Tafsir Juz 28 #09 – Al-Mumtahanah 2
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 28
File Size: 30.87MB
We continue with the to see sort of the HANA and Hana and we left off last for the same philosophy and outcome of Himachal Walla Walla Dooku. Hillman pmse of Sylvanus Mulago mataman University. And this is in reference couldn't be a reference from a realistic point of view
to the fact that the the story of half of the Malta, that basically these family and Kim that you're worried about, that you're committed this egregious sin for
taking the enemies of Allah supporters and
bringing the secrets of the Muslim ummah to them, these
will not do anything for you on the Day of Judgment. So how can you choose their pleasure over the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala. And in this, remember the beautiful Hadith, which should be a principle in our life, we should hang it on our walls and we should follow it all the time when in
missa openness, whoever seeks the pleasure of Allah at the expense of people's disapproval. What
Allah azza wa jal will
so that he will meet people why because you chose the pleasure of Allah over the pleasure of people and then the other narration of the Allahu alayhi ness and this is another beautiful meaning that Allah's version will be pleased with him at that point, and he will make people pleased with him. So when you choose a pleasure for Allah, you get the best of both worlds. But if you do the opposite, when a woman is up alarm and evenness, what color low evenness, whatever six, the pleasure of people. And this is what most of us do nowadays. Unfortunately, at the expense of alarm, disapproval and anger, then Allah subhanaw taala will leave you to the people that you are doing your things
And in the other nation, Allah will be angry with you and he'll make the people and we will be also so you saw their approval. So the anger of Allah azza wa jal, he became angry with you and he made people angry will always always and this will happen time and time again until you die. You're gonna have a situation where it's either the pleasure of Allah and the pleasure of people, seek the pleasure of Allah.
Because it is a whole was that will also be a reason for people being happy with you and this is the
ability of Allah and hence the all capable
then Allah, Allah brings us a beautiful example relating it back to history to our great great great grandfather, Prophet Ibrahim alayhi salatu salam
ala James Smith
Oh is on is on me
a lake, mostly
there has already been for you an excellent example, in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people, indeed, we are disassociated from you, and from whatever you worship other than Allah.
We have denied you. And there has appeared between us and new animosity and hatred forever until you believe in Allah Alone. Except for the saying of Abraham to his father, I will surely ask forgiveness for you, but I have no I have no power to do for you anything against Allah, our Lord upon you, we have relied unto you we have returned unto you is the destination.
A beautiful example,
Prophet Ibrahim Ali.
Here this is the example of Prophet Ibrahim Ali Salam and the believers and followers with him in the way
denying those who disbelieve in Allah subhanaw taala. And the sin that we disbelieve in you and in your idols, and between us is animosity until you believe in Allah subhanaw taala alone. This is a pyramid of
coming close to me, those who are close to Allah subhanaw taala and making them as friends and patrons and supporters, and denying those who are enemies of Allah subhanaw taala and those who worship others besides Him, and we said this concept is very important for any Muslims creed and belief. They love what Allah loves and they hate what Allah hates and they love whoever Allah loves, and they hate whoever whoever Allah subhanaw taala hates
Ibrahim Ali Sarah what we notice Subhanallah
Divine One a special status
with Allah subhanaw taala and that sadness is what
is the closest of friendship?
It means the closest to a loss of profit and
the other one who also won the status is beloved Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. And this is why he says that if I was to take anyone else
I would have taken
the hola Juan as Holly's. But I am honey Allah.
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him has the status of when Allah
have you not? The only thing that has not been this relationship with me and Allah, I would have taken
as the honey that shows the status of Satan and
the reason I'm saying this is I need the the lesson behind it Subhanallah this, how do you attain this closeness to Allah? How did they obtain this ultimate closeness to Allah subhanaw taala it's because they befriended
in the sake of Allah, and for Allah,
the way they befriended others it was, by what whatever Allah, Allah loves. Therefore, Prophet Muhammad and Prophet Ibrahim alayhi salam, they were the leaders of those who build relationships based on the love of Allah Subhanallah with that, and we said that one of the conditions for testing faith is befriending for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala and only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. Mind you, unfortunately, nowadays, the funding is solely based on worldly interests.
I love you because you really do something before me in this dunya and vice versa. And as soon as you are no longer good for me in the dunya, I saw you this is unfortunately, the way it is now. Few are the ones who own the sun for the sake of Allah, I want nothing from you. And I just love you for the sake of Allah. And hopefully it is back. This is the way it shouldn't be. Ibrahim Ali Salam and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. And that's the one the status of
Otherwise they would have not here this is the example of Prophet Ibrahim.
There has been an excellent example for you. So let's listen up and let us try to apply. And Abraham and those wisdom when they said to their people
in income, they said to the people, we are dissociated from you and others.
It's almost like I exonerate myself with you. I'm innocent of you, as the shaper does on the day of judgment to all of humanity, I'm innocent, I have nothing to do with him. They said, We have nothing to do with you, we are innocent of you, we disassociate ourselves from you.
And from that, what you worship besides Allah, they used to worship idols.
And they worship the stars, as we know, when the story of Prophet Ibrahim,
right, when the night came, when he saw the stars and he said, This is the My Lord and then he saw the moon, they said, as my Lord and the sun. This is my Lord. And
this was all.
a way a creative way of showing the disbelievers at the time that he was calling to Allah, that these stars the sun and the moon, this these heavenly objects you worship.
They're not worthy of worship, because they go and they come. But Allah subhanaw taala is always there.
So they used to worship all kinds of things other than Allah. He said, We are disassociated from you and what you worship besides Allah subhanaw taala?
this is a big word.
Well, I have
this belief in Allah subhanaw taala.
Usually, this is what we associated with Kufa, this belief in Allah. And this is why as soon as we hear that,
that should make your heart crumble, especially if you hear it being applied to a Muslim.
It's not something easy. You see another Muslim, you are
acceptable, and if he's not careful, and guess what, you are the scary. This is what Prophet Muhammad peace be upon himself. When a Muslim sisters and the Muslim you're one of them is
the person you accuse, they're not the new are very dangerous. We don't just this word cover, we don't just throw around like it's anything, something very serious. And there are practical consequences of that person being covered or not.
So big word. Therefore we never we try to always push it away from ourselves. But here, let's bring it to ourselves. But what with respect to
finals with respect to the idol worship, it's a big word applying to the idols, if you truly have that faith, so they use the the profit and blame on Instagram and these people, they said to them,
Well, what do you worship besides the last $100? So they, they use this but on the opposite side, that we disbelieve in you and your idols?
This is strength and
turning the word of kufr. On to the too far indeed.
Can you say to someone who worships Prophet Jesus Allah has set up Yes, I believe in what you believe also may lead to hope to Vica I am confident in what you believe in and I am confident in the with respect to me. That's what you worship. Allah subhanaw taala, this is strengthened.
And they were able to say that to them
will be enough. Then they went another level and they said,
We are too far in what in what in you. And
there has appeared between us and you animosity and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah, Allah Subhan Allah, look at the purity of their faith.
They despise and they hate. The fact that they are worshipping others besides Allah subhanaw taala this shouldn't bother you. This should be irritating, that there are things being worshipped besides Allah subhanaw taala. This is the whole message of Islam, to worship Allah alone.
When you read the verse and marry him, that the heavens are about to split, and that the Earth is about to crack and the lungs are about to fall in utter ruin.
Something great is about to happen, what they claim that Allah has a time.
They feel that way. When we hear people claiming that the lava tub you feel it.
When Allah forgive us, because we're far away.
But if you truly understood the seriousness of that,
that's how it would be when you hear that someone claiming Allah has a child. It's like the world was about to end.
This comes out
with us, glorifying Allah, the closer you get to Allah, and the more Allah subhanaw taala means to you.
And the more you glorify Him, the more you become closer to that example. And they were like this, this and we are innocent of you and of the items that you worship besides Allah, and this strength in religion, brothers and sisters, in many situations, is also an excellent form of power.
Sometimes, yes, the hour, we are supposed to do the hour with wisdom and good speech and so on. But that doesn't mean that you should have a softness in religion or never say
compromise, compromising never assists.
And it never in any way
makes our fruitful. No. Sometimes your strength in your religion is what impresses people because they see that there's something behind you there's a there's a concrete solid religion that you follow. It's not just something you follow with your own wins.
desires everyone does whatever they want. One of the people who became Muslim, he became Muslim when he saw how much his brother hated his own idol worship his own brother, when when he saw his religion, he said a religion which has made you hate my idol worship like this must be correct and he became
the strength in religion sometimes is impressive. Okay? We need to have that strength in religion. This is Prophet Ibrahim and his people.
And they said to the disbelievers, we are a fall in what you worship. Besides,
there is animosity and hatred between us for ever known as the words it's all very harsh, other than
until you believe in Allah Alone, and you worship Allah
except the saying from Brian to his father, I will surely ask forgiveness for you. What does it mean here except
the popular meaning is that there is a good example for you, Ibrahim and his people, as they have done what they just did, by declaring their innocence from the disbelievers disbelief.
This example for Nouvion all of them except
for this one thing,
that Rahim Allah did at that time.
Out of a feeling of obligation towards his father,
What did he say Ibrahim Ali said, I've said to his father, I will seek forgiveness for you. But I have no power to do anything for you against Allah. In other words, this park is not an example for you.
It is despite.
And well detailed in another verse
where it speaks about
the desire to expel the Prophet
No, no, no, no.
this seeking forgiveness by a prophet Abraham was only because Prophet Abraham Isilon promised his father this
as the ISS one that kind of stuff follow him in a way that in waha.
the the city of forgiveness, Iran for his father, it was only because of a promise that he had promised to him.
But when it became clear to him, that his former is an enemy to Allah, he declared himself innocent.
This is the idea. So it means that the Brahim had promised to seek forgiveness for him. Before it was clear that he was an enemy to Allah, he still had the hope that his father would become Muslim.
And he is
the one who spoke to his father in such a
beautiful way. And a very soft way. And then it's muddy, I'm sorry.
Such a soft way right? But
it didn't do anything. He said.
mentioned when he said to his father or my father, why do you worship that which does not here and does not see and will not benefit you at
all my father indeed that has come to me of knowledge that which has not come to you. So follow me I will guide you to an even anything wrong with this. Oh my father notice every time his respect all my father Oh my father? No, he is.
Well, my father, do not worship Satan. Indeed Satan has ever been to the Most Merciful Allah, this obedience. Oh, my father, indeed I fear that they will touch you a punishment from the Most Merciful. So you would be to Satan a companion in hellfire. His father said have you no desire for my god or Abraham? If you do not desist, desist, I will surely stone you. So avoid me a prolonged time.
Abraham said peace
will be upon you. I
I will ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Indeed, he is ever gracious to me.
This is the idea. So he promised he would seek forgiveness. He loved his father. But his father was a disbeliever. He loved that his father would be guided.
And that's why he said, I'll seek forgiveness for you at a time where he was still hoping his father would become Muslim. But later it became clear to him as the verse I recited to you, that he is an enemy. And from
that point, Ibrahim alayhis salam, cut his relation, and he said that he basically he can no longer seek forgiveness for his own father.
The this shocking this ruling,
Allah subhanaw taala, in his wisdom, clarified it to us in the Quran, so that no one can ever see. Because this is the best example that can be given to anyone closer than the father, or a mother, or children. All of these examples, our prophets peace be upon them are the ones who made clear the way to practice this ruling and this verdict in reality. So if anyone says Whoa, but this ruling maybe applies to people in general, but not to let
you say no, even to your own mother and father, if you are in that situation, here is Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam. Was there anything more difficult, he loved him so much he sought forgiveness for him.
But this was before he knew that he is an established enemy of Allah.
Then you say what about children?
Then Allah azza wa jal give us an example of profit.
was so saddened in grief, grieving over his son, who Allah subhanho wa Taala and drowned. Though he told his son before the floods come, he said, No, I'm going to seek refuge on the highest mountain. He said, This will not available but in the end, profitable honey Sudan tells Allah subhanaw taala and he's
seeking las Posadas, forgiveness and mercy for his son. And he said, Oh Allah, my son, this is of my family. Subhan Allah, the natural human love he has for him. He said, Yeah, no,
he is not your family, oh, no, he is the product or he is
the work bad work. Because he died as a disbeliever. And he was given every chance but he didn't accept Subhan Allah. So it applies even to the closest of people.
And for those who Allah tested, when the closest of people to them, it's a much more difficult test. And if they are able to still love and hate for Allah, even with the kisses of King, this is the purest of faith.
And here is the example of Ibrahim Ali Sena Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him had a similar encounter with His own uncle Abu.
I will call him he, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, tried calling into Islam so much. I will call him live his life protecting Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him but did not accept.
It's really mind boggling Subhan Allah,
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Do you think he loved anything more than that His own uncle the guidance?
He loved it for him. And this is why
even after he called them to Allah subhanaw taala Allah and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him also sought forgiveness for our planet.
And he said, Well Allah I will continue to ask forgiveness for you, until I am forbidden from it.
Because the mercy and the heart the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. He said I'll continue to seek forgiveness until I am forbidden from it. It is incorrect Subhan Allah, Allah azza wa jal then revealed the verses the one right before the one about
cannily maybe when Medina M and one year Stanfield will initially came, when we can only
that it is not for the Prophet and those who believe to seek forgiveness for those who are associated partners with Allah. Even they were most of
this is in reference to God
and his uncle.
After it is made clear to them that they are often dwellers to hellfire.
So after became clear that he died as a disbeliever
And therefore he is indweller
is not allowed to seek forgiveness for him, you cannot
though the natural human compassion and the heart of Prophet Muhammad peace be pushed him towards that. Similarly we say that Brian Malasana but after looking for time that his father's an enemy he's
one Nicola coming alive, despite his seeking of forgiveness, He knows that will not do anything, if Allah azza wa jal doesn't will. So he's saying that I cannot avail you of anything against the law. In other words, if Allah does not wait, when people are coming Allah He means the other less popular opinion of what this means. The exception,
Ibrahim, is that
the example that was just given is the epitome of loving and hating Allah. Correct, except for the
the seeking of forgiveness of the working for his father. This is not
you see what I'm saying. So the exception may refer to the fact that they are an example to you in all that, except the saying, The hint is follow the other meaning that
there this example was an example of love and hate for Allah subhanaw taala, which you should follow, except the same for brain. This is not an example of how you should build relationships, how it should be built on the love of Allah subhanaw taala or hate of Allah subhanaw taala
what you like and what you like and mercy is our Lord upon you, we have relied on to you we have returned unto you is the destination. And this is the ultimate
Jonnie referring everything back to Allah subhanaw taala that we depend upon you and we return to you in repentance Subhanallah though they have taken such an honorable stance, with regards to Allah subhanaw taala and the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala to you is the destination, especially since you'll notice
them just cut their ties with these people. Right,
then necessarily, they want to establish their time
with something greater. So, they said the statement referring to Allah alayka to make what you make and
they thought they they cut their ties with both and they immediately sought refuge in a last panel
from Banana Banana
tea in our Lord make us not.
You see in the translation objects of performance. This can be translated 100 different ways what is fitna here, we'll explain it I won't translate it into English, but we will explain what the verse means. Let us live in a cafe make us as fit for the disbelievers. And forgive us our Lord. Indeed it is you who is the Exalted in Might the wise
Imam Mujahid and also most have similar opinions of the meaning of this verse. And that is they're saying, Oh our Lord, make us not fit not to the disbelievers. What does this mean? Don't make
don't give them the upper hand over us.
So that they think that we are not on the correct religion.
If Allah azza wa jal gives to the enemies, an upper hand over them, the enemies might think, if they were truly on the right path, then God would have seen
that God would have helped them and assisted them as Allah says, in Allah.
Allah defends those who believe, right?
So they're saying, Oh Allah don't make us a fitna.
For our enemies, so how would that be a fitna for them. It means
don't make us a fit not for them. Meaning don't make us
They have dissuading them from religion.
Right? Because this would be a reason for them to go further away from Islam. Right, and to think that this is not the right path. The other example or the other meaning Allah, Allah, that's a Jana fitness don't make us an object of torment as this translation means, don't make us if you give them the upper hand over us, they will prevent us from they will punish us and they will oppress us and they will not have any mercy upon us as in sorta to tell them
basically, that they will not respect any relations or any pacts between you, they get the upper hand over you. So they're saying oh Allah.
This is also because you may ask, what is the reason for them making this dua immediately after the example of
being innocent from the disbelievers?
I give you the answer
about the continuation of that verse before Alex phenomena, it's similar here, this just ties with their people.
Nowadays, everything is built on interest, and reputation and connections and so on. So they sent to that now they have just cut their ties with the people.
They're seeking refuge in Allah, as they have cut their ties with those people the saying, Oh Allah don't make us as we have left them.
We have declared ourselves innocence of them. See Nowadays,
everyone tries to say things beautifully, softly. No one comes and says direct to your face will go like this. You ask them a question. They want you honestly, to maneuver. Right? Here they came and they said it straight to their faces.
So now they have just disconnected themselves with the people. Again, they seek refuge in Allah. And they say, oh, Allah, don't make us a fitna for them.
We cut them off, and we're establishing our ties with you. So don't make us a fitna. For our enemies clear why the wife came after it in this way.
Subhanallah despite this honorable stance, they took a difficult stance they took they still seek forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala said in Akin, and they praise him as he deserves to be praised. It is you who is the Exalted in Might the wise
other Colonel convenience
comfy in was worth on Hassan to Lima.
certainly been for you in them an excellent example exam. Again, an excellent example for anyone whose hope is in Allah, and the Last Day, and whoever turns away, then indeed, Allah is the free of need, the Praiseworthy.
He's telling you, again, that they are a good example. Follow them, because it's not an easy example to follow. So Allah subhanaw taala, is repeating it to confirm its importance.
For anyone, there's a good example for whom not for anybody, for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day, brothers and sisters who can apply this and practice this example, except someone whose desire and hope is for Allah's pleasure and welfare on the last day. If it wasn't for that, would you be able to do this? It was hard, even if the Companions you think it was easy. It wasn't easy.
Yes, this religion at that time, it's separated between a brother and his sister, a brother and his brother,
a person and his father, a daughter and her mother. Yes, it's separated between them. Mind you, it wasn't because of the Muslims, those who became Muslim. It was because of the disbelieving parents when they're disciplining children who refuse to accept the force of kin accepted Islam, and therefore the oppressed and they tortured them and so on, and they didn't allow their conversion to go
we know what the mother of sides
of the law, right? And how she said to him, that you must come back to the origin of your forefathers, and I won't eat or drink and I'm gonna kill myself and so on, and how he still treated her with respect. But at the same time, he was firm in his religion. And the examples I'll give you a few Inshallah, as we come to some of these verses, but the idea is brothers and sisters, you see that this surah, one of the things it's doing, then it is a
it is the cornerstone, one of the cornerstone chapters in the Quran, for establishing the way to establish relationships between Muslims and non Muslims.
Not only on an individual level, but on the level of at large. This is the way this Muslim son established its relationships with people, even when other states and other nations, this is a constitution. This is the way to establish relationships with others. You love what Allah, Allah loves, and you hate what Allah, Allah hates. And you only deal with people based on that.
Does that mean that you cannot have eyes between them? Of course you can, as we'll see in the coming verses, right? But you must hate their idol worship, you must hate their disbelief. You must hate the transgression against Allah subhanaw taala
and so on. And these Danny, Allah subhanaw taala, who is most knowledgeable and most wise, of what is beneficial for the Ummah, is establishing these rules by which the the Islamic State
should abide by
the man Kenny, Angela and the woman, if you seek ALLAH, and the last day, this is the way you should act.
will have a new Hamid and whoever turns away, indeed, Allah is the free of the Praiseworthy, don't think for a second, that what you're doing here is for the good of Allah. Allah does not need you. He doesn't need your worship. If all of you in the world become the worst of the worst. It doesn't affect Allah. In one it
doesn't do anything for Allah. Or if all of you become as pious as Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. It's nothing to Allah. It is only for you. This is for you alone. And this is what he says. Then Indeed, Allah is the free of need. Money. homies is the Praiseworthy, he doesn't need your praise. He's being praised day and night, by trillions of angels.
If all we hear is on the face of the earth,
and the sparkling focus Allah,
Allah Allah, He has trillions of angels who can take you in an instant who are worshipping Allah day and night can praising him he is the praiseworthy so he doesn't need you all of this but he is telling you about this for your own good it's only for our own good
Perhaps Allah will put between you and those to whom you have been enemies, among them. Affection, say Allahu Akbar.
Allah is competent, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. You read this verse and you know, this is the book of Allah azza wa jal, and this is the words of Allah subhanaw taala.
You and I brothers and sisters, we live at a time
at least with respect to this concept of oneness.
It is child's play, compared to what existed in the time Prophet Muhammad peace be upon.
You and I are not able to establish such a concept in our life and live by with people who are far away from us. Even with our own enemies, we don't know how to love and hate for Allah. Unfortunately,
but the people at the time of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon the companions. I'm telling you, this is between their own brothers and sisters and fathers and mothers. Some of those who converted to Islam
experienced that they have a lion paste
What the Companions may Allah be pleased with them.
But you and I, to a large extent,
we can't even apply it with our enemies. And then we come and say no, but how do I love and hate for Allah? How do I establish relationships based on their own fathers and fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters?
When you look at some examples, you know why they were the chosen generation? Boy, they were the Companions, it was a lot of pleasure over everyone else's pleasure, it didn't matter to them, no matter what, maybe
we went through the final verses of circling
where the last part of Allah says,
that you will not find the people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, who show love, towards whom, towards those who are enemies, and oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers, right? Or their children, or their brothers, and so on, or their family. And we gave the examples of how
the hola Juan and his sons, they were about to face each other in the battle, because man was on the other side.
And at that point, yes, he would have killed him.
And he killed his own father.
His father was on the other side, his father's foster kin, his own son,
his son, the son killed his father.
Elena is killing his brother, some of the
some of there were some other examples also some relatives between each other, it became
a relationship animosity.
Surely, but the other ones who are the enemies of Allah, this is the way they wanted it. And there was no other way to bring them back. As much as they
look at the example for instance,
the wife of
mother from the London Zubaydah
will the Alana. Her mother came to her at a time where there was there was a truce between Prophet Muhammad peace be upon themselves correct.
But her mother was still a disbeliever a schmuck had been a Muslim for a long time, will be alone.
When her mother came to her,
she didn't want to have ties with her. She was trying to sever the ties, because she was still
She came to profit and full of disappointment when she said to him, O Messenger of Allah, my mother has come to me.
And she's basically she's seeking ties with me.
Should I have ties with her?
The way we do it nowadays? For them, they used to ask, is this correct? Is this acceptable? According to Islam? Can I do it? Prophet Muhammad peace be upon himself? Yes.
eyes with your mother, even though she's a disbeliever.
In the other narration, of mother came to her and gave her gift.
Give her some gifts, a smart refused the gifts, and she refused to let her into her house. This one, imagine if someone does this nowadays, you say, oh, this person who knows nothing about religion, he has no faith in his heart. No. Be careful. Maybe what they did was wrong.
But they're doing it out of faith. That faith needs some disciplining. That's Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him then say why did you do that?
He realized that she did it only out of a love for Allah and His messenger and out of the hate for those who disbelieve in Allah subhanaw taala and show them that it was a loving person. So when she came again, in this narration, she said to Allah, who is coming to me and she's giving me gifts, and I refuse to let her inside my house. He said to her, accept her gifts, and let her inside your house. He was he was disciplining. He didn't cancel that fate. He was disciplining that faith that they had in their hearts. This is why they were the best generation.
the wife of Prophet Muhammad. He married her later on. She is the daughter of Sophia. Sophia
was one of the late convergence, the convergence.
It's essentially two years before the death of
this wheel. Before that, he was considered an enemy of philosophy. Before he became
Muslim long before and she migrated with those who migrated to abyssea.
Subhanallah her her own husband became Christian. He converted to Christian. He tried to convert his wife she refused. She was firming her religion, and
her husband eventually died. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him hearing about them forever desire to marry her. No, she's an old woman. She's about 40. But he desired to marry her. This was the best news for her and her whole life. The Prophet Muhammad peace be upon himself to learn here. And he's
sent to the Justin and Jesse, the other Simeon King, that he wants to marry. And he
acceptance and he, deputy, someone who is closest to him for labor to marry her to Prophet Muhammad peace we eventually when she went to Medina, in about six or seven year history, let's say 71 year before the purpose of she came to Medina and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them. This is when they met and they came together.
When she was living in the house of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon her disbelieving father at the time I was a peon came to visit her. And he entered the house and he was about to sit, where on the
the place where Prophet Muhammad used to pray.
Obviously, he used to sleep on the floor.
When he came to sit, she pulled it away.
He said to her, my daughter, either you are keeping the bed away from me or you're keeping me away from the bed.
From this place of sleep,
she said, this is the place of sleep of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and you are a dirty disbeliever.
faced in the hearts of hon Allah and her love for the Messenger of Allah and Allah, you are a disbeliever.
And this is the better Prophet Muhammad, she pulled it away from him. Of course, this bothered him
that this was a reason for him later on becoming Muslim.
Again, the strength
of religion and religiosity that he saw in his own
this would make her look this way towards her father, and look this way towards the Messenger of Allah. And of course, she loved to listen to her, even before she became
his husband, his wife, but this shows you the faith and
this is why they were who they were. And this is why Allah subhanaw taala praise them as the companions of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
But you can also see that this was something greatly difficult for them to practice. It wasn't easy.
Because it was with their own relations tried to put yourself in that situation.
That's why Allah azza wa jal gave them a breather
to give them a breather. Awesome. Allahu anugerah Lena Colombina livina are they to know what Perhaps Allah will put between you and those to whom you have been enemies among them?
This is the reason he's telling them yes, this is difficult. Yes, this is something which takes a lot of effort. But
be optimistic. Perhaps Allah was put affection between you and those with whom you are now enemies.
And this happened
to did not many of them became Muslim. Look at the example of this, with respect to
some Habiba, her own father who showed enmity towards became, and this was the best thing, and this is what it means that Allah will put affection between them, they will become Muslim, right? Because he told them, there shouldn't be this affection between you, as long as they are disbelievers. The nice thing that Perhaps Allah will put affection between you, meaning they will accept Islam like you, and there will be affection based on Islam, and this is the best affection.
It applies to him. However, it applies to many others who became Muslim so I Lebanon, Hakeem urbanism, many of them became Muslim, even though it was later on from
from those who used to torture the Muslims from those who used to oppress them, they became Muslim
So, before he became Muslim, and he became who he became to oppress the Muslims in Islam,
but Allah azza wa jal kinds of Allah and Allah guides, whomever he plays and then he became the fortress for Islam. Save now a lot of the a lot
of this is this heart Subhanallah it twist. Allah subhanaw taala does what he pleases. So he Allah azza wa jal gives them a breather and give them optimism. And this is the way brothers and sisters to do Dawa.
Whenever you Whenever someone asks you about a certain verdict,
and you have to give them the verdict without any compromise, and you know, this is not what they want or are capable of doing. Or maybe they find it difficult.
Give them optimism. Yes, you tell them this is the way it is. You tell them.
Brother, sister, Allah is Most wise, Allah only commands good, this is good for you. This is what Allah subhanaw taala commanded and you are a believer and you obey Allah and His Messenger, right? And so on. But after that gives them optimism.
It says this situation, you give them optimism, like Allah gave the optimism. Maybe your mother will. If someone comes and tells you, but my mother and she's my mother, yes, definitely, definitely. show her respect. But maybe she'll become Muslim.
Faith, give him confidence, give her confidence. Maybe she'll become Muslim. Keep calling her to Islam, maybe she'll become better, maybe she'll repent. Maybe he will come closer to Islam and so on.
If it's some other situation, Allah will make it easy for you. Just obey Allah and Allah will make it easy. Allah will open the doors for you. Allah will make a way out for you. If you fear Allah as Allah says in the Quran,
Allah Allah, Allah, Allah
Subhan Allah at the mercy of philosopher Talon, the wisdom of philosopher Donna, knowing how difficult this was upon them, but then giving them this optimism that Perhaps Allah will put affection between you and them, and Allah does what he will. That's why he says this. And
and Allah is competent along this, why? Because if he didn't say Allah, when you read this, you say, how
am I going to put affection between me and my enemy,
the law or this was capable Subhanallah his own capable, he is capable of all things. And there are practical examples
Look at the on
the outside and Medina supported Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, there were world wars between them. Do you know what world wars are?
They were feuds between them
between different clans and tribes, in the unfold, there was only this this, this disease of nationalism at the time, this is why Prophet Muhammad came to eradicate this. And he said to the leave it, this is the time of ignorance this Jamelia or we are of the house we are of the construct we are of this tribe and that tribe and so on.
Even later, after they have become Muslim, one of the Jews was trying to like the match between them again and he reminded them of the war what is called the old
the old the
great war between them. And it is it is to never be forgotten in their history. So this he was trying to like the match between them with young who remember young what asked when so and so was killed and so on. So it's killed and you did this to him and you did this to him and so on.
He needed he they'd almost happened again. They started saying
oh Hassan you're about to fight again Prophet Muhammad this pancake and he became red in the face. He started chanting
What is this? Your this the call of ignorance even while I'm here amongst you find us to
practice this before before I continue. Now when I am amongst you, and Allah azza wa jal has made you from one another
and you are doing this again now.
Leave it it is rotten. This is rotten this tribal feudalism
a lot of social
need those groups, companions of one another, friends of one another. People who love each other how you ask Allah
the other am beautiful, he says,
and Allah mentioned between the hearts
when I can Allah,
he's telling Prophet Muhammad peace be upon us. If you spend everything on the earth,
for the sake of learning between them, you would not be able to. This is how much they avoid each other. But Allah London, between the hearts,
I'm not escaping. So Allah is keeping off, mending these relations and putting affection even between you and those whom,
between whom there's animosity,
Then, notice the other beautiful
phrase, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. He told me first that he is all capable, so that you have faith that this may happen. Then he said, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. In other words, Allah is forgiving to those who come to Him. Allah is merciful towards those who were enemies to Allah when they, if they only repent to Allah, Allah will forgive all of this
Subhanallah though they were enemies to Allah when they know they were torturing his Alia
they were torturing the only have Allah
at one point, but as they had repented, now, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. He forgave them, and he will be merciful towards them. Subhan Allah, brothers and sisters,
the next verses,
which we'll speak about until the next time, Allah subhanaw taala gives you the other side. And this is the balance of Islam, and the balance of the Quran, in disciplining the soul,
Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not expel him from your homes, from being righteous towards them. And just
in other words, that for those who do not fight you in religion, you can have a good relationship with them, and you shouldn't be just towards them. And the example of that is the example of say that it's not
her fault that she should have no relationship with a disbelieving mother. But then Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them. No, have that relationship, be good to her be respectful towards her, but she still must hate and she still does, she abhors her mother's disbelief and she loves nothing more than for her mother to come to Islam. So, these verses inshallah will come to later. And this is why this chapter is a cornerstone in establishing
the way to establish relationships between Muslims and between non Muslims and the at large. And this is the only the ultimate lesson we get from the verses that we just discussed,
is that everything should go back to the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala. Loving for Allah, hating for Allah, building relationships based on what pleases Allah, everything goes back to Islam, to our to our faith and our creed. Everything that we do in life should revolve around this. Not around material, worldly interests. It's about the pleasure of Allah. And believe me, when you do it in that fashion, you will also get the material interests and the worldly pleasures that you seek, because you sought the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala first, Allahu Allah
any questions or comments?
Oh, the four okay.
are the stickman Iman
whoever loves for Allah and hates for Allah and Gibbs for Allah. In other words for the sake of Allah and deprives for the sake of Allah.
Those are the ones who are complete and
given for Allah depriving for Allah meaning I am giving to people for the sake of Allah for helping the poor, helping the needy, helping the orphans, maybe helping a non Muslim challah, who will come to Islam and knowing it for Allah. Depriving for Allah means what
I don't give money to the enemies of Allah. I boycott the enemies of Allah. Right? I boycott their products. This is all part of depriving for the sake of Allah. No, I'm depriving. And I'm cutting the source of money from those people, because they are enemies of philosophy. All of this, when you do these four things, this is the way to attain completeness and.
Her name was Latina, the father of the mother of
mine do, of course, because she's, she's much sicker. She's not Al Kitab. That's the difference. She's not endure. Christian is a newer consumer alone.
What she was sneaker, she has no religion. she worships idols.
This is impermissible.
Activities becomes Muslim. Great.
Will he marry her back? Allah Allah? Allah
depends on how the divorce happened.
After the divorce was thrice as we know, she has to marry another husband first, right? Otherwise, no. If it doesn't happen that way, then she can.
He can re marry her with a new contract.
there are three times that you have to say right three stages. The first time you say it once, twice, three times.
When you say the first time, there is a period, she has to stay right? The three
purities or periods of menstruation, okay?
If she finishes that, and you return her.
In other words to the relationship, you're still married, right? This is this is one
one time where you said you are divorced.
Then you said for some reason, again, more problems. You said you are divorced.
And then she was in this period, and you returned her before the period.
Then you set for a third time you are divorced.
And she stayed during that period. Right.
And you didn't return. She is completely divorced upon that. If you want to remarry her, you cannot unless she marries another husband
and gets divorced from him.
Because this, you went through all the stages of divorce, it was a prolonged period. And still you're not able to get along and you said I don't want her. She's not.
Then you want her again. She has to marry another husband. It's it makes things a little bit more difficult. But it's happened.
But beware of those who marry just for the sake of this. Just to marry another husband get divorced. So what did they used to do? A man will come in marry her just for the sake of saying yes, she got married. And she got divorced. So she can go back to our previous husband. This marriage is haram in Islam.
Right? This is one case.
The other case is that you say you are divorced. And she is in that period, right of the three periods of menstruation and you don't return her.
You allow the period to finish then she is officially divorced from you. Right.
In that situation. You can bring her back. But you have to marry her with a new contract. It's a new marriage clear.
But in the case where you went through all of the three periods, that's when you can no longer re marry or unless she marries another husband and gets divorced from him okay.
If he divorced her for the third time, then she is not lawful to him afterward until after she marries her husband other than Him.
And as he the latter husband divorces her or dies, there is no blame upon them. Otherwise the woman and the phone
her husband for returning to each other, if they think that they can get within the limits of Allah, these are the limits of Allah, which He makes clear to the people who know.
This is the case of the three divorces.
Not acceptable, and the popular opinion of Scholars is that it only counts as one
and only one you cannot finish all the three otherwise SubhanAllah. And what's the wisdom of Allah? Making the divorce in three stages?
Think about what you're doing. Don't just the Annie counselor out of your life. You live to have affection between you. There's children between you and so on. And just you are divorced three times she's out. No. You say it's once in a place fine.
Think about what you're doing. Go back. This is also like, part of the wisdom of the religion is that she is not allowed to leave the house of her husband. Right? After she's divorced. She's supposed to stay in the house. What do people do nowadays out of their ignorance. The father in reverse. takes her out of the house and fixtures house. How's there going to be conciliation between them? There's going to be no regret. No, you keep her in the house. Then he thinks then he sees her. She sees him. They remember good times. Maybe. Maybe he thinks why am I doing this? I want to keep her becomes an hate. Danny they consider it or she comes from the considered. There's a way but you
take her out of the house.
This is unacceptable and
it's not allowed