Ramadan, Rulings on Fasting

Mohammed Faqih

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Channel: Mohammed Faqih

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You know I pray that Allah subhanaw taala blesses each and every single one of you on this blessing evening in sha Allah Tala with that

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any introduction we're just going to discuss some basic features of fasting since you know most likely

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Ramadan is going to begin day after tomorrow inshallah

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So, what is fasting

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what is fasting fasting

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the word for it in the in the Quranic Arabic or in the religious texts is Sol or cm both mean the same thing, Psalm or cm cm or some means in Arabic they say it means SEC it which basically can be translated as to restrain or to abstain to restrain or to abstain, that's what the word Siyam linguistically means. It also you know, interestingly enough, it also means

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recession, it also means inactivity, you know, sometimes reference to the when they say farmer to the, in classical Arabic. So, so it implies in activity or it implies

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obsession, or desisting, you know, from something, right, restraining once, so, now,

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in the religious texts, right? When we talk about fic it means something very specific, it's a specific type of,

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you know, abstaining, or obsession or specific type of refraining from from something specifically. And obviously, we're all familiar with the fact that, that it specifically means to abstain from eating, drinking, and having sexual intercourse, according to the most basic definition of the word, soul. So that's what it means the most basic definition of the word soul or fast by the way, the word English fast, it almost exactly means the same thing as some right fastest abstain from eating and drinking, especially as a religious practice, right. So abstaining from food, drink, and sexual intercourse during a specific period of time. Right, not indefinitely, obviously.

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And this specific period of time is is set by the Sharia by the by the Islamic tradition.

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So if someone says, I'm, I'm going too fast for 10 hours, well, it's not 10 hours, it's not 12 hours, it's not 16 hours. It's actually from dawn until sunset. Right? Regardless of how long that that time is. Now, in the case of areas that have six months of daylight, or they do not have daylight, they have six months of darkness, they have special rules. Under normal circumstances. It means to abstain from eating, drinking, and from sexual intercourse. From dawn from true Dawn from federal Sada, which is before sunrise was one of the most common mistakes, especially when people give presentations about Islam, or in some cases, when the news media talks about the month of

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Ramadan, they usually say daylight is to abstain from eating and drinking during fasting during daylight time. No, it's actually from before the day like before the sunrise, so it's from dawn until sunset. So that's what it means.

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The when it comes to fasting, obviously, the you know, fasting is one of the most sacred practices in our religion. And it's one of the five pillars of Islam. It's one of the main five pillars of Islam. It's broken. It's a form, it's a well established obligation, and it's one of the pillars of Islam. Denying it would be as would constitute that the person does not believe in the religion of Islam. So it's a very serious or it's a very important practice in our religion.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Hadith said Booney al Islam Allah, that Islam was established upon five principles or five pillars. One of them was

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fasting the month of Ramadan. Allah azza wa jal said yeah even Lilina M N O you who believe quotevalet from Assam, okay makuti vinylidene publikum that fasting was written upon you prescribed, as it was upon those who are before you This is verse 183, from Surah Al Baqarah and two verses after that two is after that Allah Azza good specifically specifies the month of Ramadan shahada Ramadan and let the OISE Luppi Quran is the only month obviously in the Quran, that was actually named Right.

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the fasting of the month of Ramadan was established or prescribed as an obligation in the second year of the hearer of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Before that there were other types of fasting. And you can if you will say that it went through three stages. Stage number one was to fast the day of Ashura used to be an obligation in the later after the fasting of the month of Ramadan, the first Ramadan what happened again happened in the second year from the migration of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam. In other words, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam observed and experience

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five Ramadan in which he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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observed the act of fasting Ali Salah nine Ramadan, sorry, nine Ramadan, right. So second year, third, fourth, fifth 6789 and the 10th year, right. That's what the Prophet salallahu Salam did before that, prior to that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded the companions to pass, he himself did it as well to pass the day of Ashura after that, three days out of every month, right? So the Sahaba use of fats the day of Ashura and then the use of fast three days out of every month, right and it used to be an obligation to fast or to feed that you can't fast and then in the second year, so this went for a year in the second year, a loss of habitat obligated the community

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once they were used to the act of fasting, they were obligated to fast the month of Ramadan the entire month, whether it's 29 days, or 30 days.

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The beginning of the month of Ramadan, like any lunar month, is established by the appearance of the new crescent of the new month. And Allah azza wa jal in the Quran says, to manage Shahid Amin comas, shahada funny, so whoever witnesses and the majority of the scholars of Tafseer are of the opinion that Shahid Amin commercia, hopefully so means that whoever witnesses or sees the crescent of the month, then should should start passing I'm not gonna go into the details of how many individuals have to see it and global sighting or local sighting, just generally speaking, that's what establishes the beginning of any lunar month, including the month of Ramadan, and as a Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also in the Hadith says, to reinforce this, so Maduro at fast for its citing will after all, the Iraqi same thing, you break your fast at the end of the month, you establish the beginning of the following month, month of Shawwal, the 10th month with the signing of them.

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The fasting fasting in general is is a great act of virtue in and of itself. Fasting the month of Ramadan is one of the greatest ways to earn Allah subhanaw taala is pleasure. And as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned, Salah Ramadan whoever observes the passing of the month of Ramadan, Eman and what the seven out of faith and sincerity and expecting reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala will feel no matter condemn in that day, all of his sins will be forgiven. And another Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said me in Ramadan, from one Ramadan to the other to Farah, it's an expiation of the sins that are committed in between obviously the minor sins, but

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major says one has to basically repent from them.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said I saw more or a slayer Jr. that fasting is a protection. So it's a great act of virtue. In addition to that the month of Ramadan, right has other virtues that are mentioned maybe we can mention mention them right now. I will mention two specifically. One is the month of Ramadan is a month of pm as well. Getting up and praying at night

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and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said Mount Carmel Ramadan whoever stands up in the nights of Ramadan, it could be tarawih or otherwise. It could be also gambling or tahajjud. Now karma Ramadan whoever stands up the Knights of the month of Ramadan

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And fast, sorry and you know reads put on. So there are two narrations. They're very similar both of them are authentic. The Prophet said, on sama Ramadan and he said men Hama, Ramadan, whatever gets up in the nights in the month of Ramadan and praise extra voluntary prayers, email and Wi Fi seven again out of faith and expecting a reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala will feel Allah who met up at the very end, his sins will be forgiven.

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The other hadith is a Hadith that specifically talks about the very special night the month of Ramadan. One of the virtues or the merits of the month of Ramadan is that it has a very special night in it. And obviously most of us are familiar with that. It's a little harder. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam specifically mentioned that Mount Carmel a little closer, whoever prays the night have another word for your email and seven off your Allahu Mata, cardamom and then the same thing it says will be forgiven. So the chance of the month of Ramadan, the chance of our sins being forgiven, in the month of Ramadan, and for us to come out of this month with a clean slate.

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Pure insha Allah Allah Allah is very high. You get it if you fast the month of Ramadan, and again with faith and you practice fasting properly. You get it if you pray every night, you get it if you happen to be there on the night of Laila to other praying and so that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said miserable is a person who gets to experience the month of Ramadan and does not get his sins forgiven. Right. So it's a great opportunity for us to have our sins forgiven, be in the Lehi to Allah. Now,

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why were we obligated to fast and multiply by one obviously Allah subhanaw taala said in operand quotevalet It was prescribed and written upon you as it was upon those who are before you. The under contract upon so that you may attain Taqwa just like any other act of worship. The primary goal or objective of any act of worship is for us to attain a high level of spirituality and get closer to Allah subhanaw taala and become mindful of the Presence of Allah azza wa jal and attain piety or virtue become more virtuous people. Allah azza wa jal says, The Allah come upon, right? Again, just like any act of worship Allah subhanho wa taala, Alison Raghu, Rama come worship your Lord who

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created you and those who are before you under the Halacha community, animal public Allah, Allah contact support, so that you would attain piety. Also, there are other benefits from fasting, there are many benefits, there are spiritual benefits, there are social benefits that come out of it there, there are also health benefits, I'm going to focus on the fact that fasting is a great way for us to learn self control, and learn a great virtue is actually the mother of all virtues. And that is sub, right. Patience, endurance, perseverance, steadfastness, you name it. All of these mean the word sub. And that's why the Prophet also calls it shout of sub, the month of sub month of

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Ramadan comes to teach us this beautiful, very empowering virtue, the virtue of southern. In addition to that, you also get to experience hunger feel with other people, it teaches us to be more empathetic. And it strengthens our sense of those who are less fortunate than us. So it's a great experience. For those of us who have experienced it before just in case we have anyone who's experiencing and I'm unwell for the first time can, you know, can attest to the fact that it's one of the most wonderful experiences, in fact, is the most wonderful time of the year. Everybody's excited my own children. I'm excited. So Alhamdulillah that we have come to this point we asked

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Allah azza wa jal to keep us well throughout the whole month and allow us to experience Ramadan and do our best insha Allah and accept whatever we do and forgive our shortcomings in our sins.

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Who is obligated to fast the month of Ramadan? This is a very important question, right? And there are five conditions or five elements to this answer.

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Every individual that has these five conditions is obligated to fast the month of Ramadan, right? These conditions are number one in very obviously, Islam, the person must be Muslim. So if a person is not Muslim, obviously they have other things that they have to do right before they are able to form before they're fast, would count with Allah subhanaw taala which is shahada, right to take the shahada and embrace Islam. So Islam, every Muslim, right, number two a Latin for

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sanity, the person has to be saved the person's mental capacity has to,

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if the individual's mental capacity is impaired,

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to the point where they can't make sound judgment, then that individual is exempt from it. So sanity, right? So every Muslim saying number three, something that is in the, in the fifth terminology known as blue, the person has to be valid. Valid means someone who has reached either the biologically speaking at the age of puberty, so any of the size of puberty has appeared, right, or

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reached their 50th, lunar birthday 50th Lunar birthday. So, according to the lunar calendar, if a person is 15, or if before that, like, you know, they have reached the age of puberty in their development. So, whichever comes first, whichever comes first. So, the signs of puberty are delayed for some reason, once the person becomes 15 year old, according to the majority of the scholars, that individual is considered to be balanced, who is obligated to practice the tenants or the pillars of Islam. So, below, this is the third one. The fourth one is ability, the person must have the physical ability to observe fasting. When we say ability that rules out, individuals who do not

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have the physical ability to do that either due to old age, they're extremely old and frail, their bodies cannot handle fasting, or due to medical conditions, they couldn't be very young, but they have, you know, maybe chronic medical conditions or serious medical condition, or even acute medical conditions that prevents them from passing. If they fast, it can actually aggravate the situation make it worse, or may Allah subhanaw taala, preserve and protect all of our

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community members, it could be someone who, if they fast, it would actually complicate their conditions. So in the case of an individual who has modeled who has a sickness or illness, or a medical condition, or a health condition, that makes fasting, difficult for them, or prevents them, it makes it impossible, then the person may not fast, they're not obligated to fast. And instead, they can wait until they feel better. And they're able to faster than they can make up these days. And if they can't, if they're chronic, if it's a chronic condition that that is permanent, then that individual has the option to feed a miskeen for everyday with skin is someone who is needy, right.

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Or obviously, if you can feed the skin and you can feed also someone who's completely broke or poor. So they can feed a needy person for every day that they break their fast. So the fourth one, again, is ability, right? The fifth condition is

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it's

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if someone has these four conditions, they're obligated to fast accept a less, right, they're traveling. So if the person is traveling, they're not obligated to pass they can be they can have all they can meet all four of the conditions that we mentioned. They will Muslim valid, you know, sane and able physically but they're traveling Allah subhanaw taala gave a special exemption

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and concession for the travelers. So if a person is traveling then they're not obligated to pass. But I must say that if you are traveling right you will obviously have the option to pass but you also have the option not to fast right you can break or fast. If you break your fast you have to make up that whatever days you miss, once Ramadan ends, you make it as soon as possible before the next Ramadan comes upon you. It is very important to point out that if you are traveling, obviously your intention has to be the you know, it has to be sincere you know, you must be traveled for a legitimate reason not

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if you are traveling, you do not break your fast until you actually initiate or until you start your travel. You know because sometimes people think that okay, I'm traveling tomorrow, or let's say Friday, Friday is the first day of Ramadan most likely.

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So yeah, it is it is most likely. You know, I haven't received any updates of any exciting but official announcement will be made. So Friday is the first day of Ramadan. Let's say someone has a flight scheduled at 2pm

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right now

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That individual cannot say, Well, I'm traveling anyway, so I'm not gonna crash, they will have to start fasting, they will have to start their day fasting, once they leave town, then they can break your fast. Or if they're flying, once they take off

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from the runway, once they take off, that's when they can break their fast. But up until the point when they're they start their travel, they must observe fasting, just in case the flight is canceled, just in case they have, they changed their mind. And they have, you know, they they change their plans. Alright, so these are the five conditions that the person has to be in their

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local

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place of residence, they must be able physically, it must be someone who has reached the age of purity. If someone is under that age, they are encouraged to fast but they're not obligated to pass. And the the fourth one is often sanity. And of course, the first one was Islam. So Islam, sanity, ability, puberty, and, you know, being a local resident non traveling.

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Now, there are other conditions or situations that can make fasting

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prohibitive. And I'm going to this is something that applies to certain types of fasting, there are certain days that we're not allowed to fast days of eat the two A's, the days of the three days following the day of eat, in the month of the Asia am a tertiary, right?

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Fasting a day that is considered to be a day of celebration for a non Islamic religious,

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occasion or practice, right. So fasting any of the days of big pagan,

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pagan religions or traditions to celebrate that is not is not permissible. Now, also, for women who may who are experiencing their monthly cycle, they're not allowed to fast, they're supposed to break their fast and then make up the missed days afterwards. Same ruling applies for women who have bleeding due to childbirth. So postpartum bleeding constitutes same thing, the person, the the sister may not pray or fast. However, prayers don't need to be made up. Fasting would have to be made up as the wives of the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam mentioned that we that we were commanded to make up fast, but not our prayers. And this is from the Rama of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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In addition to this, someone who may be pregnant or breastfeeding nursing is also a given concession by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to break her fast if she feels that fasting can actually affect her or affect the child in any way. So a pregnant or a nursing

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mother has the option to break her trust in the during the month of Ramadan. And if she does, then she has to obviously make up these days. Now when and of course there's differences of opinions amongst scholars as to whether she has to make up and give a PDF or not. That's that's a discussion for a later time in sha Allah, Allah generally speaking, pregnant women and also those who are breastfeeding have the option to break their fast

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okay, now, when it comes to fasting, there are certain conditions that pertain to the obligatory fasting of the month of Ramadan that I want you to pay close attention to.

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There is when it you know, fasting or any act of worship, requires intention behind it. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, in a man who Binya that actions are judged by the near the intention, you have to intend to fast

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a fork fast out of obviously devotion and obedience to Allah subhanho wa taala. So that intention has to be present, and when it comes to the month of Ramadan, the scholars may

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To the condition that the person has that intention set from the, from the day before or from the evening before, the night before from before failure. Right? So you, you know, so you have to know that okay? That Oh Is tomorrow, the first day of Ramadan, then I have to pass. So you can't wake up, you know, the middle of the day on Friday Sale, they make an announcement. And then if you're told that it's, it's, it is the first day of Ramadan after you woke up after, after a treasure, or let's say, you know,

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after sunrise, someone woke up and they found out that it's the first day of the month of Ramadan, they're like, Okay, obviously they cannot to preserve the sanctity of the month, that individual may not eat and drink until until sunset. But that day has to be made up because they fail to have their Nia set. Right.

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Definitely stuck for too fast that day. So it's called to be too near right. So you have to have made your intention from the night before the scholars debate do we have to make intention to fast each day of Ramadan or is making intention at the beginning of the month enough sufficient for the rest of the month. And it seems Allah Allah Allah Allah if you have made the intention to pass the entire month of Ramadan, you don't need to renew or verbalize your Nia every night.

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You just have to know that now, if anything comes or happens, the interrupts that that the continuity of your fast you traveled, you went somewhere else, obviously, you have to renew your intention to fast from there from the night before the beginning of your fast.

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This is true to

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to, you know, the first of the month of Ramadan. If it's a voluntary fast, this condition is not required, according to the most correct opinion of the scholars.

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As mentioned in the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, at times, the prophet would come home after fajr. And he would inquire if there is any food or any breakfast or any meal prepared. And if he's told that they have no food for that day, the prophet will say even then he would make initiate the intention and fast. So if you're, you know, fasting, a, you know, voluntary fast, like Mondays and Thursdays, or, you know, or just random days, one day you wake up and you're like, oh, you know what, I haven't eaten anything, it's almost

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two to 2pm. I might as well two payments to like they said before as well. So you have to have done it before. So let's say it's it's 1111 30 You haven't eaten anything and you feel strong and you're like, I might as well just fast. You can initiate the intention, you know, midday, but when it comes to the obligatory fasting of the month of Ramadan, or if you're making up any days from the month of Ramadan, then your intention has to be set from the night before a show a long time.

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There are certain recommended acts and practices that are recommended by our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when it comes to the Torah fasting in general and fasting in the month of Ramadan, in particular, the first one is Sahul. So what is the meal that Sati or basically it's the meal that you eat late at night or early in the morning, depending on how you look at it. But this is the meal that you eat before fetcher before you commence or before you start your fast. It's so not to get up and eat something even if it's some days. There is baraka in it. As a prophet mention in the Hadith that is agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of NSB nomadic probably Allahu anhu, who

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said that the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the Sahel for in the Sahara Baraka that there is a blessing in Soho. So indeed, consumed or or eat your soul. So Sahara is established sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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The the other sunnah related to Sahara is that the whole should be delayed in a sunnah to delay support, but don't risk it. You don't want to come too close to the time of treasure, right? So make sure that you finish eating before the time comes in the true Dawn time comes in. And the prophet in the Hadith said that is no material higher than my Alma will be in good state. So long they delay the hook. The end he mentioned something else which is the third element, which is to hasten breaking the fast. So as soon as it's

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Sunset as soon as it's sunset, as soon as McRib comes in. The Sunnah is to quickly break your fast with anything. Obviously, the Prophet used to prefer to do that with fresh dates, fresh right? Dates. And if he couldn't find that, then dried days. And if he couldn't find that, then water, right, this is where the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam used to do. And that should be done as soon as the time comes in, is from the practice of people who adhere to the prophetic tradition to hasten their fast as soon as the time comes. Someone might say, well, I can't hear the event. You know, I use, you know, check Google or I check my calendar. Can I break my fast right when the time comes

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in? Yes. And if you feel like you know what, maybe I can give myself a minute just to make sure that the time came in, just in case there was something with your device that no problem with that, but you should not delay it like 10 minutes or, or until it gets dark. Some people have this obsessive practice, which is not from the prophetic tradition.

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Also, we are highly recommended to observe fasting at all levels. Fasting is not only I mean, primarily, technically speaking, fasting is abstaining from eating and drinking, but we also are supposed to abstain from committing sins, abstain from vain, talk, abstain from abusing anyone or wasting our time. And instead, we should be using this time to worship Allah subhanaw taala make dua read Quran, the month of Ramadan is the month of Quran. One of the most recommended acts to be done is to revise the Quran or read the Quran in the month of Ramadan as many times as you can do dhikr ask Allah Subhana Allah for forgiveness, make dua for your prayers on time. You have to be the best

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that you can be during the month of Ramadan. Insha Allah, Allah Allah. And speaking of dua, you know, the month the month of Ramadan is the month of July, in the middle of, of the verses that talk about fasting and the month of Ramadan, Allah azza wa jal

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revealed a verse that was placed right in the middle of these verses. And Allah azza wa jal says what he does and I'll tell you that the Hanmi Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, messenger of Allah is our Lord near close to us, is our Lord Allah subhanaw taala. Our creator is here, Is he close to us that so that we have to that so that we can just simply whisper our needs and have this intimate conversation and talk to ALLAH SubhanA data? Or is he forest that we have to raise our voices?

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So Allah azza wa jal responded to that inquiry himself. And Allah said to me, a party will OG without a day that that if my servants asked you about me, then indeed I am close, I am near and close to them. And I asked, or I respond to the,

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to the request, or to the application of any supplicant, or anyone that prays to Me whenever they pray, or they call upon me, by the SOG. Will you will you let me know via alone? Yes, you do. So it's the month of fasting. And on top of that, the Prophet sallallahu says, I want everyone in Charlotte to pay attention to this one. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, that they're Lisa in in difficulty that the person who observes fasting

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at the moment of them breaking their fast, there were two network, they have an opportunity to make dua or to make a wish or to pray and ask for something, and it will not be rejected. It will, it will force you're not doing so at the moment of you breaking your fast, you may make dua and ask Allah Subhana Allah for guidance for acceptance for forgiveness, whatever you need, your your heart will not be rejected.

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Fasting

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is

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an act of virtue that Allah subhanaw taala attributes to himself Kulu Kulu, Amma Livni, Adam and I hope that all of the actions or deeds the son of Adam performs are for him it last song except fast. And finally he does it for me. No one knows whether you're fasting or not. So if you're when you're fast, you're doing it for ALLAH SubhanA with Allah is the most sincere act of worship, right?

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You're really there has to be something wrong for anyone to fast for other than a loss.

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So, so, lasagna in the Holy nicb and Allah subhanaw taala so I would reward him for it.

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There are certain things that invalidate faster and we should be aware of that. What are the things that break our fast? Generally, again, speaking, there may be differences among some school the fifth one

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Generally speaking, these are the agreed upon

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elements, I will mention the ones that are that are relevant to show Matan.

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The first and the most obvious one is in eating or drinking intentionally. Alright, to intentionally eat and drink, why am I saying intentionally

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to eat or drink intentionally during the time that you're supposed to be fasting from dawn until sunset, because if you do it unintentionally, meaning you forgot, especially the first few days, sometimes people are used to, especially now with us being

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in, you know, some people may be there, we're on lockdown.

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And some people are just used to just eating a snack around the clock. So it could happen, we need to be very careful, obviously. But it could happen that the person eats and they forget that they're actually passing. Right. So in this case, this is this is not intentional eating, it does not break fast. And by the way, when we say eating, you know, consuming anything, whether it's edible or not, whether it's liquid or solid, right, breaks fast. So anything, if anything makes it into your cavity, or into your right intestine into your internal organs, like you, you swallow it, right, whether it's through your mouth or otherwise, then doing that intentionally will break the fast no

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matter how small that amount is. So we need to abstain from from that and be very careful, right? Number two, sexual intercourse invalidates fasting, right? And it's a major violation of the sanctity of the month of Ramadan. Number three,

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the start of a monthly cycle, or ministration for women that automatically breaks the fast of that day. Number four, intentionally vomiting if someone sticks their finger down their throat and they want it intentionally, that breaks the fast. So these are the agreed upon

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acts that invalidate or break someone's fast

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if someone

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unintentionally does any of these things,

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it doesn't invalidate someone's fast. If you have any specific questions about any specific action that could potentially break your fast we can inshallah discuss that in the q&a session.

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Okay.

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So when do we begin fasting as soon as the month of Ramadan is declared, either by siding or by the completion of the month of Shaban 30 days. So for instance, tonight it's not visible visible anywhere else. According to the calendar. This is the 29th day of Shaban tomorrow is the 30th day of Shabbat it wasn't seen anywhere in the world.

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So far. Yeah, we're done here. Sunset took place already in California. So and I haven't received any reports and obviously it wasn't it wasn't going to be visible anyways. So that means tomorrow is the 30th of Shaban. And Sunday, Friday is the first day of Ramadan automatically we don't need to see the moon tomorrow night since tomorrow is going to be the 38th of Shabbat. So the month of Ramadan begins with one of two things, either the sighting of the moon on the 29th

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day of Shabbat or by the completion of the month of Shaban 30 days. Once we shut month of Shabbat is a full month of 30 days, then automatically the following day will be the first day of Ramadan. Right.

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So again, it's important to have our Nia too fast that day the first day of Ramadan from the night before so make sure that official announcement is made. Make sure that you have your knee in place. The matter of fact the best way to ensure that is to get up and practice the Sunnah of

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eating Sahul Inshallah,

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one quick question is, when do we begin starting, praying for all we When do we start praying taraweeh we can start as early as tomorrow night is sha Allah to Allah. So these are this is basically a basic overview of the fit of fasting. If you have any specific questions, I'll be more than happy to inshallah respond to them. And with that, Inshallah, we will stop right here and check to see if you have any

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A questions for me

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Allah Allah

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I'm still here looking for my water bottle

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looking for your questions inshallah

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this will

00:40:49--> 00:40:50

Masha Allah

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okay

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Okay, the first question is, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there are some people that will fast and only get hunger and thirst out of out of their past out of it. How do we make sure that the only thing that is that how do we ensure that we're not the these people were not part of this category of people who would, who will starve themselves go through the suffering and get nothing out of it? Who is a Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam referring to the Prophet was referring to people who fast, meaning they abstain from eating and drinking, but they do not.

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They do not experience fasting, in terms of abstaining from lying, from backbiting, from committing sins, so, so that's why we in the month of Ramadan, my dear brothers and sisters, we have to really quit some of these bad habits that we're supposed to actually not engage in, whether it's Ramadan or not, but specifically, and especially when you're in a state of fasting, in the sacred month of Ramadan, we should be, we should do our best to stay away from these practices, because it will diminish your reward, it will take away from your reward. And then at the end of the day, you may end up losing the entire reward. Sometimes we abused other people, we end up giving them all the

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reward of our hard work. So so we ensure by you know, as I mentioned, he said,

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you know, staying away from things that invalidate your fast that's the easy part. That's what 90% of the muscles can do. Most people can even I've seen people who not even listen to fast that's not the hard part. The hard part is to go to the next level to the higher level. When your limbs your faculties fast, you don't look at haram you don't listen to haram you don't say haram things you you don't say inappropriate things you become virtuous, you allow fasting to transform you and make you a better person right, you do not over indulge you do not indulge at all. I mean fasting is about abstinence not intelligence. Unfortunately, most people they get it the other way around, especially

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after they break break their fast some people mashallah they do very well during the daytime and then they come in in the evening and they ruin everything and they have worked so hard for so make sure that the month is a month of devotion and worship. So focus on that inshallah God when is Ramadan is starting, I mentioned that in the course of my talk in sha Allah Huhtala. Friday would be the first day of Ramadan de sha Allah.

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Will there be taraweeh prayer in person or on video?

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So far, no, there is nothing scheduled. We'll see in sha Allah, Allah, what will happen within the next week or two, but it doesn't look like any of the restrictions are going to be lifted anytime soon. So, so let me just say a couple of words. Taraweeh My dear brothers and sisters during the time of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam were not prayed in a congregation. In a large enough. You people used to pray individually Kunstkammer lay, they have a lead, we don't congregate.

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And the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, he used to to pray in the masjid. And then people started to join him in Ramadan. And then it grew bigger and bigger. So eventually the Prophet stopped coming up because he noticed that if he goes and prays everybody's gonna join him join him and they consistently do it the prophets of Allah they sent them was afraid that it may become

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an obligation on them, it will become a tradition that has to be maintained. So the prophets I send them stopped doing that. So there's a have used to pray individually used to pray in the small groups at home, the Masjid doesn't matter, whatever they can, but that's what they used to do. And that happened also during the time of Abu Bakr and your, during the time of Omar for, you know, for for many years, that's how they used to do it. But what happened is these small groups or individuals, the numbers grew, right. And the masjid will be like full of people who are praying individually, they're, they're kind of interfering, or they're, you know, causing disturbing one

00:45:42--> 00:46:30

another. So, our model of the Allahu Anhu received the suggestion of basically bringing people together under one Imam if everybody's spraying so we might as well all pray together in a congregation and he had obey even the Capitol was one of the best for Iraq, to lead the salah. And this tradition was established during that time, and it was approved by all of the Sahaba it was approved by a man while the Allahu Anhu Amuro Ali or the Allahu Anhu and the rest of the major Sahaba. And they used to join that as well. So, so, you know, from from that time, it became a established tradition. Now because of the current situation, we're going back to how it used to be

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during the time of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe salam to an apostle, where we can pray as individuals so it's a good practice it's you know, we're reviving it so now I know many people that used to pray on their own or at home so establish that prayer at home with your loved ones or you can pray by yourself as well. They shall long time

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blood work the correct opinion on blood work is that it does not invalidate your fast

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right and it's not like a drama, it does not invalidate your your fast however, if it's needed, and if it can cause

00:47:15--> 00:47:47

weakness if it's going to make you weaker, or if it's needed to be done and it's going to affect you physically. Right then you can you can break your fast and that's an exemption to break your fast because it's if it's for a treatment or if it's something that is going to weaken you then you can break your fast for this is a medical condition and you will have to make up that day once Ramadan ends

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Okay, masha Allah, we have a beautiful question by someone who is observing fasting for the first time. I'm a new, I'm new to Islam. I only had an online shahada with one person on the other end of the line. Am I a Muslim? Yes, you are sister. You don't need anyone. As you know, your you make your testimony your your declaration of proclamation of faith, you make it to Allah subhana wa Tada Yes, you are, you know our sister, you are Muslim. If Allah accepts my fat Allah will accept your class Inshallah, please pray for us. And congratulations, and welcome to the community. Welcome to Islam. And congratulations on your first Ramadan. May Allah subhanaw taala be with you and make sure that

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you reach out inshallah to Allah, there is no Muslim Academy.

00:48:50--> 00:49:04

You know, I hope someone can post it on the link or the chat box, new Muslim Academy. They have a lot of great resources, online resources for new Muslims. Welcome, welcome to Islam, sister.

00:49:07--> 00:49:08

Okay, let's see.

00:49:16--> 00:49:20

Okay, obviously, I must say this,

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in this kind of setting, in a religious setting, in a learning academic setting, you know, shyness should not prevent us from learning the truth and learning our religion. Insha Allah Allah. So I commend those people who are asking some of these maybe sensitive questions or questions that people don't feel comfortable asking. We have to ask these questions and get the correct answer for them.

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People clean themselves with the days right? And some of these bad days can be very, they have force like the water, could that invalidate or break your

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Fast know what breaks your vast is food or you know something that you consume making its way into your belly or your cavity through the normal

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you know, natural

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X you know through your mouth or through your nose right but but the you know water possibly entering your into you know through through the day that does not break or fast and it's not going to stay in there anyways so in Charlottetown that doesn't break your fast and Allah knows best

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if you have COVID-19 Do you have to pray or and fast? Obviously you have to pray if you can stand up and pray Yes, you have to pray if you can't stand up you pray sitting. And if you can't sit up, then you pray late, you know on your back that Allah subhanaw taala give you give you full recovery. And may Allah subhanaw taala cure you someone with COVID-19

00:51:06--> 00:51:31

is asking this question, do they have too fast obviously fasting is good if if they are have serious symptoms or conditions or even if they don't, I think they need to get over this they need to hydrate themselves. Obviously this is a serious it can become a serious medical condition in their case, they can break their fast and then whenever inshallah they recover B then then they can make up these days they shall.

00:51:34--> 00:51:40

And always when it comes to medical conditions, please always consult with your physician with your with your

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health care provider. If they tell you that fasting can actually worsen your conditions or if it's if they tell you not to pass then you should listen to their advice as long as you know you're trustworthy medical care professional

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and then you can inshallah Jota Allah make these these miss days

00:52:07--> 00:52:07

Oh

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yes, when it comes to making up any day from the previous animala it should have been done before the beginning of this automobile, right? You must you should have finished by today or tomorrow the latest? I mean, tomorrow, you're right. So, if you have any days that you haven't made up, obviously there are differences of opinions, you know, I adopt the school of law that says that if you have any missed days that you have not made up and this Ramadan comes upon you whatever days you have left, you will have to feed miskeen for each day. So feed, you know give give give some sort of feeding

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you know, of a Miskin whatever amount of for for each day that is missed for delaying it. But yes, once if you have any miss days, you must make them up before the next Ramadan headset. Shawn, thank you for posting the new muscle Academy.

00:53:24--> 00:53:40

Zach, thank you. I appreciate that. Whoever did that, may Allah bless you, please, our tech support, keep that there. And if you can cut it and paste it in the chat box on the YouTube channel, I would appreciate that as well.

00:53:45--> 00:53:58

If someone is diabetic, is he or she obligated to fast again, it depends on their situation and what their medical care professional says if they can't handle fasting. Yes, diabetes is

00:53:59--> 00:54:02

is a you know, can be a

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chronic medical, it's a it's a chronic medical condition, depending on which type it is and whether they can handle fasting or not. Yes, they can break their fast. My mom, may Allah subhanaw taala give her full sheet that is diabetic she has been for for maybe more than two decades, almost almost for three decades. And she used to fast up until you know, maybe five, five or six years ago and you know, and I used to tell her not to but she used to pass so it's up to the individual and obviously they have to consult their medical care professional if from what I know it can really have an impact on a diabetic person. So there's there's no need to risk it you can you have the permission

00:54:49--> 00:54:59

from Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to break your fast and Allah will give you a reward and full because you will be rewarded for your intention. They shall long time

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All right

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okay, there's a question with with regards to the regular monthly cycle for women.

00:55:21--> 00:55:24

I'm just wondering this okay

00:55:25--> 00:55:31

50 issue situations that pertain to monthly cycles or

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or hiring or administration tend to be very complicated. So therefore my advice is in sha Allah azza wa jal please contact me as soon as possible. Because you know, for for I need more details to be able to address this, this this question you can call me at 901

00:55:56--> 00:56:03

noisier 14440833 extension 104

00:56:04--> 00:56:08

Call me sha Allah to Allah and we can discuss this in sha Allah

00:56:20--> 00:57:00

if we if you if you're someone who is fasting Mondays and Thursdays on a regular basis, so let's say you're someone that fast Mondays and Thursdays on a regular basis, can you fast tomorrow? Yes. Otherwise, it's not permissible to pass the day of a shift. We're not supposed to fast today or tomorrow, right? Especially tomorrow, see, only check it's almost agreed upon. That is not permissible to fast yo must check. Unless it is someone who is who fasts, Mondays and Thursdays on a regular basis. And they and this happened to be a Thursday, tomorrow is a Thursday, so you can maintain your habit and fast.

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Which one is better? I think

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it's better not to.

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Okay, if okay, if someone is very old and weak, and they just converted to Islam, are they obligated to fast? No. Again, we said so, as a Muslim, you're supposed to fast but if we said that elderly person who may not be capable, right, who does not have the like physically fasting could actually

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weaken them or it could actually it causes, let's say health risks to them, they are exempt from fasting and they will just need to feed an escape for everyday. So I can't say I mean 72 All depends, right? There are 70 year olds that can actually fast there are stronger than me and there are some who may not be there are people who are younger than that that do not have physically they are not capable of passing so. So it depends on the individual and their situation. And they should also always consult their doctors

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all right. 19 some cleanup so on if someone's only

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work okay.

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Okay, great. I think I covered all of the questions is our call off here. This was wonderful.

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Inshallah, obviously, again, if you have any specific questions during the month of Ramadan, we're going to have a hotline, that hotline but an hour of an open line, where you can show a call to ask any questions

00:59:21--> 00:59:25

regarding fasting or any issue that you may have. Again, it's the same number

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901-444-0833 extension 104. Zack will log into my brothers and sisters for tuning in. I wish you all a blessed, joyous and amazing Ramadan in sha Allah Allah. Please stay tuned with us. Insha Allah azza wa jal. We have a lot of programs coming up for you during this blessed month. May Allah subhanho wa Taala preserve you and protect all of you may Allah accept our deeds and forgive

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For our sins and to my Memphis Islamic Center Community Ramadan Mubarak to all of you said I want to Lucha locket