A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #04
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
File Size: 46.03MB
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Al hamdu lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah. Early he was hobby he woman wider? Well, they do. So this is the fourth segment in our class,
a thematic commentary on the Quran. And as we said previously, the class is divided into two segments. In the first segment, we deal with the book of Chef Abdullah of madmen, Sadie. And that's tarot cards or education, and mozzarella, bit of serial Quran. These are the beautiful rules that pertain to the explanation or the commentary on the Quran.
And the second half, we tried to take a thematic journey through the Quran, we said this will go in two phases, phase number one, we'll just go quickly over the sorrows of the Quran and point out what seems to be the central verse in the in each Surah, or what we mean by the central verse is that it is the
diverse that most displays the what we believe to be the central theme in that specific soul. So let's go on with the first section. And that's the book of Sheikh Abdullah Furman bin Sadie. We started with the rule number three, I believe, and just to recap, it's a rule that is we said you can find it in normal Quran, the sciences of the Quran, and in a solid fill the principles of faith and you can also find it in language which has to do with a little moon, the inclusive terms, and these are
certain linguistic structures that include uncover everything, that thing that they linguistically apply to. And the rule that Shandra Herman mentioned was that the nouns or the names
of type, like for example, humans, we can say animals,
hypocrites, all of these are names of type, a smell origins, or adjectives or descriptions, if they are preceded by
the proposition of definition proposition of Elif lamb L, which is equivalent in English to th, e, that.
So when l or the interest before names of type names that signify type, or descriptions, then that means this description includes everyone that it linguistically applies to, unless we have a text that makes an exception.
And another point that we highlighted in this rule, which is which is very important is that if we are talking about a description, let's say again,
those who believe ultimate minimum, the believers, that's a description, belief is a description. So when we say when we say l mean, on the believers, that means every believer, it covers all the believers. And it also, it doesn't cover all the believers equally.
Based on the level of the man of the person, the term applies to them in proportion, so the person has more belief.
And then the term applies to them more than someone who has belief but a lesser level of belief. And there's a practical
consequence of this. And basically, because these descriptions that you will find in the Quran and the Sunnah, on the religious texts,
usually in a description like this, the believers, there is a ruling that has to be applied because of this description. Then when the ruling applies, it applies also in in proportion, in the sense
we've not finished the rule the text was a little bit long so we said we will do this in sha Allah. This week. You
Soy chef and ramen is Sadie says,
he was told he was applying the rule to the names of Allah when we put any flam which is that before one of the names of Allah because these are descriptions, it means that Allah possesses everything that this description implies. For example, he says what animal Eileen will be equally shaken. Allah the lie of Allah he shaman will be whatever summit his name Li Li him, right, aligning the old knowing the All Knowing al Haleem That means
his knowledge encompasses everything he has all knowledge, all types and kinds of knowledge belong to Him He possesses them. So he's saying that means he has knowledge of everything Nothing escapes him What on earth are in the heavens?
Then he says Olivia How about anymore Bilbao clean you want the White House? Well, coffee Yeti will jelly yet? Well, where do you bet you well, Mr. hayleigh tea will do is that will only serve your country with our local wiki use roughly we'll call the Yeti will just yet one I have a lemon oil halco Woman Iarla Moon he says an ally means since it's a description Haleem preceded by L, the article of definition.
He's saying his knowledge has encompassed and covered everything, the explicit and the implicit.
The obvious and the non obvious
the things whose existence is primary, and the things whose is whose existence is contingent, the possibilities and the impossibilities
the previous things of the past and the things of the future that will happen. Knowledge of the Higher World or the upper world which is the heavens and the lower world which is this worldly life and the earth will call yet the general principles and rules well just yet and the details of everything, the branches of everything, and what the creation know and what they don't know. That's the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala then he says what unknown Hakim another example, he gives el Hakim the wise.
Well known Hakim Pelourinho Chicama to turn to share Mila truly Jemima Allahu Akbar Dora, who will halacha What do you mean Mr. Shah? Hola. Hola, Joanne Hekmati. Mahalo. Well, I'm not sure.
So the example of Al Hakim V wise, meaning
everything he does and engages with his wisdom is a reflection of his wisdom.
So he says, To Him belongs the complete and perfect wisdom
and his decisions and his acts of creation
and his legislation.
his wisdom, so everything that is created by Allah reflects his wisdom.
And nothing legislated by him also lacks wisdom. So he has wisdom and everything. Another example and now lies is Olivia, who Jamie who my handle is at illogical camellia Tamim in Coolio, Jin, is that you're always the dream, Tina, why is the Filipina hurry Well, Allah will enlarge me, I'll help if you have a duel when he has to tell *ery woman tell her that you want the Lula to be him. He's saying he is also al Aziz, the Almighty.
And also, this is about might, almighty belongs to him. He has all might. And he's saying all the meanings and indications of might and power belong to Him in the most complete and perfect ways. And in every sense, the might of power and dominion,
the might of
of an Olympian out here. Well, basically that means that no one can reach him. No one can get to him in that sense that no one can do anything against him.
So he's not reachable in that sense. Where is that? We'll call her well available and
The might of overwhelm, he's able to overwhelm and defeat and overcome every thing and everyone
and that all the creation are in the most extreme of
weakness and need
to a necessity to their load.
Another example a novel Rahim, the Merciful or the All Merciful. Again al Rahim of Rahim
that mercy belongs to him. All of Mercy belongs to him and he has the most complete perfect mercy and lead the era who Jamie Romagna Rama Olivia was the vocal luxury in wall Amir Hello mahalo on many Hassan hater for time. Also letter I met who hate your Salah anymore. Robina was cool. She was one who could do so Salah Ogbono Manas, Zoho uncle Laban will fit in 1x One more mythology I had one and the Hakuna Allah who need don't mean hungry he. So he's saying he's the Merciful, the Merciful Abrahim that all of the meanings of Oklahoma belong to Him.
And His mercy has encompassed and covered everything. And there is every creation is enjoying the Mercy of Allah. There's no creation of Allah that lacks the Mercy of Allah Allah lacks the consequences of the Mercy of Allah subhanaw Mata Ira His mercy has covered whenever his knowledge has covered and we know his knowledge has covered everything and His mercy also has covered everything. Then he quotes the verse from solid Alpha
Robina was yet to coalesce coalition and black metal wire Elma. This is a donor of the angels, they say, are our Lord, You have covered everything in your mercy and knowledge. And he is the sublime and the perfect.
He's the peace and the source of peace. He is the glorified and as we said, he's free from all imperfections and all
weaknesses and there is no one like him. And there is no rival to him.
Then he says, Well, can I be here to smile who's now irritable? Have you heard the recording that will Giardina en la verbal agreement award will manifest in Abu Dhabi Malefor Tila by us no matter if Attila heeta Allah refer to Matata we alligator smart all has now minute Emanuel Halima B has to be mayor of La Hill Abdu were 11 Airblue anymore headed mineral quality. While you're ahead on Fenner and Allah hibel, who will come on ethna infc, he will come up with nearly anybody who is saying and likewise likewise with all the names of Allah, all the Beautiful Names of Allah, understand them and consider them through this rule. And this will open a huge door of knowledge for
you knowledge about Allah.
He's saying even the root of your knowledge of Allah is actually comes from understanding and learning what his name is, his beautiful names indicate these great profound meanings. Everyone should do that based on their capacity and whatever they are able to do. And he's saying, no one will reach a level where they would truly know Allah as he is. Because no one knows Allah, as as he truly is, and no one can praise him as he truly deserves. He is the one who's able to praise himself duly. And this is far beyond what his what his creation are capable of. And he says woman Delica hola Horta, Allah is giving another example I mean, delicate holy water Allah, what are our 100
Bidri? What? Wallah to Allah 100 me well, good 112 Good rich man who Jimmy Anwar Haileybury will fire water Schmell with taqwa, Jaime, how am I able to call home and wiring in my house he will Mohammed so an example on the rule of general terms or inclusive terms and Romo. Alfonso Romo is saying diverse from Salthill made and number two. What are our victory what taqwa and help one another cooperate with one another over and beer and a Taco Bell is any good deed. Any good deed and the taqwa is protection. You protect yourself from the anger and the punishment of Allah and do not help one another over sin
and transgression. So you're saying a bill, which is Al bear we have built like good things righteousness, and built the righteousness that means everything that could be considered to be anything
That's considered to be good or righteous and below that covers all good deeds, everything whether they are ritualistic acts of worship or whether they are
you know good things that we do in our human interaction in our personal life and everything, anything good
and the taqwa covers everything that we have to keep away from in terms of like sins in order to protect ourselves from the angle of Allah. Again, an ism as well here which is sin
everything everything that is always explaining them when it's more Eastman jam and liquidity my you FMO will you take off in that so yeah, come out another good one is one German yet Fluffy dlns If it Dima, he will actually work out so he's saying an FM do not cooperate over FM which is sin. And transgression is m here is saying L FM right? V sin meaning every sin. All of the sense, like the equivalent in English is uncountable is when you say and do not cooperate with one another over sin that covers every sin. This is equivalent, this is the equivalent expression in English do not cooperate with one another over sin. That expression in English covers every sin, every sin, every
type, every shape, every size, every degree.
And then the 101, meaning transgression is seen when you see an English transgression. Okay, that's equivalent to using the Arabic term l road one the transgression, meaning every type of transgression, so you're saying anything
that includes transgressing against people in terms of shedding blood or killing or harm, physical harm, or taking their wealth or their possessions and even attacking the owner allowed. And he says well Mallow fulfil Quran
Al Malouf Okay, now off meaning what is known and that means what's known to be good.
And in my roof, meaning every good and merciful for Quran is Nigeria and equally Marisa has no shadow Anwar Aklan Waxaan car so he's saying Alma roof, the opposite of a model is a moon car Ellmau roof, meaning it's a name that includes and covers everything that is recognized to be good.
In religious legislation, and in sound intellect.
LaMancha is the opposite of that, which is anything that's not good. Well, God, number one, maybe your SallAllahu Sallam no matter how either how to him or ADA will I'll show the home in it barely had he only effect the shadow the first solid. If you're holding mousseline As Salam ivelina Ribera de la he saw your hand for our letter in a comida altom Varrick salam ala kulli Abdeen Salah Hinman, anti Semite, you will not well I'm thrilled to have you all on you can hear what
he's saying the prophets of Allah Salam sort of
alluded to that
he insinuated the meaning of this rule.
was commenting on the shahada and a Salah adhere to the law. He was Salawat What are you but et cetera, at the end of your Salah.
He's saying when you say A salaam Halina, either he broke the law in Saudi in peace be upon us and upon.
righteous servants are the pious servants of Allah the pious worshipers of Allah. The Prophet SAW Selim commented on this, he said, if you say that, then you have sent salutations and salaam, to every righteous or every pious servant, whether on the earth or in the heavens, and that means everything dead and alive. angels, humans, jinn, any creation, anyone that is righteous that matches this description because this is one of the alfalfa Ramon one of the linguistic expressions that indicate inclusive sense or a general sense.
Yeah, so this is the role of Sheikh Hamza Romain, Saudi rule number three inshallah. Next week, we will cover rule number four be it Nila he to Hana.
So we can see in the book of Chef Hanrahan said he's already giving example
and that makes it easy for us as we're dealing with this. So hamdulillah let's move on to the second or the second part of our class.
And basically, we're going just to cover the, as we said, we're going in the first phase of,
of pointing out the central theme
in every so not necessarily directly. But as I said, I'll be talking about what I consider to be the central verse or the verse lenders plays the central theme in the Surah as we are covering it, okay, so we move on now to
thematic commentary on the Quran. And last week, we covered
the central verse or the main verse, In surah, in source from the slot through to a hedge. And now we're going to start with sort of what we know today, I will I will move a little bit more quickly than usual. So because we need to cover this, but I'll try to give a short commentary, Inshallah, to keep us aware of what the surah is talking about. So So let's we'll log in on
the surah of the believers, the central verse, and the main verse is verse number one. And it really covers what the surah is talking about, because the, all of the surah goes on to
show and explain and prove the first verse, Allah says, God, if Allah help me know,
successful are indeed, the believers. And the surah goes to show how the believers are the successful ones, in every sense. So first, Allah Subhanallah describes the believers, then he talks about this life and how He created us and He brought us into this world and how he designed the world around us, to show us that there is a beginning and there's an end, then Allah talks about the stories of some of the prophets, a number of the prophets, then afterwards, Allah Subhanallah, addresses the disbelief of Polish as the rejected the message of the Prophet SAW Salem for the most part.
And then Allah subhanaw taala goes to
the end show what's going to happen to people on the Day of Judgment, the those who reject faith and belief and they reject the truth, and what will happen to the believers. So the whole sort of goes to explain the first verse, which is successful are indeed the believers called
the following Surah Surah. To know.
And this wasn't, this gave me a little bit of a hard time.
And I could not resist just placing verse number 35, which is the surah of light, or the verse of light. Surah is sort of the North sort of light, it talks about the light of Allah subhanaw taala. And I believe as well.
The, the surah is about the light of Allah subhanaw taala. And Allah starts it starts it with,
with some of his legislation, about some of the punishments in Islam and how to handle, you know, slandered specifically slanders that are sort of,
you know, that have to do more with the social and sexual behavior in a community where the people truly engage in them, or there is a slander about something like this, how to handle that. So Allah is gonna show his light even through his legislation, and he indicates how this is actually all done in the best interest of humanity itself.
Then Allah subhanaw taala talks about many Allah talks about many rulings sought to know is full of rulings, even etiquettes social advocates, how to
you know what places to enter what not how to even seek permission before you enter a house.
there there's a lot of social legislation and personal legislation, you will find in the Surah. And in the middle of the Surah, Allah Subhan. Allah mentions the verse of a nor the verse of light, where Allah's Prophet describes himself Allah on all sincerity when Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. But Allah gives an analogy of a torch, Allah lamp and how the light of Allah which is the knowledge and the belief in a las Panatela in the heart of unbeliever, what is the example of that and it's profound I'm Sharla once we go in the next phase, we will spend a lot of time on the what we believe to be the central verse and show how it connects to the main themes in
So, this verse is about the light of Allah spent and in the heart of a believer and how the surah shows how this light translates itself into legislation, the the rulings that we have in Islam from the Quran and the Sunnah
how Allah subhanaw taala handles some of his creation, and how he instructs the prophets on how to handle certain situations that have to do with warfare as well. So all of this is light from Allah Subhan Allah so Allah is light in the heart of the believer, which is the belief in Allah Subhan Allah the knowledge of Allah Montana in the heart of a believer, translates itself into
into legislation translates itself into obedience from by the believer obedience to the commands of Allah subhana which Allah and Allah actually actually talks in the verse about the true believers who fulfill their promises to the prophecies and it's a sign that they really have this slight this faith in Allah subhanaw taala in their hearts, okay, so this sought to not only move to solitude for Khan, and sort of forgotten as well as quite clear about like the central theme minute.
The first verse is the central verse. I lost my sister but I can live in Israel and for Bon Iver de li Hakuna Wilhelmina. The blessing is here who sent down the criteria, the criterion which is the Quran, it you can tell through what's true from falsehood, good from bad, etc, etc. So bless it is He who sent down the criteria and upon His servant, that he may be to the world a Warner, the Prophet SAW Selim is a one. So Allah Subhan, Allah is praising himself and mentioning that this is this, these are the blessings of Allah subhana wa Tada that he sent down revelation. So now we have these elements, about the greatness of Allah, and the blessings of Allah.
That He sent down guidance, Revelation. And then the second point is the revelation itself. So the salah will talk about the impact of revelation and you know, what happened, like, what job or what a mission and purpose it serves. And also Allah sent this revelation through the prophets, I saw them as a warning.
So there's a mention of the prophesy said in reference to the Prophet SAW Selim, and even how his people treated him a lot. What are the objections that you raised against him? Then towards the end of the Surah, Allah subhanaw taala describes, those who accepted the message of the Prophet and then worry about are human, and those are the servants of the Most Merciful. So Allah shows how his revelation
some people will be guided through it, and some people will choose misguidance. So these are the three main elements, the greatness of Allah and His bounty and His mercy in sending the revelation. Number two is the revelation that tells truth from falsehood. So this surah is about also setting apart truth from falsehood. There is this element in it clearly. And then there is an emphasis on the mission of the Prophet Muhammad salallahu. Salam as a warning, then we'll move on to solid
A shallot sorta Shara is a Surah that has a lot of stories.
what I believe to be the the central or the verse that reveals the central theme
the is the first verse toolkit toolkit, Arabic movie, toolkit Hayato al Kitab, you know, being so
these are the verses of the Clear Book.
So there's an emphasis on the
the verses of the Quran and the signs that are contained in the Quran. And the fact that it is revealing, it is very clear it is it's quite telling, it's so obvious and clear. And it does a does a perfect job of clarifying the reality of things. And that's what allows for that I mentioned the stories of previous prophets with their nations, and how the stories unfolded, and that we believe there is safety. In this life in the nest and in disbelief. There is just you incur Allah's Anger upon you, and simply there is just misery in this life and eternal punishment in the hereafter. So this is really what the surah indicating emphasizes and that's why then Allah subhana concludes it
by comforting the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and instructing him how to deal with his people or with
The people these are the people at this time who rejected the message.
Then we'll move on to solid and Naml.
I looked carefully into sort a number try to see what the central what the verse that reveals this. What's the verse that reveals the central theme. And it was.
It was a close call. It wasn't easy. But i i As far as I can see, it's verse number six, where Allah subhanaw taala says, we're in Nicola tulip culpo. And I mean, they don't have him in it. And indeed, on Hamad, you receive the Quran from
one who is wise and knowing from the one who is wise and knowing. So there's an emphasis on these two names of Allah, Al Hakim, and Annie is Hakim descriptions. These are just attributes of Allah, Hakim, and honey. So there is first an emphasis and a confirmation that the Prophet SAW Selim is a true prophet, and he is receiving revelation, which is the Quran. So there's the attestation, test testimony or
to the to the authenticity of the message of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And there is the Quran is being named in the correct natural law. And so that's about the Quran, the book itself, and the source of this book and revelation, which is Allah subhanaw taala, who's the most wise and all knowing, so this surah there is an emphasis on
knowledge and wisdom, knowledge, and wisdom, knowledge and wisdom are emphasized in the soil. So you'll find studying with the story of Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam, there's a lot of emphasis on the, on his own knowledge, which led him to have great power and control over different species and types of creation.
And historian as well with
with the business or the, the Queen of Sheba, of Saba
Bill pace, and
how he had way way more knowledge and wisdom than she had. And that shows that revelation gives us the knowledge and the wisdom we need. You want wisdom and knowledge, you know, take revelation as your foundation as your basis because Allah teaches us what we need. And if we truly, like study the Revelation, the book of Allah, and analyze it and internalize it and reflect upon it, it will give a lot of knowledge. I still remember this, from the old days, a beautiful quote from Scheffel Islam to him, Allah Allah, He said, Anyone who really wants knowledge, take to the Quran. He says, In the Quran, there are treasures of knowledge. And he says, like, throughout his life, he's been like, he
spent his whole life as a student of knowledge, just studying and reflecting on the Quran. And he had a lot of he spent a lot of time just, you know, reflecting on the Quran. He said, the answers are there, the knowledge is there, the wisdom is there, but it just takes time it takes investment for us to sort of unpack that and learn it. So the Quran is full of, and then Allah Subhan Allah towards the end of the Surah, middle part in the end of the Surah, Allah talks a lot. Allah invites us to reflect on his creation on the universe and on how Allah designed the world. And this, again, should help us
should should help us understand the reality of this life and get the wisdom and the knowledge so that sort of syndrome sort of causes. Again, it's primarily the story of Musa alayhis salam.
And it's called the puzzles the stories.
I believe the is having told you about sorting memory, what I believe to Yeah, it's verse number six and sorting, sorting process, verse num. The central verse, As far as I believe, is, verse number five for Allah says, when read or unknown and readiness to a fulfill only when in metal manage the theme, and we wanted to
confer or to come, we wanted to give our mercy or favor upon those conferred our favor and mercy upon those who were oppressed in the land and make them leaders and make them the inheritors.
So this is about
how shifts in power should happen. Allah subhanaw taala this is what this war is about. This whole story of Musa is about a nation that was subjugated the children of Israel, how they were subjugated, and then how Allah subhanaw taala took them out of that subjugation and give them power
and give them dominance.
So this is what the surah is. This is the main theme clearly the main
theme in the song. And it's something we need to reflect upon these days. Because if we want to know how to help the ones who are oppressed, the saw this song gives us the answers. It tells us how, you know, Allah works with his creation, in that sense, how Allah designed this world, and how, what's the right way to handle oppression and do with it and change it? So the whole story of Moses is a clear example on this. Then we'll move on to soil, hunker boots.
And then anchor Well, there's a lot of emphasis on a happier belief. What's the reality of this world? What are we doing in this life?
There's a lot of deep reflection, it's actually starts with the concept of, of trial and tests. Because, you know, when people are tested, and people go through hardship, they question this life. And that means they're thinking deeper. And it's actually a good sign. But the problem is, you know, when people start looking outward, looking outside,
trying to blame outside forces and circumstances for their predicaments, that's when people go wrong. But Allah wants us that when we go through hardship, to look inward, and try to understand and the reality of life and see how does this suffering and this these calamities that we're going through, how do they fit into the grand scheme of things and the whole point behind this one, so Allah says, Do people think that they will be left to say we have believed they have not been tested yet? And we tested the people who came before and Allah shall make those who are true in their faith for the ones or just claiming to have belief. So what I believe to be the central verse
is verse number 41. Allah says method realtyna to huddle. Indonesia, hey, Alia, Camellia Lanka, booty Tahoe, that's beta. We're in ohana, WT Baytril, anchor booty Academy Alamo. The example of those who take allies other than Allah is like that of the spider who takes a home. And indeed, the weakest home, the weakest of homes is the home of the spider, if they only knew.
This surah shows the weakness of the stance or the lifestyle of the arguments of the philosophy of people who reject Faith when they have seen the clear sides is just about this. So I personally believe
that sort of Angkor Wat has the seeds
to a very, two very powerful arguments or principles for arguments that can repel a lot of the doubts that are cast today on the truth whether on the existence of Allah whether on the the authenticity of the Quran, and the mission of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam It seems this is what the surah is dealing with. It shows that if you're not holding on to the truth, which is what was given from Allah to the prophets and messengers, and finally, obviously, with the Prophet Muhammad SAW Salam, and that's the only message that we have without distortion today, then if you believe in anything other than that, then you don't have any, any strong grounds to stand on, you're
just you're taking a house just like the house of like the web of a, of a spider. And this is not even a house it has no strength of its own. So that's really what the surah is talking about. Okay, move on to solid, a room. So this room starts with a history, historical reference to
the battle, the ongoing battle between the Persians and the East German, Eastern royal Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire. And when the
Persians took over, at some stage, then Allah Subhan, Allah promised that the balance of power will shift when it was very unlikely. And the Muslims in the early stages and Mecca there were identifying more with the Byzantines, because these are people of the book, people have the Scripture and they have some of the remnants of the true revelation. So Muslims were identifying more with them, there was more supportive of that. And this is where Allah says, That's what I believe to be the verse that displays the central theme first and before Lilla Hill and Milan and God bloom in that way we'll make any effort to Allah belongs to the command before and after meaning
ALLAH is in charge of Allah allows these things to happen unfolding this way. And then he says, Allah is referring to the fact that what would happen after that,
that the Byzantines would overcome the patience and turn against them. And he says, and that they believe is will rejoice, meaning the believers, the Muslims will rejoice because people who are at a closer proximity to them in terms of revelation will
When, and that shows that there is a level, especially at times of weakness, when Muslims are weak, there's
there's a level of when when other forces are fighting, we don't treat them all at the same. By the same I would say to be, we don't place them at the same distance. People who have who are closer to Revelation, people are closer to the truth, people have more of the truth, we have them closer to us, than people who completely reject the truth and have no luck, share nothing of the of the truth, or the revelation that we have. So it shows there is nuances as well to when Muslims are weak towards, you know, whether individuals how we treat other individuals and how where we place them with regards to, you know, how our connection, our
our hope that things unfold in a good way for them and, and so on how we feel towards them in general. So the whole sort of room is to show and how this all unfolds as well. And it talks about, you know, so many things about how Allah designed Allah talks about
His bounties and his gifts to the creation, how we design humans into male and female and the knee, how we designed the world, the day and night and everything. That means everything is in the hands of Allah, let's say Allah is in control, keep that in mind. And this actually, it could help us today because some today when we are trapped in our, in what's happening in the world, or we might think or everything is just about military power, physical power, material power, right? We tend to fall for that we become captive to our
perception, our immediate perception, but we shouldn't forget in the background, Allah is in control of everything. And Allah allows everything to unfold in this way, according to his knowledge and wisdom and mercy. So reading through the Saurabh
saw lots of room in that sense. And being aware of this should help us a lot, deal with what's going on in the world today. And to put everything in perspective to remember that everything belongs to Allah the command is with Allah, Allah is in charge of everything and he's in control. Then we'll move on to Salalah command.
so look, man,
what I would say it's verse number two, verse them, adding to it, verse number three, they sort of make the,
the what I would say the they show the central thing, and not the man is a wise man. So the surah is about wisdom. And I think to Kenya to Kitab al Hakim, these are the verses of the book Rich in wisdom or the Weisbach meaning of the Quran.
So the surah is just going to show the wisdom of Allah, the divine wisdom that is shown in the Quran, and everything the Quran has, and also shown in the story of Lachman.
And third verse says, hood involvement and mercy Nene, a guidance and mercy to the ones who do well, the ones who do
and, and that shows that wisdom, divine wisdom,
will breed both guidance and mercy. If the people are who to deal with, with the whole approach this divine wisdom, if they are listening, if they are trying their best. They're trying if they are sincere and genuine and honest, in searching for the truth and reaching it and looking for it. So yeah, simply that's what the sutra is, move on to sort of Sajida.
Again, sort of SR is very heavily on matters of belief, especially about the Hereafter.
And it's about the fact
that it establishes the authenticity of the message of the prophets of Allah Islam, and by its name and title says that it's about you only makes you Jude and frustration will basically its full submission to Allah. And really, that's what the song is about.
I believe that verse number two is the central verse at system zero, the tabula rasa. And if you came up on Bill Alameen, the revelation of this book is beyond doubt from the Lord of all worlds. And this requires this kind of submission that you truly believe this book is from Allah, you're not making your disbelief, you're not just believing in some thing that has no proof, the proof is already inside you on your note. So the wholesaler is about, you know, believing in Allah, giving some kind of background on how Allah created the universe. And then Allah, Allah describes what's going to happen on the day of judgment to those who reject the faith and Allah shows you that they
actually they proactively reject the truth. It's not like, oh, it's not convincing, not Veep proactively reject.
that Allah describes the believers are how devout they are and how sincere they are. And you can see the humility in the description of, of the believers.
Then Allah subhanaw taala in the Surah, just addresses the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and, and confronts him and makes a reference to Musa alayhis salam. But it's just about the this surah is about, as I said, submission to Allah's potential, believing in the matters of the unseen and isn't analysis these matters that are already inside of our federal or fitrah is is designed to accept them.
Then we move on to sort of the hub.
So the hub obviously was revealed after the Battle of the Trench. And it was a it was a tough time for the believers for the Muslims when they were surrounded in Medina and they had to dig up the trench to protect themselves, and then they were stabbed in the back by benomyl parabola.
It was a very difficult time Allah describes the believers He said your hearts jumped up to your throats in fear. And people started some of the people started having doubts and these were the hypocrites.
It might be tempting to conclude that the soul or the main verse and the soul or the main theme, and the soul is about the battle itself, but it's actually not the battle is seen is taken as an opportunity or is an occasion to drive the point deeper and the point there is revealed clearly in verse number 36 and salted zap, Allah says one can any movement in one minute in either Allahu Allah sudo Imran pina colada will hear swimmin Emery him
it is not for a believing man or woman when Allah and His Messenger decree a matter to have any other choice in that matter.
And again, this by the way resonates with sorta such that sort of takes the point of sort of the search that takes it further. It's about handing yourself over to Allah complete submission to Allah subhanaw taala we'll look at that as well. Speaking practically, like Muslims were greatly outnumbered, the chances were very slim, almost non existent of survival.
they didn't have enough manpower to fend themselves and defend Medina.
And the hypocrites were in, taken by fear and horror.
Yet Allah subhanaw taala
first, he split the the different troops that gathered together, he split them apart, and they started having disagreements amongst themselves.
And then Allah sent upon them wind, strong wind that got them to decide just to leave. And you do away with the whole mission of this battle.
Yeah, and then how the believers in the midst of all of this chaos and not having anything to hold on to nothing physical or material to hold on to how they put their trust in Allah and they just handed their affairs over to Allah. And this is really what the main theme is. And then it sort of goes on to talk about how the believers submit to Allah, they do tofu in the sense the whole, they,
they they hand their efforts over to Allah, whether they are matters of this world challenges in this world hardships or missions they want to do, or whether there are matters of legislation they just believe in, in the legislation of Allah and they submit to it and they trust that Allah subhanaw taala is doing things in their best interest. Okay, we're gonna stop here in sha Allah. Next week, I'm going to go faster, we'll try to in the next two weeks we'll try to finish in sha Allah we will try to finish the
all of the central verses and all the in all the sorrows so we will go we'll pick up these, the speed inshallah.
So that we can start with the second phase, even Allah to Allah.
Until then, I recommend that you at least skim through these sores that we have covered all the ones that we will cover it will help you inshallah see him see some of those themes and how they are displayed in the Surah until we meet next week, as salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. So Allah was eliminating them from it. While he was far behind me.