Qur’an Tafseer al-Baqarah- Enemies of Jibreel (AS)
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
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swing down with McGraw Hill from the Rila Robben Island of La sala to automaticity mother so you didn't our Imam in our hobby been a bit passive Mohammed Abdullah Abdullah on early wasafi with Toby, woman to be BSN in LA with the intrapreneur choleric Milena LM LM Tata indica until Alima Hakeem Robbie Shockley solder us silly Emery McMullen of death Emily Sandhya. McCauley I praise Allah Almighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment and mean Glory be to You Allah, no knowledge have we accept that what you have
taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise My dear brothers and sisters As Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I hope everyone is doing well in sha Allah, we continue with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah.
And I just want to continue a little bit of what we started last week of what needs to be mentioned
with the last idea that we covered before we begin today, Allah subhanaw taala said that that was really gonna shed light on a human level, Rahim. When I tell you then, a horizon shahada HYAH to Amina lady international coup, the ayah that is talking about how the Jews are the most keen on the dunya.
He's telling us a very important character trait about the Jews. And he says one minute livina Ishaku even more than the pagans who do not have an Acura the pagans, and Medina Ishaku they don't believe in the day of judgment or paradise or Hellfire or anything. So, it makes a lot of sense for someone who has no akhira that this is everything that dunya is everything. So I live as if there is no Acura. But for the Jews, they are unki tanned. They were telling the pagans about paradise and hellfire and accountability and the Day of Judgment. How can you be the most keen on the dunya This is not praise as we said before, those who panela the Jews of today are turning they're turning it
around to make it seem like praise. Oh, Judaism is a religion about this dunya it's not obsessed with akhira. Okay, this is just a quick refresher for what we covered last time. Here Allah subhanaw taala is blaming them.
This kind of health, this kind of keenness on the dunya is blameworthy.
And Allah subhanaw taala tells us on the other hand, the other ayat, and this is where the Muslim needs to take heed, and listen very carefully. When Allah subhanaw taala talks about the people of the Hellfire, the people who will end up in the hellfire, those are the ones who do not desire to meet Allah subhanaw taala nor do they believe that they will meet Allah azza wa jal. Then he says we're all do Bill hayati, dunya
we're all do Bill hieratic dunya they are pleased with this dunya they are completely satisfied with this dunya and nothing else.
Is this how some Muslims live? Possibly May Allah may not make us of those Verado Bill hieratic dunya what might be
and they are completely comfortable towards it.
is it not okay as a Muslim to live a good life here in the dunya? No, of course, and hire a favor the good life
is for the one who obeys Allah subhanaw taala in the dunya and in the akhira.
But you do not have this characteristic Ramu will highlight in dunya. Workman Nubia. It's almost as if they've completely surrendered themselves to this dunya This dunya is everything. This is the way the Jews are about the dunya will attend. You didn't know Rahsaan ser la jolla and we said not sure if I mentioned it.
He said the other higher.
Not an hire. It's not Kira. He said hire some dunya any dunya good life bad life. The important thing is the life
it doesn't matter. So everything all of their eggs they put in the basket of the dunya and nothing else. Good bad. It doesn't matter. It's all about this life. Forget about it.
Anything that comes later?
And maybe because they know we market them at ID him that's why they will not wish for death because they know what they have put forth and what awaits them of the punishment that they've judgment. Okay. So the Muslim does not
back this week,
Allah subhanho wa Taala chastised by Mohammed bin bow ora
Muhammad bin Bahara it is said new had knowledge of the Greatest Name of Allah subhanaw taala.
But what happened to him? He reneged. He forgot everything.
And the main problem is as Allah azza wa jal tells us in the Quran, well I can know who
Elon and what Teva Hawa.
This is what Allah azza wa jal is talking about when he says well at the Gita now Hassan Nasrallah HYAH how is this blameworthy because of this, Aquila do ill earth what does that mean?
It means they find eternity in this dunya they live as if eternity is in this dunya not in akhira collude acleda Illa around. So they don't see anything but the dunya this would happen to this is what Allah azza wa jal is describing Malala in that era with like, you know, UCLA, Elon, what, tada hahaha, and he followed his own vain desires. This is what is being
criticized here. Well, that tells you that now I have a son NASA Hyah.
This is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said and Hadith
makes the dunya
his Nia, his his Nia or his concern when candidate duniya hammer home, okay, when he talks about an Acura in one narration he mentioned in the Yeto.
If your whole concern is the dunya
then there are three consequences. Allah subhanaw taala will scatter your affairs. Now the Willem Dalek, you keep trying to bring things together and it keeps getting scattered.
If that's happening,
then look introspectively at yourself.
Am I have I made the dunya my whole concern.
Allah will scatter his affairs and he will make poverty right here between his eyes meaning it's something you see all the time. You can never get away from it. You always see how poor you are poor in the sense that you keep trying and working for the dunya and you're getting nowhere because your whole sole concern is the dunya.
And finally, he says and then in the end after all of that, the only thing that that person will achieve is that which was written for them already.
The exact opposite of the one who works for an Acura and makes Acura their concern and makes Acura their Nia.
Then we come to the verses of today Allah subhanaw taala says Bullman will lead you bury LFS in Hoonah Zilla who will be cared evening. He most of the
most of the funding
that he was with Bush raw meaning say to them, Montana, I do want the Gibreel whoever is an enemy to Jibreel Jibreel Allah is
whoever is an enemy to Jibreel Baraka Luffy Thank you. Give it to me. Thank you very much.
Whoever is an enemy to Gibreel
indeed, he brought it down
on your heart
by the permission of Allah subhanaw taala.
Who would be an enemy to debrief?
Remember they've been Jerry recovery
says that the Joomla
The scholars of Tafseer is that this idea was revealed. In other words, the reason of revelation suburban Newzoo this idea was revealed
the Jews declaring that Gibreel was the enemy.
in one of the narrations
it mentions that the Jews came to the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, and they started asking him some questions.
Even it's hot narration, though there may be weakness in it, they asked about for things, other narrations may be
more restricted and it just mentions that they asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who comes to you which angel comes to you, all of the prophets and messengers have an angel coming to them which angel comes to you.
So he said Gibreel
so they said he is our enemy.
They said he is our enemy. He comes down with war and fighting.
In that narration, other narration they mentioned other things that they criticize him with the Hello La Quwata illa biLlah
and then they said, but
Miko, the other angel, he is the one who comes down with rain and mercy. And he is our ally. So Gibreel is their enemy. And mica eel is their ally.
So Allah subhanaw taala revealed the following verse, say to them, mankind I do want legibility for him now Mozilla like
this is one reason of Revelation.
The question that the Jews asked of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And why Allahu Allah, there is another reason of Revelation.
And though those narrations, all of them have some weakness in them, from a purely Hadith sciences perspective, but all of them together, prove that the story happened. And Ibn Hajr Oklahoma law says that,
when you have so many different ways and narrations, this gives the
narration strength, okay.
And this is that aroma. Hatha Raja Lavon
was talking to the Jews now.
So he says, probably Allahu Allah, that he used to sometimes visit the Jews, when they are having their tell raw study, when they are studying the Torah between each other.
And he would say, I would be amazed at the agreement between the Quran and the Torah, how your Kalon agrees with the Torah and the Torah agrees with the Quran.
And they said to him, Oh Allah,
there is none there is more beloved to us than you.
Let no enemy of aroma
tell you oh, look, see, the Jews loved him.
Why did they say that? He said, why? He asked them why? Why do you say this? They said, because
you come to us, you you come and you join our session, you come and meet with us. He said to them, I only come to witness and to be amazed by the conformity between the Quran and the Torah that you are study.
the Prophet sallallahu wasallam passes by behind him going somewhere else. So they tell him, there's your friend,
Mohammed. So he turns around and he sees that it is indeed the prophets. Allah says I'm sorry, turns back to them. And he said, I asked you by Allah.
Don't you know that he is the messenger of Allah? Don't you believe that he is the messenger of Allah
So their chief tells the rest of them, he asked you by Allah. And
they said to him, You are our chief, you are the leader, you answer him.
So he said, Yes, we know that he is the messenger of Allah.
So Tom says, then you are the worst of them. If you believe this, and you admit it, and then you don't you don't follow him. So then he said to him, but we have an enemy,
an enemy from the angels. And this is Jibreel
and an ally or someone with whom we are at peace, and this is mica a Miko.
So, Omar says to them Wallahi, it is not for Gibreel
be the enemy of someone who is at peace with mica ill and it is not for Mika, Ill to be at peace with someone who is the enemy of God.
They are together.
They are enemies of whoever is an enemy to them, and they are at peace with whoever is at peace with them. In other words, they are together.
all Mara ran to follow the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, and then the prophet or Salah meets him and he says, You have no hot tub? Shall I recite to you some of the verses that came down to me? He said yes or messenger of Allah. So the prophets of salaam started reciting Pullman can I do well did you bury left in Hoonah Zilla Allah fell because Nila
and the verses continue.
So Omar says Wallahi, or messenger of ALLAH, by the one who sent you with truth,
I was only coming to tell you this. And it seems Allah subhanaw taala the all knowledgeable the all aware, knowledgeable of all subtleties, has already informed you and told you
and then Allah says Wallahi after that, my Deen became stronger like a rock.
understandably, when you see things
it ignites your Eman. When you see certain science,
things that happen in your life, a certain understanding that Allah subhanaw taala gives you It strengthens your Eman.
So this are these two are the reasons of revelation for this area. And this is completely acceptable in the silence of Deaf See, that one Aya may have two reasons of Revelation. So it may have been revealed at this in this incident, and also in that and it may have happened obviously,
more than once.
Pullman can I do what the Jibreel so now they are declaring their enmity to Jibreel Alehissalaam.
The apparent excuse is what? Oh, he brings down in the
sorry, the narration of Rama the narration continues, because then
they said to him, Gibreel comes down, they explain why he's an enemy. So they said he comes down with difficulty, and harshness, and
similar things, but mica eel, it comes down with ease and compassion and stuff like that. Subhanallah and they made them enemies of one another.
So the apparent reason is that
when we ask if that's the case, so now if someone comes to you,
and says to you, Gibreel is my enemy. What would you say? What would your reply be? Just quick, give me a quick response automatically without thinking much.
Someone comes to you and says Jabril is my enemy.
You might insult him. You might call him a cat.
What else would you say?
La Quwata illa biLlah. Yeah, very natural response.
Wouldn't you say something like Well then, if you're an enemy to Jibreel, then you're an enemy to Allah. Right
What does the ISA
the beginning No.
Pull mankind I do want to Gibreel in Hoonah Zilla who Allah convict Subhan Allah. The words of Allah are not like the words of human beings. Okay just
has to be very clear of
that for in Hoonah Zilla who Allah columbic in who Abba mera Illa Gibreel.
For inner who
they made themselves enemies to Djibouti, Djibouti is the enemy. He Gibreel Nasrallah who sent him down brought down what Zela who will have fina zero? Allah Quran?
The Zilla who Allah cannabic
brought it down upon your heart.
We'll deal with it one by one. First of all, it seems like
Allah subhanaw taala is telling us this is just a smokescreen.
What they said about all Jabril coming down with enmity and war and fighting and this Annette, right? Anything mentioned about that, in the is in response.
Nothing mentioned, right?
It's a smokescreen. It seems like Allah Allah. This has nothing to do with it. The main reason for their enmity is because he brought the Quran down to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the best way, their enmity to him is an enmity to the prophets of Salaam and to Gibreel nor is what they're trying to say. Yes, we believe is the Messenger of Allah, we would follow him and believing in but
our enemy is coming to him. Or if it was someone else, then fine.
Again, you see the same thing all throughout. They're playing around with the words of Allah subhanaw taala and the deen of Allah subhanaw taala.
So you believe he's a prophet, but the problem is, our enemy from the angels is coming to him. Does that make any sense by Allah?
So Allah subhanaw taala is answering them in Zilla who Allah make
the evening Allah, the Xena who Allah can pick. This is what Allah is saying. Okay? Of course the prophets of Salaam is commanded to say to them but sometimes this is the case in the Arabic language. He will not say the Zilla who Allah can be, he will say what Allah said to him, which is for him known as Zillah wa albick. Allah subhanaw taala brought it down upon your heart but even Allah, Zilla Allah albick begins Nila again look at the additions look at all of the information we're getting.
But there's a very important underlined part here which is Nila.
Gibreel brought the Quran down upon the heart of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam by the permission of Allah. He didn't do it on his own.
Why are you making him an enemy of yours? You want to be enemies to someone? Be enemies to the one who sent him.
He came by the permission of Allah be enemies to Allah. Declare your enmity to Allah clearly.
Gibreel brought it down to the Prophet also learn by the permission of Allah not on his own. You have a problem take care of with Allah.
Don't take care of with debris.
Zilla who Allah can mica isn't Allah. Notice Subhan Allah
and then he continues and
describes the Quran as a guidance and a glad tiding
necessarily who Allah can pick Subhanallah as if the Quran went straight to the heart of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And I always think and say,
if the Jews and the Christians had
a 10th of an area, like this Aya, talking about how the book of Allah was revealed, straight to the heart of the messenger, they would just celebrate
when you look at the Bible,
the Old Testament or the New Testament, you see nothing of the sort. And so many people, even sometimes scholars of theirs, are coming to the conclusion and reaching a conviction that a lot of it is literature. A lot of it is written by people. It's not divinely inspired by Allah subhanaw taala. The Quran is so clear about how it came down.
So, it came down to the heart of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam exactly like me. I have sorted this shot up. Nessa levy a rueful Amin the one who came down with it is the trustworthy spirit Gibreel Alayhis Salam nazara we have Rafa Amin, Hala, beaker, same upon your heart Mr. Kuhn. I mean, I wouldn't dream as if there are no intermediaries straight to the heart of the prophets are seldom. One may ask, okay, wasn't he hearing Julius Of course, he heard Gibreel recite it and learned it from him and sometimes recited it back
But this may be Allahu Allah, this may be the meanings of the Quran, which Allah subhanaw taala gave him and it went straight to his heart the understanding of the meanings of the Quran as Allah azza wa jal says in Surah tokuyama from in Lena, but yeah, and then it is for us to clarify it clarify to you
how Allah azza wa jal gave it to him, it went straight to his heart. For in Hoonah Zilla Allah, Allah cannabic.
O Allah, fill our hearts with the Quran
known as Zeno, Hala, can be can be even Allah by the permission of Allah will suddenly condemn Albania day.
It is a confirmation of that which came before it. So in other words, you Jews who have declared Gibreel Ali salaam as your enemy, because he brought the Quran to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who you are
admitting is a profit. It is a confirmation of what you have. That's what I was going to witness when he would attend their gathering to see that conformity and that agreement will suddenly be in your day. What's your problem?
Well, somebody handed in Albania today.
And we talked about most of the economy in the past and the agreement and the confirmation
most of the economy today he were who then were Bush rollin meaning and a guidance and a glad tiding for the believers. Indeed, it is a guide to those in the beginning of Surah Al Baqarah, golden
of course, it is something that guides
but because of how the Quran itself is a guidance, he called it guidance. The Quran itself is guidance, who then will Boucher but to whom?
To the believers, to the pious?
Is that a guide to those who do not believe in it?
Allah azza wa jal tells us in the other eye, it only increases them in disbelief.
When a person opens their mind wants to know the truth and follow it.
It will be a guide for them and thus it is a guide for the believers who then push around the moon and a giver of glad tidings. It is full of glad tidings for the believers it fills their hearts with hope
in what Allah subhanaw taala has promised them
may Allah subhanaw taala make it a guide for us.
Then he says
men when can I do when the law now he comes to the part about
putting let's let's call it dotting the I's and crossing the t's, okay.
Now it's going to become very clear. But in the beginning, he was saying, this is your real problem. The fact that he brought the Quran
for a number zero Allah Kalmyk but now he's saying when can I do one thing
Now hold on, it's not finished. When can I do? Well Linda who ever is an enemy to Allah, wait a minute, nobody said anything about admitted to Allah they will respond with some shock. We said Gibreel is our enemy not Allah. No, you are an enemy to Jibreel so Allah is an enemy to you.
You declared Gibreel as your enemy. So that means Allah is your enemy.
You started out with Allah from the beginning men can I do what Nila?
will become an enemy of Allah.
What kind of idiot
puts himself or places himself against Allah subhanho wa Taala Allahu Akbar.
When can I do well Nila wonderla Katie he and his angels? Again the say no, no, no, stop, stop. We didn't say anything about the angels. We love Michael is our ally.
Same idea. You're an enemy to one angel. You're an enemy to the rest.
They're all together. You cannot separate that way.
When can I do what? Women are equity. So if Gibreel is your enemy, that means all the angels are your enemies.
But can I do what Allah Allah kitty we're also Lee and the messengers of Allah. No, we didn't say anything about the Messenger of Allah, it doesn't matter.
You cannot pick and choose. Therefore told me you will not be bothered Kitabi we're gonna be banned.
You read in a new factory called buy in Allah who originally they want to discriminate
between Allah and His messengers. No, you cannot.
And the same goes for the messengers, you disbelieve in one you have disbelieved and
as we have discussed in the past as well.
You have to believe in them all. This is the beauty of Iman and faith, this is the situation as Muslims, this is belief.
Men can I do Allah wa Mala Katha He was holy he what Jibreel our mica
but he just mentioned all the angels Why is he mentioning Gibreel and mica now specifically Gibreel and Miko.
This in the science of tafsir is known as RT full house alarm
out full house alarm meaning first you mentioned that which is general. Then he mentioned that which is specific
Gibreel and mica are angels. And they are messengers as well, in that sense.
But now he mentioned them in specific
because it's a more cogent reply.
And they cannot do their usual maneuvering and say no, we didn't say anything about the angels are the messengers and Jibreel if you're an enemy to Gibreel you're it's you're an enemy to Allah, you're an enemy to the angels. You're an enemy to the messengers. What we can What do you mean we just said we are friends of mica me and Michael is our ally. You're an enemy to Mikael as well because you're an enemy to Jibreel Amara, the Allah Allah told you, they are together Gibreel will be an enemy to the enemy of Michael. And Michael will be an enemy to the enemy of Gabriel.
Would you Briella when we can, whoever is an enemy to all of those in Allah, I do World Cafe, then Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.
the response was what not Allah is their enemy. Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers. So he recorded that this is Kufa
this kind of enmity to Allah and to the Olia of Allah. These are the Alia of Allah. These are the closest people to Allah subhanaw taala that means you are an enemy of Allah. And that means you have committed
act of coffee.
This is coffee. This is disbelief in Allah do what little cafe very
very serious. So look how Allah subhanaw taala brought them to the main point.
It's not just oh yeah, we don't like Jabril he's our enemy
it's much more grave. Actually you have made yourself an enemy to all of these. And you have essentially called yourselves disbelievers in alojado lil Caffery
it's a stark reminder brothers and sisters, about the importance of loving Allah and loving for Allah
and hating for Allah.
In other words, to love what Allah loves, and to abhor what he of course,
to very serious issue.
Allah subhanaw taala in his magnificence in greatness, is now here to defend
Gibreel Ali salah.
Of course, they also tried to kill the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they declared their enmity, but here in this area,
Allah is saying, Don't you dare talk about Jibreel Alehissalaam.
Allah is defending him.
And what kind of a defense Allah is saying, if you are his enemy, then I am your enemy. Yeah, Allah doesn't get any clearer than that.
Sometimes, if somebody shows enmity towards someone you love, you may not have the courage, or the ability to come out and say it that clearly.
If you are an enemy to this person, then you are my enemy. Can you say that?
This is what Allah is telling them. You are then my enemies I am an enemy to you. If you are an enemy to Jibreel ally Salla Allahu Akbar. Then Allah do William Catherine. It reminds us of the other idea was whoosh Ali Salaam.
When he said that,
the one who will take him
is an enemy to me and an enemy to him yet who I do will lead what I do doula
the Beloved of Allah,
someone is going to take him around who is an enemy to me and an enemy to him.
Similarly, here in the LA do we live Caffery?
No easy manner.
And Allah subhanaw taala says the Hadith Bootsy as the prophets of Allah mentioned,
Muhammad Ali will Ian forgot to fill out
Mannahatta Lee Willie and whoever shows enmity to one of my earlier
then I have announced or declared to him, war, war against him. You show enmity to a worthy of Allah you become the enemy of Allah Allah very serious issue
This is what's happening in this i.
When can I do when we learn what Mala ecology we're also lucky would you really want me curl for in Allah who will live Catherine, one may ask
for in Allah who will live caffeine.
Allah is the enemy of the disbelievers, okay, in the context of the ayat is very clear, right?
Because they have showed enmity to one of his earlier and thus it is an enmity towards Allah himself.
But if we try to understand it more generally, in Allah I do will live Catherine Allah is the enemy of the disbelievers. Allah tells us in other
I get that he does not like the disbelievers. He doesn't like the corrupters he doesn't like the disobedient. He doesn't like the arrogant and so on and so forth. Right? Many ideas in the Quran.
Does that mean Allah doesn't want guidance for them?
If he's the enemy and he doesn't like them
everyone is silent.
Everyone is looking away. Nothing to do with me.
Allah subhanaw taala wants guidance for all of his creatures.
So this idea, oh, Allah loves everyone
Can we say that? Just in general like that? No.
Does Allah love the shaper?
Does Allah love the disbelievers
he wants guidance for them. And he loves nothing more than guidance for them. From a shimmery perspective, this is what Allah commands and wants for them.
But because of their disbelief,
he is an enemy in Allah who will live carefully. He does not like their disbelief. But that doesn't mean he doesn't want them to be guided and to repent to Him.
In fact, as we know, as in the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam,
nothing is more beloved to him
than the repentance of one of his slave servants,
as in the Hadith about the Nomad in the desert,
getting lost, and then going for a quick nap. And then he loses everything, his animal, his transport, all of his
preparations that he had, all of a sudden he has nothing. And then he finds it. And he's exhilarated and he's so happy that he confuses Allah with himself and he says, Oh Allah, you are my slave and I am your Lord.
The Prophet SAW Selim says Allah is happier when one of his slaves repents to him than this man
loves nothing more than guidance, but we don't use that terminology. Allah loves everyone Allah loves this. disbeliever No, Allah doesn't like the disbelievers because of their disbelief because of their enmity towards him or towards because, in the end, a disbeliever
has not believed in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and when you disbelieve in one prophet, you have disbelieved at all. It's a very serious crime.
When you worship gods besides Allah subhanaw taala This is the worst of sins.
When you declare that Allah subhanaw taala has a son, or a wife,
or that the angels are the daughters of Allah, The heavens are about to fall on you and you do not know it.
As Allah tells us in the Quran,
in Allah I do will lead Caffrey
but Allah subhanaw taala is the most merciful and
wants nothing more than guidance for his slave servants.
But there is going to be a difference necessarily, you cannot make equal those who love Allah and live their lives for Allah.
And those who
put Allah subhanaw taala on the other side, and declare themselves as enemies to him, or to one of his messengers or to one of his angels, Allah Allah Allah, wa salatu salam ala Nabina Muhammad
Laura can Luffy cause panic longer