Tafsir Juz 28 #17 – Al-Jumuah 1
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 28
File Size: 30.35MB
We live in a shape on and watching this make
happy, whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah, the sovereign, the pure, the Exalted in Might, the Wise,
similar to the beginnings or before that.
Let's comment on the title of the Surah Surah. Al Juma what is
the title is not only referring to the day of Friday,
referring to the
gathering the prayer of fighting the fire Friday prayer. That's why many of the Hadith Prophet Muhammad peace be upon referred to the Friday prayer as doula.
So he's not referring to the day as much as he is referring to the prayer itself. And this is part of the reason of the greatness of this day, this gathering of the Muslims tomorrow, when they come together for the Friday prayers. Part of its virtue as in the authentic hadith, the Prophet Muhammad this report is that
what it used to be recited often in one of the Salah, which one
this sort of was recited often in which prayer
that's that's an incense. That's an inside
Know, this surah when was in recited often in a certain prayer
the final prayer, the Prophet Muhammad, that's why no one reads it. Why? Because if we read it, and then the man finishes, that people will jump on the email and say, you took too long, and why did you recite so much and we got tired and this and that this is the problem but otherwise it isn't. Excuse me.
It's not full of love. But we'll try it. See what
would recite as dua.
Dua Surah, which is, after each one of the page and a half, it's really not much.
But this is our situations and tunnel models.
Yes, yes, yes, of course.
he begins, the way he began, the rest of the sutras in this section 20 of the glorification of all of creation to Allah subhanaw taala. And we said that all Creation worships Allah, whether animate or inanimate, human beings, animals, plants, trees, and even inanimate objects like rocks and walls, and the heavens and the earth. Everything worships Allah subhanaw taala even prostrate to Allah and glorifies Allah, but you and I do not understand that glorification. Because it is beyond you and me. But it is well recorded in the Quran over and over and over. And this is an actual actual glorification of Allah subhanaw taala. The difference here is what
what's the difference?
Know what is the difference? Every time you mentioned replication, but here the verb tense is different.
Usually this Sunday, I
hear you some different muscle
fibers and I should have mentioned that the secret behind this
is that Allah azza wa jal, one of the main goals of this surah is to scold and reprimand those people who left Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him on the pulpit on Friday prayer, for what? For me, material benefits for money for a caravan that was coming from shop.
So it was to come and highlight the importance of Joomla. And for Friday, prayer, Allah subhanaw taala mentioned it in the nothing that asked us but in the present tense, because the present tense in Arabic signifies what continuation.
Of course, the means the same
doesn't mean they glorify them and they stop.
They glorify them they continue to grow, but
The present tense gives meaning
more accentuated, it's more highlighted in that way. You it means they are worshiping now. So everything is worshiping Allah and glorifying Allah. What about you Muslims and what you did in this Friday prayer.
So whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah. Okay.
Can you see him some different Ilana Sonata, as Melek will produce a large easel hacking?
What's the difference?
there's a big difference, right?
When you put Bama on the end, it's different than putting Castra why?
Because it's not alone glorifies when you put Bama and many cooks, you're used to using
our to use to reciting the names of Allah. When num on it. Right? Recite to me.
Allah Allah, Allah.
Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah,
Allah many cool, right? But here and many key why? Because
here the meaning is, whatever is in the heavens and on the earth, is exalting Allah, of course in English, if that was reversed, that's why it makes sense. But here in Arabic, you submit
maphis Allah to Allah and
Allah and Malik, you submit,
the meaning would be the following. You send the
medic, reduce Aziz and Hakeem not
understand it will be difficult for non Arab speakers.
Oh, yeah, definitely. This is a demon.
Move moving forward, and bringing backwards
juxtaposing these attributes to the name of Allah immediately,
he put it later on, this is why it has,
because Allah in the statement has kept
math, it's allowed you
know, because this is, this is grammar. When you when you put an adjective next to what you are describing, it takes the same character. Right. So this is the idea that's why here these attributes have, because it's referring to Allah and Allah has, because it says you some digital.
Notice even the names that are mentioned, as Melek, the sovereign will produce the pure meaning, the one who is absolved of any shortcomings or imperfection, the Exalted in Might the wise, all of these names a few analyze it, if you analyze the surah as we go on, you will see how they
are the best choice
for these verses that are coming ahead inshallah.
Key him where he was at key
by the way,
let's just take a small summary of these names, and Malik the sovereign, the one who has ownership of everything, He is the king. Think about all of the kings of this dunya and what they own, and then realize that they are nothing convert to the King of all kings, who owns everything. Every atom in this universe belongs to Allah. He is the sovereign, he owns everything. And that's why, if you want to get technical, he is the owner and he can do whatever he pleases, and no one can stop him. But he's just and he's the merciful and Melek
the one who is absorbed, he is absolved of all imperfections, and all impurity and all shortcoming
by the angels and the slave servants of Allah subhanaw taala. And it's part of this this glorification you submit with me
Is it everything glorifies Allah and glorifying Allah is abundant absolving him of everything imperfect. When you say Subhan Allah what does it mean? Subhan Allah means that you are absolving him of all imperfection and all shortcomings and Melaka produce
the Exalted in Might, the one who defeats and he can never ever be defeated. He is the old glorified king of wands, everything he does is pure wisdom and everything he commands in the Quran and the Sunnah is pure wisdom is the all wise
that he says it is He Who has sent among the unlettered A messenger from themselves, reciting to them His Verses, and purifying them and teaching them the book, in other words, and wisdom, although they were before in clear error.
One of the greatest blessings of Allah subhanaw taala is that he sent
among the unlettered
A messenger from
different respects, number one, that he says to him as a human and not as an angel. So he is further
he speaks their language, he is a human being, he gets tired as they do, he is not infallible
in things not related to that. He's a human being.
He drinks he sleeps, that makes it much easier to
follow and emulate the Beloved Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he is from amongst themselves. He's an Arab, is he not? And he is the best of the tribes of the Arabs. And he speaks their language. And he lived amongst them for Allah sake, for 14 years, and he has the best reputation.
And that reputation was touched. Because only he called to Allah. 14 years. You will love them and you praise Him. And then when he told you I'm a messenger of Allah, Allah, You denied him. And you persecuted him.
They were unmetered. Largely, the majority of Arabs were undeterred. They couldn't reasonable, right.
They were an unlevered nation. And thus they were given this name.
And this name is Sung is a word that the Jews used to talk to the Arabs with,
as they said in the other, I
when it's talking about giving back the Amana, the trust's monetary trust, that were given to the Jews, things to say Domina, Sabine, we don't want to have to return it, and so on. And they were calling them and only hit. And also, in addition to that, this is what's referred to all human beings other than themselves, other than the, their salute itself, because everyone else has the Jewish word is
meaning, and the goyim are these
animals besides themselves, as the Talmud says that every non Jew is a donkey, created by Allah for them to write, and this is what they are doing.
this is their corrupt mentality, that they are the chosen ones. Yes, you weren't the chosen ones. When you obey the Lord's commandments. When you left Allah's commandments, you became the cursed ones. But they call the people other than themselves. And it's also a reference here.
And then it is used
in other places to refer to the unmetered okay.
Here it's referring to the Arab nation, but even in other places in the Quran, it's being referred to and used
to indicate being like in the iron sword
I got the whole
Yeah, reference, that word is actually there.
If you don't find it, now it's homework.
Fill me in.
Yes, and messenger from amongst themselves.
reciting to them His Verses of Allah and purifying them and teaching them
The book and wisdom of all the word before unclear there to understand the extent of the blessing of Allah upon the Arab nations in sending.
You need to understand the
journey. word can describe it, the adverse, the horrible, the
one word can you describe it, this situation of the Arabs before Islam
Allah movie, although they were before in clear error, my dear brothers and sisters,
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon being sent to this nation
it is full of idol worship, full of prostitution, even
war and bloodshed
full of ignorance, it was a terrible situation. And in fact, let us go to this incident to try to understand the actual situation of the Arabs better. And this is the answer of Jaffa
when he went in the first migration to Ethiopia, the senior current date the Opia, when they went to the king in New Jersey, and they stood before him, and
he asked him about what brought them here.
He's asking them essentially, who are you and what brought you here?
And when you think about it, Subhan Allah, what would you answer in such a situation?
Are you gonna sit down and say, Allah azza wa jal taught us
that he is one and he is the one and only and he has no partners and Prophet Mohammed is this and that you are being asked, you're being you stand before a king. Now, you have a few minutes to describe your cause your situation. And the media is like this, by the way, they tell you in 30 seconds, you have to get your message across. We need to learn to do this, by the way, because sometimes we talk about and then the actual content, the actual juice, from what we said, is lost, because we went here and we went there and we
went on so many different tangents. Get your message across quickly and succinctly. Briefly, believe me, it will affect people who have intellect. The king Natasha is asking, Who are you and what brought you here? Listen to the answer of Jaffa, probably Allah and tell me if you can come up with such an answer. On the spot. He says.
He addresses the king of falling words. Okay. We were plugged in the depths of ignorance and barbarism. We adored idols. We live in untested, we ate the dead bodies, and we spoke abominations, and we disregarded every feeling of humanity, and the duties of hospitality and neighborhood were neglected. We knew no,
strong, strong, weak as they do today.
This first part is telling their situation.
we knew no love without a strong. Then Allah raised among us, a man of whose birth, truthfulness, honesty and purity we were well aware. And he called to the Oneness of Allah, and taught us not to associate anything with Him. He forbade us to the worship of idols, and he enjoined us to speak the truth, to be faithful to our trust, to be merciful and to regard the rights of the neighbors and kith and kin. The forbade us to speak evil of women, or to eat the substance of orphans, he ordered us to avoid the vices and to abstain from evil, to offer prayers to rent their homes and to observe fasts.
We have believed in Him, we have accepted his teachings and his injunctions to worship Allah and not to associate anything with Him. And we have allowed what he has allowed and prohibited what he is prohibited. For this reason our people have written against us have persecuted us in order to make us forsake the worship of Allah and return to the worship of idols and other abominations. They have tortured and injured us until finding no safety among them. We have come to your country and hope you will protect us from oppression.
Can you come up with this on the spot?
This is the teaching of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. And this is some of the students who graduated from the
College of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This is the situation of the Arabs at the time of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon coming to them. Now we understand the importance of the blessing of sending Muhammad salallahu salam to them.
assume that he is coming to teach them the book the Quran, teaching them the verses of the Quran,
purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom. And you will find Subhanallah in all of the verses of the Quran except one
where it mentions the is similar to this one, it all was mentioned,
purification and then it mentions teaching the book and wisdom, except the one where he mentioned teaching the book and wisdom before purification. And I leave you to find that if you don't know it already.
So he recited to them the verses of the Quran. And you can imagine the feeling of the Sahaba as they heard the verses of the Quran for the first time, and they believe these are the words of Allah.
They're sitting there, they just want to Allah subhanaw taala see, what is Allah commanded. We want to know what Allah
and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them is reciting the verses of Allah to them when he was a kid, and he purified them, brothers and sisters for 13 years and
his purifying them
his literal his purifying them, his teaching them.
He didn't immediately teach them the do's and don'ts of Islam as we know, as in the hadith of Allah.
He's teaching them Who is Allah? What does he deserve from us? The patient have good manners. He's teaching them purity, his purifying them.
Actual prayer as we know it today was only
obligated in the second year.
Second year injury, meaning about 14 years after becoming a prophet muhammad sallallahu. Otherwise its purity because knowledge
having knowledge, but without having pure purity and self purification is not enough.
This is a message that many scholars have have given one of them
teaching them the Book
and wisdom teaching them the book obviously the wisdom could be general general wisdom, having wisdom and acting wisely as
the opinion of
Canada and others of the ones who explained the Quran is that Hekla here is sunnah. the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when you are named Mohammed Kitab when
waiting can win probably with a few movie although they were before him clear
what a blessing of a loss panel data as in the other iOS he said
meaning is Bazin Rasul Minh and proceed
how much time
to stay 12 minutes
because you know many people
They want to except this where did they get that? They were the most knowledgeable of the Quran and explain the Quran and ultimately,
they want only the Quran and Sunnah. They are, of course, this is a dangerous
one, don't you want to learn the Quran? From the best who knew the Quran?
was the best who knew the Quran? Prophet Muhammad peace be upon it. So why don't you take this
you are asked in the Quran, take it from the best who came to explain the Quran? They don't accept this fine.
You give them the the the clearest argument which will shut them up immediately which is do you pray? He says no. You say then Allah helps you. The Quran will not help you also, if you are not even praying.
He prays hunger. How do you pray? I pray a lot as far as
where did you get this from? The Quran? Yes. Where? It's from the Sunnah. Yes. Then you must follow. Not from the Sunnah. Where did you get it from
perform such an obligation. Without evidence you cannot create a law from your own head. This is one of the clearest evidence is against them. And I don't think a single person has had an answer for this. Another one
verses from the Quran itself. Well, let's come on to Prophet Muhammad.
Allah, of course, there's so many I'm just mentioning a few for you obey Allah and obey the messenger, of course, definitely. But look at this one, when Allah subhanaw taala says
once elected vichara need to begin.
And we reveal to you the message, and it could be the Quran that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them, and that they may give
so that you may make clear how will he make clear to people?
So he's saying, he's
telling you that he says that he may make clear to people what has come? How do I know what has come of Prophet Muhammad, X up through the Hadith? Be careful. There's a reason they don't want Hadith because they have certain misconceptions in their brain. And certain things they want to
insert into Islam or take out of Islam and they cannot do it except by canceling Hadith because the hadith is clear is abolishing things they want to insert or confirming things they want to delete the very dangerous with our May Allah guide those people Yes.
General in general
In order to answer the
yes, it is
they have right
No, the opposite, the opposite.
Because they didn't need writing and reading. It was all spoken.
But that was
their poetry was on the spot. They used to hammer each other with poetry, you know, people arguing nowadays, they would do it with you say some poetry against me and I go on and say but from poetry against you. It's beyond imagination. They were they weren't. Parliament was not reading and writing. This is what stimulated their memory. This is not to praise, being unlettered. But this is part of what stimulated their memory. They could memorize verses of poetry being recited from somewhere else immediately on the spot, because they dependant on memorization. So it didn't affect that there was no part of the miracle of sending Prophet Muhammad this report is that he sent an
unlettered prophet, and he is reciting the most eloquent of speech.
It's a miracle of Allah. In the ways he why he came to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu. And Allah chose the Arabs, and chose this environment for the final lesson, and for the seed of the province, knowing that indeed, after purifying, that they will be the best of people and that Allah azza wa jal will spread the message through.
Home who's holding him wahala visual hockey and to others of them who have not yet joined them, and He is Exalted in Might the wise what does this mean? Well, I mean,
this is a reference
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, was sent to.
This is one of the verses that is evidence that Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, was sent to all humanity,
the Arabs alone,
but all of humanity and retrive and relations and three peoples
people from all nations came in droves towards this religion. What
do you mean Is there none of the Arabs right? So this is clear, Prophet Muhammad was also sent to others
What does min hum hear me? Hear, he said, and others
this is where English face English fails him that fails to explain the meaning to
because of your payment from the Arabs from another one of the others, no, not from them. But men who meaning what
could be Allahu Allah, they will be like them.
Their Islam, in the religiosity, in their learning in their purity arena, me as well Allah subhanaw taala says
about Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
Let's comin home fish fishy.
The people who associate partners with Allah and
you are not often in anything, meaning you are not related to them anymore as they practice those sins. Similarly here,
meaning they will be
in the religiosity in their Islam. And this is why
the Hadith makes this clear
that they were sitting with Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.
And as they were sitting with him, this surah was revealed.
So it was in its totality, all together.
And when this verse came, well, I've heard him in
the companion said to the Messenger of Allah, who are the Messenger of Allah, these others,
Prophet Muhammad is Republican. And they asked again, and he was silent, and they asked again, and they asked a third time, and then he put his hands on.
Probably Allah Azza, the Persian and he said, What if a man was up with the stars, these people with
the Companions understood that to mean and saw them the scholars of Islam, the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, saying that this idea is a reference to the Persians.
In your first job in general,
non Arabs in general.
Either way, Prophet Mohammed is showing us that this indeed refers to non Arabs, and it shows the status.
And it shows that this religion is a religion for human beings and all human beings. And it's not for Arabs and Arabs alone, nor is it for Pakistanis or or Hindus, or for Europeans or Americans or Africans, it's for all of humanity. And Fernanda Persian is exactly that is a Persian, but he is one of the highest in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala, as he came to this religion, searching for truth, and so even Rumi is from Rome. And beloved Hannah, She is the Senior and these are the best of people.
This is also a reference
to show you that indeed, this Minho is referring to being like men in religiosity, because he said, men who beat him who have not yet joined them, meaning they have not yet come to their status.
lemma here as it is as a tool of negation. It's also a tool to show that they will get there is a truth. Didn't Allah subhanaw taala say in the Quran?
Eman will be right.
The nomads they think we believe
they just became Muslim. They said we believe Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them said no, you have not believed yet.
You're calling a man.
And the man has not yet settled in your heart. Not yet. Meaning it will have
In its negation, but it's an indication that will happen in the future. Similarly, while he says
they haven't reached them yet, they will.
says, he says, so many scholars have seen have
overlooked beautiful messages in this area.
Because he analyzed this word for word linguistically
it is a reference
to all from all different nationalities who came to this religion who learned Arabic
who became Imams of this religion, though they were non Arabs.
This is a miracle in itself. The people who who brought us this religion we're
which part of the radio's he from?
His home was Becca Stan
or when you speak about the amount of Hadith
from cannabis, and
they're all from the east. There are no Arabs brothers and sisters, these emails which gave us the Hadith the Prophet Muhammad is one of the most famous for Arabic
and Arabic grammar is a non
slip away himself.
It's beyond the imagination. It's a miracle. It is the religion of Islam, which was sent to all of humanity regardless of their
nationality, then he can
see him and
this is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills and Allah is the Possessor of Great Bounty indeed, this is the bounty of Allah and no one can argue when it comes to the bounty of Allah because the bounty of Allah He gives to whomever he wills May Allah Allah make us of them and I will talk about this I inshallah more next time but because of shortage of time, we have to stop here. Is that
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