Tafsir Surah Kahf – Final Episode

Mohammad Elshinawy

Date:

Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy

File Size: 46.14MB

Share Page

Related

AI: Summary © The transcript discusses the history and meaning of Islam, including the use of "verritive" to describe its meaning and significance, the importance of showing one's true deeds to avoid wasting time and money, and the importance of avoiding confusion and not being satisfied with one's actions. The transcript also touches on popular and misconceptions about Islam, including the use of "has" to describe actions and events, the importance of faith in one's actions, and the use of "has" to describe actions and events. The transcript also provides examples of teaching and rethe verbal exercises on the Surah, and emphasizes the importance of being mindful of one's actions and events.
AI: Transcript ©
00:00:09--> 00:00:22

Under the law who Sato salam ala Rasulillah or Allah Allah He was a big marine will begin the name of Allah All Praise and Glory be to Allah and may his finest peace and blessings be upon His messenger Muhammad and his family and his companions and all those who adhere to his guidance.

00:00:24--> 00:00:52

We welcome everyone back to our study of spirit of gaff and we first ask Allah azza wa jal to make us all written with him among the people of the Quran, who held closely to the Quran and tried a little bit day in and day out, to understand his glorious words a little better, and to live by them a little better, and to enlighten our minds and purify our hearts with them. Each and every time we visit his book, Allah whom I mean. So

00:00:54--> 00:00:55

Surah Al KEF

00:00:58--> 00:01:10

as we said, was comprised the four major stories, the story of the youth in the cave, the story of the very pompous or conceited,

00:01:11--> 00:01:21

owner of the two gardens and then the story of Musa alayhis salam alhaja, oral health and then the story finally of the Zulu carnation,

00:01:22--> 00:01:30

and we tried to extract whatever light we could for our lives from these stories.

00:01:31--> 00:02:21

And we are now on the last page of so that gif the first idea that you have on on the slides on top of you, Allah azza wa jal says, What's rockin about Agha homeodomain II the mood up bout and we will leave them on that day, surging over each other swarming over one another. This is referring to what this first half of this idea is the end of the story of Jujin merge that we spoke about a great length or a bit of length the Gog and Magog when the time comes, and Allah azza wa jal allows them to be unleashed. It will be like the floodgates have opened they will surge you know, like a wave surges, right? Yeah, Moo melges a wave. So they will be like waves after waves after waves of these

00:02:21--> 00:02:28

people gushing forward, almost like an ocean, right on people against people.

00:02:30--> 00:02:41

And then all of a sudden, the ISS, we're no fake, have you sorry for Gemina home Gemma. And then the Trumpet will be blown and all of them will be gathered, who is them?

00:02:42--> 00:03:14

Not your judgment. Judge them means all of humanity and all of the animal kingdom by the way, and all of gin kind, and all of gin kind. And so, there is a discussion about the release of yet George and George on the world, which we spoke about, then all of a sudden, there's an immediate and sudden shift of topic. There's an immediate and sudden fast forwarding to the second blowing of the trumpet.

00:03:15--> 00:03:37

Because there's a lot in between Yeah, which comes and then you know, a Salah he's Salam and the believers finally come off the mountain find their dead and there's years of prosperity, and then the believers die off and then the worst of creation remains on the earth, and then they ultimately pass away with the first blowing of the trumpet. Then nobody's gathered everybody's gone. Right?

00:03:40--> 00:04:02

Through menoufia huffy, Rafa either Humpty am on yon rune. So the Zuma Zuma, Allah azza wa jal says, and then a second blowing of the trumpet, a sirens blast, a very loud noise will happen a second time. And then all of a sudden, everybody's back up again. Is that clear? That is when the Gemma they are all together in one assembly.

00:04:03--> 00:04:58

This by the way, is called this very fast, you know, shift is called a thematic shift a shift of themes, right? And the Quran does make sudden turn sometimes. And the scholars of rhetoric say this of the eloquence of the Quran, that it shifts your attention through subtleties like these all the time, for what to retain and renew the attention of the listener. There are subtle meanings here. Sometimes the shift is not the subject, it is just even the language they call it llt fat in Now they call it a grammatical shift. Like for example, Allah azza wa jal says, All Praise be to Allah, Lord of the world speaking about Allah right. R Rahman r Rahim. He is the Most Merciful he is the

00:04:58--> 00:04:59

extender of mercy, man

00:05:00--> 00:05:40

Chioma Deane, he's the owner of the Day of Judgment. And then all of a sudden, it's IACA. It's you, we worship. So the first three, if you're speaking about Allah, then suddenly there's a grammatical shift. You're speaking suddenly to Allah. And there are benefits of this. The scholars have the benefit of this, that when you praise Allah, only then can you access him, and then speak to him directly, only through recognizing his greatness, that you have access to nearness to him, there's benefits to it, but also to grabs your attention, like wait a minute, what just happened there? Why, why the shift? Likewise, here you have a thematic shift a shift in themes from yet Jujin jooge, all

00:05:40--> 00:05:54

of a sudden, to the day of judgment. And the connection the scholar said is because this is one of the greatest and last of the major signs of the Day of Judgment. And then Allah now brings you to the Day of Judgment, right? Also they said,

00:05:55--> 00:06:02

Perhaps it is because yeah, George and George the ISS will surge upon humanity wave after wave.

00:06:03--> 00:06:19

In you know, innumerable uncountable numbers. And likewise, we know about the description of the Day of Judgment, that when the people are gathered, they are like Gerardo Montesa they're like locusts grasshoppers in chaos in every direction, people will be moving about.

00:06:20--> 00:06:47

And so ultimately, we're at the Day of Judgment at this point in the Surah. This is going to begin now the conclusion or call it the the epilogue or quality outro. If you want to use video terms, you had the intro before the four story started, there was a build up an introduction. Now the four stories are over halfway through this verse, And now descending into the outro, or the concluding paragraph, concluding chapter or the epilogue of the story.

00:06:50--> 00:07:12

Gemma Anna home Gemma, we gathered them all on the Day of Judgment, everyone from these stories and their opponents will all be gathered now for the verdicts. Now for reckoning now for good judgments. Allah azza wa jal continues to describe that day of judgment and he says we're Aradhana Johanna, Yo man, even lil Katharina Arba,

00:07:13--> 00:07:26

and we have we'll have displayed or presented out of this display or presentation of Jahannam of the Hellfire for the disbelievers on that day.

00:07:27--> 00:07:32

We will present it into full view for the disbelievers on that day.

00:07:34--> 00:07:42

You know, inside Muslim Abdullah and Mr. Rude or the Allahu Anhu said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

00:07:43--> 00:07:51

the Hellfire will be brought into view will be pulled forward on the day of judgment by 70,000.

00:07:52--> 00:08:32

ropes or rains or bridles like the bridles on a horse or the reins on a horse 70,000 of them on each of those chains or bridles will be 70,000 Angels rather than be loved. May Allah azza wa jal protect us from its assortment, and unsuitable for con Allah azza wa jal says, either at home in McCann in buried in semi arugula at a value of one was a Fira, when it the fire sees them as it's being brought forward, sees them from a distant place, even before it's fully burdened to view they will hear from it rage and boil from the anger of the fire where I have the villa.

00:08:33--> 00:08:40

And so Allah says the fire on that day when everyone has gathered will be brought into full view for the disbelievers.

00:08:42--> 00:08:44

Does that mean the believers will not see it?

00:08:45--> 00:09:01

No, the believers will see it, everybody will see it. It will be presented to all but it is intended to be seen in a most frightening way and in a most painful way for the disbelievers.

00:09:02--> 00:09:04

You know we have for example,

00:09:05--> 00:09:17

in Surah Mariam, Allah azza wa jal says, We're aiming Camila read to her, there is not a single one of you is except that he has to be subjected to it or

00:09:19--> 00:09:20

passing over it.

00:09:22--> 00:09:51

And that is the bridge that is over the fire, it will be seen and you will have to walk past it, but the believer will walk past it at the speed of his deeds, whereas the disbeliever will not be able to walk past it, it will be brought for him he will see it clearly and be subjected to it will ever Billa and that is why Allah azza wa jal said, inserted earlier Imran Femen Zhu Zhi Hua and interviewed Fidel Jannetty of Akkad Fez, whoever is

00:09:53--> 00:10:00

slowly dragged away brought away from the presentation and admitted into paradise that is the person

00:10:00--> 00:10:15

was prospered. That's the one that's exceeded. In other words, every one will be presented to it or it will be presented to everyone. The successful person is not the person doesn't see it, they will all see it, but the one that gets to walk away from it, the one that gets to be even dragged away from it has still succeeded.

00:10:24--> 00:10:42

And then Allah azza wa jal continues to describe these disbelievers for which the fire will be presented and he says, I Lavina can at a you know whom fee report in an Vickery? What can you lie yourself with your own SMR these disbelievers whose eyes were blinded from my reminder

00:10:43--> 00:10:45

from this Quran, right?

00:10:46--> 00:11:10

And they were incapable of hearing it. You know, this is also a very common theme in the Quran. It's important for the Muslim reading the Quran to know what it means. So understand it, the theme of people being blind, the theme of people being deaf. This does not mean that they don't have the faculty of eyesight, right? Or it doesn't have the faculty of hearing the volume.

00:11:12--> 00:11:37

That's why for example, Allah azza wa jal says, We're either send me your own Zadara suit and when they hear what came down to the messenger, right, so they hear it, they hear the words, but they're not hearing it means what? They're not listening to it. Their eyes were blinded to it, meaning what they're refusing to look with an open with an open heart, refusing to look in a way that is involving an open mind.

00:11:38--> 00:11:39

So

00:11:41--> 00:11:53

when Allah azza wa jal says, here they are, whose eyes were blinded from it. It's as if he is chastising them of Why are you turning a blind eye to it? Why are you shutting your ears from it?

00:11:55--> 00:12:05

You know, even even the disbelievers they admitted that if you listen to the Quran, they heard it. And if they said if you listen to the Quran, you're gonna know it's from God.

00:12:06--> 00:12:21

That's why they would say to each other, we'll call it Lavina photo lattice merrily has a Quran don't listen to this Quran, while Rofi healer, Allah come totally Boone and make a lot of noise when the Quran is being recited. That's the only way you're going to try him.

00:12:23--> 00:12:44

And so because of that Allah blinded them at heart, and Allah caused them to be incapable of hearing it anymore. And so really incapable of hearing it is about I can't stand to hear it. Right? You chose to hate the truth. And then you no longer recognize that as truth, you no longer heard it as truth.

00:12:46--> 00:12:50

And you know, this, this also brings before I leave this idea.

00:12:53--> 00:13:23

This brings to light the fact that the Quran, and Islam is very straightforward, very simple. You don't have to have like, you know, an expertise in rocket science or, you know, calculus or anything else. You just, it's logical, it's intuitive, you just need to open your eyes. Just need to listen. Honestly, listen, if you were just to listen, if you were just to use your mind, you would escape that torment of the Fire we just described.

00:13:24--> 00:13:35

And the people of the fire Allah told us in total molk will not enter the fire. Before recognizing that we should have just listened. We should have just thought about it.

00:13:36--> 00:13:43

We'll call it hello Kunta Ness. Tomorrow, I will not tell you my Hakuna FiOS herbicide and they say

00:13:44--> 00:13:46

they say on the Day of Judgment.

00:13:47--> 00:14:06

The ones who are claiming this doesn't make sense. The ones that are claiming that this is bogus. Don't listen to this. This is fairy tales. They will say Allah is telling you believe Allah when he says to you, they're gonna say on the Day of Judgment, if Coonan ESMA. If we were just listen, I will knock it if we would have just reasoned, straightforward, basic, simple reasoning.

00:14:08--> 00:14:14

Man couldn't have said we would not have deserve to be here now among the people of the fire.

00:14:18--> 00:14:31

Of course, this also means that if the message never came to a person if they never had a chance to reason through the very glaring proof, the light of the Quran, the glaring proof of Islam, they will not be in the fire. Right.

00:14:33--> 00:14:59

These people that's the whole reason why we're highlighting they hated they rejected the truth. Because there could be someone who we think is a disbeliever. Or they are a disbeliever, as far as we're concerned at face value, because you don't know what's on someone's heart. So you don't judge someone based on their hearts. Right? This he looks like a believer, but he could be a disbeliever I don't know. And he looks like a disbeliever he could be excused for the disbelief. I don't know. So you judge by what's apparent

00:15:00--> 00:15:20

or else you just, you're stuck. Yeah, you have to judge by what's apparent. But what I'm saying is on the Day of Judgment, we may find out that some of those who we thought were disbelievers had never actually heard got a fair chance at the message. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, you know, said to us that four types of people will be tested on the day of judgment.

00:15:22--> 00:15:40

And these are all people that didn't have a fair chance at hearing the message. Someone who came between the Prophet someone who was deaf, someone who was insane, young child, people didn't have a chance. And they will say Allah and no one ever came to us. We didn't know you were calling, we didn't get it. We didn't get the memo, we really didn't.

00:15:42--> 00:15:45

And so Allah will say to them, then I will send you a Messenger today.

00:15:47--> 00:16:02

This is a Hadith narrated by Les within this area, or the Allah Han, collected by Amma did not fire him and others considered authentic. So he will say, I find I will send you a Messenger today obey My Messenger, and the messenger will come forward.

00:16:03--> 00:16:04

And

00:16:05--> 00:16:11

say to them, follow me, I am God's messenger to you follow me. And then he walks off into the hellfire.

00:16:12--> 00:16:50

whoever walks after him, will have obeyed the messenger and will find it to be paradise. And whoever rejects the messenger in that moment, this obeys the messenger and that moment will be dragged to the fire. You can say it's a really hard test to like walk into the fire. But it is also really easy tested because Allah Himself told you, here's my messenger, right, the wrong and so this will actually be the moment of final justice it will not be unjust in any way. This is Allah extending to them His justice, because this world was a life of the test. And they didn't get tested fairly here. And so an exception will be wait made for them even though that's the place of judgment and not

00:16:50--> 00:17:02

testing, they will receive an additional test. Okay, but these this group of people who is deserving of the fire, it's because they heard but they didn't listen. They saw but they didn't consider

00:17:06--> 00:17:28

and then Allah azza wa jal says ephah Hasta La Vina Cafaro Ania Turkey to a birdie mean Dooney Alia in Altadena Johanna Marielle, Catherine and Azula do the disbelievers think they will get away with they can just simply say that they have taken my servants as lords instead of me.

00:17:33--> 00:17:33

Me

00:17:34--> 00:18:17

so many scholars what they said this is referring to is the Jews of Medina who sets the Quran *es up the people the Arab Pagan Arabs up to ask these questions. So the geth said Allah is addressing these Jews right? And addressing the people from Oddish. Do you think you're going to get away with what you did? Instead of worshipping Allah, you're not only just worship someone else, you worship some of the greatest servants of Allah who spend their lives worshipping Allah, right? Then you think you're gonna get away with worshipping them when they themselves worship Allah above all, like the Jews called Hosea, the son of Allah, the Christians called Jesus the son of Allah, these are

00:18:17--> 00:18:58

righteous servants of Allah. The pagans in Mecca they called What? The angels the daughters of Allah subhanho wa Taala these are some of Allah's most devout worshippers in all of history. You think you're gonna get away with worship worshiping them, when they were the clearest of devotees to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is the intended meaning here according to many scholars, this believers think they can simply say we've taken that they've taken my servants my best servants like Esau they said I'm and the angels and otherwise as lords instead of me. In now today nurjahan nama little caffeine and Missoula we have surely prepared the Hellfire as,

00:18:59--> 00:19:23

as a nozzle and accommodation fine. A residence pride for the disbelievers. You see the word nosal just means, you know, your hotel, like NAS that means to come down Arabs, they come down off their camel they stepped down and spend the night on the floor somewhere, right? And that is why Arabs used to call nozel you know, also what you

00:19:24--> 00:19:27

are hospitable with towards your guests. Someone visits you

00:19:28--> 00:19:50

what you offer them, a pillow, a mattress, some food, right? It's what you take care of what you accommodate your guests with. And so these people who made a mockery out of the worship of Allah azza wa jal, there is basically sarcasm here in the eye. The eye is saying, I have something for you. I'm going to host you in the Hellfire that will be your hosting

00:19:57--> 00:20:00

and then Allah Baraka what Allah says

00:20:00--> 00:20:10

Hold on a bit. Oh come Bill ah Serena Amala say to them Oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Shall we inform you are of. I don't like this translation

00:20:12--> 00:20:31

Shall we inform you of who will lose the most deeds? Shall we inform you and a bill come, Bill Assad in with the biggest losers those who lost the most with regards to their deeds being Serena Amala those who lost the most with regards to their deeds.

00:20:32--> 00:20:53

What is the answer? And Lavina Walesa, you home Phil hayati, duniya. Well, homie XL guna and now whom you see new now sunnah. These are those whose efforts are entirely in vain wasted pointless, whose efforts are entirely in vain in this worldly life while they think they are doing good deeds.

00:20:57--> 00:21:00

This is of the greatest punishments.

00:21:01--> 00:21:17

In the Jozi Rahim Allah Allah he says, What are oven with Kuba? Allah Yashraj more of Tabu bitter Koba the worst punishment is when the person being punished, doesn't even realize they're being punished. Right.

00:21:19--> 00:21:23

And that is why I believe it fully Rahimullah are one of the setup for us to say.

00:21:24--> 00:21:53

One of the greatest Allah does not punish a person's heart with anything worse than plucking hay out from it, that sense of shame from it, meaning there's no more hesitation, right? You don't realize what you're doing is wrong anymore. So you just keep going, right? You keep doing more of it. You don't feel shameful, you don't feel there's any reason to feel ashamed. And so these become the biggest losers with regards to their deeds, because they're so sure that the wrong they're doing is actually right.

00:21:54--> 00:22:10

Because they shut their ears and they shut their eyes. So Allah is saying to the Prophet SAW Salem, tell them one more time. Do you know who the biggest people in terms of their loss will be? Those who are so astray in all of the efforts they put forth?

00:22:12--> 00:22:31

And they assumed the whole time that they're doing the best of deeds? You know, it's reported that Omar De La Hoya, and one of his travel travels, he saw a monk worship or someone lives away from the world, you know, night and day, performing rituals. And when he saw him, he began to weep. And he said to him, Why do you leave you I mean,

00:22:32--> 00:22:39

he said, I remembered Allah azza wa jal statement, I'm mela to now Seba. Does Lana on hamriyah

00:22:41--> 00:22:48

hard work and efforts that will wind the person up burning in the blazing fire in the intensifier?

00:22:50--> 00:23:22

You see, because it's not just about your pure intentions, you got to do it right. Actually, if our intentions are pure, you will check Am I doing it right? Is this what pleases Allah? Or do I just claim to do with what he loves? While I'm actually doing what I love the religion of my parents, the way of my forefathers the way of my society, and then you lie to yourself, then you begin believing the lie. And then you wind up the worst of people, the biggest of losers. This idea, by the way, is to be understood on two levels.

00:23:23--> 00:23:27

There are people who all have their deeds are in vain.

00:23:28--> 00:23:29

What are who are those?

00:23:33--> 00:23:56

The disbeliever sherek, to defy Allah to disregard His right to set equals and rivals to him, disqualifies all of your deeds in the hereafter and we'll come back to that point. But on another level, on the lesser level, there is what is known as minor * that a Muslim may fall into. May Allah azza wa jal protect us what is minor should

00:23:59--> 00:24:12

when you're doing an act of worship that Allah is pleased with, but your intention isn't purely for Allah subhanho wa Taala This is very dangerous. This will not make all of your deeds in vain.

00:24:13--> 00:24:48

But it will render that deed and every deed you do like that in vain. That's why it's a lesser *. it invalidates the deed that was done with an impure intention. You're setting up equals to Allah meaning in your in your objective, in your intention, right, that will forfeit that deed. Whereas setting up equals with Allah, in your worship, in your belief, right? Equal to Allah as another god that will forfeit all of your deeds, unless of course you repent from it before the day of judgment is that clear? So this can even apply to the Muslim

00:24:49--> 00:24:53

and that is why the Prophet SAW Selim taught over Cristo de karate Allahu Anhu to say

00:24:54--> 00:24:59

Allahumma India over the weekend, we should be careful and I was the funeral Kelly mal

00:25:00--> 00:25:09

alum. So do I wish it all learn to say, Oh Allah, I seek protection with you, from setting equals with you while I'm aware of it.

00:25:11--> 00:25:25

And I seek forgiveness. That's like OpenShift. Right? But I seek forgiveness for the times I do it. And I'm not aware of it. So it's subtle, hidden, lesser * that you should you should be concerned about,

00:25:26--> 00:25:33

that we should all be concerned about, because this could make a person one of the biggest losers with regards to their hard earned deeds.

00:25:36--> 00:25:41

And that's why we said it applies on a higher level and we said we'll come back to that. So now let's come back to it.

00:25:42--> 00:25:57

Allah azza wa jal says those the biggest losers in the tier one sense, Allah aka Lavina Kefar will be it will be him well, if they are those who disbelieved in the signs of their Lord and their meeting with him.

00:25:59--> 00:26:17

You just you didn't believe there was going to be judgment, you believe there's going to be reincarnation or you believed, like perpetual reincarnation, or you believed that there was going to be good for you in the next world. The same way there was good for you in this world, like the owner of the two gardens we discussed his story and the delusion had caused him.

00:26:19--> 00:26:48

And so you rejected the idea of your Lord and the if you know the signs of your Lord, there are many, they are the signs of the universe, there are the signs the eight that are recited like the Quran, there is the ayat meaning the the events that Allah caused to happen which make His power, so evident, like the miracles of the prophets, all of the Ayat of their Lord, they reject them for heavy thought that I'm at home and so all of their deeds became void for habitat. I'm Elohim Fela, no Creme de la homeo melki, Amity Wizna

00:26:49--> 00:26:55

and so we will not allot any weight to their deeds on the Day of Judgment.

00:26:59--> 00:27:10

There's two things we mentioned here, perhaps, that are of benefit for you. The first of them, the scholars pointed out that Allah says, We did not allot for them

00:27:11--> 00:27:40

any weight, meaning nothing will be for you. He didn't say we will not have their deeds contain any weight against them, it will be weighed against them their misdeeds, but their good deeds will not be in their favor, they will have no weight. We did not allow for them a in their favor for their betterment. That's the first one. The second of them Allah said we will not allot any weight for them in terms of their deeds on the day of judgments.

00:27:42--> 00:27:59

And that's important, because from Allah has perfect justice is that if a person does good deeds, if he lands some good deeds are many good deeds in his life, Allah who will give weight to those deeds in this life. Right Allah may reward them in this life.

00:28:01--> 00:28:43

What Kadima is Eli AMILO minimal, you know, we went and took now all the deeds they did so they had good deeds, but then we cause them to be nothing on that day, Allah says on the Day of Judgment, so Allah may extend they reject their fates life may grant him fame and money may grant them all of these things as a repayment. Even the scholar said, Allah accepted the dua of shaytaan. And let che THON live longer than anyone, he will get to live until the day of judgment, because he's most just and even shaitan. He's going to be just unfair with those great good deeds he did will not just be thrown out. He'll get to enjoy them on some level in this world in the form of a longer lifespan or

00:28:43--> 00:28:46

the likes. Was that clear? Any questions on this?

00:28:50--> 00:28:53

I know I'm sort of accelerating a bit

00:28:54--> 00:28:56

deliberately to get through these last few iets

00:28:58--> 00:29:13

Valley cages with whom Johanna Namo Bhima Cafaro Watarrka do it also Li Hua that is what they deserve this Hellfire because of all the denial that they were in. And because they made a mockery of my signs in My messengers.

00:29:15--> 00:29:55

You know, subhanAllah people think that it's nowadays, that some look at religion as legends as being crazy as being you know, old entails and otherwise, in the time of the Prophet SAW Salem, and the time of the prophets before him 1000s of years prior, they were saying the same thing. They were on that same broken record. You still believe that stuff as old stuff. They were saying this 5000 years ago? And that's why Allah azza wa jal says, After a while, so be did they convene on these issues like you are repeating the same accusations of the people before you all over again, as if you all sat at the same table together, agreeing on them, the redundancy of those accusations

00:29:55--> 00:29:59

Subhanallah and so that is why it will be deserved the recompense

00:30:03--> 00:30:50

And then Allah Azza wa Taala always pairs fear with hope and complements punishment with pleasure and reward and he says, In Alladhina amanu or AMILO Solly hottie Ken at law home, Jana told Ferdowsi Missoula, indeed those who believe and do good will have the gardens of Paradise as their accommodation. This accommodation is not sarcastic, right? This is going to be a true accommodation. And of course, we can never say enough about that pair in the Quran. The twins have faith to believe and do good deeds because some people do good without faith. Right? No good. And some people do the opposite. Right? Some people claim that they have faith, but they don't do good deeds. That's

00:30:50--> 00:31:02

actually not faith either. Right? If you actually believe something, you will act on it. If you believe there's a fire in the building, you will run out, won't you? If you believe there's a million dollars in the lobby, you wouldn't listen to my lecture

00:31:08--> 00:31:52

but those who believe and do good deeds, they will see its reward. This is the Promise of Allah Zoda These are those who are promised by Allah to see it by the way, in this world and the next. There is blessing in your risk and there's blessing in your face and his blessing in your heart and in your peace of mind and your security and otherwise in this world. But Allah azza wa jal is saying the ultimate one without blemish and without interruption is Jana tool Phil dos. Janet means gardens and we discuss the meaning and the root the etymology of this term before Fidel's for those actually means paradise. You know like paradise has many names. Jana to add ginger nut to Fidel, the word

00:31:52--> 00:32:41

Fidelis they say it has Persian roots. But it's literally the word for Paradise if you even just slow it down, like fit a dose paradise, feta dice for those paradise. It's actually the same word, same root. But our dean, our dean, actually gave us a more detailed definition. The Prophet alayhi salatu salam said, when you ask ALLAH ask him for the dose, because it is the most blissful part of Genovesa. It's the paradise of Paradisus. He said, It is the height of paradise. And it is the center of paradise. So you can imagine Jannah like a pyramid of sorts, it is the center of Paradise and the height of paradise. And from it flow. This is the sources from it, originating there from it

00:32:41--> 00:32:48

flow, the rivers of Paradise, and all those three descriptions are one thing, but then the fourth description,

00:32:49--> 00:32:52

beats it all, he said and it's ceiling.

00:32:54--> 00:32:59

May Allah grant the sulfur dose. Its ceiling is the throne of ramen.

00:33:00--> 00:33:04

Its ceiling is the throne of the Most Merciful subhanho wa taala.

00:33:09--> 00:33:15

Those who believe and do good deeds for them is the greatest reward of the garden of paradise.

00:33:17--> 00:33:24

Holly Dena fee her La Jolla buena and her Hawala where they will abide there in forever

00:33:26--> 00:33:33

never desiring liable goon Unha any away from it, he will Allah any transfer any relocation.

00:33:34--> 00:33:37

See, you don't leave it.

00:33:38--> 00:34:00

And it doesn't leave you. It's not like you know, I'm in Ghana, but some of the fruits of Jannah are out of season. No, no, no. You know, as Allah says that waka Alam October it will mm Nullah none of it is interrupted. None of it is prohibited. It is endless and everything and and you also don't want to step away.

00:34:01--> 00:34:02

You know,

00:34:05--> 00:34:39

we always say this, I think it helps us picture and keep our eyes on the prize right? That every single one of us has like bucket lists for vacations, right? There's these things we wish we had think places we wish we went you know, but what's in Jannah is not the mansions is not the vacations because all of those when you go to them, you cross them off your bucket list is okay. I want something else now. Right. Been there done that I've seen this country. Now. I need to get to that country. I haven't seen Hawaii yet. I need to honestly Spain. They say you go to Spain. It's like okay, the Great Wall of China. Yes.

00:34:43--> 00:34:54

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah Tabata kala Allah said I have prepared for my righteous servants with no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard and never dawned upon the imagination of a human being.

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

And so number one to start with, you know what you hear is more than what you see

00:35:00--> 00:35:15

You've seen some stuff on your bucket list, you got it, but you've heard of other places. But then what you imagine is even more than what you've heard. So he's saying not seen, not even heard, not even imagined. So whatever was imagined the agenda especially when the dose

00:35:17--> 00:35:18

is going to be superior to that

00:35:23--> 00:36:02

and we and we said before, you know, that the nature of gender changes some people think like, well, Bowie, wouldn't I get bored and Jana, you will not get bored and Jana, you don't want to be relocated from it. Number one, because you are not you in this world. Allah recreates you in a different way to better experience what is there so the boredom factor is removed. But on top of that, things are not static in Jannah. The pleasures continue to enhance every brand new day every time you eat the fruit it tastes different. Every time you visit the market. It's not the same market. It enhances week in and week out as the ahaadeeth mentioned.

00:36:05--> 00:36:47

And so May we never be duped for the shallow world. You know, you just think of the varieties that you can never finish the variety of mangoes. I love mangoes, you guys like mangoes. I've never been able to of course come across the entire variety of mangoes. That whole variety of mangoes is called it had to dunya is called the shallow world. Dunya means shallow means low. And so agenda will be superior and then it continues to upgrade and so you will never desire relocation from it. The last two is Allah azza wa jal says por lo canel Barrameda then luckily Mati Robbie, Lana, Fidel bajo habla and 10 for that can you matter of be well, I will be Mythili Hema, dada, say to them, oh

00:36:47--> 00:36:50

Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, if the sea we're in

00:36:52--> 00:37:21

for writing the words of my Lord, right ink for the words of my Lord, the sea would finish the sea itself, the ocean was run out. The sea would be exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, meaning finished depleted. Even if we brought the light of it another sea, if we brought the light of it alongside it, even if we were to double the sea, it would run out. You know, there's another iron Surah Look man, right? Look, man, when Allah azza wa jal, he said,

00:37:23--> 00:37:57

polo anima flew out of the mean shedule rotten Appalam say if everything on earth of trees, all the trees on earth were pens, well, bacteria moved to whom embody Saba to abhor. And there are seven not double the oceans, seven oceans. The scholar said it would match to say seven oceans here, because trees are what? Constantly replenishing this nutrient nutrients and ocean is finite, you guys have the ocean or you don't, right. And so even the trees keep regrowing. And so you can eat more oceans, the trees will sort of like outnumber the oceans eventually.

00:37:58--> 00:38:11

Over time, so he says, and you got seven oceans to basically ink up all of these trees. If you have all of that in place, man Nephi that's Kelly mantle Allah, the words of Allah will never run out.

00:38:13--> 00:38:16

So what does that mean? The words of Allah will never run out.

00:38:17--> 00:39:02

This is a reference number one two, Allah has limitless power. Like what do you mean gentleness enhancements are endless. Will Allah has power is limitless. He does not create with finite resources the way we create and build. Allah says Khun for your code, right be and it is, Does Allah have a limited amount of goon? No way. Right? He limited amount of be? No, he's constantly creating, perpetually eternally subhanho wa taala. He is the Creator, He will never stop being the creator. So COVID taught us all, even if we're not in business process, the term of like supply chain shortage. We all know the term supply chain issues. Now we all try to say we know supply is do it too, right?

00:39:02--> 00:39:19

There's supply chain issues, there's supply chain issues. This doesn't exist with the one that says B and it is subhanahu wa taala. So he will never stop. As opposed to us. I mean, us whenever we think we have control of something, it disappears. It runs out. Allah's words don't.

00:39:20--> 00:39:24

Another meaning here that the scholars point out and it seems

00:39:25--> 00:39:28

in greater proximity, like closer to home to the theme

00:39:29--> 00:39:55

of sort of the calf, at least to me, whatever that means, is that the words of Allah who will never run out here is referring to the endless knowledge of Allah. Because suitable calf remember was a challenge to the Prophet Muhammad, what do you actually know? You know about the boys in the cave, you know about this king who roamed the earth will remain right? They said it's because the Jews used to claim

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

that God honored us by giving us here

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

is knowledge in the Torah, which of course is an insult to Allah, that Allah gave you everything he knows in a Torah. So here like now crowd and gods, you know, omniscience are no knowledge of everything. And so this is coming here and saying

00:40:17--> 00:40:36

Allah's knowledge is limited, unlimited. It is not like a set of verses within a book. It is not just restricted to the words of the scriptures that he revealed to the world, say to them, if the oceans were trying to write the words of my Lord, they would not be able to subhanho wa Taala

00:40:37--> 00:40:40

and of course, it could be certainly both meanings.

00:40:41--> 00:40:42

And the last idea,

00:40:43--> 00:40:48

the concluding stamp on the surah the summary of Islam

00:40:49--> 00:40:58

pull in Nama and Vashikaran with locum say to them, I am just the human being like you. You have a layer except that revelation comes to me

00:41:01--> 00:41:09

and NEMA Illa who Camila who ahead with the central message of what that your Lord is one Lord, your God that you worship is only one God.

00:41:10--> 00:41:52

For men can I allow Juliaca Arabi and soever is looking forward to a pleasant meeting with their Lord. That's the meaning here right whoever wants to look forward, whoever is expecting good have their meeting with their Lord felly and Milan, Milan salejaw Then let them be sure to do good deeds. While I usually could be a bad that to Robbie he had, and let him not associate anyone, meaning as their objective in their worship of Allah subhanho wa taala. Those are the two conditions for any good deed to be accepted that it'd be purely for Allah, not associating with Allah, anyone in the deed, and that it'd be a good deed to begin with. Meaning one that he defined meaning Islam, you

00:41:52--> 00:42:32

submit to Allah, how? Through the example of the Prophet Muhammad, that's why this centerpiece, this seal of a verse is the shahada, La ilaha illa Allah, nobody but Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah, this is how you live by La ilaha illAllah. That is why our religion is summarized that way, because acceptance hinges on those two conditions. Those are the two requirements of a valid good deed. What Allah can handle hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah, we were able to conclude the surah By Allah's grace and I hope he accepts it from us, these hours we spent together and benefit us with it. Some very quick lessons, I will not take five minutes over arching lessons in the Surah.

00:42:33--> 00:43:13

The first of them, the scholars took from sort of the patterns in the sutra now, they said we find the mention of Allah's revelation repeated throughout. So the the surah begins with hamdulillah De Anza, Allah Abdel Kitab first verse Praise be to Allah Who sent his book is on his servant. And this last verse is saying what I say to them, ultimately, I am a human being just like you. So you can follow my example because I'm human. I'm not an angel, just like you, except that revelation comes to me. Right? And then in the middle of the surah. Also throughout this constant mentioned, which Luma Oh, Haley coming Kitab robic just keep reciting what is being revealed to you of the

00:43:15--> 00:43:17

book of your Lord subhanho wa taala.

00:43:19--> 00:43:27

And so that is a huge lesson. So that calf that life is full of trials, we said the four stories are the stories of trials, but

00:43:29--> 00:43:32

it's an open book test, basically. Right? Isn't that a nice way to put it?

00:43:33--> 00:43:48

Just stick to the book. There is an open book exam out of Allah's mercy. That book is called the Quran. The tests might be hard, no matter how hard they get, the answers are right there in front of you. Just keep looking at the book. And then you look at even

00:43:49--> 00:44:28

just look at this surah within the book. How many times is it mentioned that in Jannah or the Zenit Allah we made everything on the earth, just a decor for it, then later on Alamelu will balloon you know, wealth and children, they're just the decor of this world. Over and over again, the answers are given to you don't get duped. It's just temporary the nature of this world, or over and over again, you find in the Surah, the importance of having good friends, just find the right company to help you along in the test. It's an open book, test the answers, the key is the cheat codes, the right there. The Surah says the young men were together and went to the cave. Later on Allah says O

00:44:28--> 00:44:49

Muhammad was good enough. Second Allah Vina the owner of the home, stay close to those that are calling upon their Lord, you know, at night, and during the daytime. And then even the reward, the answers are like, is this reward better? Or is this world better? In the very beginning of the surah Allah says, I sent down this book upon my servant, and then whoever listens

00:44:51--> 00:45:00

agilon Hassan, they're going to have an excellent reward. Then you fast forward all the way to the end, and in the middle in between of course as well, but just all the way to the end. It's still repeating right you

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

A natural Ferdowsi, no zoulah, these greatest gardens, well, you'll never want to leave them and so on and so forth.

00:45:06--> 00:45:46

And of course, if the central theme of the surah is going to be stick to the book, it's an open book exam. There is so much in the Surah that speaks about what could compromise that, which is the assumption of knowledge, presumed knowledge, unfounded knowledge. You find that for example, in the very first intro, when Allah says Kebler dot Kelly Mehta and Dr Jimena, for him, they're just repeating words, these disbelievers right and then you move on a little bit more you say they're just debating about the numbers of the boys in the cave Raj men believe right? They're just throwing speculation out there. And then you move on further. You see that Allah azza wa jal humbles Musa

00:45:46--> 00:46:08

alayhis salam again and says, No, you have things to learn, you don't know everything. So that idea of beware of the faulty or premature assumption of knowledge, the truest knowledge is found in Allah Subhana Allah without his book, if I can pick up all the lessons and of course they're endless, no one will ever come across the treasures of the holy land. But one final recurring theme and sort of give

00:46:11--> 00:46:14

it is that to find Allah azza wa jal Rama,

00:46:15--> 00:46:51

you have to exhibit Rama for people. You want Allah's Mercy extend mercy to people, you find in the beginning of social care, for example, the Prophet SAW Salem being described as Beth here on Neff sec, you're almost going to kill yourself chasing after them to believe he wants Allah's mercy for them. You know, you move a little bit further, you find that the owner of the two gardens, he's pleading with them and don't do this to yourself. Don't get diluted, the Day of Judgment is coming. Don't think because God gave you here it means he loves you. He's concerned for him, right? Being intoxicated by the glitter of this world. You saw at the multiple station that little cullinane Made

00:46:51--> 00:47:04

in his story. He's not just you know, helping them with the Civil Engineering and the architectural apparatuses. No, no, he's teaching them the dean and he's setting them up for success in the next world before this world.

00:47:05--> 00:47:38

And that is a great lesson that these are the people of God, these are the people of Allah Zildjian you know, Abdullah didn't Gilani Rahim Allah, he has a famous example he gives in for to leave his book on the keys of the unseen life. He says that, you know, there's a beautiful example and people walking through the mall, the market of this world. He said, there are different types people on their way to do what Allah wants your purpose in life. He gives the example of going to the masjid, you pass through the market. He says one group of people,

00:47:40--> 00:48:08

they get so captivated and entranced by you know, the mall, that they just they destroy themselves. They missed the salah. They missed the point. They missed their goals, and they're doomed. He says Category Two are people that get sort of caught up, but they come to their senses, they make Toba and they make jihad against the temptation and they keep pushing, and ultimately they survive and I want rewards them for their jihad. That's like level two, he says, he says level three are people so focused on Allah,

00:48:09--> 00:48:11

that they don't even see what's in the mall.

00:48:13--> 00:48:23

Obviously, they're not gonna bump into a pole. I don't mean that they like you know. I mean, they see it, but it doesn't catch their attention. Like no double takes no, oh, no, no, just.

00:48:24--> 00:48:51

That's it. Right? He's just so focused on Allah azza wa jal. He sees it as a pure, you know, artificial synthetic test. Plastic. It's all plastic. Right? He says, but there's level four. He says level four is someone who Allah is truly in their heart, right? Their belief of Allah is so deep that they see everything. And they see people salivating over the glitter of this dunya

00:48:52--> 00:49:26

and they feel genuine desire inside them to save them. And so he's walking through the mall, he sees everybody drooling over what's in the mall. And he's praying for Allah to have mercy on this one. And he's trying to intercede for that one and his, you know, trip ups and so on and so forth. Of the other remark, de cada Rahim Allah says, These are the prophets and the great LDS of Allah. May Allah make us of them right there because the prophets weren't oblivious to the world. They were understanding what Allah wants from them, which is not just