The Monumental Tafsir As Sa’di – Surah Al-Insan #24

Moutasem al-Hameedy

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AI: Summary © The transcript describes the history of the existence of humanity, starting with the birth of humans and then into the life of humanity. The first phase of human existence is the third phase, which is the creation of life. The transcript discusses various topics such as the return of Islam, the return of evil people, and the return of the evil people. The transcript also touches on the use of alcohol in religion and the importance of fulfilling a path of guidance, including achieving a spiritual turnaround. The surah is a result of fulfilling guidance and not a result of a single point in time.
AI: Transcript ©
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hamdulillahi rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad in early he was Herbie HMA in regard to Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh and welcome to our weekly halacha reading the Tafseer of Imam Sadiq, Rama Allahu Taala and giving some short commentary on it. So I'll start reading in Arabic. And we'll wait for brother a yawn to join us in sha Allah and He will read the English. So

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I might go ahead a little bit ahead in the Arabic language or in the Arabic text so

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the audio is going on. Okay, cool.

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So today's solos and insan

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are sorted out, I sorted inside and sorted they are also called.

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It's a little bit of a long commentary or tafseer that remember Sadie gives so I'm not sure if we will be able to cover it all today. Financial,

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godly man, man Saudi Aramco law Jota add

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to WCRS wallets held in San well here Mikey. I will do bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah AR Rahman AR Rahim Hello. In Sani hanging on minute daddy lumea crunchy GORLA in Holopainen in north of 18 Am church in Italy he Vijaya Anna who's me I'm also euro in the EU now who sebelah in Masha Qian what iMac for the cut a lot of you had a he assaulted Getty image uh well her little in San Juan looked at the Alma Mater was Silva or monta for the Quran and Muhammad Ali Haider. Hold on but we'll we'll let the cobbler we'll do the but well who am I doorman belay Samad cola

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from the Allahu Allah Hulka who to Malama Allah Allah Allah Holika Holika who clean from Madonna's la humo Tehsil sila may not have a denim shirt. A man in my Heenan was takoda Nepeta Lee he be daddy Kalina Allah Mahalia, hola, hola. Hola. Hola. With Panella Musa. What's a horrible one? So for insha Allah Allahu Allah Allah who will belt in atta boy Hirotaka sim he will just let us look at him. How long would you Allah has a limit on your stomach? Can we be him in Tassili macpaw CD, the mouse Allah Allah here Rasul one's Allah Allah he'll Kutub wa pericle Mostly data Illa what have other houfy have Kabbalah who an Africa who Bhima Allahu Engel was holy it Allah from Kabbalah who will

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Sol Road in San Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim in this surah Allah tells us of the beginning, middle and end of man's existence, he tells us that a long time has passed before man existed when he was nothing and was not even mentioned. Then when it was Allah's Will to create man he created his father Adam from clay, then he made his offspring from a drop of mingled fluid, that is an insignificant fluid that is regarded as off putting in order to test him thereby to see whether he would pay attention to how he was in his initial state, or he would forget it and become arrogant, then a law caused him to develop and created for him hidden and visible faculties, such as hearing

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sight and all other faculties that he perfected for him and made him and made them sound, so that man could attain thereby that which has been beneficial for him. Then he sent the messengers to him and sent books, sent down the books and guided him to the path that leads to him. He explained it and urged man to follow it and told him of what he would have when he reaches Allah. Then he told him of the path that leads to doom warned him against it, and told him of what would happen to him if he followed it, and he tested him thereby. So people are divided into two categories, those who are grateful for the blessings that Allah bestows upon them, and do the duties that Allah has

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enjoined upon them, and those who are ungrateful for the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them, both spiritual and world

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Only so they reject them disbelieve in their Lord and follow the path that leads to doom. Then Allah describes the two groups at the time of acquittal, as he says, Okay, so this is the first part of the surah. And we can easily divide the soul into three parts.

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This first part, which is an introduction, and this is more of a history, more of the history of the existence of humanity.

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And this is a history that humans cannot arrive at by themselves, because that was even before their creation. This is about the reason why they were brought into this world or the era of existence before even humans were mentioned. Even before there was anything about humans, there was nothing called humans, there was no mention of humans. But obviously, they were always in the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala, whose knowledge is infinite. So then humanity came into being.

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And that's the phase of human life that we are all in now we all live here we are experiencing life, the test of life.

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So there was a phase before humanity, then is, then there is a phase during the life of humanity, then there will be a phase after the death of humanity. These are the first phase, the three phases that really capture and encapsulate human existence, and all of them are mentioned here. Allah says, was there a time when humans when that was not enough, humans were not even a subject to be mentioned, talked about?

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Before Allah had the conversation with the angels, there was nothing called humans. There was no mention of humans, no one knew anything but Allah subhanaw taala. So there was existence, and there were creatures, and there was life going on. But humans were not part of it.

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Allah tells us how we came about. And that's profound. Subhanallah This is profound, because again, humans, you know, we have a main part of who we are, which is our identity, is our history. There was a time when you were not here.

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There was a time where you were not even a notion. When you were not an idea, when there was no mention of you. And life was still going full blast. There were things happening, creatures being born into existence, creatures dying out of existence, creatures having life and all of its ups and downs. There was life before, at some stage, humanity came into existence.

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And as a reminder, not to take yourself for granted. And to realize that you were brought into existence and all of the mess and the confusion that humans put themselves in trying to cancel God and the idea of God, and then they come up with pseudo science that they claim that they can read what happened millions ago by studying, you know, emissions and radiations and carbon atoms and things like that. And they tell you, you know, 10 million million years ago, this and that happened.

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And they speak about that confidently.

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And this is all based on some theory as to what this actually means. And the problem is when again, humans buy into this and take it as solid science, not realizing this is actually theory. And maybe if science actually develops, all of this will be debunked. As very likely, science has always been canceling itself. And if you remember, if anyone has, you know, has been around enough, a lot of what was solid scientific advice now is completely

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considered to be harmful. Like, with nutrition, for example, there are things that were engraved in stone when it comes to health, like the the food nutrition pyramid.

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All of scientific research shows that the scientific pyramid was actually a scam

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actually brings about more health problems than it brings health and well being.

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A lot of most of the scientific research now is actually geared towards this and showing that you know, what was called at some point science, hard science was actually speculation.

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So don't forget this, as you're dealing with these issues. So Allah subhanaw taala closest to the truth that there was a time when you were not even mentioned.

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And these are the people who are going to try to tell you how humans came into existence and they fight for it as if it's science.

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So Allah subhanaw taala then says that we created man in

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Now Hello CODEL inside, we created man Allah created Adam with his own hands. Then how did the generations subsequent generations came about man not Offerton Church in New Delhi from a despicable liquid

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semen? That's such a disgusting substance, right? That's your beginning, why Imams set dimensions to test humans

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to test humans that if you were to think that you are something, if you were to really take yourself too seriously and develop a big ego, this is where you came from.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala says in Medina, so this is the life phase. So there was the nonexistence phase. Now there came the existence, the life phase. Then what happens after this the reward and punishment phase? Allah says in Medina who said Isla imageshack, Young was a metaphor. We have guided Matt, either the the oh, we opened the guidance for them. Where are they? Now? Nadine, we opened the two paths to you. Either the path of guidance or the path of them is guidance, the path that leads to paradise and Allah's pleasure or the path that leads to the hellfire and Allah's punishment.

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You choose, because the end of the show starts with the two paths at the end of the surah. Allah says, Live and share. I'm in coma yesterday. For those of you who choose to take the straight path.

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What matters shall ona Illa Yasha Allah don't think that you can choose independently still, you're given the power of choice. But this happens within what it's under the command of Allah.

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You can only choose when Allah allows, you can't even choose independently, you think you have an independent existence. So we have an independent choice? No, you have choice by virtue of Allah's blessings and grace.

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So even when you see that you have choice, don't even claim it to yourself. Don't claim that you have the power of choice, or you have developed the power of choice. This is something Allah gave to you so that you are tested. And this again, answers the question that usually we said is asked, Do humans have free will or not? And we addressed that a few times. But this is just a reminder that the question without context is meaningless. You don't have free will with everything. You don't have free will with everything, you have free will to the extent that enables you to function properly in the test that Allah placed you in.

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That's where you have choice, you have choice to ultimately choose the path that leads to Allah or the path that leads to the hellfire. That's where you have choice. There are things you don't have choice with, you never chose the color of your skin, you never chose the place of your birth. So do you have free will there you don't.

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There are personal traits about you, you don't have choice about that were built in you.

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You don't have you know, Free Will there.

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So it's important to understand free will does not function in a vacuum, it functions within a purpose. Allah gave us

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let's say a circle of, of free will,

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which is designed to help us go through the test.

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That's where free will or choice becomes meaningful, otherwise to say, you know, humans, argue philosophically. And we mentioned how philosophers are confused about this. And if you really were to read, you know, the different views, you would just get more confused. Because you this is a question that cannot be asked without a context. It's only meaningful with a purpose. Okay.

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So these are the three phases and this is the beginning of the surah. The first part of the saw the second part of the solar goes on to mention the end of those who disbelieve, then in detail, it mentions what happens to the believers, and SubhanAllah. This surah, at least in my opinion, brings one of the most beautiful description of the state of the people of paradise, one of the most touching descriptions of the state, the state the experience of the people of paradise. And then the third part of the surah Allah subhanaw taala talks about the message of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam, and how people respond to it. So this sort of puts the surah in three segments, the

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introduction about the existence of humans before during their existence and then after their death. And then there are people go to the hellfire, very short description, then elaborate description on the people of Paradise, and eventually just concluding with the message of Prophet Muhammad salallahu Salam and how people respond to it.

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So

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We move on to the next second section

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Yes, which is from verse four to first 22 Verse 22 to 22.

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I will do will administer phonology hymns in Denali, Kathie Lee and SLS you know Allah Allah Allah watsonia in a brothel and Siobhan Amin gets in Cana museo haircalf Allah, I might provide minimal commentary on this section because I want to just do if you understand Arabic, you can taste Arabic. Listen carefully to the verses. If not focus on the English translation, hopefully it would give you a good description. So pay attention please that would be the most part so I would keep the the my commentary minimal. Inshallah. We'll go through all of this section, which is the most you know part the biggest part of the surah.

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So about a year now, what are suddenly the monkey follow biller? He will get the bottle Shula who what the job Island mouse eats and acid United you

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can call it Ira home if you Cincinatti and who has ever wanted euro anfis leuco Allah Allah to call Luba ad him Ilana to him, were you are you with our own Eddie? What's our Eli I now understand it will be hard some what will be done? Cooler man Abuja julu The home button now home Giroud and aloha localidad will have a double the burden mahal Laguna de Salamanca windmill abroad Mohammed Medina Bharat Kuru boho Bhima fi min muhabba Tila let's read the English before we go on to

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that is we have prepared and made ready for those who disbelieve in Allah reject His messengers and dare to commit sin chains in the fire of hell as Allah subhanaw taala says elsewhere, then bind him in a chain the length of which is 70 cubits, iron collars by means of which their hands are fastened to their necks and a raging fire. That is, it will increase in flame. It will increase in flames fueled by their bodies. As often as their skins are burned through. We will play we will replace them with fresh skins so that they may continue to taste the punishment. This This punishment is ongoing and eternal. They will abide they're in forever.

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what Athena and Kalia in half of what being a woman ribosome come per era? A shady ninja Illuminati was shot company era a human can buy you out for a call from Allah Who shadow daddy kill young fella. Zoo normal physeal Akbar what at Aloka humulene Mela eager to help

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The young lady couldn't come to adorn.

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As for the righteous, who are the ones whose hearts are pure because of what they contain of love of Allah, and knowledge of Him, and because of their good manners and because of their having purified themselves physically, by using their faculties in doing righteous deeds, Allah tells us that they will drink from a cup of wine that is a delicious drink of wine mixed with camphor, to cool it down and reduce the sharpness of its taste. This camphor will be extremely delicious, free of any contamination and unpredictability. And as is the case with a Kaffir of this world, because whatever Allah tells us of that, which is in paradise of things that have earthly counterparts, they will be

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free of any of the problematic elements that they have in this world. As Allah subhanaw taala tells us elsewhere, they will be amidst thornless load trees and banana trees, laden with fruit with pure spouses, for them will be an abode of peace with their Lord, there will be there in all that souls may desire and all that eyes made delight and drawn from a spring from which the slaves of Allah will drink. That is, they will have no fear about about that delicious cup, from which they will drink ever running out, for it has a source that will never end. It comes from a spring that flows constantly and the slaves of Allah will make it flow wherever and however they wish, if they wish,

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they will be able to direct it towards the beautiful gardens full of blossoms, or make it run between the palaces and adorned dwellings or in any direction they want. Here Allah tells us about some of their deeds, they fulfill their vows that is, they fulfill what they commit themselves to for the sake of Allah, if they fulfill vows, which are not obligatory upon them, unless they take that upon themselves, it is more likely that they will fulfill their commitment to basic obligatory duties, and fear a date the evil of which will be widespread. That is, it will spread and reach everywhere, so they fear that it's evil may reach them, therefore they avoid everything that may

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lead to it. And they give food despite their love for it. That is although they love wealth and food, they give precedence to love of Allah, over love of themselves. And they try to give their food to those who are most deserving and most in need of it. The needy orphans and captives by spending and feeding the others they seek the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala implicitly saying, We feed you only for the sake of Allah, we seek of you neither recompense nor things. That is we seek neither financial recompense nor verbal praise. Rarely we fear, We fear from our Lord, a grim, that is very hard and evil and awful, that is stressful and miserable day. Therefore Allah will protect

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them from the evil of that Day. So the greatest terror will not grieve them and the angels will welcome them saying, This is your day that you were promised.

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Okay, so here Allah

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explains in detail what they are going to get in paradise. And again, the emphasis is on the state on the experience and something here about the Arabic So Imam is 30 May Allah have mercy on him, he really you can feel he is like in such a beautiful state as he speaks. The language is so poetic, like his expression is so poetic and different from what we have read so far. He's actually enjoying himself just commenting on this, in a sense, his he was high as he was again with good means when he was actually SubhanAllah. Writing this he was in such in his element when he was writing this you could sense that in the language so sweet. He says, well, a call home a chroma home. Home number 10

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Zakharova Milo you would recall was whether the hemoglobin 18 is a healer with the amount of dhania will for wacky Hillary that was inherited Jerry What do you have any more energy but what do you really motori but most Jia Mei who will follow when you free? Who knows? We're in the home Minnesota Atilla t han nephew hiatal hernia with your son Jeremy it Giamatti Jamal, avoidable Boulton Alpha you're right in he sent me a little Alba Surah Well, that's an Ebola well, how will the hormonal will then in Mohalla denwa minimum bedene maybe he Tasha Laura had to work to my Nina with a team wallet that will he with a Komodo liver from Allah what an

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Tamala what was Daddy como Allah Mohammed Al Fuzu Rahim or Samara okay Toby here Well, the two ought to be here What if they held up the Allah will Hello the de him What are you doing? What are you the Mahaffy minion or me Kula works in vain for Subhanallah Malik and Malik and haptic Mubin under the datum for do you know whether you're talking Madani Hi Atelier O salafi Fela Neha, yet le Bidri, HeyWhere sunny

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and will bestow upon them that is he will honor them and give them radiance in their faces and joy in their hearts, thus combining both outward and inward bliss, and will reward them for their patience and steadfast steadfastness in obeying Allah for the strove as much as they could, in avoiding disobedience towards Allah. So they refrain from sin, and in accepting the painful decrees of ALLAH, so they did not complain about them with paradise that contains all bliss and is free of all troubles and problems and garments of silk. As Allah subhanaw taala says elsewhere, and their garments there in will be of silk. Perhaps Allah singled out silk for mention because their outward

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dress will be indicative of the condition of the wearer, wherein they will recline on couches. Reclining means sitting comfortably, with ease and in a relaxed manner. The word translated here as coaches refers to couches covered with adorned cloths. They will feel in paradise, neither scorching heat that would cause them harm nor bitter.

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Hold at all times they will be in shade with no heat or cold. So that they may feel physical enjoyment with no pain or discomfort caused by heat or cold.

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That is fruits will be near at hand for anyone who wants them. So, that they saw that he may take them whether he is standing, sitting or lying on his side, there will be passed around among the people of Paradise by their servants, vessels of silver and goblets of crystal, crystal clear made of silver, that is they will be made of silver, but they will be as clear as crystal. This is something most amazing, but something as dense and opaque as silver will be as clear as crystal because it is so pure, filled to exact measure, they will be filled to the exact measure as desired by the people of paradise, the amount that will be most pleasing to them. So it will come to them

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exactly as they thought of in their minds.

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They're in in paradise, they will be given to drink a cup of wine and nectar mixed with ginger to make its taste and scent good. drawn from a spring there in in paradise called salsa bean. It is called this because it is palatable, delicious and wholesome, immortal servant boys who are created in paradise to remain there and they will never change or grow old and they are very handsome

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will circulate among them, that is among the people of paradise with their food and drink to serve them. If you saw them spreading out to serve the people you will think because of their beauty that they were scattered pearls. This is part of the pleasure of the people of paradise that their servants will be immortal boys who are a pleasure to look at. They will enter their houses in complete safety and will bring whatever they asked for and want. And if you were to look their Paradise, and you observe the bliss in which they live, you would see you would see bliss and a vast domain, you will see that one of them possesses palaces dwellings and chambers that are adorned and

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decorated in a manner that can barely be described. He will have blooming gardens delicious fruits hanging within easy reach flowing rivers, amazing gardens, and birds that sing in an enchanting manner such as moves the heart and brings joy to the soul. He will have wives who are extremely beautiful unkind, combining inner and outer beauty such as fills the heart with joy and brings great pleasure and delight. Around him will be immortal boys and eternal servants bringing ease and comfort. Thus they will enjoy a life of complete pleasure and perfect joy. Over and above all that will be the greatest joy of of seeing the Most Merciful Lord, hearing his words delighting and

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closeness to him and rejoicing and attaining his pleasure and eternal life that constantly increases in bliss at every moment. Glory be to the Sovereign Lord the clear truth, who stores that will never run out and whose generosity never decreases. Just as there is no end to His attributes. There is no end to His kindness and generosity.

00:33:11--> 00:33:26

Allah Ali home Thea will soon soon do sin hood run a budget electron theorbo soon to see well it's developer Don and Madani. Houma, Angelou Anwar and hurried fashion do so my role will dominate the badge. We're listable

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or Hulu Assa where I'm in football. I heard Luffy add him so we'll have a lot in the courtroom. We're in Athlon why are they doing why the harmala Or can I ride home all earlier now let us the caminho Elan what a hadith what Allah who was apart from Rob boom shallow oven to hula ala Qaddafi what he means moto moto blah here on the mafia not only him and Cooley as an Wakanda in Haida and desert and Jersey when I bought al Jamil cannula calm Jazza LMS left to Mohammed Al Armelle. What can I say you al Pulido? Minho. Hola Hola Combi Mina, namely morpheme Madeline Carroll Hospital, Lakota Jota. Allah, the Quran or email Jana in unison la calle Khurana and Zerah fie Eduardo will

00:34:11--> 00:34:17

wear Eid obiano. Cooley May I tell you what to do with V hill a model builder yum. Okay, so we're going to stop here.

00:34:21--> 00:34:59

They will wear green garments of fine silk and heavy Brocade. That is they will be covered in green garments of fine silk and heavy brocade, which are the finest types of silk and will be adorned with bracelets of silver. That is they will wear bracelets of silver on their arms, both males and females. This is a promise that Allah has made to them and his promise will come to pass because no one is truer in speech or in word than him and their Lord will give them to drink a pure beverage that is one in which there will be no impurity or contamination. It will cleanse their hearts of all hurt and pain. It

00:35:00--> 00:35:34

will be sent to them this is your reward that is this great reward and beautiful gift is yours for what you have sent on ahead of good deeds for your endeavors are appreciated that is for a little effort, Allah has granted you eternal bliss that cannot be enumerated. Verily, having mentioned the bliss of paradise, Allah subhanaw taala now says, Verily, it is We Who have sent down the Quran to you a piecemeal, which contains a promise and a warning, and an explanation of all that people need to know.

00:35:36--> 00:35:49

Okay, so this is the end of section number two, where we said Allah starts with mentioning a short description of the people of the Hellfire, where they're going to end up, and then a long description of the people of paradise, what they used to do.

00:35:50--> 00:36:01

Their sense of selflessness and generosity, and then their devotion and truthfulness to Allah subhanaw taala. And then all of these pleasures that Allah explains.

00:36:02--> 00:36:13

And again, it's such a beautiful description because it doesn't only mention, you know, the blessings that Allah will give them on the Day of Judgment, but it also mentions their state. For example, Allah says

00:36:17--> 00:36:32

what is our eighth a model? Atana Iman? Well, model can can be a lot. And if you look, what you're going to see is profound dominion and bliss. So there's something about them a lot talks about for example.

00:36:37--> 00:36:38

What is it?

00:36:40--> 00:37:07

Well, a call home Napolitan was ruled on Abra. Not the rotten was Sorolla not draw, again, is the brightness of the face, you know, when someone lives in ideal conditions. And they eat wholesome foods, their skin radiates, so much clarity, beauty health, you can see it on their complexion on their skin in their eyes, that's not the raw

00:37:08--> 00:37:10

number. Okay. So

00:37:13--> 00:37:30

which is again, also in the Arabic language number or Nevada and Nevada and something is fresh, again, and wholesome scald. Navara was surah. And again, it's the it's the joy of the heart being so contented, satisfied and fulfilled.

00:37:31--> 00:38:11

This is the state of the heart. So Allah talks about not only what they're going to receive in general, but also their state, the state that they will, there will be there will be in and the, again the rapid, the rapid dimension of the different descriptions and the different things about their dress, about their lifestyle, about what they're going to drink about what they eat, about the ease of life to the point that again, they can actually channel the rivers in paradise, according to their according to what they please, the branches of trees that have the most beautiful and most delicious type of fruits are hanging at the reach exactly the ideal reach, the kind of drink that

00:38:11--> 00:38:15

they will drink is called Dharohar Khedira they actually

00:38:16--> 00:38:23

the drink matches exactly their best the highest point of pleasure for them.

00:38:24--> 00:38:38

And it matches their expectations exactly the amount of the drink that is poured in a cup that they drink from is exactly what gives them the maximum amount of joy from that drink.

00:38:40--> 00:39:03

So like it's something again, beyond description, everything is just more than perfect in paradise. So and again the wine that is mentioned there again the Prophet SAW Selim mentioned that it does not intoxicate and there's a lot of confusion when people will think in paradise you know what's haram engine will be words haram here will become hell in paradise. No

00:39:06--> 00:39:21

the things that are held on in general as a general rule, the things that are haram. So there are rulings for this life and and rulings engine and things that Allah made haram for themselves for their own evil, their own evil nature to not become hunted.

00:39:22--> 00:39:43

And anyone is someone says all but you know alcohol is halal and it's not alcohol. It's called Hummer, it's a drink, but it is not intoxicated. Because intoxication which is loss of your consciousness and your mind and your your your presence is not a good thing. So Allah preserved the people in Paradise from that.

00:39:44--> 00:39:49

And even the marriage in Jannah Allah says, as well do mobile Ha

00:39:51--> 00:39:53

is why June, Moto holla

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

purified spouses, the most purified physically

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spiritually, psychologically purified in all sense. And sometimes people ask some silly questions they say, if I feel like punching someone in paradise, will I still get that wish? Will people in Paradise will not enter paradise until they are purified of all evil intentions. So people in paradise it would not cross their minds to do something like that.

00:40:23--> 00:40:39

Okay, someone says, Oh, if I love like some people have an attachment to something that is prohibited, they would say no, I would abstain from it in this life, but Allah gives it to me in Jannah you know what, Allah will purify you before you enter Jannah that you will not desire despicable things

00:40:42--> 00:40:58

so that's, that's good to keep in mind. So this is the second section then Allah sponsored in the final section of the surah Allah talks about prophet Mohamed Salah me his mission, and some like some advice. The Prophet SAW Selim and a description of how humans respond so let's carry on with it.

00:41:01--> 00:41:03

And again, minimal commentary inshallah.

00:41:05--> 00:41:42

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Having mentioned the bliss of paradise, Allah subhanaw taala now says Verily It is We Who have sent down the Quran to you piecemeal, which contains a promise and a warning and an explanation of all that people need to know. It contains instructions to comply with Allah's commands and laws in the most perfect manner, to strive to implement them and to be patient and steadfast in doing so. Hence, Allah says, that is be patient in the index

00:45:00--> 00:45:32

accepting the decree of Allah without complaining about it, and in accepting his religious rulings and comply with them, and do not let any obstacle prevent you from doing so, and do not yield to anyone among the stubborn who want to bar you from his path to any sinner. That is one who commits sin and does acts of disobedience, or disbeliever. For yielding to the disbelievers evil doers and Mischief Makers will inevitably have to do with sin, for they do not enjoin anything but what they themselves desire.

00:45:33--> 00:46:14

Because patients would help him to worship Allah and remember him a great deal. Allah enjoined that upon him and said, And remember the Name of your Lord morning and afternoon, that is at the beginning and end of the day, which includes the obligatory prayers, and what accompanies them of the supererogatory prayers as well as a thicker remembering Allah, glorifying Allah proclaiming His Oneness and magnifying him at those times, and during the night prostrate to him, that is prostrate to him a great deal, and that can only be done by offering a lot of prayers and glorify Him a long part of the night. We have seen above specific mention of the length of time, which is referred to

00:46:14--> 00:46:23

here in general terms, or you will who have all you who are in wrapped in garments stand up in prayer throughout the night, except a little.

00:46:25--> 00:47:11

Verily, these disbelievers who reject you or messenger after you explain the revelations to them, and after they receive promises and warnings, yet they did not benefit from that at all. Rather, they continue to give precedence to this present life and remain content with it. And they pay no heed. That is they fail to strive and they neglect a day that will be arduous, namely the Day of Resurrection, the length of which is 50,000 years according to your reckoning. Allah subhanho wa Taala says elsewhere, the disbelievers will say this will be a hard day. So it is as if they were only created for this world to settle in it. Then Allah gives them rational evidence from for the

00:47:11--> 00:47:52

resurrection, which is the evidence of their initial creation. It is We Who created them from nothing and made them strong. That is we made them strong and perfected their creation with sinews, veins, arteries and visible and hidden strengths until their bodies were perfected and completed, and they were able to do anything they wanted. The One who created them in this manner is able to recreate them after their death in order to requite them. And it is not appropriate that the one who caused them to pass through these stages would leave them unchecked, with no commands or prohibitions, no reward or punishment. Hence, he says if we saw willed we could replace them

00:47:52--> 00:48:35

completely with others like them. That is we could resurrect them in a different form or recreate them exactly. Verily, this is a reminder that is to remind a believer so that he may benefit from what it contains of warnings and encouragement. So let him who will start his journey towards his Lord, that is let him follow a path that leads to him for Allah explains the truth and guidance. Then he gives people the choice between following the guidance or turning away from it while whilst establishing proof against them. But you cannot will it unless a law so wills for Allah's Will is always done. Verily Allah is all knowing most wise, he is possessed of great wisdom with regard to

00:48:35--> 00:48:57

those whom he guides and those whom he leaves to astray. He admit he admits whoever whomever he wills to His Mercy, so He bestows His care upon Him and guides him to the means and paths that lead to Bliss. And for the wrongdoers who choose Doom over guidance, He has prepared a painful punishment because of their wrongdoing and transgression

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is Uncle O'Hara okay. So, with this, we have read, sir, this Tafseer of salted incense. And again to summarize the surah is divided into three parts. Part number one talks about how humans came into existence, that there was one point in time when there was no no mention of humans. even mention of humans was non existent. But obviously they just existed in the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala because Allah's knowledge is timeless is not bound by time. And this is a reminder for humans that

00:49:34--> 00:49:42

at some point you will not hear but you were brought into existence. What does that means there is what does that mean? There is a purpose.

00:49:44--> 00:50:00

You didn't just happen to be by accident. You will not hear you were not among the creatures that existed at some point in time, but then you were brought into existence you were created into existence. So that shows you know you are part of

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

Have a project, you're part of an endeavor, you are part of a purpose. So you came here for a purpose, there is a purpose behind your life. So it's not you just happened to exist.

00:50:14--> 00:50:14

It's not

00:50:16--> 00:50:28

life was going on. But then, in one of the chapters of life, you were brought into existence and there is a reason why you were brought into existence at that point, for a certain period of time.

00:50:30--> 00:51:10

And you will have to fulfill that purpose and you have to understand your life in the context of this purpose. Then Allah says, Allah brought humans into existence, providing them, provided for them, completed their creation, and then tested them in this life and he gave them option of the two paths, either the path of guidance or his guidance, then Allah talks about the disbelievers. They are going to have chains and punishment. And then Allah extensively talks about the believers and their state and what they are going to be rewarded. Then Allah Subhana Allah addresses the Prophet Muhammad SAW something with regards to his mission that Allah says, We sent upon you, meaning Allah

00:51:10--> 00:52:04

sent upon you the remembrance, the Quran, the guidance. So what wouldn't Allah challenge do? Allah internationalism, Alico Quran said ki Zerah first be really helped me rhombic patience. This affair, this purpose for which you were created. This mission you were given requires patience. And patients today is undermined. There's a lot of emphasis on you enjoying your life. And if you don't meet that expectation, people break down under the the the weight of their unfulfilled expectations, life is going to be challenging, and you navigate it with patience, the most important asset or trait that will help you that will empower you that will enable you in life to sail through life is patience.

00:52:05--> 00:52:09

And what is patience, and Arabic language? What do we say? A sub Romo run?

00:52:11--> 00:52:22

Patience is bitter is sour. It's not easy. People think patience is romantic. No, the experience of patience is excruciatingly painful.

00:52:24--> 00:52:43

Pushing through it is patience. Putting up with it is patience. Many people have a romantic notion of patience. Patience is extremely difficult is holding in and holding on through the difficulties through the pain and not falling for it.

00:52:46--> 00:52:52

Keep going despite the pain, the challenges, the disruption, the setbacks,

00:52:53--> 00:52:57

despite everything, that's what patients is, so it's not romantic.

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So Allah says, First, Sabir really helped me a lot, because that's the main thing then Allah Subhan, Allah tells the Prophet summit that these people actually give preference to this life. And they forget about the real life which is the hereafter, that's their problem. They became attached to this life, they lost sight in their hearts of the Hereafter. And this they're working to for this life.

00:53:21--> 00:53:36

In your head, bonal Angela, we had our own our home, Yeoman Fidella, they leave behind a day that is so heavy, so weighty, you can't mess with that day. So it shows their poor choice, they could be intelligent.

00:53:37--> 00:53:47

They could be intelligent, they could be very educated, very sophisticated. They could actually mesmerize you with the writings and their speech and their intelligence. But what's the point?

00:53:48--> 00:53:49

What is the point?

00:53:51--> 00:54:05

It's the heart that leads to Allah, a pure heart that leads not intelligence. It's not intelligence, intelligence is a tool that can help you. But if you don't have a good heart,

00:54:06--> 00:54:09

with intelligence, intelligence will work against you.

00:54:11--> 00:54:42

So this is sort of a summary of this. And Allah shows that you have choice, you can choose either the path that leads to Allah or you can choose the path of destruction, but you can, the reason you can choose is because Allah allowed you that it's not like you independently earn that, that you have it just happen to have it. No, it is actually part of your design, just like your life is designed, your choice is designed, you're given it and you will be responsible for it for how you use it.

00:54:43--> 00:54:50

So this sort of summarizes the surah we can take one question before we leave quick question if there is any about the surah

00:54:54--> 00:54:56

I think I saw hand held

00:55:05--> 00:55:08

Can you choose your own purpose? Or is it assigned to you?

00:55:10--> 00:55:10

Both

00:55:11--> 00:55:28

in a sense, your purpose to worship Allah in this life to make your life a your true path back to Allah subhanaw taala you know, humans in this life are in prison. You're just like someone who's been kidnapped, really and put in this life

00:55:30--> 00:55:32

by shape on the temptation of shape or

00:55:34--> 00:56:17

we're in exile here and we are supposed to make our way back to Allah subhanaw taala This is where Allah and Allah says guidance, Huda these are signposts Allah put on the way on a way so that we actually find the path to paradise. So that's our purpose, but now how does this person purpose play out in worldly terms like What job do you do? Okay, what kind of activity you get in right? So there are some details in your purpose that Allah allows you to choose according to what he gifts he has given you. Okay. Makes sense. So that yeah, the purpose is chosen by Allah is assigned to you by Allah subhanaw taala. But there are some details about how you go about fulfilling this choice,

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where obviously you are given but again, all of that is written by Allah. All of that is written by Allah in His knowledge, Allah knows everything. Okay. So with this, we conclude the Zachman lokalen for coming out today joining us and inshallah

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I'm not sure what time it will be next week. So we're running short on time, but again, we'll keep it 730 Even for next Friday, but let's Allah, then during the week, I'll see Inshallah, because mclubbe is drawing near. Baraka Luffy como Allahu wa salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad. He was