Tafsir Surah Kahf – Musa (AS) & Khidr (AS) #01

Mohammad Elshinawy


Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy

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So the calf is four stories, right? You remember this. It was the story

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of the men in the cave, or the boys in the case. And the story of Buddha remain, those are stories one and four. And those came as a response to courage, which said, How do we stop Muhammad? We don't know anything about Scripture. And he came out of nowhere with the Scripture. So they went to the Jews of Medina and said, What do we ask him? They said, Ask him about those young princes that fled with their religion from persecution to the cave and ask them about the righteous king that roamed the earth east to us.

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Ask him about those things. No one will know those accounts except the true prophet. And so so the GIF comes down, not with the account of these two, but Allah doubles it for them. You're questioning Muhammad, you're testing him. I'm gonna give you four stories, not too. Well. That's not all the beauty continues. The first story was the voice in the cave. They asked about that. The last story was a name they asked about that the two bonus in the middle have

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the challengers in the crosshairs. So the challengers were pushed to Vegas from Mecca. They were trying to stop the Broncos off alone. And they were the Jews in Medina who set them up with these questions or trick questions.

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And so the second story was what to remembers

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the men to gardens right? And that was a direct. That was a direct threat to courage, because the story of the man of the two gardens in great brevity, for those that weren't with us was a man who thought he didn't need to listen, didn't need to believe didn't need to be humble, because he had so much. And likewise Qureshi will say, we don't need to listen to Mohamed, we don't need to accept his prophethood because we are the mother of all cities, we are the mannequins we are correlation. So that was aimed at them. And then the second bonus story, two and three stories. So three of the bonus stories, right. The second of them, which is the story we're covering right now, which is the

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third story of the surah is the one that is threatening the Jews of Medina. Why, as we said in the hospital today, the story of Musa alayhis salam and Acharya is the story of knowledge and Musa alayhis salam submitting to new knowledge that he wasn't aware of before. And you Jews claimed to be the followers of Moses, and there's a new prophet on the block, if you will. Mohamed Salah Barrios said them, you claim to be the followers of Moses with you refusing the following command, when his newfound knowledge, the new scripture the Quran has come about around you see the connection now between the stories they asked for to Allah gave them for, and then two extra ones are calling them

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out on their disbelief and their stubbornness, and their faulty claims to be followers of Moses, peace and blessings be upon him. That's the quick overview.

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So the story of Musa alayhis salam, and further it is the story of bringing the story of knowledge, that it's not exactly knowledge that separates

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the righteous from the wicked, it's how you act on that knowledge. Does it cause you to be humble and submit to it? And recognize Allah's right in light of it? Or does it cause you to be arrogant because of it. So knowledge is a blessing when it's acted on. And knowledge can be a curse and it leads to arrogance. That's the idea.

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And this story of new Sally ceramah is not only in the Surah. It is also found in the authentic hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. One of the longest authentic hadith we have in the Sunnah is the hadith of obey of Nicaea or the Allah went on in Bukhari and Muslim. That gives us further details on what took place the encounter between Musa Ali Salam and Kadir alayhi salam ala his setup

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and some scholars said this is of the seamless ways Allah keeps us coming back to the Sunnah. So that no one ever says the Quran is enough. Some people may say I just just the more I can't trust the Sunnah. Well, where do you find in the Quran? That asked is for us, or there's five prayers in a day. Where do you find in the Quran that zakah is two and a half percent or that the law from the cabinet is seven times or otherwise, right? You need to consult the sunnah or else the deed can mean anything to anyone. Likewise in the form of stories at times Allah azza wa jal leaves out so

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worried strong the Quran for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to, to bring together to bring full full circle to that only by collating all of them do you have all the necessary or the accurate details, the full details of the story. So Allah ties us to the Sunnah once again to the story of Musa al Kadhim by having some of it in the Quran. And of course the language of the Quran is unique with the substance of the Sunnah and the authority of the Sunnah in guiding us is as authoritative as the Quran.

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And so what does the Sunnah tell us as a background, I'm probably going to spend quite a bit of time on the background and we'll go through the is fast, faster in the next few weeks in sha Allah will babygap says one time, the prophets of Allah, Allah INFINIM sat us down and told us about that episode between Musa alayhis salam. And

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he said that Musa alayhis salam stood up on de Halim when he when he saw the delivering the sermon to the Israelites, his people.

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And then a man stands up and says to him, men, alumnus who's the most knowledgeable person.

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And so Musa alayhis salam says,

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I have the most knowledgeable

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fans ever who wrote boohoo Islamia who regularly and so Allah reprimanded him for not referring.

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That's fact back to Allah.

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Musa alayhis salam is more knowledgeable than 100 and more virtuous than a father

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and knows things 100 Does it know.

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But Allah holds the profits to a higher standard, it is unbefitting of you to answer this question, even if your answer is right, based on assumptions you're assuming, by the way,

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it is not like reaching here to excuse Musa Ali's setup. Like first of all, the question itself was very inappropriate. And but it was right it is known to be provocative to be up there, who's the who's the most dominant? You know, I'm your prophet, you know, I was sent to you, you know, God flowing appoints me as your teacher. And then you ask your teacher, is anybody smarter than you?

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Right? It's a very inappropriate question. The undertones of that question are defiance. And so when Mr. Ali said, if perhaps, you know, very quickly answered that he assumed and he could have been right as well that it's me, I am the most knowledgeable but he just wanted to tell him Hey, on the future, what are you doing?

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And Allah azza wa jal excuse him, for sure.

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Because Allah Allah masala, sir, by the way, and he knew this didn't come to America.

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And that the scholars actually said it is worth mentioning that this could have been one of the reasons why Musala is rushed into answering that way. Like he knows he's so valuable to Allah, that he could sort of forget himself in some way and just assume Of course, he's not gonna let anyone be more knowledgeable than he got loves me.

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And things like this from many different places in the Quran, like the leeway that Musa alayhis salam had because of how precious he was to Allah was unique. Like, you know, when he met Allah subhanho wa taala.

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Allah said to him when it can be a minicab Musa right in Sudha, what is that in your right hand or Musa? What would be the correct answer?

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color here are signs and it is my stick.

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Didn't ask you who it belongs to. We just asked you what is this right? He said, It is my stick that he didn't stop there. He went on to explain some more. And he said, I tell I kept where I lead on it. But we didn't ask who it belongs to. We didn't ask what you do with it. Well, who should be here and upon me, and I use it also to keep my sheep together to keep my sheep in a line. What efe has, if that wasn't as I have other uses, as well, and that sentence isn't saying much like and other uses as well. They said because he there was such a relationship of endearment between him and Allah. Allah gave him room to speak. Right? It's not just answering the questions and he also wanted

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to extend the conversation with Allah right. And so that sort of flexibility was given to me. Or the other incident when he says to Allah, adding the uncle unique. He says to God, I can't see you. He expects his expectation is that Allah will give him that privilege. He let me speak to him directly. No one's ever spoke to him. Maybe he'll let me see him. Even though no one's ever let me see you.

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He said that to Allah azza wa jal. And so we knew he had this special status with Allah. And so that's of what could have emboldened him to simply say, not out of arrogance, but out of his expectation of Allah that he wouldn't let anyone ever become more knowledgeable than him. I'm the most knowledgeable person on earth.

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And so Allah reprimanded him for answering this way.

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he said to him, actually, there is a servant of Mine at the place where the two seas merge, where the two seas come together.

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That is more knowledgeable than you, we will get later to the fact that he is more knowledgeable than him, in some issues, not in totality. And so the idea begins, let's start the out with the IHL. Allah says and recall to the meaning on the covenant sallallahu alayhi wasallam, when Musa alayhis salam said to fetac said to this young helper is young assistant,

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whose is young assistant,

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you shall be known right now in English is what? Prophet Joshua, he was likely an apprentice at this point, and not yet a prophet. He became an apprentice at this point, he was they say, a teenager that was assisting Mussolini setup and learning the ropes of bleeding federal extra Eve, and what would prepare him for prophethood. Later, he said to him,

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I will not stop, I want to I'm bent on getting to the place the junction of the two seas.

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Where is the junction of the two seas?

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If you're from North Africa, you're going to say Morocco or Tunisia. Some people say this, it does exist in some books, we're not going to fight about this.

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Right. And if you're Palestinian or Jordanian you're gonna say, at that Peninsula.

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And if you're rightly guided, you're gonna say it was an Egypt dumpster.

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But you're a gypsy, and you're gonna say it was in Egypt, because all of these places, you know, they, by the way, Egypt like does have a lot going for it. There's like Ben was thought he'd Sinai Nihil meets the Mediterranean, I'm just saying, you know,

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but like it is the two seas, if it were important where it were, Allah would have mentioned it to us, right. But it was a very distant place that works against Egypt going away, it was a very distant place. And he said, I'm not going to stop until I get to the place where the two seas are. And the scholars also said the two seas here means the two bodies of water, it's where freshwater met saltwater. You know, where they got that from?

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Sea, our scholars were dedicated to the Quran. They were very, very, very thoughtful on how they are analyzing these things. They said, because when you go to the Hadith, it says later on in the story that a bird was drinking from the water, and birds don't drink from seawater, they drink from freshwater. And so this month, one of the two seas at least had to be freshwater, right? Look how they extrapolated or deduce that. In any case, I'm going to keep going.

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Until I get to this place where the two seas converge, or meet

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LM Lea Hakuba, even

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if I have to travel for

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hope by the sets for ages, and I will probably just for convenience translated as ages. But just to show you how eloquent Arabic is the word hope back.

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Or hopeful, I'm sorry,

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is the plural of HEPA and have provided the Arabic language means 70 to 80 years, it means a lifetime 70 to 80 years, okay. And in Arabic, there is singular, this is not singular. And there's dual when there's two of something, and there's plural, this is the plural. So singular is there's one, he didn't say even if I have to travel for a half about that means even if I traveled 7080 years, he didn't say even if I had to travel for him, but saying that would have made it 140 to 160 years. He said hopeful though,

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which is the Laurel of EFA, which only can apply to three or more of them. And it's not singular, not dual. So he's saying even if I have to travel for two or three 400 years, so be

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I have to do and if this is the story of knowledge of the knowledge related lessons here is that

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a Muslim is a lifelong student, right? In our society. He said that Musa Instagram story here is the first instance in human history where Allah sent

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People on journeys to seek sacred knowledge to seek the knowledge from Allah Azza did should travel for knowledge. But even if you're not going to travel physically outside of your homeland for knowledge, the concept of being a lifelong student

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was inherited by Numa, the Prophet salallahu idea center, because we have the most complete Sharia, right, that addresses the most comprehensive, you know, lifestyle. And so unless you actually commit yourself to it, you can't separate the stem from knowledge because how do you know what you submit to without learning? Right? So part of your commitment to Allah is that you have to accept, to put in the work to be a lifelong student.

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That's what we get from here that I mean, I'm not going to stop until I get to the knowledge I need. The knowledge Allah has awaiting the knowledge Allah expects me to collect. And as we said today, in the hotbar, being a lifelong student also is not just your commitment to Allah is dependent on it. But your path to humility is dependent on because if you're always learning, then you're always discovering what you didn't know. So it keeps you humble. It keeps you in humility.

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That word for number, excellent.

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Allah azza wa jal

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says, but when they finally reached the point where to seize me, but I'm better Allah mentioned my veiny Hema NESEA hotel owner, they forgot their fish.

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Why did he say salted fish

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because it would have rocked it, it was insolvent. And that's where they got salted from. So the Hadith complete the story they say that Musa alayhis salam, when he found out about the serpent that knows something, I don't know that you have to go to the seas mean? He said to him, oh, Allah, how do I reach him? How do I have to get to how do I get to him?

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And so he said to him travel in that direction, the direction of the two seats. And when you forget your fish,

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that will be the sign of the meeting point. That's the signpost. That's your marker.

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And so they're preparing for a long journey. They need food that Alas, that's not perishable. And so they made what?

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smoked fish or salted fish. Thank you. Right? They made seafood jerky, basically, right? you dry it and sold it so that it can last with you. This is important, by the way, I'm not just saying this, you know, useless detail we'll get to in a second.

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And Allah said to him, when you lose the fish, that's when you're going to find this servant of Mine, alpha.

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And so what happened was, as they were traveling,

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Musa alayhis salam was constantly checking up on his assistant, you got the food, you got the food, it's there. It appears no one knows best that you shall or may not have known that the fish was going to be lost

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was going to be lost.

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But then in their journey, they rested. They got tired at some point next to a big boulder somewhere. And so they stopped to recline against some restaurant, that boulder they rested at a rock when they were resting at that rock.

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The fish that was roasted. And this is certainly not difficult for Allah right. came to life and hopped out of the basket

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and flopped into the sea and began to take off leaving a trail in the sea.

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Some narrations mentioned that Musa alayhis salam was asleep at this point.

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He had fallen asleep first. And you shot was either asleep in some narrations or saw it but thought he was asleep. It's just like blew your dream. Fish come back to life when they're cook. So he thought I must be hallucinating. Like I'm just delirious from fatigue right now. And so he continued to go to sleep, you know, your head is dozing off and stuff. And you just keep going. So he kept going until he went into sleep. And then they woke up in a panic woke up in a in a rush whatever it is, or he woke up and assume that it didn't really happen. He picked up the basket and they took off and he forgot to tell them to Sally he set up

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or he thought nothing of it, or Trayvon caused it to forget. There's one other thing interesting here though, that Allah azza wa jal used the dual form when he said for God's he says that let's see. Yeah, who Takoma they both forgot about the fish.

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But who was the ones who will take care of the fish?

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You shot it's clear because he's gonna apologize in the next day. So why does Allah azza wa jal see both of them forgot the fish?

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Hamza go for it.

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Yeah, Musa alayhis salam didn't check up on it. Right? is ultimately the target of Allah right? Human forgetfulness is unavoidable sometimes. But musanze, Salah is the boss, and you Shah is the worker, right? He's the employee, he's the apprentice, and he's the teacher. He's the leader, he's the follower, that's upper management. Right? As we say that parents are liable to the degree of them falling short on looking after their children. If they haven't fallen short, they're not responsible. But if they've neglected then to the degree of their neglect.

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The upper management of the house is just as guilty to the degree of their neglect.

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And so he says both of them forgot

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the next idea, fella journalism so when the two of them pass that region or pass that point further on and if he Mussolini sallam said to his assistant said to you SHA, Allah His salah, and Tina

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Anna la Padilla Tina when Serena nasaga rassada bring us our meal. We've certainly been exhausted by today's journey

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like that no means what?

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Call it all Arabs. Sisters, what is the brother

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What meal isn't about that?

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is it really dinner guy.

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And the other boats lunch, there's only one way to get left.

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And then brought in try a phenomenon free breakfast.

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In traditional classical Arabic, that lead that is the early morning time, even before sunrise, even before sunrise, which means what?

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They were in such a rush that they probably traveled for a full 24 or they got up in a rush to travel at least in the middle of the night. So that after they pass that point, he saying bring us our early morning meal, the hood what time is the early morning time?

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That's why it's Sunday. I need the word is like that. A lot of people like that stuff like that. So I that is the federal swallow. Right. And so he says bring us our early morning meal, we're certainly exhausted.

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And so as soon as basically sunlight comes out in the sky, eat up who made him hungry? Who made him exhausted. Allah azza wa jal caused him to stop and say, Where's the fish?

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By the way, this area is up the proofs that it is not impermissible or discouraged, to mention your needs. These are not this is not complaining about love, right? Some people think this is an impermissible form of complaining of Eliza it to say Allah has been so cruel to me or to imply that is one thing and between telling a doctor you know, everything guards, you know, or answering their questions about it's not complaining about love. This is classifying your condition, right.

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You guys know the bad joke or whatever thing hurts.

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Do we have time for a bad joke? If you don't laugh, it'll be the last joke in the series. None of they say that someone went to the doctor and said I don't know what's wrong with me. Everything hurts here. It hurts here. It hurts here. It hurts here. It hurts. He's older your fingers broken.

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You don't get it. It's okay. I forgive him. He was pressing with her finger the whole time.

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So Musa Ali's saying I am totally exhausted never been exhausted like this before. Is something totally permissible that is the ideal.

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Next day

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you're reading it. We should never speak when there's a long slider on the screen

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because you're not listening.

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All right, if Elena suffer so the young man says you remember that time that we stopped at the rock and we slept away at a Sephora for in Nina Z to shoot I forgot about the fish.

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I forgot about the fish one that and set an equal Initiative Online of Quran and nothing made me forget them.

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Attention to mention to you, except radar check on downplay shaytaan distractedly, so I didn't mention it. Trayvon made me forget it.

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And then the fish made its way into the sea miraculously.

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Jehovah Sabina ofin battery Arja

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the fish took off back there, it was a miracle. I know, it's hard to believe I thought we'd lose the fish like misplace it. The fish actually is in the water. By the way, going back on Iowa, to Iowa, when the fish slipped away Sarah Ben, many of the early scholars among the Sahaba and otherwise said the word Sullivan doesn't just mean wondrously like so fast. slipped away so fast. They said several bad means it left a link behind if you guys know like when the boat leaves a trail speedboat, right or any kind of boat. With an engine, it left a trail behind it wherever it's whence the water opened up so that you can walk in that direction or walk right behind, it became dry that path that's the

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fish had taken.

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And so he's saying it left a weight behind it.

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And then you shall now saying turns out it was real. But the fish is actually gone. It's not in the basket. I wasn't dreaming, it took off back there.

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So the fish is ahead of us. So it was at least that I was saying the fish is going and we're not going upstairs action, we need to make a U turn.

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And some of the scholars The reason I was smiling on this slide first came up, they said at that moment, Musa alayhis salam realised that the fish was more aware of the appointment and Musa himself. Right, like most most knowledgeable person on earth, and he's going to like perfect his knowledge from another bed. And he knows exactly the wants to do he has a plan. He's on top of it. The one time he slips, the fish knows where to go, and he's heading in the opposite direction.

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And so Musa alayhis salam responds and says that he couldn't. This is exactly what we were anticipating anyway. He doesn't, you know,

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shame him. He doesn't guilt him. He doesn't blame the young man. This reflects exactly what

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what have you thought, my thinking God.

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The prophets of Allah, Allah, He will send them and so the Allah mindset. I served him for 10 years, he never said to me, right? And we're all guilty of this we first right? Why did you do this? Why didn't you do this? This can mean the Prophet alayhi salatu salam was that educating and remind? Reminding and helping you know stop. Sometimes stubborn children or children in like moments of stubbornness will get past that what how do you do it without guilting and shaming is an art right?

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And so he said this is what we were waiting for anyway, didn't blame him. He said it's alright other of Allah.

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And he also recognized this was partially his his job. His job was to be checking up on the fish. And that statement, this is what we were waiting for. could indicate what

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that you shall did not know the fish was going to be lost. It was only Musa Ali Sarah, who had known that this is a sign we're waiting. We're waiting for that for 10

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Ema and so they went back on their tracks retracing their tracks Kasasa Kasasa.

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What are us stories? The route is one plus means to follow along the storyline. Stories this one right. And Carson, a person that was had his head down retracing all his footsteps looking for his own tracks. Exactly where did I go and where did I turn so I can find this? How Allah azza wa jal, you know, had him go through that exhaustion already. And now he's going you know, he forgot and now he's retracing his steps to make up for that mistake. And this will be my final lesson I'll close this is

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this is the only way to gain sacred knowledge. Right?

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Like nowadays, knowledge is so accessible. I can have like a I don't even drive anymore. Now we have a server that has all the libraries of the world on it. And no one's learning anymore. Right? I have no one of my teachers, my teachers in Medina, he said to me, Do you know why? It was only the Western scholars or your oriental scholars who specialized in the study of history.

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why they were the ones

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why they were the ones that

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index the Hadith of the Sunnah for us they have an index that the, the there's a sort of a compendium of a hadith that Western scholars have put together, Muslim scholars and 1400 years never put them together in one place with index numbers. He said, It may seem like they're more committed to our hygiene than us, right? They index that we did. They centralize that we did it.

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He said, It is actually because Western civilization did not value memorizing,

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convincing the entire text to memory, that they were dependent on digitizing a number rising and indexing these ahaadeeth. Whereas back in the day, right? We knew it wasn't index, you had your a hadith and I had mine. And so we would commit our knowledge to memory. Right? It was a very common practice. of the early Hadith scholars, when you memorize a book of Hadith, you go and bury it somewhere out in the open, you got to memorize it, you bury it somewhere out in the desert. So why?

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Because that makes the likelihood of you finding it again, really, really low. And so it becomes less of a hassle to just review than it is to unearth my book, go find it, pull it out of the earth again.

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And it was said that an average of about one of the great early scholars of Hadith.

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He used to try his very best to not give his students a hadith

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some narrations mentioned that use the Unleashed dogs 100 He had a guard dog outside his house and the students would go he cut the dog loose. So they would run away and they would leave him alone. Why would he do that?

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We're just so they would actually be seeking knowledge and valuing it and so in other words, if it is not, if it comes easy, it goes easy, easy come easy go. But when effort is exerted, you come to the rescue to learn something you actually sit down with a book and you you know, you take notes on it then otherwise, that is when you will be able to actually digest it committed to memory or at least comprehended. And otherwise, that is the path. You'll be worldly and you'll appreciate what you have far more.

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And so when read they retrace their trip tracks, and according to those narrations followed in the path that the fish actually made in the water, they relocated that path, that is when they came across this servant of ours and further Alehissalaam and so we get to introduce and meet the teacher next Friday with Elijah Zak about fairness of Avacyn and bought a condominium from the dollar early he was obvious right?