Tafsir Juz 29 #27 – Al-Muzzammil 4
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 29
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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.
Al hamdu. Lillahi Rabbil Alameen.
Wa salatu. Salam yada so you do not want to be in our Habibie now Imam Shafi Muhammad, while they are so happy to hear that we are in women to be on the sun in a humid Deen Subhan Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Tana in LA limmud Hakeem
All praise is due to Allah Almighty, we send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam, his noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the Day of Judgment.
Glory be to You or Allah, no knowledge have we accept that what you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise or Allah open our hearts and our brains to the Quran, and make it an argument for us and not against us on the Day of Judgment. May Allah subhanaw taala make us of those who stand up in the middle of the night to pray and to recite the Quran. As we are learning from the surah.
Brothers and sisters we continue with Surratt and Muzammil and Allah wills we'll finish it today in sha Allah
we left off last with the with verse number 18.
Now there'll be a shape on your
Bismillah Hill manual walking
felt will be
a new folder
the heat and
the heat killer to
be surbey They haven't worked break apart from
ever as his promises fulfilled. Indeed, this is a reminder to whoever wills may take to his Lord away.
This is also related to the verses that we spoke about before the verses before a
few verses before we read on the day the earth and the mountains will converge on the mountains will become a heap of sand pouring down and so on okay. And all of these amazing and very scary phenomena phenomenon that occur on the Day of Judgment, whether it is with respect to the Earth or the mountains. And even as we see in the next few verses, even the children becoming white or gray haired on the Day of Judgment, all of these things are part of the the the ball and the amazing phenomenon Mandy and you add to that also Subhanallah that on that day the heavens will break apart and we have spoken about this before Allah however on the Day of Judgment they haven't in its beauty
in its perfection. It will split apart it will break apart you will not know it your luck. Yanni see the same way that you see it now. It's perfection is gone, it will be torn apart. Okay. In the other verses it mentions, whatever Simone Shaka
literally appeared, you know the sky pairing up here he said the summer on puppet on the same idea, the idea of cracking or splitting asunder, right when we talk about the Santa Ana parrot, right, and this is what it means it will be split apart or it will be broken apart on that day. And this is why we mentioned Allah Allah according to some of the seller, that this is why the angels will be on
its sides or on the extents of the heavens, they no longer be in the center and in the core. We know that what malaco Allah, meaning on its side, the angels will be on the sides. Why? Because it will be torn in the middle it will break apart to not be the same way as it is now. And as we know all laws cease to exist on the Day of Judgment. So don't try to understand it in a physical way. Okay, or a scientific way, science stops on the Day of Judgment, sciences Allah that Allah subhanaw taala put in place. So wherever he wants to break that law, he breaks it. He is above the law, the law is not something that Allah subhanaw taala is restricted to exactly the opposite. He put this law
Okay, and it seems to be working perfectly fine in the dunya. But when he wants that law to be violated, he violates it, just like the fire was Satan, Ebrahim or insula, right, it was called and it was peace, the opposite of what we usually know about the fire, even though now every time put your finger inside the fire 1 million times, and it will probably burn you 1 million times. But at that moment, I was
commanded otherwise, on the day of judgment on Mars will cease to exist, and the heavens in its perfection and beauty will split apart and will be torn apart. Allah subhanaw taala will grant the security on that the summit
will break apart there from be here.
It means Allah Allah
on the Day of Judgment, Osama Oman fupre Don't be some linguistic scholars of linguistics said this is going to be in other words Moon puppet on fee that on that day or in it, the heavens will be
broken apart. A summer will be a reference to the Day of Judgment. Can Awad the Houma Flula ever is his promise fulfilled everything, all of his promises concerning the Day of Judgment. It's almost as if maybe people will find it difficult to believe that these heavens will split apart how, in what way we don't know what you can't explain the how is reassuring you indeed his promise will be fulfilled, I have no doubt, it is absolutely certain that children will become gray haired whether that is real.
Or a metaphor signifying the awe and the fear on that day all of these different phenomenon that he described subhanho wa Taala will be fulfilled everything he promises in this moron will be fulfilled, can the home of ruler his promise will be fulfilled with regards to everything that he has promised in the Quran and especially with respect to the Day of Judgment? Indeed, this is a reminder
what does this refer to? Indeed, this is a reminder what is a reminder
there are two or three opinions, most probably either this surah is a reminder so that was in the Hadith and Kira or
the other possibility is yes these verses okay, that they are a reminder, these previous verses concerning the Day of Judgment and what Allah subhanaw taala is speaking about there, these are indeed a reminder and some scholars said the whole Quran is a reminder okay we know the whole Quran is a reminder but whether that is what is meant by in the Hadith, that Cara, whether the pronoun This refers to the whole Quran, Allah Allah because it is
a female right pronoun, and the Quran is usually referenced with a male pronoun. But this is what some scholars said also, either way, it is all a reminder, it is the whole Quran as a reminder, Allah subhanaw taala is constantly reminding us because we are constantly forgetful. In the Hadith at Kia Femen shahada Isla de Sevilla. So whoever wills may take to his Lord away.
In other words, you are free.
Allah subhanaw taala is not forcing you or compelling you into anything. And I'm sure you don't feel that Allah has compelling you into doing anything into believing or into this believing it's completely up to you. Unless there's someone another human being who is forcing you to do something or you are in jail, or you are compelled in one way or another by another human being. Otherwise, does anyone feel that Allah azza wa jal is moving him like a pawn on a chessboard? No, of course not. No one says this.
If you wish, belief and if you wish to disbelief, you want to take to your Lord away you want to take a path to Allah subhanaw taala No one is stopping you.
That which is good is available and that which is evil is available, choose what you please but you will be held accountable for your choice. know that very well. Don't have any doubt, famine shall
be severe. Also, take
your way My dear brother and sister to Allah subhanaw taala it's insane from
whoever would like will pick this path. This is the easiest path this is the best. This is the cleanest part. This is the purest. This is the only path that will save you on the Day of Judgment.
I will guarantee you a clean and beautiful life in the dunya the path to Allah subhana wa Taala and also for the child to hada, LRB, Sevilla, he didn't say sabula There's no single there are no ways to Allah, there's one way to Allah and this is La ilaha illallah, Muhammad Rasool Allah one way only. It's not like many of the disbelievers say today, and
people who be believe in the, you know, the ecumenical concept where everything is good, and I believe in all the religions, and I'm, you know, Christianity is fine and Judaism and Buddhism. I'm a believer in all of the religions and all of the face and there are many paths to Rome. Isn't that what they say? When you start calling them to Allah,
to remember the paths to Allah, so you have your path, and I have mine? No, there is only one path to Allah subhanaw taala one savvy,
and this is Islam. This is the only acceptable religion to Allah subhanaw taala. In the end,
we may have to make that perfectly clear. If they disagree with it, or they're trying to show that everything else is acceptable, then you are forced to show that the only acceptable ways the way of Islam and shahada Illa be sadena one way and this is with the guidance of whom Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa early who have sent them you cannot say La Ilaha illa Allah and then say I want to understand that in Allah according to my own belief, and not according to the way of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam if you digress from the way Prophet Moses Allah, this is not Toshi.
If you disbelieve in brother Muhammad wa salam, then this is not the hate either and this is not what Allah subhanaw taala will accept. Can you give me any verse in the Quran that will give you that meaning? If someone were to come and say I'm a Muslim but I don't believe in Prophet Muhammad Salah
obey Allah and His messenger. Okay, what else?
Very good. What else?
good. But there's one that's very clear with the name of Muhammad, because in those ones he might say, well Rasul, we have another Rasul. We have also that came later and we know there are many sects of Hala that seem close to Islam but they're not Islam. And you know, the Pantheon is and the different people
the name of Muhammad in surah Muhammad Allah Dena Amma No, amin husana. Well, I'm an OB Ma, Mozilla Allah Muhammad, and it perfectly clear those who believe in directions, good deeds, and believe in what has come down to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is true belief. You cannot say I believe in the Quran, and then
claim that you don't believe in them or send them or that there was a prophet after him. God forbid, or something of that nature. Femen shahada
Allah azza wa jal is saying basically I'm warning you this is a reminder whoever wishes them seek the path to Allah subhanahu wa Hanna
long we will
the moon up in the moon
Sal Amin. What on earth was
warmer to the Mooney fusi coup
de doop de ma who
was still here
indeed your Lord knows so Mohammed that you send it
In prayer, almost two thirds of the night, or half of it,
or a third of it, and so do a group of those with you.
And Allah determines the extent of the night and the day. As this is a long verse, we'll we'll go through it inshallah part by part.
Firstly, this noble verse
is the verse
where Allah subhanaw taala
abrogated the obligation of pm will lick whether that was an obligation for the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam alone,
or whether that was an obligation for the prophets of salaam as well as the Sahaba which by the way, and you will find seems to be the opinion of many scholars, okay, after I've said and even though there are others that have the other opinion, either way, it was abrogated
by consensus for the Ummah
had it been an obligation, it is definitely no longer an obligation, it is recommended, is not fun anymore. And this is the idea that shows that and there is an authentic sellable Mazoon a reason for revelation of this idea.
That is on the authority of the ambassador of the Allah on that he said that when
the first verses of Sultan resemble were revealed, of where the order came to Prophet Maha Sanlam, to stand up in the middle of the night to pray, half of the night or little bit less or more,
that he under Sahaba stood up to pray.
And they did so for a long time.
And that was a little bit difficult for them.
Until Allah subhanaw taala sat down the dispensation, the allowance
with these verses, this last verse, and because of what is mentioned in this verse of Japan, of fighting, that's why
there is the popular opinion that this last verse was revealed in Medina,
even though I've been cathedra, and other scholars insist that the whole chapter was revealed.
Okay. And I'll explain that a little bit more as we go along.
But the point is, that the obligation of pm was abrogated, According to some scholars, even for Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam okay, this is why here we mentioned that the that there are three popular opinions. Number one we said for the Ummah, it is a consensus, right? It was abrogated
if it had been an obligation before it definitely is recommended now
for the Prophet salallahu Salam, they differ quite a bit, okay.
It is said that even Abbas was of the opinion that for Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem, it remained an obligation
This is what an imam Pembury also
believed. Al Imam Shafi has both opinions, one opinion where he said yes, it was abrogated for profit Mazar Salem and it was converted from obligatory to recommended and he has the other opinion also, which is that even for profit mouths or Salem, it remained rather for him and obligation. And interestingly enough, both
proponents of the different opinions, both of them use the verse and salt and straw to support their opinion. Okay, which is the higher Wamena layer if it had been affiliate and luck, right?
The way they translated
in this translation
They said, and from part of the night pray with it as additional worship for you. They define it as additional worship. The word is nephila and nephila, we know is recommended. So some of the scholars who said it isn't recommended prayer. They said look, we're in a lane if at 100 BV, in other words, perform the 100. Now,
it is enough enough for you to recommend an act. The other proponents of the other opinion said Well, if that is the case, then why did they say that Phillip
recommended act for
You when it is actually a recommended act for all
Why confusing you?
So, it is indeed a recommended act. Why would you say an affiliate and luckily it has nothing.
So they this they said nephila here does not mean a recommended act, nephila Here comes to mean something additional as the translation mentioned something additional even Ibis explained it as,
as Allah xuejun has obligated things upon you. In addition to those obligations, nephila, something added to that, for you specifically is to handle something added to the obligatory worship, okay.
gives a different opinion which an Imam will probably also refuted in his opinion, but it is also a popular opinion that scholars
took his opinion Imam Mujahid is that nephila Tanaka here means
it is an Effie not only for Prophet Mohammed Al Salam in the sense that all recommended acts that Muslims do
are used to expiate their sins, right?
In other words, you when you do your obligatory prayers, everything else that you do as an app, that expiate for sins, okay? It comes in its place, or to compensate for lack of doing the obligations properly. The only one who doesn't have those sins because it sends us have been forgiven, past and future is profitable. So for all practical purposes, the only man for whom recommended actions do not expect sins, but really are an extra form of worship and
raising of his status, His Prophet Muhammad, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah and this is what he meant by that.
It is not enough for you, it is not natural for the rest of us, refuted that opinion.
And he gave his opinion against that and he was of the opinion of Ivanovna. So instead of an ambassador, Allah Allah and one opinion of Lima Shafi said it remained an obligation upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, many of the other scholars and the other opinion of Imam Shafi also that it became a sunnah it became a recommended act even for Prophet Muhammad Salim so the abrogation applies to the end Prophet Muhammad salah, and the lien is a strong one. And that is the fact that when the man came to Prophet Muhammad wa salam, and he asked him, What should I do? And he
told him about the pipe obligatory prayers, He said, Should I do? Am I obligated to do anything other than these five obligatory prayers? He said, No, except that you do something of extra recommended prayers. So it means the only obligation in the five Ragam obligatory prayers in the day, even at Witter, which the in the Hanafi madhhab is word even though watch out for them is less than further it's not exactly an obligation, right they differ.
With this hadith we can claim that with it is not an obligation, it means if I don't pray with it, I have not incurred a sin have not committed a sin in the correct opinion according to most of the scholars and the other meta head and based on this hadith, mind you it is definitely so number
one the difference between pseudonym Qaeda and Sunnah
very strong. But in addition to that,
never abandonded Prophet Muhammad wa salam never left Salatin with it. Not while in the place he resided, and not what he was traveling wherever he went. He kept to it. But that's why some scholars I believe one of them's even email, he said the best recommended prayer even more than the rest of the daily recommended acts of solitude witness, I am amazed that people who abandoned solitude with her even while they are in their place of residence, much less to leave it the only while at travel, even though Prophet Moses LM didn't leave it, neither in this case or the other.
There's a third opinion. What could it mean? Either it's abrogated completely
The third opinion is that the abrogation applies to a part of the pm and that is that the again we're speaking about Prophet Muhammad SAW said, No.
The abrogation was not completely for the PM, the abrogation
was for the
he ordered him to prep the half of the night a little bit less or more that these proportions were abrogated pray PM, even if it is too raucous
right Jonnie In the
he says, So recite what is easy for you, um, the Quran, okay? Meaning, pray that you can have Nokia, no longer isn't an obligation to necessarily pray a half of the night or a little bit less or more, the proportions are gone. But it is still obligatory, at least to pray something of PM, this is the third opinion is this clear?
your Lord knows, oh Mohamed, that you stand in prayer, almost two thirds of the night Allahu Akbar. Two thirds, but almost two thirds close to two thirds of the night. He knows you are standing up in the middle of the night to pray with Allah's prayers and blessings be upon him, or half of it.
Or a third of it.
This is an acknowledgement from Allah. And there's nothing more beautiful than this. Yeah, and when you get Subhanallah an acknowledgment from another human being or from someone in your workplace, you are so satisfied or so on. So we know you did the following job and you did it perfectly well Masha Allah,
kudos to you, you're doing very well keep it up. And how much Subhanallah that gives you confidence. This is an acknowledgement from Allah in
after all of that prayer, whether it has been for one year, in the popular opinion, as we mentioned before, or 10 years, some scholars also only were fond of that opinion that this obligatory the AMA Lane was for 10 years, okay? Allah Allah,
that after all of that fatigue, even if it is for one year for a full year, they are praying either half of the night or 1/3 of the night, three or four hours. It's like the way you are praying in Ramadan, of course, that is not even that is not half of the night, but the way you regard it and all of that effort you spend in Ramadan, now considering that you are doing it not in the last 10 but for the whole year. And finally the acknowledgement comes from Allah subhanaw taala your Lord indeed knows that you stand up
in prayer almost two thirds of the night or half of it or a third of it. And so do a group of those with you I'm sure those with you also celebrated upon hearing this
the companies that prayed along with him or of course when we say what we refer to Mr. Levine
Most probably it seems to mean and a group of those with you in other words with the utmost Sahaba not with you in prayer necessarily right but if it Amina Latina Mark are also praying their own individual pm will these proportions okay? It may be a reference to some of the Sahaba who prayed when Prophet Muhammad Salah didn't kill, such as Abdullah Abdullah
and different companions that are mentioned in some of the hadith of satiation. So,
so Allah azza wa jal is acknowledging this prayer of Prophet Muhammad wa sallam and of the Sahaba who also did so.
Interesting point that Imam even
mentions here, and that is that Allah subhanaw taala didn't say in Arabic Allah.
He didn't combine Prophet Muhammad and the Companions, why not? Okay, he could have said
the companion as well. He separated the
Then he mentioned separately we're preparing for two minute Larina. Okay, he compared it to Pamela to the verse in Surah Toba and Allah dari one minute Mushrikeen whare Zulu. There also he could have combined them that Allah is innocent of the pagans, and so is his messenger. He didn't combine them. He said because as in that
Allah being innocent of the pagans is different than the prophet or celebrating the innocent and the pagans.
As we know, it is quite different. The prophet or Salah was innocence of them, but he fought and jihad against
them and he argued with the the, the muda 15 and the hypocrite and so on. Similarly here the pm of Prophet Muhammad Salam is different than the pm was harbor some Allah Allah you earlier said, there are two different things you cannot compare the pm of Prophet Muhammad wa Salam to the preamble Sahaba if they are the same in terms of among the definitely not the same in terms of quality.
in terms of Kashmir, humility, for sure.
Sincerity, they cannot be insane.
Because you have hearts with different levels of piety, the criado Prophet masala is not comparable to the PM, the Sahaba, even if the amounts were the same.
So he separated between them. And he mentioned first of the Prophet SAW Salem that he mentioned
when he said
one is for who?
This is one recitation, there is another acceptable recitation also.
Where they didn't say when this Saho were Furuta, they said when this fee will follow thi in that case, the meaning is different.
The meaning then becomes that you send in prayer, almost almost at the NAMM inclusain, late a little bit less, almost two thirds of the night,
or almost half, or almost 1/3. So in this meaning, he doesn't prey the one half but a little bit less, not the 1/3. But a little bit less. You see, so it becomes Edna lane. Well, I mean, Noosphere he will
understand, but the the recitation we have is that he knows that you stand a little bit less than two thirds, and that you stand in some cases, a half a full half, and in some cases, a full third, okay.
They kind of went back and forth about which one is more proper and so on, but they are both acceptable, and the meaning is acceptable in both cases. And this is why Allah subhanaw taala says, After that, and Allah determined the extent of the night and did the whether it is a half, a little bit less than a half, whether, of course they didn't know at the time, they can't calculate it like you and I can in terms of time, in terms of minutes and seconds. So they can only approximate, we've been up for approximately half the night, or 1/3 of the night or one quarter. You see what I'm saying. So Allah subhanaw taala is saying, Allah azza wa jal determines the extent of the night and
the day, he knows the extent whether it is half or a little bit less, or third or a little bit less, all of it in seconds or milliseconds. When the rewarded by Allah subhanaw taala Glory be to Him, not a second will be gone. From
there effort. Allah azza wa jal determines the extent of the night and the day.
This can give the benefit of showing that Allah Subhana Allah is telling them basically don't worry,
nothing will be lost, nothing of your reward will be lost, everything is counted Allah azza wa jal knows the extent if you don't know if he does,
possible meaning that this connotes is that he is saying
that Allah subhanaw taala determines the night and the day
and he says after that, he has known that you Muslims will not be able to do it,
that you will not be able to do it
he knows you're gonna be able to do it
in one of the opinions
that this means he knows that you will not be able to proportion that night properly. If Allah subhanaw taala has obligated upon them to pray in PM, for for half or a little bit less or more. Can they calculate it exactly? No. So in some cases, they may have not done it precisely so Allah subhanaw taala is saying I believe
that Allah subhanaw taala knows that you will not be able to do it meaning you will not be able to proportionate exactly
because you don't know the extent of the night on the day like Allah subhanaw taala knows the extent of the night and the day. So, this is one of the possible opinions. The more popular opinion Allah Allah Allah is
that you will not be able to do with him at length
he knew he knows that you will not be able to continue in this difficult worship
for your whole life.
And then one another meaning he knows that you will not be able to continue or to
one, it may mean that you will not be able to continue in this way, okay continuously or you'll not be able to pray the whole night even though this is Allah subhanaw taala never obligated that they pray the whole night. But Allah Subhana Allah obligated that they pray most of the night except them and call me Leila
except a little bit of it and then he defined it. Okay. Allah Subhana Allah is saying Eileen,
he knows that you will not be able to do it. It also shows you Subhanallah the importance of this Pm, it is showing you the importance of praying even for such a long time
to full Yanni he knows that you will not be able to do this, though. Allah subhanaw taala deserves it and more
than the right of Allah subhanaw taala is so great upon us. But we will not be able to fulfill that right never Same with the 50 prayers that Allah subhanaw taala obligated, right, he obligated 50 players are the Muslims able to do so.
Prophet Muhammad Salim went back several times with the advice of Sedna Musa alayhis salam to lessen the obligation because they will not be able to pray that prayer, but how much did he obligate 50
He deserves 50 He deserves more. You love be able to do it. Similarly here, he deserves this and more, that you pray for half of the night that you pray for more than half of the night close to two thirds of the night.
But he knows you'll not be able to because we are weak. Because our love of Allah subhanaw taala our devotion to Him is not where it's supposed to be. Even Subhan Allah for the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sahaba he gave them the dispensation, he gave them the allowance, we made it easy. Otherwise it was going to be an obligation for their whole life on a daily basis. It's one thing to pray for two thirds of the night, one night in the month.
It's a whole other to do it on a daily basis. And even Bob as
he used to expect
when he missed his PM, or he didn't pray as much as he could, he would pray during the day as in the famous Hadith of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam yes
this is what I need this is the popular opinion. Yes that night starts then. But does pm start after Muhammad Allah Allah Allah Allah as we mentioned before when we talked about Nash Chatelaine that some of the sellers are of the opinion that
what is included in Nash methylate
our prayers even between mclubbe and Aisha because they understood Nash to be the beginning Nasha is the beginning so now she has delayed the very beginning of the night. So it's almost as if they counted that in late okay. So it is acceptable to pray even maybe between Maghreb and Russia Allah Allah but
when we thought they because they are taking the night to begin then after McRib even though the clear Malaysian it seems According to some scholars is what you start praying after a sha Allah Tala
remember, he mentions
that several of the seller
understood the land to sue, that you'll not be able to do it.
understood that to mean that you will not indeed as the translation says that you will not be able to continue this way and nakulan Totally who you will not be
You don't have the capacity to continue with it.
The which is clear which Allah subhanaw taala obligated upon you
there's a saying
also have the pious generations. Remember, Toby mentioned it. Even though Allah Allah, the great Imams, they do not accept more cattle as a narrator of Hadith, okay, they say that he's weak, and they accused him of other things. But some scholars were more lenient when it came to his opinions with regards to tapsee okay. And as he is not narrating
for some Sahadi it is his opinion, I will just mentioned it, Allahu Allah, how authentic it is.
He says that when the obligation come in Leila INLA kalila
came was revealed
that that was difficult upon them. And the Companions also prayed with Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu said in other words, they also tried to heed this instruction. And they could not exactly estimate what is half of the night and what is 1/3 and so on. And that was that for them. That was difficult, and because they weren't sure that it was exactly a third, so they would add to it
until some of them prayed the whole night.
Out of fear that they did not do it properly, or exactly as they were ordered, and that, you know, their feet became swollen, and their color started to change because this was something fatiguing for them. And then Allah subhanaw taala
revealed his dispensation and allowed them and abrogated the obligation of clear
his opinion Alima and learn to sue, he knew that you will not be able to do it, how merciful Allah subhanaw taala is, he
is obligating things upon us but don't think that if you perform everything he obligated you that you are performing everything that is deserves. There's a big difference between what he deserves. And what he's obligating upon us, he's obligating things upon you, and he's not obligating more because it will be difficult to find you other words, otherwise he deserves our worship lightened day and the angels as we know, worship have night and day
Subhanallah that Alima
he has known that you will not be able to do it and has certain to you in forgiveness of Su Fatah Aleikum. Many scholars said that he is turning in forgiveness does not mean that he has forgiven you for a sin you have committed but rather that he has
made it easy for you. Okay, there is the meaning of repentance in the first place is returning back. So it's almost like Allah subhanaw taala has returned it from something more difficult to something less difficult. Okay. They didn't understand it to mean that he has forgiven you for a sin you have committed, okay for taba Alikum meaning that
he has returned it back he has made it easier for you.
If you look at the other verse in Surah Baqarah
actually they had not done what they were supposed to a fasting
Ali Mala Allah calm Contacta Nona and
in order to use to betray yourselves with regards to the obligatory fasting that he had commanded them to do, before it was switched to the fasting that we know today, right for them, if they had slept before or afterwards they would not eat as we know. So he says, Allah knows that used to betray yourselves, for taba Aleikum, wa.
There he says that he has
And he says what? He forgave you. Okay, so it seems a little bit different than this one here he says.
Okay, so it seems not to be necessarily forgiveness of sin, but rather that he has
returned this obligation and made it for you a dispensation or an allowance, that you don't have to get up for the obligatory prayer
and has turned to you and forgiveness or made for you so resigned to what is easy for you
this is Allah Allah what made it easier upon them read what you can and what is easy for you of the Quran
this itself also
was understood two different ways according to Al Imam, the famous Maliki scholar he said this is referring to prayer because the the whole the the the verses and what we are speaking about here is pm so when he says
Quran in other words in the pm recite what is easy for you inside the Korea, okay, now their words
pray what is easy for you have clear, you don't have to pray the 1/3 or the one half like before, pray as much as you can. Okay, and what is easy for you of the Quran in the middle of the night. And the normal Kobe
was formed of the opinion that this was actually the actual para in the prayer okay, that basically
because some of the different seller tried to estimate what is meant as a middle Quran what is that which is easy, is it general or is it something specific? So, so some of them specified it, some of them said 100 verses
what is easy of the Quran is 100 verses according to them, right? Like the last time that we did a little bit more than 100 verses right.
And this is what Prophet Muhammad wa sallam said about the ones who recite 100 verses of the Quran, but they aren't they will be of the at the very much obedient to Allah subhanaw taala.
Some of them said 50 verses
and some may have also said 10 Because in the Hadith, the Prophet Muhammad wa salam, the authentic hadith, he said Whoever prays 10 verses
whoever prays with 10 verses of the Quran, that he will not be written or recorded as of the heedful of the heedless, sorry, feeling love nuked up Minella Ruffini. This itself, my dear brothers and sisters is a very, very big blessing. All you have to do is to get up to pray to the cause of pm just recite 10 verses, whether they're long or short.
And you will not be counted as of the last 15 the unaware or the heedless. So this might be the only the lowest estimate, okay? When he says and whoever prays with 100 versus putting them in L carnitine.
Whoever prays with 100 is of the very much obedient and whoever prays pa with 1000 verses could leave Amina, unclean. And he said, those are who have earned one of reward, and in power is better than the dunya and everything in
this is not the last part is not part of the Hadith, the end of the Hadith
in another narration, that
is better than everything in the dunya a few pray preamble 1000 verses.
So, Samuel Quran according to the man to be, it is the actual, he's referring to the actual amount of Quran that is to be recited in the Salah, according to have Milady and many other scholars have said this is a reference to prayer for
Quran meaning pray as much as is easy for you of PM, it's no longer an obligation
alimentaria coulomb income mama.
By the way,
therefore, when we when we talk about econometrics, Herman Quran, this leaves no excuse my dear brothers and sisters, for any of us not to pray.
As little as it may be. Don't say Well, no, I want to pray. 1/3 Like, is mentioned in circumcision. I want to pray one half, or I have to pray at least half an hour otherwise I'm not praying. Be aware of this mutual exclusivity. Nothing is mutually exclusive. Okay.
Do it you can. You're tired. You were at work. Almost the whole day. Just pray to us and pray and recite at least 10 verses and you will not be written on the heedless. That's
there's no excuse left after this.
And if anything
is possibly where the wisdom came very useful wisdom that you Shala will remember your whole life. And that is my Allah you Dre Kulu now you tackle that what you cannot achieve completely doesn't mean you live it completely. This is a disease many people suffer from No, I either do it all or I do nothing.
I know a person Subhanallah who used not to pray at all. And I was young, very young when I when I told him I asked him about this. I said why are you not praying? He said no, because if I start praying a lot, pray the five I know I'll pray two or three. So until I pray all the five I'm not gonna pray anything Subhanallah
you see what I'm saying? And this may be one of the ways of the devil.
So my Alejandra Kulu Kulu just because you cannot achieve it all another brother told me I'm planning to go to Hajj, very good word to go in. No, because I still have a lot of sins and mistakes until I'm completely on Inshallah, sub those things that I'll go to.
You don't know when you're gonna die. You don't know if you're gonna stop committing those sins tomorrow or after two or three years. And there's nobody who becomes perfect and completely sinless.
Don't don't use this mutually exclusive argument either all or nothing. It's very destructive items.
If you cannot achieve it all, no numbers that you can
recite what is easier for you of the Quran, you cannot do have a number one thing, no do not do for the next day. Do what you can and slowly inshallah you build yourself. Nobody is born with the man
at the level of the stars, where you can pray the half and the
two thirds and so on
he has known that there will be among you those who are in this is the reason for Allah subhanaw taala giving them this allowance and this dispensation. He knows that there will be among you those who are in and another's and others traveling throughout the land seeking something of the bounty of Allah and others fighting for the cause of Allah subhanho wa Taala look at the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala this is what he deserves, but as some of you are in some of you are going after your permissible provision that is Subhanallah even that he made as an acceptable excuse. So it means that
this is one of the reasons that he abrogated the obligation of PM, but he kept the command to at least pray something.
Quran even if you are busy, even if you are at work all throughout the day, today cars will not do anything. You will get back from your work and you'll sit on the internet for two hours I know are on the television for three are on the telephone, right? So have you been up and you're free to
It will be very easy insha Allah Allah will make it easy for you. He has known that there will be among those working. And if it had been an obligation upon all would have been a disaster, just like the 50 prayers. It is five and we cannot pray. How much what percentage of the Ummah praise the five prayers religiously?
How many do you estimate? Pray that five prayers diligently with devotion? Forget for sure. Just making sure to pray that five pays on time. How much of the Ummah
to 20% 10% 5%
Hola Hola. Hola. aminos. Allah can tell you how many people exactly.
So Halima. So
actually, Yanni says that based on this idea,
that it seems that Allah subhanaw taala is equating between Jihad and between going after permissible provision Subhanallah and he mentioned
to me in Hadith that many of the other scholars of the field mentioned, Mamata Allah are weak Hadith concerning seeking of provision
and so on. But here's the thing is as Allah subhanaw taala mentioned as part of the excuse, Jihad visa vie Rila.
Going after permissible risk, that it's almost like he is equating between the two, okay. Because when you are going after that which is permissible to feed yourself, and to feed your family and your children, you are doing so and you are protecting them from that which is haram. This is the only form of jihad, even though the Prophet Muhammad wa salam says in the famous Hadith, the pinnacle
of Islamic devotion is jihad is fighting for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala, actual, physical
jihad, nothing actually comes to that level or is equal to it. But it's interesting that he mentioned that as part of the excuse
for not being able to pray in Korea the whole night. And it's also telling you that Allah subhanaw taala wants you the Muslim to not only be a monk, or a hermit, and to worship Allah subhanaw taala day and night, the actual worship in the masjid or at home in prayer or his recitation of Quran and so on. No, he wants you to go out, he wants you to go out and seek your provision. He wants you to be part of this dunya he wants you to be to have something that you give as a Muslim that you give back here in this dunya. Okay, Allah subhanaw taala doesn't want us to be a bunch of monks walking around on the earth. Otherwise Islam will not spread my dear brothers and sisters, you are supposed
to work. You are supposed to make money. Let me string money is power. You are supposed to
build and develop and invent. Where's the technology of the Muslims? We are nowhere in the technological world worlds zero.
Unfortunately, except for maybe some Muslim countries, many of the Arab countries big zeros when it comes to technology and development. Allah subhanaw taala as he wants you to be worshiping, but he also wants you to be part and parcel of this dunya.
Otherwise, where's Amana Maru for nya Luca, if you are just devoted to worship 24 hours a day, being part of this dunya living it in joining good, forbidding evil, developing and building because that is strength for you and that will be strength for the right. Otherwise, if the whole Ummah becomes a bunch of monks, then
you will have no power, you will have no strength, you will no longer have the facility to continue in that worship. Right? So Allah subhanaw taala wants both from
this is what is also interesting, in that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned these three things.
It's almost like Allah subhanaw taala in the beginning period, in the Meccan period,
was a major jihad for them. There was no physical jihad in that period, right? If we say that the pm was for, let's say, 10 years, okay? Or the one year
in that period, there was no physical jihad.
So Allah subhanaw taala, obligated upon them the spiritual jihad.
And for the sake of there being no physical jihad,
actual fighting, no one can come and tell me no but Allah subhanaw taala here is not speaking about physical God speaking about jihad, the neffs right. Yeah, many people unfortunately, are fond of making every jihad in the Quran jihad of the soul. No, we are not ashamed of jihad. Jihad is what has protected Islam for a long period and will continue to protect Islam. Here he mentioned
to say about that
you caught a fish or others who are fighting the way of Allah subhanaw taala. Yes.
Now, Allah subhanaw taala is saying,
one of the excuses for you not praying the PM, as was obligated before is that he knows some of you will be fighting for the sake of Allah in order to make the word of Allah supreme in the world in order to raise the status of Islam
I'm in order to protect the oppressed and the beleaguered Muslims, and what a great obligation it is. So he says,
Now because of that, because you are busy with that, it is okay that you don't pray, as you have prayed before. And it's almost like Allah subhanaw taala is telling us, the Muslim is always in some form of jihad.
Whether that is jihad of the soul, you have Mepps jihad of worship, and obedience to Allah Subhana Allah as you as they were in the PM,
or Jihad visa vie, the love fighting for the sake of Allah subhanho wa taala.
The Muslim is always fighting one enemy or another. Either you're fighting a physical enemy, or you're fighting
your neffs or you're fighting this a farm the devil, you're always striving, the Muslim is always striving, no Muslim is not lazy. The Muslim doesn't just sit back, the Muslim is always striving, subhanAllah This is
one of the beautiful meanings
in this versus an environment when Kathy
insists that the whole chapter is a napkin chapter that it was all revealed before the Hijra. And therefore he says this is part of the jazz
that Allah subhanaw taala is revealing this idea he claims this it was revealed before the hedgehog before the obligation of Catan.
And look at how Allah subhanaw taala is telling them that this is part of the the evidences of
the truthfulness of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even before it had been made obligatory, he is telling them that he knows that some of you will be busy in the detail and in the jihad and some of you will be busy seeking the provision and others and therefore, and if this has all been revealed before any of this happen, this is evidence of the truthfulness of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ala you early lesson, even though one may say
but Catan was only made an obligation in Medina, right? This is why I'm saying it may be part of that this is part of
mentioning the future which had not happened yet.
So recite what is easy from it again, he says, because of all of these things, and all of these excuses that Allah knows about therefore recite what is easy from it of the Quran, okay, there's another
verse that is making certain the same meaning recite what is easy from it of the Quran and establish prayer and give Zeca
one again, we'll say see, there we go again.
And this is why some scholars said that this verse indeed was revealed in Medina because he's speaking about cryptology. And there are only made obligations in Medina.
Right. But Imam had been configured insists that this is evidence that the cat was made an obligation in general in Makkah, before the hijra,
but the actual proportion which is the 2.5% and all of the different other rulings concerning the Zakat came in Medina clear. So it was made an obligation in general in Salalah to okay, but the actual proportions came in Medina this is the the opinion
and established prayer and gives, it's almost like Allah subhanaw taala saying after all of this as Allah azza wa jal has abrogated the obligation of pm for you and now it is only something recommended here is what is actually obligatory.
Now listen to what is obligatory, establish prayer. And this is the five daily prayers and give Zakat
that we all know about
and loan Allah a good liloan
loan Allah subhanaw taala Gunilla, after mentioning the obligation of zakat most probably loan Allah good Milan is referring to recommended charity, not something which is obligatory because he just mentioned as a castle, Lola, Milan must be referring to recommended charities and of course we spoke before about the meaning of loaning Allah subhanaw taala it means the US alone is always something that comes back. Allah azza wa jal is going to give it back to you in many, many, many multiples. Not that Allah subhanaw taala needs anything from us. lol Allah good liloan urban has
what does that mean?
But as a good rule as opposed to a bad
source should be halal. Okay
only for the sake of Allah
other words, don't sit down and say, Oh, I gave so that I didn't get it back. What kind of a loan? Is this? A good loan? Well, I loan you a good loan, I must after you on a daily basis, right? Whether I loaned you 500 Katie, where's the 500? Katie until now we haven't given you keep promising you're not giving this is not a good loan. A good loan is
a loan that I give you which is flexible, not flexible, like the people of riba use the term stuff Allah, no flexible meaning, I gave it to you. And I'm giving you time. And I may forgive you, if you can give it back to me. And I'm not asking for the database. The same thing you learn Allah subhanaw taala and you forget it, you will get it in sha Allah, whether in the dunya or in the Akela but you have full confidence that it will come back to you.
Welcome, Allah Corbin Hasina, want to add the money and foresee coming higher and whatever good you put forward for yourselves.
You will find it with Allah, whatever good you put forward means in the dunya for yourself, of sadaqa whatever charities you give you in the dunya
this is something you are putting forward, you will find it for yourself you will find it with Allah, it is better and greater in reward. It will be much better on the day of judgment and it will be greater in reward with Allah subhanaw taala this is something that you have given for ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. These charities which you give for for yourself. The meaning may also be extrapolated to a more general meaning which is not only charities, but all forms of obedience and worship that you put forth, such as prayer such as God, such as PM, everything that you put forward in the dunya you will find it with Allah it is better and greater in reward. Because of its Putana
is the most grateful and he rewards so much
for so little that you do. So he'll give you so much reward even more maybe than you would deserve. Does anyone deserve paradise? No one deserves Paradise. Allah Subhana Allah will give you much more, you see what I'm saying? So whatever you put forward, be charities, and be it general obedience, you will find it with Allah is better and greater in reward. And here, there is the beautiful Hadith that is narrated by Lima Aviagen muesli
we're Prophet Muhammad Al Salam turned to the Sahaba and said to them, who of you?
For Whom have you is the wealth of
more beloved to them, then their own wealth?
Or rather sorry, the question came the other way around who of you for whom of you is their own wealth more beloved to them than the wealth
that their inheritors, the heirs will inherit? So obviously, the, the the the all of the Sahaba said, O Messenger of Allah, Who of us,
who have us will not love their own wealth, more than the wealth that will eventually be inherited by the tears, right? Everyone loves their own wealth, more. So he said, know what you are saying.
In other words, are you sure of this answer, I'm sure of what you are saying. They said to Allah, He or messenger of Allah, this is the only thing we know we love our own wealth, more than the wealth that I will leave for my inheritance.
So he said to them
none of you
for none of you.
He said the opposite basically that rather for none of for for all of you. The money that your inheritance will inherit is actually more beloved to you than your own wealth. So they were confused. How a messenger of Allah explain it to us. He said, the money of your own wealth is what you give. Here in the dunya in check, this is considered your own wealth. Why
because this is the wealth that will benefit you, and that you will be rewarded for on the day of judgment. And
the money of your inheritance is the money that you keep, and you do not donate. In other words, in the end, you don't know when you're going to die, you are building your empire and you are collecting all of this money and you are counting it. And you are fond of checking your bank account every day. This money ultimately will go to your inheritance, unless you take it all and you spend it but you don't know when you're going to die. This money is the money of your inheritance, you will not benefit from it on the Day of Judgment.
Even if you spend a year
unless you spend it in charity. So your money is what you give to Allah subhanaw taala in charity, what you long dollars, this is considered your money, it will stay with you on the Day of Judgment, and it will be with you in sha Allah in your grave as deeds.
So it means that for all of us, we love the money of our heirs, or than our own money sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
It is better and greater in reward and seek forgiveness of Ma indeed Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Always seek the forgiveness of Allah subhanaw taala whether you feel that you are performing all your obligations, necessarily you are not performing them the way you shouldn't. Even if you cannot necessarily point out a specific shortcoming in your worship.
Maybe you are performing all the obligations, all yours, all yours. Maybe you're performing the Salah in the masjid. You don't know what shortcomings are there. You don't know maybe only 10% of your prayer is accepted and 90% will be thrown in your face on the Day of Judgment. Well, if
you don't know, always seek the forgiveness of Allah subhanaw taala was Stanford Law. seek the forgiveness of Allah Subhana Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. And how suitable it is. Indeed, this instruction comes after the verses of pm because Allah azza wa jal praised them the other ion sort of Anambra when you start feeling as have
those who seek the forgiveness of Allah when in the time of sangha and the last time of the night after their PM, but tell me by Allah, what are they seeking forgiveness for, after praying half of the night, they are doing is that
it is said they are doing is to fight for their shortcomings in their PM, Allahu Akbar, not for shortcomings in their obligations, but for their shortcomings in their recommended prayers. And Allah azza wa jal praise those who seek the forgiveness of Allah in the last third of the night when was the last part of the night? Well, it was stuck very nebulous how, and he concluded these verses by this beautiful instruction was still fear Allah, seek the forgiveness of Allah, even if you pray, even if you prayed for a half of the night. seek the forgiveness of Allah, you don't know what he is accepted and what he has not. You don't know what shortcomings there were? Well, you don't know how
many 10s of mistakes you made in the Quran that you recited, seek the forgiveness of Allah azza wa jal, even if you're doing everything as well as you're supposed to, you will never ever
fulfill the due rights of Allah Azza vision.
No matter what you do, if you worship Allah,
from the time you're born until you die, you remember this hadith I told you the Prophet Muhammad wa salam.
You will regret it on the Day of Judgment. You will look down upon it. Allah deserve so much. seek the forgiveness of Allah, Allah will forgive your sins because of His Names are forgiving me merciful, Allah for and reform comes in different ways.
It came as before it came as go through them. It came as
the entirely forgiving the very much
Allah azza wa jal will forgive if we only seek his forgiveness, and Allah will be merciful because he is a Rahman Rahim Allah Allah Subhana Allah forgive us and have mercy upon us and may Allah subhanaw taala increase our knowledge and our faith in the Noble Quran is 100 salam ala Nabina Muhammad Allah
any questions or comments
about sort of and resentment
I spoke about this last time
in the opinion of Evan ARBUS and
mother the faithful I shall be Allah and others that the 100 and pm are the same okay or rather Nash and tahajjud are the same okay. But is more general than the 100 is necessarily that which is after sleep
meaning it is that which
you pray after you wake up after sleep, this is the 100 and according to them myself Elaine is the same many of the other Jonnie salah and the Sahaba they said no machete lane is more general than 100 and they said that it is what you pray in the beginning of the night or anything you pray in the night is considered
natural and therefore Pm is definitely more general than Patrick rivers to everything that you will crave Allah Allah, you only have to select Elijah and maybe only for some after salata magnet
The 100 is what you pray after waking up. That is something special and it is obviously more difficult and more readable by Allah subhanaw taala but that doesn't mean that you don't pray after a sharp pray pray the to the cause. Pray if you're afraid that you're not going to wake up pray something before in case you don't get up Allah Tala
that you can.
in sha Allah, Oklahoma is
privately stood a cause and recite 10 verses of the Quran so that you will not be recorded as one of the often in the heedless
or the unaware. Very simple.
After the Torah cause of sunnah fascia, pray to the cause of prayer. And pray Salah to Twitter, if you are afraid that you will not pray it.
After you sleep or after you wake up, you don't wake up. Otherwise, if you are sure and you are getting up to pray it before Fajr it is better to keep it to the end of Allah Allah.
By the way, one of the reasons that
I forgot to mention this, a summer own puppet and that the heavens will be broken apart on that day.
Some of the possible reasons that were mentioned, for a summer being referenced here, as with a male pronoun as opposed to a female pronoun, right, he didn't say a summer own family, even though it's summer usually referred to with a female pronoun. Here, he said.
Some scholars said this is one of the words that can be given the male as well as the female pronouns such as they give other examples or other examples also.
Such as SHA, Allah Allah.
The other opinion was that now rather than the summer, metaphorically refers to the ceiling,
as when Allah Subhana Allah says, Allah summer
FUBA we made the heavens or summer, the heaven, we made it, a protected ceiling, right. And it can also be referred to in the Arabic language when they want to refer to the ceiling, they'll call it a summer. Okay. So in that sense, if you think of it as a ceiling, it can also be referenced with a male pronoun. A third opinion is that it may be a reference to
the fact that when the Santa was torn apart and broken apart, it's no longer southern. It is a thing a thing broken apart, because become shape,
shape, I think, and therefore it is referenced with a male pronoun. Allah Tala.
Any other questions or comments?
Beautiful surah and in sha Allah, it's a great incentive and an encouragement for Qiyamah Lake.
pm Elaine that would
Is the honor of the believer.
Short of pm only. This is his honor, you want to be honorable in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala you perfectly. This is the way of the pious before us. And it is Subhanallah a recommended action and deed that is abandoned in our times, for many reasons, being distracted by the dunya sleeping too late, you name it, but it is the way of the past is the way of the past generations before
they used to fatigue themselves in Korean
because they want to rest on the Day of Judgment. They're thinking is this dunya is temporary. Let me really tire myself here so that I can rest there you and I are doing the opposite. We are resting and enjoying ourselves here. And we might be tired on the Day of Judgment
what our worship, yes.
Yes, all the way up to the event of failure that is considered preamble.
in the opinion of some of the seller, yes. That it is part of the family and it is easy for them even they are saying more than that they're saying that Sheraton lane which is mentioned in salt Muzammil okay with some said It is only after sleep. They are saying machete Leila is any
prayer that you pray in the night after Aisha so it would come under to Allah Allah
but if you have when when we speak about piano laying about standing up the middle of the night to pray
the Hadith mentioning the 10 verses or the 100 or the 1000 this is the sooner Allah Allah does not come under that okay something separate than that, because it is an aphylla and you cannot
bring the Annie the two in this situation, sunnah. salata Aisha is a
separate entity, Allah.
So try to pray the
summit, and then pray something afterwards.
Anything else, and if you are not able to pray Salah to Twitter,
let's say you are really tired,
and you feel you're dozing off, and you still want to pray with it. And it's already 12 Most probably you're not gonna get up before Fajr you're gonna get up at Fudger or a little bit after.
Don't insist on praying three units of which you can pray one.
And how easy that is, of course, Prophet Manzar Salam, in some cases used to pray one, in some cases three, in some cases, five.
And in some cases, he would separate the three two and one in some cases you would pray them all three together without the yet in the middle 123 So don't ever leave with it, even if it is one.
And then maybe you think, Oh, there's one that covered the law. No, I have to make sure. You don't have to make too hard. It's not an obligation.
You can make do just
the shortest and make you still are counted as one who has prayed with there's no excuse not to pray.
Subhana Allah Allah the hunger to learn, learn learn and stuff