allahu anhu, who was the widow of Conan significado

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Sammy, and this man had been injured in the Battle of battle according to the most correct narrations he was injured in the Battle of battle. And later on, he passed away and listen to what happened. Oh my god, Allahu anhu.

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He went to his men, a friend of your loved one says, Yes, man, my daughter hafsa. I want you to marry her.

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Look at this, a man coming to his friend and saying I would like you to marry my daughter, the widow of police. So he looks at the law and when he says look, I have no intention to get married right now. Answer, which means he came out of it in a beautiful way. And then he went to Abu Bakr Siddiq are the Lavanya abubaker I'd like you to marry my daughter hafsa. The widow of

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Abu Bakr was silent, no response, no answer. And he went away. And Omar Allahu anhu felt that why didn't I get a reply from this man? At least he should have been like Earth man and said somehow, no, you know, may Allah subhanahu Allah grant us goodness. Today people feel bad. When someone says no, we feel bad, so bad that we stopped talking to people. Well, I it's your right be happy. Perhaps your sustenance was not written there. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant His goodness. So now some days later, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam proposed to marry the daughter of Omar Abdel Fattah Allah and he was so happy and he agreed immediately the niqab was done. And later on Abu Bakr

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Siddiq or the Allahu anhu comes to him and says, Omar

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says yes, he says, perhaps your heart was heard that I was quiet when you asked me to marry your daughter. He says yes, I was expecting some some form of reply. He says the only reason why I was silent was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned your daughter, and I didn't want to release his secret to tell you that you know what? Let the prophets Allah Allah, Allah Allah marry her. So I just remain silent. I knew something you didn't know. And I didn't want to release it. So he was silent clarification Subhana Allah, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was concerned about the widows of the oma. Today, we are the people who are concerned about the widows of the oma,

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forget about getting married to them. That's one thing but not even rendering assistance to them. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. Those were the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu. And that was Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Sahaba look at what a lesson we learned from him. He went out actively telling people look, I want you to marry my daughter. How many of us would do that today? We have the shackles of culture. And our daughters and sisters are sitting at home because they are cursed by the curse of culture. So they are not married because it's our fault, not theirs. We did not get up, stand up and look at the young men who come to the masjid. Mashallah, brother,

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Are you married? You're not married, who is your father, I'd like to speak to him. You know, I've got a daughter who's going to know you've got a daughter today they have a policy, let your daughter be naked and go to the mall and everywhere else and go to another person's waiting when she's half dressed. so that other people can see her and say, Wow, she's so beautiful. I've got a son. The the seat that is sewn is the seat of her arm, the seed of shaitan. And then we want to get married in five minutes, there is a lot and a divorce and we back home. Because we did it the wrong way. We are the men forget about your culture, it is wrong. It is totally in the bins. Subhana Allah, Allah He

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we suffer because we have left Islam. And that's a fact. And I'm saying it, I have pressed a red button because it's effect. There are so many of our sisters and and and daughters who are suffering out there. And we as men could not even be bothered. We have so many people we meet on a daily basis, who are potential husbands for them. And we wouldn't talk because why? Our culture says a woman must sit at home and wait for the ceiling to open up and the proposal drops from the top. Allah protect us. What's that? Why can't we throw that away? Look at Omar, he was better than me and you he's one of those in general. And he goes to his friends when he goes to the others and say,

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Please marry my daughter, would you marry my daughter? May Allah subhanahu wa taala grant us a deeper understanding. As I said, it's a point to learn. It's about time we made mention of this. There is nothing wrong in Islam. The proposal can come from either side, the the men or the woman either side, either can show the interest and there is nothing wrong people think no you see if we go out then it's like our daughter is inferior. Perhaps if they were to come then we can say we gave you our daughter after you asked for it. Well, ah he all this is culture that does not bring about happiness or sadness. It's got nothing to do with Islam. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an

00:34:45--> 00:34:46

understanding.

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So this was the marriage of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam thereafter Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married another woman. Her name was Xena, Binti hoceima also a widow and

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This widow Subhan Allah, she was either the widow of Abdullah.

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If that was the case he was killed in office, he was martyred in office. And or she was according to some of the authentic narrations, the widow of obey the law and then Harris, who was martyred.

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The first matter on the day of his name was obey the lead and had the more authentic narrations point to obey the lab and had it because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married Xena Binti hoceima in Ramadan.

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And if that was the case, the Battle of Orford had not yet taken place. So it couldn't have been Abdullah rejection because he was only martyred during the Battle of orphan, so it was Obaidullah hidden inherit, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam proposed for her she was known as hamasaki. And these women were people who had served Islam from Makkah, and they were people who had served Islam in a huge way. And they were people who had lost their family members. They needed someone as their guardian and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got up and he showed laid the example he proposed for her hamasaki the mother of the poor, she used to go and help the poor at all

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times. And she was a very, very generous person, even though she did not have much of her own. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married her, but the marriage only lasted eight months because she passed away. May Allah be pleased with him. So this was the second wife of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to pass away. The first one was a de gente de la and the second one was Xena Binti Jose Maria LaWanda, she was only married eight months and thereafter she passed away as we said she was the widow. She was a widow. In the same year, something very interesting a gift of Allah Subhana Allah Allah, Allah has an evening of the Allahu anhu was born. And this was the grandchild of

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, most beloved to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, the son of Fatima Binti Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Ali, Allah and then also the same year, the third year of Allah. Allah Subhana Allah Allah sent the final verses, which made alcohol and intoxicants completely prohibited. Now, we pause for a moment.

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The people of Mecca used to drink a lot they used to trade in alcohol, even the people of Medina they used to drink a lot and trade in alcohol. When we say drunkards, the people used to drink so much that they used to fight and they used to fight so much that it used to result in so many other difficulties and problems later on when they were sober. So much so that they were drunk card they used to take alcohol and women out to the wards as we saw a battle of better Battle of offered these people brought large amounts of alcohol. Allah Subhana Allah to Allah safeguard us. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was given a verse, They asked the question, what is the ruling? What is

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the ruling on alcohol and gambling? What is the ruling on alcohol and gambling? So Allah says, Yes, aluna coronial Humphrey, well, my alma mater, Allahu alayhi wa sallam, they are asking you about alcohol and gambling? Why would they ask you? They were asking, because people like abubaker knew already. That this is bad. If it wasn't bad, they wouldn't have asked. Nobody asked me or asks you. Can I wear a jacket? It's freezing today. SubhanAllah you'd be wearing the jacket. It's not bad. But now someone can say no, this is big scheme. Can I wear it because automatically something tells you I need to ask a question here. There's something wrong with it, perhaps. So that's why they knew

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that it causes so much problem. Alcohol and gambling causes so much problem they asked so Allah subhanho wa Taala instead of banning it all at once, making it difficult sometimes for a person who is addicted to it. Had it happened it would have happened. But Allah subhanho wa Taala says FEMA is mooncup.

00:39:08--> 00:39:12

What if muma caballo Mina FEMA tell them

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there is a great sin,

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a great sin in alcohol and gambling. But there is also a little bit of benefit, but the sin outweighs the benefit. And there is much more sin than benefit harm, much more harm than benefit. So from this, a lot of the companions understood if there is more harm than benefit. We need to stay away from it. So they started staying away from it. Those who are drinking started cutting down and so on. People like Abu Bakr Siddiq for the alarm and the narrations make mention of the fact that he never ever drunk even before Islam. He knew that this thing is bad, like Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam never went close to it by the protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So what had

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

happened thereafter is after some time, people used to drink and then when they eat

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Salah they didn't know what they were saying. So they would make mistakes. Now that is dangerous because it's the word of Allah the Quran. So Allah says after some time another face was revealed. Yeah, are you hella Nina man oh La, La La La

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La La La La MaMa Taku oh you who believe do not come close to salah and prayer in the condition of intoxication until you know exactly what you are uttering. So as a result, what happened the hours of drinking were cut down so they couldn't drink most of the time they could only drink perhaps after Asia for a little while because they would have to get up for Fido and perhaps in the morning and in the morning one one is who would be drinking so in the afternoon they wouldn't be able to drink because you have solid analysis after after you have mothering which is not very far and after that you have Asia so the only time was after Asia and that two very few people who drink until in

00:41:01--> 00:41:09

the third year of Egypt first came down yeah, are you hella Nina man oh you who believe in

00:41:12--> 00:41:18

Islam Maria Aegis whom in Armani shape on fujitani boo.

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Oh, you who believe indeed, intoxicants, as well as gambling, as well as superstition, and unsub is what they used to do. They used to sacrifice some animals in a specific way which became prohibited. So the superstitions as well as the unsub, Islam, and alcohol and drinking this is abomination from the handiwork of the devil. So stay far from it in order that you may succeed, that became prohibited.

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It became prohibited Some people say where is the prohibition of alcohol in the Quran, if Allah tells you to stay far from it, it means it is worse than the ordinary person. Just like adultery Allah says, while taco Zina don't even go close to it. That doesn't mean it's not prohibited, it means even to get close to it is prohibited. So the same applies here, that it is so bad, stay very far from it. Then Allah says, In Merida shavon, Ye o Karabiner, como la da, da, ba ba Alibaba have in common even,

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indeed shaitan once to create enmity and hatred between you

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in alcohol and gambling, through alcohol and gambling, there is enmity, there is hatred, there is problem there is war. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, For help to move,

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the West continues that shavon intends to distract you from salah and the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So are you going to leave it? It's a question. When this verse was revealed. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had read it. The caller went out calling people Allah in America defeated him. He called out, behold, alcohol has been made prohibited alcohol has been made prohibited. It is reported that the galleys of Medina were flowing with alcohol, which people threw out as a result of listening to a caller calling the instruction of Allah that alcohol is prohibited.

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So look at how those who had it in their mouth spat it out, those who had it in their containers, spat it out, whatever, or should I say poured it out, whatever they had had, they poured it out, look at how they did not look at how much I'm going to lose what might happen aid is 200 liters here. Perhaps I could sell it to those people of the book. And perhaps this nothing of that nature, threw it out immediately. These was the harbor of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This was the prohibition of alcohol as well as gambling. Now, one might ask when the Quran says that gambling and alcohol, there is some goodness and mostly harm. Why was that said? It's a good question. So if

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you open the books of Tafseer, you find a point. At the time what the Bedouin Arabs used to do, whenever they gambled, they knew that this is wrong, because 500 people are putting perhaps a gold coin each and one man goes away with everything the rest of them lost. So actually more people lose than gain and the one who gains for your interest. And I have done a study. It's not so difficult these days with share Google so near.

00:44:44--> 00:44:59

If you look at all those who have won huge lotteries on the globe, their families have been destroyed within a short space of time. And a lot of them have died drunkards and people who have who have really suffered because that is cursed money. It is cursed.

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To the degree, it's not from your sweat, you are taking risks, you are eating other people's monies. And if those who take part in these latos on a monthly basis have to save that money for two or three years, it becomes as big as one of the prizes. Anyway, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a deep understanding. And may He opened our doors what they used to do at the time, as soon as they when they give out the amount to charity.

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They used to give out the amount to the poor to the charity. And this is why some of the scholars say that this was the little goodness that they used to talk about up to today. There are people who tell you let me take part in the lottery. If I win, I will go and give it to a charity. Why should we say this? And why should we even do it? Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness, you really want to give a charity give your own wealth, may Allah subhanho wa Taala open our doors, something else that had happened also in the third year of hegira. Very important, the rules of inheritance were laid down for your information. at that particular time just before this. Women were inherited,

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someone dies, they would inherit the wife, someone else, for example, owed someone money, the daughter would be paid someone else. For example, I had a problem with someone, and they would give their sister or their daughter and so on when they died. This is what would happen. And these women were treated like commodities. And they would never ever spoken about in terms of the wealth that the men had had. They weren't even allowed to own anything of value. It was to be used for the men that say, when Islam came it allowed individual ownership a woman can own and that is her property. That's it Subhan Allah. No one has a say in it. Besides herself, obviously she can be guided if

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she's doing something wrong. But if she would like that's her money, nobody can you separate from her. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant our women protection as well. Sometimes from our own evil, sometimes we are the the culprits and we are the ones who oppress our own women. So at this stage,

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Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed versus declaring that eight categories of women shall inherit wealth, and only four categories of men shall inherit wealth. So if you look at the number of categories of men who inherit for them, and if you look at the number of categories of women who inherit eight categories, and on top of that, the largest shares to be given are to be given to women. So you have a futon, which means two thirds, two thirds is given to whom open the books which explain inheritance, open the Koran, and you will find two thirds is only used where women are in the picture. So panela it's never used for men, another 150 percent of all wealth, the husband gets

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if the wife has left behind no children, but in the case of a single daughter, she collects 50% of what her father has left or her mother has left. May Allah Subhana Allah Allah grant us a deep understanding. Now one might ask these laws of inheritance, how were they laid down? If we look at how they were laid down, Allah says, You all men have no choice regarding how your wealth shall be divided. After you die, you have no choice, the wealth is ours, it belongs to us, we lent it to you for a while once you die, we will decide how it will be distributed. That is the law of the Quran, the only thing Allah has given me and you Allah says up to 33% you can give anyone whom we have not

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given. So if Allah has given someone you cannot increase or decrease, never. And if Allah has not given someone from 33%, you can actually write down a word to say, I'd like to give this person so much the rest of it, it's Allah subhanho wa Taala, he decides, so whether you got along with your son or not, or whether your daughter listened to you or not, they will definitely get from Allah subhanho wa Taala that's a shame unless they have engaged in a deed which prohibits them from the share. May Allah subhanahu wa taala safeguard us such as murder and so on. In that particular case, they will be blocked from receiving. So this is why we need to know all of us and many Muslims don't

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know this for some reason. It's in the Quran very loud and clear that Allah has decreed these as shares. Now there is one other point we need to speak about and that is, why is it that it seems that women get half of that of a male?

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The answer is do you know women actually get more than a male, the male is a guardian. He is supposed to look after the closest females to him. And every female is to be looked after in Islam, in terms of food, clothing and accommodation by her closest male relatives, either the husband or the adult son, or the father or the brothers or the uncles. If a woman has

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You as her closest male relative, you are sinful if you don't provide her with food, clothing and accommodation Subhan Allah, that is Islam. So women must be taken care of by their closest male relatives. That's the law. So why then do they need any wealth? The truth is they don't, they don't need it. Allah gave him as a token, just in case me and you don't look after them. So Panama. Amazing. So when a man gets out of $75,000, if a man gets 50,000, and his sister gets 25,000, from the 50,000, that man has to look after his wife, his children, and his family members as well as his own sister from the 50,000. So it's divided into approximately eight people and the 25,000 she got,

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it's hers, to save, to be happy to go Mashallah now and again some way and to be able to spend a little bit of money May Allah subhanahu Allah grant our women and understanding well law he Islam has honored them and raised them far above any other religion could have ever raised them. And Allah has given them dignity, and Allah has given them a position. The difficulty is sometimes we as men do not even know the position that is granted to our women. And sometimes not only do we not look after them, but we cheat them out of their share of inheritance. We don't even speak about it years past and we don't even give them their share. And yet sometimes we are sitting with everything May

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Allah subhanho wa Taala safeguard us and grant us ease and goodness inshallah, tomorrow we will look at more of what was revealed in that particular year. And we will go into the following year, when there were several other skirmishes that took place. And we asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant us protection in the same way that he protected Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his companions and we asked Allah to grant us Jenna until we meet again, WA Salatu was salam wa barik ala nabina, Muhammad Subhan, Allah Subhana Allah alohomora Hambrick shadow Allah Allah hi lantern