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Ramadan 2012 – Life of the Last Messenger – Day 18

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Mufti Menk

Channel: Mufti Menk

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Episode Notes

An in depth lesson within the Noble Qur’an,”Life of the Last Messenger (Muhammad PBUH)” by Mufti Ismail Musa Menk

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu wa sallim ala

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Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ottavino woman chonburi son Elijah Medina.

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As always we commence by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala sending blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and all his companions. May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless them, and may He bless every single one of us and grant us all goodness, I mean, beloved brothers and sisters in Islam. As I walked out yesterday, my young son told me that you have made a mistake. I told him what is the mistake he says, You said the Sahara Desert when it was the Arabian desert. So I looked at him and I laughed, and I said, don't worry. Tomorrow I will start with that slip of the tongue. When we spoke of omiya had been held off and how Billa live, Nora remembered everything that

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had happened. And how he was dragged in the desert. It was the Arabian Desert, and I'm sure we would all have known that it was a mere slip of the tongue. May Allah subhanho wa Taala. Grant us goodness, the Battle of better we had completed it, I just want to recap two or three points from this battle of butter, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spent three days in battle after the war. The reasons for that, so that the enemy does not come back. They had fled, and some of them might decide to come back while the Muslims were going to Madina munawwara. So one of the reasons was, or to remain in bother was to ensure that that does not happen. Secondly, to bury both sides to

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bury the Muslims who had lost their lives, the 14 of those who have lost their lives, and at the same time to bury the mushriks in a mass grave, or in the pit that they were finally buried in El calib.

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So to bury those who were dead, and those who had been martyred. The third reason was in order to gather the spoils or the booty, or that which was left behind by the co founder of Quraysh as they have departed, or as they had fled. And the fourth reason was that the army needed a little bit of arrests. And what would happen is if they were to immediately move, without resting, perhaps they will get tired and so on. So it served many purposes. And Allah subhanho wa Taala had instructed Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to remain there for three days. Remember, whatever he did was by the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Thereafter, when they got to a place known as a sofa,

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they, there was an instruction that had come from Allah subhanho wa Taala. To divide the spoils, or the booty in a specific way, however, mentioned must be made of the little debates that took place between some of the parties from amongst the Muslims as to what should happen with these spoils. This was the first major battle, they had had quite a lot that was left behind by the co founder of Croatia. And so as they were debating what should happen, Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed versus instructing them. Yes, Alona can in

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Poland

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COO, COO,

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COO,

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COO,

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coo to

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me, many, they are asking you about the spoils of war, tell them that those spoils of war belong to Allah and His Messenger, whatever they decide is final. So be conscious of Allah and sort your matter out don't dispute amongst each other. And remember, if you are true believers, you will follow Allah and His Messenger, those are the verses the opening verses of surah two and fall and we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant us goodness, so Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided that he will give everyone an equal share. And he decided to add nine of those who did not take part in the world who had been left in Madina, munawwara by his instruction or who had been sent

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elsewhere by his instruction at that particular time. Something also very important. Two more points that I want to make mention of the Battle of better before we proceed. One is most Abner Romero the Allahu anhu had a brother of his known as Abu Aziz. And this Aziz ignominy he was from amongst those who was caught, and when Musab saw them taking him. He passed a comment before I say what he said. It's important for us to know who was Musab once again we make mentioned he came from a wealthy family he was spoiled to the degree that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says from the youngsters of Makkah, I don't know a single one who has been spoiled this month.

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By his own mother. And when he accepted Islam, he was tied down by his mother and thereafter he was expelled, he was harmed, he was tortured. And until there came a time when his skin was flaking off, and he was so poor, he didn't even have clothing, he lost his weight and so on, when most of us saw his brother, who was Mashallah, looking quite well, but he was from amongst those who was caught. He tells the captives, you better make sure you ask for a handsome amount from this man, because his folks are very wealthy, love. His folks are very wealthy. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala, grant us a goodness, and may He May He grant us wealth, that will be a means of our entry into paradise, and

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not wealth, that will be a means of our destruction. So that was very interesting that even though it was his own brother, but he felt towards him to say the truth and to say, look, you better get a maximum amount from this man, Allah subhanho wa Taala, grant us goodness.

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And the last point we'd like to mention is, as we said, yesterday, that some of the people who didn't have any wealth to pay or to pay the fine for taking part in the war, some of them didn't have the amount. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi, wasallam, instructed by Allah subhanho, wa Taala, he led, some of them go without even taking any amount from them. One of them was about as Russia and we will come to see his story a little bit later on. We said it yesterday part of it, that when he told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Look, I am a person who really doesn't have much my family is big, and they need me and so on. And I really don't have anything to give you. He was then

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sent away and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam told him, You don't ever engage in what you did in in the future. And he said, Okay, I won't. Now, from amongst those who were taken captive were some who didn't have anything but they were educated, they could read and write. So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, issued an instruction. He said, If any one of you can teach 10 of the youngsters have the answer, how to read and write, we set you free. So panela, this showed that the value of learning to read and write and education, and the value of being able to understand and so on, was so high that people were granted their freedom just by teaching people how to read and write. And I normally

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raised the point when it comes to the teachers, these people who were captive were not Muslim. And for them, what was their paradise, their paradise was to be set free, so that they could live the rest of their lives according to their own desires. So they were told, if you teach 10 people to read and write, you will get your paradise in the sense that you're going to be free in this world, and for you, the world is the paradise. So those who teach the Muslims how to read and write from amongst the Muslims, and those from amongst the Muslims to this day. And we know that teaching is now a profession that many people are turning away from, because it is one of the only professions

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where your progress is gauged by the examination of someone else. Have you ever thought of that? A teacher is tested by who? Not by whether they know it or not, but by whether other people know what they've taught them or not. So it's very difficult and Nowadays, people don't really want to teach, ask those running schools. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness, the point I am raising is imagine how valuable the reward is that Allah is giving these mushriks of Quraysh what they wanted. Is it impossible for Allah to give us our paradise as a result? May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant that to us, and may He make us from those who can teach because definitely even the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, innumerable is to mollema I was actually sent as a teacher, obviously, the teachings he taught, were very spiritual and connected to the link with Allah subhanho wa Taala. But he was also a teacher, and he was a powerful teacher. And he did not beat any of his students. And at the same time, they learned absolutely everything that he had taught him. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us even a portion of that Baraka now as we said, yesterday, we ended on a point that bamboo Kanaka they were people who were living within Madina, munawwara they were three clans of the Jewish people, around Medina to and within Medina, one of them. So whenever

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a new car was inside Medina, and as for blucora, and NaVi they were on the outskirts of Madina munawwara in the marketplace have been okay no car, something had happened. But prior to that been okay, new car was very, very upset when, when the Quraysh had suffered a defeat and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions had come back. Allah calls the day of Baba Yeoman for

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the day of the criterion, the day that the deciding factor

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To the day of the deciding factor, the Muslims had one, and it was a huge victory. These people were upset Why? They were hoping that this Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his people would lose, and then we would be the leaders once again, because they could not engage in all their mischief when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is in their midst, or in Madina munawwara so they had teamed up with one of the hypocrites who joined, who joined Islam only for show. How do we know that? How do we know that this man was a hypocrite? The answer is we can never know unless we were told by Allah and His Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam informed us that Allah informed him a list of names of people who were actually not Muslim, but they were just pretending because they had had no other option, or they felt that it was in the best of their interests from amongst them was this man Abdullah have no obey even though saloon. He had accepted Islam just after that. It is made mention of in a lot of the narrations that it was after the Battle of butter. And this is when he saw that the Muslims have quite a bit of power, and let me join forces with them. So he had teamed up with the people have koresh and he had teamed up with Ben Okinawa and he tried to temper with balloon Nabila and the others, and Allah subhanho wa

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Taala exposed him every single time. So in the marketplace have been open, Luca was a Muslim Sahaba who was seated and she was seated Her name is not given to us. And obviously if you look at the books of Islamic history, you find whenever something bad has happened to someone, the name is always protected in a lot of cases so that people wouldn't actually be able to say, Oh, this person and that person, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us protection and even though it's not relevant for us to know certain things, we need to know there was one of our sisters one of these I have yet may Allah be pleased with her. As she was sitting down, the bottom of her dress was tied to the top

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of it with a little stitch by one of these mischievious men have been okay, no car. And when you're sitting, you wouldn't really notice anything because the dress is all around. And as she got up, part of her leg showed, so they started laughing at her, when they laughed at her, one of the Muslims who understood what had happened, went to beat up this man from Belo pinaka. So much so that he died, the man from Bunnell Kanaka had died. And when this happened, the people have been okay, no car got up, and they started beating up this man until he also died. and thereafter, news went to Al Madina, munawwara Muhammad Sallallahu, alayhi wasallam announced Wall Street. He told his men, let's

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get up and he with Hamza bin Abdullah palabra de la and we are going to buy a new car and we will deal with him, how dare they break the treaty, and they've been engaging in mischief all along, and now they have killed one of our men, and they have disrespected, or they have made a fool of one of our sisters Subhana Allah, how can they do this, and so Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam went to them. But openlca was shocked, because they had known that this mischief of ours is going to come to the fore at some stage, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam surrounded them. And decision was being made as to what to do with these people. He surrounded him for 15 days, they wanted to fight they

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couldn't find, because the Muslims had outnumbered them. And at the same time,

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they succumbed after 15 days, to the pressure, because nothing going in, nothing coming out. And these people are now surrounded for 15 days, and they decided which talk. So decisions were being made. The hypocrite Abdullayev no babe, no saloon comes to Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and what was his power? He claims or he says because I was supposed to be selected the leader of Medina before you came. So I am one of the top leaders. So he placed himself as one of the top leaders, although he was a nobody May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. So this obey comes to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Abdullah hypnobabies alone and he gets hold of him and says, release these people.

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And Rasulullah Salallahu Salam says, leave me alone, meaning you don't need to hold someone in this particular way. There is a way of speaking. He says no, I won't leave you until you leave these people because when I had before you came difficulty with other tribes they protected us and these were the people who did this in who did that and they had safeguarded us with their lives. And today just because they did one thing you want to now execute them and so on. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said okay, he was quite upset and he said, okay, we will leave them but they must leave Madina munawwara they must go, this little Sabbath must be cleared empty.

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So now that was a decision made by the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala Banu pinaka, a little suburb in Madina munawwara where these people were based they

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were told we are giving you three days. You take your children, your families and you walk out everything else you leave here you go. And the prophets of Allah Salaam who had gone with Hamza bin Abdul muttalib, with a group of men, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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had placed over the urbanist summit or the allow him as a person who would oversee and supervise the fact that these people left. And within three days, they were gone, where did they go, they all left to rot. And they were actually very fortunate that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did not execute some of those perpetrators. Because by right, they had murdered someone, and they had engaged in mischief. So there could have been a court case there, which would be decided within moments, and a few of them would have been executed. But he did them a favor by telling them okay, just leave more or less, exiling them sending them away. So they had gone to a place known as a throttle, close to a

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sham, which is, as we always say, the city and region the reason why I say region, some people think that a sham refers to Syria, no, it refers to Syria, Lebanon, as well as a Philistine and northern Saudi Arabia as well. That entire part is referred to as a sham. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a deep understanding. So this was what had happened for the people or to the people have been okay, no car, a lesson for us all. The respect and dignity of a Muslim, male or female should be at our hearts. We should feel pain when one of us is harmed or hurt. And this is the teaching of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, mimouna the believers are like one body, the head,

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his head, the rest of the body is restless, a little finger is hurt, the whole body is restless. The day we feel that way, we will resolve the matters of the oma May Allah subhanho wa Taala return us to those genuine feelings today. amongst us in one community, we have hatred 10 ways, this group and that group and this one, don't talk to that one and that one his own brother he doesn't speak to and the other one when he hears that this person has had damage, he's excited and says Alhamdulillah instead of saying May Allah safeguard us and grant him goodness, we become happy at the loss of others lots of hurry Shama totally effete fire hameau Hola. Why a pathetic, do not become happy at

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the loss of your brother because Allah may have mercy on him and test you with something similar, if not worse. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness, thereafter, in the same year, it is reported or in the following year, it is reported now we are talking of the third year of Egypt, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam got his daughter Fatima harati, Allah and her married to Allah, tala the Allahu anhu. Very briefly, I can make mention of what happened. One of the servants of Allah the Allahu anhu, had come up to him and said, Did you hear that the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Fatima is now of marriage age. And at that time, they used to marry very

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early, 12 years old, 13 1415 years old. And by the time they were all married, and sometimes even earlier than that, you have cases of people who married a little bit earlier, at the ages of six and seven and eight, and they did not get together, or they did not live together until they arrived at puberty, when they arrived at puberty at the age of 10, or 11, or 12, and so on. They then were sent to live with their husbands and and hamdulillah. This was the norm of the time and as you know, the norms change with the changing of times. So what is normal today might seem different from what was normal at that time, but it was the norm, and what is not the norm in one area, sometimes it's

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different in another area. So we should not get excited and we should not start picking on people. It was their norm. If there was anything wrong in anything that was happening. The people there would have stopped it. But Allah subhanho wa Taala has mercy and Allah has granted some form of level of acceptance to the earth or to the norm of the people that is acceptable. And this was part of it.

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Yesterday we made mention of the other two daughters of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Rukia unconsumed and I had said that they were married to the sons of Abu lahab. If you open the books of Islamic history, yes, there is a report of them having been married to the sons of Abu lahab. And when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to spread Islam, then he instructed his sons to divorce them, and to leave them because he said, I don't want you to be with these who are the children of this man who is inflicting so much harm or who has recently renamed from the religion of his forefathers. Now, there are two narrations, one says that they were married, but

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they had not consummated in the sense that it was fixed, like Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam being married to I Sharia law, but there was no consummation at all It happened later on. So in the same way this there was no consummation, more or less what we would term today, these people are engaged and they will get together at some stage before they got together already. These two were released and

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Later on, they were married to a man of the effect of the alarm and first ruqayyah Binti Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and just after the Battle of butter, she passed away. Imagine the difficulty of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he had to go through a lot. He lost his sons. Now he is losing his own daughter, and he lost his daughters, all of them besides one before he passed away himself. He lost them to Panama, and yet, he used to pray to Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is why when we lose our children before us, we should always pray to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, Allah make this a means of my entry into paradise. If the messenger went through this

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difficulty, that means you have chosen me to go through the same difficulty that the messenger has gone through, and perhaps you Allah, grant me a good reward. May Allah subhanahu wa taala open our doors and have mercy on all of us and on those who've lost their children before their own death. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us ease. So when Allah The Allahu anhu heard this

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in fact, I was making mention of the other narration the other narration says that they were married, and thereafter divorced. However, we would like to give a perhaps, strength to the narration that says it was not consummated yet. And they had divorced them with an era of the Allahu anhu when he heard this, he wanted to speak to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam but he was a bit shy. And he was told no, if you go, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will agree. So he comes to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam and he sits in front of him, you know? And he says, Yeah, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then he's quiet. So the prophets Allah Allah Salaam says, Is

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there something you want to say? Oh, Allah keeps quiet. Oh, it's okay. He says, Do you want to talk to me about my daughter Fatima? Subhana. Allah, Allah Subhana Allah to Allah grant us an understanding. Look at this. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam already instructed What is happening? Do you want to talk to me about my daughter, Fatima? He says, Yes. He says What do you have in the sense that are you going to pay her the Maha now this in Islam. Maha is not actually a dowry. Because a dowry? What happens in some of the cases, they pay an amount to the Father, to the mother, to the grandfather, to the uncles, to the aunts, and they have to pay over so many years,

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and who eats the money, the parents and the others? In Islam, there is nothing like that. We say we do not sell human beings. The amount of marriage is from the groom to the bride. That's it. No other amounts are compulsory in Islam. If there is anything you want to give out of your goodness to your father in law or to anyone else, no problem. But it is not an Islamic requirement. The Maha in Islam means an amount from the groom to the bride. It is basically a payment to say from today on your responsibility is mine. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding. So when people say dowry, it must not be misunderstood in Islam. There is nothing like a dowry that we see across the

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globe. It is simply an amount from here today from the groom to the bride. As for those who brought up these girls, the parents of the girls, the Hadith says the Prophet peace be upon him says for you is paradise. You have brought up someone to go and live in someone else's home. What you get in return is Jenna it is paradise. And this is why the Hadith says whoever has two daughters one narration says three daughters and looks after them well brings them up a man as a trust gets them married to good homes that will result in their upliftment spiritually and so on. For them will be paradise. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness. So he said, Look, I don't have anything at

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all. So the Prophet says sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what about the shield? I gave you one. He says, I've got that. He says, Well, we can get that sold and you will get a certain amount for it. And you can pay that as a matter. And this is how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got his daughter married to Allah. Allahu anhu, when he was a man whose financial standing was zero, he had nothing. Absolutely no. Today when our daughters want to marry someone, we first look at how much money does he have? You know what? They might suffer? He's too poor. How to you know, after they get married, he might lose everything, then what happens? And do you know if you look at our parents,

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and I'm sure a lot of those who are of a middle age here, started off very, very humbly and slowly worked up the ladder. Now when they are 5060 years old, they can afford everything. But now they for themselves, their own children, the same look for a rich man. But think about how you started my beloved brother, my beloved sister, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us the ability to look at the deen. Look at Ali Ali. He was a cousin a friend of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam as well. And they had had days together in mK cuttle mukaiyama. And he was the first from the youngsters who had accepted

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Islam, and here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is giving him his daughter.

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And the Prophet sallallahu wasallam says was the shield I gave you, which means it was actually from me, to be honest with you anyway. Now you get getting it back, it's reported that they sold it for 400

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darra him and they had given that or he had given that as a matter to, to Fatima or the Allahu Allah. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us acceptance, and may He make us from those who realize and understand from the lessons that we've derived from this. Then also with man up near farmer, the Allahu anhu, as we've heard,

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the one wife of his rupiah, the daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam passed away after some time. It's reported that after some time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam got him married to his other daughter unconsumed. And this is why this man was known as the no rain. We made mention of this yesterday, may Allah Subhana Allah Allah grant us happy homes, May He grant a spouse's who will be the coolness of our eyes. I mean,

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we have another thing that happened after the Battle of butter, and after Bono pinaka and so on. There were certain people who were criminals who were sought after by the Muslims, by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because of their crimes, crimes against humanity against the Muslims, because of what they had done. And these were criminals of the highest order. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ordered their execution, and a few of them were executed from amongst them was one leader from amongst the Jews who was known as cap, Ashraf, and he was very, very venomous, very dangerous, he has caused lots of harm to the Muslims, and he was a person who was really a criminal

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of note, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed his execution, and he was executed. And this came as a lesson for all those who intended harm. May Allah subhanho wa Taala projectors. Now we move on to the next battle. The next major battle that took place was the Battle of offered between brother and author. They were skirmishes, they were a few little battles, a few little run ins between the Muslims and some of the mushriks some of those who had taken part on the side of the of Quraysh when it came to the Battle of butter, and they were just being dealt with and sorted out nothing major, but the kuffaar of Quraysh. When they got back to Mecca, they heard the news, they

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were upset Quraysh had banned crying, nobody is allowed to cry, why, if we cry, the Muslims are going to laugh at us. So no one's allowed to cry over their dead, although the leaders were executed in that war. So what did courage do? They got together in a dark network, that house

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and Subhan Allah they decided with Abu sufian that you know, now you are one of our leaders here. You are the man who came with the caravan. That caravan was saved. So every one of us all the profits we've made from that caravan, we are going to use that contributing it to another war that we are going to take to the Muslims in Medina and crush them once and for all. How much money did they make from their 50,000 dinars

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dinars a gold coins, they had made 50,000 gold coins. You know, I was just reading this today and thinking to myself,

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a group of cameras at that time coming from a sham right down to Mecca. And that one container, he made 50,000 gold coins panela what type of business people were these today Mashallah, we can bring two three containers Do you think you would get profit of 50,000 gold coins, just by that? May Allah subhanahu Allah grant us Baraka in whatever he gives us. So this was the business mind of the people of grace, they were shrewd, and they knew how to make money. And now they all promised at that house dot network. They said, Abu sufian You're our leader, all this wealth, we all coming out, everyone is going to come out. And so with this 50,000 they had bought, or they had purchased lots of

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weaponry and sorted it out, made it very, you know,

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sharp and so on their spears and arrows, and they had prepared with their armor and shields and what have you and the horses and the fodder for the horses and so on. And they were ready and they started marching out to Madina munawwara once they were ready, they began to match. Now, there were certain people who did not go out with them. Who didn't go out with these people from amongst them was this men abaza a shy? He said, Look, I can come out because I was amongst the captives who are men. When Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam released me. He told me don't ever do this again. And I promised him I wouldn't so I'm not going to go back there. Now if they catch me, I won't be able to

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one narration says they put a lot of pressure on him and they dragged him with another narration says no, they did not dragging with. However, Al Abbas ibn Abdullah

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polyp, the uncle of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, who had returned to Makkah, he also did not come out. He said, I am not coming I it's very fresh in my mind what happened in Bhutan, and I'm not interested in fighting the Muslims and so on. And he wrote a letter to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his nephew, or my nephew aurash is coming out with so many men.

00:30:25--> 00:30:32

And Porsche is coming out with 3000 strong men. Now this is three times the size of what they came out with the first time. And

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they have so much weaponry, and they have with them their women, they took out their women as well because they said, if we see our women, it will encourage us to fight because we won't want them to become from amongst the capitals of war.

00:30:47--> 00:31:27

And they took out their women, their drink, their dances, and so on. They were excited once again, and they started matching the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got information of this, the letter was received by Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam. In the meantime, Quraysh went to a few of the smaller clans, bonobos, palate, and Ben loon and a few others and told him Do you know what, we all need to go and fight everyone bring your those who are fighters from amongst you were going to Madina munawwara. So they had been joined by some of these tribes. Remember this this name? banyule moose Pollock. The reason is later on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam went to attack

00:31:27--> 00:31:43

them, because they sided with courage, and they came to attack the Muslims. So when we had a chance, we went back to tell them, Why did you take part on the wrong side? The treaties always stated that those who sided with the enemy were considered enemy. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us.

00:31:44--> 00:32:23

So as they marched, they took together with them another man and his followers of Mohammed arrived. He was a man from a house and he was a person who was supposed to be one of the leaders in Madina, munawwara with Abdullah hypnobabies saloon. And, in fact, when they were about to appoint Abdullayev, nobody even knew saloon, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Madina, munawwara this Abrahamic, ran away, and as a saloon, he decided to become a Muslim by name, and yet he he was not a Muslim. So, a barometer law, he joined the courage and he also proceeded to Madina munawwara

00:32:24--> 00:32:59

from amongst them was a man who was a slave of debatable motoring. And his name was washy. This man was a slave from Abba Sr. and his master told him that I will free you on condition that you execute Hamza bin Abdullah muttalib, because he is the one who executed my uncle. So watch, he was an innocent man, he was a little slave, but he decided, look, I need my freedom. Obviously, I want to be a free man. So let me go He also joined the ranks. And then they arrived

00:33:01--> 00:33:13

at a place close to Madina, munawwara just before and before they had arrived there, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prepared his army, and he had a system of preparing the army.

00:33:14--> 00:33:20

He got the people together, he spoke to them, he asked them, Look, this is what it is. We need to say Hassan Allahu

00:33:21--> 00:34:03

Allah is enough for us. And definitely he is the best disposal of affairs. This is a dua that Allah subhanho wa Taala had taught Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who in turn taught the Muslims when something happens to you has when Allah when it Malachy Allah is enough for us and He is the best Disposer of affairs. So some of the people suggested Let's stay in Medina will fortify the place nicely. And we will attack them from within Madina, munawwara who had this opinion, the older people, some of the older people, and Abdullah have an OBE even a salute that Hippocrates said no Let's stay inside Medina and let the enemy come and we will attack them from within here. And the

00:34:03--> 00:34:37

youngsters a lot of the young people from amongst them was Hamza bin Abdul muttalib as well who was a little bit older, but he said Let us go out and we face them outside because if we face them whilst we are inside, if they win what will happen to our women and everyone else we'd rather go outside we face them there fight them there and sort the war out out there and thereafter it can be decided and we will not have to have them desecrate our homes here in Medina MANOVA and they kept on telling the messengers This is our opinion it's a more solid opinion we are the fighters we are going to be fighting we know we want to go out and so on until the Prophet sallallahu alayhi

00:34:37--> 00:35:00

wasallam decided okay, what will happen we will fight them outside Let's all proceed and it is reported that on a Friday Juma the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam took these men out and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam proceeded towards better sorry towards offered and offered is very very close. Now it is considered as inside Medina at that time it was outside Madina munawwara and they took their time

00:35:00--> 00:35:22

Getting there. So at Salat Juma? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam led the Salah, and he then thereafter gave a hoot back to his people. And he told them, Look, we are going, the idea here is to defend ourselves. Remember, we did not initiate this battle. It is them who are coming to us take a look, but it's closer to Medina and Mecca.

00:35:24--> 00:35:36

And Quraysh wanted to fight although the Muslims went for the caravan, but in this instance Quraysh came all the way to fight the Muslims. So who was the one who initiated it? It was polish.

00:35:37--> 00:35:39

They came to Medina menorah.

00:35:40--> 00:36:01

And this is why the Prophet salallahu salam o and his people, look, we need to be disciplined. We need to remember that Allah has granted us victory in the past through obedience, so obey Allah. And if you obey Allah, Allah will help you. And if you disobey Allah shavon will be with you. So we ask Allah Subhana Allah to save us from shaytan and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam thereafter,

00:36:03--> 00:36:23

he had taken 1000 men with him 1000 men, so the mushriks were 3000 heavily armed, they came with everything they had had, and they were on their way to offer almost their, the Muslims 1000 strong men, and as they progress, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam thereafter,

00:36:24--> 00:37:09

had gone into one of the rooms and worn his armor. He was some of the armor that he used to wear. And when he came out, some of the older people told him no, you know, we see that you are forced to leave Madina munawwara by these young people, it's okay, let's go back in we won't fight we can perhaps look at a different way of dealing with these people. He gave him a statement which was very powerful. He says you should know that no messenger of Allah puts on an armor and then takes it off without facing that enemy. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding, no messenger of Allah has ever put on an armor and then removed it without Allah having decided between them and the

00:37:09--> 00:37:55

enemy, which means without them having fought Allah subhanho wa Taala protect the soul. So thereafter, they proceeded and they got to a certain place where they camped for the evening. In the meantime, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had given the flags to three people, the more hygiene they had the biggest flag, it was given to most abnormal, it was considered the main flag, which was the flag of the army of the Muslims. And as for the unsolved, they were divided into two, the hazard. The flag was given to Alibaba on Monday, or the alarm and the flag was given to say they've been hired. And these three had proceeded with the Muslim army. For your information. The

00:37:55--> 00:38:27

flags were very important because when a flag was up, it meant the Army's too hot, it's fighting, and it has all its weaponry, it has its its strength. Once the flag drops, the army is more or less confused, because it's like the headquarters. It's like you were looking for our leaders there. So the flags were given to strategic people, always. Even the missionaries, they had their flags, which were given to strategic people from amongst them. In this case, I've given you the names, the main flag was held by Muslim diploma, viola one

00:38:28--> 00:39:07

when they got to rock suzani that was a certain place. So saniya is actually between Medina and Orford there is like a garden there. As they got to the garden the prophets of Allah Salaam saw a large battalion of people coming to join his army. And he asked Who are these and he was told, this is the group of Abdullah I have no clue from amongst them are the People of the Book of the tribes, the Jewish tribes who have settled here in Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, tell them to go back, we are not going to get their help to attack the mushriks here Subhana Allah, we are not going to get their help to attack the Muslims. Now, there was some reasoning behind it. Because as

00:39:07--> 00:39:30

it is, there was disturbance, these people could have been part of the enemy without us knowing, and they could have come in the ranks and then caused a lot of destruction. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent them all back and they had gone back the group of people who were allied to Abdullayev nobody even knew saloon. And that's what alive nobody knew saloon after they had spent that night

00:39:31--> 00:39:44

after they had spent the night the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in early morning decided, let us now go towards offered and as he was going, the last leg of the journey, it's not a very long journey.

00:39:46--> 00:40:00

Abdullah have not obeyed decides with 300 men were going back to Medina we are not fighting. Why? We are not fighting because we told you we don't want to fight. We told you that we would like to stay in Medina. We are all

00:40:00--> 00:40:17

The people and you listened to the youngsters, you listened to those who don't really have much experience and you came out, why should we come out? So we are going back. Now this was a big problem, very big problem, because one third of the army of the Muslims is going back.

00:40:18--> 00:40:47

And with them is Abdullayev no baby, no saloon. So he was indeed part of the enemy, and he was part of the problem. So now what happened, some of the tribes almost joined him. Some of the tribes of the unsolved almost joined him, but Allah subhanho wa Taala, granted them strings. So with him were 300 people who are all close to him and connected to him in one way or the other, and they had gone back to Al Madina, munawwara or they decided to go back and Allah protected the rest. However,

00:40:49--> 00:41:22

Allah subhanho wa Taala had revealed this is later on to tell us and to instruct us what had happened to tell us what has happened. They one of the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu, the father of Jabir ibn Abdullah, Allah and he went to Abdullah and obey and he tried to tell him Look, come back, how can you decide to do this? We are all out here. We accepted the messenger we told him we would protect him we said that we would protect Medina and so on, and now you want to go away

00:41:23--> 00:41:36

and the Muslims were divided into two groups some of them said no, let us stop everything and fight Abdullah hypno we are 700 odd they are 300 odd we fight them here and now.

00:41:37--> 00:41:46

And the other group said No, leave them for now we have a bigger enemy to go and to deal with. So you see there is already already a crack May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us.

00:41:47--> 00:41:48

And at this point, a lot of views

00:41:50--> 00:41:50

from

00:41:52--> 00:41:54

Mona Tina via tiny

00:41:57--> 00:42:07

MCE saboo A to Z Duna Doman long one Maria Nila, who follows

00:42:10--> 00:42:23

Mila What is it with you? How can you dispute about the hypocrites when Allah sent them back because of their deeds, they had evil deeds, Allah did not want them to take part in the battle. So Allah is the one who sent them back.

00:42:24--> 00:42:49

Lo Akbar and Allah says, When Allah misguide someone, nobody can guide him. They want you to disbelieve, just like they just believe. So don't even turn towards them. And at that stage, they were left they were told to go back, that saved a huge difficulty because the Muslims were deciding to fight them. And Allah said, leave them alone, let them go back. They are the hypocrites and so on. And these races were extremely powerful and decisive at the same time.

00:42:50--> 00:42:52

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:42:53--> 00:43:33

as he had come out and we made mention of 300 people going back with Abdullah have nobody even knew saloon. It was Abdullah have no ammo it no Haram, who had spoken to him. And thereafter Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed the verses that I had just read out to you. And after that, the army proceeded to own when they arrived in Ohio, they scouted the place and they saw it and they decided we are going to stand in the way that we will be facing Medina and the mountain will be behind us. So they were facing Madina munawwara and they stood in a way that the mountain was behind them. When the kuffaar had come around, they were on the other side of the valley. They came and they stood on

00:43:33--> 00:43:40

the other side. So their backs were facing Madina, munawwara and the front was facing the mountain.

00:43:42--> 00:44:17

And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. As always, he gave a lecture powerful lecture to his people short to the point, he says, Look, your sustenance is written by Allah subhanho wa Taala you will not die until everything written next to your name gets to you. So don't think that by making haste to get something, you are actually going to increase your sustenance know what Allah has written for you will come to you. So be careful to be careful and fear Allah subhanho wa Taala and at the same time, obey instructions for it is the obedience that granted us victory in battle.

00:44:18--> 00:44:52

How did we get victory in better obedience, they obey the line is instruction. When Allah told him go to bed, they will rent when Allah said you will now fight these people they all fought. So now, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam warned them, he gave them a powerful lecture. and thereafter, he had placed the rows as he always places with those who were the who had the arrows and bows in the front and the horsemen behind and thereafter. You have a new group of people because there was a mountain behind them.

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

There was a mountain behind them the mount of Mount offered is a huge mountain and it has a few

00:45:00--> 00:45:46

He locks around it. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he studied offered, he placed between 40 and 50 arches. Some most of the narration say 50, some of them say between 40 and 50. He placed these arches on the hillock, and the head of these arches was a man known as Abdullah Abdul Jabbar, Al Ansari, powerful men, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told him in front of all the archers, look, we are placing you on this hillock, you are here to protect our backs. If you see we are winning, don't leave this mount. If you see we are losing, don't leave this mount, no matter what happens Do not leave this mount. That's the instruction. Because this is the strategic place from

00:45:46--> 00:46:29

which the enemy can attack. They understood it very carefully, Mashallah. And they were also very active with their spears and arrows from the top there Alhamdulillah. And as we mentioned yesterday, or previously, when we spoke of the Battle of butter, they started with the duels, this time, it was slightly different in the sense that previously, three came out from the machine x three came out from the Muslims. This time, one of the men came out from the matrix. And immediately as he came out, as debated until a woman came out to him executed him. They were shocked. Within a minute the war had started. But the two armies one was on the side, closer to Medina and the other one was on

00:46:29--> 00:46:31

the side, closer to Mecca.

00:46:32--> 00:46:39

And one man is already gone. This is the duel that they had had. So immediately after that palha

00:46:40--> 00:47:26

came out. And as he came out, he was a missionary from the Mexican army. I live near butala Allah who came out and executed within a minute, he was also gone. Now he's done Besides, let me come on. In fact, his brother was mad at me. He was also a missionary, as he came out comes out of the Allahu anhu came out and executed him. And the machines are watching. And they are shocked because one after the other, they started losing losing their men. and thereafter abou sad if Nabil talhah another brother came out. So sad if novocherkassk hit him with an arrow over the spear. And he also dropped, executed gone. Thereafter, four of the members of the same family one after the other came

00:47:26--> 00:47:54

out, each one of them was wiped as they came. And then the machine became so upset. And it resulted in them becoming so angry, they started charging forward with their horses. And as they charged forward, they got to a place where the arrows were released by the Muslims as they were released in butter, and the horses were struck. And that caused great chaos and the horses began to go back. Some of them had dropped, people started losing their lives. And it was only the beginning of this battle.

00:47:56--> 00:48:36

So quick, everything started happening very, very quickly. and thereafter. There was a hot struggle when I say hot, I mean the heat of the moment. What had happened is what she says later on, he became a Muslim. Sometime later, he was the slave of debate no more time. He says I was watching Hamza because I had seen him from the duel. And I knew who he was. And as I'm watching him, I moved to the side I moved to the side. I had no other job. I did not harm anyone. No one nothing else did I do besides holding one spear and waiting for one man. And he says when I found him alone at a certain place, I hit him and it hit his belly according to one direction, just below his navel. And

00:48:37--> 00:49:08

he says I dropped him. He was down cold and I was done. Lo Akbar Hamza Ibn Abdul muttalib, who was known as a doula, the Lion of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He was also known as say the Shahada. He was also known as the leader of the martyrs Subhana Allah, he was martyred in the Battle of Oxford, and the one who killed him, his name was washy. He did it because he wanted to earn his freedom. And Hamza bnab, the muttalib of the Allahu anhu was martyred.

00:49:10--> 00:49:25

And the wall became such that the mushrik started losing one after the other, they were losing a lot. And as they were losing, they decided to turn back and to flee.

00:49:26--> 00:49:48

And so they started running away. The people of maca, as many as they were, they started running away, leaving behind a lot of their belongings. When they started running away, some of the Muslims began to gather some of the belongings of the mushriks thinking that let's get it and put it on one side so that we know where it is and so on. And thereafter.

00:49:50--> 00:49:59

Law aka ban something very dangerous happened, which changed the course of the whole war. Abdullah have no debate. I'm sorry, who was the head of the army

00:50:00--> 00:50:22

on the Mount, I found that some of his men insisted, now the war is over. Let's go down and start collecting and gathering. He said, No, the instruction of the messenger was this remain here. They said, No, no, no, the war is over. Let's go. So what had happened? A lot of them went and they left the HELOC when they left the HELOC Abdullah

00:50:23--> 00:51:09

Mahatma Allah subhanho wa Taala Granton goodness, these people who had remained behind Abdullah obaidul Ansari, and a few of the people, they found Holly denwa Lee, who was from amongst the machines at the time, he had the little battalion with him when he saw that these people are no longer on the hillock, he decided to come around, and he came on to that mountain, they executed all of the remainder of the archers, who were very few, including Abdullayev Najib Ansari. And what had happened is, he came and sandwich the Muslims between the enemy who now turned around when they had heard a new noise, and they then came and they began to attack the Muslims. And this is when the

00:51:09--> 00:51:51

Muslims suffered great losses on that day, although there was no decisive victory. Because the Muslims continued fighting, people began to lose their lives and from amongst them Musab nama rhodiola who was holding the flag, they chopped off on one of his hands. So he held it with the other hand, a slight his other hands, so he pulled put it close to his chest until they executed him. And the flag dropped, and news spread that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam has been killed. And when that happened, there was a lot of chaos in the Muslim army. and thereafter, the kuffaar began to kill a lot of people and the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu was surrounding Muhammad sallallahu

00:51:51--> 00:51:58

alayhi wa sallam taking the arrows and spears for him. And a lot of them lost their life in that way. And thereafter, you find

00:51:59--> 00:52:15

the arrows hit Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on his face, and he had marks on his cheeks, and he had a gash on his head and at the same time, a rock was thrown on him. And what happened is the name of the man who threw the rock rocks back, because

00:52:16--> 00:52:32

he threw this rock on Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam which broke his tooth. And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was bleeding. and thereafter, you find a man known as obey Allah. He was an enemy of Islam from the beginning the days of Mecca.

00:52:33--> 00:52:50

He told the messenger, I will kill you, and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam says inshallah it will be the other way around. So he was now coming for a pseudo masala Salaam and the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu ma protecting Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said, leave him, let him come.

00:52:51--> 00:53:31

And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam took a sphere and threw it which hits him to the degree that later on when he was running away, he died. It is reported that this was the only person ever who died as a result of being struck by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam no one else in the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam was ever struck, which resulted in their death by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us an understanding and May He grant us goodness it is important for me to make mention that the Muslims retreated. How could it not be built was the men who killed this evening Abbey workers who had thrown a rock on Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam.

00:53:31--> 00:53:58

When the Muslims retreated to part of the mount as the mount Subhana Allah was behind them, they retreat to part of the mount and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was being treated by some of his companions, his daughter, Fatima rhodiola and have some of the females of the Sahaba had come from a distance they were assisting with the water and they were assisting in trying to help the wounded and so on. They were there. And Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed verses.

00:53:59--> 00:54:06

Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed verses that were so powerful 70 of the Muslims had been martyred approximately.

00:54:07--> 00:54:24

Once he could take a little bit higher than 70 and from amongst the disbelievers between 20 and 40 of them were martyred and Subhan Allah, the verses revealed by Allah subhanho wa Taala oma asaba comio multifocal Gemini fabby Evening

00:54:26--> 00:54:44

meanie what happened to you the day the two armies met in offered was by the will of Allah in order to know who are the true believers when he Allah Melanie Nana Saku and in order to know the hypocrites joaquina whom

00:54:45--> 00:54:48

bucatini movies have been in

00:54:50--> 00:54:52

colona Mukesh

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

Kumar and the hypocrites were told, come and fight in the course of Allah.

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

Anahata Allah,

00:55:02--> 00:55:20

Allah says, they responded Had we known how to fight we would have been right behind you. And this was the exposure of Abdullah nobody from a saloon he went back with so many men. Allah says, whom Lil coffre oma even alkota boomin only email

00:55:22--> 00:56:00

on that day they were closer to disbelief these hypocrites than they ever were to Eman And Allah subhanho wa Taala sent versus saying, wala Casa de como la hora de who is Taha sooner who be evening, Allah has indeed fulfilled his promise to you, when you were executing these people, one after the other. You see how it started. It started in a way where the flag bearers of the mushriks were lost, or their lives were lost one after the other and there was chaos in the ranks of the disbelievers. Then Allah says, has either fashioned what Anna

00:56:01--> 00:56:07

Marie was saying to me, that the MA come to him.

00:56:09--> 00:56:42

Until a point when you disobeyed and you had become discouraged because of your disobedience to Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after you saw that which you loved, what was it that they loved? Oh, the beauty of the war they saw so much of it, and they started rushing. So Allah is admonishing the archers to say the reason why you had suffered loss is because of your disobedience of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam

00:56:43--> 00:57:07

and Allah subhanho wa Taala says, mill Khomeini Yuri do dounia woman come up to last Iran from amongst you there are some who wanted this worldly life and some who were prepared for the life after death. Allah says some Masako man whom Li Li, wala cada

00:57:09--> 00:57:39

Walla, Nina, Mimi, then by Allah's mercy, did Allah cause him to go away. So the mushriks of Makkah went away. And Allah Subhana Allah, Allah says, Allah then forgive the believers. May Allah Subhana Allah to Allah grant us from his mercy, Abu sufian. As he was leaving, he looks at the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he uttered the statement, he says,

00:57:40--> 00:58:25

a day for a day, which means you tech attacked us on butter today we have attacked you here. And as they were leaving, they said you will find from your dead, those who have been cut up and ripped up after they were executed. I did not instruct this. They did it themselves. So don't hold it against us. But we will return next year we will meet and we will fight again same time at a place known as butter. These were the last words of Abu Sufyan as he left and inshallah tomorrow we will see what was the aftermath of this battle of offered where the Muslims did not win, but the kuffaar did not win either. Had they won, they would have gone into Madina munawwara but they did not enter Madina

00:58:25--> 00:58:52

munawwara they left from there because they found even those who had remained of the Muslims were fighting like brave warriors. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grounders goodness, perhaps tomorrow we will see a little bit more of what happened and thereafter draw some lessons for us all until we meet again sallallahu wasallam albaraka Allah Nabina Muhammad Subhan Allah Subhana Allah homovanillic a shadow Allah Allah Lanza Mr. Furukawa tabula