A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #13

Moutasem al-Hameedy

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In a

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similar manner, Rahim hamdulillah Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayidina Muhammad. While early he was Herbie he has remained about

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so we we cover the furnitures and we started last week with the second us

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we did the first quarter of the first of the second us

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and we're gonna carry on insha Allah

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so just to put things in perspective

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we said the central theme in Surah tillbaka. Again, I want one of you to remind us central theme in Surah Al Baqarah is where does it appear?

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First 22

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Verse 22.

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Verse 22, says, hola the janela como herba if you're Asha was Samantha Bina. He's the one who made the earth Okay, so which was

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verse 21

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Verse 21, which says suggests what?

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Yeah, you have a national or a boo, Allah, the Halacha, Kumala danamon public Hola, hola, como touch upon, or humans, humanity. So it's a message to humanity. Surah Surah Bacala central theme in it is a message to all of humanity. It addresses every human being, regardless of their background, their religious background, cultural background, ethnic background, it addresses every human being. And it says to them, it causes them with one or environment to one thing, worship your Lord. worship your Lord, Who created you and those who came before you so that you may attain to who you may attain Safwa. So the purpose or the hour of the call of sorts of Bacala is to worship your Lord alone.

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That's the purpose of the creation of humans worship your Lord alone. And the outcome of this or the fruit of this is taqwa which is the highest state, humans can ever reach, serve or to, to,

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to identify it.

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Technically, the bottom line of Taqwa is to fear the punishment of Allah and to be mindful of Allah and to activate the natural love we have for Allah and to act accordingly.

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If you want to teach what at its highest levels, is to become fully human. To the highest level of humanity. Taqwa Taqwa turquoise, a whole lifestyle, it's a high, it's the highest level a human being can ever reach. It's where every goodness inside of us humans manifests itself, it blossoms, it bites, blossoms, flowers and gifts gives fruit. And the great example the prime example on this is the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu. And he was, okay, so we explained how the first use all of it feeds into the seat into this theme, and how the first quarter of the second just the first five pages of the second was also

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feed into this theme.

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So we start with the second quarter of the second juicer, which is starts with verse number 177 177. So in these verses, just to take an overview, Allah subhanaw taala is tell us is going to tell us about what worship really means by telling us about one aspect of it or one way of looking at it, which is Albir, which we call a little bit, I'm going to come to talk about it.

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And then Allah

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shows some legislation about a sauce, or sauce is basically the simple universal rule that was sent to all humans all nations.

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Eye by eye, tooth by tooth or eye for eye, tooth for tooth.

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And Allah Subhan Allah also gives another piece of legislation about will for the dying person. That's all part of Taqwa. All of this feeds into Taqwa. Oh, so all of this feeds into worship. This is these are means through which we worship Allah, through which we worship Allah Subhana Allah. Then Allah comes to talk about one of the pillars of Islam and these are the pillars of worship, which is a sea fasting, fasting, we're connecting everything to the central theme where we're just taking an overall

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view

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then Allah subhanaw taala moves on to talk about

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Al Hajj.

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And just He mentioned something about Hajj and about the lunar months.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala talks about something that happened, that has to do with hedge. And this is basically the relationship with the pagans who had fought the Muslims in the early stages. And the Muslims could get in a state of warfare with those oppressors.

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And that's part of worship. As part of worship, it's necessary for worship and we're gonna we'll come to explain how and why. And then Allah subhanaw taala talks about hedge and with hedge

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these quarter finishes, squatter finishes. So this is an overview of these of this quarter or these five pages and how they generally speaking, connect to the central theme of Salton Bacala which is worship your Lord alone.

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So let's start with the first part. Lisa got into World War Two her country by the missionary Winnemucca verse number 177. Nice and beautiful and two, we'll we'll do our company better the majority will know very well I can help them and I'm gonna be live human effort.

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So, this verse is about a bill which is translated generally speaking as righteousness. Now, this terminology is very interconnected. As Bill

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Taqwa

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a bad worship, all of these are strongly interconnected. And sometimes they are used interchangeably. What's the difference between Bill and TBWA? Yeah, we can use different English words. But really, those English words do not show the difference in the

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in the, in the original language in the Arabic language, and will be revealed here means again, a high level of worship, a high level of devotion, a high level of Taqwa.

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And Allah subhanaw taala uses bear

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with a worldly then with the father and the mother of the parents. Allah says Bill rule worldleading. So Bill is a form of worship, or it's worship itself. But it's it's it's a way that worship manifests itself.

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So some of the scholars indicated that Bill has to do with the consequences of worship,

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that impact other things, and other people

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impact other things, and other people. So we're talking about worship, we're talking about TBWA. But when the emphasis is on the implications, and the impact that this stuff or and this worship has on other people, and other things, we call it bill, we refer to it as Bill.

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In every language, there are many words for the same thing. But we use these these words in different contexts, because we're trying to highlight one aspect of this concept.

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So we can, we can talk we can talk about obedience.

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We can talk about obedience, when when something is done willfully. Like when you follow the rules willfully, we call this obedience, right? But when you follow the rules, not so willfully, but because you don't have another choice, and it's better for you to follow them, we'll call this compliance, right?

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When you follow the rules, and you subscribe to them, ideologically, you believe in the concept behind them, we call this you abide by something like you see the nuances. So these are what are called synonyms for the same word, but each one of them fits a specific context. Why because some, some aspect of them is highlighted. Bill is the same as the generally speaking, in essence, the same as when we call worship. But what is highlighted here is the impact on other things other beings, other humans, so that's where Alaska Montana us uses it with parents Bill rule, well, he then Allah tells us as Muslims as well, when we deal with non Muslims, who are peaceful towards us, people who

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are not trying to violate our rights or oppressors or forces out of our religion. Allah Subhana Allah says Lionhart como la Manila the anatomy okati Luke confit Dini, what am you three Joe comin Dre and tuber Ruvo Matsudo am Allah does not prohibit you with regards to those, the non Muslims

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who did not fight you because of your religious commitment.

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And they did not try to expel you out of your land. They didn't try to pull you or kick you out of your lands. They did not oppress you

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into a room that you have built towards them.

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towards them, these people are supposed to deal with them with Bill. So our righteousness, our piety, our fear of Allah, our which is based on justice based on the truth is supposed to reflect on our treatment with these people as well. So Allah subhanaw taala clarifies, he says, So when Allah talks about Bill, this is strongly connected to the whole concept of worship, but Allah is showing the aspects and this verse actually really emphasizes or confirms this definition that we have just adopted. Allah says, a bill is not that you turn your faces towards the east and the west, in Salah

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is connected to changing the direction of the tabler changing the direction of the Kubla. Allah is saying hey, taqwa bill, righteousness, the truth is not so technical. Don't be stuck in technicalities. Don't be stuck in technicalities. Allah says it's not about turning your face to the east or the west. That doesn't mean you can pray to any direction, right? It just places the emphasis somewhere else this is given you follow the direction of the Qibla. But don't blow it out of proportion as an issue give it its true size, its true measure.

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Allah says rather righteousness or liberal,

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are those who believe in Allah as the truth through the worship, the essence of it, who believe in Allah, meaning they give Allah his rights, they treat Allah, the best treatment, and the Last Day, and the angels and the books and the prophets. That's what faith is. And that's what worship is. That's the essence of worship, that you believe in Allah, that you believe in Allah subhanaw taala, and the prophets, who give charity out of their cherished wealth to relatives, orphans, the poor, the needy, travelers, the beggars, and for freeing captives,

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who establish the prayer, pay arms tax, and keep the pledges they make, and who are patient in times of suffering adversity, and in the heat of the battle.

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It is they who are true in faith, and it is they who are mindful of Allah, usually we translate TEPCO as mindfulness of Allah, right? Shows you bill and we're talking about the same thing. And it's the same as worship, same as the concept of worship. So what are these things Allah is saying, Don't get stuck in technicalities? Don't get stuck in technicalities. Oftentimes, we find people from different schools of thought or different modes of of study of the modality of Islam, they say, Hey, you're moving your finger into showered.

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Your that's going to

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that's gonna invalid in turn your prayer invalid? Because you're moving too much in their prayer.

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Right? Or you're not placing your hands down there. You're placing them up there, that doesn't make any sense. There's not the way you do it. There's something wrong with your prayer. You put your hands up when you fall, you go to the core of Elliot and write

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or you don't, you don't do like we do, right. We we get stuck in the technicalities, we forget the essence of the prayer. We forget that the prayer is about us standing in the Presence of Allah subhanaw taala and worshiping Allah subhanaw taala and following the prophets of salaam to the best of our ability, right. We forget about this get stuck in technicalities. Hey, you don't think the way I think you don't study the way I study. You don't speak about things the way I speak about things. I'm not saying there are there are no mistakes. There are no problematic methodologies that ascribed themselves to Islam there are, but the thing is don't get stuck in technicalities. Don't

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get stuck. Sometimes we fight over simple over things where there are differences, there are legitimate differences. Why? So the thing is we take the smaller things are the manifestations, and we use them to be the purpose of their essence.

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That's what Allah is saying. So because when the Muslims changed the dirt when Allah changed direction of the Qibla for the Muslims, now, the Jewish tribes, they started saying, Hey, you're messing with your religion. You're changing the direction of the Qibla. That's not righteousness. Righteousness is that you will follow the fibula of the previous prophets. Allah is saying, now you guys change this scripture. You will lie against Allah, you've killed prophets and you talking about changing the direction of the Qibla. That's the problem. That's the problem. You'll find people who have in their hearts there is envy, jealousy hate, and they could they have no qualms or no

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hesitation destroying someone's reputation and vice

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Highlighting every write they have, and then for them.

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If you do not feel fit, you move your finger in the Disha hood. Hey, you're not following the Sunnah you're making a huge sin.

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I'm making a huge sin because I'm not moving my finger into Asia, how but all of your bickering and all of your envy and your hate and your backbiting. That's not a big deal. That's what Allah is talking about.

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That doesn't mean you don't pray as we said, you don't pray it in the right direction you pray in the right direction. It's not a black and white. But Allah here is setting priorities. Same thing doesn't mean I don't praise the prophecies. I'm predefined know how the Prophet if I learn about the right way of the prophets of Salaam, how he prayed, I follow that I'm supposed to follow this. Right. But there are bigger things. That's why you find for example,

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some people from Iraq from Kufa

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at the time of Imam Shafi when he came back to Mecca started teaching in the Haram they came in they said yeah Imam

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you know because when you are in a state of a haram you're making ombre or head you're not supposed to hunt. Hunting is haram for you.

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So they said you know

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sometimes you know we're making so often the Haram and there are these insects and we they happen to be on the ground and we happen to step on them and crush them. Does this affect our state over haram does this is this considered to be hunting? What did he say? He said I telecom Hola Hola. Hola, Ala.

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I tend to cook a Tamil Hussein

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of the Allahu Anhu with his Aluna and zoom board, like about I think it was like he's talking about some kind of

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a bee or

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he think you're asking about insects, you kill the Husayn lovely Allah I know. You. You are so righteous now and so sensitive. You're asking about an insect and does it in does it like invalidate your your your your head or your state of Iran? That's that's the that's messing up the priorities. That's the issue. And this is what this verse This is the principle behind this verse. And we need to connect this to the central theme on Salatin Baca, worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. There are priorities, there are priorities, we have to place everything where it truly belongs.

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Keep it keep it

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Okay, so these are the priorities. And as a Muslim if we want to worship Allah subhanaw taala. That's where we are supposed to learn our priorities and set them right. We're supposed to learn our priorities and set them right in the Arabic language. We have this famous pray proverb, they say

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Ben Carson ohada Mr. Ron Leon maracas run a person ruins and destroys a country to build a house.

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That's that's nonsensical. How come you destroy a whole country to build a place? That doesn't make sense? Again, you find sometimes, and it happens again, with

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the sisters will I think this will appeal to the sisters, like you find a brother wants to get married, wants to get get married again. Right? And they say it's my right. It's my right. It is your right Islamically Islam says allows a man to marry more than one wife. Yes. But you can't just stick to this. What if you just marry again? And what happens? You ruined your first marriage and you have children from it? What's gonna happen? Is that a wise move?

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Sound makes it true that if you give something it comes back to you.

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Yeah, so

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we're not saying

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oh, we're not denying you. You're right. But you have to set your priorities right? set priorities right, the right people who go and marry a second wife, what, what to ruin the first marriage? Under the pretext it's my right.

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You're right does not mean you destroy your first marriage. If your first marriage is going to be at jeopardy.

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You know, what kind of decision are you being wise in this kind of decision?

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Is your is your first family is your first wife ready for that or not? These are things you have to think of the consequences. Then there are people like it happens sometimes a person goes and marries again and destroys the first marriage that there's issue you know, issue with custody, the children etcetera, the whole cynical relationship, etc.

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And then the second marriage doesn't work out and they get out of it.

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So, again, it's all about setting priorities, right? It's all about setting priorities right? But things where they truly belong and in Islam scholars have really worked out this in the science of Mikasa. The Sharia

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the scholars have set the three main levels of priorities there is the highest level of priorities is above a lot the necessities

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then at the second level, there is an Hajji. Yet the needs necessities is without them your life is at risk.

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Had yet our needs, like very strong needs legitimate needs that if they are not met, if they are not available, then life becomes difficult. You can live you can survive and can you can still you know get by, but it's going to be very inconvenient, extremely inconvenient, and tough. But then you have Adesina yet and these are the luxuries, more of the luxuries the things that enhance the quality of life.

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So you can't reach something of Adesina yet like something that's a luxury, while compromising and assessing it doesn't make sense. That's why this is why the like, if you are, let's say in the middle of nowhere and in the middle of the desert, and you don't have anything to do to have food, you don't have drink, you have nothing and you find a dead dog. You can't eat a dog anyway, there's no Halal dog if your dog doesn't become halal, right? Dogs so two levels of haram

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do you say no, this is haram, I can't eat it. No, now there is a level of necessity, where this kind of righteousness is fake, comes fake because you're not

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you're actually not observing the levels of priority. You're not because eating the this this dead dog once to save your life is not going to destroy your heart, it's not going to take you away from Allah.

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And whatever damage is going to happen. Like whatever even the say the spiritual damage is going to happen to you. Okay, it's insignificant compared to the level of damage that you're going to cause yourself if you do not eat from it, which is lack of food and you might die. So there is levels of priorities. classical example I gave you many times sure for the 17 year here when it comes to religious issues.

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Even to me LD l mo Lolita, he was with a group of his of his students in the streets of Damascus. And there was the there was the Muhammad, the Mongols, who took over at the time, and who actually publicly announced themselves to be Muslims. But still they were not practicing Islam properly.

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And

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so I've been to me as is in the streets and those people that were still they took over the mosque because they were claiming to be Muslim. And they used to

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intimidate people.

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They used to stop people like

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that like making police patrols, stopping people in the street, for some reason, accusing them and then murder executing them on the spot.

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murdering them.

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So even sent me I was with a group of students and some of those Mongol soldiers were actually drinking alcohol at the moment in public drinking alcohol.

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So one of those students reaches out actually walks towards them, even sent me a very intelligent man, he, he probably he anticipated what his students is going to do. So he grabbed me, he says, Where are you going? He says, I'm rubbing off on the hand.

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I'm going to enjoin the good from evil. These are Muslims. They're drinking alcohol in public. I'm going to tell them it's haram, what you're doing is haram, stop it. Even Taymiyah said leave them

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leave them. Now. It's even Taymiyah against the principle of enjoying the good forbidding the evil. I don't know man, often a hairline cut. No. But you can't take a principle and apply it across the board.

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Because there is something known in Islam, Sharia everything has

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two levels of conception, you can understand it at two levels. It's called that if Radhiya you see something as it is singularly like a word. What is the word I mean? It has a singular meaning the dictionary meaning that's a singular meaning when it's by itself, but then there is an athlete like turkey via a word in a context could assume a completely different meaning shadow of meaning right, by virtue of the context by virtue of the context. So same thing has to do with religious facts, religious principles. There is a principle called an envelope and Al monka one of the greatest principles in Islam.

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But in this conduct when we put in

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In this context,

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you can't apply it in this way. So he said Leave those people leave them, leave them because when these people are drinking, and they out, they don't mess with the Muslims. They're just busy. They get busy with their, with their with their alcohol and they drunk and find they just start having fun. They're not serious. They're messing around. But when these people are sober

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they're gonna start police patrolling. And that means they're gonna start probably killing people, innocent people.

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So, now let's set the priorities right. The violation of drinking alcohol, which is worse in Islam, drinking alcohol or murdering innocent people.

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Obviously, the gravest is murdering innocent people.

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That's what wisdom is, that's what Allah subhanaw taala This is the principle Allah is establishing the reality of righteousness reality of worship and being

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dutiful to Allah subhanaw taala. Okay, don't get stuck in technicalities. We say it in our, like today's world, we say, we will praise a judge that acts or judges by the spirit of the law.

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Because there are situations, there's very tough situations, when if a judge were to act by the wordings of the law, his judgment would be unfair. And judges know that. That's the same thing that happens with a policeman when they stop you. You're speeding, they stop you. Sometimes they just figure out they assess the situation and their personal judgment. And they'll say I'll let you go this time.

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But the law says of this the catch you are supposed to give you a ticket. But in their estimate, they figured out there was a reason or that you were not aware of that you're an innocent person, and they would let you go. Right? When we praise this, we appreciate this as humans, Allah smugglers is selling us here.

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That's part of your worshipping Allah, if you want to truly worship Allah, that's one aspect of it. And look at the example of these Jewish tribes were just blaming it on you or me taking this as as a criticism against you that the direction of the Qibla changed, that the truth cannot be changed, or truth cannot be changed. You're talking about changing the Crippler What about changing the Scripture, like don't throw stones at people of your if your house is made of glass, right? The same principle.

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So Allah subhanaw taala is using this to clarify this doubt that those tribes are costing upon the Muslims but also to establish a principle and look at these things. It's all about being good to Allah giving Allah his rights with regards to believing Allah says, Man and Abdullah he will you will affect believing in Allah and the last thing, etc.

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And they give in charity, from their wealth from the cherished money they give to the relatives, the orphans, poor people, travelers, who are in need

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people who beg for money, and for freeing people in captivity or freeing whoever, like someone in slavery. And you establish this law again, giving Allah his rights. So these are the fruits of worship the fruits of the roots that extend to others, including Allah subhanaw, taala.

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And those who stay true to their oath or to their promises.

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That's what Taqwa really is. That's what Taqwa really is. Remember, there was this stage at some at some time, where someone would come and ask you questions

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like as an Imam, or someone and the the reason they're asking you questions is not really to get an answer. But they want to test you.

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They want to test you, what do you think about so associate?

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What's your opinion about the specific issue? Why because they want to classify you. And then they could take this and post it online and say so and so said such and such. Okay, and create some kind of warning. So that would classify you and make a case about you online, right.

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Like there's nothing cheaper than that.

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And some of those people claimed that they were defenders of the Sunnah we were on the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, like is it really the Sunnah of the Prophet to do this?

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Again, so don't get stuck in technicalities to the point that you beat the very purpose behind them.

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Okay, then Allah subhanaw taala talks about

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our sauce, the Law of Retaliation, which is basically Eye for eye and tooth for tooth. And this was revealed in all

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was revealed in all scriptures and to all nations.

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And this is about deliberate, intentional crimes.

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But Allah also opens the door for here for forgiveness, you can pardon a person. So they don't. So this law does not act is the right of the victim or their family.

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But if they drop their right and the pardon the perpetrator and that's also an option.

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And Allah Subhana Allah says he'll welcome filthy, saucy hypertonia Holyland Babulal la quinta taco Allah says, and this is verse number 179. There, insecurity, there is security of life for you in Law of Retaliation, actually, the verse reads, and there is life for you. There is life for you, in this Law of Retaliation in establishing this justice, or people,

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people of understanding so that you may attain something. And this is why sometimes when I know some, some laws are whether Islamic laws or non Islamic laws are sometimes taken again, in a vacuum, taken singularly without the real context where they function. You say, Oh, this law is unfair, this law is, is very harsh this law is this this law is that, again,

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when you put that law within the bigger context, and see what they can see what it prevents, then you get to understand what that law actually means. And how it's actually immersing. Allah is seeing in these, in these laws of retaliation, which is i Four I even live for life, was saying there is life.

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His one person could ruin the life of a nation, one criminal controlling the life of generations to come.

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And sometimes eliminating that bad apple means life for others.

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And this has to do with the levels of priorities well, because in Islam,

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the

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the well being and the safety of a group

00:32:01--> 00:32:22

is paramount, to the safety of all the safety of one individual does that doesn't mean we compromise on the safety of the individual. But if there is a tight spot where we have to make a choice, and someone's freedom jeopardizes people's lives or someone's life jeopardizes other people's lives, the choice has to be made.

00:32:25--> 00:32:29

And then Allah subhanaw taala talks about the will that if someone is

00:32:30--> 00:33:14

dying, then there should be a will. And this was before the laws of inheritance, this verse number 182 182. These were revealed before the laws of inheritance were stipulated, where it was basically that before a person or a dying person, or before death, a person should write a will as to how their, their their wealth should be distributed. after their death. Here then Allah moves on to talk about fasting. Allah says fasting has been prescribed upon you just like the people who came before, so that you may attain Tunku. Again, taqwa, taqwa. So these are whole concepts that are interconnected, we said worship, a brother, taqwa, righteousness, who pretty much talking about the

00:33:14--> 00:33:36

same thing, but again from different angles. So we said Toccoa usually refers to the same concept but with regards to the final fruits on the state of the person himself. So Bill are the consequences for others. Consequences of your worship and your commitment to the

00:33:37--> 00:33:55

divine guidance on others, including Allah subhanaw taala. These consequences are supposed to be good. They're beneficial to everyone, and including yourself. When we talk about Taqwa what Taqwa means, it has to do with your personal growth, spiritual growth as the person who worships Allah.

00:33:57--> 00:34:08

So Taqwa is about you what happens in your heart, what happens to your soul? What happens to your manners to your morality, as you are obeying Allah subhanaw taala as you

00:34:10--> 00:34:49

get higher and ascend higher in the levels of servitude to Allah, levels of worship of Allah subhanaw taala you become a better person, you will become more of a righteous person, you become more of a worshiper, you will spiritually you will grow. That's what Taqwa usually refers to. So Allah subhanaw taala, saying, fasting is been has been made an obligation upon you why the whole purpose is to elevate you spiritually. Elevate you spiritual, and it makes sense because fasting, because we have these two elements, and they are supposed to help each other by the way, they're supposed to complement each other, the body and the soul,

00:34:51--> 00:34:57

the mind and the heart. The mind is more attached to the body. The heart is more attached to the soul.

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

Both of them are supposed to go

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Hand in hand and help each other.

00:35:03--> 00:35:09

But sometimes because life is tough, sometimes they there's a trade off, they get conflict.

00:35:11--> 00:35:14

So, here you have to understand the law of priorities.

00:35:15--> 00:35:41

So yes, your physical health is actually good for you enhancing it enhances your spiritual growth, but it also has negative consequences. The emphasis on the body will weaken, all taken the focus from your soul. So fasting in a sense, it weakens the grip of your physical being, in order to give a little bit of space for your spiritual being.

00:35:42--> 00:35:45

That's why the Prophet SAW Allah when he was sending him said,

00:35:46--> 00:36:05

in the ad industry upon he remembered the Adam metal abdominal rock, that shaped bond runs through the veins of humans. She found gets involved in everything about you. So then another Hadith the Prophet SAW, Selim says that when you weaken the flow of blood, physical energy when you weaken it,

00:36:07--> 00:36:13

that allows your heart to emerge salt image. So fasting does

00:36:14--> 00:36:16

what it does.

00:36:17--> 00:36:21

It does create space and opening for your soul to emerge and grow

00:36:22--> 00:36:26

by taking the light off your body.

00:36:29--> 00:36:34

And who prescribed that the one who created humans and he knows the design, he knows the design.

00:36:39--> 00:36:40

But fasting every day

00:36:43--> 00:36:55

is not recommended actually prohibited? Why? Because it weakens your body to a point that pulls down the soul with it. So the prophets of salaam Nihan see me Dahal, the prophets of salaam prohibited fasting

00:36:56--> 00:37:21

infinitely indefinitely. Fasting everyday promiseland prohibited that and the promise of them when he was asked for more if someone wants to do more fasting the proper set of recommended CR Moodle Hydrostone so Moodle would the best way of fasting or the best style of fasting is the fasting of profit that would add insulin Can I assume a woman or a woman who would fast every other day?

00:37:23--> 00:37:36

So Allah subhanaw taala here talks about fasting and he gives the legislations with regards to fasting and he emphasizes that Ramadan is the time when the Quran was revealed and it shows because the Quran brings life to the heart.

00:37:38--> 00:37:41

That means the time the Quran was first revealed is a very special time

00:37:42--> 00:37:45

is a very special time. So

00:37:46--> 00:37:51

Ramadan is the time for our spiritual growth for more Taqwa for more.

00:37:52--> 00:38:03

And Allah connects that the more spiritual we spiritually we grow, the more connected we become to Allah and the more our door is accepted, the Euro is not accepted because we make dua with our brains.

00:38:06--> 00:38:22

The DUA when it comes from the heart is accepted, and it will be given period. Allah says, What is the Navajo community in Shackleton as Eden? Sorry, lokala Bucha only has 30 blocks and your Lord said, Call upon me.

00:38:24--> 00:38:27

And I will answer you ask of me and I will answer you.

00:38:28--> 00:38:32

Clear in Arabic is called shot, job shot.

00:38:34--> 00:38:36

A clause and the end of the clothes.

00:38:38--> 00:38:39

Make dua, you answered.

00:38:41--> 00:39:11

So why is the Canada answered most of the time? In our cases, because we make drought with our desires. We make dua with our brains. Our hearts are not there. The Prophet SAW Selim made that clear problem said oh to Allah Who and to move inaudible hijab for in Hola, hola. Esta je boo and Milan, are filling their head. Make dua when you are in a state of certainty. Certainty doesn't come from your brain, by the way, does not come from your brain certainty comes from the heart. That's your federal that's your soul knowing Allah subhanaw taala

00:39:12--> 00:39:23

problem says Call upon Allah when you are in a state of certainty that is going to be answered. You can't summon the certainty you can't muster it from your brain because it doesn't exist that

00:39:24--> 00:39:27

your brain requires physical evidence to see things.

00:39:29--> 00:39:34

But your heart sees beyond the physical beyond the form. So he knows more than that.

00:39:36--> 00:39:50

So called with certainty, because Allah as the program says the rest of the Hadith, Allah does not answer the DUA from a heart that is not paying attention. Hard that is not present. A heart that is

00:39:51--> 00:39:52

distracted.

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

Meaning put your heart and the DUA call upon Allah with your heart, not only with your tongue with your work

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

words because oftentimes we say, Oh Allah

00:40:04--> 00:40:13

like the young men or Allah give me a righteous beautiful wife and something in the heart. Something inside of them says you don't deserve

00:40:17--> 00:40:18

that disparity.

00:40:20--> 00:40:29

Disparity Michigan, this is not a euro. This is not really $1 Yeah, we just call it drought but that's not the DUA that Allah accepts.

00:40:31--> 00:40:36

Or you have might be saying, you know, I know Allah is not going to give it to me, I'm just I'm just doing the drought anyway.

00:40:38--> 00:40:47

Again, this is a heart that is life and then this is a heart that is not aware of the truth that's in it that Allah answers the

00:40:48--> 00:41:31

heart how distracted how awful Alban Colvin Earth in India and somebody might say, Oh, it's a distracted hot No, no, don't take that at the literal meaning. A lawful muffler generally speaking in the Quran, and the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW Salem is being distracted from the truth. distracted from the truth, the truth of what the truth is in the heart, the faith, when your heart is doesn't have faith, it's distracted, because the heart is created. For one thing. Jeff has them to me It says for Intel called the Holy Akali Whitehead, in the local bahala kaliba had holy Fatima Habitica the heart was created for the love of Allah. That's why the heart was created which is worship the

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

essence of worship is that love.

00:41:34--> 00:41:38

So when the heart is not doing what it's supposed to do, it's distracted.

00:41:40--> 00:41:51

So the DUA that is answered by Allah is the dua is where the heart is with Allah. And when it makes to our and knows that is asking of Allah, it knows it's gonna happen. It knows it's gonna happen.

00:41:52--> 00:42:11

And if you like certainty in the English language today, certainty is a bit technical, but we call this generally speaking a knowing you'll make a DUA and you have a knowing inside your view that is going to happen. Where does this come from? It's not like you force it, it comes from your relationship with Allah, you feel it?

00:42:13--> 00:42:24

Thus and thus, that's exactly what hon probably Allah who I know, said in a statement, he said, in the middle Hamid hijab, when I can I mean Mohammed dua for either cannot do

00:42:25--> 00:42:38

it. He says, I don't have any concern, like I don't have any issues or any worries that the answer will not come. I know the answer is come it's gonna come here, but my concern is with the drought.

00:42:39--> 00:42:52

What does that mean? He says, Am I making a dua like real dua or not? That's my concern. That's the point. That's the point he says because if a Dora is made, the answer comes with it automatically.

00:42:56--> 00:42:58

So the issue is the dua is not the answer.

00:43:02--> 00:43:15

Okay, so, so Allah subhanaw taala links Siyam with dua Allah says, verse number 186, what either so Allah kg body and the body will G Buddha with a day either.

00:43:17--> 00:43:18

Felice the G booty, when you

00:43:20--> 00:43:25

are saying, If my servants asked you about me, I am near, I am near.

00:43:28--> 00:43:28

Allah is there.

00:43:31--> 00:43:40

And there is really begs the question, when we talk when we speak to Allah, when we pray to Allah when we saw Quran, do we feel that newness?

00:43:42--> 00:43:50

Everyone needs to ask themselves this, everyone. Do I feel Allah is near? Or do I feel less distant?

00:43:53--> 00:43:56

That sort of gives you an indication where is the level of Eman

00:43:57--> 00:44:19

where his level of Eman and how much stuck we are in our brains. Where we just believe in physical reality and we don't we don't realize it. We don't realize it. Most of us are stuck in our brains. We treating all of existence as physical existence. But there is more to the world than this. What our senses can catch is more than that.

00:44:21--> 00:44:30

Allah is close Allah says when 100 acabo aiming Comala cannot observe when you're around the dying person, we're closer to the dying person than you are but you can't see it.

00:44:32--> 00:44:39

And Allah says I am a believer in near Corrib I am close. Allah is closer to you than yourself.

00:44:41--> 00:44:44

And that's real closeness, that prophets Allah is majesty.

00:44:47--> 00:45:00

So Allah says, Oh gee Buddha with a day then I answer I respond to the call of someone who calls upon me who cries out to me, if they call upon me, they make true dua that's what we're talking about. Then Allah

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

successfully SDG Buli let them respond to Me.

00:45:05--> 00:45:17

You respond to Allah he will respond to you but most of the time we want Allah to respond to us but we have not responded to Allah. What is the response to Allah? What is Allah's call that we are supposed to respond to? It's the football that he put inside of us.

00:45:18--> 00:45:31

He put inside of us and He made us this fitrah Allah has Allah's response to us or sorry, Allah has demanded of us. Allah's call to us, is who we are.

00:45:33--> 00:45:37

Our essence is that call is worship of Allah, that's who we are.

00:45:38--> 00:45:53

We deny that we detach from that we betray that and we subscribe to something else which is this worldly life or desire or an identity we built for ourselves and then we expect Allah subhanaw taala to answer our Petty's desires

00:45:54--> 00:46:08

when we have betrayed all of we have betrayed him already. So Allah says failure stingy bully will you mean or will be let them respond to Me believe in me the unknown y'all shouldn't so that's honestly how it was

00:46:14--> 00:46:22

so that okay, they may be guided to the right way which is a good translation, a very gentle wash you don't is again, a rushed.

00:46:24--> 00:46:30

Rushed is one of those terminologies that worship a bad taco, Bell rushed

00:46:31--> 00:46:35

same thing, same thing, but rushed is about

00:46:39--> 00:46:39

the

00:46:43--> 00:46:48

the, I don't wanna say the intellectual but the wisdom side of a banner

00:46:49--> 00:47:06

is the Wisdom is the word is. So we said a bill has to do with the positive consequences that extend to others Right? And how they play out in life. Taqwa has to do with your spiritual growth, but it has to do with your enlightenment.

00:47:08--> 00:47:12

It's more about wisdom, knowledge

00:47:13--> 00:47:15

and being properly guided.

00:47:16--> 00:47:19

Okay, now Longmuir should do.

00:47:22--> 00:47:23

And Allah subhanaw taala talks about

00:47:25--> 00:47:25

some

00:47:26--> 00:47:33

more rules that pertain to Ramadan with regards to being intimate with one spouse during the night and Ramadan,

00:47:34--> 00:48:04

et cetera, no problem then Allah subhanaw taala verse number 188. He gives rulings that help us worship Allah fulfill the concept of worship, that have to do with transactions, business transactions, do not eat other people's money, meaning do not cheat. Do not resort to anything that makes you earn money, somebody else's money that's and it's not it's not for you, that's illogical that you're eating someone else's money. Or you you probably either by deceiving them cheating or by

00:48:06--> 00:48:20

abusing them. This is why interest in Islam is haram you're eating someone else's money, you're abusing their need, and making them pay for a loan. So you're renting money, which is a huge problem in Islam.

00:48:21--> 00:48:24

So again, you eating someone else's money.

00:48:25--> 00:48:59

And it has to do with judgments, but I'm not going to go into details because we're not about details. Then Allah refers you to Hajj they ask you about the crescents and about the moon, tell them these are timings for Hajj and for Umrah etcetera. But then Allah again emphasizes the says when a Senate Bill A bill will be entitled Butembo holy How will I Kindleberger many tapah it's not righteousness as you approach or coming to your houses after Hajj because this was a practice after hydro Umrah. People did not go the first time they came back home they did not enter through the main gate but they would enter through a back door or through the window for example, why? It's some

00:48:59--> 00:49:09

kind of tradition that was handed down to them because they saw this as Taqwa as righteousness for some reason. I was saying again these are you're getting stuck in technicalities, right?

00:49:10--> 00:49:16

Bill Allah says will will I Kindleberger nominator car the reality of God is the one who has tapped.

00:49:17--> 00:49:20

So again Allah is connecting these we said they are the same.

00:49:21--> 00:49:42

But the way the emphasis where the emphasis is makes makes us use a different word. What will be your time and why behind into houses through the doors through the doors, the gates and this is literal. And this is metaphorical as an analogy. That means approach everything through its proper means

00:49:43--> 00:49:51

approach everything through its proper means whatever you want to do, marriage, Business Studies.

00:49:54--> 00:49:54

Just

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

a relationship with any other human being. There are proper ways

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

Do everything follow you know the proper ways

00:50:04--> 00:50:27

follow the proper ways and that's a valuable advice as simple as it is very valuable advice. Do not seek some something else like you want to marry someone instead of following the right way you start the say for example, pranking her online why I want to get her attention. Is this the way you approach someone for a marriage? You know, not

00:50:29--> 00:50:33

follow the proper the proper way of doing things.

00:50:35--> 00:50:38

Okay, then Allah mentions here warfare. And

00:50:40--> 00:50:48

interestingly here I want to highlight something it's outside of the it's not the topic, the main topic, but it's good to highlight it. There is this verse.

00:50:50--> 00:50:56

These are one of the verses this one happens in sort of Bacala here another one happens in salaat, a Toba

00:50:58--> 00:51:03

and they have the same kind of sequence here. Allah says walk through whom how to forgive to move.

00:51:04--> 00:51:06

Verse number 191

00:51:07--> 00:51:17

This is one of the verses that is quoted to accuse Islam that's a religion of violence that non Muslims kill them wherever you'll find them. That's what the translation is. Kill them wherever you will find them.

00:51:20--> 00:51:58

Have to do home ISIS or 50 more and kill them wherever you find them. These are the disbelievers these goId often i Hey, this is what the Quran says. So that means Muslims are on a mission to kill every non Muslim as what they say. Simple there's no you don't need an answer to this tell them just carry on keep reading walk to Rome high sensitive to more and more afraid your home in Haifa Roger, welcome, kill them. Moreover, you will find them and cute and kick them out from where they kicked you out. So that shows there is a context while fitnah to Azure Domain URL pattern. And, you know, trying people came people out of their land or

00:52:00--> 00:52:17

intimidating people is greater than murder. When you mess someone's life that's greater than murder. Because when you kill someone, you end their life with the good and the bad of it. But when you put someone through a trial, through a true trauma, and their life becomes a mess, they're stuck.

00:52:19--> 00:52:20

They're stuck.

00:52:21--> 00:52:28

And we say to those people who quote this verse as well to claim that Islam is a religion of violence, say okay, just read the verse that just before it

00:52:30--> 00:52:44

just read the verse before it was the verse before 190 Allah says we're caught up sebelah hola hola yo potty Runa calm well I try to do in Hola Hola, yo Hepburn Martin. I'm gonna read the translation from the book just to

00:52:47--> 00:52:52

fight in the Cause of Allah only against those who wage war against you.

00:52:54--> 00:53:00

But do not exceed the limits. Surely Allah does not like transgressors

00:53:04--> 00:53:11

and also the word tattoo he translated here do not exceed the limits well I try to do also had the demons to initiate

00:53:12--> 00:53:12

warfare.

00:53:14--> 00:53:15

So

00:53:16--> 00:53:20

So again, usually usually any kind of claim like this is taken out of context.

00:53:22--> 00:53:44

Okay, so Allah legislate about warfare. Why? Because warfare is inevitable in human the human experience and the fancy cliches about we want to live in peace. Yes, we want to live in peace. That's true. But you usually find those who embrace the those who claim these words are the ones who are fighting the battles. These are the ones who are initiating was

00:53:45--> 00:53:56

the angel said to Allah subhanaw taala geography ama UFC two, three, how is the man are you going to place on earth those who will spread corruption and shed blood? Allah didn't say no.

00:53:57--> 00:54:01

They're not gonna create corruption and spread bloodshed.

00:54:03--> 00:54:41

Allah said, but I know what you don't know there is some there is more to the story. That means Allah confirms the nature of humans as long as there is as long as there is the human self, the ego and as long as there is, as long as there is a shaytaan there will be fighting. Humans will fight there will be transgressors. There will be people who want to oppress others there will there will be people want to subjugate everyone else. Whether whether through warfare, or through globalization, or through economy, or through financing or through loans, or through technology and everything humans do.

00:54:42--> 00:54:48

It's human nature to transgress unless people follow the divine guidance.

00:54:51--> 00:54:59

And Allah says in the Quran, Allah Allah, Allah hiddenness Ababa Homi Bhabha hood the Mad Sawa and here we are Salah to masajid

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

You will cut off he has maligned Ken

00:55:02--> 00:55:15

had Allah not pushed the evil and the harm of some people with other people, there would have been so much oppression and killing of innocent people who worship Allah in different places of worship.

00:55:18--> 00:55:28

So, there is a fact from the Creator of the heavens and the creator of humans that there will be a group of humans initiating aggression trying to subjugate everyone else.

00:55:31--> 00:55:33

So this is going to be a fact of life throughout the time.

00:55:36--> 00:55:43

We can't just be fancy and say, Okay, we just want to appease forget about Islam is just a peaceful region turned the other cheek know.

00:55:45--> 00:55:49

When innocent people are being targeted as a Muslim, we are supposed to do what we can do

00:55:50--> 00:55:52

without breaking the law

00:55:53--> 00:55:55

without causing a greater fitna.

00:55:58--> 00:56:13

So, so again, since it's going to be a fact of life, a human of the human experience, Allah subhanaw taala legislated for World War, so it's done in the least amount of atrocities of evil of injustice and violation

00:56:14--> 00:56:17

is disorder. That is the final answer. That's it.

00:56:19--> 00:56:22

So fighting in Islam is just like surgery in medicine.

00:56:25--> 00:56:27

warfare in Islam is just like surgery. In medicine.

00:56:29--> 00:56:31

It's only done to repel greater harm.

00:56:33--> 00:56:35

That's the only time in Islam there is warfare.

00:56:40--> 00:56:42

Then Allah subhanaw taala moves on to talk about

00:56:44--> 00:57:08

an umbrella, the details about how genannten law legislate certain things here, and again, this is a second pillar of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala, one of the second second pillar of Islam. So Allah spoke about salah when he addressed the issue of changing the direction of the Qibla. And now Allah Spanish, and then Allah sorry, second spoke about Siyam fasting second pillar, two pillars now. And Allah is speaking now about the third pillar, which is a hedge.

00:57:11--> 00:57:22

And all of this pours into what the first pillar which is likely to her Lola, which is the same as the main theme, central theme of social Bukhara, worship your Lord alone,

00:57:23--> 00:57:24

which is that.

00:57:26--> 00:57:52

So we can see now this quarter of the second second quarter in the second Jews, actually is all about worship, is all about worship, and goes to confirm the central theme. So this is just another support to the central theme, or humanity worship will on some of those smaller themes, like the other ones, as we said, talking about warfare, talking about the will for the dying person talking about Law of Retaliation and justice as the legal system.

00:57:53--> 00:58:09

All of those as well. So, they are a support to the whole concept of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. Because without proper legal system, people are guaranteed justice, people's rights are preserved. People can worship, you can live people can worship.

00:58:11--> 00:58:17

And establishing justice as a legal system is an act of worship, a great act of worship.

00:58:19--> 00:58:39

And also we'll organizing people's time when when people's sort of affairs when they at the time of death, even organizing their financial issues before they die. And after the dying giving people their rights. That's also helps people to worship. And it was also an act of worship.

00:58:41--> 00:59:01

And again, people safety there's well there's warfare, people safety, people's right to access to the truth, and that they cannot be denied it. That's why warfare is legitimate in Islam, or legislated in Islam is regulated, it is regulated in Islam. So I think that's that's a better way to put it

00:59:02--> 00:59:38

is that warfare in Islam is regulated, because warfare is taken as a human condition that's not going to disappear. It's not going to extend the nature of humans. So Islam regulates it, unlike what sometimes as we said, some heat writers, authors, speakers, and outlets, media outlets, sometimes they they make it look as if Islam came up with the whole concept of warfare and Jihad and fighting. Not Islam takes it as a given. It's part of life. So we regulate it.

00:59:40--> 01:00:00

And that's it really about this second quarter of the second Jews. Now we can see how if you if you look at a few if you read if you read those and this will help by the way this helps people memorize, new memorize new see how everything is connected to the central theme and how it feeds into it. It really makes a lot of sense. It creates a lot of connections in your mind to the central

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

We'll see when you start to see how the sequence goes and draws back to the central theme. Okay, we'll stop here and we'll

01:00:07--> 01:00:12

carry on next week. We can take a couple of questions if you guys have any Yep.

01:00:17--> 01:00:18

178

01:00:22--> 01:00:24

No, no

01:00:29--> 01:00:29

no.

01:00:31--> 01:00:33

You want to put us in trouble.